Henry VIII: January 1547, 21-29

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1910.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.

'Henry VIII: January 1547, 21-29', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 21 Part 2, September 1546-January 1547, (London, 1910) pp. 378-387. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol21/no2/pp378-387 [accessed 20 April 2024]


January 1547, 21-29

21 Jan. 728. Trees from France.
R. O. Bill of receipt, 21 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII., by Sir Jehan le Leu, priest, from Sir Ant. Denny, of 20l. to be employed in bringing "trees and settes of sundry kinds out of the realm of France." Signed: J. le Leu.
Memorandum that the above is defalked upon a bill, sent from the Council, of 34l. 0s. 2d., as appears by the warrant filed among the bills of Jan. to April and among Sir Ant. Denny's payments in February.
P. 1.
21 Jan. 729. William Lord Grey to the Council.
R. O. Is moved by pity to remind them how poor and slenderly clothed the soldiers here are this winter. If they might be paid monthly they could furnish themselves with victuals at reasonable prices and unburden the King "of his great charge of the mass thereof." Wheat is now in the haven at 11s. the qr., and meal at 12s., and is like to depart unbought; and victuallers will come no more hither if they "find such universal poverty amongst us, as we be not able to buy their victuals." Bulloigne, 21 Jan., 1546. Signed.
P.S. in another hand.—Has to-day delivered to Avery Randall, Mr. Auchier's deputy, the venit and expenditur for December "with the book of victuals delivered in prest."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
21 Jan. 730. William Lord Grey to Paget.
R. O. Is advertised from Calais that my lord Deputy has a letter from the Council to look to the pieces there. This sounds as though there were doubt of war; and, if so, he marvels that, as a frontierer, he is not likewise warned. Cannot learn that any men of war are levied in France save the Almayns in Loreyne; and the French king has sent into the country of Guisnes about Ardre "48 ploughs to be distributed to every village five," he finding ploughs, horses, seed and implements, and receiving one half of the grain—which seem tokens of peace. Sir Wm. Gudolphin writes that, having appointed wood to be felled in a wood called Puy de Cerf near Fynes, the captain of Ardre is offended thereat. Not being sure whether it and Burcyn (wherein he has often written for the King's pleasure) are within the limits, he begs Paget to signify what are "the very just bounds of the limits." Bulloigne, 21 Jan., 1546. Signed.
P.S.—Bramford, one of the yeomen of the Guard, has just shewn me his patent of the passage between Dover and Bulloigne, so worded that he has no grant of the passage between Bulloigne and Dover. And so I have answered him, and I beg you "to help to despatch Spuddell, who is a suitor there, with his bill assigned, so as the thing may be out of question."
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
21 Jan. 731. Nicholas Arnold to Paget.
R. O. Since coming to Bullen has twice written to the King and Paget the state of "this piece of Muntte Bullen Berge" and desired Paget to get him advanced to honest wages. Diets and household cost him at least 16l. weekly, besides the yearly wages and liveries of his men. Unless, where Sir Thomas Pallmer has 40s. a day and 20 men in wages, he may have 26s. 8d. a day and 20 men in wages, as Mr. Poynynges has, he cannot, with his whole living in England and the King's allowance, live out of debt. Would be loath to leave his wife and children in debt if, by the King's service or otherwise, taken from them. Here is no well for water, no place for victuals, powder and munitions, other than he has himself made with dirt and sticks, the port pieces for flankers are not yet delivered, the gate is naught, the drawbridge not made, ramparts and bulwarks sunk by the frost and rain—in fact, the piece is little stronger than Hertford left it. It seems dangerous to leave it thus so long unless you are sure that the Frenchmen will attempt nothing sudden; but lest I should seem to seek my own safety rather than the King's service, "as Mr. Rogers, our gentle surveyor here, hath sundry times told me that I do when I have sought redress at his hand for the amendment of some of these things," I remit the matter to your wisdom. And unless you help me out of hand to a warrant for some wages, or at least prest money, I and other good fellows shall lack meat, having spent all that I can get from England or can borrow here. Muntte Bullen Barge, 21 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.: 1546.
22 Jan. 732. Stewardship of Halton Park.
Harl. MS.
2115, f. 87,
Indenture made, 22 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII, between Sir Edw. Nevell and Sir Wm. Brereton, whereby Nevell, for 100l., sells the stewardship, etc., of Halton, cos. Chester and Lanes, (granted to him and John Savage, in survivorship, by letters patent of 28 Hen. VIII), to Brereton until John Savage attains the age of 21 years.
Modern copy, p. 1. The date is a transcriber's error, as Sir Edward Nevill was executed in December 1538.
22 Jan. 733. William Damesell to Paget.
R. O.
St. P., xi.,
Forwards a packet from my lord of Westminster, which, having been "ill handled in carriage," he is fain to lapp in a fair paper, or the bringer "would not gladly mell withal." Here is perfect news that the Duke of Saxon has recovered his whole country and three towns of Duke Morice also, and now besieges Duke Morice in Lipps. The Landsgrave begins to levy a great mutlitude of new men. It is thought that the doings between the Emperor and them hitherto "are nothing like to these that will ensue." Andwerp, 22 Jan., 1546.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Sealed. Endd.
23 Jan. 734. The Privy Council.
A.P.C., 566.
Meeting at Westminster, 23 Jan. Present: Canterbury, Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Hertford, Lord Chamberlain, Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche. Business:—Paget declared the King's appointment of Sir Thomas Seymour to the Privy Council, and the oath was ministered to him by the Lord Chancellor. Warrant to Williams for 136l. to justices and learned counsel for attendance "out of the term" and riding into Norfolk. To Cavendishe for 10l. reward to Patrick Craggy, Scot. To Treasurer of the Chamber and Mr. Cofferer, each for l,000l. for Robert Legge, to pay workmen employed about marine causes. To Treasurer of Augmentations to pay Sir William Woodhous 26l. 3s. 2d. for wages in Quynburgh castle and the three blockhouses there from 7 Nov. last till 19th inst. To Mr. Cofferer to imprest 1,000l. to Sir Thomas Lewyn, priest, paymaster of fortifications at Boulogne, 2,500l. to bearer to be conveyed to———(blank) for four months' pay of the garrisons of New Haven and Blaknes, and to bearer for 8,000l., of which he shall deliver 6,000l. to the Treasurer of Bullogne for wages of the garrison and 2,000l. to Mr. Aucher, here, for victuals. Letters to———(blank) to cease reproaching and deriding William Symondes, inhabitant in Windsor, because of his former punishment (fn. n1) for faults against the King's laws.
23 Jan. 735. Mary of Hungary to Van der Delft.
Calendar, viii.,
No. 383.
Since writing on the 10th has received his of the 9th. The Duke of Wurtemburg is pardoned, leaving four of his fortresses in the Emperor's hands and paying 300,000 cr. Ulm and Frankfort have also obtained grace, and all Upper Germany towards Italy is submissive except Strasburg and Augsburg. The latter has sent Fugger to intercede for the Emperor's forgiveness, and Strasburg would do so but for French intrigues. The King of Denmark has sent to inform the Emperor of the efforts made by the rebels to gain his assistance, and has restored to the Emperor's subjects two vessels captured by a pirate who pretended to have the Landgrave's authority. The Emperor sent back the Danish envoy very graciously, with a request that the Scots should not be allowed to frequent Denmark until they satisfy the Emperor and the King of England for their depredations. This is to be communicated to the English ministers. Encloses copy of a letter from Olaus, chancellor to the King of the Romans, which shows how the King of France divulges to the Turk all that passes in Christendom, even what has been done about Boulogne. The English ministers should know the first paragraph touching Constantinople. The French reported that through a rising at Genoa all Prince Doria's galleys were lost; but later accounts of the affair are not so bad. The reinstatement of the Emperor's subjects in the Boulognais must not be allowed to drag. Councillor Vander Burgh must return at once, even without audience of the King. Both she and M. D'Eick have written several times instructing Vander Delft to complain to the Council that Cornelius Bellin, of Calais, is daily robbing Flemish subjects. His accomplices here have been executed. Encloses a complaint of the Zeelanders of the menaces of Bellin. Binche, 23 Jan. 1547.
23 Jan. 736. Thomas Knight to Henry Bullinger.
Orig. Letters
(Parker Soc.),
As I know you to be a very special friend of the Englishman, Ric. Hilles, I commit to you this small portmanteau for him in case the Englishman, John Burcher, an inhabitant of your city, has not yet returned from England. John Burcher will repay you the carriage. The Gospel is preached here in greater purity than in any other part of Italy, and it is decreed by the Senate that a sermon be preached every day in the Palazzo Maggiore during the coming Lent—a thing that has never been since the foundation of the City. Your commentaries are daily more esteemed by the Italians, and, but for their bulk and costliness, no books would meet with better sale. Venice, 23 Jan. 1547. (fn. n2) Signed: Thomas Knight, Anglus, Bookseller.
P.S.—About parcels for Hilles.
24 Jan. 737. Prince Edward to Cranmer.
Harl. MS. 5087,
No. 32.
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. of
Edw. VI., 36.
Thanks for a cup bearing testimony that his loving godfather wishes him many happy years, and for letters exhorting him to the study of good literature which may be useful to him in manhood. Quotes Aristippus and Cicero in support of that exhortation. Begs that his barbarous Latin may be taken in good part. "Vale, susceptor amantissime, oculis meis mihi charior, cui multum foelicitatis opto." Hertford, 24 Jan. 1546.
Lat., fair copy, p. 1. Printed also in Strype, Eccl. Mem. ii., ii., App. L. No. 5. Ellis, 1 Ser. ii., 136. Translation in Halliwell's Royal Letters ii. 23.
24 Jan. 738. Fotheringay College.
Cl. Roll,
38 Henry viii.,
p. 2, No. 59,
Rymer xv., 92.
Surrender by the master and college of Fodringhaye alias Fothinghaye, Ntht., of the lordship and manor of Newent, the rectories and advowsons of the vicarages of Newent, Pawntley and Dymmock, Glouc., the manor of Beckeforde and rectories and advowsons of the vicarages of Beckforde, Asheton under Bredonhill, Asheton upon Carron, Bengrove and Grafton, cos. Glouc. and Worc., the manor of Radmere, Suff., and all their lands in Radmere, Suff., in Chesterton, Hunts, and in Bysbroke, Rutl., and also in Colsterworth, Spytilgate, Houghton, Alyngton, Somerby, and Burton, Linc. Dated in their chapter house, 24 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII. Enrolled as acknowledged the same day in Chancery at Westminster.
24 Jan. 739. Sir Anthony Denny.
R. O. Lease made, 24 Jan. [38] Hen. VIII., by John bp. of Exeter to Sir Anthony Denny, of the Privy Chamber, of the manor of Pawton, Cornw., for 80 years.
Confirmed by the Dean and Chapter, 28 Jan.
Copy. Large paper, pp. 2. Endd.: 1546.
24 Jan. 740. Mary Queen of Scots.
Add. MS.
33,531, f. 16,
Commission to David Paniter, po[stulate of Ross], her secretary, and John Hay, postulate of Sodor or of the Isles, to procure help from France for defence of the liberty of the realm against her uncle the King of England, who can nowise be induced to embrace peace and observe the article of comprehension in the treaty between him and the King of France her father (sic). Edinburgh, 24 Jan. 1546, 5 May. Signed by Arran. Seal lost.
Parchment. Stained and slightly injured.
24 Jan. 741. Venice.
Calendar v.,
Nos. 420-9,
431-7 444-5,
449, 451.
Letters and proceedings (16 Nov. to 24 Jan.) in the case of Maphio Bernardo who, after eluding arrest, was murdered in the Ravenna territory by order of Ludovico da l'Armi. Zuan Francesco Mocenigo and Count Lunardo di Megi were apparently the chief informers and the treason of Bernardo was about the cession to the Turk of Napoli di Romania and Malvasia. Ser Marco Antonio Erizzo is summoned as an accomplice in the murder. No. 451 is a resolve to arrest Da L'Armi. The Venetian Calendar describes many further proceedings in the matter, of later date.
25 Jan. 742. The Princess Mary's Jewels.
See Vol. XIX. Part ii. No. 796 ii.
25 Jan. 743. Selve and La Garde to Francis I.
No 102.
Received to-day the despatches of the 16th and 20th brought by M. de Combas, and at once sent to Paget for the passport for Scotland. Combas will be ready to mount as soon as it arrives to-morrow. Saw by the despatch of the 20th. what was said to Francis by the Portuguese pilot, who returned hither two days ago and repeated it to La Garde. The bp. of Ross came to-day to recount the audience which Otterburn and he had on Thursday last. (fn. n3) The Council refused to receive their letters patent of ratification and confirmation of the comprehension, alleging that the article of comprehension does not bind their King to do either of these two things, and pressed them to seek the English alliance by other means. They (the ambassadors) refused to abandon the comprehension; and the bp. of Ross asked for audience to present the Governor's letter charging him to pass into France. Enclose a Latin translation of it, secretly delivered by the bishop's companion. The bishop further said that this King sent 60,000l. st., equivalent of 240,000 cr., to Newcastle, on the Scottish frontier, on Saturday last; and his design is for two armies by sea to descend upon Scotland, about St. Andrews and Dumbarton, landing 12,000 or 15,000 men at each place while another army of 30,000 enters by land. This he said was told him by renegade Scots here. We certainly see and hear of great war preparations, and cannot think why unless against Scotland. The bishop also told us that the two personages (fn. n4) who came hither out of St. Andrews castle were imprisoned when the surrender of the castle was known (sur qu. sceu?) here, for the English were very displeased as he wishes us to believe.
The day before yesterday Paget sent word to La Garde that this King had ordered his admiral to deliver the galley and soldiers, but not the crew, who had been promised their liberty, nor Captain Pierre and three other gentlemen, whose ransom had been promised to their takers. The messenger, one of the secretaries of the Council, asked, on Paget's behalf, whether La Garde had written to the King to speak of the league defensive and to pray him in case he should not have mentioned the league offensive to add that proposition. The Chancellor of Saxony says that Paget has promised the Protestant ambassadors a league defensive if the King of France will join it. Their audience is deferred pending the answer of the French ambassadors; which the said Chancellor urgently solicits, saying that upon it depends the success of his embassy. He has not yet mentioned Boulogne, not having seen, as he says, the opportunity. London, 25 Jan. 1546.
25 Jan. 744. Selve and La Garde to the Admiral [of France].
No. 104.
To-day received the Admiral's despatch by M. de Combas. An Italian captain named Johan Agnolo Mariano has arrived in post from the Seigneur Loys de Gonzaga, whose mission must be either for the coming hither of Italians or for some intrigue or enterprise about Piedmont in case we should enter into war here. London, 25 Jan. 1546.
25 Jan. 745. Prince Edward to the Bishop of Chichester.
Harl. MS.,
5087, No. 33,
Nichols' Lit.
Rem. Of Edw.
VI., 37.
Three things move him to write to the prelate more learned than Minerva, viz., to thank him for the books last sent, the letters, and the little books of Cicero's composition brimming with eloquence like a golden river. Hertford, 25 Jan. 1546.
Lat., fair copy, p. 1. A translation in Halliwell's Royal Letters, ii., 24.
25 Jan. 746. William Damesell to the Council.
R. O. Has, by their order, received from Sir Ralph Warren, Sir Ric. Gresham, Sir John Gresham, and Sir Roland Hill, this day, bills of exchange of divers merchants amounting to 44,000l., payable 2 Feb.; and has accordingly indented with the parties. Will receive the money and pay the Fugger and Erasmus Shetz according to the Council's instructions. As the full payment will require 6,500l. Fl. more, their Lordships may remember that there remains with Mr. Chamberlayn and the writer, of the overplus of money received after Mr. Vaughan's departure, about 5,000l. Fl. Is that to be used towards the payment of Fugger and Shetz, or reserved for some other purpose? Andwarpe, 25 Jan. 1546.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
26 Jan. 747. The Privy Council. (fn. n5)
A P.C., 568.
Meeting at Westminster, 26 Jan. Present: Chancellor, Great Master, Privy Seal, Great Chamberlain, Lord Chamberlain, [Essex, Admiral, Cheyney, Gage, Browne, Wingfield, Paget, Petre, Sadler, Riche]. Business —Warrant to treasurer of Tenths to deliver Hugh Smith 289l. 3s. 4d. towards coats, conduct, &c., of 300 men appointed to pass to Bulloyne. John Barnardyne, Blewmantle and John Honyng, each 20l., by warrant to Cavendishe, for their late journey from the Bishop of Westminster. Dispute between Edward Vaughan, captain of the Portsmouth, and Lymden, the mayor, was heard; and Lymden and Henry Bykley, being found to have "misused themselves in the gage of the measure of beer," were ordered to pay the Captain 4l. to be distributed to the poor people.
26 Jan. 748. Henry Jernyngham.
Add. Ch.
Original patent. Westm., 26 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII. Great Seal broken.
Large parchment. See Grants in January, No. 30.
26 Jan. 749. Council of Augmentations to Mr. Hanby.
R. O. Heretofore wrote to him to make certain brief values of the King's revenues in his charge, so that they might give order for the receiving of the same at the Annunciation of Our Lady next; but, as they hear nothing of his proceeding therein, and the time approaches so nigh that without, great diligence on their part their intention cannot take effect, they now charge him to bring in an absolute certificate by 20 Feb. next. 26 Jan. 1546 Signed: Edward Northe: Thomas Moyle: Wa. Mildmay.
P. 1. Add: one of the King's auditors.
26 Jan. 750. The Contribution.
R. O. Bill of receipt, 26 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII., by Hugh Eglenby, collector of the contribution for the Queen's household, from Cokrell, Mr. Denny's clerk, for Mistress Basset, of 5l. Signed and sealed.
P. 1.
26 Jan. 751. Selve to the French Ambassador in Scotland.
No. 105.
Selve acknowledges to M. D'Oysy receipt of his despatches long ago by MM. de Combas and d'Auzis. This bearer. M. de Combas, will tell him how Selve is assured here that nothing will be attempted against the comprehension of the Scots whilst to the Scottish ambassadors the English hold quite contrary language. London, 26 Jan. 1546.
26 Jan. 752. Richard Hilles to Henry Bullinger.
Letters, i., 255.
(Parker Soc.)
At last replies to his letters of 28 Oct. and 4 Dec. Thanks him for presenting him with his commentaries upon Luke as he had before done those on the other Evangelists and Apostles. Delivered his message to Lavater, who, he doubts not, will be diligent in learning. I fear our iniquities will soon be punished by a cruel war, for I hear (though I hope it is not so) that Master de Buiren is attempting to set up the Mass at Frankfort in some churches, though meanwhile he permits those who wish it to hear the Gospel. Thinks John Burcher has written to him of a late change in England, the duke of Norfolk and his son being imprisoned for having endeavoured, while the King was in a declining state, to restore the Pope's supremacy. Hears that both father and son have been beheaded and that that spirit of godliness or rather popery, the bp. of Winchester, has taken their place in the Tower of London. The new Queen and the Earl of Hertford, uncle of the Prince, are well disposed to pious doctrine.
Salute Bibliander, Pellican, Gualter, &c., and your pious wife. Strasburg, 26 Jan. 1547.
27 Jan. 753. Parliament.
Office MS.
Act passed:—[Not printed. Original Act numbered 37 Hen. VIII. No. 32.]
Notwithstanding the duty of all subjects to the King and Prince Edward, his son and heir apparent of the Crown, Thomas duke of Norfolk and Henry Howard, K.G., otherwise called Henry earl of Surrey, have been duly indicted by law and the said Henry convicted, of treason, as appears by the record; and Norfolk has since, before divers Councillors, frankly and without compulsion, confessed, by writing subscribed with his own hand, not only the treasons mentioned in the indictment but also other acts and misprisions. Norfolk and Surrey, for their traitorous acts done the 7th day of October last shall be from that date judged and deemed "high traitors," and shall from henceforth stand attainted of high treason and forfeit all their lands to the King. Subscribed: "Soit bailie aux communez." "A cest bille lez comunes sont assentz."
ii. (fn. n6) Attached to the above is the commission to declare the King's assent (see Grants in January, No. 36), dated Westm., 27 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII. Signed with the stamp. (fn. n7) Countersigned: Southwell.
27 Jan. 754. The King's Wardrobe.
Harl. MS.
"The Second Part" of the Inventory of the Wardrobe of VIII., made by virtue of a commission dated Westm., 14 Sept. 1 Edw. VI.
f. 5. "The Guarderobe of the Tower of London, in the charge and keeping of Humphrey Orme":—Individual description of hangings of crimson, arras, tapestry, verdours and leather, of bags, ceilers and testers, sparvers, canopies, cloths of estate, etc.; stuff brought from Newhall and Wansted, Essex, from the "removing Wardrobe," from the house of the late earl of Essex, attainted, at Austin Friars, from Hampton Court and from Westminster; also a further list (with blank space for heading) which includes several bedsteads minutely described.
f. 37. Greenwich, in charge of Thomas Mayneman:—Similar description of hangings, etc., especially bedsteads and cushions.
f. 64. Stuff at Greenwich in charge of Dowsing, keeper of the house:—Being an inventory of the contents of the various chambers, more briefly described.
f. 63.
f. 91.
f. 111
f. 113.
Westminster. The Guarderobe, in charge of John Reede:—Hangings, carpets, bedsteads, &c., "The secret guarderobe in the Kinges owne Wardrobe House in the Long Gallery at Westminster":—Gowns, kirtles, sleeves, tissues, velvets, etc., a long list. "In the secret Jewel House, for the furniture of the same":—A table, desk, stools, coffers, clocks, etc. Similar inventories of the "Study at the hither end of the Long Gallery" and "The King's secret study called the Chaier House," wherein are described many pictures, coffers, instruments, &c. Ends (f. 118b.) with note that the above at Westminster were in the "only custody" of the Duke of Somerset until "the time of his trouble" in October 3 Edw. VI., when the doors were sealed until 12 Nov. Then, by the Council's appointment, Sir Wm. Herbert, Sir Edw. North and Sir Walter Myldmay entered and took a perfect survey, and delivered the charge by indenture to James Rufforth, the part signed by Rufforth being "filed in the end of the book containing the first part of the inventory of King Henry theight."
f. 119. Stuff at Westminster in charge of Sir Anthony Dennye, keeper of the house:— Hangings, sheets, beds, tables, pictures, maps, clocks, looking glasses, and other furniture.
f. 143. The Glasse Housse:—Glasses "and other things of earth" in charge of James Rufforth.
f. 151. The Study next the Old Bedchamber:—Leather cases, coffers, books, &c.
f. 159. The Old Jewel House in charge of James Rufforth:—Gowns, robes and other apparel, napery, bed furniture, &c.
f. 186. The little study called the New Library, in charge of James Rufforth:— Bags of writings, a square box containing treaties and commissions for peace, coffers, tills, &c.
f. 189. Feathers at Westminster in charge of James Rufforth, some of these being described as given to the King (i.e. Edward VI.) at New Year's tide 36 Hen. VIII. and others as bought of Peter Vandewall in May 38 Hen. VIII.
f. 194. "Clocks and refuse stuff" at Westminster in charge of James Rufforth.
f. 200. Instruments at Westminster in charge of Philip Van Wilder:—Double regals, single regals, virginals, &c., in two lists.
f. 206.
ff. 254, 280.
f. 298.
f. 318.
ff. 328, 343.
ff. 360, 364.
f. 368.
ff. 373, 383.
Similar inventories for wardrobes in other places, viz., Hampton Court, in charge of David Vincent; Otelandes, in charge of Sir Anthony Browne keeper of the House; Nonesuche, in charge of Sir Thomas Cawerden, keeper of the house; Windsor, in charge of William Tillesley; Woodstock, in charge of ———(blank); The More, in charge of Richard Hobbes; Richmond, in charge of William Griffithe; Newhall, in charge of William Marquis of Northampton, keeper of the house; Nottingham castle, in charge of Thomas Clyeff; Saint Johns nigh London, in charge of Sir Anthony Denny, keeper of the house; Beddington, in charge of Sir Michael Stanhope, keeper of the house; Durham Place, in the suburbs of London, wardrobe stuff of Edward VI. "when he was Prince."
f. 394. The "Removing Guarderobe," attendant upon the King wherever he shall happen to be, in charge of Humphrey Orme and Marmaduke Warderobe, yeomen.
f. 398. The "Guarderobe of the Robes," in charge of Richard Cecill, yeoman,
f. 416. The "remayne" of the King's store in the Great Wardrobe 27 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII., Sir Ralph Sadlier being master.
Some lists of stuff delivered to Sadler and Denny.
f. 433. The Wardrobes of the ladies Mary and Elizabeth.
Large paper, pp. 886.
28 Jan. 755. William lord Grey to the Council.
R. O. This morning I received your letter and immediately apprehended Thomas the Scot, but cannot get him to confess anything and perceive no cause of suspicion in him. I enclose his examination and keep him secret in my house, bruiting that he has gone to Calais for three or four days, within which time I beg to hear from you whether to send him over or object anything against him. Bulloigne, 28 Jan. 1546. Signed.
P.S.—Pray return all of this garrison, as well men at arms as others, who tarry longer than their passports "upon hope of some of your Lordship's letters in their excuse."
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Thomas Magill, Scot, examined 28 Jan. 38 Hen. VIII., has served under Mons. de Lorges and came from him to serve the King, "and is assured that if he were in his hands he should die"; but since coming to the King's service has neither received writing nor message from him nor sent any to him.
29 Jan. 756. Chapuys to Mary of Hungary.
viii., No. 386.
Received yesterday afternoon hers of the 27th requiring his opinion upon the two extracts sent. To deal with such a subject a wit unclouded by gout (of which he had a renewed attack two days ago) and personal consideration on the spot are requisite, for the English change continually. This she has foreseen by sending the present ambassador, who must now know them well. If the King favours these stirrers of heresy, the Earl of Hertford and Lord Admiral, which is to be feared both for the reasons given by the Ambassador and because the Queen, instigated by the Duchess of Suffolk, Countess of Hertford and the Admiral's wife, shows herself infected, words and exhortations, even in the name of the Emperor, would only make him the more obstinate to show his absolute power and independence, and might engender a coolness towards the Emperor which at present is undesirable. Nevertheless the Ambassador might, of himself, take occasion to praise his decrees promulgated some months ago for the extinction of heresy, and say that so dangerous a malady needed the ceaseless vigilance of all concerned since every case could not be brought to his (the King's) personal notice. The Ambassador might then lay before the King some of the evils of religious innovation, as he has already stated them to some of the Councillors. He might also confer with some of the Councillors, although he will hardly find any of them disposed to act against the Earl and Admiral, seeing the violent and injurious words used recently by the Earl against the Lord Chancellor and by the Admiral against Winchester. When Chapuys was last in England Winchester would have been sent to the Tower by the Earl and Admiral but for the intercession of Norfolk. To "hold a candle to the Devil," the Ambassador might, after speaking with the King, repeat his discourse to the Earl and Admiral, although their malady is incurable and they confirmed in it by their plans to obtain the government of the Prince. To gain a party they drag the whole country into this damnable error, to which there is no counteracting influence among the secular nobility except Norfolk, who has great power with the people of the North; and this seems to be the cause of his detention and that of his son, who is also called a man of great courage. Their only other obstacle is the authority of the bishops, and it is therefore to be feared that in the coming Parliament these will be divested of their property and given pensions out of the King's coffers. Hertford was taught this plan by Cromwell who, doubting his ability to reconcile the Emperor with the King, adopted heresy in order to place the whole realm against the Emperor; which before was so devoted to him that he might have done anything in favour of the Queen almost without effort. Neither French nor Scots are feared, because of the natural hatred of Englishmen to them, and since the Emperor did not attack when he had ample cause, for the advancement of the Princess, nothing that he says now will affect them (the English rulers); indeed they would turn fair words to their own profit, for, as Seneca says, Qui frigide rogat docet negare. The King's death would be more inopportune for us now than twenty years ago, and the Earl and Admiral are the only nobles of age and ability to undertake affairs. Disturbances might take place, and in these the Ambassador could use his dexterity. Will only suggest that if the King dies before the injuries of the Emperor's subjects are redressed, a ready means of both securing compensation and irritating the English against their Governors would be an embargo like that of two years ago. With this end the English merchants should be encouraged to come hither; and no doubt it would perplex the Governors, for last time the King himself was much upset by it and by the complaints of the people.
If Parliament enjoyed its ancient liberties, when it met to punish kings, a remonstrance might be addressed to Parliament; but now if St. Peter and St. Paul were to return to earth the King would not let them enter, as he once said to the writer who wished to be present when the legitimacy of the Princess Mary was under discussion. No man there dare open his mouth against the will of the King and Council. Still, no harm could be done by Granvelle addressing a remonstrance to the bp. of Winchester, to be used and amplified by the Ambassador. At present it is advisable for the Emperor to avoid action either spiritual or temporal; for doctors tell us that the Pope or other prelate should refrain from censures when such a course threatens to aggravate the malady, and physicians say that the best cure in some cases is to leave the evil untouched. Louvain, 29 Jan. 1547.


  • n1. In 1543. See Foxe, v. 496.
  • n2. Whether this means the historical year 1547 or 1548 is uncertain.
  • n3. January 20th.
  • n4. Norman Leslie and Henry Balnavis.
  • n5. With this entry the volume of Privy Council Proceedings (Add. MS. 5476, B.M.) printed by Dasent ends. A modern copy of the volume is Harleian MS. 256, B.M. (pp. 583).
  • n6. Printed in Journals of the House of Lords, I., 289.
  • n7. See Part I., No. 1537 (34).