Henry VIII: June 1525, 22-30

Pages 643-655

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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June 1525

22 June.
Vit. B. VII.
B. M.
1443. CLERK to [WOLSEY].
Master Gregory arrived on the 21st. Deliberated with him about his secret and open instructions. Do not think the Pope will yet meddle with any new practice, either with or against France, that may in anywise prejudice the Emperor, whom he fears above every one. Doubtless he will see what will come of the two princes meeting before he meddles any further; for he sees he has little credit with the Emperor, and less with France, and he knows that he cannot meddle with France without the Emperor's knowing it, which might be very dangerous for him, especially if both princes agree. Is sure he will be very careful how he makes any motion contrary to the Emperor, for he is lately fallen in such fear, and so discouraged, incowarded, and waxen so vile of stomach, that the world marvels thereat, and supposes that if he saves his own, he will look but easily to the reformation of other men's. His whole trust is in the Emperor's goodness.
Although the Pope is thus inclined, and they cannot yet tell how the Emperor will act towards Henry, yet, in consequence of letters from Spain, and a certain justness and goodness which have ever been seen in the Emperor, they imagine he will do his duty. Notwithstanding, seeing that his ministers act so as to cause great discontent in the Pope's mind, and great suspicion in the King's affairs, Clerk and Casale, leaning unto the [instructions] now sent by the latter, upon ripe [delibe]ration went to the Pope; and after delivering the King's and Wolsey's letters, and declaring their zeal and affection to him, Casale said that they had sent him to declare to the Viceroy, Bourbon and other Imperial agents in Italy, what preparations Henry had made for the invasion of France, and to discuss what was best to be done for setting forward the Italian army, and to exhort the Pope and other potentates to aid and contribute to the invasion, in which consists finally the peace of Italy and the weal of all Christendom. He said also that he had been in Lombardy, and seen Bourbon and Pescara, and that he had found matters there in no manner of towardness, but rather uncertainty, by reason of the Viceroy's suspicious demeanor, both before and since his departure; that he was credibly informed that the Viceroy and his friends would induce the Emperor to agree with France to the destruction of Italy, and not greatly to his Holiness's benefit; that the duke of Milan complains that he had offered 1,000,000 of gold and 200,000 or 300,000 ducats for his investiture, and could not get it, and he feared that by the Viceroy's means the Emperor would make some other bargain with the duchy, and put him out of it. Bourbon was in no less [fear] that his promised marriage with the Emperor's sister would be put off. He reminded the Pope of the great excesses of the Imperial army in the places where they lodge; the [like] whereof would scarcely be done by the Turk; and that without reformation, although thousands of complaints had been made. He said also that, knowing how contrary all these things were to the King's mind, who always in [tended] this victory to be moderately used, and entered the war principally to deliver Italy from the French, he could do no less than inform the King, not doubting but that when he hears of the "unsittyng" demeanor of the Imperialists, and the likelihood that the Viceroy will induce the Emperor to follow his steps, he will put himself to all extremities, rather than allow the Emperor to have his purpose. He had declared this to the duke of Milan, who greatly rejoiced, and said that he would endanger his life, and all that he had, rather than the Emperor should thus deceive them. Told the Pope that they advertised him thereof, not only that he might look to these matters for his own interests, but also that they might notify his mind to the King, that they with their friends might the better [bring] these matters to pass. Advised him that, as the Emperor's plans are unknown to any but himself and his Council, and as far as appeared were not to the benefit of Italy or the confederates, it was better to foresee and in time provide some remedy. Thought that in this doubtful world it was better not to wade too far till they knew how the Pope would ta[ke] this general overture, made as upon their own h[eads] and from what Gregory and he had known only since the former came to Italy.
His Holiness observed he was glad that Sir Gregory had found such a new world in Lombardy, and said that if he would have begun "a lyty[l] evyll," when all thought evil was at an end, he should not have been in this perplexity. He seemed to be wary of speaking too far, for fear of reports to the Imperialists. Assured him he need not doubt any such thing, and reminded him of communications had after the victory, wherein doubts were made of these "inconvenientes," which are now likely to happen. He said he remembered, and that then he might easily have had the French king from them, and then he would have been out of this business, "butt ther is no tyme past." Said again that if there were any remedy, it would be well for him to provide it in time. He said there would be found reme- dies enough, and that he thought the Emperor would never consent to the Viceroy's devices, which the Chancellor would hinder; that he is certainly informed that the Viceroy tries to get the duchy of Milan and the lordship of Carpe, promised many days ago to the marquis of Pescara, and that he intends the Emperor to make peace with Francis, without taking much of France, if Francis will help him to as much of Italy as he desires; that in the six gallies the King's mother had sent 200,000 crowns to make the Emperor's councillors favorable. He concluded by bidding them write to Wolsey that there was great hope that the Emperor, for all the malignity of his ministers, would behave as he ought to do with his confederates; and if he did not, if the King were so minded, there should be ways enough found to order all matters well enough, and that he would not fail the King. He said he was a sorry priest that brought not his clerk with him; meaning that if he entered this dance he would not fail to bring company with him.
Asked him how the Venetians stood with the Emperor. He said they were bound, but there were ways enough to creep out; meaning that there was occasion enough for them and himself to loose themselves at their pleasure. Thought this resolution good enough for the first time, till they hear again about the Emperor's behavior and from Wolsey. If Wolsey likes this way, "it would not be slacked"; and it seems that the Pope knows that the Venetian ambassador has like things to treat with Wolsey, as one likely to attempt more than the Pope. Remembers that once before he wrote of a similar motion made by the Pope, and he is sorry that Wolsey answered so vehemently that the Pope should not suspect such things in the Emperor. Will daily hearken farther and farther, and on all occasions set forth these matters, according to Wolsey's instructions, as they see some light appear. Casale has handled the Pope very wisely and discreetly. Rome, 22 June. Signed.
Pp. 10, mutilated.
22 [June].
Vit. B. VII. 170.
B. M.
1444. PACE to [WOLSEY].
Wrote last on the 14th in answer to his of the 19th [ult.] Since then the Imperial ambassador has been pressing the Venetians for a conclusion according to their promise. They answer that they will [give] up the writings for the amity with Bourbon and the Emperor; but will pay nothing till they receive a ratification from the Emperor. The ambassador took this very displeasantly, and said that the Emperor hearing of this delay would perhaps not accept the amity. There has been no news of the French king since his departure. All men marvel at his sudden removal, and are perplexed as to what shall result therefrom. In Almayne diets are held for pacifying the insurrection, and there is some hope of good order.
The villains of Austria have lately taken Salzburg from the card. of Salzburg, who is defending himself without fear, with men and artillery in the c[astle]. Venice, 22 [June]. (fn. 1) Signed.
P. 1, mutilated.
23 June.
Cal. B. I. 115.
B. M.
St. P. IV. 383.
Had written two letters, one of the 31 May, the other 8 June. The truce between the two countries will expire 6 July. It is important to decide what shall be done, as the Council there listen for advertisements from France, and he does not trust their words. Has represented to them, from information from Sir Will. Evers, the damages done on the Borders, and delivery of the 40 prisoners, with redress for damages done since the commencement of the peace, especially for the 100 horse taken from Teviotdale. Angus has been appointed to provide the remedy, but does not keep his appointment. Has roundly remonstrated. Thinks they will try to overreach him by conveying the prisoners "into the danger of the thieves of Tyndale." The Armstrongs and other thieves of Liddisdale have been taken, but are not strictly watched. The Queen is at Stirling,—is resolved on her divorce from Angus on the pretext that "she was married to the said Earl, the late king of Scots her husband being alive, and that the same King was living three years after the field of Flodden or Brankeston." The earl of Arran has been here, and departed after ineffectual attempts to make arrangements. Edinburgh, 23 June. Signed.
Add.: "Unto my lord Legate's good grace."
Cal. B. VI. 416.
B. M.
I. "A packet of letters sent from the duke of Albany to his factor at Rome, intercepted within the duchy of Milan, had these letters as followeth: a summary extract whereof hereafter ensueth:—
"First, a letter from the queen of Scotland to the duke of Albany, of credence to be given to one John Cantely. The superscription of the letter is 'A Mons. mon cousin le duke de Albany, gouvernour descosse,' dated the 1st (fn. 2) day of February," [at Edinburgh].
"Item, another letter sent to the duke of Albany, of the same tenour, and having the same superscription, subscribed conjointly with the Kinges hand of Scotland and the Quenes, bearing date the xx. day of February."
"The credence committed to the said John Cantely, as by a duplicate thereof found in the said packet appeareth, was as followeth:"
Is to state that though she has sent ambassadors to England, she has no intention to accept the truce without the comprehension of France. Begs his interest with the latter. She has made no arrangement with Danjou (Angus), who is strongly supported by England. France must aid her if they would have herself and her son. Begs him to be secret, and that her letters be not sent into England, as they were on other occasions.
II. "The copy of the letter of the duke of Albany, sent to Octavian, his factor at Rome."
The Pope will learn from the above letters and the bearer, the archdeacon of St. Andrew's, that they still call and hold him governor. He is to hasten the Queen's divorce; she desires nothing more than its conclusion, and has written to the Duke with her own hand most pressingly. He wishes it was already done. If the witnesses who are here could have gone to Rome they would. Is to ask the Pope to support the Archdeacon in his benefice. Angus has been made protector in his absence. The King is guarded by Darguil (Argyll?), Chasselay (Cassillis?), and other great folks. They are more anxious than ever for Albany's return. His policy will depend upon the turn affairs take. The English were never in greater want of money, and discontent, than now. It would be as well to send out of Rome all who are there for Scottish affairs.—Fr.
III. "The tenor of the duke of Albany's letters to the Pope's Holiness, for the gift of the promotions in Scotland."—Fr.
(See No. 144.)
IV. "The tenor of the duke of Albany's letters to the Pope's Holiness, for expedition of the divorce to be made between the queen of Scotland and the earl of Angus." Begs his attention to the Queen's petition. Hotavian is well informed. 24 June.—Fr.
"Also for the gift of the benefices and promotions in Scotland, there be letters sent from the said Duke, as well to the whole college of Cardinals as also to every cardinal apart, of such tenor as that is which is sent to the Pope."
Pp. 7. Endd.
R. O. 2. Copy of the same in Wriothesley's hand.
Pp. 4. Endd.
R. O. 3. The names of the Lords to whom it is thought necessary to give pensions for the common weal of both the realms.
To the earls of Angus, Lennox, Arran, and Argyle, 250 marks sterling=500 angels=1,500 franks "with the Moor in Frenshe money," to each.
To the earl of Egiltoun, to the earl of Kincarne, and the Master, his son, and to lord Maxwell, 150 marks each. Sir Jas. Hamilton, son of the earl of Arran, 50 marks. Total, 1,000l.=3,000 angels=9,000 fr.
P. 1, in a different hand.
Cal. B. VI. 408.
B. M.
1447. ALBANY to the POPE.
Reminding him of his promise to appoint such persons as Albany had nominated to the bishopric of Murray and the abbey of Melrose, and not agreeably to the wishes of England. Begs that whatever has been done by him to the prejudice of Scotland be repaired. Albany still holds the government. Begs credence to be given to Mons. de Carpy and Hotavian (Octavian).
P. 1. Duplicate in the hand of Albany's clerk. Endorsed in the same hand: "Doubles des lettres que Monseigneur escript an Pappe."
23 June.
Cal. B. VII. 220.
B. M.
Angus appointed two days of trew at Koklawe, the one 17 June, the other on the 23rd, but did not come. Encloses copies of two letters which he wrote to Angus and Magnus, with their answers. Angus has appointed a day of trew at Koklawe on the 29th. Eure will not fail to be there, and make redress on the part of England, if Scotland will do the same. Sees no inclination to justice in the Scots for the East and Middle Marches; they commit great robberies in Glendale and Kokdale. Continues the garrison men in stages till he knows Wolsey's pleasure. Hexham, 23 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "To my lord Cardinal's grace." Endd. (in a later hand?): "From Sir Will. Evers."
24 June. Cal.
B. I. 142.
B. M.
Forwards duplicate of the letters which he sends to the Pope on the affairs of Scotland, as he has already informed the cardinal of Ancona, Mons. De Carpy, and his solicitor, Messire Hotavyan. Sends with them a copy of the credence of the king of Scotland and the Queen. Begs their intercession with the Pope. Mirefleur, 24 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.: "A Messrs. &c. les Cardinaulx du Saint Collieige Appostolicque."
24 June.
R. O.
Will not write a long letter, as he has been absent from the Court on account of colic and fever, which are now better. Asks him, after he has been informed by Hotavien and the Duke's agent at Rome of the state of affairs in Scotland, and after seeing the copies of the letters which the Duke has written to the Pope and the College, to communicate with the cardinal of Ancona, and to go either with or without him to make the remonstrances to the Pope, of which Albany has already spoken. Myrefleur, 24 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
24 June.
R. O.
Asks his favor on matters relating to the kingdom and himself, about which he writes to the Pope. Asks credence for the count of Carpy, and his secretaries Hottavyan and Ferraris, who will give him fuller information. Myrefleur, 24 June. Signed.
Fr., p. 1.
R. O. 2. A duplicate of the above, also signed.
24 June.
Vit. B. VII. 171.
B. M.
The Viceroy left without making any appointment with the Venetians, but desired Bourbon to do so. The Duke has been in hand with their ambassador several times about it. Yesterday he and Pescara thought to have concluded with them, and to have received the 80,000 ducats. They still agree to pay this sum; but they wish to have the treaty ratified by the Emperor first, although Bourbon and Pescara have full power to conclude such matters with them and other powers of Italy. Bourbon fears that they do this "for some caulte," and that other powers of Italy are joined with them, by whom some business will be moved against the Emperor. Bourbon has sent a gentleman to advertise the Archduke of this, asking him to get ready 6,000 lanceknights in case of any such affair, or else to serve against France. He hears that the French are determined to send 7,000 or 8,000 foot and 300 [or 400] men-at-arms into Saluce, which adjoins Piemount; and it is feared they have some intelligence with some of the potentates here by whose means they can come into Italy. Bourbon and Pescara, therefore, with such men as are here, intend to draw near those quarters in five or six days.
They are sending to Naples and other places to get money, but Russell does not think they will [l]evy much, as there has been so much had al[ready], although Pescara and others have sent to pledge all their lands there. The Emperor's army diminishes daily. There are not more than 2,000 or 3,000 Almains left. The Spaniards are said to be 6,000, but half of them are Italians. If the enterprise proceeds, Almains must be sent for, and they will not be here for six weeks, and not in their enemies ground for three weeks more; so that if the King's and Emperor's mind is not known soon, nothing can be done. Wrote before that the Viceroy said he had found means to pay the army till the present month; but he has gone leaving the foot unpaid for two months, and the horse for five or six months, and no one can tell how money is to come to pay them. Bourbon still intends to go to Spain if the army is not shortly set forwards; to which the Pope and other Italian powers persuade him, for they fear that the Viceroy will cause some treaty of peace to be made with Francis, and that the Emperor and he will jointly make war on them. Asks Wolsey what he is to do if Bourbon goes to Spain. Has written many times, and usually every forten[e days]; but he fears that some of the letters have been intercepted, for Sir Robt. Wingfield writes that two packets have been received at once. Milan, 24 June. Signed.
Pp. 3, mutilated. Add.: [To my lord]e Legates [grace].
25 June.
p. 132.
I have received your letters by Menesses. I am bitterly annoyed at the conduct of the Lutherans. As soon as I am in Italy I intend to exter- minate them. I do not think it advisable that you should at present endeavor to obtain the crown of the Romans. I am writing to various princes of Germany. The king of France is here, and has proposed certain articles of peace, to which I am inclined. I see no way except for me to marry Isabella of Portugal, with whom the King offers a million of ducats; but I shall not take any step without the consent of the king of England, as I have sent him word. I wish for no war this year, but to attend to my marriage. As for the papers found in the chests of the king of France, they are in Italy. He and I are very courteous to each other. I have not had time to take the affair of Hannart into consideration. Toledo, 25 June 1525.
27 June.
Galba, B. VIII.
B. M.
Desires credence for John de la Sauch, touching the grievances of Michael Dardare, a Navarrese, who has been plundered by the captain of a galleon now at Hanthone (Southampton), notwithstanding safe-conducts from the King and Emperor. Hochstrate, 27 June 1525. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. and endd.
27 June.
Galba, B. VIII. 179*.
B. M.
Desires credence for John de la Sauch, to whom she is writing about a murder committed at Antwerp by Gregory Piscaire, a Castilian fugitive, at present detained at Calais, encouraged by his cousin, a wealthy merchant. Desires that justice may be done upon him, and would be glad if the King would deliver him up to be confronted with his accomplices. Hochstrate, 27 June 1525. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add. and endd.
28 June.
Vit. B. VII.
B. M.
1456. PACE to [WOLSEY].
Wrote all the occurrences here in his three letters of the present month. Since then the bishop of Bayeux has arrived with letters of credence from the French king's mother. After stopping here six days, he demanded audience of the Seignory, and declared to them, with many pleasant words, how great reputation they had in France, and that the King's mother desired them to mediate with the Pope, the Emperor, and the King for the restitution of her son, saying that they were determined in France to meddle no further in Italy, but to look to their own, for which they had taken so good an order that they were ready to defend themselves, and offend any who would molest them.
The Venetians gave a general answer in few words, promising to help as much as they could to the restoration of the French king in a convenient manner. Thinks something further is meant by the Bishop's coming, for an ambassador was here before him, immediately after the capture of the King, with the same charge that he has declared. Wrote before about the answer of the Venetians to the Imperial ambassador. There is no certain knowledge as yet of the arrival of Francis in Spain. Asks him to see to the payment of his diets. His factors there have received none for a long time, and he cannot live without them. Venice, 28 June. Signed.
P. 1.
28 June.
R. O.
1457. JACQUES MARCHAL to OCTAVIAN OLARIO, Albany's Secretary at Rome.
My Lord writes also, as you will see, and has ordered me to send 100 cr. of the sun, which I have delivered to Leonard Spina, who is going thither. You must consult with him about 50 cr. of the sun which have been taken at the bank (en banc) more than my Lord's order warranted for you and the secretary Ferrariis. My Lord says that whoever took them must [re]pay them, and that he will pay nothing. You would do well to write about it to my Lord. Thanks for the pains you have taken about my brother, the prior of Ste. Florine. Let me know of the receipt of the 100 cr. Lyons, 28 June.
Hol., p. 1, Fr. Add.: A mon trescher seigneur et frere, Messire Octavian Olario, secretaire de Monsr. le duc d'Albanye, à Rome.
29 June.
R. O.
1458. JACQUES MARCHAL to OCTAVIAN OLARIO, Albany's Secretary at Rome.
I have written of 50 cr. of the sun demanded by Leonard Spina, and of which he has spoken to my Lord. I had hoped you might have been spared, but my Lord has answered me that those who have taken them must pay them, and that he does not mean to pay anything. I have given Spina 100 cr. of the sun for you, by my Lord's command. Let him hear no more of it. Lyons, 29 June.
Hol., Fr., p. 1. Add.
30 June.
R. O.
Is surprised that they did not meet him at Tunbridge with the other inhabitants, as he wished to decide whether it were better to have a grammar school founded at Tunbridge for 40 scholars, with exhibitions to Oxford, or the continuance of the priory.
A good number of the townsmen were with him today, and stated, both in word and in writing. that they thought the priory better. Required them to meet him here by nine a.m. on Monday, to give their answer, with the names of those who agree with them, to be sent up to Wolsey. If they cannot come on Monday, they must certify him at Maidstone, on St. Thomas's Day. Otford, 30 June. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
Cal. B. VI. 401.
B. M.
"Thes ar the names of suche as haith had the rewell of the countre of Northumbrelond and keeperis boithe of Riddisdale and Tindale, being wardain, vice wardane, and lieutenantes, and diverse of theym captaignes of Berwik sithe the last yere of the reigne of king Edward the ffourthe." (1.) The earl of Northumberland, captain of Berwick, with 2,000 marks fee in time of war, and 1,000l. in peace, "ruled the country very substantially and well, always remaining in the country." (2.) Sir Henry Percy, who had the accustomed fees and the nomination of the sheriff with the profits thereof, Bambrughe and Dunstanbrugh, and the country was very "well ruled." (3.) Sir Roger Heron was vice-warden and lieutenant of the East and Middle Marches and keeper of Norham. Had the accustomed fees and money from the King's coffers for aid as often as he required, "and ruled the country very well." (4.) John Heron his son, who was slain at Dunss by the Scots, was lieutenant of the Middle Marches and keeper of Riddisdale, and "occupied not long." (5.) Sir Wm. Heron his brother was lieutenant of the Middle Marches and keeper of Riddisdale but a short time. (6.) "Sir Edward Radcliffe and Sir Roger Fenwik was lieutenant of the Middle Marches and keepers of Riddisdale and Tyndale, with the fees accustomed," and 1,000 marks a year besides, "and suffer (sic) the country to be misguided and clear out of order, and did ill." (7.) Lord Dacre was lieutenant of the East and Middle Marches; had the custody of Norham and Wark, the nomination of the sheriff and profits, and 40 men in wages; and was keeper of Riddisdale and Tyndale 12 years. "The country out of good order and evil ruled."
"Also, these be the fees that Sir William Eure gives over and besides his household wages. First, to his four deputes for the Marches, 40l.; to Sir John with Tindale, 40l.; to John Ogle, 5l.; to Hew Ridle, 3l. 6s. 8d.; to Thomas Errington, 3l. 6s. 8d.; to Perceval Selby, 4 marks; to Edward Gallon, 4 marks; to George Ogle, 4 marks; to John Bednell, 4l.; to four warden-serjeants for the Marches, 8l.; to a porter at Herbottle, 4l.; to the constable at Herbotle, 10l." Total, 121l. 13s. 4d., besides servants' wages,&c. "And also his expenses for him and his servants from Michaelmas unto Christmas, which comes unto the sum of 54l."
P. 1.
R. T. 137
R. O. Teulet, I. 51.
Instructions given by Louise, Regent of France, to her ambassador in Scotland. The King will thank them for their desire to continue the French alliance, and keep the treaty of Rouen, for their refusal to make peace with England, and for remitting the government again to Albany. As the Duke, however, has only just arrived in Italy, and the capture of the King has caused great loss of powerful men, they must not be displeased if he remains some time, though, if it were a case of necessity, she would not only send him, but do all else that was possible. The affairs of France are in good order, and Francis will soon return in freedom and honor, having been unsurpassed in personal bravery n this battle.
Fr., pp. 2.
R. T. 137.
R. O. Teulet, I. 49.
Reply of the Regent Louise to the Scotch ambassadors.
To reply to the credence of John Cantuly (Cantley), archdeacon of St. Andrew's, ambassador from the Scotch queen. Had already sent an ambassador to Scotland, but he had been delayed, first on the arrival of Patris, and afterwards on that of Cantley. Thanks the Queen for her determination to continue the alliance.
Margaret has informed her that she has sent ambassadors to England to treat for abstinence of war, including France, and that being refused she was obliged to treat for a perpetual peace, but charged her ambassadors to demand Berwick and the Debateable Ground to be delivered up to her, with a large sum of money, and that they should do nothing without communicating with her. Knows that the Queen and Council are too wise to give up an ancient friend for an enemy who wishes to become reconciled with Scotland in order to separate it from France. As to the princess Mary, she has already been promised to the Dauphin and to the Emperor, and in like manner they will break the promise made to the Scotch; and also, by the treaty of Rouen, the king of Scotland should marry one of the daughters of the French king, as the ambassador will show more fully. Francis will send such assistance as he is bound to do by the treaty of Rouen. He and Louise will give Margaret a pension of 4,000 livres and a lordship in France of the same value.
Teulet, I. 54. 1463FRANCE and SCOTLAND.
Instructions to the seigneur de Saignes, (fn. 3).councillor of parliament at Toulouse, sent to Scotland by the King's mother, regent of France.
To deliver the Regent's letters of credence, and, after making her recommendations to the king of Scots and his mother, to remind them of the old alliance between the two countries, [as he formerly did when ambassador in Scotland,] (fn. 4) the perfect confidence which the kings of France have always had in the Scots, to whom they have committed the guard of their persons; that the noblemen of Scotland have always been well received in France, so that there are great houses in France sprung from the Scotch nobility, and that such is the love between the French and the Scotch that it is esteemed indissoluble; that the Regent on her part means to keep it inviolable, and trusts the Scotch will observe the treaty of Rouen. He shall also represent to them the hatred of the English, and the claims put forward by the king of England against Scotland. Although England at present makes them great offers, it is only to estrange them from France, and it would not be wise to desert their old friends for the alliance of their enemies. These things have been well considered by the Scotch king's mother, who has refused to leave the French alliance in spite of menaces. The estates of Scotland have taken the same course, and proved the reality of their friendship by refusing to abandon France after the capture of her king, and replacing the government in the hands of Albany. They must not, however, be displeased if the Duke still makes some delay, considering the state of France, and that he has to come from beyond the mountains. If the necessity for his presence be very urgent he shall be sent.
Saignes shall tell the Queen apart that if she will persist in her good purpose it will be the preservation of her son and his kingdom. He shall offer her from this time a pension of 4,000 livres. If anything should happen to her in consequence, she will be well received in France, and have, besides the pension, 4,000 livres of rent by patent of Madame. He shall also visit the bishop of St. Andrew's, chancellor of Scotland, thank him for maintaining the alliance, and assure him that France will use its influence to get him a cardinal's hat and the exemption he desires, and that his nephew shall have a bishopric or abbey in France. He is to enquire of Albany's secretary, who went to Scotland in company with the Chancellor's nephew, what has become of the letters and money sent by him to Scotland in consequence of the requests made by Albany last August. If the pensions have been distributed he shall promise the recipients that they shall be regularly paid. If he find that the letters have been delivered without the money, he shall tell them that Madame thought the money had been sent, and that, among other things, he was charged to enquire if payment had been made, and shall do his best to satisfy them. But if the letters have not been delivered, and no one is disappointed, he shall say nothing about it.
He must use every effort to prevent their treating with England, and tell them that since he received his despatch one Patrick Wymes arrived at court, showing the difficulties they had had with England, and the necessity they would be under to make peace for three years without France if they had not immediate assistance. He shall thank them for their steadfastness, and say that France will give them all the aid they can if affairs should require it; that Madame hopes they will have due regard to the state of France, which happily is whole and united, and well supplied with soldiers to annoy England on this side if he made war upon Scotland; that at this moment, happily, they have no war except upon the frontiers, and Madame hopes that the King will shortly be released, and that there will be an universal peace in which Scotland will not be forgotten. Their request to be allowed to make peace for three years without comprehending France would be a direct contravention of the treaty of Rouen, and the war made at the extremities of Scotland is not such as should make them abandon France. Neither Francis nor his predecessor ever treated with England without comprehending the Scots, and Henry only wishes to make them abandon France to their own ruin. If they make peace now every one will say they adhere to their friends only in their prosperity; and Madame is assured they will consider every thing well before consenting to dishonorable conditions.
Since these instructions were made out an ambassador arrived from the Queen with instructions to Madame, to which the above are partly an answer. Margaret desires advice in case the king of England should offer his daughter to the Scotch king, and declare him his heir, or propose to arrange with him, in case of his having any other heir, for a sum of money and the towns in dispute between England and Scotland. Madame thinks that if the treaties between France and Scotland be reserved, this will be the least injurious course she can take. Nevertheless she reminds her that Henry promised his daughter to the Dauphin, and afterwards to the Emperor, and will probably keep faith with her as with them. Moreover by the treaty of Rouen the Scotch king ought to take a daughter of France. Signed by Louise.
D. IX. 130. B. M.
Madame is going to Narbonne in order to be nearer the Emperor and hear news of her son. She expects to make good terms with the Emperor, and has made him great offers by her ambassadors,—500 men-at-arms, 10,000 foot, &c. She has spread a report that she hopes to gain Bourbon, and take with her the widow of Alençon, whom she says she will marry to the Duke. She presses on the marriage of Francis with the queen of Portugal, by which alliance Naples and Milan will be set at rest, and assures him "qu'il n'y a point de querelle en quelque façon que ce soit au royaulme de France, ne a Milan, en Bourgoigne, ny en Picardye." She has many spies in England, who inform her that only 12,000 English are in marching order. In order to put a good face on the matter, troops of different descriptions are stationed about Abbeville and other places. There are only 4,000 lanzknechts, who have just come through Lorraine, and are about Amiens. The gens d'armes have ravaged Picardy, and made the people fly from their houses. She has sent an order through the whole kingdom that the taxes for all the year be paid by the 8th July, and has given power to officers to arrest body and goods.
On her assuring the people of Rouen that there was no fear of the English, they have sent her a sum of money they otherwise would have retained. She hopes to wheedle the king of England until the season is past, and make her market with the Emperor in the interval. Vendôme is dissatisfied, and it is thought he will follow the example of Bourbon, because the Regent and the Chancellor persuaded Alençon before his death to make the duke of Orleans his heir, to the exclusion of Vendôme. Fifteen days ago there was a report that the English would land at Calais to march upon France, at which every one was astonished, but not sorry, because they said that the English were welcome, and would treat the people well. The Regent has spread a report that the estates of England have rejected the King's demands, and will not consent to a war, and that he is not loved by his subjects. The count of St. Pol and the duke of Albany are no longer friends.
Fr., pp. 2, mutilated.
Ibid. f. 132. 2. Another copy of the above.
Pp. 3, mutilated.
S. B.
Protection for the abbey and its members; forbidding all captains and soldiers to lodge within any of its houses, or to forage within its lands without paying for the provisions taken with the goodwill of the owners; and permitting the convent to visit their fraternities (quester leurs confraries), to publish their pardons and indulgences, and to carry the holy relics and other jewels of the abbey, without arrest or hindrance, provided they do not declare any property to belong to them which does not in truth.—June 1525. (In French.)
Fr., 17 Hen. VIII. m. 1.
June./GRANTS. 1466. GRANTS in JUNE 1525.
2. Ric. Griffyth, weaver, of Fekenam, Worc. Pardon for having stolen certain goods belonging to Wm. Reynoldes. Del. Westm., 2 June 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. Thomas Warde, gentleman harbinger to the King. Reversion of the keepership of the houses of the upper bailiff within the castle of W[indsor?], now held by Peter Warton by patent 3 Hen. VII. Windsor [Castle], 24 May 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Windsor, 4 June.—P.S.
8. Francis Pointz, squire for the Body. Grant of 7½d. a day for the office of keeper of the forests of Kyngeswood and Fyllwood, Glouc. and Somers., from 14 Sept. 15 Hen. VIII.; the patent granting him the office being invalid with respect to the fees. Windsor, 22 May (?) 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 June.—P.S. (mutilated). Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
15. Francis Pawne, page of the Chamber. To be comptroller of the port of Berwick-upon-Tweed; with 5l. per annum. Bridewell, 15 June 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
16. Sir Tho. Cheyne. Custody of Rouchester Castle, Kent, and the rent pertaining called castleward. Teste Westm., 16 June ao 17.—P.S. Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 4.
20. John Croche, of Marchefilde, Glouc., maltman. Pardon for the murder of Ric. Harford, chaplain. Westm., 20 June.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26.
20. Nicholas West, grocer, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Del.Westm., 20 June 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
21. Miles [Fo]rest. To be bailiff of the lordship of Depyng, Linc., on surrender of patent 23 Sept. 7 Hen. VIII., granting the same to Roger More, clerk of the Larder. Del. Westm., 21 June 17 Hen.VIII.—S.B.
21. Henry Norys, squire for the Body. Wardship of Wm., s. and h. of John Morgan. Del. Westm., 21 June 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
21. Wm. Wodeford, yeoman usher of the Chamber. To be keeper of Gedyngton woods, in Rokyngham forest. Windsor, 10 June 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 21 June.—P.S.
22. John Felix, butcher, of London. Protection; going in the suite of lord Berners. London, 19 June 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 June.—P.S. Fr., 17 and 18 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
22. John Persons, draper, of London. Protection; going in the suite of lord Berners. Bridewell, 16 June 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 22 June.—P.S. Fr., 17 and 18 Hen. VIII. m. 2.
24. Baldwin Willoughby, sewer of the Chamber. Reversion of the keepership of the park and warren of Oveston, Northt., and an annual rent of 5l.; now held by Edw. Vavysour and Tho. Rowse, by patent 13 Aug. 3 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 June 17 Hen. VIII.
26. Commissions of Gaol Delivery.
Leicester town gaol: Hen. Eliott the mayor, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Wm. Rudhale, Ralph Swyllynton, Wm. Wygston, jun., Rob. Harwar.
Gloucester town: John Rawlins the mayor, Sir Lewis Pollard, Tho. Engleffeld, serj.-at-law, Wm. Rudhale, serj.-at-law. Tho. Matston, John Coke, Tho. Teylowe, Wm. Jorden, Wm. Hasard.
Suffolk gaol (Ipswich): Sir Ric. Wentworth, Sir Anth. Wyngfeld, Humph. Wyngfeld, John Suliard, Lionel Talmage, Tho. Russhe, John Harvy of Oulton. Westm., 26 June.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 23d.
26. Randulph Grene, of Uppyngham, Rutl., keeper of Beamount park, Rutl. Pardon for the murder of John Michell. Del. Westm., 26 June 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
27. Edm. Barrowe, of Wykhambroke, Suff. Pardon for the murder of Barnard Rymbers, of Denston, Suff., brewer. Del. Westm., 27 June 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
28. Rob. Hogges, of Trynford, Oxon, laborer. Pardon for having killed John Myncham, of Brakley, Northt., "cowper," in self-defence. Westm., 28 June.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.
28. Sir Ric. Whetehill. Grant, in tail male, of 20l. out of the manors of Barton-on-Humber and Stewton, Linc., which came to the hands of Henry VII. on the death of William late viscount Beaumont and lord Bardolf, by reason of attainder of Francis late lord Lovell; on surrender of patent 20 Sept. 16 Hen. VIII., granting a like annuity out of the manor of Wormegay, Norf. Also grant of arrears due from Wormegay. Del. Westm., 28 June 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23.
Copy of the preceding.—R.O.


  • 1. Supplied from the heading.
  • 2. 22nd in the document itself. See No. 1111 antè.
  • 3. Originally intended for Francis de Bordeaux, seigneur de la Poissoniere, president of Rouen.
  • 4. This clause, which is cancelled in the draft, refers to the previous mission of Francis de Bordeaux.