Henry VIII: November 1526, 1-15

Pages 1152-1166

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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November 1526

Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
"Pontifex ad hoc devenit ut Rex Gallorum ... in componenda concordia cum Cæsare ... diutius durare non potest nisi adjuvetur ... in ambiguitate non mediocri versatur de [regno] Neapolitano ob rationes adductas a R. D. [Card.] Eboracensi, et super ea re Gallorum Rex non s[e] resolvit, et nunquam respondit ad ea quæ sibi ... scribuntur a D. Alberto."
Wrote three months ago that the Datary advised (co[nsuluit]) the French King to take the duchy of Milan. He has told this to the o[rators] of the Venetians, who have complained of the Pope's conduct. Francis says he will not take the duchy for fear of offending the king of England. The Datary and D. Albert (Carpi) both say that the king of England is the obstacle to a settlement of affairs. The Datary offered Cremona to the Venetians, by a messenger to the Duke. They are displeased at this, wishing to act straightforwardly.
Does not write this for publication, but that the Legate may know what is happening.
The Datary seems to oppose the creation of cardinals, because he does not wish the abp. of Capua or any of his faction to be created, lest he should lose his office at the Pope's death. The Pope is very poor. Certain people have given him 300,000 ducats.
The Pope would like Medici to be sent to Genoa, secretly hoping when the Emperor's fleet arrives to gain him to his side.
The French king will give the Pope 20,000 cr. if he will grant a tenth and a jubilee. Proposes that the French king should give the Pope 100,000 cr., on condition of his making war on Naples, which kingdom should be conferred on the duke of Lorraine.
The Venetian ambassador does not wish the Pope to attack the Colonnas. Thinks otherwise, and has persuaded the Pope. The Pope will send to Naples, protesting that he does not intend to do anything against the Emperor, and desiring aid from the Neapolitans as his feudaries. The Venetians only want the Pope to help affairs in Lombardy with money.
There will be no battle if the Imperial fleet does not arrive. There is not much hope here from the valour of Peter Navarre. The duke of Urbino intended to advance the siege nearer Milan, and to send part of his forces to Genoa.
Lat., pp. 3, mutilated, copy. In Vannes' hand.
1 Nov.
Vit. C. III.
B. M.
2601. LEE to HENRY VIII.
Wrote in his last by way of Bilboa of Moncada's entrance into Rome, and the flight of the Pope. Since then, news has come of the spoiling of St. Peter's. "Some write that the soldiers put the copes upon their backs and mitres on their heads, which savoured more of paynims than of good Christian men." The Emperor takes the matter very heavily, and offers to make amends. "The said Don Hugo, as they report here, is an hardy man, and hath good skill in the war; but few things have hitherto proved well in his hands, and this they account a great blot." The Pope has sent hostages and made an abstinence of war with him for four months. Don Hugo has agreed to withdraw his army to Naples. Is informed that the Pope has sent to the Emperor for confirmation of Don Hugo's act.
News has come from those about Bourbon that Milan cannot hold out for lack of victuals. The Nuncio writes that on the 29th August, the king of Hungary at daybreak gave the Turk battle with 25,000 men. He fled from the field with a knight and a gentleman of his chamber, and as he was proceeding to cross the stream of the Danube, "his horse, being sore wounded in the battle, fell under him, and he overcome with poiz of his armour could no wise help himself. The knight seeing that, leapt off his horse to the intent to help the King, but remedy was none. They were both drowned together. Our Lord pardon their souls! The King did valiant acts in the battle. This telleth the gentleman of his chamber." Does not believe the report that he escaped, as the Queen eight days after could hear nothing of him, his chancellor or his council, all of whom are supposed to have perished. Very few escaped. The next day the Turk burnt Monox, &c. It was supposed he would have gone to Buda. The Queen fled at midnight to Possonia. The suspicious about Bahoida (Vaivoda). By the King's death, Bohemia falls to Don Ferdinand.—The Pope's intended visit to Barcelona, and his desire to meet Wolsey and the Emperor.—Cæsar, chief esquire, is to be sent ambassador to the Pope, to excuse the violence at Rome, and punish the robbers, but to express the Emperor's intention to visit his Holiness and save him so troublesome a journey. Granada, 1 Nov.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
1 Nov.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
Ellis, 3 Ser.
II. 102.
2602. LEE to WOLSEY.
On the 25th Oct. letters arrived from the Pope to the Emperor complaining of the spoliation of St. Peter's, which the Emperor takes "much heavily and displeasantly." With them came news of a four months' abstinence of war between the Pope and don Hugo, and a copy of a letter from the Nuncio in Hungary, stating that on the 29 Aug. (on which day, four years before, the Turk took Belgrade), the King with 25,000 or 30,000 men gave battle to the Turks, but, being constrained to fly, was drowned in attempting to cross the Danube. Almost none escaped, and neither the King's chancellor nor any of his council had been heard of at the date of the Nuncio's letter, eight days after the battle. After the action the Turk went to Monox and Quinquecclesia (Fünfkirchen), killing man, woman and child. The King's brother, called Bahoida, kept himself from the battle, which increases a suspicion that he had secret intelligence with the Turk. In consequence of these things the Pope has declared to the Emperor his intention to visit him at Barcelona, and to speak with the French king at Narbonne by the way, and moreover urge the King to send Wolsey hither to promote unity in Christendom, and take measures against the tyrant. If Wolsey come, he should consult with my lord of London and Mr. Dean of the Chapel, who can advise him of many preparations for coming into Spain, not needful for other countries. He must have Alguazeles and Aposintadors sent from this court to meet his servants, and arrange for provisions and lodgings at their first entry into Spain, otherwise he will get neither meat, conveyance nor lodgings. Will see to the arrangements if Wolsey send him his "jiests" from day to day. It seemed, from some words he heard, that the Pope wished the King himself to come. "Methought it was much strange to desire that," seeing the inconvenience of the King's going so far.
Has been five days in bed "under the rule of physic." Granada, 1 Nov.
"The Emperor now appointed Cæsar, chief esquire next to the Viceroy, to be his ambassador to the Pope." He is commissioned to excuse the Emperor for the despoil of St. Peter's, to confirm the four months' abstinence, and to state that Charles, to save the Pope's coming to Barcelona, is willing to meet him in Italy. Is informed by John Almaigne that Wolsey's pension for Midsummer is in the merchants' hands. Has not yet received it, having been eight days confined to his bed, and he only rises now to make up this letter to Wolsey, and one to the King.
Hol. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.: Ex Hispania. Dat' primo Novembris.
3 Nov.
Vit. B. XXI. 9.
B. M.
Since he has been here has written three times. The last, dated the 16th of [last] month, he addressed to Hackett. It is not true that the Turk has taken Vienna. At Ovon he has killed all old and impotent people and those under age, making the rest slaves. He has thrown down divers castles, and is said to be making bridges over the Duno towards Austria, Styria, Carneton, and Crane. The nobles and wise men are abashed, not only by his power, but by mistrust of the Lutherans, and of their own commons. He has written to Nuremberg that he will shortly visit them.
Hears of no great preparation.
Has no ground for his news, but as the voice goes here, but judges it not all untrue.
Encloses a copy of a letter with news from Rome. Wishes for his servant's return that he may know the King's pleasure. Cologne on the Rhine, 3 Nov. 1526. Signed.
P. 1.
Galba, B. IX.
B. M.
2604. HENRY VIII. to [LEE, &c.]
Has received, by Osborne Ichingham, the bearer, their letters dated Granada, 7 and 17 Sept., with a writing in French concerning the reply made to them by the Emperor. Has also seen their letters to Wolsey. In their packet was a letter for Don Ynigo de Mendoça, who is detained in France. Has written urgently for his liberation. Caused the letter to be delivered to the provost of Cassel, who has been sent to reside in England by the duchess of Savoy. Received from him an enclosed letter from the Emperor, testifying his desire for the continuance of friendship, and for universal peace. Has also seen the copy of the Papal brief to the Emperor and his reply, an account of what was said to the viceroy of Naples in France, and the offers of the French king for the delivery of his hostages.
Has determined to send the bearer back with all diligence, with letters to the Emperor, of which a copy is enclosed, desiring credence for them.
They must say that the King is glad to hear of the Emperor's zeal for the tranquillity of Christendom, the extirpation of heresy, and resistance against the Turks, who have gained possession of the kingdom of Hungary, which has always been a defence against them. They now intend to subjugate the whole of Christendom, which they will assuredly do unless Christian princes unite to expel them. There is no time to delay the conclusion of a universal peace, for arrangements should instantly be made to drive back the Turks before they get further footing in Germany or establish themselves in Hungary. Will use every effort to procure both a particular peace with the French king and the league of Italy and a universal peace, and thanks the Emperor for consenting to his mediation, which he will accept with the more pleasure, as he knows that the Emperor will consider the cause of God and his Church more than any private claims. For these reasons they must ask him to confirm by acts what he has so honorably signified by writing. Is sure that he will be moderate in the expression of his demands, as he trusts that the French king will be also.
Does not think that a diet of princes or fresh ambassadors would be suitable, for it would cause much delay, as the winter would not be convenient. Suggests that, if he is to be mediator, the ambassadors resident in England should have sufficient instructions. Has written on this matter to the Pope, to the French king, and to the Venetians. They must exhort the Emperor to send the entire, plain, and final point of his resolution, so that the matter may not be protracted and Christendom endangered. Supposes the Emperor is specially concerned in the expulsion of the Turk, in consequence of his claims to Hungary by the death of the late King without issue, as well as for his adjacent patrimonies.
Has declared to the Papal, French, and Venetian ambassadors the Emperor's offer to lay down arms in Italy, if they will do the like. They think it is merely a demonstration, and that he really means to increase his army, for he has sent the viceroy of Naples with a great force; they think that before any cessation of arms, the duke of Milan must be reinstated, or else that the duchy must be placed in the hands of some indifferent person, until the Duke is either proved guilty or innocent of what he is charged with. As the potentates of Italy have their armies ready to defend themselves, it would not be right that, in consequence of the present possession of the duchy by the Emperor, they should be put in danger of losing their states, which would be the occasion of continual war. They must express the King's wonder at the shameful attack of don Hugo de Montcada and the Colonnas on the Pope, at which the King hopes the Emperor is as much displeased as himself. If the reports are true, nothing more detestable was ever done by the Vandals, Goths, or other barbarians. Hears that St. Peter's and other churches were plundered. Is persuaded that it was done without the Emperor's knowledge or advice, and has, therefore, made all possible excuses for him, and will try to prevent its hindering the universal peace.
Has written to request Francis not to make large conditions for the deliverance of his hostages.
Hopes that matters will end well if there is reasonable conformity on all sides, and that there will be immediate arrangements for resisting the Turk, to which he will contribute largely, although he is furthest from the danger.
When this is done the Emperor can receive the Imperial crown without incurring any suspicion.
Promises to mediate indifferently without showing favor. When he has heard Don Ynigo de Mendoça's charge concerning the Emperor's debts to him, will act so that he will have cause to be content. Desires them to send the Emperor's reply by the bearer.
Headed: "Copie."
Fr., pp. 15. Endd.
R. O. 2605. [WOLSEY to the BISHOP OF BATH.]
P.S.—He will receive herewith a packet of letters sent to the ambassadors with the Emperor in Spain, to induce him to a universal peace, the withdrawal of his army in Italy, and the delivery of the French king's hostages, especially considering the imminent peril of Hungary.
P. 1. A copy in Wriothesley's late hand. Endd., in a hand of a later period: The Cardinal to the bishop of Bath in France.
3 Nov.
Cal. D. IX. 268.
B. M.
2606 [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
Echingham arrived with Wolsey's letters, 26 Oct., at Paris. The King was at Arttennay, 10 miles this side Orleans. Employed the next day in writing. After that, rode to the King, who is now at Chartres. Lodged at a town three miles from thence, sending to the court to say we had letters requiring audience. Next day the King commanded us to come to him at a place three miles from Chartres, where we were by three of the clock; "and at his coming in, booted and in his riding gear, right sore a-cold," I showed him my letters, stating that although there appeared in the Emperor's late answer a better disposition, yet, if he were well pressed, the Turk being at this "fordell" in the realm of Hungary, and Austria in such danger, the King and Wolsey thought he would condescend to better terms. For this reason a messenger had been sent to the Emperor, of whose letters Clerk submitted a copy, with leave to make what alterations he pleased, and urged him that, considering the manifest danger, he would resolve upon peace, and not be extreme in his demands. He stopped me at this point, saying he had not failed to press the Emperor, enlarging on what he had done and was willing to do in Italy; that he had sent a navy to encounter the Viceroy, and though "the sea was a wide and a vague passage," if they met, the Viceroy would have the worst; and he boasted greatly of his vessels and captains, his artillery, "with other kippaige." As for proposing peace to the Emperor, he said he would follow the advice of England, but the Emperor was at a great advantage, for he had the King's money, and his sons in his hands, and would part neither with the one nor the other; but he asked, if the Emperor would not agree, what would the King do? I said that he probably had learned by Morette that the King would not swerve from him. As it was cold, they thought best to trouble him no longer.
On Taylor's taking leave, Francis "desired him [to] tarry till he came to St. Germain's, which sh[ould be], as he said, within a five or six days after. We offer[ed to] visit my Lady, but the excuse was made that sh[e was] late come in, a-cold, weary, and changing herself; [so], next day after, we went thither again, and [went] to a church of the Celestines, for there was none [other] house near." Were told by Bayly Robertet that the King would write into Spain by this messenger, but the Chancellor, who had the cipher, was absent. We urged that the despatch of Echingham required haste, and blame would be imputed to us if he were now delayed.
The day after, being the feast of All Hallows, the King sent us word "that he would not trou[ble] us for that day, meaning thereby that we should [not] trouble him." Went thither on All Souls' day. Dined with Lautrec and the Admiral. After dinner spake with the King, who said he had approved of the King's letter, that Echyngham should be despatched the same day, and excused himself for keeping us so long,—that his Chancellor and Robertet were away, and De Vand[ome], Lautrec and the Admiral were no penmen. Told us news out of Italy, and the state of affairs there; among other things, "that [the Pope] was at a point with him and the League not to per[form] the articles concluded" with Moncada; that Andrea Doria had again put to sea, and that he contributed 20,000 ducats per mensem for the Pope's charges against the Colonnas, "a thing that I can scant believe." He has sent 20,000 ducats; but that he will continue the same sum monthly, the Pope's ambassador does not believe. I pressed him then on two points. One was to stir him to the wars; the other to prepare himself for this most desired peace; finally, that he would let us know his resolution for the redemption of his children. He was very sore at this; said he could not do otherwise than he had done; that it had been arranged in the last convention between the King and himself. I said the sum was not expressed, and it was needful now to enlarge it, and that the King would mediate better with the Emperor if you knew his resolution. He made no satisfactory answer. I urged that he had good cause to trust the King, "for he was ready to give unto him in marriage his daug[hter], the pearl of the world and the jewel that his highness esteemed more than anything on earth." "He said, by the faith of a gentleman, not only now of late, but also of a long season before his going into Italy," he had a mind to marry his brother's daughter of England. "I said to him, 'Sir, whereat stick you the[n?] It stondeth only by you that the thing is not performy[d]. I know well that she is offered unto you under such conditions as in manner ye cannot wish them better.' Besides th[at], said I, she is of that beauty and virtue;—and her[ewith], we willing to speak somewhat largely in the land and praise of my lady Princess, he said 'I pray you, repe[at] unto me none of all these matters. I know well enough her education, her form and fashion, her beauty and virtue, and what father and mother she cometh of, and h[ow] expedient and necessary it shall be for me and for my realm that I marry her. And I assure you for the same causes I have as great a mind to her as ever I had to any woman; but I must do my things as near a[s I] can without displeasure of God and reproach of the wor[ld].' "And here he told us he had promised to marry Madame Eleanora, but he thought the Emperor would refuse her. But, said Clerk, suppose the Emperor do not? I am of opinion that he will be very glad if you will have her; "for what should he do with her? where can he bestow her so well as upon you? Wherefore, Sir, I think veri[ly] if ye axe her according to the treaty, ye shall have [her]." He said, if the Emperor consented he would be advised before he took her, but he was sure they would refuse.
These people are persuaded that they have the Emperor at advantage in consequence of the Turk, and they keep him from knowledge of his affairs. Told the King the horses were ready for him, and he appointed us to be with him in the morning. One for my Lady is dead, and two are not likely to recover, but she shall have four according to the King's appointment. The Great Master and Admiral must wait. There has been no fault in the man who brought them.
Mutilated, pp. 12.
Cal. D. IX. 260.
B. M.
2. CLERK to [WOLSEY.] (fn. 1)
[Welsborne] has delivered his and the King's presents. "The two bay geldings ambyllyng were marvellously well liked, and surely a very goodly present." Marcusis, 3 Nov.
Hol., mutilated, p. 1.
3 Nov.
III. 706.
Mandate of the archbishop of Canterbury to John Voysey, bishop of Exeter, (fn. 2) to search for English translations of the New Testament, as containing heretical pravity. Lambeth, 3 Nov. 1526.
A list of the books prohibited:—
The Supplication of Beggars.
The Revelation of Antichrist of Luther.
The New Testament of Tindall.
The Wicked Mammon.
The Obedience of a Christian Man.
An Introduction to Paul's Epistle to the Romans.
A Dialogue betwixt the Father and the Son.
Œconomiæ Christianæ.
Unio Dissidentium.
Piæ Precationes.
Captivitas Babilonica.
Johannes Hus in Oseam.
Zuinglius in Catabaptistas.
De Pueris Instituendis.
Brentius de Administranda Republica.
Lutherus ad Galatas.
De Libertate Christiana.
Luther's Exposition upon the Pater Noster.
5 Nov. Calig. B. VI. 79.
B. M.
Are informed by Sir William Evers that the earl of Angwishe had not met him on the Borders for redress of grievances, as settled by the commissioners last being in Berwick, excusing himself as heretofore, having business with the King. The Scots have entered the town of Eddirlawe in Glendale, burnt a house and a child. On Saturday, before All Hallows' day last, a hundred of them entered Buckton in Ellameshire, spoiled the town, and carried off six inhabitants. Intend to provide a New Year's gift for the King, to be sent from my lord of Richmond. Have sent William Amyas to London to provide the same. Requests Wolsey's opinion about the device, and whether they should send other gifts for the Queen, the French queen, the dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk, the marquises of Exeter and Dorset. Sheriffhutton, 5 Nov. Signed: "Brian Higdon—Wylliam Parr—Thomas Dalby—W. Frankeleyn—Rycharde Page—Jo. Uvedale."
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
Writ to the sheriffs of London and Middlesex to make the following proclamation touching the coinage, to check the exportation of specie arising from the increased value of the currency on the continent. Coins to be rated intrinsically, and pass current as follows:—The sovereign for 22s. 6d.; the royal, 11s. 3d., with its half and quarter; the angel noble, 7s. 6d., with its half; the crown of gold of the sun, and all other crowns of the same "weight and fineness," "not notably broken," as at present, 4s. 6d. Another coin, called the George noble, to pass for 6s. 8d., "as the angel noble was accustomed," with its half. A new coin, the crown of the double rose, 5s. with its half. The silver coinage to pass at the present rates, and a new issue to be made, in which the ounce Troy shall be converted into 3s. 9d., in groats, half groats, pence, halfpence, and farthings. Sterling exchanged for the new currency will be worth 3s. 8d. the oz., 1 penny being deducted for coinage. The pound "Towre weight," i.e. 11¼ oz., for which 2s. 6d. were formerly paid, is to be no longer used. Troy weight to be adopted for the future. 2s. 9d. in the pound charged for coining gold; and for crowns and half crowns of the double rose, 3s. No rate of exchange of foreign ducats is fixed, but such can be dealt with as bullion at the above rates. All rents to be paid in the new currency, but payments in the old coinage received previous to this date may be taken as current. All sums payable between the date of the last proclamation (22 Aug. last) and the present shall pass at the rates mentioned there, but all future payments at the rates herein set forth. Westm., 5 Nov.
Pat. 18 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 2d. and 3d.
5 Nov.
R. O.
Grant, in tail male, to Peter le Butler, earl of Ormond, and Margaret his wife, of the manors, &c. of Tallan, Ballycallan, Dammagh, Kylmanagh, and a chief rent of Downmogan, in co. Kilkenny; and Lysronnagh and Bylemore O'Russhing, in co. Tipperary; which premises were included in a grant during pleasure to Gerald earl of Kildare of the deputyship of Ireland, by patent 13 May 16 Hen. VIII. With a proviso that if the clear annual value exceed 13l. the difference to be paid over to the King. Witness: Gerald earl of Kildare, deputy of Ireland, at Dublin, 5 Nov. 18 Hen. VIII.
Lat., pp. 4.
6 Nov.
R. O.
Arrived at Calais with Mr. Treasurer on Wednesday, 24 Oct., with wind and weather enough. Next day declared to the Council his commission to authorise Sir Rob. Wyngfeld, deputy of the town and marches, to receive the keys [of the town] from Sir Ric. Weston, and deliver them to Wingfield, and the keys of the castle from Sir Robert to deliver to Mr. Treasurer (Fitzwilliam). Wingfield gave up his patent of the castle, and took upon him the governance of the town, promising to do his best, notwithstanding his unworthiness of such advancement, &c. He seems to have made a good beginning, both for defence of the town and administration of justice, as Mr. Treasurer can show you. Mr. Treasurer also took the castle into his governance by indenture. These things settled, went with Mr. Treasurer, 31 Oct., to Guisnes, where they found so many things out of order, that it is well Sandys did not delay longer his coming over. Hopes during his abode here to make good reformation. Mr. Treasurer will explain what repairs they find will be needed for the Castle this year. Guisnes Castle, 6 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lo[rd L]egate. Endd.
6 Nov.
Calig. E. II.
B. M.
To the same effect.
Attends daily to the King's commands about s[uch things] as he is to prepare for the King here ag[ainst the time] of Christmas. The Castle of Guisnes, 6 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
6 Nov.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
There is fear of war everywhere; for since the sack of St. Peter's and the palace, it is said that the Viceroy is coming with a strong fleet to occupy Italy. The Imperialists are encouraged thereby. The Pope is enlisting soldiers, and recalling his troops from the siege of Milan. He already has 6,000 Italian foot, 3,000 Swiss, 400 men-at-arms, and 1,200 light horse. They are stationed in those towns which are held by the Colonnese from the Church. The Neapolitans are also said to be preparing forces, and they are expecting the arrival of the fleet. It is not known whether it has left Carthagena, and Peter Navarre has gone to meet it with a strong fleet of the allies. Genoa has been besieged by the allies for three months, is pressed by want, and will probably soon be reduced. Milan is surrounded by a slow ([len]ta) rather than an active blockade. There is thus no hope of peace except in the King, especially as it is reported that the Emperor has said he will refer the whole matter to him, and the king of France and the other allies will do the same. Rome, 6 Nov. MDXXV[I]. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
7 Nov.
Vit. B. VIII.
Thanks him for his letters of the 18 Oct. Is glad to find that his services are acceptable to the King, and will henceforth allow no courier to leave without a letter. In the consistory this day the Pope expressed his satisfaction at the professions of the King, and his promise to send a considerable sum of money for defending the Church's dignity. The King is truly defensor fidei. It has been resolved to put up a monition against those who a few days ago attacked and plundered St. Peter's and the palace. Rome, 7 Nov. 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
7 Nov.
R. O.
"Ex literis oratoris Fuscari, ex Florentia die vij. Novembris."
A spy, who left [Florence] on the 1 Nov., reports that the Pope made an agreement with the Germans on the 31 Oct., promising them 150,000 ducats, out of which two months' wages were to be paid in hand, and the rest in three months. He was also to pay the Spaniards 100,000 ducats, and had promised them to make three Neapolitan cardinals, one of whom is of the family of Caraffa, and to deliver to them the city of Castellana and the castle of Forli, and to confirm to them Hostia and Civita Vecchia. Hostages were given in the house of Card. Colonna, but under the guard of Germans. The Spaniards and the Germans were constantly falling out with bloodshed and robbery on both sides. In four days the army was to depart from Rome, no one knew whither. The infantry were unruly. Fabricius Marcimanus has obtained the state of Santo Paulo, Sanctum Restum, and Castrum Novum. They were pillaging everything they could, and threatened to return to Rome. The said Fabricius has 22 banners, with 30 foot soldiers under each. The foot soldiers of the League that were in Castellana were lying in wait for two of Fabricius' banners which were going towards Stabia.
Lat., p. 1. In the hand of Vannes.
8 Nov.
Tanner MS.
106, f. 2.
2616. EDW. WHYTE.
Annuity from Anne countess of Oxford.
9 Nov.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
Thanks the King for expressions of his concern at the injuries he has suffered, sent by Gambara and Gregory Casale. Fully expects that the King will make good his promises, and begs credence for the bishop of Worcester. Rome, 9 Nov. 1526.
Lat., vellum, badly mutilated.
9 Nov.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
Similar in substance to the last. [Rome], 9 Nov. M ...
Lat., vellum, very much mutilated.
9 Nov.
R. O.
Sent lately to the churchwardens of Browne's parish church of Aldermary in London his letter of excuse about the decay of the chancel, but is still called upon, so that he was never so much wearied about any promotion since he was first archbishop. Has done as much for Browne as he would for his own brother, but they still threaten to sequester the fruits. Thinks, for the sake of quiet and bodily health, Browne had better resign the parsonage for a pension a little under the value. Fears that if the parishioners find their suit delayed by the Archbishop favouring Browne, they will bring it into the Cardinal's court. Knoll, the 9th day.
Copy, p. 1. Endd., in modern hand: "The abp. of Canterbury to Clement Browne."
10 Nov.
R. O.
Has nothing but his devotion to offer Wolsey in return for his kind letters and liberality in taking him into his service among so many illustrious men. But what can he do when the Datary, with whom Wolsey asked him to use his influence, is so anxious to serve him in the correction of the bulls for his college that he leaves nothing to any one else? Wolsey's merits overcome all difficulties in the way of the transaction. Has explained Wolsey's commands to the Pope and Datary. Those about the college and the enlargement of the Dean's faculties are all despatched. About the rest there is some difficulty, through which the Pope does not see his way, especially as he confidently hopes "Regem Christianissimum facturum ne remediis illis sit utendum." Rome, 10 Nov. 1526.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
11 Nov.
Vesp. F. I. 8.
B. M.
A short time ago the nobles assembled at Thokay appointed a diet to be held here this day. Was obliged to have the late King buried on Friday before the feast of St. Martin, bishop and confessor (Friday, 9 Nov.) On the following day the prelates and nobles met, and unanimously elected him King, and he was publicly crowned with the sacred diadem. Alba Regalis (Stuhl-Weissenburg), St. Martin's day, 1526. Not Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add.: Spectabili et Magnifico Christophoro de Schydlowyecz palatino et capitaneo Cracoviensi ac regni Poloniæ cancellario, sincere nobis dilecto.
12 Nov.
R. O.
Is informed by his chaplain Mylling that Wolsey is willing to make an indemnity for Warham and his church of Canterbury, in respect of the monasteries suppressed within the Archbishop's province, that the Church may not be a loser either in the voidance of a bishopric or otherwise. Has no doubt God and St. Thomas of Canterbury will everlastingly reward him. Has instructed his chancellor to wait on Wolsey as desired. Knoll, 12 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord cardinal of York and Legate de latere.
13 Nov.
R. O.
Is satisfied with the pension assigned him by the Archbishop, with the sureties specified in his letters, viz., the church and other assurances. the church and other assurances. Will not resign Byddynden without the Archbishop's advice, else he would have no house to put his head in. Requests authority to gather the arrears of his benefice to the day of the resignation thereof. Byddynden, 13 Nov.
P. 1. Add.: To the most reverend father in God, Wyll'm Cantur.
* Endorsed is a notification that Browne had employed his servant Will. Iselden to write this letter, having lost the use of his hand by paralysis. Witnesses: Thos. Bartlett, notary public, and others.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
2624. [LETTERS from the PROTH. CASALE.]
First, he repeats what he said before about the arrival of the Germans, and that the Venetians said it was difficult to stop them. They would try to do so; and if it was unsuccessful, they thought that the forces of the League should retreat to fortified places, and the Germans would be destroyed by want, for lady Margaret could not assist them. Their number was about 12,000 foot and 800 horse.
Card. Colonna has been cited to appear in nine days, on pain of deprivation. The Pope's forces have taken all the territory of the Colonnas except Palliano, and have stormed the castle of Mons Tortinus. Fifteen hundred musketeers have been sent to Rome by John de Medici, as he has troops enough to gain the kingdom of Naples. The news from France is that the King does not approve of the mission of Paul Rez to Spain, and had remitted his answer to the council of Paris, which he will attend in ten days.
The French king will pay 20,000 cr. a month, but not the other 60,000.
Acciaiolo had no hope of the 100,000 cr. Francis has provided 40,000 ducats for the fourth and part of the fifth month.
ii. From letters of the Prothonotary, of the 14th.
The Venetians are making preparations to stop the Germans, and have ordered the duke of Urbino to march against them. It is said they will go straight to Milan between Brixia and Bergamo. He has received letters from the Legate, but not yet declared his charge. He hoped the Venetians would send instructions for universal peace. Finally, he speaks of his poverty, and asks for assistance.
Lat., Vannes' hand, pp. 3.
14 Nov.
R. O.
Received his letter this Tuesday, 13 Nov., with a writing to "the Lords of the Council," and learns from it of his meeting with lord Home at Our Lady Kirk on Saturday, and of the trouble between Home and his friends, which was an impediment to redress and good rule. The trysts cannot be held at Reddenburn on Friday, and Lady Kirk on Saturday, as Dacre proposes, as the Parliament is now sitting at Edinburgh, and those of Tevidall and the Marches who would come with Angus cannot do so till after the session. Will not fail to meet him at Coldstream on Wednesday, 28th inst., and at Reddenburn on Thursday, for Tevidaill, and will there make redress for all attemptats since the beginning of the peace. Will not leave the Borders till they are in good order. Wishes him to advertise Sir Wm. Evers, and Angus himself will send to Tevidaill and the Marches. Edinburgh, 14 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "Tyll ane worshipful knight, and my weilbelovit cousyng Sir Crystall Dakyrrs." Endd.
14 Nov.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
St. P. VI. 551.
Mendosa, the Imperial ambassador, who had been kept prisoner in the castle of Arkes on this side Roone for four months, has just arrived. Finding, at the Castle of Hane, near St. Quentin's, that he was likely to be taken, he burned all his papers. He has written to the Emperor for fresh instructions, and will ride tomorrow to the lady Margaret, to return probably in fifteen days. He is about 50 years of age or more, and speaks good French. As he was lodged outside the gates, "I could make him no cheer, but with sending of my wine." He dines with me tomorrow, unless he departs before. Calais, 14 Nov. 1526.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Nov.
R. O.
2627. WARHAM to GOLD.
Has written to his chancellor to make out for Gold the collation of Aldermary, in London, so that there be a decree made to bind the Church for the pension of 30l. during Mr. Clement's life. (fn. 3) Knoll, 14 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my chaplain Mr. Henry Guldd.
15 Nov.
R. O.
Wrote last on the 26 Oct. Has received none from Wolsey since. At the request of the governor and merchants of the English nation here, has been four or five times before the Privy Council, partly for the recovery of English merchants' goods that were drowned, and saved on the coast of Zealand, and partly on account of some "letters of resspyt and kynkyrnels" that were given to the prejudice of our merchants in the court of Brabant. They still put us off with fair words. Dined on Sunday last, by appointment, with Mr. Hesding and my Lady his wife. Finds him very loving towards the King and Wolsey. Believes he knows much of the privity of these countries. Advised him to come to England in person, and speak to the King and Wolsey, which he was willing to do, if desired; "and bade me to advertise your Grace to be not too plain in the beginning with a gentleman that comes now fro [Belgium] to abide there resident whych hys comen name begynys with B." The states of these countries wish to make a reform of the coinage, which "runs in these parts above all reason and the Emperor's commandment," but they cannot see the way. They say it is owing to the merchants strangers, especially the English. They have made a new order about English gold, that no man receive the angelett for more than 11s., or the royal for more than 16s. 6d. Advises Wolsey to write to the Governor to command all those obedient to his court, merchant adventurers, and of the staple, to take no gold or silver higher than the Emperor's valuations. Encloses a letter from Wallop, with one directed to himself, dated Cologne, the 3rd inst. Brussels, 15 Nov. 1526. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
Vit. B. VIII. 149.
B. M.
2629. _ to _
Received his letters of the 18th ult. informing him of the conclusion of the King and Wolsey touching money and peace, in consequence of messengers from Spain; and the King's intentions in case the Emperor will not comply. The Pope is most grateful that the King and Wolsey are indignant at the injuries he has received, and have resolved to aid him. 25,000 cr. will not be a sufficient contribution for the protection of the Pope, for the 1,500 Swiss will require wages of five gold pieces a month each, especially at Rome, where everything is dear. They would not serve France for less than seven gold pieces. If the Viceroy, who is no better disposed to the Pope than don Ugo, who is now recovering, arrives here, 1,500 Swiss will not suffice. Wishes him, when he presents the briefs to Wolsey, to say that he hopes this present to the Pope is only the presage of greater liberality. Desires peace more than he hopes for it. Puts no faith in the Emperor's letters to the King and Wolsey. Any aid which the King may give the League will only facilitate peace. The loss of Hungary and the danger of Austria would incline the Emperor thereto, but the arrival of 10,000 Germans at Trent and the Viceroy's fleet do not seem to be signs of peace. "Nee video in ipsis literis quam habeat pacis voluntatem, dicens velle se ut judi... ducis Mediolani, et relinquatur status duci Borbonii, quia si ista er[ant] concedenda, non fuerat a principio necessarium arma sumere, n[ihil] postulante aliud Cæsare quam hoc." If we allowed this, [the Emperor] would have the absolute dominion of Italy.
The Pope approved of sending the Auditor to Spain to know what hope there is of peace. When it is clear that there is none, Wolsey will do what he has promised; the King will enter the league and assist us, in which hope we will begin to spend the 25,000 gold pieces.
The [Colonnas] have lost all their property in the dominion of the Church, except the castles of Montfort and Paliano, which, through strong, can[not] resist long, for our army is 6,000 Italian foot, 2,000 Swiss, a large body of horse and artillery, and 4,000 foot from Spoleto and other towns. With money, could resist the Viceroy's fleet, for there would be time to send for D. Joannes and the papal infantry from Lombardy. The danger arises from the impossibility of bearing the expence, which, including the troops in Lombardy, amounts to 60,000 ducats monthly, with no help except 20,000 gold pieces promised by the French king. In a few days Card. Colonna will be deprived. Ascanio and Vespasian will be excommunicated and cursed. Thinks they begin to see their error, now their castles are burnt and destroyed every day. Marino was burnt yesterday, and Gallicano previously.
The Pope, fearing that his attack on the Colonnas would serve don Ugo as a pretext for killing Phillip Strozzi, who was his hostage, sent the archbp. of Capua to ask don Ugo to send him to the Emperor. The reply was, that the Pope must consider all he did against the Colonnas as done against the Emperor. Joannes Antonius Museetola has come hither from Naples, but has not yet spoken to the Pope.
Lat., copy, pp. 8. Mutilated.
15 Nov.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
2630. _ to _
Thinks that, in the expedition of the bulls, Wolsey's desire will be complied with, so that not even a word will be changed in them, and the clause de fundatorum consensu is omitted. Card. SS. Quatuor informed me that he granted it with a view to prevent similar applications, lest hereafter Wolsey should ask the same circa alia beneficia ...
The Pope has an army of 7,000 foot, 400 lances, and 1,000 light horse, which now occupy the places of the Colonnese in the Papal territory. Most of their towns are already burnt. The Pope has published a warning to Card. Colonna, and has deprived him, but has not yet published the deprivation. Will send a copy thereof. Hears from Venice that 12,000 lanzknechts are coming into Italy under George Frinzper (Frendsburg), who has mortgaged his castles and towns to pay them. Lady Margaret has sent them 50,000 foot. The Venetians are alarmed, and have sent 4,000 foot to hinder their approach. The affair of Genoa is consequently postponed. The bp. of Salerno has offered to provide 2,000 foot, and asks the Venetians and the Pope to give him 1,500 foot, with which he hopes to blockade Genoa.
The lanzknechts will have much difficulty in coming, if the three principal passes are stopped. The Pope does not think it advisable to lessen the army of the League, lest it should be obliged to go into the towns. Urges him at all events to send to meet the lanzknechts, and to help the bp. of Salerno, which would deter the Emperor's fleet from going to Genoa. Hears that the town would capitulate, but for two or three nobles who are devoted to the Emperor. An ambassador from don Hugo and a Neapolitan councillor have come to ask the Pope not to allow the towns of the Colonnas to be any more burnt; which his Holiness has granted.
Will have the bulls about the college written by the most elegant scribe of the city. The Datary and Card. S. Quatuor say that the reasons adduced by Wolsey cannot be resisted. The Pope will send [the abp. of] Capua to Naples to negotiate the release of Philip Strozzi, and probably also to treat with the Viceroy, if he arrive.
Lat., pp. 4. In Vannes' hand. Mutilated.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
2631. _ to _
Showed the Pope all that Wolsey had written to him on the 18th ult. His Holiness says he is most anxious that Wolsey should use his efforts for a peace, through fear of the Turk. Don Ugo has already sent to him to complain of the proceedings against the Colonnese, who, the Don asserts, have done well, and he will assist them. The Pope will defend himself, and punish his subjects, as Wolsey advises. He is very thankful for the money given to his Nuncio, and professes his devotion to the King and Wolsey. He will send instructions to his Nuncio in England. He still desires the peace to be negotiated by Wolsey, but does not think the Emperor can be compelled thereto, unless the King gives his assistance, and the French king does more than at present. He will be guided entirely by the King and Wolsey as to his voyage to Spain, and says that the Italians will consent that the duchy of Milan shall be placed in the King's hands if he will say what he will do therewith. The last letters have confirmed the Pope in his purpose. Has told his councillors that Wolsey desires nothing more than the continual splendor of the Holy See, but that any signs of distrust in him would make him less anxious for his Holiness.
Lat., pp. 3. In Vannes' hand. Mutilated.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
2632. _ to _
It was thought that the Duke could do no good at Milan. He uses all his influence to prevail upon the ambassadors who are there, telling them that if they let the present occasion slip they will be the first to suffer. The ambassadors asked if the King would promise that the French "non de ... in hac re." Answered that the French were content to observe all that they had done with the King. The French and Venetian ambassadors spoke the same day to the ambassadors of the duke of Milan, concerning the resolution proposed by the French. The Duke acts cautiously, and says he will do what the king of England does; and he told the ambassadors to state the manner and form of the treaty.
Sir Gregory will not go to the Pope until he has been spoken to by others on the subject, and will then tell him that he will acquire infamy and hatred if he makes any opposition. Albert de Carpi writes that a French nobleman has arrived at Venice with a good resolution. The publication of the marriage is reported from Spain. A nobleman is expected thence. The letters and instructions from France are not well understood. The Genoese and imperial galleys are returning from Spain. It is thought they have some design upon Genoa.
Lat., pp. 2. In Vannes' hand. Mutilated.
15 Nov.
Vit. B. VIII.
B. M.
It is thought that the Pope will create new cardinals next Christmas. As to the nephew (Philippino) of Andrea Dauria, and his offers, of which I intended to speak, had I been set to Andrea, it is now quite certain. But as Savona was lost I was not sent.
The creation of Hippolito, the Pope's nephew, is also certain. He came to Rome secretly, and only showed himself to the cardinal of Mantua, whom he told that he had come to Rome to be made cardinal, but he remains there in secret because the cardinals were given as hostages on condition that the Pope's nephew should be exchanged for them. On the return of the General, the hostages will be liberated, and he will show himself publicly, and be made cardinal. Was told by the cardinal of Mantua that Hippolito came with Sanga on Thursday. Some say that he came about a marriage; but they mistake him for the son of the duke Lorenzo, who, it is said, will marry the daughter of D. Vespasian. The Pope will appoint D. Ascanio captain of the Church. His Holiness threatens the Florentines, but Ruberto de Pucci, brother of the Card. SS. Quatuor, is secretly treating with him. He intends to create cardinals at the instance of the kings of England and France. The archbishop of Bourges and the duke Maximilian are already spoken of. Hears that Baltassare, servant of count Albert de Carpi, is here for that purpose. The General desires him to create some cardinals of the Emperor's party. Suggests that the King and Wolsey should propose the Prothonotary, their brother, for promotion.
Lat., pp. 3. Mutilated. Endd.: Extracts from letters of Paul Casale to his brother Gregory, Rome, Nov. 15.


  • 1. This P.S. is evidently the conclusion of the previous letter, though out of its place in the volume.
  • 2. See a similar order by Tunstal, bishop of London, printed in Foxe, and referred to by Strype, Mem. I. 165.
  • 3. i.e. Clement Browne.