Henry VIII: January 1547, 11-20

Pages 362-378

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

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January 1547, 11-20

11 Jan. 691. The Privy Council to the Deputies of Calais, Boulogne and Newhaven.
R. O.
St. P., xi., 404.
The King being informed that the Emperor and French king are both in arms, although in friendship with them, would have "you, my lord Deputy," be upon your guard, lying within your charge and causing others to do the semblable, and also endeavouring "to learn what your neighbours mean and whither they tend with such power as they levy." You shall signify with all diligence the numbers of men within the pieces in your commission, how you are furnished with victuals, and what you have lately received by Mr. Aucher's order.
Draft corrected by Paget, p. 1. Endd.: M. to the Deputes of Calays, Boloyn and Newhaven, xjo Januarii 1546
11 Jan 692. Selve to the Admiral.
No 91.
A Dieppois named Jean Roze who is in this King's service, with 160 cr. a year, a man of wit and skilful seaman, asks Selve to write to the King to obtain his return to France with his family. It would be useful to obtain his services or at least deprive the King of England of them. London, 11 Jan. 1546.
11 Jan. 693. Selve and La Garde to Du Biez.
No. 92.
M. de Combas, the bearer, brings word of the surrender of St. Andrews Castle upon conditions, those within it to remain there until these conditions are fulfilled. Inform him of the provisioning of Boulogne and Ambleteuse; and their fear of some attempt to surprise the French fort of Boulogne or Ardres, and the gaining over (embauchage) of 400 or 500 French soldiers at Etaples and the fort of Boulogne. London, 11 Jan. 1546.
11 Jan. 694. William Lord Grey to Paget.
R. O. Paget knows how long he has sued to come over to see the King. "Being now informed that the creation of the Prince's grace shall be shortly solemnised," thinks that if there be any triumph some gentlemen should be called from hence thereunto; and, that the King may see "what men of service" are here, begs Paget, as the patron of men of war, to obtain his licence to come over with 20 gentlemen who will challenge all comers. But if the King will not "receive this challenge," Grey, nevertheless, begs leave to come over himself now. They would need at least a month's notice to prepare.
Had certain plate made in Brudges for which the goldsmith promised to take 50l. in "testorns"; but, when 100l. was sent, one half to pay him and the other to be there bestowed, he refused the money and procured the Lord Skute (fn. n1) to make it forfeited. The Regent has written to them to render the Emperor's part thereof and restore the rest; but they refuse. Begs Paget to get him the King's licence to stay some merchant of Brudges until he is paid. Bulloigne, 11 Jan. 1546. Signed.
P.S. in another hand.— "Postscript. I refer it, Sir, to your wisdom whether ye think it good to move the premises or no unto the King's Majesty."
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
11 Jan. 695. James Stewart of Cardonald to Thomas Bishop.
R. O. On the 11th inst. received his dated at Carlisle on the 2nd. The men who were in company or service with my good lord, chief and master, were unfit for such weighty affairs as my lord of Lennox had in handling, and have not only wasted time in England but, since coming to Scotland, have spread report that his lordship is unable to revenge wrongs or reward services. Undoubtedly the "sayd Davyd Moraye hes sayd to ye Governor all at he maye of me, and frendes of myn has sayd ye contraier, yt I never has nor had intellygens wyt mayne of Yngland." So the Governor trows it malicious and desires me to remain with him (six and myself at his expense) and he will reward me; but I defer my decision until you and I may speak together, which shall be shortly, for I am counselled to put my lord Governor out of despair. Pray learn whether the Council will treat me gently, either in England or Scotland; for I never leave the prince to whom I promise faith, and "had myn old master ye Kyng of Franche nocht broken to me and tayne mye plat and wages fra me I sould never hayf servit ane oder prens nor hyme." He has taken my estate and wages to the value of 3,000 fr. for no cause but for my lord of Lennox. Now I will continue to favour the weal of the Earl of Lennox and the King's affairs, and for a beginning I send the articles sent into France from the Governor and Council by Mr. John Haye, sister's son to the Cardinal. They were first devised to be sent with my lord of Peslaye, who is now stopped and the said Haye goes, if not already gone. The Queen sends a commission apart with my lord of Drybourg, the abbot. As the articles are in French, send them to my lord Secretary, Mr. Paget "quhilk can discryf yame weyll"; and commend me heartily to him. Warn my lord Warden that the Governor purposes to go to Langhowme incontinent. If those in the house secure the gate and windows and break two holes in every quarter so that they may shoot out with "cutthortes" it may be kept; for there will be no artillery there but "batardes and moyens." Lord Flemyn and the laird of Boclucht are the causers of this enterprise. The house of Sant Andros has given four pledges, viz., two sons (fn. n2) of the laird of Grange's, the Auld Parson, brother to the Earl of Rothes, and one other, all four of little "avayll"; and the siege is removed with shame, and those in the house better provided than they were. The condition is that they shall keep the house until their absolution come from Rome and they be restored to their heritage and goods by Parliament. Earls Marschall and Glencarne, and lords Graye and Lensaye, are bound in 40,000 mks. that the house shall be delivered at the "haymcumyng" of the said absolution, which every man believes "shall never be done." I am content to speak with my lord Warden or his son Sir Thomas Warthon. Haste the bearer to me again, for he has not tarried here a day. Remember the holes in the house of Langhoum. My lord Warden might have "a good day of the Governor" if he come there, as I believe he shall. Referring other things to our meeting, pray bring me a good gelding to our tryst, with leave from my lord Warden to buy him. Cardonald, 11 Jan.
P.S.— "As to ye lettre at ze hayf yt I send to mye lord of Leynox, I ame weyll contenttet it is not na oder manes handes. Prayand zv to kep all secret at I writ to zv. Yes bell is wirtyet in gret hayst."
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To ye ryt honorabell Tomos Bessop, of Poppelton.
12 Jan. 696. Confession of the Duke of Norfolk.
Harl. MS. 297.
f. 256.
Henry viii.
(edit. 1649,)
p. 567
"I, Thomas duke of Norfolke do confess and knowledge myself to have offended the King in opening his secret counsels at divers times to sundry persons to the peril of his Highness and disappointing of his affairs. Likewise I have concealed high treason in keeping secret the false acts of my son, Henry earl of Surrey, in using the arms of St. Edward the Confessor, which pertain only to kings of this realm, whereto the said earl could make no claim. Also I have without authority borne in the first and principal quarter of my arms, ever since the death of my father, the arms of England with a difference of three labels of silver, which are the proper arms of my Lord the Prince. I confess my crime no less than high treason and, although I do not deserve it, humbly beg his Highness to have pity upon me, and I shall daily pray to God for the preservation of his noble succession. Written 12 Jan. in the year of our Lord God 1547 (fn. n3) 'after the computation of the Church of England,' 38 Hen. VIII., and subscribed by me in the presence of 'the Lord Wriothesley, Lord Chancellor of England, Lord St. John, lord President of the Council, the earl of Harteforde, lord great chamberleyne, ———— (blank) Lysley lord High Admiral, Sir Anthonye Browne, master of the Horse, Sir William Paggete secretary, Sir Richard Riche, Sir John Baker, of our said sovereign lord's Privy Council, Sir Richard Lyster Sir Edward Mountague, the two chief justices,' without compulsion or counsel." Signatures follow (copied) first of the Duke and below him of the witnesses.
Modern copy, p. 1.
13 Jan. 697. Trial of Henry Earl of Surrey.
R. O. File of documents in Baga de Secretis Pouch XIV. as follows (fn. n4) :—
M. 15. Special Commission to Thomas lord Borough, Sir Edward Mountagu, Sir John Hynde and Sir Roger Towneshend, to inquire touching treasons etc., in the county of Norfolk. Westm., 31 Dec. 38 Hen. VIII. [Great Seal appended, much broken.]
M. 13. Precept by the above commissioners to the sheriff of Norfolk to summon a grand jury at Norwich castle 7 Jan. next. London, 1 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII. [Four seals appended, much injured.] Endd. as answered by Henry Hobart, sheriff.
M. 14. Jury panel annexed, viz., Anthony Gurney, William Brampton, John Berney, George Horsman, Ralph Shelton, Edmund Wode, Robert Rugge, William Rogers, Thomas Codde, Robert Lovedaie, Richard Sponer, William Drake, Thomas Aldriche, John Thetford, Thomas Hare and Henry Dengeyn.
M. 12. Sessions at Norwich castle, 7 Jan., at which (m. 11) the jury above named found the following true bill.
M. 9. Bill of indictment setting forth that whereas Parliament of 8 June to 18 July 28 Hen. VIII. enacted that whosoever, by words, writings, printing, or other external act, maliciously shall procure anything to the peril of the King's person or give occasion whereby the King or his successors might be disturbed in their possession of the Crown, etc. (Stat. 28 Hen. VIII. cap. 7, § 12) shall be guilty of high treason; And whereas Henry VIII. is true King of England, and Edward formerly king of England, commonly called Saynt Edward the Confessor, in right of the said realm of England, used certain arms and ensigns, viz., "asur a crosse flewry betwene fyve merlettes golde," belonging to the said King Edward and his progenitors in right of the Crown of England, which arms and ensigns are therefore appropriate to the King and to no other person; And whereas Edward now prince of England, the King's son, and heir apparent, bears, as heir apparent, the said arms and ensigns with three labels called "thre labelles sylver;" Nevertheless, one Henry Howard, late of Kennynggale, K.G., otherwise called Henry earl of Surrey, on 7 Oct. 38 Hen. VIII., at Kennynggale, in the house of Thomas duke of Norfolk, his father, openly used, and traitorously caused to be depicted, mixed and conjoined with his own arms and ensigns, the said arms and ensigns of the King, with "thre labelles sylver."
M. 10. Special commission of oyer and terminer to Henry Hoberthorn, mayor of London, Wriothesley, St. John, Russell, Hertford, Arundel, Essex, Lisle, Cheyney, Broun, Paget, Sir Ric. Lyster, Sir Edw. Mountagu, Sir Roger Cholmeley, Sir Edm. Mervyn, Sir Wm. Shelley, Sir Humph. Broun, Sir Thos. Bromeley, Sir John Hynde and Wm. Porteman, one of the justices of King's Bench, to hold sessions at the Guildhall of London to try, with a jury of Norfolk, the aforesaid indictment. Westm., 10 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII. [Fragment of Great Seal appended.]
M. 8. Precept of Hoberthorn, Wriothesley and their fellow justices to the Constable of the Tower to bring Surrey before them at the Guildhall, 13 Jan. next at 8 a.m. Dated 11 Jan. [Endorsed as answered by Sir John Gage constable of the Tower.]
M. 6. Precept to the sheriff of Norfolk for the return of the petty jury (24 men from the vicinage of Kennyngale) for the trial of Henry earl of Surrey. [Endorsed as answered by Henry Hubbert, sheriff.]
M. 7. Jury panel annexed, viz., Sir Wm. Paston, Sir James Bulleyn, Sir Francis Lovell, Sir Richard Gresham, Sir John Gresham, Sir John Clere, Sir Thomas Clere, Sir William Woodhouse, knights, Christopher Heydon, Nicholas le Straunge, Miles Hubbert, Henry Bedyngfeld, Robert Berney, John Berney of Reddham, Thomas Tyndall, William Buttes, sen., George Huggard, Thomas Derham, John Brews, Osbert Mounford, John Goddysalff, Edmund Lomnor, John Castell and Edmund Byllyngford, esquires. [First twelve marked sworn.]
M. 5. Writ of certiorari commanding Lord Borough and his fellow justices to certify the indictments into Chancery. Dated 11 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII.
M. 1-4. Record of pleadings at the Guildhall 13 Jan., reciting first the commission of 10 Jan. to Hoberthorn and his fellow justices, whereupon, on 11 Jan. they ordered Lord Borough, &c., to send the indictments, the constable of the Tower to produce the body and the sheriff to return a jury. Lord Chancellor Wriothesley delivered the indictment (recited) as found at Norwich castle 7 Jan., Surrey was brought to the bar by Sir John Gage, Constable of the Tower, and pleaded Not Guilty. Jury instanter. Verdict, Guilty, and what property the said Howard possessed the jury know not. Sentence, to be taken back to the Tower and thence led through the city of London to the gallows at Tiborne, hanged, disembowelled, &c. (as usual).
13 Jan. 698. Grey Friars, London.
R. O. Grant to the city of London of the late house of Grey Friars there.
Later copy, pp. 3. Endd.: "May, 1631: about Christ Church Aspitall."
See Grants in January, No. 14.
13 Jan. 699. Thirlby to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 405.
Wrote on the 10th inst. by Ant. Lotte, Florentine merchant, sending copies of his letters of 30 Dec., 6 Jan. and 21 Nov. (by Secretary Joyse). The same day, sent copies of all except those of 21 Nov. by Mons. de Deakes despatch. Has since obtained a copy of the Emperor's letters to the Duke of Wirtenberg from Rothenberg and the Duke's answer, and also "the manner of his submission" (sent herewith in Dutch, with a translation of the answer and submission, wherein his little knowledge of Dutch has compelled him "to follow much the Dutch phrase" ). The Emperor's letter is so long and ill written that he could not even read it. Since this submission Willhelmus a Massenbaugh, one of the Duke's council, has refused to surrender Asperges castle unless recompensed for the burning of his lands by the army. The castle is very strong, but, unless there be collusion between him and the Duke, he will not dare to resist long. News from Genes will be seen in the docket herewith, and may make them here suspect the French. Furryers were sent to Ulme five or six days ago to prepare the Emperor's lodging for yesterday or to-day: but now his journey is deferred five or six days because those of August will come hither. Afterwards "we should to Spyres or Wormes." If it be true, that the French king gathers men it may draw us to the Ryne. "Till the things be passed we do but guess, such is here their secrecy." News from Sax is in the said docket. Halebrunne, 13 Jan. 1546.
Copy, p. 1. Headed by Thirlby: "Copie to M. Pagett."
ii. "Advice from Genes of the third of January and arrived here the xij. of the same."—On the 2nd Count de Flescho, with four galleys, entered the haven, and shot at Andrea Doria's galleys lying there unarmed. Giannetin Doria hearing the bruit came out of his house and was slain; whereupon the said Count and his men landed "crying, as some saith, Liberty, other saith France," and there was great uproar. The magistrates assured Andrea Doria, then sick, that they were good friends and servants of the Emperor. Meanwhile the Count was beaten out of the town and being hit by a random shot of an arquebuse fell into the sea and was drowned. His two brethren were taken and imprisoned.
"News in this Courte."—Those of August have written that they will come hither within two days to surrender. If they come, it is thought that the Emperor will go rather to Wormes or Spyres than to Ulmes. Carol Wich, prefectus Lipcii, came hither, 11 Jan., for succour, because Duke John Fredericke has entered his master Mauricius' lands and forced Duke Maurice to break up his siege of Wittenberg.
P. 1.
14 Jan. 700. Greenwich
R. O. Bill, made 14 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII., witnessing receipt by Nicholas Dowsing, keeper of the house of Grenewiche, from Sir Ant. Denny, of 60l. to be "employed upon the new gardens and orchards" there. Signed with a mark.
P. 1.
15 Jan. 701. Carlisle Cathedral.
See. Grants in January, No. 15.
15 Jan. 702. Selve and La Garde to Francis I.
No. 93.
Wrote on the 10th and 11th by M. de Combas. War preparations are hastened by sea and land, for the enterprise of Scotland. Levies of foot, horse and artillery horses are being made hereabouts. In all the ports beer and victuals are being laden, in ships which will as soon as possible join the other great ships of war in the mouth of this river and the Downs. Learn this from Scalard, whom La Gard now send? back to France; and he promises to take his companions at Hampton back with him. The personage sent to the Governor of Scotland on behalf of the holders of St. Andrews castle has returned; so that the continued preparations, notwithstanding the rumored surrender of the castle, indicate that this King is resolved on war, unless diverted therefrom by the ambassadors of the Protestants. The principal ambassador, (fn. n5) of whom Francis wrote on the 30th ult., secretly visited the writers to-day to arrange means of negociating and communicating results, for which purpose they yesterday sent him a faithful man who understands Latin. He said he hoped that this King would not only aid the German princes but enter into some good league. He and his fellows have not yet spoken with this King or his ministers, but hope to do so within two days. To save time. he begged the writers to obtain a special power to signify the King's intentions in case this King should divulge his; saying that Francis did not disapprove of the sending of such a power when he spoke of it in France. On Thursday last, (fn. n5) Adam Otterbum came to say that the herald whom they recently sent to Scotland had just returned with orders for the bp. of Ross to pass into France and himself to remain here. He declared that he could not understand this separation, and would be ready either to go to France or return to Scotland with the bishop, but the latter would not consent. St. Blancard's audience is fixed for to-morrow, and the writers are to be present, if this King's health, which is said to be now fairly good, does not change. Surrey was on Thursday last (fn. n6) condemned to death, but is not yet executed. Some say that even if the father should be condemned to like penalty, the King will commute it to perpetual imprisonment. London, 15 Jan. 1546.
15 Jan. 703. The Same to the Chancellor [of France].
No. 94.
If the King sends a power upon the present negociation they beg to have full instructions upon each point. London, 15 Jan. 1546.
15 Jan. 704. The Same to the Admiral [of France].
No. 95.
Write at length to the King. London, 15 Jan. 1546.
15 Jan. 705. Mary Queen of Scots.
Calig. B, vii.
Letters of marque for Andrew and James Dummo, inhabitants of Leith, setting out with their armed ship the Marigalland against the Portuguese. Edinburgh, 15 Jan. 1546, 5 Mary. Signed, "James G." [Arran].
15 Jan. 706. Scotland.
R. O. Letters of marque for Andrew Robertsoun of Leith with his ship the Liones against subjects of Portugal. From Stirling, and signed by the Governor at Edinburgh 15 Jan. 1546, 5 Mary. Signed: James G. Sealed.
Broad sheet, p. 1.
15 Jan. 707. Richard Morysine to Paget.
R. O. The exchange of my money has kept me in Anwerpe; and yet I am forced to take 11l. in the hundred less than I delivered, and have lost almost two days. However, I take order to lose no time by the way. The French ambassador who likewise goes to Denmark passed this way 8 or 9 days ago; Lucas the King's servant learnt of their Dutch interpreter that they were going thither. I shall follow as fast as wagons can carry me, sorry that he has first access to the King's ear; for Frenchmen take further licence to say what serves them than those do who promise no more than they mean to perform. " Master Granad met with one whom the captain of Grave[lines] told that not long si[nce] a French gentleman sent by the French [K]yn[g took] ship at Dunk[erke] and is gone in message to Scotland. If reports be true, he heateth too many irons at once to work them all well." News go that many Swiches are up and have sent to the French king to aid the Protestants; and this he may do, not for love but for his own surety. The Emperor is already not thought the quietest neighbour; and if his thirst for enlarging his state partake of the nature of a dropsy, the getting of more will not quench it. A good policy of princes is never to suffer one "too far to [over]grow his fellows; and therefore I suppose he will not [comm]itte this error, either to suffer his [mortal enemy?] to grow too great or not to help those that cannot fall without his great danger. They be here in Anwerpe afraid lest the Spanyshe Inquisition be coming out of Spayn into all this country. The Romysshe are like to receive this pleasure for all the money that they have spent with him in this his war." Wishes the King long health that things well begun may be well finished; also that it may please God long to lend his Highness Paget's wit, dexterity and goodwill. Anwerpe, 15 Jan.
P.S.—Since closing this, has news that the commons of Genoua have risen against the nobility, disarmed the Emperor's galleys and released the slaves. If this be true, the French king is here thought the doer.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.: 1546.
15 Jan. 708. Thirlby to Henry VIII.
R. O.
St. P., xi. 407.
On the 14th inst. Mons. Darras, saying that he was commanded to tell the state of the Emperor's affairs, although they were fully written to the ambassador to declare, said that since the Lansgrave's flight and the Emperor's pursuit of him to Rotinburghe, lest he should enter Francony where the Emperor has many friends, the latter sent Mons. de Bures after him, who has stormed one town, (fn. n7) and taken the surrender of Frankeforde, wherein he has now 3,000 footmen. The Emperor himself came hither and has had rendered to him Hale, Ulme, this town and the duchy of Wirtenberg (conditions detailed, viz., the Duke to renounce league with the duke of Saxon, late elector, and the Landgrave; 2, to pay 200,000cr.; 3, in all leagues to comprehend the king of Romans and house of Austria; 4, obey the justice Camera Imperialis; 5, aid no one against the Emperor; 6, affirm the covenant of Cadam, which provided for the claim of the House of Austria to Wyrtenberge; and, 7, his son to "conforme for himself thies agreements"; and in hostage the Duke to deliver the Emperor the three strongholds of Schorndorf, Hohen Arsberghe and Kyrken). Afterwards obtained a copy of the agreement in Dutch, whereby the King may perceive it at large. Darras praised Wirtenberghe's son, who only served the French king because of his father, and has not for five or six years been in arms against the Emperor. He said that the Emperor would go to Ulme, to repose for the "cure of his body" and to force those of Auguste, who were first and worst in these wars, to "know themselves better." The Emperor, quoth he, only meant to repress such as would have made themselves tyrants in Germany, and now these cities and states (who were otherwise persuaded) began to know this and come in, all but August: yesterday Kempten, Memynghen, Ravenspurghe and two or three more came to make submission. Asked him what Strausburghe did. He answered that there was no great matter against them, but they had been at Ulm and made means for their submission. He said further that the Duke of Saxo, late elector, had entered Duke Mauritius' country to go to Lipsia, but Mauritius had "prevented" him by going there in strength. When asked if Mauritius had left besieging Wittenberge he did not answer. The Emperor had ordered the Duke of Brunswick to join Mauritius with 500 horse and 4,000 foot, which were ready about Banbierge; and 20 ensigns of the men in garrison in divers Imperial towns which had surrendered should also join him. On the side of the Lansgrave Mons. de Bures and Mons. de Croninge should act at once. Here Thirlby said that if the Emperor had gone to Spires or Wormes his matters might have succeeded better against Saxo and the Lansgrave; but Darras answered that good enough order was taken for them, and at Ulme the Emperor was ready for all places, Hungary, Germany, Flanders or Italy, and also better able to force Auguste. The Emperor's indignation is evidently not small against Auguste. Finally, he said that the Elector Palatine (who had been the Emperor's good servant and was not now so ill disposed as divers of his subjects) and Duke of Bavare laboured for the reconciliation of the Duke of Wyrtenberghe.
Thirlby said he was sure the King would rejoice to hear of the Emperor's success, who had had many proofs of the King's amity. Darras answered that "the Emperor so taketh it," and charged Thirlby to show the above, as evidence that the Emperor's purpose was not to subdue Germany, but to put order there and suppress the tyranny of those who were too insolent. Halebrunne, 15 Jan. 1546. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
16 Jan. 709. The Privy Council.
A. P. C., 564.
Meeting at Westminster, 16 Jan. Present: Canterbury, Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Durham, Winchester, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, "etc." Business:—Letters to Sir Thomas Carden to deliver George Stonehous 6 tents for custody of the provisions at Holy Island. To Hugh Boyvyle for 3 doz. Scythes for mowing hay about Berwick and Holy Island. To ——— (blank) for 7 horse-mills to be conveyed from Holy Island to Boulogne.
16 Jan. 710. Feckenham's Sermon.
R. O. Report of a sermon preached on Sunday, 16 Jan. 1546, at Paul's Cross in London "by one Mr. Fecknam, chaplain to the bishop of London."
Saying that Christ was 30 years old before He preached or did miracles, and St. John Baptist and Ezechiel 30 years old before they preached, and Joseph and King David 30 years old before they "had regiment upon the people," he seemed to "induce" that none younger ought to preach or have regiment; "divers times inveighing against the bringing up of youth of England in heresies, (with oft exclamation, Oh venerable senators and ancient fathers) adding, What a world shall it be when they shall have the rule, for if they have the swing it will be treason shortly to worship God."
From the finding of Christ in the Temple among the doctors he inferred that, having lost Christ, we shall find Him there again by returning to our old worship used 16 or 17 years ago. The youth of England, he said, is brought up, from pride, to lechery, theft, heresy; and whereas the good men who "used virtue and holy ceremonies" were so many that others were ashamed, now the other sort are so many that "sanctimony of life is put away with fasting on Wednesdays and Saturdays, and beads, and therefore good men dare not now use them for fear they should be laughed to scorn." He inveighed against the Germans as seditious heretics of 300 sects with Frederic duke of Saxon as their first defender, violently depraving that nation; wherein it is marvel that my lord of London, being present, would permit his chaplain so to inveigh against a nation reputed the King's friends and having ambassadors here, "as many do suppose." He spake much of this sort against the Statute of First Fruits "Ye venerable senators I pray you to look if there be any proviso how the priests shall live for that year"; and being "grieved at the declaration of the payment of tithes according to the lawful custom, he imputed default to the lawyers, drawing out of this word 'lawful' that they should pay no tithe for copies of woods being of 21 years' growth"; with other matter unmeet for the time and place. His words were even more odious than here reported.
Pp. 3. Endd.: [A]t Poules Crose by Mr. Fecknam, the bishop of London his chapleyn, xvjo Januarii.
17 Jan. 711. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 564.
Meeting at Westminster 17 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Admiral, Lord Chamberlain, Paget, etc. Business:—Warrant to ——— (blank) to pay Thomas Chaloner, clerk to the Privy Council, 20l. given in reward to a Scottishman, who brought a message from the Earl Both well, and 40s. for his (Chaloner's) expenses, being sent to Romeforthe in Essex, for three days.
17 Jan. 712. Lands sold by the Crown.
R. O. Particulars of land-sales by the Crown, giving the details and price of the various estates, the conditions of sale and the money paid in hand and remaining due. Each page (and in some cases each item) signed by Sir Edward North.
The purchasers and prices are as follows:—
i. "Bills exhibited to the King's Majesty's High Commissioners, (fn. n8) to be assigned by them" [3] June, 38 Hen. VIII: Sir Roland Hill, 847l. 20d.; Thos. Woodehouse 1,424l. 8s. 4d.; Sir Ric. Gresham, "overplus of an exchange mixed with a purchase and gift," . . . . . . (illegible); Lord Clynton, "recompense of an exchange with an overplus,". . . . . . (illegible); John Halle and Hen. Sheldon (fn. n9) 372l. 18s. 4d.; Nic. Orwell 108l. 15s.; Thos. Dalson 1,085l. 4s. 2d. Pp. 4. Endd.: "iijcio Junii, 1546. The dokett of the billes of sales of the new commission, vij."
ii. Exhibited 9 June, 38 Hen. VIII: Thos. Boughton 678l.; John Goodwyn 485l. 3s. 4d.; John Cheyneye 283l. 10s.; Edw. Walgrave 821l. 3s. 9d. Pp. 2. Endd.: "Doket of billes stamped xjm0 Junii. iiij."
iii. 15 June, 38 Hen. VIII: Sir Nic. Hare, 1,068l. 6s. 10½d. P. 1. Endd.: "The iijde dokett of the sales xvmo Junii, j."
iv. Exhibited 16 June: John Smythe, 447l. 6s.; John Berney 574l. 6s. 8d.; Robt. Thornehull 161l. 2s. 7d.; Edw. Watson and Hen. Herdson [1] 541l . . . . . . . Pp. 5. Endd.: "The vth doquet of sales xvjo Junii, v."
v. Exhibited 20 June, 38 Hen. VIII: Rog. and Thos. Barlowe 705l. 6s. 3d.; John Crymes 757l. 13s. 4d.; Wm. Acton 291l. 10s. 6d. Pp. 3. Endd.: "The dokett of iij billes of sales exhibited xixo Junii."
vi. Ph. Chowte 226l. 6s. 8d.; John Edmondes, sen. and junior, 173l.; Sir Thos. Holcrofte 307l. 5s.; Sir Thos. Cheyney 1,688l. 12s. 6d. Pp. 3. Not endd.
vii. Sir John Gage 965l. 2s. 1d. P. 1. Endd.: Purchase.
viii. "Bills exhibited to the Lords to be assigned for lands sold by commission," 1 July, 38 Hen. VIII: Ant. Cocket 397l. 6s. 8d. P. 1. Endd.: "The dockett of a boke of purchase, iijtio Julii."
ix. 8 July, 38 Hen. VIII: Sir Roger Cholmeley, lord Chief Baron 396l.; Robt. Trublefeld 608l. 16s. 8d.; [John Braddyll], for rents in Harrewood Parva, and out of the manors of Whalley and Calcotes, etc., Lane, 220l. 10s. Pp. 3. Endd.: "Doket of purchases xijo Julii, iij."
x. Bills exhibited 16 July, 38 Hen. VIII: Edm. Beauprey 282l. 15s.; Alen Bellingham and Alen Wilson, St. Leonard's hosp. in Kirby Kendall . . . . . . (mutilated); Ric. Greneway 227l. 14s. 3d.; John Kyrkeman 134l. 11s. 2d. Pp. 2. Endd.: "Doket of billes of purchases xiijo Julii, iiij."
xi. Bills . . . . . . . . . . . .: John Prye, 456l. 7s. 1d.; Sir Thos. Stanley lord Mountegle 378l.; John Etheridge 322l. 3s. 4d. P. 1. Endd.: "[Doket] of purchases . . . . Julii, iij."
xii. Bills exhibited the———(blank) day of July, 38 Hen. VIII: Lord Chancellor Wriothesley, for certain lands in the Duchy of Lancaster, 200l.; Ralph Stepeneth 980l. 14d. P. 1. Endd.: "xviijo Julii. Dokettes of purchases, ij."
xiii. Ric. Kirke 252l. (?); Thos. Goodwyn 1,285l. 7s. 8d. P. 1. Endd.: "Purchases presented vto Augusti, twoo."
xiv. Bills exhibited 9 Aug., 38 Hen. VIII: Wm. Billingesley, 241l. 4s. 2d.; Geo. Strangwayes 640l. 17s.; Ric. Wilbraham 227l. 18s. 4d.; Robt. and Hugh Thornhill 1,399l. 18s.; Sir Rice Manxell 678l. 18d.; Jas. Hales 488l. 6s. Pp. 7. Endd.: "Purchaces ixo Aug., seven."
xv. Hen. Nedeham and Wm. Sacheverell 484l. 20d.; John Slamyng and Ant. Butler 839l. 4s. 3d.; Thos. Hawkyns alias Fyssher 240l. 17s. 6d.; Sir Ric. Graynfeld and Rog. Blewett 1,196l. 19s.; Ralph Fane, for parsonages of Hadlow and Tunbridge, Kent, and manor of Asshechurch, 1,029l. 3s.; Robt. Brokelsby and Nic. Girlington 1,085l. 12s. 10½d.; Andrew Manfeld 966l. 15s. 11d.; Wm. Wotton 324l. 10s.; Sir Thos. Cheyney and Ric. Fulmerston 940l. 11d.; Sir Edw. Carne 222l.; Sir Thos. Pope 507l. 19s. 2d.; Thos. and Robt. More 258l.; John Malte, tailor, and Awdrye his base daughter 1,312l. 12d.; Ralph Gelle of Horton, Derb., 107l. 13s. 4d.; Henry earl of Arundel 566l. 11s. 2d. Pp. 19. Endd.: "Doket of purchasses xvto Septembr. xv."
xvi. Leonard Chamberleyne and John Blundell 1,760l. 12d.; Ric Pexsall (exchange) 103l. 15s. Pp. 3. Endd.: "Purchase xxj Septemb."
xvii. Jas. Hawe 375l. 6s. 8d.; Edw. Agarde 255l. 10s.; Sir Ph. Hobby 1,067l. 12s. 11d. (with note that this was "delivered to his hands and therefore no fee"); Robt. Calewey 339l. 16s. 4½d.; Augustine Porter and John Bellowe, 461l. 17s. 8d.; John Maynard and Ric. Crymes 940l. 19d.; George Owen (an exchange) 1,331l. 12s. 9d. (with note that this was "delivered to Mr. Owen his handes and therefor no fee"); Sir Thos. Pope 622l. 19s. 4d.; Sir Ralph Hopton, knight marshal 1,124l. 5s. 5d. Pp. 15. Endd.: "Prchas' 10 Octob., 1546."
xviii. John Bellowe and Robt. Bigotte 1,456l. 8s. 7½d.; . . . . . . (names lost), "sold unto them the manor of Thymblethorp," Linc., etc. 1,301l. 4s. 6¼d. Pp. 6. Endd.: "ij prchases xo Octobr., 1546."
xix. Chr. Sampson 752l. 13s. 4d.; Giles and Gregory Iseham 256l. 6s. 3d. Pp. 2. Endd.: "Prchases 10 Octobr., 1546."
xx. "Bills to be signed by the High Commissioners for sundry purchases as followeth, delivered the xxth of Decembr.": John Whitehorne and Alice Salman 307l. 4s. 4d.; Geoff. Dormer 390l. 6s. 8d.; Thos. [T]hemys, for Bishopstrow manor, Wilts., &c., 505l. 17s. 6d.; [Sir Nic. Poinez and Thos. Hickes, for site of Kingswood Abbey, &c., 207l. 20d.] (fn. n10) Pp.2. Not endd. With note at the end : All these accounted for by Mr. Honnynges xxjo Dec, 1546, in the sum of viijl., received by him of Mr. Strynger."
xxi. Bills exhibited to the Lords 9 Jan., 38 Hen. VIII: Henry Jerningham 992l. 8s. 6d.; Sir Edm. Knevett, for the manors of Buckenham, Bresingham, etc., Norf., 1,141l. 14s. 3d.; John [Coke and John Bassett?] for the manor of Talavan, co. Glam., manor of Shevingdon (sic) Glouc., etc., 485l. 2s. 10d.; Sir Edw. Darrell, for the manor of Chilton Folyatt, Wilts., 1,118l. 8s. 54d.; Sir John Gresham and Wm. Winlow 501l. 10d.; Wm. Harries 271l. 12s. 7¼d. Pp. 7. Endd.: "6 Byles of purchase passed under stampe 17 Jan., 1546." With note that "the billes delivered to Mr. Chaloner the 9th of January ao r.r. H. viij 38o be the first to be accounted for sins the last reconyng, in nombre six, whiche I must answer for."
Slightly mutilated.
17 Jan. 713. Selve and La Garde to Francis I.
No. 96.
Last night received the despatch of the 12th, and this morning that of the 13th. Went immediately afterwards to the King, at Westminster, where they dined with the Emperor's ambassador and the commissary (fn. n11) recently sent about the affair of the Flemish merchants. The latter had first audience, which was short, and the commissary took leave without having obtained anything, as indicated by certain words of the Chancellor. St. Blancard will report the gracious answer he received from the King of England, who seems now fairly well. The writers afterwards explained affairs of Germany and Genoa. As La Garde took leave, the King excused himself as not having been well enough to despatch him sooner. When Selve mentioned that he was awaiting the necessary power to put in writing their verbal agreement upon the limits and fortifications, the King said that before declaring his own wishes he would like to know those of Francis. In speaking of means of assuring the two Kings of each other he approved of none but a closer amity such as a league defensive. Finally he granted release of the prisoners and mariners of the galley, promising to give his Council charge concerning the rest of that affair.
When Selve said to Paget apart that he and La Garde were charged to speak of the enterprise made upon the church and steeple of Boursin, Paget dissuaded it, on account of the King's illness, saying that if the place belongs to the county of Guisnes this King has no pretension to it, but that this matter would be ended with the other disputes about limits and fortifications. Paget said the Imperials were giving out that the French preparations were directed against England; and, in answer to a reciprocal question, swore that this king had no project against Scotland. He then asked if Francis could turn the Turk from his enterprises. Answered that the Turk was a powerful and independent prince, but it was true that he had always shown great desire to gratify Francis. Could not gather why Paget asked such a question, and can only conjecture that the ambassadors of Germany may have put forward in favour of their league, that by it their lands should be delivered from the Turk and his enterprises diverted elsewhere. Paget does not yet know the charge of the ambassador of Portugal, who has not spoken to the King. The Venetian secretary informs Selve that his mission is about certain merchants and grain, but that the ambassador will not leave immediately after ending them. Handed Francis' packet to the ambassadors of Germany, who found therein news agreeing with what the writers had told them. They have spoken with Paget and others of the Council, but not to the Chancellor or Winchester; and they continue hopeful. This courier will travel faster than St. Blancard or M. d'Oisy who arrived to-day. London, 17 Jan., 1546.
17 Jan. 714. Selve and La Garde to the Admiral [of France].
No. 97.
The Admiral's despatch of the 12th was disquieting, but that of the 13th reassured them upon the arrival of theirs to the King. London, 17 Jan., 1546.
17 Jan. 715. William Lord Grey to Paget.
R. O. The captain of the Fort and other gentlemen have come once or twice to the haven mouth to view the King's works now beginning there; and one of the captain's gentlemen, coming to the writer for certain business, asked Henry Dudley, captain of the guard here, what should be built with the stones brought over the water. When Dudley answered that these were princes' matters, of which he was not "quisityve," the other said that the stones were to build a wall and tower, and that the whole device was known, and if carried out, would cause war again. Desires to know the King's resolute purpose therein and whether to "confess, deny or dissemble the same," and what to do if the French should resist it. Here is John de Lean, in whose favour Grey wrote to Paget, come over with another Frenchman who was with Mr. Auchier, saying that he is commanded to tarry here until sent for to go into Scotland under Bretvylle, when he should bring other Frenchmen with him. As he brought no letter, Grey would know Paget's pleasure therein. Could furnish the King with Frenchmen better and with less bruit than they. Bulloyn, 17 Jan., 1546.
"I do keep the said Frenchman in ward until I shall hear from you." Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
17 Jan. 716. Carne to Paget.
R. O. This afternoon, received a letter from my lord of Westminster
enclosing the packet for Paget, without superscription, sent herewith. Can only advertise occurrents by hearsay, although gentlemen come hither from the Emperor daily. The towns of Strasburgh and Awsburgh will not appoint with the Emperor because he insists upon their receiving men-of-war into them. Ryffenbergh is said to be in Awsburgh to defend it against the Emperor; and some say that the Landsgrave is there. The Emperor "will be at no appointment with the said Landsgrave, for that he used injurious words against the Emperor's person." Thirty Almain captains are gone into France, but no men with them. Binkes, 17 Jan., 1546.
P.S.—I sent a packet that came from my lord of Westminster on the 10th inst. by Andwarp way. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
17 Jan. 717. Charles V. to Van der Delft.
viii. No. 380.
Has sent copies of his letters of the 14th and 24th ult. as to probable changes in England to be considered by the Queen Dowager and Flemish Council. He shall follow the Queen's instructions in the matter. Since his last letters Ulm and Frankfort have surrendered unconditionally. Has lodged 4,000 foot and 300 horse in the latter. The Duke of Wurtemburg has given pledge both for himself and his son to assist the Emperor in every way, and to pay 40,000 ducats within 40 days. The other towns of Germany are rapidly surrendering—Kempen, Meiningen, Ravensburg, Vivrac and others have done so this week. Is now going to Ulm, from whence he will be able to bring Augsburg to reason. Hearing that the ex-Elector has still an armed force in the territories of Duke Maurice, has sent the contingent of Marquis Albert of Brandenburg, 1,200 horse and eight standards of foot, to join those contributed by the King of the Romans to Duke Maurice, who will also have the troops which are mustering in Westphalia. Has sent M. de Gruningen to keep the towns there from aiding the enemies.
It is of the highest importance that the Emperor should be constantly informed of occurrents in Engand. Heilbron, 17 Jan., 1547.
18 Jan. 718. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 565.
Meeting at Westminster, 18 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Great Chamberlain, [Admiral, Lord Chamberlain, Paget, etc.]. Business:—Letters to Lord President of the North for speedy justice in the matter (fn. n10) of the poor woman, the bearer, which was remitted to Mr. Hare but is referred to his Lordship, within whose commission both parties inhabit. Letter to Lord Gray Wylton to stay, as of himself, any ship of Bruges coming within the haven, as a means "to cause them of Bruges redubbe their fact in regard thereof"; and intimating that the King pardoned the late escape of a prisoner from Sir William Godolghan's custody. Warrant to Williams for rewards, viz., 100l. to the Baron St. Blanchard who came from the French King. 75l. to Messyr Adrian van der Burche, late commissioner from the Emperor, 50l. to ——— (blank) who came from the Palsgrave of the Rhyne with a present of Rhenish wine, and 10l. for "two of his sommelyers."
18 Jan. 719. Selve and La Garde to Francis I.
No. 98.
Bearer, St. Blancard, will report his yesterday's audience with the King. London, 18 Jan., 1546.
18 Jan. 720. The Same to the Admiral [of France].
Ib., No. 99. To the same effect. London, 18 Jan., 1546.
18 Jan. 721. Selve to Francis I.
No. 100.
An Italian gentleman named Jehan Bernardino, formerly in the French Court for the Count of Pitigliano, and now in the service of the King of England, has come upon pretext of friendship for the late bp. of Lavaur, (fn. n11) saying that Paget thought it well that he should sometimes visit the ambassador. Thinks he came to draw something from
Probably the matter of Shaftowe and Carnabio mentioned in No. 333.
George de Selve, bishop of Lavaur from 1529 to 1542, the ambassador's brother. him; but Selve learnt from him the mission of the Portuguese ambassador, viz., to speak of a marriage and make great offers of ships and galleys if required; and that for a year past the intrigue had been going on and the ambassador was said to be coming. London, 18 Jan., 1546.
18 Jan. 722. Calais.
R. O. "The numbers, as well of the garrisons as of the crews, remaining in the towns and marches of Caleis," 18 Jan., 38 Hen. VIII, viz.—
"The ancient ordinary garrisons."—Retinue of Caleis 520, castle of Caleis 50, castle of Ruysbanke 24, castle of Hampnes 24, castle of Guysnez 100, Newnham Bridge 20.
The four bulwarks of earth.—Harvy bulwarke, Bootes bulwark, Bavelingham bulwark and Anderne bulwark, 20 each.
"The crews yet remaining here."—In Guysnez castle, 46 footmen and 50 horsemen; in the town of Guysnez, 100 footmen; at Newnham Bridge, 40 footmen and 20 horsemen; in the Low Country, 400.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
19 Jan. 723. Prince Edward.
R. O. Bill made 19 Jan., 38 Hen. VIII, witnessing receipt by Sir Thomas Darcy, from Sir Ant. Denny, of 100l. towards provision of "armery against the next jousts and tourney, which by the grace of God shall be at the solemn feast of the Prince's creation." Signed by Darcy.
P. 1.
19 Jan. 724. Calais.
R. O. "The store of wheat and other grain remaining in the town and marches of Cales," 19 Jan., 1546.
Of the King's provision here in the mayor's charge, wheat 100 qr., rye 1,000 qr. All the malt in Robt. Dunne's charge is sold to brewers and will last them until Easter. In Burgois garner, wheat 500 rasers, rye 100 rasers, wheat bought and coming hither by Easter 400 rasers. In the Staple, wheat 60 rasers, wheat bought and coming hither before Candlemas 500 rasers. The garrison's garner, wheat to be delivered here at Shrovetide 1,000 rasers. Report of the captain of Hampnez of grain there, viz., wheat 40 ra., malt 400 ra., peasyn 8 qr., oats 10 qr. Report of Sir John Walloppe, captain of Guisnez castle, of victuals there, 19 Jan., 1546, viz., wheat 119 qr., malt 171 qr., and 250 qr. at Hyth ready to be shipped, oats 9 qr. and 20 qr. at Hith, peasyn 17 qr., stockfish 1,000, cheese 18 weigh, herrings 7 barrels, maulvesey 69 butts, seckes 18 pipes, Gascoyne wine 3 tuns, oil 1 hogshead, vinegar 1½ hogshead, beiffes "5 only," sheep 30.
The "several store" of Councillors and other inhabitants is not great "because we look daily for the arrival of such provisions as are made ready to be transported."
Large paper, pp. 2. Endd.
20 Jan. 725. Selve [and La Garde] to Francis I.
No. 101.
After receiving the despatch of the 15th, La Garde went to Paget for the final resolution about the galley and to speak about the league defensive. Paget opened the subject by saying that the King charged him to communicate news from their ambassadors with the Emperor and in Flanders, very different from what he and Selve had given, viz., that the Duke of Wirtemberg had agreed to give the Emperor 300,000l. st. and leave the Protestant League, and thereto pledged four of his principal towns. La Garde answered that there was no likelihood of so much money having been agreed upon; it might be that the Duke, seeing the Emperor upon him, while the Duke of Saxony was following his victory against Duke Maurice, and the Landgrave too busy to help, had made an agreement; but when the occasion offered he would do his duty. Paget asked why Francis did not succour the Protestants; admitting that the King of England had signed a treaty with them at the time of the making of their league, which treaty was expired and King's friendship with the Emperor prevented its renewal. Upon La Garde's saying that the Emperor sought the King of France also, Paget said that what his master feared most was that the Emperor might offer Francis Milan, with some marriage, and leave England in dangerous isolation. La Garde answered that means of securing the amity of the two Kings were not wanting, such as anticipation of the restitution of Boulogne —finally mentioning the word league defensive used by the King the day before yesterday, and he begged Paget that they might be frank with one another. Paget in reply took credit for what he had done for the French alliance, referring to the part he played in the project for the Lady Mary's marriage with a son of France; Frenchmen, he said, especially Parisians, by nature asked 20 cr. for what was sometimes not worth 5 cr., and because of the high price and long haggling nothing was bought; he ended by saying that La Garde should write rather than go in person, for frequent journeys aroused suspicion. For this reason, and awaiting the definitive reply about the galley, La Garde remains at London. Thought best not to press overtures concerning Boulogne until the German ambassadors have spoken with the King, and to confirm his desire for the league defensive before proposing things which may be opposed; for, although the King may seem inclined to the alliance, with so many opinions of ministers and solicitations of Imperials to the contrary, it is to be feared that a very little difficulty might dissuade him. Ask for ample instructions signifying first, second and third means. What the writers most fear is discovery of the enterprise by the Imperials. London, 20 Jan., 1546.
20 Jan. 726. Selve and La Garde to the Admiral [of France].
No. 102.
Have written to the King by MM. de Combas, de Velleron, d'Auzis and by Guillaume, the courier, and add nothing to what St. Blancard can say. London, 20 Jan., 1546.
20 Jan. 727. Dandino to Cardinal Farnese.
Vatican MS. Wrote yesterday at length, and will not repeat himself. Yesterday the ministers, viz., Tournon and the Admiral, sent for him and told him that the King had new letters from Scotland, to the effect that the hostility of the tyrant of England towards that poor realm appears every day plainer, who was clearly making those preparations against them. Against this the Queen and Governor have thought best to endeavour to secure the castle of St. Andrews, still held (with the support, as it is thought, of the tyrant) by those who slew the good Cardinal, who have been induced to a composition and capitulation; in which, however, they insist upon a promise to get them the Pope's full absolution for all who caused or consented to the Cardinal's death. The Queen and Governor beg his Holiness that all they have done to satisfy those wretches may not be thrown away for want of the said absolution, seeing that they have to maintain the war against England with such a thorn in their vitals. And in this they have recourse to the King, as principal protector of that realm, to use his influence with his Holiness, in mercy, to give them the means of recovering the fortress, lest despair should drive the wretches to do extreme harm. The King is sure that this matter needs no prayers of his; and the writer is reminded that he has often spoken of the Pope's good will to that kingdom and intention to comfort it by sending a prelate thither. The King desires expedition of this before the season for making war arrives, although, with his wisdom and experience, he is not without suspicion that the wretches have requested a thing which must be procured from Rome as a means of gaining time to see whether England will help them. As the matter is pressing, this courier is sent in post. It may be that a good spirit has suggested this desire in some one of that crew, and his Holiness should pardon them, presupposing their repentance. Lastly the ministers did not refrain from saying, but with all modesty, that they pray his Holiness to continue to regard that poor but Christian realm with a fatherly eye, his aid and protection being specially important, seeing what a neighbour it has. Villa Cotre, 20 Jan., 1547.
ii. A note apparently of the reply (from "the contemp. Letter Book").
That the Pope knowing how important it is for Scotland that the castle of St. Andrews should not fall into the hands of the enemy, etc., could not but be greatly pleased that the Queen and Governor, etc., have informed him of the capitulation with those who hold it.
From a copy made for the late Father Stevenson.


  • n1. The écoutet or scultetus in Dutch "shout."
  • n2. David and James Kirkcaldy. See p. 296.
  • n3. The original document was certainly dated "1546 after the computation" etc. and so it is printed in Herbert. Nevertheless the text in Herbert is inaccurate in some other points, e.g., it reads "the labels of silver" instead of "three labels."
  • n4. See Deputy Keeper's Report III. App. II., p 267.
  • n5. Francis Burckhard?
  • n6. January 13th.
  • n7. Darmstadt.
  • n8. See Part i. No. 970 (14, 19)
  • n9. See Vol. xx. Part i. No. 1081 (18) the Grant having been entered on the Patent Roll of 37 Hen. VIII.
  • n10. Cancelled.
  • n11. Van der Burgh.