Henry VIII: June 1528, 21-30

Pages 1929-1947

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 1929
Page 1930
Page 1931
Page 1932
Page 1933
Page 1934
Page 1935
Page 1936
Page 1937
Page 1938
Page 1939
Page 1940
Page 1941
Page 1942
Page 1943
Page 1944
Page 1945
Page 1946
Page 1947

June 1528

21 June.
Vesp. C. IV. 237. B. M. St. P. I. 293.
4404. TUKE to WOLSEY.
According to the purpose he expressed in his last letter to Wolsey, sent to Mr. Treasurer to know if he should repair to the King. His messenger found Mr. Treasurer sick of the sweat at Waltham, and the King removed to Hunsdon, whither he followed him, and delivered him Wolsey's letters to the bishop of London and Tuke, Tuke's to the Bishop, his answer and Tuke's to the Treasurer. The King asked the messenger what disease Tuke had. The messenger told him wrong; and the King bade Tuke come, though he had to ride in a litter, offering to send him one. Rode thither on his mule at a foot pace, with marvellous pain; for on my faith I void blood per virgam. Arrived yesterday afternoon. The King seemed to be satisfied in the matter of the truce, for which he said he at first sent for him, but now he must put him to other business, saying secretly that it was to write his will, which he has lately reformed.
As to the truce, he said the Spaniards had a great advantage in the liberty to go to Flanders, but the English had not like liberty to repair to Spain; and he also complains that my lady Margaret is not bound to make restitution for injuries done by Spaniards out of the property of other Spaniards in Flanders. Answered that the liberty to go to Flanders was beneficial to England, which would thus obtain oil and other Spanish merchandise; and, besides, English cloths, which would have been sent to Spain, can now be sent to Flanders. Showed him also the advantage that French or English men-of-war might have, in doing any exploits beyond the French havens; for directly they have returned to safety on this side the Spanish havens, the Spaniards are without remedy, as all hostilities must cease in the seas on this side.
Told him how glad the French ambassadors were when Wolsey, with marvellous policy, brought the secretaries to that point. Assured him "it was tikle medeling with them, seeing how little my lady Margaret's council esteemed the truce," by which the French were enabled to strengthen themselves in Italy, and their cost in the Low Countries was lost. The King doubted whether the Spaniards would be bound by my lady Margaret's treaty. Told him she had bound herself that the Emperor should ratify it, and that she would recompence goods taken by Spaniards; adding that if this order had not been taken by Wolsey, the King's subjects passing to Flanders, Iceland, Denmark, Bordeaux, &c. would have been in continual danger of capture. "His highness, not willing to make great replication, said, a little army might have served for keeping of the seas against the Spaniards; and I said, that his army royal, furnished as largely as ever it was, could not save his subjects from many great harms in the length between Spain and Iceland."
The King, being then about to sit down to supper, bid Tuke to rest that night at a gentleman's place near at hand, and return to him this day, when he would speak with him about the other secret matter of his will. "And so, willing to have rewarded me with a dish, if I had not said that I eat no fish," took his leave, and departed two miles to the lodging. On his return this morning, found the King going into the garden, who, after his return, heard three masses, and then called Tuke to the chamber in which he supped apart last night. After speaking of the advantages of this house, and its wholesome air at this time of sickness, the King delivered to him "the book of his said will in many points reformed, wherein his Grace riped me," and appointed Tuke a chamber here, under his privy chamber, bidding him send for his stuff, and go in hand with his business. Expects, therefore, to be here five or six days at least, though he has only a bed that he brought on horseback, ready to lay down anywhere. Must borrow stuff meanwhile, and is disappointed of the physic which he had ordered at his house in Essex, whither he sent a physician to stay with him for a time, promising him a mark a day, horse meat and man's meat. Must bid him return till he has leave to depart, when he begs Wolsey to let him attend on his physician for eight or ten days; "else I shall utterly, for lack of looking to at this begining, destroy myself for ever." The King is expected to remain here eight or ten days. Hunsdon, Sunday, 21 June 1528.
Hol. Add.
21 June.
Egerton MS. 1998, f. 5. B. M.
As he had worked for six days since their meeting, has gone into the country to refresh himself. Sends a copy of the letter he promised to write to Joannes Matthæus, that Amazæus may alter it if he wishes, as it concerns him. Will then send it to Rome. Ex villa Rovilliana, xi. cal. Quintilis.
Hol., Lat., p. 1.
22 June.
R. O.
Sends letters received from the bishop of Bath and from Calais. They were brought here (Hunsdon) because Tuke had given no order to the contrary. Has now appointed that all that come shall be sent straight from London to Wolsey. Sends the bishop of Bath's letter to himself, "with a piece of one comen to him (the Bishop) from Sir Gregory, lapped in a paper, perceiving well that in the end all this business shall be found to proceed of Sir Gregory's lightness." Begs that neither his nor the bishop of Bath's fidelity may be suspected. His own post is secret enough. Hunsdon, 22 June 1528.
Hol., p. 1. Add. and endd.
22 June.
R. O.
4407. PHILIP SMITH, Priest.
Interrogatories ministered to Ph. Smith, of Pepellynge, in the county of Guisnes, son of William _, alias Smythe, in the presence of William Peterson and John Butteller, LL.B., commissaries in the town of Calais, 22 June 1528.
1. Says he has no degree because he has not read anything except Petrus Hispanus, the first part of Logic, Virgil, Terence, and Boethius De Consolatione.
2. Says he has the following books:—Luther on the Epistles of Peter, Jude, the Galatians, and De pseudo-Epistolis. Francis Lambert on the 12 Minor Prophets, De causa, &c., and his Paradoxes. Melancthon on St. Paul to the Romans and to the Corinthians, and on the Gospel of St. John. The Psalter of Pomeranius. John Æcolampadius on Isaiah. The New Testament of Erasmus; his treatise De Libero Arbitrio; the two parts of his Hyperaspistes against Luther. (fn. 1)
3. Has had these books two years and a half. 4. Has never heard a proclamation against them. 5. Thinks the writings of Luther should not be condemned except by a General Council. 6. Says he has read them, in order to form his opinions about them. 7. Does not pertinaciously defend them. 8. Has never disputed about them openly. 9. Has sometimes said, in joke, that this or that author held such and such opinions.
10. Is acquainted with Francis Denham. 11. Made his acquaintance at the Staple three years ago, where they talked about poetry, and sometimes about Luther. 12. Says Denham sent him Francis Lambert from Paris, and he gave him other books in return; also that he bought of Denham the Servum Arbitrium of Luther, and Melancthon on St. John. 13. Knows nothing of Denham's opinions. 14. Has no associates. 15. Their intercourse was by letters; 16. chiefly about books and Calais news. 17. Does not remember the particulars. 18. Accepts the opinions of Luther only so far as the Church accepts them. 19. Has had no communications with any one touching these answers.
Signed: Philip Smith, priest.
John Peterson, notary.
Lat., pp. 4. Add. by Sir Rob. Wingfield to Wolsey.
23 June.
R. O.
"Laud be Jesu, the King's grace is very merry since he came to this house, for there was none fell sick of the sweat since he came hither, and ever after dinner he shoth (shooteth ?) to supper time. This morning is told me that Mistress Ann and my lord of Roxfort had the sweat, and was past the danger thereof." Mr. Carre (Carey) begs you to be gracious to his sister, a nun in Wilton Abbey, to be prioress there, according to your promise. Mr. Tuke is here, and lies in the court under the King's privy chamber, so that he may come at the King's pleasure. At every meal the King sends him a dish from his table. The King will tarry here 14 days. Hunsdon, 23 June.
This night, as the King went to bed, word came of the death of Wm. Care.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
23 June.
Titus, B. I. 299. B. M. St. P. I. 296.
Yesternight late received Wolsey's letters, dated yesterday, at Hampton Court, with others out of France and Spain. After perusing them I took them to the King, then in secret communication with his physician, Mr. Chamber, in a tower, where he sometimes sups apart. When I came to speak of the truce contained in your letter, the King said I had already sufficiently explained it before; as indeed I had, else I had not been worthy "to wear mine ears on my head," or do a message between two princes. In fact, the King did not appear to wish to hear any more reasoning in that matter, complaining only that the Spaniards had the advantage of being allowed to use the havens of England. I showed him it was not in reality less to the commodity of the King's realm than the Spaniards, and that when Wolsey had explained it, this would clearly appear. "His Highness, being singularly well satisfied and pleased, said, 'Yea, by God, they dealt with no fool;' meaning, by this word, 'they,' the ambassadors and secretaries; and so bad me read forth." I read the king of Scots' and Gonson's letter. He ordered me to write to the latter to tarry at sea. I told him this had been done by you already, and only required his signature. He ordered Norris to bring both letters; and on my asking to have them signed, Norris said the King would speak with me after supper. "And at reading of your Grace's said letter, his Highness said, 'Well, I will show you anon,' and so bade me read forth." He approves of the article touching relaxation.
In reading the letters from the bishop of Bath, he seemed to think them long; and whilst I read he sorted the letters and copies. When I read of the good offices that Morette had done, he greatly commended him, and also the bishop of Bayonne. When I came to that part of your letter expressing sorrow for my complaint, he began to tell me a medicine pro tumore testiculorum. I told him my complaint was in the bladder, and proceeded ex calore in renibus. By and by he showed me the remedies, "as any most cunning physician in England could do."
When I came to that part of your letter mentioning your counsel to the King for avoiding infection, he thanked your Grace, and showed the manner of the infection; how folks were taken; how little danger there was if good order be observed; how few were dead of it; how Mistress Ann (Boleyn) and my lord Rochford both have had it; what jeopardy they have been in by the turning in of the sweat before the time; of the endeavor of Mr. Buttes, who hath been with them in his return; and finally of their perfect recovery. He begs you will keep out of infection, and that you will use small suppers, drink little wine, "namely, that is big," and once in the week use the pills of Rasis; and if it come, to sweat moderately, and at the full time, without suffering it to run in, &c.
His Highness marvellously commends the French king's religious demeanour on Corpus Christi Day against the damnable behavior of those, worse than Jews, that would do such despite to the blessed images; and he told the gentlemen of his Privy Chamber the whole manner of it, and desired me to read to them the clause concerning it in the bishop of Bath's letter. (fn. 2) When in the Bishop's letter I read the clause, that many noblemen in France were right sorry the king of France had not such a councillor [as Wolsey], the King said, "Yea, by God! I blame them never a deal." He liked the rest of the letter, and the French king's letter to the Pope, and to his ambassador resident in Rome, but thought the latter more effectually worded. He said he would send copies of them to Mistress Ann for her consolation. He likes the French king's letters to the Venetians for Ravenna and Cervia; and thinks, if they are put into the hands of Francis, the Pope will be more compliant, who, he is afraid, is now sticking for fear of the Emperor, by the tarrying of Mr. Stephen's letter. All being read by 11 o'clock at night, he said he would see the news about Spain today; but he has not yet come down. Generally, in going and coming, he turns into my chamber to talk with me about his book.
At this word his Highness came in, asking me how far I had done. Thereupon I put him in mind of the news from Spain, and to sign the king of Scots' letter, which he said he would do soon; and he is gone a-walking. Mr. Cary, (fn. 3) whom I met after he had been with his wife at Plashey, is dead of the sweat. Will repair to Wolsey by short stages of ten miles, going by water through London Bridge. No earthly riches could persuade him to travel much now, as nothing causes the sweat more than much travel and the sun. Is worse than he was. Hunsdon, Tuesday, 23 June 1528.
Hol. Add. Endd.
Love Letters, IX. 4410. HENRY VIII. to ANNE BOLEYN.
"The cause of my writing at this time, good sweetheart, is only to understand of your good health and prosperity, whereof to know I would be as glad as in manner mine own; praying God that (and it be His pleasure) to send us shortly together, for I promise you I long for it, howbeit trust it shall not be long to; and seeing my darling is absent, I can no less do than to send her some flesh representing my name, which is hart's flesh for Henry, prognosticating that hereafter, God willing, you must enjoy some of mine, which, He pleased, I would were now. As touching your sister's matter, I have caused Water Welze to write to my Lord my mind therein, whereby I trust that Eve shall not have power to deceive Adam; (fn. 4) for surely, what soever is said, it cannot so stand with his honor but that he (fn. 5) must needs take her his natural daughter now in her extreme necessity. No more to you at this time, mine own darling, but that a while I would we were together of an evening. With the hand of yours," &c.
23 June.
R. O. St. P. IV. 498.
Has explained to the English wardens his reason for delaying the raid against the Border thieves. The estates of the realm are in part dissatisfied with the administration of justice by Angus as Chancellor. Has summoned a general council to meet at Edinburgh on the 10th July next to reform it. Stirling Castle, 23 June 15 Jac. V. Signed.
Add. Endd.
23 June.
R. O.
Wrote to him lately of the "continuation" of the intended diet and raid upon the broken men, and of the general convention of Lords to meet in Edinburgh on the 10th July next. Hears that greater attemptates are beginning upon the Borders of both realms. Has ordered his wardens to keep good rule till new arrangements be made by the convention. Hopes the Earl will do the same. Stirling Castle, 23 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
Care died on Monday last, leaving vacant the stewardship of the duchy of Lancaster in Essex, the constableship of the Castle of Plashe, the keeping of the two parks, and other offices in the King's gift. Asks Wolsey to obtain those above mentioned for him, as they are near his house. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
24 June.
R. O.
There is great complaint here on account of the scarcity and dearness of corn in the markets. Wheat is at 7 groats and 2d. the bushel, barley at 16d. The price of wheat has risen from 18d., and it is thought it will rise higher till harvest is past, as those who have any to sell know the people must buy for their workmen in haying and harvest. Wishes that those who have corn may be compelled to sell at reasonable price, or that some other relief may be devised. Wonders the prices should rise when there is so much fair corn upon the ground, unless the sellers keep it to make the dearth continue, as it has done these three or four years. Desires him to have the corn now upon the ground viewed, the number of acres specified, and all the farmers in the shire examined as to what corn they have sold, at what price, and to whom, that regraters may be compelled to sell at the price they bought it at. Rommeney Marsh, where corn and cattle were very plentiful, has fallen into decay. Many great farms and holdings are held by persons who neither reside on them, nor till, nor breed cattle, but use them for grazing, trusting to the Welsh cattle. Encloses some articles which Wolsey told him to send at their last meeting. Writes this after calling together graziers, husbandmen and butchers, who affirm everything stated here. Halden, 24 June. Signed.
ii. (1.) Every man to sow the eighth part of his land. (2.) No calves calved between Christmas or Midsummer to be killed, except for honorable men's households, as the King and the Council shall think meet. (3.) Rooks to be destroyed, and their nests taken, and those who suffer them to breed on their ground to be fined. (4.) Constables and other officers are loth to arrest vagabonds and thieves, because of the expence of conveying them to gaol. Desires that such prisoners may be received by constables and borsholders from hundred to hundred, till they come to the gaol. (5.) That his cousin Thos. Wilforde and Thos. Harlackenden may be justices of the "coram" in the commission of the peace in the seventh hundred, as there are none there.
Pp. 3. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace. Endd.
24 June.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 258.
4415. FRANCIS I.
Ratification of the truce made with England, the Emperor and Margaret of Savoy. Paris, 24 June 1528.
Fr., vellum. Sealed.
R. O. 2. Similar ratification by Margaret of Savoy, 24 June 1528.
French, vellum, badly mutilated; with Margaret's Great Seal attached. Endd.
24 June.
R. O.
According to Wolsey's order, have concluded with the men of Berwick for the "dimission" of Wolsey's fishing at Norham, for which they will pay 120l., half at St. John's day and half at Martinmas, besides sending 20 barrels of salmon yearly to London, Wolsey paying the carriage. Have made a book of the lands of all wards in the bishopric, and have endeavored to find who would give most for their marriages. Will see that fines for making feoffments of lands held of Wolsey without licence are accounted for. The finers Wolsey sent for smelting the lead ore at Gateshead have not yet done it, but have "changed many and divers points of their works in devising new devices." They have promised to set to work in a fortnight. Durham, 24 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's most honourable grace. Endd.
25 June.
R. O.
This Thursday, the 25th, met at Deptford, and were informed that Edmund Tebbe, in whose house they should have lodged, has had the new sickness, and is not yet recovered. Divers have been sick at Greenwich and at Eltham; of which towns great numbers would have appeared if the sessions had been held, with other prisoners from Southwark. As baron Hales also has fallen ill at London, they have, "in a croft nigh unto the street of Deptford," adjourned the sessions to Monday next before the feast of SS. Simon and Jude. Deptford, 25 June. Signed: Ric. Broke—Henry Guldeford—Edward Guldeford—Alex. Colepeper—Edward Wotton—T. Nevyle—Thomas Willughby—Christopher Hales. Scaled.
P. 1. Add. Endd. by Wolsey: Sir William Drury, Sir William Carent, Venerys (?) die doca Passionis, in domo Ichekoc.
26 June.
R. O. Ellis, 3 Ser. I. 251.
Was at Court on Trinity Sunday (7 June), Corpus Christi Eve, and Corpus Christi Day (11 June), according to your advertisement. On the eve the King was shriven, and the next day shriven and houselled. "I ministered, as my weakness would serve, in pontificalibus," and found the King very gracious. Whilst I was at London, many were dying of the sweat. I tarried till it came to my house, and was then forced to flee, and therefore did not presume to come into your presence. Reached Woburn in a litter; sometimes on horseback. Several are dead there. As the sweat is in my house I dare not tarry, and therefore I wish leave to go to Buckeden. I have promised a pilgrimage to Our Lady of Walsyngham. I have two Lutherans in my house, one of whom wrote the letter I sent you. He is a very heretic, and has done hurt in my diocese. I purpose to abjure them both, and after they have done open penance to commit them to two monasteries. I beg you to remember and punish the infect persons in Oxford; for if sharpness be not used, many will do ill. There are more in Oxford, as appears by libels set up at night on the church doors. I gave one of them to my lord of London. As they are in my diocese, I intend to ride to Oxford myself, about Michaelmas, with your leave, and reduce them to order. Woburn, 26 June.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
26 June.
Titus, B. I. 54. B. M.
Sign manual to the lord Dacres of the North, commanding him not to molest those who served the earl of Cumberland, late warden of the West Marches, but let them enjoy their farms till the quinzaine of St. Michael. Hertford castle, 26 June.
P. 1.
R. O. 2. Draft of the preceding. Without date.
R. O. 4420. THE BORDERS.
"... [ry]otts and other unlawfull actes and ... and tenaunts lately inhabytyng in ... of Eske and Levyn in the ... ce runyshe delyng and sufferaunce ... [wa]rden of the same Merches partly ... ryth to Henry erle of Cumberland."
When the Earl was warden, he rented of the duchy of Lancaster the ground between the Esk and Levyn, which was being continually harried by Scotch outlaws, and let it by acres to the inhabitants. While he was deputy, they occupied peaceably; but Dacre, since he has been warden, has suffered the Scots to dwell on the Debateable Ground, and to destroy and waste the country abovesaid, so that most of the inhabitants are fled, and their houses burnt. Dacre moved the watch which used to be kept betwixt that country and the Debateable Ground, to the south, leaving it open to the Scots. A list of the murders and the houses burned in the said country by the Armstrongs, Irwyns and others, from 23 April to 30 May; on which day 4 houses at Arthureth, 11 at the Howend, 19 at Stuble, 3 at the Skarbanke, 3 at Stublepath, 8 at Grawkhall, 6 at Stubleholme, and 7 at Netherby were burnt, and 86 head of cattle taken away. Before Dacre was deputy, the inhabitants of the country were conformable to law and of good bearing; but he says they have now become transgressors, and have fled the realm, leaving their houses and goods, which he has taken, and the corn growing after their departure is housed by them, their wives and children. It is suspected that these rebels are suffered by "sum pattisshing" made with Dacre or his deputies.
Pp. 3, mutilated at the commencement.
R. O. 4421. THE BORDERS.
March treasons, felonies, &c. committed by servants and tenants of lord Dacre.
Ant. Armstrong, a tenant of Dacre's, was indicted at a court held by the lord Warden at Carlisle, 3 Nov. last; but Thos. Wilson, Dacre's bailiff at Askerton, and others, resisted Thos. Clifford, deputy captain of Carlisle, who was sent to take him. Robert alias Hobe Tweddale, of Orchard House, Gillesland, is indicted for March treason, but is kept amongst Dacre's tenants there. Edward Wygan, also indicted, has fled to Scotland by their help. Armstrong and others have sold horses into Scotland, and, in company with Scotchmen, committed robberies. Last Christmas, when the stewardship of the lands of Holme Abbey was granted by the King to Dacre in place of Thos. Dalston, who had previously held it for the earl of Cumberland, lord Warden, Chr. Lee, and other servants of Dacre and the Abbot, to the number of 100, armed, went to Holme before the Earl, who was at Skipton in Craven, could send word to Dalston, broke open his chamber, and cast him and all his stuff out. Robt. Jackson, servant of Sir Chr. Dacre, with others, broke open the doors, and carried away to Kirkoswald castle the corn of Kirkland tithe, which the Earl farms from the convent of Carlisle, and had collected. Thos. Yares, Dacre's bailiff of Drybeke, did the same to the tithe of Bolton in Westmoreland, which the Earl farms from the abbot of St. Mary's; and there have been other similar acts. Lancelot Lancastre, Dacre's steward in Westmoreland, carried John Hunt, surgeon, a servant of the Earl, from Cotegill to the house of one Talentyre at Dacre, and imprisoned and punished him there for three days.
Dacre, as Warden of the West Marches, has given safe-conduct to, and received in his castle of Rowclyf, Jenkyn and Robert Irwin, Chr. and Andro Grame, and other rebels of the king of Scots, contrary to the peace; since which time they have committed many robberies and March treasons. On March 1, at Loghmabyn Stone, as soon as the wardens of Scotland and England met, Dacre's servants and tenants, 200 or 300 in number, went away without licence.
Pp. 5. Endd.
26 June.
R. O. St. P. I. 301.
Sends letters received by the King, from my lord of Ossory, concerning the taking of the Vice-deputy and the misrule in Ireland. The King thinks none so meet for the government as my lord of Ossory, or Master Butler, his son, and wishes Wolsey to dispatch them as soon as possible. Wolsey knows the son's activity. The father is an honorable man, wise and hardy, but stricken in age, and not so able to follow the wars. The King is much troubled with this disease of sweat. Tonight there have fallen sick my lord and lady Marques, Sir Thos. Cheyney, and Mrs. Croke. Norres and Wallop are recovered. Poynes is dead. Today the King removes to Bishop's Hatfield, accompanied only by the Privy Chamber and Master Kyngeston. Last night he took Master Bryan into the Privy Chamber. Hartford, 26 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.. To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
26 June.
P. S.
Grant to Wolsey of perpetual advowson of St. Matthew's, Ipswich, Suff., with power to unite it to the college of St. Mary, Ipswich. Greenwich. Del. Hampton Court, 26 June 20 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 30.
26 June.
P. S.
Grant of the site, &c. of the monastery or priory of St. Peter, Ipswich, Suff., suppressed by authority of Clement VII., whereby it came into the King's hand. Also the manors of Bournehall and Panington, with appurtenances, in Whersted, Suff., the manor of Hyntelsham, called "the pryorie manor in Hyntelsham;" the manors of Horroldes in Burstall, Bernes in Thurlston, Suff.; the advowsons of the churches or rectories of St. Peter, St. Nicholas, St. Mary ad Clavem, and St. Clement, in Ipswich; the advowsons of the churches or rectories of Wherstede, Gretingham alias Cretingham and Thurlston, Suff.; 15s. annual rent from a messuage or tenements, and 40 acres of land in Walton, called Matatiston alias Maysleston, Suff.; 5s. annual rent from the manor of Dalihill in Thurlston, Suff.; 8s. annual rent from a water-mill, called "Horsforde milne," in the parish of St. Matthew without Ipswich. Also lands, &c. in the town of Ipswich, and in the towns, hamlets, &c. of Brokes, Wykes, Erwarton, Freston, Washbroke, Chetmundeston, Sutton, Parva Belstede, Magna Belsted, Capell Holton, Stratford, Reydon, Legham, Burstall, Elmisset, Blakenham, Somersham, Netilstede, Badley, Stoneham, Jernegan alias Jerningham, Mendelisham, Willesham, Codenham, Henley, Thurlston, Rysshmere, Kessegrave, Gretingham alias Cretingham, Clopton, Grundesbourgh, Haston, Bokelysham, Kenbroke, Tremeley, Walton, Muston, Lenington, Wherstede, Berham, Branforde, Sprowton, Whitton, Westerfelde, Nacton, Hyntelsham, Chatesham, Hennyngston, Cosbeck, Stoke near Ipswich, and Grenewich, in the parish of St. Clement, in Ipswich, Suff., which came into the King's hands by the suppression of the said monastery; with knights' fees, advowsons, and other appurtenances. Greenwich, 23 June 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Hampton Court, 26 June.
Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 30.
27 June.
R. O.
Reminds him that when he was in the castle of St. Angelo he had recommended that Sebastian Sauli, who had bought alum from the heirs of Agostino Chisi, and taken it to London, might be allowed to sell it free of expence. As the King thought that these letters had been extorted from the Pope against his own consent, he now repeats his request. Viterbo, 27 June 1528.
Lat., vellum. Add.
27 June.
Harl. MS. 442, f. 92. B. M.
4426. TRUCE.
Proclamation to be published by the sheriff of London, declaring that an abstinence of war for eight months from 15 June has been concluded between the king of England, the king of France for his dominions on this side of the mountains, and the Emperor for the Low Countries. Two months' notice is to be given of the intention to break the truce. Mercantile intercourse between England and the Low Countries is to be on the same footing as a year before the intimation of war.
Although Spain and the Emperor's lands in Italy are not included, all hostilities in the narrow and main seas shall cease. Westm., 27 June 20 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy, pp. 6.
27 June.
Vit. B. x. 101*. B. M.
On Thursday the 26th inst. (fn. 6) attacked a body of troops escorting the foragers, and defeated them, taking many prisoners and horses, and some plunder. Don Ferrando de Gonzago saved himself by rolling down a mountain, leaving his horse and page. The troops in the town endeavored to rescue them, but were unsuccessful. The camp before Naples, 27 June 1528.
Fr., p. 1. Endd.: "Doubles des lettres de Mons. de Lautrech au president de Provence, ambassadeur pour le Roy devers le Pape."
28 June.
R. O.
Since the King's coming to Tittenhanger he has been very well, and merrier than he was since his departure from Greenwich. He likes your house very well; "and where he was to fore in great fear and trouble for this plague, and that he left some of his chamber in every place where he went, and as this night, thanked be God, there was none sick, whereof his Majesty is very well recomforted. I would not for all the good in England but that he had come to your Grace's house; and this day he has received the good Lord, and so has the more part that be about him, and he rejoices much that he has done so, and says that he is armed towards God and the world." He has eaten more meat today than he did three days before. When he heard you were coming hither, he was sorry that you should come in the "efexseon" (infection), especially as there is no lodging for you. Tittenhanger, 28 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
[28 June.]
R. O.
The King removed this day from Hertford to Hatfield because of the sweat. My Lord Marquis, his wife, Mr. Chene, the Queen's almoner, Mr. Toke, are fallen sick, and the Master of the Horse (fn. 7) complains of his head. Nevertheless, the King is merry, and takes no conceit (?), but heartily recommends him to you, and prays you to [do] as he does. Yesterday the King sent Wolsey [as a] "preservative, manws cresty" (manus Christi), with divers other things.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed and add.
28 June.
R. O. St. P. VII. 86.
Understands by his letters of the 11th their prudence and industry in the King's cause, and the coming and the legation of Campeggio. Returns the King's and his own thanks. Is anxious that Campeggio's departure should be speeded. Gardiner is to go to Venice to urge the restitution of the cities (Cervia and Ravenna) in the King's name. We have pressed the king of France to do the same. At the More, 28 June 1528. Signed: ("vester tanquam frater.")
Lat., in Vannes' hand. Add. and sealed. Endd.
28 June.
Galba, B. IX. 126. B. M.
Received on the 24th Wolsey's letter dated 18th inst., and declared the whole to my Lady. She was thankful for the truce, and will act with the King and Wolsey for a general peace to the best of her power. She will be ready at all times to make restitution for English ships and goods taken, and asks Wolsey to do the like in England. As to Wolsey's demand for the delivery of three heretics, (fn. 8) after consultation with the cardinal of Liege, lords Berghes, Palermo, Hoghestrat and others, it was determined that the Emperor himself could not send any heretic as prisoner to another country without previous examination here, and that "the first examination done, the execution of the forwoyance ought to be executed by the advice of the inquisitors of the faith of these countries." They have therefore concluded to arrest them with their books, and desire Wolsey to send one or two learned men, whom my Lady will assist with the inquisitors in the examination. If they are found guilty, they shall either be sent to England or punished here. Encloses letters from Berghes, one of the most loving and surest servants that the King and Wolsey have here. Machlyng, 28 June 1528.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
28 June.
Galba, B. IX. 128. B. M.
Supposes Wolsey knows that he has always been ready to assist the King and his subjects. Hears that a quantity of merchandise has been got ready to bring hither; and as the fair at Anvers is closed, asks Wolsey to order it to be sent to his town of Berghes, where the merchants shall be treated as if in their own houses. Malines, 28 June 1528. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
28 June
.R. O.
Begs to know by the bearer, chaplain to Sir Thos. Gaghe, if Cromwell has received his account. Is in debt and pressed for money. There is not a penny in the count but was spent on Cromwell's scholars. "I speak this because of my expences when I did come to London first at your sending for." Pembroke Hall, Cambridge, 28 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Thomas Cromwell at London, beside the Austyne Freyrs.
28 June.
R. O.
Due to Thos. Lord Darcy, at Easter 19 Hen. VIII., for his half-yearly fees: As seneschal of the honor of Pountfrete, 12l.; as constable of Pountfrete Castle, 66s. 8d.; as constable and seneschal of Knaresburgh Castle, 6l. 13s. 4d.; and of his annuity, 50l.=72l., of which 7l. 13s. 6d. is to be deducted for the fee of Roundehey and Rothwellhey parks, and 4l. paid to Thos. Bonham, receiver-general of the duchy of Lancaster, John Burgoyn, auditor, and John Plumsted, clerk. The remainder received by Leonard Hall, 28 June 20 Hen. VIII. Signed by Burgoyne.
Lat. Add. to lord Darcy, and endd. by him.
R. O. 2. Pountfret.—Receipt by John Plumsted, deputy of Thos. Bonham, Esq., receiver general of the duchy of Lancaster, of 7l. 13s. 4d. from Thos. lord Darcy, as the half year's fee of the parks of Roundehey and Rothwellhey, due at Easter 19 Hen. VIII. 28 June 20 Hen. VIII. Signed.
29 June. 4435. CARDINAL'S COLLEGE.
For Thomas cardinal, archbishop of York, &c.
Licence to found a college in the parish of St. Matthew, in the town of Ipswich, Suff., where the said Cardinal was born, or in any convenient place in the said town, to consist of one dean or master, 12 priests (sacerdotes), eight clerks, and eight singing boys, and poor scholars, and 13 poor men, to pray for the good estate of the King and of the said Cardinal, and for the souls of the said Cardinal's father and mother, &c., and of one under-teacher (hipodidasculus) in grammar for the said poor scholars and others from any part of the realm coming to the said college. Also grant of incorporation to the said college when it shall be founded, under the name of the Cardinal's college of St. Mary in Ipswich, with mortmain licence to endow the said college to the annual value of 1,000l. for the erection of chantries and appointment of anniversaries and other prayers in the burial place of the said Cardinal. Hampton Court, 29 June.
Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32. (Two inrolments, m. 32 and 33.)
R. O. 2. Letters patent for the same.
Vellum. Great seal attached.
R. O. 3. Duplicate; with a remarkable coloured miniature of Henry VIII. sitting on a throne, and a top line tricked with a pomegranate, thistle, rose, fleur-delys, and lily, with the royal arms and crests.
Vellum. Great seal attached.
R. O. 4. Other letters patent for the same; the clause respecting the statute of mortmain being altered.
Vellum. Great seal attached.
R. O. 5. Draft of the same.
29 June.
R. O. St. P. I. 302.
I have received Mr. Arundel's letters, showing that for extreme danger of the sweat your Grace intends to remove to Hampton Court. The King is sorry you will be so far from him. He is this day advertised of the death of young Browgton, by which, as he said, he had two goodly wards to bestow, namely, the two sisters; although we think that the elder is of full age, and the younger is your ward by the King's grant. My lady Russell takes the death of her son so sore that Russell fears, if he should not obtain your favor for the wardship of the younger sister, it will be her utter undoing. He will give you as much for her as any other man will do. St. Peter's Day.
Hol. Add.
29 June.
R. O. St. P. I. 303.
My son Browtthon is departed this day. "Thus day the Kyng sayde that he hade to good mareage yn hys hondes as warddes, and I schwede hyme that one was owt of herre wardeschype; and so sche ys, for sche ys 15 yere wolde wtyn 3 monethes." I think that one is Wolsey's ward, and have therefore written to Hennege to let me have the preferment [of] her for my money, paying as much as another. Will be glad of Wolsey's favor, as great solicitation will be made for her, and the King has already been asked by some to write in their behalf to the Cardinal. Tittenhanger, 29 June.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
[30 June.]
R. O. St. P. I. 303.
The King begs you to be of good comfort, and do as he does. He is sorry that you are so far off, and thinks that if you were at St. Alban's you might every hour hear the one of the other, and his physicians attend upon you, should anything happen. News is come of the death of Sir Wm. Compton. Suits are made for his offices, and the King wishes to have a bill of them. All are in good health at the Court, and they that sickened on Sunday night are recovered. The King is merry, and pleased with your "mynone house" here. Tuesday.
P.S.—I will not ask for any of those offices for myself, considering the little time I have been in the King's service. The King sent for Mr. Herytage today, to make a new window in your closet, because it is so little.
Hol. Add. Endd.
30 June. R. O. St. P. I. 304. 4439. WOLSEY to HENRY VIII.
Is glad the King has escaped the plague. Has just heard of the death of Sir Wm. Compton, and advises the King to stay the distribution of his offices for a time. Is sorry to be so far away from the King, but will at any time attend him with one servant and a page to do service in the King's chamber. Hampton Court, 30 June. Signed.
30 June.
Le Grand, III. 143.
Such conversations as he has had with Wolsey he has pretty well foreseen. Will not presume to say things are going wrong, but if they go on, you will not gain much. I protest, if I have not my recall, I will go without it; and whoever would whip me, not being my master, shall find I fear less 100 deaths than one dishonor. Job would have lost patiencc in my place. Whatever you have done, I hear from Richard d'Albene that he has not a crown, and I am sure if my man had one, he has given it him. He would have spent 1,000 crowns in nine months in that stupid way ;—a good thing to resolve me, seeing I had assigned all my property to bankers and bull-brokers before my departure.
News has arrived that Campeggio is coming. Dr. Stephen will be soon at Lyons, who is coming to prepare his lodging; "et puis en dancera qui pourra." The young lady (fn. 9) is still with her father. The King keeps moving about for fear of the plague. Many of his people have died of it in three or four hours. Of those you know there are only Poowits [Sir Fras. Poyntz], Carey and Cotton (Compton) dead; but Feuguillem, the marquis [Dorset], my lord William, Bron (Brown), Careu, Bryan [Tuke], who is now of the Chamber, Nourriz (Norris), Walop, Chesney, Quinston (Kingston), Paget, and those of the Chamber generally, all but one, have been or are attacked. Yesterday some of them were said to be dead. The King shuts himself up quite alone. It is the same with Wolsey. After all, those who are not exposed to the air do not die. Of 40,000 attacked in London, only 2,000 are dead; but if a man only put his hand out of bed during twenty-four hours, it becomes as stiff as a pane of glass. So they do need patience; but I would sooner endure that than what is inflicted on me, for it does not last so long. But, with your aid, or even without it, I mean to be off. After my protests for the last four months, no one will be able to blame me. Let those who have the charge look to it. Moreover, in choosing the persons, you had better not send an Italian, for Wolsey will not have one. Some days ago he told me he would not trust them for their partiality; besides, a man who speaks Latin is required, and he has often been in terrible difficulty for want of it; but you have plenty of bishops and others who will do. In any case, don't send a man who will not spend money, else matters will not mend. I do not speak without reason.
As Wolsey told me he would cause the money of the contribution to be paid to me for you, I spoke to a merchant that it might be paid you at Lyons. Let me know how much is due to you at the end of July, if, as I suppose, it begins on the first day of this month.
Wolsey is informed of great overtures made by the Emperor to the Venetians and duke of Bari, which he thinks they will accept, and that the Duke's ambassador had yielded to the Emperor the investiture of Milan, pretending he had been forced to do so.
The King and Wolsey wish a confirmation by France of the privileges of the isles of Grenesay (Guernsey),—a sort of neutrality which they obtained long ago from the Pope. Such a confirmation was made by Louis XI. London, 30 June.
P.S.—There have died at Wolsey's house the brother of the earl of Derby and a nephew of the duke of Norfolk; and the Cardinal has stolen away with a very few people, letting no one know whither he has gone. The King has at last stopped twenty miles from here, at a house built by Wolsey, finding removals useless. I hear he has made his will, and taken the sacraments, for fear of sudden death. However, he is not ill. I have not written this with my own hand, as you do not read it easily when I write hastily.
Fr. Add.
30 June.
R. O.
Has received Wolsey's letters, telling him to be diligent about the perfection of the college in Ipswich. Wishes first to know who is to be dean, and wants the bill assigned of the King's licence for the erection of the college, so that the signet and privy seal may be made out upon it. Asks also whether Wolsey intends the next dean to be elected by the college, or whether he will remit it to be done according to his statues; whether he intends to give absolutely to his college in Oxford the late monastery of Wallingford, the parsonage of Rudbye, and the other lands he has purchased from Sir Ant. and Robt. Ughtred in cos. York and Lincoln, or whether he intends to give them in exchange for the lands belonging to Snape, Dodneshe, Wyks, and Horkisley for his college at Ipswich.
He must not proceed to the erection of the college till 21 July, as the offices in Chancery will not expire, and he cannot have the site of the late monastery of St. Peter's till then. When he knows Wolsey's pleasure will perform everything with the help of the Chief Baron. Asks for Wolsey's signature to the letter for the poor man of Arragoser, who is lying here to his utter undoing; and to a letter in French to the governors of Dieppe for the delivery of Englishmen's goods taken at sea. The minute of the erection is ready drawn. London, 30 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
Will of Sir William Compton, made on 8 March 1522, 14 Hen. VIII. Desires to be buried at Compton in Warwickshire, beside his ancestors:—That if his wife die before he return home from his journey, she be afterwards brought to Compton and buried there. Bequeaths to his wife all his movables at Bettyschorne, and at the great park of Windsor, and the plate which belonged to Francis Cheyny, "my predecessor." If his wife be delivered of a son, bequeaths to him all his household stuff at Compton, with the plate which was given him by the French king in a schedule. His wife to have the control of it till the child be of age. If he have a son, bequeaths to each of his daughters 1,000 marks for their marriages, and 100 marks in plate. Wills that 40 pair of vestments be made of one suit, to be distributed to the parish churches in the counties of Warwick and Worcester, adjoining to Compton. All his apparel to be used in making vestments and other works of charity. Bequeaths to the abbey of Winchcomb his wedding gown of tynsen satin, to make a vestment that they may pray for the souls of his ancestors. Wills his executors to release to the monastery of Denny all the debts they owe him, and bequeaths to them 10l. for an obit. Bequeaths goods to the value of 200 marks to be distributed to poor householders, and to the marriages of poor maids in the counties of Warwick and Worcester. Wills that a tomb of alabaster be prepared for his father, with his arms graven upon it. Bequeaths to the King his little chest of ivory with gilt lock, "and a chest bourde under the same, and a pair of tables upon it," with all the jewels and treasure enclosed, now in his wife's custody; also "certain specialties to the sum of 1,000 marks, which I have of Sir Thos. Bullen, knight," for money lent to him. Wills that his children have their plate on coming to their full ages; i.e., on the males coming to the age of twenty-one, and the females to the age of eighteen.
Bequests to his sister [Elizabeth (fn. 10) ] Rudney, and his cousin John Rudney, her son. Wills that his mother's body be taken up and buried at Compton. Bequest to the daughter of his aunt Appulby. 20l. to be put in a box at the abbey of Winchecombe, to make defence for all such actions as may be wrongfully taken against his wife or his executors. Two chantries to be founded in his name at Compton, to do daily service for the souls of the King, the Queen, my lady Anne Hastings, himself, his wife and ancestors. The priests to be appointed by the abbot of Winchecombe, or, failing him, the abbot of Evesham. 5 marks a year to be paid to the parson of Compton to keep a free grammar school. 100l. a year to be paid to his wife during her life, for her jointure, besides her inheritance in Barkeley's lands. Bequests to the monasteries of Evesham, Hayles, Winchecombe, Worcester, Croxton, the charterhouses of Henton and Coventry, for obits; to Sir William Tyler, Sir Thos. Lynne, Thos. Baskett and George Lynde; to his servants who happen to be with him this journey; to John Draper, his servant, and Robt. Bencare, (fn. 11) his solicitor; to Griffin Gynne, now with Humphrey Brown, serjeant-at-law, for his learning; and to lady Anne Hastings. Executors appointed: Dame Warburgh my wife, the bishop of Exeter, Sir Henry Marney, lord privy-seal, Sir Henry Guildford, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir John Dantsy, Dr. Chomber, Humphrey Brown, serjeant-at-law, Thos. Leson, clk., Jas. Clarell and Thos. Unton. Appoints my lord bishop of Canterbury supervisor of his will. Gifts to the executors.
Copy, pp. 26, with title page in Wolsey's hand: "Copia testamenti Willmi. Compton, militis."
R. O. 2. A catalogue of bonds, receipts, inventories, and accounts belonging to Sir Will. Compton.
Pp. 10.
ii. A further catalogue of documents belonging to Thos. Leson, Bachelor of Divinity, one of them as late as 30 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 9.
R. O. 3. Bargain and sale by Sir Henry Guildford, Humphrey Brown, Thos. Hunton and Thos. Leeson, as executors of Sir William Compton, to Sir Thomas Arundell, of certain tenements in St. Swithin's Lane, [London,] lately in the possession of Lewis ... and Humphrey ... as executors of Sir Richard Wingfield.
Roll of paper. Imperfect, the beginning being lost.
R. O. 4. Inventory of the goods of Sir Wm. Compton in his house in London.
Ready money, gold and silver, 1,338l. 7s. 0½d. Jewels of gold and silver, 898l. 6s. 2d. Gilt plate, 85l. 5s. 3d. Parcel gilt plate, 31l. 12s. 2d. White plate, 90l. 0s. 3½d. Silks, 210l. 13s. 6d.=2,654l. 4s. 5d.
R. O. 5. Names of the officers upon the lands late Sir Wm. Compton's.
Stewards.—Humfrey Broun: Tottenham, Middx., Rokealds and Chobham, Essex, 6l. 13s. 4d. Finchley, Middx., 6l. 13s. 4d. Thos. Pace: Bettysthorn, Asheley Arnewood, Exbury and Leope, Mynsted Totton and Barkeley, Playteford, Gremsted, Bymmerton, Wissheford, Stowford and Chadenwyche, 40s. Roger Badger: Netherham, Kyngton Magna, Langenham and Elme, Somerset, 20s. John Goer: Lokyngton and Hope, Wilts and Gloucester, 6s. 8d. Thos. Umpton: Chepyng Norton, Oxon, 26s. 8d. John Palmar: Compton Vynyeats, Compton Longa, Walford Magna and Parva, Tyshoo, Whatcoote and Evenlode, Warw. and Worc., 53s. 4d. Maxstock, Warwicksh., 26s. 8d. Robt. Hasilrigge: Hertyshorn, Derbysh., 26s. 8d. Bawdwen Malett: Overn Dencourt, Bucks, 26s. 8d. Sir Wm. Parre: Aldwyncle, Northt., 26s. 8d. Yerdley and Asheby, Northt., 10l. Harwold and Thurlighe, 66s. 8d. Scotton and Browton, Yorks., 20s. Levesham, Wrelton and Craneholme, Yorks., 26s. 8d.
Bailiffs.—Roger Tussar: Tottenham, Middx., 4l. Gostwyk: Fynchley, 60s. 8d. John Granger: Greenwich, Kent, 66s. 8d. Thos. Pace: Bettisthorn, Hants, 60s. Ric. Trynkard: Asheley, Arnewed, 6s. 8d. Rob. Johnston: Mynsted Totton and Barkeley, Playteford, Grymsted, More Abston, Bymmerton, Quydhamton and Wilton, Wisheford and Stowford, Hants, 60s. 8d. Wm. Awbrey: Chadenwiche, Westknoyle, Norton and Kylmyngton, Kyngton Magna and Langenham, 40s. John Wales: Netherham, Somerset, 26s. 8d. Roger Badger: Elme, Somers., Lokyngton, Culston and Horton, Wilts, Chelnam and Hope, Glouc., Evenlode, Worc., 66s. 8d. Robt. Busby: Chepyng Norton, Oxon, 60s. 8d. Martin Mountford: Tyswo, Warw., 60s. 8d. John Ingram: Compton Longa, Wolford Magna and Parva, Warw., 40s. Maxstock, 30s. 4d. Thos. Spencer, keeper of the castle, 53s. 4d.; of the park, 60s. 8d. Ralph De Benchekyn: Hertyshorn, Derbysh., 40s. Wm. Sambache, keeper of Compton Park, 60s. 8d. Wm. Warrall, keeper of the garden, &c., at Compton, 6l. 13s. 4d. Ant. Fenton: Levesham and Wrelton, Yorks., 60s. 8d. Wm. Cony: Aldwyncle, Northt., 40s. Wm. Fyll: Asheby, 40s. Wm. Thorne: Yerdley, 60s. 8d. Harold, Beds, 40s. John Brewreton: Thurlyghe, Beds, 26s. 8d.
Pp. 6.
R. O. 6. Inquisition taken in Middlesex on the death of Sir Will. Compton, 20 Hen. VIII.
Found that Ric. Broke, serjeant-at-law, [Walter Rodney] (fn. 12), Will. Dyngley and John Dyngley, now surviving, with [Sir Rob. Throgmerton and Will. Tracy,]* deceased, were seized of the manors of Totenham, Pembrokes, Bruses, Daubeneys and Mokkyngs, with lands in Tottenham, Edelmeton and Enfeld, to Compton's use; and that Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, Henry earl of Essex, John Bourchier lord Bernes, [Sir Rob. Ratclyf,]* Rob. Brudenell, justice of the King's Bench, Ric. Sacheverell [and Thos. Brokesby],* now surviving, with [Sir Ralph Shyrley,]* deceased, were seized of the manor of Fyncheley and lands in Fyncheley and Hendon to his use. His son, Peter Compton, is his heir, and is six years old and over.
Draft in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3.
R. O. 7. Citation by Wolsey, as legate, of Sir Wm. Compton, for having lived in adultery with the wife of lord Hastings, while his own wife, dame _, was alive, and for having taken the sacrament to disprove it.
Lat., pp. 5; an unfinished copy. Endd. by Wolsey.
Inventory of the goods of Sir Will. Compton at his places in London, Compton, Bittisthorne, the Great Park of Windsor, Sir Walter Stoner's place. Total of moveables, 4,485l. 2s. 3½d. "Sperat dettes," estimated at 3,511l. 13s. 4d. "Chatell Royall," 666l. 13s. 4d.
Wards.—One ward that cost 466l. 13s. 4d.; another of 500 marks land; the third, "Sir Geo. Salynger's son and his heir." There is at Windsor Great Park plate embezzled to the value of 579l. 2s. 6d., as appears by a bill found in Sir William's place at London. Desperate debts estimated at 1,908l. 6s. 8d. Debts owing by him estimated at 1,000l.
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 4444. HERESY.
Articles exhibited by Wolsey against a supposed heretic.
(1) That Wolsey is legate to Henry VIII. for his whole life, by the appointment of Leo X., Adrian VI., and Clement VII., (2) with jurisdiction over all his dominions, (3) and therefore over the accused, who is a parish priest (parochianus ecclesiœ parochialis) of _ (fn. 13), in the city of London; (4) that the accused was baptised and professed the Catholic Faith; (5) that he knew of Luther's condemnation by Leo X., and to ask him when he first heard of it; (6) and the same of his writings; (7) that he knew of the publication of the bull against him; (8) that he possessed, read, or heard read books of Luther's after the condemnation; (9) that he knows that those who read, print, &c. Luther's books are liable to be punished for heresy; (10) that he is an adherent of Luther; (11) that he held and taught Luther's heresies, that the Pope is not the successor of Peter nor the vicar of Christ over all the churches in the world, but that he and the ministers under him are Antichrists; (12) that he ate meat on fast days. (13.) That he taught that the Church could not ordain fasts, and that Christians could neglect them without mortal sin; (14) that the existence of Purgatory could not be proved from Scripture; (15) that the body of Christ is not in the Sacrament, but only bread and wine; (16) that a bad priest cannot consecrate, nor confer baptism or any sacrament; (17) that the laity, non communicati sub utraque specie, are deceived by the Church; (18) that the power of the Pope and other bishops is equal; (19) that there is no foundation in Scripture or the early fathers for the division of repentance into contrition, confession and satisfaction; (20) that no one ought to presume to confess venial sins, nor all mortal sins, for it was impossible to discover them all; (21) that the lowest priest is as efficacious in the sacrament of penance or remission of sin as a Pope or bishop, and, in the absence of a priest, any Christian, even a woman or boy, would suffice; (22) that it is a great error to take the Eucharist, trusting to this, that they have confessed, and are not conscious of mortal sin; that such persons eat and drink judgment to themselves; whereas if they trusted that they would obtain grace thereby, this faith alone would make them pure and worthy; (23) that indulgences are of no use; (24) that excommunications are only external penalties, and do not deprive a man of the prayers of the Church, and that Christians should be taught rather to love excommunication than to dread it; (25) that neither the Church nor the Pope can fix articles of faith, or laws of morals or good works; (26) that freewill after sin is merely a name, and that while a man does what is in him he sins mortally.
Pp. 6, Lat.
R. O. 2. Articles exhibited by Wolsey against some one charged with heresy.
Wolsey was appointed Legate for life to Henry VIII., by Leo X., Adrian VI., and Clement VII., (2) with jurisdiction over all the said King's dominions. (3) The accused, being a parish priest (fn. 14) of Stonehouse, Worcester dioc., is under his jurisdiction. (4) He was baptized and professed the Catholic Faith; (5) believed, assented, and preached certain heresies condemned by the Church; (6) expounded and wrote annotations on the Scriptures out of his own mind, abandoning the doctrines of the Church; (7) that he said that prayers ought not to be made for the dead, and that there was no Purgatory; (8) that all prelates after the Apostles, and all the Popes, were false prophets and Antichrists; (9) that no image, even of the Virgin, ought to be adored; (10) that fasts ought not to be kept, and were not appointed by Christ; (11) that all regulars living according to their rules were robbers and thieves; (12) that clerks cannot possess money or property; (13) that praying in churches, and the ceremonies of the Church, were bad, and that prayers ought only to be in secret; (14) that he held many false opinions about the articles of faith, sacraments, pilgrimages, and indulgences; (15) that all Christians were kings and priests, and that both clerks and laymen can consecrate the body of Christ; (16) that the Lord's Prayer only ought to be used; (17) that he knows that a certain Martin Luther was condemned for heresy by Leo X.; and let him be asked whether he ever knew or heard Luther or any of his disciples preach, whether he ever heard him spoken of in his province, and when he first heard of his condemnation. (18.) Ask him when he first knew that all Luther's books were condemned. (19.) That he knows that Leo published a bull through all Christendom in condemnation of Luther and his books; (20) that he knows that all who kept, read, printed, published, or defended the said books were liable to be punished for heresy; (21) that after the condemnation he kept, read, &c. some of the said books; (22) that he has approved, preached, and favored by word and deed Luther and his opinions; (23) that he brought or caused to be brought to England books by him or his disciples, and to ask him by whom; (24) that he burnt certain of the books after his arrival in England; and if he says yes, ask him when, where, and before whom; (25) that he had, sold and gave away some of the said books; and if he confesses, ask him to whom; (26) whether he was afraid of being discovered reading or expounding the opinions expressed in a German book of Luther's which he kept; if he says yes, let him confess that the book contains errors.
Lat., pp. 6.
June./GRANTS. 4445. GRANTS in JUNE 1528.
4. Rich. Foster, yeoman usher of the Crown. To have the Crown fee of 6d. a day, vice Rob. Withers, deceased. Greenwich, 19 May 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 June.—P.S.
4. Rob. Putnam alias Dymarshe, of London, fishmonger. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 4 June 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
4. Tho. Hyll of Melles, Somers., jun., tucker, and Agnes Peny of Melles. Pardon for breaking into the house of Margery Robyns, widow, and robbing her of 95l. on 31 Oct. 19 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
5. John Pen. To be rider of the chace of Sutton, Warwick, vice Sir Hen. Willoughby, deceased. Greenwich, 21 May 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 June.—P.S.
5. Anth. Mores of Calais, a native of Alexandria de la Paye in Lombardy. Denization. Westm., 5 June.—Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
5. Reprisal.—Constat and exemplification, at the request of John Phylyps, of patent 6 Feb. 13 Hen. VIII. authorizing reprisal against France and Britanny, in behalf of Christ. Coo.—Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
10. John Madeson, servant to Katharine, Queen Consort. Pension of 12d. a day. Del. Hampton Court, 10 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 22.
10. Edw. Ingham, yeoman usher of the Chamber. Grant, in reversion, of the fee of the crown of 6d. a day, granted to Wm. Standon by patent 28 May 5 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
10. Wm. Sparke, of Boreston, in the parish of Halwill, Devon, husbandman. Pardon for having robbed John Jakson and John Pernell at Badparke of certain white rams. Del. Westm., 10 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
12. Tho. Griffith and Joan his wife. Licence to enfeoff Sir Rob. Ratclyff, viscount Fitzwater, Sir John Tuchett, lord Dawdelegh (sic), Sir Ric. Whetill, Sir John Dygby, Tho. Nevill and Edw. Griffith, and the heirs of the said Edw., of the moieties of the manors of Obleygh and Childokford, Somers. and Dorset, and of the advowson of the church of Childokford; and to the said visc., &c. to re-enfeoff thereof the said Tho. and Joan to hold the premises in survivorship, with remainder to Rise Griffith, s. and h. of the said Tho. and Joan, and the heirs male of his body, with contingent remainders to John Griffith, brother of the said Rise, and to others. Westm., 12 June.—Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
12. Geo. Morys of London, merchant. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Greenwich, 12 June 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
12. The mayor and burgesses of Redynges. Mortmain licence to acquire possessions to the annual value of 5l. Del. Westm., 12 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
15. Roger Radclyff, gentleman usher of the Chamber. Grant of the castle of Okeham, Rutland, with lands, &c., forfeited by Edw. duke of Buckingham; on surrender of patent 24 April 20 Hen. VIII. granting the same in a different form. Del. Westm., 15 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 12.
16. John Asshton, one of the auditor-accountants of Buckingham's lands. Reversion of the office of one of the auditors of the Exchequer, the present auditors being John Sydley, Tho. Tamworth, Edw. Chamber, John Goldyng and Wm. Pryce. Del. Hampton Court, 16 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
17. Sir Edw. Beynton. Grant, in tail male, of certain lands in Cawlne, Wilts, parcel of the manor of Chiriell, Wilts, parcel of Warwykes lands, held by Henry Parsons, at the annual rent of 4 marks. Del. Westm., 17 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
Duplicate of the preceding, undated.—Pat. p. 1, m. 20.
17. Deryk Peterson alias Peter Buer, coppersmith alias cooper, native of Gelderland. Licence to retain in his service four journeymen. Greenwich, 15 June.—Del. Hampton Court, 17 June 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21.
17. Wm. Hutchins, gentleman of the chapel. Corrody of the monastery of Tywardteth, Cornwall, vice Simon Burton, resigned. Greenwich, 14 June 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 June.—P.S.
20. Gaol Delivery.
Hertford castle: Sir John More, Tho. Inglefeld and Ric. Lyndesell.
The same justices for Colchester castle, Guldeford castle, and Lewes castle.
Aylesbury gaol: Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, Tho. Fitzhugh and Wm. Wyat.
The same justices for Bedford castle, Cambridge castle, Ipswich gaol, Huntingdon castle, Norwich castle, and Bury St. Edmund's.
York castle: Sir Anth. Fitzherbert, Ric. Lyster and Jas. Fox.
The same justices for Appulby castle, Carlisle castle, Newcastle-on-Tyne, York city, and Newcastle-on-Tyne (town) gaol.
Winchester castle: Sir John Fitzjames, Wm. Shelley and Rob. Dacres.
The same justices for Fyssherton Anger, Dorchester, Ilchester, Exeter castle, and Launceston castle.
Northampton castle: Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Rob. Norwich and John Jenour.
The same justices for Okeham gaol (Rutland), Warwick county gaol, Coventry, Leicester gaol, Leicester (town) gaol, Nottingham gaol, Nottingham (town) gaol, Derby gaol, Lincoln gaol, and Lincoln (city) gaol.
Oxford castle: Sir John Porte, Wm. Rudhale, and Tho. Brudenell, sen.
The same justices for Worcester, Gloucester, Hereford, Shrewsbury, and Stafford gaols.
Westm., 20 June.
Pat. 20 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 20d.
22. Walt. Walshe, groom of the Chamber. To be master of the hunt in the royal park of Bussheley, Worc., as held by Wm. Tracy deceased, and to have, besides other emoluments, a cottage and land called Strippeling-place. Hunnesdon, 22 June 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
22. Nich. Gerebrande alias Clayse Calebrand alias Cloyse or Classe Jerbrand, shoemaker, native of Holland, in the dominions of the Emperor Charles V. Pardon of all offences against the statute concerning apprentices of aliens. Greenwich, 15 June 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.
23. Hen. marq. of Exeter, seneschal of the duchy of Cornwall; John bp. of Exeter; Sir John Arundell, receiver; and Sir Peter Eggecombe, Sir Tho. Denys, Sir John Chamound, John Turnor, and Guthlac Overton, auditors, of the said duchy; Wm. Lowre, John Tregian, Wm. Godolgham, John Thomas, serjeant-at-arms, and John Godolgham, comptroller of the coinage of tin in cos. Cornw. and Devon, Walt. Borlace and Tho. Cokkes. To be commissioners and assessors of the duchies of Cornw. and Devon. Del. Westm., 23 June 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
26. John Middleton, man-at-arms at Calais. To be keeper of the tolls at the turnpike of Markes, in the lordship of Marke, and also at Oye Scluse, in the lordship of Oye, in the marches of Calais, with fees of 11l. 12s. a year. Greenwich, 19 May 20 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 June.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 18.
28. Tho. Rogers of Plynton, Devon. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Hertford, 28 June 20 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
28. Ric. Camme, gentleman usher of the Chamber of princess Mary. Lease of certain pastures in the lordship of Abbotteley, parcel of Warwick's lands, Worc., in the several tenures of Tho. Notte, John Fydo, Elizabeth Kay and Wm. Gladwene; also lands in the lordship of Bussheley, parcel of Warwick's lands, late in the several tenures of John White and Rob. Cole; at various annual rents, and 12d. of increase. Del. Westm., 28 June 20 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.


  • 1. These names are inaccurately written, showing the ignorance of the scribe of the names and writings mentioned.
  • 2. See Clerk's letter of 7 June.
  • 3. Married to Mary Boleyn.
  • 4. So in the Harl. Misc. copy, which seems there to give the right reading. The Pamphleteer reads: "that we shall not have poure to dyslave Adam."
  • 5. Meaning Viscount Rochford.
  • 6. The 26th was really a Friday.
  • 7. Sir Nic. Carew.
  • 8. Tyndale, Roy and another ?
  • 9. Anne Boleyn.
  • 10. Supplied from an after mention of her name.
  • 11. Elsewhere the name looks like Beniare, and even here there is a dot that seems to indicate an i instead of a c.
  • 12. The names in brackets are crossed out. The inquisition actually returned adopted the alterations in this draft.
  • 13. Blank in MS.
  • 14. parochianus parochiæ de Stonehouse.