Henry VIII: January 1528, 11-20

Pages 1689-1702

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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January 1528

11 Jan.
Lanz. Corr. des k. Karl V., vol. I. 257.
When he was imprisoned, had nothing else to write to him, except for his liberation; but seeing by his letters with what zeal he had given orders for it of himself, cannot but thank him for his good offices. Expected to have had this to do before, but the death of the Viceroy has caused delay. Acknowledges that Charles has always shown himself devoted to the Holy See, and assures him of his good will. It remains to procure peace, the council, and the other things desired by the Emperor, for the sake of Christendom. Has complied willingly with the Emperor's commands touching the hostages and lands, &c. Had intended immediately upon his liberation to send one of his servants to intimate it to the Emperor, and thank him; but, owing to the difficulties of the passage, both by sea and land, was obliged to content himself with writing, in the hope that it might be sent by France, and has not yet had an answer. Orvieto, 11 Jan. 1528.
12 Jan.
R. O.
Asks for letters of safe-conduct for Wm. Fourhous, burgess of Hadington, Patrick Fourehous, John Atkinson and George Forester to trade in England for a year. Edinburgh, 12 Jan. Signed.
P.1. Add. Endd.
12 Jan.
R. O.
3794. JAMES V. to WOLSEY.
Asks him to speak to the King for the prevention of Albany's coming into Scotland. Asks credence for the bearer, Wm. Hamilton. Edinburgh, 12 Jan. Signed.
P.1, mutilated. Add. Endd. The king of Scots, 12 Jan. 1527.
12 Jan.
R. O.
Since he came to Alnwick there has been no misorder in Northumberland. However, hearing from Sir Thos. Tempest and Master Bowes that certain outlaws at Felton, a town of Wm. Lisle's, intend to make a raid, sent Roger Lassells thither at midnight, who apprehended Alex. Crawhawe, the chief counseller of Wm. and Humfrey Lisle, John Pryngill, to whose house the Lisles and their spies resorted, Rowly Eryngton, Gerrard Shaftowe, Edde Hedle, laird of Bowreshelys in Riddesdale, Edw. Bewike of Riddesdale, Matthew Stokehall of Tyndale, one of the pledges that brake from the duke of Richmond's council at Pomfrett, Hobbe of Stokhall, Wm. Fletcher of Felton, John Talour of Felton, and Wm. Mydilton, Robt. Jakson, Gerrarde Richester, and John Broonwell, of South Tyndall, and John Armestrange, who brought the Armestrangs to Newcastle when they broke the gaol there. Held a warden court at Alnwick on Wednesday, Jan. 8, and beheaded nine for March treason, and hanged five for felony. The country is now in great fear and dread. Norfolk and others can tell Wolsey that these were most heinous transgressors. The gentlemen of the country served the King at the court truly, without fear or dread. The Lisles and their adherents are still aided in Scotland, notwithstanding the King's letters to the King and Angus. Encloses a letter from Angus, asking for a meeting on the Borders. Sends, as Wolsey wished, a list of the gentlemen of Northumberland, with their fees. Sent Thos. Gower, constable of Alnwick, to Angus, on receipt of his letter, and now sends him to Wolsey to tell what he heard there. Alnwick, 12 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
12 Jan.
R. O.
On the same subject. Will not meet Angus in Scotland without the King's orders. The chancellor of Durham, Sir Wm. Evers, Sir Thos. Tempest and Robt. Bowes have been with him since his coming, and take all possible pains for the reformation of justice. Asks the King to thank them. Alnwick, 12 Jan.
P. 1. A copy. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
12 Jan.
R. O.
3797. THE SAME to ANGUS.
Received on the 10th inst. his letter dated 7th inst. Does not think Dreydeneborne suitable, as it is so far from any good town, considering the company they must have with them. If Angus cannot come to Berwick, will meet him one day at Norham, and another day at Lady Church. Alnwick Castle, 12 Jan.
P. 1. Copy.
12 Jan.
R. O.
A statement in answer to Oliver Leder, headed:—"This following is to manifest that as well Andrew Wodcoke as Ric. Reynold hath rightfully ordered the debt of Gaspar Grace according to Bedford's mind, and that the loss of the house in Cadiz is recompensed in Spain."
Pp. 3.
R. O. 2. Answer of Ric. Reynolds, of London, mercer, to a book of Oliver Leder, concerning a suit between them, and his supplication to Sir John Alen and Messrs. Roche and Withipole, the arbitrators. 12 Jan. 1527.
Pp. 10.
Cal. D. X. 368. B. M.
3799. [TAYLOR] to WOLSEY.
"[P]lease it your Grace to be advertised that the 12th...of the clock, came to me the post which your Grace depec[hed...He] tarried nothing but while his post horse was made red[y. I received from] him your gracious letters, and with the two copies of...the instructions, whereof I went to the Court to h[ave an audience of] the King and my Lady his mother, according to your [commission]. When I came to the Court the Grand Master sho[wed me that for] 15 days I could not speak with the King, and that [Madame] was so grieved with the gout that she would n[ot speak] with any man; wherefore I showed unto the said Graun[d Master] the credence that your Grace had commanded me by...[and] desired him, with humble commendations from your Gr[ace, to show] them to the King and Madame. At his retourny[ng back] again, the which was more than one long hour, h[e showed] to me how thankfully both the King and Madame t[ook your] speedy diligence in writing to the Pope's Holiness co[ncerning the] affairs of Italy, and showed to me further that th[e King had] received a letter from Mons. de Bayona and Mons. [de Brosse], of six paper leaves long; the which the King caused [to be read] to him two times by the Grand Master, and noted [sentence by] sentence in the same, the which he said were of your [Grace's] counsel made and devised; by the which I perceived ... following your acts of rejoicing the Pope's liberty ... they caused to be done certain solemnities at Saint ... had sent for the Chancellor to cause that in Par[is there] should be made processions and other ceremonies ly[ke as] had be done in England; and upon the King's beh[alf and my] Lady's he desired me to write unto your Grace both ... and thanks, and to advertise your Grace as doth folo[w]. First, that three days past, or that I came to the Co[urt, he] had sent a gentleman of his, called Mons. Longavall[e, to the Pope,] with like congratulation and exhortations as [the King] and your Grace had done, and that they tr[usted his Holiness] would well regard the advisement of so ... [How]behit the King here marvelleth that h[is Holiness] seeketh delays to confirm such articles as be ... duke of Ferrara, by whose example likewise ... Venetians and the Florentines, it is thought here ... Duke should revolt upon cause of not performing ... as be concluded, the causes of Italy should be in [worse case than] ever they were, considering that it hath been grea[t good fortune] to win the Duke by great policy; and now by [sinister] affection to destroy all that hath cost so great lab[our it] were great folly. Wherefore the King here and Mada[me advertise] your Grace that when Prothonotarius de Gambara com[eth unto your] Grace, the which as yet hath not spoke with the King['s highness, it] shall please you to seriously speak with him of the m[atter of] the duke of Ferrara, and that the Pope should not [too straitly] regard particular matters, the which may be easily reformed [here]after, and with little business redressed and nec ... universal peace and quietness of the whole Church ... liberty of the estate of Italy, and the sooner pacifie[ing of] Christendom, and likewise to do with the ambassado[r of] Venes; for here they thinke your Grace hath more e ... in one word than they can do with much labour. A[lso the] Grand Master hath promised me that as soon as M[ons. de] Gambara hath spoke with the King and Madame, he [shall inform] your Grace of every word that here is spoke with ... that you may perfectly be instructed of all his doings.
"Also they willed me to write to your Grace that duke F[arnando], with the Emperor's favor and aid, maketh great lab[or and pain] with the princes of Almayne to be elect in Regem Romanorum; the which, if it should come to pass, should [be] a great comfort to the Cæsarians for interest of Italy. Wherefore they beseech your Grace with your great wisdom to help to withstand that effect. Howbeit, they have ... [c]ertente that a man of great power is departed from Fa[rnando who] is united with Vavoda for not performing such pr[omises as were] made betwixt Farnando and him, the [which they] thought to be a great diminution of the Duke's p[urpose] ... him to enterprise any business into Italy.
"Furthermore, they willed me to write to your Gra[ce that] the Pope showeth himself as yet but strangely ... outwardly, he hath secretly sent to Mons. Lot[erek that he] should march forward, and order him as though ... in his Holiness. Nevertheless, he hath promised [to do] all that he may do, whereby they have good [hopes that,] upon the good advertisement of the King's highness [and your Grace,] there shall come from his Holiness more effectuo[us assistance,] and that Mons. Loterek hath special command[ment to go] forward, and that he shall lack no money, and th[at the prince] of Orange is returned to Rome, and, as it is [thought,] so to go to Naplus if there be no resistance made ... Lotrek, the which is now past Bonany shall fol[low him to] Naplus. Here is all that I have in commandment [to write unto] your Grace at this time.
"And where of your gracious and especial goodness en ... me it hath pleased you to take great labours to ... error of simplicity and facility in remitting the p ... your Grace lately sent into Italy, I humbly thank [your Grace,] and I promise your Grace I was induced by two r[easons so] to do: one was that your gracious letters made me [to think that] he went only to supply such adventures as my ... letted Taddeus, which I heard was safely arrived there; [and the] other was the long tarryal, the which the said post [made] by the way: but from hence forward I shall not ... nor dispute any reasons, but follow commandment ... semper sit monuisse satis, and I shall study rather ... Prometheus than Epimetheus, the which wa ... Prometheus had a forewit, Epimetheus had [an afterwit]. Other news here be none but that Mons. de ... [has] brought the Cardinal's hat to the Chanc[ellor of France, from the] Pope." P[aris] ... Jan.
Cal. D. X. 321. B. M.
* * * "... eu par vostre dernyere lettre du ixme de ... demonstration de joye qui a este faict pardela [pour la liberation de] nostre St. Pere le Pape, et encores que le jour des R[oys] ... [pa]rdeça le semblable, tant en processyons generalles que aultre ... sy ay je oultre cela voullu pour plus grande demonstracion que [dans les] villes de mon royaume feuz de joye en soient faictz comme ... j'estime sy grande et de telle consequence qu'elle touche non seull[ement] ... dont il est le chef et pasteur, mais generallement a toute la [Chrestiente] ... vous pourrez advertyr le Roy mon bon frere et perpetuel allye [et] Mons. le Legat mon bon amy, lequel vous remercyerez de ma [part] des bons et honestes propoz que vous m'escripvez vous avoir t ... l'entretenement de la bonne indissoluble et eternelle amytie q[ue] ... durer entre ledit Roy son maistre, mon bon pere et perpetuel allye, ... semblablement de la peine qu'il est delibere de prandre pour continuer ... au recouvrement et liberte de mes enffans par une ou aultre ... et pareillement en son bon conseil et advis, j'ay prins tel e ... que je ne puis que esperer que les choses a l'ayde de Dieu s ... tost venir a l'effect que nous devons desirer, qui est a la paix ... ne sera sans le grant honneur et immortelle gloyre de Mo[ns. le Legat] mon bon amy, auquel l'obligacion en sera totallement d ... de moy et de ce qui me peult toucher, mais generallement [de toute la] Chrestiente, pour avoir conduict dresse et manye les [affaires] a tel bien si vertueusement, si songneusement ... [ju]sques icy, et dont je suis seur qu'il * * * ... se ung advertissement que je vous [remis] ... [par le-]quel ilz pourront veoir les praticques et m ... [All]emaigne par le frere de l'Empereur pour se faire eslyre [roi des Romai]ns, ce que seroit facile a empescher et y remedyer y ... [a ce]ste prochaine dyette, qui se doibt tenyr a la mycaresme ... [de la] part dudit Roy mon bon frere et de la myenne pour remo ... teurs les choses qu'on advisera pouvoyr servir en la matiere ... me semble qu'on doibt avoir d'autant plus de regard que ce s ... chose a sa devotion, donner tousjours a l'Empereur plus de pouvoy[r] ... [e]t de force en Allemaigne, et consequemment plus de moyen de [venir] a ce qu'il desire; parquoy vous me ferez entendre la responce qu[i a] vous sera faicte et la resolucion qu'ilz y prandront, affin de faire le [devoir] de mon couste, vous advisant que ce pendant j'ay escript a [mes] ambassadeurs en Souysse, faire demander saufconduict pour cen ... [l]e Roy mondit bon frere, et perpetuel allye, et moy y pourrons envoyer ... [ce qu]e je ne foys doubte qu'ilz n'obtiennent facillement, affin que ... [v]oyaige se puisse faire en meilleure seurete.
"[Au]surplus, Messieurs, j'ay entendu par les derrenyeres lettres de Mons. [de L]autrech le partement de mon armee de Boulongne, qui estoit ... [de]vers Ymola et la deliberacion qu'ilz ont d'aller trouver les [ennemis, cho]se que nostre St. Pere soubz main leur conforte et conseil[le ... comme vous] pourrez veoir par le double du chiffre que j'ay ... vous envoye, affin que * * * ... [nostre St.] Pere de se ressentyr des injures qu ... ce et d'ayder et favoriser mon armee poussant ... conseille qu'elle face. Ainsy que j'espere entendre ce ... amplement du prothonotaire du Gambre qui est icy arr[ive] ... apres passer plus avant et aller pardela par l ... particullierement et au long entendre toutes choses qu ... vous en dyre d'adventaige," &c. St. Germain-en-Laye, ... Jan. Signed.
Cal. D. X. 243.
B. M.
3801. _ to WOLSEY.
* * * "... Empereur et ces deux Roys v ... [Chr]estiente que pour les causes et raisons ... mondit sieur de Bathe que pour ceste occasion il l ... de son intencion, et oultre cela luy a presente l ... apres avoir este veuz par le Roy mon maistre ... l'ambassadeur de l'Empereur des le 28me jour du [mois] ... comme vous verrez par ce qu'il vous est envoye ... et ensuyvre le bon advis et oppinion du Roy so[n] ... reffuser ne denyer faire chose que par luy et vo[us] ... d'entre eulx deux qu'il estime une mesme chose ... plus la grande et indubitable amour et affection qu'il ... escript la responce qu'il a presentement faite ausdits articles qu'i[l] ... pres le Roy sondit bon pere ausquelz il escript bien ... son vouloir et intention en cest endroit pour le luy fa ... et communiquer le tout comme a son bon et parfaict amy ... tant qu'il m'est possible vouloir tenir main que cecy ... nulle declaration pour estre chose de telle import[ance] ... entendez que ne le vous pourroys escripre mesmes lu ... si venoit a estre entendu par les alliez, qui me gardera [de faire plus longue lettre,] remectant le surplus sur ce que les sieurs de Bayonne et de M[ontmorency vous diront].
"Monseigneur, Madame vostre bonne mere m'a comma[nde de vous faire ses] recommandacions, et vous prie de sa part la vouloir ex[cuser de vous ecrire] pour ceste heure, ce quelle eust faict voluntiers neu ... est de la goutte qui l'a prinse a sa main, au bras et a ...
"Au demourant, Monseigneur, il vous plaira veoir pa ... faict sur les articles que Monsieur de Bade luy a apportez, le ... qui cause entierement de la grande et bonne amour et affecti[on] ... vous verrez aussi par ce que vous est envoye la responce que le ... l'Empereur et le propoz qu'il a eu avec luy, lequel il faict me ... ses pays et la se pourront trouver ses ambassadeurs ... Monseigneur, croyre que s'il est chose ou je vous puisse" * * *
Add.: ... Reverendissime ... [Leg]at et ...
13 Jan.
Vit. B. X. 35. B. M.
3802. The DIVORCE.
Extract from a letter of Gregory [Casale], dated Orvieto, 13 Jan.
Has shown the Pope all that Wolsey wrote to him on Dec. 15, viz., the new contribution to be made by the King, and the preparations for Lautrec's progress; as well as the French king's instructions to Lautrec. The Spaniards and Germans demand two pays which are due to them, without which they will not leave Rome; but if Lautrec goes towards Naples the Spaniards also will go thither. It is not certain what the Germans will do. Is carrying on practices by means of the Pope for the surrender of Abruzzo.
The fleet has taken Sardinia. Renzo has received a reinforcement of Corsicans, and will attack Sicily when the wind is favorable.
(fn. 1) Yesterday and today, had a long conference with the Pope about sending a legate conformably to Wolsey's letters of the 27 Dec. He is desirous of satisfying the King, but wishes to consult St. Quatuor and Simonetta as to the best method of proceeding, and they have resolved as follows: They think that the King must commit the cause to the Cardinal by virtue of the commission which the Secretary (Knight) takes, or of his own legatine authority; and when the cause is so committed, if the King finds his conscience disburdened, and he can honestly do what he requires, there is no doctor who can better resolve this point than the King himself. If, therefore, he is so resolved, as the Pope believes, let him commit his cause to the Legate, marry again, follow up the trial, let a public application be made for a legate who should be sent from the Consistory; for this will be most expedient. St. Quatuor and Simonetta say, if the Queen is cited she will put in no answer, except to protest against the place and the judges, and then the Imperialists will demand of the Pope a prohibition, and so the King cannot marry again, and if he does his offspring will not be legitimate. They will also demand a commission for the cause to be heard at Rome, and the Pope will not be able to refuse it. But if the King marry again they cannot demand a prohibition, and can only urge that Wolsey and the other cardinal and the place are suspicious, and ask that the cause may be examined at Rome, when the Pope will give sentence, and so judgment will be passed, to the satisfaction of the whole world, to which neither Spaniard nor German can make objection.
This is the method he suggests for proceeding; but he desires it should not be thought to come from himself. As Wolsey is anxious for speed a legate may be sent on the King's application. The Pope will consent to send whomsoever Casale shall nominate,—Campeggio, Cæsarinus, &c. Cesis is a hostage at Naples. Cæsarinus has a bishopric in Spain. Ara Cæli has the gout. Campeggio would be the most suitable, but cannot leave Rome immediately, unless Lautrec advances. The Pope tells me to say that he will not fail in doing what he can to satisfy the King's wishes; and I think he is sincere. He says he relies entirely on the King, and he is certain the Emperor will not pardon him, but force him to call a council or deprive him of his dignity and life. He has no trust in the French. Campeggio has written to the Pope that three days ago the Friar General spoke to him of the King's business, and ordered him to write to the Pope to put out a prohibition that the cause should not be tried in England.
Pp. 7. Vannes' hand.
14 Jan.
R. T. 137, f. 25. R. O. Teulet, I. 89.
James Ronnou, whom he sent to France last summer, has reported to him how much Francis was gratified by the aid offered to him in war by Frederic. Wishes to know whether he shall send the fleet. Is informed that his uncle, Christiern late king of Denmark, has intrigued with Robt. Barton and David Falkener in Scotland against Denmark. Begs Francis will use his influence with king James and the nobles of Scotland to prevent it. Gottorp, 14 Jan. 1528.
14 Jan.
Faustina, C. VII. 213. B. M. Wilkins, III. 709.
A letter in praise of his great virtues, especially his industry in public affairs, by which he has attained such great honors. Thank him for his encouragement of literature by the erection of his magnificent college at Oxford. Oxford, 14 Jan. 1527.
Lat. Add. Endd.
14 Jan.
R. O. St. P. IV. 290.
Has lately despatched Marchmond Herald to him, fully instructed of his mind touching the coming of Albany to Scotland. Sends the bearer to the king of France to the same end. Begs he will solicit Francis to stop the Duke's coming, and cause Dunbar Castle to be given up to James. Edinburgh, 14 Jan. Signed.
14 Jan.
R. O.
Has received his letters and a purse sent by John Smyth, the auditor. Hears that my Lord's grace intends to suppress the monastery of Wallingford, by authority of the Pope. Asks him, if Wolsey entrusts the matter to him, to let the people of Basingstoke, where he was brought up, have the bells. Sends him a pair of Oxford gloves for a token. Asks him to try and settle peaceably between Mr. Deane and Wm. Freer as to his arrearages, and not to let it come to Wolsey's knowledge. Oxenford, 14 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Master Thos. Cromwell, dwelling in London. Endd.
14 Jan.
R. O.
3807. JOHN RUSSELL (fn. 2) to MR. CADE and MR. ARUNDELL.
Encloses two letters received today out of the Marches of Wales, which he thinks it important Wolsey should see. Has been unable to attend my Lord's grace, having been confined to his house since before Christmas, but is now mending. 14 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Master Cade, steward of household with my lord Legate's grace, and in his absence to Mr. Arundell, Esq., and unto either of them. Endd.
15 Jan.
Calig. E. I. 19. B. M.
As Francis has despatched ... to visit the Queen, Madame [Elianor], and charged him to go on to the Emperor, has requested him to pay her respects.
Hol., Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "[A] l'Empereur." Endd.: "... leu ... xve de Janvier, XXVIJ."
15 Jan.
R. O.
On the 14th Jan. a ship was lost upon Newland, and neither man nor child saved, out of which there has been recovered certain quantities of wax, wire, hemp and herrings. Has this day caused part of the stuff to be brought into the Exchequer; the rest to be brought tomorrow, to remain till the King's pleasure is known. Hears that great suit will be made to the King by divers spears at Calais to obtain it, which he hopes Wolsey will discourage. The value will be upwards of 200 marks, and would help towards the King's charges here. Calais, 15 Jan.
P. 1., hol. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.: 15 Jan.
16 Jan.
R. O. Pocock, I. 71.
While on his journey, on this side of Florence, received by the hands of Knight (Reverendi Secretarii Kinit), Wolsey's letters of the 6th ult. Could not return, but wrote by him to the Pope. Wrote again from Bononia, which was of advantage, as, for some reason, Knight had not delivered the first letter. Has explained the Pope's charge to the king of France, and shall come to kiss Wolsey's hands, bringing with him all his Grace desired. Desires to be recommended to him and his household, especially lord Arundel and Heneage. Poissy, 16 Jan. 1528. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.: The Pope's orator, Gambara, xxvj. Jan. M.D.XXVIJ.
17 Jan.
R. O.
Has received his letters, dated the 6th. Has examined Wm. Husey and James Elys, in as sharp a manner as he could, before most of the worshipful of the shire, but can get nothing more from them. Has, therefore, ordered them to be restored to sanctuary, swearing to go straight to the sea side. Encloses the certificate of himself and the other commissioners about grains. Lord Berners will explain the order taken about the surplus.
Thanks him for the good reports he makes of him to the King, and for the good news in his letter. Lynne, 17 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
17 Jan.
R. O.
The King told him yesterday that he wished Broux to be installed at Windsor in place of the French king, and as soon as possible, as he wishes to return to his master. Assembled his fellows of the household, and have determined that everything shall be ready by tomorrow week, if Wolsey will appoint that day for it. Would have come himself, but is prevented by his old disease of the colic and stone. Hopes to be well enough to see him tomorrow. If Wolsey will command Garter to provide the helmet, sword, coat armor, &c. by the day, all else will be ready. Greenwich, Friday, 17 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd: Sir William Fitzwilliam, the 17th of January 1527.
18 Jan.
Vit. B. X. 39. B. M.
Thanks Wolsey for having instructed the bishop of Worcester to speak to the Emperor for his liberation, and for his offer of money, if a ransom was necessary. Has not needed it, but is none the less thankful. Has determined to go to his church at Verona, and serve God. Venice, 18 Jan. 1528. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
18 Jan.
Vit. B. X. 38*. B. M.
3814. HERCULES GONZAGA, Cardinal of Mantua, to WOLSEY.
Has not written for some time, because he had no opportunity of serving the King. Is going to Orvieto, where the Pope is staying, and offers his assistance in the King's affairs. Mantua, 15 kal. Feb. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.
18 Jan.
R. O.
3815. RIC. FOX, Bishop of Winchester, to WOLSEY.
Thanks him for being gracious to his Chancellor, as he is informed by Master Paulet. As to the misdemeanors of which the Bishop himself and his Chancellor are accused, in matters concerning his jurisdiction, it is true that the religious women in his diocese are forbidden to leave their monas- teries, "and yet so much liberty appeareth sometime too much." Had he the same authority as Wolsey, he would endeavor to "mure and enclose" their monasteries according to the ordinance of the law; otherwise there will be no surety for their observance of good religion. For the rest, they are as favorably dealt with as any religious women in the realm. The religious men have been put to less cost in my days than others be. Never took procurations of any of them for all his visitations, by the space of 26 years, and has shown many of them great kindness. Has not been severe on the secular clerks, except for fornication and adultery. Never deprived any one in any of his dioceses. Except at Southwark, which is under the Archdeacon's jurisdiction, there is as little known crime as within any diocese in the realm. Winchester, 18 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c., my lord cardinal of York, legate of England, and chancellor of the same.
18 Jan.
R. O.
According to Wolsey's orders, made proclamation for the coming in of rebels to submit to the King's mercy, mentioning the dreadful sentenco of the Church which they would incur, and that he would hang them upon boughs, when apprehended, destroy their goods and houses, and send their wives and children into strange regions. Accordingly, on Sat. 11 Jan., 500 persons of Tyndaill came and submitted on their knees. Four others fled to Sir Wm. Lisle. Had their houses and corn burnt, and their cattle distributed among those whom they had most offended. Would have shipped their wives and children if they had had any. Has eight pledges of the chief surnames for those who came in. Has delivered to the people a book of articles devised by the Chancellor, Sir Thos. Tempest, and Mr. Bowes, telling them he will put them to the sack if they break them. Has appointed Sir Rauf Fenwike his deputy. Redisdall came in wholly, to the number of 400, on Wednesday. Took ten pledges, and has appointed his cousin Evers as deputy. Asks for further instructions. Heard that a Scotch gentleman with two servants had entered England, and passed Alnwick without offering to speak with him. On sending for him, found him to be a herald-at-arms, with letters from the king of Scots to the King and Wolsey, and to the French king and Albany, to stop the coming of the said Duke. Thinks that if Angus and his friends are afraid of his coming, they will be more likely to do justice on the Borders, and follow Henry's wishes. Encloses the articles given to Tyndaill and Riddisdaill. Desires credence for the chancellor of Durham, who is going to Wolsey. Alnwick, 18 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.: My lord of Northumberland, 18 Jan. 1527.
R. O. 2. Articles devised by the Lord Warden and his Council, Monday, 13 Jan., for the order of Tyndall and Riddisdaill.
1. To appear when called upon to answer for past offences. 2. To aid the Warden's deputies. 3. To be of good behavior toward the King's subjects, and to be ready to answer any complaint. 4. The same towards Scotland. 5. To undergo the Warden's orders for removing some of them, if it is thought there are too many to be sustained by the country. 6. To apprehend any rebel, Scot or thief, who comes into these countries for harm to the King's subjects. 7. To aid any of the King's subjects who are following robbers through their countries. 8. And search for the offenders. 9. To deliver suitable pledges. 10. If any of them hereafter offend, and do not appear to be corrected, the Warden will call upon the headsmen of the surname, for the delivery of the offender; and if he is not delivered, the said pledge will be "justified," and another pledge must be delivered.
Pp. 4.
18 Jan.
R. O.
3817. SIR JOHN FITZGERALD, of Desmond, and his Son GERALD, to HENRY VIII.
Have received his letter, dated 6 ..., commanding them on their allegiance to forsake all intelligence with the rebels ... "against the said Richard Poer, but that also we co ... effectually to join with your servant James [Butler] for the execution of [such th]yngs as your Grace hath committed to him to be done." Have joined with the said James accordingly, and therefore the earl of Desmond has burned most of our country, and taken much cattle to Dungarvan. We pursued him to a castle within our country, and kept him six days and five nights, before Sir Thomas of Desmond, James Butler, and Cormok Ogh came to us with their hosts, when the Earl escaped, and took shipping to the main sea, and has since joined the Brenys, intending to take vengeance upon us. Beg the King to redress their wrongs. My lord of Norfolk can bear witness to their loyalty. Drommany, 18 Jan.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Sir John Fiz Gerard and his sonne of Ireland, 18 Jan. 1527.
R. O. 3818. The EARL OF DESMOND.
Act of attainder against James earl of Desmond for "recetting" Frenchmen in Ireland, when they were the King's enemies, among others, one called lord Kendall, of France; sending secret messages to Francis I. to incite him to send an army into Ireland, (fn. 3) and making confederacies with the King's Irish rebels;—the Act to take effect from 10 Nov. 14 Hen. VIII.
On parchment. Great Seal (mutilated) attached. Endd.: An Act passed in the Parliament of Ireland concerning the attainder of the earl of Desmond.
R. O. 3819. CORN.
Account of grain to sell within the wapentake of Byngham, Notts, made before Sir John Mar[k]ham, Sir John Byron, and other commissioners, at Bingham, on the 18 Jan. 19 Hen. VIII., by oath of the constable and two others in every hundred.
Howthorp, 9 persons (named) have corn to sell. Ratcliffe, 6. Tetheby, 3. Clepiston, 3. Kynalton, 3. Byngham, 7. Whatton, 6. Aslaton, Master Dr. Cranmer, and 5 others. Newton Coltell (?), 3. Broghton Solney, 3. Cropwell Butler, 6. Estbridgeforde, 3. Saxendale, 2. Scrueton, 6. Shelforth, 9. Cropwell Bishop, 13. Codgrave, 15. Skaryngton, 3. Gamston-cum-Membris, 1. Torlaton, 7. Elton, 6. Langer-cum-Barston, 19. Granby-cum-Sutton, 12. Colston Bassett, 23. Thoroton, 6. Carcolston, 9. Flyntham, 7. Hyklyng, 9. Kneton-super-Montem, 3. Stanton and Alyngton, 4. Orston, the vicar, and 13 others.
Sum total in the wapentake aforesaid, 1,103 quarters.
Signed: Per me, Joh'em Markham. Per me, Joh'em Byron.
2. Account of grain to sell within the wapentakes of Newerk and Thurgarton and Lithe, made before Sir Will. Meryng, Sir John Dunham, Rob. Broun, Tho. Meryng, and other commissioners, 18 Jan. 19 Hen. VIII.
i. Wapentake of Newark:—
Wynthorp, 1. South Colyngham, 3. Lanford, 1. Skarle, 1. South Clifton and Spalforth, 1. Barnby, 2. Balderton, 13. Hawton, 10. Newerk, 5. Northgayt, 2. Cotham, 9. Farndon, the vicar, and 7 others. Stoke, 4. Thorpe, 1. Elston, 2. Sirston, 2. Shelton, 2. Staunton-cum-Membris, John Deynse, chaplain, and 7 others. Total in wapentake of Newark, 580 quarters. Signed by William Meryng, Robert Broune, Thomas Meryng, Robert Molenerse.
ii. Wapentake of Thurgarton and Lithe:—
Gonaston, 5. Weston-cum-Marnham, Master Doctor Gamalion Clifton, rector, and 10 others. Lamley, Sir John Biron, farmer of the rectory, and 5 others. Lowdham, Sir Godfrey Foljambe, the vicar, and 4 others. Gedlyng, Stoke and Carlton, 17. Farnfeld, 1. Blesby, Gorton, and Gibsmyre, 4. Rolston-cum-Scathorp, 5. Oxton, 5. Wynkborn, 2. Hirtlyngton and Normanton, Tho. Mover, clk. Hoveringham, 2. Thurgarton, 3. Fiskerton, 7. Wodborowe, 1. Upton, 5. Malbek-cum-Kirsall, 4. Cawnton, the vicar, and 3 others. North Marnham, 2. Ossyngton, 1. Kellon, 5. Southmuskham, 3. Northmuskham, 1. Norwell, 17. Hokerton, 2. Cromwell, 4. Sutton-super-Trent, 2. Girsthorp-cum-Normanton, 3. Sneynton, 1. Southwell, 8. Epperstone, the parson, and 5 others. Sum total of the wapentakes of Thurgarton and Lithe, 1,196 quarters. Signed at beginning and end by Sir John Dunham, Rob. Browne, and Hen. Sutton.
The names of the constable and the two others named in each hundred are given, and also the names of all the owners of grain. (fn. 4)
Pp. 16. Endd.
R. O. 2. Wilts.
"The view of the grain for the hundreds following, viewed by Will. Bonham, Antony Erneley, and John Abarrow."
Tylyshide within the hund. of Brenche and Dolseld:—5 persons, named, have corn to spare after the requirements of their households. Tho. Mirywether, and 10 of his neighbours, with 64 persons, can spare no corn.
Orston Marie:—5 persons, named, have corn to spare. Rob. Fryker, and 3 of his neighbours, with 16 persons, hath no corn "but that at the byythe" (but that that they buyeth).
Assarton:—1 person has corn to spare. Tho. Morys and his neighbours, with 25 persons, "hath no coryn but that at the byythe for ther mony."
Elston and Orston Jorgis:—2 persons have corn to spare. John Habraham and 3 neighbours, with 31 persons, can spare none. John Alderwyke and 19 neighbours have none.
Wynterbourne Stoke:—8 persons have corn to spare. John Kyllbey and 10 neighbours, with 57 persons, can spare none.
Wyssheford:—3 persons have corn to spare. Will. Blount and 19 neighbours, with 105 persons, can spare none. John Sutton and 9 neighbours, with 43 persons, have none.
Little Wyssheford:—1 person has corn to spare. Simon Parsons no corn to sell.
South Newton:—John Tynewe, with 13 neighbours and 100 persons, "hath not sufficient to find their houses and sow their lands." 6 persons have corn to spare. Henry Comton and 9 neighbours, no corn.
Madyndon:—3 persons corn to spare. 9 households with 44 persons have none.
Swinton:—4 persons corn to spare. Jas. Downe and 9 neighbours, with 65 persons, not sufficient for their houses, and to sow. 2 households in the same village, with 7 persons, have no corn.
Barwyke, St. James:—3 persons corn to spare. John Hulat and 17 neighbours, with 83 persons, not sufficient to find their houses, neither to sow; and 5 households, with 7 persons, have no corn.
Stapylford:—10 persons with corn to spare. Arnold Burgis with 13 neighbours and 99 persons, have not sufficient corn. 9 households with 26 persons have no corn.
Wyllye:—8 persons with corn to spare. 10 households with 60 persons, not sufficient corn. 6 households with 23 persons, have no corn.
Scheryngton:—7 persons, corn to spare. 3 households with 13 persons, insufficient. 2 households with 11 persons, no corn.
Hangyngyn Langford:—7 persons corn to spare. 3 households and 13 persons, no corn.
Stipyllangford:—John Mossell hath barley which is sold to Will. Mossell, of Sarum, brewer, for 9d. a bush.; 3 other persons have corn to spare. 6 households with 27 persons, insufficient. 4 households with 18 persons, no corn.
Towkynglangford:—4 households with 23 persons, sufficient to find their households, and to sow their lands.
Littlelangford:—2 persons corn to spare.
Fulston:—Barth. Husee has corn to spare.
The hundred of Underdyche.
Mylforde:—Rob. Rumsey, of wheat not sufficient to find his house, of barley, after 15 quarters sold into the town, scarce enough to find his house, and to sow his land. 10 households in the same village, no corn.
Wyllesseforde:—3 persons corn to spare. In the same village 3 households with 10 persons, no corn.
Lake:—All that parish must buy or borrow both wheat and barley.
Great Wodforde:—3 persons corn to spare; the rest of the parish must buy or borrow.
Little Wodforde:—2 persons have corn to spare, and 8 households no corn, neither barley to sow.
Stratford:—3 persons corn to spare. 4 households and 17 persons no corn. M. Antony Erley, at a farm called Bowndscourt, hath corn to spare. "This must be put into the hundred of Alderberry."
Laverstoke:—M. Antony Erley at that place hath neither wheat or barley to find his house and to sow his land. 5 cottagers with 35 persons, no corn. (fn. 5)
The hundred of Alderbury.
Wynterburne Erlys:—In the parsonage dwelleth Rich. Mogoryge and Rich. Stanter, both with corn to spare. 5 other persons corn to spare. 8 households no corn.
Wynterburne Dauncy:—2 persons corn to spare. 4 households with 18 persons, no corn.
Wynterburne Shurborough:—3 persons corn to spare. 4 households with 13 persons, no corn.
Porton:—5 persons corn to spare. 3 households, 13 persons, no corn.
Edmyston:—4 persons corn to spare. 8 households, 16 persons, no corn.
Pytton:—2 persons corn to spare. 6 households, 15 persons, no corn.
Whaddon:—Harry Pylgrym hath scarcely wheat to find his house, and he may sell 30 qrs. barley, and his lands sown.
Grymsted:—The parson and 1 other, corn to spare. 18 persons no corn.
Dene:—The parson, for he keepeth no household, corn to spare. A dozen households with 32 persons, not sufficient to find house or to sow.
Wyntersclow:—Wm. Payne, barley to spare, and not wheat enough to find his house. Elesaunder (Alexander) Thystylworthe, 40 qrs. wheat, "which he hath sold to one Jermayne, of Salysbury, for 10d. the bushel, reserving to find his house," and 40 qrs. barley sold to the same for 6½d. the bush. "This bargain hath continued this 4 year, and shall do during their 2 lives." All the town after, 30 persons, must buy corn.
Allderberrye:—1 person has corn to spare; and the rest of the town, 24 persons, must buy corn.
Pp. 14.
20 Jan.
Vit. B. X. 42. B. M. Burnet, IV. 57.
On the fifteenth day after my departure from London I embarked, but was detained by contrary wind. I discussed with the bishop of Rochester on the road the King's divorce (materia); and Dr. Marmaduke, who was present, will tell you with whom the victory rested. I would not for a small bishopric but that the King and you had been there to have heard the discussion. I cannot but commend to you that good man, good and diligent servant to the King and yourself. Bologna [Boulogne], 20 Jan. 1528.
Hol., Lat.
20 Jan.
R. O. St. P. VII. 48.
3821. JOHN TAYLER, Master of the Rolls, to WOLSEY.
Sends a packet of letters received yesterday from Gregory de Casalis. Received one with them, dated Bonony, 7 Jan., stating that Lautrec would leave shortly for Naples. Gambara has taken his leave here, but has not spoken with the King.
Yesterday, 19 Jan., the archbishop of Sens received the cardinal's hat by the hand of the legate de Salviatis. While the oration was made, "the Chancellor, sitting beneath the Legate afore the high altar, stale a good sleep, and so did he also after dinner, sitting by the Legate, the chamber being full of people." His title is St. Anastasius. Other news Gambara will show Wolsey. Wrote on the 15th with other letters of Gregory de Casalis. Paris, 20 Jan.
P.S.—Yesterday, the 19th, there were general processions for the Pope's delivery. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.: Dr. Taylor, 20 Jan. 1527.
20 Jan.
R. O.
3822. CORN.
The North Riding of Yorkshire.
Certificate of Chris. lord Conyers, "Richard, wrong named Thomas, lord Latymer," Rob. abbot of Gervaux, Sir Wm. Bulmer, Sir Rauff Eure, Sir James Metcalf, Sir Hen. Boynton, Nich. Fairfaxe, Roger Cholmeley, Edw. Gower, "John Sayer, wrong named Rauff Saye," John Dawncy, John Pulleyn, and Tho. Pudsey, appointed commissioners in the North Riding of co. York, to search and view all barns, &c. for wheat and other grains, to demand of all mayors, bailiffs, &c. whether any be hidden or kept secret, to inquire as to forestalling, regrating, and engrossing of the same, to put into execution the statute of Winchester and others concerning beggars and vagabonds, unlawful games, for "putting down alehouses and inns at villages and town ends," and touching shooting with crossbows or handguns, keeping hounds, and watches.
This certificate is to be delivered to the King and Council, in the Star Chamber on the morrow after the Purification. It states that the commission was delivered to Conyers on 31 Dec. last, and that they assembled at Northalverton on 8 Jan. It then specifies the quantities of wheat, rye, barley, malt, oats, beans, and pease found by the commissioners in the several wapentakes, the total being 2,319 qrs., which they commanded the owners to bring to the markets, on pain of the King's displeasure; but they found none hidden, nor any forestallers. They have "punished divers valiant beggars with scourges to be beat, and put down suspect blind hostries and alehouses;" and have charged all the King's ministers, under great penalties, that no unlawful games be used. All such ministers were sworn "to keep secret the privy search and watch," which was made on a certain night; and to make search twice a week at least in all blind hostries, inns, and "suspect" alehouses, for suspicious persons. Dated 20 Jan. (?) 19 Hen. VIII.
Parchment, defaced; the seal of the abbot of Gervaux, and 10 others. remaining.
20 Jan.
Cal. E. II. 13. B. M.
3823. HENRY [D'ALBRET, of Navarre,] to WOLSEY.
In behalf of Pierre and Michel Deaodara, natives of his kingdom of Navarre, in a suit with Martin de Guynea before Wolsey. Mons. de Bayonne, the ambassador there, will give him ample information. St. Germain-en-Laye, 20 Jan. Signed.
Fr., mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "Le cardinal d'Yort, legat en Angleterre."


  • 1. The remainder is in Burnet, IV. 41.
  • 2. Not Sir John Russell.
  • 3. This was in 16 Hen. VIII., according to the Act of Attainder of the Earl of Kildare in the Irish Statutes, I. 67.
  • 4. Among these the name of the parson will frequently be found.
  • 5. This page endorsed "Mr. Bulkeley."