Henry VIII: June 1528, 11-20

Pages 1911-1929

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 1911
Page 1912
Page 1913
Page 1914
Page 1915
Page 1916
Page 1917
Page 1918
Page 1919
Page 1920
Page 1921
Page 1922
Page 1923
Page 1924
Page 1925
Page 1926
Page 1927
Page 1928
Page 1929

June 1528

11 June.
R. O. St. P. VII. 77.
Has at last conduced to the setting forward of Campeggio, as will appear by the Cardinal's letters sent to Fox. Thinks the King will be satisfied with their services. It is a great heaviness to them to be accused of want of diligence and sincerity. After many altercations and promises made to the Pope, he has consented at last to send the commission by Campeggio. We urged the Pope to express the matter in special terms, but could not prevail with him in consequence of the difficulty. He said you would understand his meaning by the words, "inventuri sumus aliquam formam." (fn. 1) I may be deceived, but I think the Pope means well. If I thought otherwise I would certainly tell the truth, for your Majesty is templum fidei et veritatis unicum in orbe relictum. Your Majesty will now understand how much the words spoken by you to Tuke do prick me. Apologises for his rude writing. Viterbo, 11 June.
Hol. Add. Endd.
11 June.
R. O. St. P. I. 289.
This day, as the King came "towards evensong," the marquis of Exeter brought two great bucks from Burllyng, the best of which the King sends to your Grace. This day the King has received his Maker at the Friars', when my lord of Lincoln administered. On Tuesday the King goes to Waltham. Greenwich, Corpus Christi Day. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
11 June.
R. O. Wood's Lett., vol. II. 39.
Has received his letters, dated Durham Place, 15 May, desiring her to deliver to Sir Gilbert Tailbois, her son, lands to the yearly value of 100l., the residue of those worth 200l., appointed by Act of Parliament to him and his wife after her husband's decease, an annuity of 40l., and the money received from the lands from Mayday last. Will give him the lands, but begs to be excused from giving the money for the following reasons:—1. Since her husband's visitation, when he was committed to Wolsey by the King, his rents have been employed for household expences and the marriages of his children, and not in wasteful expences. 2. There is now 150 marks owing of the marriage money of one of their children, for which her nearest friends are bound. 3. Her other son, brother to Sir Gilbert, has no assignment for his living, and must be provided for. 4. Wm. Bongham, an old servant of her husband's, who was accustomed to provide wheat and grain for the household, has gone away with money enough to provide for the whole year, and she is obliged to make fresh provision with the rents of the lordships for which her son Sir Gilbert asks, and of other lands also. 6. There are 10 score wild beasts in the lordship of Kyme, from which they used to provide beef for the household, but from which they can now get no profit. Has had little comfort since her husband's last visitation, "and for the pleasure of God I have yielded me thereunto," and now my husband is aged it would be hard to live in penury, and be unable to discharge our friends of the sums in which they are bound for us. If my son obtain his demands, we shall be obliged to break up house and "sparpull" our children and servants. He has now in his hands lands worth 342l. 17s. 11¾d.,—more than she and her husband have. Will do all she can for him when her children are provided for and her debts paid. Goltaght, 11 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
11 June.
R. O.
Perceived by his letters that my Lord's pleasure is that lady Margaret's secretaries should be with him on Friday morning. Tuke will be there, but is forbidden to ride, and will therefore go by water. Is to assure Wolsey that Stephens' letters did not come in the packet, as the bishop of Bath stated; and therefore Tuke supposed they were either in Mr. Peter's (Vannes') packet, or the same as the letters in Latin to Wolsey. Doubts not that the Cardinal will find they were not sent in the packet Tuke had. Missed them as soon as he read the bishop of Bath's letters, expecting himself to have heard from Mr. Stephens. This is all he can say. Thinks they have been left out of the packet by inadvertence, or else that my lord of Bath called Mr. Gregory's Mr. Stephens' letters. The bishop of Bath's packet came whole in a cover from the deputy of Calais, who said they had "flyen over the walls to him at 10 of the clock at night, and should fly over again to the post, to send them over incontinently; and with that packet was a truss in canvas, directed to my Lord's grace, which was not cast over the walls." The letters of sundry dates were put by Twichet into one packet. Sends various letters, and mentions others that came; some directed to the ambassador of Florence, others for Anthony Vivaldi, one to Nich. Carewe. Begs he may come on Friday, as, but for the King and Wolsey's commandment, he would not stir from his chamber for 100l., "till a thing that is amiss in my body be better amended, for stirring is the most dangerous thing I can do, and besides potions and other medicines I am anointed morning and evening, and have other things administered to me not meet to be used in Court." London, Corpus Christ evening, late.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my loving friend Thomas Derbye, clerk of the King's signet. Endd.
11 June.
R. O.
Clerk will perceive by Wolsey's letters to him and Tayler that there has been an odd mischance. Never knew letters of importance miscarry before, since the beginning of the King's reign; but it seems, from what they and Sir Gregory Casalis have written, that letters from Mr. Stephens have been intercepted or lost,—which concerns Tuke, as he has the control of their conveyance. No such letters of Mr. Stephens could be found when the packet came to hand, for Tuke received the packet in bed, opened it, and read Clerk's letter to himself, and immediately looked for those mentioned, "as those which I longed longest for," but found none, except from Clerk and Tayler; so that, finding one which he knew to be in the hand of Silvester Darius, he supposed Clerk had written Stephens instead of Silvester; but on going to Wolsey he found that they had written about the conveyance of letters from Rome from Dr. Stephens and Sir Gregory, "which, as they said, required haste." The word they made the King and Wolsey think that Clerk had letters from them both, and as Clerk and Sir Gregory both wrote that Mr. Stephens had written at length, they inferred that the letters had come to Clerk's hands. Two packets of Clerk's letters came to Calais at once, containing those of the 5th and 7th inst., and with them a truss in canvass, which, as they arrived after the gates were shut, were cast over the wall to Mr. Deputy, and from him again to the post, who trussed both packets into one. Does not know if Mr. Stephens' letters were trussed in Clerk's packet, or apart. Clerk says that he sent a servant to Calais for those letters, and to revoke young Denham; and Tichet writes that a servant whom he left with Clerk brought the letters to Calais. Other explanations suggested. Hopes the matter will be cleared for both their sakes. Has written to Calais to put Tichet's man in surety till the truth be known.
Copy, in Tuke's hand, pp. 4. Headed: "The copy of my letters to my lord of Bath."
Vit. B. XII. 4. B. M. Burnet, I. 103. 4360. [ANNE BOLEYN to WOLSEY.]
My Lord, in my most humble wise I desire you to pardon me that I am so bold to trouble you with my simple and rude writing, proceeding from one who is much desirous to know that your Grace does well, as I perceive by this bearer. The great pains you take for me, both day and night, are never likely to be recompensed, "but alonely in loving you, next unto the King's grace, above all creatures living," as my deeds shall manifest. I long to hear from you news of the Legate, and hope they will be very good.
Added by the King:—The writer of this would not cease till she had called me likewise to set to my hand. Both of us desire to see you, and are glad to hear you have escaped the plague so well, trusting the fury of it is abated, especially with those that keep good diet, as I trust you do. The not hearing of the Legate's arrival in France causeth us somewhat to muse; but we trust by your diligence shortly to be eased of that trouble.
Hol., mutilated.
[12 June.]
R. O. St. P. VII. 72.
Since my last, received yours of the 2nd, and two others of the 5th and 7th; the first in answer to mine of the 19th and 23rd, concerning the truce; the second relating to Denham, who, by your letters of the 7th, had been revoked by the French king. I have shown your letters to the King, who is surprised that any advertisement should be given to Francis that lady Margaret's secretaries had agreed for the comprehension of the duke of Gueldres, as I could never bring them to such an agreement. Since then the French ambassador has offered terms from his master which will make the comprehension practicable. Till, however, further instructions be sent to the bishop of Bayonne, the truce cannot be concluded. Therefore, beg the French king to consider what his ambassadors and Morette have written on this matter, and accelerate the same, as this is important for the King's merchants trading at Antwerp. Send information respecting two clauses in Clerk's letters, touching letters from Dr. Stephens, which have not been received. The King fears they have been intercepted. A special man is sent to you for information on this point; and you are to explain whether you saw the letters packed, &c.
I have had letters from Sylvester Darius, dated Bayonne, 18 May, stating that the French herald had arrived there with the challenge. Sylvester was anxious that the herald should delay his mission for the present. Of this you have given no notice in your letters. You are therefore to advertise the French king, and ask him to comply with Sylvester's proposal. I have written to Sylvester on the subject. The King is surprised to learn, by Clerk's letter of the 2nd, that he sent a packet of letters to Mr. Stephens by Anthony Vivaldi, an Imperialist, and desires him to be careful.
Headed: Copy of my lord Legate's letters to my lord of Bath and Mr. Tallor.
... "trouve cest apres disner, ou recueil et parolles d ... promectre, et que fusmes ung peu entrez ou propoz ... votre moyen de luy pour le Roy son bon frere et perpetuel alye ... a remis la resolution dudit ayde en ce que touche la contribuc[ion] ... la commission nouvelle pour faire la tresve.
"[Mon]seigneur, nous n'avon voulu luy faire de rien instance pour la charge que ... [n]ous avon du Roy votre grant amy de ne parler que par votre bouche ... mais il nous semble qu'il seroit meilleur que resolution se prinst aup ... dudite affaire, non obstant que la commission ne soit venue, (presuppos[ant] qu'il ny aura faulte qu'elle ne vienne et que suyvant icelle la tres[ve soit] conclue, comme desja le devez tenir pour fait,) faisant, Monseigneur ... resolution, et moy, Morette, incontinant l'apportant au Roy, seroit d ... plus avance et dilligente l'affaire de Lombardie, qui plus chauldeme[nt] sans point de doubte se conduira, moy retourne avec ladite resolution.
"Monseigneur, non pour espargner notre peine, mais pour ne vous donner ... avons choisi de plustost vous envoyer ce memoire qu'aller vers vous ... actendant que vous ordonnerez, ce qu'il vous plaira que nous facion, ... qu'entierement vous trouviez telle obeyssance que sont tenuz vous porter ..." Signed.
Mutilated. Add.: [A] Monseigneur [le] Cardinal d'Yiorch, legat et ... Angleterre.
12 June.
R. O.
Has been acquainted by the bishop of Bath, and the conversation of Morette, of Wolsey's good inclination towards him. Is rejoiced to find that he is agreeable to one whom all admire for his great ability and patriotism. Has been induced to write at the suggestion of the bishop of Bayonne. Paris, 12 June 1528. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
12 June.
R. O.
Assent, by Campeggio, as bishop of Sarum, to the annexation of the prebend of Blowbery to Wolsey's college in Oxford, according to the decree of incorporation by the Pope, dated Orvieto, 1528, pridie idus Junii.
In Cromwell's hand (?) Lat., pp. 5.
12 June.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 255.
Bull of confirmation for Cardinal's college, Oxford. Orvieto, 12 June 1528.
Lat., vellum. Leaden seal.
The French ambassador, after having received and read his packet of letters, sent them by a servant to Tuke without any other message. Found letters to the King and Wolsey, both open, and one to the ambassador from Robertet, acknowledging the ambassador's letters of 19 and 23 May, hoping the truce was concluded upon the last resolution sent by the French king, and stating that they looked hourly for Morette. Robertet's letter was despatched in haste by the English courier, without waiting for any from the great master, who was then asleep. Tuke sent the letters back by his French clerk to the ambassador at his village, to know what he was to do with them, saying he was surprised at the King and Wolsey's letters being opened, "though it seemeth they were never sealed but with a label put through;" and also that the French king should take the truce for concluded, as there was no such appearance. Desired his clerk also to inquire of him "whether in those letters he wrote any such comfort," and whether he had not written otherwise since. Sends his answer along with the said two letters, which the ambassador returned. He retained Robertet's, pretending it was so ill written it would require some one to decipher it; but Tuke read it well enough. Perceives they wrote too comfortably about the truce at first, and that the ambassador is looking for a further answer, which he fears will be of no effect before Morette's arrival.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Peter Vanne, secretary to my lord Legate's grace. For my Lord's grace.
13 June.
R. O.
Sends the King's progress as devised "for this grass season." He had intended to go to Ampthill immediately after being at Honysdon, Hartford and those parts; but he has postponed it, as Fitzwilliam told him Wolsey could not be there so soon on account of the term. Greenwich, 13 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
13 June.
R. O.
"Ex Viterbio, die xiij. Junii."
Campeggio has come hither from Rome to go to England in the cause of the divorce. He stays here, awaiting an answer from Genoa to a request for a galley to carry him to Marseilles, but if it do not come he will go by land. Those at Naples are badly off,—without wine or meat, and with a great pestilence. Those without think it impossible they can hold out till the middle of July. The Imperialists pretended they can hold out to the middle of August, but their faces belie their assertions. The bishop of Lecce (Lechiensis) leaves tomorrow for Spain for the liberation of the Cardinals. Believes they will be set free before his return. The ambassador who came from Naples is still here; and though what he demands of the Pope is not well known, it is supposed he has offered him the restitution of Ostia and Civita Vecchia, and the liberation of the Cardinals, for a payment of 40,000 scudi, and a grant of a tenth to the Emperor. Believes, however, that he is awaiting an answer from Naples. You have heard of the recovery of Rimini. Nothing is wanted now but that of Cervia and Ravenna from the Venetians, and Ostia and Civita Vecchia from the Spaniards.
ii. Extract from an intercepted letter of the prince of Orange to the duke of Brunswick, dated Naples, 31 May.
Has written to him several times this month, with great urgency, to come to Naples, as they cannot stand a longer siege than to the time he before mentioned in writing to Andrea de Burgo. Are in greater distress every day. Urge him to come by way of Tronti, as the enemy did, for the way is smooth, and full of good cities. Naples, 31 May 1528.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd, in same hand: "Nova ex Italia."
13 June.
Galba, B. IX. 123. B. M.
Has received no letter from him since he wrote last by Lassaux on May 22. My Lady writes daily to her ambassadors to show Wolsey her opinion. Since Mid-Lent there have been but few days that he has not had complaints from the King's subjects of the taking of their ships. My Lady and the Council ordered restitution immediately on hearing of it, and seem displeased at this treatment of the English. The procurer-general has been sent to Seeland, and tomorrow the receiver of the "Exsplottes" will go to Flanders to cause restitution to be made, especially of Mr. Gonston's galleon, with express commission to command my Lord Admiral and the rent-master of ... to punish those who have committed the injuries. Finds my Lady, the cardinal of Liege, Berghes and others well disposed to preserve the amity, as far as it is not to the Emperor's prejudice.
Letters from Dutchland state that Antony de Leva has taken Pavia, and the duke of Brownswyk Parma and Alexandria. Has seen a letter from Trent, that says only that the Duke has taken two towns in the duchy of Milan, and that, for all the bad fortune of the Imperialists, they have now nearly 30,000 men in Italy. Hesdyng recommends himself heartily to Wolsey and to Tuke, and wishes Hacket to say that the kind letter Wolsey sent to my Lady in his favor was not as well accepted as it ought to have been. The cardinal of Liege tells him it has caused "more retardance of Hesdyng's business than any awan[cement], all proceeding of the good love and favor that Hoghestrat owes to the King and Wolsey." Thinks Hesdyng will write by a servant of his own in a few days.
It is said that Ytchyngham arrived at Paris from Spain on the 28th M[ay]. Supposes he is by this time in England. Hears that Hoghestrate has daily letters from France, but none knows the secret except my Lady and him. Machlyng, 13 June 1528.
Is desired by Mr. Luys Sowche, secretary to t ..., to send the enclosed copy of my Lady's [letter] that Tuke may remind the Lord Chamberlain to fulfil my Lady's request in favor of Mychel de Lombyer, merchant.
After the letter was closed, my Lady sent Mons. Dayngny, second president of the council, with the receiver of the "Exsplottes" and the captain of Byerflit, to take his advice about opening and breaking up all Englishmen's and strangers' [letters] which the said captain has found in Gonson's galleon, which was laden at Antwerp with Englishmen's and strangers' goods for London, and was stopped at sea and brought to Byerflit, on the pretext that it contained French goods and merchants, and must be examined. Said the truth might be known as well by the purser's book as by other letters, that it was not his business to advise in the matter, and he knew my Lady and the Council to be wise enough to know what they ought to do.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd.
13 June.
Vit. B. X. 101. B. M.
Has always admired the King since he saw him while on an embassy from Venice to the Emperor. Informs him that the Pope has conferred the cardinalate on him, and offers his services. Venice, 13 June 1528. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Address pasted on.
13 June.
R. O.
Notifying his appointment to the cardinalate. Venice, 13 June 1528. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 June.
R. O.
i. From an intercepted letter of cardinal Colonna to count Andrea de Burgo, Gaeta, 9 June.—Has heard of the resolution of the Germans to march to Milan and attack Lodi. Does not approve of the resolution, considering the great extremity of Naples. Unless it be succoured it will be lost, and the Imperial interests in Lombardy cannot be saved.
ii. From a letter of the prothonotary Casale, Venice.—The Imperialists are intending an attack against Bergamo, which has been prepared for its defence. 4,000 fresh Germans have arrived at Ivrea. The Venetian ambassador is at Viterbo, and finds the Pope resolute to have the "said" lands, and unwilling to declare himself on any other conditions. The Venetians (isti domini) will not restore them, although Francis has written to them strongly on this subject, and has ordered viscount Turenne, who is with the Pope, to further the business. No news of Lautrec. Johannes de Urbina has left Naples, and suffered a defeat from our troops. Francis writes that he has sent his fleet to Genoa under the command of captain Barvegius. He has also sent 200,000 scudi to Lautrec.
Lat., pp. 2.
14 June.
Le Glay, Analectes Hist., p. 196.
"Il annonce a Marguerite d'Autriche que les députés ont conclu avec l'Empereur et le roi de France un traité de commerce pour la restitution des vaisseaux, effets et prisonniers." Greenwich, 14 June 1528.
14 June.
R. O. St. P. VII. 79.
On Corpus Christi Day, at the procession, thanked the King for the trouble he had taken in writing to the Pope for the King's matter, at your request. He said he did it gladly, and would do anything to further it, "that the Pope should do it," and that he had written to the Venetians for the restitution of Cervia and Ravenna. He said they would certainly restore them, and he would press the Venetians thereunto for the King's sake. Then the Pope would be too unkind if he made any more sticking in the matter. He takes the King's matter as much at heart as if it were his own. Wished he had more earnestly pressed the Pope in his letter, but did not dare say so, as he had taken so much labor in writing. If there was any fault, it was in the secretary who prepared the minute, for the French king cared not what he wrote, provided the King's matter was advanced. Sends a copy. Sent the original yesterday to Dr. Stevens, and another letter to Mons. Turayn.
As the matters go pleasantly, brought master Dean (fn. 2) to the great President, who made much of him. The two young men attached for Lutheranism have this day been sent to Calais. Poyssye, 14 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
14 June.
R. O.
Wolsey will have learnt from the bishop of Bayonne the satisfaction of the King and Madame on hearing by Morette the good and honorable words which he was desired by Henry to report to them. Besides the assurances Mons. de Bayonne will give of their great affection to Henry, wishes to let Wolsey know how much they feel bound to him. The bishop of Bayonne will also inform him of what Francis has done for the Holy Father, whose cause he is determined to support, as will appear by the copy of the letters written with his own hand, which he has sent to the Pope by a gentleman express. He will also give full instructions of his intentions to the viscount of Thuraine (Turenne), his ambassador with his Holiness. St. Germain en Laye, 14 June. Signed.
Fr. Add.: Mons. le Cardinal arcevesque dIort, legat et chancellier d'Angleterre.
15 June.
R. O.
Treaty made by don Inigo de Mendoça, Wm. des Barres, and John de le Sauch, on the part of Margaret of Savoy, with Cuthbert bishop of London, Privy Seal, and Brian Tucke, treasurer of the Chamber, on the part of England, and John du Bellay, bishop of Bayonne, on the part of France, for a truce of eight months. Charles of Gueldres to be comprised, on condition of restoring Utrecht to the bishop of Utrecht or to the Emperor, and submitting to the penalties incurred by him for breaking his truce with the Emperor. The truce not to be in force in Spain or Italy. The cardinals of York, Lorraine and Liege to be protectors of the truce. Hampton Court, 15 June 1528. Signed and sealed by the plenipotentiaries of Flanders.
R. O. 2. French counterpart of the same. Hampton Court, 15 June 1528. Signed and sealed by Du Bellay.
15 June.
R. O.
4377. TRUCE with the LOW COUNTRIES.
Promise made by Wm. des Barres and John de la Sauch, in the name of Margaret of Savoy, that all English ships arrested since the intimation of war made by England to the Emperor at Burgos shall be released. 15 June 1528. Signed and sealed.
Fr. On parchment.
R. O. 2. Oath taken by don Ynigo de Mendoça, bishop elect of Burgos, in the name of Margaret of Savoy, for the observance of the truce made 15 June 1528. Signed.
Fr. On parchment.
Galba, B. IX. 63. B. M. 4378. ARTICLE of TREATIES with FRANCE and FLANDERS.
1. Article of a treaty with France, declaring that the privileges granted to English merchants by the treaties of 18 Aug. 1527 and 30 Aug. 1525 shall be in accordance with the book hereto annexed. Signed by Wolsey and Montmorency.
Lat., pp. 4.
Galba, B. IX. 65. B. M. 2. Grant of Philip duke of Burgundy, of certain privileges to English merchants. Brussels, 6 Aug. 1446.
Copy, Lat. and Flemish, pp. 8. Signed by Wolsey and Montmorency; the latter signature almost entirely cut off.
Galba, B. IX. 69. B. M. 3. Articles of commercial intercourse between the English merchants and the town of Antwerp, 1 June 1518.
Copy, Lat., pp. 22. Signed by Wolsey and Montmorency. Of the latter signature only the two dots placed over the name remain.
Galba, B. IX. 81. B. M. 4. Confirmation by Chievres, Escambeke, and Sempi of commercial treaties between England and the Low Countries.
Copy, Lat., pp. 7. Signed by Wolsey and Montmorency.
Galba, B. IX. 85. B. M. 5. Minutes of treaties between Henry VIII. and Francis I., Hen. VIII. and Maximilian, and the kings of Navarre and Spain, Henry VII. and the archduke of Flanders, and Henry VIII. and Charles V., from 1495 to 1527.
Lat., pp. 9.
Cal. D. X. 60. B. M. 6. Abstracts of treaties between England and France.
Pp. 5, mutilated, in Tuke's hand.
Cal. D. X. 66–102. B. M. 7. Fragments of treaties with France.
15 June.
R. O. Pocock, I. 170.
"Ex literis D. Gregorii die XV. Junii Viterbii datis."
Wrote last by his chaplain, Barlo; after which he went to Rome, that he might, by all possible means, induce Campeggio to second the mode desired by the King of a commission with power to decree (de commissione decretali), and say he should consider it a special favor if the Pope conferred it upon himself. Suggested two motives for this: 1, to merit the King's favor; and 2, that his honor was concerned in the confirmation of the sentence. Moreover, the Pope seemed to refer the matter to Campeggio, and would do nothing without his counsel, so that it was of the utmost consequence to prepare him. He is now most anxious to accommodate himself to the King's will. (fn. 3) Got him to give up his journey to Bologna, where he would have wasted time. He will travel by post horses, if the gout permits him, by the road we would wish for speed. Having crossed the sea from Corneto to Marseilles, he can make the journey in three days. Has sent Baptista to ask Andrea Doria for two galleys, in the name of the Pope and the French ambassador, to conduct the Legate from Corneto. A good deal of tact will be necessary to get them, as he is afraid of more Germans coming to Genoa. Baptista will endeavor to get them "securas et non pestiferas." Meanwhile Campeggio will make his will, and arrange to go to Portus Veneris or Leghorn, if the galleys are not sent to Corneto. We have got the president of Provence, the French ambassador here, to write, that everything may be ready for him at Marseilles. If the galleys cannot be had he will go by land, and has arranged to procure clothes at Avignon. At 12 leagues beyond Lyons he will enter the Rhone (sic), and soon get to Paris.
Lat., pp. 3.
15 June.
R. O. Pocock, I. 172.
Extract from letters of D. Gregory (Casale), dated Viterbo, 15 June.
Has obtained the commission for Campeggio, although he feared the Pope would not keep his promise to him and Dr. Stephens. Went to Campeggio, but first convinced D. Florian, without whom nothing could be done. Then went to the Pope, and told him that Campeggio was not only contented to take with him the commission, but approved of our procuring it, and even wished to procure it himself, not knowing a better way to render the sentence safe, and that he thought the Pope should grant it soon. Told Campeggio that they had written to England that the Pope would grant the commission if Campeggio would take it; and thus the King knew that it depended on him. (fn. 4) Said they had written thus to increase the esteem in which he was held, so that he was obliged either to comply or decide in opposition to the King. Acted thus from doubts as to his sincerity, &c. The Pope did not wish them to tell Campeggio that they had spoken to him. Excused himself for having done so. Did it lest the Pope should impose upon them. His Holiness granted it unwillingly, saying that he did not wish it to be known, either openly or secretly.
Wolsey will hear from Baptista, whom they have sent to Genoa, when the Legate is likely to arrive in England. Has persuaded Lautrec to send two galleys, in case the other two are not provided by Andrea Doria. Two are also expected from Naples. Has sent to sea to stop them, as they may be of service. Are working at this matter day and night. Have made this provision through Lautrec, because the Germans are at Bergamo, and say they are going to Genoa. If so, no land route would be safe for the Legate, and Doria would not grant the galleys.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd.
15 June.
R. O.
4381. ANTONIO DE LEYVA to COUNT HIERONYMO MORONO, the Emperor's Commissary.
Prays credence for Sigismond da Ferrara, and that the commissary will take care that provisions be sent in good time, or else all will go wrong. At the Imperial palace, 15 June 1528.
Ital., p. 1. Headed: "Copia de l~re de Antonio de Leyva al Morono." Endd.: "Copia literarum ducis Brunswic."
16 June.
Vesp. F. III. 57. B. M.
Has written already to him in favor of Peter and Michael Dardara, natives of Navarre, in their suit against Martin Deguignea. Sentence has been given in favor of his subjects, but the opposite party has fled. Desires his favor to procure speedy justice in their suit against the sureties. Paris, 16 June. (fn. 5) Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: "Mon frere le cardinal Dyort, legat en Anglaterre."
[16 June.]
Love Letters, XII.
There came to me in the night the most afflicting news possible. I have to grieve for three causes: first, to hear of my mistress's sickness, whose health I desire as my own, and would willingly bear the half of yours to cure you; secondly, because I fear to suffer yet longer that absence which has already given me so much pain,—God deliver me from such an importunate rebel !; thirdly, because the physician I trust most is at present absent when he could do me the greatest pleasure. However, in his absence, I send you the second, praying God he may soon make you well, and I shall love him the better. I beseech you to be governed by his advice, and then I hope to see you soon again.
16 June.
[Cal. E. I. II.] I. 213. B. M.
Sent last Thursday M[ons.] de Veruyn to Ardre on his master's affairs, and charged him to visit Sands; but he heard that he was not then at Guisnes. Sends, therefore, the present bearer, who was brought up by Sands, to inquire after his health. Wishes to hear from him, and offers his services. Boulogne, 16 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. le Chambellan du roy d'Angleterre, chevalier de son ordre, cappitaine de Guisnes.
17 June.
R. O.
4385. FRANCIS I.
Attestation of William des Barres and Jehan de le Sauch, secretaries to lady Margaret, of the commission by Francis I. to Jehan du Bellay, bishop of Bayonne, dated at St. Germain-en-Laye, 19 May 1528, 14 Francis I., for a truce between himself and the Emperor.
This attestation is granted to the English ambassadors, Cuthbert bishop of London, and Brian Tuke, for their greater security, Du Bellay not having at the time a power to deliver to the English as well as to the Imperialists. Dated 17 June 1527 (sic). Signed.
Fr., vellum.
Galba, B. IX. 104. B. M. 4386. FLANDERS.
Power of Margaret of Savoy to _ to treat for an abstinence of war with the kings of England and France.
Draft, Fr., pp. 4. Endd.
17 June.
[Cal. E. I. II. ?] I. 141. B. M.
Has seen the articles Wolsey has sent about the truce. Two of them concern his mother and himself, and do not seem reasonable. Has made a memorandum of the difficulty therein, and sends it to Mons de Bayonne to show him. Asks him to correct the said articles. St. Denis, 17 June. Signed: Charles.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A Mons. le legat d'Angleterre, card. d'York. Endd.: A Magno Magi[stro] ...
18 June.
R. O.
Recommends himself to him and his wife. Thanks him for his good cheer when last with him. Asks for his favor concerning Tykford, according to what he and his son Croke said at Westminster. Asks him to do something for his son Antony Cave, who wants a place in England, and would be very meet for a merchant. Wishes his favor for himself and his cousin Rowland touching Skalford. Stanford, 18 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Mr. Crumwell at London.
18 June.
Galba, B. VII. 373. B. M. St. P. I. 290.
I enclose letters received this hour from Mr. Treasurer, by which you will see that the King is not quite satisfied with the truce, as there is no provision in case any Spaniards should take any of the King's subjects on the coasts of Brittany, Gascony, Guienne, Normandy, or in the ports of Spain, that my Lady shall make restitution of such Spaniards' goods as shall be found in Flanders; and though Master Treasurer made good answer to the King, his Highness wishes to discuss the matter with you tomorrow morning, or at least with Brian Tuke. I wonder he does not better consider the effect of the truce, with whom it is made, and to what places it extends; for neither my Lady nor the Emperor's ambassador is authorised to conclude anything relating to the ports of Spain, and the truce does not extend to them; yet it is provided that no Spaniard shall attempt anything against the King's subjects on this side of Spain, either in Guyenne, Gascoigne, Brittany, or Normandy, and for this my Lady is bound both for herself and for the Emperor. This prohibition implies restitution, if it is infringed, and there is no other provision in case any Fleming take an Englishman. You can inform the King what sticking I have made for restitution of the English ships taken by the Spaniards, and what answer was made by the Emperor's ambassador and my Lady's secretaries, what obligation my Lady has made for the same, and what promise I demanded of the Emperor's ambassador, who said he would procure restitution, but had no commission to bind himself. In going to the King, take with you all the writings about this matter, and the little memorial in English, and I doubt not he will be satisfied. As to the detention of the secretaries, I suppose they are gone. If they be longer stayed it will be impossible to publish the truce in Flanders by Monday next. The French king and his ambassador here are quite satisfied with this provision for the sea, though, being nearer Spain, they are in greater danger than Englishmen. Hampton Court, 18 June.
P.S.—You can tell the King the reasons why I made such haste for the publication of the truce,—that the merchants might have a market for their cloths at the Synchyeme mart; and for fear lest my Lady, on the arrival of Beaurain with the Spaniards, having made other provision for the defence of the Low Countries, and for keeping Francis occupied on this side so that he would not send succours to Italy, should altogether refuse to treat,—as I was warned by Hacket and others. The King ought to see that the provision against attempts by sea is more to the advantage of himself and France than of the Emperor; for the two Kings can prevent any Spaniard coming out of a Spanish port, but the Spaniards cannot do the same towards the English and French. Tuke may deliver the King's letter for my lady Margaret to one of her secretaries left behind for that purpose. I send you my letters addressed to Gonson. See that they be despatched according to the King's pleasure. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.
18 June.
R. O. St. P. VII. 81.
As to the letters of Dr. Stephyns, which are supposed to have miscarried, cannot for his life say more than this: when he was commanded by the French king to send for Denham, a packet of letters was brought him by the Great Master, addressed to Tayler and himself, with a letter to the Great Master, and a small packet of letters. Cannot recollect whether this was for Wolsey, Tuke or Peter Vannes, or whether it was one letter or more. The letter to us was a few words only, desiring us to forward the packet. It was signed by Master Stephens and Sir Gregory. Is sure of Sir Gregory's signature; but Master Stephens writes two or three hands, of which he has not taken so much notice;—if it was any of them, it was his Italian hand. Has made repeated searches for that letter. Dr. Tayler never saw it, as he was then writing for the dispatch of a courier; but he might see by the letter to Wolsey, which he subscribed along with Clerk, that such a packet was sent. The packet never went out of Clerk's sight after it once came to his hands; and he inclosed it in his own packet himself, and delivered it to his servant, whom he sent after Denham to Abbeville, at which place he overtook Clerk's steward; and the latter sent it to the deputy of Calais, by whom it was forwarded. These were the only letters he meant when he said he had received letters from Master Stephens. As to his writing "from Rome," he meant from the Court of Rome, which is always considered to be wherever the Pope keeps residence. Trusts, if the contents of Master Stephens' letters were good, Wolsey will witness for him that he would be more anxious that the King should know them by himself than by any one else; and why he should conceal them, if unfavorable, he does not perceive. Deprecates Wolsey's suspicions, and implores his mediation with the King to avert his displeasure.
Perceives Wolsey is not pleased that he sent the Cardinal's letters to Dr. Stephens by Peter Spyna, who is an agent of Antony Vivald. Assures him that he cares no more for Vivald than Clerk does, except in the way of business. He is a Florentine, who has followed the French court for many years, and has been the main agent in procuring Francis money for his affairs in Italy. If he leaned to the Emperor, Francis would not use him. But for this assurance, would neither have put Wolsey's letters in his hands, nor these last of the French king and my Lady,—which he is assured went in seven days from Paris, and he supposes reached Orvieto on the 7th or 8th inst. Advises that no letters be sent upon this great matter, except by express messengers, the King's own subjects. The charge of 300 or 400 marks, more or less, is not worthy of consideration. Paris, 18 June. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add.: To my lord Legate's good Grace. Endd.
18 June.
Le Grand, III. 129.
Has waited till now to send the treaty of the truce, because it was necessary to make the oath in ceremony, and arrange with Wolsey and the others about the form of the ratification. Yesterday the oath was made "en belle eglise," where the Emperor's ambassador was present, and we shook hands; so that our old quarrels are extinct, for he has repented and made amends like an honest man. Advises feux de joie to be made, as it is no small matter that such potentates have come to agreement. The Flemings wanted to dissemble the truce,—both for the reasons I mentioned, and because, as they knew of the contribution, they expected that the truce would take place, and partly acknowledged it. As to the article about restitution of their goods to those of the opposite party, they are either the most subtle dissemblers in the world, or they have extended their commission a little at their own risk. But Wolsey made such protestations in answer to me (à l'encontre de moy), in their presence, to make me pass the affair of M. de Gueldres, giving me a pledge, "soubz son sein," that he would discharge me towards you; and, having thus got my consent, held out to them such menaces that they were compelled to complete the business (passer la carriere).
I was at Hampton Court five days, and met "the aforesaid" secretaries every day at my ordinary, which Wolsey made me on leaving the table (à mon ordinaire que me faisoyt M. le Legat au partir de table). I had much conversation with them, but took care not to commit myself. Will. des Barres, whom you have seen in Spain (whither, he has confessed to me, lady Margaret sent him to prevent the return of Francis), declared to me touching the proposal of peace, that he was very glad he had found occasion to refuse the journey taken by Marnix, owing to a dispute he had with John Lalement, whom he calls a wicked man. He thinks that journey lost labor, because Francis will make an abatement from the sum offered if he conquer Naples, and because he allowed, or, as some think, made the union of Genoa, that it might not be delivered to the Emperor. He says that, but for that, and but for a word which I shall mention hereafter reported to the lady Margaret, peace would certainly have ensued.
Reports a discussion he had with Des Barres touching the restitution of the children and the war in Naples. Des Barres showed him letters from Naples, stating that the Imperialists had ample provisions, and were so eager to fight they could hardly be kept in. They are going to send John de la Saulx to the Emperor for the ratification of the truce.
Wolsey spoke to them of the defiance sent by Francis to the Emperor, and said he could do no less after the terms the Emperor had used, but, as it was sent before the negociations set on foot by him and lady Margaret, they need not be suspended on this account. Had several conversations with Wolsey at Hampton Court while he was walking in his gardens;—among other things, of the Pope's negociation with the Imperialists, and his ingratitude to England. Being asked what I thought of it, I said I supposed by sending Campeggio he meant to put a bridle on the Emperor, as the Cardinal could always advance or delay, on pretext of his gout, while they waited to see the result in Italy, and could give a sop to either of the two Princes, helping himself if he pleased "de l'ombre du personnage" (the Pope ?), telling the one he had made him a good Englishman (l'avoir baillé bon Anglois), and the other a good Imperialist. Wolsey looked wonderfully grave, and abused the Venetians; for if they would have restored Ravenna and Cervia, and the Pope had refused to interdict the Emperor as he promised, we might honorably have compelled him to accept our conditions. And incidentally he said the Pope could not have refused them to take cognizance of the cause at once, considering the imminent danger to this kingdom if the King died without declaration of the validity or nullity of his marriage. This he said bien legerement.
On Tuesday one of the ladies of the chamber, Mademoiselle de Boulan, was infected with the sweat. The King, in great haste, dislodged, and went 12 miles hence, and I hear the lady was sent to her brother the Viscount in Kent ("Cainet"). As yet the love has not abated. I know not if absence, and the difficulties of Rome, may effect anything. This sweat, which has made its appearance within these four days, is a most perilous disease. One has a little pain in the head and heart; suddenly a sweat begins; and a physician is useless, for whether you wrap yourself up much or little, in four hours, sometimes in two or three, you are despatched without languishing, as in those troublesome fevers. However, only about 2,000 have caught it in London. Yesterday, going to swear the truce, we saw them as thick as flies, rushing from the streets and shops into their houses to take the sweat whenever they felt ill. I found the ambassador of Milan leaving his lodging in great haste because two or three had been suddenly attacked. If all the ambassadors are to have their share of it, you will not have gained your cause; for you will not be able to brag you made me die of hunger, and the King will only have gained nine months of my service for nothing. In London, I assure you the priests have a better time of it than the doctors, except that the latter do not help to bury. If the thing goes on, corn will soon be cheap. It is 12 years since there was such a visitation, when there died 10,000 persons in 10 or 12 days, but it was not so bad as this has begun. The Legate had come for the term, but immediately bridled his horses again, and there will be no term appointed. Every one is terribly amazed.
Wonders he has had no instructions what answer to make about the contribution, as to taking any of it by writing or not. It would have been much better at the beginning, and shown less mistrust. Has done, however, the best he could about the truce, and hopes he has not exceeded his commission. Has discovered partly why the other side did not wish every one to have his goods restored. The Audiencer and others of the Council, hearing that they were involved in war before the men of property knew it, had demanded compensations and confiscations of those of our party, for themselves and their adherents, great wagonners or brewers,—who, if they lost all their inheritance, would not have lost 100 sous of rent, while the poor gentlemen of the country remained fed with words (peuz de parolles) to sue their compensations. Knows not if there were any other reasons. John de la Saulx, who went to urge them to agree to the truce as drawn by Wolsey, spoke so much in its favor (en parla si avant) that he was removed from the Council as one suspected.
Has written to Brienne to publish the truce on the frontier of Picardy by Monday or Tuesday at the furthest. Wolsey desired that the form of publication should be so lengthy. Is not able to send the oath of the others. Waited for them the whole of this morning, as two doctors of the Legate, who had received them from all the parties, had promised to let him have them; but found the doctors had been attacked with the plague, and it is thought they are already dead. If they die there will be no means of getting the instruments, but 100 witnesses can be got to witness the oath. London, 8 June. (fn. 6)
Fr. Add.
18 June.
Béthune MS. 8468, f. 11.
In behalf of Anthoine du Val, who was her clerc d'office when in France. Begs the Grand Master to obtain for him a like post in the household of Francis. London, 18 June. Countersigned: De St. Martin.
Fr. Add.
There is also a letter of Suffolk, to the same effect, signed by St. Martin.
19 June.
R. O.
Hears from the Lord Chamberlain, capt. of Guisnes, that Weston has not paid his and his retinue's wages, according to the King's letters to him, and the mayor and fellowship of the Staple, because the late receiver has not paid him the revenues, 400l. gr. Informs him that the said sum has been expended by the King's command on the repairs of the castle, and desires him to allow the said sum to the receiver, and to pay immediately the wages of the Chamberlain and his retinue. Hampton Court, 19 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my loving friend, Sir Ric. Weston, knt., treasurer of the King's town and marches of Calais.
19 June.
R. O.
Advertises him that on the 5th he sent letters that, by the advice of the bishop of Bath, he attached Sir Philip Smith, chaplain of the Staple, &c. Yesternight a chaplain of the Bishop, accompanied with three or four others, and the Master of the Rolls' servants, brought here Denham and Corbet with a letter, stating that the three prisoners and their books should be transmitted to England. No ship will be ready to leave before Tuesday or Wednesday. Begs Wolsey will write a letter to the commissary, Sir John Butler, to take charge of them, as this is a spiritual matter. Calais, 19 June 1528. Signed. Sealed.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd.
19 June.
R. O.
Advertises him of the coming of Denham and Corbett, and of two letters, which he has enclosed in one of his own to Wolsey. Has had letters from the bishop of Bath and the Master of the Rolls, ordering him to send to England Philip Smith, with the others. Smith is in the commissary's hands, who had better be ordered to take charge of the books and the prisoners.
The Burgundians before yesterday were before Montreuil, and yesterday at Margysyn. Last night John de la Sauch and De Bares, who have arrived, informed him of the truce. Hopes it may be the foundation of a general peace.
Calais, 19 June 1528.
P.S.—Had written in his former letters of the great necessity of the whole retinue in the town in consequence of their lack of wages; at which they are the more surprised, as the King had written that my Lord Chamberlain should have incontinently the wages due for Guisnes, which have hitherto always been paid last. Would be glad if the Council and others here were paid, especially considering the dearness of the times.
Second P.S.—Sends a packet of letters from the Master of the Rolls, directed to his cousin Robert Dacres at the Temple or the Rolls.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Master Bryan Tuke, of the King's Privy Council, and Treasurer of his most excellent Chamber. Endd.: Mr. Wyngfild, deputie of Calais.
Confesses a previous acquaintance with George Constantine, Fische, Bilney and others, whom he abhors as pestiferous followers of Luther, at whose suggestion he had translated into English the first book of Francis Lambert, De Causis Excæcationis, and a letter which Pomeranus sent "ad fideles (sic enim eos vocat) in Angliam." He had visited Paris, and spent ten months in Constantine's house, and there he had bought Luther's works De Servo Arbitrio and De Captivitate Babylonica, Lambert's Commentarii de Prophetia, &c., De Littera et Spiritu, Luther on the Magnificat, De Instituendis Ministris, Hicronymus Savonarola super Psalmum "Miserere," De Cursu Verbi Dei, by Gaspar Schuuenckfeldius, Luther's Letter to King Henry VIII., and a little book of an author unknown against Natalis Beda; in French also, The Book of Deuteronomy, Oratio Dominica cum Expositione, De uno Mediatore Christo, De Imaginibus, De Fundamento Evangelicæ, the Epistles and Gospels for 52 weeks; the New Testament in English, with an Introduction to the Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans, &c. But being taken and committed to prison these books were found among his effects, and he was brought before the English ambassador at St. Germain's [Clerk bishop of Bath]. He ends by bespeaking the usual clemency of the Cardinal.
Pp. 2. Endd.: "Fraunces Denhams confession."
19 June.
R. O.
Wrote lately to the King, his uncle, proposing to lead an army against the rebels on the Borders, and desiring that Henry would cause the wardens on his side to assemble the lieges to assist him. Disturbances have since occurred "in the inland of our realm," and James has ordered a convention of the great barons to be hastily summoned. It has therefore been thought advisable to defer "the passing at this time upon the said thieves and rebels" till after the said council. A substantial host may be led against them at the time of year when most harm can be done them. Stirling Castle, 19 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: The Erl of Norhummerland, wardane of the Est Merchis of Inglond.
20 June.
R. O. St. P. II. 134.
Yesterday at Esterforde heard that Wolsey had broken up the term, because of the infection in London. Returned hither, and intends to go to Kenynghale. Asks how long he may stay here before being sent for by the King or Wolsey. Is well amended of his sickness, not having been ill since Thursday week. Sends letters which he has received from Ireland. Unless Wolsey remedies the great danger of "that poor land," fears it will not be recovered without great expense. If the land is overrun and spoiled by the Irish, there will not be victuals to support the force the King will send to punish the rebels, and his Grace will be forced to begin a new conquest as Henry II. did. The only cause is the malice between Kildare and Ossory. Stoke, 20 June.
Hol. Add.: To my [lord] Legate's good grace.
20 June.
R. O.
According to Wolsey's letter, ordering him to see restored to a Dutchman, named Jacobson, his ship and goods taken by a Frenchman, and bought by the prior of Bromeholme, Norf., for 42l., has examined the prior and others, and finds that Jacobson asked one Katcham, and then the prior, to buy it for him, and then refused to give the prior more than 30l. He said he could have kept his ship well enough if it had not been for the prior and his folks. But that is not true; and he has confessed that the prior hindered him in nothing but from taking the Frenchman who had come to the prior's house, on a promise of safety, to make the bargain. They ought not to have allowed the Frenchman to meddle with the ship, being on dry ground; but they say they did not know it. The affair was caused by a French baker, living in Yarmouth, named Nicholas, who manned, victualled, and ordnanced the ship, and hired four Englishmen to go in her; three of whom are in Iceland, and the other confessed it. Has sent Nicholas up to Wolsey. He ought to recompense the Dutchman and all others who have lost by it. Has arrested his goods, which will cover all losses. Will see it done if Wolsey will commit it to him and Suffolk, who is steward of Yarmouth. Stoke, 20 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd.: My lord of Northfolke, off the xxth of June 1528.
20 June.
R. O. St. P. VII. 84.
4400. LEE to HENRY VIII.
Wrote on the 16th of May of our deliverance, by letters sent by De Tarbes. Since then we have remained in Valladolid. Echingham departed from Bordeaux back. Before his departure he delivered his letters to a Frenchman to deliver to us; who came to Fonterabia on the 17th. On the last of May, Darius was at Bayonne waiting for a safe-conduct. The English in Andalusia are set at liberty. Other things we have written in cipher. In Madrid the Empress is making provision for the Emperor's absence. Sends a copy in Spanish of a paper written by the French king in answer to the Emperor. Valladolid, 20 June 1528.
Hol. Add.
20 June.
R. O.
Extracts from a letter of Baptista, servant of Gregory (Casale), dated Levezo, near Genoa, 20 June.
Reached this place on the 17th, where Andrea Doria, on account of the plague that was so violent in Genoa, had hardly 60 persons remaining. Urged Doria that an ambassador should be sent to England, telling him in how high esteem he was held by Wolsey. I requested him to lend us a couple of galleys, in order to transport Campeggio to Marseilles. He gave me a favorable answer, and offered one, although it was full of sick people and troops that he had brought from Naples, whom he offered to remove. On my requesting him to let me have a French galley, he offered to send in that behalf to Antonio Doria, but said he could not get an answer for 15 days. In the mean while he had despatched a message to the French captain, Berbeyncy, who commands the galleys, and I am in hopes of obtaining my object. He thinks the more expeditious plan would be to write to count Filippino at Naples to take the Legate on board at Corneto. This cannot be done before 6 July.
Lat., pp. 3. Endd.
20 June.
R. O.
4402. For NICHOLAS SYNSON, groom of the Privy Chamber.
Annuity of 20 marks out of the issues of the county palatine of Lancaster. Lancaster, 20 June 20 Hen. VIII.
Draft for signed bill, p. 1. Below is written: "Robertus Hogan, master coke for the Kynges mouth." Endd.: "A copy of the Kynges lettre patent for Mr. Hogan disceased."
Love Letters, III. 4403. HENRY VIII. to ANNE BOLEYN.
The doubt I had of your health troubled me extremely, and I should scarcely have had any quiet without knowing the certainty; but since you have felt nothing, I hope it is with you as with us. When we were at Waltham, two ushers, two valets de chambre, your brother, master "Jesoncre" (Treasurer), fell ill, and are now quite well; and we have since removed to Hunsdon, where we are very well, without one sick person. I think if you would retire from Surrey, as we did, you would avoid all danger. Another thing may comfort you:—few women have this illness; and moreover, none of our court, and few elsewhere, have died of it. I beg you, therefore, not to distress yourself at our absence, for whoever strives against fortune is often the further from his end.


  • 1. See the Pope's letter of 9 June.
  • 2. Wynter.
  • 3. Noted by Wolsey in the margin.
  • 4. Note in the margin in Wolsey's hand: "prudenter factum."
  • 5. "1528" added in a modern hand.
  • 6. So here: but the heading to the letter at p. 129 is dated in margin 18 June, which is certainly the right date.