Henry VIII: October 1522, 1-15

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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, 'Henry VIII: October 1522, 1-15', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 1101-1109. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1101-1109 [accessed 24 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: October 1522, 1-15", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) 1101-1109. British History Online, accessed May 24, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1101-1109.

. "Henry VIII: October 1522, 1-15", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867). 1101-1109. British History Online. Web. 24 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1101-1109.


October 1522

1 Oct.
Vit. B. V. 99. B. M.
The army of the French, with the Swiss adventures and others, were, on the 24th Sept., with their artillery, near Milan. The duke of Milan and Prosper were in the town in good spirits, expecting to be attacked. Ant. Leva, Hugo de Moncada, and Don Ferd. Castriota were at Pavia, fortified against the attack of the French. The marquis of Mantua, at the Adda, and the duke of Urbino, captain of the Venetians, were keeping watch to prevent Lodi and Cremona being supplied. On the 28th the French attacked the suburbs of Milan, were repulsed with loss, and retired to Marignano, ten miles distant. * * * When they had advanced to Castiglione, near Crema, they stopped; on which the marquis of Mantua posted himself at Ponte Vico, waiting the coming up of the Venetian forces. The French will make every effort to obtain suitable winter quarters.
Lat., mutilated, pp. 2. Dated in margin: "Primo Octobris."
1 Oct.
S. B.
Wardship of John, s. and h. of John Broughton, on surrender of patent 8 Nov. 11 Hen. VIII., not sufficiently definite. Del. Westm., 1 Oct. 14 Hen. VIII.
1 Oct. 2590. For JOHN HALES.
To be third baron of the Exchequer. Westm., 1 Oct.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 14.
2 Oct.
Vesp. C. II. 25. B. M.
Wrote on Sunday last, signifying the "troublous weather" on their arriving at Plymouth; secondly, the 30th September, their danger by sea. On Monday last they relanded; several ships missing; heard they were driven to Falmouth and Dartmouth. The Mary James, belonging to Thomas Hottofft, of Hampton, which should have carried the ambassadors to Spain, was run aground near Falmouth. A priest in the service of Sir Thomas Boleyn is like to die. Two servants of Richard Sampson, and one of Windsor, the herald, were drowned. The man-of-war is useless. They have requested William Symonds, who was going to Ireland, to supply the place of Brown's ship, who is compelled to remain behind, considering the dangers of the voyage. The King's Minion and the four Spaniards are ready for the coast of Ireland. Plymouth, 2 Oct. Signed.
In Sampson's hand, pp. 5. Add.
4 Oct.
R. O.
Received his letters, with the copy of that to the King, approving of Surrey's proposal to attack Hedyn, and, if he found it impregnable, to try some other exploit. On Tuesday last a soldier, who was taken prisoner, was examined at Abbeville, before the duke of Vendome, who called Wolsey false, and said the war was begun by his falsehood. All trumpets and prisoners who have been with the French say that they lay all the blame on Wolsey, but none more so than Vendome, Pont Remy and Fayet, captain of Boulogne. Thinks they are so sore damaged that they speak unadvisedly. It is an old saying, let losers have their words. Thinks their losses will not be recovered these seven years.
Since writing the above last night, at midnight, the weather has been so wet and cold that there are a great many men dead, and so many sick that he must lead them to some good town to refresh them. The Spaniards and Almains have departed in great numbers without licence. Tonight, at the next lodging, will determine what they will do. "In the camp at Dorlaunce, 4 Oct., removing our camp towards Arras."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
4 Oct.
Galba, B. VII. 333. B. M.
Wrote last on the 30th Sept. Received yesterday your letters dated Hampton Court, 26th Sept., in reply to mine of the 19th, about Francis Sykkynge. I have been with my Lady, and told her your mind in presence of the archbishop of Palermo and Howstrate. My Lady was very glad, and said they would follow your advice; but she had heard that Sykkynge's army was broken, first before Treves, and again before another town of the Bishop's, and that he had withdrawn to his castle. It is not known whether this was owing to their plundering the abbeys without Treves and the fauxbourgs there, or that the count Palatine and the landgrave of Hesse and other nobles suddenly rose in arms. She then spoke of the departure of the common armies from the siege of Hesdin, and regretted Issilstein's sickness, who, she thought, would not have lost so much time about that place. The army had found Durlaunce swept clean of people and baggage.
Fears are entertained that the French will retaliate on the Emperor's countries for the great fires made by the armies, if a great number of warriors be not continued this winter upon the frontiers. Bevres, the lieutenant's deputy, and my lord the King's lieutenant, had deliberated upon this matter; and as the latter had written to England, she hoped he would hear again from thence. She had heard that the French had reinforced their army, and were drawing near our folks; but she could not believe that they would give battle, but only skirmish and try to wear out our army by watching and cutting off victuals, that, when the common army had withdrawn, they might do their worst. She told me what trouble she had had with the estates of the country, who are to be here again today to make a full conclusion, and to punish those that incited the rescue of the Austin prior; for, though it was attributed to the women, there were men amongst them who provoked it, of whom some were takes and some fled. The Prior himself had fled. Though my Lady ordered the Prior to be taken out of the Friars, and inquiry to be made who began the affair, the officers durst not do it till the governors of the town had assembled the great council, which is only done upon a great cause. The council agreed that inquiry should be made, and the offenders punished; but, while they were deliberating, the Friar and principal setters on fled. The people were so foolish that if he or any of the others had been taken, they would have made a disturbance. News from Italy is less frequent. The posts are broken up. Money is so dear, "which seemeth to be an universal sickness; God amend it." Antwerp, 4 Oct. 152[2]
Hol., mutilated, pp. 3. Add.
5 Oct.
R. O.
Marriage contract of Richard, son and heir apparent of Sir John Audeley and dame Margaret Marzen, widow; in the form of an indenture dated 5 Oct. 14 Hen. VIII. between William lord Willoughby, of Eresby, and Thos. Bonham, on the one part, and Sir John and Ric. Audeley on the other. The latter covenant to make over to dame Marzen, for life, certain annuities from Swyllonde, Fordely and other lands in Suffolk, now held by Sir Ric. Wentworth and others.
Pp. 2.
7 Oct.
Galba, B. VII. 335. B. M.
Wrote last on the 4th. My Lady and the council have since decreed, by consent of the great assembly of this town, that the whole convent of the Austin Friars should be voided, which was done yesterday. The company left the town; some on foot, and some in waggons. The other orders are prohibited from preaching for a time. Today, as the sacrament was to be conveyed from the Friars to the great church, my Lady sent for me to accompany her from her lodging to that church. "When the sacrament was come to the church door, she came down from her travas in the choir, and met the sacrament at the church door with great reverence, and from thence followed the same to the high altar where her travas was." After her return, she told me that a servant of her own had come from the army at Durlance, which they had burned, without sparing any one. The day before our army entered Durlaunce, Vendome left it. The common army intended to proceed to Ankyr and Corbye. The great sickness had be[gun] "to handle the Spaniards and Almains right fiercely," and an English captain was dead. My Lady fears that, with this sickness and foul weather, the army will not be able to keep the field. Hearing that the French have collected a great army, she has ordered a number of Flemings on the frontier to be in readiness, and given like orders to the garrisons on the frontier of Hainault, where, within these four days, Howstrate's company have done a good feat in defeating the captain of Guise, Mons. de Mollon, who was mortally wounded, and his lieutenant taken; the rest of his company, consisting of 300 foot and some horse, were all slain and taken. Antwerp, 7 Oct. 1522.
Has just heard from Howstrate that on Sunday last the French garrison of Mousson made an attempt upon the duchy of Luxembourg, but was so handled by the Burgundians of the garrison of Yvoyz, that nine horsemen and 36 foot were taken, beside a man-at-arms, who was overthrown and taken by a woman.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated.
7 Oct.
Galba, B. VII. 334*. B. M.
Begs credence for John de la Sauch, the Emperor's secretary, whom she is sending to England. Anvers, 7 Oct. 1522. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
7 Oct.
R. O.
To the same effect. Same date. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
7 Oct.
Calig. B. I. 21. B. M.
2598. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Has received his letter dated Hampton Court, 27 Sept., and a letter of thanks from the King. Is advertised out of Scotland, since the departure of the Queen's servant, whom he has posted into England, that the lords there will perform the engagements made by them at Solem Chapel when the writer was with them. Has discharged all the garrisons, except a knight and a petty captain and 100 men to be with the warden, as he anticipates no danger, and the expenses amounted to 1,000 marks a month. The warden is diligent, and desires to be relieved, as he is not liked by the gentry, and was not served by them as he ought to have been in the last journey against Albany. Morpeth, 7 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Cardinal.
Calig. B. III. 180. B. M. 2599. [WOLSEY] to MAGNUS and JENYNS.
Perceives by the lord Steward's and Dacre's letters that by an abstience with the duke of Albany he is not so much inclined to invade England, and that the former has dismissed the army. It is the King's pleasure that Jenyns shall leave 3,000l. in the hands of the abbot of St. Mary, and bring up 7,000l. for the use of the King's army beyond sea. This will be sufficient, unless the King determines next year to invade Scotland, when furniture of money shall be made. From Hampton [Court].
Draft in Wolsey's hand, p. 1.
7 Oct.
P. S. Rym. XIII. 774.
2600. For CUTHBERT TUNSTALL, the King's councillor.
Restitution of temporalities of the bishopric of London, he having done homage and fealty, and renounced all things in the Pope's bull which might be prejudicial to the crown. Newhall, 6 Oct. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 Oct.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 2.
ii. Bull of pope Adrian, creating Tunstall bishop of London. Rome, 1522, 4 id. Sept. (10 Sept.), 1 pont.
Lat., vellum.
7 Oct.
Vit. B. V. 100. B. M.
2601. LEONARD SPINELLY, Prothonotary Apostolic, to [HEN. VIII.]
Is inconsolable for the loss of his brother Thomas, and has no hope except in the King's humanity. Begs to be taken into the King's service, or he is undone, with all his house. Florence, 7 Oct. 1522.
Hol., Lat., p. 1.
8 Oct.
R. O.
Is much grieved by the death of his brother Thomas. Offers to serve Wolsey as faithfully as he did. Florence, 8 Oct. 1522.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
8 Oct.
R. O.
2603. ALBANY to DACRE.
Is sending the bearers, Sir James Cortes and Alexander Mure, who are named in the King's safeconduct, to Flanders, for redress of captured ships and merchandise. Asks that they may have sure passage, and that he will give them an authentic certificate of the said safeconduct. Edinburgh, 8 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
9 Oct.
Fiddes, p. 122.
Has complied with the request contained in his letters for the appointment of Lawr. Barbar and Thomas Starke as proctors. Beg they may retain for a time their usual form of electing proctors; at least until Wolsey has sufficient leisure for making more suitable arrangements for the University. Acknowledge their great obligations to his bounty. If by his influence their University may be exempted from contributing to the loan, their obligations to him will be the greater. Oxford, 7 id. Oct. 1522.
Vit. B. V. 91*. B. M. 2605. ADRIAN VI. to HENRY VIII.
Urging him to peace, and to remember his usual nobleness, that as he stands tanquam in speculo, it is incumbent upon him to consider how much these wars do injury to Christendom, and not destroy Christian princes; and whilst he is endeavoring to increase his own power, not to expose all Christendom, and even his own kingdom, to most evident danger. Rome,...
Lat., on vellum, very badly mutilated. Add.
Vit. B. V. 49*. B. M. 2606. ADRIAN VI. to WOLSEY.
Urging him to use his influence with Henry VIII., to arrange for a peace among Christian princes, and urge Charles V. to do the same. Has written to Bernard bp. of Badajoz. ... anno ...
Lat., on vellum, very much mutilated. Endd.: 1522
10 Oct.
Calig. D. VIII. 276. B. M.
2607.—to CHARLES V.
The Pope, for the sake of Christendom, has despatched one of his servants to the king of England, to persuade him to an honorable peace with France, jointly with your Majesty. Also he is informed by the last advices that Rhodes must be lost, unless immediate succors are sent. I have obtained a safeconduct for the Pope's messenger from the French king, and am ordered to inform you by post of the above particulars, and to urge you to be favorable to an honorable peace; and as to the matter of Rhodes, I beg you very urgently to send some succor at once out of the ships at present in Italy. His holiness is preparing a carrack with other vessels. When about to despatch this courier, Luis Mexia ... arrived with your majesty's letters, from which I received much [satisfaction]...near Paris, 10 Oct. 1522. Signature lost.
Spanish, pp. 2, mutilated. Add.
12 Oct.
Calig. B. I. 278. B. M.
Desires a safeconduct at the request of Lennox for the bearer, to whom she has given a benefice. Stirling, 12 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "[To my] deryst brothar [the Kyn]g's grace."
12 Oct.
Tan. MS. 90. f. 42.
Thanks him for the advice contained in his letter, and for his promise in the latter part of it to send men for the security of the town. Has spoken to Wm. Pawne and Candish for the platform and maunds desired by Shrewsbury. If Dacre had been as anxious as the Earl for the surety of this town, it would have been done by this time, which it will hardly be before Dacre's coming. Has secret news from Davy Hoome, that Albany is coming to Berwick; and by a spy from Edinburgh, that part of his horse has set forward and are in Lawdre. Last Sunday the earl of Argyle was at Glasgow, where the Frenchmen were gathering to him. Albany has sent two ships westward, for what purpose he cannot discover. Begs to know when he shall have the 4,000 men. Berwick, 12 Oct.
P.S.—Thinks the removal of part of the Duke's army to Lawdre was for want of lodgings at Edinburgh. The earl of Huntly is sick, or pretends to be so, and does not come with Albany. "I cannot see how the moon should serve him as yet."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: My lord Lieutenant.
12 Oct.
P. S. b.
2610. RICHARD COSCUMBE, Prior, and the CONVENT of MOCHELNEY, Bath and Wells dioc.
Petition for assent to their election of John Sherborne to be their abbot, vice Thomas Broke, deceased. Send him to the King's presence with John Thorney and John Marke, monks. 12 Oct. 1522, 14 Hen. VIII.
14 Oct.
Galba, B. VII. 336. B. M.
Wrote last on the 11th, in which I mentioned that next day my Lady had appointed to speak with me. She was unable to do so, by reason of the great business she had with certain men of Friesland, who offered to deliver the town of Snek to the Emperor, on certain conditions, of which she informed me by one of her servants. That evening Wm. de Barre returned, but I have not yet seen him. Yesterday my Lady was as busy as the day before, and did not send for me. Business is all accumulated here in Howstrate's hands, for Berghes seldom comes, and never stays long. He came on Thursday last, and left again yesterday. I rode to his lodging, when he bid me apologise to the King and you, that he was so sickly and unwiedly that he could not do service in person. He regretted you had declined to grant the loan for which my Lady had sent Wm. de Barres to you, considering that the Emperor's necessities were greater than they were likely to be at any future time, and though money was somewhat to seek at this pitch, on account of the suddenness of this last enterprise, he had no doubt it would be found at such times as might be appointed.
I said I wondered my Lady would ask money of you or of England, considering the great charges the King has entered into for the succor of the Emperor, and that Berghes could consent that she should send to England for such a cause, and that the manner which has always been used in these parts was likely to make the King weary rather than benevolent. My Lady intended to have left today, but has determined to stay till tomorrow; there has been so much business to bring the estates of Brabant to frame. There have been so many causes of delay, that though my Lady intended to have been only three or four days, she has been compelled to stay six weeks. She must be at Ghent on the 24th. I trust she may not have as much business there, for the common people love neither her nor Howstrate, but say that if the King, as protector of these countries, would order what sums of money should be sufficient for the war, and arrange for the payment of the men, there would be no lack.
I hope you have had good news by the courier of Spain, who arrived here last night. His letters are not yet deciphered. Yesterday I saw a letter from Trent, of the 1st October, stating that the Pope had been ill with colic and fever, but was recovered, and that he treats the cardinals like a loving father, for he has caused them to shave their beards, and to wear such colors and fashions of habit "as the laudable custom may comport," forbidden them maskeling, "and that there [shall] no women go or ride in men's array." He has dislodged eight or nine cardinals who had taken up quarters in the palace, all except the cardinal of Sion, who has also been sick, and is not quite recovered. The viceroy of Naples has been very ill, and the count de Cariate is dead. By news from Venice, Rhodes had been sore handled by the Turk, who, however, had sustained great losses, and it was believed must have raised the siege. Antwerp, 14 Oct. 1522.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4. Endd.
14 Oct.
R. O.
2612. DACRE to ALBANY.
His and the Queen's servants whom he sent to the King are not yet despatched. Understands that the Queen and he do not wish to act according to the agreement made by Albany and the lords temporal, when Dacre was with them at Solam Chapel, when they desired further abstinence to a long day. As by the Queen's mediation the matter is in so good train, it would be folly to allow it to go back. Will do all he can to bring things to a good end. Advises him to send Arran, Lennox, Huntley or Argyle with the lord Secretary, to meet him at Coldstream, to deliberate on the best remedy. The abstinence taken at Solam Chapel for a month is expired, and is now prolonged for twelve days, which will pass before the meeting can be finished. Thinks it should be prolonged for thirty days from the expiration of the abstinence, and will do so on the part of England, if Albany will send him word of his willingness to do the same. The poor subjects of both realms are drawn to the Borders on trust of the abstinence. Some meeting should be had to put them in comfort, and for redressing "attemptats" on both sides; for which purpose Albany had better order the wardens of the East and Middle Marches to come to Coldstream with those who are to meet Dacre, and he will bring lord Roos, warden of the East and Middle Marches of England, or his lieutenant. Hexham, 14 Oct. 14 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copy of a letter sent from the lord Dacre to the duke of Albany.
15 Oct.
R. O.
View of accounts by Thomas lord Dacre, treasurer of the Wars, of money sent down by the bishop of Carlisle for payment of the garrison at Berwick, and reparations there, from 20 March to 15 October 14 Hen. VIII.
Total receipts, 5,536l. 17s. 8d.
Payments to Sir Robert, Sir Marmaduke and Sir William Constable, and their custrells; to William Ellerker, captain of the castle of Wark; to Edw. Graye, Sir Wm. Bulmer, lord Ross, warden of the East and Middle Marches, Sir Ralph Ellerker, Nich. Harvye, Leonard Musgrave, Sir Ric. Tempest, Arthur Darcye, Sir Wm. Evers; to laborers and workmen; to Ralph Fenwyke, lord Rosse's lieutenant; to John Swanne of Ware, Ric. Cleyworth, John Davye, Wm. Patman, Th. Gornell, Th. Paget, Ric. Tankark, *Th. Riddall, mayor of Newcastle, Will. Wilkinson, John Raa, Roger Boyes, Arche Whitstale, Edm. Carrok, *John More, clerk of the check, and *Ric. Candisshe, master of the crew of twenty gunners;—all, with the exception of those marked with an asterisk, being posts on different circuits.
Pp. 11.
15 Oct.
R. O.
Arrived yesterday with the whole army, and will send the soldiers over as soon as possible. Will pay them conduct money at the same rate as paid by Dauncy and others at their coming here. This month's wages began on Thursday, and I paid the soldiers only eight days' wages, with which they were not content. The bearer will tell you what trouble I have with them, and "how unwisely John Darell has cast himself away." With the ships here at present it will take three journeys to transport the army.
Has left 1,000 men at St. Omer's under Sir John Wallop, with a captain and two petty captains to every 250.
If the soldiers are prevented from crossing, by contrary winds or otherwise, this money will not be enough for wages, conduct money, sending ordnance from Lile to Andwarp, and paying the garrisons on this side of the sea, and it would be well if you could send 3,000 or 4,000 mks. Desires credence for John Russell, the bearer. Calais, 15 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
15 Oct.
R. O.
Received his letters on Monday the 13th, and sent immediately for Huddylston and Parys. Parys is very sick "as this bearer, my registrar, can show your grace." Desires clearer information on certain points of his instructions for viewing and valuing the whole shire. He, Parys and Huddylston have effectually executed the order to assess and tax every person according to the King's pleasure, and to bring the same to effect without bruit or noise, in which they found "in manner" no difficulty. Wishes to know whether they are to cause the inhabitants of the hundreds thus assessed to bring in the money, and give it into the custody of substantial persons to convey it to the King's treasurer, or whether Huddylston and Parys are to gather the money. As Parys is ill, and Huddylston cannot write, it will be a great burden on the Bishop to undertake this task, and would, besides, occupy much time. Suggests the former method as the more convenient. Wolsey writes that it would be very tedious to grant a particular privy seal for each person; which they had promised the parties, according to their instructions, and thereby induced them the more willingly to grant the loan. They now understand that there is to be but one privy seal for every hundred, with a schedule annexed of every man's name; this occasions discontent and slackness. Cannot make such a schedule unless Wolsey will return the books with the taxes. Downham, near Ely, 15 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: My lord Legate.