Henry VIII: October 1546, 6-10

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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'Henry VIII: October 1546, 6-10', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547, (London, 1910) pp. 108-121. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol21/no2/pp108-121 [accessed 21 April 2024]


October 1546, 6-10

6 Oct. 229. The Privy Council.
A. P. C.
Meeting at Windsor. 6 Oct. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Lord Chamberlain, Essex, [Winchester, Browne, Gage, Paget, Petre]. Business:—William Vane, Scottishman, had passport to Scotland. Four letters of appearance before the bp. of London and other the King's and Emperor's commissioners to investigate wrongs done to subjects of both sides, viz., letters to (1) Thos. Woodehouse and Robt. Turcok of Waxam, (2) John Staunton and his co-partners of Yermoth, (3) John Richardson, ––––– Hoode and their co-partners of Boston, John Thacker, Ric. Taylour, Wm. Angle, John Gyvall, and (4) Brian Bowman, Robt. Garborowe and Thos. Bellamye, of Hull. Letter to Mr. Aucher, master of the Jewel House, to repair hither. Letter to –––– Glamforde to repair to Mr. John Cotton and endeavour to cure the arquebus wound in his arm which he got in last wars.
6 Oct. 230. Selve to Francis I.
No. 41.
The business for which bearer, the Seigneur Grono, came to England being finished, Selve believes, from his devotion to Francis, that he has acted faithfully for the King's service. London, 6 Oct. 1546.
6 Oct. 231. Privy Council of Scotland.
Meeting at St. Andrews, 6 Oct. Present: bps. of Dunkeld, Moray and Galloway, earl of Crawford, abbots of Dumfermling, Cupar, Culross, and Glenluse, Sir Wm. Hamilton, Clerk Register. Business:— As the Governor and Justices cannot conveniently leave St. Andrews during the siege, all courts of justice at Edinburgh and elsewhere are discharged for the time. Proclamations ordered against making war upon Spaniards, Portuguese and others by virtue of the French king's letters of marque to Gilbert Scott of Dieppe or any other letters of marque. Order taken touching customers.
6 Oct. 232. The Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O. Highly commend bearer, John Haster, clerk of the Council here, who now repairs to Court for his patent of the "baylyveage" of Newhaven whereunto he is nominated. His good service ever since the conquest of this town has deserved preferment. Bulloigne, 6 Oct. 1546. Signed: Wyllyam Grey: John Bryggys: Hugh Poulet: Rychard Wyndebank: Leonard Bekwth: Henry Palmere.
P 1. Add. Endd.
233. The Privy Council to Sir Edward Dymocke.
R. O. As bearer, John Aster, served in the "romthes" of clerk of the Council and secretary for the French tongue at Bulloignye, he is, upon sight hereof, to be paid his diets and wages for the same, down to the date of his commission for the bailiwick of Newe Haven. And as he is now placed in the "romthe" of bailiff of Niewe Haven and its marches, he is to be paid 2s. a day as appointed in his patent or commission, with all such allowances as the bailiffs of Guisnes and Calays have. Also the King gives him the "romth" of secretary of the Council at Niewe Haven, for which he shall have 2s. a day, and the wages of two horsemen at 9d. a day, and two footmen at 6d., payable at the same dates as the other officers and soldiers at Niewe Haven. Wyndesor, etc.
Draft, large paper, pp. 2. Address subscribed: To Sir Edwarde Dymocke, treasurer of Bulloign, or to his successors, reasurer or treasurers of Bulloign.
Some scribblings in Latin and French, including the proverb "Assez scait voisin qu' voisin peut" at the end.
234. The Privy Council to Lord Stourton and Others.
R. O. Bearer, John Aster, bailiff of the marches of Newe Haven and in commission with you, is appointed also secretary of the Council there. You are to accept him to these "romthes," and you, the Lord Sturton, to allow him the places and "romthes" of two horsemen and two footmen. The garrison there shall be divided to constables and vintners as at Callays, and the orders there used and from time to time devised "by you, the Lord Sturton, by the advice of the Council there" shall be published in the forts of Nyewe Haven, Blacnesse and the marches, as is done by the Deputies of Calays and Bulloigne. The bailiff shall ordain constables and serjeants within the borough of Niewe Haven, the townships of Wytsande, Merguyson and Fynes, and the marches of Newehaven; and, by the advice of you, the Lord Sturton and the Council there, the bailiff shall cause the accustomed markets and free fairs to be kept, with the liberties used at markets and fairs in Guisnes. Subscribed: To the lord Sturton, etc.
Draft, large paper, pp. 2. Endd.: M. of the Counsail's l're to the lorde Sturton for Astre, 1546.
6 Oct. 235. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Forwards a packet of letters from Mr. Chr. Mownt. Lately signified to the King that letters out of Almeyn reported a great fight between the armies of the Emperor and the "Princes Protestants." Although so written hither "by one Haller, a receiver of the Lady Dowager's and Governant here, a man of authority and estimation," it is now denied. Such swarms of lies fly hither that he who writes nothing does best, and Vaughan often repents the writing of his "said letter" to the King. Departs homewards within three days. Andwerp, 6 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
6 Oct. 236. Anth. van Zurch to John Johnson.
R. O. Ao 1546 ad 6 Octobris t. Andwerp:—Begs him as soon as he comes to Calais to order two pockets of the best wool to be sent by ship to Antwerp or Mechelen for the writer. Encloses a letter to the searcher of Gravelines to pass it free of toll. Signs as "woonende tot Mechelen."
Hol., Dutch, p. 1. Begins: "Erzame beminde vriendt Sir Jan Janss."
7 Oct. 237. The Privy Council.
A. P. C.,
Meeting at Windsor, 7 Oct. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, [Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Winchester, Browne, Gage, Paget, Petre]. Business:—Warrant to treasurer of Augmentations to pay Ric. Clement, for James Johnson, John Taylour and Robert Blackie, of Rye, 20l. for transport of 400 men of Sussex, Kent and Surrey to Boulogne, and for his own charges 20s. Letter to –––– (blank), that since William Heycroft, the new elected mayor of that city (fn. n1), refused to take office, they should, unless upon sight of these letters he conformed to the election, commit him to ward. Letter to Sir Thomas Lewen, clerk, that, whereas at his being here 6,000l. was delivered to him, of which 5,000l. should remain in his own hands for payment of the pioneers at Boulogne, and 1,000l. be delivered to the treasurer there for those of New Haven and Blakness, it was now understood that these places belonged to his charge as well as Boulogne; the Council, therefore, marvelled that he did not remind them of that fact, and required him to take the whole charge of paying the pioneers at New Haven and Blackness, resuming the said 1,000l. in case he had delivered it.
7 Oct. 238. Van der Delft to Charles V.
viii., No. 331.
Received at Windsor his letters of the 17th ult., from Ingolstadt, and of the 3rd inst. (sic). On presenting the Queen of Hungary's letter of credence, found the King unwilling to restore to the Emperor's subjects their property in the Boulognais, and irritated by the embargoes still maintained in Spain. Perhaps he was disappointed at not receiving some good news or a letter from the Emperor. He asked about the Emperor's success, said Van der Delft could bear witness that he had not advised this war, and ended by saying that in any case Flanders was safe enough. Found him very gracious and considerate; and hearing next morning that Van der Delft was not well, he sent kind messages with offer of his physicians. Afterwards asked for audience to obtain answer about the Boulognais; and the King, while passing in his chair, sent Paget to say that commissioners of England and France were about to examine claims to property in the Boulognais, and afterwards the King would do what was just, to the Emperor's satisfaction. Said this would involve a long delay, but Paget assured him to the contrary. Paget then pressed for release of the embargoes in Spain, since the King had here released
Spanish property and Renegat offered to restore everything that was found to be illegally captured. Paget also spoke of the King's irritation at the treaty with the Pope and would not be reassured, saying that the Protestants had in their hands a treaty signed by the Pope himself. He said that there was no peace with the Scots, against whom the King had prepared a naval force for the protection both of English and Flemings. Is sure that no peace will be made without the Emperor's consent. Can hear nothing of the Scottish ambassadors. The good news of Buren's arrival greatly rejoiced those in closest confidence with the King, as well as many other goodly personages. Captain Paulin, general of the French galleys, has been at Windsor, as Paget said, about the fortifications, of which the last, commenced at the mouth of Boulogne, has been demolished by the French themselves. But he frankly said, the chief pretext for his coming was to obtain release of St. Blancard's galley and slaves. Returning from Court yesterday, met first, the Frenchman M. de St. Germain, and, later, the French ambassador. Returns thither to-morrow, to learn what is going on. Duke Philip remains here, ill; and receives little favour beyond the payment of his pension. London, 7 Oct. 1546.
7 Oct. 239. Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 332.
Upon the points of Boulognais and Scotland, in accordance with her renewed instructions, went to Windsor to see the King. Was summoned at once without getting time to change his clothes. Presented the letters of credence and stated his case for reintegration of the Emperor's subjects owning property in the Boulognais; but found him less inclined to listen to the demand than to complain of of the treatment of his subjects in Spain, whose property still remained under embargo. He got, he said, nothing but words; he had released the Spanish ships here, and the writer continued to claim for Spaniards goods legally seized as the property of Frenchmen. Admitted that Lope de Carrion, the person interested, was still here expecting to obtain the goods, for his proofs were perfectly clear; but the King made light of the proofs, and the writer, changing the conversation, returned to the matter of Boulognais, saying that the King of France had restored the property of the Emperor's subjects in the portion of Boulognais allotted to him. This the King denied, and added that what he won by the sword was his, and he was not going to put it into the hands of those whom he could not trust. His final answer was "The Queen will be satisfied in reason." To that the writer replied that he hoped to get a more favourable answer some other day, and took leave. The King then called him back, asking for news of the Emperor and Buren; and, as he had nothing fresh to give, the King said "You know well that it was not by my advice that the Emperor undertook this war. I do not know how it is going to finish, for I hear that Count de Buren has had an engagement in which M. de Brabançon and several others have fallen; and are you Flemings fully prepared against possible attack?" Replied that we were, especially having so good an ally in him. He was very condescending, causing the writer to be covered and seated. It may be that he was disappionted at receiving no letters from the Emperor, which (his most confidential Councillors say) he much desires.
Told Paget, who conducted him out, to say to the King that he would not write to the Queen or anyone else until he received a more favourable reply; and, after discussion, Paget promised to do his best to that end. Paget said that there was no peace with the Scots and, confidentially, that the King was preparing a naval force against them.
Was very unwell on the following day and the King sent offering physicians and everything in the Court to be at my disposal. Three or four days afterwards, feeling better, saw Secretary Paget, who said that he told the King what I had said, and the King answered that he did not know what he had said to displease me. Finally, said that I would go to London for a day to write to the Queen, and would like to know the King's pleasure and final reply.
Next day Paget came, saving that the King, who was about to start for his hunting, sent him to say that English and French commissioners were about to consider claims to property in the Boulognais, and afterwards everything reasonable would be done to satisfy the Queen. And Paget added that the King would do anything for the Queen, and he (Paget) wished that she was not so chary in pleasing him with little things like the gunpowder, harquebuses, pikes, etc. Undertook to write to her and the Emperor, as he did on the Spanish question; but remarked that the course proposed in the Boulognais affair would cause delay. Paget assured him that this was not so, and all should be favourably settled. He then said that the King was offended at the talk of a treaty between the Pope and Emperor. Assured him that there was nothing to the King's prejudice, and that this talk was the invention of enemies; but could not shake his belief that the Protestants have in their hands a treaty signed by the Pope himself. He said that seven or eight ships had that same day sailed against the Scots; and the writer remarked that this was alarming for us, as the English only knew how to despoil their friends. Paget said that the clause of inclusion of the Scots was misunderstood; for, to make sure that there was no inclusion contrary to the treaty of alliance, he had inserted the words sine prejudicio tractatuum quos alteruter princeps habere pretendit, etc. Told him that in any case the word were very obscure.
Does not think that they will treat with the Scots without notice contrary to the alliance. The Scottish ambassadors are not yet come. Captain Paulin arrived the day that the writer was in Court,— unexpectedly, as Paget said. His pretext was to moderate disputes about fortifications, but Paget thought the real object was to recover the galley and slaves belonging to St. Blancard. On the way from Court yesterday morning met M. de St. Germain, and in the afternoon the French ambassador. Returns to-morrow to learn what is going on. London, 7 Oct. 1546.
7 Oct. 240. Incontinent Parsons.
R. O. "Pyllton in the libery of Oundell:—The inventory of all the goods and chattels of James Barnes, parson of Pyllton, late indicted of incontinency," made, 7 Oct. 38 Hen. VIII., and appraised by Thos. Browghton, Thos. Alynson, John Warner, John Decon and Hen. Wyllmot, "with other," viz:—
In the yard.—20 lamb hoggs 40s.; 4 milch "beffe" 40s.: 5 calves 5s.; a sorrel mare 7s.; a bay mare 5s.; a dun foal 2s.; a boar and sow 3s. 4d.; a grey horse 8s.; a steep vat 12d.; a cart 6s. 8d.; a load of wood and two ladders 12d.; a sheep rack and two "fleykes" 8d.; a "hoffyll" 2s.; a lead 3s. 4d.; a kneading trough, pin, pail, form and two tubs 10d. The dayehouse.—A vat, a "kymnyll," a tub a pail, two forms and a stool 6d.; a churn, cheese press, 3 cheese vats and a "henne penne," 8d.; 2 iron harrows 20d.; 2 kettles, a pot and a "gosse pan" 2s.; a frying pan, 2 spits, and a pair "cobirons" 12d.; 1 lb. of "tere" hemp and certain "hardes" and a "grydyll" 4d.; a fire pan, a toasting iron, a pair fetters, 2 hooks, a pair of bellows 12d.; 18 books 18d.; 4 candlesticks, a chafing dish, a bason and ewer 2s.; 2 pewter pots, a shaving bason and 2 posset bowls 12d.; 2 platters, 4 dishes, 3 porringers, a saucer, 2 salts and a bottle, 2s. In the parlour.—Two blankets, a coverlet, a feather bed, tick and 6 old cushions 3s. 4d.; 2 pair "hardyn" sheets, a pillow, 3 old mattresses and a covering 16d.; 5 flaxen sheets 5s.; a feather bed, a bolster, 2 pillows and a bedstead 6s. 8d.; a table, 2 forms and 4 boards, 8d.; a tester and 4 painted cloths 12d.; "a brundlyt, a salltynge crosse," 6d.; a plough and plough gears, cart gears and a cart rope, 2s.; 5 napkins, 2 table cloths and a towel 2s. 8d.; an "arke," a pair of trestles, 2 tables and 2 bedsteads, 6d.; 4 qr. wheat 20s.; 10 qr. pease 40s.; 20 qr. barley 4l. Total 15l. 3s. 2d.
Charges of Gilbert Pykeryng, bailey of the liberty of Oundell, "whilst the said parson were in prison," viz.:—For a hasp, 3 staples and nails 6d.; two men keeping the house two days and nights 2s.; a man servant's wages 3s. 4d.; to the said parson, for his keep in prison, by command of the justices 36s. 8d.; a woman servant's wages 6s. 8d.; the "Contribution" of the parsonage 7s.; a priest for a quarter's wages, 33s. 4d. Total, 4l. 9s. 6d.
ii. "Pyllton infra libert. De Oundell:—A true inventory of all the goods and chattels of John Cosyn, parson of Luddyngton, late indicted of incontinency," made, 7 Oct. 38 Hen. VIII, and appraised by Thos. Barne, sen., Robt. Stylles, Wm. Dalle, Thos. Barne, John Watson, Wm. Henson, "with other," viz.:—
In the parlour.—A cupboard 3s. 4d.; 2 bedsteads, 2 mattresses, a blanket, and 4 pair "hardyn" sheets 6s.; 3 platters, 2 pewter dishes, 2 saucers, 2 porringers, and 2 salts 20d.; 2 pewter pots, a chafing dish and a candlestick 8d.; a coverlet, 2 pillows and a bolster, 20d.; a towel, a tablecloth, 2 napkins and a chrism 8d.; a tester and 3 painted cloths 12d.; 2 chairs and 2 pitchforks 10d.; 2 spits and a pair of cobirons 14d.; a red coffer and a hammer 12d.; The chamber.— An adze and a sheep brand 3d.; a spinning wheel, a linen wheel and a "hekyll" 8d.; 6 cheeses, a cheese press, a "hekyll" and a truss rope 10d.; ½ qr. beans 2s.; a pan, a pot, 2 kettles and 2 bedsteads 5s.; 4 cheese vats, 3 dishes, 8 trenchers, 2 "meales" and a bottle 6d.; 3 sacks and a shovel 10d.; 2 pair of cart gears and a rope 12d.; a ladder, a "brandlyt," 2 kymnylls," a striker and a steep vat, 3s. 4d.; In the yard.—A shod shovel, a lock, a pair of fetters and "a here" 12d.; 2 loads of hay 4s.; 3 milch kye 30s.; 5 calves 10s.; a "hoffyll" 20d.; wood 3s. 4d.; 2 sows and 8 pigs 6s.; a grey colt 2s. 4d.; 2 nags 26s. 8d.; a bridle and saddle 20d.; 9 hens and a cock 20d.; 2 geese and a gander 9d.; 3 qr. pease 12s.; 12 qr. barley 48s.; 2 qr. wheat 10s.; 6 lamb hoggs 6s. Total, 9l. 17s. 6d.
Small paper, pp. 8.
7 Oct. 241. Lord Grey to Paget.
R. O. Whereas I sent by Sir Thomas Palmer a copy of Mons. de Bies' letter touching the limits, showing that they "deny to treat particularly of Vilmountiers and Quesques," as Sir Thomas can further declare, "m[y trust] is that it may please you to adver[tise me with] speed whether we shall communicat[e with the Fr]ench commissaries generally or no; wherein I doubt, for that our instructions doth not so insert"; also to send hither the article of the treaty specifying Vilmountiers and Quesques. Bulloigne, 7 Oct. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Oct. 242. Carne to Paget.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
Late on the 5th inst. Arrived a post from the Emperor reporting only that the town of which Carne wrote in last letters (fn. n2) is the Emperor's by appointment, and the 3,000 Zuysses therein sworn not to serve against him for three years and sent home. No battle is fought. The Landsgrave retires and the Emperor follows. Now it said here that some princes labour to the Emperor for the Duke of Sax and the Landsgrave, but the Emperor insists on their yielding themselves into his hands, as the Duke of Cleves did. Hears that the Emperor will not join battle but keep his army together all winter, and so wear out "the adversary part"; for most of his charges are borne by the churches of Italy and Spain "and other countries where he and the Bishop of Rome have to do." Here is a saying that the said Emperor and Bishop will deprive the Duke of Sax and his posterity of the electorship and put another in his place. Bruxelles, 7 Oct. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Oct. 243. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Having nothing to write, encloses copy of an Italian letter written from Augusta by an Almayn to an Italian friend here. Please speak with Mr. Chancellor to let me have his house in Woodestrete, if he leaves it, because mine in Chepe "is with the least for me." Within two or three days I depart homewards, leaving my account and money with Mr. Chamberleyn and Mr. Damesell, according to the Council's command; and I thank you for your favour therein, "for that way I shall best rid myself of that account." Andwerp, 7 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
9 Oct. 244. The Privy Council.
A. P. C.,
Meeting at Windsor, 9 Oct. Present: Chancellor, Great Master Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, [Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Winchester, Browne, Gage, Paget, Petre]. Business:—Letters general to mayors, &c., to assist Michael de Poza in recovering goods (specified, and marks given) of Fernando Dasi, Jerom de Aresti, Melchior de Amusto, and John de Bilboa, Spanish merchants in Flanders, which in March and April last were robbed from two Spanish ships of Ortunia de Lanos and San Pedro de Uguarte, by John Tompson of Calais, on the voyage from Bilboa towards Flanders. Letter to Mr. Aucher referring suits by bearer, Nic. Warde, for the passage of his oats for Boulogne and of his cattle, for which he had made suit by the surveyor of Boulogne, and requiring him to despatch both. Warrant to treasurer of Augmentations to pay Robert Hampton 127l. 15s. upon bills for coats and conduct of soldiers lately sent from Suffolk and Norfolk to Boulogne. Letters to Deputy of Boulogne, etc., that the King, having heard their petitions by Hertford, commanded the Council to signify that for payment of arrears to the garrisons a mass of money was being sent over; as for espial money, good espials were very necessary, but his lordship must be sparing of money and for the present follow the precedent of Calais in his allowances; as for post money, it seemed sufficient that his Highness already bore the charge of transfretation between that and Dover, and the ordinary postage from Dover, and in case of express messengers bills should be presented; the King was pleased that Cuffe should execute the room in Base Boulogne, not by the name of Provost Marshal but of Clerk of the Reports, and have the same stipend as at present; touching the victuals and the common sinks, Mr. Aucher and Mr. Rogers had been written to; and in these and all other things he should know shortly the King's further pleasure. Letter to Deputy and Council of Calais to send a declaration of fees and allowances, in money, ground or otherwise, of all officers there. To John Dowding, John Hyll, William ap Howell and John Capes, either to stand to the award made by Matthew Kent and John Baptist Seint Victores, in their matter with Ant. Mazuelo, or appear before the Council. To customers, &c., of Hull for restitution to bearer, Maturyne Alles, merchant of Dieppe, of wines and other goods stayed at Hull by Sir William Knolles three months before last wars with France, especially if it were true, as his supplication states, that the goods were "stayed soo rathe," and that he had restored hither the nephew of Sir William, from Dieppe. Letter to Mrs. Penyngton of Otford (who, being in treaty with Sir Edw. North for transference to the King of her ground called Romesshode adjoining Pantas park, suffered Sir Richard Long, keeper of the park, to take possession but now since his death (fn. n3) has re-entered, perhaps because she has not received the recompense promised) that the fault was in her slow pursuit of the matter and slender answer to North's letter; and the King willed her to suffer the keeper to resume occupation, and either come herself or send some one to make a final end and she should have cause to be content.
9 Oct. 245. The Privy Council to Wotton.
R. O. The French ambassador, repairing hither yesterday, had audience to-day and showed that the French King, being glad to hear that the King was content to stay the work at Bullenbergh and appoint commissioners for this matter of fortifications, had ordered Mons. du Bies and others to meet, as his commissioners, those sent from hence. The King answered that he neither had nor would attempt anything contrary to the league and was glad that his good brother minded the same so earnestly, but he thought Du Bies not meet to be in this commission (and Polyn when here thought so too) and that therefore neither Du Bies nor Lord Gray should be appointed. The King added that, this amity being so lately established and so much praised, he could not but marvel at this sudden fortification at Porthill, placed so near his pieces there that men must judge it to be for his annoyance; and, knowing his good brother's affection, he could only think it the device of some minister who did not thoroughly weigh the importance of this amity. The Ambassador "replied a few words" of our fortifications at Bullenbergh. The King said he was sorry that his good brother had been so informed when the world (and some of the French King's ministers, who saw it) knew that this fort was not only begun but in good order for defence before the conclusion of the treaty; and, considering the "precise answer" given to Wotton touching the river's head and the ground beside Ardre, his Majesty feared that some ministers bare no goodwill to this amity, and, he being; by some of his best ministers assured of the contrary, if he should be as precise "what should the end be?" He was the more frank herein that his good brother might know his goodwill. The Ambassador then said that sundry French merchants, hearing that the King had sent ships to the seas, were afraid to venture hither. The King answered that his captains were straitly charged to use his good brother's subjects as his friends; the Scots having since the peace spoiled his subjects everywhere, he had, at the humble suit of his merchants to clear the seas and chastise those pirates, presently sent out 6 or 7 ships.
Wotton shall declare the above there.
Draft, pp. 7. Endd.: M. to Mr. Doctor Wotton, ix. Octobris 1546.
9 Oct. 246. Sabyne Johnson to her husband John Johnson.
R. O. 1546, 9 Oct.:—This day I received "a letter from Rychard [who doth write] that of Fryday last thare dyed a young . . . . . . . . . . plage at Polbrocke and the moroye aftar . . . . . . . . . Dorete Breten. My cosen Hatten and his [w]ife ly [at my] sayed brotheris be cawse thay dy at Holdinbe, h . . . . . . . is com to Sowcke for thay dy at Nowton and . . . . . . . . moost towns thare a bowteis. O[ur] Lord be marci[ful]. At Glapthorne be non dayd sense Rychard was her . . . . . . . . . he doyth wryght me that Xpoffar Dayesbroy hayth . . . . . . but they say it is of an newe aigu. I pray God it prove s[o]. John Feme and Margere is gon, but he doyth not wryet me in wh[at] ordar my howses be lefte; where fore, if it plese you, I cold be content to go hom and se som ordar set in my sayd howseis, and than to go or com whether it shall plese you; for where soaver I be I shall not be in quyet to thyncke howe rawery I left everytheng, not thyncke[ng] to tarry so longe from hom. If you do goy in to Fraunce, pray you geve me leve to goy hom, and I well promyse yow I well not tarre at Glapethorne nor Polbrocke not ij nyghtes, for I am as frayid to be seke as any bodye. It is better for me to goy nowe than to tarre any longar." Urges other reasons for going soon, one being that her children are there.
P.S. "I pray you comend me to my brother O[tw]ell, and so doys my syster, and you may show hym that on Thurysday whan we cam from Gravesend we wayer at the lest iiij or v ours comyng ij myles a this syed Grawesend. And in setche a com[p]eny that I had rather 5s. for a telt bot than I well com amongest setche a compeny agan; for ther was cokoldes by there one confesyon, and bothe chores and bawdeis, wt so mytch knaware that it to abomynabell, and setche a lawse company that thay had [w]orke ennough to pyke of lyse oon of on others cothyes. My systar was as well sped as the best."
Pp. 2. Much mutilated. Add.: at Callais.
9 Oct. 247. Chamberlain and Damesell to the Council.
R. O. Have already signified the full payment of 9,000l. Fl. and 6,000l. Fl. To the factors of Bonvizi and Vivaldii respectively, "and for the provision and interest Mr. Vaughan, who presently repairs homeward, hath discharged." Have begun paying John Carlo, who shall shortly have his whole 6,000l. Fl., as bearer, Mr. Vaughan, can declare, who leaves them in English groats, crowns of the rose and other money 745l. 16s. 3d. Fl. Damesell has this day laden upon eight hoys and ships 439,520 lbs. of "demi boullet copper." Two of the hoys are already gone, and the rest wait for other merchants' goods. Sir John Gresham is advertised of the amounts in each. Andwarpe "the viiijth of Octobre 1546." Signed.
P. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: viijo (sic) Octobr. 1546.
9 Oct. 248. Wotton to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi.
Begs him to add to the bill of ciphers symbols (given) for Monsr. De Longueval, Mons. la Planche, the Queen of Navarre, Madame d'Estampes, the Dolfyn, the Chancellor and the Protestants. Wrote on the 16th ult. of a communication with La Planche which Paget seems to have not much regarded. Now La Planche has returned, saying that he is sent by Longueval, and has declared what before he only darkly hinted at as means to make a straiter amity. He began by saying that, for the glory of God and increase of love between our masters, he desired the French king to reject the Bishop of Rome, and the thing was easy, for Madame d'Estampes desired it and felt sure of it if she might have the King's assistance. Replied that Madame d'Estampes knew how the King had formerly travailed to bring it to pass, and therefore would probably do so again only if there was likelihood of success. La Planche said that Longueval wished this matter shown to none but Paget, who might write to Longueval that if La Planche was so addict to Madame d'Estampes and him as he professed to Paget, he has doubtless declared what Paget told him. He shall thereupon be questioned and say that Paget told him this matter as the way to make their Princes assured friends. For they dare not move the matter here first, but have the first motion come out of England. He adds that they are so pressed here now, for certain occasions, that the time could not better serve, and if Madame d'Estampes might assure the French king that the King would continue his friend she will not fail. Seeing the matter so important, met Longueval by appointment at the Charterewse without this town, which Paget knows. Meanwhile it chanced well that Paget's letter arrived, in which he wished Wotton to salute them both. Longueval, after thanks and protests of friendship, said that he had sent La Planche to show a thing of importance which would make their masters friends for ever, viz. the aforesaid matter. He trusted that what before could not be done might be done now, and wished that the Kings might once again meet; for the Bishop of Rome has of late so pricked the French king that he will easily give ear to it. Longueval then prayed him to write to Paget, and he himself would speak with Madame d'Estampes. Always suspects "these crafty children," but the more he thinks upon this matter the less danger can he perceive in it. It must not appear that these men have been the beginners of the matter. Can only think that when the Emperor and Bishop of Rome perceive that such a matter is in hand they will fear lest the French king should join with the Protestants against them, and make extreme labour to stay it. Who can tell whether this is a policy to make the Bishop of Rome a solicitor to the Emperor rather to let the French king have Millain? Whereupon should ensue an amity between them three not profitable for their neighbours. On the other hand, if this is their meaning these men may do it well enough though the King would refuse to travail in it. Digeon, 9 Oct. 1546.
Hol., with deciphering interlined by Paget, pp. 5. Add. Endd.
9 Oct. 249. Pole to Cardinals de Monte and Cervini.
Poli Epp.
iv 200.
To comply with their request as far as possible, sends his confidant (familiare) Dr. Moriglia, who will communicate his views on the decree of Justification, and also report the state of his health. Padua, 9 Oct. 1546.
10 Oct. 250. High Holborn, Midd.
Add: ch.
B. M.
Deed of sale by Thos. Dyxson, serjeant smith to the King, to Ric. Clyff, of five houses and gardens in High Holborn, Midd., between the Anthelopp inn on the east and the house of John Coke, sadler, on the west, which Dyxson lately purchased from Edw. Stokwood. Dated 20 Sept. 38 Hen. VIII. Sealed.
Ib. 15,637. 2. Another deed to the same effect, but more definite. Dated 10 Oct., 38 Hen. VIII. Sealed.
10 Oct. 251. Van Der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
Calendar, viii.
No. 333
Received to-day hers of the 27th touching the departure of the English commissioner sent to settle customs dispute, etc. Whether Councillor Van der Burgh need now remain here she will be able to judge from their joint letter sent three days ago. Thinks that he might still be useful, as the more important claims, such as those of Lope de Carrion and the jewels remain to be settled. Leaves for the Court to-day. London, 10 Oct. 1546.
10 Oct. 252. N. Yetsweirt to Paget.
R. O. Yesterday I received your letter with another to Mr. Bourchier, which I perused and sent to him at Newhaven, thanking you for this "earnest and fatherly care of my things." Where you write that you look for me now every hour, I am sorry; for, as I wrote on Friday, my man's sickness, wherein is now no danger, and Mr. Bourchier's being occupied at Newhaven and unable to meet Mr. Butler until Wednesday, delay their answer to your letter and enforce me to beg you to prolong my time until Saturday.
I declared to my lord Deputy that, now upon removing your household into Staffordshire, you "took thought how to do with his daughter"; and I tried to persuade his Lordship to place her with some friend in Kent near London, that her husband and she might interview each other the oftener, whereby the good conformity which they showed might augment, or at least not "empaire." But all the answer he made was to say merrily that he would not meddle, for you would needs have her, and at your request he granted his son and her 100 mks. yearly; howbeit he would write to his son to take such order with her as he thought best. And here he blamed much her evil behaviour towards my lady his wife, which, as learnt here, I will declare at my coming. Doubtless his Lordship now writes to you of the matter. "My lady is the fearfullest woman alive that Mrs. Cobham should come to her again, and would fear it a great deal more if she knew of this; wherefore it were best, in mine opinion, she were bestowed either with my Lady Dacres, her sister, or some other of her friends. Thus, Sir, your wisdom doth perceive what is like to follow of this matter, whose novissima (I fear me) will be pejora prioribus." Humble commendations to my lady. Callays, 10 Oct. 1546.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
10 Oct. 253. Eustatius de Coequiet to the Queen in Scotland.
Balcarres MS.
iv. 81.
Adv. Lib.
Is sending some merchandise by his servant, of which she is to have the first choice. Antwerp, 10 Oct. 1546.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Oct. 254. Wotton to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. xi.
On the 1st inst. received letters from the Council, of the 24th ult.; and on the 3rd had audience of the French king at Rouver, a castle of his own within two leagues of Digeon. He said, that in all things he intended to proceed reasonably; Lord Gray had been too hasty, and he trusted that Henry had so provided that the like should happen no more, frontier rulers being prone to minister like occasions; as for ceasing work at Bolenberg it was so far forward as to be defensible, but, for viewing like matters his commissioners were there already to join with such as Henry should depute; he had sent no men of war to the frontiers, nor had Saint Jermyn any band of men, nor did he intend to send any thither unless Henry augmented his ordinary garrisons there; and he concluded very gently that he was ready to fulfil the treaty and do anything else that an assured friend might do for another. The commissioners appointed for the trial of the fortifications are Mareschal du Biez, Mons. de Thais and one other.
Had written thus far when he received the Council's letters of 30 Sept. Doubting whether, upon the Baron de la Garde's return, the commissioners might be altered, sent to Court daily to know when he returned; and as soon as he came sent word to Court what personages Henry had appointed, "requiring them to depute like, not only for the matter of the fortresses but also to join and assist them that already were deputed for the matter of the head of the river." Was answered that by their Ambassador Henry should be advertised of all.
Thanks for goodness to him concerning the dividends of the church of York and his licence of non-residence while in the King's service. Digeon, 10 Oct. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
10 Oct. 255. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. Thanks for news contained in letters of 14 and 30 Sept. Has heard no more of the Admiral's "grief." So diligent a servant was never seen, for to speak with him one must take him by the sleeve and pluck him from the King. Intends to "keep in with both bands" as long as he can. The Duke of Wirtenberg's son, who agrees not best with his father and lies at Montbelyard, is come to Court. It is scant thought that he comes for the Protestants, he being thought to favour as much his uncle of Baviere as his own father. The Protestants write hither that pestilence in the camp will compel the Emperor either to risk battle or retire into Italy, and they have sent men to stop the passages. Doubts their wisdom who thus diminish their strength and compel their enemy to fight desperately. Alfonse of Aragon, king of Naples, a wise and valiant prince, said "that when enemies were disposed to flee he would make them a bridge of gold rather than they should lack a bridge to run away." The Emperor's ambassador speaks otherwise of these matters, and showed Wotton a letter from the Admiral of France, written within these four days, signifying that the French ambassador reported that the Emperor had taken certain towns and was besieging another, and that the bringer of his letters said there was pestilence in the camp by Ingolstadt but not since. The ambassador also showed Wotton a letter, of no very fresh date, from his nephew the bp. of Arras, who wrote that the Emperor had removed from Ingolstadt and taken certain towns and went on still to take more, so that the Protestants could not say he durst not come out of his fort. The Emperor has 50,000 good footmen and, although the Protestants have more, the Emperor has 10,000 horsemen to the Protestants' 7,000. Money and victuals begin to fail the Protestants, whose captains, when they should have gone against Mons. de Bure, fell at a great variance which is still not pacified. The towns taken by the Emperor are Newnburgh, Rhain and Reme. The ambassador says that the King of Romans sends an army out of Boeme into Saxe and (which Wotton cannot believe) Duke Moryce joins it against the Elector, his cousin; also that Darras writes that in the frequent skirmishes the Protestants are far inferior to the Spaniards and Italians. The Emperor has sent Secretary Gerardus to the Turk again, who, passing by Buda, made truces with the Turk's captains there until his return; and he has so large commission from the Emperor that he is likely to do good. Barbarossa's dead body was being sent to Algerez when Andrea Dauria's galleys captured the six galleys which conducted it. Supposes the ambassador's tale of the mutiny at Strazzeburgh to be untrue, for a letter of 29 Sept. mentions no alteration; but the Foukers have gone out of Auspurg to the Emperor and the Protestants therefore do them displeasure.
Certain gentlemen of this Court went to the Protestants' camp, "without the King's knowledge (for thereof I am sure you nothing doubt)," amongst whom was one Andelot, younger brother to Moris, de Chastillon, who with certain of the camp went to Auspurg to make merry, one of the company being a gentleman of Lorayne named Freney, a coronel of that camp. When the wine "made their heads smoke a little" Freney said that Petro Strozzi, who had not then arrived there, was a poltroon and no man of war. Andelot desired him to forbear, as Strozzi was a gentleman who had served his King, "and besides, they two were sworn brethren of arms"; but the dispute went on, and finally Freney cast a glass of wine in Andelot's face and out went the swords. Then, Dutch fashion, when others of the company cry Frede, Frede, "in must the swords again"; and every one travailed to reconcile them, especially Ryckerode. Andelot (who belike is not so well seen in the word of God, although he came there to defend it) said that, the other having defamed his friend and spitefully injured him, he would suffer it to pass during that war, but afterwards would not forget it. Next day in the camp they chanced to lodge in the same inn and Andelot passed Freney once or twice without noticing him. Freney, thinking probably that a coronel should be otherwise esteemed, followed Andelot into his chamber; and before men could come to part them Freney was dead with two or three wounds. Andelot fled—in time, for Count Guillamme sent out horsemen by hundreds after him, Freney having ever been under the Count, and Andelot akin to the Constable, "whom Count Guillamme loveth as charitably as Andelot loved Freney after he had injured him." The French king meant to confiscate all Andelot's property, for going thither; but now, for this valiant act and the intercession of friends, all shall be well. By St. Mary! this may discourage others from going thither, as many would if the pastime continue any while. The young count of Saintpol, only son to the late count, is dead. The house of Vendosme begins to decay too. The Duke being dangerously sick of a fever, two or three brethren of his, the duke of Montpensier with his brother the prince de la Roiche sur Yone, "and their children if any males they have," are all that remain. If the houses of Valois, which is but weak, and Vendosme should fail they have none of the line royal descended by line masculine as "their pretensed law salique doth require." The French king intends to take of his spiritu[alty], "of ten, eight to be paid in two years; and that to make the money that must be paid for Boloyne." If they take any way whereby they may be likely to redeem Boloyne it shall be well to provide "more strings to the bow, lest that peradventure break, though I take it to be so sure and strong that he shall draw deep that shall draw it in pieces." Hears of some communication of marriage between the Count of Daumale, eldest son to the Duke of Guise, and the younger dowager of Lorayne; but it is hard to believe that her uncles will consent. Thinks that the French king will not return to Parys, but stay here and in Champaigne "till all be done for this year in Duchelande," and then go alone the frontiers, viewing the fortifications, to Couchy or thereabouts for the rest of the winter. "These men seem to lowre a little and look strangely since they have known by the Baron de la Garde how he hath sped in England." The Emperor's ambassador asked the Council here whether by the treaty the French king granted the King the lands of particular men in Bolenois for these eight years; for if so the French king should recompense the Emperor's subjects who have land there, and the words were so general as to include all. He was so answered that "it was not so, and that in making the treaty they had so declared their minds unto us," otherwise the treaty should have stated that the French king would recompense particular men who lost by it, as was done in the treaty for the giving over of Calais. Finally, Cardinal Turnon said that the French king would very shortly pay the money for Boloyn, and they should have all again. [D]igeon, 10 Oct. [1546].
Thanks for pains taken to obtain his last licence. Signed.
Pp. 11. Add. Endd.: 1546.


  • n1. Winchester? He was mayor of Winchester in the year 1540. See Vol. xv.
  • n2. Neuburg. See No. 215.
  • n3. He died 29 Sept. 1546. Inq. p.m.