Henry VIII: April 1528, 1-10

Pages 1825-1837

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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April 1528

1 April.
R. O.
Fcxe, v. App.
Thanks him for his letters and for his goodness, now he is sick. Hears from Dr. Chambre that Wolsey wishes him to be at the court this Easter, if possible. If he amends as he has done, hopes to be there by Saturday before noon. One foot is in pain, but he will come if he can walk with a staff. Has made the same answer to the King, who sent on Saturday. Will send a sure answer on Thursday. As soon as he heard that Wolsey had committed to him and the Lord Privy Seal the examination of Garrett, sent to Oxford to examine certain scholars there, and for the processes there made, that they might know with what to charge him. My lord of London will give Wolsey part, and the rest he sends now. Garrett is "a very subtyll, crafty, soleyne, and an untrewe man," as will appear by comparison of his answers with those of the scholars.
Dr. Rowham, a monk of St. Edmondsbury, preached on the fourth Sunday in Lent at St. Peter's, Oxford, a most seditious sermon, railing against Wolsey and the other bishops for the sequestration of evil preachers, maintaining Luther's opinions, and comforting those who held them, saying, "Nolite timere eos qui occidunt corpus, &c." Sends the sermon in English. They have bound him by oath to bring in a copy of it, as near as he can. Fears he will rather flee. Advises Wolsey to send for him straight to Bury. Holborn, _ April. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate his good grace. Endd. (not by Wolsey): From my lord of Lincoln, the 1 day of Aprill.
Cott. App. 69.
B. M.
Have received with pleasure his letters in favor of Dr. Fox. Have appointed him their provost, as being a person most suitable to drive away heresy. Henry VI. had been a great benefactor to them.
Lat., pp. 2, mutilated.
1 April.
E. VII. 113.
B. M.
Sign manual to contribute ten foot soldiers, archers and others, to the crew about to be sent under lord Sands for protection of Calais against inroads of the Imperial or French forces;—the men to be viewed at Guildford on the 3rd of next month. Richmond, 1 April 19 Hen. VIII.
Otho, E. IX. 35.
B. M.
4128. HENRY VIII. to _
As the Emperor and the French king, both of whom are at peace with England, are preparing armies against each other, the men-of-war of both princes may arrive at places on the coast, and attempt to spoil his subjects. He must therefore see that all the beacons near the port of _ are prepared to give notice to the neighbourhood in such case, and send up a list of ships able to do service, with their burden and apparel, and of the mariners, in the said port. Ships of either party entering the port for refuge are to be succoured; he must not allow any prize to be taken there, or sale to be made of any prizes taken at sea. Ships coming in from stress of weather, or for water or victual, are to be supplied at reasonable prices, if the men-of-war and mariners do no displeasure to the people. Signed at the head by stamp.
P. 1, mutilated. The names of the officer to whom it is sent, and the port, are not filled in.
2 April.
R. O.
This Wednesday, 1 April, being at dinner at his house at Stansted, Masters Audeley and Bonham sent him a letter, stating that unless he came to Colchester the gaol delivery could not be kept. Received the letter on the road, of which he sends a copy. Has attached the writer. Colchester, 2 April. Signed.
P. 1. Endd. Add.: My lord Cardinal's grace.
ii. Jo. Bosswell, of Colchester, to good man Sammys.
Desires his kindness. They cannot sell a cloth even at half the cost price, and "be fain for to lene up," having scant money enough to pay the spinners that be abroad. The merchants say they will not buy till the commons rise and complain to the King that "they be not half set a work." Cannot help him with money before Easter. 13 March.
Copy on the fly leaf of the preceding; p. 1.
2 April.
R. O.
St.P. IV. 490.
Attested copy of the sentence of divorce between Margaret queen of Scotland and the earl of Angus, pronounced by Peter cardinal of Ancona, at Rome, on the 11 March 1527. Ancona, 2 April 1528.
Lat., p. 1, broadsheet.
R. O. 2. Two modern copies of the same.
Cal. B. VI. 194.
B. M.
Desires her to accept favorably her brother the king of England's message, which much concerns the wealth of her soul and her own repute. His Highness hopes the "undisceyvable Spryte of God," which moved him to send to her, "shall effectually work." Amid the cares of his government he has never forgotten her, and hopes she will turn "to God's word, the vyvely doctryne of Jesu Christ, the onely ground of salvacion,—1 Cor. 3," &c. Reminds her of "the divine ordinance of inseparable matrimony first instituted in Paradise." Hopes her Grace will perceive how she was seduced by flatterers to an unlawful divorce from the right noble earl of Angwysshe upon untrue and unsufficient allegations. "Furthermore, the shameless sentence sent from Rome plainly discovereth how unlawfully it was handled,"—judgment being given against a party neither present in person, nor by proxy. Urges her, for the weal of her soul, and to avoid "the inevitable damnation threatened against advoutrers," to reconcile herself with Angus as her true husband, or out of mere natural affection for her daughter, "whose excellent beauty and pleasaunt behaviour, nothing less godly than goodly furnished with virtues and womanly demeanour," should soften her heart. That she should be "reputed base borne" cannot be avoided, except the Queen will "relinquish the advoutrous company with him that is not, nor may not be of right, her husband."
Draft, corrected by Wriothesley, pp. 4.
2 April.
Cal. B. VII. 11.
B. M.
Grateful for the King's thanks given him for service on the Borders. Success is to be attributed to God, who loves his Highness, and to Wolsey, for his wise instructions. Has made a final award, of which he sends a copy, between Dacres and the earl of Cumberland, in commission with Sir Anthony Fitzherbert. Briefly recites his proceedings against Lisle. Alnwick, 2 April. Not Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.: From my lord of Northumberland, 2 April.
2 April.
Cal. B. III. 146.
B. M.
By the advice of Sir Anthony Fitzherbert and the King's attorney, joined with him in commission, he has now proceeded against William Lysle and his accomplices, and forfeited their lands. Will. Lysle, Humphrey his son, John Ogle, Will. Shaftowe, and Thos. Fenwike, gentlemen, leaders of the rebels, have been condemned for treason, and, with the exception of the second, now sent up by John Norton, hung, drawn, and quartered. Keeps by him the younger son of Will. Lysle, till he knows the King's pleasure. Has set up on the dungeon of the castle of Newcastle and other conspicuous places the heads and quarters of those who were executed. Other rebels have been attainted for March treasons; six thieves in Tynedale executed, on which the Tynedale men submitted, the 2 April, at the town of Newcastle. Will adopt the same measures with the Redesdale men.
His servant, Florans Foster, only returned this day from Scotland, having delivered his letters to the king and queen of Scots and the lord Angus:—was delayed by the King having ridden far into Scotland. Sends letters from the King, the Queen, and Angus, to the King and Wolsey. By letters from Angus and the Queen to himself, which he sends, perceives that the former is not inclined to come to Berwick or Norham. Has written to the King. Sends a copy of the letter to Wolsey by the bearer. Wishes to have a copy of the truce last concluded between the two realms. Has arranged matters between the earl of Cumberland and my lord Dacre. Sends a copy of the award. Recommends Sir Rauff Fenwike. Alnwick, 2 April. Signed: "H. Northumbreland."
Pp. 4. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
2 April.
Cal. B. VII. 28.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 488.
Wrote in his last that he had sent letters to Angus from Wolsey and himself, and received no answer. Sends a letter now received from the Earl, by which it appears nothing will be done till Tuesday after Low Sunday. Will do his best to keep the Border meantime. His servants have been with Angus about this matter since Shrovetide. Held a warden court at Carlisle on Friday, 27 March, when he attached 21 offenders, and delivered them to Sir Edw. Musgrave, the sheriff. Eight were executed, of whom two were Armistranges and two Hadringtons: the rest reprieved till next quarter sessions, to be held just after Easter. One Riche Grame, whom he had taken "for betrasing of me and my company" to the Armistranges, when he burned the Debateable Ground, escaped from Carlisle castle. Though delivered sufficiently ironed, he was allowed to go loose up and down the castle, by order of the under-sheriff, Sir Will. Musgrave, son of Sir Edward. He leaped out by a privy postern which stood open to the fields, where there was a man and a led horse ready for him. Has warned a session at Carlisle, for Saturday next, to inquire into the escape, which was most open and shameful. Fears more harm will ensue from it.
Wolsey wrote that he had spoken with Thos. Musgrave to deliver Beawcastell to Dacre, but it is in such decay no man can dwell there. Musgrave has clearly spoiled it; taken away all the lead, and broken the glass windows. Begs Wolsey will get Musgrave to surrender his patent, and he will reasonably agree with him at Wolsey's pleasure.
Henry Steward has married the queen of Scots, as she herself has confessed. James caused lord Arskyn to lie about Stirling castle to attach him; on which the Queen delivered him up. The Scotch council have issued proclamations against buying prizes of Frenchmen, or aiding them with victuals to take prizes. Angus came to the Borders "to have made a road of the Armstrongs"; but returned, as the Carres of Tevydale, who were under band of assurance with the Armstrongs, refused to join him. He then made out letters in the King's name, to proclaim the Armstrongs rebels, and "blow out upon them, as the custom is there;" but lord Maxwell would not execute them. Angus has therefore come again to Jedworth. Maxwell caused the Armstrongs to make a road on the laird of Johnston, his own sister's son, who is at feud with them for the killing of "Mikill Sym Armistrang," and lay in ambush himself to kill the laird.
Sends the commission of gaol delivery for Cumberland to be renewed, and more persons of the shire put in the quorum. Was lately in the Debateable Ground, and burned all the remaining houses, especially a strong peel of "ill Will Armistraung's," built so that it had to be cut down with axes first. There are no houses left now, except part of Cannonbye, on which he has written his opinion. Nawarde, 2 April. Signed.
2. Papers touching Richie Grahame.
Cal. B. VII.
B. M.
i. "The true copy of the indictment of Riche Grahame, of Esk, found at Carlisle, the 28 day March anno 19 regis Henrici Octavi, afore the lord Dacre, warden of the West Marches," for having, on the 4 February 19 Hen. VIII., received Alexander alias Sande Armistrong, a Scot, at Esk, and for having given warning to the Scots of a raid proposed to be made by William lord Dacre, Christopher Dacre, John Radcliff, William Musgrave, kts., &c., to burn certain houses built contrary to the truce upon the Debateable Ground by John Armistrong alias John the laird, Simon Armistrong the laird, Ninian Armistrong, &c.
ii. "The examinations of sundry persons for and about the escaping of Riche Grahame out of the castle of Carlisle, afore the lord Dacre, warden of the West Marches, Sir Christopher Dacre, Sir John Radcliff, kts., and Jeffraye Lancaster, justices of peace within the county of Cumberland, taken at Carlisle, the 29 day of the said month of March."
1. Robert Parker, jailer to Sir Edw. Musgrave, sheriff of Cumberland, deposes that Riche Grahame, of Esk, was given to his custody on Monday, 23 March 19 Hen. VIII., with other prisoners sent by lord Dacre from Naward. Put him in the high tower of Carlisle castle with a pair of "boyes" upon his feet. The jailer of the castle, James Porter, kept the keys and would not deliver them to Parker. By order of Christopher Lowther, constable of the castle, the "boyes" were taken off that night. On Tuesday morning, 24 March, Lowther took the keys from Porter, and brought Riche Grahame's mother, wife of Huchan Grahame, to the prisoner. On Parker demanding the keys back again Lowther refused, saying he was charged with the said Riche himself. Having afterwards recovered them, they were again taken from him by Lowther, who struck him with a dagger, and threatened to stab him if ever he kept keys within the gates. On his complaint the sheriff wrote to Sir Christopher, who delivered the prisoner again into his hands on Saturday, 28th March. Put him into the Shiref prison in the said castle, and ironed him fast with another prisoner; but afterwards took off the irons, by command of Sir Will. Musgrave, under-sheriff to his father. On Sunday, 29 March, the constable having charged that he should remain no longer in that prison, he was allowed to hear mass in the chapel, and dine in the hall. After dinner, Thom Wright, a vagabond belonging to the castle, took Parker by the sleeve to the hall window, when Riche Grahame desired to go down to the gate. All three went down together; and the gate being open, Parker shut and speared it, but while searching for the keys Grahame "lap" out at the wicket. Robert Burlaye, cook of the castle, met him on the bridge. Robert Bristoo, steward of the house, John Parkin, servant to Sir Thos. Clifford, Jas. Porter, Rob. Storye, "brade," James Roullege, servant to the said Sir Thomas Dande Armistrong, and his wife, a prisoner, were called to stop him, but did not. Parker pursued on horseback, but could get none within the castle to ride with him. The same Sunday, John Grahame, the "brade," brother of Riche, had an interview with Lowther for an hour and more. That night Lowther said "Riche Grahame was a fool that went away, for I promised him, and gave him my tholme, or he went to the toll-booth, that I had gitten his life for his grey horse."
2. Thos. Wright, son of William Wright, servant to Geo. Blenkensop, a soldier of the castle. John Robson, keeper of the keys of the postern, was forbidden by Chr. Lowther to lock up on Sunday, 29 March 19 Hen. VIII., who walked up and down to see that he was obeyed. Lowther was always favorable to Riche Grahame, and struck Robert Parker, the jailer, because he would let him have none ease.
3. John Robson, before named, a Scotchman born, says he had the keeping of the postern for a year and more.
4. John Foster, servant to Sir Edw. Musgrave. On Sunday, 29 March 19 Hen. VIII., Chr. Lowther told him Riche Grahame should be better looked to, for he would go away without fail.
5. Thos. Dacre, servant to lord Dacre. When he delivered Riche Grahame to Sir Will. Musgrave, ironed with another prisoner, Sir William desired leave to "lowse" him, and let him go to dinner. He replied he had no further charge of him. Afterwards he saw Grahame following Sir William, without irons, into the castle.
iii. "The names of the gentlemen pannelled in the inquest upon the escape of Riche Grahame:—Jo. Leighe, Jas. Martindale, Thos. Dikes, Thos. Salkeld, Esqrs., John Southaike, Thos. Blanerhasset, Ambrose Machell, Robt. Salkeld, John Salkeld, Edw. Penredok, Rich. Beawlye, Will. Denton, Will. Huton, of the forest, gentlemen."
iv. "The copy of the bill given in to the inquest above written, whereunto they would not all agree," accusing Sir Edw. Musgrave of permitting Grahame to go at large, and Sir Will. Musgrave, Chr. Lowther, Robt. Perker, and Robt. Robson as his accomplices.
v. "The copy of the verdict found by eleven persons of the inquest," accusing Parker only.
Copy, pp. 6. Endd.
2 April.
R. O.
Ellis, 2 Ser.
II. 138.
Has been to the monastery at Wallingford, and found all the church and household implements conveyed away, except the evidences, which he has given to the dean of Wolsey's college at Oxford. Croke and he then reformed the patents granted to him, and his grants to his college, so that nothing is omitted.
Has found "offices" of the said monastery and all its possessions in Oxford and Berks, and of the omissions in the said counties belonging to Frediswides and Lytlemore.
Is going to Bucks and Beds, to find "offices" for the lands there belonging to the monasteries of Wallingford and of Praye beside St. Albons.
The college is progressing. Every man thinks the like was never seen for largeness, beauty, sumptuous, curious and substantial building. The chapel there is most devoutly and virtuously ordered. The ministers are diligent in the service of God, and the daily service so devout, solemn, and full of harmony that it hath few peers.
Asks him to give the benefice of St. Florence, in the diocese of St. Davyes, in Wolsey's gift as chancellor, to Byrton, who is honest and well learned.
Will come up when he has finished his business. Oxford, 2 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my l ... Endd.: Mr. Cromwell, 2 April 1528.
2 April.
R. O.
Informs him of the death of Sir Giles Grevile, eomptroller to my lady Princess. Begs to be promoted to his offices. Most of his inheritance lies in Worcestershire, where he was born, and Wolsey's promises have encouraged him to write. Is staying at Raunston, waiting for the dean of your college of Oxford, and other of your Council, "for matters of your Grace's appointed between you and me," which he hopes will be easily arranged. Raunston, 2 April. Signed.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: "Mr. Throgmerton, the second of April 1528."
2 April.
R. O.
St. P. VII. 65.
Received Wolsey's letter on the 30th March, commanding him, on the arrival of my lord of Bath, to take leave of the French king and return. Would have done so, but that he has been plagued with sickness, which will prevent his leaving before Easter. For days past has been vexed with a cough and "murre," increased by the wet weather. St. Maure, two leagues from Paris, 2 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.: Sir John Walop, the 3d of April 1528.
R. O. 4138. FRANCIS I. to WOLSEY.
Desires credence for Wallop, who is returning. Begs him to continue in his good will. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. le Cardinal, mon bon amy. Endd.
Has charged Wallop, who is leaving, to tell him the news, and to beg him to continue in the affection which he bears to them. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. le Cardinal, mon bon fils et pere. Endd.
3 April.
R. O.
Send the depositions of Roger Kynaston and Roger Philips, prisoners in Ludlow Castle for seditious words arising out of a dispute between Sir John Heyward and Sir John Botfeld about the possession of the church of Nesse Strange, dioc. of Chester. The information against them was comprised in a letter from Sir John Talbot, sheriff of Salop. Send also depositions of witnesses against them produced by Arthur Neweton. Ludlow, 3 April. Signed: John Exon.—Peter Burnell—G. Bromley—J. Russel.
P.1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
3 April.
Titus, B. I.
B. M.
Inform him of an insurrection at Taunton and Bridgewater. Lord Fitzwaren and others were prevented from holding the sessions. It is expected that other parts will rise. Beg he will come to Frome. Mells, 3 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. by Wriothesley.
4 April.
R. O.
The King has received the post from his ambassadors in England, with two packets of letters for the Bishop, which he sends. If the Bishop has anything to communicate to the King he may either impart it to the cardinal of Sens, the Chancellor, and the first President, who are at Paris, or write to Montmorency; for the King has withdrawn himself for twelve or fifteen days, with a small company, "pour faire sa feste." He has despatched the safe-conduct desired by the king of England, and is much pleased with what Henry said of him to the ambassadors sent by Madame Marguerite. "Dannet, ce 4me jour d'Avril." Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Mons. de Bathe, ambassadeur du roy d'Angleterre. Endd.
Writ to the escheator of Lincolnshire for restitution of temporalities on election of John Borowe as abbot. Wm. Benet, LL.D. and the abbot of Ramsey to take his fealty.
ii. Similar writs for Northton., Camb. and Hunts, Norf. and Suff., London (to Sir Jas. Spenser, the mayor and the escheator), Warw. and Leic., Notts, Rutland, Beds and Bucks. Hampton Court, 4 April.
Pat. 19 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20.
5 April.
R. O.
Spoke to the King last night about Mr. Bullock's servant, who died at the Charterhouse, "and also of your Grace's house there, wherein no flesh may be eaten." He replied that the ambassadors "might be in the other house where they do eat flesh in the Charterhouse." The King proposed this today in the high mass time to Mr. Morette, who is well content with it. Richmond, Palm Sunday. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my Lord's grace. Endd.: Mr. Hennege, the 5th of Aprile 1528.
5 April.
R. O.
Received last Saturday, at 5 o'clock at night, Wolsey's letters of 3rd of April, touching John Bosewell, sent that day to the bailiffs of Colchester to examine him. Encloses his confession. Could get nothing out of him of persons in these parts, but sends him to Wolsey, as he has named a person in London. Stansted, 5 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.: From my lord of Essex, the first day of April 1528, concerning clothiers.
ii. Examination of John Boswell the younger, of Colchester, clothmaker, touching the contents of a letter from him directed to Thomas Sames.
He confesses he wrote it; that no one was privy to it; that he wrote it because he was in debt to Sames and others for wool, in order to get longer days of payment. That when he was at London on Friday after Ash Wednesday last, in a hall called Colchester Hall, within Blakewell Hall, having three or four cloths to sell, "it chanced one John Tyndall, of London, merchant, dwelling about the well with the two buckets towards the Austins Friars, to come into the said Colchester Hall," when Boswell asked him if he would buy any of the cloths. Tyndall said he could not sell them again; and, being asked what remedy there was, said he saw none, unless the commons arose and complained to the King that the people were not half set to work. He says there was no one else present at this conversation.
6 April.
R. O.
Desiring restitution to be made to John Olavi, of Anslo, in Norway, of whatever has been recovered of a vessel wrecked at Bamborough on St. Magdalen's day. Gottorp, 6 April 1528. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
6 April.
Galba, B. IX.
B. M.
Since he wrote by Windsor, has received a letter from Wolsey, dated 9 March. My Lady having received Wolsey's and Don Inigo's letters, and Guillaume de Barrys' reports, has decided with her Council to annul all the arrests of English subjects, and to allow as free mercantile intercourse to them as is allowed to the Emperor's subjects in England; and she desired Hacket to write to the King and Wolsey thereof. In answer to Hacket's complaint, that the Council had acted contrary to the treaties of intercourse, she said she had sent the provost of Cassei and John de Lassault to answer all articles of importance, and to preserve the amity; and for better assurance thereof she now sends De Barrys with writings to Wolsey, and instructions to Don Inigo and the Provost.
It is evident that she wishes to keep the peace; and so do the cardinal of Liege, and the lords of Palermo, Bewyrs, Berghes and Burse. Some, he thinks, are opposed to them. The letters brought by Windsor, and also that from the King to the lord of Burre, have caused the people to fortify their towns and frontiers. They say here that the prince of Orange defeated the French on the 13th and 16th March; that Antony de Leva, captain of Milan, defeated the Venetians on the 19th; that the king of Hungary has defeated the Waywode, and has sent the duke of Browns[wick] with 3,000 horse, and count Felyx with 16,000 Dutch[men], to make an end of the business of Italy. All these news are in their favor, as if they were forged. If all were true, would think that God favored one party more than the other.
My Lady is sending to the E[mperor] Lassault's youngest son by sea, and by land the Treasurer Marenyx's brother. Told Windsor to show Wolsey that some people in authority take great pains to bring about to make peace between the Emperor and the French king, without the interposition of the King or Wolsey. Hears they are very busy, but thinks it will be as the French say, tel quyde que fault. Received today the enclosed letter for Wolsey from Sir Laurence Starber of Noremberghe. My Lady has had arrested at Amsterdam and Antwerp five or six ships laden with wheat and rye, which the Hoghstetters were about to send to England. The factors complained to him, and he went to ask my Lady to license them to export it, saying that Wolsey had written in favor of those who would bring corn or other victual into England. After consultation with the Cardinal, lords of Palermo, Berghes and Tregeny, the treasurer-general and others, she answered that the corn should be allowed to be exported. For this they think they have deserved thanks. Machlyng, 6 April 1527, before Easter.
The cardinal of Liege read before my Lady and the Council the copy of the French king's letter to the bishop of Bayonne. Some of the Council then said that Wolsey showed great favor to the Emperor's subjects. My Lady answered, "Mons. le Lega[t] est prudent et sage. Il cet byen quam byen que tel marchandes wault, car ilz sont lettres escripts pour complayr alla manyere de France." The Cardinal said that the French king in these letters declared that he had first intimated war to the Emperor. They are confident that if the French could find a better way of alliance than with England, they would leave one for the other. Since leaving Wolsey at Calais has not received a penny. Machlyng, 6 April.
Some men here dread that if the King and Emperor make a new alliance they will lose their authority.
Hol., pp. 5. Add. Endd.
7 April.
R. O.
Requests a safe-conduct for George Lokhart, clk., and four persons in his company, to pass through England to parts beyond sea. Edinburgh, 7 April 15 Jac. V. Signed.
P. 1, broadsheet. Add. Endd.
7 April.
R. O.
Has executed the King's commands, to the best of his ability, memory and conscience, according to his Grace's letters and credence sent by Dr. Wolman. Begs the King to continue his good lord and have consideration for his great age, blindness and lack of hearing. Winchester, 7 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
8 April.
R. O.
Foxe, v. App.
Has used all possible remedies, and such exercise as he might, to recover the use of his limbs, that he might do his duty this Easter to the King, but he is yet unwieldy. Desires further credence for archdeacon Henege, by whom he sends Garrett's confession, which was brought yesterday by the lieutenant, his servant. It would be a gracious deed if Wolsey would license those scholars of Oxford who have been thus "detect for having of evil books;"—those that are priests to celebrate and the others to "receyve ther Maker, (facta prius reconciliatione)" at this feast of Easter. Perceives that they are penitent. Holborn, 8 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate his grace. Endd.: My lord of Lincoln, 8 Aprilis 1528.
8 April.
R. O.
St. P. IV. 493.
4151. DACRE to WOLSEY.
The friends of Riche Grame, whose escape Dacre mentioned in his last, "ar loppen to him in Scotland," viz., his father and seven brothers, with thirty other persons, and are maintained by lord Maxwell, like the Armstrongs. Can have no remedy till the meeting appointed by Angus on Tuesday after Low Sunday, but will meanwhile write to Angus. If he meet with the usual "drifts and delays," will leave these Borders in a sufficient stay, and go to Wolsey to know how he is to order himself. Kept a session with the justices at Carlisle, on Saturday the 4th, to inquire into the escape; but the gentlemen, owing to the labor made to them, would not find it perfectly. After sitting all Saturday and till Sunday afternoon, they could not agree, but gave in the bill, much razed. Only two would not consent to the erasures. Sends a book of the indictment and examinations; the bill delivered to be inquired into, and how much was found. Naward, 8 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
8 April.
R. O.
Has received her letter about her husband's (fn. 2) decease.
Advises her to take it patiently, and not make two sorrows of one, thereby displeasing God, hurting herself, and doing no good to her husband's soul. She should use herself discreetly, that men may say that she is a sad and wise young woman. Mr. Golde, his chaplain, can tarry with her as long as she wishes, to assist her in her business. Will do anything he can for her. Knol, 8 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my neese, the lady Grevile.
8 April.
R. O.
Has received his letters by her secretary, William des Barres, who has explained to her his desire to promote universal peace, and preserve the alliance with the Emperor. Has made such representations to the Emperor as she hopes will promote this object. Refers him for further information to her said secretary, whom she is sending back. Malines, 8 April. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Monsr. le Legat mon bon fils. Endd.
8 April.
Le Grand, iii.
Hoping he has received what he sent by the Englishman, (fn. 3) who left here on the 1st inst., will make him answer touching the contents. Nothing has occurred of importance touching the affairs which are in train here, except what you will see about the marriages proposed to the Pope by Staphileus, whose despatch, sent with this, will show his Holiness's disposition. Has translated it from Italian into French, at the request of Staphileus, and despatched it with the letters to the queen of Navarre and Montmorency. The Englishmen have had a long interview with the Pope this morning. Hopes by tomorrow some conclusion will be taken that will be satisfactory to the king of England and Wolsey; in which case one of the ambassadors will take his leave, by whom Francis can learn everything.
News of Lautrec. Orvieto, 8 April 1528.
8 April.
Cal. E. II. 148.
B. M.
Urges him, for the reasons in his former instructions and those now sent, to persu[ade] the French king, for the good of peace, and at the King's instance, "to leave the extremities, and to be[gin to show] some confidence toward the Emperor, in the delivery of the ... [t]ownys upon the concluding of the peace, and the partes other ... promise under the censures; for it is not to be thought that the [Emperor] will ever give hostages into the King's hands for the delivery of the said towns, not that he can or will trust the King's grace a[s] ... well for that he hath declared himself enemy to h[im]." As for the Queen's matter, and the firm union between the kings of France and England, Clerk must persuade Francis not to stick at any such surety, or at hostages to be given for the delivery of the duke of [Orleans] after the revocation of the army, as his ambassadors offered that the Duke should remain till then, without demanding hostages. The Emperor's promise and oath under the censures of the Church must be considered sufficient, notwithstanding any clause to the contrary in Clerk's instructions. If the French king ponders well the article which [is] well liked by the lady Margaret and the Emperor's [council], and which is now made the second of Clerk's former instructions, doubts not he will accept it without any sticking. Urges Clerk to try and persuade him to do so, lest the peace be prevented. "[A]lbeit ye be sufficiently by my other letters instructy[d in the pre]mysses, yet on my faith I could not be satisfied ... ye written ex superabundantia of this letters, beseech[ing] God, which on this Good Friday died for all manky[nd, t]o help, speed and concert with you for the advancing [of] this necessary and desired peace to the repose and [welfare] of all Christendom."
Hol., draft, pp. 2, mutilated.
Cal. D. X. 198.
B. M.
4156. [CLERK and TAYLER to WOLSEY.]
"[After] our most humble recommend[ations, please it your Grace to un]derstand that the 10th day of th[is present month the French] king, willing to give audience unto [us] ... had caused a solemn apparatt to [be held in the] hall here in the palace, his doble ... his chair to be hanged and set th ... princely, and had there a great assem[bly of lords], both spiritual and temporal, with pr ... [every] man placed according to his degree ... bye on the right side in a travers wh[ere they could both] see and hear. The King there at his ... the place, came unto us where we were, [and showed] us his leg, whereon he had the garr[ter, saying unto us that,] seeing that he went about an act wh[ich closely concerned the] honor of knighthood, he thought that he [could not have] a better remembrance, ne do thing that [could more] move him and stir him to the defence o[f his honor,] than the wearing thereof. He said also th[at he thought] it convenient to be worn th[at] day, to th[e end that all should] see that the thing whera[b]out he we[nt concerned the] King's highness his brother's [h]onor as we[ll as his own. He] said that he would do no less for th[e reputation and] honor of the one than for the honor of [the other. After] thanks given unto him on our beha[lf, and in the King's] Highness's name, he placed hy ... very long season with a very * * *
... [op]ynly read first the Emperor's [defiance to the amba]ssador of France, which your Grace ... that caused his letter chartall of ... be read, and thereupon said that ther [was no t]hing to be done, but that after the law [of arms the Em]peror must for his part send him the ch[allenge] ... anke campis under the patent seals of tho[se princes i]n whose jurisdiction the said camps should [be held]; that he granted the Emperor's herald a safe-con[duct on that] condition, so that he brought the appointmen[t of the] said camps accordingly; which, he said, if [the said] herald did bring, he would not fail to accept [it], and be ready to appoint the weapon and harnay[s accor]dingly; and percase the said herald did b[ring no] such appointment of the camp, then what ... so ever he should bring besides forth, he was dete[rmined] not to hear him, ne to receive non other writ[ing] ... he said both by writing and by word, both the [King's grace] and he had done and spoken as much as could be ... that it should be but folly to multiply convices and ... injurious language betwixt them; for when all s[hould] be done, further then the duel they could not go, [and] hereunto they were come all ready. In the accomplish[ment] of the which duel, he had gone as far for[th as co]uld be required, so that if there were nev[er any duel his] honor was saved, if the Emperor would ... e finding of the ca[mp]" * * *
Cal. E. III. 53.
B. M.
4157. JO. [CLERK,] BP. OF BATH, and JO. T[AYLER,] M.R., to [WOLSEY].
* * * "of the affairs of Naples. As tow[ching] ... cessation of arms, they may not he ... time to retire your merchants and conty ... they say that Mons. de Baiona hath ... and that what some ever your Grace, he ... of Flanders shall conclude, the King h ... therewith, and saith that the said Bus[shop] ... hath commission to do therein what your Gr[ace thinks] best to be done. As we said, they here [wait for news of] the successes of the army of Italy, and we [can have no] resolution in any matter here unto such time [as they] shall be somewhat cleared, assuring your Grace [that it is] somewhat painful practising, for the King [and his mother] doth withdraw themself, the Great Mast[er] ... the King, now Robertett and the chancellor of ... departed to God, here is none left but the ... whom we find after the old fashion, and in ... to be new made to the Emperor very difficill." Paris, ... April. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
10 April.
R. O.
P.S.—This is an addition to "this other letter," which we have kept four or five days, waiting for an answer about the second safe-conduct which Wolsey wrote for, and which is not yet come from the court. The Chancellor promised it should be delivered either to us or to Mons. de Bayonne. The Chancellor hears nothing of it from the French king, "but saith that he hath word from the King again concerning this last device, which is, that he hath written into England his mind thereupon; and, as the said Chancellor saith, shewed such evident reasons, that your Grace shall say yourself it is not for them to accept the same." The King, as we have written, is 17 leagues off, "and will have none access to him; my Lady also, at St. Germains, in like manner. Now, after these holidays, and upon these new successes of Naples, we shall see whereunto they will finally resolve themself." Paris, 10 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
Cal. E. II. 171.
B. M.
Sends a letter by an express courier, to be transmitted to the Legate. [Hears he is] angry with him for not having sent the resolution of ... touching the war or the abstinence by sea; but he can answer that well, for he has the copy of the letters he had sent them, and letters from them in answer, so that they cannot deny having heard of it. Because they have not sent the power for the treaty, they wish to lay the blame on him. Wishes to hear tomorrow from him as to what he wishes him to do concerning the present proposals.
Hol., Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: A Mons., Mons. [Brien]tuk, secretaire ordinaire.
Sends a packet which he and Morette have just received. There is no letter for them. Thinks a packet must have been omitted. It has been a long time coming. Asks for news of Wolsey's health, and for the minute of the truce. Expects today or tomorrow an answer about Mons. de Gueldres. Will immediately send him word thereof. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons., Mons. le tresorier Bryant Tuke.
R. O. 4161. BISHOP OF BAYONNE to _
In the packet which he has sent to the Bishop there are only the two letters to the King and Legate, open. Supposes they were thus received at the court. There was also a short letter from Robertet, written in such haste that you would want a decipher of it.
It states merely that the espousal of the duke of Ferrara is performed, and that a post shall be immediately despatched to answer the Bishop's letters; which he could not do then, as the Great Master was not up, and the courier wished to start. Expects a speedy resolution. Has communicated to the bearer, "your" secretary, the minute of his letters. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Endd. by Vannes.
10 April.
R. O.
The poor mariners of Colchester, who brought a hoy laden with wheat from a French ship of war, when Norfolk sent them into Sussex for corn, daily petition him for the money he has received for the said wheat, in accordance with their bargain. Keeps it in his own hands by Wolsey's order. The Frenchmen of whom they bought the wheat keep two men of Colchester as pledges for payment, and have lately taken another, whom they have also imprisoned at Boulogne. Since the proclamation of the war in France, the French have taken several Flemings, and sold them to Englishmen, "all which do enjoy their bargains, save only these poor men." A Flemish ship of war has lately taken three small French ships, and sold part in England. Stoke, 10 April.
P.S. in his own hand.—Is informed by lord Rochford of the King's pleasure that he should not come up at St. George's Day. Wishes to know by bearer if he shall come up next term. If not, will remove to Kenynghale, for here he has no provision of wood, wheat or malt. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.


  • 1. Addressed, by mistake, to Wolsey.
  • 2. Sir Giles Greville. He died 1 April 1528. See Inq. p.m. 20 Hen. VIII. No. 63; also No. 4136, antè.
  • 3. Lord Rochford's priest (Cranmer?).