Henry VIII: June 1523, 16-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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, 'Henry VIII: June 1523, 16-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 1303-1316. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1303-1316 [accessed 28 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: June 1523, 16-30", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) 1303-1316. British History Online, accessed May 28, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1303-1316.

. "Henry VIII: June 1523, 16-30", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867). 1303-1316. British History Online. Web. 28 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1303-1316.


June 1523

16 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 19b. B. M.
3110. DACRE to SURREY.
Last Thursday night three great French ships came to Leith harbo with 500 men, making, with those who came before, 800 "appointed to adwaite upon Grissils" (Gonzolles). The Scotch chancellor has recovered His uncle of St. Andrew's is with him. They will hold a council on Thursday next, the 18th; and six ships, under command of Robt. Barton, comptroller, and Davy Fawconer, are ready decked to carry their determination through the narrow seas to France.
On Thursday last was told by Sir Wm. Bulmer that Surrey's letters had not gone to the Queen. Has procured a safeconduct for Wm. Hathrington, his servant, to go to speak with the Queen and Chancellor, and sent to Bulmer for the letters, but was told they had then gone. Encloses Bulmer's letter. Surrey shall have her answer in ten days, as well as the proceedings of the Scotch lords. Asks him to persuade the King and Wolsey not to invade Scotland with a main army till Michaelmas, when their corn will be "wonne," and they can be utterly ruined. Trusts that the Queen, by advice of the lords, will ask for an abstinence of war till Michaelmas. Hopes he will grant it, as it will be greatly to his honor, as the Scotch believe he has an army royal ready; and it will also save the expense of garrisons during the abstinence, which will go far towards the expense of the army. Does not think they will make terms with the King, except for fear of their own destruction, and then all well-disposed Scots will reckon that the breach is their own fault.
Has received a letter from Sir Wm. Percy, which he sends, together with his answer, complaining that my lord his brother's tenants are "sore vexed with my lord Warden's carriage." Advises Surrey to write to the Warden to tell his brethren not to call so sore on the Earl's tenants; "also that they cause my Lord's servants to be more favorable to my said lord of Northumberland's gain in his parks at Alnwick than they are, for I assure your Lordship there is much waste, albeit I know it is not my lord Warden's will, nor I trust his brother's." Sends a letter from his son, giving an account of the raid mentioned in his last letter. Wants gunpowder. No certificate of the carriage in the shire has been sent to the sheriff, except for Tyndale, 20 carriages, and Glendale 12. Bulmer says he could not get more than four made within the shires of Norham and Eland. Mortpath, 16 June 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 3. Headed: "Copie of a letter to my lorde of Surrey, treasorer and admirall of Ingland, and the King's lieutenant from Trent northward."
17 June.
R. O.
Desires credence for his ambassador, the sieur de Praet, to whom he is writing about the navy which he is preparing and the victuals necessary for it. Valladoly, 17 June 1523. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
17 June.
R. O.
3112. OLRANS.
Receipt by John Effard, merchant, of 18l. 14s. from Ric. Gibson, serjeant of the tents, for 21 pieces of canvas "called ullrons," for the King's use. 17 June 15 Hen. VIII. Signed.
On the dorse: Gibson's receipt for the canvas, 12 June [15] Hen. VIII. mutilated.
7 June.
S. B.
Grant, in survivorship, of the offices of warden, chief justice, and justice in eyre, of all royal forests and chases south of Trent, and of master of the hunts therein, as held by Thomas late earl of Derby, or Henry late earl of Essex. Del. Westm., 17 June 15 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 264. B. M.
3114. [WOLSEY] to DACRE.
Since lord [Surrey's] coming, deliberations have been held on Scotch affairs, at which Dacre's presence would have been very beneficial, if he could have been spared. In order that he may give his opinion, discloses to him three things: 1, why the King sent for Surrey; 2, what has passed in the council concerning the cause of his coming; and, 3, what point the communications and devices thereupon are now at. The King wishes for his advice on every article and point hereafter.
1. The King has heard from the Freers Observants, who have returned into Scotland, and by other ways, that the Scots, perceiving the damage which comes to them from their adherence to Albany, and how they are continually deluded by the French men, (fn. 1) who make great promises of aid without performing them, are beginning to alter their minds, and the French have retired to Dunbar castle, where they have most of the artillery of Scotland, "being in great dread and fear of themselves, and doubting to be served as La Baty was;" and that if any man of name attempted any enterprise against them, the rest would undoubtedly take his part. So that for their expulsion there remained nothing "but some one meet person, the which would take upon him to hang the bell about the cat's neck," whereby the faction of Albany might be briefly "extincted," and the Scots induced to incline to the King. The Marquis, at his coming, confirmed this, and showed their great poverty; that they could not raise an army for lack of money and victuals; that they disagree amongst themselves; "and that if they should raise an army, they could not ne might proceed" * * *
Pp. 2. Add.: To, &c. my lord Dacre, warden of the West Marches.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 16. B. M.
3115. [WOLSEY to DACRE.] (fn. 2)
* * * "made and spoken of, though not expressly concluded, that an inv[asion] should with convenient celerity and diligence be made into Scotla[nd, with] the number of 25,000 men furnished of victual for eight days t ... and pass forwards." A fleet with 2,000 men should be sent to meet them at Leith or elsewhere, with victual for eight or ten days more. It is thought that this army might in 16 or 18 days destroy Edinburgh, or do some other great feat, and that the Scotch, seeing the damage they suffer for the Frenchmen's sake, and being informed by a herald that none of those who take their master's part and relinquish Albany will be injured, they will be inclined to adhere to the King before the conclusion of the said trie[ux] procured by the Pope, or at least will be afraid and unable to besiege Berwick, or attempt anything against England, even with Albany's assistance. The chief difficulties are lack of victuals, casks and carriage. For the first, such diligence is being used that he hopes there will be no lack. As to casks, there are already made, and shall be sent to Berwick, 9,000 or 10,000 costrells of 10 gallons, which, at the rate of a gallon for every man daily, will nearly suffice for 25,000 men for four days. Barrels, pipes and hogsheads shall also be prepared. The chief difficulty is carriage, for which the following arrangements are made. Has promised that his folks, and those of his friends who shall come to Berwick on horseback, shall march thence on foot, and other folks can do the same; their wages to remain at 8d. a day, while their horses will be used to carry the said costrells, two to each horse. Commissioners will be sent to the northern counties and the bishopric to provide carriages, and it is thought 1,200 or ... carts and wains will suffice. The victual sent on by sea can be landed at Leith at the wharves without boats in a short time.
The above are the principal matters debated since the Treasure's coming, and the King wishes Dacre to write his opinion on every point, "for there is no man of the ... which better knoweth or can ensearch the state and dis ... of Scotland than ye can, nor more ripely can perceive w[hether] the effects which be desired to ensue of the said invasion [be] like to follow or not," and whether the arrangements for carriage and victualling at Leith are feasible. Desires him to ponder the matter well, for if the effects mentioned are likely to ensue, the King will not grudge spending 30,000l. or 40,000l. for his own honor and safety and that of his nephew, and perhaps to sever France and Scotland for ever, which, as Dacre knows, "were no small act." Wishes for speedy intimation of his opinion. While preparations are made, he is to try and win some of the great men of Scotland to join Surrey at his coming, or induce the people to take the King's part. He may spend as much as 500l. on this, the King "thinking it well bestowed if it may" * * *
Pp. 4; slightly mutilated.
18 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 13. B. M.
3116. SURREY to DACRE.
Dacre can write himself to those whom he wishes to accompany him in a new raid, as he has Surrey's authority. Trusts those who came not the last raid will repent it. The King was well contented with it. "I have not had a little to do to let the great invasion, which now dependeth much upon your certificate." Asks him to have sure espial how many of the ships now in the Fyrthe are preparing to go and attack the Iceland fleet, and what readiness they are in, especially the great ship ... met with Sir Henry Shernborne. About Monday week I trust [to be with you]. Greenwich, 18 June. Signed.
P.S. in Surrey's hand.—Apologises for not sending news on account of business, and asks him to tell Magnus the same.
P. 1. Add.
18 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 26. B. M.
3117. DACRE to MAGNUS.
Desires him to speak to the master of the ordnance to send horses enough for the great piece of artillery and a smaller piece, with shot and powder, by the latter end of next week, when he intends to make the raid mentioned in his letter to the Treasurer, of which Magnus saw a copy. Hopes for a letter from the Treasurer before then; if not, will proceed with the said journey. Wishes the master of the ordnance to speak with him as he passes to Berwick. His servant, John More, tells him that Magnus will be with him Sunday or Monday next. Will come to him another day at Newcastle. Asks him to let Mr. Parr's servants have part of their wages. Morpeth, 18 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P.1. Headed: Copie of a letter to Mr. Magnus.
20 June.
R. T. 137. R. O.
Convention between Francis I. and James earl of Desmond (Decymoniæ), made by Francis Bastard (notus) of Decandalle, lord of Oisi, and Francis de Bergagni. The Earl agrees to commence war upon the King of England, on condition that Francis makes no agreement with England, unless the Earl, Theodoric O'Brien and his nephews be comprehended in it. If they are attacked by England, Francis is to defend them. (2.) Francis, by sending two ships, shall punish as contumacious such of the Earl's subjects as refuse the payment of the Earl's dues. (3.) He shall give a pension to the Earl, and to David Macquemorice, his master of the war (senescallo guerrarum).
In return for these things the Earl shall (1.) levy war on the king of England, whilst the French army approaches the shores of Ireland, with the view of driving Henry VIII. entirely out of Ireland, and restoring the duke of Suffolk (De la Pole). Arrangements for the lands recovered. (2.) The Earl is to furnish 400 horse and 10,000 foot, to remain under his command. If he furnishes 15,000 foot, the King is to provide for all men duly armed two angelots of gold, and for the kerns having a sword and lance one angelot; "pro singulo trimestri et singulis tribus mensibus." (3.) The Earl shall use his diligence to furnish the necessary horses for the artillery of the French king and the duke of Suffolk.
Attested by the French commissioners, at St. Germain en Laye, 4 March last. Sealed by the Earl at his castle of Esquetin, 20 June 1523.
20 June.
Rym. XIII. 796.
3119. For GEO. ABP. OF ARMAGH.
Licence to absent himself from Ireland for a year and a half from the date of his consecration, without forfeiting the revenues of the see. Westm., 20 June.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p.2, m. 3.
21 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 26b. B. M.
3120. DACRE to WILLIAM HALS, steward to Lord Surrey.
Wrote to Magnus to pay the garrison but 10 or 14 days' wages, instead of a month, as Surrey had ordered, because many had left; but last night received letters from Wolsey and Surrey to make a raid, so that musters must be taken in all haste, and those here have their full month's wages. Has told Magnus to send him the books, with their names, and desires Hals to send him the clerk of the check, that he may instruct him as to the musters. Dacre, or his brother Sir Philip, will accompany him. Mortpath, 21 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P.1. Headed: Copie of a letter to Willm. Hals, stiewarde of my lorde Treasourer Houshold.
21 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 27. M. B.
Hears from Magnus that he has written to ask Ryngeley to come to him in haste. Wishes him to make preparations for an immediate journey into Scotland, and to send to Berwick by Saturday night horses enough for the great piece of ordnance, with powder and shot. For the smaller piece will take the best of George Lawson's horses. Morpeth, 21 June 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie of a letter to Mr. Edward Reyngeley, mr. of thordnaunce.
22 June.
Vesp. C. II. 142. B. M.
Has received by Jerningham his letters, with the proxy for his pensions. Has no time to add more. Begs to be supplied with money. At his departure had 300l., which is all gone. 20s. a day is not enough for his support. Though he has borrowed from his friends, and made what shift he could out of his livings in England, he will hardly be able to remain here without relief. Valladolid, 22 June.
Hol., pp. 2.
R. O. St. P. VI. 131.
3123. HENRY VIII. to WM. KNIGHT, ambassador with Lady Margaret.
Instructions for treating with the duke of Bourbon.
The Emperor and the King desire not to lose the opportunity which has now arisen by the communication of the Duke, who has expressed the loving mind which he bears towards them, as the only succor and refuge from the present evil governance and wild demeanor of the French king. The Duke has offered, on condition of receiving one of the Emperor's sisters in marriage and the invasion of France, to declare himself an enemy to the French king, and join the invaders with 500 men-at-arms and 10,000 foot. For this purpose the Emperor has despatched into England the lord Beawreyn, to advertise the King of the negotiations of the Duke, and with the King's consent to open a treaty with him, as Knight will learn by the inclosed. As this is a delicate negotiation, Knight is to take leave of lady Margaret, pretending he is sent into Switzerland, and join Beawreyn in disguise at Burgus. He is to stay at Basle, and from there intimate to Beawreyn his arrival, guiding himself by the instructions he shall receive from Beawreyn. If any difficulties arise, Knight shall be further instructed. If he hears that the negotiation is broken off, and Beawreyn leaves for Rome, he shall stay, or return to the lady Margaret, as shall be deemed expedient. Arrangements have been made for secret conveyance of letters. If the Duke be come to Burgus, Knight must be on the alert to discover if there be any treaty on foot between the Emperor and the French King.
In the treaty he is to observe the following order: (1.) He shall learn from Beawreyn the Duke's disposition touching the points stated in his memorial. He shall ascertain in what state the Duke stands with the French king, and what party he can bring with him, and whether he follows this cause of sheer necessity, and can be of great advantage to the confederates. (2.) In regard to the Duke's army he shall so arrange that, in event of a peace to be made with the French king, the Duke shall not be able to prevent it; and yet the Duke shall not be led to think that, having declared against France, he will afterwards be sacrificed. (3.) That the Duke may not pretend hereafter that the war is contrary to the common weal of France, is to get him to recognize the King as the rightful inheritor of the said crown, and have the recognition published, that other nobles may be induced to join. (4.) Is to arrange the most convenient times for the Duke's declaration, and the sums to be paid his army: the money not to be more than one month in advance, so that in case of any sinister dealing the King shall suffer less. (5.) Above all things to provide against any indirect craft in the event of the Duke joining his army with Prospero Colonna in Languedoc, for if he were the stronger he might overthrow Prospero, and recover Milan for the French king. There is greater suspicion by the closeness of Mons. de la Motte, who, being at this time with the lady Margaret, has seen all the preparations in the Low Countries, and, by discovering the Emperor's secrets, might turn them to the advantage of the French. (6.) Is to arrange with the Duke, in case of an invasion, what parts it would be best to attack. The King is informed that the Emperor wishes to secure the services of the Duke for the conquest of Languedoc, which will only be for the benefit of the Emperor, and no reward to the King for the expenses incurred by him. The King therefore thinks it desirable that by this treaty "some good peace may be recovered to the King's benefit and behoof, whose army shall be greatly strengthened by joining with them of the said duke of Bourbon," if it may conveniently be. He is to advertise Wolsey in case it is the Duke's opinion to make a descent upon Normandy, managing that the King's excessive charge may be spared. The conditions upon which he shall finally conclude the arrangement without digressing materially from his instructions.
Contemporary copy.
R. O. 2. Modern copy.
23 June.
Vit. B. XX. 278. B. M.
Commission to William Knight to treat with the duke of Bourbon and the Emperor for inducing the Duke to take part in the war against France. ... 23 June 1523, 15 Hen. VIII.
Mutilated, pp. 3.
24 June.
R. O.
In a former letter wrote of Clerk's arrival, and his first interview with the Pope, at which Campeggio and De Medici were present. He has again been to the Pope on Wolsey's business. His Holiness is well disposed. Seconded Clerk's request. Both he and Campeggio will do all they can in the matter. Rome, 24 June 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
24 June.
Calig. B. I. 250. B. M.
Has received his letter by William Adrington. Thanks him for his good will towards peace, and for his proposal "as to whom the case toucheth mast nerest on beth the sydys." Has devised a letter to the King, her brother, on the subject; of which she sends a copy, that Dacre may forward it if he think fit. 24 June.
P.S.—Begs credence for the bearer.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
Add. MS.
24,965. f. 30. B. M.
2. Copy of the above.
P.1. Headed: Copie of the Quene's l~re.
Add. M.S.
24,965. f. 23b. B. M.
Is much grieved at this mortal war between him and her son's realm. Without God's help and his, sees no remedy, for the noblemen are so abused by the lord Governor that they dare not undertake anything for the King's welfare or their own. If she might mediate with him, would take any pains. Hears from Surrey and Dacre that all Henry does is for the safety of his nephew, not from malice to the realm, and therefore beseeches him to do something for her sake, that it may be seen and known here that he will do something for her. As her son is under age, wishes he would consent to an abstinence of war till Michaelmas, that the councils of the two realms may meet for the purpose of peace, with a condition that if Albany come into the realm, and be not content therewith, it shall expire in twenty days; for none in this realm dare consent to any abstinence, unless he may break it when he chooses. If Henry grants this, and Albany breaks it, the breach will be seen not to be Henry's fault. It would be the greatest comfort to her if by her labor this business could be stopped.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copie of a letter devised as the queen of Scots shuld write to the King's highnes.
24 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 35. B. M.
3128. SURREY to DACRE.
Will be at York tomorrow week, and at Newcastle on Saturday, where he wishes Dacre to meet him. The King and Wolsey are marvellously discontented with the robberies and murders done by the Tyndale and Riddisdale men. Desires Dacre to attach two or three of the most notable thieves in Riddisdale, without which the King will not be contented. The sessions must be appointed at Newcastle for Monday week. Signed.
P.1. Add.: "To my lord Dacres, warden of the Weste Marches. 24 June."
24 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 24. B. M.
3129. MAGNUS to DACRE.
The bearer has shown him what Dacre intends to send to Wolsey. Does not think it requires alteration, except in some small points which he has shown the bearer. Lord Leonard Gray has been here this evening, on his way to the bishopric, to buy a good gelding, to be ready when Dacre commands him and others to go forward. Was told by him of an enterprise at Wark, about which he writes in another letter, that Dacre may send it up to Wolsey in case he does not wish to write himself. Newcastle, 24 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
24 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 25. B. M.
3130. MAGNUS to DACRE.
Was told by lord Leonard Grey that Ceton, captain of Warke, a servant of the Lord Marquis, asked him for 100 men of the Marquis's retinue, as the Scots had daily assembled by 200 and 300 about Wark, since Dacre's raid to Ednam. On Monday night lord Leonard went thither from Alnwick with six score men, meeting a younger son of Sir Ric. Tempest, lying at Ettell, and a gentleman called Hoothom, a servant of Darcy's, with nine score men. Yesterday morning, the captain went out, leaving lord Leonard to guard the castle, and, hearing of the approach of the Scots sent on 50 spears and 20 bows, leaving the rest in ambush. They met the Scots, and finally slew 25, and took 61, with as many geldings, the best in the Marsh and Tividale, with a standard and a "gyttern." Of the English but one was slain, and one taken. Several of the Trotters and Davisons were taken, and Davy Howme put to flight with a spear broken either in his coat or his body. Many prisoners have been taken in divers places since the Treasurer left, which shows the garrisons have not been idle. Hopes he has sent to every place to take musters of them, as Magnus has before suggested. Newcastle, 24 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Lamb. MS.
602. f. 40.
Recommends him to pay great respect to the King, on whom his safety depends, to put off his barbarous and rude manner, and live like a human being. It does not become a man to live by plunder and have regard to nothing but his appetite. He must consider the danger if he makes the King his enemy.
Lat., p. 1.
25 June.
R. O.
Proposes to comply with the King's wishes in all things, and hopes therefore that his majesty will write to his council in Ireland to favor all those Irishmen who are of O'Neill's party (?). The King's enemy, O'Dompnaill, has lately married his sister to ..., "ut ille Scotus cum omni potestate et hominum bellicorum multitudine [contra meo]s et vestros familiares et præcipue contra me venire non differrant, et [ille] quidem Scotus fecit dominum suum comitem do Herrgaegel (Argyle) Mackalim nomine scribere mihi ut pacem inire deberem cum antefato O'Dompnaill, volens plus sibi propter inimicitias vestras ad Scotos complacere quam mihi." Has accordingly sent the letter by the bearer. Would rather submit all his disputes with O'Dompnaill to the King's council in Ireland than abide by the judgment of the King's enemies, the Scots. Begs credence for the bearer. Written ... "de Dunganam, in crastino S. Johannis Bapt.," 1523.
Lat., p.1, badly mutilated. Add. Endd.
25 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 30. B. M.
3133. JAS. BETON, Chancellor of Scotland, to DACRE.
Received his letter from Hathrington, and heard his credence. Sent him immediately to the Queen, who has written to the King and to Dacre, as he will see by the "doubles thereof." Prays him to continue in his intention to promote peace. At the Quenes Fyrry, 25 June.
P. 1. Headed: Copie of the Chancellor l~re.
26 June.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 27. B. M.
3134. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Received on the 21st his letter, dated Westminster, 18th instant, asking his opinion whether an army should be set on foot to invade Scotland, &c. Declared his opinion in his last letters to Surrey, which had not arrived when Wolsey wrote. As to Surrey's assertion to the King, that the Scotch are abandoning the French, who had retired to Dunbar Castle with all the artillery, fearing to be served as Labaty was, and that if any one attempted anything against them, a great many would take his part, which the lord Marquis confirmed; 800 Frenchmen have lately come to Scotland, and, with those who were there before, wait upon Grissills, whom Albany left behind him, and receive the revenues of the crown. Grissills rides through Scotland at his pleasure, and is well obeyed by the lords. Those at Dunbar were left there by Albany for the safety of the place, and the artillery was there before he left. Victual is very dear and scarce, but they need no money to raise an army to serve in Scotland, or twelve or sixteen miles beyond, for the Scots would desire none, if well served with victual. There are no disagreements amongst the noblemen; the only debate is amongst the gentlemen of the Marse and Tevidale. Does not think a present invasion suitable, nor that it would be possible "to reduce the Scots to the King's grace;" for though they grudge the loss they suffer for Albany, still, as they have deputed him governor, and have given him the revenues during the King's minority, without making him responsible for them, and as he is the heir apparent, they would not leave him if he keeps the day of his return, as he promised, which they do not doubt. Much has been said to the noblemen about Albany's feigned overtures and illusions, but it has taken no effect.
As to the proposed invasion, the carriage might be arranged as Wolsey suggests, but it would be very expensive to the King, and hurtful to his subjects, now in their busy time of harvest. For victualling the army, Leith would be most convenient. However, the country could not be destroyed in sixteen or eighteen days, nor could so much harm be done now as when the corn is "inned," for if the corn were left, they would rebuild their houses before winter, and live upon the corn. The most that could be done now would be to destroy Edinburgh, and eight or ten miles in breadth along the coast on their way, but they could not impoverish the Scots sufficiently to prevent them from joining Albany, at his coming, in an invasion of England; and they would rather be induced to do it after the return of the King's army, thinking they could advance into England, and return before another army could be raised to resist them. If, however, they were attacked at Michaelmas, they could not, even with Albany's assistance, invade England after the army had returned. Has done all he could to win over some noblemen to the King's side, but to no purpose, and has been told by many of the nobles that they will not leave France, for they reckon they cannot live without aid thence.
Since Surrey came here, there have been divers "rodes," and three especially: the casting down Wederburne, Niesebet and Blakatre Castles; taking Cesfurth Castle, and casting down Loghe Leynton and Whitton Towers; and, third, taking Stitchell and Ednam Castles. Assures him that in the time of king Edward and the late King, when 30,000l. or 40,000l. was spent on one raid, there was not so much damage done as by the least of these three, so that the King may think his money well spent this year. Three more "rodes" would entirely destroy the Borders, but the cost of a great invasion now would be greater than the harm done. Would not advise it, either now or at Michaelmas, if it were not more for the King's honor than for any hurt that can be done.
At the present time an army could get neither booty nor prisoners, unless the Scots give battle, which he does not think they would; and at Michaelmas, though they might carry away their goods and cattle, they could not carry away their corn, on which most of their living depends. Cannot, therefore, see any object in an immediate invasion, and thinks the postponing of it would stop Albany from invading England as long as he knows they are ready to resist him. "And where that it is thought that in brief time the matter which your grace willeth me to keep secret wol take effect, I assure your grace, if the day were precisely known when the said effect should follow, though it were afore Michaelmas, yet, under correction, after mine opinion, the advancement and setting forward of the said army should be much better to be spared, for any commodity or advantage that can ensue thereupon, the cause afore comprised well considered, than that the same should proceed at this season."
As to Dunbar Castle, thinks it is "in manner unprenable." Has himself seen it. It stands on a crag, and there is but one way to it, strongly made with a new bulwark, and set with ordnance by Albany, who puts all his trust in the place. If the bulwark could be won, the castle might be taken, as it stands low on a crag, and the earth without it is high about it, so that nothing could stir within, without being exposed to the ordnance outside. Morpeth, 26 June 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 6. Headed: Copie of a l~re to my lord Cardinall's grace, aunswere to this l~re herunto annexed.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 33. B. M.
3135. BORDERS.
"A jorney devised by the lord Dacre in the month of Junii, anno XVto H. VIIIvi."
The inhabitants and the garrison to meet at Howtell Swyre, on Monday, 29 June, at 4 p.m., to ride into Scotland, burn Kelso and cast down the towers of Kelso Abbey, Sindlawes, Ormyston and the Mossehouse.
Copy of his letter, as Surrey's deputy, to the gentlemen, to meet him as above, with one day's victuals. Morpeth, 26 June 15 Hen. VIII.
Vanguard, to attend on the lord Marquis's brother.—My lord Warden's retinue, 536 men. Sir Wm. Percy, 200. Sir W. Bulmer, with lord Conyers' men, 400. Sir Ric. Tempest, 200. Nic. Harvye, 100. Sir Rauf Ellerker, 26. Vincent, lying at Woller. The earl of Northumberland's tenants. Lord Ogle. Sir Wm. Lisle. Sir Edw. Grey. Sir Roger Grey. Sir Nic. Ridley. John Whitfelde. Nic. Thorneton. Wm. Clavering, of Calale. Cuthbert Radcliff. Sir Wm. Ellerker. The baron of Hilton, with his tenants of Astonmore. Sir Cuthbert Ogle, parson of Forde. The laird of Hebburne. Nic. Horseley, of Wolchester. Rauf Swynnoo, of Rok. Fras. Hastings, of Edlingham. Thos. Carnaby, of Halton.
Rearward, to attend on lord Dacre.—Surrey's retinue, 372 men. Sir Wm. Compton, 258. Sir Wm. A Parr, 100. Sir Wm. Eure, 100. Sir Arthur Darcy, 300. The three knights of Lancashire, 300. Sir Wm. Kynston, 33.
Sir Wm. Heron, of Ford. Sir John Heron, of Chipches. Robt. Collingwood. Sir Rauf Fenwik. Wm. Swynnburne, of Captheton. John Swynnburne, of Chopwell. The garrison of Berwick. Sir John Dalavale. George Urde. Edw. Shafto, of Babington.
To convey the ordnance from Berwick to Wark Castle.—Sir Wm. Bulmer. The knights of Lancashire. Sir Ric. Tempest and the garrison of Berwick.
Pp. 3.
27 June.
R. O.
On delivering to Banke the letter from you and "my master," (fn. 3) he said he would go neither to you at Tempillnewsom, nor to my master at London, to make any accounts; but that you should come yourselves, or send your counsels to Horneby. He thought he should have had accounts of the goods he delivered to you two, and used many great words and boasts. "He trusteth much to have beryng of my lord Marquis, and intendeth to sue to him for help in all his causes, and he to be mean to my lord Cardinal's grace for him." He will not give up the parsonage of Mellyng. He makes "such bruits among the tenants, that they have evil will to pay their rents." Whether Mr. Sterkey be anywise culpable I know not. He and Banke meet tomorrow at Walley, "and it is said Sir Alexander Ratcleffe, to demand of the abbot to whom he delivered 360l. that he had in his keeping of my lord Monteagle's." Horneby, 27 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
27 June.
R. O.
3137. DARCY.
Receipt by John Plumsted, deputy to Thos. Bonham, receiver general of the duchy of Lancaster, for 76s. 8d. from Mr. Lyster, being the half-year's fee of Thos. Bonham, John Burgoyne, and Robt. Joynear. 27 June 15 Hen. VIII. Signed.
28 June.
Calig. B. I. 152. B. M.
3138. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Could not despatch a messenger into Scotland with the letters from Henry to the Queen, conveyed by my lord Treasurer, desiring her return into England, without writing to the chancellor of Scotland by his servant William Haderington, to whom the Queen was to give credence. Used, as a pretext for writing to her, the mission of a friar to himself by the Chancellor, urging him to devise some way for peaee; to which he replied that the Queen would be best able to mediate it. Whereupon, "by the whole consent of the lords," she has devised a letter to the King of England, and sent it to Dacre. Sends it with two others from the Queen and the Chancellor. Haderington tells him that he has reasoned with the Queen, who "wald be glad to com furth of Scotland in her smok" to labor for the security of her son. She desires an abstinence to treat for peace, and reckons that if she could once come to the Borders, she might enter England without any trouble. According to his last letters to the lord Treasurer, the six ships have left Leith for France with a message to Albany from the Lords, who have now risen from council. They were going to have caused the 800 men sent by Albany to lie on the Borders, but could not bring it to pass. The lords Regents have received from the Duke 1,000 crowns each, after having refused them, and the Queen the same. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
Add. MS.
24,965. f. 32. B. M.
2. Copy of the same in Dacre's letter book, dated Harbottle, 28 June 15 Hen. VIII.
28 June.
P. S.
To be marshal of the King's household, as held by Sir John Carewe, knight for the Body, Sir John Turbrefeld, or Sir Henry Sharnebourne. Greenwich, 22 June 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 June.
29 June.
Galba, B. VI. 131. B. M.
3140. KNIGHT to [WOLSEY].
Received on the 25th Wolsey's letters of the 21st, dated Greenwich. Though the time was short, prepared immediately to go to the Swiss. As he remains here, with the most part of the Council, by express command of my Lady, there being no accommodation for strangers at Holtstrate, except in the castle, went next day to my Lady at the said castle, seven long leagues hence, and told her he was going to the Swiss, by the King's command, instead of Pace, who was ordered to remain in Venice; the King being of opinion that, as the matters concerning the Emperor and the King were not yet concluded with the Venetians, the Duke deceased, and another elected, it was necessary to have an ambassador with the Swiss, as the Emperor had. The lady Margaret requested he would not hasten his departure, and said that she would write to Wolsey to permit him to remain. She fears Knight's going will promote the war, when the Emperor, at the Pope's suggestion, was inclined to a truce, and had sent lord Beaurayne to Rome, who, when he arrived in Zealand on the 23rd, sent to my Lady letters he had brought with him out of Spain, and continues his voyage with great diligence. The ships laden here for the King's wars, and the artillery made at Mechlin and shipped in Zeland, cannot leave for want of conduct. Though Draper and Myller are in those parts, they have orders to repair to Hull. The delay is expensive, as the ships are hired by the month. Has just received his instructions, with his commission. Mechlin, 29 June.
Hol., pp. 2.
29 June.
R. O.
Orders him to pay 100l. to Nic. Hurleton towards the expenses of the King of Denmark. Westm., 29 June 15 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1.
30 June.
R. O. Rym. XIII. 798.
Renovation and confirmation of the treaty made between John King of Denmark and Henry VII. London, 30 June 1523.
Vellum. Great seal, with the Danish colours attached.
Nero, B. III. 63. B. M. 2. Modern copy. Pp. 2.
30 June.
R. O.
In reply to an accusation that they had taken Northumberland men instead of Yorkshire men for their own advantage. Were commanded to take men for "scoorage and conducting for enterprises" for every 100, and Sir M. and Sir W. Constable were ordered by the lords of Carlisle and Dacre to bring fifty spears to Wark Castle. Request that a commission may investigate the charge. 30 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
30 June.
R. O.
3144. ARMY.
Receipt of victuals at Calais, beginning 30 June 15 Hen. VIII., and payments of wages of bakers, brewers, and others.
Receipts for bread sold at Calais before the army departed thence into France, and also at the going of the army into England, 18 Dec.
Accounts for cheeses, malt, and flitches of bacon sold.
Wages of bakers and others, beginning 17 Aug. and ended 21 Dec. 15 Hen. VIII.
Sum total paid, 859l. 19d. "So rest that I have received more than I have paid upon this account, 61l. 8s. 4d."
Pp. 58.
Vit. B. V.
175*. B. M.
Letters are come from the king of France to the Pope, in which he refuses to listen to a truce unless Milan is restored to him. If so, he promises 50,000 men to serve against the Turks. The Pope was much perplexed, and had them read before those cardinals who chiefly favor the French. He then complained that it was not in accordance with his proposals by the cardinal of Auch (Auxitanum) and others, and asked them what he should reply. They said it required consideration. Thinks he will let Francis know that he takes it ill.
Colonna, who was appointed Legate to Hungary, will not accept the office, which is necessary, but very difficult. Will let him know what is determined on.
Lat., p. 1.
June./GRANTS. 3146. GRANTS in JUNE 1523.
2. Th. Alcok. To be comptroller of the great and petty custom and subsidy of wools, hides and fleeces, and of the subsidy of tonnage and poundage, in the port of Chichester. Westm., 2 June.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
4. Maurice Ap David Ap Ilin, clk. Grant, during good conduct, of the perpetual chantry, or custody of the royal chapel, in Denbigh castle, marches of Wales, to pray for the King and royal family; vice Ric. de Hee, deceased. Greenwich, 1 June 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
4. Edw. Sutton lord Dudley. Lease of the manors of Stourton and Kenvere, Staff., for 21 years; rent 20l.; on surrender of patent 28 Dec. 20 Hen. VII. by Chas. earl of Worcester. Del. Westm., 4 June 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 6.
Copy of the preceding.—R.O.
4. Sir Rob. Ughtred. Protection for James Mawdith, of London, grocer, retained to serve in the war. T., 4 June (year not stated).—P.S.b.
6. Sir Anth. Browne. To be chief steward of the honor of Rayleigh, Essex, keeper of Rayleigh park, master of the game therein, and in the park of Thundersley, and bailiff of the hundred of Rocheforde, Essex, with the herbage and pannage of Rayleigh park; vice Henry lord Marney, deceased. Greenwich, 1 June 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 6 June.—P.S.
8. Wm. Huxley, clerk of the Ordnance. Protection for Wm. Higges, of London, barber-surgeon, to serve in the war in his retinue. Del. Westm., 8 June 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
8. John Pyrton, captain of The Barbara. Protection for John Weston, of London, mercer, to serve in the war upon the sea in his retinue. Del. Westm., 8 June 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
9. Kingston-upon-Hull. Incorporation of the guild of St. George the Martyr, in the church of Holy Trinity, Kingston-upon-Hull, to consist of an alderman, John Meterson,—two wardens, Thos. Dalton and John Danyell,—and others of both sexes. Westm., 9 June.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17.
10. Charles, s. and h. of Hen. Copleston. Livery of lands. Westm., 10 June.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 4.
10. Rob. Downes and lady Margaret his wife, late lady Mortimer. Licence to alienate the fifth part of 500 marks annual rent in Westminster to Nich. Love and Wm. Marshe, and the heirs of the said Nicholas, for ever. Westm., 10 June.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.
12. Wm. Edwardis. Custody or mastership of the hospital of St. John the Baptist, in the suburbs of Shrewsbury. Del. Westm., 12 June 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Sir John Leeke, deceased. Commission to Sir Brian Stapleton, Sir Ric. Bassett, and Ric. Stirley to make inquisition in co. Notts, concerning his lands and heir. Westm., 12 June.
ii. Similar commission to Sir Hen. Sacheverell, Sir John Zouche, and Edw. Eyre of Holme, in Derbyshire. Westm., 12 June.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15d.
12. Sir Ric. Fitzlowes, knight for the Body, and Joan his wife. Custody of the possessions of Ric. Dycons in cos. Beds and Bucks, and wardship of Richard his son and heir. Greenwich, 27 May, 15 Hen. VIII.—Del. Westm., 12 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
12. Edw. Huddeswell. Lease of the site of the manor of Raskell, with "le Intak" thereof; a mill there; the herbage of Raskell park; and Towthorp close; all in the lordship of Raskell, York, parcel of the duchy of York; for 21 years; rent 13l. 10s. 10d., and 20s. of increase. Del. Westm., 12 June 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
16. John lord Russell. Protection for Wm. Barnarde, sen., of Haddenham or Hadham, Bucks, husbandman, to be in his retinue in the war. Del. Westm., 16 June 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
17. Sir John Nevyll, of Chevet, York, and Elizabeth his wife. Grant, in survivorship, of a messuage with land, three cottages and three gardens in Mylesende, in the parish of Stepney alias Stebunheth, Midd. London, 12 May 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
17. Sir Wm. Parre. To be keeper of Rokyngham castle, with numerous offices in Rokyngham forest, Brygstoke, Cliff, Benefeld, Orlingber, Multon, Cosgrave, Potterspiry and Yardeley Gobion, Northt., and other places in Northt. and Oxf. Westm., 17 June.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
20. Lichfield Cathedral. Constat and exemplification, at the request of James Denton, the dean, of patent 27 Edw. I. licensing Walter de Langeton, bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, to enclose with a stone wall the precincts of his and the canons' houses; and of patent 22 Edw. III. confirming the same. Westm., 20 June.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
20. Sir Francis Bryan. To be steward of the lordships of Hanneslop, Castelthorppe and Cosgrave, Bucks. Del. Westm., 20 June 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
23. Denyved Ap Davyd Ap Jevan, of the commote of Dalibolion, Anglesey, drover. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 3 June 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 (?) June.—P.S.
23. Davy Myllyr, captain of The Fensent. Protection for Robt. Harvy, butcher, of London, to serve in the war in his retinue. T., 23 June 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
24. Wm. Huxley, clerk of the Ordnance. Protection for Th. Horsted, of Newe Wyndesore, Berks, bargeman, to serve in the war in his retinue. Del. Westm., 24 June 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
25. Hen. son and heir of Henry Heton, of Denbigh, and Peter Rosondale, alias Lloyd, of Foxholys. Lease of seven acres of land and meadow in the manor of Shepons, near Denbigh, for 21 years; rent 10s. 8d. Del. Westm., 25 June 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
25. Wm. Horsseley, yeoman of the Guard. Grant, in reversion, of the office of one of the foresters of Gawtres forest, York, with 4d. a day out of the lordship of Sherefhoton, now held by Wm. Hogeson, by patent 28 March 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 25 June 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 14.
26. Justices of Assize. Midland Circuit.—Sir Humph. Conyngesby and Wm. Rudhale. Westm., 26 June.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17d.
27. Thomas marquis of Dorset. Grant, in tail male, of the manors of Wawenswotton, Sheldon and Lallefforde, Warw., part of Buckingham's lands; on surrender of patent, 29 March 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 June 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 18.
27. Ric. Rycot, alias Carpenter, of Beaudeley, "sherman," alias dyer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 22 June 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 June.—P.S.
27. Geoff. Welder, of Hillyngdon, Midd., husbandman. Pardon for the murder of John Edward. Westm., 27 June.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1.
28. John Brugge, alias Brygges, of Ivynton or Evington, Heref. Pardon. Del. Westm., 28 June 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
28. Thomas Spert, master of the King's great ship. Grant, in reversion, of the Crown fee of 6d. a day. Greenwich, 17 June 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 June.—P.S.
28. Francis Sydney. Protection for Ric. Barnard, of Haddenham, Bucks, husbandman. Del. Westm., 28 June (year not stated).—P.S. b.


  • 1. The word "men" is substituted for "King."
  • 2. Evidently another portion of the preceding letter.
  • 3. Sir John Husey.