Henry VIII: June 1529, 1-10

Pages 2488-2502

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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June 1529

1 June.
Lamb. MS.
602, f. 58.
St. P. II. 102.
Sends a list of dispensations and other things "sped by your honorable authority since our coming into these exile parts." None of the Irish resort to us for any of their faculties. Wolsey's authority would not be respected, were it not that the bishop of Dublin is armed with temporal power. There is much doubt "whether ye be legate here or not." [The Primate, his suffragans and councillors, say that you are not legate in Ireland; and they do much harm, because the see of Armagh, and the whole province, except Meath, is in Ulster, among the Irish.] (fn. 1) Describes some of the difficulties in which he is placed by the terms of the bulls. The Lord Chancellor is very difficile in granting Wolsey's dispensations, and many marry without them. Lives in great fear, and if English power come not shortly, they will be obliged to return at Michaelmas. Many patched and dishonorable truces are tolerated from pure necessity. Dublin, 1 June. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
"The copie of your Graces commissaries letter sent to Doctour Stephen latelie."
Last term he sent to Alen an inhibition, which has injured Wolsey's prerogative, "upon a pretense appelle surmised by Sir Simonde Harcourt's council," in the matter of Elizabeth Staveleie, widow, who lately died in the diocese of Lincoln, having "good and sperat credebts" in the province of York to the value of 50 marks. Intended to have decreed her testament to have been a prerogative only appertaining to Wolsey as legate, when the inhibition arrived, of which Wolsey did not know. Advises him, in con- sideration of this, "et præsertim quia agitur de pane lucrando," not to allow Burbank, Claiburgh, or Lee to sit on the matter till he has heard Wolsey's further pleasure. From what Wolsey has said to him, could proceed, notwithstanding the inhibition. Another ground of complaint is, that Harcourt prevented the winesses from giving their depositions by offering to explain the matter himself. "This Thursday after dinner, in haste."
P. 1. Endd.: Copy of a letter of Dr. Alen's.
2 June.
Rym. XIV. 297.
Assent to the election of John Corderey as abbot of the Benedictine monastery of St. Peter, Chertsey, Winc. dioc., vice John Parker, resigned.
Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
2 June.
R. O.
Is to tell their common master that he arrived here safe on the 1st of this month, with all the expedition he could. Intended to have left today; but finding Benet here, and learning by all there would be great want of horses if we all went together, I determined to let Benet precede me. Francis (Bryan), who goes to the French court, has not yet arrived. When I was near Molyns, a post came from the Swiss to Francis to tell him the Swiss were in very bad temper, and threatened they would leave him. They do not like Francis to make terms with the Emperor unless they are excluded. If this, however, be managed, and they receive a small sum of money, they will be quiet. I fell in with about 15,000 German troops, well armed, who had been hired for three months by the king of France. I have been told there are as many as 8,000 or 9,000. I am told by the governor of this city that the forces of the League in Naples are of great strength, and that St. Pôl, with the Venetians, is near Milan. It is commonly reported here that a general peace has been concluded; that the French court is going to Cambray, where the lady Margaret will repair. It is believed, by letters from Spain, that the Emperor will not pass into Italy this year, as Spain is very poor. The governor told me that the duke of Orleans had been ill, but has now recovered.
Lat., pp. 2. Headed: Ex literis d. Silvestri Darii 2 Junii, Lugduni datis, ad Nicolaum Rusticum.
2 June.
R. O.
Has received from the secretary De Lasaulx, Wolsey's letter intimating that the King wished him to go to Flanders. Thanks the King and Wolsey for having so much consideration for his health. Has given the security, both by word and writing, which the deputy (prefectus) of Calais and the King's chamberlain and Master of the Rolls required of him. In order that the English ambassadors may be set free the sooner, sends Wolsey the letters he has written upon this affair to the Emperor that they may be sent to him from the French king's court by way of Perpignan. Calais, 2 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: R. d. Cardinali Eboracensi.
3 June.
Vesp. C. XIII.
B. M.
In consequence of his indisposition the king of England has given him licence to go to Flanders, if his ambassadors, the bishop of Worcester and Dr. Lee, are allowed to go safely into France. Otherwise he must give his word to remain as a prisoner at Calais until the Emperor orders them to be set at liberty out of his realm, and Madame promises the King that in case of any difficulty about their liberation she will send him back to Calais. Gravelines, 3 June. Signed.
Spanish, p. 1. Add.
3 June.
Galba, B. III.
342 a.
B. M.
[Sends a packet] to be forwarded with all diligence to the Emperor. If the ambassadors of England come by Perpignan, the Emperor will doubtless order that they be well treated and set at liberty. The Captain will see the urgency of the affair by the "said" letter. Gravelines, 3 June.
Spanish, p. 1. Add.
3 June.
Galba, B. IX.
B. M.
Yesterday, by Mr. de la Sawcne, received Wolsey's letters dated Richmond, 27th ult. Has received from the Imperial ambassador the obligation which Wolsey desired, and encloses a copy. My lord Chamberlain and the Master of the Rolls were present at the taking of the oath by him. Sends a letter from the said ambassador, who departed hence at 7 o'clock. Is glad of it, for the Merchant Adventurers at Antwerp returned in fear and haste, having heard that Wingfield had arrested him, and the Emperor's subjects have forborne to come hither. There is great poverty here. All merchandise brought to the town remains unbought, for the soldiers have no money to provide against winter, and the burgesses and commoners none for traffic, as most of their substance has been lent to the soldiers. Universal decay will ensue unless the wages are paid more quickly than since he has been here, that is six years. Begs him to ask the King to furnish Robert Fowler, the under-treasurer, with money, that the repairs may be finished this summer, which will save future expence, and enrich his subjects here.
Doubts not that the Master of the Rolls, who has been detained here by the weather, will make report thereof to the King. The fortresses, sea banks and gutters, and the haven, are so far repaired that they will be almost finished by the end of summer, if the work be continued. Calais, 3 June 1529.
Encloses two open letters sent to him by the Emperor's ambassador, dated Gravelines, one directed to the Emperor, and the other to the captain of Perpignan.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
3 June.
Nero, B. VII.
B. M.
5633. JOHN CASALE, the Prothonotary, to WOLSEY.
Will not write what is done in France, as Wolsey will hear that quicker and better than he, but will write what is reported here. The Venetian ambassador's last letter states that the French king said to him that the Emperor was pressing him to make peace; and though he did not believe the King was speaking as he thought, he advised the Lords to send a commission to him, which they have determined to do. This has greatly moved the minds of many in Italy, chiefly because they fear lest warlike preparations should be slackened from the false hope of a peace. Wrote lately that the ambassador of the marquis of Mantua told him that the Emperor had dismissed the ambassadors of Savoy, who referred good conditions of peace to the king of France. As they are now perhaps in France, they may have set on foot these negociations. He said also that when he asked the Emperor either to give the Marquis wages suitable to his dignity, or to allow him to receive benefits from the French king, the Emperor would not allow him to receive anything from Francis, and wished to treat about giving him something, but, finding that the ambassador had no such charge, said that when he came to Italy he would send a messenger to disclose his mind to the Marquis and arrange about it. The Marquis yesterday sent word by his own courier to the ambassador that the prothonotary Caracciolo had come from Milan to him for this purpose, and he ordered the ambassador to return, which he did.
It is reported from Genoa that Andrea Doria has sent out eight well equipped gallies,—some think, to assist the marquis of Guasto, who is besieging Monopoli, as he had asked for them to defend him against the Venetian fleet, which does him great injury. It will be a dangerous thing for them to enter the Adriatic Gulf, as the Venetians have so many armed galleys. If Doria sends them, he must have great confidence in their speed and courage. Some think they have gone elsewhere; and news has just come that they are returned, and that they set out to attack the French fleet at Marseilles, in which they were not successful. Some Genoese write that Doria's journey to Spain is less thought of on account of the practices for peace. The Allies daily approach Milan, and prepare for attacking it, though not with sufficient speed.
In Apulia things are going on well. Our garrison at Barletta, led by Federico Carapha, a noble Neapolitan, has seized Lanzano, taking and killing 150, or, as some say, 200 men-at-arms, and gaining much booty. The Imperialists have lost much honor by the siege of Monopoli. They cannot leave the kingdom of Naples, for many reasons, as they hear from Rome. The news thence about the Imperialists is truer than what they have at Venice, as Wolsey will see from the copy of his brother's letters, which he encloses, and which mention also the Pope's illness. Letters from Girolamo Moro to the Emperor have been intercepted, telling him their difficulties in Naples, and asking for troops and pay. He does not seem to hope for the Emperor's arrival, but says that the Pope has agreed with the Emperor, and that articles are drawn up, but not signed or sealed. This is false, as Wolsey will see by the letters of the ambassadors at Rome. The same letters state that yesterday D. de Cratiglion (Chatillon ?), who was sent lately by the French king into Apulia, is returning in haste to urge the King to send money to Apulia to quiet the mutiny which has broken out from want of wages, and to draw over to our side the Almains now serving the Emperor, as was agreed, and to increase our army, so as to drive away the enemy from the walls.
Yesterday a Florentine merchant came hither, who was at Spires while the assembly of nobles was being held. His report was the same as that from France. As to Luther, everything is postponed for a year, so as not to disturb the Emperor's passage to Italy by any sedition. As to the subsidy against the Turks, money will be levied for 12,000 foot and 2,000 horse for six months. The subsidy for the Emperor's coronation will not be given till he is in Italy. He said also how much Bohemia, the Tyrol and other places, will give. Wrote all this at the end of last month, but the courier did not leave until today. No news has arrived, except about Milan, of which he sends a copy. Venice, 3 June 1529. Signed.
Pp. 3, Lat. Add. Endd.
To be the Attorney General. Westm., 3 June.
Vacated on personal surrender, July 38 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 24.
4 June.
R. O.
St. P. VII. 182.
Taking an opportunity to make known to the French king the secret charge that you gave me on his promise not to disclose it, I told him that you had been advertised by Bryan "that he should say unto the said Bryan, how do the King my brother's affairs concerning the divorce ? and the said Bryan should say, I trust well. Upon the which he should say, Well, there be some which the King my brother doth trust in that matter that would it should never take effect; but I shall send Piers De Vartie (Douarty) to the King my brother, who shall disclose unto him that I know therein." He admits these words; says they were spoken upon communication with Campeggio, who told Francis he was going to England and afterwards to Spain by commission of the Pope. On which Francis asked him how he could go into Spain, and yet do what the king of England wished for the divorce; and he replied that he did not think that the divorce would take effect, but should be dissembled well enough. Thinking that the King was deceived, he told the bishop of Bath what the Cardinal had said, desiring him to advertise you of it. I then proceeded to inquire of him, promising that what he said should never be revealed, What say you of the cardinal of England in this matter ? and he replied, When he was with me, as far as I could perceive, he desired that the divorce might take place, for he loved not the Queen; but I advise my good brother not to put too much trust in any man, whereby he may be deceived, and the best remedy is to look to his own matters himself;—saying further that the cardinal of England had great intelligence with the Pope and with Campeggio, and, as they are not inclined to the divorce, it is the more needful for the King to have regard to his own affairs.
No man can speak better of your Grace than he does. This is all I can get from him, but I will try him again. Orleans, 4 June. Signed.
Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Copy of preceding letter, in the handwriting of Mr. Raymond, keeper of State Papers. Dated _, June 4.
Modern copy.
4 June.
Theiner, p. 582.
After the departure of Francesco Campano on 26 May, I received your letters of the 1st, 6th, and 8th of May. Owing to the protests and citations made by the Imperial ambassadors to the ambassadors of this King, the latter dispatched [the cavalier Casale] hither in great haste, and I believe the cavalier arrived in ten days. We had much discussion respecting the citation, as they (the King and Wolsey) are unacquainted with the customs and forms of the (Papal) court. At length they were made to understand the case, and became satisfied both with the citation and with the non-concession of their demands touching the brief. Nevertheless, on the receipt of your said letters, being at Richmond with the Cardinal, I again explained the matter to his Lordship; and by his advice I sent my secretary to Windsor to do the like with the King, and to communicate the news which you and your reverend son (in France) write to me.
My secretary reports to me that the King was not much appeased with regard to the citation made at Rome to his ambassadors, and said he was informed that it is not customary to cite the ambassadors of princes. To this it was replied that he was wrongly informed, and that the Pope could not prohibit it, as the serjeants (cursori) did this office, without the Pope's licence or knowledge, as public officials. At my next interview with the King I will not fail to set the matter right. A copy was given them of the petition produced for signature, and of the protest; and they were made to understand that, as the Imperialists, before the coming of Francesco, had frequently urged the citation of the cause, and were still doing the same with protestations, it was sufficient that the Pope, up to the present time, had not made this citation, as you prudently write. Yet the Cardinal frequently inquires what I think about this citation, and is persuaded that the Pope will not make it on any account. I reply that I find the reasons alleged are very telling, and that the importunity made is infinite, so that I do not know what may be the result. Thus I leave them between hope and fear. The Cardinal says he cannot believe that the Pope is sending back Dr. Stephen (Gardiner).
They have firmly resolved that the cause shall be proceeded with. On the last day of May we performed the first act, which was to cause the bull of the commission to be presented to us, to accept the charge laid upon us by the Pope, to appoint notaries and messengers to cite (the parties); and the citation was peremptorily decreed for the 18th inst., Friday. The King and Queen have been cited by the bishops of Lincoln and Bath, the messengers appointed and sworn for this purpose. It appears that their learned men are of opinion that we are bound by our office to proceed to execute the first portion of the bull, and you may be sure they will use all diligence to secure the speedy conclusion (of the trial). I understand, though I do not know for certain, that they are consulting the theologians of the University of Paris about the case.
It is rumored that my lady Margaret and the French king's mother will meet at Cambray to negotiate peace about the middle of this month. The Cardinal denies the truth of this, and says they will first of all arrange the particulars, and that he himself is to go there, but he will not go until this cause is expedited. The French secretary who came hither has returned.
A Polish gentleman, returning from Constantinople to the French king's service, reports that the Turk intends to invade Hungary and Germany, having an understanding with many German princes, and that the Archduke Ferdinand was in great straits, and had intended to repair to the Emperor in disguise, but was dissuaded from so doing.
Here we are still wearing our winter clothing, and use fires as if it were January. Never did I witness more inconstant weather. The plague commences to rage vigorously, and there is some fear of the sweating sickness. I am no longer compelled to remain in bed groaning, and therefore I consider myself in good health. London, 4 June 1529.
4 June.
R. O.
It is said that Bryan left Rome to come here on the last ult. Dr. Stephen was to leave the next day. Peter (Vannes) was waiting for letters from you. Nothing has yet been done in the matter of Ravenna and Cervia. Theodore is waiting for an answer. Venice, 4 June 1529. Signed and sealed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
4 June.
Vit. B. XI. 142.
B. M.
Has obtained the bull for the erection of the cathedrals, for which he has had more trouble than he ever had for anything else.
It was necessary to gain over the Cardinals. The greatest difficulties were at the words de consensu quorum interest, and that they wished the numbers of the churches to be mentioned. Had to contend with all the officials of the court, for the Pope has decreed that nothing shall be expedited through the chamber, so as not to defraud the officials of their profits. They were continually complaining that the Pope sold offices, and took away their profits.
They said that 1,000 gold pieces have been paid for the erection of a single cathedral, and demanded 3,000 for this. Card. SS. Quatuor has been of great assistance, and by his means only 300 gold pieces have been paid.
Has received no money from England since September. The ambassadors will tell Wolsey what great expences he has had.
Many of the Cardinals assisted him greatly in the matter of the cathedrals, when he told them that the King would give one to his brother the prothonotary. Rome, 4 June 1529. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Endd.
Vit. B. XI. 243.
B. M.
Has received the bulls, but desires certain clauses to be fuller. Sends copies of the bulls marked in the margin, and minutes of what he wishes. As to the union of monasteries, desires to have the power of uniting small monasteries, as well as annexing them to greater. The bull for erecting cathedrals only empowers him to enquire and report concerning monasteries and other matters, but the King thinks that authority for completing the matter is needed. Promises that no loss shall ensue to the court of Rome. Desires the omission of the clause "de consensu omnium quorum interest requirendo," not because he thinks that interests ought to be neglected in such a change, but to prevent malicious opposition. The clause is omitted in his bulls for the suppression of monasteries. Sends instructions for the royal indulgences, but does not think it necessary to say more, as their last letters state that the Pope had already granted them.
There has lately been a dispute between the bishop of Ely and the University of Cambridge concerning their respective jurisdictions. The King and he wish both universities, with the towns in which they are situated, to be freed from episcopal authority. Sends minutes of bulls for this purpose. If objection is made to the power of instituting to churches, they can say that the same power is held by some abbots in England, and it would not be absurd to give it to universities, which often have bishops for their chancellors. Will take care that it does not injure bishops and archbishops. * * *
Lat., draft, pp. 8. Imperfect.
5 June.
Vit. B. XI. 139.
B. M.
The French king and the other allies drive the Pope to despair, and will force him to adhere to the Emperor. This is not the wish of the French king, but the other allies are trying to separate the Pope from the two Kings. The Pope is displeased that Malatesta Baglione is receiving pay from the French king and the Florentines, for it is contrary to the promise of the French to Salviati, and to the treaty between the Pope and Malatesta. Perugia will thus fall into the hands of the Pope's worst enemies. The abbot of Farfa makes daily excursions to the gates of the city. Many complaints of him are brought to the Pope.
The Colonnas are making preparations against him. Every one in Rome is exposed to their depredations. The Florentines still keep the Pope's niece, and say that she is at the disposal of the French king. There is no need to say anything about the duke of Ferrara and the Venetians. Wolsey will see with what patience the Pope needs to be armed. Wonders that he has not put himself into the hands of the Imperialists a hundred times. Believes he thinks it will be necessary.
Two days ago letters came from France, stating that peace was being negotiated, that matters had made much progress, and that the French king had sent to ask all the allies for commissions to make peace. No intimation had been given to the Pope, except a few general words to the legate Salviati. This seems prejudicial and dishonorable to the king of England, who has always been protector and defender of the Holy See. The Pope would then be compelled to adhere to the Emperor, and could do nothing for the King. If, however, the Pope is considered in the peace, he will be able to do everything for the King. Writes this, not because he thinks Wolsey does not consider it, but because he sees that the French act rashly. Advises him to warn them not to allow such an injury to be inflicted on his Holiness. Sends these letters by a courier sent by the Pope to the legate Salviati in France. Rome, 5 June 1529. Signed.
Lat., pp. 5.
5 June.
Vit. B. XI. 143.
B. M.
"Postquam D. Stephanus Gardinerus comparuit in signatura ad dicendum contra commissionem quam Pontifex censuit signaturam esse informandam," about which Gardiner has written, the writer heard from Giac. Salviati that the Imperial ambassador was urging that the commission should be produced for signature, and was leaving nothing undone to obtain what was contained in the commission. Consulted with Gardiner, and then went to Salviati, and told him that unless the Pope and he prevented the signature of this commission, and the infliction of such an injury to the King's cause, his Majesty and Wolsey would have reason to neglect the Pope's authority and proceed in some other way,—which many learned men, both in England and France, advised him to do,—and the Holy See would thus be ruined. Salviati reported this to the Pope, who approved of the advice; but he did not know how he could impose silence on the Emperor, who was eager to obtain it. Suggested that the Emperor's ambassador should be told that nothing could be more injurious to the Queen than this commission, for the King had done and would do nothing until the breve were pronounced to be false; but if they provoked him by this commission, he would disregard the breve, the bull and the Pope, and cause sentence to be pronounced. The Pope wished him to promise that the King would not proceed thus;—which he did promptly, for two reasons: to make the Pope feel secure, and also to quiet the Imperial ambassador, to whom the Pope could not deny it without giving reasons. This had an excellent effect; for Salviati has often gone to the Imperial ambassador to persuade him, and says that he has succeeded. Both he and the Pope showed great pleasure at this.
After the arrival of Tadeus, Salviati said that the Pope was very angry with him, fearing that sentence would be pronounced in England after all; and complaining of Vannes for having deceived him, and of Salviati for assuring the ambassador that there was no need to fear. Has taken great pains to persuade them that this is false, and has promised that the King will do nothing uncanonical, nor until he hears from the bishop of Worcester in Spain, and the falsity of the breve is decided. Thought from Salviati's language that what Wolsey wrote by Tadeus had come to the Pope's ears; but he said all that seemed advisable, and Salviati says the Pope acquiesced in his reasons. Was glad that he had done this, when he received the King's and Wolsey's letters by Alexander about the commission. Soon after a courier arrived from France with news that the French king had demanded commissions from all the allies to make peace, but nothing had been signified to the Pope except a few general words to the legate Salviati. Giac. Salviati complains bitterly of this, in the Pope's name, fearing that he will be excluded from the peace, or not considered as he should be, and thus left as a prey to the Emperor; that he had no such faithful friend as the King, and grieves that he has lost his friendship about this cause. Said that the Pope deserved the loss of the King's friendship, for the King has received no recompence for the benefits he has conferred on the Holy See; but, notwithstanding, he will return good for evil, if the Pope will commend himself to his protection, and he will procure the same terms for the Pope as he would wish for himself. Showed that the King would treat the Pope with the same affection as hitherto, and asked them not to allow the King to be insulted by this commission and the avocation of the cause, which would do nothing but irritate the King, Wolsey and the people. Thinks that, in consequence of what he said, there will be no avocation of the cause, though he thinks they would have suspected something if he had not had this opportunity of speaking. Had great fears in consequence of what Salviati said to him after the arrival of Tadeus. Wolsey must be careful to treat with Campeggio only what is general.
Sends also letters without cipher, which he wrote to show to the Pope. Asks Wolsey to answer them separately, that he may show the letter. Rome, 5 June 1529. Signed.
Lat., cipher deciphered, pp. 7. Add. Endd.
5 June.
R. O.
Ought to be always thanking him for his never-ceasing kindness. Approves of Wolsey's suggestion, of which Lupset has told him, that he should lodge with some Frenchman to learn the language. Has not yet mastered the niceties of the language on account of his graver studies and his little intercourse with Frenchmen. Visited the duke of Suflolk while here, and was well received by him. Paris, 5 June.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: R., &c. Card. Ebor. Angliæ primati a Latere Legato," &c. Endd.: Literæ decani Wellen.
5 June.
Add. MS.
27,447, f. 74.
B. M.
Advises him, as one of Mr. Lovell's executors, to favor her husband, who then, she trusts, will be so good to her that she will be able to "do for" her sisters in time coming. Sends a letter from him, showing that he believes her father can serve him. Asks him to make much of her cousin George Paulett, as her husband favors him, and she is much beholden to him. Compton, 5 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my father Sir William Paston. Endd.: My lady of Rutland's letter.
5 June.
Cal. D. XI. 3.
B. M.
* * * "il y a ung g ... e double pour lenvoyer e ... en envoye aussi ung ar[ticle] ... vous en parle, vous saches qu ... uy qui escript ledit article prent ... Don Diego de Mendoce pour ung Angl[oys] ... on n'a depesche a la Bourdaizier sauf-conduy[t] ... qui pour cestuy la et a la poursuyte de l'ambassa[deur] d'Angleterre le Roy n'est point content de langage que ledit home tient tant de l'affaire du Roy son bon frere que de Mons. le Legat, mais quoy que ce soyt, il veult que tout leur soyt desclerey et descouvert, sans que rien leur soyt celle. Vous pouves bien congnestre par ledit article combien le Roy ha a cueur les afferes de son dit bon frere, puis que les serviteurs qui sont bien loing aux frontieres entendent bien que ces propos la ne plaisent point a nostre maistre." Orleans, 5 June. Signed.
Mutilated. Add.
Cal. D. XI. 44.
B. M.
"... other farewell ... Cu .. y and my Lady his ... ane she wrote unto the King h ... do send herewith to the intent that the [more] near at hand this assembly is and ho ... prested by the lady Margaret and the ... wherefore I suppose that the five or six [weeks the French] king promised to put in delay over and [above the] days that were promised will be clean v ... of the book, for the King said this day bifo[re] ... ambassadors that he thought the Ladies [would be] in a readiness at Cameray to begin to tre[at at] ferdest by Saturday next. It were, therefore, ... convenient that either my Lord of London ... did haste forwards immediately.
"Letters were brought from Fraunces Mou ... of Saluze containing how that the count of Saynt [Pôl had] by determination resolved between him an[d the duke] of Urbyne for the Venetians purposed ... Beagrase and marching in the nyg[ht] ... the avant garde the bataigle and rev ... * * *. [the] ambassadors this day that they should ... [th]air superiors and put them in good con ... yr is chanced at this time by the count of ... or his company, for he will assist them in pa ... if the Emperor do pass, whether the peace conclud[ed or] not, without the Emperor do ratify the peace and dely[ver] his children before his going into Italy and ... their prison, commanded the viscount Turyne to assemble and muster at Lyons the whole number of men of arms that shall pass with him; also he [now] sendeth a gentleman of his chamber to cause all his Almaignes to pass the mountains. Moreover, he hath sent for 8,000 Swiss, and hath sent unto the marquis of Saluze to join himself with certa[in] men of war being there, and to repair the force tha[t was] said to be lost under Mons. de S. Paule, an[d] ... nd unto the ambassadors that he was assured to ... * * * I send unto you also the king of Scots letter ... double, the tenor whereof is under much ... terms that we desire, and other letter they th ... get for any labor that I could make for ... they stuck unto the sending of a gentleman ... which my lord Legate thought not good for ...
"Your most humble be[desman], ..."
Pp. 4, mutilated and faded. Add.: To the duke of Suffolk and Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of the King's house.
6 June.
Cal. D. XI.
[IV. 27.]
B. M.
* * * "... om Monsieur ... anne which the French ... e forasmuch as in the same the ... touching the cardinal Campegius ... toward your Highness in your great matter ... whereof extract by the said Archbishop ... enclosed, it may please your Highness to un[derstand] that where in the said article Mons. de C ... supposeth that it was an Englishman that by v[irtue] of safe-conduct passed that way towards Spaig[ne,] the very truth is that it was the Emperor's ambass[ador's] servant, for whom and likewise for his master your Gr[ace's] secretary did lately impetrate two safe-conduct[s] ... the French king being at Burdeziers, whose saying ... hath much more appearance of credence, he being ... in favor and trust with his master, of whom he might hear many secrets, than if this [r]ep[ort] had been made by one of your subjects ..., ... theserours * * * and will set forwards ... che as may be in him poss[ible] ... [s]hall more fully know by Sir Wil[liam Fitzwilliam] who departed hence towards your Grace ... of this month." Orl[eans], 6 June. Signed.
Pp. 2, mutilated and faded. In Knight's hand.
R. O.
Have had a very favorable audience of the French king, and declared their whole charge. As the matters are weighty, master Treasurer has undertaken to convey his answers to you by word of mouth and save writing. His going is very agreeable to Francis. Send certain letters from Italy, addressed to Wolsey and Campeggio, which have lately come to hand. Orliaunce,— (fn. 2) June. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
He will hear from "Mons. le tresorier de Wiguillan" (Fitzwilliam) how agreeable to the King and herself were the overtures made by Suffolk and by him. Assures him of her confidence, and desires credence for Fitzwilliam. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A mons. le Cardinal mon bon fils et pere.
6 June.
Vit. B. XI. 147.
B. M.
Gardiner and Brian will explain the state of matters when they left. Are still forbidden to say anything to the Pope that may disturb him and increase his illness. It will need the greatest dexterity to prevent the advocation of the cause, which the Imperialists vehemently urge. The Pope has conceived some suspicions since the arrival of Thadeus. Have received his letters of May 22 since the departure of Gardiner and Brian, and have shown suitable extracts from them to the Pope. Gardiner knows what is to be expected about the commission. As to the words concerning a promise of absolute power in Campeggio's letters to Giac. Salviati, read the passage in the original letters, which were not in cipher. Salviati also will send them letters of Francesco Campano containing the same words.
Had an audience of the Pope, whom they found reclining on a couch. Read him passages from the King's and Wolsey's letters, with which he seemed well pleased. Told him how displeased the King was at the citation of the ambassadors for the signing of the commission for the avocation of the cause, but that he was slightly appeased by knowing that this procedure was attempted by the Imperialists without the Pope's knowledge. Said that although he has not yet obtained the remedy which he expected, and which ought to have been granted, the King bears the repulse patiently, and hopes in the Pope's fatherly kindness.
Told him, of themselves, how much they desired the continuance of the King's friendship, both for the public good of Christendom and for the special good of the Holy See, and that it was his duty to find means to grant the King's request, and he must be careful that nothing proceeds from the court of Rome which may irritate the King. He took this in good part, thanked the King, desired them to preserve the King's good will to him, and, as far as lay with him, would grant all that was just, and would knowingly do nothing that might offend the King or injure his cause.
Said they hoped that if he persevered in this intention the matter would be well settled, and that they thought the King expected much from the arrival of the bishop of Worcester. Thought it well not to speak too openly about the advocation of the cause, lest they should show their fears, and cause him, the most suspicious of men, to suspect something. Will wait now till Benet's arrival.
Will carry out the King's wishes about the protestation and about consulting advocates, which they have not done yet, for fear of discovering to them what they wished to keep secret.
Wolsey says at the end of his letter that the Pope writes that although he has hitherto found no means of doing what would be reasonable, just and honorable, he would try every way to satisfy the King and Wolsey. He said to them, in Gardiner's presence, that there were no means;—which they looked on as a direct refusal.
His Holiness said much about public affairs, and told them that the French king had sent to the Allies for commissions for peace, and that he had told the legate Salviati that the lady Regent, the lady Margaret, and Wolsey would meet at Cambray, and he wondered that he had not heard of it from the French king. He begged the King and Wolsey to consider him, in any treaty, as the other allies seem to have conspired against him. Assured him that the King would have as much consideration for him as for himself, but he must be cautious not to irritate the King.
He again asserted that he would rather imperil his own safety than offend the King.
He said also that he had received letters from Andrea Doria, dated June 2, saying that the Emperor has ordered him to go to him as soon as possible; that the Emperor has ten galleys ready, and others were being prepared as fast as possible.
Three ships loaded with wheat had arrived at Genoa from Spain, and Doria was ordered to convey 4,000 quarters to Antony de Leyva. Doria is certain that the Emperor will speedily come to Italy, and he is going to him in six days. The sending of this corn seems to prove that he will come, for there is great dearth in Spain.
The Pope thinks the Emperor will conclude peace, then come to Italy, and thence to Germany, where the people are threatening to elect a new Emperor.
Send an authentic attestation of the difference of the dates of briefs and bulls, and also of the search made in the registers.
They refused the briefs unless the Pope were consulted. Did not insist upon it, to avoid suspicion, and they have an authentic copy in England.
Could not obtain the bull for the cathedrals, "conjunctim et divisim." The other bulls are not yet expedited, either through the illness of Card. SS. Quatuor, or the negligence of the secretaries. Rome, 6 June 1529. Signed.
Lat., pp. 8.
6 June.
R. O.
St. P. VII. 184.
Have opened his letter to Gardiner, and read such extracts from it to the Pope as seem most suitable for his present temper. Have written fully to Wolsey, stating their opinion that the Pope should be mildly treated, lest he go over to the enemy.
As to your commands, that if the Pope should pronounce anything against the King's cause, we should appeal from his Holiness to the true vicar of Christ, none would have more courage than we for this business, and we carnestly beg you to consider whether it is advantageous to your cause. As for intercepting the letters which may be directed to England against your Majesty, we will use all manner of diligence, but we wish to know if any thing has yet been expedited.
We have written to Wolsey of the coming of the Emperor into Italy. Rome, 6 June 1529. Signed.
We have begged his Holiness not to do anything to irritate the King, and so give occasion to much evil. He took our remonstrances in good part, and said that he would do all he could for the King.
In Vannes' hand. Part cipher deciphered. Add. Endd.
6 June.
Vit. B. XI. 154.
B. M.
Information about the Emperor's intended visit to Italy, as in the preceding letter.
Casale thinks that his intention is not peace, but war, and to strike terror into the minds of the allies, especially the Florentines and the duke of Ferrara, so as to draw them to his side. The French king must send a strong army to Italy. Does not see what good the Emperor will get by coming to Italy, except that he will have a large subsidy from Germany. He has just sent Bonifort into Germany with 100,000 gold pieces. Every one thinks that he will land at Genoa. If he comes to Naples, the whole kingdom will be destroyed by his army. Rome, 6 June 1529. Signed.
Lat., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
6 June.
Vit. B. XI. 151.
B. M.
To the same effect as Casale's letter in cipher, dated 5 June. Rome, 6 June 1529. Signed.
Lat., pp. 5.
6 June.
R. O.
I have learned from Gardiner, Vannes and Bryan your commands to me. Be assured that the Pope desires nothing so much as to satisfy the King; but, whether owing to foolish counsellors, who do not understand the matter, or to some other motive, he has not been able entirely to satisfy the King. Bologna, 6 June 1529. Signed.
P.S. in Gambara's own hand.—Begs that Wolsey, at his request, will show kindness to his most faithful servant, Palmer.
Lat., p. 1. Add. and sealed. Endd.
6 June.
Galba, B. IX.
B. M.
Hears that the King had intended to keep Don Ynigo de Mendoza, bishop elect of Burgos, ambassador of the Emperor, at Calais, until his own ambassadors in Spain had entered France, but in consequence of Don Ynigo's ill health, has allowed him to come to these countries, on giving a certain promise to the deputy of Calais. Promises that he shall not leave these countries until the English ambassadors have entered France, and that if they are hindered by the Emperor he shall return to Calais. Brussels, 6 June, ao xxi[x]. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
7 June.
R. O.
After I had sealed my letters, I had a visit from the archbishop of Capua, who told me he is going into France today or tomorrow, to be present at the convention of Cambray, where Salviati has been the Pope's legate hitherto, but is not highly esteemed. He has to ascertain whether the French king wishes him to be at the Diet, or to go to Spain, or to return to Rome. He told me that the lady Margaret had sent letters to the prince of Orange, and as they had been opened by the Imperial ambassador, it was well known that the Diet would be held within a few days. He states that the Emperor wrote on 16 May to the Pope, that he should not visit Italy until he had given his Holiness notice, although everything was ready for his journey. Rome, 7 June 1529. Signed and sealed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
7 June.
R. O.
We have written in our common letters of the news. When I am not engaged in the King's business I pay my court to the Cardinals. Speaking the other day with the cardinal of Ravenna, I began to lament the calamity of the Holy See, and to suggest the wish that you had of doing good to the Cardinals. The cardinal of Ravenna is a man of great influence, the nephew of the cardinal of Ancona, a man of high character, who was secretary to Popes Leo, Adrian and Clement. He is very much devoted to your service, and desires letters from you and the King to the duke of Milan. Dr. Stephens can tell you more about him. I have given Nicholas instruction about these letters. Rome, 7 June 1529.
Hol., Lat., pp. 3. Add. and sealed. Endd.
7 June.
Vit. B. XI. 156.
B. M.
Expresses the obligations of the Holy See and the College of Cardinals to Wolsey. He and his uncle the cardinal of Ancona endeavors to assist the ambassadors, as he believes Casale has written. Thanks him for his offers, through Vannes. Rome, 7 June 1529. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. and endd. at ƒ. 183* b.
8 June.
R. O.
Desires credence for the bearer, the sieur De Vaulx, her maître d'hôtel, going to England. Amboyse, 8 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A mons. le card. d'Yort, mon bon filz.
8 June.
Vit. B. XI. 155*.
B. M.
5659. ITALY.
News from Genoa, 7 and 8 June 1529.
So many letters have arrived concerning the Emperor's coming to Italy, that it seems certain. He disregards the difficulties of the journey.
It is reported that he will bring with him a great sum of money. Count Lodovico Belgioioso will set out in three or four days, with four pieces of artillery, and his own infantry, and those provided by the Genoese. The Sicilian corn did not come in the ships which arrived the other day from Spain, and they will not sell corn without a new commission from the Emperor or De Leva. Eight harbingers have been appointed in Genoa to prepare for the Emperor's coming.
June 8.—Andrea Doria sails tomorrow with his galleys for Barcelona. Other galleys and ships are prepared for the transport of the Emperor, which will be at the end of June or middle of July. There is not much hope of peace. The troops will be reinforced to the number of 8,000, at the instance of De Leva.
Ital., p. 1.
8 June.
R. O.
Informs him of the voidance of the benefice of Brixston Deverell by the death of Sir Richard Belton, late parson there. It is of the collation of the bishop of Salisbury, (fn. 3) and of the clear yearly value of 10l. Sarum, 8 June. Signed: "Thomas Benet, prieste."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
9 June.
Er. Ep. p. 1203.
5661. ERASMUS to JOHN ANTONINUS, Physician.
Is greatly grieved to hear of his illness. Many have suffered from the same complaint, and some have died with it. Richard Pace, who had previously enjoyed uninterrupted health, was taken with it in Italy, and, being given over by his physicians, recovered, contrary to expectation. I have suffered from it myself. Friburg in Brisgau, 9 June 1529.
10 June.
R. O.
The news will be found in their common letters. Will take the road to Narbonne in four days, and write whilst he is on the road, if he has an opportunity. Valladolid, 10 June 1529.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
10 June.
S. B.
Rym. XIV. 298.
Licence to the dean and canons of SS. Mary and Stephen, Westminster, to take down and rebuild certain ruinous tenements in "le Wolstaple," between the clock (horologium) on the east and "le Weyhouse" on the west, the wall of the King's palace on the south, and the road leading between "le Weyhouse" and the said staple, and "le Wulbrige" of the King's Staple on the north. Del. Westm., 10 June 21 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 7.
10 June.
Rym. XIV. 297.
5664. ST. RADEGUND, LONGLETE, Salisbury Dioc.
Laurence, card. bishop of Salisbury, and Peter Stantour, patron and founder of the Augustinian priory of St. Radegund, Longlete, Salisbury dioc.—Mortmain licence to appropriate the advowson of the said priory and its possessions to John, prior, and the brethren of the Carthusian house of Locus Dei, Henton, on account of the decayed state of the said priory. Del. Westm., 10 June 21 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 21 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 9.
R. O. 2. Corrected draft of preceding.


  • 1. This parenthesis, which is not printed in the State Papers, is added (in Allen's own hand ?) in the margin.
  • 2. Blank in MS.
  • 3. Campeggio.