Henry VIII: November 1523, 16-30

Pages 1472-1492

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 1472
Page 1473
Page 1474
Page 1475
Page 1476
Page 1477
Page 1478
Page 1479
Page 1480
Page 1481
Page 1482
Page 1483
Page 1484
Page 1485
Page 1486
Page 1487
Page 1488
Page 1489
Page 1490
Page 1491
Page 1492

November 1523

16 Nov.
R. O.
Warrant to the sheriff of London to apprehend Robt. Amadas, to answer to the charge of Wm. Honnyng. 16 Nov. 15 [Hen. VIII.]
17 Nov.
R. O.
3542. The LOAN.
Certificate to the King and Council by Edward Sutton lord Dudley, Sir John Gifford, Ric. Asteley and John Welles, that, according to a privy seal dated Greenwich, 18 July 15 Hen. VIII., they have made proclamation for the payment of the prest money in the hundred of Seysdon, Staff., but no one has paid it except John Gravener of Hampden, whose portion, 36s. 8d., they remit to Master Wyot at London. 17 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed by Dudley.
18 Nov.
Galba, B. VIII. 89. B. M.
The ambassador has heard from the cardinal of Liege and the lords Bure, Berghes and Bevres the answer made to them by Madame upon Hesdin's affair, to the heart's desire of his enemy, upon the offers which he has always made "depuis ma fortune," viz., that he might come before the Emperor's council, and answer those who wished to impute anything against him, either by justice or in person. This offer has been refused most unreasonably. Cannot be charged with truth, but may have been supposed to have done something in England prejudicial to the Emperor. Begs the Ambassador to intercede with the King and Wolsey, and to write the truth to them; that he wishes to go to their presence, and to receive his answer. Hopes the King will despatch his servant to let him know his intention. Begs him to forward his letter. Liege, 18 Nov.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2; mutilated, and the handwriting very bad.
18 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 110. B. M.
3544. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Received from the lord Treasurer the King's letter, dated Woodstock, 12 Nov., and Wolsey's, dated Westm., the same day, sending him a commission to be warden of the East and Middle Marches. Cannot occupy the office to the King's profit, owing to his gout and his sore leg, and considering his expences as warden of the West Marches and captain of Carlisle. The offices have never been united before, but the greatest princes have held them separately. Will, however, hold it till Easter, as the Treasurer is not well, and there is none other to take the office. Wishes Sir Wm. Bulmer and Sir Wm. Evre to continue as lieutenants by patent from the King. Thinks it best not to be known in this country as Warden, but as Surrey's deputy, which causes greater fear to the Scots, and to the men of Tindale and Riddisdale, and will make those gentlemen, who have promised to bring up their tenants when complained of, more diligent. Would not have taken such an office upon himself if he had been with Wolsey, but will do all the service he can. Has had no answer to his numerous letters about the repairs of Carlisle castle, except that Mr. Hart came and viewed it. It has been twice in peril, and "has stand upon an hassard." Begs Wolsey to ask the King that it may be repaired, and a new captain appointed, now that he has the charge of all the Marches. Has told the Treasurer whom he thinks most fit for the post.
As to Wolsey's request, that those appointed for the garrisons should be able both to defend the Marches and make "excourses," advises, for saving the King's money, that the request of the queen of Scots for an abstinence for three or four months should be granted, for many reasons, and concluded, by Dacre as warden, from month to month. Fodder is so scarce, that he could hardly maintain 2,000 men in garrison, and they could do but small exploits during the winter, as the Border is so destroyed by Surrey's incursions, that nothing could be done without going far into the country, which would be dangerous. They could, therefore, do nothing but defend the Borders, and if an abstinence were taken they would be unnecessary. If before its expiration the Lords do not sue for a peace, with which the King would be contented, an invasion could be made about the end of March, when the Scots sow their corn, which would do much more good than a garrison during the winter. Whatever happens, taking an abstinence can do no harm. Newcastle, 18 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 3. Headed: "Copie of a lettre to my lorde Cardinal is grace, aunswere to this hereunto annexed." (fn. 1)
19 Nov.
R. O.
Called before him yesterday my lord Dacre, Sir Will. Bulmer and Sir Will. Evers, lieutenants of the Marches, "and have so joined them together, and have taken such order for the observance of good order in these parts, that I trust the theft and robberies that was used before my coming hither should be clearly extincted." Has often declared he would let no theft go unpunished, and has some offenders in hand, whom he will see "justified" before his departure. Finds Dacre very well disposed to administer strict justice, and if written to by the King and Wolsey he will spare no transgressors. Recommends that Sir Will. Heron be made sheriff of Northumberland, the patent to be sent by next post, with a dedimus potestatem to Dacre to take his oath. The horsemen of this country have made two roads this week, and taken about thirty-five horses and prisoners. The country is so destroyed, "they can do little good," but they will not fail to invade twice a fortnight. Newcastle, 19 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
19 Nov.
Vit. B.XX.265. B. M.
Supposes [letters] from himself and the Almoner have reached Wolsey lately. Since then "we [have waited] the space of one month and three days th[e coming] to Nuremberg of Domfurnando." Are assured that within six days of the date of th[is letter] he will be here, and will be met by most of the gre[at] princes of Almayn, to hold a great diet; for what purpose is not publicly known. Hears it is to clear the coun[try] of robbers, and that to[wards] the beginning of the year a gr[eat] lord of the country is to be sent with a large army against the Turk, lest he subdue Hungary. "And as touching to [Martin Luther we] understand that little mention of him, n[or of his] fautours, shall be spoken of, forasmoc[he as] by the long sufferance of the Prin[ces that heresy is] so rooted, that, without peril to themself, it is not to be commoned of; which is great pity, forasmuch as that the good religious people be had in derision in all the country, so that these that be the fathers affirm that after the death of them that now be in the religious houses, they shall stand desolate for any that intend to enter to them any more."
The Almoner has word from Italy that the duke of Ferrara waits anxiously for the King's ambassadors. The day of arrival of the post from Italy, i.e. the octave of S. Martin (18 Nov.), a Frenchman, dressed more like a serving man than a post, came suddenly to them while they were at dinner, with letters for Don Ferdinando from the duke of Bourbon, his master, who he said had escaped out of France into Almayn, with marvellous danger, disguised as a merchant, with one servant. Knowing French, Morley talked with him of divers matters, "as well to grope on hy[m what] tidings was in France, as also h[ow it was that he came] so straight to us. He answered us [that he knew] well the Duke his master trusted m[ost the King our] sovereign lord of all princes Christeny[d, for which cause] the Duke had sent letters to the King's high[ness], and that the Duke his master took the rygh[t way] to Spain toward the Emperor, which he [said had] given his sister to marriage to the said Duke. A[nd he said] also if that it had not been by a lord of Al[main], which corrupt by the French King['s money] the army which he affirmed should have me[t with] the said Duke and the King's army, that undowb[tedly] the kingdom of France should have been easily gotten." He said all France wa[s in] disturbance for the Duke, who was more beloved than the King, for the King had robbed churches "and the self crusyfyx" to maintain his unhappy quarrel. All this is to be received with caution, as coming from a Frenchman, although the bearer of the Duke's letters to Don Ferdinando. Advised the president of Don Ferdinando's council to look after him, and "let him with a fylyd tonge." Lord Morley found, to his surprise, that he knew they had come to give the order of the Garter to Don Ferdinand. Nuremberg, 19 Nov. Signature burnt off.
Mutilated, pp. 2.
19 Nov.
Add. MS. 8,397. f. 54. B.M.
Adrian died 14 Sept. 1523, with a character for avarice and inactivity. At his death, Armellinus the chamberlain and the clerks of the Chamber gave the custody of the palace to Ferdinand Silva of Toledo, the captain of his guard, with orders to admit nobody cum telo. In the Borgian Tower which he built, and of which he always carried the keys, they found two mitres, a few cups and jewels, and a piece of gold brought from India. He left no money, except 800 gold crowns. William of Liege, card. of Tortosa, was suspected of carrying away his property the day before he died.
The Cardinals present were as follows: Bishops.—Bernardinus Caravajal of Spain, Fras. Soderini, &c. (fn. 2) The nineteen senior Cardinals were opposed to De Medici; the thirteen younger were all created by Leo, except those of Ancona, Mantua and Tortosa. Do Medici was the only person who could remedy the evils of the present disturbed state of Italy. If he were excluded, each of the seniors thought he might obtain the papacy for himself. The juniors hoped to wear out the seniors. Many were afraid of the creation of any but De Medici. After some contention cardinal Soderini, who had been imprisoned by Adrian, was liberated. He was brought out of his prison by the senior cardinals, contrary to the will of the juniors, and his vote in the conclave was restored to him by the consent of De Medici.
The funeral took place 21 Sept., with but little pomp, though more than Adrian would have wished. The sermon was delivered by one Conrad. The custody of the city was given to Nic. Pisano, the archbishop of Adria, and John George de Cæsarinis, the gonfalonier. Colonna, De Valle and Orsini, being of the three factions, were chosen to receive ambassadors. Meantime the French ambassador came to complain of Adrian's conduct in being privy to Bourbon's conspiracy, and making a treaty with the King's enemies, and to ask that the conclave might be deferred till the arrival of the cardinals of Avignon, Bourbon and Lorraine, which was refused as contrary to canonical laws. Preparations of Jo. Saxatellus against the duke of Ferrara, and his repulse by the bishop of Chiusi.
The cells of the conclave are of thin wood, a palm distant from each other. They are distinguished by letters, which are doubled if the number of Cardinals present requires it, and are distributed by lot. Those created by the late Pope decorate their cells with purple cloth, the others with green. Medici obtained the cell under a picture of Christ giving the keys to St. Peter, which Julius II. and Paul had also obtained. The custody of the gates of the palace was given to Ferdinand Silvio, captain of the Swiss, and 200 Germans were added, to guard the staircases. The second door was occupied by the conservators of the city, the third by the ambassadors of kings and princes, the fourth by the prelates and the great master of Rhodes, at that time expelled from the island. Three servants were allowed to each of the Cardinals, and four to those who were ill. There was also a sacristan, two masters of the ceremonies, two secretaries, musicians for the mass, and servants, to all of whom by name an oath was administered to divulge nothing. When a rumor was spread that there were arms in the conclave, Montanus, Armellinus and Trivultius called the captain of the Swiss, but found none. The doors were then walled up, and the windows locked with four keys, one of which was given to the Chamberlain, one to the master of the ceremonies, and the two others to the senior prelates, who kept the doors. Each swore to observe the decrecs. A discussion arose about the law between Montanus and Accoltus, both of Arezzo, and formerly auditors of the rota. First, the diploma of Julius II. about bribery was read; 2, the act about dividing the revenues of the future Pope; 3, that the votes were to be secret; 4, that the conclavists should enjoy their privileges, which Adrian had disregarded; 5, that the Pope's conclavists should pay "pro cella" 4,000 gold pieces to the others, and give security. Great discussion arose among the prelates without about admitting food, and the order of doing so was determined by lot. (fn. 3) Meanwhile Placentia and Parma were urged by Alfonso and Retius Ceretanus Ursinus to go over to the French. There were rumors in the city that Milan was recovered by the French, that Alfonso had taken Modena, and that Bologna was going to revolt. Account of the war in the time of Leo X. and Adrian VI.
The cardinals of Aux, Lorraine, and Bourbon arrived at Rome in haste, coming into the conclave in their cloaks, amid much laughter, and were received with joy by the seniors, as the King had charged them not to let the Italians elect. The juniors flattered Aux, by prophesying he would have the papacy. The next day the revenues of the first year were divided, but as the Chamberlain promised each 200 gold pieces, the division was not followed up. All confessed; and the next day, the eighth of the conclave, mass was performed, and the eucharist celebrated, in the chapel of St. Nicholas, by Card. S. Croce.—Mode of proceeding in taking the votes.
Card. Montanus, a man of great virtue, and a wonderful defender of ecclesiastical matters, wished to try his fortune; and through his friends, promised all the seniors maria et montes. He asked Julius for three of his votes, saying that he hoped by his kindness to become Pope. Julius promised, though he did not believe it, and gave him eight (one ?). Next day Montanus had 16 votes and 3 accessories; so that if Julius would have given him 2 votes only, he would have been Pope. Julius excused himself, saying that he promised his votes if he obtained 18 votes, not accessories. All the seniors were offended, and agreed not to give any vote to Julius; which S. Croce, Farnese, Jacobati and Ponzetti said they had promised to do; but they yielded to the entreaties of the others, and abandoned him; of which they wished him to be informed by Colonna and Orsini. Julius then proposed to his party that the seniors should elect a junior, excluding himself, or vice versâ. This the seniors refused; and the voting having been in vain for three days, they determined to nominate no juniors. The latter did the same, and Armellinus was proposed by 13 votes, none of the juniors supporting him. The same day letters came from Modena, saying that Alfonso was increasing his forces, that the citizens had no money for the garrison, and that Rangoni had spent all his own and his friends' property; Bologna was also alarmed, as there were no soldiers there. The Cardinals referred the affair to the Chamberlain, remitting the money he had promised them as an aid to the two towns. The duke of Sinuessa also asked for wages for the soldiers, who were fighting in France against the French, according to Adrian's treaty. This they refused, as they had not been consulted about the treaty. While the voting was going on, the Sistine chapel cracked. Sangallus, the architect, however, pronounced it safe. Four Cardinals from each party were chosen to propose a means to unite, but nothing was done. On the 24th Sept. another oath was administered that neither order should choose a member of the other. Salviati and the card. of Bologna being ill, Hieronimus Eugobinus was admitted, though contrary to precedent, for they said that four servants were to be granted to the sick. A new contention arose about this, for Soderini demanded the admission of Dominic, as one of his servants had gone away ill. The guards and Sinuessa opposed it at first, saying that it was not lawful for an apostate, and a man convicted of crime, to enter; but he was allowed to do so by the votes of the Cardinals. The conservators of the city reported to them that all was quiet, but besought them to leave their dissensions and consult for the good of the city. The advantage of Leo's policy in restraining disturbances was now made manifest. The conclavists obtained the division of the benefices falling vacant from Adrian's death to the election of the Pope.
A rumor was spread that Rangoni with the Spaniards was recalled to Milan, on which the fathers sent for the duke of Sinuessa, who reassured them, and asked for the repayment of the wages paid by the Emperor to the soldiers at Modena, which was granted.
29 Sept. Albertus Pius, the French ambassador, had audience of the Cardinals, and begged them, in his master's name, to elect a Pope. After a month had passed, the guards diminished the dishes, admitting only one, as they are allowed to do after the 10th day; but the Cardinals agreed to demand different dishes, and divide them. The same day the juniors obtained an additional vote, on which the seniors decreed that each should show his schedule to two of the order, and then seal it, and the oath was repeated. 1 and 2 Nov. being All Saints' and All Souls' Days, there was no voting. An attempt was made to prevent communication with the Cardinals, even by nod, and to leave them only one servant.
Farnese was the chief among the eight Roman cardinals, and urged his party to elect a Roman, but the three juniors demanding time to deliberate, nothing was done. 4 Nov. Jacobati obtained ten votes, and five accessories. Nothing was done for several days, except that Angelo Cæsius, father of the Cardinal, came from the people to show them the evils consequent on their delay, which did not move them; and they parted with mutual recriminations. 6 Nov. Albertus Pius asked that the marquis of Mantua might be ordered to leave Ticino, as he was injuring the French, and said that the King was friendly to the Church, &c. He had scarcely finished when the duke of Sinuessa came, and said the Emperor undertook the war to protect the Church. The Cardinals answered that they would consider the matter. The seniors delayed, hoping that the French would recover Milan, which was nearly done by treachery. Cardinal de Grassis was now taken ill, but would not leave. His son, the bishop, dreamed that he saw Julius on the altar of St. Peter playing on the pipe, and the others dancing, among whom was his own father, who gave his right hand to S. Croce, and he to Soderini, and so to 11; which was afterwards verified by the election of Julius.
The juniors frequently named seniors, but the latter carefully abstained from naming juniors. 11 Nov. the people demanded the execution of the bull of Boniface, allowing only bread, water and wine to be given to the conclave after the 20th day, and that they might have the custody, as the prelates managed it negligently; but the Cardinals indignantly ordered them to return. Next day Bonifacius Ferrerius, cardinal of Ivrea (Hiporigiensis), entered the conclave after being detained many days by illness.
In France the soldiers threatened to desert unless they were paid. Parma and Placentia were urged by the French to revolt. Lanoy received money from Alfonzo to call back his army, and the Cardinals wrote to him, making large promises. Meanwhile, Soderini and the cardinal of Mantua, on the French part, asked Colonna, who was first amongst the seniors, to support Flisco, which he promised, for himself and Jacobati. The French, however, would not agree to him, as he was said to be a friend of the Emperor. Colonna was angry at this, saying that they were seeking not a good man, but a factious one. In conversation with Julius, after complaining of the delay, he asked him whom he would wish for a Pope. De Medici named some, whereupon Colonna asked him what he said about himself. He answered by asking what he could do when Colonna opposed him, saying that he did not wish to injure the state, or to protract the conclave on his own account. Colonna then said that he thought him more fit than any other, and borrowed Augustin Foglieta, of Genoa, one of his servants, to manage the matter. By his own influence he immediately brought several of the seniors to his way of thinking. Cornelius, a man of great influence amongst all, objected for some time, but, thinking it was settled, agreed. Colonna persuaded Julius to go to Cornelius, which he did; and he might have been immediately named Pope, for he had enough votes; but Colonna, wishing to avoid dissensions, rose, and called on those who wished to see Julius Pope, and the Republic safe, to follow him. Time was asked to deliberate, and finally they yielded to the Divine will. Vitus and Tranensis, Julius' enemies, were sent to call him. Soderini was charged to be reconciled to him. Some matrimonial alliance proposed between them. Soderini and the seniors first declared him Pope, then the juniors were admitted, and he was adored. He wished to retain his name, but it was observed that those who had done so had died early, as in the case of Adrian. He therefore took the name of Clement VII. The French, who first held back, also adored him. The instruments of his election were drawn up by a notary, and on the following day, before the cross was shown, the votes were given. The first to enter the conclave were the archbishop of Capua, Michael Silvio, ambassador of the king of Portugal, and Benedict Accolti, bishop of Cremona. On the 50th day he was again adored on the great altar by the Cardinals. One thing damaged him from the beginning—the arrogance of J. M. Giberti, who has great influence over him.
Absent Cardinals:—St. Sixtus, York, Lurcensis (Gurk), Liege, Mayence and Portugal.
Pp. 10. Lat. In a later hand.
19 Nov.
R. O.
Certificate of Sir John Saymour, for the following hundreds, according to the books of subsidy, of persons of the value of 40l. 19 Nov. 15 [Hen.] VIII.
Hundred of Poterne and Canynks, 12 persons; the borough of the Vize, 8 persons; hundred of Swanborough, 14 persons.
A fragment.
22 Nov.
Vit. B. V. 218*. B. M.
3549. J. M. GHIBERTI to [WOLSEY].
Would have been the first to tell Wolsey of the fortunate issue of the election, if the report of it had not gone abroad before its publication. Congratulated the new Pope in Wolsey's name. He considers his elevation due to the King's kindness, and has great affection for Wolsey also. Rome, 22 Nov. 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
22 Nov.
Vit. B. V. 219. B. M.
Have received his letter, and heard Mons. de Beaulragault's charge, that the inhabitants of Burgundy had assisted the lanzknechts in the county of Ferrete, who had entered Champagne, and done much damage; for which the King intends to have reparation. Find, on inquiry, that he has been misinformed; for the Burgundians sent ambassadors to the captains of the lanzknechts to beg them not to pass through their country, and did all they could to prevent it, forbidding their people to furnish them with provisions. They only armed themselves on account of the menaces of Mons. de Guise, lieutenant of the duchy of Burgundy, and not with the intent of invading French territory. As the inhabitants of the said county are their neighbors and friends, being comprised in the hereditary league with the Emperor, beg him to preserve the neutrality passed between him and lady Margaret, and to forbid his officers to molest the county, in which case the Swiss are bound to defend them. Think he has war enough, without undertaking another. Desire an answer by the bearer. Lucerne, in our general assembly 22 Nov. 1523. "Les ambassadeurs des Ligues assembles a Lucherne."
Fr., copy, pp. 2, mutilated. (fn. 4)
22 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 194. B. M.
Has received his letter by John Cantly. It has been seen by the governor. The bearer will show their determination at length. Has also received another letter of his by Jame Roderforth. The parliament began last Wednesday. Many lords were there, except the earls of Huntley and Argyle, who sent excuses. Albany changes the Lords about her son; sc., Erskine, the bishop of Galloway, the abbot of Kamscynel (Cambuskenneth), his tutor, a near cousin to the bishop of Aberdeen. Has written to the Duke to complain of it. It is in her brother's hand, and the earl's, to help her son from this danger; otherwise there is no abiding for her there. The Duke makes these changes only because these lords are her friends. Provisions must be made for this in the forthcoming peace. Wishes his advice to get the Duke out of the realm. Something should be done to please him, and an abstinence granted him for one month or two, as if at her request. This will establish her authority, and Albany will go to France. If he refuse, Henry will have a good pretext for war, and Scotland will believe that he has no object except its interest. The ambassador is to go to France immediately, and all the French "vagars," contrary to the wishes of the lords Murray and Flemyng.
Is greatly indignant that Albany requires his expenses to be paid out of her son's lands. Waits to see what remedy she and her son will get against their enemies. If England refuses, they will despise her, as having no influence. Sees no reason why she should follow Surrey's counsel to abide there with her son, as she can do no good. Hopes he will not return to court till he has put things in a fair way. Desires plain and definite answer in the matters which John Cantly will explain. [Eve of ?] St. Clement's Day.
Hol., slightly mutilated, pp. 6. Inc.: My lord of Sowra.
23 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 172. B. M.
John Cantly is coming to him on the same matter as before. Prays him to take the best means to cause the Duke to leave the realm. If he leave, it must be by his own good will. The Lords will not displease him; "for ther vas newer so fykyl lordyz in the varld, and dwrst do so lytyl for thayr mastar and kyng. I knau non of efekt but the Chanslar and the erl of Hawntly, and the erl of Argyl and the byschope of Abardyn." The Duke intends to take the Chancellor's office from him. Dares not speak. Is afraid they will separate her from her son. Has heard Albany say "that and the Kyng vald be gwd prynce to hym, and that he myght have hys favor, he vald do for hys grace that he cowd." No confirmed peace must be granted him, but only an abstinence. Written on St. Clement's Day.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord of Sawray. Endd.: Lettres of the quene of Scottis.
24 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 257 b. B. M. Green's Royal and Illust. Ladies, I. 258.
Has received his writing from James Rodarford, and done as he desired her. Thanks him for the kindness he showed to her servant, Master John Cantly, and for his reward; "which ye should not do to my servants, for they are no strangers to you." The abbot of Kelso has asked her to write in his favor, that no evil may be done to that place. Hears Surrey is displeased with the prioress of Coldstream, and intends to burn her place. Asks him to let no one do her any hurt; for Margaret is beholden to her more than to any other of her degree. Asks him "to haste the conduct with this bearer to Coldstream; for I insure you there is great matters ado at this time, and it is too great to write all." St. Katharine's Even.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
24 Nov.
R. O.
Desires safeconduct and credence for Master John Cantley, who is going to him again on matters which she cannot write; the safeconduct to be ready by Thursday or Friday. Wishes a speedy answer to her letter by the prioress of Coldstream, "and gyf her gwd vordyz; for I can not get no word to you vyth owt her." Stirling, Tuesday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. and endd.
24 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 279. B. M. St. P. IV. 57.
This Tuesday, after she had written all the letters sent herewith, there came a bill out of Edinburgh that had ridden all night to warn her of the new rule made by the Governor and Lords at this parliament; viz., that the earl of Cassillis, lord Fleming, the lord Borthyk, "these four," be quarterly with her son; the earl of Murray to attend him daily, and Margaret to come and see him, but not remain with him. It is very suspicious when true Lords are thus dismissed, and those that love the Governor put about him. Will remain here with her son in spite of him. Begs to know what she shall do, and what help she shall have to bear her forth. Begs Surrey to let her come to England, and to make no truce with Albany till this be remedied, unless she send a token.
Begs an answer by the prioress of Coldstream, her only secure messenger. Desires Surrey to protect her so long as she is true; otherwise to cause her place to be burnt. "The lord Fleming, for evil will that he had to his wife, caused to poison three sisters, (fn. 5) and one of them was his wife; and this is known of truth in all Scotland." Knows he would have her son dead; "for the Governor hath his sister now to paramour." Stirling, St. Katharine's Even.
Hol. Add. and endd.
24 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 309. B. M. St. P. IV. 57.
The keeping of the King's person has been so changed "that na securite is thairintil." They have therefore advised that my lord of Murray remain continually with him, and the earl of Cassillis with lords Fleming, Borthwick and Erskine, be with him three months a year each. Request Margaret, if she wish him to remain at Stirling, to be content to visit him at times, and not remain more than two or three nights, with her ladies and familiar servants, and that the bishop of Galloway remain "to do him service in the kirk." If she prefer it, he may go to Allouay, and make his abode in Fife, as my lords, earl and bishop of Murray, Gonzolles and the abbot of Glenluce will explain. Edinburgh, 24 Nov. Signed by Arran, Lennox, Borthwick, Cassillis, Fleming, chancellor Beton, the bishops of Aberdeen and Ross, the prior of St. Andrew's and the abbot of Holyrood.
24 Nov.
R. T. 137.
Ratification by the states of Scotland of the treaty made at Rouen, 26 Aug. 1517. Edinburgh, 8 kal. Dec. 1523.
24 Nov.
S. B.
3558. For BRIAN TUKE, the King's French Secretary.
Annuity of 40l. out of the revenues of the duchy of Cornwall. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.
24 Nov.
R. O.
Dispatched a servant with letters to Wolsey on the 12th, with news of the army, and the Emperor's determination to march with them. On the 17th De la Roche came, and said that the Emperor wavered. Perceive their only object here is peace. "They seem very hungry, hot and hasty to the attaining of it," and are advised to send the archbishop of Barrie to the duke of Savoy, who has offered his mediation. Never saw men so changed in so short a time. Dined on the 18th with the Chancellor, and, though he is very close, perceive that he also is changed, and no longer advocates the war. State the reasons which have led to this alteration,—chiefly the lateness of the season, and the want of money. When the Spaniards heard that the French had returned broken from Italy, they were hot for the war, and now, through the means of the Chancellor, "who beareth all the stroke," they are of the contrary mind. He is satisfied with the surety of Milan. They will not now much care for Bourbon's safety; and, if truce were declared, they say the duke of Milan must entertain him, under the pretence that Bourbon had revolted, only to secure Milan. "Some of the council hath said also, that the duke of Bourbon is more highminded than wise." Think the Emperor will never be desirous to extend the King's dominions, or entertain a man of war one day longer than will suit his own purposes. Seeing these things, the writers desire nothing so much as some honorable peace. As a proof of their assertion, no one in Spain "will speak of anything to be recovered for the King's use; and when it is moved, this man's ears that leadeth now all, is very death (sic), except it be at a time when he would have the King's highness to set forth some army, or do any other thing for the compassing of his pleasure and mind, or then he promiseth mountains of gold." "This is ingenium vere Italicum to regard no friend in profit, but only himself."
It is the opinion of the nobles that Bayonne might have been easily recovered, but the Chancellor will speak of nothing but Fonterabia. As far as they see, poverty will prevent the Emperor from following better counsels, and the money he raises is at a most usurious rate.
Received on 23 Nov. Wolsey's letter of the 4th Oct., concerning the Pope's death. Was sorry for the delay, but went immediately to the Emperor, delivered him the King's letters, and besought him that he would have the matter in diligent remembrance, "since that such devices and promises were betwixt him and the King's highness." He replied that he had especial good will to accomplish the same, but since the Pope's death had dispatched no post into Italy, as he had no assurance of the fact; and the Cardinals had entered the conclave; and, though he thought it of little use to write, he would, to show his good will, despatch a post to the same. No news has been heard of Bourbon and the King's army. Pampeluna, 24 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 9. Add.
25 Nov.
Vit. B. v. 220. B. M.
Expresses the Pope's obligations to him for his protection when he was in adverse circumstances. Thanks the King for his recommendations of himself to Adrian, and offers his services in all matters connected with the Papal court. Rome, 25 Nov. 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
25 Nov.
R. O.
Receipt by John Cartar, prior of the Friars Carmelites within the city of York, for 5l. from Sir Robt. Arthyngton, for lord Darcy, in part payment of 10l. for an annual obit to be performed after his decease. 25 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII. Signed and sealed.
26 Nov.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 11.
Notification of his election to the papacy. Rome, 1523, 6 kal. Dec., pont. 1.
Lat., vellum, sub plumbo.
26 Nov.
R. O. St. P. I. 145.
De Lurcy arrived this afternoon to intimate to the King how displeasantly Bourbon takes the departure of the lanceknights, and the Duke's intent to repair to the Emperor, by way of Genoa. He desires that the money brought by Russell may remain in those parts until after Christmas, when he intends to proceed again on his enterprise, as the King will perceive by the letters of the Duke and lady Margaret. Wolsey stated that the King felt sorry for the departure of the lances, but would have kept his army together during the winter, if the Burgundians would have remained. Wolsey showed him the danger of the Duke's passing into Italy, and urged him to come to England as more commodious. Lady Margaret, according to her letters to Wolsey, has urged the same. As Lurcy is of no great account, sends him in the company of the archer of Calais to the King, who needs not make any great business in receiving him.
Sends letters received from Rome, of the great pertinacity of the cardinals, and the appearance of a schism. By letters of the viceroy (Lannoy), which he sends, he is passing towards Milan, and, being joined by the Venetians, will overmatch the French.
Neither my lord Northumberland nor any of his retinue wore the cross keys, "which is the badge of your church of York," as the King was wrongly informed. In consequence of the great matters "at the knitting up of this term," Sir Thomas More cannot be spared from the Exchequer for four or five days. Westminster, 26 Nov. Signed.
26 Nov.
Calig. B. II. 268. B. M. Green's Princesses, IV. 356.
Received their writings this Thursday by the bishop of Murray, and has heard the credence by him, the earl of Murray, Mons, de Gowzolles, and the abbot of Glenluce. As to what they have ordained, that the earls of Murray and Cassilis, and lords Fleming and Borthwick, are to have the keeping of her son for three months at a time,—that she shall come at certain times to see him, but not stay with him,—that he should go to Alloway, and have the earldom of Fife "to play him in,"—and that the Lords will not undertake it without sundry conditions,—there is none in the world more anxious for his safekeeping than she is, as God knows, and as she has always shown to her son, the lord Governor and the realm. Never regarded her evil treatment since her husband's decease, and the detention of her living, which is contrary to their own bonds, but has always looked to the welfare of her son and the realm, and never cared how soberly she might put off her time, trusting to have had great honor and good treatment, which proves quite the contrary. It is very strange and suspicious that they will not allow her to live with her son, but only to see him at certain times, and that those who love him best are put away from him, and others put to him who are suspicious; "wherefore I will, this being done, I will let all Christian princes wit that I am in great fear and dread touching his person."
Prays them to be well advised in the matter, and remember the good part she has kept to her son, the lord Governor and the realm, and the displeasure she has endured for three or four years from her brother for the Governor's sake, at whose desire she was ever ready to write the best she could. Hopes he will not allow her to be thus treated without any fault making; "and if it will not be otherwise, I pray God that the King my son be well; and as to myself, I shall do the best I may, while that the time may come better; and as to this rule that is now made, I will disassent to it; and what danger or peril that may follow to the King my son's person, I lay it, before God and the world, to my lord Governor, with such lords as has assented to the same, as I that is mother to his grace and tenderest to me." Wishes to know their plain minds and the Governor's pleasure. 26 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3.
26 Nov.
Calig. B. I. 159. B. M. St. P. IV. 59.
Has received by Gonzolles his letter, with one from the Lords, explaining the arrangements he has made. Is surprised at their requesting her not to remain with her son, considering how she has incurred the displeasure of England for Albany's sake. Desires to be informed if this be Albany's will, and she will do the best she can for herself. Will make it known that she is in continual fear for her son's person. Thinks she should not have been thus treated, considering the good part she has kept to the French king. 26 Nov. Signed.
26 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 111. B. M.
3566. DACRE to SURREY.
Cannot meet him at Newcastle tonight, according to promise, as he is sorely vexed with the gout, "so as I may not stir if fire should bren my bed, without help." Hopes to come in five or sixdays. Wishes him to tell Sir Christopher, the bearer, if he has had answer from the King about taking an abstinence, or whether he perceives from the queen of Scots that any good way may follow it. If Surrey "can find no good ways to follow," but must depart, asks him to tell Magnus to leave with George Lawson a book of the payment of the garrison, and where they lie, as well the white coats as the country folks, and also the book in which the gentlemen are bound to bring in their tenants on Surrey's lands. As to the King's wish that he should have some of the garrison to attend on himself, thinks 100 as few as may be. Naward, 26 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
26 Nov.
Calig. B. III. 72. B. M.
Received word yesterday from the prioress of Coldstream to meet her at Gradonford. She is annoyed by her neighbours of Werk. Had just heard by one of her servants come from Edinburgh that the parliament there had determined on a marriage between their King and a daughter of France. Begs some message may be sent to his cousin Sir William Lisle for her, or else she must needs take some other way for her own defence. Norham, 26 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: "Sir John Bulmer, 16 Novembris."
Add.: "My lord of Surrey."
26 Nov.
Calig. B. II. 11. B. M. St. P. IV. 60.
3568. WOLSEY to [SURREY].
Learns from his letters dated Newcastle the 17th, and from the letters and memorial of the queen of Scots, her proposition for a truce, and Surrey's answer. Has shown them to the King, who is now "at my poor house." Is commended to answer: 1. That in all the King's communications with the Scots he has always declared that he makes war only to remove Albany and the French faction, and would never desist till they were expelled. Surrey's answer to the queen of Scots has been to the same effect, and seems to have compelled the Duke, who expected to have made truce at his pleasure, "to recule and fly with shame." If the King now consented to a truce, it would be thought he had been worn out by the Scots. 2. Cantlowe acknowledges that the Duke's desire for truce is for one of the two reasons mentioned in Surrey's letter. 3. A truce, even with the young King and Lords, without mention of the Duke, would look ill, so long as he was governor. 4. The truce would assist Albany to carry the young King off to France, while, without it, he is held in universal hatred in Scotland. Surrey must therefore refuse, unless they expel Albany from the government, and send an embassy to the King.
The King thinks Margaret had better remain in Scotland for the security of her son; she herself could not escape without great danger. Surrey may advance her 100 marks. The King writes to lord Dacres as Surrey recommends, and sends him money. When the garrisons are established, and Rob. Lord and others discharged, Surrey may return. Wolsey has also written to Magnus to return. Westminster, 26 Nov. Signed.
27 Nov.
R. O. Bradford, 88.
Received 23 Nov., letters dated 6 Oct. Is surprised at the delay, and that Chasteau, Beaurain's servant, has been so long in coming. Has been anxious to know the affairs of the army in Italy and France.
Has always desired Wolsey's advancement to the papacy, having a full recollection how we and the King our good father and brother, being at Windsor, opened to him our minds on this subject, exhorting him to think of it, and promising our best services in his assistance, because it appeared to us that his promotion and election would be attended with great good to Christendom, and advantage to our common interest. Despatched a special courier for this purpose. Sends copies of the letters written in Wolsey's favor to the Duke of Sessa, imperial ambassador at Rome. Is to show these letters to the King and the Cardinal, and express the Emperor's great regret that notice of the vacancy had not reached him before. To rumors from France he attaches little credit. Hopes that, through the influence of De Medicis and the aid of Madame, their efforts will be crowned with success. Pampeluna, 27 Nov.
28 Nov.
R. O.
Sends a letter he received yesterday from Sir John Bulmer, showing that Albany is planning a marriage between the king of Scots and the French king's daughter. Has done his best to hinder it. Sends also a letter he received last Sunday at Carlisle, from the queen of Scots, written after Cantley had left her. The French ambassador in Scotland, who, as Surrey wrote, was returning to France with 500 or 600 Frenchmen, passed by Tynemouth on Monday with 10 sail, and took three crayers about Bridlington. Last night they were driven back again by the wind past Tynemouth. Hopes they will be met with between Dover and Calais. Is waiting for an answer to his letters of Wednesday week. The Northern horsemen made two roads this week, and have got much cattle and many prisoners; but they must ride far to get anything, the country is so wasted. Hopes Wolsey has sent more money. Expects every hour an answer to his letter to the queen of Scots by Cantley, with the conclusion of all matters now taken at Edinburgh. Newcastle, 28 Nov.
P.S.—Has received letters from the queen of Scots, enclosed. Expects Cantley on Monday. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.
28 Nov.
Vit. B. v. 221. B. M.
The news is that the French King left Lyons on the _ (fn. 6) Nov. for Bla[ise], where the Queen is; that on sending to the Swiss to ask for 6,000 men, they have been granted; that he desired to borrow 200,000 cr., which will be difficult, as he has borrowed so much of them already, but Russell cannot learn their answer; that he sent to the Swiss, accusing the county of Burgundy of breaking the neutrality, and the county made a similar charge against him. Encloses a copy of the answer returned by the Swiss.
Was shown by the treasurer of Bresse two letters sent by the bishop of Geneva; one from the duke of Savoy, stating that the French are withdrawing from Italy in very bad condition, and he thinks they will leave their artillery. The French sent the viscount Bernabo and the general of Normandy to Milan to treat of a truce for six months. Does not yet know the answer. It is thought they did it that they might withdraw their army and save their artillery. Francis has made proclamation that no one, on pain of confiscation of body and goods, should speak of the King's or the Emperor's army, his own in Italy, or any wars or other matters that touch him. He has "cassed" all the adventurers, and ordered his provost marshals to hang all they can find. Supposes he has long since heard of the cardinal of Medici being Pope. Bourbon and a gentleman of his, named Lurssy, are proclaimed rebels and banished from France. Wishes for speedy orders about his charge here. The chief part of the Swiss will pass through Besançon on their way to France, which will make his stay here dangerous, for spies are daily sent to know what he is here for. The Almains who left the duke of Bourbon were bribed by Francis. Was told this by the bishop of Geneva and his brother the bailiff of Amonde, in Bourgoigne. Cannot hear of any troops being raised by the French King. Besançon, 28 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add. Endd.
28 Nov.
Pet. Martyr, Ep. XXXVI. 790.
Gabriel abp. of Bari, who was legate in France for pope Adrian, has been sent for by the Emperor. He has a commission from Francis, and messengers are continually passing. What is in the wind is a secret. After many disputes the conclave are inclined to De Medici. It is said that Bourbon has gone to Genoa, intending to join the Emperor, as the Burgundian troops have broken up for the winter. De Beuren has been sent to him to offer him the lieutenant-generalship of the imperial forces. The English have for the same reason abandoned their devastations in France, and returned. The French have attacked the suburb of Milan. Pampeluna, 4 kal. Dec. 1523.
28 Nov.
Calig. B. III. 224. B. M.
Have received her letter. It is reported that she suspects the lords ordained to remain with the King, notwithstanding their loyalty, and what they have done to further her interests and those of her son. Have done their extreme diligence for her living in this realm, and she knows by whose default she is only answered of a part. For further discussion of the matter they and my lord Governor will be in Stirling on Tuesday come eight days. Meantime the earls of Murray and Cassillis, Gouzolles, the abbot of Glenluce and Alan Stewart have been sent to Stirling to remain with the King. Edinburgh, 28 Nov. By the Secretary, at command of my lords of the articles.
P. 1. Add.: "To the Queen's grace." Endd.: "Letters of the lords of Scotland to the queen of Scots, with other letters of the Queen's own hand of the 17th of December."
29 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965. f. 111b. B. M.
3574. DACRE to SURREY.
Returns by Sir Christopher the King's writing which Surrey sent him by post. The 2,000l. which the King has sent to the abbot of St. Mary's is but a small sum for such a garrison as there is now. Asks Surrey to discharge them all at his departure, except the white coats at Barwick, the soldiers at Norham and Wark, and those attending on the two lieutenants. As victual is so scarce, and the Scotch fortresses are destroyed, does not think the borderers and countrymen now in wages should be retained, but that fresh garrisons should be chosen when Surrey thinks the time has come for them. Footmen can do no good this winter, except to keep the towns, in which they have but little experience. The extra posts can also be discharged.
Excuses himself for not having come, and asks him to show his pleasure in all things to the two lieutenants, and to tell them to meet him at Morpeth on Tuesday, 8 Dec., where he will not fail to be, even if he has to be carried in a horse litter. Naward Castle, 29 Nov. 10 p.m. 15 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copie, &c.
29 Nov.
Add. MS. 24,965.f.129. B. M.
3575. DACRE to MAGNUS.
Doubts not that the lord Lieutenant has told Magnus the King's pleasure. Has written to the Lieutenant his opinion, and hopes Magnus will see it. Asks him to make an abstract from his books of the names of the gunners and crews of white coats in Berwick, Norham and Wark, and of those who attend on the two lieutenants, that he may have them paid from his entry. Is unable to move, from gout. Nawarde, 29 Nov. 10 p.m. 15 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
29 Nov.
Calig. B. II. 165. B. M.
Yesternight, Cantuly, queen Margaret's servant, was sent him by means of Albany, requesting a conference for abstinence of war. [The Du]ke said that if Surrey objected to the comprehension of France, he would offer such reasons as would satisfy him. The lords now at Edinburgh have renewed their amity with France. David Beton, the new abbot of Arbroath, is to go thither from Scotland to treat of a marriage between his master and a daughter of France. All the Lords now at the council are content therewith, but Cantuly trusts it will not take place, for Argyle, Huntley and Maxwell were not there. The Duke is much more regarded than he was 10 days ago, because they have heard the King's army is returned from France. They have appointed new attendants on the King at the Duke's desire, sc. Murray, the lord [Flemin]g, one called the Captain of Milan; and with [them have been] appointed the earl of Cassilis and the lord Bordik, "two ... le policy or foresight, which, as he saith, is thought too a ... wise men of that land to be done for the final secret [destru]ccion of the said young king; and yet none dare fi[nd faul]t with the same."
Encloses a letter from the Queen. Told Cantly the King would never consent to the comprehension of France, or any truce while the Duke is in Scotland. Half an hour after received Wolsey and the King's letters, directing what answer he should give. Will return to court after arranging with Dacre for ordering the garrisons and settling some dispute between Sir Rauff à Fenwike and the unhappy inhabitants of Tynedale. Thinks Dacre should be urged, though he is a good and wise man, to be extreme in punishing offenders. Newcastle, 29 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: "To my lord L[egate's] good grace." Endd.: "My lord Admiral, &c."
29 Nov.
R. O.
Since writing last night, has heard that the French, with a good number of horse, foot and artillery, have taken Bohain, and intend to besiege Quesnoy. Begs him to hasten to relieve the said places. The count of Buren is preparing to resist the enemy with all diligence. Malines, 29 Nov. 1523. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
29 Nov.
Vit. B. v. 223. B. M.
Sends two letters from [Russell and] Knight, one to the King, the other to himself, with an account of the great poverty and fear in which France is. As to the money which Russell mentions, has provided for its being sent to Antwerp, and finally to England or Calais, with no loss, but rather gain. Has instructed Russell to urge Bourbon, if he is not on his way towards Spain, to pass his way, and then take his journey by Jeanes, and has also desired him to persuade La Fayet to come over in his (Russell's) company. Similar instructions are sent to Knight at lady Margaret's court, that he may further them.
Sends an abstract of Italian news from Mantua, from which it seems that the united armies will be far superior to the French, who are suffering daily loss. Westminster, 29 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
30 Nov.
Vit. B. v. 222*. B. M.
Intended to send some hawks to the King, but was prevented by the death of the pope Adrian, for he was obliged to attend the election at Rome, in which he exerted himself to his utmost, until they obtained the election of De Medicis. Congratulates the King thereupon. Cannot send the hawks this year on account of the cold, but will send them next year. Rome, prid. kal. Dec. 1523. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
30 Nov.
Galba, B. VIII. 90. B. M.
Instructions to Hesdin, to be declared to the King and Wolsey.
To repair to the King and Wolsey as soon as possible, present her letters of credence, and tell them that, understanding they had been informed that the Emperor's army in these parts had disbanded for lack of payment, which compelled Suffolk and his men to return, she wishes to apprise them, that, having made an inroad (la rese) into France, Suffolk and Buren, seeing that their men could not receive payment beyond the Somme, on account of the danger of the roads, nor obtain victuals without money, had determined to recross the river, and attack Bohain and Guise, in order to re-enter France. They have, however, met with so great a frost that their men could not remain in the field, 100 having died of cold and disease in two nights, and immediately afterwards was a thaw, so sudden, that it was impossible to remove a piece of artillery or pitch a tent; so that all the foot soldiers, both English and others, demanded to return.
It was agreed to withdraw to the neighbouring towns until the season was more favorable for action, and Suffolk proposed, to avoid expense, to send his men back in squadrons, by short journeys, towards Calais, awaiting the King's further instructions. Buren, on the other hand, dismissed the Almain foot, all but the ordinary garrisons. This disbanding has not been for want of pay, little as money is hereabouts, for the captains have been satisfied with ready money and assignations, and the artillery officers, who by the treaty were to have been supported by England, have been paid entirely by the Emperor. Nevertheless, as Madame understands the King wishes his men to remain during the winter, and has requested the Emperor to that effect, she has taken counsel with Buren that, in order to save expense to the King, it will be sufficient for him to maintain 5,000 or 6,000 foot, with their chief and their riders (chevaucheurs). Buren will aid them with the gens d'armes of the ordnance here, and a good number of foot, with which they will cause as much annoyance to the enemy as they could do with a much larger number in the field, and, if the weather will allow it, may win the small towns and castles on the frontiers. This will strengthen the army of Italy, tend to make the Papal election favorable to the King and Emperor, and encourage Bourbon.
He shall inform the King of the loss of Bohain, and the assembly of the French, and say he shall be furnished, in Flanders, with artillery and munitions at much less expense than he can send them. He shall also speak with the King and Cardinal about the proposed enterprise in spring, that early notice may be given of it. In passing he shall declare everything to Suffolk, urge him to send his men as soon as possible, of whom Madame has written to him, and request him to come to Valenciennes. If it be said that Madame ought to support the 3,000 horse and 3,000 foot whom she has raised by virtue of the treaty, and that the Emperor has written to that effect, Hesdin shall reply that it is not in her power, considering the great charges she has had; and if mention is made of the 100,000 cr. that Mosqueron ought to have brought, he shall say it is true the Emperor had written to that effect, but Madame has been able to procure only 27,000.
In Margaret's hand: "Thus concluded in council by Madame, 30 Nov. 1523." Signed: Marguerite.
Fr., pp. 5.
30 Nov.
R. O.
Desires credence for the bailly of Bruges and the sieur de Praet, his ambassador, to whom he is writing the news. Pampeluna, 30 Nov. 1523. Signed.
Fr. Add.
30 Nov.
R. O.
Desires credence for his ambassador. His army in France is now so powerful, that he wishes the English army to do as much as possible in prosecuting the war this winter. Pampeluna, 30 Nov. 1523. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
Cumb.—Sir Chr. Curwen, John Lamplough, [*] Sir John Ratclyff.
Northumb.—Sir Edw. Ratclyff, Sir Wm. Heron, Sir Wm. Hylton.
York.—[*] Sir John Nevill, Ninian Mark[enfeld], Sir John Maltby (?).
[Notts and Derby.]—[*] Sir John By[ro]n, Sir Ric. Bassett, Anth. Babyngton.
Linc.—Gilbert Taylbays, jun., [*] Sir Rob. Turwitt, Wm. Skipwith.
Warw.—Sir Edw. Ferreys, *Edw. Conw[ey], Sir Th. Lucy.
Salop.—*Th. Vernon, Th. Newport, Sir Ralph Eggerton.
Staff.—Sir Walter Gryffyth, *Edw. Lytelton, Ric. Asteley.
Heref.—John Skydemore, *James Baskervile, John Blount (?).
Worc.—*Sir Wm. Compton.
Glouc.—Sir Edw. Wadham, *Sir Anth. Poyntz, Robt. Wye.
Oxf. and Berks.—Sir Wm. Essex, John Horne, *John Fetyplace.
Northt.—Sir Ric. Knyghteley, *Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, Sir Walter Mauncell.
Camb. and Hunts.—Th. Chechelley, *Anthony Hansart, John Huddelston.
Beds and Bucks.—Sir Ralph Verney, jun., *Th. Langston, Sir John Hampden.
Norf. and Suff.—Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir Roger Tounesende, *Sir John Henyngham.
Essex and Herts.—Sir Francis Bryan, Wm. Chesyll, Sir Ric. Lewys. (fn. 7)
Kent.—*Geo. [G]uldeford, Sir Th. B[ul]lyn, Sir Wm. Haw[te].
Surrey and Sussex.—Sir Matthew Broun, *Wm. Ashburnham, Ric. Shirley.
Hants.—Wm. Pownde, *Rob. Wallop, Anth. Willoughby.
Wilts.—Sir John Seymor, Sir Hen. Longe, *Th. York.
[Somers. and Dors.]—Andrew Lutterell, *Sir Th. Trenchard, John Horsey, sen.
[Devon.]—Sir John Basset, *Sir John Kyrkham, Sir Wm. Carewe.
[Cornw.]—Wm. Lowre, [*] John Arrundell of Talverne, Rob. [Lan]gdon (?).
Westmor.—Henry lord Clyfford.
Rutland.—John [C]alcote, Wm. Feldyng, *Sir John [Dygby].
Signed by the King at the beginning and end.
Names with asterisks are marked with ink in the original; but in some places the marks are not discernible, the document being defaced.
R. O. 3584. The LOAN.
List of the cities, hundreds and boroughs in Wiltshire, allotted by agreement of Sir John Seymour and Sir Henry Long to Sir Edw. Darell, for collection of the loan granted to the King, containing the names of the contributors (those who possess 20l. in goods) and the amounts paid by them.
Salisbury.—Wards of the Mede, 4 persons; the Marten, 28; the Market, 44; the Newstrete, 36; and 4 Dutchmen.
The burgh of Marleburgh, 30 persons.
The hundred of Selkley.—Okeborne Andrew, 6 persons. Rukley, 1. Okborne Moysy, 5. Okborne George, 11. Mildenhall, 5. Winterburne Monkton, 1. Kenet, 1. Overton Abbes, 3. Brodehenton, 2. Wynterbourne Basset, 3. Preshet, 8. Abre, 9. Alborne, 17.
Hundred of Calne.—Hedington, 5. Calston, 4. Berwick, 3. Long Compton, 4. Yattesbury, 4. Churnell, 4. Burgh of Calne, 9. Stodeley, 1. Stokley, 1. Blaklond, 2. Wheteham and Stok, 2. Comerford, 2. Wheteley, 1.
Hundred of Kynbrigge.—Helmarton, 5. Lyneham, 3. Clacke, 5. Tokenham, 3. Borough of Wotton Basset, 8. Lydyard Tregose, 3. Migiall, 1. Stodeley, 2. Chadington, 3. Bynknoll, 3. Clevepiperd, 2. Thornhill, 1. Brodetowne, 1. Chuselden, 8. Ludyngton, 6. Wanburgh, 10. Swyndon, 3. Draycote Folyatt, 3. Elcombe, 8. Overwroughton, 2.
Hundred of Highworth, Cryklade and Staple.—Lidiard Milsent, 6. Pirton, 12. Burgh of Criklade, 7. Somerford Kaynes, 1. Asheton Kaynes, 1. The Lee, 2. Northmarston, 1. Eysy, 1. Latton, 2. Polton, 1. Rodborne, 4. Mordon, 1. Haydon, 2. Haydonwike, 4. Sevenhampton, 3. Burgh of Highworth, 4. Castell Eyton, 2. Lushill, 3. Estropp, 2. Inglesham, 1. Hanyngton, 5. Westropp, 1. Staunton Fitzwaren, 2. Southe Marston, 4. Brode Blundesdon, 1. Stretton St. Margaret, 3.
Hundred of Rammesbury.—Busshoppistowne, 7. Axford, 1. Remmesbury, 7. Whetendiche, 2. Mynbury, 1. Estrigge, 1. Marege, 1. The manor of Rammesbery, 3. Elthropp, 1. Boydon, 6.
The liberties of Chilton, 4; Bromeham, 4; and Rowde, 1.
Pp. 43. Signed at the commencement and at the end by Sir Edw. Darell.
R. O. 2. Draft of the above, giving separately the amounts to be paid at the first and second payments.
Pp. 63.
R. O. 3. Another draft, excluding Salisbury, giving the amount of property of the persons mentioned in the above, with the sums due from them.
Pp. 25.
R. O. 3585. The LOAN.
List of persons, with the amount of their property.
Hundred of Remmysbury.—Certificate of Thos. Cannon, John Stevyns, John Grey, Robt. Wyn and John Hamlyn, for Remmysbury parish. Estryge, 10 persons. Whyttyndiche, 14 persons. Axforde, 25 persons. Parketowne, 5 persons. Remmesbury town, 49 persons. Bushoppiston: certificate of John Peers, Hen. Farre, John Hull and Robt. Scakilthropp, 46 persons. Boydon: certificate of John Neele, Ric. Harwall and Ric. Cocks, 23 persons.
The household of the bishop of Salisbury: Ph. Baskerfeld of Shirborn, Ph. Baskerveld the marshal, Thos. Awdeley, Edm. Savage, John Daubeney, Walter Vaughan, Wm. Walwyn, Humfrey Stafford, &c., 103 persons in all.
Litulcot.—Sir Edw. Darell, 240l. in lands; his household, 20 persons.
Elthropp.—Thos. York, esq., 160l.; his household, 14 persons.
Chilton Foliatt.—Certificate of Thos. Withers, John Rogers, Rauff Miller and John Pack, 47 persons.
Hundred of Selkley.—Alborne parish: certificate of John Goddard, Ric. Yate, Walter Bell, Thos. Cocks and Wm. Phelyps, 132 persons. Presshett: certificate of Walter Estcourt, John and Ric. Hiscock and Thos. Stanmer jun., 45 persons. Overton Abbesse: certificate of John Watts and Ric. Smyth, 21 persons. Estkenett: certificate of Henry Whetebredd and Wm. Mede, 14 persons. Avebury: certificate of Ric. Strete, John Shoter, Thos. Trusloo and Robt. Brunnesdon, 53 persons. Wynterborne Monkton: certificate of John Dymer, Thos. Taylour and Wm. Stile, 20 persons. Wynturborne Bassett: certificate of Wm. Hochens and John Webbe, 15 persons. Brodehenton: certificate of Thos. Edmey, Thos. Walter and Thos. Adee, 33 persons. Okeburne George: certificate of Thos., Ric. and John Goddard, 60 persons. Okeburne St. Andrew: certificate of Wm. Bankys, Wm. and John Lydyard, Ric. Croke and Raff Cole, 39 persons. Mildenhall: certificate of John Franklen, Wm. Phelps, Wm. Jonys and Thos. Stevyns, 35 persons.
Marleburgh.—St. Peter's parish: certificate of Ric. Malybroke, mayor, John Poole, Wm. More and Thos. Bacon, 146 persons. St. Mary's parish: certificate of Ric. Wren and Wm. Seyman, 85 persons. St. Martin's parish: certificate of Wm. Davyse and Lewis Gough, 18 persons.
Hundred of Kyngbrigg.—Parish of Wotton Bassett: certificate of Walter Stevyns, John Cartar, Thos. Mastelyn and David Reve, 22 persons. Fastern, 29 persons. Lyneham and Clack: certificate of John Vaughan and John Miller, 54 persons. The household of the abbey of Bradstoke, 20 persons. Helmarton and Clevauncy: certificate of Thos. Colman and John Nicholas, 55 persons. Clevepiperd Brodetowne and Thornehyll: certificate of William Pyle and John Hoper, 37 persons. Chesilden, Hodston and Batilbury: certificate of Robt. Smyth, Thos. Huse and Wm. Morse, 66 persons. Overwroughton, Elcombe and Salthropp: certificate of John Reve, Wm. Webbe and John Spencer, 29 persons. Uffcote: certificate of Robt. and Chr. Clitter, 15 persons. Draycot Foliatt: certificate of Ric. and Thos. Webbe, 7 persons. Swyndon, Escott and Wescott: certificate of Walter Stichall and Wm. Fermour, 34 persons. Vanburgh: certificate of Thos. Henton and Thos. Elyott, 49 persons. Ludyngton: certificate of Thos. Bristow and John Stevyns, 36 persons. Lidiard Tregose: certificate of Brice Lynnyng, Wm. Mastelyn and Ric. Phelps, 26 persons. Stodeley, 6 persons. Bynknoll and Chadington, 21 persons. Mygyall, 15 persons. Est Tokenham: certificate of Wm. Jorden and John Gregory, 15 persons.
Hundred of Highworth, Criklade and Staple.—Burgh of Criklade: certificate of Wm. Kirton, Thos. Friday and John Townesende, 75 persons. Chelworth, 15 persons. Burgh of Highworth: certificate of Simon Yate and Thos. Foster, 55 persons. Westropp and Estropp: certificate of Walter Arden and Thos. Povy, 63 persons. Sevenhampton: certificate of Thos. Warnford and Wm. Hayward, 38 persons. Southmarston: certificate of Edm. Brynde and Wm. Burges, 13 persons. Netherstretton and Overstretton: certificate of John Butteler and John Denman, 26 persons. Staunton Fitzwaryn: certificate of Edm. Burgesse and Wm. Harrise, 16 persons. Castell Eyton and Lusshyll: certificate of Herry Curtesse and Thos. Crippys, 29 persons. Northmarston: certificate of Thos. Archard and Wm. Skynner, 30 persons. Polton: certificate of John Virige and Simon Dorry, 15 persons. Latton: certificate of Wm. Bristowe and Wm. Jefferey, 30 persons. Eysy and Eyton Molens: certificate of John Berd and Walter Barrett, 6 persons. Ashton Kaynes: certificate of Wm. Mochecrust and Stephen Riddeler, 89 persons. Ligh: certificate of Ric. Cove and John Wake, 31 persons. Somorford Kaynes: certificate of Ric. Parslow and Thos. Hawkyns, 30 persons. Pyrton: certificate of Ric. Pulley, Wm. Manby and others, 96 persons. Lidiard Milcent: certificate of Wm. Richman and Wm. Ford, 34 persons. Rodborne: certificate of Thos. Myll and Wm. Stevyns, 17 persons. Merdon and Haydon, 19 persons. Broad Blontesdon: certificate of Chr. Henton and Wm. Edmonson, 27 persons. Bluntesdon Andrew and North Widihill: certificate of Robt. and Wm. Kemyll, 9 persons. Englesham: certificate of Ric. Grene and John Geryng, 6 persons. Hanyngdon: certificate of Robt. Cokks and Walter Wodcokk, 26 persons.
Pp. 65.
Nov./GRANTS. 3586. GRANTS in NOVEMBER 1523.
3. James Stewarde, of Lowike, clk., alias rector of Witton, a native of Scotland. Denization. Westm., 3 Nov.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 5.
6. Cuthbert [Tunstal], bp. of London. Pardon of escapes of John Tompson, an attainted clerk. Del. Westm., 6 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 13. Printed by Rymer, XIV. 10.
9. Sir Anth. Poyntz, administrator of Sir Rob. Poyntz of Acton, Glouc., and Anth. Bradston, administrator of Th. Bradeston, of Winterbourne, Glouc. Release of 40l., in which the said Sir Robert and Thomas bound themselves for Sir Alex. Baynam, sheriff of co. Glouc., 22 Edw. IV. Also grant to the said A. Bradston of the issues of two messuages and land in Winterburne, late of the said Thomas, taken into the King's hands by Sir Edmund Tame, late sheriff of the said county, by a writ of diem clausit extremum, dated 27 Sept. 13 Hen. VIII.; and grant to the said Sir A. Poyntz of the issues of the manor of Stanshawes, and of two messuages and land in Yate, Westerley and Bishop's Frampton, late of the said Sir Robert, likewise taken into the King's hands. Del. Westm., 9 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
9. John Trenowthe, deceased. Commission to Wm. Lowre, Hen. Trecarell, Rob. Langdon and John Arundell of Talvern to make inquisition p. m. in Cornw., concerning his lands and heir. Westm., 9 Nov.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
10. Ric. Cartewright. Grant of the chantry in the lordship of Brayles, parcel of the earldom of Warwick, vice Humph. Hardyng, deceased. Westm., 10 Nov.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
12. Commission of the Peace.
Staffordshire.—Th. card. of York, G. bp. of Coventry and Lichfield, Th. marquis of Dorset, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Edw. Sutton lord Dudley, Wm. Blounte lord Mountjoy, Walter Devereux lord Ferrers, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Lewis Pollard, Th. Inglefeld, Anth. Fitzherbert, Sir Walt. Griffith, Sir Edw. Grey, Sir John Draycott, Wm. Bassett, Philip Draycott, Walt. Blounte, Ric. Asteley, Th. Partriche, John Wellys, Ric. Selman, John Blountt and John Vernon. Westm., 12 Nov.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11d.
12. Bertram Gon, (fn. 8) merchant of St. Malo. Licence for two years to export in a ship called the Mighell of St. Malo, tin, lead, woollen cloths, &c., and to import "vitrey," canvass, white and brown Hollands and poldaves, and wines of Auches (?) (fn. 9) and Rochelle, Gascony and Guienne, bay-salt, salt fish and dry fish, and Toulouse woad. Westm., 12 Nov.—Fr. 15 Hen. VIII. m. 8.
12. Wm. Huttun, captain of the Bark of Sandwyche. Protection for Francis Horne, alias de Horne, of Cambrege, beer brewer, in his retinue. T., 12 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
14. Godfrey Foljambe. Wardship of Francis, s. and h. of Sir John Leek. Del. Westm., 14 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
16. Sir Ric. Broke and Anth. Fitzherbert. Commission to examine and rectify an error said to have arisen in the record and process of a suit for debt, before John Milburn, late mayor of London, between Th. Archer, draper of London, and Th. Poyntz, grocer. Westm., 16 Nov.—Pat 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6d.
16. Ric. Thyrkyll, captain of the Bonn Espoyer. Protection for Wm. Haryson, of Banerygge, Westmor., chapman; going in his retinue. Del. Westm., 16 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
18. David de la Roche. Protection for Wm. Pepewall, of Halesowen, Salop, mercer, whom he has retained to serve in the war. Del. Westm., 18 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
18. Michael le Roux and John Luozowe, merchants of Morlaix (Monterelaxum), Bretagne. Safeconduct, and licence to import 80 tons of merchandise before Midsummer next, &c. (fn. 10) Del. Westm., 18 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
19. Wm. Grene, of Northampton, tanner. Pardon for having killed Th. Dynys, alias Peynter, at St. James' Ende, Northt. Westm., 19 Nov.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10.
24. To the sheriff of Kent. Writ to pay to Hen. Skilman and John Roote, yeoman of the Crown, 4d. a day from 20 March 13 Hen. VIII., when they were made keepers of the new park of Horn, alias the new park of Eltham. Westm., 24 Nov.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6d.
24. Ric. Thyrkyll, captain of the Bonn Espoyer. Protection for Thomas Kent, of Sherfeld-super-Lodon of Loydon, Hants, laborer; going in his retinue. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S. b.
24. Wm. Walrond, of Bovy, Devon, steward of the household of Henry late earl of Wiltshire. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Windsor Castle, 21 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Nov.—P.S.
26. Francis Pointz, squire for the Body. To be keeper of the forests of Kyngeswood and Fyllewood, Glouc. and Somers; and of Sodbury alias Sobbury park, Glouc., with herbage and pannage, and 2d. a day; vice Maurice Barkeley, deceased. Del. Westm., 26 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
26. Ric. Thyrkyll, captain of the Bonn Espoyer. Protection for Ralph Dyall, mercer of the staple of Calais, alias of London; going in his retinue. Del. Westm., 26 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
27. Edm. Pekham. Annuity of 40 marks. Del. Westm., 27 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
28. Charles Bulkeley. Wardship of Wm. s. and h. of Rob. Thornborough and Alice his wife. Del. Westm., 28 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
28. David de la Roche. Protection for Ric. Crosse, of London, haberdasher, whom he has retained for the war. Del. 28 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
28. Ric. Thyrkyll, captain of the Bonn Espoyer. Protection for Michael Blakesley, of Alveley, Essex, husbandman; going in his retinue. Del. Westm., 28 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b.
28. Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster. Grant for 24 years of a great messuage in the parish of St. Swithin, London, in Candlewykstrete, with gardens, and free entrance and exit by two great gates, as held by Ric. Forster; a tenement in St. Swithin's Lane, a tenement adjoining, which John Brikles formerly held, and all other lands and tenements in the said parish forfeited by Edmund Dudley, who held the premises for a term of years not yet expired. Del. Westm., 28 Nov. 15 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
—.Commission of the Peace. Essex.—T. card. of York, Hen. earl of Essex, John abbot of Colchester, Th. Prior of St. John's of Jerusalem, Rob. Radcliff lord Fitzwauter, John lord Marny, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir John Veer, Sir Th. Tyrell of Hern, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam sen., Sir Ric. Fitzlowes, Sir Roger Wentworth, Sir John Grene, Sir Geoff. Gatys, Sir Th. Tey, Sir John Raynsford, Rob. Norwich, Humph. Broun, Brian Tuke, Humph. Wyngfeld, Th. Bonham, Wm. Pyrton, John Seyntclere, Edw. Tyrrell, John Smyth, Edw. Hales, John Sakevile, Walt. Frost, Th. Audeley and Wm. Bradbury. Westm.,—Nov.—Pat. 15 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 10d.


  • 1. This letter is not now in the volume
  • 2. As in Ciacconi, with the omission of Wm. of Claremont, Ant. de Monte, Jo. Dom. de Cupis, Bonif. Ferrerius, Franc. Orsini and John of Lorraine. In addition to those in Ciacconi the following Cardinals are said to have been present: Silv. Passerino of Cortona, Will. Raymondi of Spain, Vice-chamberlain, Wm. of Liege, Cardinal of Tortosa.
  • 3. The paper goes on to say, "Interceptas litteras excusserunt, sed semper novis cognomentis usi sunt."
  • 4. Inclosed in Russell's letter, 28 Nov.
  • 5. Ladies Margaret, Euphemia and Sibilla Drummond. The first was mistress of James IV.; the second, wife of lord Fleming.
  • 6. Blank in MS.
  • 7. None of these names is marked.
  • 8. "Eon" in a licence granted to him 18 April 1522.
  • 9. "de Augeo," MS.; Augue in former licence.
  • 10. See S.B., 22 May 1523.