Henry VIII: July 1524, 21-31

Pages 219-232

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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July 1524

21 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 291. B. M. Hearne's Otterb. II. 626.
Has received his letters of the _ (fn. 1) inst., with those from the Queen, to which he sends answers, and encloses copies. The King and he thank Dacre for his good endeavors and diligent advertisement, and desire him to see the enclosures delivered to the King and Queen, and a copy of the letter to the King to be also given to the Queen, that she may see that the King is acting sincerely. Wolsey's letters to the Chancellor must also be safely delivered, and he wishes to know his answer to Dacre's last letters. Has stimulated him by fear and hope, as the delay to which the Queen has agreed may do harm, especially if he does not proceed sincerely with her, Norfolk shall write to advise Dacre how Angus shall be ordered, as it seems that his entry or interference may do harm. It must, therefore, be respited till it is known what effect the Queen's practices will have. Will then inform him of the King's pleasure. Westm., 21 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
[21 July.]
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 293. B. M.
Perceives with gladness from the Queen's letters that he has substantially considered Henry's former letters, which advised him to undertake the rule of the realm with the advice of the Lords, on account of the danger he incurs from Albany's suspect governance, and that he now perceives what has caused war and trouble during his minority. Commends and thanks him for his good understanding of Henry's letters, as proceeding from the fresh wit and great towardness of wisdom which is reported to be in him. Assures him that one of Henry's principal cares is his surety and the increase of his honor, by his erection to his royal dignity. As, therefore, God has provided him so great and faithful a friend, exhorts him without delay to take upon him his estate and governance, if it is not already done, to prevent the danger in which his life would be if Albany returned from France with aid before he had done so. He may be sure that any one who advises him to deliberate longer is "ferre abused," and does not know what he means, or else he is not his true subject, and should be expelled as a mortal enemy. Trusts that there is no noble man who will not "stick with him" in this purpose, considering the great effects that will follow to his benefit and that of his realm. Promises to employ all his authority and power in repressing those who act otherwise, and will assist him with men and money as required. Sends Norfolk to give him advice, and to assist him against those who oppose him. Will make continual war against all such, till he is perfectly established in his royal dignity, which done, all hostilities shall cease. It is, therefore, right expedient for him to take upon him immediately the governance of the realm, in spite of all who act or advise to the contrary.
Pp. 3. Copy by Wolsey's clerk. Headed by Dacre's clerk: Copie of the King's letter to the king of Scots.
[21 July.]
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 295. B. M.
Thanks her for her discreet answers to his letters, urging the erection of her son to his proper estate, to which her natural affection and her great wisdom must lead her; for whoever considers Albany's demeanor in undertaking such a suspect governance, in pretending to be heir apparent, in restoring himself and his blood during the young King's minority, in usurping divers patrimonies of the King to his own succession, and in detaining and misemploying the crown revenues, and the damage which has ensued through him as servant to the French king, may evidently perceive that he either will not dare return as the King is so nearly of age, or, if he do, he will not abide the danger, which will be imputed to him, but will rather compass the Scotch king's destruction, and himself aspire to the throne, with the advice and help of the French king, who hates nothing more than the proximity of blood between the kings of England and Scotland. Knows that he intends this, by intercepted letters and other credible ways. All the King's friends and true subjects must regard this as Henry himself has done in making war, to his no small expence, on Albany's supporters, for the King's preservation. If he had not done so, the King would have been in extreme danger. Offers to defend her, her son and his friends, against all princes and persons, in taking his royal dignity, which must not be deferred for four or five days, nor for one day or hour, but done immediately in spite of all sinister compasses and colorable persuasions. As, therefore, they have so great a friend to maintain their quarrel, she must cause the King immediately, if it is not already done, to come forth and give express commandment to all his nobles and subjects, on pain of their allegiance, to take his part, and whoever will move or persuade him to the contrary, to be accounted a rebel and traitor. Will treat thus every one so persisting. To show by deeds as well as words that he will maintain their quarrel, has sent Norfolk to the Borders as his lieutenant, to advise them, and, if need be, assist them, as Norfolk will show.
As to peace between the realms, never intended that any but she should have the honor and doing thereof, as she has always labored for it, and it is not to be attempted except by a person of her estate. Nevertheless, has not showed himself displeasant to any honorable nobleman who proposed anything concerning peace. Was thus persuaded by Angus, contrary to his former intention, to admit a diet between Norfolk and the Chancellor in case they would abandon Albany and "erect" the King; not that he intended Angus to have any authority in conducting it, but that she should be the author and mediator thereof. Has ordered that if any such diet is held, all shall be done by her. Has arranged that Angus shall remain on the Borders, and not meddle more than she wishes; and he never intended to do anything but with her advice and consent. She can see that she could not wish him to have more regard to her son's weal than he is determined to show. If anything expedient is passed over, it shall never be said that there was any lack in him to do as much or more than a loving uncle and brother should do. Commits the rest to her wisdom, and to those who will prove themselves his nephew's faithful subjects. They may be sure that by so doing they will obtain from him more benefit than they have hitherto, or shall receive by any other way. Given, &c.
Pp. 4. Copy by Dacre's clerk. Headed: Copie, &c.
[21 July.]
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 997. B. M.
His knowledge of the Chancellor's affections to the young King and to the good of peace, and the towardness he has lately shown, move him to remind him of two things: First, that God has called him to great dignity and honor, and that, as his merit requires, he has as large authority as any prelate, nobleman and councillor. The other is, that the King is yet in his minority, though almost at the point of lawful years to govern with the advice of the Chancellor and other councillors, and he is reported to be endowed with as many good qualities as may be. These two things, and the suspect governance the young King has hitherto been in, must needs cause the Chancellor at this time to regard his Sovereign's surety. The greater his authority, the more he should attend to the discharge of his honor and conscience; for if anything is left undone, he can judge how much it "might sound to his danger." On the other hand, if he persists in his present good mind, of which Wolsey hears, and endeavors to secure his master, and restore quiet to the realm now that there is a chance of it, he can consider what merit he will deserve of God, what honor of the world, what thanks of the king and people of Scotland, and how acceptable it will be to the king of England, who may be able to make his honor and authority greater than any prelate in Scotland has enjoyed for many years. Exhorts him therefore not to allow any particular affection, vain promise, crafty persuasion or subornation to lead him to neglect the present occasion; but, like a discreet father and honorable prelate of the Church, to acquit himself so that his acts may be a mirror and example to those of inferior power, and that the King and the whole realm may have cause to please and thank him hereafter; "in which doing ye shall find of me so sure and perfect a friend as, I trust, shall in time coming be to your great comfort, weal, profit, and exaltation, wherein, or in anything that I may do you honor or pleasure in, ye shall find me ready and glad to concur with you to good and virtuous purpose, at all times by the grace of Almighty God."
Pp. 2. Copy by Wolsey's clerk. Headed by Dacre's clerk: Copie, &c. Imperfect?
21 July.
Add. MS. 6,668, f. 372. B. M.
"An inventory of the goodes of the chauntree of Sanct Nycholas and Sanct Kateryn in Criche, received by me, Sir John Mariot, 21 die Julii, ao Dñi 1524."
In primis, a chalice leaded in the bottom; an old maser, with the arms of the founder; four silver spoons, three being broken; two rookes of cowles; "a little wood about the house, instead of 40s. that I ought to have had if there had remained so much"; one mass book; an old written portnus; three old vestments, and one very old casula that is torn; an old broken cruet; two old altar cloths, one hanging before the altar; three corporaxes with cases; one furnace; three leades set in a forme; one old written processioner.
Vellum, indented. Endd.
23 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 304. B. M.
"... I commende me hartely to youe and wete ye [that I have receiv]it your writing fra Patrik Sinkler this furesday ... [and seen] his credence, whilk credence is that the Kinges [Grace is ready to] assist and help the King my son at his power ... men. My Lord, ye know well what ... grace my broder has sent to me now lately ... my lord Cardinall, and how the King my [brother hath desire]d me right affectusly to give credence to my [lord of Surrey] as to hymself; and as yet my lord of Surrey [will not come to me,] wherof I am right evill content, saying that ... and getes bot litell support and help ... [i]s not unknone to youe the grete pane and ... have made dayly and makes sen the departing [of the duke of Albany,] and how I have broken part of Lords fra the [said duke of Albany] to the King my son and me, and to help to put [the King my said] son to his honor and freedom, whilk labors and ... love made be me, and my laboring without any ... Also, my lord, I traste ye know the Kinges ... writing to me, and geve ye doo not I send [it unto you by] this berer that ye may se, trastyng that his ... byd me tak upon me nathing on his ... wole kepe bath for his honor and myne ... of the Kyng my son.
[And as concerning the] furst poinct, ye know wele what style I ... w I have few friends here and it be not ... [son]nes.
... mes sake, and be he not put owt of ... litell for me or hymself and now ... t poincte.
... ye knaw it is a grete mater and hye to theim [that shall take the Ki]nges parte and myne, and wolbe bathe dangerous ... and them that takes his parte and they ... d may not bere it further and ye knaw ... fel only fered and dred in this realme ... maiste maister what danger the King my son ... for, my lord, it is well to be considered and ... wisely and sharply that it be not put aback ... my Lord, ye know I am bot a woman, and may do litill bot with help [from the King my brother] ... power to do I have done th ... the Kinges grace my broder assur ... and supporte to all theim that ... myne. Therfor now, my lord, ... way that I have broken lords ... my waiz. I pray youe that ... help the Kinges grace my brod[er] ... takes our parte, for it is to be ... that doez it bath to their hono[r] ... war reson they myght be sure ... this being done, my Lord, I woll ... the gretest in this realme to ta ... furth at his libertie and to hyz h ... to be done now instantly I tr ... not be in mare danger of his life ... Lord my deasire followez upon this ...
Furst that his grace make assured ... defende and mayntene the Kyng my [son] ... myne to the uttermoste of his pow[er] ... after as they have nede of or wo ... and that this be conformed be th ... Norfolk by the King my broder ... and in the mean tyme my Lord ... of Norfolk woll not cum to the ... and the tyme drawes nere ... is within a moneth at the ferrest ... youe my Lorde on the Kinges gr[aces] m ... labored in this mater and has ... that now it fale not on the ... ye woll on your part known ... and prayeng me to geve y ... that ye woll, whill the tym[e] ... send under your writing and ... things, as the Kinges grace my ... bathe to the King my son a ... ze may the surelyar tak ... and this being done it wol ... upon theim and therfore my ... (fn. 2) the Kinges awne writing and alway bids me geve you credence on his behalf, and this I pray you to send me in all possible haist with this berer, for now the Lords are in Edinburgh, and faleing now I woll not gete theim at sik a caste. And gif ye woll not do this, it woll cause the Lords to fall fra their purpose, traisting not to gete na supple nor assistance, and therefore they woll not put their lifes nor honor in danger, and may not do their maister na good."
Has written to the King and Wolsey that Angus's coming may do great harm, and she asks Dacre to retain him on the Borders till this matter be brought to good end, which it will not be if he come, as he is not well loved by those who should take her part. As to herself, if he were to come, should understand well that he was sent to trouble her about her living, with which she will not be content, "for one way I am not answered of the half of my liffyng, nor I have gotten na help to cause me to browke my said liffeing for all the labor that I made at the King my broders hands." If Angus comes in by the King's help to trouble her, she would not be beholden to her brother, but would be obliged to make friends of unfriends; for she will not be "owr gane with" Angus, knowing that he does not love her, and that she cannot trust him. The King can do as he pleases, if he thinks Angus can be more "stedable" to him than she can; but he must not accuse her again of not endeavoring to bring matters to a good pass. All depends upon what she has desired of Dacre, but she should have his writing and seal upon what is above written, and according to the King's writing. Since it is such a small matter, if it be not done she will give no more trust to writings, nor to those who take her part. Begs him, if he loves the weal of her son, to write to her by the bearer on Tuesday or Wednesday at the furthest. 23 July.
Pp. 3, copy by Dacre's clerk. Mutilated. Headed: [Copie of] the Quene of Scots letter sent with James Dog [her serv]aunt to the Lord Dacre, the principall letter [sent] up by post.
23 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 289. B. M.
Received at Edinburgh on the 18th his letter dated Whittingham, 16 July 1524, and his instructions delivered by More and Hathrington, which he has shown today to some of the Lords of Council. They thank him for his good mind to the weal of both realms, and pray him to continue it, as they will do for their part. They think the Chancellor should not meet Norfolk in person, though he would have been right glad to have done so, and they have appointed Jas. earl of Arran, lord Hamilton, cousin to the King, John earl of Levenax, Lord Darnlie, lieutenant general of the East and Middle Marches, also cousin to the King, John lord Fleming, great chamberlain, Sir Wm. Scott of Balwery, and Thos. Hay, principal secretary to the King, to come to Kelso or Caldstreme, on the "ferde" of August, with 100 persons only, to commune with Norfolk about the matters specified in the instructions. Asks him in the meantime to stop incursions, and he will cause the Scotch wardens to do the same. Wishes to know whether Dacre thinks the diet should be kept thus, or not. Dacre's servants, the bearers, will show him more. Edinburgh, 23 July 1524.
Pp. 2. Headed: Copie of the Chancellare of Scotlandes letter sent with John More and Wm. Hathrington to my lord Dacre, the principall letter sent up by poste.
23 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 300. B. M.
Received at one tonight the enclosed packet and copies, with a copy of Wolsey's letter to Dacre, saying that Norfolk should advise him about Angus. Leaves that matter to him, as he is nearer Scotland, and hears daily how matters go. He should be entertained with pleasant words, but not allowed to enter Scotland or make any practices till Dacre sees how the erecting of the young King takes effect. Will start tomorrow, and hopes to be at Newcastle at the end of the month, or within two days after. His last letter but one to Wolsey, about the execution of Wm. of Bellingham and others, was better taken by the King and Council than anything he has done, and has extinguished the rumor that he favored evildoers. Honsdon, Saturday, 23rd inst., 2 a.m.
P. 1, copy by Dacre's clerk. Headed: Copie, &c.
24 July.
R. O.
According to Henry's letter sent by Clarencieux to the king of Scotland, the whole authority of the realm is put in James's hands. Will be as diligent to support his authority as he was to put it in his hands. Jedburgh Abbey, 24 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: My lord cardinale of Zork, legate and Chancellar of Ingland. Endd.
26 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 286 b. B. M.
Received this present Monday (fn. 3) at night her letter dated 23rd inst., by James Dog. Thinks the effect of it rests on two points. First, she says that she has without help won over several of the lords to help to put her son at liberty, that she has few friends, that those who favor her would put their honor and life in danger if they commenced and failed; and she therefore wishes to know what help the King will give her. This done, she will get the greatest persons in the realm to take her part; but if not, her son will be in great danger, and her friends will leave her. The security she desires is, that the King will promise under his seal to help her son, herself, and their part-takers, with men and money as they need; and, further, as Norfolk will not be here till next week, she asks for Dacre's writing to the same effect.
Doubts not she can perceive, by the King's letters dated Greenwich, 11 June and 6 July, which she sent, and he returns, how the King is minded, and what he will do for her and her son.
An answer has come to the writings she sent by Sinkler, viz., letters from the King to his nephew and to her, and one to her from Wolsey, which he sends with a copy of her son's letter. She will see that the desire mentioned in her last and in her present letters is substantially performed, and he does not think that a writing from him is required, for a thousand of the best writings he can make cannot be of such authority as those the King has sent. If these will not suffice, and she wishes for the King's great seal, she and her Council must draw up a bond and send it to him, which he will subscribe and seal, and send the copy to the King, to be made under his great seal, and returned to her with diligence. Begs her to do this quickly, and not to be overcome with fair words. As everything she desires is granted, it will be reckoned her fault if matters fail, for he is surely informed that if she will say Yea, there will no man say Nay. She need not doubt that her purpose will be maintained, for she knows that what her brother writes to his nephew will be performed to the uttermost. If she thinks what she now has will not serve, she shall have his bond in three days, in what form she and her Council desire. Her desire as to Angus shall be performed, as she will more amply understand by a letter from Norfolk, which he sends, but wishes returned. She will see by the same letter that Norfolk will be here without fail in eight days. She says that Angus is not loved by those who would take her part, but he does not know any great men that do not love him, except Arran, who is content to abide the arbitrement of friends as to their differences, with the Queen for umpire, as appears by his late letter to Dacre. If she will see that her son is set at liberty, she may have her pleasure performed about Angus; but if that is not done with diligence he trusts her brother will cause Angus to come to Scotland to complete it. Morpath, 26 July 16 Hen. VIII.
P. 4. Headed: Copie, &c.
26 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 286. B. M.
Has received his letter dated Edinburgh, 23 July. Is sorry he will not come to the diet. Does not think the causes he showed to Dacre's servants sufficient to prevent him from coming for three days,—that is, two for coming and returning, and one for the meeting,—considering what high and weighty causes depend upon it. Prays him to deliberate again, and come to the diet, for he thinks no good will come of it if he do not. Cannot yet assure him that Norfolk will hold it, but will inform him in eight days. Sends him a letter from Wolsey. Thinks, after he has read it, that he will come to the diet. Dacre has told Wolsey so, and he would be sorry for it to fail for lack of his coming. Morpeth, 26 July 16 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
26 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 301. B. M.
Has received his letter dated Honsdon, 23 July. Will order Angus accordingly till Norfolk comes. Sends unsealed all the letters and copies that have passed between the Queen, the Chancellor, and himself about the meeting, that after reading them he may seal them, and forward them to the Cardinal. Has again advised the Chancellor to come to the meeting. If Norfolk means to keep it, he must be here a day before, and send for a safe-conduct to the Chancellor in case he comes, and to those mentioned in his letter to Dacre, with their styles at length. The style of the Chancellor must be, Jas. archbp. of St. Andrews, commendator of Dunfermline and chancellor of Scotland. Morpath, 26 July 16 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
26 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 298. B. M.
In his last letter, acknowledged the receipt of Wolsey's, dated 6th inst., and informed him of his having sent his servant to the Chancellor. The Lords have now met, and have determined that the Chancellor cannot be spared to come to the meeting, for many "great feigned causes," which they showed to his servant, and have ordained other nobles to keep the diet on Aug. 4, if Norfolk will do so. Sends the Chancellor's letters, and copies of his answers. He does not write plainly any causes for not coming; but he told Dacre's servant two causes, which he affirmed, upon his priesthood, to be the true causes. One was, that as the whole authority rests in his hands, he thinks that if he met and did not make a final conclusion, he would be suspected of not wishing for peace; and if he did make a final conclusion, he thinks the Lords would be displeased with him for taking so much in hand so suddenly. This is but feigned, for in Albany's absence he rules all as he will peaceably. The other cause is that the young King will "come forth" about the time of the meeting, and he must make provision, and fears that if he were away the King might not "come forth" as pertains to his honor. This cause also is feigned, for he does all he can to keep in the young King till the Parliament "holds," which will be within eight days of the time appointed for the Duke's coming again. Then, though it were concluded by the Parliament that the King should come forth, the Duke, if he intends to come, would be landed before provision could be made for the King's coming forth, and then all that was done in Parliament would be annulled. This is the Chancellor's drift, as far as his servant could discover, in Scotland. Thinks, therefore, the young King will be still kept in, unless the Queen will boldly take it in hand. Although this is the Chancellor's intention, if the King were once at liberty, even though he only came forth of his own will and the Queen with him, all the Lords, and the Chancellor also, would take his part for fear of the enmity the King might feel against them; and so all lies with the Queen, as Dacre has today informed her. No one can talk better than the Chancellor, though Dacre cannot quite trust him till he sees part of his doings.
Asks Wolsey to inform Norfolk whether he shall keep the meeting with the persons appointed, for Dacre hears from him that he will be here before the 2nd of August. Received his letters of the 21st, and sent on those accompanying it. Last night, James Dog, a secret servant of the Queen's, came with letters for Dacre. Has sent him back with an answer and the King's and Wolsey's letters. The Queen wishes to know what aid the King will give, and that Angus must not come into Scotland. Now these are granted, she will have no excuse. Two ships of Leith have taken seven prizes, and one waifter with two tops of the "Iselande flote," and taken them to Leith, where three French ships have lately come, which, with eight others, intend to encounter the said flote. Thinks some provision should be made. Morpath, 26 July 16 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 4. Headed: Copie, &c.
Add. MS.
24,965, f. 288b. B. M.
2. "The contents of a pacquet sent up by post to my lord Legate's grace, cardinall of York."
The copy of Dacre's letter to the chancellor of Scotland, Morpath, 10 July; copy of the instructions to More and Hathrington; the Chancellor's answer; copy of Dacre's letter of credence sent by More and Hathrington, in answer to his letter; the Chancellor's letter to Dacre, dated 18 July; copy of Dacre's answer, dated Morpath, 20 July; the Chancellor's answer to the instructions; copy of Dacre's reply, Morpath, 26 July; the Queen's letter to Dacre; copy of Dacre's answer, Morpath, 26 July; letter to Wolsey, Morpath, 26 July, of the rehearsal and effect of the premises.
P. 1. In the hand of Dacre's clerk.
27 July.
R. O.
Grant, by Sir John Longevile, of the priory of Bradwell, Bucks, to Wolsey, who promises to find a chaplain to sing mass continually for the souls of Sir John Longevile and his ancestors in the church of the said priory, or else to have them prayed for in the college he intends to found at Oxford. Longevile reserves the patronage of the vicarage of Wolverston; the priory to be dissolved. 27 July 16 Hen. VIII. Signed by Longevile.
Vellum. Endd.
28 July.
Lamb. MS. 611, f. 55. St. P. II. 104.
Indenture made 28 July 16 Hen. VIII. between the said Earls, by the English commissioners, touching certain wrongs and claims between the two. Witnesses: P. Ormond, G. of Kyldare, James Denton, and eleven others.
28 July.
Vit. B. VI. 149*. B. M.
Commend to him Hypolitus, a nobleman of their town, who, they hear, is in his service. Ex Palatio nostro, 28 July 1524. Signed: Jo. Bap. Gilifortus.
Lat., p. 1. Address pasted on.
28 July.
Add. MS. 24,965, f. 301. B. M.
Patrik Synkler has just come to him. He has taken great pains, riding both night and day, about these matters. Sends a letter, signed by the Scotch king and others, from the Queen and Arran. Will keep Synkler till Norfolk comes, to hear his credence. Begs him to come speedily. The King is not well provided with money, and he may not displease those to whom Albany has given his lands for a season, till it is known whether the Duke will return. Norfolk must therefore send to the King and Wolsey to ask for 200 men, at Henry's expense, to attend upon the young King, and to be appointed by himself and Council, with a clerk for paying them. The time will be but two or three months. The King can do it well enough, as the 1,200 men in garrison here may be discharged immediately after the meeting. Wishes him to come speedily, that he may have news from Scotland before the meeting; and to send quickly to the King to ask his pleasure. Morpath, 28 July 16 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Headed: Copie, &c.
30 July.
Calig. B. VI. 378. B. M.
A profession of obedience made by the lords of Scotland, made at Edinburgh, 30 July 1524. (The same verbatim, except in date, as that of the 1 Aug. following, q. v.) Signed: "Margaret R.—James earl of Arran—Jacobus Cancellarius—D. bp. of Galloway and of our sovereign lord's Chapel—Ro. Ross'—G. postulatus Glasguensis—Ro. de Pasleto—Alexander Scona—Alexander Cambuskenneth—Jhone Jed'—James Hamilton of Kyncawyll—Mark Ker of Lyteldane—John Cantaily archidiaconus Sanctandreanus—Alexander Gordon of Appil ...—Andrew (?) Lundy of Balgony—William Scot of Baluery, knt.—Dad Wemyss of that ilk—Ge. Sanctæ Crucis—Petyr Crechton (?) decanus Glasguensis—Secretarius—Nycholl Craufurd—Alexander 1. Levingston—John earl of Levenax—earl of Craufurd—earl of Morton—earl of Cassillis—John lord Erskine (?)—W. Borthuik—John Lyndessay of Petcrowe, knt.—lord Awandale—Wylzem master of Glencarne—Robert Logan—William master of Ruthven—Adam Otterburn—W. lord of Stralyng(?)—Henry Stewart of Rossyt (?)—... capitane of Edinburgh—Nycholl Craufurd—James Hamilton.
Eight signatures which occur among the above are omitted as illegible.
31 July.
R. O.
His son Sir George has received the King's "most dread letters of privy seal," and is therefore going up to court. If he has offended since Darcy's departure from court, knows nothing of it. If anything is proved against him, shall be glad to see him duly punished. If he offend, or suffer his sons to do so, it is from lack of wit, not of good will. Besecches Wolsey to use his son as his servant, as he intends him to stay about the King, to learn to serve him either within or without the realm. "Cunning, wit, experience, and specially humanity, with the most part of all other good virtues, surely he lacks; good will, to the best of his power and truth, I trust he shall show at all times." The West Riding was never in better peace and condition. Templehirst, 31 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's grace."
31 July.
Vit. B. VI. 150. B. M.
"Plesith your Grace ... th ... myn ... in high Bourgoigne I conveyed in secret manner the [charge] by the King and your Grace to me commytted unto gen ... yet no man thought the contraire but the charge [still] remayned with me." When he had come to St. Claudes on the Burgundian frontier, was told that it was very dangerous to pass by Genneyvre and through Savoy, on account of the Swiss and Almains, who were passing that way to serve the French king, and therefore entered Genneyvre alone by night, leaving his company at St. Claudes, who reported that he was sick in bed.
At Genneyvre found Messire Grygore and Godimers in great fear of their lives on account of the threatening words spoken by the captains of the Swiss and French, that they and another gentleman coming after them, who had charge of money, should not escape the country, and the captains made so sure of it that they allotted the money. The information must have been given by those who make the exchange of the money. Got Grygore and Godimer out of the town secretly by night, and next day packed up his charge in oats and old clothes, and marked with a merchant's mark. Thought it would thus pass safely; but as he had a letter from the lady Margaret to the Duke for a safe-conduct, wished to know what he would say, and so sent it to him with a letter of his own, by a messenger of the Emperor's, who always accompanies him. The Duke sent him a loving letter in answer; and his chamberlain, who is captain of the guard, met him with a few archers on the confines of the country to convey him to his master at Shambery. The Duke moved to meet him between Shambery and Nycy, received him courteously, declared himself pleased to serve the Emperor and the King, and highly praised Wolsey, whom he called his especial friend. Seeing his faithfulness to the Emperor and the King, told him of his charge, and asked him to convey it safely. The Duke asked him to devise a method, and he would follow it. Desired that his muleteers might hire mules as if for the carriage of his stuff, and carry it as far as the Duchess, who is now in Piedmont. He agreed to this, and will send it in the coffers used for his chapel stuff, with other baggage of his own. Advises a letter of thanks to be sent to him. He is as wise a prince as any in Christendom, and keeps great ...; he is of great power, and entirely beloved by his subjects. He charged La Barroiz, the French ambassador, on his peril to allow no Frenchman to meddle with Russell or his company. Has just received a letter from the bishop of Geneve, who thought he was still at that town, saying that Grygore and Godimers told him it was impossible for Russell to leave the town with his charge, and offering to come personally to convey him away. He says also that Bourbon is at Grace in Provence, and that the van is at Draguignan, a day's journey from Mercelles. Shambery, 31 July. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated. Endd.: From Master Russell, the last of June.
The infantry, light horse, artillery, and provisions to be provided for Bourbon's army at the common expense was already in French territory on 1 July. If there is any delay of the men-at-arms it is in those to be supplied by the Emperor; but, without waiting for them, Bourbon has invaded the country, and gained nearly all Provence, except Marseilles and Arles. The king of England is bound to contribute from the day the army begins to enter, not only when it is all entered, which cannot be done at one time on account of the scarcity of victuals, and the difficulty of the road. The said men-at-arms long ago left Milan, and marched through Piedmont to the foot of the mountains, where they were compelled to wait, both to secure the passage till Bourbon had passed with the infantry, artillery, provisions and a few horse, and also for their ordinary pay from Naples, which could not arrive sooner for want of exchanges, owing to the plague. This is not the Emperor's fault, and the King cannot excuse himself on this ground from contributing from the first day that Bourbon's army set foot in France, although all were not entered.
Fr., p. 1.
R. O.
544. CALAIS.
Expences of a crew of 250 men sent to Calais, July anno 16.
Coats, ... s. 4d. a piece, 6l. 13s. 4d.; and 192, 32l. Conduct money: captain, 4s. a day, 16s.; petty captain, 2s. a day, 8s.; 232 soldiers, at 6d. a day. 19l. 2s. 6d.; 16 soldiers, nil. Wages for a month: captain, at 4s. a day; petty captain, 2s.; 248 men at 6d. Boat hire and shipload, 1d. a man; portage to the boat, ½d. a man; transporting to Calais, 6d. a man. Expenses of Robt. Lord, 10 days at Dover and Canterbury despatching the men, 40s. 11d. Total, 250l. 17s.
A roll, mutilated.
R. O.
Indenture of sale by Wm. Godard, merchant of the Staple of Calais, to John Botulphe, of London, gentleman, of 115 acres 1 rood of marsh at Stepney, for the residue of a term of 94 years, and a rent of 3l. 16s. 10d. for the residue of a term of 40 years, for the sum of 56l. and for the discharge of a statute staple for 220l. The said land is a portion of 482½ acres 1/2 rood held by Thos. Kempe, late bishop of London, which were drowned by the Thames, recovered by the Bishop, again drowned, and recovered by Wm. Morow, of Stebenhithe, and others. This portion was leased to him for 94 years by Sir Thos. Frowyke, Roger Philpot, Hen. Frowyke, and Ric. Markes, late justices of Edw. IV., by reason of his patent to them to oversee certain walls, ditches, &c. It was let by the Bishop to Morrow and the others for 40 years at 3l. 16s. 10d. Goddard bought it from Ric. Gad, sherman, executor of Walter Knightley, clk., executor of the Bishop. July 16 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 9. Endd.
July. GRANTS. 546. GRANTS in JULY 1524.
2. Geo. Boleyn. Grant of the manor of Grymston, Norfolk, lately held by Sir Thos. Lovell. Westm., 2 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
2. Edw. Morce. Licence to found a chantry of one perpetual chaplain in the church of St. Mary the Virgin, Dedham, Essex, at the altar of St. Mary of Piety, for the good estate of the King and queen Katherine, and of Thos. card. of York, and for the soul of John Webbe, of Dedham, &c. Also licence to endow it with lands to the annual value of 9l. Westm., 2 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
4. John Smyth, clk., and Roger Asshe, clk. Pardon for having acquired from John Wylliams and Elix. his wife the moiety of the manor of Rawreth, and other possessions in Rawreth, Ronwell, Wygforth, Reyley, Downeham, and Haddeley, and the moiety of the advowson of Rawreth church. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 11.
4. Wm. Aprice, of Witherigge, Devon, chaplain. Pardon for having killed Thos. Holmer in self-defence, as certified by Sir John Fitzjames and Rob. Norwiche, justices of gaol delivery for Exeter Castle. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 40.
4. John Woodman, of London, haberdasher. Revocation of protection, having staid in London, instead of going in the retinue of John Pyrton. Westm., 4 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
5. Thos. Ap Guillam, yeoman usher of the Chamber. To be a ranger of Dene Forest, Glouc., vice Ric. Cachemade, with fees issuing from the lordship of St. Briavel, Dene Forest, and elsewhere. Westm., 5 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 15.
6. Edward Decka. Lease of the herbage of Glyn park, parcel of the lordship of Holte, marches of Wales, for 21 years, at the annual rent of 56s., and 10s. 8d. increase. Del. Westm., 6 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
5. Wm. Heywoode. Lease, on a fine of 10l. paid to the King's use, to Th. Magnus, receiver general of the forfeited possessions of Edward duke of Bucks, of a water mill, and the pasture called Netherstedhay, in the lordship of Mawdeley, Staff., for 21 years, at the annual rent of 46s. 8d. for the mill, and 33s. 4d. for the pasture. Del. Westm., 5 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
6. Th. Jermyn, yeoman of the guard and crown. Annuity of 5l. out of the customs in the port of Southampton, in consideration of his services in the wars, vice Hervy Haward, deceased. Del. Westm., 6 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Endd.: "Th. Jermyn, yeoman of the King's guard and crown, and keeper of his ships at Portesmouth."
6. Edm. bp. of Salisbury, Sir Wm. Scott, Vincent Fynche, and Thos. Rote, feoffees to the use of Wm. Pelham, and his heirs of and in the manor of Lawghton Colbones, Sussex. Licence to impark 500 acres of wood, 200 acres of land called Le Verth Wood, or "le olde Brule," in the parish of Loughton, Sussex, parcel of the said manor of Lawghton, and to have free warren in all their demesne lands of Lawghton and Colbones, in the parishes of Lawghton, Hothlie, Chetinglie, Waldern, Hethfeld, Ripe, Challyngton, Helmylie and Arlyngton, Sussex. Westm. 6 July,—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
8. Henry earl of Devon. Wardship of Roger s. and h. of Anthony Buttishide. Del. Westm., 8 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 39.
8. For Roger Gyfford, of Halsbury, Devon. Reversal of outlawry against him and Wm. Gyfford and Wm. Harrys, of Stowe, Devon, sued by Ralph Engoff. Westm., 8 July.
ii. A similar grant. Westm., 20 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 27.
9. Th. Englefild, serjeant-at-law. Grant, in tail male, of the reversion of the manor, fishery, &c. of Rotherfilde Grey, Oxon, formerly leased to John Russell at the annual rent of 3l. 8d., at the expiration of whose lease the premises were granted, in survivorship, by patent 5 Jan. 9 Hen. VIII., to Robt., Knolles, usher of the chamber, now deceased, and Lætitia his wife, now wife of Sir Robt. Lee. Del. Westm., 9 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 16.
11. Hen. Thornton, serjeant-at-arms. Lease of the manor of Ayshe, near Basyngstoke, Hants, which came into the King's hands on the death of Joan Kydwelly, widow, to whom it was granted by Henry VII., to whose hands it came by the attainder of Ric. III., as appears by an inquisition taken before Th. Dawbrigcourt, escneator, 18 Nov. 21 Hen VII.; to hold for 21 years, at the annual rent of 20l., and 20s. newly approved. Del. Westm., 11 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2. m. 8.
11. Katherine White, late servant of Ric. Rawlynson, of Newewarke, Notts, inn-holder. Pardon, having been found guilty, by the "sinister and untrue means" of the said Richard, of having, on the 20 Sept. 6 Hen. VIII., stolen certain goods and monies belonging to Th. Tyrell, a common carrier, who came to lodge at the said Richard's house on the 19th Sept., and was robbed the next day. The said Thomas said that satisfaction should be made by the said Richard, who thereupon, "for the excuse of himself, and for pure malice," arrested her. She has been in prison for seven years, respited from being executed. Del. Westm., 11 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Signed by Sir Humphrey Conyngsby and Wm. Rudhale.
11. Justices of Assize.
Oxford Circuit: Rob. Brudenell, jun., John West, Sir Lewis Pollerd and Thos. Englefeld. Westm., 11 July.
Western Circuit: Thos. Elyot, Sir John. Fitzjames and Rob. Norwiche. Westm., 11 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 39d.
11. Thos. Birkys. To be comptroller of the customs of wools, hides, lead and fleeces in London, (in consideration of his services to the King and to Hen. VII.,) vice John Shurley. Westm., 11 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 39.
12. Thomas Maners lord Roos. To be warden and chief justice itinerant of Shirwode forest, and of the parks of Billowe, Birklonde, Rumwod, Owselonde, Fulwode, Beskwode and Clipston, Notts.—Del. Westm., 12 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Geo. Harper. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Ric. Harper, jun., and s. and h. of Ric. Harper, sen., and Eliz. his wife; also as s. and h. of Constantia Culpeper, wife of Alex. Culpeper, and late wife of the said Ric. Harper, jun. Westm., 12 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 36.
13. John Seyntclere. Lease of the site of the manor of Lammersshe, Essex, late of the countess of Richmond; for 21 years, at the annual rent of 13l. 6s. 8d., and 13s. 4d. of increase. Del. Westm., 13 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
14. Wm. Innett, of Cokesall, Essex, clothier. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 13 July 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
15. Sir Henry Guldeforde, comptroller of the Household. Grant, in tail male, of Northfryth park, Kent, and wood land called Strengelande adjoining, and all other enclosures of the said park, and several fisheries besides tenements, lands, &c., named, in the parishes of Hadlowe, Shybborne, and Tunbregge, Kent, lately belonging to Edward duke of Buckingham, attainted. Del. Westm., 15 July 16 Hen. VIII.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 3.
15. Anthony Heron, of Warkworthe, Northumb. Pardon for Alan Elder. Del. Westm., 15 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
15. Thos. Palmer. Grant of ground in the parish of St. Thomas the Apostle, in the ward of Vintry, London; to hold in socage at the annual rent of 3s. 4d.;—the same having been leased to Sir Thos. Lovell and Sir John Cutte, for 98 years, at the rent of 2s., and 12d. of increase, provided no one should offer a greater rent. John Woode, of Fulborne, Kent, and Wm. Buttys, of Meddylton, Norf., were securities for the said Sir Thos. and Sir John. Westm., 15 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
15. Wm. Broun, of Kingston-upon-Hull, mariner, alias merchant. Protection; going in the retinue of Lord Berners, deputy of Calais. Greenwich, 13 July 16 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 15 July.—P.S. Fr. m. 4.
15. Thomas duke of Norfolk. Livery of lands as son of Thomas late duke of Norfolk. Del. Westm., 16 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 7.
16. John Thomas, of Cambridge, surgeon Protection, as a native of France. Bishop's Hatfield, 24 Nov. 14 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
16. Christopher lord Conyers. Livery of lands as son of Wm. late lord Conyers Del. Westm., 16 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23. The S.B. is endd.: "Apud Grenewiche, xo die Julii, anno R. H. VIII., xvj.—Per Derby."—"DCCCXXVli. iiijs. viijd. ob. q."—"My lord Conyers."
16. Thos. Maners lord Roos. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir Geo. Maners late lord Roos, s. and h. of Sir Rt. Maners and Alianora his wife, sister and one of the heirs of Edm. late lord Roos; and as kinsman and heir of Isabella, another of the sisters and heirs of the said Edm., who was s. and h. of Thos. late lord Roos, s. and h. of Thos. late lord Roos. Westm., 16 July.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 34.
19. Thomas abbot of St. Werburg's, Chester. Pardon to John, the late abbot, and all the King's subjects concerned in the execution of the letters of pope Leo. X. contrary to the statutes. The said letters confirmed and explained those of Clement VI. and Boniface IX. The letters of Clement granted to the monastery exemption from the jurisdiction of the archbishops of Canterbury, the bishops of Coventry and Lichfield, and the archdeacons of Chester in the cathedral church of Lichfield. Clement's letters were annulled by those of Urban V., and these were annulled by the said letters of Boniface, which also confirmed Clement's. Also licence to himself, the abbot of St. Peter's, Westminster (London dioc.), the abbot of St. Edmund's the King and Martyr (Norwich dioc.), and the abbot of St. Alban's (Linc. dioc.), and his and their successors, to publish and execute the said letters apostolic. Del. Westm., 19 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
21. Robert Dawkyns, of Byggynges, Derby. Pardon. Del Westm., 21 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
21. John Cowper, of Chapell, Derby, pewterer. Pardon. Del. Westm., 21 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
21. Robt. Olrynshawe, of Tunstede Mylne Towne, Derby. Pardon. Del. Westm., 21 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 10.
22. George Rolle. Lease of the toll of fairs in the lordship of Toriton, Devon, late of the countess of Richmound, and the tolls of the fairs and market in the lordship of Hollesworthy, Devon, for 21 years, at various annual rents. Del. Westm., 22 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 4.
22. Michael de Lombier of Navarre, Alvaro Pardo and Francisco de Tordesillias of Spain, merchants residing at Rouen; Guill. le Gras, merchant at paris; and Martin de Guynya, Spanish merchant in London. Licence to import Toulouse woad, baysalt, and canvas. Westm., 22 July.—Fr. 16 Hen. VIII. m. 3.
23. John Hove, a native of Brabant, als. John Spycer, of Calais. Denization. Del. Westm., 23 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.
23. Sir Th. Strangways, of Whorleton, York. Exemption from being made sheriff. Del. Westm., 23 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
26. Ric. Wolleman, clk. To have the canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of St. Stephen's, Westminster, vacant by the death of Th. Reynes. Del. Westm., 26 July 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.


  • 1. Blank in MS.
  • 2. The document is continued from this point at f. 290.
  • 3. 25 July.