Henry VIII: March 1519, 16-29

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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'Henry VIII: March 1519, 16-29', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 39-58. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp39-58 [accessed 13 April 2024]


March 1519

16 March.
R. O.
124. JULIUS DE MEDICI (Vice-chancellor) to WOLSEY.
Requesting Wolsey to put an end to a suit in which Luke Baptista Spinola is a party. That family has long been on friendly terms with the writer. Florence, March 16, 1519. Signed and Add.
P. 1.
17 March.
Giust. Desp.
II. 256.
An ambassador from the King Catholic has arrived to ratify the league between the princes of Christendom. Yesterday was appointed for his audience, for which sumptuous preparations had been made. A great number of lords and prelates had been convened, "including 17 bishops not usually in attendance at the great court." As the Pope had sent a fresh commission to the legates, in confirmation of what had been done, it was arranged that they were to come to court as if newly sent by him. Accordingly they were met by the King, the prelates, lords and ambassadors, "with all the ceremonies observed on a first arrival." The prothonotary Campeggio, son (brother ?) of the legate, delivered an elegant oration, lauding the King for his promptitude in the Christian expedition. Then a Spanish ambassador made an oration, thanking the King for naming his sovereign as a chief confederate, not mentioning the Pope or any other. Pace replied, qualifying the Pope "tanquam comitem confœderationis;" and, to mitigate the arrogance of such an expression, he added, 'comitem et, quod maxime optavit hic sacratissimus rex, principem confœderationis.'" The chief author of these proceedings is Wolsey, whose sole aim is to procure incense for his King and himself. He will, in point of fact, make sale of all these settlements, and nothing pleases him more than to be styled the arbitrator of the affairs of Christendom. The French ambassador did not seem pleased. He has inquired whether the Doge would approve of the French King being emperor. Giustinian replied that he would. Lambeth, 17 March 1519.
18 March.
Calig. D. VII.
B. M.
A declaration by the sieur La Viste, showing that, at the request of Wolsey, [presented] by Boleyn, the king of France had consented to his wishes touching restitution to be made to the English merchants. The deputies sent to Bayonne estimate the damages at from 18,000 to 20,000 livres. The King trusts that Wolsey will have the particulars of the several demands strictly examined, and consents that the "adjournements" made against Guillaume de la Fontaine shall be made at his own expense. Paris, 18 March 15[18].
Fr., mutilated, pp. 2.
18 March.
Fiddes, C.
p. 178.
Is informed that Wolsey intends to interrupt him in the use of the prerogative of which he and his predecessors, in right of the church of Canterbury, have been possessed from time immemorial, and that Dr. Allen is deputed for that purpose. As by such a step the Archbishop and his officers would be continually inhibited by Wolsey's officers, nothing would be left to the writer but the shadow of jurisdiction. Begs Wolsey will defer this matter until the Archbishop can confer with him, and requests credence for his chaplain, Master Wellis, the bearer. Croydon, 18 March.
Cleop. F. 1.
B. M.
2. An argument to show the limits of the rights of the Archbishop of Canterbury, as legatus natus, touching testamentary jurisdiction, citing a number of authorities.
Lat., pp. 5.
19 March.
Egerton, 990.
f. 286.
B. M.
Ratification by Henry VIII. with Charles king of Spain, as principal contrahent (according to request made by James count Hornes and John Jouglet, master of requests), of the treaty of London, 2 Oct. 1518, including his allies; viz., the Pope, the Emperor, the kings of Hungary, Bohemia, Poland, Denmark and Portugal, Margaret of Savoy, his brother Ferdinand, the dukes of Savoy, Juliers and Cleves, the bishops of Liège and Utrecht, the Swiss, the German leagues, the Florentines and family of De' Medici, the Siennese and Rob. de la Marck. London, 19 March 1518.
Lat., copy.
19 March.
Calig. D. VII.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 13th. Yesterday had a long debate from 2 till 7, with the Grand Master and others, for redress of the merchants. Has, according to the King's desire, taken for his instructions Wolsey's letter of the last of February, desiring that the master of the rolls and the vice-admiral should have the examination of the cases of restitution. Has, accordingly, drawn out articles in French, and presented them to the Chancellor, who approved of them, but claimed the same justice for the French; but as the redress applied to grievances only in September and October, the French will be excluded from that benefit. They pressed that restitution, therefore, should be made according to the terms of the treaty. Boleyn replied, that, considering the outrage done to the English, no man in conscience could refuse the restitution; and so great was the unpopularity of the French, that the general feeling would have prevented the treaty from proceeding had not the King appeased the clamor, "and [caused] to be cried with sound of trumpet that every man that was lately spoiled and robbed by Frenchmen should repa[ir] into France, and there to have immediately restitution." They had acted on this faith, and received neither redress nor pity. On his retiring with Robertet into the next chamber, the Great Master and the Chancellor sent for M[ons.] de Frayne, one of the commissioners, and on Boleyn's re-appearing told him that the demands of the English merchants "mounted not past 20,000 francs," and offered 25,000; which Boleyn refused, saying that the King of England, trusting to the honor of France, had become surety for the whole, whatever it might be. They begged him to retire again with Robertet, and on his re-appearing stated they were willing to comply with your grace's demands, only trusting that if the demands of the merchants were outrageous you would abate them. The Chancellor has promised to draw out the agreement in fair Latin or French. They put no trust in the oaths of the merchants, and openly say that Bay...is perjured. He has prevailed on the Grand Master that Guillaume de la Fontaine "shalbe adjorned at the King's cost here." Has written a letter to the King. The Great Master goes to Montpelier on Monday next. Has promised to sup with Boleyn. If the Queen be delivered of a son, Francis hopes the King will stand godfather; if of a daughter, the Queen to be godmother. P[aris], 19 March. Signature burnt off.
Mutilated, pp. 2.
20 March.
Vesp. C. I.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 9th. The King has since heard from the Archduchess of the count of Horn's arrival in Calais. News is expected of his entry into the general peace. On the 17th marquis of Brandenburgh consummated the marriage with the queen of Arragon without the knowledge of the French ambassador, who was not pleased on hearing of it, because he had solicited such marriage for the lord Lotrecte. The lords of Spain approved, though the thing was without precedent. To preserve her rank the Marquis is to be created king of Bogya in Africa.
(fn. 1) According to Chievres no arrangement between the Catholico and the French king touching Navarre has yet been made. The marshal of Navarre has refused to renounce his allegiance to France, and on the French ambassador demanding his deliverance somewhat arrogantly, he had been sent prisoner to a castle called Grotta Ferrata, six miles distant. At a second audience between the ambassador, Chievres, and others, he was desired to advertise his master that he need not send the Great Master nor any other to speak of the restitution of Navarre, and that no money should be paid for the last half year due for Naples. The relations between the two kingdoms are very unsatisfactory. The French ambassador complains of Robert de la Marche, Tournay, and the military preparations. Chievres is not favorable to the congress, remembering how John duke of Burgundy was handled; and ten years ago the president of Mechlin and Cortavile, being ambassadors there, were kept prisoners in Lyons. As the election is pending, the Catholico will still more need the amity of the king of England. At the lady Margaret's instance the count of Tisania (Decian), heretofore imperial ambassador, shall be his resident there. The election is reckoned certain for Charles, especially as the French king offered his interest for Don Ferdinand, hoping to marry him to his daughter, and set the two brothers by the ears. Lady Chievres has returned from Portugal, and with her nieces has received in gifts more than 15,000 ducats. The king of Portugal is anxious to promote the marriage of his daughter with Charles, and he will probably succeed, owing to the general inclination of the Spaniards, the great dowry, the establishment of the affairs of Castile in the King's absence, the particular profits of Chievres and others.
By letters from Rome of the 3rd, the King has learned that the Pope will not interfere in his favor, nor write to the cardinal of Sion. "Campegius had only signified of the King's highness' intention, and how your grace cast the stone and led the arm." As the King suspects the Pope's neutrality, he has deferred the gift of the lordship promised to his nephew, and has "increased the house of his brother" (Don Ferdinand?) "of 18,000 florins by the year." Barcelona, 20 March 1518.
Hol., chiefly cipher, deciphered by Tuke, pp. 8.
21 March.
Calig. D. VII.
B. M.
Ellis, 1 Ser.
vol. I. 162.
Wrote last on the 19th. Yestereven the Great Master supped at his lodgings, and has ridden this day towards Montpellier. Until he returns, Boleyn is to resort to the King, my Lady or Robertet, and none other. Wishes the dislike of his master to come to Calais may be taken in good part. Thinks that after both kings have spoken together, Francis will come secretly to Calais, or into England, if the King desire it. He said that his master had great confidence in Wolsey, and "it had not been seen nor heard of one man being a cardinal to be in so great esteem, trust and reputation of both the kings of England and of France as your grace is." He said further, if anything were treated or concluded where he is now going, Wolsey should be advertised of it; saying that "if matters trained well" betwixt Chievres and himself, he thought he should go and see the King Catholic at Perpignan. He has above a thousand horse in his train, and a guard of thirty archers, "in goldsmiths' work upon their coats, both before and behind." Encloses a paper in French for the interview, and another paper, signed by M. de F[rayn], for redress of the merchants. Whereas the Master of the Rolls and the Vice-admiral are deputed to examine the English merchants, they have only appointed M. de Frayn for the examination of the French. Is to take up his abode at Poissy, half a league from court, where he purposes to go tomorrow. Paris, 21 March.
Part of the signature lost.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
21 March.
Vesp. C. I.
After closing his last, heard this morning that all the Electors except the duke of Saxony had expressed favor to Charles. The election, however, is not to come off till April. The French suits are cold. The Venetians have written to the council of Isebrook in favor of the peace. Notwithstanding the concord between the duke of Wirtemberg and the league of Swevia, the house of Brandenburgh, cardinal Gurk and other the King's friends, have determined to keep his army afoot until after the election. The dowry of the King's sister, who is to be married to the elector of Brandenburgh, is augmented to "the sum of 300,000 golden gilders besides her apparel, whereof 100 must be paid in ready money, and the remanent at the consummation of the matrimony, of the which the Fulkers shall answer." The Pope is suspected to favor the French. 21 March.
P.S.—The bishop of Helna is arrived.
Hol., cipher, deciphered by Tuke, pp. 2.
22 March.
Giust. Desp.
II. 259.
Visited the Spanish ambassadors, who were pleased with your friendly disposition to the King Catholic. They seem jealous lest Venice should side with France. On the 20th they went to Greenwich. "Cardinal Campeggio celebrated high mass in state, giving plenary indulgence to all present; after which, near the high altar, the two legates, in the name of his holiness, confirmed the league." The legates and the King signed the clauses. Then the Spanish ambassadors read the clause relating to their King and took the oath. A banquet followed. The legates and count Horn sate with the King; the count's colleague, the French ambassador and Giustinian, at another table. A visit was paid to the Queen. Pace has assured him that the conference between the kings of England and France will take place in July. Told the French ambassador that the Doge wished his king to be emperor; but when Campeggio said "Your signory must be in great mental suspense about the election of this emperor," and asserted that the diet was to meet at Frankfort the fourth Sunday in Lent, Giustinian told him the Doge was neutral. The prothonotary Campeggio did not approve the election of either of the kings, and said it would be well to take the king of Poland, an extremely able man. Lambeth, 22 March 1519.
23 March.
Fiddes, C. I.
Cannot forbear setting their troubles before him. They are constantly infested with the plague, which always returns with the warm weather. They attribute it to the condition of the drains, which they cannot clear because the evil takes its origin out of their jurisdiction. The course of the Thames is dammed up in many places by various obstacles, so the waters overflow, cover the meadows and drown the mills. Beg his interference. Oxford, X. kal. April.
24 March.
Galba, B. V.
B. M.
Count Hornes and lord Desmares, ambassadors for the Catholic king in England, have expressed the great diligence and kindness of Wolsey in their behalf. Mechlin, nono kal. Aprilis 1518, nostrate calculo. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
f. 340. 136. ii. SAME to HENRY VIII.
On the same subject. Malines, 22 March 1518. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
25 March.
Mon. Ampl.
iii. 1285.
Had received his letters of the 19 Feb. Was sorry to find that Worcester entertained doubts of the King's and the Cardinal's affection, and was annoyed that Campeggio rather than himself had been appointed to communicate to the Pope Henry's resolution touching the imperial crown. The sole reason for this conduct was the vast importance of the imperial election and the present affinity with France. Neither Wolsey nor the King could consent to entrust their opinions on this subject to writing until they had discovered the Pope's inclinations; for if the Pope be inclined to France, and their sentiments were to get wind, it might lead to a rupture between France and England. The King is entirely of Worcester's opinion touching the letters written by the secretary of the cardinal de'Medici; and as he discovers that the Pope is of the same opinion as himself touching the empire, the negociation will henceforth be conducted by Worcester solely, with all secresy.
As the French king is straining every nerve, by art or cunning, to obtain the election and succeed in his unbridled desires, England thinks it expedient that every obstacle should be thrown in his way; for if he were successful he would revive many obsolete pretensions, and endanger the independence of the Holy Sec. Not that Henry is inclined to Charles, from whose overgrown power, were he successful, as much danger might ensue hereafter and perilous dissensions in Christendom. He admits that this would be the less evil, but thinks it desirable for the Pope to remain neuter. But as the French and the Catholic King may demand letters of recommendation, Henry advises him to use dissimulation, and to qualify any such commendations by trusty and secret messengers, "ne hujusmodi litteris fides ulla habeatur;"—as Henry himself intends to do. If the king of France should give up his own pretensions, and favor another candidate, then the King and the Pope might act together and consent to the same. Worcester is to watch the Pope's countenance, and endeavor to discover his secret thoughts.
Campeggio has intimated that Henry might have regard to his own honor, and a way be found to prevent either the French or the Catholic king from obtaining the election; by which Wolsey thinks he means to insinuate that Henry might be emperor. Worcester is therefore to sound the Pope; and if he sees a favorable opportunity, he is to say, as of himself, what immense advantage it would be to Christendom and to the papacy if Henry could be prevailed on to take the imperial crown; but that, as he once refused it when offered him by Maximilian, it is to be feared he could hardly be prevailed on to accept it now, and that the Pope should write to Wolsey to use his influence and persuade the King. But this (says Wolsey) will require great dexterity.
The ambassadors of the Catholic king have been here to have their master included as a principal contrahent in the treaty between France and England. On the 15th (?) they made a splendid oration; on the 12th, after mass sung by Wolsey and Campeggio, the treaty was formally ratified, and they now wait for the Pope's confirmatory letters; "atque ita fide hine inde data et accepta, suavissima ac propemodum angelica hymnos canentium harmonia, et laudes et gratiæ altissimo et immortali Deo actæ fuerunt, quod tam sanctum atque divinum opus principum mentibus infuderit."
Requests Worcester to tell the Pope how much Wolsey studies in all things the dignity of the Holy See;—that by his influence Campeggio was admitted legate in England præter morem;—that great expenses were incurred in his reception by Wolsey;—that by Wolsey's letters (boasting apart) Christendom has been pacified;—that he has been created legate;—and now, when Campeggio is departing, he requests that he may retain this dignity with increased faculties, not for extorting money, but effecting reforms among the clergy, and advancing the Crusade. If he is now to be deprived of it, to his discredit, he would rather never have had it. Hopes that as the Pope conceded in the case of the bishop of Buri (fn. 2) a similar privilege, he will extend the same to Wolsey, whose services to the Holy See have been much greater. He and Campeggio are expecting the bull for the reformation of the clergy. Out of consideration to the many good qualities of Campeggio, the King has given him a house at Rome. Worcester is to see that there be no difficulty in investing Campeggio with it. Promises to remember Worcester. London, 25 March 1519.
B. M.
Wrote his last on the 22nd. On the 23rd news came that Chievres tarried at Narbona in consequence of the new sickness of the Great Master, then at Lyons, who desired Chievres to meet him there. On his refusal he demanded, by Bale his maistre d'hotel, a prorogation of the safeconduct, in case the meeting should be kept. On it being said before the duke of Alva that the king of France wished to make prisoners of the commissioners, "he showed to the King that no greater adventure might come to the commander his son than to be detained two or three years in France. because by that mean he should spare his revenues and pay his debts." Spinelly hopes that Wolsey will write a favorable letter to the cardinal [of Tortosa], who has always been opposed to this meeting with France, and favorable to the crown of England.
By news out of Flanders the truce with the duke of Gueldres, "who dances with the French pipe," has been prorogued for a month. The cardinal of Brandenburgh, the archbishop of Cologne, and the count Palatine have received the cautions and pledges for performance of the King's promises. The archbishop of Treves will not bind himself, nor the elector temporal of Brandenburgh, "intending to sell himself more dear," if he may. The count of Nassau has gone to the duke of Saxony, who has hitherto only made fair promises. The Cardinal, in the name of the four Electors assembled at Wesel, has persuaded the bishop of Ursino to go home. The bishop of Seguntyne informs him that a marriage is in prospect between the Catholico and the daughter of Hungary.
The successor to the Venetian ambassador is deferred.
* * *
Hol., cipher, deciphered by Tuke, pp. 4.
26 March.
Galba, B. VI.
B. M.
The King her nephew had intended sending to England Berghes, the governor of Bresse, De la Roche and the Audiencer. De Berghes, however, has caught a catarrh, and the governor of Bresse has not had time to prepare for the voyage. Being assured of Henry's love for her nephew, hopes he will excuse the sending of two persons only. Malines, 26th March.
Hol., Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
26 March.
R. O.
The King, her nephew, is sending an embassy to England. De Berghes, who was included in it, cannot go at present on account of illness. Sends De la Roche and the Audiencer in his place, with the bishop of Elna and Jehan de la Sau. Trusts, from Wolsey's letters, received through her secretary, that he will order things for the preservation of amity. Malines, 26 March.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: "A Monsr le Cardinal."
26 March.
Galba, B. V.
B. M.
Excuses himself, from age and ill health, undertaking the duty of ambassador to England, to which he had been nominated by his sovereign. Berghes, 26 March 1519. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. "Mons. le cardinal d'Angleterre."
26 March.
Calig. D. VII.
B. M.
Ellis, 1 Ser.
I. 150.
Wrote last on the 21st. Yesterday, Lady Day, was at St. Germain's, "where the Queen and my Lady lieth, but the King rode on Our Lady's even eight leagues hence; and, as my Lady telleth me, it is in a doubt whether he cometh again before the Queen here be brought in bed or nay, for she looketh her time every hour." Is to resort to my Lady whilst the Great Master is away. The King desired her to show Boleyn a letter from his ambassador in Spain, in which it was stated that Henry had sent a letter to the King Catholic, advertising him that Francis had desired the king of England to write in his favor to the Electors of the empire, which the King had refused to do, and had expressed a wish that Charles should be emperor, and not Francis. This letter was stated to be in the hands of the bishop of Burgos. Boleyn begged she would not believe it, saying it was a plot to sow discord between the two princes. She said she had so much trust in England that she gave it no credence, and her son did but laugh at it. Boleyn thinks they do not believe it. She desired that, as he was anxious to have information of all that affected his master's honour, she might be informed of all that affected her son. On expressing her wish for the interview, Boleyn urged her to use her influence to have the lodgings at Calais. She said, after one meeting, all would be well enough; and it was more "triumphant to be lodged in summer in the fields in tents and pavilions than it should be in any town." She often asked about the princess Mary, and whether she had been sick lately. The duchess of Alençon "lately hath been and yet is very sick." Poyssy, 26 March. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
27 March.
R. MS.
13 B. II. 300.
B. M.
Ep. Reg. Sc. I.
Received on 21 March, by Alexander [Kingorne], M.D., the Danish ambassador, his letters of the 19th Jan. from Copenhagen, demanding the aid of 2,000 foot against the Swedes, to be sent at James's expense to Copenhagen about Easter, and to be supported by Christiern for 4 months. Notwithstanding the rebellion of the Isles, and the attacks of the English, of which doubtless Christiern has been apprised by Denmark king-at-arms, would do all he could to satisfy him, but is unable to promise any certain aid. His ambassador will inform him what efforts he has made to obtain soldiers and ships for him. Edinburgh, 27 March 1519.
27 March.
P. S.
144. For JOHN SMALL.
Licence to export from Norfolk and Lincoln 600 quarters of barley for victualling the household of the queen of Scotland. Richmond, 26 March 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 March.
Fr. 10 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
28 March.
Calig. D. VII.
B. M.
Wrote his last on the 26th. Yesterday was with my Lady at the court, who informed him that the Admiral had been with the archbishop of Mayence and the marquis of Brandenburgh, whom she considers sure for the King; also, that on the 26th there was a meeting of four Electors in Almayne on this side the Rhine, which will probably determine the election. M. De la Bastye has written from England of a great feast lately kept at Greenwich, "where the Pope's legate that came from Rome sang a solemn mass," and his brother made a declaration in Latin of the admission of the Pope and the King Catholic into the league; that after dinner the King talked with Bastye of his favor towards France, and how he said "that for the election of the Emperor, if his grace had two voices, the King his brother here should have both." When the Flemish ambassador expressed a fear that the duke of Gueldres had been instigated by Francis to move against the King Catholic, Henry denied it. He also assured La Basty that he had never thought of writing "into Sowysser," as the cardinal of Sion reported and Poton had written from Rome. She is rejoiced at this, and much desires the interview between her son and the king of England. When the Legate came in she took him "[by the] right hand, and me on the tother hand, and brought us [to the] Queen, where she was accompanied with 14 or 15 [lords and] gentlewomen, in a nightgown, and nothing [upon her] head but only a kerchief, looking always her ho[ur when she shall] be brought in bed." The duchess d'Alaunson is well amended. Poissy, [28] March. Signature burnt off.
Pp. 2.
8 March.
R. O.
Has obtained for him, on his own suggestion, a confessional "in forma brevis multarum facultatum." Has received no answer to his numerous letters. Begs credence for his sub-collector Silvester Darius, to whom he has given a message for Wolsey. Rome, 28 March 1519. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
9 March.
alba, B. III.
B. M.
After he had taken leave of him, paid his respects to the Cardinal, from whom he received a handsome present in the King's name. On his return hither received letters from M[adame], who also writes to the King. Jean Jouglet, his fellow ambassador, is commanded to return and communicate with the King on matters "de par le Roy nostre maistre." Begs he will bear in mind the affair which he recommended, and show the King his master, "votre bon nepveu," the same regard he has always done. Dover, 29 March. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add. Endd.: Letters to the King's highness from sundry lords and noblemen as well out of Flanders as France.
9 March.
R. O.
Today on his return to Dover received letters from Madame, who also writes letters to the King and Wolsey, which his colleague Mons. Jean Jouglet will present. She need hardly have written, as De Hornes knows Wolsey's mind already on the subject; but, in order to fulfil her commands, Jouglet will return. Dover, 29 March. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Le Cardinal d'York, legat en Angleterre.
9 March.
it. B. IV. 3.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 19th of the ratifying of the five years' truce. Has urged the Pope, according to Wolsey's desire, to enlarge the bull "reformandi cleri," and remove the prohibitions to his legatine authority. Hoped to have completed the business 25 days since, but the Pope was long about it, and would not be disturbed in the carnival. Sends the declarations now in the form which the Pope thinks expedient. Has forborne to confirm, as he was commanded in Wolsey's letters of the 2nd Feb., the five years' truce, as it is not quite according to the King's intention. The French ambassador has not yet received any instructions from his King for co-operation with Worcester in this matter, and does not expect any so long as the Spaniards refuse to observe the treaty of Noyon. The Pope will not comply with Worcester's importunity touching the limitation of the legatine letters, nor consent to the reformation of the clergy, as it would supersede the authority of the bishops. When Worcester alleged the ample legatine authority granted to cardinal de Bussi, the Pope replied that such legations were not usual in England, and that he did it out of gratitude to the French king, from whom the court of Rome received an equivalent. He is dissatisfied at not having received the half disme so often promised him, especially as he has never refused any of Wolsey's requests. Worcester told him that the clergy were powerful in England, and it was not possible to extract money from them as from the clergy of other countries. The Pope was dissatisfied, and said he might have had 30,000 crowns to have saved cardinal Hadrian, but he refused them to please the King. He is also surprised, when other princes responded to his demand for aid against the Turks, that no reply has yet come from England, or from the Convocation held at London in the beginning of Lent. He intends to recall all his legates, Campeggio among the rest. Cardinal Medici has returned from Florence.
With regard to the news of the imperial election, it is quite certain that Francis is using every effort to obtain it. He is favored by the Pope, who cannot decide which would be the less evil. He has never been able to obtain specific promises from the King Catholic. Every two or three days there come letters and messages from France, soliciting the business; and a short time since the French king wrote to the Pope, that the king of England had offered him for that purpose 200,000 nobles, and said that he had had a promise of the empire, but declined it. The Germans are much divided. They do not wish to see the empire always in the house of Austria, but can come to no firm resolution. The Pope desires the opinion of Wolsey in a matter so perilous if the election should fall on either candidate. Excuses himself for speaking so freely.
P.S.—Letters of Campeggio have come from England long after date, signifying the King's wish that the election should not fall on Francis, but that he should send Fra Nicolas to the Swiss. The Pope declines to interfere ostensibly, and thinks the king of England should use all efforts to have one of the Electors declared Emperor. It would be perilous for him to interfere, as he will learn from the letters of De Medici. News has come from Genoa that the king of France is equipping a fleet. The Pope is now resolved to send Fra Nicolas into Germany, and hinder the election falling on either competitor. To mask the design he is to be sent first to Hungary. Rome, 29 March 1519. Signed.
Lat., mutilated, partly cipher, pp. 8.
Vit. B. IV.
23 & 9.
Decipher of the above in the hand of Vannes.
Pp. 3, mutilated.
29 March.
Vit. B. IV. 2.
B. M.
Informing him of the death of his father. Mantua, 29 March 1519. Signature burnt off.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
"Names of persons put out of their rooms," others being appointed in their place.
Carver, Sir David Owen. Gentlemen ushers, Sir Jo. Gyfford, Will. Coffyn and Will. Knyvet. Sir Jas. Worsley. Sewer for the King, Sir Hen. Penago, two sewers of the Chamber, one yeoman usher, seven grooms of the Chamber.
For the Queen's side:—Two yeomen, two grooms, and two yeomen "paid out of the counting house unchecked, after the rate of 3½d. the day."
P. 1.
"Liber batellariæ (?) expensarum cum comite Devoniæ, incipiente iijcio die Januarii, anno x. regni regis Henrici VIIIvi."
3 Jan. Boat hire for my lord from Greenwich to my lord Cardinal's place at Westminster, 12d.; thence to Powles, 8d.—11 Jan. Boat hire over the water when he went to dine at lord Darcy's at Stepney. For Benett's boat hire from Stepney to Greenwich when he came for my lord's nightcap, 4d.—26 Jan. For my lord's boat hire when the King and Queen dined at the duke of Norfolk's. —28 Jan. For Willm. Turke's boat hire from Greenwich to London, sent on an errand to Dr. Mychell and Mr. West. —21 Jan. For Willm. Yerde's boat hire to London when he went to look out for the arrival of Mr. Collis.
1 Feb. For Willm. Yerde's boat hire from Lambeth to London when he went to lord Burgeny for a saddle. —19 Feb. For Benett's boat hire from Greenwich to London and back to get a valentine of gold from the goldsmith's for my lord, "to be set on his cap." —21 Feb. For my lord's boat hire from Paul's Wharf to the Crane in the "Vyntre," 1d.
4 March. For Yerde's boat hire from Greenwich to London when he went for spears to run withal. —5 March. For my lord's brother at Greenwich at the same (?) time he awaited for my lord Chamberlain's coming (?) and the Frenchmen when he went in his masking gear. —8 March. For Wm. Gryffyth's boat hire from Greenwich to London and back, against the coming of the ambassadors from the king of Castile. —9 March. For my lord's boat hire from Ratlyf to Greenwich the same day the ambrs. of Burgoyne came to London, when he dined at lord Darcy's. For my lord's boat hire from Greenwich to London when he went to the Savoy for confession, thence to my lord Chamberlain's to dine, from thence to lord Winchester's at St. Mary Overey's, from thence to my lord Cardinal's at Westminster, and the same day boat hire for my lord and servants from Lyon-kave to Greenwich. —16 March. For my lord's servants' boat hire from Greenwich to London and back when my lord dined with the Frenchmen. —17 March. For the same when my lord dined with my lord Marquis. —19 March. For the same, to fetch the ambassadors to the court. —20 March. For ferrying 6 horses over the water to Kewe, when my lord dined at Mr. Belknapp's place with the ambassadors of Burgoyne, 6d.—22 March. For Mr. Antony's boat hire over the water at Sutton Court to Richemount. —26 March. For my lord's boat hire from the Old Swan to Westminster, and from thence to London again.
(Here follows a blank page.)
ii. 3 Jan. For 4 of my lord's servants' suppers at Westminster on the same night he supped at my lord Cardinal's, 10d.; also for drink for 2 of my lord's servants at their lodging in Trelany's house in London. —8 Jan. For Willm. Gryffyth's dinner in London when he went to buy velvet to make my lord a partelet, 2d. To the keeper's wife at Greenwich, for "a pot of ale" for my lord, 1d.; and also to the keeper's wife, for drink when my lord played tennis with Mr. Harvey, 4d.—10 Jan. For Wm. Gryffyth's dinner in London when he went with my lord's "backe" velvet gown to be mended, 2d.—12 Jan. For my lord's and his servants' breakfasts at Dr. Smythe's, 18d.; also for butter to dress my lord's meat with, at Dr. Smythe's, 1d. For Wm. Yerde's dinner, 2d.; also for the said William's breakfast, the 10th Jan., at Greenwich, when my lord went hunting in Mortelake Park, 2d.—21 Jan. For Willm. Yerde's breakfasts and dinners when he went to London at my lord's request to enquire after the coming of Mr. Colys, 4d.—18 Jan. For Blackesley's supper in London when he went to John Matte for my lord's black satin doublet, 2d.—26 Jan. For Bennet's supper in London when he went to Matt for my lord's arming doublet, 2d.—31 Jan. For pippins and wine at Dr. Smythe's house at London, 6d.—31 Jan. For 5 of my lord's servants' dinners in Southwark when he dined with the duke of Suffolk, 12d. For ditto, suppers at Trelany's house when my lord was at my lord Marquis's, 10d.
1 Feb. For meat and drink at Croydon, 6 days, 5s. 6½d.—12 Feb. For eggs and butter unto my lord's chamber for himself, on his coming to Greenwich from Croydon, 4d.—17 Feb. For supper at Dr. Smythe's house, 7s. 5d.—19 Feb. At night, for eggs for my lord into Mr. Treasurer's chamber, 6d.—22 Feb. Dinner at Dr. Smythe's, 3s. 3d.—24 Feb. Oranges for my lord, 1d.; pippins, 2d.—26 Feb. For Willm. Gryffyth's costs between Croydon and Greenwich when the King was at Mr. Carew's, 4d.—27 Feb. For eggs, bread, drink, and oranges in my lord of Burganye's chamber for my lord when they were there masking before the King, 12d.
5 March. For Yerd's and 2 horsekeepers' drink at Eltham when my lord did run with Parker at the tilt, 4d. For drink after he had run at the tilt, 2d.—9 March. For my lord's drink at Crayeford when he went to meet the ambassadors of Burgoyne, 2d.—10 Mar. For bread and drink at Coppyn's house in Greenwich when my lord was there "arming," 2d.—10 Mar. For Willm. Turke's dinner at London when he carried my lord's "shemewe and his shoes to shift withal" on the same day the ambassadors of Burgoyne arrived in London, 3d.—11 Mar. For the servants' dinner at London when my lord was confessed at the Savoy, 21d.—18 Mar. For Yerde's dinner in London when he went to the saddlers and Gilliam, bitmaker, for my lord, 3d.—19 Mar. For my lord's drinking at the king's armoury at Greenwich, 2d.—20 Mar. For Harpyn's costs from Hyllesdon to Greenwich, 9d.—20 Mar. For Wm. Griffyth's costs at Greenwich for 2 days at the time the King removed from thence to Richemount, 8d.—22 Mar. To Elderton's wife, of Greenwich, for meat and drink for my lord's servants for 13 weeks and 3 days, 7s. Also to Symond Symmes, of Greenwich, for the board of 2 of my lord's servants for 12 weeks, at 16d. a week each.—25 Mar. For Anthony's breakfast at Richemount, 1½d.—For herrings into my lord's chamber for his servants, 3d.—31 Mar. At Dr. Smythe's house, for an eel for my lord's supper, 5d.; a dish of "almone" butter, 4d.; a playse, 3d.; pippins, 1d.; wine, 4d.
iii. Rewards and Fees, viz.:—
3 Jan. To my lord Cardinal's porters at Westminster by way of reward, 20d. To a priest, for singing a mass before my lord, 4d. To Elderton's wife, for bringing oranges unto Dr. Smythe's to my lord for his new year's gift, 12d.—5 Jan. To Willm. Harte, keeper of the king's place at Greenwich, 4d.—7th Jan. At Greenwich, reward to a hermit of the Isle of Wight, 8d.—8 Jan. To Willm. Holmes, servant at Greenwich, for bringing a flagon of wine to my lord's chamber, 4d. To one of the confectionery for a dish of wardons into my lord's chamber at Greenwich, 4d. To Benson and his fellow in the king's chamber at Greenwich, 8d.—25 Jan. To a lad at Charleton, for lending his cap to my lord when the King and his lords threw snowballs, 4d.—27 Jan. To a yeoman of the guard in the king's chamber, "for keeping of gages when my lord played at shoffull a borde," 4d.—30 Jan. To a minstrel at my lord John Marquis's place by command of my lord, 4d.—12 Feb. To a priest, for singing a mass before my lord in Powles Church, London, 4d. To a priest, for singing of evensong before my lord, 4d. To Wm. Small, for the king's stalking horse, 8d.—3 Feb. To one of the coursermen, for bringing a horse when my lord ran in the tiltyard for his pleasure before the King, 12d.—7 Feb. For walking my lord's horses at Croydon when the King was at Mr Carew's place, and stayed there a se'ennight, 1d. For mending 2 of my lord's shirts, 3d.—18 Feb. To a friar at the Blackfriars, for saying a requiem for my lord's father, 4d.—27 Feb. To Grenewaye's servant, for bringing my lord a black visor (?), 8d.—1 Mar. To lord Harbard's servant, for bringing a steel saddle for my lord at Greenwich, 20d.—5 Mar. To a poor man at Greenwich, for helping to walk horses on the day my lord rode at the tilt at Eltham, 1d. To Bawdwyn Copyn's servant, for arming my lord at Eltham, 12d.—7 Mar. To a tailor at Greenwich, for mending my lord's doublet, 4d.—9 Mar. To a poor man, for walking horses at Crayford when my lord met the ambassadors of Burgoyne, 1d.—13 Mar. To my lord's confessor at the Savoy, 12d.—19 Mar. For washing my lord's cloak at Greenwich, 4d.—26 Mar. To a porter, for carrying a barrel of "puffynnes" from Lombard St. to the Goat at the Stronde, 4d.—30 Mar. To a priest, for saying mass before my lord at Powles, 4d.—31 (?) Mar. To the lawnder, for a quarter's rent due at Lady Day, 5s. (?) To Symond Symmes, of Greenwich, for carriage of my lord's arms from Greenwich to Eltham, going and coming, 20d.(?)
iv. Jan. Various amounts of alms, generally 1d.—1 Feb. Given in alms to poor folks at the Blackfriars when my lord went to mass there, 2d.
v. 3 Jan. Ribbon for my lord's garters, 17d.—28 Jan. For 2 dozen arming "poyntes" for my lord, 20d.—7 Mar. Account for gloves, ribbons, &c., viz., a "Melen" (Milanese) bonnet, 6s. 8d. A dozen of black ribbon points, 8d. Black, red, white, and russet ribbon. A pair of Spanish gloves, 5d. A yard and half of English ribbon, 2d. Ribbon for a dog chain, 2d.
vi. 3 Jan. My lord's offering at Powles to the "Roode of Nordour," 4d.—31 Jan. My lord's offering at Westminster to Our Lady of Pewe, 4d.—12 Jan. For my lord's offering to St. George in Southwark. 4d.—10 Feb. For my lord's offering to Our Lady of Crome, 4d.—13 Feb. For my lord's offering on Candlemas Day at Greenwich, 8d.—18 March. For my lord's offering at the Savoy, 4d.
vii. Account of meat for my lord's horses, viz.:—5 March. When at Eltham running at the tilt with Mr. Parkar, 10d.—17 March. On going to my lord Leonard's house at London, 8d.—20 March. For horse meat when my lord met the ambassadors of Burgoyne against their going to Greenwich, 2d.—12 March. For four loads of hay to John Towler, of Lewisham, at 7s. 7d. the load.—5 Jan. For two quarters of oats at 2s. 4d. a quarter, to Wm. Gossyp of Wrytelmarche.—12 Mar. For the same at Lewisham, 2s. a quarter. For a load of garbage, 4s.
viii. 8 Jan. For a yard and a half of black velvet bought by Wm. Gryffyth in London at 15s. a yard, for a partelet for my lord.—3 Jan. For 7 yards of black satin at 7s. 6d. a yard. A new year's gift for my lady's grace, and 6 yards of yellow satin at 7s. 6d. a yard for my young lady. To my lady Herbert, 6s. 8d. To Mr. Skwys, 6l. 13s. 4d. For 26 yards of black velvet for a gown and frock at 10s. a yard.
ix. Jan. For my lord's costs on playing tennis at Greenwich with lord Rose and lord..., 2s. 4d.—13 Jan. For my lord's losses at cards, 11s.—27 Jan. Delivered to my lord in the King's chamber when he played "shoffulborde" with my lord Richard, Mr. Arthur Pole and Mr. Darcy, 6s. 8d. Delivered to my lord in the Queen's chamber when he played... [with Sir] Christopher Garnyshe, Sir Harry Sherbo[urne and] Mr. Darcy... Various sums for playing money.—10 Jan. To Benett, to give my lord when he hunted with lord Rose, 4s. 4d.—13 Jan. To Wm. Welshe, for my lord's losses at shooting in Greenwich, 13s. 4d.—4 Feb. For playing money in the Queen's chamber, 40s.; at "shoffulborde," 2s.—7 Feb. At Mr. Carewe's place, for playing, 20s. 8d.; ditto, on the 8th, 19s.; on the 9th, 10s.; on the 10the, at Mr. Carewe's place near Croydon, 3l.—18 Feb. For costs of the King's tennis court at Richmond when my lord played there with young Mr. Care, 2s. 8d.; to young Care for my lord's losses at tennis, 8s.—16 Feb. At the King's tennis court with young Care, 2s. 8d.—26 Feb. To lord Rose, 16s. 8d.; for playing money, 6s. 8d.—15 March. Delivered at Greenwich to lord Leonard Graye, 7 crowns.
x. Sundry payments for my lord, viz.: for visors; ... cotton, 7s. a yard; shoes, masking garments, shirts, a Spanish cloak, a ring, a "Colen clyff," spears, saddles, and boots; 2½ quires of paper, 8d.
xi. Sundry payments for boots and shoes for my lord and his servants, viz.: for 2 pair black shoes, 2s.; 1 pair velvet shoes, 1s.; quarter shoes, white shoes, side shoes, "black boyded," white Spanish leather, all at 1s. a pair; 1 pair white buskins, 8d.
75 folios; some pages blank; the whole badly mutilated.
R. O.
1. A Memorandum.—To ask Arthur Lovekyn and Matthew Haull for the journal books from 19 March 7 Hen. VIII. to 28 March 8 Hen. VIII. for the first year's account of emptions for the works at Tournay, containing the expences for the passage over, for building materials, the King's limekilns, &c., which by your declaration should amount to 2,653l. 14s. 9d.
On the dorse: A list of prests amounting to 167l. 13s. 11d., and a list of payments; total, 444l. 3s. 1d. Lime burnt, 312l. 7s. 4d.
R. O. 2. Account of Arthur Louffkyn, clerk to Wm. Pawne, master of the works at Tournay.
From 29 March 7 to 28 March 8 Hen. VIII. Money received of Sir John Heron. Sir Edw. Bentstede, late treasurer of Tournay, and Sir Ric. Jarnyngham, deputy and treasurer. Payments by the said Arthur and Matthew Haull, clerk to Mr. Pawne.
The amounts received and paid every four weeks are given.
Total of receipts, 20, 400l.
Total of payments, 19,854l. 3s. 6d.
R. O. 3. Expenses for building the King's citadel at Tournay in 1516.
A roll. Add.: To the lords of the King's most honorable council.
4. Abstract of the preceding.
P. 1.
R. O. 5. Pawne's Memorandum.
"The book of anno primo where they have set divers parcels, and none thereof of none money that they paid."
At the first stone laying, 4 royals out of my purse, 2l. Wages of Jaco, Adrian Carlisle, John Conyngham, John Foster, Andrew Horkule and Hewe Frenche. Wm. Tomson is charged in the laborers and in the lime makers, and other items occur twice. Wages of carpenters, masons working at the citadel, the miners of the towers, &c. are unpaid. Matthew Hall's horse and those of his son and allies were not checked. Half of this at least went to his profit. Paid to the abbot of Mersyn for 950 great faggots, 25 Sept., anno 9, 4l. 11s. 6d. Mem., paid Mons. Barbanson for the iron with my own money. More iron was put down than was received, by the falseness of Hugh Frenche, Arthur and Thos. Hall. This is clear from the book, and from the search Jaco made. Mem., whereas Arthur Loufkyn discharges himself by the payment of 481l. 2s. for stone of white gree, it was not paid by him, but by me, Wm. Pawne.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 6. Similar Memorandum.—Total delivered to Frenshe, 73l. 10s. 2d.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 7. Receipt, dated 17 Aug. 10 Hen. VIII., by Arthur Lovekyn, Matthew Hall and John Fenne, for 13l. 6s. 8d. lent by Wm. Lelegrave.
Signed. Endd.
R. O. 8. "The Book of Account, anno 10 r. R. HEN. VIII."
Money received by the hands of William Pawne, "this accountant," and his deputies and clerks, of Sir Richard Jernyngham, deputy of Tournay, from 1 May to 31 Jan. Total, 1,549l. 20d.
Emptions of necessaries; viz., ash, ashen poles, bricks, hurdles, nails, handbarrows, wheelbarrows, board, iron shovels, necessaries for pumps, stone and pirage, 379l. 12s. 2¾d.
Wages, from Monday 29 March to 13 Oct., of carpenters, sawyers, smiths, masons, dykars, labourers, masons strangers, "carpenters under byrde with watching by night," timbrels, lime slackers, "herdhewers," mortar makers, and of the accountant and his clerks; total, 1,105l. 5s. 8d.
The receipts exceed the payments by 64l. 4s.
Pp. 12. Endd.
R. O. 9. Accounts of Matthew Hall.
Received from Arthur Lufkyn, at my master's departure into England, 18 Aug. 10 Hen. VIII., for artificers and laborers, and prests to Thos. Horwood, myself and others, 20l. From Mr. Deputy by the controller, 10l. From Wm. Lelegraáve, 176l. 19s. 4d. Total, 206l. 19s. 4d.
Payments to various persons. Lost at the exchange of pence for groats at the clockhouse, 1¼d. in every groat,—5s. 6d. A "dry frotte" to carry my master's stuff in, 2s. 4d. To the baily who came from Mownce, for the matter between my master and John Mawde, in the presence of Philip Seller and Jaco Buissard, 8s. 4d. For wheat money, 20s. Thos. Rogers, his expenses going to and from London with my master's letters, 40s. "For thande of brasse," 6s. 8d. 6 hats, at 16d. 6 bonnets, at 2s. To Overton, for his cart, 13s. 4d. A purse of black tuke for my master, 16d. To the drapers for my master's coat cloth, 22s. 9d. Matthew's uncle, for velvet and silks, 5l. 15s. Hugh French, for the costs of the wood sellers, 23s. Coppin and other laborers, for the month ending Jan. 10 Hen. VIII., 5l. 12s. 6d. Wages of laborers from 16 Aug. to 12 Sept., 116l. 15s. 4d. Total, with 3l. in hand, 190l. 4s. 7d.
Various expenses for "my master." For getting up the boat in the citadel ditch, 2s. 1d. To my master at St. Nicholas' Church on Candlemas Day, 6d. When he rode with my lord, 2s. To laborers, for carrying timber to the buyers, for the month beginning 31 Jan., 6s. 8d. To John Bruer, for a cart to the kilns, 1 cr.=5s. 4d. To the wife, for the forge and garden, 2 cr. 50 fagots, 33 patters=3s. 8d. "For potts and peres and browmes," 10d. To Nicholas the tipstaff, for Matthew, 2s. 8d. Sum total, 194l. 1s. 1d.
The remainder, 12l. 18s. 3d., is due to Wm. Pawne, in addition to 31s. gained upon the 200 guilders of gold.
"Mem.—Due to me for Horwood, that ye paid Horwood without commandment, and did not restaynyd it in your hands at your reckoning with him last at Tournay," 5l.
A roll.
R. O. 10. French's Accounts.
"Hugh French's book of payments of money made to him, with other his advantages in the same book, with a reckoning betwixt him and me" (William Pawne), 10 Jan. 10 Hen. VIII.
For his cart, 6l. 4d.; for 40,000 bricks, 6l. 4s. 5¾d.; "for the processe at Mounce," 3l.; for conducting the master mason and master carpenter to Mounce, 26s. 8d.; for his costs going into England in anno 9, 40s.
Part paid by Arthur Loffkyn, Pawne's clerk:—"Paid to the said Hugh when he went to Helsyn," 12s.; "delivered to him for pledging out of his stuff at the Lumberts," 40s. Also payments to his creditors Collyn Raynarde, Thos. Hungerford, John Brewar; "for his costs from London to Tournay with Thos. Rogers the last day of September anno 10, as well for horse hire from Gravesend to Dovor as for his horse hire from Calais to Tournay, with his expences," 23s. 4d., &c. Besides rewards received "of me, William Pawne, and of John Burge of Doway, with divers other merchants; and also advantages had by buying of lime at Valenshan, Mounce and other places in Hainault, with the increase of coals and other necessaries bought by him, and rewards taken by Mons. de Barbeson."
Pp. 8. Endd.
R. O. 11. "Money due to Hew Frensche," 51l. 3s. 2d.
"Delivered, as appeareth by Hewe Frenssys book aforegoing, into England, the 6th day of October, as he knoweth himself, 9l."
P. 1, large paper. On the dorse: Paid to John Brewar for Hugh Frenshe, 37s.
R. O. 12. Memorandum sent to my Lord Chamberlain (Worcester).—As there will be no spare time to make sale of the King's stuff, he is desired to obtain safeconduct for William Pawne and his deputies. Desire that the arrangement about certain oaks bought of John Russell may stand.
Contemporary copy, p. 1.
R. O. 13. Receipt, indented, for 89l. 9s. 4d., levied of certain victual in the custody of John Dymok, late victualler at Tournay. Dated 6 Feb. 10 Hen. VIII.
R. O. 14. An Abstract of the money due to Englishmen and strangers.
274l. 10s. 4d. due for the wages of William Pawne, his clerks and purveyors, from 29 Mar. 9 Hen. VIII. to 5 Feb. 10 Hen. VIII.
"Sum due unto Englishmen being soldiers, 232l. 19s. 9d." "Sum due unto Englishmen not soldiers, 260l. 10s. 5d." "Sum due unto divers strangers dwelling within Tournay and Tournesis, 418l. 4s. 0½d." "Sum due unto divers strangers being under the obeisance of the King Catholic, 234l. 4s. 4d." (Names given.)
In form of a roll, beginning mutilated. Endd.: The copy of the debts of Tournay, shewed unto my lord Chamberlain and other ambassadors, with the oversight of Mr. Belknapp and divers of the ... with the 1,000 marks, and some of them yet unpaid and pricked.
R. O. 15. A Reckoning between Wm. Pawne, Esq., and Hugh Frenshe, 9 March 10 Hen. VIII., for debts owing by Pawne to Frenshe at the receipt of Mr. Belknapp's letter from Antwerp.
For carriage of stone and sand; 40,000 bricks, at 3s. 1¾d. a thousand; for "riding about provisions;" "for his (Frenshe's) wages" for a year and a half; "for that Gossett Plateaw ought the said Hugh;" for his costs when in England with letters. Total due to French, 61l. 16s. 5¾d.
Payments by Pawne to French in money, and in salt, timber, bricks and coals, &c., 80l. 14d. Also paid him on 27 March 1518, in presence of John Cokeson, waterbailiff of Calais, 12l. 0s. 5¾d.
In form of a roll. Endd.
R. O. 16. Accounts of William Pawne's clerks.
Pp. 10.
R. O. 17. Money received by Matthew Hall, of persons who were owed money in the King's books. Total, 86l. 6s.
P. 1.
R. O. 18. Accounts of Wages, &c.
Allowance asked for, 13,578l. 13s. Whereof to be abated for the accountant's and clerks' wages, 243l. 6s. 8d.
R. O. 19. Accounts for Materials.
For lime, "stone crossyde," ash and ash poles, cables and ropes, bricks, trays, &c.
P. 1.
R. O. 20. Money received from the Deputy.
Total, 1,104l. 7s.; and so remains of the 1,200l. appointed by the King's letters for his works, 76l. 7s. 4d.
R. O. 21. Accounts for Stone, &c.
6, 883½ ft. white gre stone, 2¾d. the ft. For "stone a skuew," 444 ft. at 3d. Total, 93l. 7s. 10¾d. 2 anvils. 2 pair of bellows, &c., worth 4l. 6s. 8d., 500 malles of lead, at 2¾d. the malle. 218 keverons of timber, at 16d.
P. 1.
R. O. 22. Money due for three months.
14 Sept. to 11 Oct. Carriage of stone from the ditch of the citadel to divers places on the wall of the citadel, "with the two little water mills devised by Master Candishe" to convey water out of the ditch. To John Demolyns, for keeping the great waterwheels. To Ric. Candishe, for another waterwheel, 28l. Total, 195l. 8s.
12 Oct. to 6 Dec. Continuation of expences for the same.
Total for three months, 1,066l. 2s. 3¾d.
A roll. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
R. O. 23. William Pawn to Rob. Russell.
Orders him to hire two "dornekins," and lade them to Antwerp with the stuff rejected by the captain, viz., "blew stone hewen" for gates and windows, a gate of stone ready made, white stone of avayne wrought for the tablements and garnishings of roses and crowns, the King's arms of stone of gree, iron wrought with chains, forelocks, plattes, bolts and all other iron that the captain will not have, masons' tools, masons' trowels, puncheons, smiths' bellows," and other articles, including "medler trees and cranes, with the two great mill-houses." From Antwerp they are to be sent to Calais by a hoy. If the captain will not let him take it, he may have it for what price Russell thinks reasonable. In taking down the mill-houses every piece must be marked to be put up again at Calais. "Bring with you my hawks, my black welvet jacket and my hosin to wher (wear) within my hose." Guisnes, 10 April.
Hol., pp. 2.
R. O. 24. Articles to be shown to Arthur Lovekyn and Matthew Hall.
20l. lent by Hall to Plompton, a merchant of York. He carried a "male" from Tournay with 160l. in two bags, "which he said was two pieces of camlet." Chr. Langton and John Mauncell carried it, and it was brought to my nephew's house at St. Mary Overey's, where I handled it, and could not lift it. Maunsell afterwards took it to a house in St. Thomas Spetell, Southwark, and the money was changed at Mr. Barton's, in the Riall, and Hall paid several debts in the north with it. When Ric. Finsh left Tournay, he called him to his room, and gave him five marks for his wife in the north, out of a bag of 300l. or 400l. When he left London on Good Friday, he carried two little bags of gold, and between Stangate and Huntingdon put them into the saddle of one of the horses, pulling out the stuffing on both sides of the panel. He bought in London for his wife two gown clothes, a scarlet kirtle cloth with satin linings, furs, at Bougerawe and at the stonehouse in Eastcheap, demysains, ribbons, girdles, &c. Lovekyn lent Roger Wesshington 20l., for which he would have troubled him afterwards. He gave Frenshe 40l., probably to keep his counsel. When he rode with me he had gold trussed upon him, and would not lie with me because of the weight, but lay alone in his doublet.
ii. The confession of Edw. Hall, Thursday 21 March, in the parish church of Westhorpe, Suff., in the presence of Wm. Pawne, John Maunsell and Wm. Fynche.
The stuff within the dry fatte, two feather beds and bolsters containing four bags of money. In the coffer, diaper, sheets, satin doublets and jackets, a vestment of cloth of gold, &c. He gave 100 cr. to his son Thos. Hall when he went to lord Barmeston in Hennalde, who sold us the iron; and 10l. to Edw. Hall, to carry to his wife at Shorborne, Yorkshire. He gave a banquet, costing 20 marks, to Thos. Hall's lady and her ladies, at the north door of Our Lady Church in Tournay, where the King lay. He lent money to Edw. Hall to purchase a house, and 8 mks. of land. Edw. Hall confesses that himself, Matthew Hall, Arthur Luffkyn and Roger Wesshington were present at the trussing of the fatte and the coffers.
Mem. A horse and money given to Leonard Cokks to convey stuff from Tournay to Antwerp. A horse given to Berde, bought from Maunsell for 4l. 10s. Money given to Leonard Cox, Shurland the jester and gunner, and to Matthew's brother at his going to school at Paris. Plate bought at Antwerp by Arthur when he went to search the coffers that were drowned after my leaving Tournay. Hall has lent his brother the priest sums of money on his benefices at Lyston in Devon, and elsewhere.
Pp. 4.
R. O. 25. Memorandum of a dry pipe, with two coffers, which were taken to Antwerp and shipped to Ipswich, containing plate, tapestry, silk apparel, saye and other valuables. In the pipe were three feather beds, in which John Mauncell and Edw. Hall found four bags of 160l. each, and a bag of 16l. or 18l., which was Hall's. These bags were put under Hall's bed in the straw. The cart arrived with the goods on Our Lady's Eve, in Lent, 9 Hen. VIII. I arrived at Calais from Tournay on Shrove Tuesday, with the master mason, Philip Seller and Matthew Hall; and on my coming to London, Matthew Hall asked Mauncell to take a letter to his brother for his stuff, promising to reward him, and saying that if the stuff was lost he should be utterly undone.—Mem. The sayings of Hugh Frenshe.—Mem. The sayings of Thos. Horwoode on his death bed, with the report of Sir John Bird, his ghostly father that gave him his rights of the church, and others.—Mem. The saying of Ric. Bowdon at Calais.--Mem. The cost by Mr. Hall done upon his son's mistress.—Mem. How Edw. Hall brought his mistress, the day after Mauncell came, to show her the stuff, and said to Mauncell, "I would Mr. Arthur were sure of her."—Mem. A marriage bought for his son.—Mem. After Mauncell's coming back to Matthew Hall, Hall said, "I have a tablecloth which passes for mine estate, wherefore I would gladly give it to some great man to get or help me in some good office now."
P. 1. Endd.: The confession of Edw. Hall at Westhorpe in Suffolk, anempst his brother Matthew Hall.—John Pullevyre the younger.
R. O. 26. Memorandum.—In February, when Matthew Hall went with me to Calais, he sent his brother Edward and Roger Wesshington to Antwerp with stuff, which Edward took by water to Hull. John Calswell, hosier, and John Price, took Arthur's stuff after Christmas, and went by water to Antwerp and then to England. Hall Had had 30l. of me to pay the carriage of lime, &c. French had 20l. of Arter on Christmas eve, besides other sums, at my coming from the King from Woodstock. When I went to England to "fette the first remain," Hall went with me, and there was carried behind Chr. Langton a heavy "male" containing money. Edw. Hall crossed with us, and went over at Tilbury Ferry. Afterwards Lovekyn made several journeys to Our Lady of Grace or to Edw. Hall, and sometimes to Bery, for the master of the horse;" all which cometh to one effect, that some hath made their hands." I paid Wm. Lylgrave, for Lovekyn, 20 marks, and John a Pole 5l. Matthew Hall owes me 20 mks. and 5l. for Thos. Horwodde.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 27. Matthew Hall to Wm. Pawne.
I received your letter to my cousin Arthur and myself last Monday, the vigil of the feast of the Conception, and, by order of Hugh Frenche, the bearer, showed it Mr. Deputy, by whose advice 4 kilns are kept burning, while the other 4 are extinguished. The Deputy says he would gladly have you h[ither]. On Saturday last the watermills were discharged, and on Lady Day the ditch was filled from end to end with water. Mr. Candisshe says that in summer the water will not be deeper than 3 or 4 feet at either end, "for it is now at the height of the level marked by Mr. Carpenter with chalk upon one of the strotts of the bridge going over the ditch, and yet the water is not above 1 ft. deep." On Saturday next Mr. Deputy will discharge the company, according to your letter. Your household is merry and in good health. We will make up your books with all speed. Tournay, 10 Dec. I wish to be recommended to "my good maistres your bedfellowe."
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 28. Matthew Hall and Arthur Lovekyn to Wm. Pawne.
My mistress and all yours are well. The Deputy had a letter from Lelegrave on Thursday 16 Nov., saying that you have overcome and got all your offices of Geo. Lawson, with power to receive money and pay wages yourself, and that he is to meddle with nothing but the garrison. He told us therefore to write to you for money, as we should get none from him. We have had no answer to our three letters for the last two months' payment, and now send Hugh Frenshe to ask your pleasure. The men call fast for money. We send them to the Deputy, and he sends them back to us. They say that we have it, and keep it from them. "In this wise runneth the clamor, that we unneth dare go out of the doors to church." The limeburners will not work, and the merchants will not bring merchandise, without money. The Deputy says he will shortly discharge more than 100 laborers. We cannot pay them, and he will not. He has already discharged 400 men. The report here is that we and all your clerks are discharged, and only wait to be sent for. The merchants therefore press us for money, fearing they will not be paid. The master mason and master carpenter left without taking leave of the Deputy, with which he is displeased. Since he heard that you would receive money yourself, two or three of his servants are daily riding between him and the Cardinal. Your oxen are not fit for meat. We can get nothing for them but hay and straw. Tournay, 16 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: "To myn especiall and singuler good maister, Mr. Willm. Pawne, mr. of the King is [works in] his cit[y of Tournay], be this [delivered at] Newingto[n near] Stepneith in haste." Endd.
March./GRANTS. 154. GRANTS in MARCH 1519.
1. Thomas, prior, and the convent of Holy Trinity, Michelham. Inspeximus and confirmation referring to numerous other confirmatory documents granting lands and licences to the above house; viz.—
i. A charter, 14 Edw. II., reciting three charters 16 Hen. III., one of which grants the manor of Chintinges.
ii. A charter, 18 Hen. III., confirming a grant by Wm. Pedefer.
iii. Patent, 9 Edw. I, licensing Ric. de Pageham to grant land.
(fn. 3) iv. v. vi. vii. viii. Patents of Edw. II., being mortmain licences to the above monastery.
ix. x. xi. xii. Patents of Edw. III., to the same effect.
xiii. Patent of Ric. II., also to the same effect.
Windsor, 1 March 9 Hen. VIII. (sic).—Pat. 10 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 28.
1. Sir Ric. Weston. Wardship of Rob., son and heir of Wm. Lytton of Knebworth, Herts, and Ethelreda his wife; with custody of the profits of the manor of Knebworth as held by Sir Rob. Lytton or the said William; and with reversion of that part of the manor which is held by Ann, widow of Sir Th. Bourchier, sen. Greenwich, 22 Feb. 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 March.— P. S. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
2. Sir Wm. Tyler. Annuity of 100l. out of the subsidies of tonnage and poundage in the port of London. Del. Westm., 2 March 10 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
2. Roger Hawes, of London, merchant of the staple of Calais, alias merchant of the English company of Andewarp in Brabant. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 18 Feb. 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 March.—P.S. Fr., m.1.
3. John, son of John Moyle, Fulk Medilton and Margaret his wife, and Ellen Doone, mother of Fulk. Lease of the manor of Astret and possessions in Kymershe, Wennonok Canon, Seygroyt, Issalet, Ughalet, and Istulas, in the lordship of Denbigh, and now or formerly in the tenure of John Rymnour, Rob. Dolben, Th. Pygot and Ric. Skynner. Del. Westm., 3 March 10 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 10 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 16.
3. Th. Smyth, chaplain. Presentation to the church of Comberton Parva, Worc. dioc., vice Th. Skelton, resigned. Westm., 3 March.—Pat. 10 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
5. Ric. Sydnor, clk., king's chaplain. To have the canonry in the collegiate church of St. Mary and St. George in Windsor Castle, vice Wm. Creton, clk., deceased. Greenwich, 4 March 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
5. Sir Edw. Grevill. Wardship of Elizabeth, Anne and Blanche, ds. and hs. of Edw. Willoughby. Greenwich, 30 Nov. 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 March.— P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
11. Thos. Hall, clk., minister of the Chapel Royal. Grant of the free chapel or prebend in Dover Castle. Greenwich, 2 March 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 March.— P.S.
12. Rob. Dane, of London, sherman, Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wingfeld, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 26 Feb. 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 March.—P.S. Fr., m. 5.
16. Ralph Deane. Lease of the manor of Newenham Moreyn, parcel of the lordship of Ewelme, Oxon, part of the lands of the late earl of Suffolk, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 13l. 6s. 8d. Del. Westm., 16 March 10 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p 1, m. 19.
16. Ric. Dewbery. Lease of the manor of Tornours, parcel of the lordship of Ewelme, Oxon, part the lands of the late earl of Suffolk, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 102s. 11d., and 12d. of increase. Del. Westm., 16 March 10 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 19.
16. Laurence Eglesfeld, yeoman usher of the Chamber. Annuity of 8l. 13s. 4d. out of the farm of the herbage and pannage of Shirefhoton Park. This grant is made because patent 11 June 5 Hen. VIII., granting him the said herbage and pannage, is invalid, as patent 6 May 15 Hen. VII. granted the same to Sir Tho. Darcy, knight of the body, at the same rent as previously paid by the then earl of Surrey or John Dawny. Greenwich, 9 March 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
16. John Francis de Dottys, native of Genoa, Italy. Denization. Westm., 16 Mar.—Pat. 10 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
17. Miles Brykehed. Lease of a water mill and certain parcels of land, called Conygarth, Lyttylholme, "le parke," Willougholte, and Chekergarden, in the lordship of Thorp and Achwich, Northt., parcel of the lands late of the countess of Richmond, at the annual rent of 6l. 10s. Del. Westm., 17 Mar. 10 Hen. VIII. —S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
17. Th. Riche, M.A. Presentation to the chantry called le Prince's Chauntery, in Christchurch, Canterbury, vice Jas. Curson, deceased. Westm., 17 March. —Pat. 10 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17.
18. John Nauseglos. Lease of the fulling mill called Feldemylle, in the lordship of Bargham, Stowe and Depyng, Linc., parcel of the lands of the late earl of Warwick, at the annual rent of 53s. 4d. Del. Westm., 18 March 10 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 33.
20. Edm. Treyforde. Annuity of 20l. (fn. 4) —S.B. (Undated.) Pat. p. 2, m. 10. Westm., 20 March.
22. Edw. Forest, page of the Chamber, and his brother Miles. Lease of the manor of Shyrbourne, parcel of the lordship of Sheref hoton. Del. Westm., 22 March 10 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
23. Wm. Hord. To have the canonry of Erdynton in the church St. Mary Magdalene, Briggenorth, Salop, vice Edm. Hord, doctor of decrees, resigned. Greenwich, 20 March 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 March.—P.S. Pat. p.2, m. 25.
23. Roger Peynton alias Botte, of London, tailor. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wingfeld, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 19 March 10 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 23 March.—P.S. Fr., m.5.
26. Adam Grene, of Fallingworth, Linc., cooper. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Ric. Wingfeld, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 21 March 10 Hen. VIII. Del..., 26 March.—P.S. Fr., m. 1.
28. Joan Salesbury, widow. Lease of the water mill in Kyllsforde, parcel of the lord-ship of Denbigh, lately in the tenure of Ric. Smith, at the rent of 20s. Del. Westm., 28 March 10 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.—Vacated on surrender, 5 May 29 Hen. VIII.
29. Griffin Ap Roger. Lease of three mills and the pastures of Rakwarth and Constablewarth, in the manor and borough of Kaerlion, at annual rents amounting to 16l., and 13s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 29 March 10 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m.30.


  • 1. Commences at f. 263.
  • 2. Qu. Bussy ?
  • 3. The preamble to these patents erroneously assigns them to Edward I.
  • 4. In Pat. Roll 20 marks.