Henry VIII: April 1523, 1-15

Pages 1234-1250

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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April 1523

1 April.
R. O.
Has waited for Wolsey's letters to the Emperor, knowing that he could present nothing more acceptable to him except the letters which the King has sent from Portsmouth. Hopes Wolsey will write by the first messenger to the Emperor, and excuse him to the King for not waiting for Wolsey's letters at Hampton Court, as it was by Wolsey's own desire. Sends a butt (vas) of wine of St. Martin's, brought out of Spain by the bearer, who landed at Plymouth, and came to him as he was about to embark. Desires licence for the bearer to export 100 quarters of wheat, as he has frequently brought victuals into England for the Bishop. Commends to him the affair of Anthony de Vivaldis. On board ship, near the Isle of Wight, 1 April 1523.
Hopes to sail tomorrow for Spain. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
Faustina, C. VII. 73. B. M. 2925. UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.
Privileges granted by the King's predecessors, and confirmed by his highness.
1. In relation to the jurisdiction of the town and the university. 2. For holding pleas in any action begun within the precincts of the university touching any scholar or privileged person, felony, mayme and freehold excepted. 3. Market and ordering of victuals. 4. Taxation of houses; 5, and of privileged persons, &c. 6. Correction of corrupt livers. 7. Spiritual jurisdiction. 8. Liberties of the university. 9. Oaths of the mayor, sheriff, &c. The articles are fortified by reference to the statutes, and extend to 55 clauses.
Pp. 8.
1 April. 2926. For the UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.
Grant of certain privileges at the request of Thos. archbishop of York. Westm., 1 April.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23, 24, 25.
1 April.
R. O.
Indenture, 1 April 14 Hen. VIII., between Edward Stanley lord Monteagle and Thomas lord Darcy. The latter, after the former's decease, to obtain the wardship and marriage of his son and heir, Thomas Stanley, and to have 100l. for his trouble.
Draft, in Banks' hand, p. 1. Endd.
3 April.
R. O.
Requested all his friends to bestir themselves in Wolsey's business, about which Henry wrote to De Medici when he was absent from Rome. Every effort was made, and they obtained what they could, if not what they wished, considering the time and state of affairs. Excuses himself for not having done more, and hopes that when Wolsey sees the difficulty, he will be satisfied with his exertions. Villa Charegii, agri Florentini, 3 April 1523. Signed: Ju. Vicecancell.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.: A Vicecancellario, 3 Aprilis, ex Urbe, 1523.
3 April.
Vit. B. V. 177. B.M.
Regrets that he was unable to obtain all that Wolsey desired, although he and his friends did all they could. Those who know Roman affairs were surprised at their gaining so much at such a time. In the expedition of the apostolic letters there were many difficulties. Wrote to the Pope on the subject, and hopes he will gain his consent. Campeggio has been very useful. Charegii, agri Florentini, 3 April 1523. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
4 April.
R. O.
Musters were held throughout the bishopric on Tuesday last, but the assembly was small, owing to the foul weather, and the commissioners will hold another immediately. Although this is the worst time of the year for geldings, owing to the want of grass, the lord Treasurer will have at least 1,000 horse when he calls for them. Could furnish 3,000 horse at Mid-summer easier than 1,000 now. Since his arrival has obtained from Wardale Forest enough lead ore to make four fothers of lead, at 1,950 lbs. a fother. Has prepared charcoal for fining it. At Kepyer, beside Duresme, this Easter Eve, at 10 o'clock at night.
Has just received certificates from the commissioners of musters of the number of 1,500 horsemen. Sent them immediately to the lord Treasurer.
Hol., p. 1. Dated at the top: 4 April. Add.: To the Cardinal's grace. Endd.: From Mr. Frankeleyn, chancellor of Durham, of [the 10th of March (fn. 1) ], Easter eve.
4 April.
R. O.
The King has written to appoint his brother Sir Christopher, and John Pennyngton, knights of the shire of Cumberland, to appear at the approaching Parliament. Asks that Mr. Hennage, or some other of Wolsey's servants, may be appointed instead of Sir Christopher, who cannot be spared from the West Marches during Dacre's absence attending on the Lord Treasurer and the Lord Warden in Northumberland. Pennyngton is sheriff. Refers to Wolsey, whether he can also be a knight of the shire in Parliament. When war was proclaimed with Scotland, the mayor and townsmen of Carlisle asked him for provision of gunners, powder, bows, arrows, and bills, for the defence of the town, and for assistance in repairing the fortifications, which are in ruins. Promised to help them with men in time of need, but had no artillery or ordnance to give them. If Wolsey will have some sent, will take care, as he told Wolsey when he last saw him, that it is kept in safe houses, and not used except in case of necessity. Asks Wolsey's favor for the petitions brought to the King by two of the citizens. Morpath, 4 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace, cardinal of York. Endd.
5 April.
MS. Hargrave, 249. f. 226. B. M.
Archæol. XIX. 62. 1. "An order made by the rev. father in God, Thomas Wolsey, cardinal of England, by direction from the King, to limit John earl of Oxenford in the ordering of his expences of household and other his affairs in his younger years, as also for his demeanor towards the Countess his wife, in the 15th year of king Hen. VIII."
Signed by Wolsey.
Thanks him for his kind letters, and for sending his servant Anthony Hansard "to be with me for the good and politic rule and order of my house, and also to help to reform such things as hath been impediment of continuance of good amity between my Lady and me." He has ordered himself like a wise man. Asks his leave for Hansard to remain, and he will give him what reward Wolsey thinks reasonable. Hedyngham, 5 April. Will wait on Wolsey at London when his health permits. Signed: Your owen bounden John Oxinford.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
R. O. Thanks him for his kindness, and for sparing Hansard to be with her husband, "for the stying of his honor and mine." His staying there will do much good. Thanks him also for showing his pleasure to Sir John Wer, whereby she will be in the more quietness. Seeing Wolsey has done this at her suit, will be advised by "him," and would be glad to have him appointed steward of her Lord's house, and surveyor of his lands. Offered him 40l. a year, his chamber, rooms for his wife, four servants and four horses, and he remits it to Wolsey's pleasure. If Wolsey like the offer, he must let my Lord know his further pleasure. "Both I and Mr. Hansard perceive not the contrary but that he mindeth not to come at your grace except your grace doth send for him by some strait commandment." By that means he will have the whole order before him, which will be most to her comfort. Signed: By youre humbyll bedwoman duryng my leyff, A. Oxynford.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my Lord's grace.
R. O. Thanks him for speaking to her cousin Tyl[ne]y, her servant. Asks him to send for parson Cleydon, who is now at Cleydon. Spoke to him on Sunday last, and if Wolsey will speak with him, doubts not but he will consent to "be in household with my Lord." He shall have what Wolsey assigns him. "I assure your grace there never was poor woman so troubled as I am, for lack of officers." Hopes he will not be displeased at the number of her letters, but she has no other friend or help than him. "You were the setting forward of me; for I have nothing, nor was never like to have had, if it had not a been by your gracious goodness." Signed: Youre humbyll assured bedwoman, A. Oxynford.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
R. O. Thanks him for his kindness, which she perceives by her cousin Tilney. As he intends parson Cleydon and Mr. Hansard to be with the Earl, will give them what place Wolsey thinks fit. "The parson can very good skill of household, and Mr. Hansard to be treasurer of my Lord's house, and receiver of his lands." Will give them what wages Wolsey assigns. As to his letter to "my Lord" for the auditor's room, "my Lord was content at my desire to respett, and so it was over given the same night Mr. Hansard came." The next day, my Lord sent the executors, and by their advice gave a grant to Wyseman, contrary to her mind. Hopes he will not enjoy it, if Wolsey will help her; "for the executors shall not deny afore me but that I made them privy what labor was made to me by Mr. Henage for the office;" to whom she promised her good will if he obtained Wolsey's letter to the Earl, who was content. He does nothing without the advice of Sir John Vere and his other friends, "but they give him but slender counsel, for they care little for his coming forward, so the inheritance might be saved, for Sir John Wer hath spoken largely to my face, as my cousin Tylny can show your grace." Asks him to send these men shortly. Signed: Be your humbyl assured bedwoman, A. Oxynford.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my Lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
R. O. Heard lately from Mr. Knyghtley that Wolsey intends to send a wise man to be their steward. This will be to her comfort, as it is not thought meet for her to do what she does without more officers. Will pay him what wages Wolsey assigns. Is not allowed to give her advice, though many think she might do much in her Lord's causes. Meddles only in household matters, and would be glad if the Earl had a servant to advise him; and he must needs be "a substantial man," as Mr. Were, Mr. Gates, Mr. Norwyche and Colte are the great rulers in his causes. He puts great trust in them; but they have not proposed to him either a receiver, surveyor, or auditor, and have not paid the 100 mks. they promised to pay before Wolsey. Has spoken lately with the duke of Norfolk, and hears from him that the King wishes much to know how her husband uses himself, and, as her brother says, wishes him to have some wise man about him. Her brother will advise the King to provide for this at their next meeting. "You shulld know, yff I myght spake with youre grace, what I have hard, but your wysedome cane beware. Youre grace do know howe (sic) was wonte to speke to moche; and sory I ame that I ame not able to dysserve the gret goodnes and quyet lyffe that you have brought me to." "Youre humbyll assured, A. Oxynford"
Hol., pp. 2.
R. O. Has received his letters dated 10 Nov. last, asking him to take Robt. Hennage as his auditor, with the same fee as John Josselyn, deceased. Josselyn had 20l. for the auditorship of the Lord his uncle's lands. Appointed John Wiseman, Josselyn's clerk, a month ago, at the advice of his wife, Sir John Vere, Sir Wm. Waldegrave and Sir Robt. Drury. He lives near, and will take but ten marks to be auditor of the land, and also to come monthly to examine the household book. Signed: Allway at your commaundement to hys lytyll power, John Oxinford.
P.1. Add.: To my Lord Cardynall's good grace.
Endd.: From John Oxinforde.
6 April.
R. O.
Has received his letters, and is rejoiced to hear of Wolsey's additional promotion (Durham). The King could not have made a better choice, or one more pleasing to the Pope, who has willingly consented to the request contained in the King's letter. The bearer will show that it has been performed. Thanks him for expediting the see of Worcester. Asks Wolsey to show favor to John Grigg, and to give credence to Silvester Darius, the sub-collector. Rome, 6 April 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
7 April.
R. O.
2934. The LOAN.
Indenture, dated 8 Nov. 14 Hen. VIII., of the receipt by Edm. abbot of York, of 611l. 10s. 6d. from John Chapman, on behalf of Hugh Asheton, archdeacon of York, collector of the loan in the archdeaconry of York and the college church of Ripon. Signed by Chapman.
ii. Further receipt for 56l. 2s. 4d. from the executors of Hugh Ashton, 7 April 14 Hen. VIII. Signed as above.
R. O. 2. Also to Thos. Magnus, for the archdcaconry of the East Riding, of 247l. 17s. 8d. Signed as above.
ii. Another for 47l. 2s. 10d., dated 7 April 14 Hen. VIII. Signed.
8 April.
R. O.
Orders him to pay to John Jenyns, for wages, &c. of 270 gunners of the ... keeping the passage betwixt [Dover ?] and Calais, 220l.; for one month's wages of seven other ships keeping the sea between Seane Head and Bretten, 230l.; for the garrison at Portsmouth, 159l. 15s.; for new making a dock for the Henry Grace [a Dieu], and other fortifications at Portsmouth, 1,000 mks. Richmond, 8 April 14 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. On the dorse is Jenyn's receipt.
9 April.
Rym. XIII. 787.
Creation as baron Marney. Hampton Court, 9 April.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
10 April.
R. O.
Will be careful to keep secret the article in Wolsey's letter that he was not to show. Learns by spies that nine ships left Dunbretayne in Scotland about a fortnight ago, and went between Ireland and Wales to fetch the duke of Albany. Expects he will come by the middle of May, if he have only a small power; but with his own and the Scotch ships he will have 16 or 20 sail. Sir Antony Poyntz ought to have 12 or 14 sail at least. If the King would send thither to him his little galley that John Carie is in, and another, I trust he should not escape. "Undoubtedly his galleys be such with sail that few ships in England may fett them; and if a calm come, Sir Antony Poyntz, having never a ship that doth row, shall not take him." If the galley and the other ship be at Portsmouth or in the West, they may be soon there. Desires Wolsey to write to Sir Antony Poyntz to observe the articles in a schedule enclosed. "I doubt not he shall see him or he come in Scotland, and the same would be sent to Chester to be conveyed in a Picard into the coasts of Ireland with all diligence." Newcastle, 10 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
S. B. 2938. DRS. KNIGHT and CLERK.
Warrant to all customers to furnish passage to and fro, from time to time, for the King's chaplain, Master Knight, as his ambassador to foreign parts. Richmond (fn. 2), _.
ii. Same for Master John Clerk, bp. elect of Bath and Wells.
10 April.
Galba, B. VIII. 26. B. M.
Wrote last on the 6th. Next day Knight arrived in the evening. On the 7th and 8th my Lady was occupied in a house prepared for her to see the procession pass. She made me sit with her. The cardinal of Liege and other lords were also at the table. Knight had audience yesterday at 4 p.m., delivered the King's letters and yours, and received an answer, which he will no doubt report. I thank the King and you for giving me leave to return. My Lady has promised to despatch me on Sunday next, and I hope to leave on Monday. Last night I received a letter from my friend who sent a spy from Cambray, stating that the spy had been at Paris on the 2nd and 3rd, having heard that the French king would be there on the 2nd to keep [Easter]; but he did not come, and the spy was obliged to return. He was sent on to me with the letter yesterday, and reported (1.) that on his way to Paris, at Peronne, he got into company with a wool merchant driving his packs towards Paris. On their way they met the earl of St. Pol, riding in post with only two of his company, and further on one of his chaplains, whom the wool merchant knew, and asked whither the Earl was going? He said, to bid farewell to his mother, for Bourbon had been with Francis at St. Germain's, where he was restored to favor, and a contract of marriage made between him and the lady Renée, the French king granting him the duchy of Milan, which Bourbon, Vendôme and St. Pol were going to cross the mountains to recover. (2.) When at Paris he heard that Albany and the White Rose would shortly go to Scotland with 30,000 men; which report, I believe, is disseminated only to make people think England will be too busy at home to trouble France.
My friend writes, as you will see by his letter enclosed, that he sent a man to Normandy, whom he looks for every day, and that he will come as soon as he arrives and report the news. He is the same that took the duke of Albany's secretary.—A young gentleman of this country, son and heir of the lord of G..., who has been brought up in France with the French king, came from the French court on Tuesday. He reports that the bastard of Savoy and Rochepott, who were supposed to be in Switzerland, were there; and no person in authority had been sent to Switzerland, except the treasurer Morlet, who, he thought, would not enter the country himself until he ascertained how they were disposed;—that Albany was at his house in Auvergne, and Ric. de la Pole on the borders of Lorraine, procuring footmen in Almain to go to Scotland;—that Francis had sent him 100,000 fr., but the French did not appear much inclined to that voyage, and though Francis is determined to set them forward, he counts Ric. de la Pole but a fool, and mocks him behind his back;—that Moye is chief captain on the sea with 4... men, and Montmorency has 50 spears;—that Bourbon was lately with Francis, and departed very ill pleased, for there is a great plea between the lady Regent and him for his wife's land, and there is no truth in the story about the marriage with lady Renée; yet it was said that Bourbon would assemble men of war to cross the mountains, or, as some thought, to put down certain companies which were doing as much mischief as enemies;—that all the ordnance of France has been unpaid for two years, and the foot have been so long unpaid that they rob the countries where they are;—that there is great poverty everywhere in France, and the people so oppressed with taxes that they speak ill of their King, and say that Rhodes was lost by his fault. Malines, 10 April 1523.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4.
10 April.
R. O.
Is always glad of an opportunity to send him a letter, and now writes by the Imperial ambassador. Is always ready to do anything for him in Italy. Ferrara, 10 April 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
10 April.
R. O.
Had hoped, now that he is a sixth time sent by the Pope on this almost hopeless Swiss legation, to have been fortified by the King's authority and Pace's company. Fears that they are leaning to the French. As the Pope has no money to pay the men of Zurich, has relieved his Holiness of the charge of the remaining 5,000 florins and other expenses, which now must fall upon the Emperor and the King; in order that the Pope may give his attention to peace, and keep the Swiss in order, especially the Zurichers, the Swiss' coachdrivers. Would not have ventured so far, but that he knew how important it was to treat for a league and universal peace among them. The Imperial ambassador, Dr. Pruanter, has arrived, after a wonderful escape from shipwreck, and is disappointed in not finding here an ambassador from England. If England do not help, it will ruin everything. Henry should consider that the safety of Christendom depends upon the authority of the Pope, who only seeks for peace, for which people are most anxious. They would readily abandon the French if Henry sent an ambassador. Constance, 10 April 1523. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. and Endd.
10 April.
Vit. B. XX. 158. B. M.
2942._ to KING _.
Pursuant to the King's command, and the promise he made in his last letter, has been on the frontier of Gueldres with Dyseltain and the lord of Zevenberghe, to learn "la fui[te?] des pieton." The lords of Cleve and Jeulliers, the bishops of Cologne ("Coullions") and of Münster (?) ("Menstre"), with 16,000 foot and 2,500 or 3,000 horse, and Mons. de Nassau with a part of the horsemen "de par decha," have pursued the foot who wished to go to Robert de la Marche. The people of Valquenbour and Lenbour came to cut off their passage, and forced them to retire towards Vennelot, where they would have surrendered on promise of their lives, "ung blanc baton en la main;" but during the parley they were attacked by the country people, who put to death 1,500 or 3,000. The rest fled, and threw themselves into the foss of Vennelot and into the Meuse.
Thinks the King has been advertised that the king of Denmark has given his men to understand (those that remain) that he intends to attack Sweden, or descend on England. Trusts, however, he will do nothing against England. Mons. de Berghe and de Isselstein commend themselves to him, and if anything happen of importance he will be advertised of it quickly. Has sent a sure messenger to the court of France to get true reports of all news. Antwerp, 10 April.
Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "Au Roy."
11 April.
R. O.
This Saturday, 11 April, received his letter by his servant Middilton, by which it appears that all those that love the soul of their late master (fn. 3) or the weal of their young master are greatly bound to his lordship. Such matters are compassed by persons trusted by their late Lord, that without Darcy's aid their young Lord will be undone, and the late Lord's will cannot be performed. They dare not express it in writing. Urge Darcy to write to his friends in court to help that "our young master may be had of the King according to my Lord's will." Beg he will send them advice for the funeral, as they are "ignorant what should be done upon the interment of such a noble man as our master was." At Hornby, the Saturday aforesaid. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
2944. ii. DARCY to [SIR JOHN HUSEE].
"Cousin, my lord Treasurer hath sent to buy my young lord Montegill, and to have his rooms and all. By the drift of Powell, my late lord Montegill's servant, Bastard Stanley and the Baron, that wed his sister's bastard, would have proved masters; but if ye speed well there, doubt ye not here. Spare for no costs and reasonable to be above all other offers to speed, and in anywise that I may have word in all how ye be like to speed for us all, executors or otherwise." Wishes this letter to be returned. Sir Weston and Mr. Solicitor will help.
Hol. On the back of the preceding.
R. O. 2. Petition of Richard Bankes, as executor of lord Monteagle, for a subpœna against Richard Curwen of Lancaster, for false entry on the parsonage of Mellyng, Lanc.
Pp. 3. Endd.
11 April.
R. O.
Ric. Banks and he have desired Darcy's chaplain, Sir William Chanon, to ride to him to tell him of the endeavors of certain evil-disposed persons to break my late Lord's will, and undo the young Lord and his servants. Doubts not but that Darcy, as chief executor, will support them. Cannot leave the country without endangering everything here, for those whom they ought to trust are most to be feared. When the burying is done, an order must be taken for my master's weal. If Darcy send to London, at the sign of the "Buysshop," in Gray's Inn Lane, Holborn, his servant will hear of Rauff Delahaye and Chr. Hogekynson, a servant of Starkey's, and can find out from them what they have done. Will speak to his kinsman, John Hake, about Darcy's wish to have him for his chapel. Mr. Myddleton will take Darcy an answer. Hornby, Saturday, 11 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Readdressed by Darcy to Sir J. Hussy.
11 April.
Titus, B. I. 295. B. M.
Has secured the royalty, 25 score kele of coal, found at Whikam near Newcastle. Refers him to muniments in the archives of the see of Durham, allowing certain privileges to the Bishop in this matter. The shipping of coals on the bishopric side will be of great benefit, and set more coal pits going in Northumberland. Recommends his repairing Hartlepoole, which is a good haven. Advises him to beware of the dean of Auckland, who proposes to offer his services to Wolsey. He opposed the prest money demanded of the clergy by the King, as he will show him by a paper subscribed by Mr. Wardale, the Bishop's commissary, Mr. Wytham, dean of Darnton, and Mr. Folbury, master of the grammar school at Durham. Recommends to his notice Sir Will. Gascoigne, of Bedfordshire. Advises that Hogill, (fn. 4) Wolsey's steward, be chancellor of the diocese, and himself surveyor. Is very diligent in overlooking the profits of the bishopric and the lead mines in Yorkshire. Advises that the lead should be conveyed to Wele Hall on the Oose. Durham, Saturday in Easter week.
P.S.—There are certain muniments at Durham Place in London, necessary to be had at this present parliament. Proposes to procure a certain quantity of silver from London, and coining irons. Has received only 24 from Mr. Tonyes. Asks for licence to constitute a proctor at Convocation.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. To my, &c., lord Cardinal.
12 April.
Galba, B. VIII. 26. B. M.
Wrote last on the 10th from this town, that I should take leave of my Lady today; which I did, in presence of Dr. Knight. Enclosed also a letter from a friend, saying that a spy had been sent into Normandy, who on his return would report the news to me. Yesterday my friend came hither, and told me as follows: (1.) The spy was at Honfleur, where he saw 6 galleons, well supplied with victuals and artillery, prepared, as it was said, for the conveyance of Albany to Scotland, but nothing was said of De la Pole. (2.) He had seen there a great ship of Scotland, named the Michael. (3.) He had seen the French king's great ship the Francis, at the Port Grace, with a great number of empty foists joined to her sides, by means of which it was hoped to convey her out. It was said, however, that she was never like to come out but in pieces, although all her "overbuildings" were taken down to make her light, so that if she were out tomorrow she would not be perfect this year. (4.) The haven at Honfleur is in manner destroyed, and great cost made about a new haven at Port Grace. (5.) All the world in those parts, spiritual and temporal, cared not if their King were at God's foot, or in a worse place. I have promised to send Knight every week such news as comes to Cambray. Malines, 12 April 1523.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 2.
12 April.
R. O.
2948. CHARLES V.
Draft of articles for a truce between the Emperor, the king of England and Francis I., with a view to a crusade against the Turks. (1.) The condition is such that if, during the truce, the war between the Christians and Turks be not ended, the truce shall be prorogued until it is, and for six months after. (2.) All things to stand in statu quo.
Apostyled in the margin:—If this sequestration cannot be obtained in all things, it must at least be obtained for Fontarabia. If the French will not consent to this, the sequestration is not to be insisted on.
(3.) The castles of Fontarabia, Hedin and Milan not to be fortified, but left as they are during the truce. (4.) Free intercourse for the subjects of the contrahents in all matters of merchandize. (5.) Confederates to be included. (6.) Measures for punishing any of the parties who infringe the truce. (7.) No one to engage the Swiss, except against the Turk.
Apostyled:—Let this be proposed by the Pope, and not by the ambassadors.
(8.) The Pope to hold a diet for all Christian princes, to settle preliminaries.
(9.) To find supplies for the war, the Pope to open the treasures of the Church, and allow all Christian princes in all their dominions a general crusade, with ample indulgences, and grant at the same time a fourth part of the ecclesiastical revenues of the Church under a bull for this expedition.
Apostyled:—The Pope is to offer this of himself, without any requisition.
(10.) To set it on foot, a day shall be appointed when all the contending parties shall appear before the Pope, and submit to his mediation. (11.) The Pope to be conservator of the truce, and fulminate ecclesiastical censures against those who violate it. (12.) The truce to be sealed by the principal contrahents within—months from the present date.
The confederates to be named.
Copy of the commission of Charles V. to Lewis de Corduba, duke of Sessa, his ambassador with the Pope, and John de Gattinaria, as his commissioners to treat on the premises. Valladolid, 12 April 1523.
Lat., pp. 10. Endd.
12 April.
R. O.
2949. The MYNYON.
Indenture, dated 12 April 14 Hen. VIII., of money received by Robt. Applyarde for the crew of the King's ship Mynyon, Chr. Arundell, master, at the rate of 16d. a week. The crew numbers 92 men. Signed by Applyarde.
13 April.
R. O.
Has received his letter dated Newcastle, 11 April. Candish will made ready the two cortalls with all diligence. Will do what he can to prepare for Surrey's arrival, but the garrison has no other place than the Magdalene field to put their horse in, except a close called the Snowke. Will be glad to see Surrey in these parts. Hears today that Huntley, Argyle and Lennox are come to Edinburgh, where they hold a parliament. They have sent lord Hamilton to lie at Wetherburn, for fear the English burn the Marse. Advises Surrey to come with a great number suddenly, but to plan it well before, for here is no plenty of hay or grass. Berwick, 13 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Lieutenant.
13 April.
[Calig. E. I. II.?] IV. 153. B. M.
Some time since a herald from England had a conversation with Mous. du Bies at Boulogne, touching the peace between the two kingdoms. Being ill at the time, could not write; does so now in his anxiety for peace. Thinks it would tend to the good of Christendom. Has been informed that a safeconduct is ready for him to go to Calais, thence to England. Pont de Remy, 13 April. Signed.
Fr., pp. 2, mutilated. Add.
13 April.
R. O.
2952. SAMPSON to [WOLSEY].
The Emperor has been at an abbey, ten leagues hence, from the Monday before Easter till the Wednesday after Easter, "for his more quietness in the holy time." On Easter Eve he received a brief from the Pope, and letters from the College of Cardinals, containing exhortations mixed with threats, and urging a truce among Christian princes for war against the Infidels in this imminent danger. "The Emperor is ... that the King's highness... and letters," and has written to his ambassadors upon the subject. Many rumors came of the surrender of Rhodes; but the Emperor would not believe them, as Sampson mentioned in his last. Was with his majesty the day after his return. Today, in his privy closet, the Emperor told him he would write to the King and Wolsey, and desired him to repair to the Chancellor to learn his pleasure more at length. The Council think the warlike preparations should not be slackened on account of this proposed truce, but rather advanced with more celerity, so that Francis may not take advantage of it; and if he be disposed to act like a good Christian prince, the powers in readiness may be used against the enemies of Christ.
"If that it so please the King's grace and yours, the Emperor seyth that he is [well] content with the treugis, because that [he] estemeth [them] necessary at this time. His majesty hath also w[rit]tin to his ambassador at Rome that in no manner of wise [he] shall attempt any means of treugis or oth[er] ... except that the King's grace's ambassador have also power that jointly [they] may enter and treat togethers.
"They have here great fear that the French king will en[ter into] Milan, and so to be lord of Italy to have also ... means at his pleasure to .ave (fn. 5) and s ... himself Emperor, and to have the le ... the Turkis that all other ... not for devotion, but ambition of glor[y] ... I asked the Chancellor what army the Emperor now would s[end], that I might advertise your grace of it. He said the ... or more that was appointed before, as in t[he] ... letters they wrote to their ambassador. The ... with the three thousand men be not yet [in areadi]nesse; but now they say that ducats 30,000 be pa[id] out for the same, and they fear the Turk in the seas Mediterraneos. Wherefore I think they sc[hall] be the more slack now to send the said schi[ppis].—Sire, the truth is that the Chancellor feareth every shadow for the affairs of Milan, and this causeth him all that he may to have armies to refrain the French king. Notwithstanding, as well for other considerations as this, wise men here thinketh it expedient.
"The truth is also, that yet I perceive here no haste to war, or preparations towards any army. I think many hath warning to be in areadiness, but there [is] yet no visage or great semblance. I think also that shortly the Emperor may have his army; for, as I may understand, the people be well willing, and of that he ... require them I think the noble men of the same ... e, but as I may perceive till that it ... ry he will not use them, they [think] a [li]til service so much, and for the same solicits importunely great rewards." Valladolid, 13 April.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 4.
13 April.
Galba, B. VIII. 29. B. M.
I am writing to De Praet to speak to you in behalf of certain burgesses of Middleburgh, who, on their return from Scotland, have been driven to Newcastle (Neufchastel), and there made prisoners. He will also answer your complaints touching the free exchange of merchandize between these countries and France, and the liberty allowed to the Scotch to frequent Middleburgh. Malines, 13 April 1523. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
14 April.
P. S.
2954. For JOHN STOKISLEY, D. D., the King's clerk, councillor, and almoner.
Grant, for increase of the royal alms, of the goods and chattels of felons de se, and all deodands within and without liberties, from Mich. next, as long as he shall be the King's almoner, with power for himself and his deputies to make inquisitions, and to seize all such goods, &c. Bridewell, 14 April 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., eodem die.
15 April.
Calig. B. VI. 280. B. M.
This day received the King's letter of thanks. Is grateful for it, and his admission as one of the Privy Chamber. Hopes the victual and ordnance will be ready in three or four days. St. George's Day once past, there will be no delay. Will follow the Lieutenant's advice; and if he thinks good to lie in Berwick, Dorset will be in Norham; the rest in Etell, Ford and Wark, to be nearer the Borders. Encloses a list of the gentlemen who joined Dacre in the last road, whom Dacre has omitted to mention. Hopes that thanks will be given them by the King. At Alnwick, Wednesday, 15 April. Signed.
ii. List of names.
My lord Dacres himself, Sir Will. Percy, Sir Hen. Clyfford, Brereton, Sir Will. Compton's men, Will. Heron the heir, the Bastard Heron, John Heron, of Chipchase, Sir Will. Lisle, Rauf Fenwyke and men of Tyndale, Ph. Dacres and the Rydesdale men, Rt. Colyngwod, lord Ougle, Sir Will. Kyngeston, Sir Ralph Eldercarre, "my broder John, who toke the gowte in the said rode, and never came out of his bed sith," my broder Leonard.
Pp. 3. Add.
15 April.
Parl. Roll, 14 & 15 H. VIII. R. O.
Held at London, 15 April 14 Hen. VIII., and prorogued to Westminster, where it was held on Friday, 31st July 15 Hen. VIII. On Wednesday, 15 April 14 Hen. VIII., the King being present in the Great Chamber at Blackfriars, Cuthbert Tunstal bishop of London declared the causes of the summoning of parliament, in an eloquent and learned speech, in which he extolled justice.
Receivers of Petitions from England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland.—The cardinal of York, the archbishop of Canterbury and the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk. Of Petitions from Gascony and Parts beyond Sea.—Sir John Stokesley, Sir John Tailler, Sir John Lupton, Sir Ric. Rauson, Sir Robt. Tonnys.
Triers of Petitions from England, Ireland, Wales and Scotland.—The archbishop of Canterbury, the duke of Norfolk, bishops of London and Lincoln, earls of Worcester and Shrewsbury, Sir John Fyneux, Sir Ric. Broke, the abbots of Westminster and Bury St. Edmund's.
Triers of Petitions from Gascony and Parts beyond Sea.—The bishops of Exeter and Carlisle, earl of Devonshire, lord of St. John's, lord Ros, Sir Robt. Brudenell, Sir John More and the abbots of Reading and Abingdon.
On Saturday, 18th April, the Commons presented to the King Sir Thomas More as their Speaker.
1. Act for a four years' subsidy for the war against France, at the rate of 12d. in the 1l. on lands of Englishmen, during the first two years, and 2s. in the 1l. on those of aliens, and the same on goods above the value of 20l. The same rates for the third year and for the fourth year. [c. 16.]
2. The King's general pardon. [c. 17.]
3. An Act to restrain the selling of woollen cloths to aliens. [c. 1.]
4. To restrain the taking of apprentices by strangers. [c. 2.]
5. For the honor of Beaulieu. [c. 18.]
6. Regulating the draping of worsteds at Great Yarmouth. [c. 3.]
6*. For the expences of the Household. [c. 19.]
7. "The Act for shooting in cross-bows and hand-guns." [c. 7.]
8. For the King's general surveyors. [c. 15.]
9. The King's revenues.
10. Attainder of the duke of Buckingham. [c. 20.]
11. Act empowering the King to reverse attainders by patent. [c. 21.]
12. Touching the duchess of Buckingham. [c. 22.]
13. For Henry Stafford and Ursula his wife. [c. 23.]
14. For Sir Wm. Compton. [c. 24.]
15. For Thos. Kytson. [c. 25.]
16. For Sir Ric. Sacheverell. [c. 26.]
17. For John lord Morley. [c. 27.]
18. For tenants of the castle of Dovor. [c. 28.]
19. For the Hanse merchants. [c. 29.]
20. For Henry earl of Northumberland. [c. 30.]
21. For Sir Andrew Windsor and Anthony Windsor. [c. 31.]
22. For Sir Henry Wyatt. [c. 32.]
23. For George earl of Shrewsbury. [c. 33.]
24. For Elizabeth wife of Gilbert Taylboys. [c. 34.]
25. Privileges for persons in the wars. [c. 14.]
26. Concerning coining of money. [c. 12.]
27. For Southampton harbour. [c. 13.]
28. For George Guldeford, to lay out a new way. [c. 6.]
29. That the Six Clerks may marry. [c. 8.]
30. For George Roll, keeper of the records of the Common Pleas in the King's Treasure House at Westminster, called Hell. [c. 35.]
31. For the clothiers of Suffolk. [c. 11.]
32. Concerning cordwainers. [c. 9.]
33. Incorporation of the physicians of London. [c. 5.]
34. For payment of custom. [c. 4.]
35. Against tracing of hares. [c. 10.]
R. O. 2. Modern copy of 1. [c. 16.]
R. O. 3. Draft of 11. [c. 21.]
R. O. 4. Draft of the proviso in c. 22. in favor of Sir Ric. Cornwall.
R. O. 5. Draft of the proviso in c. 20. in favor of Sir John Grey and Anne his wife.
"Master Speaker, the King's highness hath commanded me to shew unto you, that it is to his great rejoicement and comfort to understand and perceive how that ye have discreetly considered, by such report and declaration as I have made unto you on his grace's behalf, that his highness is commen unto the wars, not by any will and appetite which his grace hath thereunto, but only by extreme constraint, inforce and necessity; as well for the guarding of his honor, and the reputation of this his realm, as also for the conservation of his oath and promise, made to the Emperor, his good brother, nephew and ancient ally, and for the revenging of such injuries, breaches of amities and promises, with non paying of his annual tribute, and detaining of his rights from him, by his ancient enemy, the French king; and, semblably, for violation of the peace which was concluded with the Scots. And whereas God hath sent him honorable and victorious successes in the wars heretofore made against France, being inforced thereunto by like breach of promise, injuries and necessity, his grace, giving lowly thanks to Aimighty God therefor, doubteth not but, with the gracious favour and assistance of Almighty God, and the good prayers of you and other his subjects, like victory shall follow and succeed unto his highness.
"And whereas for the furniture of the said war, both defensive and offensive, ye have, after long pain, study, travel, great charges and costs, devised, made and offered an honorable and right large subsidy, which ye now have presented, in the name and behalf of all the subjects of this his realm, unto his majesty, his grace doth not only right acceptably and thankfully receive, admit and take the same, but also therefor giveth unto you his most hearty thanks, assuring the same that his grace shall in such wise employ the said subsidy and loving contribution, as shall be to the defence of his realm, and of you, his subjects, and the persecution and pressing of his enemy; for the attaining of good peace, recovering of his rights, and redress of such injuries as hath been done to you, his loving subjects, in time past. And, semblably, my lords, both spiritual and temporal, the King's highness giveth unto you his most cordial thanks, as well for that ye have agreed and given your assents to the said subsidy, as also by taking long pain, travail, study, costs and charges in devising such statutes, acts and good ordinances, as be for the common weal of this his realm. Praying both you and his said commons, that the same, by your good assistance, may be put in effectual execution; in doing whereof ye shall not only deserve the King's special favor, but also ye shall find him good and gracious sovereign lord unto you, in all your reasonable pursuits, from time to time hereafter."
In Tuke's hand, pp. 3.
R. O. 2958. A SPEECH delivered in Parliament in presence of Henry VIII. (fn. 6)
The speaker begins by asking who that was present would not give goods and life, if he had ten thousand lives, to recover France for his sovereign, now that this high enterprise was not only conceived by the King, but discussed and concluded with his council, which we have all heard explained, "as well by the mouth and report of my lord Legate's good grace, as by the recapitulation of the right worshipful, best assured and discreet Speaker." We have been informed also of the indentures already passed between the King and the Emperor, containing the number of horse and foot thought sufficient, the day prefixed for the arrival of the army beyond sea, and the promise made by the King, "who is here present," to go over in person. My lord Cardinal has also explained the many injuries done to the King and to his sister, the queen dowager of France, in withholding her dower and robbing his subjects, by Françoys, now reigning there, and the means proposed to establish a general peace, and stay the said Françoys, if it had been possible. Hopes that this notable beginning will not be all frustrate, "but that some of us here present may say, in this weighty matter, the thing vailable and worthy" to be regarded, which may come to the King's ears by the mouth "of the right wise, discreet and excellently lettered Speaker," which his grace may not utterly reject, before the time come for putting the enterprise in execution, as there is now a whole year thereunto. "And although I reckon myself of all other the most unworthy to have, in the audience of so many sage and notable persons, any manner sayings, especially in this weighty matter," in which the three governors of Christendom are to encounter, sword in hand, "to try where the pleasure of God shall be to strike and show his indignation," yet will I venture to utter my poor mind, in order "to give unto you, which be of far more assured wisdom, learning and experience than I, occasion to utter your wise counsels."
It is no time now to speak of peace. Want of truth is so deeply rooted in the French nation, and their appetite to extend their bounds is so insatiable, that even if we had no quarrel of our own against them, we could not but detest their false dealings with other princes. If not scourged, they will be a scourge to others. They have provoked the Emperor, whose power is so great that, when it is joined with ours, they will be environed on every side. The Emperor has already shown them what he can do, by recovering Navarre, the city of Tournay and the Tournesis, and has driven them quite out of Italy, dispossessing them of the noble duchy of Milan, the getting and defending of which was so expensive to them and Genoa; and we, for our part, have spoiled and burnt Morkesse, and laid waste a great country, with great honor to the fortunate and sage captain, the earl of Surrey, who remained in the French dominions, with a small number of men, for six or seven weeks, when all the power of France durst not give him battle. I trust the same valiant captain will subdue the Scots, whom the French have so "custuously" entertained against us. It may be a question whether to continue the same kind of war as hitherto, or to make it more sharp and violent by sending such a force as utterly to subdue Francis. On this point I wish some sage and experienced person would speak; only one thing "putteth me in no small agony." My lord Cardinal said that the King, who is dearer to any of his subjects than his own life, intends to go over in person; which I wish I may never live to see. "I am sure there is no good Englishman which can be merry the day when he happeneth to think that his grace might perchance be distempered of his health; so that, albeit I say for my part, I stomach, as a sorry subject may do, the high injuries done by the said Françoys unto his most dear sovereign, yet, rather than the thing should go so far forth, I could, for my part, be contented to forget altogether."
The French have established an ordinance among them, that their King shall never go in person, in ranged battle, against our nation, on account of the danger, notwithstanding their marvellous policy for the sure succession of their crown. How needful, then, for us "(considering in what case we be)" to entreat our sovereign, for our sakes and his daughter's, "upon whose weal and circumspect bestowing, next his noble person, dependeth all our wealths," to restrain his high courage; for, if he were to go, I am sure there would not be one man in the army "but he should be more meet to wail and wring his hands, than assured to fight, when he considered that, if otherwise than well should fortune to that precious jewel, which he had for his party in custody, it were more meeter for him to depart into Turkey, than to return again into his natural country to his wife and children." I think, therefore, if my prince would tarry within his realm, it would be better to advance our war by little and little, so as to weary out the said Françoys, than send over at once the power royal of the kingdom.
"In the reasoning of which matter I shall but utter mine ignorance afore Hannibal, as our right wise speaker rehearsed now of late;" but having gone thus far, I shall utter my poor mind, if this great army of 30,000 foot and 10,000 horse should be conveyed beyond sea, what way they may most annoy our enemies with the greatest safety, and how they may be victualled. If they could be victualled out of the archdukedom, I doubt not they would return in safety; for as their enemies did not venture last year to attack the earl of Surrey, they would all the more beware of so great an army; but by this means the harm they would do to France would not be so great as what we ourselves should sustain in supporting such a force. Before three summers were over, the army would exhaust all the coin and bullion in the realm, which I conjecture cannot much exceed a million; for if the value of the whole realm exceed not four millions, as my lord Cardinal told us plainly, "of which the possessions were esteemed to amount to one whole million," there can be no doubt that the corn, cattle, commodities and utensils, and apparel for men and women, which was never so sumptuous, and the wares, made not only from our own produce, but from the parts beyond sea, of which there was never so great abundance, amount at least to other two millions. Thus we should soon be made incapable of helping or hurting any one, and be compelled, as we once did, to coin leather. This, for my part, I could be content with; but if the King will go over in person, and should happen to fall into the hands of the enemy, which God forbid, how should we be able to redeem him? "If they will nought for their wines but gold, they would think great scorn to take leather for our prince."
And of the inhabitants of the archdukedom, how desirous they are to have much of our money for little of their victuals, we had good experience, when the King last went over, and last year, when my lord of Surrey was sent. But if we must send the army through their possessions, and go direct to Paris, which no doubt may be easily got, as soon as we have left the marches of the archdukedom, we should be on our guard against the Frenchmen's mode of fighting, whose plan is, not to meddle with our army, but lie in wait for stragglers or conductors of victuals. We shall be sure to find no victuals in our way, and might find the danger of leaving strongholds behind us, which the politic prince, Henry VII., avoided; for when he crossed the sea, he laid siege to Boulogne before he would enter any further into France; and the present King, when he purposed, as I have been told, to go to Paris, began at Terouenne, "and the Emperor employed whosoever be in Tournay," not thinking it right to pass further, leaving strongholds behind him in the possession of the enemy. What expense it would be, thus to employ our army, the King has had too good experience, in the winning of Terouenne, which cost him more than twenty such ungracious dogholes could be worth. But, if instead of this, we invaded Normandy, Brittany or some province on the sea, I can see nothing but danger on every side, not only at their arrival among their enemies, but from the difficulty in victualling them while they remain there; for though we are undoubtedly much diminished in treasure, we have a far greater want of defensible men. If I am asked why I urge these objections, I think the advantages we have had over the French have put them in despair to try it with us any more in ranged battle; but the French know as well our impatience to continue in war many years, especially in winter, as that our nation is invincible in arms.
I will now show you the advantages former kings have had over us in making war against France. In former times we had always places where we could land in security, either of our own, or of our confederates, in Gascony, Guienne, Brittany or Normandy. The towns and strongholds were of nothing like the strength they are at present. What friends we have now, I dare not venture to speak, and no nation was ever so united as our enemy. While the Emperor was here, occupied with the winning of Tournay, they corrupted three or four of the greatest nobles of Spain, on whom the Emperor was compelled to do justice on his return thither. Even my lord of Chievres, who was most bound to the Emperor, I heard my lord Cardinal say, was corrupted by their policy and gifts; and since his majesty's return to Spain, the governors of his archdukedom have granted safeconducts to French and Scotch merchants; which is a marvellous hindrance, for if our commodities had been as well kept from them as theirs from us, many a thousand French artificers, who have no living but by working our wools, would have been compelled to cry to the King for peace. The King should devote all his efforts to the subjugation of Scotland, and to join that realm to his, so that both they and we might live under one obeisance, law and policy, for ever. This would secure him the highest honor any king of England has reached, and it would be the greatest abashment to Francis. And though it be a common saying, that in Scotland is nought to win but strokes, there is another saying, "who that intendeth France to win, with Scotland let him begin." It is mere folly to think of keeping possessions in France, which is severed from us by the sea, while we allow Scotland, belonging to the same island, to recognize another prince. This, once united to England, all other possessions are easily retained.
Pp. 29. In the handwriting of Cromwell's clerk.
R. O. 2959. EXPENCES of the HOUSEHOLD.
Copy of the Act 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. cap. 19. At a parliament held at Westminster, 21 Jan. 1 Hen. VIII., it was enacted that 3,401l. 12s. 1½d. from the collectors of the subsidy of 3s. in the ton, and 12d. in the pound in the port of London, with other sums amounting to 19,390l. 16s. 3½d., should be yearly applied toward the expenses of the King's household; but as these sums have not been paid as speedily as was expected, many subjects have not been contented for goods supplied to the Household. The present parliament, therefore, annuals that Act. The Treasurer and Chamberlain at the receipt of the Exchequer shall have full pow[er, at the] only sight of any bill signed by the treasurer of the Chamber for the time b[eing, to give] several receipts of the said sums for the use of the King, and must enter the bills into the King's book, and deliver to those who bring the bills tallies containing the amount, and these words, "Pro domino Rege in cameram suam," without taking any fee or reward. "Concordat cum recordo. Le Roy le vulte."
Pp. 2, mutilated.
15 April.
R. O.
This morning received his letters dated at Hampton Court the 11th. Will follow his instructions. Finds by the King's letter to my lord Warden that he has ordered thanks to be given to Sir William Bulmer and others, who only followed the directions of Surrey and Dacre, and attended Dacre in his invasion about 20 miles from where my lord Warden invaded. Sir Wm. Kingston and Sir Ralph Ellercar were appointed to the most dangerous part. Surrey, Dacre, lord Ogle, Sir Wm. Percy, Sir Hen. Clifford, Sir Wm. à Par, Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Wm. Lisle, Wm. Heron and his kinsmen, Philip Dacre, Thos. Clifford, Ralph à Fenwick, and the Tyndal men, Robt. à Collingwood and all Riddesdale, Cokdale, and the hither side of Northumberland, 200 of Surrey's company, and as many of Sir Wm. Compton's, rode further and in more danger than others, and undoubtedly did no less hurt. Thinks my lord Warden was so weary he forgot to mention them. Will keep the letters of thanks till others come. Encloses a letter from the captain of Berwick, and one from George Lawson, with news of Scotland. Surrey studies how to do the Scots displeasure, as much as they to defend themselves. Means to be at Berwick in four days, to provoke them to assemble their company; and after they have returned and wasted their victual, intends to do them an evil turn. Perhaps when they are expecting Surrey to invade them, they may have a displeasure in another quarter. Lawson and Strangways were not to blame, as Wolsey thinks; but the wind has been so long E.S.E. and E.N.E. that neither Sir Henry Sherburn's men of war, nor those here, could get out of port. Newcastle, 15 April.
Added in his own hand:—Wishes to have the offices of the late lord Monteagle, and that the young man may marry one of Surrey's daughters. Thinks his land must be a little above 1,000 marks a year. Begs an answer by the next post, for if he have the young man and the offices, he could do the King better service, and prevent the executors from embezzling the goods. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.


  • 1. These words erased.
  • 2. The King was at Richmond in April 1523.
  • 3. Lord Monteagle.
  • 4. First written "Ogle," which name has been struck out by the writer, dotted below, and afterwards rewritten "Hogill."
  • 5. Here occurs the following cipher [symbol]
  • 6. As Cromwell sat in this parliament, this speech was probably delivered by him.