Henry VIII: November 1523, 1-14

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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'Henry VIII: November 1523, 1-14', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 1453-1472. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp1453-1472 [accessed 13 April 2024]


November 1523

1 Nov.
Vit. B. V. 214*. B. M. St. P. VI. 184.
A messenger has come to Bourbon from La Fayette, certifying his arrival at Messe, in Lorraine. La Fayette will undertake to win Boulogne in sixteen days, and Montreuil in the same time, for they were both fortified by his advice. Bourbon says he is content to have him for the time, if the King consents; but he expects to be well entertained, and is in great fear of coming among Englishmen. Wishes the King to write to him, to assure him of his protection. Aynche, 1 Nov. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add. Endd.
1 Nov.
R. O.
3497. The SAME to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Aynche, 1 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
1 Nov.
Vit. B. V. 215. B. M.
* * * "you a[scer]tayning th[at M]ons. de Bourbon, a ... Almayne, who pretended to have levied certain ... because that his Almains be returned out of Fra[nce] ... as they had won a certain booty, that is to say, 15 th[ousand] cattle, 4,000 horses and mares, 100 carts [full of] stuff, with a great number of sheep and swine;" and having taken this booty, they returned home, for all count Felix, the chief captain, could do to retain them. Bourbon is much displeased, and at Russell's coming called a council to decide whether he should levy fresh infantry. Most of them thought not, as the year was so far gone; and Russell gave the same advice, to save the King's money. Bourbon had already levied 800 horse, of whom 500 were in wages. His intention is to follow up his enterprise. Since the Duke last came into Bourbon, a gentleman, formerly his servant, has arrived from the French king, with an offer from Francis to meet him with six gentlemen only, and make an agreement with him, promising never to trouble him in any way, but to let him enjoy all his lands in France, and serve the Emperor and the King in France or elsewhere; but the Duke answered that the King and Emperor might do as they liked, but he would never trust Francis or make peace with him. He then commanded the messenger to depart, telling him that if "he had not served him before time" * * [and bid him warn] "the French [King] that he s[end] him no m[o] such messengers, for if he do he wol surely hang him." Aynche, 1 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add. Endd.
1 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 107. B. M.
3499. SURREY to DACRE.
He must be at Foord Wode tomorrow with his company. Will be there himself tomorrow night. He can have victual by sending carts hither or to Berwick, and must bring with him all he can get where he is. The Duke has shot at Wark all day, on the far side of the water, and will probably assault tomorrow. Holy Island, Sunday. Signed.
Dacre must be there before noon, and will find him there.
P. 1. Add.
1 Nov.
R. O.
Thanks them for attaching him that called himself the duke of Albany's brother, whom they are to keep safe till Surrey's return. Tomorrow will draw near the enemy; "but I fear we shall not meet, for they woll not come over the water, as far as I can perceive." Holy Island, 1 Nov. Signed. (fn. 1)
P. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Nov.
R. O.
"For the stoffe hade for the grett breyche in the xvth yere of kyng Henry the VIIIth, and the XVth day of Auguste."
Saturday.—For bread to the wall 7d., a kilderkin of beer 11d., 3 cheeses 12d., 2 loads of piles 8s., 2 great barn doors 5s.—Sunday. 2 loads of oak timber 8s., 2 loads of piles 8s., 5 barrows 10d.—Monday. 22 hurdles 5s. 6d., a great hurdle that was in the church 8d., 2 loads of piles 8s., 2 great beetles 8d., 2 cart ropes 12d.—Tuesday. 2 loads of timber for the bridge 8s., &c.—Wednesday. 2 loads of great elm 8s., &c.—Thursday. A load of great "chenys"(?) 4s., &c.—Friday. 2 loads for lawnttowys 8s.; for my Lord's cart, for carriage of 13 loads to the wall, 8s. 8d.; Chatfeld's cart 6s. 8d.; half hundred nails, 2d., bread 4d., a kilderkin of beer 11d.—Saturday 22d. Hurdles, carriage, &c.; 2 chisels had to the wall, 10d.—Tuesday. A day's carriage for making a bridge 20d.—Thursday. 3 loads of tenett 3s. Wages of Robt. Ranolde, Ric. Alyn, a carpenter that Michael brought, a carpenter and dyker from Barking, &c. Beef and mutton at divers times 16d.—Friday. 2 loads of tenett, 2s.—Monday. My Lord's cart, carriage to the wall, 8s. 8d.; tenett, lawnttowys and stakes.
Paid to John Peniser, 22 Aug. to 1 Nov., 22l.; to Wm. Bylayne, for carriage of tenett and stakes, 6d. a load.
Total, 33l. 7s. 9d.
Pp. 5.
2 Nov.
R. O.
Desires to be recommended to "my sister and your good bedfellow." Wishes to sell some lands of his in Chertsey, on account of his necessities, and because his children are not as he would have them. At their next meeting will tell him of a manor in Wilts, worth 10l. a year, that is for sale. Thorpe, All Souls' Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my faithful cousin, Thos. Cromwell.
2. Account of the land with the rents paid, amounting to 22l. 7s. 6d.
Pp. 3.
2 Nov.
R. O.
3503. STEWARD'S ACCOUNT (of the Earl of Devonshire ?).
"This is expenses and charges and money paid unto my master, anno 14."
To Pencost for dry congers, 4s.; a qr. of "hakes," 3s. 4d.; 5 hakes, 6½d. To Trewonnowe's wife, for 11 gallons [of] ale, 15d. Trevethek's wife, for 23 gallons, 2s. 9d: Trevena's and Godale's wives, for bread, 5d. each. Hoskyn Tyeke, for fish, 6d. A plaice, 2d. 6 yards of checker to John Hoskyn, 2s. 6d. Hops, 12d. Pair of shoes for John Roger, 6d.; a shirt, 8d. Wheat, 3s. 10d. To my master, to pay the workmen on Palm Sunday eve, 28s. 1d. Pair of "pensys" for my mistress, 2d. To my master at his going to Tewthe on Lady Day, 8s. To John Pascow, of Polpenruth, 3s. 2 keys bought at Helston, 7½d. 4 pair shoes, 23d. Nails, 7d. To Watte Taberer, 10d. A shirt for Richard the boy, 8d. Bowles and ladles bought at Helston fair, 7½d. 8 yards woollen cloth, 3s. 8d. 7 yards canvas, 21d. 8 yards fustian, 6s. 12 yards "cressecloth," 3s. 2 yards Brabyn cloth, 12d. Ribbons, 2d. Agletts, 1d. White and blue thread, 3d. A pair of hosen for Mr. Cortenay. Harry Thomas, of Saint Keveryn, 10s. To Mr. Pomerey for "hy" rent, 4s. 11d. and 3s. 10d. Peason, 2s. Poles, 18d. "The fetching home," 1d. Boards, 4s. A qr. of veal on Easter Even, 2½d. "Clowtyng thongys," 1d. A new "stene," 2d. Beef, 16d. 2 doublet cloths for Roger and John the man, 3s. 4d. A pair of hosen cloth for them, 2s. 8½d. Fresh fish, 2½d. Jenet Rudmonde, for burning the "bette," 3d. Eliz. Gerves, for laboring, 3d. "For the charming of the horse," 2d. 2 wethers, 2s. 8d. Harry the Bretyn, in harvest, 6d. Horseshoe, 2d. To my master "to buy the tethyng at Reskymer," 1d. Shoeing a horse, 6d. "Clotyng" a pair of shoes, 3d. A pair of shoes for Ric. Curtenay, 2½d. Simon Pencost, for butter, 2d. Th. Bouker, for hopping, 1d. Mustard seed, 1d. John Thomas, the thatcher, 3 days' work, 9d. Several others at the same pay. Burning of coal, 13s. 4d. A stone of cheese to Mr. Vicar, 8d. Nicholas's costs at Truru "at Midsummer conage," 13d. "Costs of two pieces of tin coining," 4d. 1 lb. soap, 1½d. Pair of "clotes" for Nicholas Love, 4d.; a pair of shoes, 9d. A milking crock, 1d. A honey crock, 1d. "For white love for the parson," 1d. Ric. James, for "beting half an acre of bette," 2s. 8d. 16 gallons ale, 16d. Mowing the mead, 4 days, 16d. Paper, 1d. Weighing 3 pieces of tin, 4d. Making the bill, 1d. Fetching home the tin from the beam, 5d. Part of a doublet cloth, 5d. Cutting a pit of coals at Penansse, with the setting, coaling and drawing, 5s. 12 yards canvas, 2s. Lent to my master at Merthyn, of Golsydeny quarter, 6l. 3s. 8d. To my master at Tewthe, "after St. Thomas's Day after Midsummer, anno 14," 4l. A piece of tin, 58s. 6d. The vicar of Breke, 3l. 6s. 8d. "I must have a piece of tin weighing 216 lb. by the King's beam, price the 100 24s., that is after 18 mark the 1,000," 52s. Two pieces of tin "of Midsummer conage," 516 lb., 6l. 4s. A gown cloth for Ric. Curttney, 3½ yards, 3s. 6d. Hose cloth for my master, bought at Exeter, 2s. 11d. A gown cloth, 6 yards, 3s. 6d. Shoes for Philip Curteney, 8d. "For Lynnyth, to make niceties," 1d. Pair of hosen for her, 2d. A hat of straw, 1d. Various sums for beef. Lining for two doublets, 12d. For hosen, and lining of the same, 9d. 6 lb. hops, 18d. Half a veal, 6d.; quarter of veal, 5½d. Half a lamb (lome), 3d. 3 qrs. of mutton, 9d. For wethers (weders) "of the wheat," 16d. Sheep-shearing, 4d. "For wooding of the two pits coal by the well," 8d. Coaling and drawing a pit, 3s. Bringing the fuel to Tewthe, 2d. Russet for my master, 3s. 7d. For black at Exeter for him, 3s. 1d. Butter, 2d.; 1d. Nich. Love, riding to Tewthe the morrow after St. Barnabas' Day, 5d. A "posnat," 1d. 3 earthen pots, 2d. For burning "bett," 5d. Payments to "workmen upon the pale" from Little Easter Day to St. Margaret's Eve. To harvestmen, 8s. Carriage of coal, Midsummer "conage," 11s. 8d. To my master at Michaelmas ao 15, at Merthyn, 13l. 13s. 4d.; on All Souls' Day following, 5s. Total, 57l. 7s. 8½d.
Pp. 15; worm-eaten at the beginning.
Kent.—Commission to the archbishop of Canterbury, lord Cobham, Sir Th. Boleyn, Sir John Wiltshire, Sir Wm. Scott, Sir Ric. Walden and Geo. Guldeford to "practise" with all persons in that county having 40l, and upwards in goods or lands, whose names are contained in a schedule annexed, for payment, by anticipation, of the subsidy granted in the last parliament, and due after the first assessment thereof, in aid of the duke of Suffolk, who has passed through all Picardy without resistance, taken the town of Ancre and other places by surrender, and the town of Bray by assault, and carried divers passages over the river Soomme, against Captain Ponteremir, and is on his way to Paris, and in aid of the duke of Bourbon, one of the greatest princes in France, and now the declared enemy of the French king, who, with 10,000 Almains in the pay of England, is also in pursuit of the said King. Of sums thus received by anticipation, Scott and Guldeford are to be collectors.
Similar commissions for other counties, &c.
Beds.—Sir John Seynjohn; Sir John Mordaunt and Mich. Fyssher, collectors; Walt. Luke, Thos. Fitzjeffrey, Wm. Marshall.
Berks.—Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Geo. Forster; Sir Th. Fetyplace and Hen. Brigges, collectors; Th. Inglefeld, Wm. Yong, Wm. Fetyplace of Meydencote.
Cambridge.—The bp. of Ely; John Hynde and Thos. Chicheley, collectors; Philip Parys, John Brokett, Anth, Hasilden.
Dorset.—Lord Dawbeney, Sir John Rogers, Sir Thos. Lynde, Wm. Hodye; John Turbervile and Ric. Philipps, col.; Wm. Uvedale, Christ. Martyn.
Essex.—Earl of Essex, lord Fitzwalter, lord Marney, Sir Ric. Lewes, Sir. Wm. Pyrton; Sir Rog. Wentworth, Thos. Bonham and Thos. Audeley, col.
Bucks.—Sir Ralph. Verney, jun.; Sir Rob. Lee and John Cheyne, col.; Sir Edw. Donne, Wm. Bulstrode, Thos. Langston, John Baldewyn.
Cornwall.—Sir John Arundell, Sir John Bassett, Hugh Trevanyon, Thos. Seyntabyn; John Chamound and Wm. Godolphen, col.; John Arundell of Treryse, Rob. Vivian, Wm. Lowre.
Derby.—The lord Steward (Shrewsbury), Sir John Sowche; Sir Hen. Sacheverell and Thos. Curson, col.; Sir Godfrey Fulyambe, Rog. Mynours, Anth. Babyngton.
Devon.—Bp. of Exeter, Sir Piers Eggecombe, Sir Wm. Carewe; Sir John Kyrkham, John Gilbert and Thos. Hatche, col.; Sir Thos. Denys, Sir Edw. Pomerey, Ric. Halse, John Heydon.
Gloucester.—Lord Berkeley; Sir Wm. Denys and Sir Edm. Tame, col.; Sir Anth. Poyntz, Sir Wm. Uvedale, Thos. Poyntz.
Hunts.—Thos. Lowthe; Thos. Hall and John Castell, col.; John Taillard, Wm. Tanfeld, Anth. Malory.
Hereford.—Bp. of Hereford, Sir Piers Newton; John Braynton, Thos. Bodenham and Rowland Moreton, col.; Thos. Walwyn.
Lincoln, Kesteven.—Sir Miles Busshy, Sir John Donham, Sir John Thymbulby, Thos. Gylham, Francis Brown, Wm. Dysney; Rob. Husye, col.
Leic.—Sir Ric. Sacheverell, Sir John Dygby; Sir Thos. Pulteney and Sir John Villers, col.; Thos. Hasilrige, Wm. Assheby.
Northt.—Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam and John Hartwell, col.; Edw. Warnere, Thos. Brokesby, Ric. Knyghtley, jun., Rob. Chaunterell, Ric. Boughton and Wm. Lane.
Norfolk.—Sir John Heydon; Sir Wm. Paston, Sir Roger Townesend, and Thos. Straunge, col.; Sir John Shelton, Sir Thos. Bedyngfeld, Sir John Audeley, Edw. Knyvett, Thos. Barham, Hen. Hounston.
Rutland.—John Harington, sen. and jun., Ric. Burton; Geo. Makworth, col.; John Calcott.
Staff.—The lord Steward, lord Dudley, Sir Edw. Grey; Sir Wm. Smyth and Sir Walt. Griffith, col; Sir John Gifford, Thos. Partryche, John Welles.
Suffolk.—Lord Willoughby, the abbot of Bury; Sir Rob. Drury and Sir Wm. Walgrave, col.; Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir John Hennyngham, Sir Philip Tylney, Sir Thos. Tyrell of Gippyng, Lionel Talmage, Humph. Wyngfeld, Thos. Jermyn.
Wilts.—Sir John Seymer; Sir Edw. Darell and Anth. Hungerford, col.; Sir John Hungerford, Sir John Danvers, Sir Hen. Long, John Skyllyng.
Warw.—Sir Edw. Grevile, John Ardern, Roger Wigston; Wm. Boughton and Thos. Slade, col.; Rob. Fulwode, Ric. Verney.
Herts.—Hen. Frowyke, Thos. Clyfford; Thos. Leventhorp and Ric. Druell, col.; Hen. Barley, John Brokett, sen., Geo. Dalyson, Thos. Knyghton.
Lincoln, Lyndesey.—Sir Thos. Borough, jun., and John Hennege, sen., col.; Sir Rob. Tyrwhit, Gilb. Tailboys, Sir Andrew Billesby, Edw. Forsett, Geo. Fitzwilliam.
Lincoln, Holland.—John Mounson and John Lyttelbu[r]ye, col.; Thos. Robertson, John Robynson, Ric. Bolles, Thos. Welby.
Middlesex.—The lord of St. John's, Sir Thos. Lovell, Sir John Dauncey, Sir Ric. Broke, John Newdigate; Rob. Wrothe and John Kyrton, col.; Thos. Roberts, Ric. Hawkes.
Notts.—The earl of Shrewsbury, Sir Hen. Willoughby, Sir. Wm. Perpoynt; Sir John Markham, Nich. Strelley and Rob. Broun, col.; Sir John Byron, Ric. Savage.
Oxfordshire.—Sir Wm. Rede, Sir Edw. Chamberlayne, Sir Walter Stoner; Sir Simon Harecourte, col.; Wm. Fermer, Geoff. Dormere, John Horn, Thos. Denton.
Surrey.—The lord Chamberlain, Sir Hen. Wyatt, Sir Edm. Bray; Sir Matthew Broun, col.; Sir John Gaynesford, Chris. Moore, John Scotte, Thos. Heyron, John Skynner.
Salop.—The bishop of Chester; Sir Piers Newton and Sir John Tailboit, col.; John Salter, Geo. Bromley, Sir Thos. Blount.
Hants.—My lord of Wynchester, Lord Lysle, Sir Wm. Gifford, Ric. Andrews; Wm. Paulett and Lewis Wyngfield, col.; Nich. Tychebourn, Wm. Holles.
Somerset.—Lord Fitzwaren; Sir Amias Pawlett and Sir John Rodney, col.; John Horsey, sen., Geo. Speke, Rob. Gilbert, John Brent.
Sussex.—Lord Arundell, Lord Dacres, Lord de la Warre; Sir David Owen and Sir Godard Oxenbrige, col.; Ric. Sakevile, John Covert.
Worc.—Sir Thos. Cornwall; Sir Gilbert Talbott and Giles Grevill, col.; Wm. Nevill, Roger Wynter, John Ketylby, John Russell.
City of Norwich.—The mayor, justices of peace and sheriff, Sir John Shelton, Sir Rog. Townesend; Edw. Reed, col.; John Meysham.
City of Coventry.—The mayor, justices and sheriff, Sir Edw. Gryvele, John Bonde, Thos. Whyte; Wm. Towers, col.
Town of Southampton.—The mayor, justices and sheriff, Sir Wm. Pawlett; John Percher and Ric. Palshide, col.
Town of Nottingham.—The mayor, justices and sheriff, Wm. Perpoint, Sir Thos. Sutton, John Rose; Robert Hasilrige, col.
City of Exeter.—J. bp. of Exeter, the mayor, justices and bailiffs, Sir Thos. Denys; Ric. Duke and John Calwodley, col.
Town of Colchester.—The bailiffs and justices, Thos. Bonham, Thos. Audeley; John Cristmas and John Clerke, col.
Town of Leicester.—The mayor, justices and bailiffs, Sir Ric. Sacheverell, Sir John Digby; John Rede, col.
Town of Oxford.—The mayor, justices and bailiffs, Sir Wm. Barantyne, John Horne; John Trayles and Thos. Shelton, col.
City of Worcester.—The mayor, justices and bailiffs, Rog. Wynter, Wm. Nevile; Wm. Porter and Roger Asshely, col.
City of Wells.—The master of the guild, Wm. Vowell, Walt. Sarger; John Mawdelyn, col.
Town of Ipswich.—The bailiffs and justices, Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir Philip Tylney, Humph. Wyngfeld, Thos. Baldrey, Thos. Russhe; Wm. Tycestede, col.
Isle of Ely.—N. bp. of Ely, the justices, Philip Parys; Thos. Colvilde and Alex. Balam, col.; Anth. Hansard, John Hynde.
City of Rochester.—J. bp. of Rochester, the bailiffs; Ric. Lee and John Warner, col.; John Miller, Wm. Warner.
City of Canterbury.—W. abp. of Canterbury, the mayor, justices and sheriffs, &c.; John Colman, col.; Edw. Dolney, John Brygges.
City of Lincoln.—The mayor, justices and sheriffs; Wm. Irchynhed, col.; Rob. Alanson, Thos. Norton, Rob. Sutton, John Meers.
Town of Bristol.—The mayor, justices and sheriffs, Rog. Dawes, John Fitzjames, John Copley, John Elyott; Thos. Jubbes, col.
Town of Gloucester.—Mayor, justices and sheriffs, Sir Anth. Poyntz, Sir Wm. Denys; Thos. Taillowe and John Cooke, col.
Town of Cambridge.—N. bp. of Ely, the mayor, justices and bailiffs, Philip Parys, John Hynde; Hugh Chapman and Hen. Halhede, col.
City of Chichester.—The mayor, bailiffs and justices, John Stanney; Wm. Scardevile, col.
Town of Northampton.—The mayor, justices and bailiffs, Sir John Clerke, Ric. Knyghtley, John Saxby; John Parvyn, col.
Town of Derby.—The mayor, justices and bailiffs, Sir Hen. Sacheverell; Thos. Harwood, col.; John Leversege.
Town of Shrewsbury.—The mayor, justices and bailiffs, Geo. Bromeley, John Salter; Edm. Cowley and Rob. Dudley, col.
City of Bath.—The mayor, justices, &c., Sir John Rodeney, Sir Amias Pawlett; Thos. Chapman and Thos. Sayle, col.
City of Salisbury.—The mayor, justices and bailiffs, Sir John Seymour, Sir Hen. Long; Rob. Keylwey and Ric. Barthilmewe, col.
City of Winchester.—R. bishop of Winchester, the mayor and justices, Arthur Visc. Lysle, Wm. Pawlett; John Butteler, col.; Thos. Baker and Thos. Cooke.
Isle of Wight.—James Worseley and Rob. Flemyng, col.; Ric. Palshide.
Westm., 2 Nov.
Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20d. to 22d.
3 Nov.
R. O. St. P. I. 143.
The Emperor's ambassadors have been with him, and showed him the news from the lady Margaret; which, being true, shall be a marvellous fordell to your intended purposes, and victory like to ensue, God willing, as well in your affairs towards Scotland as in France. There will never be such an opportunity hereafter for the attaining of France. Sends lady Margaret's letter. Westminster, Tuesday. Signed.
3 Nov.
Calig. B. VI. 304. B. M. Ellis, 1st Ser. I. 232.
On Saturday night Albany came with a great puissance to Werk, and shot all Sunday and Monday. Word being brought to him at Holy Island, at 7 p. m. on Sunday, Surrey sent letters immediately to my lord Cardinal's company, lord Northumberland, "my lord of Westmoreland, at St. Cuthbert's banner, lying at Alnwick and thereabouts," and to lord Dacre and others, to meet him at Barmer Wood on Monday; which they did. At 3 p.m. on Monday, the Tweed being too high to ford, Albany sent 2,000 Frenchmen in boats to assault the place. They entered the basecourt, and were kept back for an hour and a half by Sir Wm. Lizle, captain of the castle, and 100 men. At length they gained the inner ward, but were immediately attacked by Lizle, and driven out of both the inner and outer wards, and ten persons slain. Received notice, at 3 this morning, from Lizle, that he could not keep the place without help, and advanced to his rescue at break of day; but Albany, hearing of it, retreated with his whole force. Does not know how far he has gone, but will hear tomorrow. Fears he will return if he disband this army. Werk could not hold out against him long. If Surrey had not made new bulwarks of earth, it would not have been tenable half a day. Wishes it were in the sea; for he does not know how to get men to remain there. Never man departed with more shame and fear than the Duke. Notwithstanding the great assembly he made in Scotland, he has not done 10s. worth of damage to England, and durst never enter it himself.
Fears he cannot keep the army longer together; for those who have come out of the bishopric and other places at their own cost have spent all they have. Has had much difficulty in keeping them together so long, but he will do so as well as he can till he hears the Duke's army is "perspoiled." Magnus has only 3,000 marks left, which would not pay the wages now due and conduct money home. It were pity they should not have what was promised them, considering how well they have served. Asks that money may be sent directly. If it does not come before they depart, will pay them all he has, and all he can borrow, and give them bills signed by him self for the rest. Asks for letters of thanks to those whose names are appended, and sixty or eighty blanks for those whose names he does not remember. Never saw Englishmen so well willed as these, from highest to lowest. In the camp, two miles from Wark, Tuesday night. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
3 Nov. 3507. For SIR JOHN RUSSELL.
Licence to import 300 tuns and "tonne tight" of Toulouse woad and French wine in English, Spanish or Flemish vessels. Westm., 3 Nov.
Fr. 15 Hen. VIII. m. 5.
4 Nov.
Calig. B. II. 169. B. M.
Held a council of war this morning, and removed the camp to Barmer Wood, "to be nearer the victual of Berwick," and to have wood for fires, intending to await certain intelligence of the departure of the Duke's army. But since this morning, snow and sleet have fallen,—the foulest and coldest weather he has seen,—and the army has been compelled to lodge in the villages. At this poor village heard from the prioress of Coldstream that Albany, on being told of his approach, left Eccles, carried off his ordnance, and was "clearly departed." If this prove not true, the Prioress bids him burn her house and church. Will ascertain tomorrow, and call a council of war to determine what to do. Hopes it is true; for the foul weather, scarcity of food, and long lying out this "unreasonable time of year," has so wearied the men, that it would be hard to keep them longer together. Trusts Werk is now in no danger. Lowik, 4 Nov.
P.S. in Surrey's own hand.—Desires his recall. Thinks it will cost him his life to remain here this winter. Sir Nich. Carew, Sir Francis Bryan and others here can testify to the state he is in. "Scribbled at Lowike the poor village, in my hall, my kitchen and my bed-chamber all in one." Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To the King's most noble grace. Endd.
4 Nov.
R. O. St. P. IV. 51.
Has informed the King of the shameful journey made by Albany, who this day fled cowardly when Surrey offered him battle. Wants money at once, or he shall be utterly undone. Begs Wolsey to expedite the letters of thanks he has asked the King for. The nobles and gentlemen never served with better will. The camp beside Wark, this Tuesday (fn. 2) night.
P.S. in Surrey's hand.—This Wednesday has written to the King from this town (Lowick), and has neither leisure nor paper to write to Wolsey, his carriage not being come. Desires to be discharged, and Dacre to succeed him till lord Percy come. Signed.
Add.: My lord Legate.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 113. B. M. 3510. [GENTLEMEN SERVING IN THE SCOTCH WAR ?]
Sir Edw. Radclyf, Sir Wm. Herron, Sir Wm. Ogylby, Sir John Dalavayll, Sir Roger Graye, Sir Edw. Graye, Sir John Herron of Chepches, Sir Wm. Lyslee, Sir Nic. Redlee, Sir Thos. Fostar, Sir Wm. Ellecar, Sir Raf Fynwyke, Nic. Thornton, Gawyn Metfurd, Roger Herron, Ric. Strother, Thos. Horslee, Oswald Mytfurd, Wm. Bennytt, John Byllynworth, Thos. Eryngton of Langlee, John Blenkensope, Nic. Crawhall, Wm. Carnaby, [Jo]hn Swenborn, [Tho]mas Fynwyke, ... us Schafto, ... Aynslee, ... mus Musgreff, ... Elyson, ... Harll, ... Harll, ... ke de Lychefyld, ... ke de Ryall, ... [Ble]nkensope, ... wall, ... ynthewytt, Thos. Carnaby, Cudbart Radclyff, John Horslee, Robt. Collynwod, Edw. Gallon, Persevell Selbe, George Muschanch, Robt. Warke, John Ogyll, Robt. Lawson, Thos. Lawson, Thos. Cramlyngton, John Harbotyll of Preston, John Musgreff of Ryall, John Graye of Ellington, John Hawder de Prenwyke, Ric. Hawder de Operlawe, Geo. Swenborne, John Rodom, John Bednell, Fras. Hastyns, Marmaduke Manerys, Wm. Manerys, Marmaduke Sertys, Geo. Heurd, Wm. Selby, John Care, John Claveryng, Geo. Fynwyke de Fynwyke, Roger Fynwyke of Borodon, Geo. Fynwyke of Cammo, Chr. Bell de Bellesis, Roger Dent of Wakar, Thos. Collynwod de Ryll, John Unthanke, Henry Revyslee, Thos. Hebburn, Wm. Herryng of Hewyke, John Herron of Crawla, Raff Car de Newlands, Raff Bradfurd, Robt. Care of Bowmar, Geo. Revyslee of Angcroft, John of Ellyke, Raff Swynnewe, Wm. Swenborn.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
4 Nov.
R. O.
Thos. lord Darcy to Ric. Lister, the King's solicitor.
Orders him to pay to Oswald Gryce, before St. Martin's in the winter, 12l. 17s. 2d. out of his arrears of Kent, for crimson satin and white sarcenet. 23 Aug. 15 Hen. VIII. Tempilhirst.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Three receipts by John at Fenne for the rent of his "gret plas in Stepynhethe," from Mr. Lyster, for lord Darcy, for the quarters ending Christmas 14 Hen. VIII., Midsummer 15 Hen. VIII. and Michaelmas 15 Hen. VIII., the rent being 35s. a quarter.
R. O. 3. Receipt by Thos. Darcey for 5 mks. from Ric. Lyster, as his half year's annuity, due at Martylmas next. 4 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.
5 Nov.
R. O. St. P. IV. 52.
Encloses schedule, forgotten by his clerk, of the noblemen and gentlemen to whom letters of thanks should be written. Wants money immediately. A spy came this morning, who confirms the shameful departure of Albany from the abbey of Eccles on Tuesday at midnight. He heard the gentlemen of the March tell the Duke that he had been a long time in the Borders, wasting all that Surrey had left, and that he had promised to give Surrey battle. "The said Duke answered angrily, 'I will give him no battle, for I have no convenient company so to do;' and with that went towards his horse. With which words, the said gentlemen being evil contented, said with one voice, 'By God's blood, we will never serve you more, nor never will wear your badges again;' and tare them off their breasts, and threw them on the ground, saying, 'Would to God we were all sworn English!'" Hopes to hear in three days what has become of him. His estimation in Scotland is gone for ever. He has done the most hurt in Scotland ever done at one journey, "and wonderful many of their horses lost and fretished."
At the assault of Wark were slain the captain of the first band of French foot that came to Scotland, with nine others. Twenty-two more died that night, and 160 were sore hurt. The besieged were but 100 men, while in the bas court were over 1,000 Frenchmen and 500 Scots. Longs to know the King's pleasure about the disposal of the garrisons for the winter. Hopes to have 200 of Wolsey's retinue. Never found men so loth to remain in garrison;—and no wonder, considering the ill lodging, scarcity of victual, and the ill will of the inhabitants to entertain them. Alnwick, 5 Nov. Signed.
Add.: My lord Legate.
6 Nov.
R. O. St. P. VI. 185.
A post arrived on 31 Oct. with letters from the Emperor to his ambassador, with their letters to the King and Wolsey of the 8th and 23rd Sept. With him came a gentleman sent by the Emperor towards Bourbon, with letters of fresher date, &c. Perceives by these letters the Emperor's intent to proceed with his army in person, and make up for his former slackness; also provision for the payment of 100,000 crowns to Bourbon; promising also that De Beuren and the Burgundians shall be continued. To show his appreciation of such diligence, the King will continue his army on foot this winter, and reinforce it with 4,000 men, "which ye shall name 7,000 men." Sends them copies of Suffolk's letters, by which they will understand the state in which matters are. Are to urge the Emperor to give assured order for the continuance of De Beuren and the Burgundians, without whom it will not be possible for the King's army to continue, unless furnished with horsemen. If the French king recalls his army, orders should be given to Prospero Colonna "to follow them in the tail," that so the war may be brought to a satisfactory conclusion, for which the King spares no cost or labor. The King is hourly expecting the result of the battle with Albany, who is opposed by 3,000 lords and gentlemen and 50,000 soldiers, well supplied with ammunition. The King has entire confidence that, the Emperor pursuing the war with vigor, "neither by the duke of Savoy, ne such indirect means, the French king shall seek his peace," but be forced to send great princes and honorable ambassadors. Sends a bill of the articles concluded by Russell with Bourbon. Will send by next post the commission for concluding the treaty with the Emperor, the King, the Archduke and Bourbon. Westminster, 6 Nov.
P.S.—Letters have come from Dr. Knight, ambassador with lady Margaret, showing that by the relation of Marnix, sent unto him by the lady Margaret, the French have been overthrown in Italy, with the loss of 22,000 men; further, that Bourbon had left Besançon for Lure. By the same letter, it appears that the Cardinals entered the conclave 1 Oct., and on the 6th the cardinals of Aux, Lorraine and Vendôme arrived, booted and spurred, and entered the conclave without tarrying. This is like to produce further delay in the election. Signed.
Vesp. C. II. 102. B. M. 2. Modern copy.
7 Nov.
Vit. B. V. 216. B. M. St. P. VI. 190.
He has been advertised of all that occurred from the 1st Oct. by Clerk's letters sent on the 24th. Both factions in the conclave continue their pertinacity. The cardinal de Medici and 16 or 17 others are bent on making a Pope at their pleasure, and are as violently opposed. It is feared that the party which is unable to continue will depart and choose some Pope elsewhere, and the party remaining choose another. The French party tried to make the Romans come to the conclave door and exclaim against the Cardinals, especially against Soderini and De Medici, for prolonging the election; but De Medici's friends stopped it. On the 5th news came from the duke of Milan that a captain under Johannyn de Medicis, and thirty of his fellows, had conspired to deliver a gate and bulwark to the French. This was discovered on the night fixed for its execution. If the French had got the upper hand, De Medici must have gone away, and seen to the defence of Florence. It was said the French only waited for the result of the said plot, but there is as yet no news of their removing. The viceroy of Naples is going thither with speed, with 400 spears and 4,000 foot. The marquis of Mantua is already in Pavia, and the Venetians will join him in Milan. The French will not be able to resist them, for the Venetians alone are 900 spears and 10,000 foot. Rome, 7 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
7 Nov.
R. O. St. P. IV. 53.
Thanks Wolsey for having ordered 2,000l. to be sent to him, as appears by his letter received this morning. With this, and what he can borrow, hopes the army will be fully paid; but their wages expired last Tuesday. [Marginal note, (fn. 3) that money shall be sent with diligence.] Has got with difficulty 900 foot to lie in garrison. No horsemen would remain, except those of the country, and if they had there is no horsemeat for them, but foot will serve as well for defence. Has bound 600 horse of Northumberland to invade Scotland twice a fortnight, and stop the sowing. [Note in margin: "My lord Admiral hath taken a right good direction in this matter." Garrisons must be continued on the Borders, both for defence and offence.] Now that the fortresses are thrown down, trusts they will suffer no cattle going between the East March and Lammermuir, or about Gedworth. They know the country well, and can do most hurt on the darkest nights; but money must be sent to pay them, or Albany will invade England, to recover his name. Has sent the prioress of Coldstream and other spies to Edinburgh to learn his intentions. Hopes he will attempt nothing new this moonlight; otherwise "I see not possible where any people may be assembled to resist him, unless your Grace appoint my lord Dacre to be warden here," who would bring out of his country 2,000 or 3,000 men. [Note in margin : None so meet as lord Dacre, both for experience and for power; "and I doubt not, the King being so contented, to induce him to be agreeable for the accepting of the said room, with convenient entertainment and wages."]
Begs to be discharged. The country could not be in better order; there is less theft than in any other part of England. Dacre would be warden for 40s. a day, while Surrey is paid 5l. a day: twelve score men might be kept with the difference. Sir Nich. Carewe and Sir Francis Brian can bear witness that "the little flesh I had is clean gone; and yet I am not sick, but in manner I eat very little, and these five weeks day I never slept one whole hour without waking ... But I know myself to be as a washing horse is that will lose flesh and soon recover it again." [Note in margin: "It shall be well done, according to my former letters that my lord Admiral return after the garrisons shall be established upon the Borders, and the lord Dacres hath taken the room of warden upon him."]
Learns by two spies that Albany on his return from Wark proclaimed a general council to meet at Edinburgh. [Note: "Not daring to abide battle, he now entreateth with the lords of Scotland how he may fly into France, with no less shame than with presumptousness he, making boast he should do marvels, arrived in Scotland."] The Teviotdale men have taken 300 good horses from his company in recompense of their injuries. Never men were so ill content with their captain. Newcastle, 7 Nov. Signed.
Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.: The earl of Surrey, vjta Novembris.
7 Nov.
Add. MS. 10,110. f. 236. B. M.
3516. The ARMY in FRANCE.
"In the 15th yere of the reigne of our soverayne lorde kyng Henry the Eight, the acties done in Fraunce under the honorable lord the duke of Soulfolk."
19 Sept., the Duke went with his army royal from Calais to Calkwell Church. That night there was an alarm, and two Flemings were killed and a boy maimed who lay outside the "leger," wherefore the Duke made proclamation that no one should lay outside, burn, rob, nor "breke his ray," on pain of death. 21 Sept., camped at St. Blase. 22 Sept., my Lord rode to Arde to meet the Emperor's lieutenant, lord Istyllstayne, Messrs. Lyke, Lynne, Clere and Mott. They camped at Lawnderton by themselves, and my Lord returned to his own camp. 27 Sept., lord Sendys and lord Ferrys went to Bell Castell, a stronghold and well watered, and there Skevyngton was struck through the sleeve with a gun, but not hurt. 28 Sept., took Bell Castell at 6 a.m., with the captain, his wife and child, 60 persons and a great booty. 29 Sept., to Denderon, the camp where the two Kings met. 30 Sept., to Dornam. 1 Oct., to Cords. 7 Oct., to Rockyd Hoy. 8 Oct., to Forste. 9 Oct., to Marcke. 10 Oct., to Rokeland. 11 Oct., to Ryall Cowrte. The horsemen took a captain of Stradiats and 20 of his company, horse and man. 12 Oct., to Lorshaw. 15 Oct., to Fordylaw beside Dorlance. 17 Oct., to Kyrkewurte. 18 Oct., to Ducker, "and ther the people flede, and ther lay garyson 3 dayes." 19 Oct., to Quede, on this half Braye. 20 Oct., at four a.m. the gunners began to shoot at the walls of Braye. By six they had made a gap as broad as a cart, beside a tower at the corner of the town, and there were 1,500 men of arms, besides men of the town and country, advancing with the standards "lyke gallants." Our men called "Asawte! Asawte!" took a dyke, 35 feet deep, and won the walls without ladders, which was a marvellous great enterprise. They drove Mons. Pontdormy and the other Frenchmen across the water of Somme. The French would have beaten down the bridge, but our men chased them too fast, drove them into the marsh, where many were drowned, and into a great bulwark, which they took, with all the ordnance, a captain and other persons. The same day lord Lenard, with 20 men, took a passage at Capye, defended by 200 men-at-arms. In the afternoon lord Saunds came over the water of Somme into the bulwark, and there lay in the camp. 21 Oct., my lord removed from Quede to Capye, and appointed a garrison for Braye. 22 Oct., Roy was surrendered, a good walled town, well watered. 23 Oct., my Lord devised all the bulwarks against the water of Some for the defence of Braye, which was the key of all France, and never won before. 25 Oct., removed from Capye to Lyon Sawmpere. 26 Oct., to Dawbeney Cowrte, a strong town and a fair castle, but the people fled. There was great plenty of wine there. 27 Oct., to Mowndidier. At six at night our gunners gave them a peal of guns at rovers, "and after that they had no more joy to shoot." By two in the morning the great ordnance was laid within 40 ft. of the walls, and gave them four peals, which broke down a great breadth of the wall "hard by the myghtie strong bolwerke, the strongist that evyr I saw, and marvelowsly mad with 4 flowers." At seven in the morning they surrendered, and were glad to depart with their lives. Mons. lye Seenyschall le Turwyne, Mons. le Forontaunce and other captains were in the town with 2,500 men, and could have held it against 100,000 men, for they were well victualled, and the town was double walled. There were many marvellous conveyances "in gavys to go under the grownd a myell out of the towne, and that many ways," and therefore my Lord destroyed it. Wine, salt, meal, wood, flax, wax and all sorts of merchandize were found in the town, but all the men of substance had fled. On St. Simon's day 50 men-at-arms, 50 demilances and 50 pages bringing powder to the town, were taken. The captain alone escaped through the goodness of his horse, though he had two staves broken on him. 31 Oct., camped on the south side of Roye. 1 Nov., my Lord removed to the north side of Roye, and there made 14 knights, lord Powes, lord Harberd, Sir Arter Pole, Sir Olyver Manerd, Sir Ric. Saunds, Sir Robt. Jernyngham, Sir Robt. Sallysbery, Sir Edm. Beddyngfyld, Sir Ric. Corbett, Sir Thos. Wentworth of Soulfolke, Sir Wm. Sturton, Sir Water Mantell, Sir Geo. Warham, and Sir Edw. Semer. 2 Nov., removed to Nele, a fair town, well walled and watered on one side. 4 Nov., from Nele to Bowean or Wowean. There was a marvellous straight passage in the midst of the way. On the north side of Bowean were three rivers of the Some, the bridges across which the French broke when they heard of the Duke's coming. Upon the bridges, coming over, he made two knights, Sir Robt. Bulser and Sir John Dudlay. 5 Nov., removed over the water, and encamped at Bewford. 7 Nov., removed to Mounte Martayne, a goodly abbey of Our Lady. Mons. Lyne won Bowgard by a train, and put out the French in their doublets and hose.
Pp. 4.
Lausd. MS. 858. 12 b. B. M. 3517. The ARMY in FRANCE.
"Parcellis of stuff made by John Browne, the Kyngis paynter, for the hygh and myghtty prynce Charlis duke of Suffolke, then beyng a poynttyd to be lyffetenant generall of Kyngis ryall armye in to the partyes of France in the yere of owr Lord God 1523, and the 14th yere of the rayne of kyng H. VIIIth."
A standard wrought with fine gold and silver on double sarcenet fringed with silk, 3l. 2 banners of "your armys," fine gold, &c., 5l. 6s. 8d. 10 gyttons of double sarcenet wrought with gold and silver fringed with silk, 13s. 4d. each. A coat of arms wrought with fine gold and silver and in oil on double sarcenet, fringed with silk and lined with buckram, for your herald, 26s. 8d. 50 escutcheons in metal on paper royal, with your arms, 16d. each, and 50 in color, 10d. each. 2 doz. on buckram, 2s. each. 3 doz. and 4 flags and "pencellis" for your grace's carriage, 12d. each. Total, 26l. 3s. Paid, 24l.
P. 1.
8 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 109. B. M.
Has received orders from my Lord's grace to deliver 2,000l., "betwixt Mr. Surveyor and me," to Magnus, of which they have paid 1,500l., but cannot complete it, as their receipts at Durham do not begin till after Martlemas. Asks Dacre to send the revenues of Hexhamshire due to Wolsey at this term, which he is sure would gratify Wolsey, as he is anxious for the whole sum to be paid, or the lord Treasurer will be contented if he will allow the 200l. now sent to Magnus by Thrykell to be part of the said revenues, and send a bill thereof. Mr. Surveyor writes that Dacre promised to deliver the revenues before St. Andrew's Day, and the sum is 212l. 3s. 8¼d. Newcastle, Sunday, 8 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
8 Nov.
R. O.
On Michaelmas Day Warham received two commissions, one to himself, and one to him and Fisher, to levy the loan from the persons mentioned therein. Send the certificate of the answers of those who are at home. Many are serving in France and Scotland, and attending on the King, or the term. Those who have not yet paid their loan seem well minded to do so, but say their substance is not correspondent to their mind. Thinks that those who are near London should be examined there, rather than be called to Canterbury; but if he prefers otherwise, they will do all they can, but must wait till term is ended. Have urged the people to make the loan forthwith out of hand, but the commission gives no power of compulsion. Canterbury, 8 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord cardinal of York, and legate de latere.
9 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 114. B. M.
3520. SURREY to DACRE.
According to his promise to see Carlisle and tell the King what fortifications are necessary, will arrive there on Friday, and stay Saturday and Sunday. Wishes Sir Christopher to meet him at Sir Nicholas Ridley's on Thursday night, as he will only bring a dozen servants. Comes now that he may have returned before the chief light of the moon. Newcastle, 9 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
10 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 189. B. M.
Considering the proximity of blood between them, regrets the bad understanding between the two. Has written to Surrey, demanding an abstinence of three or four months, and to my lord Marquis. 10 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
10 Nov.
R. O.
Requests a safeconduct for her servant John Cantly, whom she has charged with a message to him. 10 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
10 Nov.
R. O. St. P. IV. 56.
Writes to him again to recommend a peace between the two realms. Desires meanwhile an abstinence of war for three or four months. The bearer, by whom she sends a letter for the King, which she desires Surrey to forward with diligence, will show him more. 10 Nov.
Hol. Add.
11 Nov.
Add, M.S. 24,965. f. 108b. B. M.
Has received his letter by the bearer, and will act as he suggests about the 200l. Reminds him that "in my Lord your master's time and mine deceased" he made buildings in Norham Castle, and hired certain carriages, for which Robt. Adhe promised to pay, but did not. Asks how he shall be answered for it, and desires credence for Thrilkeld the bearer. Naward, 11 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
11 Nov.
Vit. B. v. 217. B. M.
Hears that the French king is fortifying Lyons, and is in such fear that he dares not remove thence. He has written to the Swiss for 5,000 men to be always about his person; some cantons consented, but afterwards determined not to grant them till their men beyond the mountains had returned. He then sent to them the Great Master, but suddenly ordered him to return. Hears from the Swiss that they will not levy men. As the French king is not raising any troops in France, if he has no Swiss or Almains, does not see what would prevent a small number from passing through France at pleasure. He has no more than 500 Almains. There is great poverty and fear in France. The King has borrowed all the money he can, and dares levy no more, lest he should lose the hearts of his subjects for ever. Thinks there was never prince less beloved. If the Almains had stayed with Bourbon as they promised, and he had continued his enterprise, most of the realm would have drawn toward him, "they being the sorriest people in the world that he came not." They fear the English army, and say it is almost at Paris. The people there have sent to the King for assistance, but Russell hears of no preparations.
Wrote for orders what he was to do with the King's money, owing to the danger on the roads, and the impossibility of making an exchange. Bourbon says he wrote to advise that it should be left at Besançon to be ready for next year. Besançon is a town imperial, but allied to the Swiss, so that he would prefer some other, but can find none strong enough. Has inquired of the president of Burgoyne and others, to know what alliance they have made with the Swiss. Hears it is for 15 years, and was made on account of quarrels with counts Fustemborg and Frauncisque. Each are bound to assist the other if attacked, with a certain number of men; Besançon reserving the Emperor, the count of Burgoyne, the bishop of Besançon and the prince of Orange. Lady Margaret is governor of the town. The money was delivered by Knight and Russell at her orders to a merchant in the town, and is quite safe, as it lies in her name. Asked him if he would keep it until next year; and he said he would if my Lady commanded him. Besançon, 11 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add. Endd.
11 Nov.
R. O.
3526. The SAME to WOLSEY.
To the same effect. Besançon, 11 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
11 Nov.
R. O.
Indenture by which the "lady Ceeyll, marques lady Haryngton and Bonvile," widow of Thos. late marquis Dorset, leases to Wm. Blount lord Mountjoye, lady Dorothy his wife, widow and executor of Robt. Willoughby lord Broke, and daughter of the lord Marquis, and Walter Semer, the other executor of lord Broke, the manors of Trelawney and Treggewell, otherwise Tremwell, in Cornwall, until they have received therefrom the sum remaining due out of the 1,000l. left to lady Dorothy by her father. 11 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.
Note: Trelawney, 56l. 12s. 1½d. Tremwell, 47l. 4s. 2¾d.
P. 1. Copy.
11 Nov.
R. O.
Wonders he has not sent more money, considering the great charges here. Hears there are above 2,000 marks still in his hands. Desires him to pay over all he has to George Lawson to be sent to Newcastle. Newcastle, 11 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
2. Along with the above are two receipts of George Lawson of York to Edmund abbot of St. Mary's, dated 17 and 27 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII., for sums of 461l. 7s. 4d. and 65l. 1s. 10d., to be paid to Magnus as treasurer of the wars; a mutilated receipt, signed by the earl of Shrewsbury and Magnus, dated 9 Sept. [15] Hen. VIII., for 250 marks for 1,000 jackets at 3s. 4d. each; and four other receipts (three of them very mutilated) by Lawson, as treasurer of Berwick, for the wages of 50 gunners at different dates, the earliest being 28 April 9 Hen. VIII.
11 Nov.
R. O.
Received this Wednesday, by James Dogge, a message from the queen of Scots, with a letter to Surrey, whom she supposed to be in Berwick. Forwards it by post. Gave Dogge, at his request, a safeconduct for John Cantley, and five men with him, to come to Berwick, and remain till Surrey's pleasure is known. Berwick, 11 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord Lieutenant.
11 Nov.
R. O.
Has received his letter. Wm. Bank cannot need the annuity, about which he makes so much ado, for he has refused his money several times when offered by Vavasour. Cromwell would not regard anything he says against Vavasour's honesty, if he knew him as well as he is known here. Is kept from his rents and his tenements by his subtilty. Intends to be at London next term, and will answer all Cromwell's writings. Spaldyngton, St. Martin's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To his hertely belovid freynd Thomas Cromewell.
12 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 307. B. M. Ellis, 1 Ser. I. 236.
Has received his letters of the 3rd and 4th inst.; the first mentioning the siege and assault of Werk by the duke of Albany, its gallant defence by the captain Sir Wm. Lisle, and the shameful flight of Albany on the approach of Surrey; and the second mentioning the report of the prioress of Coldstream, that on Tuesday night the Duke removed from Eccles and "clearly" departed, on being informed that Surrey had passed the river after him. The news is very grateful, and will be to Albany's perpetual reproach. Thanks Surrey for his diligence and good conduct, and desires him to thank all the lords and captains. In answer to his request to be discharged of his command in consequence of his sickness, he shall be recalled when the disbanding of the Duke's army is confirmed. The command will then, at his suggestion, be given to Dacres. Doubts not that by the arrangements of the lord Legate he is by this time provided with money. Woodstock, 12 Nov. Signed at top.
Add.: To our right trusty, &c. the earl of Surrey, our treasurer and admiral of England.
P. 1.
12 Nov.
Vesp. C. II. 206. B. M.
Since Windsor left, had written four letters, the last by "a servant of mine, Richard Sampson." The Emperor came to Pampeluna on 12 Oct. The Sunday after (18th), he sent for them; told them the archbishop of Barry had come with proposals from France; and invited them to dine with Nassau. After dinner came the Emperor, and apologised for his slackness in keeping his promises; complained that instead of 10,000 men, he had scarcely 5,000. The viceroy of Arragon had been sent to raise men, but they complained it was too late in the year. It is proposed to enter by D'Albret's dominions, where Beureyne now is. Bourbon's business prospers. The constable of Castile and the Spaniards wish the army to be sent against Bayonne; the Chancellor, to France; but victuals are very scarce, and if they pass the Pyrenees, it will be worse. Thinks nothing will be done, and that his remaining there is no small charge to the King. Does not believe that the Emperor can help himself or his friends, but rather deceive both, until he has peace to put his own countries in order. The archbishop of Barry was commanded to declare his charge, how the French entered Alexandria and Novara without opposition. Bayard had been slain by the marquis of Mantua, and after the death of the Pope all the French cardinals repaired to Rome. Does not know where Bourbon is. Send a book, signed by the French King's hand, "very orgulos and arrogant." The Emperor rejects the proposals. State their reply.
On the 22nd, the Chancellor showed them a minute of an answer. They demanded that it should contradict "the ontrew seying off the Frence king that the Kinges highnes schuld be the chyff cause and provokar of this warre, os he right well knew the contrarie by the great travayll of your grace at your being at Calas." The money contributed to the expedition is small, and slow in coming in. They advised him, therefore, not to venture upon the expedition, until he had the money in his hands. The Spaniards have greatest influence; Nassau less. The Chancellor tells them that the intent is, not to enter Guienne, but Berne;—thence to Languedoc, and to join Bourbon. The 1st, 3rd and 4th Nov. the Emperor had news from Rome, Genoa and Milan of the Pope's death, of the defeat of the French, the death of Montmorenci, Brion and others, the return of the Swiss, the defeat of the French admiral at Bayonne. Bourbon is in Burgundy. It is rumored that St. Pol is with him. Francis has promised him Madame Renée and all his demands. Lautrec has 14,000 foot. "His own company feareth;—he is such a man of his own head and will, that he shall hazard and put all in danger."
The constable of Castile, who went as chief captain to the army on the 6th, proffers his services. Mons. de Louxie has joined the Emperor. The Spaniards complain this army is only for the benefit of England. To content them, it will be necessary that the towns should be summoned to surrender in the Emperor's name. On the 10th were with the Emperor, who is fully resolved to set forth, and wishes to know if the King's army will remain in France during winter. He desires that Sampson should return to Burgos. One that was archbishop of St. James, of the house of Fonseca, is now archbishop of Toledo; his father came with the Queen into England. The Portuguese ambassador, who was six years since in England, is very friendly. Can get no clear answer about the restitution of the towns. Salvatierra offers to treat with the Emperor. The prior of St. John's is entering Languedoc. Franciscus de los Covos, first secretary of Spain, is ready to serve them. Propose that the King should command his ambassador to christen his child by the name of his highness. The emperor Maximilian gave similar permission to his ambassador for Brian Tuke. Pampeluna, 12 Nov. Signed.
In Sampson's hand, pp. 23. Add.: "My lord Legate's grace." Endd.
12 Nov.
R. O. St. P. VI. 191.
Chiefly to the same effect as the above. When the Emperor's army will be in readiness, God knows; but have written more of this to the Cardinal. All the artillery is yet at Pampilon. Jerningham is prepared to march with them. Have written more at length to the cardinal of the archbishop of Barri's coming. It is said that Bayard is slain in Italy, and the French have taken Alexandria and Novara, but have been defeated before Milan. The archbishop says the Pope is dead, but the viceroy of Naples and cardinal De Medici have taken such precautions that there is no fear of the French faction. The Emperor has large sums promised him, but they are slow in coming in. He will head his army in person, if Bourbon "may prosperously come into these parts." The artillery left on the 3rd. The French king detains Vendôme, for fear he should follow the example of Bourbon. De Beuren reports that a great personage, called Mons. Luxie, has offered his services to the Emperor. Were with the Emperor on the 10th. He is satisfied with Jerningham being in the field, and that Sampson shall return to Burgos, where the queen of Portugal is with the Council. Send the Emperor's answer to the French king's articles. Pampeluna, 12 Nov. Signed.
In Sampson's hand. Add. Endd.
12 Nov.
R. O.
In favor of Sir Edw. Ringley, who has served the King well. Newcastle, 12 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
13 Nov.
[Calig. E. I. II. ?]. I. 230. B. M.
In behalf of two archers in his company, named the bastard of Picanet and the bastard of Bonnebuche, prisoners of Jerningham, out on parole to levy their ransom. If Suffolk will favor him in this, he will use his efforts in behalf of Suffolk's servant, George Hampton. Has already written to learn where he is. "Monsieur, quant à ce que mescripvez qu'il na tins (tenue ?) au [Roy] votre maistre, quil a fait son devoir a voulloir con[firmer la] paix en toutte la Chrestienté, je ne veul pas vous [escrire de] ceste matiere; toutesfois je croy que le Roy [mon maitre] na donné nulle occasion au Roy votre maitre c ... la guerre." What moved Pontdormy to write about it was that his uncle Mons. de Dourrier was [sent to treat of] peace, in the time of Henry VII. Has written to Mons. Du Bies respecting Wetshel's (Whethill's) ransom. Will be glad to know the names of the six poor prisoners of Suffolk's company, taken at Peronne, whose ransom is [reckoned at] 20 crowns. 13 No[vembre?] Signed.
Fr., mutilated, pp. 2. Add.
13 Nov.
R. O.
3536. SURREY to [WOLSEY].
At this hour all the army is paid, and as well pleased as ever were men. The King's garrisons, numbering 900 horse and 700 foot, are paid for fourteen days, besides 300 taken into Berwick. Has increased the garrisons, as "the light of this moon doth fast come on," fearing some new invasion by the Duke; they can be discharged afterwards. Desires instructions how many shall remain the winter, and where money is to be had for their pay. The money Magnus had is exhausted, and Surrey caused Pawne to deliver 400l., and Thos. Atclif, 500 marks, to pay the garrisons. Magnus is ill from the trouble he has taken. Thinks he should be relieved, and Geo. Lawson put in his place, especially as he has other charges of the King, which require his presence at London. Lawson would serve as well, for less than the 2s. a day received by Rob. Lord. Has discharged Sir Edw. Ringley and the carters, and bid him sell the King's cart-horses. Has also discharged the companies of Will. Rawne, Thos. Atclif and Edw. Madyson.
P.S.—Had this morning a letter from the queen of Scots, and one from the captain of Berwick, sent herewith. Has sent the safeconduct desired, which will be at Berwick tonight. Believes that Cantley's mission is owing to Albany, and is to desire peace. Requests that 2,000l. may be sent at once, that the Scots may "recover no new courage" by the diminution of the garrisons, which are paid only to Thursday week. Could not have got the number he has, but for lord Latymer and Wolsey's treasurer.
Will conclude no peace or truce without knowing the King's pleasure, but make answer according to Wolsey's long letter. If the Queen desire to come to England, will wait for instructions. Is asked constantly by Jamy Dog, what entertainment the King would give her in England. Wishes to know how to answer this if asked by Cantley. "The said Cantley is a priest and a lusty fellow, and most secret with the Queen of all men," but Sinclair suspects the Duke has won him. Has no word of the ships promised by Wolsey. Divers French ships are upon the North coasts, and no man dare go to sea. Newcastle, 13 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 4.
13 Nov.
Galba, B. VIII. 66. B. M.
Received on the 8th his letters, dated London, the v ... Could have no audience till the following night, my Lady being occupied in discussing with the council the effect of Knight's charge, and certain letters from the Emperor and Du Praet, which she received by the same post. Told her the King had been notified of the Emperor's invasion of Guienne, and had received five requests from him, with a promise that he would recompense his late setting forth; viz. (1.) that the King's army would not remain before any strong town; (2.) for the advance of the 100,000 cr. promised for Bourbon; (3.) that the King's army would remain all winter, promising that count Buren and the Burgundians should do the same; (4.) that the King would reinforce his army, as my Lady would do the Burgundians, if any number were deficient; and (5.) that prisoners of note should not be ransomed, but kept to redeem the friends of Bourbon.
Said that the first two requests were performed, and that as to the rest, although the King was not bound to continue his army longer than to the end of October, considering the position of Bourbon and the inutility of all his expense hitherto, he was willing to reinforce the army with 6,000 or 7,000 men, and give commands for the retention of prisoners, as required. In consideration of this, which was a great concession, seeing that the King had been charged with three armies at sea all the past year, and for a long time against the Scots, and especially now with 50,000 men to resist Albany, Knight requested that she would cause musters to be taken of the company now with De Buren, and that their number should be kept up, and the army paid regularly.
She answered that the Emperor had thrown the charge of his army this winter upon her, but she could do no more than her power extended to;—that her council were assembled to consider what way was most expedient, and would make Knight privy to it.
Next day they were all day in council. Not being sent for, Knight went on Wednesday morning to Holstrate, desiring an answer, as he supposed the King would not reinforce his army till he was assured that Buren's horse would continue with them. Holstrate said the matter had been discussed in council, and my Lady would give him an answer. On going to her, she made as though she had forgotten his demand, and on his repeating it, said the letters of the Emperor and Du Praet made no mention of De Buren's company, and the council thought the Emperor only intended to maintain the army he had in Guienne. Told her that Wolsey's letter expressly stated the Emperor was willing to keep up De Buren's horse; that it had been agreed between the princes that the King's foot and the Emperor's horse should continue together for a certain season, on the expiration of which the Emperor might offer to keep his army on foot, if the King would do the same; and that the offer that De Buren and his company should continue, was one of the chief motives for the King to continue his army. She said there were many things to be considered; (1.) about the money, which they could not easily obtain without the King's help; (2.) to learn from Buren how his men-of-arms were disposed, and get his advice; for which she has this day sent to him Master John De la Shawte. She will inform Knight what she can do at his return. Mechlin, 13 Nov.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 5. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
14 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 281. B. M. Letters of Royal and Illust. Ladies, I. 288.
Has received his writings, with others from France, which she thinks right good. Her son is in good health and with her at Stirling. Will not leave him for any danger unless she is put from him by force. "I beseke God, gyff that ze saw him so that ne body knu of you bot I, and I trust ye vald be ryght wel conttyd of hym." The Governor is in Edinburgh. Has not seen him since he came "from the onhonest jowrnay." He thinks no shame of it, and makes his excuse that Arran, Lennox and others would not pass into England with him, and that they would have sold him in England. He has summoned the parliament for next Tuesday, and has sent for all the Lords again, "I trust, to do lytyl good to them as thay ar viel vorthy; for and they had dwn as thay schwld, vee had been quyt of thys combar."
Has sent her mind in all matters by John Cantley. Asks Surrey to protect her against the Duke's displeasure, or She will be forced to do his will, whether it is against her son or not, for no one here will oppose him, and he can do as he pleases with her living. It is well known how she has been treated since she last came from England; that she has lived like a "sobar vhoman," and been forced to take any money the Duke would give her. Will do all she can for keeping her son, but cannot displease the Duke without the King's support. Asks Surrey to beseech the King to have regard to her, for her son may be "stedabyl to hys grace." Will inform him of all she knows, but he must keep it secret. Fears there are persons with Surrey who show the Duke everything.
Warns him that John Somerville has sent divers messages to the Duke. None must know of her writing but the King and the lord Marquis. Patrick Synclair must be treated well, for he is her true servant, and she can send none other. There is wait laid for her letters. Asks him to send her his mind by Synclair. Wishes to "have the thank of any good peace" that may be made for this realm. Stirling, 14 Nov.
Hol., pp. 4. Endd. Begins: "My lord of Sowray."
14 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 108. B. M.
Excuses himself for not having sent the 200l. due to him at the Feas of St. Simon and Jude, on account of the pressing business he has had here, and his expenses these two years. His servant John Myres, who is going to collect his rents in Shropshire, will give him 100l., and an acquitance for the 100l. which Dacre should have received of him within the Freares of Doncaster at St. Peter ad Vincula. Naward, 14 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
14 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 109b. B. M.
Asks his advice "touching traves of land" between his father and Mr. Laken. Asks credence for the bearer, Myres. Naward, 14 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie of my lorde of Graistok's lettre sent to Mr. Salter, man of law, by John Mires.


  • 1. The signature appears to be an imitation of Surrey's hand.
  • 2. Nov. 3.
  • 3. This and the other marginal notes are in Tuke's hand, and were evidently written to Wolsey's dictation.