Henry VIII: February 1521

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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'Henry VIII: February 1521', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 427-446. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp427-446 [accessed 11 April 2024]


February 1521

R. O. 1152. INSTRUCTIONS to SIR WM. FITZWILLIAM, ambassador to the French king.
After delivering his credentials, he is to thank Francis for his demonstration of affection by the reports of his ambassadors and by sundry "sovenances and remembrances of goodly pleasures," and to assure him that it is a great comfort to the King to hear frequently of his prosperous estate. As the King has licensed Jerningham to return, he has commissioned Fitzwilliam to supply his place as ambassador resident at the French court.
Draft, in Ruthal's hand, p. 1.
1 Feb.
R. O.
Money owed to the King, and recovered by commissioners, 1 Feb. ao 12, over and above 17,315l. 16s. 4d. paid away.
Wm. Carewe, 1,100l. Thos. Curson, 1,333l. 6s. 8d. Sir John Hussey, 2,318l. 19s. 7d. Wistan Browne, 600l. 19s. 5d. Wm. Sandes, 926l. 13s. 4d. Earl of Wiltshire, 4,407l. 4s. 3d. Lord Audeley, 2,700l. Duke of Buckingham, 1,655l. 10s. John Norton, 600l. Griffith Res, 500l. Robt. Poyntz, 666l. 13s. 4d. Lord Hastings, 1,700l. John Berret and Lewis Herpsfeld, for Lord Willoughby, 1,400l. Laurence Bonvix, 5,000l. Earl of Shrewsbury, 3,280l. 9s. 5d. Edw. Guldeford, 1,133l. 6s. 8d. Lord Broke, 3,916l. 13s. 4d. Divers others, 5,180l. Total, 38,520l. 1s. 2d.
Estimated total of the King's recognizances, as well by obligations of Henry VII. as the present King, 1 Feb. ao 12,100,000l.
Obligationes exeuntes, 1 Feb. ao 12. The king of France, 96,055l. Nicholas Wadham, 2,000 mks. Wm. Breton, 1,000l. John Kyme, 10,000 mks. Alfred Rawson, 2,000l. Laur. Ayelmer, 1,000l. Laur. Bonvix, 6,000l. Fras. de Barde, 4,500l. The Emperor, 20,333l. 6s. 8d. Fras. de Barde, 1,354l. John Cavalcant, 8,000l. Wm. Broune, 1,000l. Lord Ferrers, 1,200l. Others, 20,091l. 13s. 4d. Total, 170,534l.
Casual obligations, 1 Feb. ao 12. Lady Marg. Pole, 2,333l. 6s. 8d. Nic. Warley, 939l. Ric. Fermer, 1,100l. Lady Catherine, countess of Devon, 1,200l. John Saymour, 500l. The abbot of St. Mary's, York, 2,048l. Earl of Surrey, 300l. French queen and duke of Suffolk, 23,900l. Wm. Pierpoynt, 2,000l. Edw. Grevill, 800l. Robt. Sheffeld, 8,333l. 6s. 8d. Edw. Guldford, 1,000 mks. The cofferer, 7,000l. Others, 24,312l. Total, 75,432l.
Sale of wards of the King, and profits of his lands, 40,000l. In crowns remaining at Calais, 8,000l.
Total thus far, 432,485l.
Pp. 5. Endd.: Summæ obligationum domini Regis.
1 Feb. 1154. For ST. MARY'S, SOUTHWIKE.
Assent to the election of dom. Wm. Noxton, late "solarius" of the monastery, as prior, on the death of Th. Kent. Westm., 1 Feb.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.
2 Feb.
R. O.
1155. SPINELLY to [WOLSEY]. (In cipher.)
"Please it your grace to understand that the 24th day of January I wrote my last letters unto the same, and the Sunday following, the 27th, in the cathedral church, by the cardinal Sedunensis, was celebred the mass of the Holy Ghost, there being the Emperor arrayed with a rich gown of cloth of gold furred with sables, with five Electors and many spiritual lords, the which after the accustomed order kept their rooms, and the cardinal of Salseburg as Archbishop amongst the other prelates, who was not suffered to have any precedence by reason of the cardinalty. And as to the other temporal princes, because they could not agree together of their places, none of them all sat; signifying unto your grace that divers councils hath been kept for to concord them, and after found no means that I know of, and seeing no remedy in the matter it was said ever of them should stand to all assemblies on their feet unto they agree. At the which solemnity, the elector of Saxon to and fro did bear the naked sword before the Emperor; and the self day at the afternoon all the said Electors and Princes went to the court, and in the great hall appointed for the same the Emperor sat upon a seat of three degrees, under a rich cloth of state, the Electors being of both sides with other as before.
"And there the cardinal of Salseburg made the preposition, giving condign thanks to them for his promotion to the Roman empire, showing also that for the performance of his promise his majesty was come within the year, and leve (left) so many realms as it is known; and though some of them be not at this in the due order, yet his majesty is totally determined to employ all his whole power and person in all those things that shall be thought the augmentation and exaltation of the said empire, desiring them likewise on their side to do the semblable and counsel and assist thereto, as he hath entire confidence in them, their experience and prudence; with many circumstances for that purpose. And, after, the Emperor spake certain brief words in Almain, containing the semblable effect; whereunto Nicholas Segaler on their behalf made an answer full of good will, honor, praise and louanges, towards the Emperor, taking a day to common together and to bring a resolution to his majesty, not doubting that he and all his should be well pleased and satisfied therewith.
"Since, I am informed, three principal points been that the Emperor demanded and desired of them: first, that no prince may defy another or break with him for any cause or color, without the matter be first known before the council of the empire, with their declaration of the right of the party:
"Secondly, that the sentences given by said council been executed and obeyed without resistance or contradiction:
"And thirdly, that the country may be surely occupied, and the custom of robbing remedied and extincted.
"And as to many other their old particular quarrels and differences, the Emperor requireth that by way of amiable composition, or by the right of the law, they be content to have definitive, persuading what great good shall ensue unto them and all the empire of such reasonable proceeding.
"The affair between Branswik and Lonenburg goeth by the rigour of the law, and those of Branswik have showed letters of their adverse party to the French king, whereby appeareth the intelligence and conspirations they had with him against the empire, willing according to his desire to have joined with him with a great army about Covalence, and obtained the election by force in the default of good will; the which letters during their war were by the dukes of Branswiks intercepted, and so treason is laid to the duke of Lonenburg, and by the proctor general of the empire demanded the requisite penalties and confiscation, wherein nothing can help him but the Emperor his misericorde and remission.
"The Landgrave, with the counts of Nassau, is in hand to give them a recompense, and it is thought they will agree.
"Of any other matters I understand not that there hath been spoken, nor that the princes or towns on their sides have as yet made any petitions, as it is supposed they will do.
"I have written heretofore unto your grace, upon credible reports, the inclination that generally have the said princes of the going into Italy, proceeding above all of the great hope of lucre, grounded in party of the persuasions and promises to them made by the duke of Bari, the cardinal Sedunensis and other of their secta and state, the which been deprived of their country and goods, and can be by war or trouble in no worse case than they be; whereunto the Chancellor is greatly minded and forbeareth nothing for advancement of the matter, as it is openly known, especially amongst the Spaniards; signifying unto your grace, in confirmation thereof, that the lord Fonseka showed me yesterday how the day before he was called to the council for the business of Spain, and for to have letters to speak of some particular affair, he anticipated the hour to him appointed, and found the lord Chievres in his chamber with the Chancellor, who called and showed him to be advertised from the lord Montagny of the provision made for all manner of victuals and gunpowder that shall need for the army to go into Spain, and also that the King's grace offered to the Emperor assistance and favor for the same; and tarrying Fonseca in saying anything to it, the lord Chievres said peradventure he believed it not. Then he answered at his coming hither he had passed three realms, Castile, Portugal and England; how in none of them there is such opinion, and therefore it should be no marvel for him to have any doubt thereto; declaring, moreover, in case the performance and accomplishment thereof do not ensue, that the whole charge shall be laid to the said lord Chievres, showing also the unremediable inconvenient that will grow of it. Whereunto the Chancellor said, if he should be of that imputed, and thereto suspected, what might be done upon him accusing himself clear contrary to like going.
"Whereupon the lord Chievres desired him to show the reasons that induced him to the same opinion and mind; and for the first, he alleged the Emperor is bound and must go to Roma, and how the whole empire will have him so to do, and to pay for that voyage as many men as he can desire.
"Item, that by the reduction to his obeisance of divers dominions belonging to the empire, his power should greatly increase, and the business of Spain the better and lightly be appeased.
"Item, that from Spain he might not take such journey, considering that many electors and princes of the empire must be present with the corone of Charlemagne, the which will never consent to go thither, and if the Emperor should go only with the power of Spain that there is no men sufficient nor experimented for the conduct of an army.
"Fonseca said the particular affection on one side, and the evident peril wherein the realm of Castile standeth, without any further consideration compelled him to admit none of the said reasons; wherefore he would not answer to it, except the last point concerning the lack by the Chancellor esteemed, he had of captains or men able for the conveyance of an army; saying Castile had conquered the realm of Granada, divers cities in Africa, the realm of Naples, with sundry victories against the Frenchmen, that had in Italy the duchy of Milan and all the remnant for their friends, and might with great commodity and surety send succours thither by land, and Spain was forced to purvey to their necessity by the sea, and put all in the arbitre of the wind, not forbearing the conquest of Navarra; for the which consideration and remonstrances effectually appeareth the contrary of the Chancellor his conjecte in that matter.
"Going after Fonseca to the council upon the news that were come out of Spain, as be specified in a memory that I send with this to your grace, the duke of Alba and he spared nothing to show to the Emperor how necessary it was to leave apart all other enterprises for this time and go into Castile; who with a faithful heart, promised and declared he would do it; to the which words they trust more than to all those of his council, and successiveè unto the King and your grace, your good persuasions thereto, as the same that loveth sincerely their sovereign lord his subjects, and been spollied of all particular interesses.
"Moreover Fonseca saith the lord Chievres told him he would write for the great ship of Denmark, and for the carrack of Diego de Vera, that is in Catalonia.
"The Governor of the duke of Bari showed me the Chancellor beareth marvellous good favor to his master, and that he hath lent him money upon his pension that he receive of Fillinger, who put him in good hope, saying the Emperor may not into Spain but by Italy, and that with the self costs and expenses made for Spain he should go thither.
"Item, that all the princes of Almayne be minded to that enterprise, for the which the subjects of the empire and their own shall pay the charge, and they win by it, de prima facie, beside the future hope.
"Furthermore, the said Governor sayeth the cardinal of Salzburg hath promised to lend to the Emperor 100,000 florins of gold for that journey, affirming he shall lack no mean and shifts for the same. For my part I cannot tell if his great desire thereof deceived him, thinking no wise man should begin war upon other men his purses, and without first be well purveyed. I have also spoken with the bishop of Twie, and with good color enquired of him as far as I could of the premises; who in effect sayeth the Emperor is minded to go into Spain; howbeit that God and the resolution of the Dieta might order his majesty to the other way, affirming in such case nothing shall be done but with your participation, and by your good consent and satisfaction.
"And as to Lutero (Luther), he esteemed that matter of great importance, and very difficile to be remedied and extincted.
"He showed me likewise that the elector of Saxon is well assured and pleased of the alliance of marriage between his nephew and heir and the Emperor his sister; and thereby I suppose by procurations of both parties the matrimony hath been contracted per verba de præsenti.
"Other news I cannot, nor have of any demanded of such as I was accustomed in the time past, because having been without going to the court a long season, I would no man should suspect that I advanced myself further than appeareth to be your pleasure; and, well examined and considered in my mind the little that I have heard and seen, I think the Emperor shall go into Spain, and whatsoever be the deliberation of the diet, the execution thereof cannot be done so suddenly, but with a convenient time, the which dilation cannot suffer the disposition of Spain, and otherwise I wol not say so, notwithstanding that no wise man should counsel with other men's money with such eminent danger and doubtous end to leave the certain for the uncertain."
The meeting with the King of Hungary is little talked of, and will probably come to nothing. The duke William of Bavaria and his two brothers have arrived and been honorably received. The Elector of Brandenburg is expected in two days. Has shown this letter to the Master of the Rolls. This morning the Emperor with all the Electors went to mass at Our Lady Church with great pomp. All but the Electors "stood in the choir on their feet, for the variance that they have of their rooms; and going by the streets they agree." Worms, 2 Feb. 1520.
Hol., pp. 8. Cipher undeciphered, all but the last paragraph, which is in ordinary writing.
4 Feb.
R. O.
Rym. XIII.
1156. FRANCIS I.
Appointing John de Sains, lord of Marigny, his ambassador now in England, to arrange for the delivery of four of the eight hostages, of whom four have been delivered already, to be replaced by four others, namely, James de la Haye, son of lord de Hoto, John Gerard lord of Bazoges, Lewis du Bellay, son of lord de la Forest, and Lewis de Sercus, son of lord de Sercus (ejusdem loci). Romorantin, 4 Feb. 1520. (fn. 1) Signed: Robertet.
Latin, vellum.
6 Feb.
Calig. D. VIII. 9.
B. M.
On Tuesday, 4 Feb., (fn. 2) I arrived at Emorantyne, where the French king now lieth. I was met without the town by the bailiff of Caen, Memorance and Moye, who brought me to my lodging, where Jerningham lay. Next day the same persons accompanied me and Jerningham to the King, who received me with great familiarity in the midst of his chamber. I delivered to him the King's letters and yours, and in the presence of Jerningham declared my charge in everything, according to my instructions, which he listened to "marvellous amiably," as appeared by his countenance and answers, alleging that the treaty of peace between him and England was not so deeply rooted as the entire love which he bears to the King's highness. The King, his mother and the Admiral were all well pleased with my coming, and sorry for the departure of Jerningham, whom they greatly commend. Touching his passage over the mountains to see his duchy of M[ilan], Francis replied "that it is th ... is lately comen into his hands, and that he hath ... same but in time of war, and for that cause ... in time of peace, inwardly minded and desirous ... and see his said duchy, and to show himself [to his] subjects there. Howbeit he will make no gr[eat haste] thitherwards as yet, as he saith; for first [he meaneth] to take his journey into High Burgonne, there ... and see such towns as he hath of new for ... from thence to repair unto Lyons, where he [will make] his abode for a season, at which place he s[hall] may have knowledge and word, as well out [of] Almain and Spain, as also out of other p[laces], except he see some cause that he must of n[ecessity] for the surety of his said duchy and the s[aving of] his honor, he woll not take the said voyage ... upon him." As to the interview between the King and the said French king, he says that though he were in Italy, if the King sent him word where he wished it to be held, he would gladly ride in post to come, if it might do him pleasure.
As to his crossing the mountains, the King's mother and the Admiral made the same answer that the King did. The former said his going into Burgundy would occupy a considerable time, and that at Lyons he intended to remain for another space, in which time many things might change. I think they will rather not go if the Emperor come into Italy; but they make ready everything, so that at Lyons they will shortly set forward. I do not write the manner of his going and the ladies', as Jerningham has already informed you thereof.
I declared to Francis the King's pleasure touching the article of Scotland. He replied that, according to the order taken at Arde, between Wolsey as ambassador for the King, and Francis's mother and the Admiral for France, he had sent Mons. Dalbeney (D'Aubigny) into Scotland, and since that time another, who visited Wolsey on the way. He doubts not these two ambassadors will urge the Scots to keep their promises, and if they do otherwise he will not break, for his part, the amity with England. He, however, urges the King to consider that his nephew is but young, and the kingdom divided, and not to be [severe] upon them, saying "that they b[e the most] meshent people that ever he knew; for the more h[e besought his] brother, the King's highness, for them, and he is always agreeable to the same, the more unreasonable they [were. And] whereas all Christian princes as now be in peax [and] tranquility, yet that notwithstanding they daily [seek] one to destroy another, amongst themselves."
The Admiral said there was no other thing in the King his master's mind than that the Scotch should perform their promises to England, that Mons. Dalbeney was sent thither, not as lieutenant to the duke of Albany, but against his will, and in manner in despite of him; that it has cost his master this year above 50,000 fr. to keep Albany away; more for the sake of England than for the Scots.
I hear from Jerningham that the King has issued orders to the sea coasts to allow the wheat that was arrested to pass. I have thanked the French king for licensing his subjects to export wheat to England in this year of scarcity. I have declared your pleasure touching the ambassadors to the Admiral, who says that he hath both written and sent to you by Carew his mind in that behalf. He complains that the ambassadors of the king of the Romans were allowed precedence before his master's, the day your grace sang mass. I said I was present that day myself, and, so far as I could see, the French ambassadors had precedence; "for he with the Pope's ambassador brought the King's highness to mass, and had their seat and place appointed them within the chapel, whereas the Emperor's ambassador came in about the midst of the mass, and had no place appointed unto him. For which cause he repaired into the closet, and there stood all the mass while." The Admiral said the Emperor's ambassador had preeminence at dinner. Explained that by arrangement of the officers of the household, the Pope's ambassador had been set at one table with that of the Emperor, but without the King's approval. With this he appeared partly satisfied, but said that "unto such [time as] the Emperor had fetched his crowns, and was a[uthorized] by the Pope's holiness so to do, the King his [master] would not be contented that his ambassador should [have] place and pre-eminence, but said that that da[y it] was the King's pleasure to speak with the one of the[m, the] other might be absent." The day I spoke with the French king Robt. de la Marche had been with him. It was the first day of his coming. Prices are increasing; both horse meat and man's meat are growing dear as they do in England. What might have been bought for three "sowses" 12 months ago, now costs five. Armorantyne, 6 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 7. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
Writs to the escheators of Hants and Sussex, for restitution of the temporalities on election of dom. Wm. Noxton as prior. Westm., 8 Feb.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.
10 Feb.
R. O.
As dom. Parcher is starting to England with some horses for the King, sends him a horse which he procured from a Roman noble by the advice of Gregory Casali. Rome, 10 Feb. 1520. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
Since my coming, the King "has taken great pleasure to devise with me of hunting," and has sent the seneschal of Normandy out with his hounds with me and Jerningham, so that I saw their manner of harboring and of hunting the hart with force. They seem to hunt well and skilfully, but I like the English manner as well, especially in harboring. "Nevertheless I assure your grace they know their deer right well, as well by his view, feeding, and feumyshing, as also by such other tokens as a woodman should have. Signifying unto your grace they have apposed me upon the sight of the view, and also upon all other properties, how to know an hart; and it fortuned so that they well perceived that he that taught me was a master; which I showed them was your grace, as it was indeed, for sithence I was ten years of age I have ever been with your grace." The King says he is very glad of me. and "that ever when he goeth a field I shall go with him, and have one lemer and he another."
I have spoken in Penyston's matter, and have as good answer as possible. The wild swine, and the painter and gilder shall be sent speedily, as Rochepot says. An Almain count came in post yesterday, and spoke with the King secretly. Do not know who he is, but probably shall know before Jerningham departs, which will be in two days.
At the foot, in Fitzwilliam's hand:—A note to [Wolsey], that the above is a copy of his letter to the King, and that he writes to Henry because Francis wishes him to know the manner of his hunting.
11 Feb.
R. O.
The French queen has been ill with a rheum in her cheek, and did not come abroad till last night, when I gave her the King's letter, and your message. She said she was glad to hear of the King and the Princess, "and could show me of all her virtues, as much as I knew myself. Also please it your grace, the King commanded me to be at his dressing, and I assure you he had a great stroke, and the same will not be whole yet these 10 days." When it is so, he will go towards Burgundy and Lyons. I shall not be able to send often to you when he is so far, especially if he goes on to Italy, as my servants cannot speak the language. It would be well if I could have an officer of arms or messenger who can speak the language, for in matters of importance it will not be suitable to send a man who cannot speak. I want a cipher also. Yesterday a count of Almain came here, and spoke privately with the King. I do not know who he is, but expect to find out before Jernegan goes, which will be in two days. The King takes great pleasure in talking to me of hunting, and says I shall be lodged near him and hunt with him every day; which I mean to do, unless I hear from you to the contrary, because by being much with him, I shall learn more. Armorantyne, 11 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
Vit. B. XX.
B. M.
"Abstracte (fn. 3) of letters sent from [the Master of] the Rollis unto the King's grace."
On the ... of last month received his letters dated 20th ult. with a [paper] drawn by the cou[ncil], and a commission to treat of matrimony with the Emperor [under] the great seal. Deciphered them speedily, and desired admi[ssion] to the Emperor to communicate thereon. Had audience next morning. Declared to him, in French, Henry's resolution upon the difficulties between Tunstal and the Emperor's council, and trusted the Emperor would now be satisfied. He replied he would appoint Chievres and the Chancellor to commune further with Tunstal, "axing hertely afterward of your health, and where ye were." Went next morning to Chievres and the Chancellor, and declared Henry's resolution on the points in dispute between them; viz., his consent to their substitution on the words] "per matrimonium per verba de præsenti contractum" for "by matrimony perfected and consummate" in the article securing the Emperor's marriage with Henry's daughter when she should be offered to him, provided he should not be joined to a woman of full age by "matrimony perfected and consummate," and to their request for a settlement of the dower and other expenses of the marriage. They then asked him if he were ready to communicate on their demands, as the entertainment of the Swiss, the league defensive, the aid of Spain, the recovery "of both your rights" from the French king, and the interview. Replied, that though Henry needed not to make further amity with the Pope, or to commence war with France for the recovery of his possessions, yet, seeing that the Emperor's dominions are not so thoroughly at peace as he could wish, and considering the French king's enmity against him, and the Emperor's want of money in case of war, he would be content, after the alliance made, to consent to their demands, rather for their profit than his own. They then insisted on the necessity of promptitude touching the Swiss and the Pope; saying, had they not written to the viceroy of Naples to get ready 4,000 footmen for the Pope's assistance when required, he would have before this joined France; that the Emperor could not enter any communication "with his honor,' without the Pope's dispensation, which the Pope's ambassador had, but was commanded not to deliver except the Emperor first accomplished his demands. They "stake moche" to these matters, saying that the realm of Naples being of the fee of the Church, and the Pope's favor being useful to them in many things, they must at once "entertain him [for the] good that he may do unto them." Similarly with the Swiss. Replied that the [sooner] this alliance was concluded the sooner communication [could] be entered upon the premises. Finally it was agreed that the Chancellor and Tunstal should meet the same evening, and communicate further on articles required in the alliance.
Went to the Chancellor in the evening, and showed him Henry's last commission to Tunstal, which he said was "good and large;" and if Tunstal would treat as largely with them as it gave him authority, they would soon be agreed. Said that at present Henry could not consent to any other contract tha[n con]ditional, "which ones well parfited a clear contracte th[ere]after were like to ensue of the same," and that [if] Henry were free, which he was not, he would as gladly as they enter on a close contract. On his shewing the first two articles reformed as they desired, the Chancellor remarked on the words "vel quocunque alio tempore citra in sponsam, &c.," that they bound the Emperor to take the Princess not only if she were offered when of full age, and he unmarried, but also not to refuse her if she were offered in a year or two, but wait for her till she came of age; so that here the article was not reciprocal, for he would lose his liberty, and yet be not sure of her by reason of her nonage. Tunstal replied, "if that point were given up, "the promise of the residue of the alliance of full age were of small effect and of a hope far to come;" that it was reciprocal, as the King gave up, after offering her to the Emperor, all other chances for her. Nevertheless, "he made a great stikking at the said words," as he had done before, and as Tunstal has written to Henry. Tunstal said this was not the difficulty they stuck at before. He replied they had written to their ambassador to stick at it also. Told him plainly that upon these difficulties he had yet the papers, "which were showed to him, lest should be omitted that he was contente with them; which papers I have yet in dede;" and desired him to go forwards, and not backwards in finding obstacles.
The Chancellor then read the second article; and when he came to the words binding the Emperor and Henry, by virtue of former treaties, to give mutual aid and declare war on the French king, he said the particular treaties must be specified; and he insisted on the validity of one made in 1516, speaking de possessis et possidendis, between Henry VIII., Maximilian and the present Emperor, pro hæredibus et successoribus, though denied at Calais to be valid; and that the oath made at Canterbury contained it in effect. He said further that Henry was not bound by this article to offer his daughter, unless the French king made actual invasion, "as by other treaties, though he should break his treaties with them or with you otherwise, making no invasion. In which case, he said, Henry was as much at liberty if the French king broke promise in any other way ... French king might break promise with you ... yet ye should not offer your daughter the kno ... aunce should be but slender." Tunstal replied that he made no diffi[culty] at the words before, and that the valid treaties between them were known well enough; that the bill of Canterbury referred all to a further agreement to have been made at Calais between Wolsey and Chievres, which did not ensue; that the treaty "of the sixteenth year" was made between three persons jointly, one of whom was dead, and that "the reason that moved you then to make it three, remained not now betwixt two yet living." It was not the time to discuss these things now, but to make first a good foundation by the new alliance. He said they had written to their ambassador to stick also at this point; and finally, that if the empire declared the fee of the duchy of Milan void, and the Emperor thereon entered in right of the empire, it could not be called invasion contrary to treaties between him and Henry. Tunstal replied that he thought the Chancellor and others of the council too wise to advise invasion for a time, his affairs not being settled, though there were no treaty to prevent it.
Then discussed the dowry of the Princess. After first offering 200,000 cr., Henry would give 50,000 cr. more, which made 50,000l. The Chancellor said the king of Portugal had offered a million ducats with his daughter, far above Tunstal's offer. Showed him it was far below, seeing the possibility of succession, which is above many millions, and demanded for the jointure 20,000l.; which, he said, was far too much, the jointure not usually exceeding one tenth of the dowry. Would take no less then, dwelling on the chance of succession, which could not be valued; afterwards made overtures of a penalty of 100,000l. and obligation of censure to be inserted in the treaty, and a penalty of 100,000l. to be incurred by the Emperor and Henry to a third p[arty that] neither of them should hinder the o[ther] from the dispensation; and said it would be requisite to insert an article preventing either of them from concluding any treaty with the Pope till he had granted a dispensation. He said these things were strange, but put them down to show the Emperor, and know his pleasure. He said Henry by this alliance tried to make the Emperor break with France immediately, he himself being at liberty as long as he pleased. He thought consent would not be given to this by the Emperor and his council, saying that Henry wanted to do with the French king and the Emperor "as a man that hath two horses, rydyng on the one, and ledyng the other in his hande." Tunstal told him they would not break with France in making this alliance, seeing, as they had often declared, they were clear of all promises between themselves and France. The day following being Candlemas Day, and the Emperor having much business with the Electors on the affairs of the empire, he asked three or four days' respite for the Emperor to take advice, as he had not yet heard his ambassador's letters read.
This past week sent Richmond to Chievres three times to remind him. He always answered that the Emperor had been so much occupied receiving the Princes of the empire lately come, as the elector of Brandenburg, the duke John of Saxony, brother of the elector, and his son, who is to marry the Emperor's sister, that he had not been able to take a resolution. The Chancellor yesternight sent to him to come this morning, which he did. He told Tunstal the French king [had] written to all the Electors, decl[aring] [his] right to the duchy of Milan by reas[on of] a daughter of the duke of Milan, married [to] the duke of Orleans, which daughter was [made] heir to the duke of Milan in the fee [of the] duchy by the Pope, the empire being then vacant, and the right to do so resting in the Pope; notwithstanding which, Lewis late king of France, whose heir male he is, who had possession of the duchy, obtained investiture of it of Maximilian; and that if the Emperor will take his crown at Rome, he will give him passage through the duchy, as a vassal of the Emperor, and assist him with all his power, trusting he will not use force to come there. The French ambassador here gave the letters to the Electors, not "making them privy before." The Emperor's affairs were well. One thing requiring great consideration was the leaving a vicar and lieutenant-general of the empire in the Emperor's absence; some persons, as the Count Palatine near the Rhine, and the duke of Saxony in his quarter, claiming it as their right by inheritance for their territories; some advising them to leave Don Ferdinando with a council. He then said the Emperor had had the letters of his ambassador there in Latin read to him, and because [he understands] not Latin well, commanded them to b[e translated] into French. This was not don[e] yet. The Bishop has omitted to answer the chief point of his charge; viz., that the Emperor desired to have all matters treated jointly together. He said therefore he thought the resolution of the King's [Emperor's ?] council, not yet taken, would be to the effect that this question of alliance might be treated with Henry along with other matters, and when all were settled, "then first the alliance, and the other things thereupon," or else to defer the alliance till the meeting. Tunstal replied, that if they deferred the alliance for other matters they would be acting against themselves; for they might be assured that Henry, after the knitting of that knot, would be more inclined to listen to other demands which were to their profit, and not to his; otherwise, he would look to his own advantage as they did to theirs. As Shrovetide is at hand, and a solemn just of nobles and gentlemen, is not like to have answer for some days. On Ash Wednesday, when all the triumph is over, will again solicit Chievres to know the Emperor's resolution. Thinks they will delay till they see how the Electors are inclined with regard to assisting the Emperor. If they be favorable, expects some difficulty. If not, perhaps less. They delay in their own affairs also for the same purpose. The Chancellor observed that Henry had not yet said what aid he would give the Pope, nor what he would contribute to the entertainment of the Swiss. Replied he would do that when he knew their demand. He said the Pope expects a garrison about him at once, to which the Emperor and Henry must contribute pro rata. Replied that he did not see what the Pope wanted with a garrison unless he were invaded. He said the Emperor and the Pope were each to contribute 30,000 due, to the Swiss, and Henry at least 20,000. Replied, it was a large sum, seeing the small advantage to Henry from their entertainment, but that it might be treated after the alliance was made. He said they had written to the Pope for his commission for the league defensive, which was not yet come.
Copy, mutilated, pp. 18.
Licence to rebuild their tenements in le Wolstaple, Westminster. The boundaries of the tenements are described. Westm., 12 Feb.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
12 Feb.
P. S.
Grant, in tail male, of the manor of Sheldon, Warw. Greenwich, 6 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Feb.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20, and p. 2, m. 28.
13 Feb.
R. O.
Examination held before Robt. Willoughby lord Broke, Wm. Carrant, esq., and George Twynyoo, justices of the peace, and the mayor of Shayftisbury, at Warder, 13 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.
Alen Turell, Rauf Turell, John Bowiar, Wm. Tailor and Peter Swasshe (?), of Shayftisbury, say they were in the house of Thos. Blacker, of Shayftisbury, on Candelmas Day, and heard John Brode, of Shayftisbury, call John Williams, of Shayftisbury, "a vacabunde" and thief; when Williams said he was no vacabund, as he had served King Henry in his wars, Then Brode said, "A, sir, have ye ben with Maistre Henry Kyng? A noble act ye did ther! Ye spent awey my money and other mennys, like a sort of vacabunds and knaves!" And so they departed, and would no longer tarry in his company.
P. 1. Endd.: Against John Brode, of Shaftesbury, for unfitting words.
R. O. 2. Robert Wylughby [Lord Broke] to Wolsey.
Transmitting the above examination. Hoke, 1 March. Signed by Willoughby and Will. Carent.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
14 Feb.
R. O.
Credence for Jerningham, the bearer, who is returning to England. He has conducted himself wisely and honorably. Romorentin, 14 Feb. Signed. Countersigned: De Neufville.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Feb.
Vesp. F. III.
Has received his letters "par votre consei[ller et] am[bassa]d[eurle] fitz de votre viadmiral." Is glad to hear of the good health of the King, Queen and Princess. Has commissioned Jerningham, who is returning to England, to give him all the news here, and of her son the Dauphin. Romorentin, 15 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
18 Feb.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
The Almain count whom I mentioned in my last letter as having come by post was the duke of Leunbrough, whose daughter has married the duke of Gueldres. He has been twice or thrice to the King secretly, and the Admiral has also gone to his lodgings. I can hear nothing of his errand, and neither the King nor the Admiral speak of him; but it is said they think he and Gueldres will "make some business to the Emperor." Robt. de la Marche has gone home after being well entertained here. "The driver of his coming hither" is one of the gentlemen of the Chamber, who is always sent about such business, and for his labor had Welbrem's (Villebresme) room. I make him great cheer, that I may get as much from him as possible; and he told me that De la Marche will make war upon the Emperor's lands, because he suffered Emery to take one of his castles. Many adventurers will follow him; I suppose, because they know their master's pleasure. Floranges, his son, will follow him shortly. The King has told me nothing of this, nor Jerningham either, as far as I know; but I perceive that they wish to break with the Emperor, and they say that he gives them cause.
It was reported here that the bishop of Liege was dead; and the French king immediately gave the bishopric of Chartres to Mons. Beuleue, one of Messrs. Robert's sons, and despatched him to the electors of the bishopric of Liege, to g[et it] if possible; which they would reckon a great thing; "for then they [would] go out of France to Messer Robert's country, and [then] to Liege, and so to Gelderland, and come in none of the [Emperor's] countries. Howbeit, now there is a saying he is al[ive]. I assure your grace they let as they were very sorry." The King is within ten leagues of the ... I will ask the Admiral that I may see him, to advertise my master of his good health. The duke of Leunbrough's son is to [marry] one of the king of Navarre's sisters, and help him to recover Navarre. It is said the French king will aid him also. The French king [makes me] very good manner when I come to him, and [is] well amended, but not all whole. My Lady goes to Paris on pilgrimage next Thursday, and does not return again these twelve days. The King will hunt a hart till she come back, though it is Lent, and [will then] set forward to Burgundy. It is said there was [a] pyke between the Pope and the French king, for the leg[ateship] here and other matters. If true, Wolsey knows the cause. Sayne Marshawe, whom the King trusts greatly, was sent to the Pope, and [is back] again. It is said all is now well, and the Pope has consented that the Bishop of Liege shall not be Cardinal, though the Emperor greatly desired it. I hear nothing of these things from the French king, my Lady or the Admiral, and will not speak of them unless commanded so to do. Armorantyne, 18 Feb. Signed.
This is my third letter to you.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
Calig. B. VI. 129. B. M. 1169. [WOLSEY to DACRE.]
Has received his letters dated at the castle of Norham, the 8th of this February, stating the order he has adopted with the commissioners of Scotland for the prorogation of the truce, and the indentures interchangeably delivered betwixt the two, and authority for the ambassadors of Scotland to be sent to England for the peace.
Has shown the council his letter, in which he desires to know whether he shall come up to answer such surmises as the Scots will make, and the charges of Mons. Daubeny and the other orator of France, and how he shall order himself "in making garre gariable ayenst the Scots" if they break their appointment. The King is well satisfied with his circumspect demeanor and able defence of the Borders, which things his grace will not put in oblivion; but if the Scots break their appointment the King cannot overlook it, but must appoint garrisons, and make "garre gariable ayenst the said Scottis, specially now att the sowing of their barley, as ye right discretely write," and enforce them to regard their promises better. They may be greatly annoyed by a small power. The King desires his advice upon it; for if taken in time, more harm may be done to them than in one month by a great puissance in three. If they thus continue to violate their promises from year to year, and obtain a truce to the King's prejudice, it will redound to his dishonor in Europe, as if he had been compelled to it. Hitherto, from proximity of blood, he has abstained from severity. He is to be in readiness for his journey to England as soon as the ambassadors enter the realm. Sends herewith a safeconduct for David Home, laird of Wetherburn, and Alexander his brother.
Draft in Ruthal's hand, much corrected, pp. 2.
Calig. B. III.
B. M.
1170. [WOLSEY to DACRE.]
Has received his letter dated Norham, 8 Feb., with an account of the measures he had taken with the commissioners of Scotland by virtue of the King's commission for prorogation of the truce, and fixing a time for the coming of the ambassadors to England, and what answer he is to make about harboring rebels, and the overtures made by Daubeny (d'Aubigni) to the council of Scotland, &c. (As above. The rest is added in Ruthal's hand.)
Has represented to the King the folly of queen Margaret in leaning to her enemies, and departing from her husband, notwithstanding [Dacre] has written to her already; yet, as she is inveigled by the persuasions of Albany, [Dacre], at the King's desire, is to write to her again, and tell her, if she persists in her dishonorable course, she can expect no favor. The premises to be declared by word of mouth, with a letter of credence, by some discreet person, who can substantially declare the same.
Draft, corrected throughout by Ruthal, pp. 10.
Memorandum on the dorse, in Ruthal's hand:—"A placard to be sent to Ireland for aid and assistance to be yeven to the King's lieutenant, with strait commandment, &c."
19 Feb.
Calig. B. VI.
B. M.
Indented minute made at Hecspethgait, 19 Feb. 1520, in accordance with a commission directed to Thomas lord Dacre on one side, and Thomas abbot of Kelso on the other, bearing date Edinburgh, 24 Nov., whereby the said Dacre and Andrew Ker of Cesford met at Hecspethgait, and filed four bills. On Ker's objecting the disobedience of Andrew Ker, laird of Farnihurst, it was agreed that Dacre should demand his submission of the council of Scotland, whereupon the aforesaid, with Adam of Otterburn, met at Reddam, 30 Jan., and agreed by indenture to an abstinence from the 1 January to the last of June. Proclamations made to this effect. Thereupon Otterburn showed a letter dated Edinburgh, 25 Jan., commanding obedience to the warden of Scotland. The wardens met on Monday 11 Feb., without effect, Cesford alleging that he could not command obedience; whereupon Dacre demanded an indenture embodying these declarations. Meanwhile the Potts, (fn. 4) Rothirfurds, Douglases and Robsons, with their sleuth hounds, came to Kilham, spoiled the town, and took away 500 sheep, "and spoilzit the poir men and women folloing ther gud," and chased the warden serjeant who had been sent to Dacre. Signed: "Andro Ker, of Cesford."
P. 1.
20 Feb.
R. O.
1172. LORD DARCY to SIR WM. SANDES, Treasurer of Calais.
Is sorry that the matter between Sandes and his own cousin, Sir Bryan Stappellton, took no better effect; "for and ye had be all my kin in one person, of my faith, I could have done no more therein, ne dryffe it no longer than I wrote. Surely, brother, after your offers and articles contained in your writing sent by John Burton, and his credence, no manner of man of worship in these parts, my said cousin ne none other, will meddle; therefore more I cannot therein." Wishes his niece to be as well bestowed to his (Sandes') and her comfort as any daughter that ever he had. Is credibly informed by folks of worship, by means of Mr. Magnus, that his cousin Stappellton this week past has been offered above 1,200 marks ready gold, and 100 marks land to him and his heirs, for his son and heir, and yet he trusteth to have more. Was not able to send 24l. 9s. to London by Candlemas last, as he desired, to pay for the wines that John Burton brought, as it was Candlemas before the letter arrived. Lyster shall pay it where and when he appoints by this bearer, with 1,000 "geremarcs" for his great pains taken in his behalf. If he has any good French wine, would like to have two tuns sent to Hull, but no more Gascon wine. Mr. Lyster shall pay for that also. 20 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
20 Feb. 1173. For the SUB-PRIORESS and CONVENT of HIGHAM, Rochester dioc.
Congé d'élire on the death of dame Anchoreta Ungothorpe, late prioress. Westm., 20 Feb.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 24.
P. S. b. 2. Their petition for the above. They have appointed John James, the bearer, their procurator. 13 Feb. 1520.
20 Feb.
R. O.
He will learn, from the Chancellor and Treasurer of queen Mary now returning to England, what they have done touching her dowry. They have acquitted themselves admirably, especially the Chancellor, and to the satisfaction of Francis and his mother. Romorantin, 20 Feb. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Mons. le cardinal d'Yort, legat et chancelier en Angelterre. Endd.
22 Feb.
Calig. B. III.
B. M.
Desiring him to obtain for them a safeconduct to pass through England, on their return to France, to avoid the danger of a long sea passage. It is required only because d'Aubigni "is born of Scotland." Edinburgh, 22 Feb. Signed.
P.1. Add.: "To my lord Dakers warden of ye merchis of Ingland."
22 Feb.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
Last night the duke of Leunbrough's son was insured to the king of Navarre's daughter, in his father's presence. Till then he had only private audiences. Cannot learn whether the king of Navarre intends to set upon his realm, and whether he will have aid from the French king, as reported. The person whom he mentioned as the driver of Robt. de la Mark's coming here, is sent off to him, and will remain for a time. He told me before he left that Messer Robert would have 8,000 foot and 1,200 horse, 2,000 of the foot being Swiss, other 2,000 Gascons, and 4,000 French adventurers; that Floranges should have his retinue of horsemen, 50 spears, and that La Palice would lend him 50 [more] spears, and that many young gentlemen would go of their own adventure. He thought those men would renew the Emperor's sore, for if he advanced an army against them they would retire to their homes, and when the army retreated they would burn and rob. It would cost Messer Robert little. They would have but half wages with him, and all that they could get free. I said Messer Robert could lack no money, as he was the King's servant here. He replied that Francis did not aid him with a penny; which I did not believe a whit; as, though it is called Messer Robert's act, it is done by Frenchmen, and at the King's charge. His son Floranges has gone after him. It is expected they will begin the war immediately. If this matter be mentioned to the ambassador of France, I think you had better not name my informant or me. "Sir, this man that showed me all this ... Shatylyon, that is in England with the King my master, and by ... Maister Jerningham, had an acquaintance of him," who can show that no man is better informed. I spoke with the Admiral for seeing of the [prince], and he spoke with the King. They were well pleased that I desired it.
Yesterday the [King spoke] with me, a long hour, of his hunting and of the battle of Swiss. Amongst other things he told me [the King's grace] should have his wild swine shortly, and he would send him some every year. He thought Henry should make a park of half a mile or a quarter in the thickest ground he can find, and leave them there till the sow had young. He bids me come to him as I do to the King my master; "because I am not of the chamber, I come not so familiar[ly as] Mr. Wingfield and Mr. Jerningham did, but every other [day I see] him, and I never come but I am very welcome to him by h ... and they that be about him ask me why I come not ev[ery day]." Still he never speaks to me of the Pope or Emperor or of Messer Robert, and I am half afraid to write lest it be not true, but so it is rumored. They still say the King is going into Burgundy and on to Italy, but I see no likelihood of his going as yet. I send a letter delivered to me by the Admiral for your grace. Armorantyne, 22 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
23 Feb.
S. B.
Mortmain licence to acquire lands, &c. to the annual value of 10l., in consideration of their granting certain land in Bride Lane for the enlargement of the ground for the King's buildings in the parish of St. Bride, London. The position of the land is fully described. Del. Westm., 23 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26.
25 Feb.
R. O.
1178. LEO X. to WOLSEY.
Thanks Wolsey for his attachment to the Holy See, of which the bishop of Ascoli, his auditor and nuncio, has written to him. Desires credence for the Bishop, to whom he writes on other points. Rome, 25 Feb. 1521, 8 pont. Countersigned: Bembus.
Lat. Add. Endd.
25 Feb.
R. O.
For the admission of Patrick Machostella, alias Nogola (?), priest of the diocese of Kildare, notwithstanding that he is a priest's son, as monk of the Cistercian monastery of Rosglas, with power, if the Treasurer see fit, to give him the administration of the monastery, and to unite therewith the rectories of Lega and Kilbrecan, Kildare diocese. Rome, 5 kal. Mart. 1520, 8 pont.
Lat., mutilated and defaced.
26 Feb.
S. B.
To be chief baron of the Exchequer in Ireland, with 40l. of silver a year. Del. Westm., 26 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27.
26 Feb.
Galba, B. VI.
B. M.
The Emperor has sent Berghes, the governor of Bresse, De la Roche, Philip Haneton the audiencer, and John de Salice to England to treat for the interview with Henry VIII. Bruges, 26 Feb. 1520. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. and endd.
26 Feb.
S. B.
1182. To TH. EARL OF SURREY, High Admiral of England and Lieutenant of Ireland.
Commission to call a parliament in Ireland to consider the following articles:—
i. As perjury and false verdicts often go unpunished because few persons within the four shires have sufficient lands to pass in attaint, that every one seized to the annual value of 10 marks in fee simple, fee tail, &c. shall henceforth pass in every attainder; and that the judge have power in any case of attainder to examine the jurors at his discretion, whether there be more sufficient persons in the county or franchise to make up a pannel of 24 jurors, and, if there be not enough, to award process to the sheriff or other officer of any adjoining county for as many jurors as need be impannelled, in like manner as if the sheriff of the county, liberty, &c. where the attainder was summoned had returned that there were no more sufficient freeholders in his county unreturned.
ii. That whereas since a parliament holden before Sir Edward Ponynges, 10 Hen. VII. and long before, various acts have been passed, which are now lost or forgotten; and as it is thought that many of them might be prejudicial to the King as to his inheritance of the earldom of Ulster, and to his subjects; be it enacted, that all such acts as have been passed since 20 Edw. IV., which cannot be shown before the feast of SS. Philip and James the Apostle next ensuing, shall be null and void; and that all shown shall be subscribed by the lieutenant, chancellor, chief justices, &c.
iii. That an act be passed making it high treason to burn corn in ricks, or to set fire to houses.
iv. That an act be passed against the exportation of wool or "flokkis."
v. That in order to enable the King to reform and relieve the church, an act be passed granting the King the first buying and selling of all the salt imported into Ireland, and forbidding the purchase of salt at first hand, except from the King's factors, and that the quantity imported and the prices shall be certified by the customer; the salt to be sold by the King's factors at 9d. a bushel. This act to endure seven years.
vi. That whereas the King's revenues have been greatly diminished by divers grants of the present and former kings, so that in the time of Henry VI. the King's lieutenants, Sir Th. Stanley and others, as appears by the records of the Exchequer, received for the defence and keeping of Ireland 4,000 marks a year, at which time the subsidy on every plough-land now charged 13s. 4d. was only 3s. 4d., besides which there has been since granted the subsidy called poundage, which is of the annual value of 100 marks, yet the King's whole revenue in Ireland does not exceed 2,000 marks a year, Irish money; (fn. 5) —an act be passed resuming all grants made since Edw. II. of any custom, cocket, fee-farm, subsidy or poundage, except grants in aid of religious houses.
vii. That an act be passed that no merchant shall buy any tithes or corn in the fields, but that merchants shall only be allowed to buy in the market enough for their household expences.
viii. That an act be passed repealing one passed in parliament before Sir Edw. Ponynges, the King's deputy, 10 Hen. VII., giving the treasurer of Ireland the same powers as the treasurer of England.
ix. That an act be passed exempting students at universities having licence of their ordinaries and students of law in the Inns of Court, from the operation of the statute of Absenters.
Westm., 26 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 31 and 32.
27 Feb.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
Today the Admiral asked me if I had received any letters from England. I told him no; and he then said he had heard from their ambassador there "that he had as good words of your grace as was possible;" at which the Admiral seemed pleased. He told me you laid three points to him concerning Scotland, of which, if any one were true to his master's knowledge, "he would lese both his een:"—1, that Daubeney was sent to be governor for Albany; 2, that he was to treat for a marriage between the king of Scots and one of the French king's daughters; 3, and for the renewal of the amity between Scotland and France. The Admiral assured him that Daubeney went only to carry out the order taken at Arde by my Lady and Wolsey, and would not remain in Scotland if the King gave him 40,000 francs a year; and that Francis had twice refused to renew the old amity when the Scots had sent to seek it. Daubeney has written from Scotland that some of the nobles were willing to send an embassy to England, and some made [a difficulty] in it; howbeit, he trusted they would be ordered by reason. He said also that the King asked him whether word was come that the Scots [would send] their ambassador to Henry, and the Admiral told him of this letter. The King answered again, "The day [draweth] on, wherefore dispatch a post straight to Mons. Daub[eney, and bid] him make diligence in this matter that they keep their [promises]." My Lady has been sick of the colic, and is now better, but not well. T[he King] has almost recovered of his hurt, and goes now sporting in the fields.
It is reported the king of Navarre will set upon his realm, and that the duke of Leunbrough will help him with a great number of Almains, that Francis will allow as many as please to aid him, and that there will go a great many ... to help him; some say 700, some more. Spoke of this rumor to the Admiral, to see what he would say; and he said the going of the King of Navarre was only to see his grandfather, an impotent man, fearing that he might give his goods to his younger brother; but he confessed he thought if the King of Navarre came to any hurt, he would try to gain his realm again, for [Charles] had no right to hold] it, and had promised [Francis] to deliver it; but he would neither say that the report was true, or that it was not. One Mogorn is gone into Dauphiny, where captain Bayard and he will assemble a number of foot. I hear they will also muster adventurers. It is said Francis has given the duke of Leunbrough a castle, called Shattew Neffe, and 4,000 cr. a year. They say Robt. de la Marche goes on with his war, but no news has come of what he has done. Armorantyne, 27 Feb. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
28 Feb.
Calig. D. VIII.
B. M.
Met the Admiral this morning in my garden, who proposed to walk with me, and told me news of the king of the Romans going in person to the funeral of Chievres' nephew, "which," said he, "me think was no honor to him, and a great dishonor to Mons. Chievres." I soothed him, and said I thought the same. He said they would have set the Electors above the French and English ambassadors, which Tunstal and their ambassadors would not suffer, but went away. They intended to stir the Electors to choose Don Fernando king of the Romans, which he thought they would not consent to; "and he said he heard say how there began some matters to brew amongst the Electors that he thought they would not be of one accord." As he heard, the affairs of Spain went ill. Humoured him, as he seemed to be communicative. He told me of the good words Wolsey had given to the French ambassador, and said there was nothing his master desired so much as the continuance of this amity. He then cursed [the Scots], and said if they would be ordered by reason, they would have no cause to be jealous of England, but he [hoped] they would be so ordered, and he was sure Mons. d'Aubeney would do what he could, and that he would not remain, for three or four reasons. My Lady and the Admiral cannot give the King too much praise. I think they speak what they mean. They say if they have peace with England, they care not for all the world. The Admiral asked me if the King was fitting out any ships. I said, no. He said he heard from French mariners that the King was preparing ships to send to Ireland; but as I said I had heard nothing of it, he supposed it was untrue. Armorantyne, the last day of Feb. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
Vit. B. XX.
B. M.
"A memory of diverse matters ...: provided in the present ... Wormys convoced by the F ... in the yere of our Lorde MCCC[CCXX. (fn. 6) after the] maner of Englond."
1. Divers princes, &c. [to make] their oaths, fealties and homage to the Emperor more ...
2. For the satisfaction of the majority of the se ... [to] make some ordinance that no man, without consent of the Emperor [and] Electors, shall, "by any pe[rsonal] quarrel or of other," presume to d[eclare] war, as in times past. On this the cities and town are determined to stick fast.
3. To see that the right pretended by the duke of Saxony to the duchy of Juliers is founded on patents "of promission of the s[aid duchy] in default of heirs males to him in such case absol[utely] granted by the emperor Frederic, though that sin[ce the Emperor] Maximilian consented to the duke of Juliers decea[sed] ... marry his daughter to the duke of Cleves w ... of the land, against the constitutions * * * fall to some composition."
4. "[The diff]erence between the archbishop and the city ... c, who pretends to have the total ... eral dominion."
5. The langrave Van Essia refuses to obey a sentence of the empire to restore to the city of Nassau a strong castle on the Rhine.
6. The count Palatine Elector demands of Nuremberg restoration of three walled towns, which they got of his father, being under the curse of the empire for the war between him and duke Albert of Bavaria.
7. The marquis Casimir of Brandenburgh and his brother are in contention with Nuremberg for a toll he demands, worth 12,000 gold fl. a year, which was granted to him against their privileges by Maximilian, and has been suspended by Charles.
8. The dukes of Brunswick are in debate with the duke [of Lun]emburg for two towns which he took of theirs; and the king of Poland "to recover diver[se] ... religious the which hath been usur[ped]."
9. "The duke Wm. of Bavere and his b[rother] ... accomplish nor continue to duke Octo h ... of the count Palatine the composition that the Emperor [hath] made between them."
10. "To agree the bishop of Vertisburg with [the city]."
11. "Item, the bishop of Constance with the city."
12. "Item, the bishop of Banbarg with the city."
13. "It is showed me that there be above 30 bishops [at] variance with temporal lords for their jurisdiction, whereof in the dieta shall be spoken."
14. The Emperor must provide a vicar and lieutenant in his absence. If the duke of Saxony will not take the charge, there will be great difficulty in finding one who will please the generality, the enmities are so numerous.
15. The diet will take notice of the "bo[oks and] descriptions made by frier Martine Lutero a s[chismatic] against the courte of Rome, and the * * * ... d caused the seid bookes to be brynned ... and Maience, yt is sette but litell by, and ... and more in prynte, having curse (course ?) amongest ... ons, withoute eny fere or estimacions of the [Pope's c]urse; the whiche frier Martine of the elector of [Sax]son and other princes of this contre is favored."
Pp. 4, mutilated.
Feb/GRANTS. 1186. GRANTS in FEBRUARY 1521.
1. Ric. Decons, of Litlington, Beds. Exemption from serving on juries, &c. Greenwich, 26 Dec. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S.—Pat. p. 1, m. 5.
1. Wm. Draper, of London, mercer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 11 Jan. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S.
1. John Hall, bachelor of laws (in decretis). Presentation to the perpetual chantry at the altar of Saint John the Baptist, in the chapel near the parish church of Aldermary, London, Canterb. dioc., void by resignation of Th. Thorneton, who has exchanged; the said Hall having been nominated by Clement Browne, S. T. P., rector of the said church, and Th. Melmerby, Rob. Skargell, and Ralph Forman, churchwardens. Greenwich, 27 Jan. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Feb.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
1. Geoffrey Middelton. Custody of lands in the King's hands by the minority of John. s. and h. of Rob. Laton, on payment of 21l. 4s. Signed: T. Lovell, R. Weyston. Del. Westm., 1 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.
2. Commission of the Peace
Herefordshire:—Th. cardinal of York, G. bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, C. bishop of Hereford, Edw. duke of Buckingham, Walt. Devereux lord Ferrers, Sir Lewis Pollard, John Fitzjames, Sir Wm. Uvedale, Sir Griffin Rice, Sir Th. Cornwall, Sir Edw. Crofte, Jas. Baskervilde, Peter Neuton, Geo. Bromeley, Th. Lynon, Wm. Rudhale, Ralph Hakelet, Th. Monyngton, John Breynton, Th. Bodenham, Wm. Clynton, and Roland Moreton. Westm., 2 Feb.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
4. John Haywod, the King's servant. Annuity of 10 marks, as had by Th. Farthyng, deceased, out of the issues of the manors of Makesey and Torpull, Northt. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
4. Th. Nott, of London, grocer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Barners, deputy of Calais. Del. Westm., 4 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
5. Ric. Mytton, of London, draper. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Del. Westm., 5 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
5. To John Webbe, the prior, and the convent of the cathedral church of St. Mary, Coventry. Writ to admit John Mountague to a corrody in their monastery, on surrender of letters patent under their common seal, granting the same to Wm. Coke, at the request of king Edw. IV. Greenwich, 30 Jan. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 Feb.—P.S.
6. Recognizance cancelled. Sir Gilbert Talbot, sen., and Sir Gilbert Talbot, jun., both of Grafton, Worc., 25 Feb. 8 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 6 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
8. Justices of Assize.
Midland Circuit:—John Jenour with Sir Humph. Conyngesby and John Carell.
Norfolk Circuit:—Th. Fitzhugh with Sir Rob. Brudenell and Sir Ric. Broke.
Westm., 8 Feb.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 6d.
8. Recognizances cancelled. Sir Humphrey Banaster, of London; John Wyngfeld, of Estbargholt, Suff., clk.; Oliver Pole, of London, clk.; Sir John Audeley of Sofham, Norf.: Sir Anth. Wyngfeld, of Letheringham, Suff.; and Sir William Paston, of Castar Norf., 16 May 9 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 8 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. John Castell and Miles Forest. Wardship of Francis, s. and h. of Ric. Pulter, of Northburgh, Northt. Del. Westm., 8 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
11. Commission of the Peace.
Somerset:—Th. cardinal of York, R. bishop of Winchester, Edw. duke of Buckingham, Hen. earl of Wiltshire, the abbot of Glastonbury, John Bourchier lord Fitzwaren, Wm. lord Stourton, Hen. lord Daubeney, Sir Wm. Hody, Sir Ric. Eliott, John Broke, John Moyn, clk., Sir Wm. Compton, Geo. Speke, Sir Edw. Hungerford, Sir Hugh Loterell, Sir John Trevilian, Sir Nich. Wadham, John Fitzjames, Wm. Carraunte, John Horsey, John Brent, Geo. Rogers, John Brytt, Baldwin Malet, John Wyldecombe, Ric. Blewet, John Fitzjamys, jun., John Porteman, Th. Jubbes, and Wm. Vowell. Westm., 11 Feb.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
11. Sir Wm. Skevyngton. Wardship of Rob., s. and h. of Wm. Belgrave, who held of the honor of Leicester, parcel of the duchy of Lancaster. Del. Westm., 11 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 15.
12. Justices of Assize.
Western Circuit:—Th. Elyot with Sir Ric. Elyot and John Broke. Westm., 12 Feb.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6d.
Home Circuit:—Simon Fitz with Sir John Fyneux and Sir John More.
Oxford Circuit:—Rob. Brudenell, junr. and John Weste, with Sir Lewis Pollerd and John Fitzjames.
Westm., 12 Feb.—Pat. p. 2, m. 5d.
12. Sir Hen. Guldeford. Custody of the manor of Ledes, and appurtenances, (described,) in the town of Ledes, Kent, and of the lordship of Langely near Maydston, Kent; for 40 years, at the annual rent of 27l. 15s. 8d., on surrender of pat. 28 Jan. 4 Hen. VIII. Also release to the said Henry, Sir Edw. Guldeford, of Halden, Kent, and John Crowmer, of Fogylston, Kent, the said Henry's bail.
In margin, a note, signed by Rob. Blagge, states that "the aforesaid farmer found security before the barons of the Exchequer." Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 8.
12. John s. and h. of Wm. Pennyngton and Anne his wife, d. and h. of Geo. Martyndale. Livery of lands. Signed: T. Lovell. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
12. John Turner, yeoman of the Guard. Lease of the demesne lands of Orleton, "Stakemedow, Millemedowe, and Ladymede," and a water mill called "Overmylle," Heref., late of the earl of March; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 7l. 17s. 2d. Del. Westm., 12 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
13. Commission of the Peace. Notts:—Th. cardinal of York, Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, John Carell, Sir Th. Lovell, Sir Hen. Wylloughby, Sir Wm. Meryng, Sir Wm. Perpoynt, Sir John Markham, Sir Ric. Rokeby, Th. Meryng, Ric. Stannop, Wm. Clerkson, Anth. Babyngton, Rob. Broun, Rob. Nevell, and Nich. Strelley, senr. Westm., 13 Feb.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
13. Sir Wm. Skevyngton. Wardship of Anthony, s. and h. of John Coly. Del. Westm., 13 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
14. Commission of the Peace. Beds:—Th. cardinal of York, Th. prior of St. John's, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir John Seynt John, Sir Geo. Harvy, Sir Hen. Grey, Ric. Dycons, John Mordaunte, Geo. Acworth, Simon Fitz, Nich. Hardyng, Michael Fyssher, Wm. Gascoign, Walt. Luke and Wm. Marshall. Westm., 14 Feb.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
14. Wm. Drury and Eliz. his wife, and John Constable and Joan his wife. Livery of lands of Hen. Sothill and Eliz. Sotehill, widow; the said Eliz. and Joan being ds. and hs. of the said Henry, and kinswomen and hs. of the said Eliz. Sotehill. Greenwich, 11 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 Feb.—P.S. Endd.: Marmaducus Constable. Pat. p. 2, m. 29.
14. Ric. Floure. Licence to enfeoff Th. Brokesby, Th. Palmer and Th. Kebell, of 100 acres of wood in Burley, to hold to them and their heirs for ever. Westm., 14 Feb.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 28.
14. Th. Fraunceis, of Newington, Surrey, minstrel. Pardon. Greenwich, 7 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 Feb.—P.S.
20. Edw. Knyvet and Anne his wife, executrix of Rob. le Straunge. Wardship of Hugh, s. and h. of Sir Geo. Hastynges. Westm., 20 Feb.—Pat. 12 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
28. Wm. Chaundeler, B.D. Presentation to the church of Howbye, Linc. dioc., void by death. Wanstead, 25 Feb. 12 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 28 Feb.—P.S.


  • 1. 1521 in Rymer.
  • 2. The 4th of February was really a Monday in 1521.
  • 3. Apparently a decipher, or literal copy.
  • 4. Sic; qu., Scotts?
  • 5. "of money of this land." The Patent Roll reads "of any of this land."
  • 6. Dated in a marginal note before the fire, 6 Jan. 1521.