Henry VIII: September 1522, 21-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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'Henry VIII: September 1522, 21-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 1084-1101. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1084-1101 [accessed 20 April 2024]


September 1522

21 Sept.
Galba, B. VI. 210. B. M. St. P. I. 110.
2555. MORE to WOLSEY.
Received his letters dated the 19th, with the minute of a letter to be written by the King to the Emperor, instructions for the King's ambassadors there, letters from Pace and also letters by Wolsey, devised "for the gentleman of Spruce" (Prussia). Read to the King the same morning the letters "which it liked your grace to write to me; in which it mych liked his grace that your grace so well allowed and approved his opinion concerning the overtures made by the French king unto the Emperor. After your grace's said letter read, when he saw of your grace's own hand that I should diligently solicit the expedition of those other things, for as mych as your grace intended and gladly would despatch the p[ost] this present Sunday, his grace laughed, and said, Nay, by my soul, that will not be, for this is my removing day soon at Newhall, I will read the remnant at night."
After the King had returned and dined, More attended him at 6 o'clock at night, when he signed the letters to the Emperor and for the gentleman of Spruce, and put off the rest till this morning. On leaving, More received a letter from Wolsey, addressed to the King, with which he forthwith returned into the Queen's chamber, "where his grace read openly my lord Admiral's letter to the Queen's grace, which marvellously rejoiced in the good news, and specially in that, that the French king should be now toward a tutor, and his realm to have a governor. In the communication whereof, which lasted about one hour, the King's grace said, that he trusted in God to be their governor himself, and that they should by this means make a way for him, as king Richard did for his father. I pray God, if it be good for his grace and for this realm, that then it may prove so, and else in the stead thereof I pray God send his grace an honorable and profitable peace."
Read the King this morning Wolsey's prudent and eloquent instructions, for which he returns hearty thanks. In the instructions he would have introduced a clause touching the Emperor's leaving Milan to the French king, only that Wolsey could, as he said, "better furnish it and set it forth." He thinks the Venetians are only seeking for delays to see which way the world goes. The King wishes Wolsey to look to one Dodo, a Venetian, who, under the pretence of being a denizen, is sending out of the realm the goods of others his countrymen. Sunday, 21 Sept.
Hol. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
21 Sept.
[Calig. E. I. II. ?] I. 159. B. M.
Thanks him for his letters. Expresses his zeal for the King's service. Has never seen a more brave or excellent captain general. Hesdin, 21 Sept.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "Au Roy."
22 Sept.
R. O.
Has received his letter of the 20th. Thanks him for his advice. "I will first have a commission, with a penalty as great as ye can get it, and as nigh as ye can get the same commission, word for word according to the bill which I received from you," under the great seal, to be sent to him at Calais, and delivered to "my host" John Covenay. Wishes to know, if he take any action against lord Mountjoy before or after this commission, whether it will do his cause any damage. Is determined to see what the commission will do, "and if it will not help, I will have action upon his goods at Calais." If this fail, will have a writ in Chancery, and sue him to "the most extreme." At Snodland, 22 Sept. 1522. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: [To my] well beloved friend, ... Crumwell. Endd.
22 Sept.
Galba, B. VII. 325. B. M.
Wrote last on the 20th. Last night received Wolsey's letters, dated Hampton Court, the 17th, expressing the King's satisfaction with his diligent writing, and mentioning the break up of the Scotch army. Could not speak with my Lady before 5 this evening, as she was suffering from catarrh. This morning saw Howstrate, who assured him, that as to payments in the field, about which Wolsey was solicitous, they are paid for two months, and for fifteen days of the third month, and that he had been fain to take 6,000 fl. of Berghes for a lordship he had bought from one of his kinsmen, and employ it in those payments; that he had lent his vessels of silver for the kitchen, to the bishop of Utrecht, whose castle was besieged by the duke of Gueldres, and was served in pewter. My Lady would be glad to help the bishop, if she knew how.
I have told my Lady of the dissolving of the Scotch army, as related in your letters. She wonders the truce was granted to them without the King's consent, but is glad that the King is thus free to help these parts. I reminded her how great a misfortune it would be if the common army should dissolve for lack of payments, or anything that could be matured in these parts; adding, that I mentioned the subject rather in fulfilment of my instructions, than for any fear I had of her making omissions. She answered, quickly, that I had been diligent enough in soliciting, and had seen, she trusted, how she had exerted herself; that she had liever neither have plate nor jewels than this enterprise should fail. I moved her for payment of Spaniards on the sea. She said she had no command from the Emperor that they should be paid from these parts, and, if he had ordered it, the money could not be found. She knows no remedy, unless provision be made from Spain, or Wolsey take order with her servant, Wm. de Barre, whom she has sent over. Said it was strange the army at sea should be unpaid, when it was arranged to be set forth so long ago, and that whether these countries or Spain paid them, it seemed all one, as it was the Emperor's own act. Could only obtain a promise that she would do all she could. She said she had heard from a spy that France was in great necessity, both for men and money; that much of their force is sent towards Guienne, and only 8,000 foot and 500 spears on the frontier here; that the three estates of France have summoned the King to Paris to take order for the defence of the realm. Wingfield urged that if France was in difficulties, now was the time for the Emperor to strike a blow. Thinks the army must be well provided, as he has not heard from the lord Lieutenant or others since they left Calais. The Easterlings handle the king of Denmark roughly, and his own people have killed his governor, "the woman of Holland, which was mother to his Dove, so they call the prince's sovereign Lady in that country, whereby appeareth that ill life and like governance cometh often to ill end." Antwerp, 22 Sept. 1522.
P.S.—The mariner whom I put in prison is likely to die. If he escape, I will cause him to be punished after the custom of this country, for I hear that lewd folks of England, when they come here, speak many more things than necessary.
I received with your letter a safeconduct for William Tigett, which I shall send by Thos. Standley as soon as he is able to go, for he is now suffering from ague, and cannot stir. I have asked Standley where he expects to find him. He says he has appointed to meet him at Towe, in Lorraine, where Ric. De la Pole keeps house, in the cardinal of Lorraine's place, and means to be there about Michaelmas.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 5. Add. and Endd.
Galba, B. VII. 217*. B. M. 2559. "NEWS of BOURSE at ANTWERP."
(1.) From Venice, that the Turk has withdrawn from Rhodes, with great loss of men and galleys. There is great mortality in his army and in Constantinople.
(2.) The Hungarians are strong upon the Turkish frontiers, and have repulsed the Turks several times.
(3.) From Denmark. The Steedys have sixty ships of war at sea. The Easterlings have taken two out of eleven ships sent by the French king to the king of Denmark, and driven the rest to such a strait they hope to have them all.
(4.) No more news of the Pope, but that he left Genoa on the 18th ult.
In Sir Robt. Wingfield's hand, p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
22 Sept.
Calig. E. II. 123. B. M.
2560. SANDYS to [WOLSEY.]
The 14th inst. came to ... and continued there all night, and all day Monday. A debate was then had with the Emperor's council, and it was resolved to spoil the country. Advanced to Heding, on the advice of Beawerayn. Beawerain, Wasshnare, De E[gmond], Croonell, captain of the Spaniards, and lord Curson were sent to view it. Beawrain affirmed it might be taken in six hours. Reached it Tuesday the 16th; attacked it without success. "By means of young counsel and [little] experience," are brought into straits. The Cornish miners are of no use. They say their faculty is to work under ground, not above. The Emperor's miners are not at hand. Are much annoyed by the inhabitants, who rob them within a mile of the camp. On Wednesday Beaurain took the castle of Domperre, which was retaken, without their knowledge, on Sunday morning. The lord Lieutenant has sent to Calais for more powder, and Sir Edw. Guldeford to St. Omer's. They are deliberating whether they shall break up, as they cannot obtain the castle without mining. The Spaniards and Almains are badly off for their pay. Sunday, the 21st, my lord Lieutenant received a letter from the lady Margaret, desiring him to give credence to a letter from Sir Rob. Wingfield to his brother, directing the discharge of 2,000 Almains and Spaniards...between Sir Ric. Wingfield...Vaux touching the castle of Guisnes. Sir N. Vaux lieth very sore ... Mr. Wingfield is a man fit to do the King service. John Dosens has just viewed the castle of Heding. Thinks the mining practicable. [Camp] beside Hedyn, 22 Sept. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 4.
23 Sept.
R. O.
2561. The LOAN.
Mem., that on the 23rd Sept. 14 Hen. VIII. Richard Owen, Griffith ap Hoell ap Tudor and others, granted for the county of Anglesea, before Sir John Shilston, Sir Wm. Gruff and Ric. Sneyd, 800 marks for the furnishing 400 demilances, and to find 100 archers on horseback and 200 footmen. If any refuse to contribute the sum to which they are assessed, the Chamberlain shall direct subpœnas and other processes against them without taking a fee.
Copy, p. 1. Endd.: A copy of the indenture of the shire of Anglesea.
23 Sept.
Vit. B. v. 96*. B. M.
Had written to Henry, proffering to serve him with 200 heavy horsemen. Would have written to Wolsey at the same time, had he known of his influence with the King. Now he has heard of it from Pace, repeats the offer, and begs he may have an answer. Would be glad to follow the footsteps of his predecessors, who served the noble king Edward, as is evident from history. Camerino, 23 Sept. 1522. Signed: "Dux Camerini, præfectus Urbis, S. R. E. amirans."
Lat., p. 1. Add.
23 Sept.
P. S.
2563. For the PRIOR and CONVENT OF MOCHELNEY, Bath and Wells dioc.
Congé d'élire, on the death of their abbot, Dan Thomas Broke. Newhall, 15 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 23 Sept.
ii. Petition of Ric. Coscombe, prior, and the convent, for the above; Dan John Shyrborne and Dan Wm. Canyngton, bearers. 5 Sept. 1522.
24 Sept.
Calig. B. v. 214. B. M.
Had written to him several times on behalf of peace. At her request Albany had consented to the abstinence, and withdrawn the army he had gathered on the Borders, desiring the good of both realms. Begs he will listen to reason, and "put bye" sinister reports. Has written to him by the bearer, begging the abstinence may be prolonged to St. John's day, for ambassadors to come up, and that the thing be kept secret. Begs he will let Albany's servant pass to give notice of this abstinence to the king of France, as they are in honor bound to do, that France may be comprehended, as all Scotland is, in similar arrangements with France. Edinburgh, 24 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: My deryst brothar [the] Kynges grace. Endd.
24 Sept.
Calig. B. VI. 244. B. M.
I. Margaret to Dacre.
Has received his writing from Master John Cantley. Sends the bearer to the King, to negotiate the peace, according to the agreement between Dacre and Albany. Begs him to speed affairs. 24 Sept. (date struck out).
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "My lord Dakers."
II. "Copy of a letter [from Dacre] to the queen of Scots, answer to this letter heretofore annexed."
Has received her letter by Thos. Robinson, whom she sends to the King, stating that if matters be not well sped now, they are worse than ever, and all through Henry's fault. Whatever she writes is welcome; but if she write so sharply to her brother she will do more harm than good. Her ambassadors may pass, if they are coming up for conclusion of the peace and further abstinence.
P. 1.
III. Margaret to Dacre.
Has received his letter by Jame Doge. Does not intend any displeasure to her brother. The month of the truce is near run out. Begs it may be continued till her servant returns from the King. Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
IV. "Copy of a letter to the [queen] of Scots, answer to this letter hereto annexed."
Has received her letter by Jame Dogg. Will cause all hostilities to cease till the messenger returns, which will be in 12 days, as he has declared to Albany. Urges her to labor for the peace. Morpeth, 9 Oct. 14 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
v. Albany to Dacre.
The abstinence taken at Soleme chapel expires in four days. As the Queen's messengers cannot return within the time, begs it may be prolonged 15 days. Promises to observe it on his part. Edinburgh, 6 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
VI. "Copy of a letter to the duke of Albany, answer to this letter heretofore annexed."
Has received his letter by Albany herald. Will not take upon himself to prolong the abstinence, as he was blamed for so doing on the last occasion. Will consent, however, to prevent all hostilities for 12 days, when the messengers sent by Albany and Margaret will have returned. Morpeth, 9 Oct.
P. 1.
25 Sept.
R. O.
I came home to my diocese with pain enough, and meetly good health. I have kept Burbanke, the bearer, some time to entertain him, for the favor I bear to the court he comes from. I hope to visit you "or winter much pass." "The Roose Castell," 25 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
[25 Sept]. R. O. 2567. CHARLES V.
Instructions for Sir Thos. Spinelly, to be declared to the Emperor by him, [if Sir Thos. Bolayn and Dr. Sampson have not arrived; otherwise by them all.] (fn. 1)
After presenting the King's letters of congratulation and credence, and others in his own hand, he shall say that the King is glad to hear by his letters, and by other reports, of the Emperor's safe arrival and triumphant reception in Spain, of his subjects' obedience, the execution he has made on the Almains who served the French king, and those who stirred up rebellion in his absence, the assembling of the Estates, the ordering of the enterprise against the common enemy, his determination to visit his mother the Queen, and the resolution taken betwixt the Pope and him. Has heard secretly, through the Emperor's ambassadors, of the overtures for a truce of three years, made by the French king' to the archbishop of Barry, the Pope's ambassador in France, to be notified to the Emperor, by which Francis offers to deliver up Fountraby, to acquit the pension of Naples with the matters of Navarre and Gueldres, and "clearly to discharge" the treaty of Noyon if the Emperor will leave him Milan; the Emperor being at liberty to retain what he has, and the castle of Milan to be victualled, provided that at the end of the truce there is no more victual than at the beginning, and that the money there pass not out of the country, or into the hands of "a more mighty person than the duke of Barry."
The King thanks the Emperor for this information, which shows his intention to keep his promises; will never himself receive overtures from the common enemy without his knowledge and consent. Looks on the Emperor's affairs as united with his, whether in adversity or prosperity. Is glad the Emperor took his advice to visit his realms, which he has found so beneficial. As the Emperor charged his ambassadors to tell no one, except the King and the Legate, of the overtures of the French king, Spinelly must be circumspect, and say that he is ordered to keep his charge secret, and that the King could not forbear telling him, having perfect confidence in him, in order that he might thank the Emperor for refusing the said overtures. It is evident the French king wishes only to dissolve the amity between them; and though his offers seem advantageous, they import more danger than commodity. He offers the restitution of Fountraby, probably because he cannot keep it. As to the renunciation of the treaty of Noyon, he offers what he has no authority to give; for, the treaty of Noyon being void by the commencement of war against the Emperor, the Emperor is already released from payment of the pension. These things are no equivalent for the surrender of Milan, on which depends the subjection of all Italy to the French king, and which would imperil Naples. But even if they were profitable offers, the King knows the Emperor would never vary from the agreement, but would answer that he could not listen to them without the King's consent, and till he knew what offers were made to the King. If such answer is made, and the wars sharply continued on every side as they have been commenced here, the common enemy will shortly be compelled to make offers of higher importance both to the Emperor and the King. In conversation with the Chancellor, the Great Master, Mons. de Nassault, Mons. De la Roche, and others privy to secret matters, the ambassador shall order himself so that means may be found to force the French king to make as honorable offers to the King as to the Emperor, which is only reasonable and just, when by common consent they can refuse or accept as they think best.
He shall also speak of the concord existing between the captains and armies of the King and Emperor, and of their joint successes; Bolonoyse and other parts having been burnt and destroyed while the French army, though daily looking on, durst not attempt anything against them. They are now proceeding to Dorlans and Corby, to devastate the country, hoping to provoke the French king, who is at Amyas, to battle; and if he refuse, it will be to his perpetual shame. The Emperor's captains have deserved great thanks. But the ambassador shall say, as of himself, that there is a great lack in the payment of their wages, by which much time has been lost, and great danger will ensue, both the Emperor's frontiers and the King's, if it is necessary for lack of wages to disband them before winter. Also, the navy sent under Lascano to join the King's fleet, came so badly provided with wages, victuals and ammunition, that they could do nothing against the enemy, but were forced to lie still. He must therefore desire the Emperor to provide for his men, both on land and sea, that no more time may be lost; and it is necessary that money should be placed in the hands of bankers here, that his ambassadors may take it from time to time as they require it.
The King has despatched Sir Thos. Bolayn and Dr. Sampson, dean of the chapel, in special embassy on important matters; but has sent this letter to be declared by Spinelly, as it will arrive sooner than they, and he does not wish to be considered ungrateful to the Emperor by any delay in thanking him for his overtures. At some convenient time the ambassador may show that although the contents of the Emperor's letters were right pleasant to the King, yet the lord Legate (fn. 2) noticed that he styled the King "his good uncle" only, omitting the title of "good father," which, considering the alliance concluded, Wolsey thinks should not be concealed, "but rather published openly, as it was convented, as well there as throughout all regions and countries, as the King's grace hath and shall do for his part, for it is too good a matter to be kept secret."
Draft, with corrections by Ruthal. Pp. 19.
Vesp. C. II. 23. B. M. 2. "Instructions heretofore (fn. 3) given by the King's highness to his trusty and right well-beloved councillor and ambassador Sir Thomas Bolain, Doctor Sampson and Sir Thomas Spinelly (fn. 4) of certain things to be declared unto the Emperor."
Nearly the same in substance as the preceding, omitting the last paragraph.
Draft in Ruthal's hand. Pp. 4.
Harl. MS. 297. f. 135. and Vesp. C. II. 240. B. M. St. P. VI. 108. 3. Secret instructions for [Sir Thomas Boleyn and Dr. Sampson].
First, they are to dwell much on the King's great affection for the Emperor, with as pleasant words as they can devise, marking his gesture and countenance, and how he receives it; and to discover in what sort of esteem he is held by his subjects, and whether they are likely to provide him with money. 2ndly, what is really the state of the enterprise against France. 3rdly, how he is stored. 4thly, on what terms the Burgundians stand with the Spaniards. 5thly, what means were used with the Pope for an abstinence of war between France and the Emperor, what is the Emperor's inclination, and what secret messages pass. 6thly, what drifts are practised between the Emperor and the king of Portugal. 7thly, to urge him to invade Guienne.
Pp. 2. Signed at the beginning by the King.
Galba, B. III. 336. B. M. 4. Draft of the preceding, corrected by Ruthal.
Pp. 7, mutilated. Endd.: The instructions given to Sir Thomas Bolayn and Dr. Sampson to the Emperor.
R. O. St. P. VI. 98. 5. Instructions for Sir Thomas Boleyn and Dr. Sampson being with the Emperor.
To thank him for his notice of the French king's practices and letters to the Pope in his voyage to Rome, urging abstinence of war; of his efforts to reconcile his mother and Bourbon; of the Emperor's reception by his subjects, and the submission of the rebels; of the proposal of the King of Portugal to offer his sister to the Emperor, and determination of the latter to refuse; of the death and funeral of Sir Thomas Spinelly.
They are to thank the Emperor for saying that as he and the King are mutually bound, such peace only should be allowed the French king as will stand with the honour and indemnity of both;—that the King has resolved also on his part to make no treaty without the express assent of the Emperor; and, this being known, the French king will condescend to more reasonable conditions, considering what a "base and exile poor estate" he is now in, as that he has "molten the garnishing of St. Martin's corpse, and founded the twelve apostles, with other jewels and sacred ornaments of the churches," provoking God's indignation against him by such sacrilege. They are to praise the Emperor's determination to succor Rhodes, and the readiness in which all matters are for war against France; also for his resolution touching the offer from Portugal.
The above are the heads of their instructions touching the overtures contained in the Emperor's letters to his ambassadors in England.
They shall then say that the King is informed, by advertisements made by Beaurain through the English admiral, that Bourbon is much discontented, and determined to redress the insolent demeanor of the said King and his light counsellors, minding to have in marriage one of the Emperor's sisters, and join in the war upon France; that this offer has of late been renewed by De Cares, cousin german to Bourbon; that at first the Duke was unwilling that his proposal should be made known to the king of England, but now, considering his union with the Emperor and his title to France, has consented to join him with 500 men at arms, and 10,000 foot. The King thinks that De Beuren should be sent in disguise to negotiate with Bourbon; for, if this succeed, most part of the nobles of France will follow the Duke.
Sir Robert Wingfield has disclosed, on the part of lady Margaret, in great secresy, that the king of Portugal had resolved to send to the Emperor "the queen of Portingale with the King's sister, who is named a marvellous fair lady, to accompany her to his presence;" and as it is doubtful what De la Shaw has done in Portugal, and that the sight of so fair a lady of ripe age with 800,000 ducats might be a great temptation, lady Margaret has advised the King "to take a right vigilant eye thereunto." for "avoiding the alteration of purpose, by blindness of love, which oftentimes not only breaketh the laws of man, but also the laws of God." They must be wary and vigilant to discover the Emperor's intentions.
The King is advertised that the Swiss have promised to assist Francis in recovering Milan, and, if the Venetians join him, that duchy will be in great danger. The Venetians must be treated with, and the King has sent an ambassador to Venice accordingly.—The duke of Albany and the Scots, as such time as they heard that the King's army was ready to meet them, begged a respite, promising to send ambassadors to sue for peace, which they have since refused to do unless the French king be comprised in the same. The King will be prepared this winter to chastise their presumption, and "in the beginning of February, when is their sowing time, they shall repent this their untrue and double dealing."—The King doubts not the Emperor has heard the exploits done by the army in Picardy, which has returned on account of the unfavorable weather.
They shall furthermore tell the Emperor, "in good and pleasant manner," that Lascano could not remain at sea with his navy, for lack of wages and victuals; and when the King's ships were dismantled by marvellous great storms, the Spanish navy was not ready; desiring the Emperor to provide for their entertainment. Sends a new cipher, as Spinelly's has fallen in too many hands.
Pp. 11. Signed by Henry VIII. at the beginning and end. Endd.: Instructions arrived at Validoly, by Blewmantell, the 16th day of December.
Vesp. C. II. 40. B. M. 6. Rough draft, in Ruthal's hand, pp. 6.
Ib. 43. ii. Fair copy.
Pp. 15. Corrected throughout by Ruthal. In the margin: "Sent by Rouge Croix"
26 Sept.
Calig. D. VIII. 271. B. M.
2568. [SURREY] to WOLSEY.
On Tuesday last I received your letter dated Hampton Court, 17 Sept. Thanks for your news. Next day I advertised Vendome of the effect of the journey made by the Scots, and of the truce, and how they will not make war on the King for any fair promises of the French king. Of this I know the French king will be informed shortly, to his no little dissatisfaction, for the day your letter came Vendome told my trumpet at Monstreuil that the Scots had distressed 10,000 Englishmen, and slain a great part of them, and that the king of Denmark was in Scotland, and would enter England. Will keep the schedule enclosed in your letter strictly secret, as you desire. Yesterday I and the King's council were with the Emperor's council, and it was agreed on Saturday to raise the siege, as it cannot be taken except by mines, which would be long and difficult, as we know by Beaurayn that there are already counter mines within the castle, and the year would be so far past before our mines were finished, that we should be able to go no further into the country. The reasons why the Emperor's most experienced men think the castle impregnable are, that after we had nearly finished a battery, there were such ramparts and fortifications made within, that it was unassailable. Then it was proposed to begin a new battery in a new place, but it was found that the ramparts could not be attacked. All the most experienced captains of both armies, being examined separately, agreed that the place was impregnable except by mines, and we resolved not to waste time before it. Although it was not I that advised the siege, I have not spared exposing myself, while pestilence was raging in the town, to view all places about the castle, but have urged them on to attempt the winning of it, offering them the help of our artillery and as many Englishmen as they desire for the assault. Whatever manner I have found them of since I joined them, they shall have no occasion of grudge "regarding the article concerning the same contained in the last [letter] from your grace."
As we are furnished with a small number of [horse] we intend to draw further from the coasts of Flanders; as Fiennes has told me that he, having the governance, may no longer keep us company, but with his whole band must go to keep the country. His band is 50 men at arms, and he says my Lady has commanded him so to do. Thus our company of horse diminishes, which should rather be increased as we approach our enemies. We always find a difficulty in getting horsemen to conduct our victuals, which I fear may soon lead to a disaster. If we had not been better supplied with beer out of England and Calais than from the Emperor's countries, we should have long ago been compelled to quit the field. Since we came hither the pestilence has broken out among the Spaniards and Almains. Yesterday the captain of the Spaniards told me that 22 of his company were ill. Today four of the Almains have died of it. Hope it will not increase among them, or come among us, or it will be difficult to keep the company together. The weather has been marvellous foul of late. In the opinion of both councils, it will hardly be possible for the army to continue in the field more than 15 days, even if none of those inconvenients should occur which I have mentioned as likely to cause its dissolution. The year is so far spent and the ways so deep, that it will be impossible to carry artillery, and our men daily fall sick in great numbers, though not of the great sickness. In 15 days also the Emperor's council think we shall have done all the harm we can about Dorlans. I beg, therefore, to know the King's pleasure about the breaking up of the army, and what company I shall leave at Calais, Guisnes and the marches. As the time of year for the herring fishing draws near, I shall suggest to you, in a schedule enclosed, how they may be much disturbed at no great cost. In the camp of ... 26 Sept. Signature burnt.
Pp. 4, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
26 Sept.
P. S. b.
Bull of pope Adrian VI., nominating Jeronimus [Ghinucchi] bishop of Worcester. Rome, 1522, 6 cal. Oct., 1 pont.
Lat., vellum.
26 Sept.
S. B.
2570. For SIR EDW. GULDEFORD, knight for the Body, marshal of Calais.
Grant, in fee, of possessions in the county of Guysnes acquired contrary to English law by John Holt, of Brabant. Del. Hampton Court, 26 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII.
Fr. Roll, 14 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
27 Sept.
Calig. B. VI. 269. B. M.
2571. ALBANY.
"Articles et parolles que Jehan de Barboun aura à remonstrer et faire entendre de la part de treshault, &c. le gouverneur, à treshault, &c. le roy d'Angleterre."
1. & 2. That after he had assembled an army at the earnest solicitation of the Queen, for the defence of the kingdom and revenge of its cruel invasion, an abstinence has been made at her sole desire, without any other regard than peace. That Albany's sole object in coming, against the desire of the king of France, was for the good of the kingdom. 3. That Margaret desires the truce suddenly taken by the warden to be prolonged to St. John the Baptist's day next, to bring all things to concord that their allies may be comprehended in it, and allowed to enter within four months after notice given, and have liberty to pass through England, in consequence of the danger of the sea. 4. All transgressors of it to be punished. 5. Clarencieux to be sent as privately as possible with ample powers. The interchange to be made by the Queen of Scots. No time to be lost. The bearer to be despatched at once, "et pour tout reffuz et dissimulation, donc il advertira ledict sieur plainement et franchement." If he accept the articles, to give free passage to Denis Bordier. Edinburgh, 27 Sept. 1522.
Fr., pp. 3.
27 Sept.
Calig. B. III. 43. B. M.
Has thought good to send one of his servants for a safeconduct to England, and for the prolongation of the abstinence commenced at Carlisle last, as desired by the Queen. Expresses his astouishment at the renewal of the war, considering James's near proximity to the King in blood. Edinburgh, 27 Sept. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Le cardinal d'York, primat, legat, &c.
Calig. B. VI. 267. B. M. 2573. [WOLSEY] to ALBANY.
Learns by Albany's letters that the queen of Scots desired one of his servants to be sent to England for prolongation of the truce procured by her; and the Duke's astonishment at the commencement of hostilities. Praiseworthy as are her efforts, the King is not satisfied, as he had a great desire to vindicate his right by arms, rather than to trust to uncertain promises. His servant had blabbed of Albany's intention to take vengeance for the injuries done upon Scotland. Vengeance, says Wolsey, falls on the necks of those that seek it. For the charge of dissimulation thrown out by Albany, he may perhaps have had experience of it in other countries, and therefore falsely thought it was the manner of England. His departure from France was the smallest of the reasons for England's dissatisfaction at the violation of his oath by the French king. Through failure of his memory, Albany had let out he could not consistently with his duty assent to a truce of more than three months without the comprehension of France; but Wolsey has not forgotten his duty in his desire for establishing a peace. As to Albany's wish that the truce should be prorogued to St. John's day, or the 1st Aug., and France comprehended, such comprehension is not usual, except at the conclusion of peace. When ambassadors duly authorized come from Scotland, that point can be discussed. At the request of his sister, the King is content to prorogue the truce to the 31st Jan., full time for the arrival of the ambassadors. As the subjects of dispute between the different kingdoms are different, it is not reasonable for any mention of France to be made in the abstinence. Accordingly Albany's secretary has been hastily despatched with a grace of three months as he desired, which Dacre is empowered to conclude.
Fr., pp. 5. The original draft (in English) in Tuke's hand, with corrections and additions in the hand of Ruthal, is at ƒ. 437.
Calig. B. VI. 438. B. M. 2574. WOLSEY to QUEEN MARGARET.
Commends her efforts for establishing peace. Has prevailed on the King to consent to the prorogation of the truce, as she desires, although he was not contended, "but took the same right displeasantly" when the truce was made by Dacre. He declines comprehending France in the same. Substantially the same as the preceding.
Draft in Ruthal's hand, pp. 2.
27 Sept.
Galba, B. VII. 328. B. M.
Wrote last on the 22nd. Yesterday the banishment of the Scots, and prohibition of intercourse, was published in a form mentioned in a previous letter; but after the publication it was declared that the Scots should be considered in the truce with the Emperor's subjects, as long as they remain peaceable with England. An ambassador came four or five days ago from the duke of Lorraine; had expected to have been informed about him by my Lady; but not hearing anything, rode this morning to court, and spoke with Howstrate. Asked about news from Italy, of which he said there was none, and of the common army, which lay still before Hesdin. My Lady has received no news from it since the 23rd, when approaches had been made to the hard walls of the castle, and they proposed giving the assault next day. He said Gueldres had won two or three towns of the bishop of Utrecht, and had called the estates of his country together, telling them of the offers of Francis to make war in Holland and Brabant, which Howstrate hoped they would not consent to. My Lady was determined to assist the Bishop. I said I had heard that certain commissaries were to pass to Calais shortly, and wished to know to what intent. He said the provost of Cassel and two others were to go thither only for the enhancing of money in these parts, and the price of wool with the staplers.
Asked the cause of the ambassador of Lorraine's coming, saying I knew he held part of his duchy of the Emperor and part of France, and that neutrality had been granted to him by both princes, yet that he was a pensioner of France. Howstrate excused their not having informed me on the ground of press of business, and said my Lady had sent many days ago one of her sewers to the Duke, complaining that he allowed horse, harness and artillery to be conveyed through his country into France, and messengers and money to pass to the duke of Gueldres; so that there had been taken in Luxemburg, on the frontiers of Lorraine, 10 horses and 120 harness. The Duke made answer that he would send a servant of his own to my Lady about that and other matters, and that the ambassador came, (1.) to deny having sent forces into France, and allowed them passage, stating that the horse and harness taken in Luxembourg were provided by his saddle and store; (2.) to deny the sending of messages or money to Gueldres, stating that money is too dear in France for Francis to make large presents; and (3.) to demand restitution of a castle in Luxembourg, belonging to the Duke, taken by the Emperor's army in the last war against Robt. de la Marche. The reply made to him had been, (1.) that my Lady was glad to hear his excuses, and would be still more so to learn that they were true; (2.) that the harness taken would be restored, if taken before the published prohibition against passage of harness, but the horse was certainly taken since that time, and had been given to the captors, the Emperor retaining only a third part, which they would gladly restore if they belonged only to the Duke; (3.) that they would restore the castle, if the Duke promised to raze it to the ground immediately. The ambassador, whose name is Gerard de Hautoine, lord of Aubexy, the Duke's chamberlain, is a good Burgundian; so that Howstrate was able to advise him the more familiarly to warn his master to join the King and the Emperor betimes, and deliver himself from servitude to France.
Hopes the Council deliberate to good purpose. They sit every day forenoon and afternoon, as long as they goodly may. Antwerp, 27 Sept. 1522.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 5.
27 Sept.
Vit. B. v. 97. B. M.
2576. PACE to WOLSEY.
Despatched a courier on the 2nd, advertising Wolsey of the answer he had received from the Venetians. They are anxious to conclude peace with the Emperor, through the King's mediation. Last week the Pope was visited by sciatica and a fever tertian, but he is now better. The news of the Turk before Rhodes is variable. Some say he has lost a great multitude, and has departed with part of his army. All agree that the Rhodians have defended the city valiantly. The Pope intends to aid them. The pestilence is great at Rome, and cardinal Sion is afflicted; "est tamen de illius vita, fracto ulcere, magna spes." The French king, fearing that the duke of Ferrara will forsake him, has sent an ambassador to be a spy upon him. Venice, 27 Sept.
Sends a letter from the duke of Camerino, "for a matter declared unto the same by my servant, Thomas Clerke."
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: My lord Legate.
27 Sept.
R. O.
Asks him to "do such diligence as ye may," that Mr. Eliott may answer by his counsel. Hopes he has handled the matter so that Capys may so do; for he is ready to depart when the wind serves. The bearer will show him matters to prove that he is wrongfully vexed. If he want help, Mr. Spassheford, chaplain to the old master of the Rolls, and new bishop of London, will assist him. Bristol, 27 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To Mr. Thomas Cromwell, his right loving friend, dwelling by Fanchurche, in London. Endd.
27 Sept.
R. O.
2578. The LOAN.
Receipt indented for 25l., dated 27 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII., by Edm. abbot of York, from Henry Newsome, canon and cellarer of Cokersande, on behalf of George, abbot of the said house. Signed by Newsome.
R. O. 2. Do. of 27 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII., for 47l. 7s. 8d., by Edmund abbot of York, in part payment of the loan from Wm. Fell, D.D., archdeacon of Nottingham, by the hands of Ric. Taverner, his official. Signed by Taverner.
R. O. 3. Three receipts, dated in Sept. 14 Hen. VIII., from the same, for contributions to the loan from Thos. Throwpe, prior of Newbroughe (by the hands of Sir Will. Browne, cellarer), Richard prior of Bolton in Craven, and James prior of Cartmell. Signed in each case by the person who paid the money.
28 Sept.
Calig. D. VIII. 274. B. M.
This afternoon I have been with the Emperor's council to conclude how we shall proceed. I find them much more forward than yesternight, when they doubted the winning of Dorlans. Now they make light of it, and have discoursed, not only about our departing thither tomorrow, but also of the passage towards the Somme, and for part of our company crossing the river at Braye, where there is a bridge, and burning the country beyond the water. This day they have news that the French king has not come to Abbeville, but is about St. Germain-en-Laye. Cannot tell if this new courage arises from hearing that he is so far off; but if victuals serve, you will have reason to be satisfied with what is done. I send a letter received from my lady of Savoy, in which she shows herself ill pleased with me. I beg you will not disclose anything that I write to the Emperor's ambassador, if it may cause them to be angry with me. I have written nothing to the King or you but the truth, and all the King's [council] here were privy to all my letters. On .., shall be before Dorlans, or within. 28 Sept.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Legate.
28 Sept.
Titus, B. XI. 288. B. M.
Suffers great persecution, and destruction of his lands and goods, for his loyalty to Ormond and the King. Is like to be utterly undone, unless Ormond take measures against the Geraldines. Begs him to come to Ireland, and take "some goddely yong lady" to have issue by her. Requests that he may occupy the seneschalship of Tipperary by "Sir Reddmond Barret," the bearer. Kileenan (?), 28 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. and Endd.
29 Sept.
R. O.
This evening, since he wrote his last letter, forty-seven Almains, Spaniards and Burgundians, three being gentlemen, and nine Englishmen, of whom two belonged to his household, have died of the sickness. It has caused great alarm; so that he will not be able to keep the army together, if it continue. Will "look upon Dorlaunce, or we break." Cannot blame the men for being afraid; "for he that is whole and merry at noon is dead by midnight, and when they be dead their bodies as black as a coal." The death is so severe at ... whence they should have obtained most of their victual, that all the honest people have fled. It is worse in France than Flanders. Wishes to know how he shall break up the army, and what number he shall leave about the marches of Calais, and in the Emperor's countries; for, unless the King help them for six weeks or two months, they will not defend themselves. Michaelmas Day, going towards Dorlaunce.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: My lord Legate's grace.
29 Sept.
R. O.
2582. WM. BRISWODE to NIC. WARYN, customer of London.
Has received his letter dated London, 12th inst. Sent him of late a declaration of the victuals which were then come to Calais. The John of London has since come with beer, most of which is spoiled, for she was aground at the Foreland, and is now upon the bar. There is also a ship from Harwich, and a hoy of Dertford from London, both with beer. Has not yet heard of the two hoys laden at Gravelines. Writes chiefly to show the state they are in as to victuals. On Saturday last the lord Admiral removed his siege from the castle of Heding, and departed to Dorlans, seven leagues off. Sends bread and beer to St. Omer's, as commanded. There is 40l. [worth] of bread and 300 tuns of beer there, which will soon be spoiled if not sent for. Has written to Edw. Weldon in the field, and the merchants of St. Omer's have done the same. Waryn must send no more beer till he writes for it, "for your beer is so feeble it may not abide," and the foists so bad that leakage is great. Weldon writes that no more grain or flour should be sent to Calais till what they have is used. They are in great want of carriage and conduct. Has sent Waryn's letter to his cousin Norrey. There are no foists here. Does not think the ling, haberdine and stockfish good enough for him. The Admiral told him to keep it till his return. Calais, 29 Sept.
Begs to be recommended to Mr. Tomworthe, Mrs. Waryn and Mrs. Porter.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
29 Sept.
R. O.
2583. ST. ALBAN'S.
Sums owed by the monastery of St. Alban's in the time of the last abbot, and of John Killingworth, late administrator for the lord Cardinal, as contained in Killingworth's account, ending Michaelmas 14 Hen. VIII.
To Sir Thos. Lovell, 80l. Thos. Blake, for jewels in pawn, 66l. 13s. 4d. John Munday, of London, 66l. 13s. 4d. Ric. Harvey, 13l. 6s. 8d. John Palmer, 6l. 13s. 4d. The executors of John Aleward, for victuals, 18l. Wm. Brigge, 4l. Sir Wm. Compton, 133l. 6s. 8d. John Rudston, of London, 100l. To the King, for one of 2 tenths in the time of the last abbot, 58l. 13s. 4d. The bishop of Chichester, 100l. Mr. Blacknall, of the King's household, 110s. Wm. Marshall, for vict., 40l. Chr. Askue, 75l. 6s. 8d. Thos. Abraham, 2½ tuns wine, 16l. 8s. 4d. The executors of Thos. Dykenson, for wine, 11l. 13s. 4d. Rob. Parys, vict., 30l. Wm. Doncombe, vict., 43l. 18s. Ralph Somonds, 17l. Rob. Thrale, vict., 7l. 13s. 4d. John Clerk, 9l. 6s. 8d. Humfrey Connysby, 4l. Thos. James, carpenter, 34l. Edw. Abraham, vict., 8l. 13s. 4d. John Bowler, advanced at the King's visit, 46l. 13s. 4d. Rob. Wilson, vicar of Redborne, 66l. 13s. 4d. Wm. Everard, 16l. 13s. 4d. Wm. Clotheman, 18l. John Meller, smith, 24s. Bemann Dighby, wine, 1l. 6s. 8d. To the King, for voidance, in 13th year, 33l. 6s. 8d. John Boston, 43l. 6s. 8d. To the same and Rob. Wyllyobie, for wood, 34l.
Sums owing in the Kitchen.—To Ric. abbot of Glastonbury, 40l. To the widow of Mr. Ric. Dykyns, 30l. Thos. Blake, for loan and corn, 33l. 6s. 8d. Mr. Thos. Basse, warden of the Chapel of St. Andrew, 33l. 6s. 8d. Chr. Dowman, malt, 14l. John Clerke, of Sandringe, for rams, 23l. Mr. Honnyngs, of London, for fish, 12l. Wm. Bard, of London, salt fish, 7l. 16s. Roger Belamye, of Sandring, husbandman, 10l. Wm. Jenks, grocer, 8l. 16s. 8d. Thos. Hyll, of Celse, bullocks and rams, 10l. The vicar of Langley Abbots, for 40 rams, 117s. Ric. Willows and John Beston, for beans, 16l. 13s. 4d. Chr. Askue, cloth, 13l. 6s. 8d. Wm. Waterman, rector of Hastings (?), herrings, 11l. 10s. John Clumbe, of Wellez juxta Mare, 200 "milwell," bought at Stirbrige fair, 100s. Humfrey Knight, of London, 1 last herrings and 200 lings, 20l. Wm. Marshall, for oxen, 28l. 6s. 8d. Ric. Copcote, 26l. 13s. 4d. Ric. Harvye, 20l. Rob. Barely, for 8 qrs. wheat, 46l. 8d. Wm. Bygge, for 21 rams, 26s. 8d. (fn. 5) John Gledall, cloth, 4l. John Millar, smith, 1l. Ric. Hervey, by a bill dated 20 Oct. 14 Hen. VIII., signed by Rob. Blakny and John Killingworth, 60l.
Sums due in the Chamberlain's office by John Lawley, late chamberlain.—Rob. Fuller, of Norwich, 18l. Mr. Blake, of St. Alban's, 20l. Ric. Hervye, 10l. Wm. Merye, grocer, London, 32s. Mr. Basse, 4l. Wm. Garrard, tanner, 47s. 6d. Executors of John _, (fn. 6) of St. Alban's, 35s. Rob. Mellyshe, for cloth, 12l. 14s. 6d. Ric. Trevers, London, 14s. Total paid, 1,186l. Unpaid, 430l. 17s. 10d.
Old debts.—Wm. Doncombe, 194l. Chr. Askue, alderman of London, 54l. 13s. John Gwynnetho, clerk, 18l. Abbot of Glastonbury, 10l. Mr. Longe, alderman of London, 25l. 6s. 8d. Executors of Thos. Dickenson, 8l. 6s. 8d. To the King, by obligations, 200 mks. For the expenses of the election of a new abbot, 50l. Mr. Edon, 98l. 7s. 6d. Rob. Willyott and John Killingworth, 22l. 17s. 4d. To the King, for the 2nd tenth 7l. 10s. 10d. Mr. Lovell, his fee, 16l. Total paid, 404l. 5s. Unpaid, 283l.
Debts of the now Abbot's time.
Ralph Bow ..., 166l. 13s. 4d. To the King, for subsidy, 680l. John Nunny, 33l. John Long, of London, 22l. Mr. Rudston, 20l. The abbot of St. Edmundsbury, for the late lord Rochford, 66l. 13s. 4d. Dr. Hughes, 20l. Mr. Aston, of London, 106l.
The following names of officers occur in the above account: Rob. Blakney, burser, late prior Reson, John Killingworth, late cellarer.
Lat., pp. 14. On another page is this entry: Of fynes takynge for ... fers, 678l.
29 Sept.
R. O.
Due to Thomas lord Darcy for the stewardship of the honor of Pountfret and mastership of the hunt there, for half a year, at Easter 13 Hen. VIII., 12l.; for the office of constable of Pountfret Castle, 66s. 8d.; for the offices of constable and steward of the castle and lordship of Knaresburg, and for that of master forester there, 6l. 13s. 4d.; for his half year's annuity, 50l. Total, 72l.
Due to the King for the herbage of the parks of Roundehey and Rothewelhey, for half a year, 7l. 13s. 6d.
Signed: J. Burgoyn; Thomas Bonham, rec. gen. duc. Lanc.
ii. Similar account for the half year ending at Mich. 14 Hen. VIII.
Lat., pp. 2. Endorsed by Darcy: P. and Knaresburgh, ao 14 r. r. Hen. VIII., festo Mich.
30 Sept.
R. O.
The princess Mary's household, from 1 Oct. 12 Hen. VIII. to 30th Sept. ensuing, including receipts for hides, fells, etc., 641l. 1s. 5¾d.; expenses of bakehouse, pantry, butlery, wardrobe, laundry, kitchen, emptory, poultry, scullery, salsery, hall and chamber, stables, wages, rewards, offerings. (fn. 7) Among the last, oblations made for her by lord Mountjoy, at Greenwich, on the Purification; on Good Friday, at Greenwich; at Southwark, on 19 March; at Windsor, on 5 Aug.
Among rewards: 20s. to Master Penyngton, the Cardinal's servant, for bringing the Princess a gold cross as a New Year's gift. To a servant of Katharine countess of Devon, for two silver flagons; of the duchess of Norfolk, for snuffers; of the queen of France, for a gold pomander; of Humphrey Dykers, for three bows; of the earl of Devon, for a silver flagon; of the young countess of Devon, for two smocks. To Pasis wife, of London, for cakes. To the servant of the earl of Kent, with rabbits. To a man and three boys playing before her, 6s. 8d. To two girls of Tollys, bringing oranges and cakes. To the Queen's midwife, bringing two capons. To mother Margaret, the nurse, for a purse of tynsent satin. To a poor woman of Greenwich, bringing rosemary bushes with gold spangles. To a boatman taking the Princess from Greenwich to Richmond, 23 Feb., by order of the countess of Sarum; to the same in March, for crossing the ferry at Datchet, 4 Aug. To Brambelton's wife, of Windsor, for rose water and "galifera." To various persons, for stages. To three persons bringing nuts, grapes and roses. In September, for the ferry at Datchet.
Sum total, 555l. 2s. 3d.
ii. Tradesmen's accounts from 1 Oct. 13 Hen. VIII. to 30 Sept. following. (fn. 8)
Wages, oblations, &c. during the same period. Among the last: at Ditton, in Dec.; at Hanworth, on the feast of the Purification; to St. Bridget of Sion, on 22 May. Alms given to the poor, by order of the Princess, in riding from Richmond to Ditton, in Dec.
In the accounts for the stables are payments for two horses for the Princess's litter, and keeping of the same at Hounslow for three days, between Oct. and Dec., when the Princess was with the King at Richmond. The wages at first are for 6 gentlemen, 9 valets and 15 pages; increased after 1 April to 7 gentlemen and 10 valets. Rewards in Nov. to servants of different gentlemen, for pheasants, deer and capons; and in Dec. for butter and cakes, and deer. In January the King's New Year's gift was a silver standing cup; the Cardinal's, a gold salt (salser'); the countess of Devon's, a gold cross; Sir Ric. Weston's, 12 pair of shoes (caligæ). Rewards to John Senton and other clerks of the college of Windsor, for singing before the Princess divers baletts, &c. on Christmas Day; to John Thurgoode, lord of misrule (domino mali gubernatoris), for divers garnitures and interludes exhibited before the Princess; to the Princess's governess, for Sir Wm. Compton, at the baptism of Mary his daughter, to whom the Princess stood godmother, in Feb.; and to the boatmen of the Princess from Richmond to Greenwich; to the same in March, from Greenwich to Richmond; in June, from the Thames to Sion, and from Richmond to Greenwich and back; in July, to the Queen's footmen going to Chertsey with the Princess, from Windsor; to John Kese, yeoman of the Queen's chamber, with a goshawk from the King; to John Whelar, of the same, with a horse from lord Burgevenny; for the bringer of a deer to Asher; and similar presents for the month of September.
iii. Day book of wages of her household, from 1 Oct. 13 Hen. VIII. for one year. Costs of John Thurgoode, lord of misrule, at Christmas 13 Hen. VIII. Among the entries: "paid to a man of Windsor, for killing of a calf before my Lady's grace behind a cloth," 8d.; "to a man of Datchet, for playing the friar afore the Princess," 8d.; "for making of a pair of slops for Jaks when he played the shipman, and a blue garment made like harness for the same Jakys"; for 4 doz. "clateryng" staves; 2 doz. maryspikes; "for straw that 12 men were covered with in a disguising"; for gunpowder and gunners; for mending of Adam's garments; 2 taborets; 10 doz. bells, &c. Sum of expenses of the Household, 1,139l. 6s. 1½d.
Signed by Jane and Philip Calthorp and Ric. Sydnor.
Pp. 123.
R. O. 2. Declaration of the accounts of Sir Ric. Sydnour, clk., treasurer to the Princess; being a summary of the above.
Pp. 6. Endd.
R. O. 3. Duplicate of the preceding.
Pp. 3, imperfect.
30 Sept.
Galba, B. VII. 331. B. M.
Wrote last on the 27th. Yesterday my Lady received a letter from the Pope, by the courier who passed through Antwerp towards England, informing her of his coronation, and his desire to see the Emperor at Rome, and that he had sent messengers to the Emperor, the King, and the French king, to induce them to peace, in consideration of the dangers of Christendom. A ship of Zealand has come from Spain in eight days, with news that the whole realm of Castile is obedient, that the Emperor was in Navarre at Crooyne, and had caused musters to be made in those parts against France, and that the army was continually devastating France, though no particulars were stated. Hopes the King and Wolsey have more news from the army than my Lady. Letters from Milan state that the castles of Leeyke, Tresse, and ... are surrendered to the Duke, so that he has possession of the whole duchy, except the castles of Milan and Cremona, and that many who had agreed with him for sums of money had gone out of the castle of Milan, but some had been slain by the villains of the country, in spite of their safeconducts;—such is their hatred of the French.
My Lady has ordered the prior of Austin Friars in this town to be arrested by the Margrave of Antwerp, as by words used in his sermons he seems to be of Luther's sect. When the Margrave had obtained custody of him by subtle means, he led him to an abbey of White Monks, called St. Michael's where he was to remain till called for. Being a holiday, great numbers of women were there for devotion, and hearing that the Friar was taken, and in the abbey, they broke doors and windows, and compelled his delivery. The Swiss have returned answer to the French that till February they will not engage to serve them or any other. Antwerp, 30 Sept. 1522.
Hol., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.
Sept./GRANTS. 2587. GRANTS in SEPTEMBER 1522.
1. Sir Griffin Dune and Elizabeth his wife. Grant, in survivorship, of the manor of Elstanewik, and lands in Brustwik, with appurtenances, in the lordship of Holdernes, York, with the wapentakes of Dunceley and the ward of Skypse Castle, in Holdernes, part of Buckingham's lands. Del. Westm., 1 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 16.
1. Sir Henry Guldeford, comptroller of the Household. Lease of the manor of Eltham, Kent, with a house called Corbyhall, &c.; also a rent of 20s., and service of fealty proceeding from certain lands granted in exchange to John Rooper by pat. 20 March 3 Hen. VIII., the extent, position, &c. of which are fully described; for 40 years, at the yearly rent of 31l. 8s. 4d. Also, to be steward of the manor of Legh, near Lewisham, alias Bankers, Kent, in same manner as Sir John Peche. Del. Westm., 1 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
6. Augerot Noge, native of Bayonne, Gascony. Denization. Newhall, 26 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 Sept.—P.S.
8. Oliver ap Ever, alias Pever, of Middilwiche, Cheshire, carpenter. Pardon for murder of Henry Thikkyns. Newhall, 23 Aug. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 8 Sept.—P.S.
18. Ric. Alen, clk. Grant of the pension which the next elected abbot of Mochelney is bound to give to a clerk nominated by the King. Newhall, 15 Sept. _ Del. Westm., 18 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
20. Stephen Cope. Lease of certain lands in the manor of Bedhampton, Hants; with the herbage and pannage of the park, &c.; rent 17l. 13s. 4d., and 26s. 8d. of increase. Westm., 20 Sept.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 28.
20. John Mason, clk. Presentation to the church of Shipton, Linc. dioc. Hampton Court, 20 Sept.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 25.
20. Th. Wescote, clk. Presentation to the church of Addestokk, Linc. dioc., vice John Stakepull. Hampton Court, 20 Sept.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 25.
22. Commission of the Peace.
Lincoln (Holland).—Th. card. of York, W. bp. of Lincoln, Th. earl of Surrey, Wm. lord Willoughby, John Constable dean of Lincoln, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, John Carell, Sir John Husee, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, Geoff. Paynell, Th. Roberdson, Wm. Husee, John Robynson, John Hennage, sen., John Hennage, jun., Th. Holand, John Littelbury, Th. Halgh, and Anth. Eyrby. Westm., 22 Sept.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII: p. 1, m. 1d.
23. Usk and Caerlion. Commission to Sir Wm. Herbert de Troye, Sir Wm. Morgan, Sir Matthew Cradok, Walter Herbert, John Morgan, of Kaerlion, Wm. Watkin, Hen. Llewellyn, Nich. Williams, and Th. ap Robertes, receivers of the lordships of Uske and Kaerlion, to inquire whether or not the fishery of the weir of Kaerlion, held to farm by Charles earl of Worcester, be in the lordships of Uske and Kaerlion, and to make certificate to the general surveyors of Crown lands in the Prince's Council Chamber, Westminster. Signed by John Daunce. Del. Westm., 23 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
26. Yorkshire.—Writ to the sheriff to cause Sir Th. Wentworth, of Westbretton, York, and Sir John Savage, of London, jun., to appear before the King in Chancery, for debt to Sir Rob. Brandon. Westm., 26 Sept.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6d.
26. James Nedeham, of London, carpenter. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Hynnyngham Castle, 1 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 26 Sept.—P.S. Fr. m. 12.
30. John Burwell and Th. Cunne. To be serjeants of the King's plumbery, in survivorship, with 12d. a day, a livery every year, or 40s. instead, and all houses and lodges belonging to the office: on surrender of patent 24 Nov. 10 Hen. VII. by Burwell. Newhall, 6 Sept. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 Sept.—P.S.


  • 1. The words between the [ ] are added by Ruthal.
  • 2. "The lord Legate:" these words are substituted for "his highness" in the text.
  • 3. The word "heretofore" is interlined.
  • 4. Spinelly's name alone stood originally in the text, the names of Boleyn and Sampson having been inserted afterwards.
  • 5. From this *what follows is in a later hand.
  • 6. Blank in MS.
  • 7. Bakehouse, by the year, 28l. 4s. 8½d.; pantry, 5l. 12s.; butlery, 90l. 4s. 8d.; wardrobe and laundry, 46l. 16s. 3d.; kitchen, 39l. 4s. 7d.; emptory, 103l. 18s. 2d. (including 22 beeves, 158 sheep, 45 calves, 8 porkers, 90 small pigs. 243 haberdines, 163 stock-fish, 1 qr. codfish, 4 barrels white herrings, 1 cade red do., 40 salmon, 1 firkin of eels p. (parés ?), and freshwater fish=22l. 3s. 9½d.); poultry, 35l. 12s. 8¾d.; scullery, 18l. 13s. 4d. (including 506 qrs. coals); saucery, 3l. 5s. 2d.; hall, 17l. 7s. 10d. (including 4,150 tall wood, 5,201 qr. faggots); stables, 19l. 1s. 9¾d.; wages, 133l. 3s. 11d.; offerings, 14s. 7d.; rewards, 13l. 2s. 1d.
  • 8. Bakehouse, 72l. 3s. 5d.; butlery, 213l. 0s. 5¾d.; wardrobe, 97l. 1s. 5½d.; kitchen, 49l. 4s. 8d.; emptory, 269l. 18s. 6d.; poultry, 149l. 3s. 0½d.; scullery, 33l. 4s. 1d.; saucery, 7l. 12s. 2½d.; hall, &c., 51l. 19s. 9d.; stables, 12l. 18s. 8d.; wages, 158l. 16s. 1¼d.; offerings, 1l. 3s. 1d.; rewards, 23l. 8s.