Henry VIII: May 1529, 26-31

Pages 2473-2488

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

This free content was digitised by double rekeying and sponsored by the Arts and Humanities Research Council. All rights reserved.

Page 2473
Page 2474
Page 2475
Page 2476
Page 2477
Page 2478
Page 2479
Page 2480
Page 2481
Page 2482
Page 2483
Page 2484
Page 2485
Page 2486
Page 2487
Page 2488

May 1529

26 May.
R. O.
Confirmation of a papal bull for the suppression of Snape, Dodnesh, &c., and dismemberment of the same, for the benefit of the said college, dated 31 May 20 Hen. VIII. Hampton Court, 26 May 21 Hen. VIII.
Lat., vellum; great seal. Portraits of the King, Wolsey, the abp. of Canterbury, and the duke of Norfolk, done with great artistic effect in the initial letter, with the royal arms and bearings magnificently tricked (qu. by Holbein ?)
26 May.
R. O. St. P. I. 334.
I send letters received from the French king and the Grand Master by his ambassador here, by which you will perceive that the project for peace between the Emperor and Francis is not so far advanced as was supposed. Your counsels to be made known by your ambassadors to the latter are therefore well grounded. If Francis is in earnest the Emperor will think twice before he descends into Italy. I send letters from Gardiner, dated Rome the 9th ult., announcing the Pope's continual sickness, and that nothing new has happened in your Grace's matter since Alexander left; which is confirmed by letters sent to the legate (Campeggio) here, with which Florian intends to repair to you. I send letters received from Venice, by which you will see that your sharp letters for the delivery of Cervia and Ravenna have somewhat troubled them. I shall deal more mildly with their ambassador, for it would not be wise to require them to restore the cities, being no better assured of the Pope. The invasion of Hungary by the Turk with 150,000 horse and 200,000 foot must make some alteration in the Emperor's purpose. Richmond, 26 May. Signed.
Mutilated. Add. Endd.
26 May.
R. O.
5596. BRIAN TUKE to WM. EDWARDS, Wolsey's Secretary.
With regard to the French ambassador, has received an answer out of France touching the truce, and is minded to repair to Wolsey, as the books of the truce might be called for. Will send them to you. I remain here a day or two more, unless I hear to the contrary. I send a paper of an article touching Madame de Vandosme; let me hear further of the Cardinal's pleasure. I have a little disease, of which I trust I am more afraid than hurt by it. London, Corpus Christi Even, at three in the morning.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
26 May.
Cal. D. XI. 22 b. B. M.
* * * "[la]dy Margaret ... [m]ete at Cambray and there ... a peace between the French k[ing and the Emperor] ... as upon the next morning follow[ing] ... [Sa]turneday, (fn. 1) we departed from th ... to B[oulogne], the captain whereof being well accomp[anied] ... as well with gentlemen as others, not only withi[n] ... leagues of your said town of Calais, met and ... received" them, and gave them a dinner in Boulogne castle, where they heard the above bruit. A league and a half from Montreuil were received by Messrs. de Crequy and de Barnoylez (?) The Mayor and his brethren came to their lodging, presented them with wine and other things, and made them a harangue concerning the com[modities] of peace.
* * * "and was fo ... t and that they trusted ... the weal and avancement ... they besought Jesu might have pl ... the next day following we departed from [the said] town to Abbeville, where, forasmuch as the French king was at Amb[oise, though we] had been sore beaten by reason of lying [upon the] sea, we took post horses to bring us unto [the] town of Paris." At Amyas, the varlet of the King's chamber, who was lately in England, received and feasted them, and so did Mons. de Whartye, at his house near Clermont. Send two printed books, which a boy was selling at Brytwell (Breteuil). On their arrival at Paris last night received a letter from the Secretary, "whereby he not only advertised us * * * he intended to be the ... also the said Mr. Secretary ... article following.
"If the charge ye bring be to solicit the [French] king unto peace or truce, ye shall find him [well] inclined and disposed thereunto, for as much a[s it is] the Emperor's desire at this time, which to th[e intent] that peace universal may briefly take place, [has] sent his commission now of late unto the lady Margaret in most ample form. And mast[er] John de la Shaut, secretary unto the said La[dy], is now passed into England to intimate unto the King, our master, the effect of the said commission." Considering this, with the reports they have heard on the way, and the great desire all the people here have [for peace] * * * "And that great ass[emblies of peopl]e shall succeed and take [effect. An]d of all other things at our coming [to the] court we shall more amply as [certain your Grace]."
... hours after their arrival in Paris, the general of Languedoc came to their lodging, and told them that the French king was at Amboise, and had despatched the provost and baillie of Paris, named le Barre, to receive them and conduct them to him; but le Barre had not yet arrived, and had desired him to ask them to wait for him. He came today between one and two o'clock, and saluted them on his master's behalf, "saying his Grace was not only right * * * master ... e was determined to draw ... which of two or three ways wh ... he was not assured which of they[m the King would t]ake," and therefore desired them to wait here tomorrow, and on Friday he would accompany them to Estampes, where he would hear which way his master would come, and would then conduct them to him. Answered that the King had commanded them to use diligence, but, for the reasons he alleged, and because the French king had appointed him as their conductor, they would comply with his request, "and desired him to advertise * * * ... to Orleans, who we ... thither, to the intent he may ... the said Friday at night at Es[tampes] ... for that we may as well consult and ... together of our charge at this time as ... we may be sure that we shall not fa[il] ... him to be with us at the time of our audience." Paris, 26 May. Signed.
Pp. 4, mutilated. Add. Endd.
26 May.
Cal. D. XI. 26. B. M.
* * * ... er occurrents a ... on to these parties. It should ... any thing of the same unto y ... we know well his Highness woll [make your Grac]e privy unto the circumstances the ... [th]is shall be therefore but only to ascertain [your] Grace" that the dean of Wells had prepared a lodging for us before our arrival here, furnished it with his plate and other things, caused his servants to wait upon us, as but few of ours had arrived, and has himself kept us company. Request Wolsey to thank him. Paris, 26 May. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's grace.
26 May.
Lanz, I. 300.
Is compelled to use cipher in answer to the Emperor's instructions respecting the peace. Has arranged with Bayard a conference between herself and the French king's mother, Madame d'Angosmois, at Cambray, on the 15th of June. On the return of Rosymboz and Des Barres from Charles to Margaret, as they were passing through the French court, Francis and Madame his mother told them that they desired to give notice of this negotiation for peace to the English, whom they did not wish to displease, and whose aid they required for the indemnity and the debts. They sent a duplicate of the letter which they intended to write to the king of England; but Bayard has since informed Margaret that they had changed their purpose, and would send the bishop of Bayonne to the said King with only a letter of credence. Has therefore sent John de la Sauch to England, to advertise the King of the said conference, and to assure him that the Emperor will do nothing repugnant to the ancient amity between them, but will comprehend him if a treaty be made. Francis and Madame fear that the Cardinal (Wolsey) will desire to be present at the conference, and therefore wish it to take place shortly.
Advises the Emperor to give up his intended journey into Italy, at least till after the conference at Cambray, when the men-at-arms here and the lansquenets will be ready to march. Thinks it inconvenient to advertise Charles of any difficulties which may arise in the negotiations, and to await his determination, as he expressly requested her to do; for without some brief conclusion the king of France will certainly send a fresh army into Italy; and he will, doubtless, be urged to do so by the king of England and the other allies. Already, as Margaret learns from letters of Mons. de Bourgos, the king of England has sent the duke of Suffolk into France for this purpose, and dispatched others to Italy with money. If Charles were in agreement with the kings of France and England, the Venetians could not remain at war alone, but would be compelled to surrender their possessions in Naples. The ready money which, after deducting the debts to England, Charles desires to receive in full, cannot easily be transmitted. The goods of Frenchmen here would furnish him with a much better security than the merchants can give.
Bayard has requested that, if the King his master cannot obtain from the English the obligations and pledges (gaiges) which they hold for the moneys lent by them to the Emperor, Charles should be content to fix upon some reasonable terms on which Francis himself could pay the moneys to the Emperor, giving him certain merchants of Antwerp as security.
Francis and Madame have also requested that if the king of England and other princes are to be comprehended in the peace, a separate league, offensive and defensive, should be concluded between the Emperor and France.
Cannot break the truce and invade France, as Charles desires, in case Francis should make an incursion into Navarre during Charles's absence from Spain, owing to the low state of the finances here, and the proposed withdrawal of forces from hence for the Emperor's aid in Italy. He should consider that in breaking the truce with the French, he breaks it also with the English, who have absolutely and frequently declared that they will not observe the truce without the French. Brussels, 26 May 1529.
A gentleman is come to Margaret from the queen of England, to inform her that since the return of him who went thither (to Rome) ? for the breve of dispensation the King is more determined than before to proceed to the divorce. The Queen desires Margaret to send into England two well qualified persons to interpellate the requisite appeals on her part. As Charles has intimated, by Rosymboz and Des Barres, that he does not wish this affair to be proceeded with in the realm of England, or by the judges delegated for the cause, and that Margaret should send no one thither, she will send to Mechlin to consult the gentlemen of the long robe, in order to do therein all that shall be found necessary. If the personage whom Charles intended to send thither has not yet departed, he will do well to despatch him in haste, for the poor Queen is so perplexed that she can do no more, and there is no person who dares to meddle in this affair contrary to the King's pleasure. Written on the 27th.
28 May.
R. O.
A dispensation to hold a plurality of benefices, even of the Cistercian and Cluniac orders, to the value of 1,000 ducats. Rome, 28 May 1529, 6 Clement VII.
Lat., vellum. Endd. by Wriothesley: "A brief granted by the bishop of Rome to Dr. [Ro.] Lee, now bishop of Chester."
28 May.
Colbert MS. 468, p. 592. Bibl. Nat. MS. 5,499, p. 66.
On the 28th inst. received your despatch of the 21st, by which I see that the practice of the peace is of as weak foundation as Francis and Madame have always believed. This has given great satisfaction to Wolsey;—not for any ill will towards the peace, which is the thing he and his master wish most to advance, but because he sees you are more alive to the designs of the enemy than he supposed. Wolsey also has so many who bear him ill will, that it has not been without cause that he has urged you through me and through Suffolk to make the greatest possible efforts in every place where the enemy can possibly press you, especially in Italy, which is the principal pillar of the prosperity or ruin of either side. He advises that Francis should make even now a great effort in Lombardy in aid of the King his good brother, and above all things endeavour to take Milan, which will give you a greater advantage when you come to treat of peace. Wolsey also says it is an idea of the King his master, that meanwhile, by indirect means, especially by Mons. de St. Pôl, the towns of Parma and Piacenza should be got to surrender, and that while they were discussing whether St. Pôl had done well or ill, they might make the Pope speak in another tone, as is due in consideration of the great benefits he has received from the two Kings. Wolsey is very glad to understand that the affairs of Lombardy and Naples are in such good condition, and desired me to send an extract from your letters to the King his master, who, he is sure, would take great pleasure in it. Further, after enlarging on the indissoluble alliance between the two Kings, he told me how much Henry was concerned about his present matter, not only for the discharge of his conscience and his desire to have issue, but for the security of the succession, and that he does not wish it to be said that he forbore to have the subject cleared up in consequence of the threats of his enemy. He had, therefore, desired Wolsey to petition Francis with all urgency to send a gentleman of his chamber to the Pope, to set forth the cordial friendship that existed between the two Kings, showing that whatever hurt the one must hurt the other also, and that if, in an affair so maturely considered by good men and great clerks, the Pope do not act according to honor and gratitude to the two Kings, he should consider what a blow to Christendom would be the loss of two such powers,—adding in this matter the arguments in my last letters, and showing clearly that he has this affair quite as much at heart as the deliverance of his children. Such a demonstration would augment, if possible, the great amity. Thinks all this had better be communicated to Francis and Madame by Le Menu, who will convey it even better than Du Bellay's letters.
Jean de la Sauch has been here with the King and Wolsey, with letters of credence from Madame Margaret, which I have seen. In the letters to the King she says he may be assured she will never think of doing anything prejudicial to their ancient amity. The credence was that Des Barres being on his way to France for the prolongation of the truce, and from thence going to the Emperor on her business, Madame (Louise) had said that it was great pity mortal war should take place between these Princes; and that on his answering he was equally sorry, Madame had said to him that if the Emperor and she were sorry, nothing was easier than a remedy, considering the good disposition of Francis, whom she had continually admonished and persuaded. On this Des Barres asked if he might give the Emperor full assurance of it; and she said, yes. He had related all this to the Emperor, from whom he had brought ample powers to his mistress to treat of the said peace, and that she wished consequently to meet Madame and see what could be done about it, but thought it right to inform the king of England beforehand in consideration of their ancient amity. La Sauch returns today with a most honorable answer from the King and Wolsey. On this subject Wolsey says he thinks we ought to listen to what they wish to say, but in the manner which follows: Let Madame come to Paris with fair professions that she wishes nothing but peace, and by this means (par ceste pratique) send to know the conditions, and find little difficulties on behalf of the King and the confederates. Nevertheless, let the King know, in Italy, "ce que dessuz." Also during the said time let the King his good brother despatch the affair of his marriage. Meanwhile September will come, and before matters have been concluded October will pass. The Emperor, who will have been engaged in these practices of peace all the summer, and will have put off his passage on that account, will fall in the esteem of all the world from the failure of his vaunted passage, while you will be fortified with friends and with conquests, and the king of England will have gained his object. The Emperor will then be very glad to make peace on honorable conditions. Meanwhile Wolsey thinks you should urge the Pope to come to some meeting, either that proposed or some other; and his presence cannot fail to do good if the said meeting be in France, for he well knows that whatever language he would like to speak, they will teach him to talk French. London, 28 May.
French, from a transcript, pp. 7.
29 May.
R. O. St. P. VII. 177.
Transmit to him certain letters received by them from Clement VII. touching the validity of the King's marriage. Beg to learn his pleasure with reference to the execution of the said letters, and their proceedings in this case. Westm., 29 May 1529. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
29 May.
Cal. D. XI. 66. B. M.
* * * "of knowledge ... s pleasure is concer[ning] ... we made by our said bill ... we do write these unto your Hig[hness to] put your Grace in remembrance [that by] vert[ue] of your high commissions ... other aswell for fortifications [as for] musters to be taken. Also order bet[ween your] Highness and your tenants within your pa[le] ... as also upon sewers, we, as commission[ers and] justices of the same, have endeavoured our s[elves] as much as hath been to us possible that ... of those charges which were committed unto ... others by either of your said Highness commissio[n] ... hath been omitted or deferred in our defa[ult], in so much that in all those things which [do] appertain to the recovering of your countries h[ere] which lay under the water, and was in gr[eat] peril of more harm, we have constreyn[ed] your tenants here to do all things necessary to be done by them. Also we have caused t[o be] done, and is now in doing, divers things wh[ich] doth appertain to our charge, being of such important necessity that without the same h[ad] be[e]n done with th[at] which is doing, the acty[on] of your tenants being brought about with great cost, should have taken small or rather none effect, of which, because we have the experience, we do certify your Grace that those things which have been found and brought before us by verdict of substantial and honest men belonging to our charge, may be made in such perfection as is desired, it shall not fa ... nge the s ... t of your tenants and subje[cts] * * * by mean ... ne in the end of ... on the rivers and of y ... [riv]ers which have their course ... [ri]vers that there is soowm this ye ... said pale above 10,000 acres which ... before lay so oppressed with water [that they did not] bear grass or corn to any profit ... inhabitants of those parts, were in s[uch utter] misery that they were fain to go th ... upon hardills and planks, where now th[ere is] as goodly corn toward as can stand on ... ground to the great comfort and rejoice [of all] such as see the same." If the rivers in the West pale are cast and ... performed in such manner, great wealth will ensue to the King's tenants, and great commodity to this town, and the fortresses of Guisnes and Hamps, both for conveying victuals and wood during p[eace], and for conveying other necessaries from Calais to the fortresses during war. Advises that skilful men should be appointed to consider what profit may ensue from the diking. Hope "that your Highness will cause Robert Fowler, your under-treasurer here, to be ..."
f. 67. * * * "your self ... nces to come, and as tou[ching] ... [Hi]ghness may be sure that w[e] ... shall employ our wits a[nd] ... [to the] uttermost that nothing is or s[hall] ... if we may help to the contrary ... [we] know well that your Highness hath ... all ready a large sum of money to th ... before mentioned, of which more than ... hath been laid out for necessary provisi[on, and] delivered to Sir William Skevington for the ord[ering] and mounting of your ordnance here and be[longing] to this town, also to your other fortresses ... Guysnes, Hamps and Newnhambridge, and your c[astle] here; yet in consideration that, as before is sai[d, our] trust is that by mean of your large exspe[nses] this year, both doubt and expenses shall [be] minished for the time coming," we spare no pains to set in hand everything that is meet to be done this summer. Think that if the King saw and knew everything here, as they do, he would not wish undone anything that is done, or that what they have begun this summer should be unperformed. Calais, 29 May 1529. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add. Endd.: 19 May.
29 May.
Lettere di Principi, II. 175.
My last letter was dated the 15th inst., when I had received yours of 3 April, the duplicate of which, with a short postscript, came with your letter of the 12th. I see that up to that date my letter of 19 March was the last you had received; so that you still have to answer mine of the 10, 13, and 27 April, and of the 1, 4, 8, and 15 May. I should be displeased that none of these letters had reached you on the 12th, if I did not learn from your letter to the bishop of Feltre that the cause of the delay was that the courier had forwarded them to the court of France in the packet for the Cardinal (Salviati) my son. I informed you of the protestations made here, and of the commissions presented by the ambassadors of the Emperor and the king of Hungary, of which I sent copies, stating that the Pope had till then refused to sign them, and that he wished to do everything consistent with justice for the King's satisfaction. Since then the Pope has had a fourth attack of his complaint, and has been taking the water of the Grotto of Viterbo; so that little negotiation has been carried on. I cannot therefore tell you any more about that cause than I have already written. Signor Brian and Doctor Stephen (Gardiner) are about to depart.
To yours of 3 April I made answer on the 21st ult. It only remains to reply to the postscript added to the duplicate, touching the Lutheran books (libretti) dispersed throughout the Court. The Pope was greatly pleased with what you said in conversing with the King on this subject, and also with the good mind showed by the King. Although the King is moved to this by his virtue, and may expect worthy rewards for it from God, you are to thank him infinitely on the Pope's behalf, and pray him firmly to maintain that shield of defence of the Church which he took up with so much glory to himself. You are also to thank the most illustrious cardinal of York, whose vigilance and prudence, combined with the King's good mind, has kept and keeps that island clear of such monsters. This result appears miraculous, considering how many times attempts have been made to introduce the infection into that most happy kingdom. If the Cardinal could also induce the King to write, as he did on a former occasion, something worthy of his Majesty, he would renew the glory he has already acquired, and it would for a long while assure that most happy kingdom from such contagion.
Would to God that, either by means of the King and Cardinal, or by some other, a way to some peace could be found, as otherwise everything will go to ruin. I think there could not be much to arrange, if the envoys of Madame Margaret and the duke of Savoy bring back a favorable reply from Spain. (fn. 2) By letters of the 26th ult. we learn that these envoys had been despatched by the Emperor. We have heard no more touching his Majesty's coming.
In order that you should have some "entertainment," while it is being decided how to satisfy your pensions for the legation and for the [office of the] "Signatura," an assignment of 1,000 scudi has been given to the bishop of Feltre, who will endeavor that you shall be able to avail yourself of it. You know the Pope's poverty, and that we have exhausted all we had. Do not therefore be surprised that you have not been provided betimes or to the full amount due.
Although everything has been done to let these ambassadors know that the Pope has done nothing for the King's satisfaction, because he could not act contrary to duty without very great scandal, yet I doubt whether they, being very zealous in their master's service, will rest satisfied. It is needful that you should take the utmost precautions that any complaint they make on their arrival may not infuse dissatisfaction with his Holiness into the mind of the King and Cardinal, as he is doing what he can to satisfy the King, provided he see a way to do so without very great scandal.
There you will have, by way of Germany, fresher advices [than we have] of the preparations and movements of the Turk. Here we have letters from Venice of the 22nd, stating that he was to march in person on the 2nd, and that no [Sultan] ever made greater preparation for war than this one. I foresee ruin, unless God help us. King Ferdinand, by his ambassador here, has prayed for assistance. As it is the common cause of Christendom, the Pope would have liked to do more; but as he could give nothing else he has given him the same faculties of aiding himself by imposts on ecclesiastical property as were given to the last King. This enemy is one to be dreaded, especially as he finds the body of Christendom weak and bloodless, and Germany divided.
(The rest was in cipher.)
If the Pope were not certain that you are strictly mindful of the injunctions which he gave you by word of mouth, and which have been since written to you many times, especially in the first four letters which I wrote when you first entered into England, and lastly by Francesco da Colle, he would be in a very anxious state of mind, and would have expected to have been informed by yours of the 12th that the cause would be proceeded with after Whitsuntide. His Holiness has always desired that it should be protracted, in order to find some means by which he could satisfy the King without proceeding to the sentence. You may rest assured that the citation of the cause hither, which you have frequently insisted on, has been deferred, not because it was doubted whether the matter could be treated with less scandal here than there, but because his Holiness has ever shrunk from having to take a step which would offend the mind of that most serene King. But since you have not been able to prevent the commencement of the proceedings, his Holiness warns you that the process must be slow, and that no sentence must in any manner be pronounced. For this purpose you will not lack a thousand means and pretexts, if upon no other point, at least upon the breve which has been produced.
You have sustained this burden until now with great dexterity and patience, and therefore the Pope doubts not you will in like manner be able to sustain it till such time as your counsel to cite the cause hither can be followed with less offence to the King's mind. That course cannot justly be objected to, as the Imperial and the Hungarian ambassadors have made protests and presented their commissions, of which I sent you copies. But his Holiness has continued to shirk signing them, by holding out the hope to them that no proceedings will be taken there unless the commissions are signed; as his Holiness trusts you will be able to procure this by the excuse touching the breve. Consequently the scandal would now be so much the greater if these ambassadors come to suspect that his Holiness had given them mere words in respect to his willingness to sign the commissions, in order to gain time for you to proceed to judgment. You see how many perils this involves, both to the Pope and the See Apostolic, and to all Christendom; and therefore sustineas etiam modicum. Be assured that his Holiness will find means to relieve you of this burden before you have sustained it so long as to feel any distress. Although this matter is important, as you know, I have perhaps used more words than necessary; but they are probably too few to express to you the Pope's mind, that you are not to come to judgment on any consideration, so peremptorily did he deliver it to me. Rome, 29 May 1529.
29 May.
Lettere di Principi, II. 177.
Reminds him of what he wrote on the 15th, touching the affairs of the duke of Albany with "our little Duchess." Rome, 29 May 1529.
29 May.
Vit. B. XI. 124. B. M.
Writes by a chance courier, although Wolsey will hear all that has been done from Gardiner and Bryan by word of mouth. Since Alexander left, has not been able to see the Pope, who has been troubled with pains in the stomach, and has been taking the water of the baths. Gardiner and Bryan will leave in five days, if they can within that time take leave of the Pope. Matters are still delayed, but he will hasten them as much as possible. Jacobo Salviati seems to suspect something from this recall of Gardiner. Are managing his departure so that nothing may be done which may hinder Wolsey's plans at home. Hears from his physician at Genoa that the Emperor's intended journey seems to be laid aside. The count of St. Pôl has been reinforced by the Venetians, and intends to assault Milan. The Imperialists are losing ground in Apulia. All wonder at the duke of Suffolk's arrival in France. The Turk is said to be preparing to attack the Christians. The Emperor has sent money to Naples by letters of exchange, but as everything is consumed there, nothing but the letters will arrive at the camp. Thanks Wolsey for his letters, and desires to be recalled. Cannot obtain the expedition of the office of collector, which he procured from Card. Rudolfi for a pension of 1,000 gold pieces. Requests Wolsey to write in his favor, and to ask the King and Campeggio to do the same. Rome, 29 May 1529.
Hol., Lat., pp. 3. Add. Endd. Part cipher deciphered.
"Tres instructiones pro bullis obtinendis statum religionis concernentibus."
i. Instructions for obtaining a commission to erect abbacies into bishoprics. A commission to be directed to the Legates. Let it be requested on the King's behalf.
Let a faculty be granted, in monasteries of every order, for the erecting abbacies into bishoprics, dividing the possessions, portioning out dioceses, constituting archdeaconries, and uniting with them parish churches, and for consecrating the abbots as bishops, and dispensing with them for adopting the hat (biretus), rochet, and other episcopal vestments.
ii. Instructions for obtaining a faculty to suppress monasteries of any order to the yearly value of 6,000 ducats. A commission to be directed to the cardinal of York. Let it be requested on the King's behalf.
The substance of the request is that the Pope will allow monasteries to the annual value of 6,000 ducats to be dissolved, and their possessions applied to the colleges of Windsor, founded by king Edward, and of St. Mary and St. Nicholas, Cambridge, commonly called King's College, founded by Hen. VI.
iii. Instructions for uniting monasteries, and for dealing with the monks.
Lét a commission be directed to Wolsey and Campeggio. Let it be requested on the King's behalf. Let the cause be the conservation of religion, which cannot be observed except in communities of a sufficient number, individuals scattered in small monasteries bringing nothing but discredit upon religion. Let the Cardinals have a commission to unite, at their discretion, those monasteries which cannot support twelve religious out of their fruits, and make one perfect out of several imperfect; prescribe what is to be given to the poor; and shut up the nuns within walls according to the canons.
Pp. 5. Latin; in the hand of the Prothonotary Casalis? Endorsed by Vannes as above.
29 May.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 291.
Bull of Clement VII. for suppressing certain monasteries and erecting cathedral churches; with a "non obstantibus" clause omitted in the former bull, and for enabling the abbots to become bishops. Rome, 4 kal. Junii 1529.
Lat., vellum. Sealed.
30 May.
Bibl. Nat. 2,986, f. 5.
Writes at the request of card. Campeggio, that Simon de Bynes, master courier of the Florentines living at Lyons, may enjoy the post of master of the couriers as before. Windsor, 30 May 1529.
French, from a transcript.
30 May.
Bibl. Nat. 5,499, f. 130. B. M.
I went yesterday to see the Legate at Richmond. He spoke to me of Suffolk's voyage, and of his great desire that the answers of the King and Madame, and the result, might be in accordance with the assurances which he has always given to his master, especially in what relates to his marriage, and he asked me to write to the King about it. I will not repeat all his arguments, as I have already often told you of his desire to maintain friendship between the two Kings. He shows more and more his affection for the King, hoping that he will act like a good brother to the king of England, especially in this matter of the marriage. If Francis does not act in this as earnestly as he would do for the deliverance of his sons, he will cause Wolsey's total ruin, and thus prevent him from serving him; for the hopes which Wolsey has held out to his master have caused him to disregard his ancient friendship with the Emperor. You can tell this better to the King and Madame than I can write it. You know very well what Wolsey has done for that object, promising them this good peace for his master, without asking any other recompense than that they should take in hand this affair of the marriage, and thereby break for ever the conjunction of the two masters, treating it as if it was their own proper business, and using all their power to the last with the Pope and elsewhere. He, moreover, entreated them, and affectionately desired you to solicit for him, in this matter, seeing it concerns his master's chief interest, and he would like to have it put in train tomorrow and brought to a conclusion. For which purpose he hopes Francis will send a gentleman to urge the Pope as earnestly for the King's matter as he would for the deliverance of his children; to tell him that their friendship is such that any kindness he confers on the one he confers likewise on the other; that if he refuses this just request of the king of England the injury will never be forgotten by either King, and he will have cause to repent of his ingratitude; that if he will not impart his grace and justice he shall never be able to dispose of their forces and kingdoms.
If the King and Madame will do this, Wolsey will esteem it more than if they made him Pope. He is so concerned at seeing his master, whom he loves more than himself, in his present trouble, that I wonder he does not die of vexation. This is nothing new, for you remember his urgent requests made last winter by his order to the King and Madame.
Urges Montmorency to use his influence.
Suffolk and Fitzwilliam will give him the news. "Le capitaine Remond _ (fn. 3) sont partis merveilleusement deliberez de bien faire."
French, pp. 4. From a transcript, dated in the margin at the head, "Londres, 30 Mars, (fn. 4) 15 .."
30 May.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 295.
Licence to proceed in the cause touching the validity of the King's marriage with Katharine, according to their commission from Clement VII., dated Viterbo, 6 id. Jun. 1528, 5 Clement VII. Windsor, 30 May, 21 Hen. VIII.
Great seal attached. Endorsed.
R. O. 2. A copy of the above, signed by the King, but without the attestation.
Lat., vellum.
30 May.
R. O.
Receipt by Stephen Gardiner and Peter Vannes of 3,000 g. cr. of the sun from Ansaldo de Grimaldis, merchant of Genoa, for the King's service, on letters of credit from D. Jo. Joachin sent from Venice; of which sum Gardiner received 1,500 cr., and 1,500 cr. were retained by Vannes partly on account and partly to despatch bulls. 30 May 1529. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.
31 May.
R. MS. 7 C. XVI. f. 254. B. M.
On 31 May 1529, in the Parliament Chamber near the convent of the Friars Preachers, John bishop of Lincoln presented to cardinals Wolsey and Campeggio the commission from the Pope, which was read by Florian Montini, of Ferrara, notary, and accepted by the Cardinals, in the presence of William Claiburgh, prothonotary, Richard Watkins and William Claiton, notaries, John Yselip, abbot of St. Peter's, Westminster, Cuthbert Marshall, archdeacon of Nottingham, William Warham, archdeacon of Canterbury, Richard Doke (fn. 5), archdeacon of Salisbury, William Frankeleyn, chancellor of Durham, Roger Edgeworth, Henry Ratclif, John Seintcler and Thomas Arundel. The Cardinals then appointed John bishop of Lincoln and John bishop of Bath and Wells to summon the King and Queen to appear on June 18, between 9 and 10 a.m., the Bishops taking an oath to perform this duty.
Lat., pp. 5. Signed by Richard Watkyns.
Vit. B. XII. 46. B. M. 2. Draft of the same.
Lat., pp. 5.
Vit. B. XII. 7. B. M. 3. Fair copy of the above, reciting the bull of commission to Wolsey and Campeggio, dated Viterbii, 6 id. Jun. 1528. (No. 4345.)
Lat., pp. 19, mutilated.
Vit. B. XII. 39. B. M. 4. Commission of Wolsey and Campeggio to persons not named to cite Henry VIII. and queen Katharine to appear before them, the time and place being left blank. Signed: Jo. Hughes.
Lat., draft, pp. 3, mutilated.
Vit. B. XII. 42. B. M. 5. Summons of Wolsey and Campeggio to Henry VIII. and Katharine of Arragon to appear in the Parliament Chamber near the Friars Preachers, London, on Friday, June 18, between 9 and 10 a.m., and appointment of the bishops of Lincoln and Bath and Wells as apparitors.
Memorandum of the reading of the above summons in the Parliament Chamber, 31 May 1529, by Campeggio.
Lat., draft, pp. 7.
Vit. B. XII. 40 b. B. M. 6. Form of the oath to be taken by the apparitors of the legates, Wolsey and Campeggio, for the citation of the King and Queen.
Memorandum of the taking of the above oath by the bishops of Lincoln and Bath and Wells. 31 May 1529.
Lat., draft, p. 1.
Vit. B. XII. 41 b. B. M. 7. "Forma ex tenore commissionis datur procedendi in hac causa usque ad petitionem divortii ex mero officio judicum per inquisitionem et non ad alicujus partis instantiam. Unde, partibus comparentibus, necesse est quod vel per ipsos eosdem judices articuli partibus administrentur et porrigantur, vel saltem per quædam in promotorem necessarium per ipsos judices ad coadunandum ipsorum officium assumptum et deputatum sic porrigantur, et hujusmodi articuli sint tales quales pars ipsa si matrimonium accusasset porrigeret tam contra dispensationem quam contra matrimonium." Signed: Jo. Hughes.
31 May.
Vit. B. XI. 125*. B. M.
Copy of news from the camp at Milan. The French are in Rosa, and are besieging the castle of Biagrassa. Count Claudio Rangone has been wounded in the face during a skirmish, and has taken prisoner Alonzo Valdemar, a Spanish captain of light horse. Marignano, 31 May 1529.
Ital., p. 1.
Ibid., f. 138*. 2. Translation of the above.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.: Ex literis d. Gregorii de Cassalis ad fratrem, de 24 Maii.
31 May.
R. O. Rym. XIV. 294.
Papal instrument attesting that the dominical year in papal breves is computed from the Nativity of Our Lord, and in bulls from the Incarnation. Notarial attestation dated 31 May. Rome, 29 May 1529.
31 May.
Ibid., 296.
2. Attestation of Augustine cardinal of S. Cyriac, to the effect that only two breves were found in the Apostolic Chamber relating to the dispensation of Julius II. Rome, 31 May 1529.
31 May.
R. O. St. P. VII. 178.
Stephen Gardiner and Francis Bryan will testify his desire to oblige the King. The King cannot doubt of his affection and his gratitude for his services to the See Apostolic, but he cannot proceed as the King desires without grave reproach. Refers him to Campeggio. Rome, 31 May 1529. Signed: "J."
Hol., Lat. Add. Sealed. Endd.
31 May.
Vit. B. XI. 138. B. M. Burnet, I. ii. 26.
To the same effect. Rome, 31 May 1529.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Address pasted on.
31 May.
R. O.
5618. LEE to WOLSEY.
Sent by Curzon the "monitory" of the bishop of Palencia, which, if sent to Rome, will in four terms declare him excommunicate. We have also sent it for the archbishop of Toledo. He is chief of the Emperor's council, and it would have been better if he had not been at Toledo. We send two instruments, and the copy of the answer made to Pernott's proposition. My lord of Worcester is convinced that the breve is false, by reason of the date, and writes to you about the same. Valladolid, 31 May 1529.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
31 May.
Vesp. C. IV. 323. B. M.
5619. LEE to HENRY VIII.
Came hither on May 8. Before leaving Saragossa sent a person to the court with directions to send them news secretly. Hears from him that at Barcelona there are 24 galleys, and at Tortosa 4, ready made, but unarmed. There are two belonging to the lord of Monaco armed. Captain Portundo has come from Malaga with two galleys armed, one foist, one galleon, 4 ships, and 2 caravels, bringing certain masters, 500 men, 10,000 "canters" of biscuit, and ordnance and munitions for the finishing of the galleys, but there still are required many men to govern them, who cannot be soon provided. Bread is very scarce at Barcelona. The Emperor still intends to cross to Italy. In other letters, dated May 11, he writes that two of the galleys are ready, and that he supposes 15 will be in a few days. The archbishop of Barry has written that all manner of victuals are ready. The captains and soldiers are drawing towards Malaga. Many who before did not believe that the Emperor would go to Italy, have changed their minds, seeing the haste in preparing these galleys, and the convention with the king of Portugal for 350,000 ducats, and think he will go before the end of July. Finds that Gonsalo Farnandes, who, he wrote, had gone to England, was sent by the Emperor to the earl of Desmond, and has now returned with a chaplain of the Earl's. The man who conveyed Gonsalo to Desmond told Thomas Badcock. The matter is mentioned more at length in their common letters. Wrote some time ago that information about the brief might be had from Farnandes; but there is now no need, for the bishop of Worcester is sure the brief is of no value, having collated it with another bull and brief since he came hither, of which he probably writes to Wolsey. Could never think otherwise than that it was suspect, when he first heard of it. He that is truth will provide that the truth shall be known. Has heard nothing yet of the rescripts, nor had any letters from the ambassadors at Rome. Has little to write, as they are so far from the Court. Valladolid, 31 May 1529.
Hol., pp. 2. The cipher deciphered by Tuke. Add.
31 May.
Vesp. C. IV. 324. B. M.
Repeat the news from Barcelona which is contained in Lee's letter of the same date to the King. The Emperor will find it difficult to get possession of the money called of the table of Barcelona, which is reckoned to be 100,000 ducats.
Lee received, on 30 May, a letter from Thomas Batcock, who dwells at the Renderie (Renteria), stating that on 17 May John Gwyn of Balaskelaye or St. Michael's in Ireland, arrived at St. Sebastian's, and that he heard from him that the earl of Desmond was content with his servant's despatch hence, and with the Emperor's letters. The courier who was sent by the Emperor to the Earl told him that he conducted Gonsalo Fernandes from the place of his landing to Dingwell, where the Earl made him great cheer, and he supposed that now Fernandes had arrived in Spain with a chaplain of the Earl's. Gwyn said that Fernandes could speak very good English, so it must be the person of whom they wrote. Badcock could not find out from Gwyn what commission he had to the Emperor, but the mariners say that he comes to get 4,000 men to teach the Irish war. Gwyn denies this, but he is suspect, as he does much service to the Earl; he conveyed his servant to the court, and the Emperor's chaplain to him, and now will convey the Earl's chaplain to the court. He told Batcock that an Irish lord named Cormagog is making war on the Earl; that all the Irish rebels have submitted to the King, except the Earl, and he thinks he will shortly. Wolsey knows this best. There are shrewd tokens of craft in Gwyn. Send by sea copies of two instruments, and of the answer made to Pernott's proposition. Will not send the originals till they have a sure man by land. Think there is no need to make haste, as Ghinucci is well assured by the date that the brief is false. Valladolid, 31 May 1529. Signed.
Pp. 3. In Lee's hand. The cipher deciphered by Tuke. Add.
31 May.
Vesp. C. IV. 327. B. M.
Extract from letters of the bishop of Worcester, dated Valladolid, 31 May.
Cannot yet believe in the Emperor's journey to Italy, considering the rumor of an invasion of Spain by the French king; but if the Imperialists have some marked success in Italy, as the Emperor is very obstinate, Ghinucci will feel uncertain about it. Has written about the instruments made by his servant Andrew, who was created a notary for this purpose, and by a notary of Saragossa, attesting their endeavors to find the Imperial notary to have certain passages in the instrument corrected. Is more certain about the falsity of the brief than when he wrote from Saragossa, because the year in briefs is calculated from Christmas; and, therefore, on 26 Dec., the date of the brief, Julius was not yet Pope. There is no need to have recourse to anything further; and he does not wish Andrew to act as a notary unnecessarily, as it is considered with them a very vile office. Sends only the copy of the instrument concerning the reply to Pernoty, as he does not know whether [the King] would not prefer their passing over these matters for fear of hindering the truce. The copies are sent by sea.
Lat., p. 1.
Has sent his letters to Norwich by a carrier, and has written to him in favor of Willm. Claye, whose trouble Vaughan feels like his own. Hears that Powell has obtained the King's letters to Claye for his coming hither. Cannot ask Crumwell to assist Claye, as he has been a counsellor to Powell, but requests him to be neutral. The King is at Greenwich, my lord's Grace at Westminster. Leaves for Flanders tomorrow.
P. 1, Hol. Add.: To his right worshipful Mr, Master Thomas Crumwell, be this given, at Norwich.
Requests his favor for William Claye, the bearer, in the matter of variance between him and John Appowell. Though Crumwell has been "counsaile" to the latter, begs him to cease his labor against his friend.
P. 1. Add.: To his right worshipful Mr, Maister Crumwell, in London. Endd.
May.\GRANTS. 5624. GRANTS in MAY 1529.
1. Sir Anthony Poyntz. To be keeper of Kyngeswodde forest, Glouc., and Fylwodde forest, Somers., with 7½d. a day out of the fee-farm of the town of Bristol, vice Sir Maurice Berkeley. Del. Westm., 1 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
1. Henry Norres, squire for the Body. Grant of three tenements in "le Westend," Grenewiche, Kent, near the dock at Billyngysgate in Grenewiche, land in Grenewiche Marshe, called Bendysh, in Eltham, Charlton, Wolwich, and elsewhere, and lands called the Queen's lands, in East and West Grenewiche, Deptford, Lovesham, Kedbroke, Charlton, Wolwiche, Beknam and Cheflest (Chiselhurst ?) Kent. The premises were held by Sir Wm. Compton till his death, 29 June last. Del. Westm., 1 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26.
Copy of the preceding.—R. O.
1. Garrard Sluter, shoemaker, of London, native of Nuce, in the bpric. of Cologne. Denization. Westm., 1 May.—S.B. Undated. Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 9.
1. Andrew Fynche and Isabella his wife, John Pyrrye and Joan his wife and Joan Laurence. Licence to alienate the manor of Gerons in Magna Paryngdon, Essex, and the third part of the advowson of Magna Paryngdon church, to Alan Dalon and his heirs for ever; with contingent remainders to John Campyon and to John Hales, baron of the Exchequer, and John Hynd. Westm., 1 May.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25.
4. John Bury and Thos. Philippes. To have the corrody in the monastery of Mountague, void by the resignation of John Bevyn. 24 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 4 May.—P.S.
4. Barth. Kempe. Inspeximus and corfirmation, as tenant of the demesne lands of Gyssyng, Norf., of charter 23 May 54 Hen. III. granting to Nich. de Hastinges free warren in the said lands. Westm., 4 May.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 9.
5. Ralph Salvan of Newbiging, York. Reversal of outlawry, having been sued for debt by Ralph Waren. Westm., 5 May.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 2.
5. Martin Fissher, tallowchandler, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Rob. Wingfield. Windsor, 21 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 May.—P.S.
6. Sir John Gage. Wardship of William, s. and h. of John Baynham. Del. Westm., 6 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
6. Sir John Gage. Wardship of Margaret, d. and h. of Thos. Staunton. Del. Westm., 6 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. Thomas John, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Bliston alias Blisland, Exeter dioc., vice John Olver, resigned. Del. Westm., 8 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. John Cony of Cossham, Hants, laborer. Pardon. Del. Westm., 8 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. John Smyth, cook, of Clencheston, Dors. Pardon for having killed Peter Frenchman, of the same place, in self-defence. Westm. 8 May.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18.
10. Michael Lyster and Elizabeth his wife. Livery of lands to Elizabeth, as d. and h. of Savacrus (?) Delabere, and kinswoman and heir of Thos. Delabere, s. and h. of Sir Ric. Delabere, viz., daughter of the said Sevacrus, brother of the said Thos. Delabere,—on all the possessions of the said Savacrus or Thos., and Richard or Elizabeth late wife of the said Richard, or Anne late wife of the said Thomas; and of which Thos. Inglefield, Henry Laynham, Robt. Whyte, Richard Brown, William Apeynon, Roland Brige, and Walter Hill, chaplain, were enfeoffed to the use of the said Thomas and Richard, Elizabeth or Anne, for fulfilling the will of the said Savacrus, &c. Westm., 10 May.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 21.
10. Anne Broughton. Livery of lands as daughter and co-heir with Katharine, her sister, of John Broughton; and one of the sisters and co-heirs of John, son of the said John Broughton; including the possessions of which Anne wife of Sir John Russell, Sir Rob. Drury, Wm. Drury, Thos. Straunge and Anne his wife, Rob. Norwyche, serjeant-at-law, and John Smyth were seized. Also licence of entry to Wolsey, Will. archbp. of Canterbury, Thos. duke of Norfolk, late earl of Surrey, John earl of Oxford, John Bourchier lord Barnes, Thos. Fenys lord Dacre, Edm. lord Howard, Sir Philip Tylney, Sir Will. Rouce, Sir Thos. Blenerhasset, Sir John Mordaunt, Rob. Norwyche, serjeant-at-law, and Hen. Chauncey, as trustees. Del. Westm., 10 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
10. Chr. Robyns, butcher, of Reading, Berks. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Anth. Ughtred. Greenwich, 30 April 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 10 May.—P.S.
12. Firmin du Boz, native of Picardy. Denization. Del. Westm. 12 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 11.
13. Nicholas Holborne, grocer, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of Sir Anthony Ughtred, vice-captain of Berwick-upon-Tweed. Greenwich, 4 May 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 13 May.—P.S.
13. James, s. of John Hales, one of the barons of the Exchequer. To be receiver and feodary of the honor of Walingford and St. Waleric, parcel of the duchy of Cornwall, vice Robt. Laward alias Lord. Del. Westm., 13 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
14. Bryan Courteys, Ric. Thymbulby, John Bothe and Geo. Barren. Licence to export 14 score quarters of "foystye wheat," it being unfit for food. Del. Westm., 14 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
15. Roger Ratcliff, gentleman usher of the Privy Chamber, Philip Wogan alias Wogam, Thos. Westby, and Thos. Horsley, clks. To have the next presentation to the prebendal church of Shipton alias Siptun, Oxon, Linc. dioc., otherwise called the prebend of Shipton, in the cathedral church of St. Mary, Salisbury; on surrender of patent, 14 May 20 Hen. VIII., granting them the next presentation to the canonry and prebend of Shepton Underwychwoode, Oxon. Westm., 15 May.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
18. Salop.—Wm. Charleton, Ric. Maynwaryng, and Thos. Pygott, Roger Houghton and Wm. Cotton. Commission to make inquisition p.m. on the lands and heirs of Ric. Knyght, Griffin Acton, Wm. Acton, John Foster of Wellyngton, and Thos. Trentham. Westm., 18 May.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19d.
20. Thos. earl of Rutland. Licence to alienate the manor of Bukland, with certain lands and 36s. rent in Bukland, Barkwey, Throkkyng, Newchippyng and Wydhall, and the advowson of Buckland church, Herts, to Edw. Watson, Thos. Waldram, George Swillyngton and Hen. Sapcote. Westm., 20 May.—Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
20. John Parker, equerry of the Stable. Custody of Wm. s. and h. of John Gyfford, deceased, an idiot. Del. Westm., 20 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 25.
21. Thos. Darby, a clerk of the Signet. Licence to export 100 (corrected from 200) sacks of wool. Del. Richmond, 21 May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
28. John Pylkynton, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Kallystok alias Calstok, Exeter dioc., void by death. Del. Westm., 28 (?) May 21 Hen. VIII.—S.B.


  • 1. 22 May.
  • 2. "haranno riportato di Spagna alcun' attacco da poter far bene."
  • 3. Blank in transcript.
  • 4. So in transcript: qu. "Mai"?
  • 5. Ducke, in Vit. B. XII. f. 13 b.