Henry VIII: September 1526, 16-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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'Henry VIII: September 1526, 16-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, ed. J S Brewer( London, 1875), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp1111-1131 [accessed 22 July 2024].

'Henry VIII: September 1526, 16-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Edited by J S Brewer( London, 1875), British History Online, accessed July 22, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp1111-1131.

"Henry VIII: September 1526, 16-30". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Ed. J S Brewer(London, 1875), , British History Online. Web. 22 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp1111-1131.


September 1526

16 Sept.
R. O.
After the departure of Clarenschawis herald, the King was beset, on his return from the Middle Marches at Melrose, by Levenax and his accomplices, to the number of 3,000 men, who intended to take him, and kill Angus. Had no more than 300 men, but Levenax did not succeed. Soon after they met at Striveling by counsel of the archbishops of St. Andrews and Glasgow, the bishops of Dumblane and Orkney, the earls of Levenax, Crawfurde, and Cassillis, lords Lyndesay, Ross, Sympill, Lyle, and Avandale, and others. On the 3rd they moved thence to Linlithqw, on their way to Edinburgh to take the King. Arane and Angus met them near Lithqw, and defeated them. After all these troubles during the King's minority, diligence shall be used that good rule may be kept for the future. Has written these news to the King. Edinburgh, 16 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c., my lord Cardinal of York, great chancellor and legate of England. Endd.
17 Sept.
Add. MS. 2,103, f. 12. B. M.
2488. CHARLES V. to CLEMENT VII. (fn. 1)
Answer to the Pope's charges, with an appeal to a General Council. Granada, 17 Sept. 1526.
Copy, pp. 80.
17 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 271*. B. M.
He will see what the Emperor has written touching his affairs, which Don Ynigo will communicate from his Majesty. Hopes he will be satisfied. I assure you the Emperor has great affection for you. Your pension on Palance will be paid in Oct. to Dr. Lee; that on Toledo as soon as the bulls arrive. Of his Majesty's debt to you, you will have a favorable answer by Don Ynigo. Granada, 17 Oct.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mons. le Legat d'Angleterre. Endd.
17 Sept.
R. O.
2490. _ to _.
Though the King and Wolsey will not believe their necessity, they do not wish it to be said that it was their fault for not informing them of it. Will be ruined unless they have present help.
History will say that in the time of Clement VII. the Holy See was ruined, and Italy devastated, to the dishonor of the King and Wolsey, for allowing their friends to be destroyed. The Pope would not be so importunate if he did not see ruin before him. If they do not help him they will be considered the most blind and the most cruel of all living men. The Nuncio in France will give them further information. The Spanish fleet, 50 ships with 9,000 foot, has gone away with the Viceroy. Four thousand Swiss should be taken away from the army in Lombardy, and new infantry raised, but he sees no chance of being successful either here or in Lombardy, unless the French king makes more efforts, and moves the war across the mountains, and unless the king of England does at once the chief part of the things Wolsey says he will do next year. If not assisted, we must perish, or accept some disgraceful terms. Rome, 17 Sept.
Lat., pp. 2.
17 Sept.
R. O.
Thanks him for the good will towards him expressed to Maistre Sausse, and professes his readiness to serve him. Asks him to promote the friendship of England and Scotland. Paris, 17 Sept.
Has asked Dr. Tailleur to send this letter, and write more fully on the matter. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A, &c., Mons. le Cardinal d'Yore, Legat, primat et chancellier d'Angleterre. Endd.
18 Sept.
Galba, B. IX. 29. B. M.
Wrote last on the 15th by a post named Locquebaw. Went with Wallop, on the 16th, to the lady Margaret's court at Barrow. Supped with the lord [of] Barow, the lord of Bewyrs, and Mons. the Barre. After supper they conveyed us to my Lady. Wallop delivered the King's letter and his credence in a manner that pleased my Lady right well. Refers to Wallop's letters to Wolsey. My Lady has received no confirmation of the Hungarian news, but Hooghestraet told him that yesterday he heard from his cousin at Francf[urt] that on the 29 Aug. the Turk had defeated the King, who escaped with only four men.
Wallop and he have spoken with the nassy ... of Belserys about sending the money to Hungary. They will pay it at Vienna, or some other frontier town, taking 10 per cent.; but if the money were here, they could do it for 8 per cent. The Hoghstetters, who are as rich and puissant as the Belsers, will do it for less, but will undertake no more than 50,000 cr. Crowns are worth here 43 placks, and angelletts 11s. 4d. Fl., amongst the commons; amongst the merchants, crowns are 42 or 42¼ placks, and angels 11s. 3d. Thinks money will rise till there is some reformation about this country here. English groats, that were worth 5½d. and 6d., are now worth 6½d., and in some places 7d. Came here purposely to see if he could serve Wallop. Expects he will go on his voyage tomorrow, and Hacket to the court. Antwerp, 18 Sept. 1526.
P.S.—The King and Wolsey are much praised here for their assistance to the king of Hungary. Prays God it may be for the weal of Christendom, which, if it comes in time, it shall.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
19 Sept.
R. O.
2493. WOLSEY to LEE.
Desires him to see his pensions of Palentine and Toledo paid according to the consignation made by the Pope's bulls upon the bishoprics. He may tell them, if they delay longer, Wolsey will have out executorials. It is much to be marvelled that they detain them contrary to their oaths. Is to consult with John Almayne, whom Wolsey has deputed one of his commissioners "jointly and severally with you," as appears by the commission sent herewith. If the pensions, amounting to 7,500 ducats, be duly paid, is content to give Almayne 500 ducats a year. Sends copy of the Emperor's grant of 9,000 ducats in recompense of the bishopric and abbey of St. Martin's in Tournay, which is now four years in arrear. Desires him to solicit payment of the whole, or at least a good part. Will give Almayne 2,000 ducats to get the whole, and 1,000 ducats out of the yearly pension.
(fn. 2) Hopes the Emperor will be tractable. He will find Wolsey's deeds far other than has been reported by those who would sow discord between him and the King. "At my manor of the More," 19 Sept.
Draft, corrected by Wolsey, pp. 3.
Camb. MS.
1044, No. 4.
2. The original letter, dated 29 Sept.
Holograph (?) Add.
20 Sept.
Vit. B. VIII. 118. B. M.
At the present time, about noon, the troops of the Colonnas, in the name of the Emperor, are entering the city in great numbers. They found it without soldiers, as the Pope expected nothing less, on account of the concord lately entered into with them. His Holiness has retired into the citadel. Will write what happens, though they fear letters will be intercepted. Rome, 20 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 Sept.
Calig. B. IX. 249. B. M.
2495. [FRANCIS I.] to DE VAULX.
Has received two long letters from him, showing the great efforts made by the Cardinal to promote the alliance between the two Kings. The minutes for the reciprocal obligation have been sent according to the form arranged by De Vaulx. Is going to despatch Morette to the King with presents. Sends him news of Italy and of Peter Navarre, who is at the port of Genoa, &c. Will do his endeavors to set his army on foot, and to hinder the succors from Spain. His arrangements with the Swiss go on well. No news, except of the progress of the Turk in Hungary. Chambort, 20 Sept.
Fr., copy, mutilated, pp. 2.
20 Sept.
R. O.
2496. HUNGARY.
"Nova Hungarica allata ex Pettovia die xx. Septembris."
The Turk entered Buda on the 9th, and killed everyone over 13 or 14 years of age. He kept no prisoners, but sent those under age to Turkey. He has burnt many towns. The King, after his defeat, was drowned in a marsh, whither his horse had carried him. Those lords of Hungary who have escaped are not making any attempt to recruit the army, but are committing worse cruelties than the Turks, spoiling and burning their own domains. The Turk is preparing to storm Vienna, and collecting a large fleet on the Danube. The prince of Austria has sent forces, and is doing what he can to fortify the city. He has got 30,000 foot and horse for the recovery of Hungary, which he claims as his own by the King's death. The waywode of Transylvania has 50,000 men-at-arms, but dares not leave his own country, for fear of the waywode of Wallachia, who, though a Hungarian, is half an Infidel. The Turk had in his army 300,000 men, and sent forward to the first engagement 70,000 men. In the van were 30,000 horse. The Turks began the attack, and met with a rather hot reception. When they came near the Turkish guns they divided into wings. For a whole hour the firing was furious, and the Hungarians were routed, with great slaughter of bishops, lords, and great men. After the victory, the Turks refreshed themselves three days, and then went about carrying rapine and slaughter to the confines of Germany.
Lat., pp. 2.
20 Sept.
Galba, B. IX. 31. B. M.
Has received his letters about the arrival of the provost of Ca[ssel], and the departure of the sieur de Marez. (fn. 3) Has also received letters from the former, and heard the report of the latter. Thanks him for his good will for the preservation of peace. Don Inigo de Mendoca, whom the Emperor has sent to England, was detained by illness, and is now stopped in France. Desires the King to obtain his deliverance.
Has sent on Wallop to the Archduke. Supposes he has heard of the defeat of the king of Hungary. Some say that he is dead, and some that he has escaped. Breda, 20 Sept. XVc X[XVI.] Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add. Endd.
20 Sept.
Ibid. f. 31*. B. M.
To the same effect. Breda, 20 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 Sept.
Calig. E. I. 93 (104.) B. M.
2499. _ to _.
"... rez ce que le Roy vous escript et envoy ... arrivee de pardela de Mons. de Morette ... entierement satisfaict de toutes choses par vous ... ne vous advisant que je ne vous scauroye dire ... lobligation en laquelle le Roy et madite dame ... Monsieur le Legat Cardynal d'Angleterre et le D ... de luy satisfaire en touttes choses que honnestement ... faire, vous suppliant sil vient a propos faire mes t[res humbles] recommandacions a sa bonne grace." 20 Sept.
On Monday or Tuesday they will bring the body of the late Queen to Paris and St. Denis. Next day the King and [Madame] will set out for Paris, by which means I may have news of you more often, "vous as ... bonne sante du dit sieur et de madite Dame et Madame ..."
Fr., mutilated, p. 1.
21 Sept.
Cal. B. VII. 67. B. M. Ellis, 2 Ser. I. 289.
2500. SIR THO. MORE to [WOLSEY].
Has read to the King Wolsey's letters to himself of Sept. 17. He is rejoiced at the success of Angus and Arran against their enemies, whose enterprises would imperil the young King, and cause disquiet to England. He approves of Wolsey's device, to entertain them with good letters and pleasures from the King, and with advice about the bringing up of the young King, that he and his realm may have cause to rejoice at the late victory against those who were assembled against him present in the field. They now have open proof that the archbishop of St. Andrew's uses all his power to procure their destruction, and to make war and revolution in the kingdom; and they should so repress their adversaries that they cannot hereafter deceive them by craft, or distress them by open rebellion. They must not believe the blandishments which the Archbishop will probably use for the purpose of revenging himself when there is occasion. Henry thanks Wolsey for these tidings, and for the letter devised in his name to the chancellor of Poile. He thinks it honorable neither to himself nor to the French king that the Emperor's ambassador is detained in France; he is not certain whether he is detained against his will, but thanks Wolsey for soliciting his enlargement. Sends letters from Magnus and Sir Chr. Dacre. Will send the letter to the chancellor of Poile, when the King has signed it. Stony Stratford, 21 Sept.
Hol., pp. 4.
21 Sept.
R. O.
The wife of Mr. Henry Savell, his fellow, wishes to be divorced on account of her husband's ill-treatment. She has good reason, and complained last year, but Higdon deferred the matter, hoping he would amend. It cannot be longer delayed, and Wolsey should command him or another of his officers to inquire into it. Does not meddle till he knows Wolsey's pleasure, as Savell is his servant. Sherifehoton, 21 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord cardinal of York and legate of England.
21 Sept.
R. O.
2502. ITALY.
Truce between the Pope and Don Hugo de Moncada, captain general of the Imperial fleet.
1. Suspension of hostilities for four months by sea and land, during which time the Pope is to withdraw his army to this side the Po, and his fleet to the shore. 2. Two months to be allowed for allies to declare their adhesion. 3. Philip Strozzi and Jas. de Salviati to be hostages for the Pope. 4. His Holiness to give full absolution to the Colonnas and all concerned in this attack on his ecclesiastical state. 5. Don Hugo and the Colonnas to send back their forces into Naples, &c.
The above articles were approved by the college of Cardinals.
Dated Rome, in the Castle of St. Angelo: present, the college of Cardinals and Don Hugo, Don Martin of Portugal, the Portuguese ambassador, and the bishop of Trevesi, governor of the city, 21 Sept. 1526.
Lat., pp. 2.
Vit. B. VIII.
147. B. M.
2503. ITALY.
By his treaty with Moncada, the Pope is bound to recall eight of his galleys from the siege of Genoa, Guido Rangoni and Vitelli, his captains. Guido will stay at Parma and Piacenza; Vitelli will return to Rome with 200 lances. John de Medicis will not leave the camp, and not a soldier will be removed, and therefore, unless there is some obstacle on the side of France and the Venetians, the siege of Milan and Genoa may continue. Don Hugo excused himself for what he had done on the plea of necessity, because he understood that Genoa had been reduced to great straits by loss of the fleet which Andrea Doria had taken. Peter of Navarre writes that he has received a third part of the French contribution for arming the fleet. The kings of France and England must resolve whether the compact between Don Hugo and the Pope shall be observed or not. If not, things may come to a happy termination, as the 200 lances and the 2,000 foot which the Pope will have in Rome will prevent the Colonnese and Imperialists at Naples from joining Bourbon in Lombardy. I have told the Pope that he erred in trusting Colonna, and must not now put faith in Don Hugo, notwithstanding the treaty. When he finds that the Imperial fleet is near, he will break his engagement as ... did, therefore he must prepare for war. There is much fear of the Emperor himself coming to Italy when he finds that ... is ready to lay siege to Rome.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated at the end.
22 Sept.
Vit. B. VIII. 128. B. M.
"Etsi gravissimæ ... u hostili animo sunt quorum etiam fide et promissis accepimus ... dedimus tamen cum non satis videremur ... bendi superaret, cumque insuper de calamitate et ruina ... Turcarum est non minore mœstitia premere ... præsens redderet, ea facta hic fuisse in dedecus ac detrim[entum] ... Sanctæ Sedis quæ a nulla gente etiam infideli ac barbara expectan ... Christianitatis quæ nos cognovimus omnia explicaret ac q ... injuriam ... tunc scripsimus [de] mutatione animi et pœnitentia eorum quorum ... illorum mentibus ad generalem pacem æquasque pacis conditiones u ... facile ... naremus dolorem animi nostri Deo. Sin autem ab istis patrata sunt ut omni ... nulli ... auctoritate facilis illissit aditus ad subjugandum Italiam, tune et tuæ Serenitatis vim virtutem ... obtestamur ut prosequi tuam solitam gloriam hujus Sanctæ Apostolicæ defendendæ Se[dis] ... multis cum ad requisitionem nostram consultantibus ipsis inter se venerabili fratri Hieronymo Episcopo [Wigorn'] ... e facere ... gisset nos eum et homine tuo tibi fidelissimo omnia animi nostri secreta penitus ... omnibus et nos et tuam serenitatem reputantes. Qui cum ea tecum nostris verbis copiose ... sit ... am ut eum rerum omnium maxime quarum cum audire diligenter tum fidem illi et dilecto filio [nostro] ... a nuncio istic nostro habere atque omni ope tua subvenire nomini ecclesiastico velis, sicut est ejus ... maxime signum." Rome, 22 Sept. 1526, pont ...
Lat. Vellum. Mutilated. Add.
22 Sept.
R. O.
Though Wolsey has not written by the English gentleman who lately arrived, knows it is he who arranged his despatch. Thanks him for continuing to promote amity with the Emperor, and for his desire for a universal peace. Requests him to write news, and give his advice upon the Emperor's affairs. Desires credence for the sieur De Courbaron, the bearer. Granada, 22 Sept. '26. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
22 Sept.
R. O.
2506. The DATARY to the NUNCIO.
The calamity he predicted has taken place. Hopes the Nuncio will now be able to persuade the Princes to give assistance. If the magnitude of the fact do not speak for itself, thinks eloquence will be useless. The King and Cardinal would certainly pity us if they saw the miserable position of the Pope, and of the Faith of which he is Defender. Not only the Pope who undertook the expedition and confederacy at Henry's persuasion, but any private person, even if an enemy, ought to have help in such extremity. The King would earn a double title of Defender of the Christian Faith, if he enabled the Pope to feed the little spark that remains, till it became a great fire, so that he could take vengeance on the wicked ones who have come into his inheritance.
Lat., pp. 2. Copy.
22 Sept.
R. O.
On the 17th was presented to the King's council here. Gave Mr. Treasurer the King's letters for his admission into his room here, and was sworn of the Council; for all which he thanks Wolsey. Asks whether he is to hold the portership according to the old customs, having the pre-eminence of the Comptroller. The latter, Sir Robt. Wotton, has obtained, by means of his brother Mr. Belknap, a letter from the King to the Deputy and Council, that for his ancient service he should have the pre-eminence of Garneys, which was never seen, the porter being a knight. Sir John Wilshire sat above Sir Robt. Wotton, before the latter was a knight; but when his son-in-law, the lord Marquis, had obtained knighthood for him from the King, he had pre-eminence over Wilshire. Would give Mr. Comptroller the pre-eminence, if it would not prejudice his office.
When he was sworn in, Mr. Treasurer made him sit at his side. Mr. Comptroller then produced his letter, that the King had pardoned him as to keeping a horse, and that he was to have the pre-eminence over Garneys. Mr. Treasurer asked Garneys what he had to say to it. Begged him not to take away what the King had granted, which was that he should occupy the office in as ample a manner as Sir Ric. Carew or Sir Robt. Wotton. At this Mr. Comptroller began "to fewme." Hears that Wotton said that my lord Marquis, his brother Belknap, and all his friends, should fail him, but he would remove Garneys' cushion. Asks him to speak to the King about it. Has written to Compton to remind Wolsey of it. Calais, 22 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To, &c., my lord Cardinal.
23 Sept.
Vit. B. VIII. 129. B. M.
Since his last letters of the 11th, there is every day better hope of recovering Cremona. It is thought that the marquis of Saluzzo, with French men-at-arms and infantry, has come to assist "the said Duke" in besieging the city. Wrote also on the 19th of the distressing news from Hungary. Letters have arrived at Venice that the Turk had defeated the King on Aug. 29, and that the King had not been found since. Letters from the Pope's nuncio confirm this, and say further that the Turkish army is 150,000 light horse and "xxxm ... [peditum,]" 15,000 being arquebusiers; that the Hungarian army was only 30,000 light horse and 15,000 foot; that the Turk had 800 cannon, but not much larger than arquebuses. He deceived them by putting a few in an open place, and the rest concealed. The Hungarians, hearing that a Transilvanian force of 15,000 horse was coming to their assistance, and also the Emperor's brother with 2,000 horse and 6,000 foot, trusting too much in their own strength, wished to gain all the glory for themselves. In the battle, almost all the Hungarian foot deserted; they were partly Germans, partly Bohemians, partly Moravians. Of the cavalry 15,000 or 20,000 were killed, and about 20,000 or 25,000 Hungarians were killed after the victory. The Emperor's brother has gone with a small body of men to Vienna, which no one thinks can be defended if the Turks attack it, as it is not fortified, and there are not enough troops. It is thought, however, that they will postpone this till the spring.
Wrote, on the 20th, of the entry of the Imperialists and Colonnese under don Hugo into Rome. They have sacked the Pope's palace. Don Hugo visited the Pope, who gave as hostages his nephews Cardinal Cibo and De Ridulphis. He demanded the castle and others to be given up for the security of the Imperialists, but the Pope refused. On the following day, the 21st, an agreement was made, of which he encloses a copy. On the 22nd the Imperialists and Colonnese left Rome. The Pope is still in the castle; but as soon as a few soldiers have been collected to protect him, he will go to the Palace. Rome, 23 Sept. 1526.
Hol., pp. 2, Lat.
23 Sept.
R. O.
"Il Papa sempre a litto (detto?) che egli non osservarà nulla di questa tregua a Cesare come il Re di Francia et il Re d'Inghilterra pure deve far il debito, cioè che il Re di Francia vogli suplire a la negligentia soa con molto piu denari et gente come sarà necessario et che il Re d'Inghilterra entri a la contributione.
"Il Papa è desperato et renega la patientia oltra che noi continuamente la mostrato la sua infamia et vettuperio, egli la conosce, et dice deve piu presto morire che vivere con tal vettuperio che soi suditi et il Cardinale Colona la habino preso di questo modo e su questa tregua.
"Il Papa dice che ora e tempo che il Re d'Inghilterra et il Cardinale mostrino cio che molte volte li hano oferto; ora e tempo di defendere la fede con levarlo da questa meseria et ajutarlo ad vendicarse, et dice non deve mai perdonare a Colnesi sino non colo ginocchio in polvere [symbol] et [symbol] terre, et cio come principe pensa con ogni conscientia pro justitia poter far.
"Il Papa dice al Re di Francia che per dever suplire a defetti soi in Lombardia, cioe di denari che non sono venuti a tempo et Suiceri (?) et lance come privato di la assegnamenti havea qui et a lassato il particulare suo qui per sup[l]ire al comune in Lombardia.
"Il Papa manda al Re di Francia et Re d'Inghilterra per intendere come voleno che questo accordo abi loco, overo che come sequiti la impresa comenzata, overo che dopo la triegua il Re di Francia et il Re d'Inghilterra voleno questo over quello, et il suo parere e questo che sequiti il preposto del Turco, cioe che come vengi al convento di Nerbona, tamen isto interim come sequiti la impresa di Lombardia et gagliardamente in la tregua il Papa non mancara et tutta via sino non veda desposta non man[c] a di ajutare secretamente la ligua et la a9 del Papa, u7 restarano di il Signor Giovani come del (?) Re di Francia solo patera la gente di [symbol] u3 non faceano nula et il Vitello et con questo modo strengere Cesare che habi a star a la tregua presto et in tempo che come possi far la impresa del Turco pero e necessario si faci pristo, altramente el Turco si lomo lo lassa fermare in Ongaria havera lanzichinechi quanti vora, et come cio habe sara inexpugnabile."
The weakness of the Turk consists in his want of infantry, owing to which he will always be conquered; but if he gain a footing in Hungary, all Germany will go with him (li concorrera). I never feared the Turk till now; but I shall fear him more if measures be not taken this spring which would make us secure. "Per che con questi campi soli di Lom- bardia vorria ritrovarlo et con cento galee et 50 navi grosse et 60 galioni andare a Constantinopoli," where the Turk, having no galleys, would be obliged to come and defend himself. Thus Greece and Hungary will be set free.
"Come cio deve il Re di Francia, et il Re d'Inghilterra bisogna strengere il reame di Napoli et Lombardia di sorte che Cesare vengi a la rascione et come fara la tregua mediante il Papa et il Cardinale ma il farebbe per la sua prudentia il Papa come confida che la sua immortal gloria come fara questa tregua et imprese et veramente il Cardinale ha qualche occasione al presente per farse imortale. Questa stretta del Papa fara che il Re d'Inghilterra havera meglior partito in la pensione di Italia come vola et cusi a il Re di Francia della z2 di Bologna [symbol] Cesare come (?) indurira con il Re di Francia a protonotario intenderete come [symbol] pigliano questa z2 et come voleno secuire la impresa o pigliare la triegua la z2 di Cremona come vano a la longa come (?) vencerano et cusi [symbol].
If Milan and Genoa are besieged, the enterprise will be defeated in two months; but this League has not yet besieged either the one or the other. For by the last accounts the French were three days' journey from Piacenza; "si che vedete quello a causato fran ano ruinato et vittuperato dal mondo questo povero papa, quale in efetto e tuta bonta."
Is most grieved to think the Imperialists boast of having done this indignity, not only to the Pope, but to Francis, and to the King as protector of the League; and this they do without money or men. Don Hugo cannot get Naples to give men to go against the Pope. The Neapolitans are ordered by the Emperor to obey his commands. Don Hugo has got 2,000 foot from them, saying that he would send them to succor Sienna by sea; but he has cheated them and us.
"Che il Papa non come sia governato 2′ non deve (?) po defendere la fatt. da pazo si nel far lo accordo con Colnesi et crederli, si nel stare in Roma, ove e 2′ voluto senza gente sempre guardia a le porte; et ve promesso che mille volte sempre lo ho recordato al Papa che facea 2′ ma Dio o il Diavol li ha tolto lo intelletto." Rome, 23 Sept.
All this is a copy of part of what I wrote by Lyons to Brian Tuke.
Ital., part cipher, pp. 3. Add.: "Al Rdo M. Pietro Vanni secretario del Ill. et R. legato Anglico."
* In deciphering this document I have received much assistance from Signor Pasini of Venice. It has been thought better to retain those symbols in the cipher, of which the significance was most doubtful.
23 Sept.
R. O.
2510. SIR GREG. CASALE to _.
On receipt of the news from Hungary, which you will have heard from the prothonotary, the Pope convoked all the cardinals and ambassadors, and was with us more than four hours, beseeching us, with tears, to exhort our princes to make a truce. He proposed a conference with the Emperor, Francis and Wolsey, between Narbonne and Perpignan, where his Holiness also would be present. He intends to send persons to the princes on this subject; and if they agree to it he will go to France, where he will consult with Francis and Wolsey what to do, and then treat with the Emperor as they shall advise. Hopes with Wolsey's aid this peace will be concluded, and an expedition arranged to drive the Turk out of Hungary. He will offer them all his state to settle their differences about Burgundy and Milan. He offers to go in person, and make crosses, chalices and everything for this sacred enterprise, which I promise you should be successful, for the Turks have no great ships, and no ordnance for infantry or men-at-arms; and if an attack were made at once on Constantinople, the Turk would be compelled to leave Hungary. The Pope says, if the princes do not provide a remedy, we shall forthwith see the Turks in Rome spoiling his palace.
Next morning the Colonnas, with whom his Holiness had truce, at break of day were at the Porta de S. Janni without the Pope's knowledge, who, having some days before sent out of Rome 1,000 foot whom he had kept as a guard, was obliged to send two cardinals to pray the Romans to take arms in his defence. No one stirred except some friends; and the good Colonnas, with 600 horse and 6,000 foot, of which there were not 2,000 that were not of the rabble (villani), marched through Rome with only a little resistance at the Porta di Santo Spirito. They sacked the Pope's palace, "la mitta di borgo," and a number of houses, including those of (? fin le altre) the cardinal Araœli and the Venetian ambassador, and robbing vestries, &c. Never was such cruelty and sacrilege. The Pope appealed to several Cardinals in vain, till the writer, leaving his house in danger, came to the castle, and urged signor Alberto (Corpi) and the Venetian ambassador not to allow the Pope to suffer so great an indignity. At last, next morning, the Pope held a consistory, and this truce was arranged.
Wrote yesterday by way of Venice. Letters from the Nuncio in Hungary, dated the 6th, giving further details of the battle [of Mohatz]. The Pope thinks this affair so important he has resolved to send Paulo Darezzo to France, and the auditor or me to England. God knows, I would have gone to you myself with great pleasure. Need not write about Cremona, as you will learn later news from the prothonotary. Don Hugo confesses having been driven to this enterprise by the danger in which Genoa was placed by the papal and Venetian armies. Rome, 23 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Ital., pp. 3. Endd.: "Conventus inter S. D. N. et Donyngo de Mendoce capitaneum generalem classis Cæsareæ."
Vit. B. VIII. 126.
B. M.
2. Substance of the same in Latin, with some differences. Among other things are passages to the following effect:—The Pope says he was driven to this truce by not having supplies or powder of two days. He has many improvident servants. He is now resolved to send Worcester to England, who will start in two days.
Pp. 4.
23 Sept.
Vit. B. VIII. 130. B. M.
"Ill. ac R., &c. Per alias literas da[tas] ... die scripsi ad D. v. R. tumultum factum per Cæesareos et Columpnenses contra [Papam] et conventionem postea inde secutam, cujus copiam D. Gregorius meus collega a[d D. v.] R. mittit. Per præsentes autem visum est mihi ei significare qualiter S. D. N. vocavit ... ambos et instantissime instetit ut unus ex nobis ad Regiam istam Mtem et D. v. [R.] venire vellet ob causas infrascriptas. Cum autem nos difficiles in hoe reddi[di]ssemus et Stas sua instando perseveraret, quamplura allegando, quæ brevitatis causa reservo ... . dicenda, tandem conclusimus Sil suæ satisfacere, sicque onus veniendi suscepi q ... ætate et debilitate mea quo melius potero tollerabo.
"Prout videbit D. v. R. per capitula, S. D. N. promittit suos et Florentinos milites revocare, quod cum vidissemus, college et ego adivimus Stem suam ut mentem suam super hoc scrutaremur, dubitantes ne ex hoc capitulo, si servaretur, succederet destructio cœptorum in Lombardia, et sic remaneret Cæsar dominus omnium. Petii a Ste sua an esset intentionis hujusmodi capitula servare et dictos milites cum effectu revocare; ad quod respondit Papa quod nisi esset intensis[simus] amor quo Regem Angliæ prosequatur, cujus bonum et malum sibi esse commune præetendit, et nisi esset quod manifeste videt ex sua ruina (fn. 4) Regi Gallorum et Regi Angliæ maximum succede[re præju]dicium, certo tanquam desperatus et derelictus permisisset om[nia] in ruinam ire, sed hoc prævidens potius velle mori dixit quam aliquid ommittere quod per eum fieri possit, si modo etiam ei succurratur et subveniatur; unde se resolvit velle pro nunc in his quæ manifeste contraventione ... tari non possunt, hujusmodi capitula servare; sed si Rex Galliæ velit efficacius quam hactenus fecerit in communi negocio procedere, et tepiditatem qua in præteritum usus est, habito etiam respectu ad ea quæ postea subsecuta sunt, cum fervore compensare, et Rex noster velit etiam, his consideratis, quod suasu Majestatis suæ et D. v. R. potissime in hunc labyrinthum incidit in quo ad præsens est, Sti suæ auxilio et favore adesse et provinciam cœptam juvare, Stas sua parata est, non obstante conventione supradicta, ad quam non solum coactus sed quasi captus et fide sibi fracta devenit, prout in præteritum fecit facere, et etiam plus si sibi possibile fuerit. Et dum per nos replicarentur multa, et inter alia quod cavendum erat, ne, dum mentem horum Regum intelligere expectabat, suos milites revocando, rem eo deduceret ut etiam, volentibus Regibus facere id totum quod possent, non valerent res in bonum statum reduci, vel saltem non sine maxima difficultate; instaremusque ut saltem dum hæc resolutio a Rege haberetur, nollet exercitum illum diminuere; tandem conclusit quod unus ex capitaneis equitum, viz., Johannes de Medicis cum suis equitibus non amoveretur, quia alias a Rege Gallorum conductus fuerat, et tanquam talis remaneret, et quod hoc Hugoni de Moncada declaraverat; pedites etiam sub nomine Venetorum remanerent omnes, sed alios capitaneos non poterat cum colore aliquo ibi retinere, tamen quod hoc erat minimi momenti cum et equitum et peditum sufficiens ibi sine illis remaneret numerus, præsertim nunc quando jam equites gravis armaturæ Regis Gallorum in castra pervencrunt. Et idem dixit quoad classem, quæ tanta erat ut nulla altera [major] nasci posset ex revocatione suarum triremium, quæ octo sunt, et quod jam ante hunc tumultum ordinatum fuerat de consensu confœderatorum, ut magna pars ipsorum, quæ nunc in Lombardia revocantur, veniret ad Urbem pro custodia Stis suæ.
Visa hac resolutione instetimus ut saltem vellet Stas sua, donec resolutio Regiæ Mtis haberetur, secreto modo solvere stipendia peditibus, prout in præteritum fecerat, quod facere velle innuit. Tamen de hoc cras ante discessum meum conabor habere responsum magis firmum. Ex supradictis pendet causa una mei adventus in Angliam. Alia causa est quod dicit S. D. N. quod si Rex Gallorum et Rex noster nolint provinciam hanc aliter suscipere quam in præteritum fecerint, melius est omnia derelinquere; et eo casu vel etiam absque hoc, si tamen Regi nostro et D. v. R. videbitur, personaliter in Galliam vel alium locum qui Regiæ Mti et D. v. R. videbitur, sc conferre, ad hoc ut in propria persona ipse et D. v. R., si secum esse dignetur, possint inter Cæsarem et Gallum concordiam aliquam tractare,'ad [hoc], ut possit adveniente vere rabiei Turcharum occurri, ne devorata Ungaria etiam ulterius procedat, quod Sti suæ plusquam necessarium videtur. Omnia hæc tamen remittere videtur arbitrio Ser. Regis nostri et D. v. R. Super his omnibus diffusius cum D. v. R. agam si Omnipotens Deus mihi concedat ut salvus ad eam perveniam. Alia non occurrunt, &c." Rome, 23 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Mutilated, mostly cipher. Add. The two leaves separated.
Vit. B. VIII. 131.
B. M.
2. Decipher of the preceding, in the hand of Vannes.
24 Sept.
R. O.
2512. ITALY.
From letters of the prothonotary Casale, 24 Sept., Venice.
He writes that the Venetians are disturbed at hearing of the sudden attack upon the Pope: but the recall of his army does not seem a matter of much moment, for Giovanni de Medicis will remain with a great part of the cavalry, as a French captain and many of the infantry will be in the Venetian camp, and it is hoped their wages will be paid. 300 horse and 2,000 foot will go to Rome to guard the Pope. These forces will be of great use to the League there, and deter the soldiers in Naples from coming to Lombardy. They do not think much of the eight galleys, as they consider themselves strong enough to storm Genoa, especially now the French troops are arrived. They say they delayed for fear of fatiguing the cavalry. The Venetians are determined to persist in this course, and hope the kings of England and France will not fail them, especially after the accursed crime of the Imperialists at Rome. A Scot who has been in Hungary speaks of their defeat, but says they have so fortified themselves that they hope to resist the Turk, and that the King is safe.
Lat., p. 1. In Vannes' hand.
24 Sept.
Vit. B. VIII. 133. B. M.
Sends this letter by Ghinucci to express his devotion to the King. The Pope hopes that this indignity will be blotted out by the power, virtue and piety of the King, and the dignity of the See be increased. Rome, 24 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
24 Sept.
R. O.
Wolsey will learn from the bp. of Worcester, whom the Pope is sending to England, what things his Holiness has suffered. Though he is accustomed to write to Wolsey of all occurrences, feels it unnecessary to inform him of anything now, or exhort him what to do, as the Pope has given full instructions to Worcester and Casale. Rome, 24 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
24 Sept.
R. O.
The Pope, who is in great trouble, is sending to England the bp. of Worcester to inform the King of recent occurrences at which he was present. All his hope at this critical time is in the King. All Christendom is in danger from the Turk, now that the king of Hungary has been defeated and slain. Rome, 24 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
24 Sept.
R. O.
To the same effect. Rome, 24 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
26 Sept.
R. O.
In accordance with Wolsey's letters, sends by this bearer 100l. and the privy seal, which my lord his father had for 2,000 mks. lent to the King for the wars, with a quittance for the same. Sends also a bill of petition for his pardon, which he asks Wolsey to get signed by the King, and the pardon sealed. Downeley, 26 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
27 Sept.
R. O.
The King has given Sandys authority to appoint Wingfield deputy of Calais, and Fitzwilliam governor of the castle, on the 6th Oct. Cannot be there till 14 or 15 days later, but they had better occupy the offices from the date mentioned. The King is writing to them. Ampthill, 27 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To Sir Robt. Wingfield, lieutenant of the castle at Ca[lais]. Endd.
27 Sept.
R. O.
Sends him letters from the King, ordering him to enter into the office of deputy of Calais, and Fitzwilliam into the lieutenantship of the Castle, on Oct. 6. The lord chamberlain and himself will be there in 12 or 14 days. The King has also written to Sir Ric. Weston to pay Lord Berners' wages as deputy only till the said day.
Has told Bawdewyn Willoughby, whom he has appointed constable and deputy, to receive the ten men Wingfield wishes taken into the Castle. Ampthill, 27 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
27 Sept.
Cal. D. IX. 250. B. M.
2520. CLERK to WOLSEY.
Wrote on the 13th. When Tayler came to take his leave Francis desired him to take his way to Paris, and there wait for him, as he intended to leave the next day. On the 14th the King and my Lady removed from Amboise to Blois, where the body of the late French queen remains unburied, "with intent for to set forth her burial towards St. Denis." I was at Blois on the 15th, where I was told my Lady intended to be in two days, at the solemnity of the setting forward of the body of the said late Queen; but she being troubled with her sickness, "and the King occupying himself in his dis[ports], and passing the time in hunting, deferred the[ir] coming hither, and have lien still in certain castles and gentlemen's places in the country[there]about." Tayler, after tarrying three or four days, went to Paris, but I waited, hoping to get audience of my Lady. Heard on the 19th from the Chancellor that the King and my Lady had licensed the most of their Council to proceed to Paris, intending to be there in two days. De Lanson, "being decked to horse" ready to start, came to me, advising I should do the same, as my Lady was still diseased, and not likely to give audience till she came to Paris. Left Blois on the 20th for Clery. Waited there for news; thence to Orleans, "hearkening after the King's a[nd] my Lady's removing, a thing, I assure your Grace, of great instability, and unknown unto them [who] pretend to be of right secret council." Hears nothing of Italy. Tidings have come of Hungary "(God forbid they should be true!)" viz., that the Turk had stricken battle, and taken the King prisoner. Before leaving Blois, had instructed Sanga, and "reformed the minute of Master Dean's brief." Orleans, 27 Sept. Signature burnt off.
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add.
27 Sept.
R. O.
The abbot of Whitby, Jas. Conyers and six or seven others, have been cited to appear before the council at Michaelmas by John Parisshe and another merchant of Norwich, for buying corn and meal belonging to them, which was taken in an Alyaunte ship by Frenchmen, and sold to the inhabitants of Whitby and the neighbourhood. Ask Wolsey to pardon their personal appearance, and to consider that they did not buy the corn for their personal benefit, but because the country was in great necessity. They have sent up a person to speak on their behalf. York, 27 Sept. Signed: Brian Higdon—T. Magnus—W. Bulmer—Godfrey Foljambe—Thos. Tempest—Rob. Bowis.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.: My lord of Richemountes counsail, 27 Sept.
28 Sept.
R. O.
Since Worcester left all has been quiet. Cremona has at last surrendered, and the Imperialists have been allowed to march out of it on condition they do not bear arms against us again. The Pope, forgetful of his own injuries, will use every effort for peace and an expedition against the Turks. Almost all their hope is in the King. Rome, 28 Sept. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
28 Sept.
R. O.
2523. JOHN HASTINGS to BURTH, my Lord of Northumberland's servant at my Lord's place at Algate.
It is said the Turk has either slain or taken the king of Hungary and his whole army, that there has been an insurrection at Rome, and that the Pope has been driven out of his palace. The King is daily expected in Paris, and the Queen to be buried at St. Denis.—Private money matters.—Wishes to hear of my Lord and Lady, my young lord and my young mistress. Desires him to give my Lord these letters. Would have written to him, but that the messenger was in haste to depart. Paris, 28 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
28 Sept.
R. O.
"Ex literis Sangæ diei 28 Sept. in Bles. Postero die erat discessurus Romam versus."—Has news from Rome from a servant of the Pope who had been sent into Spain. He left Cartagena on the 28 Aug., where they had 50 ships, which they had begun to man with Spanish and German troops to the number of 8,000 or 9,000. The Pope does not know what to do if they come; and the Datary says their ruin is certain unless they have immediate aid. Nevertheless, knowing the dangers of peace, his Holiness has refused to listen to Don Hugo, who was making new overtures, saying he had a carteblanche from the Emperor.
ii. "Ex literis nuncii in Gallia diei ultimi Septembris in Bles."
After regretting the calamity of Hungary and death of the King he says the Archduke had recalled the soldiers whom he was going to have sent to Italy, to defend his own frontier against the Turk. The storming of Cremona still continues. Numbers of the garrison :—very strong, but our side hope to gain it, and send 10,000 foot to besiege Genoa by land. Milan is besieged by the rest of the army. Many of the enemy are sick, who have not more than 6,000 able men. Some days ago our admirals caused a "carovana," laden with corn from Sicily for Genoa, to be intercepted. They have taken 23 small vessels and 4 great carracks, laden with corn enough to victual the half of Italy. The carracks are to be armed with a fleet, which is to sail from Marseilles in 10 or 15 days. The Legate has arrived at Lyons. Thence he will come to Paris, and perhaps remain this winter.
Lat., pp. 2.
29 Sept.
R. O.
Accounts of the fines, heriots, &c. on the lands of Katharine countess of Devonshire, in Cornwall, Devon, Somerset, Bucks, Berks, Hants, and Dorset, for one year ending Mich. 18 Hen. VIII. Arranged in tabular form.
Pp. 2, large paper. Endd. in same hand.
29 Sept.
R. O.
Expences of Sir John Husey going from Sleford to London and back for the late lord Monteagle's causes, 15 Hen. VIII., 35l. 13s. 11d.
Reward to the Cardinal, 100l.; to the King, for the late Lord's bequest, 100l.; to the Cardinal, 20l.; to the King, for part of the young Lord's marriage, 360l.; to learned men retained as counsel, 40s.; to the King, as part of the late Lord's debts, 11l. 7s. 9½d. Rewards. Expences of the young lord Monteagle and Sir John Husey, riding from Sleford to Horneby and Lancaster, 16 Hen. VIII., 36l. 14s. 4½d.; and of Husey, from Sleford to Derby and London, 36l. 6s. 2d. The young Lord's apparel, 23l. 5s. 4½d. Costs and finding of the young Lord, three servants, and of a chaplain to teach him, 30 weeks, 15l. For his finding while in the Cardinal's service, for two years ending Mich. 18 Hen. VIII., (besides the 30l. allowed yearly for his finding,) 80l. A black horse for him, 9l. Various debts of Ric. Bank to Husy.
Total, 1,268l. 0s. 1d.
R. O. 2. Draft of the above. In form of a roll.
R. O. 3. Another draft.
R. O. 2527. LORD DARCY.
Names and yearly values of the possessions of Thos. lord Darcy in cos. York, Linc., Derby, Northumb. and elsewhere; viz., Tempilnewsum, value in rents, coal mines, &c., 190l. 0s. 10½d.: deducted, for bailiff's and other fees (names given), 13l. 1s. 4d. Rothewelhay, 112l. 6s. 8d.: fees, 8l. 3s. 4d. Roun[d]hey, rents, woodsale and coalmines, 97l. 6s. 8d.: fees, 43s. 4d. Be[k]hey, rents, "drift of the more" and profits of the warren, 26l. 13s. 4d.: fees, 7l. 6s. 8d. Assheforde, rents, profits of lead mines, and perquisites of court, 81l. 17s. 9d.: fees, 12l. 12s. 4d. Silkstone, rents, profits of ironstone and charcoal, 33l. 6s. 8d.: deducted for the dower of Mrs. _, 20l. Allerton, 13l. 6s. 8d.: fees, 106s. 8d. Templehirst, rents, perquisites of courts, and profits of warren at Potterley, 68l. 17s. 7d.: fees, 13l. 14s. 5d. Buttercamp and Kirkstall, 69l. 10s. 7½d.: fees, nil. Cottingham, 122l. 4s. 11d.: fees, 13l. 5s. 11d. Knaith, 67l. 19s. 7½d.: fees to Sir J. Hussey, head steward, 66s. 8d., and two others,—in all, 7l. 10s. Stretton, 18l. 14s. 3d.: fees to Ric. Clarke, "learned steward," 40s. Laur. Holyngworth, bailiff and receiver, 60s.; and the Friars Observants in Newark, 66s. 8d. Torkesey, 20l.: fee of Sir Will. Merynge, steward, 40s. Stow Depinge and Caldecootes, 22l. 10s.: fees to Ric. Shirshawe, receiver, 40s.; and Master Chaloner, one of my Lord's learned counsel, 66s. 8d. Beysby and Grymsby, 65l. 6s. 3½d.: fees to John Wymper, bailiff and receiver, 60s.; and Mr. Hennage, learned steward, 26s. 8d. Kirkby Morshed, 147l. 15s. 6d.: fees to Sir Will. Ewre, head steward, 66s. 8d. Thos. Grice, learned steward, 13s. 4d., and six other officers. Biwell, 105l. 17s. 6d.: fees to Sir Thos. Tempest, kt., learned steward, 66s. 8d., and others. Baumburgh, rents, profits of courts, price of tithe lambs, of "yelde malt," and of certain barrels of fish, and farm of fishing at Berwick, 130l. 15s. 9d.: fees (ordinary) to John Hoppyn, bailiff and receiver, 6l.; and (extraord.) to the lady Gray of Horton, 66s. 8d. Ellington and Gaitfurth, 21l.: fees (extraord.) to Sir Geo. Darcy 10l., Cuthbert Conyers 8l., and Gilbert Carnaby 40s. Basyn Stooke and Andever, 30l.: annuities to lord Sandes and Sir Ric. Sandes, 30l. Devonshire, 173l.: fees, &c. to Sir Arthur Darcy, 40l.; the Friars Observant of Richmond, Greenwich, Hampton and Canterbury, 5 marks each; and Hen. Brome, 20s. Kaus, Talworth, Ormesby and Iden, 57l. 13s. 4d.: fees to my lord Cardinal, 10l.; Ric. Lister, the King's attorney, 66s. 8d.; Mr. Larke and Mr. Hennage, 40s.; Mr. More, 40s.; and Thos. Darcy, 6l. 13s. 4d.
Fees and annuities granted to my Lord, 178l. :—out of which are deducted fees, &c. to Sir Will. Elleker, const. of Dunstanburgh, 40s., and various others, amounting in all to 34l. 6s. 8d.
Total revenue, 1,834l. 4s. Deductions: in fees, &c., 330l. 7s. 4d.; assignment to lady Nevill out of Kirkby Moreshedde, 131l. 6s. 4d.
Pp. 4.
29 Sept.
R. O.
"Villa Suth't.—Liber Ricardi Lyster, armig. deput. Johannis Husee, militis ibidem capitalis pincernæ Angliæ," from Mich. 17 to Mich. 18 Hen. VIII. An account of customs paid on wine out of various ships at Southampton and Portsmouth by Jas. Rochard, Jo. Grenewey, Laur. Bonvix, Ralph Waren, the Venetian ambassador, Luke Lucary, John Huttoft, Ant. Guydotty, and Sir Rob. Jonys, kt. Owners of the ships: Maurice Carew, John Palymota, John Portyngal, Jaques Geasoit, Yevan Guyllam, and others. A date of entry is given for each ship.
Total customs of the year on 155 tuns, 15l. 10s. Total prisage of wine, 15 tuns. Whereof delivered to the five monasteries, viz., Beaulieu, Tichfield, Letley (Netley), Waverley, and St. Denis, by Southampton, one tun each, and three tuns besides for arrears (the latter disallowed).
Pp. 10.
R. O.
2529. The WARDROBE.
Parts of account belonging to the wardrobe, from Mich. 17 to 18 Hen. VIII.
Receipts, 3,461l. 11s. 9¼d.
Surplus remaining, 1,955l. 9s. 7½d.
Small paper roll.
ii. Part of a similar account. Total, 3,936l. 2s. 1¾d. Ladies' fees, &c., 3,461l. 11s. 9¼d. Deliveries from store, &c. For the King's use and others. Remanets.
Pp. 15. Roll.
30 Sept.
Vit. B. XXI. 10. B. M.
Wrote on the 17th from Antwerp of his being with the lady Margaret, his [treating] with the Belzars for the exchange, and the piteous news from Hungary. Has been entertained by the card. of Luke at his castle, called Curinghe. He was rejoiced to hear of the King's and Wolsey's convalescence. Ravenstain and the count of Waldeck were present. On the 16th, at a place of the Cardinal's called Stockham, the duke of Saxony married the eldest daughter of the duke of Gulycke, and an agreement was made of a grudge between the latter and the count of Waldeck, who six years ago took away one of the daughters of Cleeff, sister to the duke of Gulycke. On arriving here sent for Sir Hermann Rynge, who could give him no certainty about Hungarian affairs, but he said that on the morrow he would assemble with the burgomasters and échevins, tell them the cause of Wallop's coming, and see if they knew anything.
The news he obtained was various. Some say the King was slain in the field, others that he was drowned in the Duno, and others that he has escaped into Bohemia. The battle was undoubtedly lost, and the King is most likely dead.
Sir Herman thinks that the loss of the battle, although the Hungarians were only 50,000 to the Turks' 150,000, was owing to the rashness of the King and his young council, and because duke Stephanus, who has ever been of a high stomach toward the King, "at the battle giving ..." and rather annoyed than helped the King.
Some think he did so because he pretends to the crown. If so, he must hold it of the Turk, who is lord of most part of Hungary, and is now marching towards Breslau. He showed Wallop a letter from Dr. Johannes Coclæus concerning the battle, and also three books from the Doctor, for the King, Wolsey, and the bishop of Rochester.
The Lords assembled at Spires have determined to send to the Emperor at Martinmas two spiritual and two temporal lords, and four men of the towns, concerning assistance against the Turk; provision against Luther; the election of a king of the Romans, if the Emperor intends to absent himself from Almain; and a General Council.
Hears from Italy that the Papal and Venetian army had practised with the captain of Cremona for the surrender of the town, but the Spaniards discovered it, caused him to let in a number of men, then shut the gates and slew them.
Sends a servant of his own with this letter, and will stay here till he knows the King's and Wolsey's pleasure, unless he hears that the king of Hungary is escaped. Cologne, on the Rhine, 30 Sept. 1526.
P.S.—Herman Rynge tells him that the princes of Almain will remit the election of a king of the Romans to a General Council. Sends a book of what has been concluded at Spires. The Archduke has requested the bishops of Mayence, Trere, and Cologne, and the count Palatine to levy immediately the money granted at Spires for resistance against the Turk. Most of it is already received. Has kept the bearer two days in hopes of more news. The purpose of his voyage is already reported through these countries.
Mutilated, pp. 3. Add. Endd.
30 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 273. B. M.
2531. LEE to [HENRY VIII.]
On the 26th the Viceroy set off for the sea. Was told that Barborosus, king of Gigert, keeps the sea like a pirate. The Emperor has resolved that the Viceroy shall attack him at sea, or endeavor to take Gigert. On Sunday last, 25 Sept., news came that the rebellious Moors of Valencia had been slain by an army of Almains and Spaniards. The Empress is with child, at which all the people are delighted. Hears that the Colonnas, since the death of Sessa, have offered their services to the Pope, on condition of an amnesty. The Nuncio urged that neither the Pope's brief nor the Emperor's answer should be sent to England, as he did not wish to have them published; but the Emperor refused. Told the Chancellor there was no likelihood of their publication. Fears that young master Guildford will not survive, as the physicians say he is in great danger. He suffers from flux and fever. He has an open wound on the outside of his left leg under the knee, "taken in the last wars, when he was surprised prisoner with the prince of Orange." "I trust we have made him ready to God. Whatsoever shall happen he hath a good whole mind and no worse stomach. The Lord be his comfort." Granada, 30 Sept.
Hol., p. 1.
30 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 274. B. M.
2532. LEE to HENRY VIII.
After Hichingham was despatched, was obliged to send a post with letters from the master of the posts to see that Hichingham was provided with horses, as orders had been given that no post horses should be otherwise allowed. Requests the King will take his news about Italy as mere rumor, and not more. Went to the Chancellor to obtain better information. Heard from him that the Venetians had failed before Cremona, and that the duke of Urbino had left the field. The attack on Genoa by Peter of Navarre has not proved successful. The duke of Sessa is dead. Told the Chancellor he had not seen the apologies spread by the French for Francis not keeping his promise, and stating that in this they had followed the advice of other princes their friends. He told me they were preparing an answer. He also said they had got a copy of the last treaty of Italy, with two secret articles, in which it is declared that the said league has been formed by the persuasion of the king of England, and in the secret articles the duchy of Naples is offered to the king of England for his natural son. At this he laughed heartily, and I said he might judge of the King's steadfastness to the Emperor, that he could not be induced for any benefit to enter the league. I pointed out to him also the contradiction involved in these statements, and that your Highness had already in your realm enough to provide for the Duke your son. He avowed that he "took it for a French posy."
They have heard that the Turks have taken a strong castle belonging to the king of Hungary, who has gone to offer them battle. He told me that the duke of Milan has failed to fulfil the conditions of his investiture, which he has therefore forfeited. Has written more of this by Hichingham. They marvel much that the French king should stop the Emperor's ambassador. Button did not inform me of his going to England. Granada, 30 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
30 Sept.
Vesp. C. III. 276. B. M.
2533. LEE to WOLSEY.
Italian news, &c., as in the letter to the King. Granada, 30 Sept.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.
30 Sept.
R. O.
The bailiff of Ampthill, who was commissioned by the King to fell some trees there for building purposes, complained that he was prevented doing so by Master Underhill, one of the King's chaplains. The King ordered Underhill to be sent for to make answer before his Council. He did not appear on the day fixed, at which the King was displeased, but four days before he sent Woleman a letter stating that Wolsey desired the matter respited till the term, when it could be further examined by the Cardinal and Master Englefield. Sends the letter, that he may know if Wolsey's pleasure be as stated, in which case he will perhaps communicate it to the King by Master Kingston or by the writer. Ampthill, 30 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
R. O. 2535. [WOLSEY] to MORE.
As the matters contained in this letter are of great importance, requests him to take a good opportunity to read it to the King. Thinks he has so couched and qualified the letters of consolation to the Pope that they will give satisfaction to his Holiness, "without binding the King to anything that might redownd to his charge."
Hol., p. 1.
30 Sept.
R. O. St. P. I. 176.
As Sir Thomas More is absent by the King's command, viewing certain lands in the duchy of Lancaster, on the arrival of your letters to Sir Thomas on Thursday last I did not presume to open them, but sent them to him, who re-sent his servant to me, desiring me to execute their contents. On reading the news to the King, he said the letter of the 21st August from Italy was very old; the other being of a fresher date, the King accepted it in best part. On my reading to him Sir John Wallop's letter, he noticed that it was reported in Flanders that the Emperor had 80 ships ready for transporting his army into Italy. He thinks you should advise the ambassadors of the league to be circumspect. Instead of the billets sent him in all letters for his signature, the King desires that I should have a memorial how the said letters should be subscribed. I return four letters for France, and two letters for Scotland, signed by the King. Ampthyll, 30 Sept.
Hol. Add.
30 Sept. 2537. For PARSHORE ABBEY.
Assent to the election of John bishop of Polizzi as abbot. The More, 30 Sept.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
1. "Valor" of the possessions of Cardinal's College, Oxford, for the year ending Mich. 18 Hen. VIII. Total yearly revenue, 2,051l. 9s. 4d.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 2. "Valor" of the revenues of Cardinal's College, Oxford, 2,041l. 16s. 8d. yearly. Annual expences, 1,982l. 12d.
Lat., p. 1. Undated.
R. O. 3. A rental of the lands of Begham or Bayham, in Sussex and Kent. Total, 22l. 3s. 6¼d.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 4. A "valor" of the demesne lands of the priory of Tonbridge, now leased out to different persons. Total, 25l. 8s.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 5. A "valor" presented to my lord Cardinal of certain lands of the priory of St. John of Jerusalem; viz., the demesne lands of Cowley, the rent of the College of St. Mary Magdalene, Oxford, and certain lands, &c. in Sandford, Lytlemore, and Horsepath, with the fishery of Frideswide's. Total, 105l. 6s. 8d., which exceeds that received by 14l. 15s. 11d.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 6. Mortmain licence to John Higden and others for annexing and appropriating the prebend of Blewbery, Berks. Undated.
Lat. Vellum. Great seal attached, with a beautifully executed portrait of the King in the initial letter.
R. O. 7. A roll of the building accounts of [Cardinal's College.]
For carriage of freestone and rag from Hedington quarries, 257l. 0s. 2d.; and from divers quarries at Cotswold, 311l. 6s. 10d. Payments for making and carriage of lime; for felling, "spoylling," and squaring timber. Lead bought by the foder, of the following persons, dwelling in the Peak of Derbyshire; viz., Sir Ric. Acheverell (sic), Antony Babington, Sir Godfrey Fulgian, Thos. Rolston, and John Northleage, at 5l., and 5l. 6s. 8d. the foder. For a "cloke" (clock?) for the College, 4l. 4s. For wainscots, 36l. For plaster, 7s. For glass, 10l. 16s. Laths, 10l. 12s. Slates, 12s. 2d. Boards, 27l. 0s. 3d. Wages: To the master masons, 12d. a day each; to the wardens, masons, and setters, 3s. 8d. a week; and to every other free mason, 3s. 4d. To hard hewers, 3s. 4d. a week; to "roughtlaiers," the warden 7d., the other 6d. a day. Carpenters, 6d. a day; the master, 12d. To sawyers sawing timber, at 12d. the hundred. Painters, 8d. a day. Purveyors 8d., clerks 6d., and laborers 4d. To Nich. Foly, carter of the College, 31s. 8d. a year salary, and 10d. a week board-wages. To artificers arrested, and taken by commission from different places, for their costs in coming, 20l. 5s. 5d. To the masons and hard-hewers, for "stelynge" of their axes and tools within the time of this declaration, 15l. 8s. 11d. For "battring" their tools, 1d. each. To certain masons and carpenters, rewards for working in their hour times and drinking times for the expedition of the works, 5l. 6s. 1d. "For working and carving the hall roof of the said College with catars, spaunderells, orbes, lyntelles, and other ornaments," 102l. 3s. 4d.
Total of "emptions" and wages, 5,607l. 9s. 4¼d.
Remaining in the hands of the Dean, 792l.
A roll, mutilated at the edges.
R. O. 8. "Recepta forinseca:" i.e., money received from Master Thomas Cromwell by the hands of Richard Swyfte, Stephen Vaughan, Cromwell himself, Master Willson, the Dean, Master Holte of London, and Master Leyghton, from 23 Nov. for 14 months following.
P. 1. Endd.: "Bokes concerning Cardinal College in Oxford."
R. O. 9. "Payments made yearly out of Cardinal's College for term of lives;" among others, to Dame Katherine Welles, late prioress of Lytlemore, and to John Blakemor, sometime abbot of Lessonnes, 6l. 13s. 4d. each. Total, 92l. 6s. 8d.
P. 1. Endd.
Teulet, 1, 69. 2539. SCOTLAND.
Instructions [given by Albany] to his Chancellor to show to Francis I., headed: "Mémoire de ce que Monsieur le Chancelier aura à remonstrer et faire entendre au Roy sur le fait d'Ecosse."
1. How the king of Scotland is tyrannically ruled by Angus and his accomplices, who have put to death several great personages, robbed their houses, ransomed several, violated churches, women, and girls. Although the King would gladly escape, and the earl of Lennox lately left his company with the King's consent, and had assembled a body of men to join with the Queen, the Chancellor, (fn. 5) and the earls of Argyle and Murray, for the King's rescue, Angus, being warned, along with Arran, who had joined his mortal enemy, mustered 6,000 or 7,000 men, fell upon Lennox by surprise, and took prisoners or killed many men of his company, of whom Lennox was one. He has banished all the party, and confiscated their goods, intending to destroy the house of Lennox utterly; he has deprived the Chancellor of his office, and removed all the friends of France. All his kindred are murderers, thieves, and men of evil life about the King, who is only 14 (fn. 6) years old. They have no justification for their deeds, and have not called a parliament. Therefore, if Francis intends to make any use of Scotland hereafter, he must provide a remedy.
Advises that John Joachim be instructed to apply to the king of England for his nephew's better security and good bringing up; and if that King will consent that Albany go to Scotland, Francis is to grant him a commission to go thither and put the King and his realm in surety, and return, after he has placed the government in the Queen's hands, and discharged himself in full parliament. He shall also leave with her, under the authority of the King, who shall have a voice in it, a good council of the best men of the country, and replace the Queen in possession of her dowry, on condition that the king of England do not foster Angus or his accomplices; and to this Francis shall bind himself, on pain of confiscation in my goods and person, that I shall not proceed further, but return at the time prefixed.
Also, if Francis approve, I will replace Dunbar in the hands of any one the king of Scots pleases to appoint with the advice of the Queen and Council; but Francis must take care, for I fear they cannot keep it so as not to let it fall into the hands of the English. Suggests that an offer might be made to the king of England for a peace or truce with Scotland for defence of the three realms. If Francis intend to remedy it without communicating with England, as knowing that the latter will not consent, I shall be ready, for the honor of God, to go thither with as good will as against the Turks; or, as matters cannot be arranged so quickly, Francis might send to Scotland to learn news of James, and in recommendation of Lennox's children, in behalf of Mons. d'Aubigny; and for this the envoys should have letters to the King and to the Estates, if it be needful to assemble them, and instructions to communicate to the Chancellor, the bishop of Aberdeen, the earls of Argyle and Murray, and also to the Queen. They should ascertain how far each would be satisfied that the Queen should have the government with a council, and what aid they would give me if Francis sent me thither, and obtain promises under their seals. They should give them hope of the continuance of the marriage with a daughter of Francis according to the treaty of Rouen. They should see to the victualling of Dunbar, and convey the captain's pension to him; for they talk of besieging the place this summer, and, if it be not relieved, they will place it in the hands of the English. Prompt measures should be taken to prevent an alliance with England; for I hear that if Henry wishes the marriage between the King of Scots and his daughter, they are ready to place the former in his hands. It would be easy to break the alliance of Angus and Arran; for if they once have the King in their hands the alliance of France and Scotland would be lost.
Thinks Mons. de Saignes should be sent, with a herald who has been there continually.
Sept./GRANTS. 2540. GRANTS in SEPTEMBER 1526.
10. Rob. Kynard, surgeon, native of Scotland. Denization. Del. Westm., 10 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. (Note in the margin, that 13s. 4d. was paid into the Hanaper.)—S. B.
12. John Ripley. To be chief doorward in the Tower of London, with 12d. a day and a house in the Tower. Westm., 12 Sept.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
18. Tho. Cole. Licence to alienate possessions in Hylle and Exmouth, Devon, to John Drake, of Wythecombralegh, in tail. Westm., 18 Sept.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
20. Wm. Owen, Stephen Feltwell, grocer, of London. Next presentation to the rectory of St. Teguinus, Restrother, S. Wales. Del. Westm., 20 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
23. Tho. Bewycke, clk. To be master of the house or hospital of St. John the Baptist, Tenby, Pembroke, S. Wales, vice John Rogers, clk. Del. Westm., 20 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
26. Anth. Harrison, of Coventry, draper. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Ampthill, 16 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. the More, 26 Oct.—P.S.
27. John Drewe, usher of the Chamber. Annuity of 20l. out of the farm or subsidy, and ulnage of cloths sold in cos. Somers. and Dorset, formerly granted to him for 20 years at a rent of 107l. 7s. 8d., and 20l. of increase. Should he die before the expiration of the term, his executors shall have allowance of the 20l. Del. Westm., 27 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
29. Wm. Bodon, alias Bodington, stationer, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Ampthill, 29 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
30. Edw. Forrest. To be bailiff of the town and 1p. of Bernerd Castell, in the bishopric of Durham, with 2d. a day, vice James Carr. Del. Westm., 30 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 13.
... John Blagge or Blacke, of London, grocer. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Ampthill, 20 Sept. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., .. 8 ...—P.S.


  • 1. See Goldasti Constitutiones Imperiales, I. 479.
  • 2. This paragraph is crossed out.
  • 3. Jehan Jonglet.
  • 4. ex sua ruina.] What follows is in the decipher: "ruinam quoque Re[gis] Gallorum et non mediocre Ser. Regiæ Mtis præju[dicium], certe tanquam desperatus et derelictus permisisset o[mnia] in ruinam cadere."
  • 5. Beton; who, however, was deposed from that office in 1526.
  • 6. James was 14 in April 1526.