Henry VIII: September 1546, 6-10

Pages 12-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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September 1546, 6-10

6 Sept. 27. Council with the King to Council in London.
R. O.
St. P., i., 856.
The King thanks them for their wise handling of the Emperor's ambassador; and yet, because that ambassador has indirectly done what the Emperor's ambassador at Venice did directly to Ludovico de Larmis, viz., laid to the King's charge a practice with the Protestants by Sturmius and Brewno, and challenged the setting forth here of the Protestants' doings and defacing of the Emperor's, his Majesty desires you to tell the Ambassador (either resorting to him or sending for him) that, having sent to Court to learn if there was anything more in his mention of Sturmius and Brewno, you are commanded to tell him that with Sturmius the King has only dealt before Christmas last, when they were at Calais to treat for peace with France, whose pensioner and greatest practitioner in Almain the said Sturmius is. Brewno, who had served in France with County Guillaume, was, when war continued, thought a meet instrument for the empeachment of Almains passing into France, either by means of County Guillaume or of the city of Stratisburgh, where he had influence; and he himself was about to come over to see the King and present his son to the King's service when suddenly called away by those who sent him. Being charged to commune with County G[uillaume] and the city of Straitburgh as aforesaid, he returned later to report his proceedings. And the Emperor has no cause to blame the King for seeking friendship elsewhere; for, although the Ambassador may deny it, the King has information of the Emperor's treaty with the Bishop of Rome from Swisserland, Almayn, France and Rome itself, and "authentique copie of the same," wherein the Emperor covenants to chastise all who refuse the Bishop's authority and obedience to this Council at Trent called by him, although the King is not named expressly as the Protestants are. The King might well therefore take steps to defend his doings, grounded upon God's law and good policy; and yet he has not made league with any prince to the Emperor's prejudice or contrary to their league, and he prays the Emperor to act likewise and show more friendship than of late. If he had credited the King he need not have entered this dangerous war; and the King knows how the world goes with him, being forced to keep informants abroad because his friends keep their proceedings from him, insomuch that the Emperor, making two treaties with France, one more secret than the other, always pretended that there was only one. The King would wish the Emperor not to proclaim his mistrust until he is given more cause, and the Ambassador to forbear such reports as Sor Diego at Venice lately made to the Signory and to some of the King's servants there.
The King is pleased to prorogue Parliament until the morrow after Twelfth Day and may prorogue it further; for the Frenchmen have ministered matter to his Majesty to write to Lord Gray (fn. n1) as in the copy enclosed, and [to send over Legh] with about 1,000 men out of such shires as appear in the enclosed schedule. The King sends herewith a letter out of the North and prays you to see to the relief; and also to help for the coats, conduct and transportation of the men now sent over.
The King will give the Order to Don Aloysius Marquis Gonzaga and has so answered his agents.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 5. Endd.: The Counsaill here to the Counsaill at London, vjo Septembr, 1546.
[6 Sept.] 28. Wriothesley to Paget.
R. O. I send herewith your minutes, as you desire, and would write what the Ambassador said to them if he had kept his promise, but he was so busy in despatching Mons. Morret that he made us tarry till 7 o'clock "and then served us with this answer." I ween he was afraid to be "apposed"; and I was myself perplexed on reading your letters and minutes with this sudden change from peace to war; but I have cast away care and will serve the state whatsoever it bring. Weighing your device with my lord Great Master, and considering "th'ordinary of France," the impending winter, the inability of horsemen to empeach "their building" unless we can keep the field and stop victuals, and "how unready the great part of them shall be found after this triumph for such a purpose," we think that footmen crossing at low water, "and the Old Man to keep the hill with his ordnance," should be more effective for the winter; "and yet we trust God shall make this account short upon Mr. Wotton's speaking with the French king." Meanwhile your pieces should be well victualled, wherein my lord of Winchester and Mr. Rither have today travailed. Before it comes to extremity, would wish Mr. Leighe, Rogers, and such skilled men to consider whether the King "may not fortify again, either in raising the Old Man or in some other place, to beat them or to disappoint their purpose." God preserving the King in health, I fear not but the end shall be good. Ely Place, this Monday morning.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
6 Sept. 29. Petre to Paget.
R. O. Thanks for your letters received yesterday. Sir Thomas Palmer afterwards arrived here and told me of his talk with the French Admiral. I pray God for a better conclusion than these preambles signify. "I fear me, our unkindness towards God will not suffer Him to continue His good gift of peace towards us. But, send He war, send He peace, I know, as He is good, so sendeth He nothing but good to us if we can so accept it, and all (as your old saying is) for the best. In the mean time the old saying is not to be forgotten: Provide for the worst, the best will save itself. And if you shall eftsoons call upon the hasty setting forwards of the fortifications at Bullenbergh, being as they say a key and great surety to all the rest, I think it would do well."
Victuals, especially flesh, are dearer than during the wars, owing to the restraint in England, which the Council here say is "both straiter and otherwise than hath been accustomed heretofore." Calice, 6 Sept.
P.S.—My lord Deputy prayed me to send the enclosed schedule of beefs and muttons killed weekly, and what remain. Pray let us hear how to proceed with the French commissaries if any come after the day appointed by the treaty.
Hol., p. 1. Add. (fn. n2) Endd.: 1546.
6 Sept. 30. Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi., 289.
Sir Thomas Palmer, the bearer, at his late return declared your pleasure that, if these retinues were able to match the Frenchmen's power, I should overthrow the work they lately began at Paulet Hill. Last night I sent over the said Sir Thomas and Mr. Ponynges with certain footmen and 500 pioneers, and my lord John and Sir Henry Palmer with certain horsemen, who found the work 12 or 13 ft. deep, 700 ft. long and 14 ft. broad, and overthrew it, as far as the time between tide and tide would suffer, without disturbing our neighbours. Bulloignye, 6 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: with a copie of Mons. de Bies l're.
6 Sept. 31. Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O. After the closure of my last letter I learnt that our neighbours have written, to Monstroeull and other places, for the frontier garrisons to defend them in their fortifying of Paulet Hill. I also received a letter from Captain le Baron at the Fort (enclosed, with copy of my answer). Bulloign, 6 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
[6 Sept.] 32. M. le Baron to Lord Grey.
R. O. This night your men have come to fill the trenches newly made at the Portet; which seems strange, as we are at peace. Please inform me by bearer whether it is done by your commandment; that I may advertise the King my master.
French. Copy, p. 1. Address copied: A Monsr. le mylord Gray, governeur et lieutenant pour le Roy d' Angleterre, a Bulloigne.
ii. Lord Grey to Mons. le Barron.
Where you find it strange that we have filled your trenches newly made at the Portet, I find it more strange that such a work should be begun there contrary to the treaty between our masters; and I think that before again proceeding therein our masters should be advertised. Bulloigne sur la Mer, 6 Sept. 1546.
French. Copy, p. 1. Address copied: A Monsr. le Barron, cappitaine au fort d'Oultreaue.
6 Sept. 33. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Since the arrival of last courier from the Emperor on the last of August, could hear of no occurrents until this morning he is told that, last night. President Schore received letters stating that the Countie de Buir has overthrown a fortress belonging to Francforde and slain many Almains. If there be other news, it is. kept privy as not making for their purpose here. Yesterday was a solemn procession about a great part of the town, wherein went the Queen and all the nobles of the Court and town, every man carrying a torch. The Duke of Arscote and others of the best sort carried the canopy over the Blessed Sacrament. This procession was to pray for the Emperor's success. It is feared that the Danes may make a raid into Holland. Can get no answer in Mr. Dymocke's matter. Bruxelles, 6 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Sept. 34. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O.
St. P., i. 858.
The Emperor's ambassador was content to come to us; and so we declared the matter of your letters, how Sturmius came not hither, being of the French fashion, Bruno's offer, the temptation to the King to provide for himself upon the Emperor's treaty with the Bishop of Rome and strangeness towards the King whose counsel would have saved him from entering this encounter. Upon this point of strangeness, mentioned Don Diego's doings at Venice and the making of two treaties with France. The Ambassador replied that he himself never mistrusted the King and durst assure that the Emperor never did, but such as resort hither to set forth their own purposes bruit otherwise; intercepted letters of the Duke of Saxe to Venice showed that the secretary of the King's ambassador there desired to be the Duke's ambassador to the Signory, but he knew that the solicitation of that matter did not proceed from the King, and, whatsoever was said of Bruno and Sturmius, the Emperor and Lady Regent would not believe any bruit they might make; he knows of no privy treaty with France, although the King once spoke of it before; and (putting an example of Plinius) he thinks the Emperor himself knows not thoroughly his treaties with France; he thought that the Emperor at going into Almain did not intend this enterprise, but was moved thereto by indignation and by the solicitation of the Princes there, who began to disdain the Lansgrave's greatness, and, as the passages are stopped, the King probably has better information than the Queen Regent; the league with the Bishop of Rome of which we said we had an authentic copy he could not believe, and he durst venture his life that the Emperor would do nothing prejudicial to the King; for as long as the Germans only talked of religion they were not meddled with, but now, when they went further to set up a Lansgrave and make bands and leagues to put down and set up whom they list, he asserted himself; for if subjects should, upon their mis-contentment, overthrow their rulers, the world would have neither Ecclesiam nor Principem. And at great length he would needs persuade us that there was no league with the Bishop of Rome, who, he knew, had as much need of reformation as the Almains; and so, with good words and protestation of the goodness the King has shown him and the Emperor's devotion to his Majesty, he wished we might not be seduced by these mean men of Germany; for so noble a prince as the King, who was meet to be arbitrator between the great princes of Christendom, should be ill matched to be treated with by the princes of Germany, who had brought themselves into bondage with the people and the displeasure of their sovereign. He "disallowed "the action of the Emperor's ambassador at Venice, and said that he would report it to the Emperor. He thought that the Emperor's present estate was prosperous, and showed the copy of Mons. de Bure's letters to the Lady Regent of 23 Aug. to that effect.
I, the Lord Chancellor, will issue the writs for prorogation of the Parliament. As to money for the North, we have travailed with Mr. Cofferer for 4,000l. out of the Mint at York, and the rest must be made up with the Contribution money received there by the Archbishop of York. It will be the end of next week before we get the money due for corn from the City of London, wherewith to pay the labourers at Boulloyn. Yesterday 5,000l. were delivered to the Admiral for the alleviation of the King's charges "that way." Enclose declaration of the treasurers showing what money they had on Sunday last. Mr. Carewe made no declaration because he had nothing.
Would know the special order taken for conduct and coats, for which money is provided. Westmester, 7 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Wriothesley's hand except the last paragraph, which is in Gardiner's, pp. 6. Add. Endd.: 1546.
7 Sept. 35. The Same to The Same.
R. O. Have, as commanded, travailed in the matters of Ireland and drawn articles (herewith) to be shown to the King; and after his resolution upon each may be framed so much of the despatch as must pass by the hands of you, Mr. Secretary; and the rest we shall help forward. My lord Deputy can explain any doubts. Westm., 7 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
7 Sept. 36. Selve to the Admiral [of France].
No. 21.
Received last night the Admiral's despatch of the 4th, with copies of the letters of Paget and Bouchetel. This morning, sent to Paget for audience about the affair of a Parisian merchant named Le Gras, of which the King writes, as a pretext for learning something about that which the Admiral desires to know. The Court is disquieted about the fortification which Francis has begun, and there are wagers that war will be renewed within eight months. A despatch about this fortification is sent to the English ambassador in France by an express courier named Francisque. Of the Count Palatine Frederic, the ambassador of the Duke of Savoy and the two gentlemen sent by the Emperor I can learn nothing; the matter may be an invention of those here to gain reputation and frighten you into stopping the fortification. Wavering as they are and naturally changeable, the fire which has been hard to put out might be easily lighted again by those whom you know, who will lose no opportunity. I find indeed that Duke Philip of Bavaria is here, as he was last spring, having come both times to get the daughter of England in marriage or else persuade the King to give him some present and pension; and the King has now given him a present of 5000 angelots and pension of about 3000 cr., but has no mind to give his daughter, and the Duke has little hope of obtaining her. A president of Malines is also here on the Emperor's behalf to debate with the King's Council several complaints of Flemings and other subjects of the Emperor about new impositions here; but I have not learnt that there is any business of the duke of Savoy. Mons. de Saint Martin came this morning to say that Paget granted the restoration of his property on condition of his swearing fealty to the King of England. Declined to advise him about doing so. St. Blancard's galley, crew and soldiers, without the slaves, are to be as soon as possible sent back to France,—the baron and his lieutenant retained here. M. de Morette, who left yesterday after dinner, brings the news of it. London, 6 Sept. 1546.
P S.—My man has just returned from Court where he only learnt that a gentleman of the Emperor named Altobello Palvecin has come with a man of Savoy, who is not, however, an ambassador from the Duke. If I learn more on Saturday or Sunday, when I am appointed to be at Court, I will send word. Some say that the Emperor has lost two strong towns to the Protestants, others that his affairs prosper and that Bures has crossed the Rhine and is within 30 leagues of him. This town is already full of war rumours and the ships in the river are said to be arming for sea; but in Court there is no talk of it. The affair of St. Blanquard has ended otherwise than Morette reports, as the bearer will declare. Has not written to the King, as he counts upon this despatch overtaking the Admiral in the way. 7 Sept.
7 Sept. 37. Selve to Du Bies.
No. 22.
Bearer will tell all news. London, 7 Sept. 1546.
7 Sept. 38. Prince Edward to Dr. Coxe.
Harl. MS. 5087,
No. 20.
B. M.
Nichols Lit.
Rem. of
Edw. vi., 24.
Was glad to hear that Coxe was better and stronger, whom, as his teacher, he is bound to love, for learning is the true wealth. Vice Lit. and ignorance are the worst things of all, and darken the mind as the want of eyes darkens the body. Hatfield, 7 Sept. 1546.
Lat., fair copy, pp. 2. A translation printed in Halliwell's Royal Letters, ii. 18.
7 Sept. 39. Dover.
Add. MS.
B. M.
"Liber communitatis villæ ac portus Dovorr' de omnibus receptis et resolutis super negotia dictæ villæ a festo Nativitatis Beatæ Mariæ Virginis, anno regni regis Henrici VIII. primo usque eundem festum pro uno anno integro." Naming the mayor, Richard Monyn, and other officers and detailing all the items of receipt and expenditure for the year.
Similar accounts follow, viz.:—(f. 33) 2-3 Hen. VIII. Nic. Templeman, mayor, (f. 37) 3-4 Hen. VIII. John Broke, m. (f. 57) 4-5 Hen. VIII. Robert Nethersole, m. (f. 64) 5-6 Hen. VIII. Nic. Aldy, m. (f. 88) 6-7 Hen. VIII. Ric. Fyneux, m. (f. 114) 7-8 Hen. VIII. Thomas Vaughan, m. (f. 120) 8-9 Hen. VIII. John Gregorye, m. (f. 1246.) 9-10 Hen. VIII. Nic. Aldy, m. (f. 129b.) 10-11 Hen. VIII. Thos. Vaughan, m. (f. 133b.) 11-12 Hen. VIII. Robert Wellden, m. (f. 1406.) 12-13 Hen. VIII. John Elam, m. (f. 144) 13-14 Hen. VIII. Robert Stelman, m. (f. 173) [14-15 Hen. VIII. heading lost], (f. 198) 15-16 Hen. VIII. Robert Dyar, m. (f. 217) 16-17 Hen. VIII. John Broke, m. (f. 228) 17-18 Hen. VIII. John Waren, m. (f. 231) 18-19 Hen. VIII. Ric. Couche, m. (f. 258b.) 19-20 Thos. Vaughan, m. (f. 261b.) 20-21 Hen. VIII. Robert Fluce, m. (ff. 264-288) No formal headings (the date 25 Jan. 1531 occurs on f. 2806.). (f. 289) [24-25 Hen. VIII.] Thos. Vaughan, m. (f. 293) [25-26 Hen. VIII.] Edw. Maye, m. (f. 296b.) [26-27 Hen. VIII.] John Paynter, m. (f. 300) 27-8 Hen. VIII. John Paynter m. (f. 303) 28-9 Hen. VIII. John Waren, m. (f. 307) 29-30 Hen. VIII. Ralph Buffkyn, m. (f. 310) 30-1 Hen. VIII. Ralph Bufkyn, m. (f. 314) 31-2 Hen. VIII. John Bowles, m. (f. 319) 32-3 Hen. VIII. John Waren, m. (f. 324) 33-4 Hen. VIII. Thos. Foxley, m. (f. 343) 34-5 Hen. VIII. Robert Justice, m. (f. 360) 35-6 Hen. VIII. John Elinge, m. (f. 364) 36-7 Hen. VIII. Wm. Fissher, m. (f. 382) 37-8 Hen. VIII. Thos. Collys, m.
A bound volume of 798 pages, very few of which are blank.
7 Sept. 40. Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O. Before receiving the King's letter, had, upon report of his Majesty's pleasure by Sir Thomas Palmer, overthrown the work at Paulet Hill as Sir Thomas (besides the writer's letter) will declare. Bulloign, 7 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1 Add. Endd.
7 Sept. 41. Blerencourt to Wallop.
R. O. The answer to your letter is that, by my order, proclamation is made throughout my government of this county of Guisnes forbidding the carrying of victuals or other merchandise out of the King's countries; but, as I understand that the wheat was bought before the proclamation, I have ordered its delivery. Nothing is done here that you have not first commenced. Ardre, 7 Sept. 1546. Signed.
French, small paper, p. 1. Add. Endd.
7 Sept. 42. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. Still continues paying the Fugger, and began two days past to pay the house of Bonvyce, whose day "shall not be till the 6th of this present month;" so that "this day" he has paid above 2,000l. Fl. towards the 9,000l. Fl. Could not do this without delaying the Fugger, as the King's merchants' day of payment shall not be till the 15th, when the house of Guynygy and John Balbany is to be paid other 6,000l. Fl. Knows not how to pay unless the King's merchants have their money ready at their day; and, besides, strangers refuse angels or other coin of the King's and the King's merchants have no other money. It will be "no less hard to please both than to please a shrew wife." Is cumbered with money which Mr. Dymok sent him, out of Holland, before departing for Bream, among which are many light angels and crusados and many groats. Besides all this, the account he sent shows that he will not have enough to pay all the King's debt. It may please their Lordships to give some order; for all is due by 15 Oct. next when Bart. Compaigne and John Carolo must each have 6,000l. Fl. Of the wars in Almayn here are only light rumours. Courte Pennyng leads a good troop of horsemen and footmen gathered about Breame, and is near Franckford, going to serve the Princes Protestants against the Emperor. Andwerp, 7 (altered from 4) Sept.
P.S.—Please cause the obligations to be returned with speed for the Fugger; and appoint some skilful person to receive the copper, with instructions as to amount, sort and price, and order the King's ambassador to make suit for its export. William Damesell has bought much copper here for the King and knows the sorts.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1546.
8 Sept. 43. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 530.
Meeting at Oking, 8 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, [Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Browne, Paget]. Business:— Alleyne Fassher, merchant of Britayne, showing that a bark with wine, etc., taken since the peace was delivered to Henry Golding's servant at Plymouth, had letters to Henry Fortescue, Nic. Fortescu, Wm. Hawkyns, Wm. Amadas and John Copleston for restitution.
8 Sept. 44. Council in London to the Council with the King.
R. O.
St. P., i., 862.
This Lady Day, in the morning, the French ambassador, who should have supped with the Lord Chancellor on Sunday night, and could not because of Morrett's despatch, sent his secretary to say that he would come to dinner to-day. To hear him upon the three points whereof they were instructed to talk familiarly with him, we, the lord Great Master and bp. of Winchester, also repaired to the dinner. After a little time spent in ordinary conversation and viewing the gardens, we entered upon the matters, as if sorry for them and wishing that he would write to the President or some other of his friends about the King that stay might be taken in the first and the other two redubbed. The Ambassador seemed abashed and, after a pause, said that no man desired the continuance of the amity more than he, and he was sure that the King his master had it equally to heart; Mons. l'Admiral, when here, had shown that the fortifications at Portest were begun long ago, but he himself thought that they should be stayed until the matter might be friendly debated, and so he would write to the President, and also to the King; there was however much talk of an English fortress called Bullingberghe. Replied that they remembered Mons. l'Admiral saying something of such a matter, but the trench at Portest could no more be called the beginning of a fortification than could all the King's trenches made in the war; whereas Bullingberghe was well forward before the conclusion of the treaty, as appeared by le Marishall de Beez then writing to my lord Great Chamberlain that if we would desist from our fortification he would leave fortifying St. Estiens. And we engrieved the matter so much that he seemed sorry it was attempted.
To the second he said that Mons. le Secretary, telling him the names of those who should go, said that the time should be appointed at the coming of Mons. l'Admiral; but on the day of Mons. l'Admiral's coming to Gravesend he received notice that they should go next day. Mons. l'Admiral despatched a post express from Greenwich (and the Secretary afterwards explained that the Admiral's coming had been expected much sooner), but considering the distance between the French Court and Paris, those who should come probably required time to prepare themselves.
The third, the prohibition of victuals, he could not enough wonder at, and thought his master was not privy to it; he would write effectually in them all and trusted all should do well.
Passed then to other things; and so dined merrily and bade him to supper to-morrow at the house of the Lord Great Master. It appears that either he knows nothing of "their" doings or else that all shall indeed do well enough. Ely Place, 8 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Gardiner's hand, pp. 6. Add. Endd.: 1546.
8 Sept. 45. Wriothesley to Paget.
R. O. I send you letters received this night from the French ambassador. He would have delivered others to be conveyed according to the order taken at Hampton Court; but, doubting whether you have taken direction therein with the master of the posts, and "the rather for that I think that his letters touch the matter whereof we communed this day," I entreated him to despatch a special post; which he promised to do to-night. Ely Place, this Wednesday night late.
Hol., p. 1 Add. Endd.: vijo September 1546.
8 Sept. 46. Selve to Francis I.
No. 23.
Wrote yesterday to the Admiral what he had learnt since the latter's departure. To-day the Chancellor of England, with whom he dined, said to him, in presence of the Great Master and the bp. of Winchester, that the King desired him to write to his master three things, viz., that he wishes the fortification at the Portel stopped pending some gracious appointment therein, that his commissaries about the 500,000 cr. have been long waiting at Calais for the nomination of those of France, and that Maréchal du Biez has issued proclamations in Picardy against supplying wheat, wine or other victuals to the King of England's towns and forts. Replied that the cause of delay of the French commissaries was Paget's saying that the English commissaries should be named only after the Admiral's arrival, whereas they left a day or two before. The King of England is always at the chace. He has appointed the writer audience on Saturday next (fn. n3) at Guildford, where he will arrive the same day. London, 8 Sept. 1546.
8 Sept. 47. Petre and Maye to Paget.
R. O. This morning, about 2 o'clock, received the enclosed short letters from Mr. Wallop, of the coming of the French commissioners to Ardre. Wrote to him again to enquire what they were and how sent, and to let the messenger know that, having tarried here till the full end of the time the treaty appointed, the writers desire to have the meeting shortly, and, as there is no meet lodging in Ardres, they will gladly make the French commissioners good cheer in Callys, or else meet them at Guisnes. To this Wallop answered as in his letters herewith. Will, if they refuse to come either to Callys or Guisnes, follow Paget's precedent and meet at an indifferent place. Suspect that, as the messenger does not know their names, they are not yet come to Ardre, and would know whether the writers are still here after having written to Mons. du Bies that they would depart within 4 or 5 days. Were resolved, as directed by the Council's letters, to have returned hence on Friday next. Callys, 8 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P.S. in Petre's hand.—Have received a third letter (enclosed) from Wallop and answered him that they will be at Guisnes to-morrow, and meet on Friday at the place where Paget met the Admiral.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
8 Sept. 48. Petre to Paget.
R. O. Our common letters and those we sent from Mr. Wallop show how near we are to our meeting. Albeit some overture was made to have them come here they made no request to have us come to Ardre, but said at once that their commission served only for the place where last treaty was concluded. The preciseness of this seems "to import somewhat." As well upon the French frontiers as here men marvel at this long silence about the Emperor and the Protestants, whereof there is not only no talk in the Emperor's countries, but a prohibition of speaking and enquiring is reported from St. Omer's and other frontier places. Commendations to my lady. Calice, 8 Sept., at night.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
8 Sept. 49. Du Bies to Lord Grey.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
Captain Barron has signified to me that in the night between Sunday and Monday you sent to fill the trenches of the Portet; which I find very strange, and especially that in your letter to Captain Barron you say that this work at the Portet contravenes the treaty. There is more reason to continue it (as it was begun more than four months before the treaty) than that which you are making at the hill of Bulloinberg. I beg to know whether you have commandment to make this enterprise, that I may advertise the King. Du Bies, 7 Sept. 1546.
ii. Lord Grey to Du Bies.
There is nothing strange in what Captain Barron has signified to you; and, as to your advertisement that there is more reason for continuing the work at the Portet than that of Bulloinberg, you must know that what we are doing was never discontinued since our army was there before the conclusion of the treaty, whereas that of the Portet was never begun until a few days ago. Pray do not permit it to continue until our masters have been advertised. Bulloignye sur la Mer, 8 Sept. 1546.
French. Copies, pp. 2. Endd.: Copy of Mons. le Mareschal's first l're and th'answer to the same.
8 Sept. 50. Richard Rede to Paget.
R. O. Seeing the state of our things here, described in letters from Mr. Came and me, if it seem convenient, this is to beg your mastership to obtain me leave to return home. Bruxelles, 8 Sept. 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
8 Sept. 51. Vaughan to the Council.
R. O. I "abide gladly" the coming of the obligations of London for the Fugger, and am far entered into his payments, which had been ended if he would receive angels, but he says they are not current money nor can be paid to the Emperor or the Court. I pay also the factors of Bonvice. Of the last money of the King's merchants (as they complained to your Honours that I would not receive their angels) I assign them to pay their debts to the merchants strangers to whom money is owing. Because the day of payment for the King's merchants is not till the 15th, and hitherto I have only demanded money of two or three whom I thought provided, I can say little of their payment, but expect it to be slack—and in angels, a money which the houses of Bonvyce, Vivald, John Carolo and others will not receive. What shift to make passes my reason. The Fugger is never from me. The house of Bonvyce, whose day was the 5th inst., pulls me hourly by the sleeve. Had I not received at the beginning, of the King's merchants, 18,000l. Fl. of good money, trouble with these strangers had made me weary of life. The angels received of the King's merchants remain unpaid; for the Fugger will receive but 1,200 and Bonvyce's house, as a favour, 1,000. The Fugger is paid all but 16,000 or 17,000l., and now is "grown upon me" the 9,000l. Fl. due to the Bonvyce on the 5th, 6,000l. Fl. due to the house of Balbany on the 15th, and the rest: which is 12,000l. F1., shall be due 15 Oct. All must be paid in "money of exchange" and I have not the money, as I have often signified; and when I have agreed with them, as appointed, for valued money I shall lack more. Please therefore give order for more money to pay them. They ask, besides, ½ percent. provision for paying these three bills of exchange, amounting to 46,400l. Fl., which is an unreasonable charge.
No certainty about the wars in Almayn. The Court here puts out no news, "which giveth a suspicion that the Emperor hardly proceedeth against the Princes Protestants." It is said that the Count de Bure has had many horse slain and lacks victuals. Andwerp, 8 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
8 Sept. 52. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. I am "an humble suitor unto you" for a schoolmaster of mine, born in these parts, of right good learning and wit. "I have had him now one year teaching my children; and the world, brought now into such a hatred of good learning, and into such a deep suspicion of all manner of teaching, as it. thinketh whatsoever is taught is heresy, moveth me to draw my children from learning and to set them to some other thing. He is a very good Latin man,—I think none like him within the King's realm,—a good Grecian, and speaketh well the French tongue." You might help him to some exhibition at the King's hands in any of the Universities. Bearer is the man. Andwerp, 8 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
8 Sept. 53. Wotton to Paget.
R. O. On the 6th inst. the French king had letters from Luca it Italy, from Andwerp, and from his ambassador with the Queen Regent, agreeing in this that the Emperor's Italians are almost all slain by the Protestants, to the number of 6,000 or 5,000. The French King has a bill of many of their names, and it is yet uncertain whether their chief captain, Signor Alexandra Vitello, is taken or slain. This took place at Rynam and the Emperor fled thence with 2,000 horses to a strong castle called Voschot. The Protestants won some good pieces of artillery. It happened about the 25th or 26th ult.; but the French king has no letters from his ambassador with the Emperor; "which maketh men somewhat to stand in suspense what they may think of it." They say that the Protestants are above 80,000 footmen and 9,000 horsemen; that Mons. de Bure has crossed the Ryne and marches towards the Danow; that Ryfenbergh and another captain follow him with 40 ensigns; and that the Landgrave and duke in Wirtenbergh go to join Ryfenbergh and set upon Mons. de Bure. The French long has declared these news openly, but not as though he would affirm them for certain. He rode yesterday to Bourg in Bresse and returns to-day; and within four or five days goes downwards again, by Digion, into Champaigne. The Italian ambassadors say that the Bishop of Rome has translated the Council from Trente to Luca, as an honest preparation towards its dissolution.
Wrote on the 28th ult. and would gladly know whether the letters came safely, considering the contents. Received the packets by his servant Lisseter and Francisco the courier and sues for access to the King "for that purpose." The ambassadors remaining here and the King removing from place to place, they must needs send to Court to know both when and where the King will give them audience. Mascon, 8 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
9 Sept. 54. Boulogne.
R. O. "A memorial unto the King's Majesty's Council" [by the Council of Boulogne, with the answer to each article written by Paget in the margin], viz.:—
Whether the Young Man shall be fortified forthwith or remain till the beginning of the year? The men appointed thereunto remain in the citadel. Answer.—It "shall go forth out of hand, as the surveyor of the works can declare."
Whether the "provostes marshalles" of the Base Town and Old Man shall continue, or whether those pieces and Bullingbarg shall be under the marshals of the High Town? A.—There shall be no provost marshal in those pieces, but the captain to have the correction of the soldiers, except in cases of life and death or suits at law.
"We require also an augmentation as well of gunners as soldiers." No answer.
"We require warrant for the payment of three men at arms more than the number whom my Lord found placed here at his coming hither." A.—"A warrant for that which is past, and from henceforth to serve as horsemen of the crew."
When shall my Lord enter into the castle and have a letter to Mr. Bruges for his discharge thereof? A.—When he thinks meet. A letter is directed to Sir John Brudges.
Shall the captain of the guard continue?—A.—To continue; and Mr. Dudley to enjoy it.
We require a warrant for payment of these Italians, viz., Piere Jehan de Sena at 16 cr. the month, Paolo Serdo at 12 cr., Thomas Deferencia, Jehan Domyngo Calabroza and Nicola Demoyena. A.— We desire to know who sent those men thither and what wages are appointed to them. The form of the warrant to be "sent from thence."
Shall these spies and guides continue here, viz., Fraunces de Bonyon, Jehan de la Broche, Abram Parady, Jehan de Leane, Nicholas de Counte, and Galliot Tasser? A.—To continue "in their accustomed entertainment."
The allowance for spial money and how the post shall be paid. A.—The Treasurer shall have a warrant for the post; and also for spial money when we "know your opinions for the sum."
We require allowance of the transportation into England of the soldiers lately "cassed." A.—Order shall be given on knowing what the sum is and to whom payable.
We require a warrant to the Treasurer to pay upon my Lord's warrant ("forasmuch as in a late letter he is commanded to surcease"), and also to know how the garrison shall be paid. A.—The order "directed thither by the auditors" to be observed.
"Whether the lieutenant of the horsemen shall continue still." A. "Mr. Shelley to enjoy the office still." (fn. n4)
We require to know what officers the King will allow in every piece. No answer.
"We require also the commission of oyer and determyner." No answer.
Pp. 3. Endd.: "Copie of my lord Grayes, etc., memorall (sic) to the Counsaill here, and thanswere from them to the same, ixo September."
9 Sept. 55. Carne and Rede to Paget.
R. O. After long debate the Emperor's commissaries have agreed that the English merchants shall enjoy their privileges, and, the only doubt being about the quantities and greatness of barrels, bales, etc. (a cause of frequent variance between merchants and tolliners), it is agreed, according to the order of Duke Philip, that three merchants shall be appointed to determine such doubts hereafter. And where the English merchants complained that they paid custom for their wrappers, the tolliners deny this, saying that some merchants use for wrappers four or five cloths, "to the intent to win the toll," and in such cases the tolliners charge for the surplusage of wrappers. The whole company of our merchants, both before their Governor's coming and since, have condescended to this order, as their governor and secretary, sent hither, signify.
Touching "other extraordinary impositions that passeth not by the toll house, as one in the hundred, and the assises, and the xxth penny of the rents," the Commissaries will make no other answer than at first, which is the same as was made at the Diet of Burborough. Required of the Commissaries a letter to the tolliner of Andwarp to observe the said privileges; and they promised to move the Lady Regent therein. Bruxells, 9 Sept. 1546. Signed: Edward Carne: Richarde Rede.
Pp. 2. Add. Sealed. Endd.
9 Sept. 56. Pole to Cardinals de Monte and Cervini.
Poli Epp
iv. 197.
Before leaving Treville, received theirs of the 3rd, with copy of that which the Camerlengo wrote and those about the return of the prelates to Trent. Since his arrival here at Padua has been laid up, as the bearer will inform them. Has to-day received letters of his Abbot from Rome, and learns by one from the Camerlengo that the Pope wishes him to pay all attention to his health, either in Padua or in Venice, as the doctors think advisable. For the rest, the Abbot, having had no answer yet from his Holiness, reserves himself till his return, which he expects to be in the middle of the month. Padua, 9 Sept. 1546.
Has not failed to exhort such prelates as he has seen here to the return to Trent, and they all seem disposed to do so,—I mean those who are in health—if there be any urgent need of their presence, either for a session, or to deliberate about the translation, as you will have heard from their letters and from the nuncio of Venice,—especially as Monsig. de Caorli is shortly to return to you, who has spoken with many of them by your commission. Though all are ready to obey, they are in great doubt what is to come of these armies in Germany.
10 Sept. 57. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 530.
Meeting at Oking, 10 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Browne, Wingfield, Paget. Business:—John Andrea Gromo and Constantia de Montoa, servants to Signor Aloyso de Gonzago, had passport.
10 Sept. 58. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O.
St. P.i. 865.
For answer to your several letters, we marvel that my lords in Calais are so disfurnished, when, by the order already taken, they may make as many purveyors as they will, and for what kinds and quantities of victual they will, putting in surety with the customers to bring within four months certificate of its delivery there. The only difference between this order and their desire is that now, by the customers' books, the King may know what they carry; and they desire to have their own letters serve at the ports, without giving notice here, so that they may, as in the past, carry two cargoes into Flanders for one to Calais. This should be roundly written to them, and that they can have no more. Will continue to call on the mayor, &c., of London for the money due for the corn; and for Mr. Leighe all possible shift shall be made. The lacking declaration is of the Exchequer, which is closed and will not help until term time. For coats and conduct money we will make shift, "as they shall repair unto us." We return the letters received from you, Mr. Secretary, and are glad that the matter of Bulloyn has so passed,—trusting that the coming over of our men will prove us to be in earnest. Bullingberghe should be looked to, lest their garrisons attempt to get recompense by surprising it.
Yesternight the French ambassador, at supper at my lord Great Master's, complained that "the baron wt Blauncherde" was that day conveyed out of the City by Mr. Paston without servants or necessaries, and with such a sore leg as without remedy may put him in danger; and the Baron could not obtain leave even to remain in any prison or keep his lodging, nor could the Ambassador learn where he went. This the Ambassador said was extreme usage, and he begged us to obtain that at least the poor man might be kept in London until well. Told him we had not heard of it, and that if Mr. Paston had acted otherwise than was convenient, the King would provide remedy. Dr. Taylour, upon conference with Mr. Shaxton, has subscribed all Mr. Shaxton's articles and appears very penitent. "He was never indicted, nor did never directly, but by conclusions, affirm anything against the most blessed Sacrament of the Altar." He is released upon bond, to wait in London until he know the King's pleasure, which please signify to us. Pray, Mr. Secretary, remember the matter of the posts. Westm., 10 Sept. 1546. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 4. Add. Endd.
10 Sept. 59. St. John and Gardiner to Paget.
R. O. We have considered the letters from Newcastle reporting that the corn brought thither by Erasmus Sketes arrived not sweet. Please send us a copy of the bargain with the said Erasmus, and we shall direct the matter as little to the King's loss as may be; "but the general rule is, when the King's Majesty should buy all is dear and scarce, and when he should sell it is plenty and good cheap." Westm., 10 Sept. Signed.
In Gardiner's hand, p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
10 Sept. 60. Wriothesley to Paget.
R. O. Certain of the thieves that stole Mrs. Hutton's coffer are apprehended; which pray signify to her, that her husband or some other may resort hither to recover her goods, "which be moche sperkeld and consumed." They are masters of the craft,—two of them already burnt in the hand. Will the King have any of them executed about the Court for an example? Hely Place, 10 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
10 Sept. 61. Sir Richard Southwell to Mr. Hall.
R. O. Is informed of certain attainted lands in Hall's office which were never answered to the King, viz., lands which Gooddaye, servant to the late Duke of Suffolk, occupied under colour of a gift from the King which does not appear. They were lands of William Holton, clk., attainted. Desires Hall to take them into his hands and also to collect certain debts that were due to the said Sir William, which bearer, Robert Pernell, will indicate. If bearer's information proves to the King's benefit Hall shall give him somewhat towards his costs. 10 Sept. 38 Hen. VIII.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: receiver of the attainted possessions in Lincolnshire.
10 Sept. 62. Selve to the Admiral.
No. 24.
Captain Paston yesterday caused the Baron de Saint Blancard to ride with him no one knows where, without his lieutenant or men, who remain here, except one old man, the galley's barber, who was attending to a leg of his which is in a very bad state and requires the advice of several good surgeons. Declared this yesterday to the Chancellor, Great Master and bp. of Winchester, reminding them of the promises made to the Admiral and Morette, and the Baron's own offers of surety to Captain Paston. Will speak again of it to-morrow to the King, to whom they promised to write forthwith. For fear of causing irritation has not dared to write to the King how the King of England lately said at table that if we did not stop this new fortification he would stop it or it should cost him his kingdom. Indeed, the murmurs of people and captains here are all of war, which most men seem to consider certain unless things are pacified very soon. London, 10 Sept. 1546.
10 Sept. 63. Selve to Francis i.
No. 25.
I wrote, day before yesterday, what the Chancellor said at his house, and now I have just been informed that the Admiral of England went early this morning to view the ships in the river, which are being equipped and armed in haste and brought towards the mouth of the river. I learn from three or four quarters that 4,000 men are being levied in Kent and that proclamation has been made that all soldiers who go to Boulogne shall receive pay as during the last wars. London, 10 Sept. 1546.
10 Sept. 64. Selve to Du Bies.
No. 26.0
Begs him to forward this despatch to the King Bearer will tell him about it. London, 10 Sept.
10 Sept. 65. Petre and Maye to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi.,
According to their appointment on Wednesday last, (fn. n5) whereof they wrote to Paget, they to-day met the French commissaries at the place where the ambassadors made the treaty of peace. After mutual showing of commissions and promising of copies, the French said that it was for the writers to show upon what grounds they claimed this penalty. Replied that it was not well termed a penalty, for the King, having laid out his treasure and good debts to their use, was pleased to forbear the demand of the same upon certain conditions, which not being fulfilled their master promised this money by letters sealed with his great seal and signed with his hand. They asked to see those letters. Read them a copy and, as the condition was the observance of the treaty of perpetual peace, they asked wherein that treaty was not observed by them. Replied that they had not paid the 100,000 cr. yearly of the treaty of Moore as promised in that of perpetual peace. They asked if we would allege any other cause. We answered, yea, but we would first hear their answer to this; and, although they pressed to hear all at once, we persuaded them that it was best to take the articles in turn. They then said that as the foundation of all consisted in the letters obligatory they must see the originals, swearing earnestly that by no search could any record or copy be found by them.
Here, having some talk of this amity, they said that "this restraint of all things was strange and made the poor peasants almost mistrust the beginning of a new war." We answered that we were sorry, but the fault was theirs, who began first. Finally they prayed us to move that these restraints should be taken away on our part, and they would travail for the like on theirs. Defer meeting again until they know the King's pleasure touching the sending of the original letters. Callys, 10 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Undated copy of the above in the same handwriting.
Pp. 3. Endd with the words: "From Guisnes." Endd.: Copie.
10 Sept. 66. Petre to Paget.
R. O. Mr. Rede has written me a letter, herewith. Pray help him to "licence to return, if his longer abode there shall not be thought necessary." Touching our doings we have written all to the King. They used gentle words and seemed not unreasonable. Is pleased to be joined with Mr. May, who is wise, discreet and well learned, and meet to serve the King many ways. Begs to know soon the King's pleasure touching those original letters. Commendations to my Lady. Calice, 10 Sept. at night.
If you send the King's pleasure touching the discharge of the proclamation for victuals, "the Frenchmen doing the same, [I] think many here will be glad of it." If the original obligation is sent hither it must be by a special man.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
10 Sept.
R. O.
67. Sir E. Wotton and Sib, Edward Bray to Sir John Williams.
Lately required him to deliver their friend Mr. Andrew Judde, alderman of London, for their diets at 20s. for 40 days ended 22 Aug. last, and for one month more, 23 Aug. to the 19th inst., 136l.; but have not heard whether it is delivered. In case it has not been paid, they require him to deliver it to Sir Thomas Moyle, who has promised to convey it hither. [Bu]lloyne, 10 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
10 Sept. 68. Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
Learns this morning that Captain La Moyene, Captain Nycholas and Captain St. Marie are at Portet with their companies and have entrenched the top of the hill, "where they pretend to make a strong tower, and leave as yet the great work which they have begun for more speed. The hill, having maunds placed about it, will shortly be in good defence and without ordnance Grey cannot dislodge them; and also, to do so, he will need many more men than can be spared from these pieces. Has given a credence to Sir Thomas Moyle, this bearer, who will also show the copies of a letter received from Monsr. du Bies and of Grey's answer. Bulloign, 10 Sept. Signed.
P 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
10 Sept. 69. Du Bies to Lord Grey.
R. O.
St. P. xi.,
Received his letter by Captain Laparde, the bearer, and, as he appears not to know that the work at the Portet was begun before the treaty, assures him that what he (Du Bies) wrote in his last is true. Would innovate nothing contrary to the treaty, but neither would he, in the place he holds, suffer his King to be hindered in doing what is reasonable on his own ground. Asks once again if Grey acted by his King's commandment in filling the trenches. A friend has just sent him a hawk, from a good air and very swift, which he desires Grey to accept. Du Bies, 9 Sept. 1546. Signature copied.
ii. Grey to Du Bees.
Has received his letter by Captain Laparde and assures him that he (Grey) would do nothing to contravene the treaty, and therefore again begs Du Bies not to persevere at the Portet until their masters have taken resolution in the matter. Thanks him for the hawk received by bearer, and for the good reception of a servant sent to seek for some horses that were stolen from hence. Hearing that he has lost a dog which has strayed hither, sends it back by bearer. Bulloignye sur la Mer, 10 Sept. 1546.
French. Copies, pp. 2. Endd.: Copie of Monsr. le Marles second l're and th'answer to the same.
10 Sept. 70. Vaughan, Chamberlain and Damesell to the Council.
R. O. On the 8th inst, at night, arrived the new obligations of London for the Fugger, together with a packet of letters "from" (qu. for ?) Mr. Dymok, and packets from their Honours to Vaughan and to Chamberleyn and Damesell. Their command to Vaughan, when he has finished paying the Fugger, to return home, leaving the other two fully instructed of the King's bargains, shall be obeyed; and he will give up his account to them. He will also send the packet "to" Mr. Dymok by a trusty messenger. Perceiving that neither Fugger, Bonvyce nor Balbany will take angels, Chamberleyn and Damesell asked sundry of the King's merchants in what readiness they were to make their payment on the 15th, and in what money. They answer that they hoped to have the money ready by the day, or shortly after, but mostly in angels. As the merchants strangers look to be paid within 4 or 6 days after their day, "and that neither in angels, sovereigns, crowns of the rose ne groats," and as they have been ever ready to do the King pleasures, the writers have laid their heads together and (considering that the first 25,000l. Fl. provided in June last by the King's merchants will not pay the Fugger alone, and the second payment is not due from the said merchants until the 15th inst., whereas another 9.000l. Fl. fell due to the Bonvyce on the 5th inst., and 6,000l. Fl. falls due to the Balbany on the 15th) can think of only two courses, (1) either to entreat the house of Balbany, for honest interest to respite his payment for a month or (2) to take up the necessary money by exchange and charge the Council with its payment in England, hoping to balance the loss therein by the profit in remitting the money of the King's merchants when it comes in. The first of these devices will fail if Balbany answer that he acted upon commission from his friends in London and must have a new commission to prolong his payment. Yesterday the house of Bonvyce, having received 3,000l. Fl. and odd, sent for the rest of the 9,000l. Fl. Vaughan answered the messenger that he could only pay if a good part were taken in angels. The Bonvyce then told Vaughan and Damesell, in a great heat, that he would take no more angels or English coin, and, for his credit as a merchant, must "bring a notary and protest against me for non-payment." As that would touch the King's honour, we begged him to respite our answer until yesterday at noon, when, having resolved that he at least must be paid, we began to tell him his money and will fully pay him. This payment is all out of the 25,000l. F1. of the King's merchants due in June, except 117l. 10s. received of a Dutchman upon "these last bills," 625l. received of William Lane, 250l. Fl. received of Sir Ralph Warren's factor, and 1,200l. Fl. which a servant of Wm. Chester and one or two more pay before their day. As to their payment in two parts valued gold and one part valued money, the merchants strangers will make no agreement till they know precisely in what money they shall be paid.
All the King's merchants' bills came to Vaughan's hands within 5 or 6 days after he signified that he had received but 15,000l. Fl.; but, by a letter from Sir John Gresham, it appears that he and others are offended at Vaughan's advertising the Council thereof. The house of Bonvyce have taken 1,000 angels and promise to help us away with l,000l. Fl more if they can. The Fugger also has taken 1,100 angels; but will take no more, as such money is not current in the Bourse nor payable to the Emperor's court. Vaughan, who has 600 or 700 angels, and Damesell, who has 1,500 or 1,600l. Fl. in angels received of the King's merchants in June, still hope to "rid them one way or other"; but the English crowns and groats among the 1,000l Fl. and odd sent from Mr. Dymok out of Holland, seven weeks past, cannot be paid out. Andwerp, 10 Sept.
Beg to know the King's pleasure by bearer, Vaughan's servant. "I think that it proceedeth of Jasper Dowche that angels be no more current than they be, as I guess." Signed.
In Vaughan's hand, pp. 5. Add. Endd.: 1546.
10 Sept. 71. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Has once since his arrival here signified news of Germany, and more must come ere long. Yesterday received letters from the Council addressed to him and Mr. Damisell to take instruction from Mr. Vaughan of all the King's bargains here and debts to the Fugger "and other Italian merchants." Will have much ado because angels and other the King's coins will not be taken, and our poor merchants, through these wars, can neither despatch their merchandise nor receive money except in angels. Not a few of them had better have given the King a subsidy than meddled with his Highness' money at this time. Yet they are glad to serve the King, and some are even offering in vain one in the hundred to have other money than angels. As written in their general letter, Vaughan, Damisell and he will do their best. "The two Greshams and Mr. Hill could burden the thing upon a number of poor men and spare themself at the delivery of the King's money, whereupon if any 'interesse' should arise they were worthy to pay it. This I write boldly to you, but if they should know it to come of me they would be my heavy masters; but yet I cannot well bear with their partiality which I heard and perceived sitting with them about the same more than I will now rehearse." Wishes Paget and his good lady health. Andwarp, 10 Sept. 1546.
"I tarry to have from you your arms with the crest for to set in the paving tiles for your chimneys."
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
10 Sept. 72. William Damesell to the Council.
R. O. Lately signified to their Lordships the difficulty made by the Lady Regent in granting passport for the residue of the King's gunpowder bought of Erasmus Schetz. Has since repaired to Bruxels and, suing to the President, Mons. Scauore, after six or seven days obtained the passport; and has laden the powder, 134 barrels, making with the other lately sent 3,0001bs. Fl., in two English crayers now here. Their Lordships may give commandment for its receipt in London or elsewhere. Has instructions from Sir John Gresham to receive the King's copper bought of the Fulkar, but conceives that Gresham's commission is not sufficient to discharge him therein. The weighing, porterage and custom will amount to 200l. F1 Begs a commandment from their Lordships; and meanwhile has sent to the King's ambassador to require passport for the said copper. Their pleasure signified to Mr. Chamberlain and him to execute Mr. Vaughan's charge for satisfying the King's bargains with the Fugger and others shall be done with good will. Andwarpe, 10 Sept. 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.


  • n1. See No. 23.
  • n2. Beneath the address Paget writes: "To my 1: Gret Mr. and my 1. of Winchestre, etc."
  • n3. Sept. 11th.
  • n4. Here both question and answer are in Paget's hand.
  • n5. Sept. 8th. See No. 47.