Henry VIII: September 1526, 1-15

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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'Henry VIII: September 1526, 1-15', Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, (London, 1875), pp. 1093-1111. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp1093-1111 [accessed 23 June 2024].

. "Henry VIII: September 1526, 1-15", in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, (London, 1875) 1093-1111. British History Online, accessed June 23, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp1093-1111.

. "Henry VIII: September 1526, 1-15", Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, (London, 1875). 1093-1111. British History Online. Web. 23 June 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp1093-1111.


September 1526

1 Sept.
R. O.
The Princess thanks him for his letters of commendation and for his care of her affairs. On receipt of the King's commission and Wolsey's instructions, have sent monitions to the shires for the execution thereof. It is intended that the Princess shall move from Thornbury to Tewkesbury, on Monday after Our Lady Day, for the reasons which Mr. Kingston, the bearer, can show. Excuses his hasty writing, but his business now is such that he has no time to digest his letters. Thornbury, 1 Sept.
Has delivered to Mr. Russell, secretary, the fees of Sir Raff. Egerton's patents, 12l. 18s. 8d., to be repaid.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace. Endd.
1 Sept.
R. O.
St. P. IV. 456.
Wrote to Angus on receipt of his letters, appointing a meeting on the East March on St. Bartholomew's even. Met lord Home that day at Janehalghe, when six bills were given in by either party, and three of them filed on either side, the rest being put in suspense for lack of followers. On Saturday the 25th met David Kerr at Ridanburn for the east end of Tevidale and part of Glendale; where likewise six bills were given in, and three filed on either side. The writer's brother Philip appointed a meeting at Ridingburne for redress on Wednesday the 5th inst.; the lord Home at Coldstream on the 6th; and like meetings by our deputies at these places on Thursday 27 Sept. and Monday 1 Oct. We vicewardens are also to meet in person on the 14 Oct. to complete redress, as Sir Chr. wrote to Magnus from Morpeth.
Angus has not agreed with the Queen or Lennox. They are gathering adherents on either side. The Queen, Lennox, and St. Andrew's intend to take the King from Angus, whose party is diminishing. Lennox came early one morning to the Borowmore without Edinburgh with 200 men, and sent a party of eight with geldings to help the King to escape by collusion with Master Kylmawres the treasurer, who led James through the coining house to Holyrood; but the Earl hearing of it, brought him to the bishop of St. Andrew's lodging in Edinburgh, where he is watched nightly by the Earl's brother Geo. Douglas, or by the prior of Coldingham. Has appointed sessions of peace and gaol delivery for my lord Legate's regality at Hexham, on Thursday the 20th, when Sir Jo. Radcliff, Sir John Lowther, and the other commissioners will meet. Carlisle, 1 Sept. Signed.
2 Sept.
R. O.
Sheriffhutton, 2 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. Instructions given to Dr. Taite, almoner to Henry duke of Richmond and Somerset, by the said Duke's council, to be shown to Wolsey on his repairing to London.
1. To show him a copy of the letter written by the King to the said Council for granting Thos. Spert a patent under the Duke's great seal of the office of ballasting of ships in the Thames; also the indenture made between the duke of Norfolk and the said Thomas for that office, for which Spert gave 10l. a year; and to request that he may pay no less to my lord of Richmond. To show him the indenture, sealed by my lord of Richmond, to the like effect, and the newly devised patent,—either of which the King may accept; and if the former be accepted, to confer with Spert about the 10l. already due. If Spert do not think it worth while, other of the King's servants would take it at that rate. 2. That Sir Wm. Lisle and his eldest son Humphrey are prisoners in Pomfret Castle, to which they were committed on the deposition of certain witnesses at York, examined by Sir Wm. Ellercar; of which he is to show Wolsey a copy. The son misused himself in setting John Dobson in the stocks at Feltham, when he brought a citation from my lord Legate's commissary to be served on Wm. Fletcher at Feltham. Sir William is indicted at the last assize holden at Newcastle for riot and forcible entry, since he and his son were bound by recognizance for their good behavior. 3. Master Franklin, chancellor of Durham, has delivered to them the sums of money and plate with which he was charged. 4. The Council have received certain commissioners of sewers and for reformation of annoyances in rivers, returnable at Easter next. Considering the costs that the country has been at in making walls and ditches under the late commission, and owing to the outrageous rains and stormy weather that have lasted nearly six weeks past, things are worse than before in many places, while little or nothing effectual can be done, by reason of the approach of winter, till Easter next. Advise that new commissions may be sent to persons named in a schedule, with a longer day of return, and that fewer persons be required to be present at every sitting, as the ridings are large and thinly inhabited. 5. To show Wolsey the letter sent to them by the Earl of Westmoreland for payment of his fees at Berwick, and in the office of Vicewarden. The former is paid, or will be soon. Have perused an article in the instructions sent by Magnus, that the King will see my Lord discharged of the said fee for this year, ending at Michaelmas. 6. Request, in consideration of the great charges sustained by the Duke, that he be discharged of the 500l. borrowed of the abbot of St. Mary's. Not 400l. has yet been received from the Duke's lands this year, and the rest cannot be levied till Christmas or Candlemas. Signed: Brian Higdon—T. Magnus—W. Bulmer—Godfrey Foljambe—Thomas Fairfax—William Babthorp—Jo. Uvedale.
Pp. 5.
2 Sept.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
2451. CHARLES V.
The Emperor's reply to Dr. Lee's credence on the part of the king of England.
Acknowledges the King's cordial representations. Has no doubt of his anxiety for the peace of Christendom, to which the Emperor is no less disposed. Thanks him for his offers touching Italy and the French king, and his anxiety to promote accommodation. That Henry may understand that he is not well-informed upon these affairs, and that the way proposed will not lead to peace, will send his ambassadors the whole correspondence with France, and other papers connected with Italy. Defends his conduct with reference to the League. Is willing to make any reasonable arrangement with France at the King's exhortation, and likewise for the payment of the King's debts. As to the Imperial Crown, the Emperor is not ambitious, and would not trouble Christendom for that purpose, but he will not accept it in any other way than his predecessors have done. If it were not for the hope of doing some good to Christendom against the Turks, Infidels, and Lutherans, his Majesty would not undertake a voyage to Italy merely for his coronation. As the Emperor is doing all he can to promote the peace there is no cause for the King's protestation that he despairs of doing any good, and that the Emperor has but little regard for their ancient friendship. Is satisfied with the King's protest that he has not joined the League. The King will see by the Emperor's answer to the Pope that the Emperor is willing to lay down his arms if his Holiness and the League will do the same. Done at the Imperial Council at Granada, 2 Sept. 1526.
Fr., pp. 6.
3 Sept.
Titus, B. I. 314.
B. M.
St. P. I. 161.
After his first mass, the King commanded him to read "this answer" to the king of Scots, and the excellent advice written by Wolsey to the same. Encloses another letter touching a present of hawks, to which the King wishes a loving answer to be made. He notes that the lord of Norfolk is called Admiral, "by the report, as the King supposeth, of his servant there." The King made no answer to Wolsey's former letters touching the Pope's ambassador; the King has no wish to see him. It is said that Mr. Secretary (Knight) "will be here on Wednesday next." My lady Princess came on Saturday; "surely, Sir, of her age as goodly a child as ever I have seen, and of as good gesture and countenance." Her Grace was well accompanied with a goodly number of persons of gravity. Langley, 3 Sept.
Hol. Add. Endd.: From Master Sampson, the tenth.
4 Sept.
R. O.
Has complied with John de Cavalcanti's requests, according to Wolsey's recommendation some months ago. Rome, 4 Sept. 1526.
Vellum. Lat. Add. Endd.
4 Sept.
Theiner, p. 555.
General professions of service. Perceives how much his Holiness attributes to the King and to Wolsey's most faithful counsels the forming of the French alliance, and has in consequence shown greater alacrity in arming. Will never fail the Holy See, but is prevented by circumstances at present from showing himself so zealous as he would be. From the More, 4 Sept. 1526.
[4] Sept.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 545.
2455. [WOLSEY] to CLERK.
The King is advertised by the ambassador of the lady Margaret that the Spanish ambassador sent from the Emperor to England is detained at Dieppe, of which she makes great complaints. Though he does not believe the French king has anything to do with it, has spoken with the French ambassador here resident to procure his liberation. The More,—Sept.
P.S.—Sends a packet of letters for the ambassadors in Spain, pressing the Emperor to a general peace.
4 Sept.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
2456. LEE to [WOLSEY].
The slow dispatch of young Mr. Guildford disappointed me of two letters I had proposed to send by him, advertising you in one of the taking of Milan, in the other of the delivery of the castle to Bourbon. There is no other conveyance at present, as the passage is stopped between Spain and Gascony. Is anxious to hear from England, for since the coming of Hichingham (Etchingham) on the 18 Aug. important rumors have sprung up. It was said the King had entered the league, and had paid monthly 25,000 ducats to continue the war. This court was much troubled at it, but now is rejoiced to find it untrue. The Emperor heard Lee's contradiction gladly; and on his saying that rumors must not be too easily credited, said, "I well see it now, and marvel not a little that the Frenchmen would publish the league, my uncle's name comprised therein." Urged him to have confidence in England and in your Grace, who was always ready to serve him. He answered, "Now is good time for my lord Cardinal to show it; I have confidence in him as in my father." Did this without any commission, "for here are many barkers against your Grace, which would persuade to the Emperor that all things whereof they have had rumor hath been the working of your Grace."
What De Praet has done or does secretly I cannot tell. He speaks well of your Grace, and has told the Emperor that your goodwill is important. He speaks to me in your and the King's commendations. He is now privy councillor. Will see in his letter to the King what business I and others have had with the French ambassador. The Emperor's answer to the King's demands I put in a paper by itself. Was much encumbered at the utterance of my commission, for it was everywhere reported "that the French king was dead; insomuch that the common voice ran, Ah, now the French king is in our hands again!" Reports news of the Pope, the Venetian army, and proceedings of Bourbon, Sessa, and Moncada in Italy. In Rome is great "huddre muddre." Many take part with the Emperor. The French are now making preparations.
News came on the 28 Aug. that the Hungarians had defeated the Turks. The villains of Germany have been overthrown, and 6,000 slain; "the residue fled to Venice, and there received into wages lest they should do more hurt; for they would have had passage to Rome." An army is ready to go with the Viceroy to Naples.
The Emperor is sending various papers by his ambassadors. The great book sent to the King, and the Emperor's absence, have caused Hichingham's delay. Granada, 4 Sept.
Thanks him for having induced the King to increase his pension 1 noble a day. Granada, 4 Sept.
Hol., pp. 5.
4 Sept.
R. O.
I thank you for the pains and labors taken by you in providing choir masters for my college at Oxford; and although I defer the entry of the Dean and Canons till the feast of St. Frideswide, when all things will be ready, and you have appointed certain priests and singing men to be there next Lady Day, I am content with the arrangement. I think it right that the Dean of my college should allow them their commons and wages. As for the teacher of the choir who was to have been brought by you from the college at Leicester, I thank you for your trouble, and leave it to your discretion. At the More, 4 Sept.
In Wriothesley's hand, p. 1.
4 Sept. 2458. For ST. MARY and ST. EDBURGA'S, PARSHORE.
Congé d'élire to the Prior and Convent on resignation of Will. Compton, abbot. The More, 4 Sept.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
P. S. b. 2. Petition of Walter Leigh, prior, for the same. 26 Aug. 18 Hen. VIII.
4 Sept. 2459. For NEWSTED ABBEY.
Assent to the election of John Blake as abbot. Le Moore, 4 Sept. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
4 Sept. 2460. For WALTHAM HOLY CROSS.
Mandate to tenants of the same, on election of Robert Fuller as abbot, vice John Malyn, resigned. Le More, 4 Sept.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
5 Sept.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 544.
On the 24th ult., Francis and my Lady went to a castle four leagues hence, to hunt the red deer; but for various causes, and because Vendôme was hurt by a hart in the thigh, their return is deferred. By news from the camp it is stated that Cremona was not yet taken; also that 13,000 Swiss had arrived. The Pope's nuncio tells us that a commission has been sent into England to treat for the entry of the King into a new league. We gave him little encouragement. An apology has been sent out here in behalf of the French king for not observing the treaty of Madrid. Amboise, 5 Sept. Signed.
Add. Endd.
5 Sept.
Vit. B. VIII. 121.
B. M.
"Ill. ac R., &c. Post ultimas meas quæ datæ fueru[nt] ... præteriti mensis nil de novo ad mei notitiam devenit, nisi quod S. D. N. asserit se habe[re] ex Germania nova, et communiter in Urbe tam a foventibus partes Cæsaris quam confœdera[torum] pro vero reputatur, quod frater Cæsaris collegit in Germania bonam quantitatem lanzichnec[torum] et brevi eam in Italiam trausmissurus est, et secundum aliquos ipsemet cum eis est vent[urus], quod valde videtur cruciare Pontificem, qui asserit quod ctiamsi ille per[sona]liter non veniat, si tamen illi lanziknechti veniant, prout ipse pro certi[ssi]mo tenere videtur, cogetur exercitus suus et Venetorum se intra civitates retrahere, si[cque] poterunt Cæsarei debacchari et vagari quo volent; et si interim ex Hispania venia[t] Vicerex cum illis octo milibus peditibus, de quibus per ultimas scripsimus, quod etiam Stas sua pro certissimo tenet, credere videtur Pontifex quod terras Stis suæ aggredientur nec poterit tute hic manere.
"Quid successurum sit cre[do] D. v. R. facile comprehendere posse, propterea quod non dubito ei ex cunctis mundi part[ibus] omnia quæ alicujus momenti sint diligenter significari. Ego autem puto, prout etiam p[er] ultimas scripsi, nisi Rex Gallorum ultra montes bellum contra Cæsarem moveat, prout pe[r] capitula continetur, vel saltem in regno Neapolitano cum fundamento ei bellum movcatur, res confœderatorum in Italia male succedant. Dico autem cum fundamento, propterea quod D. v. [R.] ex sua prudentia melius me novit, non potest in regno illo aliquis progre[ssus] fieri nisi medio baronum qui ibi sunt. Illi autem, licet pro magna parte, ut notum est, Hispanos oderint, non tamen arma contra Cæsarem sumpturi sunt, nisi viderint quod .. perint verisimiliter bonum (fn. 1) exitum sortiturum, sed talis exitus expectari posse non videtur, nisi aliquis eis rex præponatur. De rege autem eis præficiendo (fn. 2) nulla fit mentio, prout scit D. v. R.; quo fit ut facile expectari possit barones, ad quorum notitiam devenisse credo capitulum illud, quo cavetur quod si Cæsar voluerit filios Gallorum Regis relaxare debuit ei regnum illud, rel par[s] quæ per confœderatos recuperata forte tunc crit restitui, dum de hoc dubitant, et ex non præpositione alicujus regis in eorum dubitationem confirmari videntur, nolle statum et vitam eorum manifesto periculo exponere ut solum ex eo liberatio filiorum Regis Gallorum succedat, nolleque pro illorum salute victima fieri. Dixi quod senti[o] ut menti meæ satisfaciam, confidens D. v. R. ex sua benignitate meas ineptias mei ingenii debilitati adscripturam.
"Scripsi etiam per ultimas qualiter pars exercitus confœderatorum, quæ ad recuperandum civitatem Cremonæ inerat, repulsam passa fuerat. Postea dux Urbini personaliter illuc se contulit, polliceturque omnino se ipsam civitatem recuperaturum, quod communiter ab his qui res bellicas callent non creditur, cum potissimum ipsius fundamentum in hoc videatur consistere, quod velint fossas, aggeres, et alia hujusmodi in illa civitate per Cæsareos facta, rusticis instrumentis tollere et demoliri, nec credatur Cæsareos qui multi sunt et periti id permissuros. De civitate Januæ nil novi habitum est post ultimas scriptas. S. D. N. putat totam classem jam ibi esse et in dies a ... expectat. Alia non occurrunt," &c. Rome, 5 Sept. 152[6]. Signed.
Mutilated. The cipher undeciphered. Add. Endd.
5 Sept.
R. O.
Copy of the letter of the Nuncio in Hungary, Possonia, 5 Sept.
On Wednesday, the 29th ult., the King fought the Turk, and was beaten with great loss. It was said that he fought most bravely, but it was not known what had become of him for three days. At last his chief chamberlain came, who said that the King was drowned in crossing an arm of the Danube in company with him and Stephen Azil, a nobleman, a friend of the Nuncio, who was at Rome at the time of the jubilee, and who, trying to aid the King, was also drowned. Many people say they saw the King cross the river, but more credence is given to the Chamberlain, especially as there is no news of the King or of the bishop of Gran, the chancellor, and many others. The infantry are killed to a man. A few heavy and light cavalry remain. Almost all the nobility are killed. Cannot give an accurate account of the battle, for no one can tell him. As far as he can discover it was thus:—The Hungarians commenced to march against the enemy at daybreak, and were attacked by them till the 22nd hour, 4 o'clock p.m., when, pursuing 10,000 horse who purposely fled, they were drawn into a wood and there attacked by artillery. The Turk has since taken and burnt Managh and Fünfkirchen, killing all the women and children. It is likely that they will come to Buda.
Received news of the disaster on the 30th, and in the middle of the night set out with the Queen from Buda for Possonia. Today asked her leave to go to his correspondent, but she wished him to stay a few days. It is said the Vayvode is at Buda with a good army, and intends to resist. Does not know what he can do. Some say he has intelligence with the Turk; but this is unlikely, as his brother was killed in the battle. It is true that he was not there in time to join. The remainder of the army is without a leader. Bohemia expects help from Ferdinand, whose wife has been sworn princess of Bohemia, but the dissension in his country will probably prevent him.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 2464. SULCIMANS SACH to ANDREA GRITTI, Doge of Venice.
Ibraym Bassa, with the Greeks, Sanzachi, and servants of the gate, took Varadin, Vlach, and 15 other fortresses. On this marched into Hungary with Mustapha Bassa, Ayas Bassa, the Beglerbeg of Natolia and Bechran Bassa. Made a bridge across the Drave, and broke it when they had crossed. The King marched from Buda to a plain called Mucha, with 150,000 foot and horse, and 300 guns, and stayed there five or six days. On Wednesday, Sept. 1, (fn. 3) at the 22nd hour, advanced against him, and in two hours defeated him, and slaughtered all his army, "sit semper laudatus Deus et mea maxima majestas." Is going towards Buda, and sends the bearer, Nali Spachi Oglan, to communicate the good news to Venice, as he is on terms of friendship with that city.
Lat., copy, pp. 2.
ii. Names of those killed at the battle in Hungary, 29 Aug.:—King Louis, the archbishop of Gran, the bishops of Varadin, Fünfkirchen, Javarin, (Segzard) "Zemeidiensis," and Zagrab, and the provost of Alba.
Hungarians:—George Count "Zeynsiensis," D. Draffe, D. Harckon, D. Xaxianus, D. Michael Pedmanitsk, D. Bamsii, D. Duci Herentzs, D. Petrus Kalatzk, D. Franc. Orsack, D. Thomas Zerii, Nic. Tarcii, Stephen ain Sfftasan (?). Poles:—D. Tropko, Magister Curiæ, Lassotzki, Pyletzki, Magescki. Bohemians, Moravians, Schleswigers:—D. Stephen Schlick, D. Lusenatzk, the under-chamberlain of Bohemia and his son, Cuthenaioer, Mutzina, Stibitz, Unroert, Huberch, Barchanetz, D. Puchemotz, John Prustinaysck, Outzick, and others not yet known.
6 Sept.
R. O.
Letter from the Nuncio with the most Christian king, 6 Sept.
The agents are anxious to send the payment for the third month, as that for the second had been already sent, and so 20,000 gold pieces were added for the expedition against Naples. A new fleet of large ships is being prepared in Brittany to help us in the Mediterranean Sea. Francis has sent 9,000 gold pieces for the same purpose. He thinks of invading Sicily or Naples. There is no news from Spain, but that the Viceroy was asking for his fleet. Nothing has been heard of the Legate since he left the Court on the 16 July. Fears he is detained. The marquis of Saluzzo was at Carmaniola. Almost all the French horse had crossed the Alps. The Marquis had sent Don Federico de Bozulo to Valentia, a town on the Po, six miles from Alexandria, on the road to Pavia, where he had 4,000 foot.
The French fleet appeared at Genoa on the 17th, and was obliged to return. It had intended to go to the eastern shore to meet that of the Pope and Venice.
ii. Letter of the Pope's lieutenant-general to the Nuncio in France, from the camp, 17 Aug.
Since writing on the 10th, has continued the enterprise against Cremona, but slowly, so as not to lessen the army. Now that Gaspar Vald and other captains have arrived, one of the proveditors of the Signory has gone on to Cremona with infantry and guns. Hopes to take it shortly. Two days ago about 50 brachia of the wall fell of its own accord, between the gate of St. Luke and the Castle; and Malatesta Baglione made an assault there, to the great loss of the enemy, who were shot at also by those in the castle. There being many ditches our men could not enter, and D. Julio Manfroni, Capt. Maconi and about 100 others, were slain. Now the proveditor is there, hopes they will succeed. They show no signs of sending help from Milan, which would be difficult; and, besides, as the papal army is at the walls, they dare not diminish their army. Has seen the letters of the Nuncio and Sanga. Must use great haste, for it is the second month of the Swiss, and they can get nothing from his Majesty for the second payment. It is impossible for the Pope to provide more. The marquis of Saluzzo came to Ravello on the 8th. The cavalry are not yet in Italy. Sent, in the name of the Pope and Signory, an order to raise 4,000 foot. Does not know when they will be ready. Cannot maintain everything without speedy help. Yesterday came Capino, who left at Bergamo all the Swiss, except 900 of Lucerne. They will be not less than 13,000. He will see that he wants money to pay them.
Lat., copy, pp. 3.
6 Sept.
Vit. B. VIII. 123.
B. M.
Sends copies of letters about the invasion of Hungary and the preparations for its defence. Begs Wolsey to send at once letters of exchange to Wallop, with orders to hasten as much as possible. A king with all the riches that Henry has should not allow the Pope, or the king of Portugal, or the Imperial diet to anticipate him. London, 6 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
Ibid. f. 124. ii. Copy of letters from Antwerp, 26 Aug. "Bartholomæi [Berzeri] Alemani et sociorum."
Hears by letters from Buda of the 7th, and Venice of the 12th, that the Turk had stormed Peter Waradin and three or four other strong places, killing the women and children, and then marched towards Buda. The King had pitched his camp, but for want of money had only 7,000 or 8,000 men. He was about nine miles from the Turks, and it is thought will retreat towards Buda, which will fall into the invaders' hands within a short time, unless further help is sent. The Turk will then be able to spread his power over all Christendom. There is no time for delay. Everyone ought to help. Small and speedy assistance will be better than to delay by making great plans. If the Hungarians had money, they would not want men, and the Turks would not have come so far without resistance. The diet of Spires, although the princes have disagreed, have determined to send 12,000 foot paid for three months. Hears that an ambassador with money is coming from England. Letters from Lisbon state that the King is sending an ambassador to Hungary, who will come this way, and arrange with his agent for the payment of 4,000 foot while the war lasts. He has not arrived, and it is feared he is detained somewhere. These arrangements are very good if they are speedily carried out. He who is first will be able to say that not only Hungary, but great part of Christendom, has been saved by him.
iii. Copy of other letters from Bartholomew Berzer and his partners, dated Antwerp, 26 Aug., to Bernard Uguccio and Nicoluccio Vivacesi, London.
Four days ago had letters from Augsburg of the 17th, from Vienna of the 12th, and Buda of the 7th, that the Turks had taken Peter Waradin, &c., as in the previous letter.
Lat., pp. 3.
7 Sept.
Lamb. MS. 306.
"Memorandum the 7th day of September in the 18th year of king Henry the viijth, the proclamation was made in London of the enhawceyng of golde."
This memorandum occurs on the inside of the cover of the volume.
7 Sept.
R. O.
Some of Ormond's servants have contended with some of the inhabitants of Bristol without his knowledge. Intended to have punished them, or given them up to the officers, but his lodging was attacked in the night by about 600 men, who threatened to burn him in his bed. Carlisle herald with difficulty got the mayor to interfere, to whose demands Ormond acceded, and gave up some of his servants. On sureties being demanded for them, Ormond requested that the affair might be brought before Wolsey and the council; but this was declined, and he was obliged to find sureties. Thinks the fault was on the side of the town, and fears they will not have an impartial trial. Shirehampton, 7 Sept. Signed and sealed.
P.1. Add.: To my lord Legate.
7 Sept.
Vesp. F. I. 17. B. M. Ellis, 2 Ser. I. 344.
On his arrival here yesterday, a post came with news of the defeat of the king of Hungary by the Turk, but without mentioning the place or the fate of the King. Desires his assistance, and that of the other princes, if the Turk continues his invasion. Inspruck, 7 Sept. 1526.
P.S.—Has received another post, that the battle was on Aug. 29, but nothing further about the King. Hungary and Austria are in great danger. Begs him not to forget to send assistance, especially gunners.
German, pp. 2, copy.
7 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 257. B. M.
2470. LEE to [HENRY VIII.]
After his letter of the 19 July wrote again on the 4 Aug. of the news of Milan and Hungary, and again on the 11th of the taking of Milan by Bourbon, mentioning that the duke of Milan had a pension from the Emperor of 30,000 ducats, and the revenues of Como, until it be tried whether he be worthy to lose the dukedom or not. Trusted to have sent them by young Mr. Guildford. Since then there has been no great news out of Italy. On Assumption day last was sent for by the French ambassador, who pretended to be sick, stating he had letters to communicate to me. Showed me letters from his master, and an article of the league of Italy, that the Emperor be requested to liberate the Dauphin and his brother. He wished me to be joined with the Pope's ambassador in that request, which I declined without express commission. When asked my advice by the Nuncio I advised delay, as ambassadors were daily expected from England. Did not at first know, until he had examined divers letters, that the King had not entered the league, as it was reported.
Saturday the 18th, Hichingham arrived with instructions, when I desired the Nuncio and others to meet at my house, and showed them your letters, which they marvellously liked. It was arranged that I should go alone to the Emperor. On Sunday visited the Chancellor, desiring an interview with the Emperor, which he promised should be soon, and an audience with him on Monday alone. On communicating my instructions he listened attentively, desiring me to repeat what he did not understand. When I had made an end he repeated all things in good order and with good remem- brance in French, answering every article in French, "which partly I did perceive, but in part I did not." He expressed his obligation to the King, and said if there were any default in the wars of Italy, it should not be in him. If he made more special answer I did not understand him. He seemed to say that he was willing to come to parole touching the French king's children, but he does not much trust the French king. He was anxious to content your Grace as to the debts. I requested speedy answer. He replied that his physicians counselled him to ride abroad two or three days for his health, and when he had returned he would answer with all diligence. I then told him that as his Majesty had more pleasure in French than in Latin, and I could not so well express in Latin all things contained in my commission, I had caused it to be translated into French; which he received gladly.
Visited the Chancellor on Wednesday, who told him that a paper had been read several times in the Council, that the Emperor would send a satisfactory answer, and revoke his armies from Italy. They are much offended with a papal brief, and declare they are not the cause of the war. The duke of Alva said the Pope should have written "such a letter as the noble king of England hath done." They called the brief "a crimination, no excusation." Lee had advised that it should not be delivered. The Chancellor promised that at the Emperor's coming home they would declare to him in council their minds upon it, which he trusted would be to the contentation of your Highness.
The Emperor returned late on Saturday. Visited him on Sunday. He assured me that his Council on that afternoon should devise an answer to the King. Called for an answer. Was told they had been too much occupied, and he should have it tomorrow. Told the Emperor on the morrow "that your Highness would think every hour one day" till he heard from him. He assured me I should be answered in three or four days.
The French ambassador has solicited the Nuncio and the Venetian orator to join with him in proposing an article for redemption of the children, vowing, if the Emperor would not deliver them for money, "he would give sommonawnce to him." At the request of the others, I visited the French ambassador on Saturday, and drew from him his purpose. He said he would go to the Emperor at Sauncte Fees, where he was hunting. I told him that as the Emperor was without his Council, he would get no answer, and so dissuaded him from his purpose until I got my answer. He might then follow his own direction if he were not satisfied, but he must use no threats. On his asking, how then could he obey his commission, I replied that some things must be left to the discretion of the commissioners. He consented. After much importunity he induced the Nuncio and the Venetian ambassador to join with him in a visit to the Emperor; at which he used expressions with which the Emperor "was more provoked and kindled than ever afore." He said, on asking for the deliverance of the children, This is my master's desire and "summation;" which the Emperor took for "sommonawnce." The Nuncio requested the Emperor to enter the league for the peace of Italy and Christendom. The Emperor professed his anxiety for the same,—that he had entered the war with reluctance,—that he marvelled at the Pope's brief, which was full of contumely and reproach,—that he had ever been obedient to the Church, and so it should be found. He refused to enter the league, as there were many things in it against him; and then he turned to the ambassador of France, saying, "I will not deliver them for money. I refused money for the father: I will much less take money for his sons. I am content to render them upon reasonable treaty, but not for money, ne I will trust any more the French king's promise, for he hath deceived me, and that like no noble prince. And where he excuseth that he cannot fulfil some things without grudge of his subjects, let him fulfil that that is in his power, which he promised by the honor of a prince to fulfil; that is to say, that if he could not bring all his promise to pass he would return again hither into prison. And so, Monsieur Orator, write you to him that I claim of him his royal promise to return into prison, and he shall have his sons delivered. For in that that he will have them by violent means, I will rather attempt all that I may, whatsoever come of it, and that although I should endanger my person with all that I have. And would God that he were content, in the avoiding of Christian blood, to try the right with me, hand for hand, I would, upon confidence of my right, take it on me, which I trust in the righteousness of God should defend me. And now, turning him to the Nuncio, see, saith he, what a prince this is! He promised me to put the Pope down, and to bring him to be no better than a chaplain, and that he would make me lord of all Italy. I told him that I desired none of both, but rather good amity to continue between the Pope and me, and the peace of Italy, my right saved; desiring [him] to show himself like a prince of good faith in keeping the other articles promised on his behalf, or else that he would not take my sister to marriage. Whereunto he answered, Thereunto I promise to God and you my faith: and likewise did I unto him. The conclusion of this communication was that if he would have good peace with the Emperor, the Emperor was content to keep peace with him, and to deliver his sons to him upon treaty and good surety, but not for money."
At the same interview the Viceroy, who was present, said that the French king had promised to him to perform his promise to the Emperor, and if any Frenchman said the contrary, he was willing to try it with him. He also affirmed that Francis had offered for the redemption of the pledges 3,000,000 cr., and to renounce all claims in Italy. These things I report by the mouth of others. I understand that the Emperor, being dissatisfied with himself for being in such heat, sent for the ambassadors, and proposed their demands to his Council in his absence; at which the French orator, as if the league were made only for redemption of the children, said with open mouth, "I ask no peace. I demand only the King my master's sons; and if you will not deliver them, I have another chapter in my commission to say unto you." He was urged to be more moderate, and if he would "entend" to the general peace of Christendom, he should have answer in what manner the Emperor would deliver them. He said he had no such commission;—notwithstanding that the bill sent to him insisted on the peace of Italy, and the inclusion of the King's debts in the league.
He has done much to trouble the King's purpose. The Chancellor showed him, by the date of his letters, and the former offers of the French king of 2,000,000 ducats for his children, that he had been answered already. They sent for the French ambassador again on Thursday, showing him the Emperor was willing, upon commission sent, to treat for the redemption of the children. All three had a meeting with Lee on Friday, when the French ambassador told him what had taken place at the Council,—how "he marvelled he was called alone, and that was answered to him that they were already at point with the other two;"—that he thought this answer suspicious. He was accordingly handled on all sides, but in the end he was persuaded to write for a commission to the French king. Was with the Chancellor on Thursday, who told him the answer "was already drawen out;" that the Emperor had not seen it, but he would see it in the afternoon. On Friday nothing was done; for that day, by ancient order, is kept for consultations.
Went on Saturday to the court; saw the Emperor, and asked for his despatch. He answered, that every day he had done something in it, and that the delay arose from his desire to satisfy the King. On Saturday the Chancellor told me I should have an answer from John Almain on Sunday. On Sunday it was not ready. On Monday the Chancellor sent word "that only for to make up the answer he went that day to the Emperor." As he came home late that day, was with him at 7 next morning, when it was read to me in the presence of the Emperor's confessor and De Praet, with a request that I would enclose it in my packet, and that the King's servants should wait until the letter and the instructions were ready. The Emperor is sending to England copies of all his correspondence with the French king. Sends the Emperor's answer in French. "I am much deceived but that he will do all his endeavour to content your Highness." Touching the delivery of the Dauphin and his brother, (fn. 4) "albeit the Emperor hath made general answer only, which in like general terms he uttered to the ambassador of France, yet I know that he said to one secretly that if the French king would entende to the peace universal of Christendom, he could be content not only to deliver him his sons gratis, but also to depart with him somewhat of his own; yet, in the answer to the King's grace's debts, he maketh insinuation of money."
The King has reason to thank God that the means have been put into his hands for staying the disorders of Christendom. All are inclined to peace; and the archbishop of Capua has written to say, on the part of the Pope, that if he had not been tied in the league he would have accepted the conditions of peace brought by Moncada from the Emperor. Has taken precautions that the King shall not be included in the proclamation of the league.
On asking the Emperor his intentions about the duke of Milan, he made me an answer in French, "which, because I would have more clear, I desired his Majesty that he would cause Mons. de Pratt, which only of his Council speaking Latin was then present in the chamber, to declare his Majesty's mind to me in Latin." He said the Duke was not utterly deprived, and, if found worthy, he should be restored; and for this he should have learned and indifferent judges. If unworthy, he would not keep the duchy for himself or for his brother, but bestow it on such a one as the Pope and Italy shall desire. He hoped the king of England would act rightly in this matter, and not take part with a guilty subject, but weigh the case in equal balance. By his expression "whom the Pope and Italy desire," he means the duke of Bourbon. He desires his commendations to the King, and trusts the amity between you will continue. He has declared to the Nuncio that though he made a sharp answer to the Pope's brief, he desires to have peace with him. The Italian ambassadors are anxious for the restoration of the duke of Milan, more for their own private ends, and half wishing the feud may continue between France and the Emperor. It is reported that Peter of Navarre has taken Saona. Andrea Dorea is on the look-out for his navy. Granada, 7 Sept.
Hol., pp. 19. Apostyled in margin by Tuke. The passage in cipher is undeciphered.
7 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 266*. B. M.
2471. LEE to WOLSEY.
When last with the Emperor, "to have the uttre dispatch of Mr. Hychingham," Lee, after he had showed his mind about the King, asked him if he would command him to write anything to Wolsey. He said, "I pray you in most cordial manner commend me to Mons. Cardinal, saying to him on my behalf that my trust is that, as I have hitherto reckoned him as my father, and have found him in many things accordingly, so he will continue; he shall so have me as his son and friend. And albeit I have had in my head some suspicions, yet now I have all forgotten, and account no less of him than I have done in times past, trusting that he will now employ himself first to the common wealth of Christendom, as I perceive he doeth, and after to have me commended for my private affairs." Lee told him he was sure he would always find Wolsey devoted to him above all other princes, and he said he had charged his ambassadors to say somewhat to him.
News have just come, not yet very certain, that Peter de Navarre, captain of the French navy, has taken Saona, that Andrea Doria is abroad to meet with him, and that 8,000 Almains have joined the Emperor's host. Granada, 7 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
8 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 272* b. B. M.
2472. LEE to WOLSEY.
Was visited by Bourbon's solicitor on the 7th, who excused himself that the visit was not made by his master's desire. He said he was the King's true servant, and as Wolsey took him for his son when he first entered the Emperor and the King's service, so he reputed you as his father. He said that in the event of the Duke being appointed to the duchy of Milan, he would not only pay Wolsey's pension upon it, but increase it. Told him I did not think I could make such a communication, except I had better proof than mere words, and therefore it would be better he should send some one to your Grace. I further said that the King and you were well affected to his master. Moved the Emperor the same day for an answer touching the Duchy, as your Grace will see by my letter to the King. Has never been noticed by him before, although he has been here six months. Cannot tell how long he will have to tarry for the Emperor's letters. 8 Sept. (fn. 5)
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
9 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 267. B. M.
2473. LEE to HENRY VIII.
Has informed him, in his other long letters, of the Emperor's answer about the duke of Milan; but since then, seeing the slow despatch of the Emperor's letters, and the books he is going to send to his ambassador in England, enquired what the Emperor laid to the charge of the Duke. Hears, first, that at the taking of Francis the Duke attempted to prevent the Emperor from henceforth meddling with Milan; 2, that when he was sick, he demised the dukedom to his brother in France. His informant does not believe these charges. Thinks that Jerome Moron, being in danger of receiving his deserts when the Duke died, wrote to the elder brother in France, who has never been on good terms with the present Duke, and that when the Duke heard that he had been accused by Moron, who was thrown into prison by Pescara, he offered to purge himself and go in person to the Emperor. The Emperor received on the 7 Sept. a more gentle brief from the Pope. Notwithstanding his frequent going to the Emperor they show themselves very slow in writing their great book. Granada, 9 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. The second leaf of this letter is at ƒ. 272.
10 Sept.
R. O.
Account of Sir William Fitzwilliam's property, with note in his hand. The manor of Newton-on-Derwent he holds of the earl of Northumberland, as of his manor of Catton, value 6l. clear, as appears by inquisition taken at York, 10 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII., before John Smytheley, escheator, on the death of William Fitzwilliam, son and heir of Thomas Fitzwilliam, of Aldewark. The said Thomas died on Friday after the Nativity of St. Mary, 5 Hen. VIII., when the said William was three years old, and the same (fn. 6) William died 26 Aug. 7 Hen. VIII., whose sisters and heirs are Alice, wife of James Fuljambe, 14 years and 6 months old at the taking of this inquisition, and Margaret, wife of Geoffrey Fuljambe, who was 12 years old on the 12th April last, as therein stated. A messuage and land in Wadworth, held of lord Scrope of Bolton in socage. A messuage and land in Wikerley, held of John Wikersley, in socage. (Noted by Fitzwilliam in the margin: "Purchased by my brother.") Manors of Aldewike, Holynghall, Ferborne, Aldewarke, Dalton, Thorpe Astley, Penyston, Heleyhall, Hulond Sweyne, Skelmerthorpe, Haldenby, Staton and Milford, Hunnby, Mikelfeld, Byrtby, Ulceby, Thorp Constantyne, Le Hey, and Kellom. These lands are situated in the counties of York, Lincoln, Stafford, Herts, and Nottingham. Total value, 176l. 10s.
The following is in Fitzwilliam's hand: "Billam, by year, 6l.; fallen to my nieces within these six years by the decease of Edward Fitzwilliam. Upper Dalton, by year, 6l.; fallen to them likewise within these five years by the decease of Richard Fitzwilliam. Item, my Lady my mother's feoffment, by year, 66l. 13s. 4d."
Pp. 6. Endd.
10 Sept.
Lamb. MS. 1168, f. 1. Howard's Lett., p. 212.
Warrant from queen Katharine to Robert Cruewis, keeper of the park of Okehampton, for delivery of a buck to John Creusse, of Crusham Orchard. Shute (Chute), 10 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. Signed at the top.
10 Sept.
R. O.
Lease by Tho. Charde, prior, and the Convent of the Cluniac House of Sts. Peter and Paul, Montacute, Bath and Wells diocese, of the reversion of four tenements in their lordship of Brigge, near Waymouth, Dorset, now held by James and Joan Hampre and their son James, to Thos. and Matilda Pytman and their son William, for 16s. a year. Montacute, 10 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII.
Lat., pp. 2, copy.
11 Sept.
Lettere di Principi, II. 11.
I perceive from your letter of 17 Aug. that you had shown my letter of 21 July [to the King and Wolsey?], in which I gave you notice of Sanga's mission thither (to England). Our labour in writing, and yours in negotiating, is all lost. Your letter of the 28th came with two others from Sanga, giving information as to what had been done with the Cardinal (Wolsey). The King (Henry) and the French king became great friends on the capture of the latter, from fear of the Emperor's aggrandisement; but now our ruin will ensue, and the Emperor will become supreme if he obtain the King's friendship. The Cardinal (Wolsey) knows how much he himself is indebted to the Pope. There were never in the world two princes of such virtue and excellence as the King and Cardinal, who could draw even the stones to love and serve them. Compliments to the Rev. M. Syl. (Darius?). Rome, 11 Sept. 1526.
11 Sept.
R. O.
2478. _ to _.
Does not know what to write, as Sanga's coming has been fruitless. It is wonderful that Henry should have so much feared the Emperor's power when Francis was taken prisoner, and immediately assisted the latter; but now that the Pope's ruin is imminent, and the Emperor is becoming master of everything, they allow him to be destroyed, although Wolsey owes so much to him. Has written several times, and is sorely grieved that their letters are not believed. Are in fearful extremity. Their fleet has arrived, but they cannot use it long, as galleys will not serve in the winter. Since nothing has been done at Genoa, and Cremona is occupied, we shall soon leave Cremona, and try Genoa again in vain. This was our game the whole year. Expects daily the Spanish fleet. Hears that the Archduke is coming to Italy himself. The duke of Ferrara is treating or going to treat with the Emperor. He has paid the cavalry of count Alex. Nuvolaria, whom he led into Carpi. He is collecting stores there, and allows travellers to be robbed, so that all commerce is stopped beyond Bologna. Rome, 11 Sept.
Lat., pp. 2.
Lettere di Principi, II. 11 b.
Whilst all the letters that come from you continue to be of the same tenor, you will not be surprised if I do not change my arguments. If the Cardinal (Wolsey) is not moved by our representations, our ruin will come to pass within a brief period. Your letters of the 22nd have arrived with those of Sanga, giving an account of his discussions with the Cardinal. We saw from the beginning that the Cardinal was immovable. The king of England and the cardinal of York will incur great obloquy if they desert the Apostolic See in this its hour of need.
The Spanish army will soon arrive in the kingdom (of Naples), and we cannot possibly make a successful resistance unless the French king makes an attack in his quarter, and unless the king of England does immediately what he talks of doing next year. Without succors we shall perish. The Cardinal ought not, therefore, to say or think that it is unnecessary to trouble about Italy, but to cherish it, and to esteem it above his own country; for all the good that is effected here will enable him to live there in greater quiet and dignity. I lament the crude state of mind shown by the Cardinal, who is unmoved by reasons so efficacious and evident, inconsistently with his usual penetration. I will not reply to that portion of Sanga's letter, where he writes that they (the English) insist on the pension, and on security for repayment of their contributions, because I cannot believe it to be true. I have sent your letter to Venice, in order to convince them you are not an Imperialist.
11 Sept.
Vit. B. VIII. 116. B. M.
"Ill. ac R., &c. Post ultimas [literas] D. v. R. scriptas quæ datæ fuerunt die v. præsentis mensis nil novi ad mei n[otitiam] devenit, nisi quod hic publice fertur germanum fratrem Regis Portugalliæ cum magna classe in favorem Cæsaris in Italiam venire. Confirmatur etiam quod superioribus die[bus] dictum fuerat de adventu Viceregis in Italiam [cum] classe. (fn. 7) Quod autem concernit ci[vitatem] Januæ nihil innovatum est post ultimas scriptas, communiterque tenetur dictam [civitatem] in manus confœderatorum non deventuram nisi deficiente commeatu. Creditur a[utem] ipsam civitatem habere hujusmodi commeatum pro uno mense. De Cremon[a] nihil aliud novi habetur nisi quod continue Dux Urbini vacat illius recup[erationi], et multi putant frustra id expectari. Nonnulli videntur sperare si tamen exerc[itus] confœderatorum diu illic moretur, quod tamen difficile reputatur, tum ob multiplicationem Cæsareorum, quæ expectatur in adventu viceregis, tum ex temporum mutatione sumus enim jam in introitu hiemis; et in illa patria, ut fertur, non possunt milites manere tempore pluviarum. Quod scripsi per ultimas de adventu lanziknechtorum in Italiam non videtur habere multum fundamentum, et S. D. N. hodie dixit mihi se credere non esse ver[um], sed artificiose famam hanc in γ1 seminatam. Dixit etiam mihi S. D. N. non cr[edere] verum esse quod dicitur de classe Portugallensium, propterea quod habet literas ex Hispania recentes in quibus nulla de hoc fit mentio. Videtur etiam hoc parum verisimile cum non sit credendum fratrem Regis in Italiam venturum cum Vicerege, et quasi ipsius socium, aut Viceregem tolleraturum ut sibi aliquis in superiorem detur.
"[E] Gallia videtur Smus habere literas quibus sibi significatur Regem Gallorum omni diligentia curare ut in portu Marsiliæ naves quamplures onerariæ armentur, et idem fiat de duabus magnis naribus superioribus diebus per Petrum Navarrum prope Niciam captas, videturque sperare quod si Rex Gallorum hoc cum effectu et debita celeritate faciat, posset Vicerex occurri et quominus in Italiam milites ducat obviari; quod si ad votum succedat videtur Pontifex de rebus Italiæ satis bene sperare. Dum de his S. D. N. mecum loqueretur, subjunxit videri sibi quod Rex Angliæ non credat Stem suam esse in eo periculo in quo est, et quod ipse non sperat multo tempore posse expensas quas nunc patitur sufferre, et quod Rex Angliæ forsan volet Sti suæ subvenire quando jam non erit remedium. Respondi ei quod eram certus quod Rex Angliæ nullo modo derelinquet Stem suam, immo ipsam et hanc Sanctam Sedem, prout in præteritum, totis viribus proteget et tuebitur. Alia non occurrunt," &c. Rome, 11 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 2. Add. Endd.
13 Sept.
Calig. D. IX. 244. B. M.
2481. CLERK [and TAYLER] to WOLSEY.
The King and my Lady, with a few attendants, went to hunt at a castle, four leagues hence, intending to return in three or four days, but delayed in consequence of sport and of my Lady's sickness. On Friday the 7th she returned. We had proposed to ride over to speak with them, but were advised not to do so. On the Sunday after visited the King, who "used many goodly and galiard words," telling us the affairs in Italy went well forwards. He said the day before he had received letters out of England from his ambassador, "and how that the king of [England, his] entire beloved brother and best friend, would have [him] now become and wax a good man. What he should [mean] thereby we cannot tell." (fn. 8) He proposes to send a shipful of wild swine as a present to the King, saying he knew there was no great plenty of them in England, "and that the hunting of them was very pleasant, [and] a king's game."
The Tuesday after were told by the Council that the Pope's, the Venetians and the French fleets had joined, and taken all the towns on the river of Genoa, Genoa excepted; and that the marquis of Saluce had arrived at Aste. They reckon they have in the camp 33,000 foot and nearly 2,000 men-at-arms. The Emperor's expedition to Naples is refrigerate; the Archduke will lend no aid, as the Turks are in Hungary. The Pope and the Colonnas are agreed. The Council insisted on the various efforts made by Francis for the war in Italy beyond what he was bound. Clerk has not been able to carry out his own particular instructions, as Madame has been ill. All are sorry to hear that the Pope and the duke of Ferrara cannot agree. Considering the Duke's power, riches, and wisdom, he can do more harm than all the Emperor's army, as was seen in Pope Leo's day. The French king says he has sent to him the bishop of Bayonne, but without effect, as the Duke is high and unreasonable. Seeing the success of the Emperor's party, the Chancellor thinks the King should interpose in the matter. Consider it of no use, except so far as it "may serve you for a stop in talking with them of your entry into the league; out whereof we beseech Almighty God to keep the King's highness; for surely it will be a very dangerous and endless reckoning."
P.S.—News have come that the duke of Urbino has left the camp at Milan for Cremona. Sanga has arrived with your Grace's letters, and reports of his good entertainment. Have pondered Wolsey's reply to Sanga, and think it unanswerable. It is no use to talk of the taking and redelivery of Naples. This keeps the city in great perplexity; "for they see that they shall change, but th[ey] wot never to whom; and the Church they will not, the Venetians much less; for volunt Regem." Think that if a son of the last king, or one of the family, were sent to the borders of Naples, he might do miracles in producing a revolution. Amboise, 13 Sept. Signed. (fn. 9)
Pp. 7, mutilated. Add. Endd by Tayler.
13 Sept.
Calig. D. IX. 248. B. M.
2482. CLERK to [WOLSEY].
Sanga arrived here yesterday. Has had little communication with him, as he has been busy deciphering letters and waiting for an audience, which he will probably have of the King today, but not so soon of my Lady, who still keeps her chamber. Will confer with him afterwards, "as well concerning such matter[s as] been contained in the one of your Grace's letters written [by] the secretary, as also concerning those matters that been in [the] letters written by your Grace's own hand; and in these l[etters] (according unto the trust your Grace of your goodness hath i[n] me), I shall so instruct Sanga before his departing that [no] doubt but your Grace shall have your intent in many of y[our] petitions. The bulls for your college are sped and sent you already. There will be great difficulty circa i[stud] benedictum divortium; reliqua omnia sunt clara et succedent a ... haud dubie." Touching Master Dean's (fn. 10) dispensation no mention is made de defectu either in the minute of the old brief or of the new. Supposes the first brief must have been sped ad partem super defectu natalium, "as indeed I am well [aware] that I obtained a sign[at]ur ... that there was ever any bull sped thereon, it may [please your] Grace to cause some search to be made among Master ... books; for if there were any it must needs come into [his] hands, albeit it shall make no great force," for Tayler will write to the Datary, and have provision made in the second new brief. Amboise, 13 Sept.
Hol., mutilated, pp. 2.
13 Sept.
Calig. B. II. 127. B. M. St. P. IV. 457.
Wrote in his last of the danger Angus was likely to incur. Arran, however, though so newly reconciled, continues steadfast both to Angus and his Prince; the two Earls being so thoroughly accorded, notwithstanding their late feud about the death of Sir Patrick Hamilton, that the knot is not likely to be dissolved by any one unless it be the archbishop of St. Andrew's. The abbots of Melrose and Dunfermline, "breder and nephews to the said Archbishop," are slain; also his great friend the lord of Kere (John Stirling), captain of Stirling, and many others of his kin. No one else in Scotland can cope with Angus and Arran, now that Lennox is slain, "and the other taken." The young King should be counselled to lean to the two Earls, as the men of most power in Scotland, notwithstanding any letters written by Wolsey against Angus. It is said Jas. and Will. Steward, brothers to lord Evendale, are both slain. They were special servants to the Queen, and brothers to Harry Stewarde, who attends her Grace. Writes thus to explain the letter sent him by Sir Chr. Dacre, and to show his opinion on the affairs of Scotland. Wrote to my lord of Cumberland in favor of Sir Christopher as Wolsey desired, but, as appears, without effect. Has some trouble in reducing the expenditure of this household within the income; but, after putting the commissions lately sent in execution as well as may be at this time of year, and sitting at York at Michaelmas for the ministration of justice, will visit all my lord of Richmond's lordships in these parts. Sheriff Hutton, 13 Sept. Signed.
14 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 271. B. M.
2484. LEE to HENRY VIII.
After the departure of Hichingham news came of the overthrow of the Papal, French, and Venetian armies by the Imperialists. It is said the duke of Urbino is taken. Thought that this post would overtake Hichingham. Granada, 14 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Sept.
Galba, B. IX. 27. B. M.
Wrote last the ... inst., in answer to his of Aug. 23. My lady received, three days ago, from the gov[ernor] of Kes, out of Burgundy, the original of the enclosed tidings. Last night was told by an Italian merchant, that a man who came from Lyons on the 8th inst. showed him that the common report was that Gennes was tor[ned] from the Emperor, and Milan strongly besieged. Thinks Tuke will hear the truth before he does. Mons. de Maras arrived on the 12th, and made his rep[ort] the same day. The Council has dispatched a post to the provost of Cassell.
Hearing that Wallop was coming hither, came over last night from the court. He arrived this afternoon, and they intend tomorrow, a[fter] mass, to go and deliver his letters to my Lady at Ba[row], where the court is now. Will return hither with him.
Tonight, after psalm time, spoke with the factor of the Folkyrs, who told him that, by letters from Duytchlande, they hear that the Turk has defeated the Hungarians, and that the King is dead. He was sure that if the King had had 150,000 ducats more he would have destroyed his enemies. The king of Portugal long ago sent a gentleman through France with credence for 50,000 ducats for Hungary, and the French king caused him to tarry, as he did the Emperor's ambassador. Asked the Portuguese factor how he meant to send the money. He answered that a German merchant offered to pay a Hungarian ducat at Vienna for every 48 placks or stuwyrs he received here, and would accept the angel noble for 11s. 3d. Fl. or 67½ st., and the French crown of the sun for 7s. Fl. or 42 st. Refers him to Wallop's letters. Antwerp, 14 Sept. 15[26].
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
Vit. B. VIII.
143. B. M.
2486. [HUGO DE MONCADA] to _.
Received about the same time three letters from him. Could not write, as he had no cipher with him, but has informed D. Troilus Negro of everything, and will write to him as often as possible.
Since leaving Rome has endeavored to assist the army of Lombardy, to preserve the Genoese and Siennese, to collect money, and to send off the galleys. Has also been acting on his instructions from the Emperor to offer Carpi and other places to the duke of Ferrara. Spinaro will tell him the Duke's answer. Fears that the Almains and Spaniards will come too late to assist Milan, Sienna, and Cremona. Cardinal Colonna, the lords of the Colonnese, and the writer, have therefore determined to assist the Imperial party personally. An agreement has accordingly been made concerning the territory of the Colonnas with the Pope, that he may be attacked when unprepared. He has not now in Rome more than 200 foot and 100 horse. The rest he has sent to Sienna and other places, and 200 horse to Sora. Has urged the "dominos c[onsilia]rios Napolis" to send all their forces with [Ascanio] Colonna to the assistance of Sienna; which they have agreed to do. He is now at Sora, preparing his forces.
We intend really to attack Rome. Have 800 horse and 5,000 foot in all. Will send the galleys at Gaeta towards Ostia, under the command of Zymanrich, directly he starts for Rome. Will remain with Ascanio. All this will be done in six days. Desires him to inform the Emperor, the duke of Bourbon, the marquis of Guasto, and Ant. de Leyva. Has received no letters from the Emperor since leaving Spain, nor his correspondent's letters by Leonard. Prays for the safe arrival of the ship with his correspondent's letter, informing him that an ambassador has been sent to him. The Pope has written to the French king and the captains of the fleet of the League to stop the Emperor's fleet. Will send in six days a galley to tell the Viceroy the safest way. Will write fully to the Emperor thereby.
Copy, Lat., pp. 4, mutilated. In Vannes' hand.


  • 1. benum in the cipher.
  • 2. proficiendo in the cipher.
  • 3. "Die pro Septembr." The 1st of September, however, was a Saturday, and the day really intended was Wednesday, 29 August.
  • 4. A few symbols occur here, not found in any of Lee's ciphers, and probably without any meaning.
  • 5. Lee generally signs his letters to Wolsey and the King, "your priest," or "most bounden priest."
  • 6. So in MS.
  • 7. Corr. "cum Italia classe."
  • 8. Added by Tuke in the margin: "[By] this clause by [lik]elihood he meaneth [the] marriage of my [La]dy Princess."
  • 9. Clerk for the first time signs "Jo. Ep's Batoniensis." Tayler's signature is lost.
  • 10. Winter's.