Henry VIII: April 1522, 16-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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, 'Henry VIII: April 1522, 16-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 928-943. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp928-943 [accessed 22 May 2024].

. "Henry VIII: April 1522, 16-30", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) 928-943. British History Online, accessed May 22, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp928-943.

. "Henry VIII: April 1522, 16-30", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867). 928-943. British History Online. Web. 22 May 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp928-943.


April 1522

16 April.
R. O.
Asks that the order of the Garter vacant by the death of Sir Edward Ponynges may be given to Sir Richard Wingfield, for his great loyalty. If Wolsey please, will give him the pension of 1,000 "livres de 40 gros" which Ponynges had. Brussels, 16 April. Signed, with a few lines in Charles's hand, urging the request.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A mons. le cardinal d'York, legat, primat et lieutenant general d'Angleterre, mon bon amy.
17 April.
Calig. B. III. 14. B. M.
2182. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Has received his letter dated Westminster, the 6th. Sends a packet of correspondence between himself and Albany. Has received a letter from Wolsey in French to the Duke, with a copy in English for himself. Posted it to Coldstream. Encloses the answer. The Duke procrastinates till a more commodious season, and can do nothing without the consent of his master of France. Advises an abstinence between the two realms till St. Andrew's Day. The Duke is privy to the three letters sent by the Queen,—two to the King, and one to Wolsey. Among them are articles in French for my lord Treasurer. Detains the servant that brought them. Geo. Douglas, brother to Angus, tells him the Earl left Boulogne, 21 March, on pilgrimage to Notre Dame de Pue, in Navarre, intending to pass through France into the Emperor's lands,—thence to Calais. None of Angus's friends will join the Duke till they hear of the Earl's success. A ship is ready at Leith to transport David Beton, abbot of Arbroath, to France, with letters from the Duke and the Lords. The Duke has victualled his gallions ready to depart. Carrick pursuivant has just given him a letter from the Duke, insisting that Dacre promised an abstinence till John de Barbon's return. Sends the correspondence. Intends to invade Scotland on Tuesday night. Whittingeham, 17 April.
P.S.—Wishes to know what arrangement he is to make about captains, petty captains and pay with Sir Will. Bulmer and Sir Will. Evres, the King's lieutenants. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: My lord Legate's grace.
17 April.
Calig. B. VI. 282. B. M.
Sends him the news by "anonest person, a fyshmonger of London," named Robert Doxforde, made a prisoner by Albany, as appears by his letters received this day. No money has been laid out upon Berwick, though provision had been made three months ago. Certain men were enlisted on rumor of the Duke's being this side Edinburgh, whom he has discharged, and paid at his own cost. Six weeks after they expected another attack. Had required aid of Sir William Evers and William Ellercar, whom he discharged and paid the same way. At the coming of my lord of Carlisle the writer had notice that he was to be paid such money as was due to him. Were he in fear to die of hunger, could not borrow of Carlisle or Dacre 40l. on 100l. worth of plate. Was obliged to send it to a merchant of Newcastle, and borrow the money, and after that his wife's chain from her neck. He has not 40s. in his purse, on the faith of a gentleman, and "there is nothing here but all for the penny." Berwick, 17 April. Signed.
Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
17 April.
R. T. 137. Teulet, I. 31.
The Parliament was dismissed till 12 May, in which time, if they do not hear from Francis, they will certainly treat with the English. Stays here only to see if France will take part against them, as he has told Barroys. They say here that the war is merely for the advantage of the French. They wish to make him leave by compelling him to make peace with them. Unless Francis issue a bold declaration, and send good assistance, they do not care to stir, as they are weary of fighting for others. Is in great trouble, and wishes to know before the said time whether he is to go or stay. If to stay, that he may tell them assuredly before the 12th what succor we shall have, if it be not come by that time. If to go, that he may know how to leave this kingdom best for the King and for future times. Francis must send to the king of Denmark, the duke of Holstain and the Hanse towns, though they are at war with Denmark; and if the duke of Suffolk is there, he and the others will compose the differences. If the king of Denmark wishes to invade England, and the Duke will promise the towns to repay them the 200,000 angelots which England owes them, and other advantages, doubts not they will assist with all their power. The marriage of the [daughter of the] duke of Holstein, who is niece (fn. 1) of the king of Denmark, might also be effected. If arrangements could be made with Denmark, it would be a great assistance, and the English are much afraid of it. It would cost little, as the duke of Holstein would assist, and from other contributions a good force of Swiss, some light horse, and a small band of artillery could be provided. The King should make a feint of attacking Calais. Orders should be given to the vessels of Brittany and Normandy to make a descent on England immediately. Letters should be written to the Scotch queen about the marriage that you know of, and to give her aid; and she will not fail to do what she can. Requests that his wife may be informed whether he is to go or stay. Edinburgh, Maundy Thursday.
Fr., pp. 3. No signature or address.
17 April.
Galba, B. VII. 286. B. M.
Wrote last from Brussels on the 15th. Her today that the Emperor has received letters of the 5th, from his ambassador at Venice, stating that 6,000 of the Swiss in the French army have returned to their country, not having agreed to serve beyond a certain time, and that other 6,000 were expected out of Switzerland in their stead; that he had learned from one who had seen the book, that the Venetians had helped the French in this last war with 120,000 ducats, and had sent to Rome 30,000 for the Ursins to war upon the Florentines and Siennese. Letters from Trent say that the duke of Milan joined the Emperor's army on the 3rd, having been prevented doing so the day before, by a disorder in the Duke's army. The Emperor's army, however, came forward 30,000 strong, and when the French knew their numbers they withdrew over the Ticino towards Novare. Brussels, 17 April 1522. Signed.
In Wingfield's hand, pp. 2. Add.
18 April.
Calig. B. VI. 426. B. M.
Since the late advertisement made to the King by my lord Warden and others of the Council here by "our letters" dated the 7th, and Tuesday 8th of this month, "Angus his brother and uncle," and the writer, left Berwick with the garrison and the new crew there, under the writer's command, met with other of the King's councillors at the Turf-ford at 11 o'clock, and invaded Scotland upon the waters of Cayll and Bowben. The writer and his company burnt the tower of Gaitshaw, and divers steads and hamlets; Sir Thomas and Sir Ingram Percy, Sir Ralph Ellercar, Sir Thos. Wharton, and Mr. Bowes other places down the water of Cayll, and met at Gaitshaw. The Scots, both the new garrisons and the foot-band, and the powers of the Mersh and Teviot Dale, mustered in their sight, on which they retired; "the prekers" of the Scots pursuing them so closely, that they turned upon them, slew and took several, and chased the rest near the "embattled host" of the Scots. Withdrew on Wednesday about 11 o'clock, lay in ambush within Howton-Edge, and sent their best horsemen "to espy for their incoming." Left on being assured that the Scots were entirely departed. A new garrison of 2,000 has come to the Borders to replace those who went home. Their leaders are, lords Flemyng, Arskyn, Seton, Haye, Levyngston, Somervell, St. John's, Ethyngdaill, Barthike's son and heir, the master of Haylles, Sir James Hamilton, &c.
Since the above was written, news has come that the Scots had mustered to the number of 6,000 men, and would have attacked them at Gaitshaw, and plundered Ford Wood and Bambrough Wood, but that Mark Carre's horse cast him and broke his arm. From Berwick, this Good Friday.
Copy, pp. 2.
18 April.
Galba, B. VII. 279. B. M.
Wrote from Brussels yesterday. Today my Lady sent Marnix to us to say she intended to send her secretary, Wm. de Barre, to England, to show the King that a great army of Frenchmen had descended upon the frontier, and would try their best to take Gravelines, and stop the Emperor's passage to Calais. She has done this without knowledge of the Emperor, who, as we have written to you, is at an abbey out of this town, in order to ask the King's advice, and urge that the truce may be settled as soon as possible. There are great murmurs here, both among the people and the council, that the French should make such a demonstration upon the Emperor's passage into England, close to the English pale, and no provision be made by the King against it. Brussels, 18 April 1522. Signed.
In Wingfield's hand, pp. 2. Add.
ii. "News of Italy showed to us this morning, 18 April, by the Chancellor."
Bannisius writes from Trent that he is informed, by letters of the 6th inst., that the duke of Milan had entered Milan with his army; that all his men-of-war would be paid that day, and set forward next day against the enemy, with a number of the citizens; that the enemy had withdrawn, and crossed the Ticino. No mention was made of the Venetian army; it is thought the letters received by the Emperor from Milan, at the abbey without this town, will contain further information. The marquis of Mantua was to have remained at Pavia with a good garrison, and if the French crossed the Ticino "they may go to No .. and this business consequently not shortly end."
P. 1, mutilated. In Spinelly's hand.
19 April.
P. S.
2188. For JAMES MALETT, Chaplain to Queen Katharine.
Presentation to the collegiate church of Long Lednam, Linc. dioc. Richmond, 14 April 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 19 April.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 21.
S. B. 2189. For SIR RIC. JERNEGAN, knight for the Body.
To be one of the chamberlains of the receipt of the Exchequer, vice Sir John Heron; with the appointment of officers.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17.
S. B. 2190. For CHRIS. LAYNAM, clk.
Licence of absence from his benefices in Ireland.
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
S. B. 2191. For JOHN MOYLE, servant of Thos. Cardinal of York, Chancellor, and HUMPHREY OWEN.
Grant, in survivorship, of all possessions in and about the town of Bewmarys, Anglesea, North Wales, called the King's "diches."
Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.
22 April.
R. O.
This 22nd, received the King's letters, dated Richmond, the 9th, commanding him to send fifty able persons to Greenwich, for the King's wars, by the 30th. Wonders he has not received them before. All the able persons have been taken up, and he will find it useless to send to Canterbury, Charing, and thereabouts. Otford, 22 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord cardinal of York, legate.
22 April.
Calig. D. VIII. 231. B. M.
"I h[ave] ... Gonner a commission directed to Mr. Pounde, Mr. Flemyng, and Mr. ... concerning the wreck that was lately here, which I delivered ... incontinently; but also I perceive by the said Christopher, that the K[ing's] pleasure is John Care should go in the Bark, Bawdwin Wil[loughby] in the Christ, Malyverey in the Prize, Foster in the Rowbarge, [and] Markeham in Gonson's galleon." Part of this order cannot be followed, and other part need not, as the Christ is now ready to depart, and only waits for wind. She is trimmed, furnished with ordnance and victuals and with Ca[re's men], as is the George of Fowey with Malyverey's men. I have indented already for everything in the said ship. The Bark, Rowbarge and Prize cannot be ready as yet this [week], and the men to be put in her will not be here till Sunday at earliest. If I were to stop the men here, we might change everything, and get new men in place of Care's and Malyverey's, thus wasting time in haven, and it would be longer before the King were advertised what his enemies do. Therefore, as I am informed surely that the galley will be ready by the end of this month, I have caused Mr. Care to go forth, and [with] him Malyverey and Markeham, if he come tonight, and a[fter him] Gonson's other boat. I wrote in my last about the ship taken by the Spaniards, laden with English goods. I have since seen your letter directed to Be ... and Palshyd on that matter, who have taken a very good order about it, having caused her sails and sailyards to be brought to land, so that she cannot leave. Portsmouth, St. George's Eve.
P. 1, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Cardinal. Endd.
22 April.
Vit. B. v. 57. B. M.
Writes, at the request of the prothonotary Bentivoglio, in behalf of his friend, Wm. Aston (Astonensis), to request that Wolsey will use his influence with the bishop of Cloyne (?) (Cliensis), who holds the office of penitentiary in St. Peter's, belonging to the English nation, to make Aston his deputy. He has already discharged that office for two years, and is now going to England on this suit. Rome, 22 April 1522. Signed.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated.
24 April.
Galba, B. VII. 281. B. M.
Wrote last from Brussels on the 18th. On the 21st, received yours of the 19th, from Hampton Court, and went the same day, though it was late, to advertise the Emperor. Were appointed to be at the court next morning at eight, but afterwards put off till three in the afternoon, as the Emperor had taken a medicine "which wrought longer and sorer than the physicians esteemed." Being at length admitted to audience, where none were present but his chamberlain, the earl of Nassau, we declared our charge, which we had translated into French, except what was addressed to ourselves. He said his ambassadors had written to the same effect; but he was glad to have it confirmed, and would do his best to satisfy the King. As to Wolsey's advice to look well to the affairs of Italy, he must know what pains the Emperor has taken for a whole year, with no little charge, against France, the Venetians and the Swiss. If their powers at length wear out his, it will be seen that he has yielded only to force. On this he left us, to put on his robes and habit of the Garter, and soon after came back, went to his chapel, and heard evensong. Having accompanied him to his chamber we departed, his Majesty excusing himself on the ground that his physician had advised him to forbear travail of council, promising to consult with his council next morning.
Next day went to court, and accompanied the Emperor to chapel, in his robe and habit of the Garter, where he heard mass sung by a prelate in pontificalibus, after which we again accompanied him to his chamber; but the Chancellor told us, that though the council had been assembled that morning, they could come to no conclusion, and, being only a few, were appointed to meet again at three in the afternoon. Were not informed of the conclusion till three in the afternoon this day. We inclose it in cipher.
No news from Milan later than the 6th. The Emperor has letters of the 9th, from Venice, stating that the French, Venetians and Swiss, when they knew of the duke of Milan's entry into the city, departed and laid their artillery against Pavia in two places, which is held by the marquis of Mantua. There went out of the Duke's army into the city 1,500 or 2,000 Spaniards, in spite of the French, and a nephew of Lautrec was slain. The marshal of Burgundy has letters stating that the French king was at Grenoble, intending to cross the mountains to Pavia. The viscount Galeas had passed through Savoy towards the French king, to hasten his going into Italy, believing that the Emperor's army would be fain to abandon Milan for lack of money; but the Emperor has advanced 10,000 fresh lanceknights. The Archduke departed hence on Tuesday last for Innsbruck. The viceroy of Naples leaves tomorrow. Brussels, 24 April 1522. Signed.
Pp. 4, in Wingfield's hand.
24 April.
Galba, B. VII. 288. B. M.
Wrote last on the 18th, and has since received Tuke's of the 19th, by which he finds that he has been put in false hopes with fair promises. Is dissatisfied at not receiving his annuity like other ambassadors. No news has come from Milan of later date than the 6th, when the Duke's arrival there was reported; which is considered a good sign, as any ill success would have been heard of. From Venice tidings have already come that the French were before Pavia, had made two batteries, and intended to assault the town, which was defended by the marquis of Mantua. The duke of Milan was at Bynasco, and had sent to Pavia 2,000 Spaniards to give battle to the enemy. The French have lost about 3,000 men in their approaches, among whom was a nephew of Lotrecte. The Swiss would only fight in the field, and refused to join in the assault, so that the French and Venetians "should be the same for that exploit." Sends here-with a packet for the prior of the Charterhouse, belonging to two friars of Greenwich; also one for the bishop of Helna. Knowing of the French king's going to Italy, the Emperor has raised 10,000 additional lanzknechts. It is evident Francis fears nothing on this side the mountains. The government of Austria and Tyrol is taken from the Fellynghers and the old Emperor's council, much to the comfort of the inhabitants, and given to Ferdinand, who has gone to Hisprok (Innspruck). The viceroy of Naples departs tomorrow. The army of Zealand is advanced with all celerity.
"The answer and the Emperor's resolution upon the King's highness' advice is written in a common letter of Master Wingfelde and mine in cipher, and therefore I shall take no labor to advertise you thereof." (Thus deciphered by Tuke: "In a common letter of Mr. Wyngfeld and me is contained that the answer and resolution made by the Emperor upon the King's highness' advice is enclosed therein. Nevertheless, because it is in cipher ye shall receive it herewith, to the intent ye may be the first to show the same to my Lord's grace before the Bishop.") "But it is driven by Master Wingfield." Begs he will make an extract in his own hand of this other news, and submit it to the Cardinal. If the King sets forth his navy, great feats will be done against the enemy. Brussels, 24 April.
Hol., the cr. deciphered by Tuke, pp. 4. Add.: T[o the w]orshipful Master B[rian] Tuke, &c.
25 April.
R. O. St. P. II. 97.
Since the return of my lord Admiral, the late Lieutenant, there have been no great disturbances, though frays will never cease without the great power of God and the King. Ormonde took his oath as deputy on the 26th March, and the third day after left Dublin, to commune with Maghe Mur and other Irish captaius, and so on to his own country of Kilkenny, where he kept Easter. It is said that in eight days he will speak with Desmond, in the Marches of Munster, and then return to Dublin at Easter term. Conell O'More is expected to make an outbreak, on hearing of the return of Kildare, so that the King's subjects in the county of Kildare are in great fear. That county is almost destroyed already by the gentlemen with coyne and livery, and the whole four shires are in danger of being wasted, so that the King will get neither rent nor subsidy in a few days, if remedy be not found. The King has doubtless been informed of the death of the bishop of Cork. The archbishop of Dublin elect has obtained restitution of his temporalities by the King's patent. Dublin, 25 April, anno 14 Hen. VIII.
Hol., pp. 2, mutilated. Add.
25 April.
R. O.
Begs he will assist the bearer, Robt. Smith, whom the writer wishes to board "within you," and who "is disposed to be a priest, and will labor himself to have cunning." Wishes to know when any room falls vacant in Christ's College, trusting he may be a scholar there. "I hand (have heard of ?) none there, seth Master Jorge Gee was myttyd a scholar there." Bletshoe, 25 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my well belowyd Master Gold at Sent Gonys yn Cambryg.
26 April.
Galba, B. VII. 291*. B. M.
Wrote last on the 24th. Write only because tonight a post was sent to the Emperor's ambassadors with news from Venice of the 15th, concerning an irruption of the Turks into Istria. No news of Milan, except that Pavia stood sure, and that after the duke of Milan had set forward out of Milan his horsemen began to mutiny, because they were not paid as well as the foot; but these news are not thought trustworthy, as they have been originally learned from the Venetians. The Emperor is determined to be at Calais on the 12th of next month, of which we have informed Mr. Treasurer. Brussels, 26 April 1522. Signed.
In Wingfield's hand. P. 1.
27 April.
Galba, B. VII. 292. B. M.
Am glad to hear you are now on your return to Calais. I beg you will get two Englishmen in my service released, who have been taken prisoners by some officers of Calais and Guisnes, for doing their duty against my enemies. Brussels, 27 April 1522. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
27 April.
Vesp. C. II. 2. B. M.
Thanks him for his goodness to these kingdoms, and to himself in particular, as shown in the great offers of his ambassador, which God knows he cannot requite. Since the King and Emperor are so united, this kingdom is at Henry's service. Trusts that Henry's aid will make their enemies tremble, and that they will help him to recover Guienne. Henry has often seen how the French only observe their alliances so long as it suits themselves, and ought now to endeavor to make good his claim to France. The house of France is the best ally of the Turk in his invasion of Hungary. Time must not be lost now, or it will never be regained. Is writing to the Queen, offering her some mules. Would be glad to send Henry some Castilian and Sicilian horses. Victoria, 27 April 1522. Signed.
Sp., pp. 2.
27 April.
Wrote from Bylbo about the Pope's journey from Victoria to Sarragoza, where he will stay for a time, as nothing is ready for him here at Victoria. Came here on Thursday last, and the same day De la Chaulx rode to the Pope for certain matters between him and the Emperor concerning the government of Spain. The Lords of the Council received me honorably, so that I have spent nothing for meat, drink or horsemeat while with them. They were very glad when I entertained them, as the King commanded me, and answered, with one voice, that they were his servants. They will certainly do anything he commands, on the frontiers, with all their hearts. He will see their mind to the King and the Queen, as will appear by their letters sent to his majesty. The names of the governors here are don Ynygo de Velascho, great constable of Spain, don Federico Enryques, great admiral, the bishop of Oviedo, the great commander of Castile, don Roderigo Manrique, don Diego Hurtado de Mendosa, il Licentiato Zapata, Bargas and Polanco. The Constable and Admiral are the most devoted to England. The latter is of the Queen's blood, on her father's side. They are as honorable lords as any in Spain, and have done the Emperor singular service here. It would be well if the King wrote to them.
The Pope will meddle with nothing that is not urgent until he come to Rome. There are no great persons with him, except the bishops of Burgos and Barry. All the council here think the French king will do something against Milan this summer, unless the King find a remedy, and they say all their trust is in him. Leaves tomorrow for Saragoza. Will write thence by Roger Basen of London, who was sent with me by the master of the Rolls "for his expeditions of London." Letters to Spain by Biscay must be directed to captain Arteta of Bilbo, who is master of the couriers, an honest man, and favorable to the English.
The people are very desirous for their King to come here. The country will never be quiet till he do. The Admiral and Constable had great trouble to bring it to its present state. This morning the Constable and the Admiral gave me two mules, well adorned, after the manner of the country, for they heard by those who led me from Bylbo that most of my horses had miscarried in the mountains of Biscay. Must leave them here and get other mules, for English horses will not do for this country. Victoria, 27 April.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
28 April.
Vit. B. v. 58. B. M.
Later than they could have wished they send to him John Borellus, who will explain the causes of delay, not arising from their business or that of the prothonotary, William Enkuoirt, but from the nature of the case. Since Borellus came, not a day has passed without their being busy upon the matter; but as the vessels were wrecked, it was necessary to wait till they should be repaired and victualled, and the cardinals supplied with money, of which they were totally destitute. Sends him now with two triremes and a galleon, armed at their expense, and laden at that of the said William. Send also supplies of corn, breadstuffs, barley and wine for the Pope's voyage. When they wrote to him about the ring for which he asked, they thought it best to await a second command, but have received no answer. Thought, after Borrell's departure, that they could not find a fit messenger, or send it safely. Today have held a congregation, in which it was resolved to send two rings in a box, with seven seals, of which the three inner seals belong to us, the present deputies, three outer ones belong to the heads of each of our three orders, (fn. 2) and the fourth is that of the Chamberlain. The one ring has the name of Adrian spelt without the H, and the other with the H, that the Pope may choose which mode he prefers, when the other may be broken. Do not expect an answer. Had many reasons against sending the ring, but determined to comply with the Pope's will. Hope he will not waste time in writing letters, but leave all business till he come to Rome. Bologna was nearly lost lately by an attack of the exiles. Today the Venetian ambassador read letters from the Doge in the congregation, of which they send a copy, to show the dangers imminent from the Turks. Rome, 28 April 1522. "Sub sigillis nostrorum trium ex et a nobis deputatorum."
P.S.—Send copies of their two last letters, in case they have not reached him.
Lat., pp. 2, copy. Endd.
28 April.
R. O.
Received on the 12th April your letters dated Cambridge, 12 Jan., expressing your affection for me. I leave in your care any property which remains with you. The feather bed, which you want to buy, I gave, on leaving, to my parents, if they choose to take it away. If not, you can have it for what you think proper. You can use my books as your own. Would have written you a letter of consolation on the death of your mother and John Lane, had I not known the resignation with which you bear such events. Am grieved at Ric. Smyght's early death, from whose learning I had hoped much. There is a report that the Emperor is on his way to England. His brother Ferdinand passed Louvain on the 23d April, on his way to Hungary to resist the Turks, who have invaded that country. Have said enough about my journey in my last letters. Salute for me the master and students of our college. I commend to you Wm. Jeffrey and my other pupils. Wish to have the master's reply about the allowance promised me at my departure. Am surprised it has not been paid to my agent. Louvain, 4 cal. Maii.
Have received my pupil Wade's letter, and will answer him at another time.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: H. Golde, Divi Joannis Coll. Cantab. socio, &c.
28 April.
R. O.
Received letters on Wednesday last for Francis I. from the King and Wolsey, with one to himself for release of Felix Trofyn, a prisoner. The King had gone hunting the day before, and did not return until this day, Low Sunday. On making this request, Francis answered that he trusted neither the King nor Wolsey would desire anything of him that should be so prejudicial to him as this;—that Trofyn was a Florentine, a servant of his mortal enemy, and of good prise; and "it were alms to give him a hood with ears, and he would deliver him." By this he had got into his privy chamber, and Cheyne could have no more communication with him that night. Next night he made the same request, assuring him that the King and Wolsey would show him favor in any similar case. He answered that neither the King nor Wolsey knew the very truth "why the said Messer Felix' going was to the Pope; for and ye did, he said, he trusted that nother the King's highness nor your grace would write so effectually for him as you do;"—that he was his enemy, as might be seen by his letters. Cheyne desired to get possession of the letters, in order to send them; but Francis refused. He said that the earl of Angus was come as an ambassador there, who went to court with Mons. Chatilion and Dowbeney as Cheyne was writing this. Has never seen them show so much kindness to any ambassador before. A Florentine merchant, named Peerse Spina, says that Reynee Ursyne, with 6,000 or 7,000 foot and 300 men-of-arms, is at Seines, coming to Florence, and was attacked by the Florentines, and ran away with all his company, leaving his artillery behind. Francis will not acknowledge that this is his enterprise; and, on Cheyne speaking of it, he said that he had no news out of Italy since Francisco's coming. Notwithstanding this, Mons. de Saynctualire, captain of 6,000 foot, arrived on Friday last. As to the French king's report that the duke of Urbino had come to his service, and 2,000 Swiss who had abandoned the Florentines, he is assured by Spina it is not so, and that Urbino will be general of Florence. Sends a packet of letters received from Felix. "The French king and the cardinal of Lorayn, with divers other of his minions, go every day and every night for the most part in masker." Lyons, 28 April. Signed.
Cipher, deciphered by Tuke, pp. 6. Add.: Lord Cardinal, &c.
28 April.
Vit. B. v. 60. B. M.
"I will exalt thee, O God, my King, and will bless thy name for ever and ever," &c. I will confess to thee because thou hast lifted me up, and by thy words thou hast helped me and consoled me. Thou hast heard my cry afar off. Not so the King thy brother, not so; neither has the prayer of thy servant entered into his ears; but will he not hear the voice of my Lord, my Lord and King, requiring him? They have examined and proved me, and iniquity was not found in thy servant. But thou, O Lord, my protector, hast plucked me out of my tribulation and necessities. Many dogs have surrounded me, and the counsel of those who sought my soul has beset me. Incline thine ear to my aid, and with thy right hand protect me, &c. May God bless my King, defender of the faith and of his servants. From prison in the castle of Petra Scissa, at Lyons, 28 April 1522.
Ho., Lat., mutilated, pp. 2.
30 April.
Faustina, E. VII. 121. B. M.
Ellis, 2nd Ser. II. 4. Has received his letter by Mr. Sandes, stating that the King, by advice of his council, had resolved to send certain commissioners to survey the town and marches of Calais, and examine abuses; and requesting that Fox would come to the court, as he has at sundry times taken travail in the said matters, and has some books on the subject. Since the King licensed him to remain in his church, after he had been so negligent for thirty years that of his four cathedral churches he had never seen Exeter or Wells, "and innumerable souls whereof I never see the bodies; and specially since by his licence I left the keeping of his privy seal, and most specially since my last departing fro your good lordship and the Council, I have determined, and, betwixt God and me, utterly renounced the meddling with worldly matters, specially concerning the war or anything to it appertaining (whereof, for the many intolerable enormities that I have seen ensue by the said war in time past, I have no little remorse in my conscience), thinking that if I did continual penance for it all the days of my life, though I should live twenty years longer than I may do, I could not yet make sufficient recompense therefor. And now, my good Lord, to be called to fortifications of towns and places of war, or to any matter concerning the war, being of the age of seventy years and above, and looking daily to die, the which if I did, being in any such meddling of the war, I think I should die in despair. No marvel, my Lord, the premises considered, if this my present vocation to such matters trouble not a little my spirits. I fear that I shall not, by reason thereof, be in such quietness that I shall dare say mass these five or six days."
Will be glad to serve the King in whatever may become so old a priest; but in these matters it becomes not him to meddle. Knows nothing at all about these fortifications; but before the siege of Boulogne, when his company, except Sir John Don and Sir John Turberville, had returned to England, they used to meet at Boulogne with the lord Quardis in the time of Henry VII., when Fox caused a sluice to be made at Calais, which, he thinks, would now have been a good haven, had it not been destroyed by Turberville. Has no books, and has never seen any, except such as are in the council house at Calais. Hopes, therefore, he may be excused coming up. Has much business on hand, both of correction and justice. Visits his cathedral once every fifteen days, and the monastery of Hyde. If Calais is to be fortified, advises the rigging of the navy should be repaired, and Portsmouth and the Isle of Wight be provided with artillery, as they are the first places the enemy will look upon; and if they be lords of the sea, Calais will be lost. Winchester, 30 April. Signed.
30 April.
Vit. B. v. 61. B. M.
At length the Imperial army has begun under favorable auspices as he wrote two hours ago to D. Argilensis, the Emperor's secretary, but was not perfectly sure. Has now received letters from the duke of Milan that the enemy were advancing against us on the 27th at Bicocca, four miles from Milan; on which the Duke, with 10,000 armed men of the people, came to join the Imperialists, whom he found already under their banners. The Duke placed his men as an army of reserve. The Swiss attacked the artillery of the Emperor where the Germans stood. The Spaniards and Corsicans attacked the Swiss in flank, and pressed them close. Lautrec, understanding that the Duke was behind, made a circuit and attacked his forces in the rear, hoping to put them to flight, but they fought stoutly and compelled the others to turn their backs, along with the Swiss. It is said Lautrec and Janinus de Medicis were slain. Among the leading Swiss there fell Albert Preda and Claude Dor. On our side count Golisan was killed by an arrow in the right eye. The captains did not think right to go further that night, fearing they could not keep their men together. They sent, however, a body of light-armed horse after the enemy. The duke of Milan, after a little rest, followed at break of day, and will not stop till he has had another engagement or completely driven out the enemy. Trent, 30 April 1522.
Hol., Lat., mutilated, pp. 2. Add. at ƒ. 58.
30 April.
R. O.
Has not heard from Wolsey for many months. Is anxious for news of his health, as there has been a rumor that he is ill. Has written by every courier since Leo's death. The ambassadors tell him a nuncio is to be sent to England. There is nothing to write about Papal and Italian affairs. His countrymen (the Bolognese) were lately attacked by the Bentivogli and other exiles, but defended the city, and drove them away, taking many prisoners and all the scaling ladders and artillery. The whole College is much pleased at this. Rome, 30 April 1522. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
30 April.
R. O.
Has had no notice of the receipt of his letters touching the death of the Pope and creation of his successor. Writes, nevertheless, to Wolsey by these ambassadors, and puts the letter in Vannes' hands, whom he requests also to deliver the letter for Pennant. Rome, 30 April 1522. Signed.
Ital., p. 1. Add.: "Domino Petro Vanni, reverendissimi cardinalis Ebor. secretario, Londini;" and in another place, erroneously, "Reverendo amico nostro carissimo Joanni Pennant, reverendissimi domini Dunelmensis capellano."
30 April.
R. O. St. P. VI. 88.
2211. PACE and CLERK to WOLSEY.
Since their last have had knowledge from Milan that on the 11th the French assaulted Pavia, hoping to take it, as the duke of Milan had left with 9,000 foot and 500 men-at-arms to join Prosper Colonna. It was, however, so well defended by the marquis of Mantua that the French were defeated, and the nephew of Lotrect slain. It was attacked by the French a second time, and defended until Prosper came out of Milan with his army to the rescue. The French have retreated to Septimo, eight miles from Pavia, having lost four pieces of artillery, and their bridge over the Ticino has been broken down. The Swiss are much dissatisfied. On the 24th news came from the cardinal De Medici that count Hannibal Arrangon arrived at Bononye with the Bentivoles, intending to take that city from the Pope and give it to the former, but the town was saved by the Cardinal. The College has sent victuals to the Pope as demanded by him, as they have stated before.
P.S.—Hear from the Cardinal that the French army is dissolved, and the Swiss gone one way, and the Venetians another. Rome, 30 April. Signed.
P.S.—Have just received letters from the duke of Milan to the Emperor's ambassador, dated the 27th, stating that on that day the Swiss and French, in hunger and despair, had set upon Colonna, who was succored by the duke of Milan. Lotrect was sorely wounded, as was the bastard of Savoy, and 3,000 Swiss have been cut to pieces. The French and Swiss have withdrawn to the town of Monce, ten miles from Milan.
Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
30 April.
Granted by Louis de Bresze, count de Maulevrier, seneschal of Normandy, to three Englishmen who had been arrested by him, permitting them to go to England to see to their affairs, leaving three of their companions as hostages. 30 April 1522. Signed and sealed.
Fr., p. 1.
ii. Attestation of the above by Geffray Bernard, lieutenant in the vicomté de Neufchastel of M. le Bailly de Caux in Normandy. The prisoners are named Jehan Garet, Thos. Gosselin and Thos. Bloel. 2 May 1522.
Fr. On parchment. Sealed.
S. B. 2213. HENRY VIII.
Appointment of [Thomas earl of Surrey], K. G., admiral of England, to be Admiral of the fleet appointed [to conduct] the Emperor [to Spain].
ii. Appointment of Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, junior, the King's councillor, as Vice-admiral of the same fleet.
iii. Commission to the earl of Surrey to retain 700 able men, under the degree of a baron, for the war.
iv. Appointment of Thomas Maners lord Rosse as warden of the East and Middle Marches towards Scotland.
v. Commission of array to the same.
vi. Safeconduct and protection, for eight months, to the lord David Betoun, chancellor of Glascowe, with ten persons in his retinue.
In Latin and English. Much defaced.
April./GRANTS. 2214. GRANTS in APRIL 1522.
8. Hugh Coton, B.C.L., and fellow of All Souls' College, Oxford. To have the pension which the abbot elect of Cicestre is bound to give for the exhibition of a clerk at the King's nomination, by reason of his "novell" election. Greenwich, 28 Feb. 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 8 April.—P.S.
8. Wm. Hude, alias Hode, of the parish of St. Olave's, Suthwerk, Surrey, dyer. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Anthony Ughtred, captain of Berwick. Greenwich, 22 Feb. 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 8 April.—P.S.
9. Sir Edm. Tame. To be steward of the lordship of Fayreford, Glouc., with 40s. a year. Del. Westm., 9 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
10. Roger Hacheman, yeoman of the Guard. Lease of a tenement and lands, called Bekesplace, in the lordship of Ewelme, Oxf., late of Edmund de la Pole; for 21 years; rent 4l., and 2s. of increase. Del. Hampton Court, 10 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 16.
10. Ric. Rawson, clk., LL.D. Presentation to the deanery of the collegiate church of Tamworth, Cov. and Lich. dioc., vice Wm. Hone, deceased. Del. Hampton Court, 10 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p.1, m. 27.
12. Sir Ric. Jernyngham, knight for the Body. Grant, in tail male, of the manors of Hanerell and Hersham, Suff., forfeited by Buckingham. Del. Westm., 12 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 3.
12. John Willerd, alias Willers, of Dertford, Kent, woodmonger, alias grasier. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Signed by Berners. Del. Hampton Court, 12 April 13 Hen. VIII.—P.S.b. Fr., m. 6.
12. Charles earl of Worcester and Henry lord Herbert, his son. Grant, in tail male, of the manor of Ealdyng, Kent, forfeited by Buckingham. Del. Hampton Court, 12 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 3, m. 3.
13. Wm. Tate, LL.D. Presentation to the church of Chelmysforde, in the King's gift by the vacancy of the see of London. Richmond, 12 April 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 13 April.—P.S. Pat. p. 3, m. 23.
14. Bartram Eon, merchant of St. Malo's. Licence for one year to export all merchandize, except merchandize pertaining to the staple of Calais, and to import "vetery," canvas, coarse or fine, white or brown Hollands, polldavies, wines of Augue or Rochelle, bay salt, white salt, salt and dry fish, wines of Gascony and Guienne, and Toulouse woad, in ships called the Ni- cholas of Poole, and the Mighell of Saint Malo's. Del. Hampton Court, 14 (fn. 3) April 13 Hen. VIII. Endd.: Apud Grenewich, 17 die Marcii, anno r. r. H. VIII. 13o.—S. B. Fr., m. 8.
14. Wm. Jenyns, "corveser," and Griffith Pybyth, weaver, both of Kyngton, marches of Wales. Pardon for stealing a black ox, value 20s., belonging to Wm. White; and for stealing a mare. Richmond, 10 April 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 14 April.—P. S. Pat. p. 3, m. 21.
14. Ambrose Skelton. Annuity of 10 marks, out of the issues of the manor of Thornebury, Glouc. Greenwich, 2 March 13 Hen. VIII. (No date of delivery.)—P. S. Westm., 14 April. Pat. p. 3, m. 22.
16. Th. Seyntleger, clk. Grant of the prebend called Alnetheley, alias Alnerley, in the collegiate church of St. Mary Magdelene, Brigenorth, vice Wm. Hone, clk. deceased. Del. Hampton Court, 16 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
18. Rob. Holforde, of Acton, Chesh. Pardon for being concerned with Rob. Spencer, alias Watson, late of London, and Ric. Astley, late of Derby, in the robbery from an Irishman of 10d., and of his coat, sword and buckler. The King promised Mr. Bryan, at the manor of Newhall, Essex, that Holforde should be pardoned, for finding a "fawcon" of the King's in co. Bucks, if he would disclose the names of the two others concerned. He has "a poor wife and four small children," and "had not one penny of the said 10d." Del. Hampton Court, 18 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
18. Th. Kemys, marshal of the Hall. To be keeper of Horsfreth park, Essex, forfeited by Buckingham; with 2d. a day, and an annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d,; from the lordship of Writtell, Essex.—S. B. (undated.) Hampton Court, 18 April. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 17.
18. Sir John Ragland. Grant of the manor of Pentkelly Anglican, South Wales, forfeited by Buckingham. "Teste," Hampton Court, 18 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S. B.
19. Wm., son of Sir John Daunce, the King's councillor. Lease, for 60 years, of the manor of Whytechurche, Oxf., parcel of the duchy of Cornwall, in the honor of Wallyngford; rent 24l. Also acquittance from all wages, annuities, &c. granted out of the manor. Del. Hampton Court, 19 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 3, m. 17.
19. Ant. Everart, jun., John de Berney and John de Gassion, merchants of Toulouse, Languedoc, and Bernard Berdequyer, merchant of Oberon, in Bearn, now resident in London. Licence, for 7 years, to export merchandise, notwithstanding any war against the French king. Del. Hampton Court, 19 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Fr. m. 7.
19. Sir John Husey, the King's councillor. Grant, in tail male, of the manor of Knesall, Notts, forfeited by Buckingham; rent 20l., payable to Sir John Carre. Del. Hampton Court, 19 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
19. Th. Hynde, of London. Pardon for the murder of Robert Wattys Del. Hampton Court, 19 April 13 Hen. VIII. Endd.: Apud Grenewiche, 2 die Feb. anno r.r. H. VIII. 13, per Tomson.—S. B. Pat. p. 3, m. 20.
20. John Cavalcanti, merchant of Florence, gentleman-usher of the Chamber. Licence to import cloths of gold, silver and damask, gold cloths of "tynsyn saten" with gold, and all other cloths wrought with gold. The King to have the first choice. A copy of this licence, signed by the duke of Norfolk, treasurer, to be a sufficient warrant. Del. Westm., 20 April 13 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Fr., m. 7.
20. Sir Geoffrey Gates. Grant of the farm and marsh called Palmershe, Essex, part of Buckingham's lands. Westm., 20 April.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23; and p. 3, m. 14.
Ric. Alynson, of London, merchant-tailor, alias surgeon. Pardon of all offences before 24 Nov. 8 Hen. VIII. Endorsed:—" Joh. Heron et Joh. Stokysley."—S. B. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
Wm. Butler. To be keeper of Guldeford Castle, Surrey.—S. B.
Wm. Coffyn. To be keeper of Combe mertyn park, Devon, with 4d. a day out of the manor of Combemertyn, and with herbage and pannage.—S. B. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p.1, m. 22.
Sir Geoffrey Gates. Grant, in tail male, of the manor of Poolemarsshe, Essex, forfeited by Buckingham.—S. B. (fn. 4)
Th. Goldyng, of Sabrichesworth, Herts. Pardon for murder of John Coke.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 20.
John Hammer, native of Flanders. Denization.—S. B. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 17.
Ric. Ap William Herbert, late of Crikhoell, South Wales. Pardon for uttering false money.—S. B. Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
Th. Hoore, of London, fruiterer alias mariner. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais.—S. B.
John Huntt, of the parish of St. Mary Hill, London, fishmonger. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais.—S. B. Fr. m. 6.
Wm. Johnson, late of Warkeworth, Northumb., alias of Bramshed, Hants, alias of London, turner. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Signed: John Berners.—P. S. b.
Ric. Justice, groom of the Wardrobe of Robes to the Queen. Corrody in the monastery of Croylande, Linc., on surrender of Sir John Legh, to whom it was granted by Hen. VI.—S. B.
Sir Wm. Kyngiston, knight for the Body, and Th. ap Gwilliam, usher of the Chamber. To be constables of the castle of St. Briavel, in Dene Forest, Glouc., during pleasure, with fees from the said forest and the lordship of Newlond.—S. B.
Ric. Molson, of "Seint Jones Strete," Smythfeld, Middx., baker. Protection; going in the King's retinue for victualling and guarding Calais.—S. B.
John Parkins of London, son of John Parkyns, of Guldeford, Surrey. Pardon. Westm., 8 ...—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.
Th. Maners lord Roos. Wardship of Francis, s. and h. of Humph. Roos.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.
John Ryan. To be surveyor of the King's gardens in the manors of Richemount, Surrey, and Hansworth, Middx., with 8d. a day.—S. B.
Wm. Seyntpeir, of London, merchant tailor, alias merchant adventurer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. "Franc." in margin.—S. B.
Sir Wm. Vampage and Sir Wm. Kyngeston. Commencement of a patent reciting patent 24 Feb. 5 Hen. VIII. appointing them to be the King's sewers and herbigers. (Unfinished.) Vacated because enrolled elsewhere. (fn. 5)Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 23.
Lawrence Walrowe, deceased. Commission to Wm. Uncam, mayor of Coventry, Ralph [Swillington, recorder], Ric. Marler and Th. Rowley, to make inquisition p. m. as to the lands and heir of the said Lawrence.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 27d.
Sir Henry Wiat and John Melton. To be bailiffs of the lordship of Conesborowe, York, with other offices there and in Conysborow Castle, as held by Wiat and Sir Th. Fitzwilliam of Aldwerk; on surrender of patent 6 Dec. 3 Hen. VIII., invalid.—Pat. 13 Hen. VIII. p. 3, m. 23.
Reginald Wolvedon, the King's serjeant-at-arms. Grant of goods forfeited by Stephen Laughar, of Trurew, Cornw., for killing Wm. Hoskyns in self-defence.—S. B.
24. Commission of the Peace. Warwickshire.—Th. card. of York, G. bp. of Coventry and Lichfield, Th. marquis of Dorset, Th. prior of St. John's, Edw. Sutton lord Dudley, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, John Carell, Sir Hen. Willoughby, Sir Wm. Compton, Sir Edw Grevell, Sir Edw. Ferrers, Wm. Boughton, Wm. Feldyng, Th. Spenser, Wm. Broun, Rob. Fulwod, Th. Slade, Roger Wigston, Ric. Verney, and Th. Holte. Westm., 24 April.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
24. Sir Th. Boleyn, treasurer of the Household. Grant, in tail male, of the manor of Fobbyng, Essex, forfeited by Buckingham—S. B. (undated). Hampton Court, 24 April. Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
24. Sir Hen. Guldeford, comptroller of the Household. Grant, in tale male, of the manor of Hadlowe, Kent, in the hands of the King, through the attainder of Edw. duke of Buckingham. Hampton Court, 24 April.—Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 22.
24. Simon Savage. To be a gunner in the Tower of London, with 12d. a day. Richmond, 10 April 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 24 April 14 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
28. Henry Courteney earl of Devon, s. and h. apparent of Katharine countess of Devon, the King's aunt. To be keeper of the manor, new lodge, great park and little park of Byrlyng, Kent, bailiff of the said manor, and master of the hunt, walker and paler of the said parks; with various fees. Del. Hampton Court, 28 April 14 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
28. Reginald John Janyn, of Methian, Cornw., tinner. Pardon for having, with others, in 12 Hen. VIII., at St. Dey, Cornw., stolen 30 black tin bottles, value 6l., the property of Jas. Eresy, Peter Benyll, Jas. Trewynnerde, Florence, Saintaubyn and John Thomas. Richmond, 19 April 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April 14 Hen. VIII.—P. S.
28. Hugh Mervyn. To be chancellor and receiver of the lordship of Brechon, alias Brekenok, S. Wales, during pleasure. Greenwich, 11 March 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April 14 Hen. VIII.—P. S. Pat. p. 1, m. 15.
28. Th. cardinal of York, Sir Wm. Tyrwhit, lady Eliz. Taylboys, widow of Sir Geo. Taylboys, and Gilbert Taylboys. Wardship of Geo. s. and h. of Ric. Vernon, with custody of the lordships of Mouldesinewbourne and Nubystanes, Westmor. Del. Hampton Court, 28 April 14 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
29. Sir Th. Boleyn, treasurer of the Household, and George his s. and h. apparent. To have various offices, in survivorship, in the manor, honor and town of Tunbridge, the manors of Brasted and Pensherst, and the parks of Pensherst, Northlegh and Northlaundes, Kent; with various fees and power to lease. Del. Hampton Court, 29 April 14 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
Galba, B. VII.
306. B. M.
"Forasmuch as the most noble virtue of your Majesty hath taken the guard and protection of the Low Countries of the Emperor during his absence, and that the confederation, alliance and amity is so firm and leal between you, it is reasonable and expedient that your said Majesty be advertised of such things as may be to the relief of the said countries, in keeping them from the oppression, and also to recover the lands, signories and profits taken and detained from the Emperor by divers persons having the administration of the revenues of his sacred Majesty imperial, and to remit and reduce in good estate the said revenues, lands and signories; in the which doing your Majesty may keep the people in peax and obeisance during the said absence, defend the said countries from oppression to be done by the inhabitants, and by these means acquire tanke of God, lowange and rennomee immortal and mervellyeuse lowe (love) and grace of the people."
Does not enter into the question of the abuses which have reduced the Emperor's affairs to their present state, but only how to recover what the Emperor and his predecessor have lost. 1. The officers of finance to be abolished, and the chambers of accounts shut, in Brabant, Flanders and Holland. 2. The receiver-general to receive periodical instructions what charges to pay. 3. A council to be constituted, one half English, to give instructions to the receiver-general, and, in conjunction with the Emperor's lieutenant, to give pardons, review all accounts, and resume possessions fraudulently withdrawn from the Emperor. Thus the money with which the financiers enrich themselves will come to the Emperor. Three or four persons of experience to audit the accounts of the receiver-general and others. The Emperor's subjects will readily grant any demand when they know of such good government being established. These arrangements should be carried out before the Feast of St. John the Baptist, when the aids will become due, that they may be employed in the defence of the country; otherwise the governors will appropriate them as usual, which might cause rebellion. At the interview letters should be directed to the receivers to keep all the money in their hands. (fn. 6)
The mortgages of the Emperor's lands were made during his minority, when Chievres had the rule, who pocketed 2,000l. a year under color of money lent by him to his master, "and some for gifts, and to the intent that the residue" * * *
Imperfect and mutilated, pp. 4. In Spinelly's hand.


  • 1. Really cousin.
  • 2. That is, of cardinal bishops, priests and deacons.
  • 3. 18 on Fr. Roll.
  • 4. See above, 20th April.
  • 5. This is evidently the beginning of the grant to Sir Edw. Nevile noticed on p. 459.
  • 6. Thus far the letter is addressed to the King, but the last paragraph is addressed to Wolsey.