Henry VIII: January 1525, 16-31

Pages 443-459

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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January 1525

16 Jan.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 26. B. M. Strype's Mem. I. No. 12.
1015. WOLSEY to PACE
Since last writing, have received divers letters from Mantua, Verona and Trent, after your arrival, the last of 24 Dec., giving an account of the duke of Bourbon. The King is advertised that Francis, lying at Pavia, intends to send Albany to Naples, for defence of which it was said that the Viceroy had left Lodi, in pursuit of whom Francis had sent St. Pol. By letters of the duke of Milan, of 22 Dec., we are advised that if Francis send any power to Naples to draw the Viceroy from Italy, he will be disappointed, for as soon as his powers are united he intends to attack the French. Should the French king succeed in his enterprise, and gain the upper hand in Naples, he is not likely to listen to peace. Seeing the danger that may occur if the Imperialists be weak or unsuccessful, letters have been sent to the bishop of Bath, to be shown to the Pope in that event. Sends a copy of the letters, states the arrangements, and notifies to Pace that he is to go to Venice. Is to induce the Venetians to remain firm to the Emperor, pointing out the danger if the French are supreme in Naples and Milan. Suggests other arguments that he is to make use of, intimating the King's enmity in the event of their non-compliance. Suggests that they should send a resident ambassador to England. Westminster, 16 Jan.
16 Jan.
Vit. B. VII. 17. B. M.
1016. PACE to [WOLSEY].
* * * ... "spected betwene...[th]e Fre[nch]...only concludydde, but also [great t]riumphys have been ma[de by] the same by the space of 4 dayes contynually in the citie of M[ilan]." The French king has again assaulted Pavia, and lost many men. It was lately determined in the Emperor's camp to march with the whole army against the French today. Cannot say whether it will be done. If it is, the war will probably be ended either by battle or an abstinence, or by lack of money. The Pope intends to send to the King to excuse his new amity with Francis. Hears the person will be Sir Gregory Casalis' brother. Trent, 16 Jan. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
16 Jan.
R. O.
Perceives by his letters dated Rome, [13] Dec., that his own letters, dated [3] and [10] Nov., have arrived, though after some difficulty in the way. Commends him for his "devices and discourses had with the Pope's holiness to very good purpose, and his discreet order taken for the return of the King's money." Has heard that the French king, who is still at the siege of Pavia, "hath sent and advanced, or intendeth shortly to send forth the duke of Albany towards Naples, after whom it was first said that the said viceroy of Naples and other the Emperor's folks (leaving Lodi) passed, and took their way thitherward for defence of the same;" on which the French king sent after them the count St. Pole, "thinking to interclude the Emperor's folks between both companies."
Hears also, by letters from the duke of Milan to his ambassadors, dated 22 Dec., that the Viceroy will not be induced to abandon Italy by any attempt upon Naples, but will fight as soon as his force is united. The King is much pleased at this news.
Has heard frequently of a secret treaty between the Pope and the French king, for alliance and other great matters. Thinks this is true, as the French king dare hardly undertake such an enterprise without the Pope's favor, and from "demonstrations which at the former time were shewed for passage of the French men through Plesance," it is thought that the Pope does not proceed sincerely. The King has hitherto relied entirely in Wolsey's constant assurance that his Holiness will not be moved from his constancy either by fear or adversity, even though he should be compelled to flee from Rome, or by desire of exaltation or by lucre, trusting that if it came to the uttermost he would take the same part in peace and war against the French as they would. But as this does not seem to be observed so constantly as was written and affirmed, it is now time to be somewhat more plain with his Holiness. Clerk is to tell him that the present proceedings lead straight unto continual war and to the damage of Christianity. The King has always been most desirous of peace amongst Christian princes, for war against the Infidels; all his wars have been for that purpose; and he has defended the Church by sword and pen, as in the case of the friar Martin Luther.
If the Turk is successful in his attacks on Belgrado and Rhodes great danger may ensue to all Hungary, and even Italy and Rome itself; and now that the Lutheran sect is so rapidly spreading through Germany, France, Spain, Flanders, Denmark, Scotland, and perhaps England, the Pope should endeavor to check it by some act tending to the reformation of enormity, and the observance of Christ's laws, or else "it is hard to know how much the malice of the ghostly enemy might work or have power in them."
If the Pope is moved by any reason to further the cause of the Prince who is the only disturber of Christendom, the following consequences will ensue. The war will become much more hot, as the Emperor will never make peace if he lose Milan and Naples; and if the French king gain them, being a prince of such ambition and cupidity of dominion, he will by little and little draw other parts of Italy unto his subjection, and finally attempt the empire of Rome, "which had, or not had, the Pope's Holiness might be sure that the same constitute inter Scillam et Charibdim, should be fain to condescend to all the will and pleasure of the said French king, who, notwithstanding any good countenance that he doth now make, would not then fail to use and dispose of the Pope as of his chaplain," whereby the dignity of the see will be greatly lowered, and dishonor will for ever be written and spoken of the Pope who was the occasion of it. If (as men say) the Pope intends to erect a kingdom in Etruria, which is a feudary of the Holy See, thinking it would be a defence, it will be the surest way to bring the See into danger, as the behavior of the vassals of the Church is well known; and if he impair the See for the exaltation of his kinsfolk, such an act will be discrepant from the expectation which all men have had of him.
The Lutheran heresy makes it necessary to act wisely and speedily, lest Germany be estranged from the Church; and Wolsey fears much, lest an evil example should do much harm in England. Campeggio's journey into Almain has done much good. Shows the danger to be expected from the Turk. Cannot see how it may stand with the pleasure of God that the heads of the Church should thus involve themselves and their state, by conjunction with temporal princes in the wars; "but that, as I verily suppose, since these leagues, offensive or defensive, or both, have been used to be made in the name of any Pope, God hath stricken and sent affliction unto the whole Church, and generalty of Christendom for the same; and these contracts and contentions used for enhancing of particular families and countries have not hitherto proved either to endure, or to do good and furtherance to the Papal dignity." Clerk is to show the following proposals to the Pope, by way of friendly counsel. The Viceroy should immediately give battle, before Lautrec and the other captains from the frontier of Spain, Picardy, and Burgundy arrive. They have been sent for by Francis from fear of battle, and now is the time to fight. If this be done to advantage, Milan and Naples will both be saved, and both Albany and the King brought near to ruin. Though Henry will not be particularly concerned in this, yet, for the love he bears the Emperor, he will give 50,000 cr. to the Viceroy and the army, if successful, and the residue of the 50,000 cr. in Sir John Russell's hands may also be converted to their use. If, however, the Viceroy thinks it better to follow the French army to Naples, he should garrison Lodi, Cremona, and other fortified places. The Pope may perhaps exhort the Venetians to assist him and the Emperor. The peasants of Bononia should be induced to fortify the passages through that country, and to refuse victual to the French army. The third plan is, that as overtures have lately been made to the Viceroy on the Pope's behalf, both he and the French king should place in the Pope's hand those parts of the duchy of Milan which they now hold, for a certain time, within which treaty may be had for a convenient peace. The Emperor then to conclude a peace, and leave Italy with his army. The Pope should set forth that overture as soon as possible; which being accepted, Naples will be out of French power, and Milan will not be lost to the Emperor. The French king will then probably retire, despairing of success, and a good peace may ensue, with honorable appointment for the duke of Milan.
Henry has sent his principal secretary, Ric. Pace, to the Venetians, to solicit the speedy setting forward of their army, and Sir Gregory de Cassalis to the Viceroy, to exhort him, as will be seen by the copy of their instructions enclosed. Sir John Russell is to accompany the Duke of Bourbon. Pace is to tell the Venetians that if their breaking the conventions with the Emperor give the French an opportunity of obtaining Naples, Henry will consider them his enemies. He is also to say secretly to the Duke and Council that it is not unknown to the King how inhumanly the Spaniards have acted in Italy, thereby making the people favor the French; but that the King trusts to do so much with the Emperor, that he shall have the investiture of the duchy of Milan for the Duke, when Italy is delivered from the French and Spaniards. Clerk may say the same to the Pope, as it may encourage him to assist in the expulsion, but he must be circumspect, for, if his Holiness favor the French, it would be dangerous to disclose to him the secrets of the King's mind. The Emperor's letters to his ambassadors (of which a copy is enclosed) say that he has sent 20,000 ducats into Italy; but as it is not certain whether the money is arrived, he may advance the residue of the 50,000 cr. to the Emperor's army, if he think it necessary. Sends a copy of overtures made by the bishop of Capua, in the name of the French king, to the Emperor, with the answers. Thinks they are of little importance. The Pope is not to credit any sinister reports that may be spread by reason of the French king's mother's servant being in England. Nothing is meant or shall be concluded, directly or indirectly, without the Emperor's and the Pope's consent. If any reasonable offers are made, they shall both be informed.
Pp. 23. Partly in Tuke's hand. Headed: Copy of my lord Legate's letter to my lord of Bath.
The dates are supplied from the modern copy in Lambeth MS. 245, f. 42.
Cal. E. II. 153. B. M. 1018. WOLSEY to [SIR THOMAS MORE ?]
* * * "... [th]at my lord deputy of Calais hath by his l[etters notified th]at the chancellor of Alençon arrived at Calais (fn. 1) ... [la]st past, accompanied with 20 hor[ses, waiting with] all diligence to pass over into this the King's real[m. And in ex]ecution and declaration of his charge, the said chan[cellor hath brought] certain letters of Robert Tetts directed to John Joachym the [copies] whereof ye shall receive herewith. They contain how there should be a confederation et (fn. 2) alliance tracted and published bet[ween the] Pope, the signory of Venice, Sienna, Lucca, and th[e French Kin]g, the which news, if they be true, be of great [weight and] consequence; for if the said league be offensive, and the sa[me give ai]de clearly to expel the Imperials and Spaniards out of Italy,—f[or] now they be scant of ability to withstand the Frenc[h in] Milan, and defend the realm of Naples,—the Pope, V[enetians, Fl]orentyns, Senenses, and Lucenses taking part [with th]eyme, they shall not only be far too weak to ma[ke re]systens, but compelled clearly to abandon Milan and Naples and [c]onsequently all Italy. Howbeit I can not think [th]e Pope and Venetians be so far destitute and [far] from reason that they would suffer the French king, [who, t]hey perfectly know, always hath coveted and aspy[red unto] the monarchy of Italy, to have by expulsion of the Imperials such a great foot (?) in the sa[me as] undoubtedly he should attain to his ambitions appetey[te; for] they being intercluded between Naples and ... the Pope should be as a chaplain and the Venetians as ... and tributories. This manner of league also is [far] discrepant from the Pope's purpose which for the in ... so much to heart as ... [estab]lyshyd peace amongst Christian princes, which [is not] likely to succeed if the realm of Naples [be taken] from the Emperor, but that the same shall be semy ... [cas]us belli et discordiæ. But I suppose if any ... be made between the foresaid parties, the same containeth ty ... e Venetians, Florentines, Senenses and Lucenses shall ta ... te nor give any aid against the French king in ... the duchy of Milan, and percase the same s ... have bounden them self to give ... defense thereof, and the French king semblably (?) of lyc ... e alleged ... self no thing to attempte against the said Pope ... dorys, ne also peraventure against Naples, if that the Pope, trusting that by the expul[sion] ... out of the duchy of Milan the Emperor ch ... hitherto hath directed all his mind and co ... t regard of his surety or profit of ... hys friends to the matters of Milan only shall be [more f]acylle to truce or peace than he hath hitherto ... is the least that may be judged in this matter ... s to (too ?) ill, I pray God that good resistance may be ma[de again]st the French king, while we shall be treating with [the ambassador] that cometh now out of France, our bargain sh[all be like] to be the better, wherein to have some good success ... in despair by reason of one clause in ... the he (sic) head whereof I have set a tot. As soon as t[he Chanc]ellor shall be arrived, I shall not only advertize the King'[s grace] thereof, but also of such communication as shall be [had] between us. And t[hus] fare ye well."
Corrected draft, pp. 2, hol., mutilated.
16 Jan.
R. O. St. P. IV. 291.
Was sorry to learn, by "passages" coming North from London, that there had been great disorder on the Borders, especially on the part of the Scots. Made the more haste forward, and has inquired this 15 Jan. of the most famous gentlemen on the Borders, who say that peace has not been better kept for a long time. Will ascertain, after crossing the Borders, how the peace has been kept by England. Is much pleased to see the people so peacefully disposed on either side. Feltoun, 16 Jan. '24. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
18 Jan.
R. O.
1020. STORES.
Inventory of stores at the King's beerhouses, Portsmouth, taken 18 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII. by lord Lisle, Sir Fras. Bryan, vice-admiral, Jas. Betts and Wm. Gonson.
The brewhouse called the Rose:—A great copper kettle, a meshing tonne, an underback, a stuk, 8 rothers, 24 stuk maunds, 2 hop maunds, 2 styck forks, a wortfate, 2 colefats, 4 gutters, 1 kevetonne, 1 flote, 1 aperne of ledde, 8 small kettles, 1 fylling kettle, 24 yeast tubs, 2 pair of slings, 1 iron coal rake, iron pitchfork and hook, a pudgale, a bucket, 4 fylling kilderkins, 2 trattors. The mill:—4 millstones, 1 hopper, 1 iron crow, 2 spindles, 2 ryndes, 2 lyftys, 2 trendylls, 2 tonnys, 2 callers, 2 mylpyks, 1 millwheel, 4 horsehoods, 4 pair of traces, 4 horse collars. The contents of the other brewhouses, the Lyon, the Dragon, the Whiteharte, and the Ankre, with their mills, consist of similar articles.
Empty casks of the King's in Portsmouth, 500 pipes. The brewhouses are delivered to Ric. Palshid, and need repairs.
Pp. 7, copy.
Vit. B. VI. (2.)
[App. XXIX.] B. M.
1021. CA ... (?) to [MARGARET OF SAVOY].
"... [Tr]emoille.
... mille de gens de po (?)
... in tan.
... mable.
... ent.
... ally.
[Le capita]ine Apremont,
[Le cap]itaine Roscer,
[Le capi]taine Jehan Beaufilz,
[Le ca]pitaine Cuchy,
[Et] le capitaine Trissack, tous de la nation Francoys; et plusieurs aultres dont lon ne scait les noms, sans le capitaynes Suisses, lantskneyts et Ytaliens, qui sont en nombre de 4 ou 5 mille, desquelz en ya deux capitaines Suisses fort extimez. * * *
Mad[ame] ... Duc ... parsonaiges son. ... avec [l]ayde de Dieu la [bat]aille aux ...
[e]sperons la gaigner. Les Francoys ... sur la riviere de Thesin et ne scait lo ... Je [ne] vous escrips aultres nouvelles [parceque vous serez] advertye par monsieur de Bourbon de tout...
M[a]dame de ce que surviendra de n ... advertyr par les premieres postes a ... faire comander voz vouloyrs et plaisirs pour ... du C[r]eateur, au quel je prie, Madame," &c. De Laudes, 18 Jan.
"[Votre] treshumble et tresobeissant subject et servit[eur],
Pp. 2, mutilated.
20 Jan.
Galba, B. VIII. 105*. B. M.
Is writing to the King in behalf of some merchants, subjects of the Emperor, who arrived in England after being shipwrecked, as Wolsey will see by the copy of her letters, and those of De Praet. Begs that they may have their goods back on paying the ancient dues of the kingdom. Malines, 20 Jan. '24. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 Jan.
Calig. B. III. 232. B. M.
James earl of Arran is in his service, and Robert abbot of Paisley, to whom he has granted the bishopric of Murray, vacant by the death of James the last bishop, and to "dene" John Hamilton, natural son of Arran, the abbey, on the promotion of Robert. Requests Henry to write, for the expedition of the bulls requisite. Begs a safe-conduct for Hamilton, as there is no "sicker" peace between them and France. Edinburgh, 20 Jan. Signed.
P. 1, mutilated. Add. Endd.
20 Jan.
Calig. B. VII. 58. B. M.
To the same effect. Edinburgh, 20 Jan. Signed: "Your humbyl systar Margaret."
P. 1. Add.
24 Jan.
R. O.
Transmitting to the Cardinal his report, by virtue of Wolsey's commission, dated Westminster, 30 Aug. 1523, directed to himself and John Metcalfe, LL.B., of the value of all benefices in the archdeaconry of Richmond, to be taxed for the subsidy granted by the convocation of York in 1523. The report is written in Dalby's hand on 12 sheets of paper. York, 24 Jan. 1524.
Lat., on vellum.
ii. List of benefices of the archdeaconry of Richmond, for the year ended in Feb. 1524, showing the names of the holders, and the clear value and amount assessed upon each, that amount being a fifth of a moiety of the yearly value of livings of 8l. and over, and a fifth of a third part of that of smaller livings. Total number of livings: 90, of the value of 8l. and above; 480 of smaller value; and 21 abbeys and religious houses, of the value of 8l. and above. Signed: Per Thomam Dalby.
Pp. 12, in Dalby's hand.
24 Jan.
Cal. B. I. 215. B. M. St. P. IV. 292.
Articles sent by her to Henry VIII., "quhilkis we desire to be ansuerit with the hastiest expedition for the furthering of the maist gude and loving way betwixt thir twa realmis."
Thanks him for his good reception of her ambassadors reported by Cassillis. Is pleased with the articles and credence brought by Cassillis; but she knows the lords of this realm will sooner incline to France than to England. They greatly desire, however, the marriage of James and Mary, and would abandon France if they were made sure of it. They will not make a perpetual peace otherwise without comprehension of France. They will have no confidence that the marriage will be fulfilled if it depend on Henry being discharged of his promise to the Emperor. The credence of Cassillis was not shown openly, because Gonzolles was in this town ambassador from France, of whose deliverance she sends copies to Magnus that Henry may see she conceals nothing from him. Feared that if they had seen Cassillis' articles while he was here they would have "written more effectuously to France," and caused Gonzolles to be sped the quicker. But after his departure they shall be shown this. Monday, 23 Jan.—Desires to know in all haste how she is to act in the above matters.
(fn. 3) Has written before for the expedition of the bulls of Melrose to my lord Maxwell's brother, by which she should have a pension of 1,000l. Begs he will pay 400l. Scots for it to John Lauder. Cassillis has shown his credence before the Council this 24th January, and the Council have made answer in conformity with her own written answer; but they will make no conclusion till the rest of the lords come.
Cal. B. VIII. 18.
B. M. St. P. IV. 292.
2. Another copy of the preceding, omitting the last two articles, and with the following additional:—
Begs him to consider in what case this realm stands, the Lords trying to draw her son "to the cast of France," and take him out of her hands, especially the bishop of St. Andrew's. Hopes he will bid Norfolk repair to the Borders for a time with 10,000 men. The Lords disobey the King her son, and keep her from her living; her only trust is in Henry, especially since his good message by David Wod and Cassillis. Desires that some man be appointed to lie on the Borders with 3,000l. "to answer us as we need," for the guard of 200 men; the Lords stand more in awe of them than of anything except artillery. Dare not trust her son out of this castle without them, as Magnus can show. Met with no opposition so long as she had them. Is surely informed they are trying to bring Albany back. Hopes Henry will help her. Could have had 5,000 cr. from the French king, which Gonzolles offered her, besides other profits, but nothing will make her desert Henry. Hopes Henry will get the Pope to allow her the appointment of bishops. Thanks him for his answer about Angus, but the Earl has not kept his promises to Henry. Requests a supply of powder and artillery. (fn. 4)Signed.
24 Jan.
Calig. B. I. 88. B. M. St. P. IV. 317.
"Copy of a letter sent from the bishop of Aberdeen to Robert Barton, comptroller."
Has received his letter this Tuesday. As Walter Ogilby reports, the Queen has declined to consent to the articles proposed by the Lords, "the which, I trust, shall redound to a great inconvenience hereafter." Was unable through illness to come to Edinburgh according to his promise to the Queen, but is glad he was prevented, as he would not be where good counsel is not heard. Wonders at Barton wishing him to be there. Believes within few days "ye woll here of newes that ye have not heard yet." Will follow none but the King and the common weal. St. Andrew's, 24 Jan. "Your own bishop of Aberdeen."
P. 1.
Calig. B. I. 81. B. M. 2. The earl of Rothes to "my lord Comptroller."
The Lords on this side are bound with ropes of sand. (fn. 5) They are to meet at Stirling on Tuesday next. "They have cryit doun the kyngis selis that nane obey to thame." Aberdeen and the Prior keep no diet with them. After the Council they hope to draw Arran and Murray from the Queen. St. Andrew's had from Magnus, and has sent to the King, a draught of the articles presented to the Queen by the Lords, which she refused. "Be I lychtit," (before he alighted ?) St. Andrew's sent for him to Falkland, but was displeased when he came; desired him, however, to go on to Stirling, which he refused, saying, he "was not at the beginning nor couth gang na ways." For this all the Lords are angry with him. St. Andrew's also showed him he was advertised by post of the Queen's purpose. Begs the Comptroller to give her his counsel. "With my evil hand, quhilk ze knaw. Rede and ryve."
A fair copy, p. 1. Headed: From th'erle of Rothes.
24 Jan.
Calig. B. VI. 423. B. M.
Came to Edinburgh the .. January inst. Next day presented Henry's letters to the King his sovereign, the Queen and the Lords of the Council, who received them thankfully. Presented Henry's articles and credence secretly to the Queen, Gonzolles being here daily laboring for his congé, which he has just obtained. Henry will perceive by the Queen's letters that she has had secret consultations with the Lords upon the matter.
"Writtin of Edinburgh," 24 Jan. Signature lost.
P. 1. Add.
Calig. B. I. 135. B. M. St. P. IV. 310. 2. "Copy of my lord of Cassillis' credence sent to the archbishop of St. Andrew's." [From Wolsey.]
(1.) The Cardinal desires his Lordship to look well to the surety of the King, "our master," in his tender age, to see that he be brought up virtuously, to expel all simple folks or persons of evil governments, to "conweyne heyr (?) with the Queen's grace for ordering of the King's house and person," and to commit his education to the most prudent and virtuous persons in Scotland, of whom the Queen shall be principal. My lord of St. Andrew's should be principal in authority under her, labor to create unity between her and the Lords, and give her his best counsel. England can make no perfect conclusion of the matters "send be ws now laist in Ingland, without amity and order be put in our sovereign lord and his realm." If he be well counselled, "ye men of gud all gangand ane gait, ye matters quhilk we wor sent for woll be addressit in sic ane sort yat ye consel of Scotland will hald yaim content of our deliverance." (2.) Wolsey further trusted the Archbishop would help his young master for the love his father had shown him in his promotion; so doing, Wolsey will cause the King of England to intercede with the Pope to get him made legate of Scotland, with power to confirm all the abbacies in Scotland as Wolsey does in England.
Pp. 2.
24 Jan.
Calig. B. II. 101. B. M. St. P. IV. 299.
Wolsey's letters dated the 5th, touching the matters discussed with the Scotch ambassadors, and the Pope's briefs, arrived only on Saturday night the 14th. Next day, Sunday, went with Maxwell, the controller, the lords of Jonston, Domlenerik and Emmysfeilde, Mark Carre, and others, to the Castle, where he found the young King sitting at Council, and Groselles declaring his commission from Francis, the Queen being then in her chamber sick. After a little pause told the King that although it was said that Albany should have the disposal of spiritual benefices, he would see by the Pope's brief, which Magnus then delivered, that the Pope, owing to Henry's intercession, respected James's privileges. Groselles and the Frenchmen would have remained to hear the contents of the brief, but Magnus caused them to be removed, saying he wondered Francis would send to Scotland as ambassador the man who kept Dunbar in defiance of the King. James gave humble thanks to the Pope and Henry. The Queen is overjoyed. Davy Wood came home about the same time, and has done much good. Cassillis came on Wednesday night, and speaks most honorably of England. The Queen could not be more steadfast and devoted to Henry. The Frenchmen presented a commission for Groselles to ratify a truce with England for eight months without prejudice to the contract made at Rouen. They have offered to James the French king's younger daughter, and to the Queen the county of Longy, with 20,000 cr. a year. They also desire fires of joy to be made in honor of the French king's triumph in Italy. The Queen caused the answer to Groselles to be delayed till Saturday the 21st, when she got him despatched, that he might not be privy to the message brought by Cassillis. Sends copy of the answer. The Queen replied to four articles:—1, that she knew no cause for joyful fires, and had more trustworthy news than they; 2, that the Lords had only done their duty in setting the King at liberty; 3, that she, as the King's mother, ought to have been made privy to the proposed marriage; and, 4, that neither the King nor she were bound by the contract made at Rouen. They have delivered Dunkeld's bulls, and are ready to deliver the Flemish ship with Scotchmen's goods on receipt of 150 cr., as they have no plenty of money. The Frenchmen to return in their galleys.
The Queen thinks the Lords would be better satisfied about the marriage of my lady Princess by a letter from the King or Wolsey. The commonalty are more inclined to England than to France. If letters are sent from England care must be taken that the posts are not intercepted on the Borders. Angus, Lennox and Argyle have been at St. Andrew's, and it is said the Archbishop and others have combined with them for peace with England. Sends copies of correspondence with the Archbishop and Angus. Has good hopes of the alliance, as the French brought no money. Has disabused the Archbishop of a suspicion conveyed to him by some ungracious person that Magnus was displeased with him for receiving the Frenchmen and Angus. The Archbishop has always promised well to England, and said he would bring over the Lords, even at great charge to himself; on which Radcliff and Magnus promised his expences should be paid. Hears nothing from him about this; but such a household has not been seen in Scotland for many days as the Archbishop still keeps up, giving livery nightly to 21 score horses.
The Lords, hearing of Cassillis' return, have written to the Queen for leave to come hither, demanding sureties at the same time. Sends copy, with the Queen's answer. Fears the Queen will not accept their reasonable petition, which may provoke the return of Albany. If the Queen were to take Angus and the other Lords into favor, she would have all Scotland at her feet. Is informed that now not one of them will come without another. Arran and Angus are both here, and would have the Lords come in. It is only the archbishop of Glasgow, Murray and Ross, that are against it.
Cassillis says Harry Steward has done much good in these French matters;—that secret letters had been brought by Groselles for a marriage of the Queen to Albany, which Steward intercepted, and persuaded her to remain firm to England, though some suspect she has written privy letters to France.
Sends a bill of the Lords to whom Magnus thinks it would be advisable to give pensions. The Queen says she will write at this time to the King and Wolsey. Is sure it will be for money. Has great difficulty to avoid being held in suspicion of one or other party.
Groselles, who received his dispatch from the Queen on the 21st, went to Leith the next Sunday, and crossed to Fife in the afternoon. After putting Dunbar in order he goes to France.
Cassillis has sent Wolsey's letter to the Archbishop of St. Andrew's with his credence in writing. Sends copy. The Queen at first wished him not to show his instructions till all the Lords were present, but today she caused him to declare them to those who are now here. Magnus assisted at his declaration, but after a consultation the Council refused to conclude without the other Lords. The Queen probably writes to Wolsey the opinion of the Lords, but her letters were made before they came together. She desires an advance of money for her son's household, and has just asked Magnus to mention it. Edinburgh, 24 Jan. Signed.
Add. Endd.
Cal. B. VII. 75. B. M. St. P. IV. 315, note.
1030. JAMES V.
Proclamation against consorting with Jas. archbishop of St. Andrew's, Gawen bishop of Aberdeen, and John prior of St. Andrew's, who have traitorously refused to come to Edinburgh on safe-conduct, and kept up private councils and trysts in St. Andrew's with Archd. earl of Angus, John earl of Lennox, Walter Scott of Beauxhame (Brauxholm), kt., and other broken men, and have lately seduced from their allegiance Colin earl of Argyle, and others. Edinburgh,—Jan. 12 James V.
English copy.
25 Jan.
Cal. B. VI. 394. B. M. St. P. VI. 316, note.
Proclamation by the Lords at St. Andrew's, dated 25 Jan. 1524, ordering a convention to be held at Stirling on Monday, 6 Feb., to redress the disorders daily occurring for lack of justice during the King's minority, and release him from the control of certain private persons who keep him in an unwholesome and unpleasant place. On the persuasion of the earl of Cassillis, the Lords were willing to have come to Edinburgh on the 15th Jan. last, on condition that a good assurance were made between all persons and parties,—that the King were brought out of the castle, and allowed to pass, by advice of the Lords, to all parts of the realm,—that no artillery should be shot from the castle, and that no footbands nor "wageouris" should be raised to waste the King's money,—and that mutual pledges should be given when desired by either side;—but these offers were refused. No letters under the signet or privy seal are valid during the King's minority, unless passed by a council chosen by the three estates.
25 Jan.
Add. MS. 19,398, f. 47. B. M. Wood's Letters, I. 260.
The King has spoken with "Arondell, the heyre, for a marriage to be had between him and one of my maids." It will be necessary to obtain his father's consent, or he cannot assure her of her jointure. Asks Wolsey's favor to him, that his cause now before him may shortly end, that he may go to his father and make sure of the jointure during the present term. Is anxious to provide for those who have done her service, before God calls her to account. Ampthill, 25 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate.
26 Jan.
Cal. B. VI. 430. B. M. St. P. IV. 312.
Thank him for his good will to the King his nephew, which they request him to continue, as Margaret, who is entirely guided by evil disposed persons, is bringing up her son badly, and keeps him in unwholesome air. She lately summoned the writers to Edinburgh to hear certain things disclosed by Cassillis on his return, but refused them reasonable guarantees for their surety, notwithstanding their late imprisonment. Hope Henry will not support the Queen, unless she consent to the appointment of a wise council. St. Andrew's, 26 Jan. 1524. Signed: James of Sanctandr'—Gawan of Aberdin—Prior of Santtand'—Erl of Angus—Erl of Ergyle—Erl of Lenox.
26 Jan.
Cal. B. III. 68. B. M.
Received his writings long before the coming of the earl of Cassillis or David Wod, "in the mass of Dr. Magnus," a discreet man, dated London, 1 Jan., stating how honorably he is received, and the good intentions of the King and Wolsey towards the King's nephew. Had heard of letters coming from the Cardinal by Wod and by Cassillis, one of whom returned on the 14th, the other on the 17th. Had not received them as yet, as it was not safe for him to enter Edinburgh, and the Queen had not allowed them to be forwarded. He, the lords of Aberdeen, the prior of St. Andrew's, Angus, Argyle, Lennox, and others, had asked leave for free access to the town, and sent articles for that purpose, which the Queen refused. Sent a copy to Magnus, and a paper to their friends in England, by a servant of Angus, to be conveyed by Sir Chr. Dacre. Seeing how much the Queen is misguided, had arranged for a convention to be held at Stirling on the 6th Feb., conformably with the credence of Cassillis and the wish of the Cardinal. Has issued proclamations stating that the King is kept where he is against his will. Proposes to be at Dunfermline on the 28th. Proposes that Magnus should speak with the convention at Stirling. The archbishop of Glasgow has obtained an exemption from the jurisdiction of St. Andrew's, who is primate and legatus natus of Scotland;—some say by the influence of England, others of Albany. Begs him to obtain Wolsey's interposition, and have the exemption annulled. "We pray zow, by ye claith to be our gown of the fynest; ze ken our stature. We can writt na mar. And als bryng ws twa fyne bonetts, syde nekit for our luggs, that the castell has done na guid to." St. Andrew's, 26 Jan.
Add.: "To my lord of Cambuskenneth, &c."
Hol., pp. 4. Endd. in the hand of the latter, "At Loundon, ye viij. day of Febr.," with the following memoranda: "Med. to get licens for grane. Item, ye conductus, &c."
Calig. B. VII. 25. B. M. 1035. The LORDS at ST. ANDREW'S to QUEEN MARGARET.
i. "The thingis to be desirit of ye Quenis grace for forty of the lords yat are to cum to Edinburgh agane ye returning of ye erle of Cassillis, to be schawin be Walter Ogilvie."
1. As his message may be presumed to be important, it is necessary that most of the Lords be present; and as there is a feud between Arran and Eglinton on the one part and Angus on the other, and also between Lennox and the said earls of Arran and Eglinton, the Queen shall cause an assurance to be made between those Lords for the bodily safety of their kin and friends under pain of infamy and a fine of 10,000l. 2. The Queen shall bind herself by writing, signed by the King and herself, that no one coming to Edinburgh at this time to serve his Grace shall be imprisoned or hurt, whatever be their opinions, and desire that no weapons be borne, nor gathering of people held, without the advice of herself and the four Lords named to assist her, viz., St. Andrew's, Aberdeen, Arran, and Argyll. 3. The Queen shall bring the King to his own palace in the abbey, where she may "mair easily be lodgid than in the castle;" and that the captain of the castle be commanded not to fire upon the town without order of the whole Lords of the Council, and that he give his son and others as security. 4. If the Queen will not remove to the abbey, Ogilvie is to desire the delivery of lord Avendale, Sir James Hamilton, James Stuart, lord Avendale's brother, and the captain of Edinburgh's son and heir, as pledges for the security of the Lords, and they shall not be required to come within the castle; but the Queen may have what hostages she pleases.
Jacobus St. Andr.
Gawan, byschop of Aberd'.
Jo. prior of Saintandr'.
Pp. 3. Endd.: "Copies."
Calig. B. VII. 23. B. M. ii. The Queen's answer to the above.
1. The matters which Cassillis is instructed by England to confer about are of more consequence than any action of party between any of the Lords. 2. The King her son will remain in what place he pleases under her direction, having been committed to her keeping by Parliament. 3. The Queen thinks their demand unbecoming true subjects. 4. As to their fear of imprisonment, the last time the bishops of St. Andrew's and Aberdeen were confined in Edinburgh Castle, it was by the advice of the Council, not out of private dislike, and because they refused to acknowledge the King's authority. 5. It is unreasonable to demand that there be no "futband" about the King's person for his security. Albany had a band of footmen constantly about him, and none objected to it. It would be dangerous for her son to be without. She will follow their counsel when they are obedient to her son.
Pp. 4.
26 Jan.
R. O.
Since the last league between the Pope, the French king, the Florentines, the duke of Ferrara, and marquis of Mantua, leaving a place for the Venetians, the Pope and French king have done all they could to induce the last to join it, and send their men to the French camp, or at least to lay down arms and not assist the Emperor. Francis has sent a new ambassador to them with many great offers, "and the duke of Bourbon, and Viceroy, and one other, who was there at the conclusion of the league taken between the Emperor and them at my being there." The Pope's friendship with Francis perplexes the Venetians, so that they do not know how to act. On the 14th, since which date he has had no news, neither party had received an answer, except general words about their men on the borders of the duchy of Milan. The Emperor's troops have victuals, artillery, and powder daily from them. The French king could not have continued as he has done if he had not had victuals from the territory of Placentia, the Pope's city. Divers Almains have come from his army, complaining that they have not had one month's wages for seven weeks' service. Since Bourbon's arrival on the 9th inst., (fn. 6) there has been great hope of the Emperor's affairs. He intended to leave Laude on the 17th to succor Pavia, and either force the King to raise the siege or give battle. The Imperialists are making some secret practice to recover Milan. Does not know how it will succeed, but the battle is hourly looked for, and, it is expected, will be cruel. Has just heard from Bourbon, by a courier sent to the Emperor's brother, that the Pope has sent him a message to treat with the King, and to give up to him the duchy of Milan. The Duke answered that such appointment should be made with the points of swords and spears. He assures Pace there is no hope of any agreement; that he and the whole army are well disposed to do some notable act, and he hopes soon to send good news. "Since that time, I have understood out of the field the Pope's practices made by the archbishop of Capua" to the contrary. He is now in the Emperor's camp, "as I do signify unto the King's highness more at large." 26 Jan.
Pp. 2. In Tuke's hand. Headed: Copy of Mr. Pace's letters to the King's highness.
1037. ii. THE SAME to TUKE.
Sends off this post in haste to inform the King that Bourbon was within 10 miles of the King, the 20th inst., and that the same day he advanced nearer, purposing to give battle, notwithstanding some practices made to the contrary, which are mentioned in his other letters.
P. 1. Copy in Tuke's hand. Headed: To Mr. Tuke.
Copies of the above, in modern hand, will be found in Nero, B. VII. 77, Vit. B. VII. 28, and in Lambeth MS. 245, f. 100.
26 Jan.
R. O.
1038. ADRIEN DE CROY to HENRY VIII. (fn. 7)
Writes to the ambassador the disposition of his and the Emperor's affairs, from whom Henry will hear everything. Milan, 26 Jan. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: Au Roy.
26 Jan.
R. O.
To the same effect. Milan, 26 Jan. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: A, &c., mons. le Legat.
27 Jan.
Calig. B. III. 71. B. M.
1040. ANGUS to [MAGNUS]. (fn. 8)
Has received his "gude effectows writyn" at Glammis, the 20 Jan., dated Edinburgh, the 18th, informing him that the King of England will decide on nothing without consulting the interests of Angus; which he believes. Cannot believe his assertion that by his good offices the Queen will cease her displeasure, as he is excepted out of the number of the Lords to be convened. It would have been no dishonor to her if he had been invited. Thinks that the mission of Grosellis (Gonzolles) has been more successful than Magnus imagines; that he has a commission with a secret article against Angus, for his "coming forth of France, and passing in England." Francis and Albany are greatly displeased, and have written very sharply to the Queen. Has had no time to speak with those Lords that favor England. St. Andrew's, 27 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2.
28 Jan.
Calig. B. III. 60. B. M.
A meeting has been appointed at Stirling on the 6th Feb. next, between the lords of St. Andrew's, Aberdeen, and the Prior, and Angus, Lenox, and others, well willers of the King. Desires he will be at Stirling that day. He is well furnished with spears and fensible gear. At Campbell, 28 Jan.
P.S.—"If I had founden the Lords in any evil mind, but all utterly for the common weal, I would not have written for you."
Copy. p. 1.
28 Jan.
Calig. B. VI. 400. B. M.
Received this day the Cardinal's letter by David Wood, and another the day before by a servant of the earl of Cassillis, which he transmits. The messengers have not had access to deliver their credence. The Lords here have written a letter to the king of England by a servant of Angus at the Earl's Ferry. Expects [Magnus] and Cassillis at Dunfermling according to the message conveyed by Cassillis' servant, when he hopes to have their advice in answering the Cardinal. Prays him to remind his Grace of the revocation of the exemption of Glasgow from the see of Saint Andrew's. Begs to have notice if Cassillis and the Ambassador desire any of the Lords to be with him at the meeting. Had ordered Walter Ogilby to send a copy of the articles directed to the Queen by the Lords "for our sure resorting there." St. Andrew's, 28 Jan. 1524.
Add.: "To my lord Ambassator of Ingland."
Hol., pp. 2.
30 Jan.
R. O.
The King and Queen here have promoted the abbot of Paisley to the bishopric of Murray, as Wolsey will see by their letters to the King and himself. The Abbot is a man of worship, in high displeasure with the French for his loyalty. By Norfolk's advice has used his counsel greatly since he came to these parts, and has found him the most forward to follow the wishes of England. He requests Wolsey's protection for his servant, the bearer, whom he has commissioned to sue for his bulls, and compound with the Lombards. Edinburgh, 30 Jan.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
30 Jan.
Vit. B. VI. 165*. B. M.
1044. WARHAM to [WOLSEY].
By his letters of 31 Dec. learnt what he had already heard in person from him at Richmond. Declared his mind about it then, and is in the same mind now. Hopes [Wolsey] has not forgotten the answer he gave. Would not write about it again, except that it would be negligent not to answer his letter, which asked specially for Warham's opinion. Will be present at the time and place [Wolsey] mentions, and give all possible assistance to these great matters. Knoll, 30 Jan. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
30 Jan.
Vit. B. VI. 29. B. M.
1045. RUSSELL to [WOLSEY].
According to Wolsey's last letters, has [come] here to see how the French cause in Italy prospers. Nothing has been done but what Clerk has written. Went to Naples to buy a horse, as he lost his coming out of Provence. Before leaving Rome, there was a talk of the French coming into Tuska[ny], but after his arrival at Naples it was said that Albany was coming with a great army. If he had come quickly with a small army he might have won it, for no realm was ever so slenderly provided for defence. The commonalty and some of the nobles take the French part. They attempted to plunder the city, saying that the Emperor was dead, and they would choose a new King from themselves. This faction lasted three days, and the merchants were obliged to defend their houses by strength of men. Since that time they have levied men to defend the realm, but Russell thinks the enemy would have found but small resistance, by [cause] they have been so illtreated by the Spaniards. Sends duplicates of the exchange made here of the King's money. Leaves triplicates with Clerk. Rome, 30 Jan. Signed.
P. 2, mutilated.
31 Jan.
Vit. B. VII. 30. B. M.
1046. CLERK to WOLSEY.
Since the late declaration [by the] Pope and French king, the Viceroy and the Imperialists here in their despair have been anxious for a truce. Thinks they would have left Milan to the younger son of Francis, if they could have had a good sum for the investiture. Now, they hear that 200,000 ducats more are coming from Spain, and therefore [draw] back again, and mean nothing [less] than leaving the duchy. There were three other difficulties,—the King's affairs [both with] France and him,—the duke of Bourbon,—and the duke of Milan. As to the two l[ast], Francis has consented to be ordered as the Pope shall reasonably determine; which word, he says, is inserted not because he mistrusts the Pope, but as a bul[wark] against the Imperialists, who will probably be large in asking. As to the first, he said that Henry and himself were at a point, and they should let him alone, for he supposed the matters concluded by that time.
Told the Pope not to believe this, for Francis only said it to raise his estimation in Italy, and make the Imperialists disregard Henry's interests in treating for this truce. The Pope said he supposed so; but it would be well for the Imperialists to take Francis at his word, and make agreement on other points, and then the duchy should be placed in the Pope's hands till Francis showed the King's consent for its delivery.
Said he thought this a good way, and Francis could not refuse it; but that he could not take part in it till he heard again from Wolsey. The Pope asked why. Said that although he thought there w[as no] appointment between the King and France, yet it might be so, as the King might have made his own bargain much more profitably than Clerk could, and therefore he would do nothing that might be prejudicial till he heard again. He answered it made no great [matter], for the truce would not take effect, for the inclination of the Imperialists to leave Milan was merely shown to gain time till they heard from Spain, and were joined by the lanceknights, who had lately come. On the 24th they left Lody and went to Marignana, which is 14 miles from Pavia and x .. from Milan. Every one thinks they will [win] Milan unless Francis defends it; which he connot do without breaking the siege of Pavia, when they would revictual it, and he would have more work than ever.
The Viceroy has given the duke of Milan the investiture, and they have sent it to the Venetians. If they had done it three months ago it would have done good; but now the Venetians answer that they will not meddle, as they cannot do so without danger. There was a report five or six days ago that the French King had recalled Albany; but he is still at Sienna, four days' journey from Rome. The said city will give him 15,000 ducats, two great cannons, and four colubryns. He has marched very slowly, and wishes people would be afraid of him, but he cannot bring it about. News has come today that the two camps in Lombardy are very near each other, and have begun "to crake and to chyd together;" they ought to fight soon. The Emperor's army has left Marignano for St. Angelo, a place nearer Pavia. Francis has sent the captain word that he will rescue him, which he cannot do without fighting. Expects news of a battle hourly. Albany has gone one day's journey from Sienna towards Naples, where he will find the people well-disposed to receive him. Russell says they are as good Fr[ench] in their hearts as the people of Paris. The only stay is in the nobles, and it is hard to say how they will be[have] when the French approach. The kingdom is in great danger of being lost. [Rome], 31 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 5, mutilated. Add.: To my lord Legate's good grace. Endd.
31 Jan.
Calig. B. III. 153. B. M.
My lord of Anguissh wrote that he could not meet him at Coldstream this Saturday by post, the 28th Jan. Marvels he has had no answer, though he waited four days. If he has any letters or credence for Angus, begs they may be sent to my Lady of Coldstream, or to Dr. Magnus. Angus is surprised he gets not the King's mind, as Dacre had written to his Lordship. Coldstream, Tuesday, 31 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
Petition to Wolsey as Chancellor, for a privy seal requiring the appearance in the Star Chamber of Jane, widow and executrix of John Roper, late attorney to the King, who delays payment of the purchase money of certain lands, saying that she is restrained from executing the will.
Draft, corrected by Cromwell, p. 1. Endd.
Jan./GRANTS. 1049. GRANTS in JANUARY 1525.
11. Hubert Heyneman, "boroughmaister" of Neuporte, in Flanders. Licence to export 50 quarters of wheat to Flanders for his household, before next Pentecost. Del. Westm., 11 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
12. Sir Richard Cornewall. To be keeper of the forest of Brengewood, in the lordship of Wigemore, and of "le Pokership" in the said lordship, with the custody of the foreste of Prestewoode, at present held by Sir William Uvedale. Del. Westm., 12 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 2.
12. Sir Ric. Cornewaylle, knight of the Body. Grant of the manor of Kenllegh Ryngyld, als. Kellengh Owen, in the lordship of Chyrk, marches of Wales, lately belonging to Owen Glyndordoy, attainted, and afterwards to Margaret countess of Richmond. Del. Westm., 12 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 2.
12. Commission of the Peace.
Wilts: Thos. card. of York, R. bp. of Winchester, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Edw. lord Stourton, John Tuchet lord Audeley, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir John Fitzjames chief baron of the Exchequer, Rob. Norwich, Wm. Wilton, clk., Thos. Benet, clk., Ric. Hilley, clk., Sir John Bourchier, Sir Edw. Darell, Sir Hen. Long, Sir Edw. Baynton, Sir Wm. Essex, Sir Edm. Tame, Sir Edw. Seymour, Ric. Lyster, Wm. Paulet, Walt. Hungerford, Jas. Lowder, Thos. Elyot, Rob. Baynard, Anth. Stylman, Thos. Yorke, Barth. Husse, John Bonham, John Erneley, Chas. Bulkeley, Rob. Wye. Westm., 12 Jan.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3 d.
12. The abbot of St. Peter's monastery, Westminster. Pardon for liberating, on an insufficient warrant, John Bocher, of Witham, Linc., alias of London, in his custody, for the murder of John Smyth at Witham. Westm., 12 Jan.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31.
16. Commission of the Peace.
Surrey: Thos. card. of York, W. abp. of Canterbury, R. bp. of Winchester, J. bp. of Rochester, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Chas. duke of Suffolk, Chas. earl of Worcester, Thos. lord Roos, Geo. Nevell lord Bergevenny, John Bourghchier lord Bernes, Rob. abbot of Bermondesey, Sir Edm. Haward, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir John Fyneux, Sir John More, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir Thos. Nevell, Sir Hen. Wyat, Sir Ric. Weston, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, jun., Sir Ric. Jernegan, Sir Nich. Carewe, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Sir Matthew Broun, Sir John Gaynsford, Sir Rob. Johns, Sir John Iwarby, Wm. Shelley, Ric. Page, Thos. Hennege, Rob. Wyntershull, John Scot, Christopher More, Wm. Westbroke, John Skynner, Ralph Vyne, Rob. Castelton, John Mores, Thos. Polsted, John Danestre. Westm. 16 Jan.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2 d.
20. William Blower, tenant of lands in Thorle, Isle of Wight. Inspeximus and confirmation of patent 1 Jan. 3 Edw. III., granting the said lands to John le White, of Thorle. Westm., 20 Jan.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 22.
24. Edward Northe, of London. Pardon. Del. Westm., 24 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p.2, m. 14.
24. Commission of the Peace.
Oxfordshire: Thos. card. of York, J. bp. of Lincoln, Thos. duke of Norfolk, Sir Ric. Wyngfeld, Sir Lewis Pollard, Thos. Inglefeld, Sir John Daunce, Sir Wm. Gascoign, Sir Simon Harecourte, Sir Wm. Rede, Sir Edw. Chamberlayne, Sir Walt. Stoner, Sir Wm. Barantyne, Sir Rob. Lee, Thos. Stanley, Wm. Fermour, Thos. Elyott, Luke Langlond, Walt. Bulstrode, John Horne, Thos. Denton, John Osbaldeston, John Busterd, John Brome, Wm. Counser, Geoff. Dormer, Ric. Weynman, Edw. Nowers, Westm., 24 Jan.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3 d.
24. John Wogan, gentleman usher of the King's chamber. To be bailiff of the manor of Roos, Pembroke, S. Wales, vice Gynon ap Gynon, in consideration of his services in England and abroad. Westm., 24 Jan.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 39.
24. Sir Anthony Hungerford. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir John Hungerford. Westm., 24 Jan.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 6.
Writ for the Privy Seal of the above. Hartford, 11 Dec. 16 Hen. VIII.—R. O.
25. Robt. Beamond and William Halse. Licence to export 500 quarters of barley. Westm., 25 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Fr., m. 8.
26. Ric. Pomeroye. Wardship and marriage of John, s. and h. of Thos. Giles and Joan his wife. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 1, m. 24.
28. The duke of Norfolk, treasurer and admiral of England. Licence to export 300 quarters of wheat. Westm., "the day above wretyn." (If this refers to the previous entry the date is 28 Jan.)
Fr., 16 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
28. William Nudegate and Francis Sydney. Licence for two years to export 400 tuns of beer. Westm., 28 Jan.—Fr., 16 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
28. John bp. of Exeter. To hold a market on Saturdays at his manor of Chuddelegh, Devon, and two fairs yearly, one on the eves, days, and morrows of St. Barnabas and St. Mathew. (This grant is in the form of a charter, but witnessed by the King.) Del. Westm., 28 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 14.
28. John Perkens, of Rychemound, Surrey. Pardon for salmon poaching on the grounds of John Lacy, prior of St. Mary's Merton, at Keyoe (Kew), Surrey. Del. Westm., 28 Jan. 16 Hen. VIII.—S. B. Pat. p. 2, m. 14.
28. John Ketilby, serjeant of "le Chaunderye." To be steward and master of the deer hunt in the lordships of Abbotley, Salwarpe, Elmeley, and Lovet; and steward of Shraveley, Worc., parcel of the earldom of Warwick, in the King's hands by the death of Sir William Uvedale. Westm., 28 Jan.—Pat. 16 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23.


  • 1. Corrected to "there."
  • 2. So in MS.
  • 3. These latter articles are not included in Calig. B. VIII.
  • 4. In Masters' MS. (fol. 187) there is an abstract of a letter from Margaret to Henry, as follows:—"She saith that, so that the marriage between the young King (James) and the Princess of England may be made sure, the Lords will be content to forsake all other, and make perpetual peace without comprehension of France; else not. But your Grace signifieth that there is marriage appointed betwixt the Emperor and my lady Princess, and till such promises be discharged your Grace may not fulfil our desire. She writes that it is hard to keep the lords of Scotland from adhering to France. She would have money of king Henry for her own charges and her son's; as also to maintain a guard of 200 men, &c., for the young King is not well obeyed. She thanks the King that he hath taken such order with the earl of Angus that he shall not come to court, &c., without licence; which promises the said Earl, she saith, hath not kept, &c.; therefore, that the King should enforce and urge them."
  • 5. Apostyled by the copyist: "Anglice, not sure bound."
  • 6. "10th" in Vitell. and Lambeth MSS.
  • 7. Probably 1524, but uncertain.
  • 8. "My lord enbassetor."