Henry VIII: June 1523, 1-15

Pages 1287-1303

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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June 1523

1 June.
R. O.
The Pope is greatly delighted by his letters to Silvester Darius, the subcollector, expressive of the assiduous efforts made by Wolsey with the king of England in promoting peace and the interests of religion. He has been so loud in Wolsey's praise that your servant Worcester was beside himself with joy. Begs Wolsey to remember what applause will attend him if he brings his intentions to completion. Rome, 1 June 1523.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. and endd.
1 June.
Bradford, 53.
The Emperor will have seen by their last the offers they have made to the King and Wolsey for co-operation with the English troops to be sent across the sea. They have explained why that aid could be no larger, considering the extent of the imperial territories, and the expense already incurred by the Emperor in providing an army. They would be satisfied with nothing less than 3,000 horse and 5,000 foot, and half the munitions of war, insisting that the writers should inform lady Margaret, as they have done, and received her answer after she had communicated with De Beuren. She offers 2,000 horse and 4,000 foot; but, if the English pass the sea, all the assistance in her power. In reply the King and Wolsey made many objections, and stated they could not cross before the end of June. Marnix also objected to their project of besieging Boulogne. They also insisted on sending Jerningham to take a note of the Emperor's preparations; "which we know not how they could expect to be in forwardness, seeing that they were all along dissatisfied with the number of troops we had offered."
Considering their manner of treating this affair, the writers have insisted on Jerningham's mission, with full powers to treat with the Emperor and settle the points in dispute. Their intention is to bring into the field only 15,000 foot under Suffolk. On 21st of May had a discussion with Wolsey and the Privy Council touching the army to be raised by the Emperor for the invasion of Guienne; but De Praet told them that though he was willing to enter upon this subject, as they mistrusted the Emperor's preparations it would be better for Jerningham to settle this affair also. "The Cardinal's object is sufficiently apparent, sc., to bind your majesty, and leave the King his master at liberty." To avoid the charge of dilatoriness, continually imputed to the Emperor, they addressed a note to Wolsey, offering to enter into a treaty on this subject according to their present powers. "The sieur Legate, nevertheless, became more difficult; and although he had before expressed himself satisfied with the offer of Madame, he then complained that it was too small, making use of several reproachful words against your majesty in his accustomed manner, and saying that it was proper to await the arrival of Mosquerra," your maitre d'hotel; and he put us off until Whitsunday.
On that day the King told them with great joy the good news he had received from Scotland, how his army had destroyed the frontiers, &c., and then asked Marnix if Madame would increase the contingent. The writers said that was impossible. And when the King was disposed to yield, Wolsey took him aside to the Privy Council; and after long deliberation, Wolsey said that his majesty had undertaken this war for the sake of the Emperor, on whose part nothing was done, and required 3,000 foot and 3,000 horse. The writers, after repeating their reasons for avoiding all needless delay, consented to write to the Emperor. "But whatever he may say, sire, if it be their intention to do nothing until such time as something is commenced on your majesty's part, and notified through the means of Jerningham, who is to be sent off, as they pretend, in two days, it is easy enough to see that the season will pass without a single effort of any importance."
The pay for the Emperor's army in Flanders expires at the end of Sept., and the writers do not see how it can be continued, except Mosquerra bring the expected supplies. This makes the English court so distrustful.
Met the King, Wolsey and the Council on the 28th, when Wolsey asked De Praet for his credentials, "notwithstanding they had been in his hands six weeks before;" and after looking at them observed that a general treaty with no particulars was worthless,—that Charles was bound by his note of 8 March to certain conditions, intimating reproachfully "that I had no right to enter into the subject at all, unless I was prepared to treat upon these very points." When De Praet defended himself, Wolsey made no reply, but resumed his remarks on the inequality of the contingent, the faults committed last year by sea and land, and the little aid England had received from your majesty; and "he did not hesitate to declare that your majesty was not an observer of the treaties," by which it was stipulated that your fleet should be confined to the Channel. De Praet, in reply, contended that no such obligation was imposed upon the Emperor, as Wolsey ought to know, for "he had himself drawn up the treaty," and knew well the sense of the article.
Then De Praet proceeded to offer certain conditions on the part of the Emperor, the time and extent of his contingent, &c.; at which Wolsey was no wise satisfied, "and beginning to put himself into a passion, seemed desirous that I should treat in every particular only according to his pleasure," and bind your majesty to stricter conditions than the king of England; and he insisted on the 1 Aug. being fixed for operations.
"Seeing with whom I had to deal I answered him as mildly as I could, begging him not to put himself out of humor with me, who could not do anything beyond the commission I had received;" and since they could not possibly be in readiness before 1 Aug., Jerningham might submit the whole affair to the Emperor. To this they assented, and will prepare a draft tomorrow, 30 May, of such articles as they wish introduced, to be transmitted to the Emperor, and, if approved, to be accepted by Jerningham and Sampson. The writers have thought this the best way of getting rid of the present difficulty.
On 31 May received the articles, which insist on a larger contingent on the Emperor's part, and their own armament not to be required until 1 Aug. The writers resisted, but gained nothing. Considering, therefore, the lateness of the year, that part of the time will be lost in besieging Boulogne, that the troops to be sent against it will not be available for the protection of the Low Countries, and that if my Lady does not consent to augment her offers the expense must fall upon the Emperor, the writers advise the Emperor to postpone the war until May next year, and dispense with assistance from England.
The king and queen of Denmark are in the Low Countries, and have asked aid of my Lady. The King has also asked of the king of England a permanent safeconduct, which has been granted him for six months, on condition he enters no English port with ships or more than 100 followers, or visit Scotland;—"and hence the Cardinal hopes he will not give them the trouble of coming at all."
Jerningham sets off tomorrow, and Marnix will return to my Lady in two or three days. London, 1 June 1523.
In a sequel to this despatch (according to Mr. Bradford) the following important passage occurs relating to Bourbon:
"In truth, sire, this affair, I know not why, has not long remained a secret, and in a short time cannot fail to be publicly known. Even at this court there are, to my knowledge, more than ten people now acquainted with it. The day before yesterday, when the Cardinal and I met concerning the present war, he immediately began to talk of the coming over of Bourbon, and related the whole transaction from beginning to end, and this in the presence of the duke of Suffolk, Messrs. Talbot and Wingfield, three of the bishops, and the treasurer Marnix. M. de Badajoz and I knew it ever since the past month of January; but we obstinately denied it before the king of England and the Cardinal, until your majesty ordered us to be candid on the subject."
1 June.
R. O.
3065. The HOUSEHOLD.
Declaration of John Shurley, cofferer, for the expenses of the Household from 1 Oct. 14 (13?) Hen. VIII. to 30 Sept. next, "by the space of one whole year, anno 14° R. H. VIII."
"Forren recepts."—Victuals remaining in divers offices of the Household, of which he had allowance in his former account, 1,090l. 17s. 4d. The increment of wheat, ao 14, 31l. 0s. 4d. From Wm. Honyng, serjeant of the Accatry, for hides and fells of oxen and sheep dead in murrain and sold, 38s. 4d. From Honyng, for salt money, 6l. 13s. 4d.
From the King, allowed from the loan for household expenses from Oct. to Dec. ao 14, 4,422l. 5s. 6d. From the Exchequer, in tails and assignaments, with 50l. received for St. George's Feast, 19,444l. 16s. 3½d. Total, 24,997l. 11s. 1½d.
Whereof allowed for household expenses for the year, 18,673l. 3s. 11¼d. For divers victuals remaining in the offices of the household, 1 Oct. ao 15, for which he will be charged in his next account, 909l. 11s. 8¾d. Total, 19,582l. 15s. 8d. And so he stands indebted to the King, 5,414l. 15s. 5½d.
Expenses of the household from 1 Oct. to 1 Jan. ao 15, 4,490l. 2s. And remains in Shirley's hand, 1 June (Jan.?), ao 15, towards the expenses for Jan., Feb., March, 15 Hen. VIII., 924l. 13s. 5½d. Signed: Thomas Byrks.
Pp. 2. Endd.: A declaration of the expenses of the King's household ao 14, made by Mr. Cofferer, with another book of livery given to Chambers and other places in the court.
1 June.
R. O.
Inquisition at Hythe, Monday, 1 June 15 Hen. VIII., before Sir Edw. Guldeford, warden of the Cinque Ports.—Affrays between fishermen on the high sea. Found a topsail, shrouds and pulleys, part of a mast, a small anchor, porpoises, "flewenettes," half a barrel of butter, a firkin of butter, two barrels of pitch, &c. Stolen, a net called a "trawle."
Lat., on parchment.
ii. Names of jurymen summoned before Sir Edw. Ponynges, warden. (fn. 1)
iii. Writ of venire faciatis from Sir Edw. Guldeford, warden, to the bailiffs and jurats of Romeney and Lyde, for summoning 20 jurors to Lyde on 2 June;—8 from Romeney, and 12 from Lyde. Dover Castle, 25 May 15 Hen. VIII.
iv. Return of the preceding writ, with the names of eight jurors annexed. Romney, ... 15 Hen. VIII.
v. Certificate by the bailiff and jurats of Lydde, that they have impaneled the 12 men whose names are mentioned. 31 May 15 Hen. VIII.
vi. Names of jurors of Dovor, Folkston, Mergate and Seynt John's, Kynges Downe and Rengewolde, Seynt Peter's, and Byrchyngton.
vii. Names of jurors of Pusseverell, Mergate, Seynt Peter's, Goresende and Byrchyngton, Kynges Downe and Rengewelde.
viii. Acknowledgment by Thomas Cockes, customer of Sandwich, of the receipt from Master Danyell of a certificate under the seal of the mayoralty of Sandwich, concerning the shipping and unshipping of horses. 2 July 15 Hen. VIII. Signed.
2 June.
R. O.
Hears from his ambassador that he wishes the sieur De la Mote, a Frenchman, whom she is sending to the Emperor by the Escuyer Simon de Vauldray, to pass through England. Has given Vauldray the necessary order. Malines, 2 June 1523. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
2 June.
R. O.
3068. The SAME to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Malines, 2 June 1523. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
2 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 9. B. M.
Has received his letter dated Middleham, 28 May, about John Stevinson's widow of Pyrsbrige and George Warcop, grantees of their farmholds by the King's letters patent, and stating that Conyers is ordered to let them show their letters patent to the council. Advises him how to act in the matter. Newcastle, 2 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1, mutilated. Headed: Copie of a letter to my lord Conyers.
* The page is headed: "This booke [m]ade [the] f[irst d]aye of Junii the xv. yere [of the] reigne of our soverain lo[rd] King Henry the Eight, ao Dñi [MD]XXIII. yeres."
2 June.
R. O.
When last in London was told by Sir John Hussey to meet his servant Gildon at Horneby, on Trinity eve, where he said Darcy would send a servant for the ordering of the late lord Mountegle's property. Was there at the time fixed, but found no one from Hussey. On Monday Chaloner came with orders from Darcy that Nic. Tempest and Ric. Banke should take charge of the house at Hornby, the goods that were seized and sequestered for the King, and the revenues of his lands, which is clearly against the late Lord's will. As Darcy does not wish him to meddle, asks him to appoint some one to look after the young Lord's causes, to which Starkey attended as well as he could last term, and as yet he has received no harm; but if good and quick suit be [not?] made this Trinity term, he will lose lands worth 160l., although he is the King's ward. A claim is made also by lord Derby, the King's ward, for some lands in Cheshire worth 50l. and more. The danger will be avoided if attended to betimes.
The day he left London, the King charged him to view all my late Lord's tenants in Lancashire and elsewhere, and send him a book of those able to serve in the wars, "and what be bills and what bows." Afterward the Chancellor showed him a bill for the stewardship of my Lord's lands during his nonage. Told him Darcy was steward of Brierly and Hymmesworth. He said they must agree about that, and has written to Darcy. Sends the said letter, which was given to him at Lancaster on Trinity Sunday. Horneby, 2 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 3071. SURREY to WOLSEY.
Yesterday received Wolsey's letter, with one enclosed from the King to the queen of Scots. The King wishes to have a great invasion of Scotland with 20,000 men, and that Surrey should get ready the people of the North, order victuals, and see to the sure wafting to Berwick of the victuallers now in Suffolk and elsewhere, then repair to the King in post, with Sir Wm. Compton and Sir Wm. Kingston. Sent letters immediately to lords Clifford, Scrope, Darcy and Conyers, and other gentlemen of Yorkshire, to meet him at York on Friday night, and arrange what number each should bring, and how many should be bows, how many bills. Will induce them to provide carriage for their companies' victuals. Hopes to be with the King and Wolsey on Tuesday next. Sent also immediately for lord Dacre and Sir Wm. Bulmer, to keep good order in his absence, and see that hurt be done daily to the enemies, and arrange how the queen of Scots may be conveyed into England, which will not be easy. Expects Dacre tonight, and Bulmer tomorrow; the latter has this day invaded the March with 4,000 men, before dawn. Sent also for Wm. Pawne and George Lawson, from Berwick, to learn what victual and necessaries they have for the invasion. Fears that the greatest lack will be of foists for drink. All that can be got should be sent thither, and as many "costrells and barell ferrys" as can be made in London, about which Weldon can inform him.
Has sent for Sir Hen. Sharnborne, to learn by whose fault the misorder of the men of war at sea took place. If by his, will order him according to Wolsey's commands. Thinks it was, that Madyson, of Hull, had not enough foists to supply them with beer; which Madison confessed today, throwing the blame on the lewd masters taken by the French, who left before the victuals were got on board. On Wednesday last, the French and Scots, of whom Wolsey writes, took two small boats of 15 of 16 tons near Yarmouth, while Sir Hen. Sharneborne was looking for them at Flamborough Head, and with him Paxford and another ship of war, of which his son is captain. That same night a great storm arose, which continued all Thursday, and drove our men northwards, who with difficulty recovered Skathe Road. Paxford had a narrow escape for his life. Four days previously, Surrey had sent Coo, with his bark, Fleming, Thos. Ellercar, Thos. Clere and Robt. Taylor, "to go forth of Skathe Road, and lie two kennyngs (?) in the sea, so that neither ship might go fro Scotland, nor come thither, but that they should see them." Ellercar and Clere, who were driven back again by the storm, believe that Coo and the others have gone to the Frith. Is anxious to hear news of them, for they are not fit to encounter the French. In coming to the road, they met the Dutch prize, with divers Frenchmen in her, who say that six or seven of their company were driven by the storm into the Frith. Fears that they have thus escaped. Hears that the Scots are going to set forth six or seven ships to the Islands, to intercept the Iceland fleet on their way home. If they succeed, the coasts of Norfolk and Suffolk will be undone, and all England destitute of fish next year. Desires leave to send four of the ten ships now in these parts to the Islands, for the fleet's protection. "I doubt not the King's grace shall have a good pot of wine for wafting of them." Hopes before tomorrow night to hear what our men have done in Scotland by land and water.
Hol., pp. 4. Add. Endd.: A letter from my lord of Surrey, having no date.
3 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 15. B. M.
3072. T. EARL OF SURREY, Lieutenant of the King's Army in the North.
Appoints lord Dacre his deputy, the King having commanded him to be absent for 15 or 20 days. Newcastle, 3 June 15 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
3 June.
Erasm. Ep. App. 326.
Has never been an enemy to the fame of Erasmus, as will appear by his letter to his good friend Cuthbert bp. of London, to whom Polydore has dedicated two books of his Adagia. Likewise, after Erasmus had left this, had sent him a letter by More, and received no answer. Makes offers of help and money. London, 3 June 1523.
3 June.
R. O.
Receipt (3 June 15 Hen. VIII.) by John Yerdley, for 200 mks. for the payment of mariners' wages of the Gabriell Royall, and for making the New Bark, and the rowbarge called the Swepestake, &c. Signed.
4 June.
Galba, B. VIII. 40. B. M.
The King of Denmark will leave for Calais on the 5th, and take his queen with him, which he did not intend to do before yesternight. His company consists of 80 persons. He expects to be at Calais on the 4th day after his departure, and goes thither by wagon. He desires to have 50 horses at his landing, of which eight or ten should be ambling ones for himself, his queen and her ladies. Sir John Baker has come from Zealand upon the charges he received from Wolsey. Was desired to get Baker to go with the King into England, which he thought very advisable, as De la Motte leaves this day for Calais. Has desired Baker to observe what strangers resort to the King on the way. My Lady has given like orders to Simon de Vauldre, regarding De la Motte, who was unwilling to go to England, unless my Lady promised that he should be treated as became him, and not kept long. As for the King's ships, he has changed purpose, as I told you. Will send Albany's secretary by Sir Wm. Skevington as soon as he comes. Mechlin, 4 June.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
4 June.
R. O.
Encloses a letter from a young man, one of those whom Sir Thos. Denys took at Billingsgate, to his master John Burton of Kingston, one of my Lord's "brykmen." Would have liberated him, as he did some of his fellows, but found this paper on him. Retains him in prison till he hears whether my Lord will examine Burton, or have the young man sent to him. Encloses words said to be spoken by Adam Grene, also prisoner in Ludgate. Knows that his grace could never have spoken what is there imputed to him, and Grene denies having said it. Has sent him to Newgate till my Lord's pleasure is known. Forgot to ask my Lord to allow the general watch to cease for a time, now that the nights are short and the city quiet, as they think it great trouble to serve so long continuously. London, Corpus Christi Day. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
R. O. 2. Deposition of Rob. Wyat and "John Mychell at Leudgate," that on the 19th May Adam Grene, cooper of London, a prisoner in Ludgate, went out with his keeper on business, and on his return found Robert Wyat, Edw. Browne, Edw. Hannes, Ric. Corrant and James Evell in the new hall. Being asked what news he had heard, he said a "bocher" who had 4l. a year from the King alleged that Wolsey had told the King that all London were traitors to his grace. Wyat told him to hold his peace, for it would put him to displeasure; whereupon he was vexed, and said he would abide by it, for he heard it from a substantial man, who would also abide by it. Signed as above, and by "John Michell at Ludgate."
P. 1. Endd.: "Agayn a bocher of London for seditious words by hym speked of my Lord's grace."
R. O. 3. Memorandum of the witnesses of the above saying.
P. 1.
5 June.
R. O. St. P. VI. 120.
3077. PACE to [WOLSEY].
Has received his letter dated 19 March, by the bishop of Bath, from Trent, May 17, with instructions for the duke of Milan and the Swiss. Is sorry he cannot proceed on that business, for reasons stated in his letter of 14 May. The archduke of Austria still withholds his commission, and "is very obstinate in this cause, greatly to his dishonor, as all wise men do judge." Thinks it very strange to be troubled with the Emperor's brother, "after that we have in effect obtained all our purpose here against his enemies." In consequence of the Doge's death, can as yet get no answer, for the Venetians think that the Archduke will send no commission. Venice, 5 June.
Hol. Endd.
5 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 18. B. M.
Thanks him for his kindness at all times. Asks him for the loan of 100l. till Lady Day next, as he has been at great expense at the parliament in London, and will have to go there again. Sends a warrant for its repayment by the receiver of his lands in Cumberland. Thanks him for his kindness to his brother Sir Wm. Percy. At my castle of Wresill. 5 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
5 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 9 b. B. M.
3079. DACRE to [JAS. BEATON], Chancellor of Scotland.
Surrey has ridden to Yorkshire, and appointed Dacre deputy in his absence. Has always tried to preserve peace in times past, and remembers the message Beaton sent him by the Friar, that he would do anything to abate the war; "and further that for because that the duke of Alb[an]y is your [p]rince, and for the default of the young king your sovereign lord, he must re[member that the lords] of Scotland wol nothing [do withou]t his adu[ice] * * * glad would I be to show you mine opinion," for the guidance of the Queen, who is sister to the King my sovereign, and mother to yours; for and these damages that his subjects sustain * * * grow ... dge in his stomach, and remem[bering] th[at] ye are all wholly led by France, [and his highness will m]ake no g[ood peace] with [the said Duke] your misgovernor, I [would] that by the good means of the Queen's grace" abstinence were taken conditionally till Michaelmas, for the purpose of treating for a peace; provided that if Albany, "your misgovernor," is not contented with it, at his return war should begin again, after a reasonable time of twenty days. Asks him to send by the bearer, Patrik Thurbrande, monk of Kelso, a safeconduct for his servant Wm. Hathrington, that he may communicate with the Queen and Beaton on the subject. Assures him on his honor, and by the faith he owes to God and to the Order of St. George his patron, that the premises come from himself alone, and not from the King or his council, but he expects the King, at the Queen's request, will regard her desire. Writes to him, as he is the "principal post of Holy Kirke," has always desired peace, and can keep secrets. Desires him to disclose this to none but the Queen. Hexham, 5 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1, mutilated. Headed: Copie of a letter to the chauncellar of Scotland.
5 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 9 b. B. M.
3080. DACRE to [the ABBOT OF KELSO].
His monk, Dan Patrik Thurbrande, the bearer, has been very diligent in suing in favor of his monastery. Every one in these parts is fervently set against it, but if it be kept as a religious place, "there wol no person dere it." The town of Kelso must stand at a venture, for he knows as yet no reason to favor it. Is deputy in Surrey's absence, who has ridden to Yorkshire; and has written by the bearer to the Chancellor for a safeconduct for a servant of his, to go and speak with him and the Queen on certain matters, which the bearer knows, but has sworn to tell no one but the Chancellor and the Abbot. Asks the Abbot to provide him with a fresh horse and a servant. Hexham, 5 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: [Copy of a letter to] thabb[ot of Kelso].
7 June.
R. O.
When he left home intended to return three days ago, but has been so busy that he will not get away for three days more. "He that shall marry Maud, my maid, made instance that he might have my [bi]ll of Master Smythe, for he would commence a new action in the King's Bench." Told him, if I might have a bond from him of 1,000l. not to disinherit me of my right and title of John Fulwood's will, I would deliver it to him. Has written to his wife to send her son to Cromwell. Asks him to obtain such a bond for him. London, 7 June 1523.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Unto the right worshipful Master Cromwell.
10 June.
R. O.
Memorandum, that on Tuesday next after Pentecost, 15 Hen. VIII., Wm. Whitmore, of Geyton, Norf., reported the following words before Sir Roger Touneshend, Geo. Henyngham, and Th. Thoresby.
On Tuesday before "the Cros days" last, Peter Wylkynson, in the vicarage of Geyton, in presence of Sir Wm. Pygote, vicar, Sir John Worme, parish priest of Geyton, and Agnes wife of Whitmore, said he heard it reported that every man of the value of 40s. should pay 20s. to the King; every man of 20s., 10s.; and every man of 10s., 5s.; and that "if every man would do as he would do, he would take him by the head, and pull him down." Pygote asked him, whom he would pull down. He answered, "Harry with the crown." The vicar bade him beware; and Agnes Whitmore said, "and she had [spoken] any such words, she were worthy to have be brent."
The said Agnes deposed that Wylkynson said, "And if it be as my master say, we must have three more tasks" (taxes), and that every man would have to pay half what he was worth. "And every man would as I would, we should get him by the head, and bring him down."
Sir John Worme deposed that Wylkynson said, "Rather than we should pay any taxes, it were better to take against king Herry." He doubts whether the vicar was present. Signed: Per me, John Wrome, prest.—When Sir John was first examined, he would not confess, but afterwards confessed as above.
On Wednesday after Pentecost John Saunder deposed that when Wylkynson went with him and John Wright to plough, he rode to the door of the vicarage, entered, and remained there some time.
Deposition of John Wright.
Signed by the examiners.
Pp. 2. Endd.
10 June.
R. O.
Receipt by Edward Rigge, 10 June 15 Hen. VIII., of 5 marks from Darcy, by the hands of Ric. Lyster, being his yearly fee to the Friars Minors of Southampton. Signed.
10 June.
Calig. B. II. 284. B. M.
Received a letter from Wolsey, desiring his son-in-law Guy Wylstrop, and other of his servants, to appear before the council in the quinzaine of Trinity, and has sent them up accordingly. Believes the fault will be found to lie with the plaintiff. Their absence is very inconvenient. Wolsey is aware the Scots were very high-minded, in consequence of the news from France, and a ship that brought artillery from France. Till the last day of truce, knew not whether it was peace or war. Desires that if any punishment be awarded he may suffer it, for it was his deed, not theirs. Is informed by Magnus, Wolsey has procured money from the King for the fortification of Wark castle. Nothing more beneficial has been done in these parts since the death of Henry V. Children unborn will pray for Wolsey. Wolsey has been good lord to Dacre and Conyers, Sir Robt. Constable and other friends. Ughtred therefore recommends Sir William Bulmer, "a right nee frende of all ours," who desires to enter his service. "He is marked in these parts, both with poor and rich, as a man that hath f[ew f]ellows." Berwick, 10 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lord Cardynall good grace."
10 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 22. B. M. Hearne's Otterb. 575.
Has seen the letter sent him by the Chancellor. Hopes a good way may be found betwixt the two realms. Has commanded the Chancellor to send a safeconduct for Dacre's servant. 10 June.
Hol. Add.
10 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 21. B. M. Hearne's Otterb. 574.
3086. JAMES [BEATON], Chancellor of Scotland, to DACRE.
On the 8th received his letter dated Hexham, the 5th. Had sent his sister's son to Perth to the Queen, because himself "might not travel." The Queen has written to Dacre and the laird of Cesford. Has written for the safe coming of William Hatheringtoun to the Queen. Begs him to send some one with whom he and the Queen may confer at length. Dumfermling, 10 June. Signed and sealed.
10 June.
Vesp. C. II. 140. B. M.
Has written to him twice since Boleyn's departure; once by Boleyn himself, the second time by Beaurayne. Has solicited with diligence the ships with the 1,000 men. Has used the advice of the Great Master, by whom the King may obtain anything, though, owing to illness, he has not been much at court lately, and everything is done by the Chancellor and Nassau, who have frequent variances. Nassau has most weight at present. Notwithstanding the slackness in the expedition of the ships, they will be ready in the beginning of July. During all May many soldiers have been here, either for arrears of wages, or hope of new employment. On Corpus Christi day 600 or 700 of them went through the streets like men who had taken a town, "crying Spayna! Spayna! and death to all the Flemings!" They were before Sampson's lodgings some time, and slew a servant of the prince of Orange, and seven or eight more, for they found no more in the streets; but they attempted nothing against him. Next day they were ordered to leave the town. 14 or 15 are taken that will suffer death.
On Sunday after Corpus Christi day the Emperor received at a church before his palace a cap and sword from the Pope, which were not known to have been sent, and were only given to him after mass by his servant who brought them. They were delivered to two noblemen, and borne before him into the palace. The French have taken a ship coming from the Indies with 160,000 ducats for the Emperor, besides other treasure. The Emperor has offered half of the treasure for its recovery. An expedition has been sent against Perpignan, which is defended by 8,000 French. The Emperor is anxious for the coming of Jerningham, to explain some things in his ambassadors' letters. Valladolid, 10 June.
Hol., pp. 4. Part cipher, deciphered by Tuke.
10 June.
Vit. B. V. 189*. B. M.
Thanks him for the confidence expressed in his letters, and declared to him by Clerk. Endeavors to show himself worthy of being thus entrusted with the King's secrets. Rome, 10 June 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
10 June.
Vit. B. V. 191. B. M.
The bishop of Bath entered Rome on the 3rd June, with a great company of prelates and others. On the 8th he had an interview with the Pope, in presence of De Medici and Campeggio, when he presented the King's and Wolsey's letters, and explained the purpose of his coming. Italy seems in a quieter state, and would be more so still, if the Venetians would conclude the treaty with the Emperor. They are waiting for a letter of approval from the archduke of Austria. The imperial troops were stationed at the foot of the mountains, ready for every movement of the enemy. The Pope omits nothing to bring the princes to concord, and thinks that is the only way to restrain the common enemy. The Legate is not yet sent to Hungary for want of money. Rome, 10 June 1523. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. and endd. at ƒ. 196*.
11 June.
Vit. B. V. 192. B. M.
The bishop of Bath came to Rome on the 3rd, and had secret audience five days after in presence of De Medici, Campeggio, the auditor of the Chamber, and the bishop of Cunsentia, one of the privy council. The auditor read the letters, and the Pope said he would look at them and "take a deliberation." Went to him yesterday with Clerk, and found the duke of Sessa and De Medici there. Clerk writes about their deliberations. The French ambassadors, whom the Pope expected, are not yet come. It is said they have returned to France. The present doge of Venice is inclined to the French. Great preparations are being made there. The negligence of the archduke of Austria will do much hurt in Italy, for the Venetians will not consent to anything till they have agreed with him. Unless good provision is made in Italy shortly, fears "it will be alteration of states." When he has brought Wolsey's causes to some good effect, will prepare to return to England. Rome, 11 June.
Hol., pp. 2.
11 June.
R. O.
Clerk arrived yesterday, and delivered the King's letters to him. Thanks him for his good will, and will show all attention to Clerk. Rome, 11 June 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
11 June.
R. O.
3092. The SAME to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Rome, 11 June 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
11 June.
R. O. St. P. VI. 122.
3093. CLERK to WOLSEY.
"Extract of letters, out of ciphers sent unto my lord Cardinal from my lord of Bath, the King's ambassador to the Pope's holiness, dated at Rome, 11 June."
Entered Rome on 3 June, ten days before he was expected. When the Pope was informed of his coming by Dr. Hannibal, he sent word for Clerk to tarry six miles, for a day, in order that he might be more honorably received. Had 1,000 horse at his entry. Was kindly treated by De Medici and Campeggio, and lodged at Florence in the Cardinal's own palace. In consequence of the great heats, did not see the Pope till the 5th, the day after his arrival. Learnt, before speaking with De Medici, in what case the cardinal de Volterra, alias Soderino, his capital enemy, had brought him with the Pope, and congratulated him that the frauds of Volterra had been disclosed. He professed great desire to serve Wolsey, and said the face of things would now be changed, as Volterra "had, with craft and subtlety, brought this good Pope in that case, that white was turned into black." The Emperor's faction was in clean desperation, and looked for no more favor from the Pope than if he had been born in Paris. All men are glad that the Pope has got rid of so pestiferous a counsellor. De Medici wished to go with Clerk to his first audience. Clerk told him that he had no commission to show the Pope which was a secret to the Cardinal. Visited the Pope, in company with Hannibal and De Medici, "riding through the chief of Rome" to the Pope's palace, being distant from De Medici's house a large half mile. Was met by Campeggio, who alone, of all the cardinals, lives in the palace. Found the Pope seated at ease, on a low stool, under a cloth of estate. Delivered his letters; expressed the great affection which the king of England bore to him, the injuries which the King had suffered from France, and the necessity he was under of going to war, not so much for his own cause, as for the protection of the See Apostolic and the Emperor. Urged that some new league should be made against the French king, which would bring him to reason; and said he had a commission to treat for the same with the Pope, and Pace with the duke of Milan. Urged the Pope to take care of himself, concluding that the King would do nothing without the consent of the Emperor.
The Pope replied he was well aware of the subtle dealings of the French, and had only hitherto remained neutral, not from any love for the French, but out of anxiety for the peace of Christendom; and so, without awaiting any reply, "rose, and made a cross with his hand over my head, as he is accustomed to do when he will have any man depart."
Visited the Pope the next day; found with him the cardinal De Medici and the duke of Suessa, the Emperor's ambassador. The Pope told them that he had received letters from the Archduke, dated 23 May, stating he had sent his commission to Venice; but this was not confirmed. Gives an account of the discussion on this subject. When the Pope was urged by the Emperor's orator to declare himself, he smiled, and alleged poverty, saying that the See Apostolic received too many profits from France for him to quarrel with it. Clerk and others endeavored to meet this argument, by pointing out the advantages which would otherwise arise; "but I assure your grace, Pontifex, velut rupes in mari sita, undique petita fluctibus, mansit immobilis." Is assured by the duke of Suessa that the Pope will never be brought to join in any league offensive, and complains that neither De Medici nor the Duke exhorted him to it. "Omnia hic frigent præter pestem, quæ his proximis diebus incepit sævire maxime."
12 June.
Galba, B. VIII. 39. B. M.
3094. KNIGHT to [WOLSEY].
On the 9th inst. Sir Wm. Skevington departed. Committed Albany's secretary to him, to convey to England. Since the king of Denmark's departure, the bishop that was chief of his council returned, was with my Lady on the 11th, and took his leave, when Knight was present. He goes to Don Ferdinand, and from him to the Pope. Has letters from Antwerp, stating that, according to a merchant who was in Denmark 15 days ago, Copenhagen was besieged on the seaside with 25 great ships of the Easterlings, which continually fired into the town, and that most probably it has by this time surrendered. My lady Margaret could never persuade the king of Denmark to deliver or leave the woman of Holland who helped him to all this misery. He has conveyed her to some secret place. News has arrived here that all the king of Denmark's ships, except the Great Mary, were ready to sail. Has sent a messenger into Zealand, to know for certain whether they will be ready at three days' warning. Has received complaints from divers masters of ships at Antwerp that one Wm. Sayntpere, professedly the King's servant, before Palm Sunday had laden a number of ships with necessaries for the King's wars to be sent to Berwick, and commanded the masters not to sail till they had ships of war to conduct them. The masters have now determined, even if they had sufficient conduct, they will not leave till they are recompensed for the time that is passed. They say there are more than 36 sails, some of which are hired by the month and some by the voyage, and that very few have yet received any money. Requests power to arrange with the masters. Mechlin, 12 June.
Hol., pp. 2.
12 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 42. B. M. Hearne's Otterb. II. 579.
3095. WOLSEY to DACRE.
Desires him by all means to apprehend Robert Lambert, concerned with Richard Litlefare, William Turnour, Robert Johnson and others, in the murder of Christopher Radcliff, at Sherston, in the bishopric of Durham. The said Lambert had taken sanctuary in the priory of Tynemouth. Is to deliver him into the hands of Sir Will. Bulmer, the sheriff. Westminster, 12 June. Signed.
12 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 11b. B. M.
3096. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Since leaving Wolsey, has done all he could to defend the West Border and annoy the Scots. Has performed more than his promise of laying waste seven miles of Scotland; for the thirty persons he keeps for "skurage" at 6d. a day keep daily watch three miles within Scotland. Has written to Surrey of the raids made by himself, his son and brother. Can do no good here, for lack of a great gun for casting down certain towers. Would borrow one of Surrey, but he cannot spare one. Is told by Gudge and Tryse, two gunners, that there are three great curtalls at Yarmouth, from the ship of Armew and the Queen's bark. Wishes he could have them sent to him with three falcons and ammunition, and will indent for their delivery at the end of the war. Since he was warden of the West Marches, that is since 4 Hen. VII., has had neither guns, shot nor powder, but what he has provided himself. Asks for an answer to his request for the marriage of lord Monteagle to a daughter of his, for which he will pay as much as any other. Surrey knows all the Scotch news. Since his departure two servants of Albany have landed in Leith haven with 500 cr. as reward to each of the four lords regents, which they have as yet refused to take. Harbottle, 12 June 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copie of a letter to my lord Cardinal's grace.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 10. B. M.
"A jorney devised by my Lorde in the moneth of June."
The garrison and inhabitants of the country to meet at Howtell Sweyre, at 4 p.m., on Wednesday 10 June, to ride into Scotland, and cast down the tower and great steeple of Ednam, which is double vaulted, and the castle of Stitchell betwixt Lambermore and the Merse, to burn Ednam and Stitchell, the towns under Stitchell Crag, Hasington Manes, Newton, Aynthorne, and others on the road, Akles and Mersington.
Copy of a letter to the gentlemen, ordering them to meet at the above place and time, with their men and one day's victuals. Carlisle Castle, Saturday, 6 June 15 Hen. VIII.
To attend on my lord Marquis' brother and Sir Wm. Bulmer, lieutenant of the East Marches. Vanguard.—The lord Warden's retinue, 400 men. Sir Wm. Bulmer, 400. Sir Ric. Tempest, 200. Sir Arthur Darcy, 300. _ Vincent, 50. Sir Wm. Heron, of Forde. Sir John Heron, of Chypches. Wm. Swynburne of Caphetor. Nic. Thornton. Sir Nic. Ridley. Sir Wm. Hilton, with his tenants of Aldstone Moor. Cuthbert Radcliff. John Swinburne, of Chopwell. Thos. Carnaby. Sir Wm. Ellerkar. Robt. Collingwood. The laird of Calale.
To attend on Dacre. Rearward.—The lord Lieutenant's retinue. Sir Wm. Percy, 200 men. Sir Wm. Par, 100. Sir Wm. Compton, 200. The knights of Lancashire, 200. Nic. Hervy, 100. Sir Ric. Breyrton, 100. The earl of Northumberland's tenants in Northumberland. George Urde. Sir Rauff Fenwike, with Tindale. Sir Ph. Dacre, with Dacre's company.
To attend on the master of the ordnance.—The capt. of Berwick. Sir Roger Grey. 100 Lancashire men.
Pp. 3.
12 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 14. B. M.
3098. DACRE to SURREY.
Was met at Howtell Swyre on Wednesday 10 June, at 2 p.m., by the captains of the garrisons and the gentlemen of the county, except certain, whose names are enclosed, to the number of 6,000 men. Went on to Carham, and there met the ordnance sent by Surrey. Staid there till daybreak, as the beacons through Tevidale and the Mershe were burning, then crossed to Ednem. The tower and castle were surrendered, and they cast them down, and burnt the town, ¾ mile long. Between this and Stitchell saw 3,000 Scots, "who preket right sore at our hoste." Burnt the towns of Stitchell, Aynthorne, Newton, Stitchell Crag, Hasington Manes and Akles, and cast down Stitchell Castle, which stands on the Border, between the Mershe and Lambermore. Were met at Akles by the convent of nuns, who gave up the keys of the abbey, and promised to cast down before Sunday all walls and ditches of any strength; and if it is not done, Sir Wm. Bulmer will go and burn the abbey. Burnt the rest of the town; then went to Marsington, and burnt that and other towns and steads in the way, and cast down a good tower, well vaulted. Of these four fortresses there is not a piece of a wall left standing; "they fell astraight to the ground after the same manner that the Lowghtower fell." If they had been better supplied with horses and ordnance, would have cast down Home Castle and the towers of Langton and Dunse. Went home by the west ford of Norham, and appointed men to conduct the ordnance to Berwick.
But three raids more are needed for the utter destruction of Tevidale and the Merse: the first, in the Merse, to Home Castle and the towers of Langton, Dunse, Est Nesebet, Rede Brayes and others in the east of the Merse; the second, in the east end of Tevidale, to Rookysburghe, the Gatehouse Tower of Kelso Abbey, Ormeston, and other towers between Tweed and Teviot; and the third, in the west end of Tevidale, to Yedword (Jedburgh), Farnyhirst, Hundele and others. If these three raids are done well, 2,000 of the garrison may be discharged, and 1,000 only remain on the Borders. Asks for letters of thanks to the captains. They must be commanded to order their retinues to burn, for they will take no trouble to do it. In some parts the houses are "roved," and have no thatch, so that they will not burn. Wishes for 300 sixpenny axes to be distributed to the captains to cut down such houses. Thinks one raid should be made within 10 days, before Surrey returns. If so, Surrey must write to the captains and gentlemen and to the master of the ordnance, that Dacre may have a great piece, and Surrey's good horse to draw it. Has shot enough for one raid, but more must be provided for the second. Surrey's powder is all spent, and they must take some from the store of Berwick. Surrey should supply more to serve for raids, and to replace what they will take. After Surrey left Newcastle, many of the garrison went home. Advises him to order the clerk of the check to take musters suddenly.
As for Scotch news, three ships and two smaller vessels have landed in L[eith] haven, with two servants of Albany, who were with him in Scotland before, and about 300 persons. The said servants have offered 500 cr. to each of the four lords regents from the Duke, which they have as yet refused. Does not know the cause of their coming. The day Dacre left Surrey at Newcastle, his son and brother made a raid into Scotland, took 20 score "nolt" and three or four flocks of sheep, burnt Hodom and other towns and steads, and took all lord Maxwell's household servants, except one who narrowly escaped with him. Devised a raid to be made to the tower of Waughop the same day he went into Scotland, to keep lord Maxwell from them. Has not yet heard of their success. Encloses a copy of his letter to Wolsey. Harbottle, 12 June 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp.3. Headed: "Copie of a letter to my lord of Surrey, tresarer admiral of Inglande, and the King's lieutenant from Northward."
12 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 19. B. M.
Have their bond for entry on _ days' warning of Jas. Douglas sheriff of Tevidale, Will. Carr of the Fernyhirst, Davy Trumble laird of Walcop, John Home, _ Tromble, Adamson, Will Rechardson of Jedworth, Lowre, Pyle_. "My lord our father and brother" calls on them for the entry of the said persons. If they do not perform their bond of which they enclose a copy, as it is long since it was made, must act according to the custom of the Borders. Carlisle, 12 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P.1. Headed: Copie of a letter devised by the lord Graistok and Sir Dacre, knight, to the abbot of Kelso, lard of Farnihirst and Mark Carr.
13 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 15b. B. M.
Has just received his letter asking for arrows for his retinue, and for licence for twenty of them to go home for eight days, to get new horses, as those he has are "so sore creysed" that they will not be able to travel for twenty days, and my Lord his brother's tenants are "so encum hered with my lord Warden's carriage" that they say they cannot serve the King. Cannot take upon him to send him arrows until Surrey's return, as other captains would expect to be served. The men can go home provided that they or sufficient substitutes return in their stead. Considering that they have only made five raids this quarter, the King does no think they are overpressed with riding, but that as he is at great expense for the defence of "us gentlemen that has land in this shire," they should make a raid every week now the grass is on the ground. He will hear more from Surrey. Harbottle, 13 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie of a letter to Sir William Percy, knight.
13 June.
R. O.
Confirmation by Henry VIII. of a treaty with Christiern king of Denmark, for settling controversies relating to piracy, fisheries, traffic, sale of merchandize, and mutual help between the two countries. In case of either of the two kings being at open war, the one shall accept no truce except the other be included. Neither to harbor the rebellious subjects of the other. London, 13 June 1523.
Modern copy, pp. 3.
R. O. 3102. _ to [HENRY VIII.]
"Sire," if you think fit, I will go to Brussels to speak with the count of Buren, and will do all you command me. I make no doubt he will open his heart to me, but I remit everything to your pleasure.
Fr., p. 1.
14 June.
R. O.
3103. N. SANDERUS, Dean of Breslaw, to WOLSEY.
Left Clerk going through Milan to Rome, and turned off at Constance to offer his services to Pace, if he had entered Switzerland as was expected. Has heard nothing from Pace, who is detained by the intrigues of the Venetians. Gives an account of the negociations with the Swiss, which are thought by some not likely to end in any good, as they favor the French, and allow them to raise soldiers in their territories. The Papal nuncio is of a different opinion, and thinks that efforts must be made to resist French bribery and intrigues, and sow divisions among them, which cannot be done without golden ointment. The Imperial ambassador refuses to disburse any money, except in equal proportions with the Pope, the king of England and the duke of Milan. There is no one here on behalf of the king of England, and the Duke's orator will not contribute a sou. Thinks it useless to tarry any longer. Has little opportunity for sending letters. Constance, 14 June 1523.
P.S.—News has come of the defeat of the English by the Scotch. Francis has written to the Swiss to be ready to march with him into the Milanese within fifteen days. The French bishop of Bayeux is going to Rome, to exhort the Pope to continue neutral. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Add. and endd.
14 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 23. B. M.
Has received her letter of the 10th inst. Doubts not that the King will be moved by her for good ways of peace. He specially desires that her son may be in sure keeping, which, Dacre thinks, cannot be done without mutual communication of wise men. Advises her to ask the King for an abstinence of war till Michaelmas for that purpose, providing that if Albany come into Scotland, and be not content with it, there shall be open war twenty days after his coming, as the Scotch lords are so abused by him that they dare not agree to an abstinence without his advice. Thinks the King will consent to it, as all he does is for his nephew's safety. Unless the growing difficulties between the realms are stopped shortly, they will be much harder to pacify. Desires credence for Hathrington, the bearer. Harbottle, 14 June.
P.1. Headed: Copie of a letter to the Quene of Scotts.
14 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 20 b. B. M.
Has received his writing dated Dunfermline, 10th inst., and the Queen's with it. Sends Hatherington, and asks that he may be soon despatched. Harbottle, 14 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P.1. Headed: Copie of a letter to the chauncellar of Scotlande.
14 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 9. B. M.
Has received his letter dated Wresill, 5th inst. Would be most glad to lend him 100l., but cannot do it, as he has undertaken to defend the West Border at his own charges, and at the end to abide the reward of his highness. Is also about buying a ward for his daughter, and besides Northumberland knows that they will be shortly called upon to pay what is "cessed" at the Parliament and the loans of last year, and also to serve with the army in Scotland. Assures him that he will be obliged to go to his friends for money, and therefore begs to be excused. Harbottle, 14 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie of a letter to therle of Northumbreland [in] answer to this letter herunto annexed.
15 June.
R. T. 137. R. O.
Although on his first election he had written to Francis and other princes of Christendom to arrange a truce for combined action against the Turk, has not found his wishes obeyed. Now, as the Turk has committed much wrong, and stands ready at the door to do much worse, calls upon him at once to defer the prosecution of his private quarrels till another time, and join in an expedition against the Infidels. As he cannot address him by word of mouth, has sent to him the archbishop of Barri, for whom he begs credence. Rome, 15 June 1523, pont. 1. (fn. 2)
15 June.
Galba, B. VI. 48. B. M.
3108. KNIGHT to [WOLSEY].
The messenger he sent to Zealand returned this morning, and reported that several of the king of Denmark's ships were ready to sail, he knew not whither. The Scotch doctor who was in England for the king of Denmark last Lent, and went thence into Scotland, has since been in Denmark, and landed in Zealand on the eve of Corpus Christi day, when he was met by the herald of Denmark, lately in England. Wolsey must know by this time whether they follow the King into England. The secretary of Lubeck lately represented to my Lady and the Council that the Easterlings had been compelled to make war on Denmark, to prevent great injuries being inflicted on them. He would have gone direct to England, but that he has to make a statement of injuries done to the Easterlings by the said king of Denmark before the governors of the empire at Nuremburg on the 25th. Sends a copy of the matter of his conversation with my Lady. The secretary says the kingdom of Denmark goes by election, and not by succession. Sends this caution, because it is said the king of Denmark wishes to sell his title to Henry. Mechlin, 15 June.
Hol., p. 1, mutilated.
15 June.
R. O.
3109. CALAIS.
Receipt by Wm. Lelegrave, servant to Sir Ric. Jerningham, for 5,000l. to be delivered to Robert Fowler, of Calais, for the [payment of] the garrison at Calais, Guisnes and the Marches. 15 June 15 Hen. VIII Signed.


  • 1. This document belongs to an earlier period.
  • 2. "Primo" must be a mistake for secundo.