Henry VIII: May 1546, 16-20

Pages 415-426

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 1, January-August 1546. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1908.

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May 1546, 16-20

16 May. 843. Town of Carmarthen.
See Grants in May, No. 30.
16 May. 844. The Contribution.
R. O. Letters missive stating that, being enforced to communicate to his subjects the state of his affairs in the war, and to require some loving contribution, without which he must give place to the French king, the King has chosen the persons addressed to practise the said contribution according to commission and instructions sent herewith. Greenwich, 16 May 38 Hen. VIII.
Copy, p. 1. Headed: By the King. Endd.: M. of the l'res sent to the spi'all men for the contribution.
Cleop. F.
vi., 365.
B. M.
2. Modern copy of the preceding, with facsimile of the King's signature at the head.
P. 1.
3. The Commissions. See Grants in May, Nos. 31, 32.
Shrewsb. MS.
A., f. 215.
Lodge, i. 85.
4. Instructions given to the earl of Shrewsbury, Sir Wm. Basset, (fn. n1) Sir Jas. Folgeam, Sir Geo. Gresley and other the King's commissioners within his county of Derby for the purpose ensuing:—
The King, by advice of his Council, having resolved to require a loving contribution from such of his subjects as will gladly strain themselves to bear part of the burden of their defence, commands the aforesaid commissioners to assemble and peruse these instructions and the book of names of such persons as are thought meet to be contributors, with their taxation at the last subsidy. Discretion to make allowance to such as are notably decayed, and to include persons not named in the book who seem meet to be included; and no man is to be pressed to contribute who may not spend in lands, fees and offices 40s. a year, or is not worth in goods 15l. The least rate admissable seems to be 4d. in the pound monthly for "five months next ensuing" for 10l. land and upwards, and 2d. in the pound for goods of 15l. and upwards, the first month's payment to be levied at the end of June next, the second before the end of July, and so monthly. They shall proceed by calling those of most value first, not sending for more than 10 or 12 at one time, and communing with each apart lest one unreasonable man go about to seduce the rest. And to each they shall signify that the King having entered upon a just quarrel with our ancient enemy the French king has conquered Boulogne and the country thereabouts (very necessary for the strength of Calais and the freedom of passage over sea), and now of late when an overture for peace was made beyond sea, and Commissioners for both sides met, he was content to set apart all private respects and to descend to the lowest possible conditions compatible with the honour and safety of the realm. Proceeding with encouraging words (detailed), they shall appoint with each man for his payment, and require him, if he hear any man talk of the contribution, to give good advice and also to warn the Commissioners of any who may talk against it. If anyone stiffly refuse to be persuaded, the Commissioners shall charge him to keep secret what has been said and appear before the Council, to whom they shall make certificate of their proceedings with him. They shall appoint substantial persons (such as may spend in lands 20l. yearly, or are worth in goods 500 inks.) as receivers to deliver the proceeds to Sir Edm. Peckham, cofferer of the household, before 20 June next. Clergymen with promotions of 10l. and upwards are to contribute; but not household servants, unless they have perpetual livings, besides their service, of 10l. and upwards, or are themselves householders with moveable goods of 15l. Signed at the head with the Stamp.
Pp. 6. Endd.
Stowe M.S.
146, f. 138.
5. Copy of § 4, preceded by a copy of the commission to Shrewsbury, &c.
Pp. 9.
R. O. 6. Draft of instructions as above, leaving a blank space for the name of the county. Signed at the head with the Stamp.
Pp. 5. Endd., M. of th'instructions for the Contribucion, 16o Maii.
Cleop. F.
vi. 359.
7. Copy of § 6, signed like it.
Pp. 6.
R. O. 8. List of the counties of England (including "Hallamshire" and "President of Walles") bracketed in groups with names of messengers, viz. Appulby, Grymwell, Taylour, Polexhill, Robinson, Debnam, and Capon. For Hallamshire and the Northern Counties, however, the note is "To be sent in post," no messenger being named.
P. 1. Headed: Despatched 16o Maii 1546. Endd.: [Nam]es of the messengers that carried the letters, commissions and instructions for contribucion.
16 May. 845. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 417.
Meeting at Greenwich, 16 May. Present: Chancellor, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre, Sadler, Baker. Business:—Warrants to the Exchequer for 5,000l., and to the Augmentations for 3,000, to be delivered to Sir Ralph Warren, Sir Ric. Gresham, Sir John Gresham and Sir Rol. Hill for exchange over sea. Letter to the bp. of London, Sir Richard Riche and the rest of the Commissioners for the Six Articles, or in their absence the sheriff of Essex and Hertfordshire, that the King approved their proceedings and, of the five persons found "guilty against the Sacrament of the Altar," Thos. Nokes and Ric. More should be respited and John Camper, Joan Bette and Thomas Skygges executed at Colchester and two other places. Unless a general infection was apparent, or any others were "notably detected," the Commissioners should dissolve their assembly until a more commodious time. Warrant to the Exchequer for 300l. to be paid by Sir Ant. Knyvet to Parson Levet for making iron pieces. Letter to Wharton to send up Thomas Bishop and duplicate of the writings addressed hither concerning Lord Tulybarne.
16 May. 846. Carne and Richard Rede to Petre.
R. O. On the evening of the 12th Richard Rede arrived with commission touching merchants' affairs according to the agreement taken at Utright when my lord of Wintchester was there. On Friday evening (fn. n2) we delivered the Lady Regent the King's letters, and she appointed the President and Council here to take order for the "visitation of their registers and books of the tollieners" etc. This day the President sent for us, to declare how the Chancellor of the order and Doctor Hermes were appointed to be with us, and they had sent to Brussels and into Holland for the registers and books. We would gladly have had the merchants' "querelles" heard at Andwarpe, "for the ease of the merchants"; but the Lady Regent will have it here, saying that the merchants may send hither "one instructed with their doleances." We are going to take an order with the merchants therein; and this afternoon must meet "their commissaries."
The President showed me, Carne, privily, that three French galleys are arrived at Armue in Zeland, saying they are wind-driven. Before they depart they shall be compelled to release such of the Emperor's subjects as they have "to row as slaves;" and thus shall be less able to "make shift away in the seas." They affirm that 25 galleys were abroad and were all wind-driven. This was written from Zeland on the 11th. The President had letters from Gravelinge, also of the 11th, that these galleys had taken three English ships, and that, where the Admiral of France would have prolonged treaty, my lord Admiral answered "that he would not talk with him but on the sea." Bynkes, 16 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
16 May. 847. Carne to Paget.
R. O. This day being with President Schore (touching the merchants' affairs, wherein Mr. Rede is sent to join with me, according to the agreement at Utright when my lord of Winchester was there) he told me privily that three French galleys were at Armue in Zelonde, saying they are wind-driven, and that there were 25 galleys in all, and they thought that more would be driven thither; they "soght no wother there but herboro" till the wind served them to return. He said that before departing they should deliver such of the Emperor's subjects as they used as slaves, and thereby be the worse furnished. Also that letters from Gravelinge of the 11th reported that the said galleys took three English ships, whereof none came to Zelonde; and that when the Admiral of France would have stayed my lord Admiral longer at this treaty he was answered "that if he would come to the sea he would speak with him, else not." He thinks the galleys still in Zelonde. Upon news of the arrival of the said galleys Mons. de Bewers, admiral here, and Mons. Skyperius departed to Zelonde to protect the country there. Bynkes, 16 May 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
17 May. 848. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 418.
Meeting at Greenwich, 17 May. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre. Business:—Doctor Huick, Lasselles, the Scottish priest, Worley and Playne the skinner, for erroneous opinions and dissuading Crome from his promise in the declaration of the articles, were committed to the Tower; and a priest, for making a lewd sermon at Tynterden, Kent, was committed to Newgate. Letters to the Earl of Hertford of credence for Sir Ric. Lee and John Rogers. Henry Knightsbrigge, accused by Thos. Lee, one of the King's auditors, for speaking lewd words in the watch at Garlykehith, was sent back to the mayor for further examination. Letters addressed to the Council being found in a house wherein had dwelt one Marshall, practiser of physic, whom George Everard accused of having set forth slanderous books against the King in Dansick, and who by these letters excused himself, and sent testimonial from learned men in those parts, desiring to come hither to purge himself if he might have pardon for having now withdrawn without licence (and he is known to be married although a priest), it was thought good to encourage him to come as one who could give much information. Lynley, who, with one Thomson, had marked oxen for the King's provision and afterwards sold them, committed to the Fleet. Crome's man, who seemed not so frank in his declaration as he might have been, was committed to the Porter's Ward.
17 May. 849. The Privy Council to Lisle, Paget and Wotton.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 165.
Having seen their letters and the articles they sent, the King approves their proceedings at this second meeting, and will speedily send his resolution so framed, that unless the fault be in the other side, their legation will be successful. But he would have all things so digested that there should be no occasion of quarrel hereafter; and as the articles of the French commissioners mention the river Devre as a limit to his frontiers, and he knows not where it begins or flows, they must get the said river and other limits verified, the King thinking that you, Mr. Secretary, with one of the French commissioners, should ride and view the river, secretly attended by Sir Richard Lee and Rogers, who are presently despatched hence. Rogers shall then return to his charge on that side and Sir Richard bring the King a "plat," the making of which need not be intimated to the other side. Besides further instructions sent by Lee and Rogers, the King reminds them that the river with its further banks and the whole haven with the other side, as far as the fort of the high hill, must be his, or the Frenchmen might so fortify the hills there as to make the haven useless. The Frenchmen, agreeing that the town shall remain his, will, if they mean good faith, agree that the haven shall so remain.
The King has even now seen your letters, my lord Admiral, touching the French Admiral's message from the Dolphyn, and prays you to signify that he takes it thankfully and has no less goodwill to a friendly conclusion than either French king or Dolphyn, and trusts that their old amity may be renewed. If this agreement follow, his Majesty would be most glad to see his godson the Dolphin "and giveth most hearty thanks for the keeping of his daughter," assuring him that if they come on frankly his Majesty will always show himself "a very father unto him."
Draft, pp. 4. Endd.: M. to the lord Admirall, Mr. Paget and Mr. Wotton, xvijo Maii 1546.
17 May. 850. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. Thanks for your letters. The Admiral sent word yesterday that a couple of red deer were fo[und], and if I would meet him this morning we should have good sport. "I sent worde that this d[ay] I thought I should meet [with] my lord Lieutenant and you at ...... I sent him the grayhoundes you dyde [ask] ffor, which were not a little welco[me] unto him. I had lever have sent him theym yf they had byn motche better then to be so famylyer tyll we here more. He begyneth to be wer[ye] of thies partyes." (fn. n3) I am glad you have taken a purge. The ladies and all the rest received your recommendation with thanks, and long for your return. Guisnes, 17 May 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
17 May. 851. Anne de Lorraine to the Queen of Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
iv. 107.
Adv. Lib.
Could not have better news of her than this gentleman has brought. He will report about herself. Cannot write at length, being in bed with a fever. Will take the first opportunity of doing "plus gran devoir." "Ocy, Madame, queles moyan acose de ceste treve se feron (?) plus gran qui non este ou je ne fodre de saluer vostre Majeste." "Ce xvij de May a Bruselle."
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: A la Royne d'Ecose.
17 May. 852. Bishopric of Aberdeen.
R. O.
Ep. Succ.,
i 133.
Note that in consistory, 17 May 1546, referente Card. Carpi, the Pope provided to the church of Aberdeen, void by the death of Wm. Steynard (Stewart in Brady) Wm. Gordon, clk, of Moray, with a pension of 1,000 [l.?] to John Ammilton, son of the Governor of Scotland, now in his fifth year. [This not to prejudice the concord made upon the church of Dunkeld.] (fn. n4) Tax 1,200 fl.
Lat. Modern transcript from the Vatican.
18 May. 853. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 420.
Meeting at Greenwich, 18 May. Present: Chancellor, Norfolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, [Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Petre]. Business:—Letters to earl of Oxford for 140 soldiers to be sent to Brykelsey to serve in the Great Barke; and to the justices of Chemsforth hundred for 100 to be sent to Gravesend to serve in the Trinitie Harry. Licence to Henry Golding, captain of the Bark Ager, to put to sea as a privateer with two pinnaces of Plymouth and 80 men. Letter to mayor and jurates of Rye to send up Maynewaring and his accuser George Mutton. Edmund Sexton, Irishman, who presented a book against the earl of Desmond and the maintenance of that Earl by the Lord Deputy, was answered both by the Deputy and one Welshe, solicitor for the Earl, and being noted a seditious man was committed to the Marshalsea.
18 May. 854. Nicholas Lestraunge to Nicholas Mynne.
R. O. Although I could not come to Norwyche I trust that you and Mrs. Mynne are well. My "hersuys" lacked their feathers, or else they should have seen you. I trusted to be in time to see you, but by the way met your letter. I will send some to John Mann Bakon to convey to you. By bearer I send you the rents and outrents of the chapel in Gressynghull, but am unable to divide the bond rent and the free. As for the matter we talked of, Mr. Grosse answers me that it should be such a maim to the house that he will offer it first to my lady Dacres on condition of leaving it to my uncle Wotton's heirs; but, if she declines, he says that I shall have it before any other, if it be sold. What shall I do with your gelding? Good grass will do him more good than hay. Hustanton, 18 May 38 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
18 May. 855. Paget to Petre.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 167.
Even now received Petre's packet of letters at Calais, and tomorrow, if he escape his "fitt" tonight, will go to Guisnes and, pending the coming of Mr. Lee and Rogers, devise with the lord Admiral and Mr. Wootton. It was forgotten in our last letters (for I was wondrous ill at ease, as I was last night, and swooned twice) that, besides the articles "they" sent word by mouth that the river should be common, which river is not called Devre but runs by Devre (the town we call Daverne); for Monluc brought a platt of Bullonoys, the fairest and best that ever I saw. They expect the French king to object to these limits; for if you have all on this side the river he cannot come from Devern to Ardre but upon your ground. I see no reason why the haven should not be the King's, but they will wish liberty for their ships to bring things to their new fort. Touching fortification in the sand hills Monluc "(who is a very devil)" was in hand with us to cease fortifying at Hambletew, but, as my lord Admiral can tell, I stopped his mouth. He seemed to desire that no more fortifications be commenced on either side. Help to imagine there what doubts may arise and send resolutions; for this French Admiral, who says that he may do much at discretion, will be loath to tarry from his master's elbow "for fear of shouldering, which to ambitious men is always in absence a great care." I wish that my lord of Hertford might be at the conclusion of this matter, as things may be the better committed to our discretion when we are four together of the Privy Council. Mary, all men will not, I may tell you, like this device, and, therefore, if the King's Majesty shall so ordain, the advertisement must be so couched from thence as may seem to proceed and take the original of the King's Majesty." By report of men who know the country, and by the platt, the King "shall have a goodly country and a strong if we might once make it our own clear," the part beyond the water being nothing like it in goodness or greatness. My foolish fantasy is to say nothing of fortifying or not fortifying, for at the first the Frenchmen will not be over hasty in fortifying, and ere long "(I believe as verily as I do my creed)" he will fall out with the Emperor and welcome means for the clear establishment of amity with you. Cales, 18 May, 6 p.m., 1546.
Wishes this matter were well ended, as anxiety has put him almost beside himself. His advice is not to make all things clear, "as you write from thence," but leave obscurities, "for so shall we (if the money shuld be feared to be offered) have the mo and honester causes to pyke quereles."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
18 May. 856. Paget to Petre.
R. O. Bearer, Thomas Dunne, goes to England to report that the great bargain of corn with Erasmus Schete, amounting to 15,000l. st., will arrive there within 7 or 8 days, and the said sum must be provided, as shall appear by the copy of the bargain remaining among writings sent from Mr. Vaughan about Christmas. Erasmus Schete's son now repairs into England, meaning to employ the money received for the corn upon merchandise there; "wherefore if merchandise may be sooner furnished to him than money it is good to be considered. I have lain here these two days disposed to a fever, whereunto hope, desire and care hath brought me. And thus longing to hear the sound of the trumpet to the battle or retreat (and now all one to me for myself, for my conscience is quiet) I bid you most heartily well to fare." Cales, 18 May 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add,. Endd.
18 May. 857. Lisle to Paget.
R. O. Since my last letter the Admiral of France sent me a wild boar's head and piece of red deer, with request to know if we have answer out of England, as he should have word tonight and had other things to do, and in the "detracting of time something might happen that he and I would be sorry peradventure to hear." I sent him word that as soon as we heard from the King he should know, and on our part should be no detracting of time; but the sea is between us and home, and ships cannot sail against the wind, and since our last meeting there was a stormy day or two. You might give my lord Lieutenant "a watch word," for it seems "that in case things frame not to their mind they be in readiness for some other matter." Guisnes, 18 May 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: at Callys. Endd.
18 May. 858. Hertford to the Council.
R. O. Begs favour for bearer, John Wallys of Calais, who on Sunday last 16th inst. having laden his crayer, of 24 tons, with bread, beer, wine and butter, was coming hither when, being chased by a French foyste, he was driven to run his crayer aground within two miles of this camp and she was wrecked. He has thus lost to the value of 100l, being the whole stock that he had and could borrow of friends, so that he can neither maintain his wife and children nor pay his debts. Camp at Newhaven in Bullonoys, 18 May 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
19 May. 859. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 420.
Meeting at Greenwich, 19 May. Present: Norfolk, Privy Seal, Essex, Durham, Winchester, Browne, Wingfield, Petre. Business: Letter to Earl of Bath, enclosing a supplication which showed what pains he had taken in helping the bearer —— (blank) to recover such of the wines he claimed as remained unsold, to help further that the buyers of such as were sold might pay bearer for them, and to apprehend the taker of the wines. Richard Blostoke, parish priest of Tenterden, for saying in his examination before the Council that there was heresy in the hallowing of Holy Bread and Holy Water, committed to ward for further examination.
19 May. 860. The Privy Council to Lisle.
R. O. The King is this day advertised that, notwithstanding the French Admiral's promise, their galleys remain at the Neyse Poynt, between Rye and Hastinges, watching to intercept victuallers appointed (as you know) to come shortly to Dovour. Thinking it both dangerous and dishonorable to permit this, and as the Hart, Dragon, Jenet, Great Galey, Trinite Harry, and one other ship have already "vayleid" to join the residue of the navy, his Majesty would have you order some of the galliasses, row-barges and greater vessels, with the next tide, to meet the said galleys "and to give them the setting on in the name of God." Of the residue of the navy, "because there be iij galleys gone towards Flawnders, you may appoint as many others of his Majesty's navy as may both be able to meet with the said galleys and also waft a fleet of our merchants who be now ready to 'vayl' hence, being all laden with cloth and other merchandise, to the valor of 20,000l. and more, wherewith a portion of his Majesty's credit of th'other side is appointed to be discharged." If you have already appointed ships to "lay in wait" for the said three galleys they may suffice for the said wafting, and his Majesty desires to know what you have done therein. The merchants desire their ships wafted to a place called "Ramekyns within the Weling."
Draft in Petre's hand, pp. 2. Endd.: M. to the lord Admirall, xixo Maii 1546.
19 May. 861. Somerset Herald to Paget.
R. O. After your departure I walked upon the market and met an old acquaintance of Saynt Thomas, named Casen, who told me that on Sunday last (fn. n5) the Admiral's servants came thither and took up all the wildfowl and fine meats. They declared that the French king was at Compiene with a great number of horsemen and footmen and much ordnance, and the Dolphyn at Dorleance with another great army. Casen says that merchants of Saynt Thomas confirm this, and the bruit in France is that without Bollen they will make no peace; also, that after the muster of the horsemen of these frontiers they had licence to repair home but were countermanded into garrison. Felt bound to reveal this, "thinking that the Frenchmen will use their old practice." Callys, 19 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
19 May. 862. Lisle, Paget and Wotton to Petre.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 169.
Being restrained by last letters from the Council from dealing with the limits until the coming hither of Sir Richard Lee and Rogers, and having no answer from the French Admiral touching the articles lately sent thither, we are charged with what we feared in the Frenchmen; for they say that we only protract time. The Admiral charges us with breaking our promise to have the answer by this night at the furthest, being the fourth day and the weather and passage fair. Thrice he has sent hither this day, signifying that he knows his master's mind and will declare it when we know the King's pleasure, but if it come not tomorrow he will depart to Monstreul, for no victuals come to Ardre lest we should think that by his means the town were re-victualled. If you think to make him tarry the view of the country, the making of a platt, the sending into England, the returning of an answer and so on, it will not be. "I" pray God we have not tarried too long already. This afternoon we hear from the camp that all our army is in mutiny by means of the strangers, without whom we cannot war. What our enemies will think when they hear of it, especially having all their power come to Monstrel, God knows, "and we doubt much, and the rather for that the Admiral maketh such haste away." If the King is pleased with the rest the limits are certain, the river coming "into the valley besides Devern, besides Samer, to Pont Debrick, to Bulloyn, and so into the sea." They will look to have it common both for their fishing and mills, and the coming in and out of their vessels; and you may covenant that neither party fortify on the sands more than is already commenced. "We could wish that every man were as careful for the peace as we know is necessary at this time." In drawing the treaty you must consider that they will draw it too; and if you are "too curious in terms (which is least regarded amongst the most part of princes in this world)," or we have not commission to finish without more sending, "look to have all lie in the dirt, and what will be the sequel God knoweth." We look for answer on Friday night (fn. n6) and therefore pray do your diligence,—we are discharged "both to God, our Sovereign and our country." Guysnes, 19 May, at midnight, 1546. Signed.
P.S.—We use all honest means to detain the Admiral, but this mutiny may mar all.
In Paget's hand, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
19 May. 863. Paget to Petre.
R. O. I send letters addressed to me this morning, one from my lord Admiral, who knew not of my coming and was at my arrival ridden forth a mile or two to refresh himself, and the other sent by Somerset the herald, alias Harvy, from Calais after my departure. I know the French brags, but, considering the Admiral's desire to be about his master, pray help us to a resolute answer; "for undoubtedly the Admiral had rather leave all this matter in the dirt than to be so long from his master's sleeve, and specially if he should go home without bringing it to pass to his master's satisfaction. I assure you men of his sort consider more their private glory and reputation than the common weal." It were best to determine the matter unless you mean to win time for some purpose. Guysnes, 19 May 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
May. 864. Hertford to Henry VIII.
R. O. This day Conred Penink, having to speak to his soldiers "in the ring, according to the custom before the musters," mentioned certain murmurs which had come to his ears (stirred by Flemings, "amongst them out of wages, procured by the French practice to move sedition") upon his words at Elton in the first musters; when he showed the King's goodness in giving them a month's wages beforehand, in which month they should do nothing but travel hitherwards. These words they would have interpreted as though the King gave one month's wages "freely" and their wages should begin at the first day of musters notwithstanding; and the Coronell could not even obtain audience to persuade the contrary. They then chose certain among themselves to bring in verdict upon the matter, and these gave sentence agreeing with the Coronell; but the soldiers would not agree to it, and grew to such fury that the Coronell, commissaries and all within the ring were in peril. Hertford then advised proclaiming that all who tendered their duty should leave the ring and follow their ensigns; and meanwhile he put the rest of the camp ready, the ordnance bent towards the mutineers, who remained still in the ring, and the horsemen in sight. Thereupon the mutineers, seeing their own company beginning to turn upon them, ran into the tail of the rest and all departed peaceably towards their camp. To give them no leisure to consult together, Hertford then ordered them to return into the field and (that they might not have "the strength of one body") every captain to keep parliament with his company; and then was declared to them the evil of mutinies, the dishonour to their nation, and the need for recovering their credit; and they were asked whether they would observe their oath and assist their provost in apprehending the authors of this evil. This they granted with one voice; and so departed to their lodgings, the honest accusing the evil, who shall "by little and little" be gleaned out and suffer for their demerits. And thus the nation, "infected with their old disease," shall be cleansed, and will doubtless do honest service. The disorder was such that the Coronell, when first come from them, durst not return until their fury was pacified, but he acted "both honestly, wittily and hardily."
The French have assembled horsemen and footmen, meaning, if the treaty fail, to assail the fort here or else some piece of Bulloyne; for which purpose forty pieces of brass are brought to Mounstrell, and Richemond herald, who saw them, affirms that sixteen are cannons and demi-cannons. They practise to entice away the Spaniards here, but Senor de Gamboa earnestly travails to know the workers thereof and has already caused two or three to suffer for it, himself serving "honestly and painfully." The French make all speed to set forth their ships and the rest of their galleys. Camp at your Majesty's Newehaven in Bullonoyes the —— (blank) day of May 1546. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
20 May. 865. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 421.
Meeting at Greenwich, 20 May. Present: Privy Seal, Winchester, Durham, Wingfield, Petre. Business:—Letter to the lieutenant of the Tower that Sir Richard Tumour, sent thither as prisoner, should be kept in some honest house because vexed with a quartane, and have paper and ink to write to the Council. Letter to the Knight Marshal, Mr. Hopton. or his deputy, to deliver to Captain Lartique two French prisoners lying in the Marshalsea, viz., Nic. Lignaillon and Renyer Le Soulleure, in part recompense of ten prisoners whom he delivered to Sir George Carowe.
20 May. 866. Henry VIII. to Lisle and Others.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 170.
Having seen their sundry letters, thanks them for their travail and sends conditions, framed upon consideration of the articles delivered by the other side, by which, if there is earnest desire for peace, an end may shortly be made. Without the whole river and haven within the limits stated in his conditions, he can scantly be well assured; but, if the other side stick thereat, they shall be told that, Boulloyn being the King's, its port and haven should be his, which, if left common, might be used to surprise the town; they must consider that, as the country is to remain his during the time appointed, all occasions of losing it sooner must be provided for; and, he having, for the sake of quiet and the renewal of the old amity, released much, their desire to retain "small corners" which tend more to his unsurety than their commodity must make him suspect their sincerity; and touching the haven, if the amity be once agreed, they may by courtesy obtain what by pact cannot now be granted. We send "these capitulations framed as a platt for your better instruction. But you may alter the words as the French commissioners shall require; provided that the material points are nowise omitted. If you come to a final agreement, our Lieutenant shall also be present at the concluding of the same.
Draft corrected by Petre, pp. 4. Endd.: Mynute of the l'res sent unto my lord Admirall, Mr. Secretary Paget and other the commissioners, of the xxti of Maye 1516.
Calig. E. IV.,
B. M.
2. Letter of which the above is the draft: Greenwich, 20 May 1546, 38 Henry VIII.
Much mutilated, pp. 2. Add.
20 May. 867. Prince Edward to his Sister Mary.
Harl. MS.
5,087, No. 10.
B. M.
Lit. Rem. of
Edw. VI., 9.
Eccl. Mem.,
ii., App. L.
No. 6.
Does not grieve so much at her not writing to him for this long time as rejoice at her recovery from sickness. Protests his love for her and begs her not to attempt to write to him when her illness does not permit it. Begs her to salute ladies Turwit, Herbard and Lane. Hunsdon, 20 May 1546.
Lat., fair copy, pp. 2.
20 May. 868. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. owes the King 45l. Fl. because paid a month before the day, but they are not content therewith. Fernando de Assa and Martin Lopes, with whom he bargained for alum, are humble suitors for redress for a ship of alum taken by the King's subjects in the West. Unless gently used they will deliver no more alum, and others will be afraid to bargain. In offering the alum to the King they refused more profit elsewhere. Andwerp, 20 May.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1546.


  • n1. Basset's name is left out by Lodge.
  • n2. May 14th.
  • n3. This sentence underlined.
  • n4. This sentence given by Brady is not in the Transcript.
  • n5. May 16th.
  • n6. May 21st.