Henry VIII: January 1547, 1-10

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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'Henry VIII: January 1547, 1-10', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547, (London, 1910) pp. 348-362. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol21/no2/pp348-362 [accessed 20 April 2024]


January 1546, 1-10

1 Jan.
649. Court of Augmentations.
Harl. MS.
600 f., 1.
B. M.
Patent of new foundation. Dated 1 [January], 38 Hen. VIII.
See Grants in January, No. 1.
Copy on large paper, pp. 35.
1 Jan. 650. Glass for the King.
R. O. Bill headed "1546. Sold to Sir Philip Hobby the 24th day of December by me, Richard Wadyngton, these parcels of glasses as hereafter following, to the use of the King's Majesty," viz. :—
"Item, a wyte amell potte, strakyd, coveryd wt sylver and gilte fottyd and lyped," 43s. 4d. And 33 other items (described) of "amell pottes," "borall castyng glasses," " ynglys pottes," "gilte standyng coppes," "krestyllyn pottes," "posset boulese," "leyares," flagons, candlesticks with ears, etc. Total 30l, received by the hands of Mr. Cokrell, servant to Sir Ant. Deny, 1 Jan. Signed : R. be me, Nycola Banster.
Large paper, p. 1.
1 Jan. 651. Selve and La Garde to Francis I.
No. 83.
Received last night and this morning the King's despatches of 23 and 28 Dec. After waiting from day to day to speak with the King, upon Paget's assertion of some "indisposition de jambes dudict Seigneur," they were yesterday appointed to be this afternoon at the earl of Hertford's. Send a memorial of what has been said about the comprehension of the Scots at the three audiences of Thursday, 16th ult., the Sunday following, and to-day. As to the fortifications the resolution is that Francis may continue that begun at Mont Sainct Estienne and repair the port of the Portel for the reception of galleys, ships and other vessels, without fortifying either there or on the point. As to the limits, it has been impossible to get the head of the river passing to the Pont de Bricque placed either at the well of Nebangam or the ditch of La Creuse. The English may condescend to have it placed at Quesques, although they have always stood firm to have it at Vielmorstier. In the affair of St. Blancard's. galley answer is deferred for two or three days, as also the solution of the dispute about the river. In pursuance of last instructions La Garde will make the least possible haste, but, having already pressed for his despatch, he fears that suspicion may be aroused if, getting it now, he prolongs his sojourn. Preparations for war continue as warmly as ever. All Flemish ships here have been arrested to carry victuals, a great number of horsemen are being raised and will shortly be mustered, the ports are commissioned to prepare ships for war to the number of 40 by the end of April or beginning of May, and in this town artillery, horse collars, waggons and biscuit are being shipped. Such things can only be for service against the Scots or for sending to Calais and Boulogne. Before the receipt of the King's despatch of the 23rd Selve had executed the instructions upon the affair of the Scottish ambassadors and remonstrated about the interference with couriers passing by Dover, for which he obtained reparation. The gentleman sent to the Governor of Scotland in favour of those besieged in St. Andrews left on Christmas Eve. Although the instruction about comprehension of the Scots was addressed to Selve alone, they think that they have done well to negociate it together. Have spoken together to the Italian, who assures them that he will fulfil his promise at the return of La Garde. London, 1 Jan. 1546.
1 Jan. 652. Selve to the Admiral [of France].
No. 84.
Sees by the despatch of the 28th that the King and Admiral were astonished at receiving no news. The reason was the imminent departure of La Garde, who was expecting audience from day to day and has learnt several things more fit to be spoken than written. Only one of Norfolk's sons is prisoner with him, viz. the earl of Surrey. The other, lord Thomas Howard, is not arrested, although Selve thought so when he wrote on the 24th. London, 1 Jan. 1546.
1 Jan. 653. William Lord Grey to the Council.
R. O. Signified lately the being of Mons. Bussheyne, with his wife and family, in Bussheyne church, and his promise to come to dinner at Sir William Goodolphin's house. He excused himself by toothache and promised to come another day; but, as he broke that promise too, and Grey heard that Mons. de Bies and Blerencourt had written to him to suffer neither French nor English to enter the said church until the return of Capt. de la Garde, it seemed not meet to suffer them to encroach upon the King's ground, so dearly bought; and therefore Goodolphin was sent to bring Bussheyne hither and put men in the church. Goodolphin found a French priest and Mons. de Bussheyne's wife in the church. but Bussheyne himself was gone to Mons. du Bies. The priest is now here in ward; and Goodolphin's men keep the church and will apprehend Bussheyne if he return.
Three Frenchmen, at Waste, whom Goodolphin condemned to die for felony, have broken prison and escaped, so that without the King's pardon he is undone. They were only kept in prison pending the "making of a place of justice," and the whole country is so spoiled that there is yet no sure house for a "jayole." Begs them to obtain Goodolphin's pardon. Bulloigne, 1 Jan. 1546. Signed.
P.S.— Begs them to remember the despatch of Rydley, clerk of the ordnance here, with munitions; and to signify the King's pleasure touching Bussheyne and the escape.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
2 Jan. 654. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 562.
Meeting at Ely Place, 2 Jan. (No attendance noted.) Business: Warrant to Williams for 16l. for "silver and gravure" of the seal of faculties in Ireland; also for a recompense of 21l. 10s. to John de Luen for three houses in Boulogne; and for 218l. 15s. to Robert Legg to pay tonnage to Andryan Powle, owner of the Pellicane, and Hans Trikell, owner of the Fawcon, both of Danske. Letter to Deputy of Ireland for Sir Richard Butler to have some preferment, by the minority of the Earl of Ormond or otherwise.
2 Jan. 655. W. Lord Stourton to the Council.
R. O. Here is no place in which to stow grain, and no bakehouse; and the surveyor refuses to meddle, saying that Mr. Aucher should make such; so that between them the King's poor soldiers are here ill served. Begs that commandment may be given therein. Newe Haven, 2 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd: 1546.
2 Jan. 656. W. Lord Stourton to Paget.
R. O. Thanks for promising to speak to the King for Wm. Permenter to be customer here, whom my lord of Harford placed in that office pending the King's pleasure. He cannot come over himself because he has charge of the victuals. Bearer, Francis Colby, is water-bailey here by my lord of Harford's appointment. I beg your favour for his assurance in that office, being a near kinsman to Mr. Boucher, dec., my lieutenant that was. New Haven, 2 Jan. Signed.
P.S.—" Sir, here are certain officers that eateth flesh on the fish days. Desiring you I may know the King's Majesty's pleasure for that behalf."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
2 Jan. 657. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O. The King's merchants being charged to pay certain money here to the King's use on 15 Feb. next, divers of them wish to pay their portion earlier, and have asked Damesell to accept it. Desires Paget to learn the King's pleasure therein, and send their bills hither accordingly. Is certified that Ulme was rendered to the Emperor on the 23rd Dec. and it is thought that the residue will not long hold out. Andwerpe, 2 Jan. 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
2 Jan. 658. The Rhinegrave to Henry VIII.
R. O. According to his promise made long ago he should have certified the King of events in Germany; but, owing to the many false rumors, thought it better not to send uncertain news. Now when he has got certain knowledge he will not hide it; and if, perhaps, in what follows the King has been otherwise informed, he begs that what he writes may be graciously considered. The doings of his lord, the Emperor, plainly show that no attempt has been made to oppress the Gospel, or make any such league with His Holiness the Pope; but his Majesty, as chief, strives to punish the disobedience which some of the Protestant states have exhibited, and to reduce them to obedience. In all the cities, as Nordlingen, Donawerd, Schwebischen Hall, Reutligen, Wimpffen, Franckfurd, which he has conquered, he permits the Gospel to be preached; so that, now when the Elector Palatine and other princes who were in the Protestant league have left it and again found grace with the Emperor, the Evangelical States decay, (fn. n1) and there are very few of them. There is a likely rumour that they now endeavour to draw the French king to aid them, for to-day some head men of war, such as my brother Johannes Philippi Count of the Rhine and others departed to the provincial Count (ad comitem Provintialem) and cannot return without great danger; so that I have not been able to speak with my said brother about those things which your Majesty commended to me. Many believe that even though the Protestants should conspire with the French king, while your Majesty and the Emperor and many states of the Roman Empire are so intimately united, they will effect nothing; nay, it is to be hoped that your Majesties with Divine aid will lay the foundation of a firm tranquillity of Christendom. Desires that, when peace is made in Germany, the King will send for him and his horsemen. Dated 2 Jan. ao '47. Subscribed in the same hand, Philippus Francisci, comes Silvester Rheni, comes in Salmis, et dominus in Vinscingen, etc., and signed: Philips Franttz Wyltt und Reingraff, graff zu Salm und her zu Vinsscingen, etc.
Lat., pp. 3. Add.: Christianissimo necnon serenissimo atque invictissimo domino, Domino Henrico Octavo, Angliorum simul Francie Hibernieque Regi, domino suo clementissimo, etc. Endd.: 1546.
ii. P.S. to the preceding?—I have since received letters from my brother John Philip written with his own hand as follows:—Dear Brother, I will not hide from you that Johannes Frederici duke of Saxony, Elector, has again conquered the regions of Thuringia, both his own and that of his kinsman duke Maurice, and on St. John's Day (hesterno die Sancti Joannis) led his whole army to Helleringen, which formerly was under the Counts of Mansfeldt; and he at once gained it, for the defenders were terrified. The Elector now proceeds against Duke Maurice's town of Leipzigk, so that a battle between their armies is to be feared. Many gentlemen, both horse and foot, of Duke Maurice's army have been captured and have sworn obedience to the Elector. Duke Maurice lately sent his soldiers called Hussern into the Duke's country of Anhalt, who committed outrages, as cutting off the breasts of women and the arms of children, and devastation which it is impossible but that God will avenge. Saxenberich, 29 Dec. anno '46.
Lat., pp. 2. In the same hand as § i.
3 Jan. 659. Don Pedro de Gamboa.
See Grants in January, Nos. 5 and 34.
3 Jan. 660. William Lord Grey to Paget.
Received a letter from Paget and the rest of the Council, which, being somewhat quick upon an untrue information, stirs him to answer in like sort; nothing in his letter, however, is meant towards Paget, "but only to the contrary party." Bulloigne, 3 Jan. 1546.
P.S.—Since writing his letter, understands that Mons. Boucheyne is at Samer and has sent a drum to the church of Buscheyne willing them that keep it to depart. If the Frenchmen attempt to enter it by force, they "shall be met withal to their cost." Hears that war between the French king and Emperor shall begin within 8 or 10 days, "which if it be not true I would wish it should be true." Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 Jan. 661. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 562.
Meeting at ——— (blank), 4 Jan. (No attendance noted.) Business:—Letter to Sir Thomas Seymour to deliversh ——— Stonehouse house 125 carts and other ordnance (specified) from the Tower to be conveyed northwards. Letter to customers, &c., of London to permit Matthew Dalowyne, of the Stillyard, to re-export 30,000 weight of spilter copper brought hither for the King's ordnance, but not of the goodness required by his bargain with Ant. Antony and Fras. Flemyng.
4 Jan. 662. Selve and La Garde to Francis I.
No. 85.
Wrote on the 1st, and to-day received his despatch of 30 Dec. Had audience of the Council to-day at the Earl of Hertford's, with whom they dined. The King of England agrees that the head of the river passing to the Pont de Bricque may be placed at the end of the stream which comes from Quesques, provided that that part of the village of Quesques which shall be found to be on his side above the said stream may remain his during the occupation. As to St. Blancard's galley, the ordnance, tackle and hull shall be restored, but not the crew, for the King has set the slaves free; the Council will speak to the King to provide means of taking her away upon assurance for the return of the mariners and soldiers. The Scottish ambassadors were neither glad nor sorry to hear what Francis wrote on the 23rd, showing so little fear of war from Flanders as hardly to think peace worth troubling about, although they might well take it, provided that their ancient treaties with the House of Burgundy were confirmed and the thing settled promptly in Flanders without any reference to the King of England, such as, the bp. of Rosse complains, was formerly made to him upon that same business.
War preparations always continue. Artillery bullets, powder, pikes, halberts, are shipped daily in this river. To-day the Scottish ambassadors sent word that 14 ships laden with munitions, arms and harness have left one of the ports of this realm for Berwick. If St. Andrews castle has surrendered to the Governor, whereof there is some bruit, the English might wish to utilise their outlay, to do something in France. This King has sent a gentleman of his chamber named Norrys (fn. n2) to the Protestants; some say, to aid them with money, others to arrange peace between the Emperor and them. He has sent thither also to put a number of German men of war ready to serve when he sends for them. Have no information about this King's health from people who have seen him. His Council say that he is now well, after being very ill with pain in the leg which caused high fever. Paget spoke with La Garde apart, in Hertford's house, alluding to the Emperor's preparations of men and money and the French preparations which, the Imperialists say, are directed against England. Francis, said Paget, was seeking the Emperor's alliance by means of the Queen of Hungary. Paget assured La Garde that the King of England's answer would please him. London, 3 (sic) Jan. 1546.
4 Jan. 663. Selve to the Admiral [of France].
No. 86.
La Garde and he have just written to the King. London, 4 Jan. 1546.
4 Jan. 664. Selve and La Garde to Du Bies.
No. 87.
Describe the settlement as to the source of the Liane. Du Bies' secretary would report what was obtained with regard to the fortifications. London, 4 Jan. 1546.
4 Jan. 665. William Lord Grey to Henry VIII.
R. O. This day, learnt that the French king has put all ready for building at Paulet Hill which shall shortly begin. Has sent espial to learn the day of beginning and the number of pioneers. Perceiving by Secretary Paget that the office of stewardship of Augmentations which Norfolk had is no longer to be continued, begs that some other office which Norfolk or Surrey had may be bestowed upon him. Bulloign, 4 Jan. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
4 Jan. 666. William Lord Grey and the Council of Boulogne to the Council.
R. O. In your letter dated Westm., 27 Dec., you marvel that we have not these four months, monthly, advertised the state of things here, viz., the garrisons in every piece, the money in the treasurer's hands, the furniture of victuals and all other things meet to be advertised. The order is only to advertise touching victuals; wherein we have not been remiss, and have delivered the book, signed, to Mr. Randall, Mr. Aucher's deputy here. And as for the rest, both by Sir Hugh Paulett, at his departing, and by Anthony Smyth, the auditor, we wrote the numbers of every piece and amounts of the payments with the remainder of money in the hands "of me, the said treasurer"; and we have reminded your Lordships of our want of money, both by Sir John Bruges, Sir Thomas Palmer and Sir Leonard Bekwith, and we have made many requests to know the certain entertainment of the captain of Bullenbergh and his officers. And where the King is "informed that, from the highest to the lowest, we are all given to private commodities in embracing of farms for the grazing of cattle and chopping and selling of the same into France," we are right sorry that the King is so informed,—and more sorry that your lordships did not move the King to suspend judgment until our answers. It will be found upon trial that neither ox, cow, calf, nor sheep has been by us, or to our knowledge, conveyed into France, and that we have not so greedily embraced farms as to hinder the King's service. We trust that, finding the report untrue, you will punish its authors. In case the report of every light person is to be so easily heard and believed our travail to establish good order here "shall be altogether defaced, to our much discourage and undoing." Bulloigne, 4 Jan. 1546. Signed: Wyllyam Grey: Edward Dymok: Rychard Wyndebank: Jamys Croft: Nycholas Arnold: John Merbury.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
4 Jan. 667. W. Lord Stourton to the Council.
R. O. In last letters of 27 Dec. your Lordships will "a certain long house appointed by Mr. Aucher here to be made ready for the stowage of such store as here should arrive." The Surveyor has appointed one part of the said house to be a brewhouse and another part for munitions of the fort (although I have divers times told him that the powder should not lie so near the brewhouse), and also the Master and the Gentleman Porter dwell in a portion of the house. The Surveyor has made for himself a handsome house, wherein he has never lain, and like houses are made for the Master Mason and Master Carpenter; and these I will use for safeguard of the said store till other provision may be made. "And for myself to speak to the Surveyor for anything touching the strength of the fort or anything else, he giveth me none other than a mock or a taunt, which I would be loath to suffer at his hands, or at a far better man's hands than he, but only for fear of the King's Majesty's displeasure." New Haven, 4 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: 1546.
4 Jan. 668. Carne to Paget.
R. O. Since my letter of the 30th ult. certifying the rendering of Ulmes, here has been a rumour that Frankeforde was also rendered. Yesternight a post from the County du Buyre advertised the Regent (as I am credibly informed) that Frankforde rendered to him on 29 Dec., and he is already within it and found there much artillery. It is said here that the Emperor's army has taken most of the Duke of Wyttynberges country, and the Duke is withdrawn with all his substance to a castle on the confines of Zuserye. All places to which the Emperor's army comes yield. Nothing is said here of the Landsgrave and Duke of Saxe. Here are daily posts to and from the Emperor. The French ambassador here resident despatches and receives frequent posts. There seems no great affection here to the Frenchmen. The Emperor comes to Spyres shortly. Bynkes, 4 Jan. 1546. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
5 Jan. 669. Doge and Senate of Venice to Giacomo Zambon.
v. No. 446.
Since writing on the 19th, have chosen Bernardo Navager ambassador to the King of England. Zambon must also show the King that Ludovico Da L'Armi has returned to Venice in contempt of the law. As they wrote on the 16th ult. they will proceed against him as the law requires—or else he must not reside within their territory.
6 Jan. 670. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 400.
On 30 Dec. advertised by letters sent in Mons. de Deake's packet to Antwerpe (copy herewith) the likelihood of agreement with the Duke of Wirtenberg. Yesternight news came that the Duke will surrender such holds and pay such money as in the enclosed docket. And yet "we are not so hot to talk of our coming to Spyres or nearer as we were 7 or 8 days past"; why I wot not, unless it be to frighten August and Strausburgh, who are expected to sue for grace now that Wirtenberg has submitted. The Duke of Sax, late Elector (as the bruit is here), has entered Duke Mauricius' country, and the Emperor provides aid according to the said docket. The ambassador of Venize is advertised that the Turk is at Andreanopoli preparing for war this year; but divers think that the Emperor will compound matters in Germany and be ready for him, unless the French king " set in foot." Or perhaps the Turk, upon the Emperor's unexpected success, " may do (as some talk here of the French) as the case changeth, so to change his purpose." Halebrunne, Twelfth Day, afternoon, 1546.
ii. "The docket of our Court news sent vjo Januarii 1546.".
These towns to be delivered by the Duke of Wirtenberg to the Emperor for fourteen years, viz., Hohen Asperg, a castle besieged by the Duke of Alba, Hohen Biel, an impregnable castle to which the Duke is retired, near ——— (blank) the Swishers, Kirchen, Shorndorff and Hohen Eiffe. And the Duke must pay the Emperor 300,000 fl. The Emperor sent Mons. de Kenriche to the King of Romans to provide succours for Duke Maurice the 5th inst.; also another gentleman to the Marquis Albert of Brandenberg to levy 1,500 horsemen and 6,000 footmen for Duke Maurice because Duke John Frederic has entered his country. The bishop of Hirbipolens has ready 500 horsemen and 4,000 footmen to aid Duke Maurice as bound by league. Mons. de Croning has ready 1800 men at Essen abbey near Covelence to aid Mons. de Bures, near whom the Landgrave is in the field with 25,000. The Prince of Salamone sacked Marbauch, the Duke of Wirtenberg's town, on Childermas Day. The King of Denmark has sent a gentleman with excuses to the Emperor because it was said he aided the Protestants. The gentleman has his reward but is not yet gone.
Copy, pp. 2. Headed by Thirlby: Copie to Mr. Paget.
7 Jan. 671. Hadrianus Junius to Van der Delft.
Paris, 1547.
Letter dedicating to him the writer's edition of Plutarch's Symposiaca Problemata, in the course of which he says of the Emperor "Ob raras animi tui dotes, variam ac reconditam eruditionem, singularem gularem prudentiam, expromptum ingenium, legati personam tibi imposuit; at apud quem? Nimirum apud potentissimum prudentissimumque, et acerrimum ingeniorum estimatorem Henricum VIII, Angliae Regem, cui quantopere proberis, quantum is tibi tribuat, quave autoritate te audiat, notius est quam ut commemorare attineat. Supersedeo in presentia de splendore familiae ac numeroso heroicarum tuarum virtutum comitatu verba facere, ne tuis auribus plusculum dare videar." Londini, septimo idus Januarias.
7 Jan. 672. The Treasurer of Calais.
R O. Note of all money "delivered by me, Robert Dunne," to Sir Edw. Wotton, treasurer of Cales, arisen of the sale of victuals, as well "the remayntes" of Mr. Anthony Byrkes, Mr. Vincent Mundye and Mr. John Wotton, as victuals received from Mr. James Sutton, from 1 March, 1545, to 7 Jan. 1546. Total (no particulars given), 3,738l. 22½d. Signed.
P.1. Endd.
7 Jan. 673. Chamberlain to Paget.
R. O. Herewith are packets of letters, the one from my lord of Westmynster, received yesterday, and the other from Mr. Mount received to-day, to which I refer for news of the Emperor's proceedings in Germany. Here are daily contrary opinions but the majority say that Ulme and Franckford have yielded to the Emperor's mercy. The Council's letters and Paget's for the relief of our poor merchants I have delivered to the lords of this town. Ere the receipt of your letter I had them out of prison upon caution of 20,000 guldrons, and hope to have them clearly absolved. Would be glad to hear that you like the crimson velvet and white damask. Your chimney tiles shall be made within these 14 days. Andwarpe, 7 Jan. 1546.
Hol.,pp.2. Add.Endd.
8 Jan. 674. Bishopric of Chester.
See Grants in January, No. 10.
8 Jan. 675. Selve to the French Ambassador in Flanders.
No. 88.
Wrote on 28 Dec., and has received the Ambassador's dispatch of the 14th. M. de la Garde is detained because this King has been so ill for the past 15 days that he was reported dead; and many people here still believe him so, seeing that, whatever amendment is announced, few persons have access to his lodging and his chamber. For himself Selve thinks that the King has been very ill and is scarcely well yet. Has communicated to the Scottish ambassadors what the Ambassador writes concerning their affairs, as the King ordered him to do by despatches of the 28th and 30th. These ambassadors do not seem to fear war on the side of Flanders, and they will approve of the King's intervention to re-establish the ancient treaties between Scotland and the Flemings, provided that the Queen of Hungary does not intervene, as they say she did when the Emperor was there lately. Notifies war preparations. London, 8 Jan. 1546.
8 Jan. 676. St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin.
Irish Pat. Roll,
38 Hen. viii.,
p. 1. m. 3d.
Surrender of St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, made by Edw Bassenet, dean, and the chapter, 8 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII.
See Morrin's Calendar, p.132.
8 Jan. 677. W. Lord Stourton to Hertford.
R. O. As this bringer, Peter Marten, leader of the horsemen here under Stourton, was fighting with one Powell, John Graye, a Scot, came behind Powell and hurt him in the head, "upon the which hurt and ill diet withal" he is dead. Is informed that Marten did not give the fatal hurt, and that Powell, two days after he was hurt, said "that it was not Marten that hurt him, but another." Begs help to get Marten pardoned. Also begs aid to "our secretary there" for money to pay this garrison, as the poor soldiers are scant able to live. New Haven, 8 Jan.
Commendations to my Lady. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
9 Jan. 678. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 563.
Meeting at Westminster, 9 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Great Chamberlain, Admiral, Lord Chamberlain, Browne, Paget, "etc." Business:—Warrant to Sir John Williams for 2,000l. to Sir Ralph Warren, &c., for Flanders. Like warrant to Peckham. Passport into Scotland for Petre du Flo and John Maclaise, factors to Guillaume de Hays, merchant of Rouen.
9 Jan. 679. Van der Delft to Mary of Hungary.
Calendar, viii.,
No. 377
Wrote last on the 24th ult., and on the 4th inst. received hers and those from the Emperor an hour after Secretary Bave's with the good news of the 25th ult. There is at present no possibility of obtaining audience owing to the King's illness. Captain Paulin is far from pleased and some of his suite complain that, on the pretence that the King wishes to see him, he has been kept here two months. Cannot learn what it means, but an intimate friend of Paulin's has said "If Paulin had only listened to me he would not have pushed his negociations so far as he has done, but would have left the Ambassador to do it, and thus would have avoided this annoyance. It would be much more advisable that he should be by the side of our master, who is making a port between Dieppe and Havre Neuf at a place called Fécamp for the shelter of his galleys. The galleys, too, are being repaired and 20 new ones being built at Marseilles." Yesterday a gentleman of the Chamber named Morrison left for Denmark, to keep the Danes from helping the Scots and to take measures for raising troops there when necessary. The English are making great preparations for the Scottish war, and evidently do not feel sure of the French, especially the galleys, as victuals are being constantly sent to Boulogne. As in this last war England lost the flower of her men it is necessary to employ foreigners, and while the Emperor is in Germany they cannot get Germans or Spaniards. They think to get men in Oestlandt and Neumark and in Italy. Parliament opens next week and the oath to the Prince as successor to the Crown will be taken. "The discourse here about it is variable." Some time ago, received her letter ordering him to speak in favour of a gentleman of Moravia named Stephen d'Assenberg. Before the writer's first coming hither D'Assenberg had fallen into disgrace with the King and Council, who say that he injured them to the extent of several thousand pounds. After absenting himself for a time he returned in the hope that the late Duke of Suffolk would befriend him, and the writer found him here in the midst of his suit. This proving fruitless, he went to Oestlandt and has not been heard of for two years. As the King and Council are offended with him, the writer waits further instructions. London, 9 Jan. 1547.
9 Jan. 680. Richard Morysine to Henry VIII.
R. O. Fear to offend through slackness caused him to take ship this Sunday at 10 a.m., "the wind being almost flat ėast and scarse holpen by two points of the north," hoping to reach the Blacke Nesse. After going about six miles a sudden fog fell, so that they could hardly see thrice the ship's length. The master then began to doubt that they should be benighted, and four of the King's merchants, rendered skilful by long travail, thought it safest to turn back to Dover, where the mayor had reported six or seven sail of Scots to be lying in wait between Deipe and Bolain. Humbly begs pardon for going no faster in the King's affairs. Dover, 9 Jan.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
9 Jan. 681. Charles V. to King Ferdinand.
ii. 524.
* * * * * *
It is suggested to make a confederation of the States of Germany against those who are banned and their adherents. This would close the way to what the King of France gives out, viz., that some of the Protestants procure a league with him and the King of England, and that to this effect the Chancellor of the late elector, Sturnius, and one of Hesse are already gone thither. * * * * Heylbron, 9 Jan. 1547.
10 Jan. 682. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 563.
Meeting at Colharborow, 10 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Great Chamberlain, Admiral, Paget, Riche. Business:— Letter to Peter Ranselyne, John Ranselyne and Thomas Macon, of Foye, to send up by bearer a letter passed to them from the Council two years ago touching restitution of a ship of John Reconger, &c. John Cuffe, late provost marshal of Base Boloyne, had warrant to Cavendisshe for 20l. for charges of French prisoners taken by the Arbanoys, 4l. for Wm. Garrett, gunner of New Haven, attending to munition there, and 40s. to Bryan Durans for bringing letters from Norwich from Justice Montague, etc. Juglet of Rye committed to the Marshalsea for lewd behaviour to the mayor of Rye.
10 Jan. 683. Selve and La Garde to the Admiral [of France]
No. 89.
Have done their best to get from the Italian (fn. n3) what he gave St. Blancard the hope of opening to the King. He says that he has sworn not to tell it to any other. Urged him to declare it to La Garde or else write it to the King; which he has done, under the name of Madame de Mareul. As La Garde may still be here some days they send the letter. The said Italian writes to his wife and to St. Blancard, showing that he is not pleased with what they have notified to him, and that he thinks the King might command St. Blancard to leave this practice till another time, when the King shall order him what to do. He desires St. Blancard, however, to forward the letter to his wife, whom he will inform that it is sent thus for surety, and to seal it, so that it may not seem to have been sent to be read. And he begs the King to send his wife hither by the prothonotary La Boissière, his brother in law, in order the more to make sure of these English who solicit this daily; which he thinks may be done without any misgiving because of the promise which you made to the Admiral of England, when in France, besides that Mr. Paget and all the Council lately begged us to write to the King to allow her to come.
Learn that 400 or 500 French soldiers of the fort, Estaples and other places have promised to come to this King's service and already have received money to that effect. Are advertising Du Bies of it. Of the ambassadors (fn. n4) who, the King sent us word, were to come is no other news except that a gentleman of their company has arrived, who has brought news that they are coming. London, 10 Jan. 1546.
10 Jan. 684. Selve and La Garde to Francis I.
No. 90.
Wrote on the 1st and 4th. Paget has just sent them word that his King's resolution as regards the galley and the soldiers who are prisoners would satisfy them. Upon the other points in dispute, viz., fortifications and limits, the Council pressed La Garde to put in writing the conclusion at last audience. He declined to do so without instructions, and begs that the English ambassador in France may be told of them. The Sieur de Combatz, bearer of this, arrived from Scotland yesterday. Gather from him that the herald whom the Scottish ambassadors sent to Scotland will shortly return with resolution to end their negociation here, and for one of them to pass to France, they having been unable to obtain from the Governor that both should go, as Francis desired. Great war preparations (by sea chiefly) continue, and are said to be against the Scots, although a great quantity of arms and of pikes and mattresses (? pailez) is laden for Boulogne and Ambleteuse. The English may attempt something upon the fort beside Boulogne, upon Ardres, or in Normandy, but are unlikely to do anything without the Emperor whom they have just sent to sound. The King lately sent one Mori son to beg the King of Denmark to permit the raising and embarking of a number of men long engaged for him; and has sent another named Grenade to warn the Ringrave to be ready with his men. Ludovico de le Arme, has charge to make men in Italy, and has sent hither in haste one Ludovico Mutio. In any attempt directed against Normandy there will be no lack of French pilots, for sixty are said to be in this King's service at Hampton, among others one Scalard, a skilful man, with whom La Garde is seeking to get speech to persuade him and his companions to return to France, that they may there get the reward they deserve. The personage (fn. n5) who spoke to Francis and seemed "estonné en ses propoz" was sent for by the King as soon as he arrived here, although he tells us he did not speak to the said King, with whom, Selve is assured, he has been accustomed to speak often alone, it is impossible to say on what subjects. Hàs been assured, however, that he and another merchant of Paris, named Alard, have made themselves servants of this King and wear the livery coats of his household. The man who made the coats says so, but does not know whether they have wages. At this last jurney the aforesaid personage asked if Selve would like to receive money from him here, repaying it there, for he had 10,000 cr. to remit thither, being part of a great sum due to him by this King for jewels, of which certainly he has a great quantity here. He passes between this and France often, and always in post, and is a secret and uncommunicative man. Suspect him. The Italian has written letters to his wife, to St. Blancard and to Francis, the latter addressed to a lady of France (fn. n6) in order to hide the matter.
Learn from several good quarters that this King's health is much better than for more than 15 days past. He seems to have been very ill and in great danger owing to his legs, which have had to be cauterised. During that time he let himself be seen by very few persons. Neither the Queen nor the Lady Mary could see him, nor do we know that they will now do so. Have great reason to conjecture that, whatever his health, it can only be bad and will not last long. London, 10 Jan. 1546.
At closing this received the despatch of the 7th; and ask for a special power "pour en bailler aultant que nous en recepvrons."
10 Jan. 685. Prince Edward to Henry VIII.
Harl. MS., 5087,
No. 31.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. of
Edw. VI. 35.
Thanks for a new-year's gift. Will strive to follow his father's example in virtue, wisdom and piety. Hertford, 10 Jan. 1546.
Lat., fair copy, p. 1. Printed also in Strype, Eccl. Mem., II. ii. App. L. No. 2.
10 Jan. 686. Prince Edward to the Queen.
Nero, c. x. 5.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. of
Edw. VI. 33.
Study, to the end that he might write more accurately, and not negligence, is the cause of his not writing to her for so long. Her wish for his progress in honesty and piety shows her love for him. Thanks for her new-year's gift containing the King's portrait and hers together. Hertford, 10 Jan.
Latin. Hol., p. 1. Address (on f. 6b.) Nobilissimae Reginae et matri meae charissimae. Printed also in Fuller, Ch. Hist., VII. § ii., Art. 12. Strype, Eccl. Mem., II. ii. App. L. No. 4. Hearne's Sylloge, 117. Translation in Halliwell's Royal Letters II. 22.
ii. [Q. Katharine to Prince Edward.]
Nero, C. x. 6.
Does not ascribe to negligence his omission of these few days B.M. in writing to her when she reflects how he loves both his mother and his studies. The elegance of his letters shows that he has used diligence. Is gratified by his appreciation of her little new-year's gift, hoping that he will meditate upon the distinguished deeds of his father, whose portrait he is so pleased to have, "ad cujus raras virtutes conspiciendas observandasque dum mentis oculos flexeris rem profecto dignissimam utilissimamque et tibi et huic reipub. praestabis; quod ut serio seduloque facias faxit Deus, qui te totum donis suis caelestibus exornet atque perficiat." Westmonasterii.
Lat. Corrected draft, p. 1, written on the flyleaf of § 1.
Harl. 5087,
No. 30.
2. Letter book copy of § i. dated Hertford, 10 Jan. 1546.
P. 1.
10 Jan. 687. Prince Edward to his Sister Mary.
Harl. MS. 6986,
f. 13.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. of
Edw. VI. 32.
Thanks for a new-year's gift which he is bound to prize both for its own worth and for the love of the giver. His zeal for writing to her is such that, although he hopes to see her shortly, he hardly feels satisfied when at leisure unless he writes to her. Hertford, 10 Jan. 1546.
Lat. Printed also in Walpole's Royal and Noble Authors (edit. Park), i. 67 and in translation in Halliwell's Royal Letters ii. 22. Harl. MS. 5087. No. 29. B.M.
2. Contemporary letter book copy of the above.
Lat., ½ p.
10 Jan. 688. Carne to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi 403.
Yesternight the Lady Regent had letters from Spyres reporting that the Duke of Wyttenbergh has appointed with the Emperor, paying out of hand 300,000 gylderns and foregoing "to the Emperor and his for ever" four (fn. n7) of his strongest castles. She has not yet heard this from the Emperor, but had received the conditions sent to the said Duke. It is said that all the free cities of Germany have ambassadors with the Emperor for peace. Here is no mention where the Landsgrave is. "The last duke of Loren's brother, which was bishop of Metz in Loren and late made Cardinal, hath forsaken both bishopric and 'carnalship' and is married to one in France, as they say here, of the house of St. Powle; which is not well taken here, for that it is thought to be done to the intent that the said late bishop, being next of kin to the children of Loren, should claim the governance of the country of Loren till the children come to age, and so consequently to bring it to the Frenchmen's hands." Binkes, 10 Jan. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
10 Jan. 689. Mary of Hungary to Van der Delft.
viii. No. 378.
By the enclosed extract he will see the discourse held to her by the French ambassador. The object being to stir up fresh war, he must be doubly vigilant as to French dealings there and the English feeling towards the Emperor. If Paulin leaves dissatisfied, Van der Delft may tell Paget, in confidence, that the French ambassador has notified her of the retention of the Swiss who, with other mercenaries, are being raised, and given emphatic assurance that they will not be used against the Emperor. Would like the King of England to know what is being done, although she does not believe the preparations to be made against him. It is prudent, however, not to trust the French.
Desires him to discover what the Protestant ambassadors who have gone, by France, to England are doing. No news from Germany, except that the Emperor has reinstated the Duke of Wurtenburg. Do not forget Boulognais claims. Binche, 10 Jan. 1547.
10 Jan. 690. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 401.
The Emperor goes to Ulmes to take the diet for cure of his gout, and some say, to have a Diet for cure of Germany. It is thought that this long resistance of Auguste is the cause; for with Bavaria on the one side, the county of Teroll on the other, and the Emperor at Ulme on the third, Auguste shall be compelled to cry misericordia. It is too strong to be won by force. Strausburghe, Lynden, Ravensburghe, Wybre, Iznan, Luycurg, Vang, Memingen and Kempten lately met at Ulme and obtained licence to come and make submission, but now Grandvel has deferred them till the Emperor's coming to Ulme.
Since writing the above, is told that Auguste has moved indirectly for conditions, but the Emperor refuses this manner of submission; for, now that Wirtinbergh is come in and the aforenamed cities submit, Auguste cannot hold out unless helped by some foreign power The commissaries of Wyrtenbergh made their "fussefall," that is knelt before the Emperor, on the 8th inst., to ask grace for their Duke, who must do the like in person within six weeks. Frankfurthe shall do
so to-day. Tries to obtain the Wirtenbergh agreement, of which he hears divers tales, the last being that the castle of Hehen Byell lying near the Swishers shall not be rendered to the Emperor, but only two great towns and two castles, whereof Tubinga (an university) shall be one.
Yesterday Sr. Amerigo Antynory (who served the King against France) came offering to serve the King when commanded, and I prayed his servant Thomas Wauz, Scottishman "and good French also," to write his name, who wrote as in the enclosed bill. Anthonyo Lotty who came with them offered to carry my letters into England, and therefore I have written these, with which you shall receive copies of those of 30 Dec. and 6 Jan. With others sent before I will not trouble you, as I have heard that Mr. Barnardyn and Bluemantill reached Flanders; but I am sorry for Mr. Barnardyn's slow passage Because I perceive that Mr. Carne has not received letters sent to him by Joyse 21 Nov., by whom also I wrote to you, I send copies by this messenger. Halebrunne, 10 Jan. 1546.
Antonio Lotte prayed me to recommend him to you, with offer of service to the King. If you talk with him you may perchance learn something of the Emperor's doings.
ii. Thirlby to Paget, 30 Dec. [No. 639 (2).]
iii. Thirlby to Paget, 21 Nov. [No. 430.]
Copies, § i. and § iii. with headings by Thirlby, pp. 4.


  • n1. This appears to be the meaning intended, but the words read "tactus status Evanescit" (?), the termination of the last word being ambiguous. The word begins with a capital E as if it were a noun.
  • n2. Meaning Richard Morison.
  • n3. See No. 651.
  • n4. From the Protestants.
  • n5. Perhaps John Lange. See Part I. No. 83 (96).
  • n6. Madame de Mareul. See No 683.
  • n7. Hohen Asberg, Hohentwiel, Tubingen and Schorndorff. See Nuntiaturberichte aus Deutschland, ix. 417. But by the final agreement (see Dumont) only Hohen Asberg. Schorndorff and Kirchheim were given.