Henry VIII: September 1546, 1-5

Pages 2-12

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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September 1546, 1-5

R. O. 1. [Lord Russell], Lord Privy Seal.
Notes of payments made or due before Michaelmas 1546 by the Lord Privy Seal in respect of his wardships of John Wyse. John Pollarde, Wm. Gardyner, Robert Sapcot, Burlace and Margaret [and] Mary Knightly. Rents of Ford manor, parcel of Pollard's lands, and of the manors of Sutham and Studleghe, due to Mary and Frances Knightly, retained by the executors of Robert Burgoyne, are mentioned.
On the back of one of the leaves is draft of an order for the apprehension of Sir Christopher Paynter.
Papers (nine leaves) tied together containing twelve written pages. The first seven leaves endd: "Lorde Privy Seales reckeninges," the last two: "Lady Russell reckenynges."
ii. On the back are the notes Clement Higham de Chevington, Suff., a[rmiger], James Dowes de Sneterton, Norf., gent.
R. O. 2. Henry VIII to Duke Philip.
We have received your letters of 21 Aug. with transumpts of others which you have addressed to us since your departure, viz., one of 24 April concerning Count Guillaume, two of 25 April, the one recommending certain noble personages to serve us, the other declaring, in the name of yourself and "parents" that you desire to have certain conditions of our treaty tempered; and the last desiring answer to the above and offering to repair hither. For answer you shall understand:—
1. That we accept the good mind towards us which appears in all your letters.
2. Though Count Guillaume would not accept our overture unless we would also retain his under-captain, we accept his good mind towards us and will remember it as occasion offers. 3. As to your uncle Rupertus and the rest, we have not desired their entertainment but thank them for their "[af]eccions towardes us . . . . . . . . . . . otherwise entreteyned we purpose not to entremedle in the reteyneng of them," and so desire you to answer them.
As to the letters touching your own matter, you have not signified which of the covenants your parents thought hard. On your sending a transumpt of the pact between us, with your desired qualifications, although all is void because the time prescribed is far passed, yet percase we shall "not take so much advantage of the breach of a little time but that [your(?)own(?)m]atyer for . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . take effect with gentle conditions. Requiring you not to repair hither, but to send your full mind in every article; and in which part, either of the pact or the league, you shall desire mitigation, and what your parents will surely do with you. And thereupon we shall make unto you speedy and full resolution accordingly."
Draft, pp. 6. Endd.: Mynute to Duke Phillip of Baviere.
1 Sept. 3. Boulogne, Newhaven and Blackness.
Commissions. See Grants in September, Nos. 2, 3.
R. O. 2. "Blacknesse:—A rate of victuals for 500 men there, made and proportioned by Sir Ric. Caundish, knight."
Calculating by the week, month, and four months, the amounts required of bread "at 7 men to a peck a day"; beer "at 3 quarts for a man a day"; beef at "a piece for a man a day" (a piece of 21b. when "watered and sodden" weighs but l1b. l½oz. at the most, and there are five flesh days in the week); haberden, at one fish for two messes of four men each (one meal a day, one day in the week); stockfish at the same rate (two meals a day, one day in the week); butter (to every mess l½lb, for three meals on two fish days); cheese (to every mess llb.) "as aforesaid 24 waight"; and bacon (no rates given) "40 flitches."
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.: 1546.
1 Sept. 4. The Privy Council to Wotton.
R. O. Modern copy of Part 1., No. 1530, headed and endorsed as dated 1 September 1546.
Pp. 4.
1 Sept. 5. Chr. Breten to Mr. Johnson.
R. O. Brother, your daughter Charity is well and shall not be made wanton, I warrant you, nor be no trouble to me nor my wife. "My cousin Otwell," wool dealings and family matters. Teken, 1 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.: of the Staple of Calais: at Calais. Endd.: 1546.
1 Sept. 6. Arran to the Pope and Cardinals.
R. O.
Theiner, 618.
The Cardinal of St. Andrews being treacherously slain, 4 kal. Jun., in the castle, which for two years he had been fortifying, the murderers not only seized the castle but the writer's eldest son who was being there educated by the Cardinal. This was to him an unspeakable grief, coming, as it did, with the murder of a good and patriotic man, his near kinsman and confidant, whom he loved as a father; but there was another calamity pressing, for an English garrison had seized the strongest castle in all Scotland, named Dunbertan, in the mouth of the western sea. Upon deliberation, it seemed best to remove this English garrison before trying to avenge the Cardinal's murder; and as the law appoints that those accused of grave crimes shall declare the cause on the 40th day, the 28th of July was proclaimed for the murderers to undergo sentence of death and confiscation. Meanwhile the writer besieged Dunbertan and, by a miracle (for the site is naturally impregnable), on the 20th day, recovered it. He then returned to Council and sought the opinion of the lords upon the murder. There, although all abhorred the deed and desired the punishment of the authors of so impious a slaughter, it was argued (1) that the criminals cannot be taken by force; (2) that they hold a castle, scarcely four hours' sail from England, dominating a most delightful and famous city, which, if the English king should once obtain, he could in one month so fortify as to subdue the whole of Fife, the most fertile province of this realm; and (3) they hold the writer's eldest son who; after the Queen, now in her fourth year, is next heir to the Crown, and if he should fall into the hands of the King of England, by their surrender, ruin and servitude may follow. Notwithstanding these arguments, the memory of so great a man, the violation of that immunity of the ecclesiastical state which both human and divine laws enjoin, and, lastly, the cruelty of the conspirators, so moved the writer that, neglecting the trouble to the state, ignoring the power of the King with whom war has been waged continually for four years, and despising that fatherly pity which moves even beasts, he proclaimed them traitors, confiscated their goods, and hastened to besiege the castle, being determined not to desist until he has brought them to justice. Knows that they have sent to England for help. Doubtless the fame of this evil long ago reached Rome, but he thinks it right that the Pope and Sacred College should know these things from himself. Desires that regard may be had to the four years' affliction of this wretched realm, and that the expedition of the bishopric of Ross may be no longer impeded, or the privileges granted by the Holy See diminished. Begs credence for his servant Patrick Lyddell. Ex obsidione Sancti Andreæ, kal. Sept. 1546.
Latin. Modern transcript from Rome, pp. 5.
2 Sept. 7. Wm. Chapman to Anthony Bourchier.
R. O. Desires to know of his health and that of his wife and children. The gentleman, your brother, came to my father's, 1 Sept., and there shall remain until your pleasure known; and by 5 Sept. I will wait upon you in London for your further pleasure. Your friendship in making so bold of him has made my father half whole, who says he will see him once a week and that he shall lack nothing. "Wryttun by candell nyte att Badbrouham," 2 Sept. 38 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: auditor unto the Queen's Grace.
2 Sept. 8. Wallop to Petre.
R.O At the receipt of my last letter you required the bringer "to will me to advertise you if I should further learn anything of Nicholas Costies or the Greffr', being at Arde." The Greffier, being busy with our Commissioners, could not come until to-day, and says that they were sent for to Arde to declare "the separation of Bolloignois and that part of the county of Guisnes which they call theirs." The captain asked whether they were answerable to the laws at Arde or Bolloigne; and they said, at Bolloigne, by appointment.
The Greffier reported that proclamation was made on Monday (fn. n1) at Saimmer du Boiz and on Tuesday at Daverne against carrying victuals out of the French king's realm, on pain of forfeiture; and certain of the king's subjects in Bolloignois who had bought corn, bread and cattle had them taken away. Evidently they "mind but little pleasure "to those who are the King's subjects, who must now steal out victuals through their friends and kinsfolk. Guisnez, 2 Sept. Signed.
Bearer repairs tomorrow into England, and I write to Mr. Paget in his favour.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
2 Sept. 9. Petre to Paget.
R. O. In Mr. Maye's letters and mine heretofore we signified that we hear nothing of the coming of the Commissioners from the French king; and Mons. du Bies, being asked whether they were arrived, answers my lord Deputy as shall appear by his letters herewith, to be declared to the King. If we hear nothing of their coming before the end of the three months, which will be the 7th inst., shall we attend here any longer? I enclose a letter sent me by Mr. Wallop, whom I had advised to enquire what the captain of Ardre said to the two men of Fynes he sent for. It shows his opinion of the French friendship, grounded upon this restraint of victuals; but I trust you have had by the Admiral plainer proofs of the surety thereof. Yet, my foolish fantasy is to provide against them, "and the more they shall see us provide the slacker shall they be to innovate anything." Thus I bid you and my lady Paget heartily farewell. When you write, pray let us have some of your news. Callys, 2 Sept. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: "with a letter of Mr. Wallopp's inclosed and an other from Mons. de Bees."
2 Sept. 10. The War in Germany.
R. O. A printed account, from a Protestant standpoint, of the campaign between the Emperor and the Protestants from 24 Aug. to 2 Sept. 1546, with the title "Ein kurtzer bericht was sich mit Keyserlicher Mayestat auch Chur und Fursten, etc., bei der Feldleger vor Ingelstadt im Land zu Beyern von dem xxiiij Augusti bis auff den ij Septembri zugetragen hat."
German, pp. 7.
3 Sept. 11. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 527.
Meeting at Otelond, 3 Sept. Present: Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Browne, Paget. Business:— Warrant to —— (blank) to deliver Nicasius Yetswarte 225l. disbursed as follows, viz.:—to the young lord Grange, reward, 50l., to Messer Bruno, Almain, the King's servant, reward, 125l., and to Somerset herald, sent into Almayne last August, 50l. Warrant to ——— (blank) to pay Nicholas the Courier for riding to Brussels, with letters to Mr. Carne, and thence to Antwerp, to Stephen Vaughan, and returning, 6l. 5s. Letters to Henry Wheler, of Leystowe, and Thos. Waran, of Rye, to restore to Henry Golding certain goods taken by pirates who sailed in Golding's bark out of a Flemish hoy laden by Thomas Harman and Edw. Robertes. And Golding had general letters for apprehension of the pirates and recovery of the goods. General letters in favour of John de Canyon, as agent for recovery of the goods of Ant. Bonvixi, Ant. Macuelo and others spoiled out of the galleon of John del Campo and four Portuguese ships at Mungia in Calizia, to take over what is already recovered by Peter de Villa Nova, dec., and continue the search. Letters to Sir Thos. Moyle and the commissioners for Bolonoys that Mons. St. Martyne should enjoy his lands. Upon the proclamation against uttering victuals out of the French dominions, the deputies of Calais, Boulogne and New Haven ordered to make the like.
3 Sept. 12. Henry VIII to Mary Queen of Scots.
R. O. Has received her letters for two safeconducts, the one for certain ambassadors whom she intends to send hither shortly and the other for Alexander postulat of Cathneis, brother to her Chancellor of Scotland, with 12 persons to pass through England. Sends by bearer a safeconduct for the ambassadors; and, after seeing what good effect may ensue of their legation, will answer touching the said Alexander's safeconduct.
Draft, corrected by Paget, p. 1. Endd.: The Kinges Matie to the Quene of Scotlande, iijo Sept. 1546.
3 Sept. 13. Henry VIII. to Wotton.
R. O.
St. P., xi., 286.
Since the despatch of our last letters the King, seeing the works at Portest go forward notwithstanding the Admiral's saying that the pioneers only came to fortify Estaples, and that touching the river's head the French commissioners proceed otherwise than was looked for requires you to get access to the French king and, setting forth that love and friendship which more than anything induced the King to this peace, say that if his good brother have not a "tender eye" thereto it may by sinister means be impaired; for workmen have been set to fortify at Portest, where no fortification was before begun, and fortification is threatened on the hill at the entry of Bullen haven, where the trenches cast were twice overthrown by our men and afterwards abandoned; and the King therefore prays him, in respect of their treaty, to forbear fortifying these two places. If he reply that they were begun, calling that a beginning which was afterwards abandoned, we may likewise fortify any place which has the "visage of beginning,' and therefore the King prays him to stay, and you must press him to do so until the question may be considered; and, if he refuse this reasonable appointment, show him plainly that, as such fortification is a menace that he will attempt to take what he ought not to have without recompense, the King cannot but take it so and provide accordingly, requiring him, if he tender so much the King's amity as he has lately pretended, to abstain from doing a thing which may hinder it.
It was agreed, as you know, between the King's commissioners and the President and Bochetel, in presence of Messire Bernardo and others, that the longest of the two branches coming from Kekes and Villemoutiers should be reputed the head of the river, and commissioners appointed to measure them. The King has appointed his commissioners (copy of their commission herewith) and prays you to move the French king that his commissioners may proceed to the same. In case the agreement be denied, you shall, with the assistance of Messire Bernardo, if he be come to that Court, desire to have the President and Secretary called, and say in their presence that the King thinks them men of honour who will not go back from what they agreed; or if the agreement be called invalid you shall say that, being fully authorised commissioners, their covenant by mouth is binding if nothing is afterwards passed in writing to the contrary.
The answer is to be signified hither by express messenger. The King has sent Sir Thos. Palmer, captain of the Old Man, to move the Admiral for the stay of the fortifications; but, lest the Admiral should be unwilling to take so much upon him, or shall not be overtaken, or other delay happen whereby the works may proceed too far, you are to speak with the French king immediately. Oteland, 3 Sept. 1546.
Draft in Paget's hand, pp. 5. Endd.: "Copie of Mr. Wootton's l're from the Counsaill of the iijth of this present moneth of Sept. 1546. This l're was signed by the King and sett furth in his name."
3 Sept. 14 Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
Calendar, viii.,
No. 316.
Has received her letters of the 16th touching the inclusion of the Scots and restitution to possessors in the Boulognais, the 17th about the deliverance of Magnus David, and another of the 23rd. The Council were occupied with the Admiral of France, but when he left (on Monday last) (fn. n1) the writer sent to know when he might see them, and Paget replied that several of the Council had already gone to London, and the King was to begin his progress next day; he might either communicate with the Council at London or send early notice of his coming to Court, that lodging might be provided, for the King was going to houses remote from towns. Knowing that Winchester and the Chancellor would be with the Council, sent to the latter to ask when he would be at leisure, and received answer that the Council was not meeting until Friday (to-day) but if the matter was pressing they would meet earlier. Thought best not to hurry, and dined with them to-day at Westminster. Told them that the extract delivered to the Queen seemed to read that the Scots were included absolutely in the peace with France; and, consequently, by the treaty of alliance, the Emperor ought to be informed of the exact settlement, as his consent was necessary and it was unreasonable that the English should be at peace with the Scots and he remain at war with them. The Council answered that their ambassador was instructed to hand her an authentic copy of the agreement made; they had no peace with the Scots; the King had been obliged to fit out ships against them and had already captured one of their best ships; when the King sent them the clause of inclusion the Scots would only agree to it with additional conditions which he would never accept; the Regent of Scotland had, in his Queen's name, asked safeconduct for the Scottish Privy Seal, a great master and a secretary to come, with a train of 50 horsemen, to treat for peace, and the Council read the letter (received this morning) and the draft of their reply, consenting; and they assured Van der Delft that nothing should be concluded without the Emperor being informed of it according to the treaty. I then pressed for the deliverance of Magnus David; and the Chancellor answered that, although the King thought the charge against Magnus very suspicious, he would for your sake surrender the man. The Council made light of his expenses; but when he is released I will press that point. Upon the matter of the property of the Emperor's subjects in the Boulognais the Council only repeated their former answer and after some discussion said that all depended on the King's benignity.
As they moved to dinner the writer, seeing that only Winchester, St. John and the Chancellor, all attached to the Emperor's interests, were present, took the opportunity to speak frankly and answered their request for news of the Emperor's affairs by saying that his Majesty was well; Buren had already crossed the Rhine; and his Majesty was well armed and likely to overcome his enemies, who, in addition to their rebellion, had invaded the Emperor's patrimonial territory in the Tyrol; news had arrived here yesterday that the enemy had captured Ingolstadt, and those who received the news were very active in sending it to the King; but he (Van der Delft) thought that the King desired the Emperor's prosperity and would not rejoice as they expected. Still, as the Emperor's enemies, Sturmius and Dr Brun, had received audience and money here, he could only reflect that the world was mutable and regret the advance to favour of certain persons whom he wished "as far away as they were last year." Did not name Hertford and the Admiral whom he had in mind. The Council made no answer but expressed their usual devotion to the Emperor's interests and apprehension that, "in case of his Majesty being victorious, he had made a treaty with the Pope against the King." Assured them that such a thing was impossible, for the Emperor would never do anything contrary to his treaty with the King.
Did not mention Duke Philip and Gravelines, as these three Councillors have little to do with his affairs. He does not appear so well pleased as he was before. The Admiral of France was magnificently received, being met on his way to Hampton Court by the Prince and more than 8 (800?) horsemen, mostly in cloth of gold. He was presented with a sideboard of gold plate and other gifts such as horses, dogs, silver cups, etc. The signature of the treaty was publicly performed. The French there spread a rumour that their King was arming to invade Liège or Lorraine. London, 3 Sept. 1546.
3 Sept. 15. Van der Delft to Schore.
Calendar, VIII.,
No. 317.
Asked for letters from the Queen explaining Duke Philip's detention because the chief Councillors here, who are devoted to the Emperor's interests, would thus be helped to maintain their influence; and letters would give me opportunity, by a conference with the King, of ascertaining what is going on. There are people here trying to get into favour who will not suit our purposes. Forgot to mention in his letter to the Queen that Morette, who came with the Admiral of France, remains to arrange about restitution of the French galley captured before the peace. The Lord Admiral maintains that he only promised to restore the hull of the galley, and the King refuses to give back the slaves, whom he has liberated. But this may be only the pretext for some other intrigue. London, 3 Sept. 1546.
3 Sept. 16. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Since his letter of the last of August, forwarding a packet from my lord of Westminster, is told that the Emperor hastens towards Spyres to meet the Countie de Buir whom he has commanded in no wise to give battle to the other party "whom now they call rebels and not Protestants." The Emperor left Raynsburg on the 20th ult. and has advertised the Lady Regent that the Landsgrave sent him defiance by a young man carrying a white rod and a letter. The Landsgrave has broken all the passages upon the Danubium for the Emperor and prepared a bridge for himself, to follow if the Emperor draw into Germany "to move him, as men say here, to the battle." The Landsgrave has given up the siege of Englestate.
"The Spaniards within daily skirmished with the Almayns so sore that they were weary thereof." Those here seem "in great doubt" of the Landsgrave. The powder of which Carne wrote is to pass; but he cannot yet obtain the Lady Regent's resolution touching Mr. Dymock. Bruxelles, 3 Sept. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
3 Sept. 17. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. With the great packet herewith, wrote two or three days past; but was disappointed of a messenger. Signified ten or twelve days past to the Council how the merchants strangers paying the 46,400l Fl. demanded ½ per cent, for provision. They still press for it, and he would know the King's pleasure therein. Men say that the Emperor comes down from Ratisbone to meet De Bure, and will then give the Landisgrave battle. De Bure besieges a castle of the Landisgrave's beside the Ryne and can hardly proceed for lack of victuals. Either party having 60,000, they will make a bloody fray. The Emperor brings all his army to winter in these Low Countries to defend them from the Almayns or Esterlynges,—some say to set upon the King. Will have much ado to content Diodaty for his 9,000l. Fl. on the 6th inst. and Balbani for his 6,000l. Fl. on the 15th. The King's merchants will not be able to pay within two months after their day, "besides that I cannot perceive that whiles our merchants for the most part bring none other money than angels lest they will not receive them without loss, I will do the best I can towards all." Please remind the Council to return new obligations for the Fugger, and charge Mr. Damsell to receive the copper, which is a merchandise Vaughan "cannot skill of." It is to be known what bargain is made for the copper, what kinds and what price. Cannot see how the Queen will license it to pass since she sticks to license 100 barrels of powder. Andwerp, 3 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546. Beneath the address is written in Paget's hand: To my lord Chancelour.
3 Sept. 18. Pole to Cardinals de Monte and Cervini.
Poli Epp.
iv. 196.
Is greatly pleased to hear, by the report of Messer Luise, that they approve of his resolution not to leave this until he has further orders from the Pope when his Holiness has received from the Abbot particular information of his health. Feels every day more the necessity of not delaying his cure, as the doctors advise, whose opinion he has again demanded; so that, if the Abbot's answer be long delayed, he fears he will have to leave and go to Padua. Has nothing more to say to their letter of the 28th ult. in reply to his, except to thank them for their great kindness, with much regret that he has nothing to return except good will. Treville, 3 Sept. 1546.
4 Sept. 19. Council in London to Council with the King.
R. O.
St. p.i. 851.
Yesterday the Emperor's ambassador came to Westminster and told them that, being given choice whether to repair to the King or communicate with the writers, he would not importune his Majesty but declare to them:—
1. That the Queen Regent, whose letters he had, desired to know how we stood with the Scots; for Mr. Kerne had shown the article in the treaty with France touching their comprehension but would not deliver it, and she was daily annoyed by the Scots. 2. That a lewd book against the Emperor was here abroad and welcomed, although it contained only lies forged by desperate men to get help against their lord; and though the King, doubtless, weighed things more gravely, yet, the secret coming hither and treaty with Sturmius and Dr. Bruno had given rise to a report that he would give aid against the Emperor, whose cause was that of all princes and commonwealths. 3. The Queen wrote to him to move the King that subjects of the Emperor who had lands in Bullonoyes might enjoy them, as reason was; for Mr. Kerne had not given a satisfactory answer therein.
Replied:—1. That there was yet no certain peace with the Scots, whose comprehension was like the Emperor's comprehension of us in his treaty with France, and they were now suing for a further establishment of it; but the Scots were naughty people, always seeking their own advantage, and they had now, upon this peace and the withdrawal of the King's navy, armed forth certain ships to do damage, "insomuch that his Majesty minded to provide otherwise for them." Kerne had since been instructed to deliver the article. 2. That we knew of no such book, and the King's virtue and wisdom might be trusted in the matter: "Of Sturmius and the other we said we knew nothing." (fn. n2) 3. That we marvelled at the demand for those lands, which, being in the French king's hands by reason of the wars between him and the Emperor, were conquered by the King.
The Ambassador seemed satisfied; and afterwards entered upon some private matters, wherein we partly satisfied him. We then engrieved the reports of the Emperor's new league with the Bishop of Rome and the letter of marque granted by the Prince of Spain. He answered with "great asseveration" that the Emperor neither had nor would make any league against the King, and plainly denied the other, adding that he hoped to wait upon the King at Oking or Guildford and get a better answer touching the Bullonoyes.
The French ambassador came on Thursday (fn. n3) to the house of me, the Lord Chancellor, Mons. l'Admiral having left him commandment to call for the publication of the peace with the Scots both at London and on the Borders, praying me that it might be done soon. I told him that I had no instructions therein and reminded him that it must be set forth as the treaty imports, viz., "without prejudice of their treaties with us." He then delivered two bills, the one, complaining of depredations, sent herewith for delivery to the Lord Admiral, and the other a complaint of the French merchants touching the Act of Employment, the Scavage, the Act of Hats and Caps, and other exactions. Have delivered this bill to the Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer to consider, with advice for the framing of an answer. In the end he was very merry and pleasant, and I bade him to supper tomorrow.
We have received your letters touching matters of Ireland, which might sooner have been despatched there, but we shall "beate" them here and remit them to the King's determination. The safeconduct for the Scots is despatched according to your letters. All possible shift shall be made for money; but the Contribution comes in very slowly, the Mint is drawn dry and much owing for bullion, and "the rest" allege that they have little. Our daily travail is about the King's debts, and we send out many letters for more debtors. This matter seems likely to touch the great number of any "havour" in the realm and must be considered for the time of the Parliament. In the matter of Vaughan's letters we have called Sir John Gressham, who will maintain the account of 40,000l. st., "and much marvelleth of Vaughan's thwarting herein." I, the bp. of Winchester, have spoken with Mr. Rither and we shall together remember the furniture of Boleyn. Enclose another memorial received today from the French ambassador.
We have begun examination of the matter of Jersey, and enclose another bill now exhibited to us therein. Being here at London, we are forced to remember the Mayor's suit for favour at the King's hands concerning venison. His "havour" at the coming of the Admiral was courageous and to the King's honour. We wish that, in speaking hereof, you would add a word for us, in our leisure to have licence to resort to some of the King's grounds hereabouts; and therewith to give our humble thanks for such venison as his Highness sent us. Westminster, 4 Sept. Signed by Wriothesley, St. John and Gardiner.
In Wriothesley's hand, except the portion represented by the last paragraph above, which is in Gardiner's, pp. 7. Add. Endd.
4 Sept. 20. Prince Edward to Henry VIII.
Harl. MS.
5087, No. 19.
B. M.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. Of Edw.
VI., 24.
Of all the things that delighted him when with the King none cheered him more than the opportunity of seeing his Majesty, whose countenance excites his love, both because that is natural and because his father's care of him daily increases. Desires, therefore, to see again soon. Thanks for a buck. Hatfield, 4 Sept. 1546.
Lat., fair copy, ½ p. Printed also in Strype, Eccl. Mem., ii. ii. App. L. No. 1.
4 Sept. 21. Petre to Paget.
R. O. This day I received your letters "and heard of the bearer such things as I was glad to hear, and shall pray unto God with all my heart to send it to that godly agreement which is meant of the King." God seems to have chosen this man (fn. n4) to be a minister therein. "with whom the more I did commune the more I delighted in his talk."
This bearer repairs into England to sue for a benefice, and although you know him best I could not deny him my letters to you. Mr. Dean sends thanks for your commendations. Commend me to my lady. Calice, 4 Sept.
We hear nothing of any commissioners from France.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
4 Sept. 22. Sir Philip Draycot to Shrewsbury. (fn. n5)
Shrewb. MS.
P., p. 107.
Lodge, i. 5.
The treasurer's office in Bolen is given to Mr. Dymmok and the comptroller's to Mr. Bekwyth; so he has taken leave of the King, but, by advice of Mr. Secretary and the lord Chancellor, will abide in Court this winter and trusts to get a better thing within the land. Is riding home to conclude the marriage of his cousin and heir, and will afterwards visit the Earl and return to Court. Has furnished bib house in London and, when the time for the marriage is settled, will ask the Earl for some flesh.
After the Earl left, the King went to Otlond, (fn. n6) where was great killing of stags (described) in the meadow under Chersshey. On Thursday last the King "hunted" at Byflet, and there the writer took leave. From Otlond he goes to Chobham or Okyn, and thence to Gylfort, and to Wynsore by Holyrood Day, staying at each place about four days. My house in Smethfield, the next house to the Olyvant "that is the New Taverne," 4 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To, &c., my lord of Shrewsbury his good lordship.
5 Sept. 23. Henry VIII. to Lord Grey.
R. O. The King being informed that the Frenchmen begin to fortify at Portest, contrary to the treaty, requires you to tell the doers thereof that it shall be best for them to stay working until they hear from the King their master, for the King's ambassador has charge to speak therein immediately. If they answer that they will not or dare not without the knowledge of Mons. du Bies or some other, and continue working, you shall, if able for the feat, overthrow in the night what they have wrought; and if you think yourself not able you shall await a stronger force from hence, which shall be sent over with diligence. 5 Sept. 1546.
Draft in Paget's hand, written as though from the Council, p. 1. Endd.: This letter was signed by the King and set forth in his name to the Lord Graye of Wilton, vo Sept. 1546.
5 Sept. 24. Charles V. and Scotland.
Harl. MS.
4637. C, f. 22
B. M.
Treaty between Scotland and the Low Countries.
Upon the representation made by the Emperor's ambassador sent for this purpose to the earl of Arran, tutor and governor of Queen Mary of Scotland, how subjects of both sides daily attack one another at sea, contravening the last treaty made at Antwerp 28 April 1545, notwithstanding safeconducts duly carried according to that treaty, it is agreed by way of adjunction to the said treaty, by the Emperor's ambassador and the Queen of Scotland's commissioners, that henceforth no subjects of either side shall presume to take ships or goods having the requisite safeconduct; and any ships or goods so taken shall be at once restored, damage and costs indemnified, and the delinquents punished as pirates. This agreement to be published on either side on 1 Oct. next. Edinburgh, 5 Sept. 1546.
French. Copy certified by Thomas Marjoribanck, pp. 2.
5 Sept. 25. Petre and Maye to Paget.
R. O. Have this day written to Mons. du Bies that, having long tarried here for the French commissioners, and the time appointed by the last treaty expiring within two or three days, they mean to return to their master within three days unless he can certify them by bearer of the appointing of any commissaries on that side. Mean to return about 4 or 5 days hence; but, as Paget wrote that he expected to hear again from them, they report as above, to be declared to the King, and beg eftsoons to hear from him whether they should indeed return or abide here longer. Callys, 5 Sept. 1546. Signed: Will'm Petre: Will'm Mey.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
5 Sept. 26. Vaughan to Paget.
R. O. Here is a saying that the Emperor's and Landisgrave's armies have met. The Landisgrave set all his ordnance before his main battle and concealed it from the enemy by three or four ranks of men who at the first shot of the Emperor's hakebutes recoiled. The Imperials, seeing them fly, hurried forward until the ordnance was disclosed, which then "being suddenly charged against them slew many." Many were slain on both sides, but most on the Emperor's. Cannot tell whether this is true; but notices that from the first there has never been here any "lusty talk of the Emperor's success." Conrade Pennyng is said to be near Frankford leading to the Landisgrave a good troop of horsemen and footmen levied about Hamborow and Breame.
Pray help me to Mr. Chancellor's house. Andwerp, 5 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.: 1546.


  • n1. August 30th.
  • n2. These words added in Gardiner's hand
  • n3. Sept. 2nd.
  • n4. Apparently Bruno. See Part I., No, 1526.
  • n5. This letter was noticed erroneously in Vol. i., No. 5383, being attributed to the year 1514.
  • n6. The King removed from Hampton Court to Oatland on the 31 August 1546.