Henry VIII: January 1527, 1-15

Pages 1233-1251

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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January 1527

1 Jan.
Vit. B. IX. 6.
B. M.
Are in great danger from the landing of 16,000 troops, who are supported by the duke of Ferrara, and have crossed the Po into Parma. The priests are a special object of their hatred. They are at Borgo Donnino and Fiorenzuola. It is expected they will invade Modena and Bologna. John de Medici, who was engaged with them to prevent their passage, was, to our great loss, wounded by a musket ball, and is dead. The duke of Urbino, who succeeded him, did not pursue the enemy, and so lost a great advantage.
Has received news that the Viceroy has invaded Sienna with a strong fleet, and has now brought his forces and ammunition to Gaeta. The archbishop of Capua has been sent to make terms with him. They are in hopes of finding him well disposed. The Turks have been attacked by the Persians and Armenians; but if the Viceroy and others aspire to the command of Italy, he fears for the result. Affairs are very bad in Hungary. Twenty-two counties have chosen the Waywode of Transilvania for their king. Rome, 1 Jan. 1527. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
1 Jan.
Vit. B. IX. 2.
B. M.
Rome, 1 Jan.—I might have added something in reply to yours of the 2nd Dec., but am not less exhausted of words than the Pope is of money, who does all he can to support himself, waiting for supplies from the King and Wolsey. Had they been dispatched on the announcement of the coming of the Imperial fleet, they would have found us in some vigour; now the result is doubtful. Informed him of the conditions offered by the Viceroy to the General of the Franciscans, which were so extreme that the Pope would not accept them. The Viceroy was afterwards visited by the archbishop of Capua, who found him in a very different humour, as he was not yet influenced by the Colonnese, nor aware of the good disposition of the Pope to peace. The Viceroy said that he did not wish for a suspension of arms, but for peace with the Pope and the Venetians, with a sum of money, and some town as security. If the Pope were to grant these, they would then ask for St. Angelo, as they insist on the restoration of the Colonnese and the cardinal's hat for Prosper Colonna. To this the Pope would not consent by any means.
Bourbon has made a request that the Pope shall give him Lodi and Cremona, Reggio to the duke of Ferrara, &c., and shall purchase peace at 150,000 scudi. The Pope will resist if he is supported according to the letters from France of the 16th Dec.
The Viceroy has exacted from Naples 50,000 g. cr., and clothing for 20,000 men. It is necessary for the security of Rome to distribute the people at Tibur, Præneste, Velitri, &c. If his Holiness were to increase his forces he might overawe his enemies, but he is compelled to provide for Tuscany, now threatened by the Germans. Demands of the Viceroy for entertainment of the Spaniards, &c.
ii. News from a noble friend, Jan 1.
The violence, abuses, and sacrilege committed by the Imperialists in Fiorenzuola. They rob the temples, slay the religious, make use of the holy oil and chrism to smear their shoes, cut the crucifix into a thousand pieces, and throw it into the fire. In Borgo Donnino, where stood an image of St. Anthony, they plundered the church in which the people had stored their goods for security, tied a halter round the image, as if it were alive, and hauled it up and down like a malefactor. Milan is empty of all its more respectable inhabitants under the protection of the Emperor. The Spaniards have taken 300 of the citizens for security of a sum of money they demanded, which the citizens refused. Unless we have help, Italy will be ruined. We have about 40,000 foot and 7,000 horse, but they are dispersed in garrison.
Lat., copy, pp. 7, mutilated.
Vit. B. IX. 8.
B. M.
2764. ITALY.
i. Terms of a truce proposed by the viceroy of Naples to the Pope, of which the king of England, if he consents, is to be conservator and protector.
Pp. 2, Lat.
Ibid. f. 9.
B. M.
ii. Articles proposed by the Viceroy to the Pope, and refused by the latter. In this treaty it is arranged that if any Italian potentate attempt to infest the Italian dominions of the Emperor, the Pope shall aid the Emperor with 300 men-at-arms, 500 light-armed horse, and 3,000 foot, "nulla excepta persona." Arrangements for the coming of the Emperor into Italy, and the number of soldiers to attend him. The Emperor promises to put down the Lutherans entirely at the Pope's bidding. Proposes to give Milan to the duke of Bourbon. Asks for the presentation of 25 prelacies in Naples, the restoration of the Colonnese, comprehension of Antoniotto Adorno, doge of Genoa, &c.
Lat., pp. 4. Endd. in English.
Vit. B. IX. 11.
B. M.
iii. Articles demanded by the Viceroy for peace with the Pope. Aid for the defence of Naples, Milan for Bourbon, the comprehension of the duke of Ferrara, right of presentation to 15 sees in Naples, 200,000 ducats for the soldiers, and 200,000 ducats for last year, the admission of the Venetians for payment of 150,000 ducats, restitution of the Colonnese, &c.
Lat., p. 1.
1 Jan.
R. O.
Desires credence for his Chamberlain, the bearer, the count of Ortenburg, who will explain the danger which now threatens Christendom, and what he requests from the king of England. Vienna, 1 Jan. 1527. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Jan.
R. O.
A similar letter. Vienna, 1 Jan. 1527. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Jan.
Theiner, p. 552.
Has received his letters by James Criton, the Dominican. Will do his best to extirpate the Lutheran heresy from Scotland. Criton will explain more. Edinburgh, kl. Jan. 1526.
2 Jan.
R. O.
Although they took order in a matter at variance between the prior of Bridlington and Rob. Lacy, the latter has obtained a subpœna against the Prior, returnable before the King in Chancery, rather upon vexatious than any other ground. Hope Wolsey will excuse the Prior for non-appearance, as he is ill of the gout. Sheriff Hutton, 2 Jan. Signed: Brian Higdon—William Parre—Godfrey Foljambe—T. Tempest—William Tate—Thomas Fayrefax—Robert Bowis.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
2 Jan.
Add. MS.
15,387, f. 188.
B. M.
St. P. VI. 560.
As the King has resolved to reconcile Christendom, and hears that certain Spaniards and Germans have made a descent into Italy, by whose coming fresh wars may arise, sends Sir John Russell, for whom he begs credence. Greenwich, 2 Jan. 1526.
Lat. Modern copy.
3 Jan.
Theiner, p. 553.
The distress of his Holiness at the advent of the Viceroy and the German troops into Italy has grieved Wolsey much, and induced him to draw the King's attention to the subject. It has been determined to send Russell to his Holiness, for whom Wolsey desires credence. Thanks the Pope for his compliance in the matters touching his college, but as some of the names were badly spelt in the last bull, begs to have a more correct copy. London, 3 Jan. 1526.
Calig. D. X.
B. M.
2771. [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
* * * "cam unto us the pr[e]s[ident] ... us first the King's excuse ... that the King's pleasure was t[o certify] unto us, how that he had been a[dvertised] of such communications and debat[es as had] been had with us in this our charge," and after long thinking, [Francis could] not but greatly esteem the offer of m[y lady] Princess, saying there could not be a more honorable or profitable offer made to him; he considered himself as much bound [to the] King for this offer as f[or his] deliverance.
f. 26. He would send three good personages to conclude the alliance, which he hoped, through the help of God and Wolsey's med[iation], and other good ministers, would take a short end, "and the said Presid[ent] ... this was as much as th ... * * * ... we should first be agreed ... then advise them to send ... desired him to consider that a ... [agr]eed upon never a one of our said d[emands] ... yd (said we) that ye may not do the ... ye may not do that, but what ye may do, o[r what] ye will do, ye have not yet declared. We tr[ust that you] will not look to have my lady Princess, qu[alified] with so many virtues as she is, and us to ent[er into] war for you, and to grant to the extincti[on and] abolition of our titles for nothing." Asked therefore what they would do in recompense, that they might in return give him some light, whether this sending ambassadors to England should b[ring] any good effect. Dissuaded him from sending them while matters were still thus raw, lest they might return again void, and the affair be dishonorable to both parties, and told him that Wolsey advised [him] to send one of the long robe af[ter] * * * "[h]ere we p ... [t]hey had desired us in th ... enes, so likewise we desired ... ist to make no sticking at ... know right [well] that without th ... nothing done." They still stuck, and after much debate as to the sum of money, [and what the] said salt might amount unto, we told them that in this the King was not flexible, and that if he would relent any thing, it would be rather in the residue of Guisnes than anything else. [After] considering their reasons, "viz. of ... and their oaths, de non alienando terr[as] ... the difficulties which been alleged and ... appearance of truth, in bringing their ... to the consenting thereunto, wherein we sa[id] ... write and percase they would agree ... we did put no doubt but they sendy[ng] ... England as afore, should find n[o difficulty] in the residue of Guisnes, ne m ... the whole matter ... * * ... the salt, the wold for ... rest, and therefore we thought ... ther in our degrees for that ty[me]."
f. 27.
f. 28.
Next day, dined with the Grand Master, th'ad[miral] and Morett, who has served them well in soliciting their despatch. Were brought to the King, who showed them certain harts' horns, the largest they had ever seen. He said his cou[ncil] was ready and waiting to conclude upon their charge; at which they were more glad than if he had given them a great gift. Morett took them to the usual place, and shortly the President and Robertet entered, who told them they had made relation to their master "of all communications [had with them concerning] this charge, and how th * * * of France which ... free and had his nomination ... [br]ought into this servitude and ... charged with a pension perpetual ... the King their master and his c[ouncil] ... it very sore, and thought it wa[s contrary to his] honor, which he esteemed more [than all the world], to consent thereunto, saying also that [it would be a] perpetual blot and shame unto him [to do so, and that] he must have some respect what name ... of himself he should leave unto his suc[cessors] who shall blame him if they bound the realm to a perpetual pension. They said likewise of the salt, but as for the [residue] of Guisnes, they reckoned that we should never speak thereof as of a thing in no manner ... feasible." We said Henry must regard his honor and his successors as much as Francis. * * * ... "[m]ove his Highness ... and unto him so chargea[ble] ... unto them so necessary, offer ... also many void words spoken ... they as how much we did esteem ... [th]e which need not to be rehearsed." Fin[ally they] said their master considered the offers very profitable and honorable, knowing what might come to the Princess, both from her father's and her mother's side, which last they [did] not a little regard, and that he would take pains to knit up this amity; they objected, however, to any perpetuity on the French crown, saying theïr master would show such evident reasons against it that they hoped both the King and Wolsey "would be contented ... to be set upon the crow[n] * * * [m]aster by a ... at one or at sundry tym[es ... the] King their master himself ... after show us his further plea[sure as to the residue] in the county of Guisnes, it myg[ht be that your] Grace would be a mediator for thay[m to the King's] highness, but in the rest we thoug[ht there] would be nothing remitted." They said [they] supposed their master would s[end into] England, and would obtain more from the King and Wolsey than from the ambassadors. At this, seeing there was no need either "to relent any more v ... in our degrees," or greatly to [dissuade] them from sending to England, as they seemed already to gr[ant] ... come to the perpetual pension, so it may be ... bill, "and it was likely enough that comyn ... for a better bargain, finding your Grace to h ... when they should see none other remedy, th ... rather than fail, come also to the salt to ... term of the King's life, for we saw th[ey went] about to win of us what they cow[d] ... that not intending to conclude with ... so ever we had comen unto * * * ... m and tha ... and they be in hope th ... ... ll come unto, they shall fyn ... hand, and that at the least wise ... m and when there shall be none other ... shall win time thereby, and be the l ... er liberty, which maketh greatly for the ..." We showed them it was useless to send any one to England, unless they first came to some point with us, and we were sorry to see such untowardness in them. They asked what [commissi]on we had to conclude. Said we had instructions signed by the King. They answered, with smiling countenance, that their master would speak to us. On New Year's day we were there again, but did not see the King, "for my Lady ... as to be sore sick and the King * * *"
Pp. 8, mutilated.
3 Jan.
Calig. D. X. 11.
B. M.
f. 12. * * * "Fitzwilliam(?) ... could not conveniently re ... g my master, except I should f ... or one, some other resolution concerny[ng] ... The president answeryd us agayn [that they had] no commissions to conclude, and said f[urther that if] there did remain any point that [did not seem] feasible, and with appearance of impossibility [or great] difficulty, then they would not only have [further] communication with us, and declare unto us fur[ther their] mind therein, but also send first some person [of the long] robe to prepare and debate the matters afore [the send]ing of any personages. But he said that by [the conten]tions and debatements already had, we might [perceive] in part what they will be contented to do, and [that at] leastwise they do perceive what we look after [and where]upon we rest, and think that the matters be [in a good] train, easy, and at a great foredeal already; [and as for] such foredeal that they despair not of the ... a deal, but that through the help of God, y[our Grace and] other good ministers, these personages which [shall be now] sent shall undoubtedly conclude, and I ... was enough for us at this time ... that they were agreed ... * * ... his determyn ... [sp]eake of for any accessarie or ... ordering of which accessarie ... [matt]ers to the contentation of both pa[rties] ... y find many ways expedient. Othe[r answer than th]is we could not get of him, and, to say the [truth, it] is thought unto us that he could speak no b[etter for] our purpose; for what hope they may have by [further] communication with us had, your Grace may perceive [by our] letter, out whereof is left no material point t[hat has] been done or spoken by us in all this matter. Th[erefore, if] we should have condescended unto the last degree [unto them, we] could have had no more of them than this, [that] they should say they were contented with the offir[s, and were] contented to send ambassadors for the conclusion o[f the] same; though we had comen unto the last degree [(as] we said), yet we could have looked for no more of [them] at this time than so. We did our best to have spoken [unto] the King, but it would not be. We were bidden com[e] again the next day after. The second day of Janu[ary] we were with the King, and in effect like communication [was] between him and us, as had been the day before [be]tween the President and us, with many good words of [the King's highness] and trust that he hath in his b[rother] * * * ... ntions of all gratitudes ... in time past, with as cordial ... thanks for the same as could be ... aught that we could say, would ... resolution with us upon our demands ... shortly and out of hand send his am[bassadors, who] should be honorable personages for the per[formance and] the conclusion of this matter, and that by [his communi]cation had with us, he knew whereupon w[e rested, and] that he saw no difficulty with us upon our sa[id demands] wherein an expedient way might not be ... found, specially through the good mediation [and in]tercession of your Grace, of whose high wisd[om and] dexterity, and special goodness towards [him, he] spared no language; and finally he said t[hat he] trusted his brother, the King our master, a[nd your Grace,] should not stick for a small matter, and [that his] heart gave him that he should find hy[m a true] brother unto him. We said unto him, [we can] assure you that the King our master bear[eth great] love, zeal, and affection towards you, [and shall do so] much more when he shall know [what love and] confidence ye put in him ... * * * ... [l]oving and ... ther side, he is a prince of ... and dealing roundly, fran[kly, and openly with] you, he thinketh of good co[ngruence that ye shoul]d do the same with him; and when [ye shall not so] do he shall think unkindness, and that [he hath great] wrong. Therefore, in the reverence of God, Sir, le[t your] ambassadors have such instructions that at [their] coming thither the King our master may see [how] to come roundly to that that is reason, assur[ing you] that ye shall win more by that than by [any] other ways." He said that he was not accusto[med] to deal otherwise with no man, and that he sho[uld be] greatly to blame if he would deal otherwise [with his] best beloved brother, the King our master, who sh[ould do] him this great honor."
Fitzwilliam expects to be dispatched in two or three days, and will make all diligence to come to Wolsey. Poissy, Thursday, 3 Jan. Subscribed by Clerk: Your Grace's most humble servants. [Signatures lost.]
Pp. 4, mutilated. Add.
3 Jan.
Masters' MS.
f. 113.
"1526–7, Jan. 3.—King Henry (by the bishop of Bath) makes to the French king three offers: (1) Marriage of his daughter, the princess Mary; (2) aid against the Emperor if he refuse to restore his sons; (3) renunciation of his title to France. And for these offers he requires: (1) a pension; (2) the county of Guisnes; (3) of salt an annuity. The French make a difficulty, and will not consent to these offers. And king Henry will not let his daughter go into France (which Francis desires) before the marriage may be consummated carnali copula, for which she is not yet ripe, being but 11 years old.
"At this time the princess Mary, as our ambassadors say (who speak rather the least, because they will not give her presently, which the French king desires), is 11 years old, and shall enter into 12 this Lent. Also, March 23, 1527, the French king saith his ambassadors inform him that the princess Mary is but 11 years old and 25 days. The King sent the princess Mary's picture (together with his own) to Francis."
Calig. D. X. 10.
B. M.
2774. [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
"[Please it your Grace] to understand th[at] ... the Great Master willed me to [come to him to]day at dinner, and so I was a ... honourable cheer with him, after ... King and my Lady they both ... had dispatched their ambassadors [towards the King's] highness, naming then for the ch[ief the bishop] of Tarba, for the second the viscount [of Turenne, and for] the third the president of Paris. T[hey said that] these their said ambassadors should set f[orth without] fail in their journey the next day after, [and that] they had in their commission principally [to treat for the mar]riage of my lady Princess, and also for ... upon the peace or truce with the Emperor, [and that they] had full instructions and ample pow[ers to treat of all] matters, and that they should also shew [unto the King's] highness of the marriage between the du[chess of] Alençon, the King's sister, and the king [of Navarre,] which marriage they reckon a grea[t] ... that the said king of Navarre may ... besides the realm of Navarre [dispend] ... crowns by year. The King * * * whereof I thought [right to advertise your Grace] to the intent ye should see ... [d]esirous that the matters th ... go forward. As for tidings [from Italy, it woul]d seem that the Pope yet hangeth ... solute, and doubtless will suffer much [rather t]hen to fall to such unreasonable conditions [as the] Viceroy doth ask of him. The Spaniards tha[t were] departed out of Milan to join the lance-[knights] ben now returned again to Milan. The lance[knights] be in danger as well for lack of money and v[ictuals], as also that both the French army and [that of] the Venetians be determined to rencontre with [them] if they shall take the way into Tuscany, which ... thing shall stay the Pope greatly, for else dou[btless] there should be none other way for him but to ta[ke] an end with the Viceroy. If the Venetians do t[heir] part, as they say they will, all shall do we[ll] enough. The king of Navarre and the King's sister [the] duchess of Alençon were married upon Wednesd[ay last pa]st. Master Russell was departed from Lyons b[y] ... of this month. I have called upon ... * * *
Pp. 2, mutilated.
3 Jan.
Vit. B. IX. 7.
B. M.
Almost a verbal copy of his letter of 1 Jan. Rome, 3 Jan. 1527. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
3 Jan.
Vit. B. IX. 13.
B. M.
Received his letters. Although the King seems to attribute to him more influence in the matter of Luther than he deserves, confesses that he has used great efforts to crush that heresy. Commends the King for the victory gained by his book over Luther. Praises it for its orthodoxy and unanswerable arguments. Has commanded it to be reprinted. Aschaffemburg, 3 Jan. 1527. Signed, but signature cut off.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
3 Jan.
R. O.
In his last letters, dated Coldstream, 21 Oct., "referrit in ane part the answer of the King's instructions to the parliament" which began 12 Nov., where Sinclair presented the instructions sent by James to the King his uncle, and the answers thereto. Desired the lords of the Council, especially Angus, to send an answer; "and in conclusion I culd get na finale answer in the said materis bot differente." The agreement of the Queen and Angus is concluded. She is now with her son, and he is much counselled by her; which he fears will lead to dishonor, for she is quite opposed to the King's wishes. She has circumvented Angus, and got his assent that the abp. of St. Andrew's shall be with the King; which threatens a change, and the destruction of Angus. Hopes the King will provide a remedy in time.
Wolsey's instructions sent to the Scotch king to remove Harry Steuart from his mother are esteemed by her more contrary to her weal than anything Albany ever did. She is entirely ruled by his counsel, and has given him the castle and lordship of Stirling, (fn. 1) where he now remains.
Has deferred writing till now, that he might behold and know how the Queen and abp. of St. Andrew's behaved in court. They are so haughty, it will soon be known to great displeasure. Berwick, 3 Jan. Signed: Patryk Syngclar.
Pp. 3. Add.
4 Jan.
Galba, B. IX.
B. M.
Wrote last on Dec. 22, and also to Wolsey. Received on Monday his letters dated the 11th, with certain books. The same day, between four and five, had audience of the Privy Council, showed them part of Tuke's letter, the said books, and a warrant signed by my lord of London. Hoeghestraet and my lord of Palermo concluded that my Lady should write to the Margr[ave] and council of Antwerp for the correction of all such books; which has been done.
Delivered her letters to the Margrave himself, in presence of the council of Antwerp. They answered that they would do their duty, and would tell him how they would proceed in fo[ur] days. A factor will be sent to conclude about the money. Thought that Tuke wanted ducat for ducat to be paid in Hungary, and that the principal should suffer no more loss than eight per cent. Perceives now that there is a fixed sum set apart for this. His intent has been to give as little interest as possible, and keep the money in the realm. His contract with the Hooghstetters is left to Wolsey's decision. A Hungarian ducat is esteemed here worth 5s. st.; which difference in value, with the interest, will amount to 8 2/3; per cent.
Hears that the factor of the Velsers is in London, and others who would contract for this money. Hopes a better bargain will be made with them than can be made here. When he sees John Gabryel or Camyllo, will speak with them about Sir Thos. Spinelly's business. As for your go ... there is no profit to sell it here. Will send it by the English ships when they leave Barrow Market. Will not forget the business with Mons. de Malroy, if he comes into these parts, "and as for Tomas ... I see no recovering upon this man without the ... come here himself."
Encloses a letter from Wallop to himself. The French king has given a blow to the Cardinal Salviati, and is coming to Bolleyn. Some say that the King's highness and the French king will meet on this side the sea about Lent. Antwerp, 4 Jan. 1526.
Has reckoned that the interest ought to be 8 2/3 per cent., but the merchants there say it should be 8¾. This difference must be "revisited" there by them that shall pay the money, reckoning that giving 12 per cent. when we pay 4s. 10d. for a ducat is the same as 8 2/3 per cent. at 5s. a ducat.
Hol., pp. 4. Mutilated.
5 Jan.
Vit. B. IX.
B. M.
Worse terms have come from the Viceroy than before. He now asks 400,000 gold florins in ready money and monthly payment for his troops. The Germans are marching on Florence, and the Pope is in a great fright.
The Pope suspects that Renzo has brought no money. Has written to Langes to inquire. Count Guido has written to the Pope to be of good courage.
ii. Langes' answer.—Denies the report. Will speak to him on the subject tomorrow.
Lat., p. 1. Headed: Ex literis Domini Gregorii die v. Jan. ad Dominum Prothonotarium fratrem datis.
5 Jan.
Vit. B. IX. 14. B. M.
2780. SIR GREG. CASALE to _
Bologna, 5 Jan. Yesterday had a long conference with Lautrec. Urged him to advance, which he has agreed to do. The Pope will be under great obligations to the King and Wolsey. Lautrec will enter Naples by Picino, and leave a garrison for the security of the Florentines. The Florentines have heard that the Emperor has sent into Germany 100,000 scudi. They are in good hopes for the present, but are in great dread for the ensuing spring. Lautrec urges the King and Wolsey to send the ratifications to the duke of Ferrara, who will give no help till he receives it. The Pope thinks that Ferrara must be satisfied. It is desirable that Wolsey, with the Florentine ambassador, should insist upon the better treatment of the Pontifical ambassadors by the Florentines.
Lat., pp. 2. Headed: Ex literis D'ni Gregorii die v. Jan. Bononiæ datis.
5 Jan.
R. O.
Desires a safe-conduct for Jas. Creichtoun, D.D., with six persons in his company. Edinburgh, 5 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
7 Jan.
R. O.
2782. ITALY.
"Ex literis Prothonotarii Casalii die v. Januarii datis."
The continuation of the war rests with the Pope, who will be firm for it if he is strengthened by the French king. It is thought that the Venetians will not consent to the duchy of Milan being given to Bourbon. Great part of the Imperial soldiers have left Milan, and have cruelly laid waste most of the country. It is thought if the Spaniards leave, the duke of Milan will come with a force strong enough to resist the Germans, though Louis de Bellejoyeuse remains there with 3,000 foot. If the Spaniards go towards Tuscany, the Venetians will follow them, and destroy them by starvation without fighting. The Florentines, through fear, will not prove equal to the occasion; but by letters to the captain of the Germans, intercepted by Bourbon, it appears they (illos) are preparing to attack Piacenza, which is well fortified. It is reported that a nobleman, head of the faction of Sforza, has entered Novara, and hopes it will be defended by his faction.
ii. "Ex literis dom. Gregorii, die vij. Januarii datis."
The Pope, notwithstanding what was said by his ambassador in France to the bishops of Bath and Worcester, will gladly consent that Milan should be placed in the King's hands. It was reported that the Germans had crossed two rivers, one beyond Fiorenzuola, the other beyond Piacenza, and that they were going towards Pavia. It was supposed that the Germans had left Pavia to protect those who had crossed the Po. Colonna's party are neglecting their affairs. The Viceroy has not yet left Gaeta. The Pope advises the King not to assist the Archduke against the Waywode, lest he be compelled to turn for assistance to the Turk, but rather to persuade the Waywode to treat, and the Archduke to give him his sister in marriage, whom he has already asked. It is said that Renzo brings no money, as was hoped, but says it was long ago sent by the Swiss. It is a question whether the French king has not recalled it, suspecting an agreement between the Pope and the Viceroy, and resolved on a different course. The archbishop of Capua (Capuanus) has sent fearful news, and a nephew of the General with the capitulation, of which an abstract is enclosed, to show the exorbitant demands of the Viceroy. Much deceit is visible in the Archbishop's letters. He writes also that the duke of Ferrara has been appointed captain-general in Italy by the Emperor, and that he will assume the office in three days. The Pope had determined to send Renzo to Abruzzo, and D. Orazio (Baglione) to Naples, through the March of Ancona, to join the fleet in an attempt against the Viceroy; but as he has no money but what he receives from the King, he cannot do either. The Pope is firmly resolved to defend himself as long as he can, and it is arranged that France shall take up the matter in earnest. Guido Rangoni writes that the Spaniards are in great straits for money. The Emperor is striving cunningly for universal monarchy (monarchiam). Let France and others look to it. It is the common opinion that only one way remains to crush the Imperialists, by attacking them vigorously in their extreme necessity. This would require 300,000 cr. The Pope has sent back the ambassador of the duke of Urbino to learn the state of affairs there, and what the Duke will do if the Germans turn upon Rome and Tuscany, which could not be remedied unless the Duke joined the French forces, and pursued them. The Pope sends to him because the Venetians entrust in great measure their military affairs to him, and he has got the Venetians to send a secretary to encourage the Florentines. They will send troops to Polesino against the duke of Ferrara, and the Pope into Romagna, if he is strong enough, for he fears lest Ferrara join the Germans in Reggio, and carry them pay.
Pp. 4, Lat. In Vannes' hand.
8 Jan.
R. O.
2783. JAMES V. to MAGNUS.
Requests him to send three or four brace of the best "ratches" in the country for hares, foxes, and greater beasts, and a brace of bloodhounds "of the leist bynd that ar gud and will ryde behynd men on horsbak." Holyroodhouse, 8 Jan. 1526. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
To the same effect. Edinburgh, 8 Jan. 1526. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
9 Jan.
R. O.
2785. JOHN CASALE to _.
When the agents of the duke of Milan heard that the Cardinal said he thought matters would be easier arranged if the duchy of Milan were granted to the duke of Bourbon, they asked Casale whether this was the intention of the King and Cardinal. Answered, in order to keep the Duke in the goodwill that he has always professed to bear towards the Princess, that these were rather incidental words than an expression of his wishes, and that the Cardinal always wished the duke Francisco to remain in the same state, as far as possible; but the ambassadors of other princes proposed that Wolsey should procure the duchy for Bourbon, that the Emperor might give him his sister Eleanor according to promise, so that the French king could not marry her, but the English princess. They proposed this because they saw that the peace for which the King and Cardinal were laboring would not be advantageous to them if it were made in any other way; and that if it be concluded as the Emperor and Francis wish, Eleanor will be given to Francis, and thus two great powers be united, and the rest less esteemed. Writes this because it must be observed that unless Bourbon has the duchy of Milan, the Emperor will not give him his sister; and it is impossible he should have the duchy, because isti principes will never consent. And even if the Emperor gave him the duchy, with the consent of the Italians and the French, he would only do it because he could not at the time keep it for himself, but intended to take it from him at the first chance, as he did to duke Francisco; and if he himself did not take it, his servants would, even though he forbade them. He will not give him his sister, if he gives him the duchy with this intention; and even if he do not consider all this, the Viceroy will, who will never allow Bourbon to be duke of Milan and a relation of the Emperor's.
Lat., pp. 2. Headed: Ex l'ris Prothonotarii Casalis die ix. Jan. datis.
9 Jan.
R. O.
2786. ITALY.
Extracts from letters from Venice, 7 Jan.
The marquis of Saluzzo, with 10,000 foot, 500 French lances and 300 Venetian light horse, crossed the Po, and came to Parma, with the proveditor general of the Venetian army. Count Guido Rangoni has entered Placentia with 1,000 foot, leaving the rest of the foot at Colorno, Sisi and other places near Placentia, having made a bridge over the Po at Casal Mayor, so that the soldiers across the river might help those in garrison at Cremona, Lodi and Bergamo. The German foot keep within Fiorenzuola, in expectation of the arrival of the Spaniards and Germans, who are at Milan, and are short of food, as all the roads are intercepted by the allied cavalry. The Spaniards and Germans asked for three months' pay from the Milanese, spoiled the Hospitale Magnum and all the nunneries, took more than nine noblemen, from whom they extorted from 5,000 to 10,000 cr., as they were able, and then left, the Germans for Pavia, the Spaniards for Binasco and Clarela. Part remained with Bourbon, who was himself going to retreat. Moronus, who had been liberated for 25,000 ducats, and had given Bourbon for his share 15,000, is again detained by the Germans and put in irons. They say that they will leave to guard Milan count Louis Bellejoyeuse with 4,000 Italian foot. The Pope has set free Orazio Baglione at the request of the Signory. The admiral of the Signory writes from Civita Vecchia that the Genoese have sent to count Peter Navarre that they will surrender to the French king, and not to the Holy League, and the Count has, therefore, left Leghorn for Genoa with his galleys.
9 Jan.—Bourbon has gone to Pavia with the heavy armed horse. Ant. de Leva is still at Milan, intending to depart on the next day. All the places they passed through were plundered. They say they will cross the Po to join the Germans at Fiorenzuola, and then go to Tuscany. If so, the duke of Urbino, with the Venetian and French armies, will cross and pursue them. Letters have been received from Bergamo saying that the captain - general of the Swiss had arrived there with 400 foot; 1,500 were expected next day, and 7,000 in all were on the road.
18 Nov., from Constantinople.—The Turk entered the city with great pomp, called for the Venetian ambassador, and showed him great honor.
Lat., pp. 2.
10 Jan.
R. O. St. P. IV. 462.
Requests a safe-conduct for John Dowglas with six persons in his company. Edinburgh, 10 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
10 Jan.
Calig. B. II. 171. B. M. St. P. IV. 463.
Forwards letters received today from Berwick and out of Scotland, one of which is addressed to Wolsey from Patrick Sinclair. Sir Will. Parre, who is about to be despatched hence, will show Wolsey the minds of the Council. A right solemn and honorable Christmas has been kept here. The queen of Scots has got the archbishop of St. Andrew's brought back to court, and he has kept Christmas with the young king. Angus is said to have received a good sum to agree to it,—to his own probable destruction. He is gentle and hardy, but wants wit. The matter was managed by his uncle Archibald Doglas, provost of Edinburgh, against the will of Geo. Doglas and of Will. Doglas, now abbot of Holyroodhouse. Hearing of the raising of gold, Magnus has several times advised the abbot of St. Mary's, who has a great sum of the King's money in his custody, to have respect to that matter. Advises Wolsey to write to him, for though he has said well at all times, "right soon are grotes conveyed and put in for gold, and placks and pennies put in for good grotes." Pountefret, 10 Jan. Signed.
10 Jan.
Vesp. F. XIII. 113 b. B. M.
Thanks him for his gracious letters, by which he has become for ever bound to him. Requests a time to be appointed when two of his Council may disclose to Wolsey the title of his poor inheritance, a great part of which shall be at his Grace's disposal. At my poor house, 10th Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's honorable Grace." Endd.
11 Jan.
Cal. D. x. 14. B. M.
* * * "gonnor upon whose c...g who at our first coming un[to]...his hand, and that a long season...words unto us that might become have unto such poor men and...the King's highness for such words...hath spoken now of late unto Mo...who, as it doth appear, hath made right [good] report of them, and in our judgment is [deserving of] great thanks for doing his duty so well in [that] behalf, the King did not express what [words] they should be, but said, par la foy de genti[lhomme], that they were the most honest words th[at any one] prince could speak by another; and said, ['Let not] my best beloved friend and brother doubt [but if] he be worthy to have me, and call me his [son-in-law,] par la foy de gentilhomme, I reckon myself n[ot worthy] to be his slave. And if ever he shall have n[eed to use] me, he shall well perceive that if I had... I will not stick to bestow them all, to do [unto him] service;' and also showed himself right we[ll pleased and] highly contented with your Grace, as with him [without whose] mediations the matter had been never ... should appear that God had led Jo...and that there lacked no * * * take the King's daughter but ... his chamberier, with the most g[racious, swe]etc, affectionate, and hearty language [that could be sp]okyn; assuring your Grace that if ever he [spoke witho]ut dissimulation, in our opinion, he spoke th[us at that tim]e; whereby it doth appear that he is of hym[self of a ve]ray good nature, and will be led much more [by gentleness] and kindness than otherwise; and we assure your Grace [that on] this occasion, we have greatly commended this v[irtue in] him, and showed him that his best beloved b[rother] the King our master, who is not unlike unto him [also in] other points, in this thing wholly resembleth him. [We] think it no need to exhort the King's highness [and your] Grace that, knowing this man's nature, ye [should] deal with him and use him accordingly, for seeing [that] these your beginnings hath been to so good purpose [ye may] be right well assured that ye can tell how to conty[nue] in that matter better than our poor wits can declare.
"As touching the King's sending now unto themp[eror] we showed the French king in effect as much as [did] appear unto us by your letters to be contained in master R[ussell's] charge to the Viceroy. He said he would write by the [next] messenger to his ambassadors in Spain, and that th[esending] of him could not but do good, but the ... Master Russell to the Pope, he liked * * * good opinion that the Pope ... shrink. We said we thought that [the Venetians and the] rest of the confederates would be right [glad to hear of] his intended conjunction with the King [our master] ... said that they were very glad the ... had persuaded him thereunto by a[ll the means] they could possible, and that where [he doubted] lest the Swiss, which for their own prot[it would be] glad to see him in necessity, would not ha[ve taken in] good part this his conjunction with England, [he said] that there were ambassadors come from thence, a[nd that] the chief points they come for is to exhort h[im to] this conjunction, and that all the world did [suffer from] the Emperor's tyranny and ambition, that they r ... unto what inconvenients they should be brou[ght] ... so thereby the Emperor might find some stoppage.
"The 9th day of this present we were agai[n with] the King, at which time he showed that [he] ... did exburse to help the Pope, one ways and [another], fast upon 60,000 ducats, besides 50,000 du[cats which] he sent to his army by sea; and that the P[ope did look for] this help of him and of the King's highness, [and that he would be] too far overseen, if he did not stick [fast to the ...] confederates, specially for it was ... brought not with him * * * ... syre homewards ... e reckoned, fear ceasing on ... doubt of the Pope. He showed us th[at on] ... [n]ext he would forth 10 or 12 leagues a h[unting, but be] fore his departure hence he would dep[eche his amba]ssadors to his best beloved brother and fr[iend the Kin]g our master, for the accomplishment of all [his desires, s]ayeng that he would be as faithful a friend, [and as] loving and as obedient a son to his best belo[ved] brother, the King our master, as any should be in [the whole world]. He named for his ambassadors the bishop of [Tarbes], who is of a great house, and of the great coun[cil], and was ambassador in Spain, the King being [there] in captivity; the premier president of his parliam[ent of] Tholouse; and not naming otherwise the third, h[e said] he should be a person privy to his affairs, and t[hat they] should go straight to my lady Princess to visit a[nd to] salute her in his name, and that he should have [sent to] him a painter, for he longed very sore to see [her] portraiture. As for such other good words, doulce pa[roles], and affectionate demonstrations, far above the accusto[med] manner towards the King's highness, and also thanks [as well to] your Grace as the King, my Lady his mother, and my Lady his sister, the Great Master hath had unto u[s] ... his myn the said Sir William's (Fitzwilliam's) departing an[d] ... it may like your Grace b * * * ... [y]our Gra[ce] ... [your] Grace that there can no tongue p ... the whole.
"I (fn. 2) intend by the grace of [God to set forth] in my journey tomorrow or the nex[t day after, by] small journeys, as my disease will [permit me, which] I assure your Grace hath troubled and [doth trouble me] very sore, and I am not yet so pa[rfectly whole] thereof but that I must take good h[eed unto] myself for fear of recidivation; and therf[ore, in my] most humble manner, I beseech your Grace to h[ave me] excused if in this my returning homewards [I should] seem to be somewhat slow. Percase them-p[eror shall] make any business with the King's ambassadors ... for the sending of these orators by the French [king] now into England, which thing cannot [be] there unknown, we have written unto the [King's] highnesses said ambassadors that they shall [inform] the Emperor, if any such questions be made u[nto them], that the said ambassadors be sent by the Fre[nch king] into England for to treat peace, and that it [is reported] that the Emperor hath or this time sent also hi[s own] for that purpose into England; and if he have [not, it] is looked that he should do shortly, and tha[n the] said ambassadors may say that it ...the French ambassadors will pe ... coming into England * * * ... [a]ppara[nce] ... ye the Emperor for a season ... yd himself in setting forward ... e very prone and diligent, and w ... a sad and an honorable man, and not ... [the] Pope's nephew only, but also for many other ... virtues is greatly esteemed in the court of ... where his brother cometh now into England ... dissembled, and maketh profession that he inte[ndeth not] to be known for to eschew charges, having with [him a] smaller company. He is prior of Rome, of the ord[er of] St. John's, and of a temporal man, after ... of his own brother, the Pope hath no man whom [he] esteemeth more than this man. His father ruleth [much] about the Pope, and [is] called Jacobus Salviati. [The] cause of his coming into England is only to see (th ... stranger having commodity and courage is desirous [to see] the King's highness and your Grace. We thought it our [duty] to advertise your Grace of his coming, not doubting [but that] your Grace will see him some-what entertained accor[dingly], for albeit he make profession not to be known, yet w[e] know well that he can be contented to do his duty a[nd] to make his reverence unto your Grace, and shall not dep[art] the realm contented but if he so do. Upon such an occas[ion we] would not your Grace should pretermit to entreta[yn the said Cardina]ll's brother, namely, your Grace b ... * * * ... he and all Crist[en]dom h ... your Grace there was no fault ... doubt not but his brother shall be th ... your Grace, for whose entertainment the ... charge required, good countenance and ... table at dinner shall suffice, and if [you shall] ... and think him worthy, and admy[tting him] ... or else some time take him with you to th[e court that he] may once see the King's highness, doubtless [it shall not] only be a confirmation of all that that ye [have done] for them all ready, but both he and the pr ... his kin (as men be affectionate to their kynre[d] ... then more than needeth) shall more esteem ... peradventure than would a thing of a greater ..." Fr[om] ..., 11 Jan.
Pp. 7, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace.
E. II. 19.] B. M.
[Is sending] the bp. of Tarbe, "le vyconte [de Turenne]," and the president Le Vyste, as ambassadors.
Fr., hol., p. 1, mutilated and defaced. Add.: Mons. le Cardynal.
Desires credence for the bp. of Tarbe, the viscount of Turenne, and the president Le Viste.
Fr., hol., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. le Cardinal, mon bon fils.
E. I. II. ?] f. 132. B. M.
Credence for the bearer, the bp. of Tarbe (Grammont).
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: [A mons.] le Cardynal [d York], mon bon amy.
E. II. 17 ?] B. M.
"[Mons. le Ca]rdynal, mon b[on filz] ... er retourner parde ... ns luy donner charge de ... ce quice peult dyre d ... ceste compaignye de veoyr la co[nclusion des] choses que vous et moy avons tant e ... [desi]rees, et aussy vous dyre ce que je ... oys du bon vouloyr que vous avez ... effect avoyr a la perfectyon dune ... nir (?), vous priant, Monsieur le Card[inal mo]n bon filz, vouloyr croyre ledit de Tha[rbes en] ce quil vous dyra de [ma ?] part."
Fr., hol., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: Mons. le Cardynal.
11 Jan.
Vesp. F. I. 6. B. M.
2795. HUNGARY.
"A declaration of the choosing of John Vayvoda king of Hungary." Nicolaus Hungarus, sent by the doge of Venice to report what has occurred since the arrival of John, Vayvode of Transilvania, reports that after the Vayvode had appointed a diet for the 5th of last Nov. in Alba Regia, he sent as ambassador Paul Maich with 200 horse, to ask for Alba Regia from the Hungarians, who held it; they delivered it up, and the Vayvode afterwards entered the town with 6,000 horse. Ferdinand also sent thither two noble ambassadors to tell the Hungarians that the kingdom belonged to him, and that he wished to come to receive the crown; but they were not admitted until after the coronation.
The Vayvode led forward D. Stephanus Verbecius, a nobleman of great wisdom and authority, who was formerly "Palatinus," and always protected the rights of the kingdom against tyrants. He asked them if they would have the archduke of Austria for their king, but all with one voice refused. He then asked them whom they would have, and they as unanimously named the Vayvode. This done, the exequies of the late king Louis were performed. On the next day, the 10th Nov., the Vayvode was elected King, and crowned on the day following, after which he sent for the Archduke's ambassadors, and asked them what they wanted. They said that as they were not heard before the coronation, they would say nothing further, and asked pardon from the King, which was granted, and great honor was shown them. The Vayvode immediately sent the bp. of Segna as an ambassador to Venice, with orders to go thence to the Pope and to France. The Turkish ambassador then came to ask for a truce for 15 years, which was concluded, with a clause that they should be friends of friends, and enemies of enemies, and should help each other when necessary. The King created count Chr. de Frangepani ban of Croatia and Illyria, and captain-general, and gave him 20,000 gold pieces for making preparations. He promoted Paulus Diacus, bp. Of Agria, to the archbishopric of Gran (Strigonium), and freed all the towns devastated by the Turks from all taxes for five years. He issued an edict that all the nobles should pay him homage in 15 days, on pain of being considered rebels. Several lords, with the Archduke, D. Stephanus Batther, Palatinus, D. Franciscus Bathanus, ban of Croatia, D. Alexius Tursus, late treasurer, and Thos. bp. of Vesprim, met at Presburg, and elected Ferdinand king of Hungary, who was there on his way to Bohemia to be crowned, intending then to go to Hungary to try to obtain the kingdom. The Vayvode does not fear him, as he has on his side the Vayvode of Valachia and the Turk. He sent for the governor of Gran, who refused to come without a safe-conduct. This the King granted, but when he came put him to the torture, saying that princes did not give safe-conducts to bad men, but only to good men. The Governor offered the King 150,000 gold pieces, but he intended to extort a larger sum from him. Nicholaus, while on the road, was detained at Vienna, and asked if he had taken money from Venice to Hungary, but after being threatened was allowed to return, and so arrived at Venice. 11 Jan.
Lat., pp. 3. Endd. as above.
Vesp. F. I. 55.
B. M.
2796. HUNGARY.
i. Letter addressed to the princes of Germany by the ambassador of John Zapol, king of Hungary, against the claims of Ferdinand, containing a speech which he had been ordered to deliver to them at the Diet which was to have been held at Spires.
Lat., pp. 6. Endd.
Vesp. F. I. 50.
B. M.
ii. "Jura regis moderni Hungariæ et Ferdinandi."
An account of the titles of John de Zapol and Ferdinand to the crown of Hungary; showing the injustice of Ferdinand's claim, for the information of the French king.
Lat., pp. 6. Endd.
12 Jan.
Galba, B.x. 40. B. M.
Wrote last on the 22nd Dec. Has since received a letter from Tuke, dated 11 Dec., with the books he asked for. Wrote to Tuke on the 4th inst. As he has already written, the Margrave and council of Antwerp, on reading my Lady's letters and my lord of London's verification in the first leaves of the said books, promised to give an answer in three or four days. At the end of that time the Margrave declared that, according to the Emperor's last mandment, these English books must be condemned to be burnt, the printer, Chr. Endhowe[n], banished, and the third part of his goods confiscated. The printer's attorney denied that he had transgressed the Emperor's mandment, that he had printed no books with heresies, that the Emperor's subjects ought not to be judged by the laws of other countries, and that unless the Margrave can show some particular heretical articles in the foresaid books, he ought to be set free from his prison.
After many replies on both sides, notwithstanding the lady Margaret's three letters, it is decided that the Margrave must declare some article containing heresy. Has, therefore, returned to complain to the Privy Council. After still more discussion, they say they must deliberate about it once more. Was so displeased at one time with them that he thought of buying up all the books and sending them to Wolsey; but when his choler was descended, by the advice of a friend, he determined to consult my Lady first. Two printers were taken; but only one, Chr. Endhowen, was found guilty. Has received a letter from the governor of our Merchants Adventurers at Barro, dated Jan. 1, saying that he had published the King's letters, dated Dec. 20, and would do so again when the ships came, which was six days ago. Has written to the lord of Barro, asking him to do justice on English New Testaments and other Lutheran books. My lord of Valleyne, his son, came hither last night, and told Hackett that his father would do such justice as would please the King and Wolsey, and wished Hackett to come to Barrow about the matter. Began to write this letter at Antwerp, and finished it at Mechline, 12 Jan. 1526.
They say here that the Imperialists prosper, and that they have taken Parma by force, that the Viceroy is in Naples, and the "Venty Wooglys" (Bentivogli) have entered Bologna, that the duke of Urbino would gladly make an appointment with the Emperor, that the Pope has great sufferance for the tribulation, and would fain make his appointment with the Emperor. Hears from Ausbourche, 29 Dec., that the diet of Elslynge was finished without any conclusion of the principal things determined at the last diet at Spires. There were more ambassadors than lords to conclude, and the Diet is therefore prorogued to Rates Bona. The newly elected king of Hungary has sent his ambassadors to don Fernando, saying that he is glad of Fernando's election to Bohemia, and he thought likewise he should be glad of his election to Hungary, for the Turk had sent to him offering him aid against any Christian princes who should attempt to dethrone him, if he would be obedient and tributary to him,—to which he would never consent, and with the friendship of Fernando and other Christian princes, he knew he was strong enough to win back all that his antecessor has lost, asking if Fernando would assist him. To this he answered that he would consult his Lords and send back an answer. The earl Salaman, a Spaniard, with another lord or a learned man, is coming as ambassador from Fernando to England. It is said that he was elected king of Hungary at Possonia, 16 Dec. Sends the names of his electors, and also those of the King. He has left Vienua for Prague to be crowned king of Bohemia on the 6th. The king of Poland has negotiated a truce between Fernando and the other King, for four months from 23 Dec. Maclyne, the day afore written.
Added in his own hand: Has spoken about the books to my Lady, who promises that in five days justice shall be done. Signed.
Pp. 6.
[12 Jan. (fn. 3) ]
Vit. B. XXI. 27. B. M.
Wrote last from Eslyng on Dec. 28. Heard from a person who knows much of the affairs of Bohemia, that [Ferdinand] made great labour to be elected King, but the people would not consent until he offered to pay the debts of the late king of Hungary, 400,000 guldens, and the same sum for their good wills. It is thought that the king of Bohemia is sending Salamanka to ask the king of England for aid against the Turk. Thinks he intends first to make himself king of Hungary, and then to recover Peter Waradin. There are no other Turks in Hungary except at Belgrade, otherwise called Kryechyschwysenbu[rg] (Griechisch-Weissenburg). It is thought he will do very little this summer unless the King helps him. What he will do will be decided at the diet to be held at Regensburgh at Mid Lent. On Jan. 16 he leaves Vienna, to be crowned at Prague. Intends to be there, "for if I should go to Vienna I should come to ... of him." Thinks he will not allow him to go to Hungary. If so, will inform Wolsey. It is said that the Turk has sent to the king of Hungary for yearly tribute of four pence a man per annum;—100 pence make a ducat;—and it is thought he will agree, that the Turk may take his part against the king of Bohemia. The king of Poland's intention is not known. Moldavia, Wallachia, and half Croatia will take the Wayda's part. The Hungarians of the high country refuse him, saying that it was concluded in a parliament in the time of the late King, that if he died without issue the crown should devolve on Ferdinand; to which the Wayda agreed. Has been to the Fukkers, Welsars, and Howghstetters to inquire for the bills of exchange. The Howghstetters tell him that Hackett and their Antwerp factor have agreed for 25,000 cr., and they are waiting only for a letter from Wolsey. Hears that the Viceroy of Naples is within two miles ... with 12,000 foot, 500 men-at-arms, and 1,500 light horse, and Gorge de ... florens with 12,000 lanceknights. Augsburg, ...
Hol., mutilated, p. 1.
12 Jan.
Cal. D. X. 19. B. M.
2799. [CLERK to WOLSEY.]
* * * [K]ynges affayres here had ... ar by mouth by master trea[surer (Fitzwilliam), who has w]isely, discreetly, and politicly be[haved himself in t]he conducting of the King's affairs ... [If] there have been anything done her[e to the King's and your] contentation (as to our great comfort [we have learnt from] your most gracious letters that there ha[th), all the thank] surely thereof is to be given to the said [Mr. Treasurer] and to no man else, whom me thinketh [we would] in this great matter have missed for no [earthly] good. He bath been evil troubled here w[ith the] colic, and should have been undoubtedly [much the] worse, had he not taken a marvellous absty [nence and] very good provision in time, as he did, a[nd he hath had] great pain to keep himself upright that [he might] the better attend to the King's business, which [I] assure your Grace he spared not to do for no [pain]. I speak this to the intent your Grace should wi ... a nother time, to have somewhat the more [pity] upon him, for surely this running of the [posts is] meet for none of us both (ut meum etiam [nego]tium agam); and as for him the phisy[cian hath] showed him plainly that there is n[othing more] contrary unto his disease; it was ... should be lost, as I doubt not b[ut] * * * ... yng ...yd master Treasurer to ... ast running of the posts, I th[ought I could do no 1]esse then make some attestation [thereof unto your] Grace, as well in respect of his go[ing as of his we]ll doing here in his charge; trusting ... [go]od opinion your Grace hath condignly ... [alr]edy shall be nothing the less for [this my p ... Poissy, 12 Jan.
Pp. 2, mutilated.
[Cal. E. I. II. ?]
I. 192. B. M.
2800. FRANCIS I. to [WOLSEY].
Recommending [F]euguylan (Fitzwilliam) returning to England.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "A mon bon amy."
14 Jan.
R. O.
The instructions lately sent by Wolsey to the Council here mention that orders had been given to Magnus to pay the earl of Westmoreland's fees, both for the vice-wardenship of the East and Middle Marches, and the vice-captainship of Berwick. On his coming northwards, Wolsey ordered him to pay Sir Chr. Dacre and Sir William Evers for the offices of vice-warden out of the 1,000 marks assigned for my lord of Richmond's fee for the East and Middle Marches. Wolsey also sent a warrant dormant to the abbot of St. Mary's to pay such monies to George Lawson as Magnus should direct, for the wages of the garrison at Berwick, and for repairs at Wark Castle. Has, however, received no further instructions, and the earl of Westmoreland is not paid, as the Abbot has no warrant to do so. Encloses copy of two articles of Wolsey's instructions to discharge the duke of Richmond against the earl of Westmoreland touching his fee as deputy-warden. My lord of Richmond proceeds well in his learning. He has kept a right honorable Christmas, and numbers of worshipful persons have come to visit him; while the earls of Northumberland and Westmoreland, and various others, have excused their not coming, as Mr. Parre, the bearer, will explain. Has arranged to meet various of my Lord's officers in Lincolnshire, after the next assize at York and the sessions at Newcastle. Will go thence, through Northamptonshire and Cambridgeshire, to survey my Lord's lands. William Saunders, Wolsey's old servant, is very diligent in teaching my Lord singing and playing on the virginals. He is now going up in company with Mr. Parre. Pomfret, 14 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate.
14 Jan.
R. O.
Thanks him for his New Year's gift. Pontefract Castle, 14 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R. O. 2. Modern copy.
14 Jan.
R. O.
Copy of two articles of the treaty of Madrid, viz., touching Henry VIII.'s indemnity, and the allies to be included.
Fr., pp. 4. Endd.: Certain articles abstracted out of the treaty of Madrid.
ii. Copy of the 24th article of the same treaty.
Fr., pp. 2.
15 Jan.
Lettere di Principi, II. 46.
2804. _ to NICOLO CAPONI.
The king of England joined the league, on the capture of the French King, to prevent the aggrandisement of the Emperor. Had France and the king of England then combined to crush the Imperialists in the duchy of Milan, fresh troops would never have come from Spain. Gives a general review of the position of affairs in Italy. Rome, 15 Jan. 1527.


  • 1. Thus far the letter is in a clerk's hand; but the paragraph about Harry Steuart is repeated in the writer's own, the conclusion being in his hand also.
  • 2. i.e. Fitzwilliam.
  • 3. Supplied from marginal note before the mutilation.