Henry VIII: November 1526, 16-30

Pages 1166-1184

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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November 1526

16 Nov.
R. O.
2634. The NAVY.
"An abstract of the daily charges for the King's ships yet remaining, the 16th day of November in the 18th year of his [reign]."
Estimate for a year's wages for mariners to keep the following ships, and for the number of cables that each will consume:—The Henry Grace à Dieu: 8 mariners to keep her, at 4l. 6s. 8d. a month, counting 13 months to the year. The Mary Rose: for 8 mariners to keep her, 4l. 12s. 8d. a month; for 6 cables, 42l. The Gabriel Royal: for 10 mariners, 114s. 4d.; for 8 cables, 80l. The Peter Pomegarnard: 6 mariners, 72s. a month; 6 cables, 42l. The Great Bark: 4 mariners, 46s. 8d.; 6 cables, 30l. The Less Bark: 3 mariners, 36s. 8d.; 4 cables, 20l. (?) The Great Galley: one mariner, 10s. 4d. The Mary George: one mariner, 10s. 4d.; 2 cables, 10l. The Kateryn Galley: 1 mariner, 10s. 4d.; 2 cables, 6l. 13s. 4d. The Swepestake: 1 mariner, 10s. 4d.; 2 cables, 6l. 13s. 4d. The Swallow: 1 mariner, 10s. 4d.; 2 cables, 6l. Total for one year, 568l. 13s. 2d.
The Mynyon and the Mary Gylford are not yet come from Bordeaux, so their charges are not put down. The expence of maintaining the great ships' dock at Portsmouth, and caulking all the said ships, cannot well be estimated.
A paper roll.
R. O. 2. Another copy.
P. 1. Endd.
R. MS. 14.
B. M.
3. Another copy.
R. MS. 14.
B. M.
2635. The NAVY.
Account of the state of the King's ships, and their yearly cost.
The Harry Grace de Dewe rides at Norfleet, where she costs yearly 200l. in wages, and more than that in cables, cabullets, and haulsers. A dock might be made for her at Erith for 600l., where she might lie at her ease, and more safely than where she now is. A dock must be made for her within these five years, to caulk her, and examine her under water. It will then cost as much as now, and the above charges will not have been diminished, besides the chance of foul weather and ice. The Gabryell Ryall, the Kateryn Fortune, the John Baptyst, the Barbara, the Mary Gloria, the Mary John, the Mary George, and the Newe Barke, cost yearly in wages and victuals 136l. 10s., and in cables, &c. as much more. They are fit for merchant voyages to Spain, Levant, Bourdeaux, Iceland, and Flanders, if they might be set at work; and if not, they will in a few years be spoiled for want of caulking and trimming. The Greate Galey, the Mary Rose, the Peter Pomegarnet, the Greate and Lesse Barkes, and the two Robarges, cost yearly 39l. They are good for the wars, or else for the King's pleasure, but their overlops, summer castles, and decks must be caulked shortly after March. Before these ships were brought into dock they cost about 700 mks. a year. The Sovereyn, the Greate Nicholas, the Mari Jamys, and the Harry of Hampton must have "a newe makyng" before they do the King any service. They spend nothing but themselves.
A paper roll. Endd.
17 Nov.
R. O.
Has been informed that new ordinances are made concerning the mint in the Tower and other mints. As the archbishops of Canterbury have always had a mint, to the great commodity of the King's subjects in Kent, desires to know Wolsey's further mind in the matter by the bearer, Ewyn Tomson, keeper of the said mint. Knoll, 17 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord cardinal of York, legate de latere. Endd.
17 Nov.
Vit. B. XXI.
f. 5.
B. M.
Wrote last on the 3rd inst. Has heard fresh details of the affairs of Hungary. After the battle, in which at least 20,000 Hungarians were slain, the Turk ordained two armies, each of 10,000 horse. One went towards Styre, Marca, and Carniola, the other to Austria, with orders to cast down all forts and holds, and to kill the old men, women, and children. The latter has taken Eisenstadt, and killed all the inhabitants. The Turk in person with another army took and burnt Offen, killing all the men without mercy, because they had resisted. He has destroyed all the espiscopal seats and places in Hungary, and possesses all the cities except Stuhlweissenburg in which is the earl of Crabaten with 10,000 Hungarian boors. Earl Stephanus, whom in former letters he called duke Stephanus, holds seven castles, and has 60,000 horse. He is marvellous rich. It is not known whether he will join the Turk or Ferdinand, or do some exploit by himself. The Queen had gathered all her jewels and goods, and put them into a ship to send out of the country, but the bishop of Grana seized them, and put himself and them into the Turk's hands, who for reward beheaded him. Ferdinand has levied 9,000 or 10,000 horse and foot, and furnished Vienna, Neustadt, Maill, and Presburg. The duke of Bavire has all his power ready to assist him. It is reported that the Muscovites have taken Judea from the Turk, who has therefore retreated, but left his army. Hears that the Bohemians proclaimed Ferdinand king at Prague on October 23, to which the King and lords of Poland consented. He is probably on his way now to receive the crown. Some say he pretends also to the crown of Hungary, which will be hard for him or any other of that quarter to obtain without the assistance of other Christian princes. Cologne upon the Rhine, 17 Nov. 1526.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
17 Nov.
R. T. 137.
R. O.
Wrote last on the 13th. Are troubled at not having heard since. Yesterday had a conference with the Cardinal at great length about the proposition made by the Emperor's ambassador in the name of Madame Margaret, and the Emperor's excuse for not having entered the league because the ambassadors of the confederates had not sufficient powers. The Emperor expressed his willingness, considering the difficulties made by Francis about the consignation of Burgundy, to modify the treaty of Madrid in this respect, and change Burgundy for a sum of money, which the ambassador begged Wolsey to negotiate. On the subject of laying down arms in Italy, the Cardinal said his King and he were willing, as they had offered to the Emperor, to use their good offices for peace; but the bare offer to this effect did not appear honorable while the duchy of Milan was in the hands of the Emperor; that it ought to be placed in the hands of a third party, like the King, who was trusted by either side,—to be given to the Duke if he was proved by neutral judges innocent of what he was charged with. This answer, according to Wolsey, pleased the Ambassador greatly, and also the consequence, viz., that the armies of Italy on both sides should be turned against the Turk. Accordingly Wolsey said that he had determined to send the Auditor of the Chamber (Ghinucci) to the Emperor, to persuade him to peace and learn his intentions, and that he would be despatched in four or six days. The ambassadors thanked Wolsey for this communication, saying it seemed very expedient, before entering on such an important expedition, to have the advice and opinion of Francis, and thought it would be well if the Auditor were to visit Francis on the way, and show him his instructions. Wolsey answered that the time did not admit of delay, on account of the great danger of the Turk;—an opinion confirmed by Botton, master of the Emperor's household, who came here yesterday from Spain by sea, who also confirms what the Imperial ambassador said about the exchange of Bourgogne for money. This seems to show that the Emperor, moderating his tone about Burgundy, intends that the rest should be settled (che nel resto si compischa).
Botton has also requested England's good offices in negotiating the peace, and says that Francis has made an offer of 2,000,000 crowns for Burgundy. He is going hence to Madame Margaret in Flanders. At his departure from the Emperor's court he had heard nothing of the death of the king of Hungary, of the progress of the Turk there, of the loss of Cremona, or of the failure of don Ugo's expedition against the Pope; events which, he thinks, must incline the Emperor to peace. He approves of the proposition of putting Milan into the hands of a third party, and means to recommend it to the Emperor by letters, which he will send by the same ship which brought him from Biseay. Wolsey says he heard from him that the army of Carthagena, consisting of 10,000 men in 80 ships, conducted by the Viceroy and D'Alarcon, sailed on the 8th ult. for Genoa. Letters of the 20th say it sailed that day, and that 20 ships, worth about 4,000 ducats, were to follow it; but the Emperor, for fear such a booty should fall into the enemy's hands, had caused them to unlade in Carthagena, and put men-of-war in their place.
Letters just received by Wolsey, of the 29 Sept., from the English ambassador with the Emperor, agree with Botton's report of this expedition, and state that the Viceroy had a commission without loss of time to pass over with the army, and go to Barbary, where he took a place,—of which, the writing being in English, they were not able to learn the true name, but believe it to be either Gerbi or Biserti, distant from Tunis, the one about 150 miles to the east, and the other 70 to the west. But it does not seem likely that such an enterprise could be undertaken without great danger on the approach of winter, against a coast which has no harbours. The English ambassador also writes that the Empress has been about three months with child. Hope that count Peter of Navarre, whose advice, if it had been taken, would have prevented the passage of this expedition, will not leave Genoa unprotected. Think any attempt to meet it at sea would be rash, at such a season.
Wolsey intends, if the proposition for laying down arms in Italy and putting Milan in the King's hands be accepted, that the duke of Suffolk be appointed the King's lieutenant, who would go through France with 30 or 40 horse, and take possession of the duchy pending the decision. He intends also, besides taking hostages from the duchy, to place in Pavia and the other important towns as many men as shall be necessary, who shall be Italians of Genoa, which state is to lay down arms in the same way, and perhaps the marquis of Mantua be called upon to take care of its tranquillity.
Last Sunday the Venetian ambassador had his first audience at Greenwich, when Morette was present. He made a fair oration, full of thanks to the King and Wolsey; to which Master More made a premeditated reply, a draft of the speech having been given by the Ambassador to Wolsey three days before, at the request of the latter. In answer to a part in which the Ambassador said the King had not hesitated to accept the protectorship of the confederation, when concluded between the Pope, Francis, and the Venetians, we hear that there was a sentence in the answer declaring that his Majesty, being mindful of his old league with the Emperor, would never accept that protectorship, but offered to use all endeavors to arrange a peace, to which, if the Emperor could not be got to agree, perhaps the King might enter into the said league; with which words the Auditor of the Chamber was much pleased.
Are informed by the Cardinal that he has seen, by letters from Madame Margaret to the Imperial ambassador, that don Ferando has sent 8,000 lansquenets in aid of the Imperial army in Italy, which were to arrive at Trent on the 26th ult. As this confirms the news they last wrote, they hope Francis has taken measures to stop their passage. As Wolsey had no news from Wallop since the capture of Vienna, he did not know whether the Turk had left Hungary, as it was said. Nevertheless, letters from Flanders confirm the intelligence that the Turk has withdrawn, leaving garrisons in three places, and has taken the road to Constantinople. They also confirm the news of the dispute between don Ferrando and a prince of Hungary, pretending to the crown. London, 17 Nov. 1526.
Copy, Italian, pp. 8.
17 Nov.
R. O.
At a common council of the city of London, held on Saturday, 17 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII. before Sir Thos. Seymer, mayor, John Baker, recorder, and the aldermen and others, the office of under-sheriff, lately held by Mr. Baker, who is promoted to be recorder on the appointment of Wm. Shelley, late recorder, to be justice of the Common Pleas, was conferred on Henry White, late common sergeant.
Letter from the King to the Mayor, &c., recommending Wm. Walsingham to fill the office of common sergeant, dated Greenwich, 15 Nov.; and a similar letter from the Queen, 19 Nov.
Richard Riche, Thos. Awdley, Wm. Martyn, Wm. Petitt, Richard Ward, and Wm. Whorwood, were also named by the mayor and aldermen; but at the show of hands, they could not decide between Riche and Walsingham, and it was deferred till the next meeting.
Pp. 2, modern copy. Endd.: Extract from the Common Council Book, &c.
18 Nov.
R. O.
From letters of the prothonotary Casale, 18 Nov.
Has shown the Doge (Sermus Princeps) Wolsey's letters, the news from Rome, and what he thought expedient to be done. They gave answer today, approving of Wolsey's advice to continue the war in Lombardy, thinking there was no better way of compelling the Emperor to peace than this war, into which, they say, they were led partly by necessity, and partly by the advice of the King and Wolsey. If they had foreseen the event they would have been more careful about their own interests. They had placed their hope in the Pope, who, for well known reasons, has failed to begin, and in the king of France, who has performed his promise slowly. They expected aid from the king of England, which has not come; and now they are in great danger, owing to the fleet and the arrival of the Almains, whom they cannot resist, and they therefore beg for assistance.
Wolsey may be sure that the Signory desire nothing better than peace by the mediation of the King. Their ambassador in England has instructions about it, and they will send fresh instructions to him. They will do all they can to further it, and give all the honor to the King and Wolsey. But they say there are many great difficulties to be considered. First, the Emperor's words do not come from his mind, for he could have obtained a better peace before, and many think he merely wishes to gain time for his own affairs, and keep the king of England from taking part with France. The Signory do not think that arms can be laid down soon, even if all parties agree. Another difficulty is the state of Milan, parts of which are in the power of both parties, and would not be safe without a great army, as now. But still matters can be discussed, the limits remaining as at present.
The Emperor's proposition to examine duke Francis's justification, and to appoint another duke, is not fair, since Francis has been elected by the advice of the King and Wolsey, is the lawful Duke, will be more easily received by the people, and is accepted as Duke in the treaty, so that the allies cannot honorably elect any other. His errors consist in this, that he treated with the Italians, his friends, to help him if the Emperor deprived him of the duchy. They bring forward other things also, which the Duke wishes to have openly proved. The Signory thinks him fitter than any one else. This league treats of electing a Duke not powerful enough to be dangerous, to whom it can be lawfully granted, and be agreeable to the people. All this he is, and is independent of any prince; and why should not the Emperor rather make him Duke who has served him so faithfully, than one who might join the French faction? Maximilian or any other creature of the Emperor would not be accepted by the Italians. If the Emperor wants peace, he must seek what is honorable to both parties; if he consent to this, everything else will be settled easily and quickly, especially if he will set free the princes for an honorable ransom, and pay what he owes to the king of England. Has asked them to write to their ambassador in England to declare everything by word of mouth. They have not spoken on this subject in consequence of anything he has said about the other Duke, but their Nuncio writes that Wolsey spoke about Bourbon. They will hear of no one but duke Francis. The Pope would prefer the French king. It will be best for the Emperor to confer it on duke Francis, as he is honorable and safe to the Emperor.
The army of the League is in the same place as before. Urbino has resolved to change his station, and encamp on the Adda, that he may the easier protect the river from the Almains, who, he thinks, will come down into the Veronese and Mantuan territories. Their descent was opposed by Camillo Orsini with 150 lances, and another captain with 3,000 foot. It is now known that they will come by another unusual way, and Hercules Rangone has been sent on thither with 400 foot. It is feared, however, that they may turn through the Brescian county, and the army has gone to the Adda to protect Bergamo.
A man named Vestarini has been discovered attempting to betray Lodi to the Imperialists. He has escaped, and all is safe.
Pp. 6, Lat.; copy in Vannes' hand. Endd.: The viijth of November.
19 Nov.
R. O.
Has received his letters by his Grace's chaplain, Mr. Wylson, and has accordingly sent a warrant to his bailiff of Sheldon to deliver as many oaks, to the number of 1,000 or more, as shall be needed for his buildings at Oxford. Redyng, 19 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
19 Nov.
Galba, B. IX. 33*. B. M.
Has received two letters from him, one in French, of [1st] October ([premier] d'Octobre), about the Lutheran errors, on which subject she has also heard Hacket speak; the second, of Nov. 4, in Latin, about the necessity of peace to resist the Turk. Has issued express orders to her officers to search for Lutherans and their books. Has always, when writing to the Emperor, exhorted him to peace, for which he signifies his own desire. Asks him to use his influence for peace, with the Pope, the king of France and other princes. Brussels, 19 Nov. [XVcXX]VI. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add. Endd.
19 Nov.
Ib. f. 34. B. M.
A similar letter. Brussels, 19 Nov. 1526. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
19 Nov.
S. B. Rym. XIV. 192.
Next presentation of a canonry in St. Stephen's, Westminster. Del. Westm., 19 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20.
20 Nov.
[Calig. E. I. II. ?.] I. III. B. M.
2645. BRION to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for writing, and for his desire to preserve the amity between the Kings. Knows how necessary this is for Christendom. Francis has thorough confidence in him. Offers his services. St. Germain en Laye, 20 Nov. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A mons. mons. le Cardinal d'Yort, legat et chancellier en Angleterre. Endd.
20 Nov.
R. O.
Asks him to send the enclosed letters for the Emperor through the bishop of Worcester. Two of them are from Bouton, the third from himself. Their contents are profitable to Christendom, and to the honor of the King and Wolsey. Asks him to seal up his letter after reading it. London, Tuesday, 20 Nov.
Bouton and Hanaert left this morning before dawn. Expects Don Ynico de Mendoza to come hither.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: R. &c. Cardinali, legato de latere. Endd.: A Gregorio de Thernsewe.
His will, 21 March 1524[–5]. Proved, 20 Nov. 1526. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 622.
21 Nov.
Vit. B. VIII. 164. B. M.
Has heard with pleasure of the burning of the translation of the Bible. No holocaust could be more pleasing to God.
Italy is between fear and hope. News has come that the Imperial fleet has arrived at St. Florence in Corsica, and that the fleet at Genoa is hastening to attack it. There is great hope of their success, as, though the Imperialists have more soldiers, the allies have a most skilful leader and 38 galleys, which is more than the enemy have. If the Imperial fleet arrive at Naples, the war will be worse than ever. The Pope is making all possible preparations. The Colonnese have already paid and will pay the penalty of their rash attempt. The only hope of peace is in the King. Rome, 21 Nov. 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
21 Nov.
Galba, B. IX. 35. B. M.
Has received two letters from him of Oct. 31 and .. Nov. Delivered the King's letters to my Lady on Saturday last, about 5 o'clock, after dinner, in presence of lords Ravystayn, Bergys, Hoghestrat, Palermo, Rossynbose, the chancellor of Brabant, the Treasurer and Receiver General, and secretary Mareny, and all lords of the Privy Council. When these had been read, she asked for Hacket's credence, which he delivered. She said she would do her devoir in all that the King had written, and would give him an answer in writing in three or four days. Delivered the King's letters to the Governor here, who says that at the first court day at Barrow he will show his company the King's and Wolsey's wish about these new printed books, and will do his best to bring them to nought. He will meantime issue an order to all of his company who are here for the "anychyllment" of these books. It was necessary for Wolsey to have provided for this, for many men speak as if they would fain consent to this new heresy, which God defend, for every fool would think [to] be a doctor. Hopes that my Lady and the Council will soon assist him according to their promise.
Came hither on Monday. These two days has been trying to agree with the principal merchants about the exchange, but none would make any bargain, as Wolsey had limited him to 4s. 6d. st. for the ducat, as a ducat of such gold as they would be bound to pay would be worth 4s. 10d. st. in the mint. They must receive either ducats, or a crown of the sun and a groat st. for every ducat, or the sum in angellets. The best thing would be for one of their factors to go to Wolsey. The gold can be kept at home for two or three more per cent., for they would be glad to give that to take it out of the realm. Antwerp, 21 Nov. 1526. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. and endd. at ƒ. 59*.
21 Nov.
Harl. MS. 442. f. 76. B. M.
Proclamation made in the Court of Chancery, commanding all persons summoned by subpœna, or by the commissioners for enclosures, to appear on Friday next. 21 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, p. 1.
23 Nov.
Calig. D. IX. 262. B. M.
2651. CLERK to [WOLSEY].
Of the horses that should have been delivered to my Lady one died 14 days since; I suppose another is dead by this time; "the 3rd hath the glaunders very foul, and is lame afore. The horses were young, and by all likelihood had taken some heat." Thinking it was not right that my Lady should be disappointed, "and because the ornaments were such that they might of themselves, without horses, be in the lieu of a goodly present; and at the leastwise we knew well that it should be a very simple horse, which, decked with these ornaments, should not appear and have the face of a goodly horse for the season," Clerk preferred a couple of his best horses to this honor. "Master Welsborn to furn[ish] up my Lady's four set the fornyments upon a ve[ry] good ambling nag of his own."
On consulting with my Lady she appointed Saturday last for receiving the presents; when I and Welsborne "delivered the King's highness' and also your Grace's unto her." She received them with many kind words. "It was a great frost and [a] very cold wind, and I saw that she was loth to go abroad. I axed her to whom it should be her pleasure that the said horses should be delivered. She answered, Nay, Mons. mon ambassadeur, I must needs see them, be it never so cold. And with that [I] caused them to be brought about upon a fair green under her chamber window, which was glazed on the inside, and panyd with paper on the outside; but she causes both to be opened, and then, a good long season in a very cold and sharp blowing wind, she saw and beheld her horses led and going three or four times, all one after another, in very goodly and comely manner. There was no man at the window but she, the Admiral and I." She was highly contented, and said she must furnish the King and your Grace with mules. Her son made her a feast the last day of his horses, and she will have one of them, but she said she could not get him, and when her son came home she would make him a feast of her horses and thought he would like them, but he should not have them. "And then she showed me once again of the pictures sent unto the King's highness, and of a new device made upon the same, saying that she was sure it should be well liked." She desired to see Welsborne before he departed, as she would write a letter of thanks by him.
Has not been able to deliver his last letters to the King, exhorting him to peace and an expedition against the Turk. Told Madame of their effect, but she and the King only gave general answers. They said they desired no man's possessions, but as for the Emperor no one knew what he would have. They hoped, as the King had been the only man to help the French king out of captivity, he would now assist in delivering his children. They proposed to send a nobleman into Spain to demand Madame Eleanora: if she is denied, then to protest that the King claims liberty to marry where he likes. They profess in this and in all other matters their desire to be guided by England. Clerk suggested that under present circumstances the Emperor would not stick much upon Burgundy, but be contented if they paid the money and fulfilled the marriage. "In this case, intend you [to] accept the marriage?" She said her son's mind had been for a long season "clearly fixed upon the daughter [of England] as upon that thing that should be most prof[itable] to both realms, and also, considering her age [and her] virtues, most pleasant and delectable to himse[lf]; and that Madame Eleanora, being now of the [age] of 30 years, and for (far) other qualities, and thus f[or] to take her and buy her so dear I might rig[ht] well be assured that the King her son, if he m[ight] choose, should not gladly set his mind that w[ay], were she never so much the Emperor's sister." She urged he never could expect any help from him, seeing how he had treated his other sister, and how devoid he was of natural affection; and she asked what he thought Henry would have them do to end these interminable wars. "Hereat, to be plain with your Grace, I somewh[at] staggered; for to repeat unto her such reasons a[s] should dissuade the marriage of madame Eleanora [I] thought it no time." She had rehearsed them already. But I urged one reason for her own consideration, "that Madame Eleanora was now of that age that there should not be found, peraventure, so much good nature and humility in her as in my lady Princess, whom now in this age and after this education she might bring, fashion, forge up and make of her what she would herself, assuring her that my said lady Princess should be as loving, lowly, and humble unto her as my said lady Princess should be to her own father and mother. On my faith, she held up her hands, and cum lachrymis said that I said truth; adding that if it should be my said lady Princess's chance she would be as loving and humble again unto her as to her own son, and that she should be as much esteemed, worshipped, honored as ever was queen in France."
Clerk urged that his master was anxious for the union, and if the welfare of Christendom did not require such celerity, means might be found for delivering the children without marriage with the Emperor's sister. Is much afraid of this marriage, as the Emperor is in no points very easy, "but in this as I hearsay, vovit et juravit, that the French king shall never have his children until he hath actually married his sister according to his promise." My Lady has at times urged that, even if her son should be compelled to marry Madame Eleanora, means might be found for knitting the amity between the two crowns; hinting at a marriage between my lady Princess and one of their children. On his last talking with her she urged that the realm of England ought to have a ruler of its own, and therefore the Dauphin "should not be meet. She said Mon. d'Orleans, whose name was Henry, and resembled the King's highness in name, face, and all his jests and manners, should be meet and great and acceptable enough to the commons and nobles of that realm if he in his youth should be brought up amongst them." Was not very forward in accepting this proposition; said the Dauphin might die, and then M. d'Orleans would be in his case; and urged that he had been sent to learn from her what would be best to establish the amity of the two princes, as Wolsey would be governed accordingly.
The Emperor sticks only to the marriage and the money, and will not care for the Pope or the Venetians or the imperial crown so much as "the redubbing of his empire." The French are not concerned if Bourbon should obtain Milan:—the difficulty is with himself, for the Emperor will not let him have it except for life, and charges him with 200,000 ducats yearly and the keeping of 500 men-at-arms.
No news of the Viceroy. The army has retired from Milan. When Sanga was sent to England, came here Paulo de Aretio, whom the Pope wished to send to the Emperor for peace; but those men are so jealous they will not suffer him to pass, and agree that the king of England is the sole mediator. No one is allowed to pass with letters. Poissy, near St. Germains, 22 Nov.
P.S.—Met yesterday Albany in the court by chance, who offered his services very civilly to the King. He said "he was sorry that the king of Scots was so kept, and that he, now in his youth, was evil brought up, and in no good company." He said the King ought to look to him. "I said that I supposed the King was well ruled, and that through his patience I did think that if there were now any evil rule or misorder in that realm it was through his default," and there was some part of his faction there. He swore that he never meddled there, and never would; and offered further talk. Does not think he is much esteemed. The Bohemians have chosen the Archduke for their King. He has sent succors to the Emperor in Italy. Welsborne will be despatched tomorrow. Poissy, 23 Nov. Signed.
Mutilated, pp. 12.
24 Nov.
R. O.
By his last letters, dated the 21st, wrote that, as to the exchange that he was to make "toward Almany," his commission did not allow him to conclude except at 4s. 6d. the ducat, while the ducat of Hungary being of full weight is worth here 4s. 10d., and the merchants say such payment would be a loss to them of 10 per cent. Has conferred separately with the principal merchants of High Duchland. The Folkyrs would have nothing to do with any exchange. The Welssyrs would, only on condition that they were allowed to export gold and silver, and would not take less than 5s. for the ducat and 9 per cent. interest, or, if they left their money in the realm, 13 per cent. Thought this exorbitant, and finally agreed with Ambrose Hogsstettyr, as Wolsey will see by a notary's instrument inclosed. Could make no better bargain, but Wolsey may either agree to it, or be discharged with 50 ducats. The merchants of Antwerp are informed by letters from Spain that the Emperor has ordered the 100,000 ducats in Fernando de Beruny's hands to be appropriated, one-half to pay his men of war in Duchland, the other to be delivered at the King's pleasure. Thinks if Wolsey were content to pay the 25,000 ducats of Hungary here, they would be willing to serve us for six or seven per cent. rather than take it there as contracted.
Since coming here, has made inquiries about these new printed volumes of English translations (Tyndale's Testament). Finds there are two in this town who print and sell them. Has written to my lord of Palermo, who has got my Lady to order the Margrave of this town to see these errors remedied. Has seen the Margrave himself, who promises to do his utmost.
Finding some delay here necessary to execute his commission, sent on Wallop to Cologne on Saturday. Encloses letters for the King and Wolsey received yesterday from my Lady. If the Emperor sends his money by exchange to Duchland, it will raise the exchange here one or two per cent.
Encloses two of the new translated volumes. Hopes within a fortnight to see many of them a-fire. A proclamation will shortly be issued against printing, buying, or selling such books. Antwerp, 24 Nov. 1526. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
24 Nov.
R. O.
Notarial attestation, by Michael de Heyst, that on the 24th of November 1526 John Hackett, agent for the king of England, and Ambrose Hoochstetter entered into a recognisance for the exchange of 25,000 ducats, on the part of the latter, on receipt by the Hoochstetters of the same sum from the king of England; to be delivered to Sir John Wallop, ambassador to the king of Hungary, at Nuremberg, on certain conditions prescribed.
Vellum, Lat.
25 Nov.
R. O.
Has received his letter by the bearer. Perceives more and more how much the King, herself, and the country are indebted to him. St. Germain en Laye, 25 Nov. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, Add.: A Mons. le Cardinal, mon bon fils.
Calig. D. IX. 321. B. M. 2655. FRANCIS I. to [WOLSEY].
Desires to hear news of the King and Wolsey. Sends the bearer, for whom he desires credence.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: A mon bon amy.
26 Nov.
R. O.
2656. JOHN TAYLER, Archdeacon of Bucks, to WOLSEY.
The bearer, Mons. Vicount Adryan, is sent by Francis to the King with presents and tokens. He and Tayler have been detained three days at Calais, waiting for passage, where he was well entertained by my lord Chamberlain, Mr. Deputy, and Mr. Treasurer. Arrived very sick this morning at Dover. Will go on to Wolsey when he gets his horses, "of the which I pray God send me good tidings, for here is no landing for them." Dover, 26 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
[27 Nov.]
Vit. B. VIII. 165. B. M.
2657. ITALY.
On the 17th, news came that the Emperor's fleet arrived at St. Florence, in Corsica, on the 2nd, and that Peter Navarre intended to go thither, and had sent word to Andrea Doria and the proveditor of the Venetian fleet.
The Imperial fleet consists of 34 ships of 500 tons, with 5,250 men. Owing to the wind, they have not yet been able to leave the harbor, and it is thought the fleet of the League will defeat them. Andrea Doria's friends in Corsica are trying to prevent the fleet from getting victuals. Peter Navarre will not blockade the fleet, lest he should be himself blockaded.
The larger French ships have been for 16 days at the island of Yeres, opposite Marseilles, with orders to sail as soon as possible to Villa Franca. It is thought that Peter Navarre had determined that the ships should follow Laurentius Toscanus, who has been sent to the Pope by the French king's mother. Toscanus has been on board Peter Navarre's ships, which he says are 16 in number, some with 12 great cannons, with which they could easily sink the Imperial fleet. The Viceroy knows this, and means to go straight to Genoa. Navarre and Doria intend also to go thither.
The Germans have already crossed [the Alps]. If they come by Bergamo, the duke of Urbino will attack them, and the duke of Milan will go to Lodi and Cremona, and fortify other places so as to stop them. The Neapolitan ambassador strongly urges the Pope to cease his hostile acts against the Colonnas; but his Holiness will not consent, except to abstain from burning the country. He has today publicly deprived cardinal Colonna, and the Quæstor of the Chamber was to deprive the other Colonnese of their position and goods. Sends Wolsey's bulls wrapped in lead, directed to the bishop of Bath. Does not think the Pope will attempt anything against Naples, unless money is supplied to him, and unless the French king determines not to return the kingdom to the Emperor, but to give it to some one of the family of Lorraine.
Lat., pp. 4. In Vannes' hand.
28 Nov.
Galba, B. IX. 36*. B. M.
Desires credence for don Ynigo de Mendoça, who has been freed from his detention in France, and is now at Calais on his way to England. The Emperor has thorough confidence in Henry, and intends to be guided by his advice. Brussels, 28 Nov. 1526. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
28 Nov.
Ibid. f. 36. B. M.
To the same effect. Brussels, 28 Nov. 1526. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
28 Nov.
Harl. MS. 442. f. 76 b. B. M.
Proclamation made in the Court of Chancery, ordering persons summoned for enclosures to appear before the commissioners, and enter into recognizances for reformation thereof. 28 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.
P. 1, modern copy.
29 Nov.
R. O.
2661. For JOHN COKESON, Water-bailiff of Calais, and WILLIAM his Son.
Grant of a ruinous dwelling-house, with cellar, kitchen, and two tenements, called Wolhouse, in the parish of St. Mary, in Shew Street, Calais, (situation particularly described); also certain lands and tenements in the Scabinage of Calais. Witnesses: Sir Ric. Weston, treasurer of Calais, and Wm. Husey, controller. 29 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.
Copy, p. 1.
29 Nov.
Vesp. C. III. 288. B. M.
2662. CHARLES V.
The Emperor's answer in Council to Lee's credence.
Understands the King's wish for a universal peace, especially since the late successes of the Turks, from the danger of which no power of Christendom is free. He has accordingly sent Inigo de Mendoza to negotiate this subject with the king of England. Cannot go into particulars at present till he knows the intentions of his adversaries. Will see by his letter to don Inigo the answer he has made to the Pope, who proposes to come to Barcelona. Justifies himself for not laying down his arms, as his enemies still continue to augment their forces; and, considering all things, thinks that the king of England would not persuade him to do so. Begs the King to believe that the outrages at Rome took place without his cognisance, and he has made due apology for it to the Pope. 29 Nov. 1526.
Fr., pp. 4.
R. O. 2. Another copy.
Fr., pp. 4. Endd.
Has received by Dr. Lee the king of England's letters, and copies of those written to his ambassador. Sends copies, with the answer he made to the ambassador, that he may know what to say to the King and Wolsey. "Here followeth the cipher."
Besides the old amity, he has the most perfect love to the King his uncle, for his great benevolence at Charles's last passage by his realm, and his assistance to him in passing "to these our realms." As hinted in Charles's answer to the ambassador, Henry is misinformed about the affairs of the Pope, the French king, duke Francis of Milan, and other potentates of Italy. That he may know our good intent you are to make copies of all that is past on both sides, "as well with the French king and us, as also that toucheth our justification with the Pope;" in which is included the matter of duke Francisco, and all other faults they would charge us with. You are to request the King and Wolsey, for the love of us, to hear the whole matter that they may understand who is to blame for these wars now in Christendom. It is strange that at the very time the Turk "searches the entry and the destruction" of Hungary, and when we and our brother the Infant Archduke have made preparations to resist the Infidel and suppress the Lutherans, we are forced to abandon so good business for our own defence. God knows what efforts we have used with the Pope for a general peace. It is true, as mentioned in our answer to the ambassador, that we have been desired by the Papal and Venetian ambassadors to enter into the league; to which we have answered that this would be unreasonable, as the league is entirely against us and the quiet of Christendom. Moreover, it was not reasonable that we should accept the league before seeing the articles, which the ambassadors said were not sent to them; and we told them that perhaps by omitting some articles, and adding others, so as to convert the league into a good universal peace, we might accept it. On this the ambassadors said they would write for instructions, believing that their masters, the Pope and Venetians, were of like mind. Hopes, therefore, that a good arrangement will be come to.
You may therefore tell the King that we shall be conformable to his advice, and that we shall have singular pleasure that the—(here are five or six words in cipher) (fn. 2) —as is contained in his letters, trusting that he will have good respect to the—(about three lines of cipher)—"to the which, for our part, he never shall find occasion of discontentation."
"And to the end that our said brother know that not only to the said—(three lines of cipher)—inclined as it is said, you shall say to our said good brother that he knoweth well that—(one line cipher)—for the observance of the capitulations of Madrid.
"These be words put amongst the cipher:—mas de avantage—fulfil some things of the said capitulations of Madrid within the term comprised in them; and now it is far expired and past as the said sam—cipher—his predecessors—cipher.—The alliance and good brotherhood a little before sworn betwixt us two—cipher.—Things much contrary to the said capitulation betwixt us two; for the which it is capitulated—cipher—within the term beforesaid—cipher.—In the same time—cipher—we could not well believe but that he would—cipher.
"You shall also say to the said Sire King, our good brother, that a little time is past when—cipher—many great offers—cipher.—Afterwards his ambassador made to us requisition of the said offers that if we would—cipher—he should do all that he might possible—cipher.—We answered to the ambassador in this manner, that he might have well known the great desire that we have to the universal peace, and for to come to that we shall be content to all things honest and reasonable. And forsomuch you shall say to the Sire King our brother that he may clearly see that in us is not fault to the universal peace of all Christendom—cipher—the good assistance—cipher—praying him to continue in his goodwill and put his hand to, that—cipher—the rendering of the castle of Milan—cipher.—We purpose to do rightly, good and short as now not othirtoo (hitherto?), but much time past we have offered to our Holy Father. And for that it is not convenient to proceed by arms, nor it shall not [be] honest or reasonable to search to let us—cipher.—And we believe not that the said Sire King our brother, nor yet any other, may think it good that—cipher—the same by force of arms—cipher.—Wherefore yet eftsoons we pray him to continue in his good beginning—cipher—to help to the said universal peace, as we hope and trust that he will without any difficulty.
"And forsomuch we understand that the duke Francisco—cipher—in the said estate, you may say for our party—cipher—of the said estate of Milan, we intend not—cipher—to assure it for him—cipher—and for the contrary of the said Duke—cipher.—And more than this you may say, after the justification seen, the which we make of the Pope's breve, he shall us—cipher—of that we beseech his Holiness for the answer of the said breve."
A translation in Sampson's hand, pp. 7. Endd.: Instructions given by the Emperor's majesty to Sir Ynigo de Mendoça, his ambassador.
30 Nov.
R. O.
Has received his letters of the 21 Oct. by Dr. Lee. Has no doubt of his great love. Henry will not question his desire for a peace and league against the Turks. Is writing to Don Ynigo de Mandoça and the provost of Cassel, for whom and don Antonio de Mandoça, the bearer, he desires credence. Granada, 30 Nov. '26. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the preceding. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
30 Nov.
R. O.
Has received Wolsey's letters by Dr. Lee. Was glad to hear of his good health, and to have his advice in his own affairs. Dr. Lee will explain what he has done in consequence both in them and in Wolsey's business. Refers him further to the bearer, don Anthonio de Mandoça, whom he is sending back to the Archduke. In Granada, 30 Nov. 1525. (fn. 3) Signed: Vostre bon amy, CHARLES.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
30 Nov.
Vesp. C. III. 286*. B. M.
Has received his letters, and is glad to understand Wolsey's goodwill towards him, in which he hopes he will continue, as he shall not find the Emperor forgetful. Dr. Lee will give him further information touching Wolsey's particular affairs. Granada, 30 Nov. '26. Signed: Vostre bon amy, CHARLES. Sealed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
30 Nov.
Castiglione, Lettere, II. p. 124.
Writes by the gentleman who brought [Gambara's] first letter. Sent a cipher by a former letter. Is glad to hear that the King and Cardinal are so well disposed towards peace. Hopes the Emperor will not refuse anything tending thereto. The Emperor has sent Cæsar Feramosca to apologise to the Pope for the excesses of the Colonnas and Don Hugo, with which he is much displeased. Feramosca has ample power and commission for peace. Is glad that the King has shown his displeasure at the aforesaid occurrence. Does not write of Italian news, as the French ambassador, who is near, can get better information. Granata, 30 Nov. 1526.
30 Nov.
Vit. B. XXI. 9*. B. M.
Wrote last on the 17th. Has received the King's and Wolsey's letters by his servant John Broke.
Hackett writes that the bills of exchange cannot be sent till he knows Wolsey's pleasure concerning certain points in the contract. Does not think it well to spend any more time in this town, as the diet is now beginning at Eslynge, which is little more than a day's journey out of his way, and he has to deliver the King's letters to the princes of the Empire. The letters will overtake him before he leaves Eslynge, or at least at his arrival with the Archduke. If they do not arrive then, will be in doubt how to proceed, especially if a King is erected in Hungary. Has delivered the King's letters to Herman Ryng, with the two packets of Luther's matters. He will not fail to fulfil the King's pleasure, and to direct the letters to duke George of Saxony and the cardinal of Mayence. Has tried him to see what he could do about the letters of exchange; but he says there is little enough money for the lords and princes to aid Fernando against the Turk. Sent with his last letter a couple of glasses of the country, with silver gilt feet and covers. Cologne, 30 Nov. 1526.
Mutilated, p. 1. Add. at ƒ. 26 b.
30 Nov.
R. O.
Sends the decree for Mr. Clement Brownys pension of Aldermary church in London, and his letters about leaving the church. London, 30 Nov. 1526.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
Vit. B. VIII. 167. B. M. 2670. ROMAN NEWS.
"[Ex literis] ... Novembris datis ad D. Prothonotarium."
Has informed Wolsey in his letters of the state of the Pope. Doubts if he will consent to any peace, as he cannot trust the Imperialists, and Sir Gregory urges him rather to go to Venice, if he can no longer resist. News came today from Corneto and Civita Vecchia that the Imperial fleet, which consists of 20 ships, had arrived at Porto S. Stephano, near Porto Ercole, and on the 29th they began to disembark. The Florentines' only hope is John de Medici, who is wounded, and it is thought will die. The Pope has today assembled the Cardinals to deliberate on some convention with the Germans to cease from molesting the Pope, and also with the duke of Ferrara. Now, at the third hour of the night, the Pope is still with them. The Datary says the Pope will make peace, or a treaty or truce, whichever he can. Will advise him to go to Venice rather than trust the Imperials or the archbishop of Capua, but doubts his timidity. The galleys of the League could not attack the Spanish fleet on account of the wind. Is, however, surprised that the larger French ships should have allowed the fleet to arrive here safe. Fears the French are not acting sincerely. If the king of England wishes to help the Pope and prevent the Emperor's monarchy, he must be careful, before incurring any expence than ever, for the recovery of his sons, and to send forces into Italy.
This morning many cardinals have been to the Pope concerning the creation of cardinals, but he has given them no reply. Spoke to him on the subject last night. He would rather submit to anything than make new creations.
The Portuguese ambassador, Aguilera, the Neapolitan ambassador, and the archbishop of Capua, with other Imperialists, were with the Pope before the consistory. Jo. de Medici sent Gabriel Cæsano to request the Pope to create one cardinal, who will pay his Holiness "qu[inqua]ginta millia ducatorum." The Venetian ambassador promises 80,000, and many others will pay 40,000, but he obstinately refuses. Now, at the seventh hour of the night, the Datary tells him that the Pope will send a noble to ask the Viceroy for mercy. Warned him not to trust the Viceroy or other Imperialists. The whole College calls on the King for assistance.
Lat., pp. 3, mutilated.
30 Nov.
R. O.
2671. JOHN CASALE, Prothonotary, to VANNES.
Wrote on the 29 Nov. that the Germans had crossed the Mincio, and that Urbino would not follow them further, as it was impossible to prevent them. Artillery has come to the Germans from the duke of Ferrara by a ship, which professed to be carrying salt. John de Medici has been wounded in the leg, and amputation will be necessary. Capt. Benedictus Mandulphus is dead; also Pompeius the son of Ramazottus, who was serving at Marseilles under my brother, Sir Gregory, (fn. 5) a nephew of Macco and others. No one attacked the Germans except these and Aloysius Gonzaga, who had two horses killed and his helmet pierced by a two-handed sword. The Mantuans and the brother of the ambassador here say that only 25 of the Germans were killed; but a certain Horatius, serving under Urbino, says there were 800 missing. They ought to have been attacked when crossing the Curtato. It was madness to attack them in the defiles. Horatius also told him that Urbino's delay arose from his ignorance of the country whence the Germans were coming, and because the Venetians, fearing for Vicenza and the towns near, took 3,000 foot from the army at Milan, contrary to Urbino's advice. Asked him if there were enough men left to resist the soldiers in Milan. He said there were, and that they were in a strong place. It is not known yet either what the Germans or the Venetians will do. Went yesterday to the senate, to try and find out, and encouraged the senators. Said to them that the Germans will cross near Hostia, and go towards Rhegium or Parma, trusting in the aid of the duke of Ferrara, to join their friends; but it is thought the army of the League will be able to stop them; or they will go to help the duke of Ferrara to take Modena. If that is too strong, they will go to Bologna, or into Emilia or Etruria. The Pope will be in great danger, especially when he sees the Venetians, from whom he hopes for aid, moving either not at all, or late. If they order the Duke to cross, the Germans will be stopped; they will find the Pope's army thoroughly prepared; they will encourage every one, stop the duke of Ferrara, who will spend no more, for he values 100,000 cr. more than the Emperor and his daughter, even if it is true that his son has married her.
Hopes that the Emperor's fleet has been defeated, so that the Pope will be able to send some of his army hither, and make the victory easier. They would confirm the kings of England and France if they act with energy; and he advised them to decide at once and write to Rome. They agreed to what he said, but would not say what they were going to do. Yesterday talked with the Pope's legate about these matters; he said he hoped the Venetians would do much. The French ambassador spoke to the senate yesterday on the same subject. Of the Germans there are 14,000 in wages, including camp followers, 18,000 or 20,000. The League is very unlucky. They pay wages, and the Imperialists never; but still men desert from them to the latter. When the Swiss musters take place, if 10,000 men take wages, one half are Germans. Andrea Doria writes to the Florentines that the fleet of the League took first a brigantine with the persons who were going to provide for the arrival of the Spaniards at Genoa, and afterwards fought the Spanish fleet. They were stopped by night coming on, but Doria thought they disabled many of the enemies' ships, and in the morning would capture them. Suspects he has over-estimated the injury done to the Spaniards. The rest may proceed to Naples. They are, however, prevented from going to Genoa. Intercepted letters from Genoa show their necessity of victual, &c., and they will surrender now there is no hope of the fleet. Their fleet should pursue the Spaniards to Naples. Venice, 30 Nov. 1526.
Hol., Lat., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
S. B.
[Cumb.—*Sir John Ratcliff.]...
Northumb.—*Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Thos. Forster, Sir John Delavale.
York.—Sir Ninian Markenfeld, *Sir Wm. Middleton, Sir Hen. Boynton.
Notts. and Derb.—Roger Mynors, Wm. Coffyn, *John Vernon.
Lincoln.—*Wm. Skipwith, Sir John Thymolby, Sir Christ. Willoughby.
Warw. and Leic.—*Sir Geo. Throgmorton, Roger Ratclyff, Sir Edw. Grey.
Salop.—*Thos. Scryven, Thos. Newport, John Cotes.
Staff.—*John Blount, Geo. Gresley, Sir Wm. Smith.
Heref.—Thos. Baskervile, *Sir Ric. Cornwall, Wm. Clynton.
Worc.—*Sir Wm. Compton.
Glouc.—Sir Wm. Denys, *Sir John Walsshe, Sir Anthony Hungerford.
Oxon and Berks.—*Thos. Denton, Edw. Fynes, John Brome.
North.—*Sir Humph. Stafford, Nich. Odell, Edw. Mountague.
Camb. and Hunts.—Wm. Tanfeld, Giles Alyngton, *Thos. Pygot.
Beds and Bucks.—*Sir Andrew Wyndesore, Sir John Dyve, Sir John Seynt John.
Norf. and Suff.—*Francis Lovell, Sir Arthur Hopton, Sir John Shelton.
Essex and Herts.—*Thos. Bonham, Hen. Makwilliam, Philip Butler.
Kent.—Sir Thos. Cheyny, Sir Edw. Guldeford, *Wm. Whetenhall.
Surrey and Sussex.—*Sir John Dawtrey, Sir John Gaynesford, Sir Edw. Nevill.
Hants.—*Sir Thos. Lisle, Thos. Brune, Sir William Berkeley.
Wilts.—John Erneley, Walter Hungerford, *Sir John Bourghchier.
Somers. and Dors.—Sir John Basset, Andrew Lutterell, *Sir John Seymore.
Devon.—*Philip Champernon, Sir Peter Eggecombe, Sir [Tho]mas [De]nys.
[Cornw.]—*Richard [Greynfeld], Hugh Tre[vanyon], John Chamond.
Westmor.—*Henry earl of Cumberland.
[Rutland.—*William Feldyng],...
Cheshire.—*William ..., George ..., ...
* The names with asterisks are pricked by the King.
Nov./GRANTS. 2673. GRANTS in NOVEMBER 1526.
1. John Saywell or Sewell, of London, innholder, and "Gyldellor." Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 16 Dec. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 1 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII. (sic.)—P.S.
2. Ric. Wykes. Licence to alienate the manor of, and lands in, Hedley, Surrey, to Sir David Owen, George Rolle, Miles Hagge, clk., Roger Cholmeley, Rob. Jenour, Wm. Jefson and Tho. Polstede. Westm., 2 Nov.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
3. Tho. ap David, drover, of Anglysce, N. Wales. Protection; going in the retinue of Lord Berners. Croydon, 26 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 Nov. [18 Hen. VIII. ?]—P.S.
3. Tho. Englefild, serjeant-at-law, and Sir Wm. Poulet. To be masters of the king's wards, and keepers of their lands, during pleasure, with power to sell them, and appointment of feodaries and other officers of Crown lands, except in cos. Lancaster and Chester, and in Wales; and with an annuity of 100l., and 10l. a year for their clerks. Del. Westm., 3 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
3. Tho. Englefild, serjeant-at-law. To succeed his father, Sir Tho., now deceased, as justice of the county palatine of Chester and Flint. Del. Westm., 3 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Wm. Fyndern, of Estnorton. Pardon for the murder of Tho. Gray. Greenwich, 4 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
5. Tho. Arundell. Lease of all tolls of tin in the manors of Tewyngton, Tewarnayle and Helston in Kerr, Cumb., (fn. 6) for 21 years; rent 15l., and 100s. of increase, payable to the receiver general of the "said" (fn. 7) duchy. Del. Westm., 5 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
5. Nich. bishop of Ely. Wardship of John, brother and h. of Tho., s. and h. of Sir Rob. Cotton. Del. Westm., 5 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
5. Henry earl of Worcester, lord Herbert. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Charles earl of Worcester and Elizabeth his late wife, and h. of Wm. late earl of Huntingdon, lord Herbert. [Del.] Westm., 5 Nov.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 3.
6. John Avery, page for the King's mouth in the cellar. To be keeper of Denyulle park and woods in the lp. of Bromfelde, marches of Wales, with 2d. a day. Del. Westm., 6 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
7. Tho. Fareley and Margaret his wife. Memorandum that a writ of re-disseizin was delivered for execution to Ric. Welles, deputy sheriff of Salop, to inquire whether Fareley was unjustly disseized of lands in Weo, having previously recovered seizin against John Corbet and Joan his wife, John Acton and Tho. Wever. Westm., 7 Nov.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 4d.
8. Staple of Exeter. Assent to the election of William Benett, as mayor, and John Thomas and John Blakaller, as constables of the staple of wools, hides, fleeces and lead at Exeter. Westm., 8 Nov.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
8. For Ric. Wheteley, yeoman butler. To be keeper of Blake parke in the lp. of Chirk, marches of Wales, in the King's hands by the death of Nich. Powford. Del. Westm., 8 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
12. Jas. Ascue, yeoman for the King's mouth. To have a corrody in the monastery of Thorneton, co. Linc. Del. Westm., 12 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. John Bradley, of Westminster. Pardon for the death of Tho. Smyth. Del. Westm., 12 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 20.
12. Wm. Brereton, page of the Privy Chamber. To be serjeant-of-peace in the lp. of Bromfelde and Yale, marches of Wales, with 4l. a year. Greenwich, 11 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 13.
15. Walter Walshe, page of the Privy Chamber. Annuity of 10l. which the abbot and convent of Welbeck pay for the farm of Retford Mill. Greenwich, 12 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1. m. 19.
17. Sir Humphrey Conyngesby, one of the justices of the King's Bench. Licence to alienate the manor of Burlew, Rutland, excepting certain woods, &c., in tail, to Edward, s. and h. of Joan, late wife of Tho. Sapcotys; with remainders. Westm., 17 Nov.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
17. Wm. Oxenbregg, page of the Chamber. To be door-ward of Holt Castle, in the lordship of Bromfeld, marches of Wales, with 2d. a day. Greenwich, 14 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 19.
18. Walter Raylegh, lately the King's ward. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Wimund Ralegh and Elizabeth his wife; and the same for Sir Peter Eggecomb, lately seized conjointly with Roger Holland, deceased, of the manors of Collaton Raylegh (held of the King as of the duchy of Lancaster), of Withycombe Raylegh (held of the King as of the honor of Glovern, called Wynkley Fee). Bolam and Fyrdyll, Devon, (held of others than the King,) to the use of Wimund and Elizabeth. Del. Westm., 18 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 8.
20. Sir Wm. Compton. Constat and exemplification of patent, 18 Dec. 8 Hen. VIII., granting him the office of sheriff of co. Wore. Westm., 20 Nov.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
20. Anth. Knyvet, gent. usher of the Chamber. Wardship of Joan, d. and h. of Ric. Druell of Quykiswode, Herts. Del. Westm., 20 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
20. Henry Pyne, lately the King's ward. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Thomas s. and h. of Nich. Pyne, who held of the King in chief as of Launcestorn Castle, parcel of the duchy of Cornwall; with all reversions on the death of Margaret, widow of Thomas. Del. Westm., 20 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
21. Geo. Carewe, of Monesotery, Devon, alias of London. Pardon. Del. Westm., 21 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 13.
21. Philip Wylde. Licence to import 800 tuns of Toulouse woad and Gascon wine. Del. Westm., 21 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
22. Alex. Jones, clk. Presentation to the church of Llanyevan and Cumcarven alias Oldetroy, Llandaff dioc., vice Nich. Horseman, clk., last rector. Westm., 22 Nov.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
22. Sir Edw. Willoughby. Lease of Lordesfeld and Reveslande. late in the tenure of Ric. Edwardis, in Preston-Bagott and Wutton, in the lp. of Henley-beweserte, Warw., parcel of Warwick's lands, with reservations; for 21 years; rent 67s. 8d., "infra summam 17l. 6s. 6d., in compoto ballivi dominii prædicti cum duodecim denariis onerat'," and 2s. 4d. of increase. Westm., 22 Nov.—S.B. Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 26.
24. Lambert Osbaston. Lease to him, as mayor of Walyngford, and the succeeding mayors, of 33 acres of meadow near Walingford castle, Berks, called Kyngesmedowe, for 21 years; rent 7l., and 2s. of increase. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
24. Rob. Pole, of London, mercer, late of co. Lanc. Pardon for the death of John Brett. Greenwich, 13 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 22.
24. John Whyte, of Stowford, Devon. Pardon for having killed Wm. Mone in self-defence. Westm., 24 Nov.—Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
26. John Waterhouse and John Mynne. To be auditors, in survivorship, of Beaumontis lands with the usual fees, as held by Walter Patesbale. Del. Westm., 26 Nov.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 16.
27. Henry Cutte, s. and h. of Sir John Cutte. Livery of lands. Also livery to Eleanor his wife, one of the ds. and hs. of John Marshall and Katharine his wife, of whose possessions John More, justice of the King's Bench, was seized. Del. Westm., 27 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 10.
27. Henry Thomas alias Vaghan. Wardship of Elizabeth and Jenett, ds. and hs. of James Adams. Del. Westm., 27 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.—S.B.


  • 1. This letter is epitomised in Masters' MS. (f. 185) as follows:—A letter from the lady Margaret to the king of England, that (according as he desired her in his letter) she will inquire after those that are infected with Luther's heresy, and punish them, as he hath lately done."
  • 2. These remarks in Italics are by Sampson. The ciphers do not appear in this document.
  • 3. So in the original.
  • 4. Gambara.
  • 5. Sub equite fratre.
  • 6. Sic; qu. Cornwall?
  • 7. Sic; qu. the duchy of Cornwall?