Henry VIII: May 1522, 1-15

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1867.

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'Henry VIII: May 1522, 1-15', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 3, 1519-1523, (London, 1867) pp. 943-959. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol3/pp943-959 [accessed 14 April 2024]


May 1522

1 May.
R. O.
As he was about to answer the letters of Lalemand, studied them more carefully, and found that he (the Bishop) had misunderstood what he said yesterday about the lady Margaret. It referred, not to her, but her secretary. Was much surprised at the news, and could not understand it. Will show Wolsey Lalemand's letters. Made the mistake through the difficulty of the characters. Lalemand advises Wolsey not to trust secrets to this secretary, as he knows nothing about it. London, 1 May 1522. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
1 May.
R. O.
Enclose a letter from the Emperor to the treasurer of Calais, demanding the delivery of two Englishmen, prisoners in Guysnes Castle, for robberies in violation of the late proclamation. Desire to know the King's pleasure, without which, as they have informed the Emperor, they have no power to deliver them. Calais, May Day. Signed: John Berners, Wyll'm Sandys, Edward Guldefford, Marys Berkeley, Robert Wotton, Crystofer Garneys, Bartylmew Tate.
P. 1. Add.
1 May.
R. O.
The Treasurer here has told me that by your means the King has restored me the lands the duke of Buckingham had of me by exchange, with arrears. Would never have obtained it without Wolsey's favor. The lands he had from the Duke are improved, and Berners spent much in repairing since he had them; his own, now restored, are little better than they were then. Calais, 1 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
1 May.
R. O.
Heard today that there are 1,400 horsemen at Boulogne, and a great many foot at Motrell and Abbeville. They assemble daily. At Tyrwyn there is much more provision and ordnance than is necessary for the garrison. The rumor is they make their staple there to serve them when they purpose any feat in Flanders. A man who came from Rone (Rouen) told me he was at the New Haven where the great ship is building, and that there are a great many men in the neighbourhood to protect it, having heard that the English would come suddenly to burn it. He said also the scarcity was so great that many had died of hunger. Calais, 1 May.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
1 May.
Calig. D. VIII. 32. B. M.
2220. INTELLIGENCE from a FRENCH SPY. (fn. 1)
1 May, Calais.—Says he has been at Dieppe, where are several ships which they are preparing secretly, and they are making four new ones to go into England, as it is secretly rumored, because the king of England would not go to Turkey. A ship of Dieppe, laden with corn for Ireland, was compelled to enter the said place, "et rendit on 1 .. deniers a Dieu aux marchans, en leur faisant comman[dement] sur peyne de la hart de non porter vivres hors de France." At Caudebec he found a ship had been arrested as laden with habiliments of war for the English. Went thence to Honfleur, where Bernardin had been about three weeks before, to construct harbours at Honfleur and Harfleur, to contain all the great ships of Britanny, with the galleys that are to be secretly collected. Bernardin is said to have left his galleys at sea to defeat suspicion. Has been among the workmen engaged on the harbours, and seen the Grande and Petite Loyse about to be launched. When he was at Honfleur, two or three gentlemen from the court came to see the works and hasten them. They are cutting a piece off the land, that vessels may come in closer. A great ship with two masts has arrived at Rouen, laden with alum and artillery; they are refitting it for the King's wars. Pilgrims from St. Nicolas say that the lanceknights and the duke of Gueldres are to go to Tourn[ay]. It is said they will send White Rose into Scotland, with 12,000 or 14,000 Swiss, and that the French mean to have three armies in different places. Messieurs de Piennes and de D ... have been at Therouenne, and on Wednesday last at Dauverne, and are going to Boulloigne. They are going to knock down the new bridge called Wymercue about Marquyze.
Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
1 May.
R. O.
Indenture dated 1 May 14 Hen. VIII., by which lord Darcy and lady Edith Nevill, his wife, promise to pay Elizabeth Ratcliff, late wife of John Ratcliff, 21l. 10s., by annual instalments of 3l. 6s. 8d., for a gold chain of 111 links, value 21l. 10s.
2 May.
R. O.
Since my arrival here, I have collected all provisions necessary for the Emperor's visit, but have only given an earnest for such as would be spoiled by keeping if he change his appointment, and is not disposed to take his passage by this town. Wish for fuller commands and certain information of the Emperor's coming. It is said that the borders about Picardy are well furnished with soldiers, that 100 horse are at Boulogne, and 200 more coming, with a number of footmen under the bayliff of Caen. Divers English merchants complain that they have been robbed by Frenchmen, and their goods are detained by the captain of Boulogne, though they make daily suit to him. I have written "tenderly" to him at their desire. I enclose his answer, and the copies of my letters. I have before asked you to allow Gadge to succeed the present comptroller of Calais, to which you were favorable. The Comptroller is sore vexed with continual infirmity, and not likely to live long. No man is more suitable for the post than Gadge, for his "wisdom, personage and hardiness." Calais, 2 May. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord [Cardinal's] grace, legate [de latere] and cha[ncellor of] England.
2 May.
Galba, B. VII. 293. B. M.
Wrote last on the 30th April, saying that the Emperor intended to remain here till the arrival of Sir Ric. Wingfield. A man came from Calais yesterday, who left at noon the day before, and said there was no word of Sir Richard; but, not to break his appointment to be at Calais on the 12th, his Majesty leaves today for Malines; will be at Antwerp all Sunday, leave on Monday for Ghent, and so to Bruges. He still retains the viceroy of Naples, in hope of Sir Richard's coming. Since the news from Italy of the 18th, the Emperor has letters written at Bynaske on the 20th, stating that of 130 men-at-arms seventy were taken prisoners, and the rest slain; that Antony de Leeve, a captain of light horse in the Emperor's army, put Janyn de Medicis to flight, whose company were all taken and slain. The marquis of Pescara writes that the Imperialists will shortly give battle to the French, who are divided into three parts, at Marignano, Saynt Angell, and near Lodi, where they are very strong. Brussels, 2 May 1522. Signed.
In Wingfield's hand, p. 1.
2 May.
Calig. D. VIII. 238. B. M.
2224. CHEYNE to [WOLSEY].
"Please it your grace to understand, that this day, being the 1st of May, I was with the French king to know whether he had sent the answer touching Messire Felix according to his promise; and he told me the Chancellor was in hand to make it, and said it should be sent shortly. I think I have written you already the effect of his answer touching that.
"Moreover, it may please your grace, this present day one Gittons brought me a letter for my lord of Durham, not only for knowing of mine advice and counsel, but also to have mine aid and assistance for certain wines bought at Bordeaux by the said Gittons, amongst which is the provision of my said Lord's house; which wines, as I am informed by the said Gittons, with divers other mo, to the number of 1,600 tuns, be arrested now lately at Bordeaux, and in likewise divers ships of Bristow that came to carry the same wines.
"Please it your grace, according to my lord of Durham's writing, I was so bold to move the French king, perceiving they were none of the goods that the King and your grace directed your sundry letters to the French king for now of late; and this was his answer:—Whensoever his subjects were restored of all such goods as hath been taken from them by Englishmen, that he would cause restitution to be made of all manner of wrongs in likewise; and till that time he made me a plain answer that neither ships nor English merchants' goods should depart his realm, saying that this day he received letters how Englishmen had taken three French ships before Dieppe now lately, and that men m[ight] say he were worse than a fool and he would make any manner of restitution and cowl[d have] none again.
"It may please your grace, this was [my] saying to him again: 'Sire, will your grace have better assurance than the King your brother's writing, and my lord Cardinal's? And also, it were no reason that these men should be arrested be[ing] within your haven; for if Englishmen have taken any ships or goods from your subjects, it hath been on the broad [sea], and not within the King your brother's realm; and I am well assured there hath been none of your subjects' ships nor goods arrested in England, but that they be as well intreated, and have as much liberty to do their feats of merchandise, as ever they had; and for every crown that Englishmen have taken from your subjects on the sea, yours have taken ten from them, and also began more than 10 months or any Englishman had any ships of war upon the sea; which I trust your grace will consider, and to see these wines and ships may be redelivered, and not to stop the poor merchants within your realm, where they think to be as well as if they were in England. And as for these ships and wines I speak to your grace of, no[ne is] part of the goods which the King y[our] brother and my lord Cardinal wrote to your grace the last day, of the which I moved you myself, [and] likewise wrote your saying to my said lord Cardinal.'
"Please it your grace, this was his answer to m[e]: 'Monsieur I'ambassadeur, whereas ye say that my subjects have taken for every crown ten, I will give you 10,000 crowns and [you] make it good; nevertheless I would it were true, for I am bound to keep my subjects harmless. But and it were as ye say, I think you would make more haste than you do to appoint commissioners for the redressing of all such wrongs as have [been] done upon the sea now lately. And also ye say that my subjects were the first beginners. And it be so, it was against my will and knowledge, and those that were the robbers be banis and coursers of the sea; and if they could have been taken, they should have suffered death for it.'
"Please it your grace, I made answer thereunto and said, I know right well that all the ships and goods they took they made port sale thereof within his realm. And he asked me what they were. And I said they were well known. And then he said again by these words, 'Well, the King my brother hath made out ships of war of his own, and given letters of marque to rob my subjects.' Moreover, he saith that he made out no ships of his, nor hath granted no letter of marque yet hitherto; saying that and there were no remedy found, the rather that it should right well appear that he was able to make ships to the sea as well as other men.
"Please it your grace, as touching the King's sh[ips] I made him answer, that they were hired by English merchants for the sure wafting of their goods out of Flanders and elsewhere, and not made out by the King to the intent to rob his subjects; and as for letters of marque, I said I did no[t] know the King had [granted] any such. And as to this, he made answer again, that it was well excused of me, and said that it was not only the ships that be now out, but that there be 10 or 12 mo at the Thames' mouth ready to come out. To the which I made answer again, if there be any such, it was to conduct the Emperor in surety into Spain. Over this, it may please your grace, he said that he would do nothing for no great words, and that he was sorry he was no better esteemed than he is, saying that there was no King in France a great while that would be less gotten of by threatening than him; and rather than he would incline to any good agreement by any such manner, he would abide to have his belly trod upon, and to put his life and all the realm of France in as much danger as could be; but by fair means his friends should have what they would, and none otherwise, to die for it.
"Further, he said he marvelled much that any man would take part with the Emperor against him, who hath not wherewith, nor would do so much for his assured friend as he would do; saying, that he had need to have two good purses to maintain that he hath begun. But what he meant by his so saying, I doubt not but your grace can ponder farther than I can write. Nevertheless, I made answer, I knew no man that took any part against him, nor that used him after any such manner as he spoke of. But, in conclusion, he would be glad the King or your grace should appoint some men, and he would in likewise for his part, and send them to Calais, without making of any further difficulty, for the examination and restitution of all such wrongs as have been done between the Englishmen and the Frenchmen since the treaty of London.
"Please it your grace, notwithstanding all his high words, I think verily he would give a great portion of money to be well assured of the King's highness and your grace.
"Moreover, it may please your grace, all the while I was thus talking with the French King, there was the earl of Angus present, who went to him immediately after I had done; and with him went the lord Fleming, who is in commission with him, and speaketh good French, and the said Earl cannot one word; and also there went with them the duke of Albany's secretary.
"Please it your grace, in the meantime I dev[ised] with Mons. Dowbenay, w[ho] told me that one of the chief causes of this Yerl's coming hither was to desire the French king to write to the duke of Albany to be good to a brother of his, being a man of the Church whom the said Duke hath deprived of his benefices, by his saying.
"Moreover, it may please your grace, this while [one] of my servants was talking with [a] chaplain of the Yerl's, seeming by his apparel to be an honest man, who showed my said servant by these words, 'The French king hears say the king of England would give a certain number of men to aid the Emperor, and for that intent the said French king sent the duke of Albany into Scotland to give battle to the king of England.'
"Furthermore, it may please your grace, as I was yet drawing this letter, onc William Baxi, a merchant Florentine in this town, told me that one Servient, of Marseilles, hath taken six ships laden with wheat, that came out of Sicily and were going into Spain; and, moreover, he showed me that tomorrow Frcre Barnardine should go to Marseilles, and so to the sea immediately with fi[fty] ships and galleys, marvellously well decked with ordnance and ready to set forth, and that the French king had sent into Bretagne and Normandy in all haste possible to make ready as many ships as be meet for the wars, and that the French King's captains be in division amongst themselves. I will not say this is true, for I hear it but only by this man.
"Moreover, it may please your grace, the Admiral hath been forth this se'nnight, but where, I can have no sure knowledge as yet; for some told me he is with the duke of Savoy, and some say he is into Switzerland; and the French king told me he was at Grenoble, and that he would have been here for four days gone, which makes me think that he is rather into Switzerland than otherwise."
This day, 2 May, before this letter was finished, I received word that the French King had news from Italy that the French had slain a number of the Emperor's foot. I went immediately to court, and the King told me his men had killed 400 or 500 foot and 200 horse, and that [many] were taken prisoners, and the marquis of Mantua gone out of Pavia. Those in the castle of Milan had made "a great splanade right between them and [the town]," by which they may beat the town at pleasure. Formerly they could shoot at nothing but the steeple. The town had shut its gates against the Spaniards, and he expects within three days to hear of some g[reat] defeat.
He made me far better countenance today than yesterday; so I spoke to him again about the ships and wines' at Bordeaux, and that the English might have some security within his realm without safeconducts. He said he would speak with the Chancellor, "and also I think he will deliver a part of the said wines, or else all. Please it your grace, after my foolish mind, it were well done that all English merchants had warning to forbear resorting into these parts; for after this manner they be in great danger to lose as much as they bring."
Begs to be recalled, not for lack of good will, but of wit and experience for such great matters. Lyons, 2 May. Signed.
Pp. 9, mutilated. Chiefly cipher, with mutilated decipher by Tuke in margin.
2 May.
R. O.
This day Francis showed him that his men had slain 400 or 500 foot and 200 horse, and that the marquis of Mantua is gone out of Pavia, &c. "He hath told me of a great many that his men have slain, but never telleth me how many he hath lost." "He hath killed four or five great harts a force since Easter, whereof one was almost at the trochyng," Has no other news but what he has written to the Cardinal. Would be very glad to return. Lyons, 2 May. Signed.
P. 1. A passage in cipher, deciphered. Add.
4 May.
Calig. E. III. 118. B. M.
* * * "une garde. Et pour ce que I ... x gens, le dit Thonnelay voeult que vo ... yer deux amendes, ce que ne pois bonne[ment faire, c]ar par la coustume et appointement fait par n[os capitaines] avec vous aultres officiers de Guisnes, jam[ais] ... une garde, ny a que une amende, laquelle je ... recepvoir se mieulx ne leur poes faire, et s ... aultre fois je vous puis faire autant ou ... plaisir, je le vous feray a bon coeur." On Thursday was going to ride over to dine at Leder's lodging, when he heard the news that the French ambassador, who has been long in England, had departed to Boulogne, which is a great danger for us and for you English our neighbours. Will not go now into the English territory [until] he knows the intention of the King as to peace or war. Will attend, however, to John Wimbanke's affair as if it were his own. Desires nothing but peace, and to remain on good terms with all his neighbours. Fiennes, 4 May.
P. S.—" ... y endure vous escripre du fait que a fait l'Empereur [la] derniere fois, car il polroit sembler a vous aultres ... feroie par derision. Je nay ce jourdhuy escript [q]ue peu a mons. le debitis de Guisnes." Hears that La Fayette has written to the king of England, but the post has not yet returned. Signature illegible.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2, badly mutilated. Add.: [A mons.] Henry Leder, a Guisnes.
4 May.
P. S. b.
2227. MONASTERY OF SELBY, York dioc.
Petition of the prior and convent for congé d'élire on the death of Th. Rawlinson, abbot. They have appointed John Berwyke and John Hertlay to prosecute the licence. 4 May 1522, 14 Hen. VIII.
5 May.
Galba, B. VII. 294. B. M.
Begs to be recalled, as his brother Sir Richard came yesterday, having sole charge of such matters as he hath to move the Emperor in; "for surely, my good and gracious lord, my poor things had the more need to be looked on by myself because I have neither wife or sure servants to help such things as I were loth to lose, or suffer in decay." Antwerp, 5 May 1522.
Hol., p. 1.
6 May.
Faustina, E. VII. 26. B. M.
Has this day received from Sir Thos. Cheyny in France a packet of letters for Wolsey by a messenger whom he was to send back immediately as Cheyny had no other. Begs Cheyny may be supplied with money, as he is in great want. Great musters are made in Picardy; it is said 20,000 men are under the command of La Tremoyle, the duke of Vandon and mons. Santpoll. On Sunday 5,000 or 6,000 men of war came to Fynez with eight pieces of ordnance, after having burned Brennard beside Gravelen. Today received a complaint of the detention by the French of 1,500 tuns of Bordeaux wines bought by some English merchants, of whom six were arrested at Newchatew, ten leagues on this side Roan, and three still remain as prisoners. Has written to Cheyny to represent it to the French king. Desires to know if he may arrest French merchants, being victuallers, in retaliation. Calais, 6 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord [Cardinal's] grace. legate, &c.
6 May.
R. O.
Supposes the King is informed that the Emperor has created him viceroy of Naples. Is on his way to Italy, and writes to express his readiness to serve Henry, on account of the alliance between him and the Emperor. Brussels, 6 May. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
6 May.
R. O.
2231. The SAME to WOLSEY.
To the same effect as the preceding. Brussels, 6 May. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A mons. le cardinal d'York, legat, primat et lieutenant general d'Angleterre.
6 May.
R. O. St. P. VI. 90.
The French king has lost Novare again. Latrimoyle has gone into Picardy to be governor there, and De Vandôme "is put out of his room for giving the mayor of Amyas a blow, and because he would not deliver him the keys of the town." As the town rose against him he was compelled to flee, and when they could not find him they set fire to his lodging.
Whereas he wrote in his last, dated the 2nd, that Francis would deliver part or all of the merchants' wines and ships under arrest at Bordeaux; he now protests he will deliver none. Cannot get a safeconduct for Gyttons to return to England. Lyons, 6 May. Signed.
In cipher. Add. and endd.
6 May.
R. O. St. P. VI. 91.
Immediately after delivering his last letter to the post, heard that Francis had received news out of Italy. Could not speak with the King, but heard from Gallyas Vice Counte and Dowbeney that the French had assaulted the Spaniards, when count Colisenne was slain with two or three thousand Spaniards. The French lost not more than 300, and eight or ten gentlemen, among whom was Myolane, "husband to the fair maid Grewffe." The eldest of these gentlemen was not twenty years old; "assuring your Grace that here is much moan made for them." De Lyscu and Rochpott are hurt. The Swiss lost three of their chief captains. "They make as though they were marvellous glad with these tidings; notwithstanding, I think verily the truth is contrary, and that they have lost more than they have won;" otherwise the Spaniards could never have got into the town of Milan, where they now are. Lyons, 6 May. Signed.
Add. and endd. The last part in cipher.
7 May.
R. O.
Lord Monteagle is content that Darcy should have the agistment of his park of Brearley for 20l. a year, and that Darcy should be his high steward and master of his game in the lordship of Brearley, without fee. Southwark, 7 May.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.
7 May.
Galba, B. VIII. 38a. B. M.
Were informed this evening by the bishop of Palencia that the Emperor had received letters from the abbot of Nagier, dated Milan, the xx[vii.] of last month, stating that the Swiss had declared to the French their intention of going home if they would not fight; on which the French approached the Emperor's army, the said 27th day, about 15 hours in the morning, within four miles of Milan, and the army, being informed of it, advanced, telling the Duke, who was within the city, to come out with all the power he had. The Duke came with 2,000 horse, and 8,000 or 10,000 foot; the artillery fired on both sides; the French received most harm. A band of 6,000 Swiss met with another of Almains and Spaniards, and were thrown into confusion by the Spaniards, 2,000 or 3,000 being slain. Lautrec made a compass, in order to attack the Duke, in hopes to have won the city. One of his bands began pillaging the baggage of one of the Emperor's, but after three hours fight the French were compelled to withdraw. The Imperialists lost not more than 25 persons, and only one man of importance, the carl of Cobysano, a Sicilian. The Duke then returned into Milan, having arranged with the captains to pursue the enemy next day. The Duke has levied a tax of 50,000 ducats upon Milan, which has been willingly paid. One of the castle garrison, who was taken prisoner, said they had not victuals for 15 days. Bannisius writes that the loss of the Swiss was 3,000 slain, including 100 men-at-arms or more, and that Lautrec and Jenyn de Medicis were both killed. Count Guido de Rangone went before bologna with the Bentivogli, and made a breach with the artillery, but they were put back on attempting to give the assault, and, being pursued on their retreat, two pieces of their artillery were taken.
Yesterday morning Sir Richard Wingfield received Wolsey's letter in cipher, of the 3rd, and showed the contents to the Emperor, who was then about to proceed to Ghent. He requested Wingfield to wait for an answer till his arrival there, but meanwhile wrote to the Admiral to retain ships. Sir Richard spoke with Berghes this morning, at Termonde, and told him the summary of his charges, desiring him to encourage the Emperor in his purpose of embarking from Zealand, and landing at Hampton. The bishop of Palencia has just sent us the original letter of Bannisius; and, being informed they are about to despatch the news to the Emperor's ambassadors, we send these with their despatch. Ghent, 7 May, 10 p.m. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
7 May.
P. S. b.
Significavit by Thomas cardinal of York that he has confirmed the election of Edm. Whalley, monk, as abbot, vice Edm. Thornton, praying for restitution of the temporalities. Westm., 7 May 1522, 14 Hen. VIII.
8 May.
Calig. B. II. 252. B. M.
2237. DACRE to WOLSEY.
Desires him to excuse my lord of Carlisle from going to his diocese, as commanded by Wolsey, till after Michaelmas. Having received a letter from the bishop, Dacre, as his steward, called his receivers and other officers before him, who stated that, victuals being scarce in these north parts, and only obtainable from Yorkshire, the bishopric of Durham, Morpeth, and Newcastle, partly by water, the nearest way by land being 50 miles, he could not come earlier. Wheat is at 2s. 4d. the bushel, malt at 1s. 6d., and oats 10d. Kirkoswald, 8 May. Signed.
P.1. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's grace."
8 May.
R. O.
Received on the 8th the King's letters dated Richmond, the 3rd, stating that as the King had employed his mind for pacifying disorders between the French king and the Emperor, without effect, and as the marches of Calais are endangered by men-of-war in Picardy, he had resolved to send thither a crew, of which Sandys should be captain, with all things requisite, to be at Dover by the 25th. As Sandys is on this side the sea, has only the stewardship of Andover, and no retainers, he cannot raise more than 10 men, except he is aided by my lord of Winchester. Has written to his wife and brother to do the best they can, according to the tenor of the King's letters. Thinks he can raise 20 mounted archers. As my lord of Winchester has 50 able men in readiness, the abbot of Hyde and the prior of St. Swithin's 40, and the town of Winchester 20, it would further the King's purpose if they might be parcel of the 200 required. Calais, 8 May. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Lord Cardinal's grace, legate de latere, &c.
8 May.
P. S.
Grant of the manor of South, Kent, with advowsons, in the King's hands by the attainder of the duke of Buckingham; with reservation of the claim which the Duke had on the park of Southfrith, belonging to Katharine, queen consort. Newhall, 23 March 13 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 May 14 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 9.
8 May.
2240. For RIC. BALDWYN, clk., Chaplain to the Princess.
Grant of the hospital of St. Nicholas, near Richmond, York dioc., void by death. Richmond, 2 May 14 Hen. VIII. Del. 8 May.
9 May.
R. O. St. P. VI. 92.
Gittyns tarried the Admiral's coming, because he had a letter to him from Poillot, by reason of which the Admiral has written to Bordeaux that he shall have 300 tuns of wine to be laden in three Bristol ships. Corrects some mistakes he had made in his last letter touching the gentlemen slain at the late battle. Shavynnye, "my Lady's gentleman," is despatched to England; "he is her first steward, and a very sad man. I know him very well, for he kept me company when I was at Blas with the French king's mother." Believes the Admiral has been with the duke of Savoy, and made a new league with him and Francis. Hears he will have, over the mountains, 10,000 adventurers, 6,000 Swiss, and other troops, and will set forward in fifteen days. Lyons, 9 May. Signed.
In cipher. Add. and endd.
9 May.
Vit. B. V. 62* B. M.
Has not been able to write more frequently, in consequence of the infrequency of messengers. Came by sea and land, and through many dangers, to Saragossa, where the Pope now stays. Was more graciously received than he dared to ask, and had much talk with him about the King and Wolsey, with whose counsels he is thoroughly satisfied. This morning, the 6th (fn. 3) of the month, Thomas Annibal, the King's ambassador, with a great company of bishops, came to the sacred palace, and was most graciously received. He recited an eloquent and well composed oration, with great modesty and gravity, and was not put out, either by the noise of the crowd, or by anything else. He spoke in praise of the King, of his devotion toward the Holy See and to the Pope, and in Wolsey's commendation in like manner, animated the Pope against the Turks, and so ordered his speech that the Pope not only gave thanks to Wolsey, but all were struck with admiration. Of affairs not particular he spoke along with the writer. Saragossa, 9 May 1522. Signed.
Lat., mutilated, p. 1. Add.
Calig. D. VIII. 204.
B. M.
Instructions given by the King to Sir Thomas Ch[eyne], resident at the French court.
(1.) When Sir Thomas was formerly charged to make overture to the French king and his mother for a truce with the Emperor, and Wolsey wrote as mediator to the French king's mother, Cheyne informed the King that the overture had been well received, and that it was resolved to send a person on the subject to the lord Legate. Wolsey has waited long, but no such person has come, which creates a great suspicion in the mind of the Emperor; to clear which, the King has sent Sir Ric. Wingfield to his Majesty, with instruction to learn under what form the Emperor consents to take a truce. (2.) Wingfield is to induce the Emperor to put his conditions in writing, and send them to Sir Thos. Cheyne; on receipt of which Cheyne shall repair to the French king, and, delivering his letters of credence, say, that although the King has been often required by the Emperor to declare himself against France, according to the treaty of London, he has hitherto forborne to do so, and caused Wolsey to be a mediator, in the hope of peace; but as Wolsey has not yet been successful, he has desired Cheyne to make overture of the said conditions, and that if Francis can be agreeable to any of the ways proposed for truce, Cheyne may show him the Emperor's articles, signed with his hand, and proceed further to the conclusion of the truce. He shall inform Wingfield of his success, and remain till he receive Wingfield's answer. If the French king refuse altogether the ways offered by the Emperor, Cheyne shall desire licence to depart, saying that he has no further charge, and cause Clarencieux to proceed to the King's declaration according to his instructions, which he is to show to Cheyne. (3.) If no articles be sent by Wingfield from the Emperor, but Cheyne perceives by Wingfield's advertisements that the Emperor desires the King's declaration to be made [without] overtures for truce, Cheyne is not to deliver the letters of credence, but simply take his leave, saying that he is commanded by the King to return. (4.) Cheyne and Clarencieux are to order themselves in the execution of their charges according to the Emperor's pleasure as notified to them by Wingfield.
Mutilated, pp. 12.
9 May.
Calig. B. I. 78. B. M.
Magnus can inform him of what he said to the King and Council, and of all that was done. He is a most diligent servant, and understands the affairs well. Hereafter Wolsey will know his faithfulness. Will omit nothing to do him service. Believes Wolsey and the King will not forget their promises. Hopes Wolsey will remember his "affairs into Rome," and write again to the Pope. Edinburgh, 9 May.
"My 1., as anent ye erle of Argile, I have esschewyt it, as maister Magnus can inform your graice." Signed: "The priest of Dunkeld."
P.1. Add.: To my gud spe~al lord my 1. Cardynale, legat and chancellar of Ingland.
Vit. B. XX.
11*. B.M.
" ... invaded on every part whereby ... the victory having by common ... Almayn granted to the Emperor for his crown ... against [ (fn. 4) the common enemy, for the Emperor's] ... d persuaded the Emperor and his council for these conside [rations, sayin]g that the said aid should be employed against France [at such ti]me as ye and the Emperor should in vade the same; first, for [the Emperor]'s reputation; second, for the more terror of the enemy; thirdly, [for t]hat in case they were not occupied in the wars, the Fr[ench] king might have them at his wages, to serve both against you and the said Emperor; and, fourthly, the said Almayns invading France" might join your grace in whole or in part. For these reasons, set forth by the writer to the Emperor and his council, they confessed it to be expedient to make provision for an invasion by the Almayns. "Howbeit the Emperor and his council then expressly declared that the aid of Almayn, which was granted to be in men only, and not in money, could not be converted to any other use, but only for the attaining of his crown imperial, and recovering of the lands appertaining to the empire, like as by the inspection of the decree imperial thereupon made, to me showed, it evidently appeared." It is provided by a special article, that means shall be found, "at the Emperor's [be]ing with [your] grace in your realm of England," for invasion to be made by the Almains, and for keeping them from serving the French king. "And this, sir, I tr[u]st ... yd and foreseen that may redound ... utility and prof[it] * * * Corrected draft, in Ruthal's hand. P.1, much mutilated.
10 May.
Galba, B. VII. 295. B.M.
On Thursday evening was told by the marshal of Burgundy to come to the Emperor's presence at seven next morning to receive an answer upon my charge. Was conducted by the Marshal and another knight of the Order to court. The Emperor, in his secret chamber, "set him down at one board's end, and caused me to sit next unto him, on the one side, and the Chancellor, lord of Nassau, Berghes, Ostrate, Palence, marshal of Burgoyne, likewise to sit at the said board." The Emperor desired me to declare my instructions, as neither the Chancellor nor Berghes had heard them. The Chancellor recapitulated their substance, and proceeded immediately to discuss them: (1.) As to the place and time for the Emperor's embarkation, I urged that that article might be passed in the manner proposed by the Emperor's ambassadors, viz., to take ship in Zealand, and land at Southampton, suggesting that the King might not be pleased if it was altered, and pointing out the short passage the Emperor might have that way into Spain, the avoiding of expense, and the removal of all suspicions that the said overture by his majesty's ambassadors was intended to move the King to a loan of 50,000 cr.; though I was sure, considering the Emperor's necessity, the King would willingly have relieved him with that sum; and though I knew the King and you would take everything in good part, if there were any change about the embarkation, I feared the rest of the Council might think it very strange. The Emperor said he would, himself, take my part in maintaining the proposal of his ambassadors, "though in mine ear he showed me, by the faith of a prince, that it was never intended that his ambassador should have made that overture but of themselves; saying that the Chancellor, for his great and continual businesses, had otherwise couched it, as he said he would make his excuse in his letter to your grace, though he thought not convenient nommeement in his said letter to charge his chief and head councillor." Have heard the same from Berghes and De la Roche.
At this point the bishop of Palencia said the Emperor's embarking in Zealand was unnecessary and dangerous; first, because ships could not be got ready before the end of this month, and, if the Emperor should remain here till then, go to Zealand, and perhaps, find the wind contrary, he might have to stay 20 days or more, and June might be passed before his arrival in England, and July begun before his interview with the King, when there were commonly such calms that he might be stayed a long time, and, even if the wind were favorable for his leaving Zealand, it might not be possible to land at Southampton. The Emperor, it seemed, had no patience to allow him to proceed further, and said that there was no great fear the weather would not let him land at Southampton, and however it might please God to dispose of him in this voyage, he did not mean to set foot on land till he had done so in England. The Bishop returned to his purpose, saying, that if the Emperor embarked in Zealand, it would be rumored that he did not mean to land in England, and confirm the reports spread at Rome that the King had made a new alliance with France; whereas going by Calais would avoid all such rumors. In these he was backed by the rest of the Council; Berghes adding, that the plan of embarking at Calais, and going to London, was Wolsey's first suggestion. So the resolution was finally taken to leave for Bruges on Monday or Tuesday next, remain till the 22nd, and be at Calais on the 25th; "and have already despatched to the Admiral, as well for the sending of the hoyes for his horses and carriages thither against the said day, and to make all the haste possible for the putting in areadiness of his ships for the transporting of his army, as also to prepare other vessels, sufficiently furnished with mariners and artillery, for to receive 1,000 soldiers, with their victuals, at Hampton; and all the said ships to make sail by the last day of this month, to the intent they may be at the foresaid Hampton by the first or second of June." (fn. 5)
As to the overture of truce to be made by Cheyny to the French king, the Emperor has chosen the second form, and caused the same to be penned; of which I send a duplicate. He has not thought fit to sign it, but has drawn up a letter of antedate, of which I also send a duplicate, which he conceives better for the King's honor and his. He has allowed four of five days' respite to be given by Cheyny to the French king, for an answer; and if he do not accept, after Cheyny has taken leave, the herald may proceed to the declaration, and departs hence on Monday at furthest. He has twelve days to go to Lyons, and six days after, if the overture be refused, to make declaration, and then eight days more to signify the result to the King, so that by the 8th of next month the enterprise may be put in execution. The Emperor is willing that the number of Almains and Spaniards desired by the King shall descend with my lord Admiral; and though Clarencieux would have passed to Lyons in eight days, as the ships for the Emperor's army cannot be got ready. before the day specified, it is better to delay before the declaration. Sends a letter of promise, written with the Emperor's hand, according to the King's desire, and a minute of a like letter to be made by the King, which I have promised you will obtain. I have taken his corporal oath upon the Gospels, according to his said letter, and the like will be required of the King by his ambassadors. Tomorrow, after the despatch of Clarencieux, I will send you copies of such other writings as he shall take with him for Cheyny. With this you will receive a letter of news from my fellows and me. Ghent, 10 May. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated. Annotated in the margin by Ruthal.
10 May.
Galba, B. VII. 297. B.M.
Wrote last on the 6th from Gawnte. This evening the Emperor had news from Milan, of the 29th ult., the bearer of which was in the battle of the 27th. Most of the Swiss, "specially the vulge," said, before the battle, that they would not fight; wherefore the captains, and "doublepays," and those who had received rewards from the French, put themselves in a battle by themselves to encourage the rest. Nearly 4,000 of them and 192 men-at-arms were slain. The details will appear by the enclosed bill. Gawnte, 10 May 1522. Signed.
P.1. In Sir Rob. Wingfield's hand.
Galba, B. VII.
f. 298.
ii. "News out of Italy."
By letters of the 27th April, from Venice, the sieur Reus de Chery having come before Sienna, was attacked by the Florentines, and driven to St. Kyryco, 30 miles off, with great loss of men, baggage, and artillery. The Venetians had become more courteous to the Emperor's ambassador, pretending they had never lent money to the French, or assisted them more than they were bound to do by treaty. They had given powers to their ambassador to treat with the Emperor, foreseeing the probability of failure in the enterprise of Milan. When the French ambassador complained that Messire Andreas Gritti had not assailed Pavia, the Venetians answered that his master had not so much to lose in Italy as they had. There had been disputes between Gritti and Lautrec, attributed by the former to the "ultraquydances" of the French. The Venetians had heard from Corfu that the Turk had abandoned his preparations by sea, and was turning all his power against Hungary; nevertheless they themselves were preparing a navy with diligence, which looked as if they had other thoughts. An ambassador had come from the king of Hungary to seek aid against the Turks, who he said, had been moved against Christendom by the Venetians. There was great lack of money in Venice, and public offices were sold to the highest bidder. The ambassador thought the viceroy of Naples would not be allowed to pass through the Venetian territory without a safeconduct. The Turks had taken prisoners 4,000 of the Emperor's subjects in Styria.
By letters from Milan of the 29th April the slaughter of the Swiss had been little less than 4,000 men, including 14 captains and 24 standard-bearers, because the generality at first refused to Lautrec to give battle to the enemy, and the captains had to put themselves forward. 192 French men-of-arms were found dead on the field, among whom was Bonavallo. Lescu was hurt with a handgun. They were all past the Adda, and the Swiss discontented had retired by Bergamo to their own country. The Imperialists refused to pursue the enemy for lack of payment, or few would have escaped. Payment having been provided, they were determined immediately to expel the French from Genoa.
Bannisius writes on the 2nd inst. that the French had withdrawn to Cremona, the Venetians to Crema, Bergamo and Bressa, and the Swiss homeward.
Pp. 4. In Spinelly's hand.
Galba, B. VII.
290. B.M.
Have not been able to find means to continue my voyage by Anton (Southampton), as my ambassadors have told you. I need not write my reasons for not changing the first conclusion, taken by you and me at Bruges, to go by Calais, because Sir Ric. Wingfield, who was present when everything was discussed, will explain my intentions. Must mention, however; a mistake that has been made. I had ordered my ambassadors, in the minute of a letter, to declare their charge as they have done; but on reading it in council, I did not wish the letter to be written. My intention was, that my ambassadors should know from you, if I might have any prompt aid from the King, for the affair of Milan; which I have had. Do not suppose I am going to alter my voyage by Calais. I only wish that the King would not be at great expenses for my voyage and passage through England (par ce reaume), but employ them rather for our common good in the defence of Milan; and my ambassadors were to consult with you how unnecessary expense might be avoided, and employed on things of more consequence. I would not have you suppose that I was endeavoring to draw money from the King; for my only object was to see and speak with the King and you in confidence.
Hol., Fr., pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: A mons. le Card., mon bon amy, legat et primat [d]Engleterre.
10 May.
Tit. B. I. 334. B. M.
Has received a despatch and his letter from Sir Richard Wingfield, the English ambassador. If he will consummate what they discussed at Bruges, it will turn to the profit of all. Will always be ready to show his gratitude for Wolsey's services. Wingfield will explain to him the resolution he has taken for his passage. Hopes that no superfluous expense will be incurred, as he will take with him as few attendants as possible. Has charged his ambassadors to communicate with Wolsey. The Cardinal will sec the letter he has written to the King. Ghent, 10 May.
Hol., Fr., pp. 3. Add.: A mons. le Cardinal, mon bon amy, legat, &c.
10 May.
Galba, B. VI. 36 b. B. M.
Has received his letters by Sir Rich. Wingfield, whose charge to the Emperor has been well received. Wolsey will learn the Emperor's answer from his own letters written with his hand, and by Sir Richard Wingfield. He was never more cordial towards England, and is well aware that this is owing to Wolsey's great prudence. Cannot express her own satisfaction in the matter; but has entire confidence in Wolsey. Ghent, 10 May.
P.S.—Forgot to tell him how much the Emperor was pleased with the order given to Wingfield, by his request. The Emperor esteems him highly.
Hol., Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: Mons. le legat d'Angleterre, mon bon fils.
11 May.
Galba. B. VI. 37b. B. M.
The Emperor her nephew sends Hesdin to England, with the number of gunners desired by Henry. Would have sent more, but for his present "voyage." Sir Richard Wingfield will have already explained the Emperor's desire to gratify England. Ghent, 11 May.
P.S.—Wrote yesterday with her own hand by the said Wingfield.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mons. le legat d'Angleterre, mon bon fils.
12 May.
R. O.
Sends by Hesdin the hundred cannoniers of whom his ambassadors spoke. The delay has been occasioned by the necessity of searching for them in divers places. They are the best obtainable. Desires credence for Hesdin. Gand, 12 May. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A mons. le card. d'York, legat, primat et lieutenant general d'Angleterre.
12 May.
R. O.
The bearer, Mons. Hedynge, is repairing to the King with such number of cannoniers as he could procure. He is a most faithful servant of Wolsey, however it may be reported otherwise. Ghent, 12 May. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Lord Legate's good grace.
12 May. 2254. For the MONASTERY OF ST. MARY, YORK.
Writ to the escheator of Yorkshire for restitution of temporalities on election of Edm. Whalley as abbot, confirmed by Thomas cardinal of York. Westm., 12 May.
ii. Similar writs for cos. Westmor., Lanc., Norf. and Suff., Northumb., Camb., Cumb., Linc., Northt. and Notts, and London.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
14 May.
R. O.
Credence for De Praet, the bearer, whom he is sending as resident ambassador. Bruges, 14 May. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A mons. le card. d'York, legat, primat et lieutenant general d'Angleterre.
14 May.
Calig. E. III. 14. B. M.
Sends a bill of money paid to a spy. As his service is not substantial, has reserved part of his wages. On Tuesday last, mons. de Fynez entered and spoiled Picardy, and slew St. Martin, captain of the castle. He has returned to St. Omer's. Calais, 14 May.
P.S.—Money wanted for the garrison. Signed.
Pp. 2.
14 May.
R. O. St. P. VI. 93.
As to his last letter of the 10th, now hears that the French gentlemen are dead, and Lowney and young Giche also, with twelve or fourteen of the Swiss captains. Hears that the Swiss have returned into their country with the Grand Master, La Palice, and Rochpot, whilst Lowtreke has gone to Cremona, Lisquew and Bayard to Gene. The Spaniards have got Lodes, as he hears by Peers Spina. The French king has lost in Picardy his best captain, named Thelignye. The duke of Savoy has a pension from France, and will serve the King with 4,000 foot and men-at-arms. The adventurers are come for the the most part, and will muster on Saturday. As for poor folks' curses, they lack none, wheresoever they go. Thinks they will not do much harm without aid of the Swiss. The ladies are expected on Monday next, and had been here long before this, saving my Lady hath been sick of the gout. Lyons, 14 May. Signed.
In cipher. Add.
15 May.
Galba, B. VII. 300. B. M.
Came yesterday to Bruges. Towards night the marshal of Burgundy told us the Emperor would not transport in his company more than 400 or 500 horses. He showed us a book containing the number that was sent to the ambassadors to show you, and pointed out in it what pains the Emperor had taken to reduce the number to 500, as appeared by the Emperor's own hand, yet he could not bring it lower than 800, including ambassadors and mules, and intended after his entry into London to send a good number straight to Hampton. The marshal said that the 500 horse were determined upon when the Emperor intended to have gone from London to the West Country, and to take ship at Plymouth, and 800 had been spoken of when Wolsey came to Bruges. Have heard this morning from John Alman that the Emperor, being reluctant to vary from the arrangement for 500 horses, had taken the book in hand again, and diminished the 800 as much as he could. He is sending both diminutions to his ambas- sadors to show you that you may accept either. The Greffier of the Order came to us this morning from the Emperor, and read us some letters from Terouenne and other places on the frontiers, dated the 12th and 13th, written by Bourbon, Vendosme and the lord Tremoyle, to Francis and his mother, and the Admiral, which were intercepted and sent to the Emperor this night. They show the perplexities the French are in. The originals or copies are forwarded to the Emperor's ambassadors. The Emperor does not wish such persons as come with him to have their costs defrayed by the King, as it will not diminish his expenses, but desires that a sufficient provision of victuals be made and reasonably charged for. Bruges, 15 May 1522. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated. Add. at ƒ. 301*b.
Congé d'élire on the death of Thos. Rawlinson, late abbot. Westm. 15 May.
Pat. 14 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.


  • 1. Inserted erroneously in the Appendix to vol. I. 5753.
  • 2. The name looks like Matte or Malte, and is preceded by some words I have not been able to read.
  • 3. Sic.
  • 4. Cancelled.
  • 5. This passage is underlined by Ruthal, and the word "Notandum" written in the margin.