Henry VIII: January 1526, 26-31

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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'Henry VIII: January 1526, 26-31', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530, ed. J S Brewer( London, 1875), British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp852-878 [accessed 13 July 2024].

'Henry VIII: January 1526, 26-31', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Edited by J S Brewer( London, 1875), British History Online, accessed July 13, 2024, https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp852-878.

"Henry VIII: January 1526, 26-31". Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Ed. J S Brewer(London, 1875), , British History Online. Web. 13 July 2024. https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol4/pp852-878.


January 1526

26 Jan.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
1926. LEE to [WOLSEY].
After giving the King's recommendation to the Emperor, delivering his letters, and declaring the cause of his coming and his instructions, to which the Chancellor replied, delivered Wolsey's letters, which the Emperor read. Then, in the presence of Tunstal and Sampson, said that Wolsey desired his Majesty to take him as one devoted to him with his whole heart,—that there was no prince he was more ready to serve next to his master,—that if any one gave the Emperor suspicions of him, he doubted not he should discharge himself and defend his innocent and blameless mind;—further, that Wolsey besought him not to give ear to ill reports, for those who spread them wished to bring him into the Emperor's displeasure, and to dissolve the amity between the princes; for which no one could be more sorry than he, as no amity is so expedient and necessary to his Majesty as that with the King; and he would rather give his whole study to maintain and increase it than allow any part thereof to be diminished.
The Emperor, after conversing with his Chancellor, briefly answered by him that he had always loved Wolsey and honored him as a father; that certain reports had for a time alienated him, but he was very glad to hear of Wolsey's toward mind to him and to the preservation of the amity, in preserving which Wolsey would do the thing he most desired, and that Wolsey would always find him ready to do him any pleasure in his power. Sampson will report about Wolsey's debts. Asks for instructions in writing, and a commission if Wolsey thinks fit. Toledo, 26 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2.
26 Jan.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
1927. LEE to WOLSEY.
Begs Wolsey for an increase of his diet according to the promise made to him at his departing, as he finds, even with that and his own portion adjoined, he cannot live at this great court, as my lord of London and the Dean of the chapel can testify. Toledo, 26 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
26 Jan.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
Soon after their last letter of 2 Dec. the Emperor sent, as commissioners to Madrid to treat with the French king, the Viceroy, don Hugo de Montcada and John Almain, who went thither; but as they had not a sufficient commission to conclude what Francis proposed, he said he would not treat with him, lest they should try how much they could get of him. Don Hugo and John Almain returned, and were sent back after five or six days, when "the practice of the peace began to be fervent in secret manner;" the ministers on both sides saying that it was sure to take place, seeing the Emperor's necessity, and the French king's desire for liberty. No particulars are known, but it is universally said Francis is to have the queen of Portugal, which will be far more honorable than giving her to Bourbon. Hear that the Chancellor and De Reux spoke so strongly for Bourbon's compensation that they offended the Emperor, telling him he had allured Bourbon out of France only by hope of that marriage. Finally the article was passed in council, and great recompences offered to Bourbon, first by ministers, and afterwards by the Emperor himself; which overture, we hear, made him "much to muse," feeling himself "frustrate of his chief hope;" but hearing the Emperor's necessities explained to him, he at last "said with his tongue he was content,"—whether he was in his heart or not. So Francis, being assured of the Queen, agreed more readily to many articles at which he would otherwise have "sticked."
The commissioners, now the Viceroy and now John Almain, ran in post to remove difficulties; and, seeing they were like to come to peace, we went one day to the Chancellor, and told him that as the King had made the Emperor partake of his peace, we hoped they would put in some article for their discharge about the indemnity, as they had often promised, and also an article "whereby your peace with the French king might be the stronglier kept, and the French king thereby the more ware to break any article thereof;"—that this would be only right, as Henry was brought to the war for the Emperor. The Chancellor promised that articles should be made for the indemnity as strong as could be devised, but said no more. Before the three months' truce expired the French secretary came to us, mainly, as it seemed, to ask if we thought the Chancellor inclined to peace, as they had put many articles in the Emperor's hands, on which they could not learn his mind. We told him what the Chancellor had said to us, and said we saw no preparation for war in the Emperor's countries.
On the 2 Jan. the Imperial commissioners, the Viceroy, Don Hugo and John Almayne, came hither from Madrid, the bruit being that some difficulties had been raised, and they would return "after a face made." This was the more believed as the Viceroy, in answer to some inquiries, said if they returned peace would ensue; otherwise not. This was the state of matters on the coming of the Almoner, 8 Jan. Sent that day to De Tarbis to know what the difficulty was, saying that both they and their new colleague, who would be presented to the Emperor in two days, were commissioned to procure the French king's deliverance. De Tarbis thanked us, and said he feared the Emperor dissembled with them, and that he would write to the French king to let us know the difficulties.
Went to court on the 10th, when the Almoner delivered the King's letters. The Emperor was much pleased to hear from him of the King's good estate, but deferred his answer till the afternoon, when Lee declared the causes of his coming,—that, owing to the death of Sir Ric. Wingfield, and the recall first of Sampson and then of Tunstal, the King had appointed him to be resident with the Emperor,—that although there was no hope now of Charles marrying the Princess, Henry would maintain the amity, and was as desirous of the Emperor's honor as he could be himself,—and that, as the King had made peace with France, he was desirous that the Emperor should do the same, which would be a great consolation to the whole of Christendom. The Emperor caused answer to be made by the Chancellor, in which he expressed his satisfaction that the King intended to remain united with the Emperor, notwithstanding that he had been induced to take another marriage, for reasons which he hoped the King "would well allow," and said that the Emperor hoped ere many days to make a peace for the good of Christendom.
Tunstal and Sampson then said his Majesty might now see the untruth of the reports lately sent him out of Italy about Mr. Almoner's charge. He answered that the reports still continued, but he gave them no credence. We urged that as he had the French king in his hands, he would put some article in the treaty "whereby your peace might be the stronger." Could only get a promise that the King should be honorably comprehended.
That evening the French secretary came to us to convey his master's thanks for our offer to remove the difficulties about the peace, which he said were three: 1, about comprehension of the French king's confederates; 2, about restitution of certain gentlemen of Italy and Milan who had taken the French king's part in his journey of Italy; and, 3, about Bourbon, whose lands the Emperor desired to exempt from the crown of France, my Lady giving up her claim to them, and to whom they wished Francis to pay a great pension yearly till a county in Provence which he claimed was restored to him. We said if we had known these difficulties in the morning we should have "been in hand" with the Emperor to remove them. He wished us, however, only to speak on the general question for fear of bringing suspicion upon himself and ill treatment on his master, unless it was found they could not agree, for he heard the Imperial commissioners were to return next day to Madrid.
Went next day to the Chancellor's house to make Lee acquainted with him. Begged him, if any difficulties had arisen about the peace, that he would do his best to remove them; on which he said plainly that the Emperor did not intend to stick at any difficulties. Understand that the Emperor held a consultation on the subject the day Master Almoner was with him, and determined to send back his commissioners, and conclude at once. On the second day after their arrival peace was concluded; of which the French king informed us by De Terbis, saying he would send Momerancy to my lady Regent to inform her. The town was soon full of the news.
On the 22nd went to the Emperor, when Tunstal and Sampson took leave, saying they were glad peace was concluded before their departure, hoping he would not credit malicious reports, and requesting that the answer made to them by the Council about his Majesty's debts might be given them in writing,—also that they might visit the French king on their way. He replied that he had followed the King's example in making peace, and said some of his Council should speak to us next day upon other points. Next day the Chancellor told us the Emperor did not think it needful to give us a written memorial of the answer heretofore made to us, as we could easily remember it; that the Emperor had intended to send to England the archbishop of Barry, who was prevented from going by illness; that the Emperor's debts to the King were of three sorts; viz., 1, money late lent, whereof he knew the certainty; 2, some "lent before his time, whereof perfect knowledge must come out of Flanders," for all which Henry had good obligations; and, 3, the indemnity, which the French king had bound himself to discharge in the new treaty, by an article, of which we should have a copy, and also of the article comprehending England;—also, that the Emperor was willing that we should speak with the French king. Enclose the copies of the two articles just received.
The peace is to be published on the 15th Feb., when the hostages are expected on the frontiers, at whose coming Francis is to return to France. We shall begin our journey homewards today. Toledo, 26 Jan.
On the 21st the Viceroy was at Madrid with the French king as proctor for the queen of Portugal, when the assurance was made between them. Signed.
Pp. 15. Add. Endd.
27 Jan.
R. O.
After having been 40 days without news of the King, learns from Montmorency, who arrived this morning, that the peace is concluded, and the King's deliverance settled, but the Marshal left before he could learn the con- ditions. Requests him to inform the Cardinal and the king of England, and to thank the former for his good advice. Will send De Vaulx to England whenever she knows the conditions. All diligence shall be made to satisfy the king of England according to the treaty; but the estates of Normandy cannot be held before March, both on account of the expence and on account of the personages, especially the Great Seneschal bishop of Lizieux, whom she has appointed to be there. Intends to leave on Tuesday for Blois, to consult with the company there what is to be done. St. Just sur Lyon, 27 Jan.
The Marshal reports that the English ambassadors gave great assistance in procuring the Kings deliverance.
Fr., pp. 2. Copy. Begins: "Mons. Le Chancellier."
27 Jan. 1930. LADY LUCY.
Acknowledgment (27 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.) by the convent of Land, co. Leic., of 5l. 6s. 8d. from lady Luce, for farm of the parsonage of Aschby Legers.
P. 1.
28 Jan.
R. O.
Before leaving the Emperor, asked him in Wolsey's name to remember the pensions promised to him in lieu of those paid by France for giving up his right in Tournay, which are lost to Wolsey on account of the war. The bishop of London was present, and also spoke about it. He bade them put it in writing, with other affairs of the King, and he would answer after deliberating with his Council. Did so, putting it in as few and good words as he could. When the Chancellor gave them the answer about the King's affairs, as appears in the letters to him, he began with that article, saying that the Emperor did not doubt that Wolsey, as his friend, would consider his necessity and great expences, and have patience, for the sum was very great for such a time of need; he did not make any promise about payment, and would make no other answer although they tried him again.
Advises Wolsey to send a commission to Mr. Almoner for the other pensions of Palance and Toledo, and the bulls for Toledo. Besides the money which he has lately received for his diets, which, he trusts, Wolsey has received again, will account on his return for more than 1,600 ducats, also received for Wolsey. At Christmas 1,000 ducats was owing from Palencia, which will be easily recovered. Has instructed Mr. Almoner about it, and advises a commission to be sent to him. At Madrid, on the way homeward. 28 Jan.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace.
28 Jan.
Vesp. C. III.
B. M.
Arrived yesterday at Madrid. Were visited by Spynolosa, who brought them leave to see the French king, and free access whenever they pleased. Sent this morning to Alarcon and the abp. of Ambron to know the King's pleasure when we should repair to his presence. Went immediately after his dinner to the castle. Were met in a gallery by Ambron and the president of Paris; proceeded with them and Alarcon to the French king's privy chamber, and there found the Great Master of Rhodes. Francis told them he had made arrangements with the Emperor for his redemption. Replied that was joyous news unto the king of England, who had taken so much interest in his deliverance, and as we were now on our return we should be glad of his commands to England. He answered he was obliged to Henry above all princes living, chiefly because he had forborne to invade his realm, and when he was at liberty the King should not find him un- grateful. When he returns he will let your Grace know his secret mind. Told him that at the meeting at Guisnes and Arde he had kindled a spark of love in the breast of Henry "that it was not possible to be totally extincted by nothing that might happen; which he said he knew well enough." Thinks if Alarcon had not been present he would have said more. Madrid, 28 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2.
28 Jan.
R. O.
St. P. VI. 521.
Have written to the King what they can learn of the peace between Francis and the Emperor. At this time of our departing, the Emperor was about to compound with the potentates of Italy. The French king, at our speaking with him this day, mentioned much the kindness of you and the King, and was glad we had visited him. He is very pale, but his eye is very quick. His strength is not yet recovered. He has been sore vexed with a catarrh, followed by fever. Madrid, 28 Jan.
28 Jan.
Otho, C. IX. 53.
B. M.
1934. P. DE VILLERS LYLE ADAM, Master of Jerusalem and Rhodes, to HENRY VIII.
Has written by the commandeur d ... of the deliverance of the French king, the conclusion of peace with the Emperor, and the marriage with the queen of Portugal, Madame Lyonora, per verba de præsenti. Hopes that now, by the King's aid, Christendom will be exalted, and their religion re-established. While waiting for an expedition against the Infidels, has obtained from the Emperor certain provisions for the conservation of their religion, and begs the same of the King. Desires credence for the prior of England, the commander of Yvele, and Fr. Ambrose Layton, the bearer. Intends to make a similar request to the Pope and other kings. Madrid, 28 Jan. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.
28 Jan.
Otho, C. IX. 52.
B. M.
A similar letter. Madrid, 28 Jan. Signed.
Fr., p. 1, mutilated. Add.: A monseigneur le Cardinal legat d'Angleterre.
28 Jan. 1936. JOHN LORD MARNEY.
His will, 10 March 1524. (fn. 1) Proved 28 Jan. 1525. Printed in Nicolas' Testamenta Vetusta, p. 626.
30 Jan.
Vit. B. VII. 11.
B. M.
Wrote last of the terms of peace sent to the Emperor by the duke of Suessa and Herreria, which they had agreed on with the Pope, and which the Emperor was to ratify by a certain day. That day is now near, and his answer is expected. Letters from France and Venice say that he will not do so, but that these conditions were proposed to prevent the Italians making preparations for war, and that meanwhile the Imperialists might gain the citadels of Milan and Cremona, which they are besieging. There would be no hope of peace if Memoransi, who had returned to France with the King's sister, despairing of peace, had not gone back again to Spain. Experienced persons, however, do not expect peace to follow. Maximilian Sforza, duke of Milan, has asked the Swiss for a safe-conduct to go to the diet at Berne, to treat with them; but he has not yet received an answer, as they are waiting for the arrival of their ambassadors who had been sent to the diet of Lucerne.
Hears from his brother, the Pope's ambassador at Venice, that a strong fleet is being prepared there, cities fortified, and the army strengthened.
The emperor of the Turks has had a narrow escape at sea; for the guns on the shore being fired as a salute, the powder in one culverin was damp, and the ball, being projected too slowly, struck the bowsprit (tymonem) of the ship, and the Emperor was nearly drowned. He immediately ordered the officer of artillery to be thrown into the sea. The diet of Augsburg has been dissolved after doing nothing of any importance, and another is summoned at Spires for 1 May, at which the Gospel will be preached. They resolved to ask the Emperor to return to Germany, and hold a General Council.
The archduke of Austria has sent Salamanca, his most influential councillor, to the Emperor, to ask for the duchy of Milan. Some think he went to escape the dangers threatened by the intense hatred of the Germans for him. Everything is quiet here.
The Pope is very anxious for justice and peace between Christian princes, and thinks the King and Wolsey can give him most help. On the 27th instant, the Tiber overflowed part of the city and the neighbourhood. This has always been noticed to be a portent of something important. Rome, 30 Jan. 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
31 Jan.
Cal. D. IX. 107.
B. M.
1. "Diarii nostri diu intermissi narrationem reassumamus et illuc redeat unde est digressa oratio."
Relates some things which happened while they were at Lyons. Gives an account of the escape of the king of Navarre from Pavia by means of a woman who brought him a rope ladder. As the ladder was too short he fell into a muddy ditch, and was dragged out. Without changing his clothes, he was brought by two lords of Pavia to Lyons on Christmas eve. Also of the attempted escape of the prince of Orange, who was a prisoner at Lyons, by cutting a hole in the rocks under his cell. Whilst he was spending a day with my Lady, his guards entered his cell to play at cards; and one of the soldiers, getting under his bed, fell into the hole they had dug, by which the plot was discovered. He was removed to a safer prison, where the writer saw him on the day of Circumcision along with De Praet, the Imperial ambassador. Do not wonder at our being at Vienna. "Ut rem intelligas arrige aures, Pamphile." On the 3 kl. Jan. my Lady left Lyons to meet the duchess of Alençon on her return from Spain, where she had been negotiating ineffectually with the Emperor for the release of her brother Francis I.
(fn. 2) Have, in compliance with the King's command, followed my Lady, who by ill luck had a fit of the gout at Roussillon. After waiting 15 days she gave him an audience in bed. Having little to do, Tayler amused himself with examining Vienne, of which he gives a minute and prolix description, especially of the Three Lions. I write this to Larch and to you, who are more easy of credit. They say that the English ambassadors passing through here have stated that there is a church in England similar to one he describes. Would like to know the truth.
In my next letter I will tell you what I heard from the Chancellor. Thank my lord Treasurer, my old colleague, for his kindness. Is going next week to St. Anne's, about a mile from Lyons. Lyons, 31 Jan.
Hol., pp. 7, mutilated. The leaves are disarranged. Add.: To the right worshipful Mr. Larke and Mr. Francys, and either of them abiding at my lord Cardinal's. Endd.
* Partly printed in Captivité du Roi François I., 459, but misdated 3 Jan.
2. Draft of the preceding, with many corrections.
Hol., pp. 4.
Titus, B. VI. 6.
B. M.
ii. "Incipiemus hic propriam epistolam."
18th. Came from Blois to Amboise. The castle is strong, and royal treasure is kept there. Bourbon's valuables were sent thither, thence to Tours, where are the bodies of St. Martin and St. Bricius. Along the road were furnaces, of which the tops were nearly level with the ground. Visited the church of St. Martin's, and venerated the relics. Was shown by the canons of the cathedral the bodies of St. Maurice and others. Had seen his head at Vienne. The archbishop, citizens, and canons sent him wine and bread. Crossed the river to Port de Pilles, and went on to Schatenrualt (Chatellerault). The Regent was quartered in a house of Bourbon's.
Arrived at Poictiers, Feb. 22. The evening was rainy, and they had great difficulty in finding lodgings. Was at length provided for by the mayor. Had no opportunity to examine the town on account of the rain. His host told him there were 4,000 scholars in the town. A house was burnt during the night, and some lives lost. On the 23rd arrived at Romium, a poor small town. Stayed there unwillingly two days. Saw in the church the arms of the lord of Coy, the patron, who is buried at Coacum (Couhé), where the lady Regent is staying. Was told by an old priest that the lord of Coy was of English family, that his name was Geoffrey de Mortemer, and that he was descended from an English family in Aquitaine, and that when king John was taken prisoner at Poitiers the whole country was preserved from depredation, as it belonged to lord Mortimer, who was an Englishman.
On the 26th, after waiting a long time for the Chancellor, went to the priest's house, and saw in his garden and vineyard many marble coffins and skulls. He said that wherever the ground was dug, there were found these remains, with arms and jewels. Was told at dinner by his host that the tradition was a battle had been fought here by Charles the Great. (fn. 3) Romium, 27 Feb.
Found afterwards in the history of Jo. Bouchet the history of the defeat of the Saracens here by Charles Martel.
Went from Romium to Rofiacum or Rofy (Ruffec). The Regent was lodged in a fine castle, which Tayler went over with Joachim. Stopped next day at S. Seberdeus (St. Cibardeau). Lodged in a rustic cottage, but found good wine. The cemetery was at the end of the town, open and ill-guarded, as is the custom throughout Poitou. The tombs were all covered with water, perhaps to punish some of the dead for their immoderate use of wine, and to console the temperate with their accustomed drink. Hearing that there were relics of St. Sebastian in the church, went thither, and after the performance of mass, asked the chief priest, who took him to a chapel dedicated to the saint, and after much preparation showed him a purse. He hesitated to show Tayler the inside, but at length consented, when Tayler found no relics there, and vehemently rebuked him for the imposition.
At Schatennove (Chateauneuf) found written with coal on a wall in the inn, "Anglia ab angulo dicitur, quia veritas non quærit angulos," and these verses:
"Anglicus angelus est cui nunquam credere fas est
Dum tibi dicit ave, tanquam ab hoste cave."
Under which Tayler wrote the following reply:
"Anglici angelici dicti sunt a divo Gregorio, magnæ auctoritatis et sanctitatis viro, et si ab angulo dicta sit Anglia, quod ab idoneo auctore non reperitur, veritatis et fidelitatis et nobilitatis angulus merito dici possit.
"Semper lingua mali poltroni pessima pars est;
Te tua quis fueris sordida lingua docet;
Qui sic describis, quisquis temerarius, Anglos,
Pejus non dubitas de Jove forte loqui.—2 Marcii 1526."
His nephew Robert Dacre wrote also these lines:
"Quisquis eras, non nota tibi satis Anglica gens est,
Sed male de Superis vult mala lingua loqui.
"Corrige, corda tuæ dissonat una lyræ:—Quia in versu ibi, 'tanquam ab hoste,' collisio fieri bene potest."
"Continued their journey through Barbezieux, Balneum (Baignes) and Montlieu to Bourdeaux. Journeyed 50 miles the last day, crossing two rivers, the Dordogne and the Garonne.
Arrived late, and would not have found lodgings but for Joachim's kindness, who took them to his own house. Describes the ruins of a court of justice and a coliseum, which, he has since discovered in the writings of a historian, were built by the emperor Galienus. There are few signs of the English, as the churches and other buildings have been rebuilt. Saw the arms of the duke of Lancaster on the window of the church of the Friars Preachers, and other arms on a wall. The laws and ordinances made by the English remain. Describes its situation and prosperity. Counted more than 100 ships in the river from his window. The King stopped here for ten days with a large company, and victuals were sold as cheap as before his coming. Has already written about the King's triumphal entry. The people presented him with 200 casks of wine and 800 cr., which he returned, desiring them to spend them in fortifying their town. Continued their journey by Socas (Saucats), a single country house, and Sore, to the country of Delabret, where is a castle of the king of Navarre. At Montmarchant (Mont de Marsan), saw, on March 10, the first swallows. On their return, the King kept Easter here. Thence to Dax, where there are hot baths, carelessly kept. The town is half as large as Calais, but much stronger. Joachim told them that while the King was in Italy, the Spaniards at Fontarabia intended to attack the town, but thought it useless. On their return from Bayonne, were nearly burnt here. Travelled from Dax to Bayonne in one day, over a sandy country, abounding in cork trees and pines. Describes the situation of the town and the dress of the women. The arms of the king of England are carved on the nave of the church. In the cloister of the Friars Preachers is an inscription concerning the settlement of a dispute between them and the Friars Minors, by John duke of Lancaster, when lieutenant of Aquitaine for Richard II. There are many English fortresses round the city. The Dauphin and Henry duke of Orleans went from this place to be exchanged for their father. A large ship was placed in the middle of the river, and the King was brought from Fontarabia by Spaniards in a small boat, and his sons by Frenchmen. The King embraced them, and they returned in opposite directions. The King then rode to S. Jean de Luz, breakfasted there, and proceeded to Bayonne, where he arrived at 3 p.m., and was received by a great crowd of nobles, and saluted by the discharge of cannons. Congratulated him in the King's name. Public thanksgivings were held in the city. On the 20th the Bishop preached in the cathedral from the text, "Domine, in virtute tua lætabitur rex." The eucharist was carried in procession by card. Bourbon, the King, his mother and sister, and many nobles following with tapers. On the 21st, the King and his mother left in handsome barges during heavy rain, and went in this manner to Abyrton, (fn. 4) three leagues distant. Tayler returned to Bourdeaux. Will go thence to Cognac, the King's native country. The King's company were two days leaving the town. Was assured by the harbingers that they assigned quarters for 22,500 horses and mules. The Chancellor had 600 horse with him. Here (Blaye?) are buried Roland and Oliver. The King had Roland's tomb opened, and found only bones reduced to dust. April 22, the King went by water to Bles (Blaye). Arrived there on the 26th. Describes the fortifications. English ships going to Bourdeaux are obliged to leave their guns at the castle. While they were there a Cornish ship arrived, and while the sailors were landing in a boat, stones were thrown at them from the castle, and one man much hurt. Went with Chenye to complain of this to the captain, who offered them for punishment the men who, he said, had thrown the stones. Pardoned them, not thinking they were the culprits. Journeyed thence to Estolier, Pons and Cognac, where they arrived April 30. Describes the castle, and a wood with alleys and seats. Went to Angoulême on the 27th. Water is very scarce there. Mentions the capture of the town by Clovis. Describes the sculpture in the Lady chapel in the cathedral, and gives copies of several inscriptions. The bodies of John and Charles, the King's predecessors, are here embalmed. The King and his mother saw and touched them. Tayler also saw, and was horrified. It is said that king John wrote the "Speculum Regis" while a hostage in England. The French venerate him as a saint. Describes a silver image of Louis XI.
Lat., pp. 13.
* The whole of this diary and news letter in the Titus MS. appears to be from a common-place book kept by Tayler. On the fly leaf at ƒ.5, and the leaves intervening between parts i. and ii., are copies of epigrams and other jottings.
R. O.
1939. The ROYAL HOUSEHOLD. (fn. 5)
"Apud Eltham, mensis Januarii, anno 17 R. R. Henric. VIII.
"Articles devised by the King's highness, with the advice of his council, for the establishment of good order and reformation of sundry errors and misuses in his most honorable household and chamber."
[It is well known how the King, soon after coming to the crown, was drawn into war for the defence of the Church, "not for any inordinate appetite or desire, but for the weal of Christendom;" in the course of which wars abuses crept up in his household, which, now that peace is established, he is determined to reform.] (fn. 6)
The King has notified his mind to the chief officers of his household, by a book signed with his hand, what number of personages, of every degree, he will allow to be lodged in his house at "Bouche of Court," and what number of servants shall be permitted to each. The lord steward, treasurer, and comptroller shall meet in the countinghouse at times convenient, calling to them the cofferer and other officers to see to the supply of provisions, and register it in the books of the counting house, appoint purveyors, and draw up instructions, &c. Officers appointed to make provision of fresh acates of flesh or fish, to be fully instructed about purchasing and bringing them into the King's house. Regulations for the control of such purchases, &c. Officers of household, and those attending the King in his chamber, and named in a book signed by the King, must not leave the court without licence from the King, my lord Chamberlain, or the Vice-chamberlain for the King's chamber, or of the lord steward, treasurer, or comptroller of the Household.
Views and declarations [of accounts] to be taken quarterly in the countinghouse, the clerks of the Green Cloth attending there daily to engross the expences of the day before; also the chief clerks of controlment.—Added, 31 Hen. VIII. The treasurer and comptroller to examine daily, between 8 and 9 in the morning, the books of breviements of all the officers of the Household, declaring the expences of the day before. The cofferer to sit daily at the Green Cloth, at the engrossing of the books, and to take out weekly the proportion of the clerks accountants, for the provision to be made in every office for the week to come, or longer, if necessary, and to deliver these proportions to the purveyors, giving them prest money beforehand, and charging them, within five days after the expiry of every month, to enter the provisions they have made with the clerks of their office. The officer is also to pay the wages of the King's servants, when due, without delay, and all monies due on debentures, and within one month after the expiry of every year make a state in his journal, "puring" out of the same the books called the Unde re, and the Memoranda. The said journal and the two books so "pured" to lie upon the Green Cloth daily, that the clerks may enter the payments into the ledgers. The clerks of the Green Cloth, and clerks comptrollers, in the absence of the great officers, shall be daily in the countinghouse, and sit at the Green Cloth, between 8 and 9 in the morning, to examine the books and breviements of officers. One clerk of the Green Cloth and one clerk comptroller to examine the larder daily, and give charge to the cook for dressing the meat. The clerks of the Green Cloth and clerks comptrollers to reform and punish disorders; to view all the officers, and see if there be any strangers eating in the said offices or chambers, contrary to the King's ordinances. The clerks of the Green Cloth to cast up the particular breviements after they are comptrolled, and enter them into the parchment docquet called the Main Docquet, which is to remain in the countinghouse, &c. Special duties of the clerks controllers, who are to make out the check roll every quarter, one of them to see daily to the provisions, that they are good and fit for the King's use. They are also to take daily "the infra and extra of the wax in the office of the chaundry, to try the expences of the same, and to give allowance accordingly; to pass the prices of poultry stuff, freshwater victuals, and others spent, &c." The yeoman and the groom of the counting house to prepare the Green Cloth, and attend upon the officers thereof.
The serjeant of the bakehouse to see to the wheat provided, &c. (with additional regulations in the 31st year). The serjeant and officers of the pantry to be governed by the old statutes (additional regulations in the 31st year). The serjeant and officers of the cellar to be governed by the old statutes. Directions for purveyor of wine. Duties of butlers and purveyors of beer, clerks of the spicery, serjeants of the chaundry and ewery, officers of the confectionery and the wafery, clerks of the kitchen, serjeants of the acatry, larder, poultry, scullery, pastry and salsery, marshals and ushers of the hall, and almoners of the household, who are to have the fragments of broken meat; serjeant porters at the gate.
The knight marshal and his officers to see to the exclusion of boys and vile persons, and punishment of vagabonds and beggars. The harbingers to charge those to whom they give lodgings, that no one take victual, hay, corn, &c. without money, or put their horses into closes or fields without the consent of the owner, and paying for it at the King's price, nor destroy any man's deer or coneys, &c.
Attendance of the clerk of the market; of the King's avenor, and the clerks of the stable; of the serjeant of the carriage; and 3rd clerk of the avery.
Considering "the great confusion, annoyance, infection, trouble, and dishonor," arising from sickly and unmeet persons, and also rascals and vagabonds, being about the court, "whereby also such noblemen and other of good behaviour as be allowed to have bouche of court be oftentimes disappointed of the same," the King has given orders to the vice-chamberlain and captain of the guard for his outward chambers, and to Sir Henry Guildford, controller of the household, and to the Queen's chancellor and vice-chamberlain, to see to the sufficiency and demeanor of all the servants in the household.
No one lodged in the court to be allowed to bring with him more servants than a person of his degree is allowed to keep there, unless it be to bring in his lord or master perhaps to drink, and immediately to depart; but they may keep the rest of their servants in the town or outside the court gate, if they be men of honest conversation. No officer to serve by substitute. The practice of persons who have lodgings within the court getting "lads and other rascals" to do their business must be discontinued, and every person lodged in court must at this time present before the controller "such as he doth depute to keep his chamber," who must be "honest persons of good stature, gesture, and behaviour."
Hours of meals:—The first dinner on eating days to begin at 10 o'clock, or somewhat before, and the supper at 4 on work days. On holidays, the first dinner to begin after the King is gone to chapel, and so at supper. When the King's hall is not kept, the service for dinner both in the King's and the Queen's chambers is to be at 11 o'clock, and for supper at 6, "not tarrying nor digressing from this order, for the King's highness, nor for such as shall attend upon his Grace in his disports or otherwise." No liveries of meat or drink to be made to any chambers in the court in the time of the hall keeping, except those which are customary and allowed in the counting house. No lords or others lodged within the King's house to have any livery or bouche of court to their chambers after they have left for fourteen days, till they come back again.
As the seldom keeping of the King's hall has caused great inexperience among the servants of the household, many of whom, being put to board wages, give themselves to idleness, the King's pleasure is, that whenever he stays at Windsor, Bewdley, Richmond, Hampton Court, Greenwich, Eltham or Woodstock, his hall shall be kept and continued, unless for some reason approved by him. The King's whole chapel to be kept also at all such times as the hall is kept; but at other times, the master and six of the children of the chapel, with six men and some officers of the vestry, shall give daily attendance to any divine service before noon, and on Sundays and holidays both before noon and after. No one to be allowed to have greyhounds or other dogs in court, except a few small spaniels for ladies; but to keep them in kennels outside. No one to keep within the court any hawks, spaniels, or hounds without the King's licence, nor ferrets, pursnetts, hayes, or nets either in the house, or at their lodgings in the town; nor to hunt or fish without licence of landowners. Regulations for economy in fuel and light, bread, alc, and wine, and to prevent the purloining in the King's houses, and places of noblemen and gentlemen where he may lodge, of doorlocks, tables, forms, cupboards, tressels, &c., which has been frequently done, to the King's great dishonor.
As during the late war the King increased the number of his guard above what is now necessary, so that they not only occupy greater part of the hall and lodgings near about, but keep each of them one or two lads, to whom they cannot give honest living at their own cost, which greatly increases the annoyance, "infection," and confusion in the court, it is ordered that the guard be henceforth of _ (fn. 7) persons, including the yeomenushers, who shall be chosen by the King, to remain at wages of 12d. a day, and other allowances as at present. None of them to keep any servants at court, under pain of losing on the first offence three days' wages; for the second a week; for the third a month; and for the fourth to be expelled.
Regulations for keeping order in the King's and Queen's chambers. The pages to arise every day at 7 o'clock, to make the fire, and warn the esquires of the Body to arise, that they may be ready dressed in the King's chamber at 8 at the furthest. None of the esquires' servants to come within the pallett chamber, but wait outside the door, the pages fetching in and out the night gear of the esquires and other apparel. If the esquires of the body do not rise in time they are to quit the King's chamber in their night gowns for such chamber as shall be assigned them in the court by the gentlemen ushers, so as not to interfere with the dressing of the King's chamber; if they refuse, complaint may be made to the lord Chamberlain. A yeoman usher to take charge of the King's door at 8, and not leave it until relieved, not allowing any one to come into the chamber, except lords and others whom he shall think fit in his discretion, and none to enter it after the King is served for all night, except esquires for the body and pages; unless they be of the King's privy chamber, who in passing and repassing must take care not to disturb the esquires. No dice or cards to be used within the chamber after the King is served for all night, except by the King's permission. The yeomen ushers and yeomen waiters to be every day in the great chamber by 8 o'clock in the morning. One of the yeomen waiters to keep the door. The lord Chamberlain or Vice-chamberlain to attend the King in his dining chamber whenever be dines or sups abroad. When the board is set, no one is to be allowed to remain in the chamber except by the King's special command, and also sewers, grooms of the chamber, and such officers as butler, pantler and ewyer, &c.
[A regulation against noblemen and others dining in corners when the hall is not kept. Whenever the King does not dine abroad, there is to be a board in his dining chamber at which the lords spiritual and temporal above the degree of a baron shall be served with the service called the King's service. The lord Chamberlain also to keep his board in the outward chamber with the rest of the barons; the Vice-chamberlain, with the captain of the guard, to keep their mess with some of the carvers and ewers when the hall is not kept, &c.] (fn. 8)
For the keeping of the King's privy chamber pure and clean, and free from great resort of people who disturb the King's retirement, no one is to be allowed to enter it besides those he himself calls for, except the ministers deputed to attend there; viz., the marquis of Exeter, "which is the King's near kinsman, and hath been brought up of a child with his Grace in his chamber," six gentlemen [waiters], two gentlemen ushers, four grooms, the King's barber, and a page; in all, 15 persons; viz. Sir William Tyler, Sir Tho. Chenye, Sir Antony Browne, Sir John Russell, Mr. Norres, Mr. Cary, to be the said six gentlemen waiters; Rog. Radcliffe and Ant. Knevitt, gentlemen ushers; Wm. Breerton, Walt. Welsh, John Carey, and Hyrian (fn. 9) Breerton, to be the grooms; Penne (fn. 10) to be the King's barber; and young Weston to be the King's page. The grooms not to be lodged in the privy chamber, but to have a lodging assigned to them in the court.
The gentlemen of the privy chamber to be ready by 7 o'clock, or earlier, if the King is determined to rise earlier, to help to dress him, putting on his garments "in reverent, discreet, and sober manner." None of the grooms or ushers to touch his person without special command, or meddle with the dressing, except it be to warm clothes and carry them to the gentlemen; the garments to be brought to the privy chamber door by the yeoman of the wardrobe of robes, and received by one of the grooms, who shall deliver it to one of the six gentlemen to put upon the King's person. Two of the gentlemen to lie every night on the pallett within the King's privy chamber, which shall be prepared every night by the grooms, and the fires made up and lights ordered before they go to their lodgings.
Mr. Norris to be placed in the room of Sir Wm. Compton, and give attendance not only as groom of the King's stole, but in the bedchamber. No other of the six gentlemen to enter the bedchamber unless called by the King. The persons of the privy chamber to be friendly to each other, and keep secret all things done there; not to inquire in the King's absence where he is going, or talk about his pastimes; and if any one uses any unfitting language of the King, it is to be immediately reported. (fn. 11)
No immoderate play of dice, cards, or tables to be used in the King's privy chamber during his absence, although the King does not object to moderate play at chess, tables, and cards, provided they desist when he goes there. None of the chamber to advance himself further in service than he is appointed by the King, nor to press him with suits except when commanded, but the nearer they are to his person the more humble they must show themselves. If the King desires bread or drink, one of the gentlemen ushers of the privy chamber must command one of the grooms to warn the officers of the buttry, pantry, and cellar to bring it to the door of the privy chamber, where one of the ushers taking the assay shall receive it, bring it to the cupboard, and wait till one of the six gentlemen shall be discharged thereof. The same order to be observed at breakfast, and when the King is served for all night.
The King's barber is to attend him at his rising in the morning in the privy chamber, having in readiness his water, clothes, basin, knives, combs, scissors, &c., to trim his head and beard. He must take care to keep his own person and apparel clean, and not go in company with vile persons or misguided women, on pain of losing his place, and being further punished at the King's pleasure. The King's page to be in the privy chamber before he arrives.
As it is not advisable to fix any certain time for the King's going to dinner or supper, and it is requisite that the six gentlemen of the chamber, the two ushers, the four grooms, and the barber shall attend, some upon the King and some in the chamber, allowance and provision shall be made ordinarily for one mess of meat for the grooms and barber; the six gentlemen and two ushers to have some convenient place assigned them by the ushers from time to time.
(fn. 12) [As hitherto, when the King has gone walking, hunting, or sporting, most of the nobles and gentlemen have gone with him, leaving the court deserted, and hindering the King in his sports, it is ordered that no one go with him at such times except those appointed by himself and warned by the gentlemen ushers.]
(fn. 13) The following members of the Council to hear the complaints of the King's subjects preferred to the King at his passing from place to place, viz.:—Wolsey, Norfolk, treasurer, the bishop of London, keeper of the Privy Seal, the duke of Suffolk, marshal of England, Dorset, the marquis of Exeter, the earl of Shrewsbury, steward of the Household, the lord Chamberlain, the bishops of Bath and Lincoln, lord Sandes, Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of the Household, Sir Henry Guylford, Controller, the Secretary, Sir Thos. More, Chancellor of the Duchy, the dean of the Chapel, Sir Hen. Wyatt, treasurer of the Chamber, the Vice-chamberlain, the Captain of the Guard, and Dr. Wolman. And as Wolsey, Norfolk (as lord treasurer), the Privy Seal, the lord Steward, and others, must be frequently absent for the administration of justice, &c., the lord Chamberlain, the bishop of Bath, the Treasurer and Controller of the Household, the Secretary, the Chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, the Dean of the King's chapel, and the Vice-chamberlain and Captain of the Guard are to give continual attendance for the causes of the Council, and for ordering of poor men's complaints. Dr. Wolman, the bishop of Bath, the Secretary, Sir Thos. More, and the Dean of the Chapel, or at least two of them, to be always present, unless the King give them leave of absence. Thirty of the King's picked horses, and no more, to be continually in the stable to attend upon him when required.
A book to be made of the above ordinances, signed by the King, and kept in the counting-house; any breach of them by a head officer to be notified to the King by the other head officers, and a quarterly examination to be made by Wolsey and the Council how far these articles have been put into execution.
ii. Number of miles allowed for the carriage of Edward the Sixth's household, at 3d. the mile.
Modern copy, pp. 171.
2. "Bouche of Court." (fn. 14)
A declaration of everything to be served to every person, "being of the ordinary of the King's honorable house," according to their degrees; viz.,—
For a duke or duchess.—1. In the morning: 1 "chett lofe," 1 manchett, 1 gallon of ale. 2. For afternoon: 1 manchett, 1 gallon of ale. 3. For after supper: 1 chett loaf, 1 manchett, 1 gallon of ale, 1 pitcher of wine. From 31 Oct. to 1 April, 1 torch, 1 pricket, 2 "sises," 1 1b. white lights, 10 talshides, 8 faggots, and ... and from 31 March to 1 Nov. half the above allowance of wax, white lights, wood, and coals. Yearly value of the whole, 39l. 13s. 3d.
The allowances for marquises and other grades, down to the Queen's laundress, are set forth in like manner.
Names (fn. 15) of "the ordinary of the King's chamber which have bouche of court," beginning with lord Wriothesley as lord chancellor.
ii. Messes of meat to be served to the King and various lords on his side, and to the Queen und her side (Sir Ant. Browne mentioned).
iij. Diets to be served to the King, Queen, and household on flesh days and fish days, &c.
Bibl. Bodl.
Oxon. B.
vol. 47. f. 34.
3. Another copy of (fn. 16) 1.
Chaps. 1–38, 40–45 of the printed text are omitted in this MS., which contains, however, in addition, "The order" of precedency "of lordes and ladies;" "An order to knowe howe many women one ladye shall have above another;" "An order of ladies' woemen howe they shall goe;" and "The oath of a gentleman usher of the privye chamber."
4. Persons assigned to have lodging in the King's house when they repair to it.
The King's side.—The lord Cardinal. The duke of Norfolk and his wife. The duke of Suffolk, when the French queen is out of Court. The marquis of Dorset and his wife. (fn. 17) Marquis of Exeter and his wife. Lord Steward and his wife. The lord Chamberlain. The lord Sandes. The bishop of Bath.§ *The Treasurer and Comptroller and their wives. The Vice-chamberlain and his wife.* Mr. Secretary. Sir Thos. More. Sir H. Wyatt. Sir Ric. Weston.* Sir Wm. Kingston and his wife. *Mr. Englefelde. Sir Nic. Carewe, master of the horse. Sir Francis Bryan, master of the henxmen. (fn. 18) *Sir Wm. Compton. Sir Wm. Tyler. Sir Ant. Browne. Sir John Russell.§ Mr. Norres, Mr. Caree, *Mr. Boleyn, and their wives. Sir Thos. Cheyny, Mr. Ratclif, and Mr. Palmer.* Mr. Knyvet.§ The squires of the Body. Sir Fras. Brian.§ The henchmen. Dr. Chambre. The gentlemen ushers. The Grooms of the Privy Chamber. The young Minstrels. The King's Poticary.
The Queen's side.—The French queen, with the duke of Suffolk, when she is in the Court. The old duchess of Norfolk. The Queen's lord and vice Chamberlains, and their wives. *Lady Lucy. *Lady Guyldeforde, the elder. *Lady Willoughby. Lady Parre. The Queen's maidens. Mr. Twyforde. *The Queen's secretary. The Queen's gentlemen ushers. Fras. Philip and his wife. The Physician and the Apothecary.
The Household.—The counting-house. The cofferer. The 2 clerks of the Green Cloth. 2 chamber[lains]. The clerk comptroller. Chief clerk of the kitchen. The offices of the spicery, pantry, cellar, buttery, King's and Queen's robes and beds, jewelhouse, pitcher-house, confectionary, wafery, chandry, ewery, larders 3, poultry, scullery, pastry and sancery, 2 woodyard; and the offices for porters, and the King's and Queen's groom porters. Pero, the cook.
P. 1.
R. O. 5. Lodgings to be provided at Court.
The King, the Queen.
At the King's pleasure: dukes and duchesses, archbishops, marquis, bishops, earls and countesses, viscount and baron, ladies, gentlewomen.
To be lodged. Ordinary: the lord and vice chamberlains, 4 knights for the body in one chamber, 4 squires for the body in one chamber; the secretary, 4 gentlemen ushers to be daily waiters, one or two physicians, and 7 or more henchmen, at the King's pleasure. The King's chapel; the vestry; the wardrobes of robes and beds; the jewel house; the groom porter.
At the King's pleasure: The Queen's chamberlain, chancellor, and vice chamberlain. Gentlemen ushers for the Queen.
To be lodged. Ordinary: the Queen's wardrobes of robes and beds; the Queen's groom porter; the lord steward, the treasurer; the comptroller; the cofferer; the clerks of Green Cloth; the clerk comptroller; the clerk of the kitchen. The offices of the counting house, pantry, cellar, buttery, spicery, chaundry, ewery, confectionary, pitcherhouse, wafery, kitchens for the King, the Queen, and the Halls, the wet and dry larders, scullery, pastry and sancery, woodyard, and porters at the gate.
Pp. 4.
R. O. 6. The King's lodging and the Queen's.
The French queen. The lord Cardinal. Lord Chamberlain. Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk. Marquises of Dorset and Exeter. Earl of Rutland. Lord Sands. King's and Queen's Robes. Lord Steward. Mr. Treasurer. Mr. Comptroller. Mr. Vice-Chamberlain. Mr. Secretary. Mr. Chancellor of the duchy. Sir Ric. Wyston. Sir Wm. Kingston. Sir Ant. Browne. Sir Nic. Carrow. Mr. Ingleyfylde. Sir Wm. Compton. Mr. Carre. Mr. Norres. Sir Fras. Bryan. Sir Wm. Tyler. Mr. Bollen. The Treasurer of the King's Chamber. Gentlemen ushers of the Privy Chamber. Dr. Chamber. Sir Thos. Chaney. The King's ushers, daily waiters. The henchmen. The King's Chapel. The grooms of the Privy Chamber. The squires for the Body. The Clerk of the Kitchen. The Cofferer. The Counting-house. The two Clerks of Green Cloth. The Clerk Comptroller. The Jewel House. The King's Wardrobe of Beds. The Spicery. The King's Apothecary. The Pantry. The Ewery. The Cellar. The Buttery. The Pitcherhouse. The Chaundry. The Confectionary. The Wafery. The Poultry. The Scullery. The Saucery. The Pastry. The dry, wet, and usher's larders. The King's groom Porter. The Master Cook. The King's young minstrels. Compton's and Tyler's servants. The King's porters. "The Clerk Controment" (Controller). The second clerk of the Kitchen. The Woodyard.
The Queen's Lord Chamberlain. The duchess of Norfolk. The Vice-Chamberlain. The Queen's maids. Lady Lucy. Lady Pare. Mrs. Phelipes. Mrs. Blanche. The Confessor. The Chancellor. The Physician. The Treasurer of the Queen's chamber. The Apothecary. The Wardrobe of the Queen's Beds. The Queen's gentlemen ushers. Groom porters and pages.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 7. "A number of persons thought convenient to attend upon the King according to his estate royal."
The Privy Chamber.—Grooms and other gentlemen, and the treasurer of the chamber.
The King's Chamber.—The lord chamberlain, the vice chamberlain, knights for the body, daily attendant.
Daily waiters.—Squires for the body, gentlemen and yeomen "huysshers," grooms, pages, sewers, carvers, cup-bearers, the secretary, councillors, young lords, henchmen, messengers of the chamber, minstrels, heralds, and pursuivants.
Daily attenders.—Physicians, surgeons, serjeants-at-arms, the King's almoner, chaplains, clerk of the closet, sewers for the lords and for the chamber.
Quarter waiters.—Knights and squires for the body, gentlemen and yeomen ushers, grooms, pages, sewers, carvers, serjeants-at-arms, messengers, heralds and pursuivants, chaplains.
The King's Household.—The Head Officers.—The lord steward, treasurer and comptroller, the cofferer, and other officers, yeomen of the guard, dean of the chapel, and the ministers.
To attend upon the Queen.—Her Privy Chamber.—A number of gentlewomen to be chamberers, grooms.
The Chamber.—The lord chamberlain, the vice chamberlain, sewers, carvers, cupbearers, sewers at the board's end and for the chamber, gentlemen and yeomen ushers, yeomen of the chamber, grooms, pages, messengers, physician, apothecary, serjeants-at-arms.
The chancellor, confessor, almoner, secretary, and chaplains.
Ladies daily and quarterly attendant, noblemen's daughters.
Officers for the Queen in the King's household, as usual.
The above must have servants to attend on them in the King's house, and none other to be admitted. All officers of the chamber and household must serve in person, and attend daily for that purpose.
Pp. 4.
R. O. 8. The King's servants in wages.
Paid in the Exchequer: [Sir Da]vid Owen, chief carver; Sir Fras. Brian, chief cupbearer; Sir Edw. Nevell, chief sewer.
Squires for the Body.—Sir Thos. Tempest, Sir Wm. Sydney, Arthur Poole, Fras. Poyntz.
Paid in the counting-house:—Sewers and Surveyors: Ant. Brown, Sir Geo. Selenger, Sir Hen. Penago, Sir Griffith Don.
Gentlemen ushers, daily waiters.—Robt. Knollis, Thos. Palmer, Jas. Vaughan, Sir Rauf Ellerker. Quarter waiters.—Thos. Carmynall, Edw. Payton, Wm. Woodall, John Ogan, Sir John Gyfford, Wm. Cotton, Rob. Lygh, John Skydmer.
Sewers of the Chamber.—Wm. Coffyn, Nich. Hyde, Hugh Weldon, Edw. Ryngeley, Walron Coghen (sick), Hugh Sterkey.
Grooms of the Chamber and Wardrobes.—Sir Wm. Compton, Sir Wm. Tyler, Chr. Rochester, John Dyngley, Robt. Baledon, Thos. Carvannell; John Pulteney, for the henchmen; John Antell, Edw. Foreste, Raf Bulney, Walter Badham, Peter Malvesey for tennis play; Wm. Croughton, the King's hosier; Wm. Dawburn, for the bows; John Colenson, keeper of Eltham garden.
Pages of the Chamber and Wardrobes.—Wm. Wise, John Secill, Henry Parker, Henry West, Peter Champney, Massy Vilyard, John Sygewyke, Wm. Garton.
Yeomen ushers.—Thos. Jackson, Robt. à Woode, John Flammok, John Rychemount, James Ap Jenkyns, John Hollond, Robt. Willons, John Rolte, Wm. Haywode, Roger Beke, David Holond, John Davy, John Geynyshe, Ric. Pyrry, John Maryner, John à Lee, Ric. Poole, Leonell Standley, Jeffrey Gouth, Roger Wotton, Wm. Poole, Hugh Appoell, Laur. Eglesfeld. Paid with the guard.
Serjeants-at-arms.—Hugh Cholmeley, Wm. Butler, Morey Butler, Robt. Marleton, Thos. Rushe, Jas. Conyas, John Amyas, Ph. Yerley, John Almer, Nic. Downs, Wm. Rolt, Hen. Strete, Henry Thornton, Henry Hill, Hen. Caleys, John Thomas, John Smith, _ Herper, John Bartilmewe, Nic. Jakson, John Chambre, John Jeffern, Wm. Keby, Wm. Almer, Thos. Grenwaye, Wm. Calcott, Ambros Bradman, Christopher Stokehouse, Thos. Jons, Wm. Sayben, John Ap Williams, Ric. Gybson, Chr. Toll, Perys Gryffes, Thos. Vaughan, John Apylston, Robt. Twyford, Raynolde Woulvedon,—Skypwith, Wm. Wentworth.
Serjeants-at-arms with my lord Cardinal. _
Gentlemen ushers out of wages.—Lanc.: Geo. Bekynsale, Hamynet Haryngton, John Caunsfeld, Raff Worsley. Kent: Hen. Fane, Wm. Stafford. Devon: John Fortescue, Ph. Courtney, John Shelston, John Stille. Dors.: John Russell, Wm. Turges. Wilts: Ric. Garberdolf. Yorks.: Jas. Metecalf, Roger Chomeley, Ph. Constable, Thos. Hopton, Ric. Beaumounte, Marmaduke Constable, Walter Cuny, Thos. Tempest, Wm. Bulmer. Linc.: Thos. Totofte, Ric. Bollys, Edw. Villers, Andrew Bilsby, Wm. Barret. Norf.: Edw. Yelverton, Ric. Calthorpe, John Cotton. Chester: Wm. Smyth. Notts: Edm. Busshy. Essex: Humfrey Tyrell, Ric. Cooke, Ant. Darsy, John Brown, Jas. Morys, Hugh Boyvyll, John Barnnys. Leic.: Everard Dyghby. Worc.: Ph. Chatwyn, Wm. Moklawe, Robt. Folyat. Staff.: Edw. Lyttillton, John Wells. Suff.: Edw. Echyngham, Ph. Barnerd, Walter Lowdaye, John Jernyngham. Hants: Ric. Sandys, John Brokys, Thos. Woodshawe, Thos. St. Martyn, Nic. Fashyn, Edw. Banestre. Bucks: John Clerke, Thos. Grene, John Bolstrode, John Stansiall. Sussex: Humfrey Banester. Camb.: Francis Hasilden, John Hasilrygge. Surrey: John Bigge. Berks: Henry Brygges, Jas. Strangwysh. Midd.: John Morton. Glouc.: Jas. Barkeley, John Pauntsfote, John Hurleston, Leonard Poole. Cornw.: John Trevanyan, Wm. Godolphyn. Warw.: Edw. Willoughby, Ric. Conewaye. Cumb.: Wm. Penyngton, Ric. Hirton, Edw. Fassett. Salop: Thos. Kenyston, Thos. Knyght, Wm. Lee. South Wales: Thos. Robertes, John Elyott, Howell ap Henry, David ap Rice ap Robert, Edw. ap Gilliam Popkyn, John Lloid, Loyes ap Morgan. North Wales: John Apylsten, Jas. Loder, Moreys Lloid, Perys Standley. Northt.: Ric. Clement, Ric. Fysher, John Lane, Ric. Knyghtley, Geo. Kyrkeham, Ric. Willoughby. London: Jasper Fylowe, Wm. Emson, Hen. Webbe, Ric. Tate.
Sewers of Chamber out of wages.—Devon: Wm. Shelston, Ph. Dennys, Ric. Garlond, Nic. Yowe. Wilts: Wm. Bonham. Yorks.: John Highffeld, Thos. and Wm. Ellerker, Thos. Dalaryver. Linc.: Robt. Blounte. Chester: Henry Clayton, Matthew Lee Essex: Wm. Haryott, Geo. Cely. Leic.. Barton Hasillrygg. Staff.: Edw. Swenerton, Wm. Whytington, Edw. Comberford. Suff.: Leonard Souch. Hants: Roger Baynebrigg. Oxon: Ric. Harecourte, Thos. Davers. Sussex: Thos. Colbronde. Camb.: Nic. Sandford. Surrey: Thos. Wild. Glouc.: Thos. Mereston. Warw.: Thos. Ardern. Herts: Wm. Graye, Roger Hargest. Salop: Stephen Somer. South Wales: Thos. ap Ryce, Ant. Cotton, Wm. Adams. North Wales: John Clon, Wm. Vaughan. Beds: Wm. Parker. Northt.: Nic. Wakelyn. London: Bartholomew Tate, John Clement.
Grooms of the Chamber not in wages.—Robt. Barker, Ric. Shyvall, Wm. Wynslowe, Jenkyn Lloid, Hugh Ansley, Nic. Tayller, Hen. Ardarn, Thos. Mosgrave, Thos. Jones, Ric. Lloid, John Davy, Thos. Cadbury, Wm. Enderby, John Ap Guilliams, Gilbert Lambert, Humfrey Lloid, Hugh Vaughan, John Wegill, Humfrey Ap Houell Ap Jenkyn, John Huntley, Robt. Davy, Wm. Byrche, Wm. Trussill, Ric. Cacheme, Allen Wellis John Brown, Giles Talbot, John Barnard, Thos. Cartwright, John Rendolf, Thos. Aleyn, John Rooks, Matthew Seinton, John Rudyng, Laur. Hollond, Thos. Brereton, Walter Vaughan, Hen. Annesley, John Feldynge, Ric. Harebron, John Marten, Jobn Conyers, Ric. Setill, Robt. Mede, John Goderd, Perys Bull, Robert Acton, Wm. Bowman, Thos. Brayne, Thos. Byrche, Humfrey Calvill, John Ratclyf, Fras. Paune, Hen. Sayer.
Pp. 8, slightly mutilated.
R. O. 9. Servants of the King, with their yearly wages.
Cornelius Johnson, master smith at the Tower ... Copin de Watt, armourer, 20l. Nic. Jenyns, tanner, 18l. 5s. Thos. Stockton, chief joiner at the Tower, 18l. 5s. John de Parys, tailor, 18l. 5s. Ant. Cavallary and Leonard Friscobald, purveyors of silks, 20l. John Thurston, master of the Barge, 11l. 8s. Wages of 20 bargemen ... Wm. Crane, master of the boys in the Chapel, 26l. 13s. 4d. Marcellus de la More, surgeon, 26l. 13s. 4d. Hen. Pykman and Hen. Suthworth, bowmakers at the Tower, 9l. 2s. 6d. Humfrey Cok, master carpenter, 18l. 5s. Wm. Gurre, armourer? (brigandarius), 10l. Azmus Kyrkener, armourer, 10l. John Gylmyn, marshal of the minstrels, and seven minstrels, 53l. 6s. 8d. Robt. Ormeston, under clerk of the House of Commons, 100s. Ric. Hole and other players, 6l. 13s. 4d. Thos. Hert (struck out), 50l. Ric. Eden, clerk of the Star Chamber, 26l. 13s. 4d. Ed. Trafford, 13l. 6s. 8d. Wm. Gonson, keeper of the storehouses at Erith and Deptford, 18l. 5s. Jas. Worsley, keeper of the lions, lionesses, and leopards in the Tower, 18l. 5s., with 6d. a day each for 2 lions and 3 leopards. Robt. Bate, master carpenter at the Tower, 12l. 3s. 4d. Thos. Sperte, 20l. Peter de Bresia, 40l. John Parker, as yeoman of the crossbows, 9l. 2s. 6d.; as keeper of the palace at Westm., 9l. 2s. 6d. Thos. Foster, comptroller of the works, 18l. 5s., and 9l. 2s. 6d. for his clerk. Geo. Lord, purveyor of the works, 12l. 3s. 4d. John Pate, keeper of the Wardrobe at Richmond, 12l. 3s. 4d. John Siggewyk, keeper of the Wardrobe of Beds at Woodstock, 6l. 1s. 8d. Ric. Babham, apothecary, 10l. Wm. Rote, ranger of Waltham Forest, 9l. 2s. 6d. Robt. Hasylrygge, as keeper of the Wardrobe in the Tower, 18l. 5s.; as gardener at the Tower, 9l. 2s. 6d. Cornelius van de Strete, arras maker, 18l. 5s. Robt. Lytell, keeper of the wardrobe of beds and harness at Windsor, 9l. 2s. 6d., and a boy at 3d. a day. Wm. Vertew, master mason, 18l. 5s. Ric. Storer, gunstone maker, 9l. 2s. 6d. Robt. Long, messenger of the Chamber, 12l. 3s. 4d. Nic. Major, saddler, 18l. 5s. St. Tosso, footman, 12l. 3s. 4d. Grooms and pages of the Chamber, 100l. John de Pounde, armourer, 20l. Sir John Baker, 26l. 13s. 4d. Sir And. Wyndesore, clerk of the Great Wardrobe. John Shirley, Esq., cofferer of the household for St. George's feast, 50l. Sir Ralph Eggerton, standard-bearer, 100l. Total, 3,441l. 1s. 7½d.
Ecclesiastical persons.—Dr. Sampson, dean of the Chapel, 33l. 6s. 8d. Brothers and Sisters of St. Katherine's, near the Tower, 73l. 4s. Friars Preachers in the city of London, 20l. Friars Preachers of Canterbury, 16l. 13s. 4d. Friars Minors of Canterbury, 16l. 13s. 4d. Friars Minors of Oxford, 33l. 6s. 8d. Abbot of St. Mary's, Stratford Langthorn, 5l. The boy bishop of St. Nicholas, at the chapel of St. Stephen's, Westm., 20s. Milo Wellen, rector of the King's Chapel in the Tower, 6l. 13s. 4d. Total, 136l. 6s. 8d.
Heralds and pursuivants.—Thos. Walle, Windsor herald, 13l. 6s. 8d. John de Pounde, Somerset herald, 13l. 6s. 8d. Thos. Long, Norrey herald, 20l. Thos. Benolt, Clarencieux herald, 20l. Chr. Barker, Richmond herald, 13l. 6s. 8d. Thos. Halley, Carlyll herald, 13l. 6s. 8d. Thos. Blewmantell, Rougecroix pursuivant, 10l. Wm. Jenyns, Lancaster herald, 13l. 6s. 8d. Ralph Jackson, Mountargull herald, 13l. 6s. 8d. Ralph Lago, York herald, 13l. 6s. 8d. Robt. Faier, Portculeys pursuivant, 10l. Total, 153l. 6s. 8d.
Serjeants-at-arms.—John Pylleston, Wm. Bartylmewe, Thos. Greneway, Edw. Skipwith, John Eston, Walter Chalcott, John ap Guilliams, Hen. Thorneton, Ambrose Bradman, David Cicell, Hen. Hill, Hen. Strete, Nic. Jackson, Wm. Wentworth, John Smyth, Hen. Vaughan, Jas. Conyers, Thos. Russhe, Robt. Twyford, Jas. Ryvett, John Thomas, Wm. Keby, Peter Gryffith, Roger Beke, Wm. Almer, John Almer, Wm. Butteler, Maurice Butteler, Thos. Vaughan, Robt. Marbury, Wm. Sabyan, 18l. 5s. each. Total, 565l. 15s.
Valets of the Crown.—Wm. Stondon, John God, John David, Wm. Dycheborne, Thos. Sperte, Robt. Wythes, John Worteley, John Clogge, John Boden, John Suthwall, Wm. à Lye, Wm. Gisnam, Jas. ap Jenkyn, John Evan, Thos. ap Guilliams, Geo. Node, John Brereton, Robt. Layton, Hugh Parker, Simon Burton, John Jackson, Wm. Pole, Thos. Huntwade, John Standford, Edm. Levesley, Hugh Dye, John Rote, Thos. Totheby, and Robt. Bradwell, 9l. 2s. 6d. each. Total, 264l. 12s. 6d.
The Ordnance.—Sir Wm. Skevington, master of the ordnance, 36l. 10s.; and for a clerk and a yeoman, 1s. a day. Wm. Uxley, clerk of the ordnance, 12l. 3s. 4d. Elias Hilton, yeoman of the ordnance, 9l. 2s. 6d. Gunners:—Chr. Mores, 27l. 7s. 6d. John Sandford, John Robinson, Corn. Johnson, Simon Savage, Ric. Baynard, John Sandford, John Tranfeld, John Mayer, Hen. Cotton, Barnard de Valeys, Hugh Couche, Geffrey Hughes, John Halfpound, Robt. Fyssher, Hen. Pykman, Robt. Beste, Geffrey Horne, Chr. Gibson, John Affalley, John Kendall, John Rolff, Laurence Clayton, John Hertley, John Too, John Wystowe, Wm. Verbayt, Thos. Grovys, Thos. Dellyng, Thos. Hart, Clement Wylshire, 6d., 8d., and 12d. a day. Total, 456l. 5s.
Treasurer of England and Officers of the Exchequer.—Thos. duke of Norfolk, treasurer, 365l. Sir John Fitzjames, chief baron of the Exchequer, 100l. Wm. Wotton, second baron, 46l. 13s. 4d. Wm. Elys, third baron, 46l. 13s. 4d. John Hales, fourth baron, 46l. 13s. 4d. John Bourchyr, lord Barneys, chancellor of the Exchequer, 26l. 13s. 4d. Thos. Walsshe, King's remembrancer, 55l. 17s. 4d. John Smyth, treasurer's remembrancer, 64l. 2s. 1d. Wm. Purde, clerk of the great roll, 47l. 15s. 10d. John Webster, comptroller of the great roll, 15l. Edw. Chamber, auditor of accounts, 10l. Thos. Tomworth, auditor in the Exchequer and in the Prince's chamber, 20l. John Sydley, auditor, 10l. John Goldyng, auditor, 10l. Wm. Pryce, auditor, 10l. John Moreys, clerk of the tallies for Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, 5l. John Parker, clerk of the tallies for Sir Hen. Guldeford, 5l. Ric. Hyll, marshal, 5l. Wm. Assheby, clerk of the estreats, 15l. Thos. Pymme, foreign apposer of the estreats, 16l. 13s. 4d. Robt. Castelton, clerk of the pleas, 5l. Wm. Couper, clerk of the summons in the office of the King's remembrancer, 4l. Ric. Foster, secondary in the said office, 4l. Wm. Copwood, secondary in the said office, 4l. John Castell, secondary in the office of the treasurer's remembrancer, 5l. Chr. More, secondary in the said office, 4l. Wm. Thomas and John Vaghun, secondaries in the office of the Pipe, 5l. each. Ushers of the Exchequer, 42l. 13s. 1d. Total, 999l. 15s.
Under Treasurer and Receipt of the Exchequer.—Geo. earl of Shrewsbury and Sir Hen. Guldeford, chamberlains of receipt, 52l. 3s. 4d. Sir Thos. More, under treasurer, 173l. 6s. 8d. Thos. Danyell, officer for writing tallies, &c., 41l. 13s. 4d. John Uvedale, officer for writing the parchments, 17l. 10s. Hasylwod, Robt. Fowler, Hen. Everard, and Wm. Gonson, tellers, 31l. 13s. 4d. each. Wm. Horde and Ric. Warner, clerks for cutting the tallies, &c. on the part of Geo. earl of Shrewsbury and Guldeford, 10l. each. Hen. Pemberton, clerk for the same, 9l. Edw. Perrante and John Lambe, clerks for writing the comptrolment of the Pell, 6l. each. Sir Wm. Compton, usher of the receipts, 33l. 15s. 5½d. Wm. Gilbert, porter of the bag, 6l. 6s. 8d. Angelo Uske, Thos. Whyte, Robt. Croxton, and John Hune, messengers, 6l. 16s. 10½d. each. Total, 571l. 19s. 7½d.
Annuities assigned by Hen. VIII.:—
Dr. Hanyball, master of the Rolls, 37l. 4s. 7d. from Robt. Toneys, clerk of the Hanaper. The garrison of Berwick, 280l. on the customs of Kingston-upon-Hull, and 235l. on the customs of Newcastle. Sir Thos. Strangweys, 20l. from the manor of Dygton, near Northallerton, 20l. Total, 572l. 4s. 7d.
Total of the roll, 7, 161l. 6s. 8d.
Lat., pp. 16, mutilated at the commencement.
R. O. 10. Salaries of the Household.
Groom porter ... (name lost).
Grooms of the chamber, at 40s. a year:—Edw. St[anback]e, Bartilmewe [W]orley, John Frogmorton, Ric. Browne, Ric. Woodward, Hector Pyrton, Hen. Annesley, John Parkins, John Varney, John Vaughan, Ric. Smythe, * * * (three names lost) Ric. Hodges.
Pages of the Chamber, 26s. 8d.:—John Ridley, Wm. Reskemar, Henry Parker, John Nashe.
Ministers of the King's chapel, 7½d. a day:—Ric. Ward, Thos. Haule, Ric. Elles, ... y Dogget, Thos. Wescot, Emery Tuckfyld, Andrew Trace, Nic. Archbold, Wm. Walker, Wm. Crane, Robt. Pend, John Fisher, Hen. Stephinson, Thos. Bury, Wm. Colman, Robert Johns, Robt. Phillipps, Avery Burnett, Hugh Roodes, Thos. Byrd, Ric. Bower, Ric. Pygot, Edm. Bekham, Robt. Pury, Wm. Barbor, John Fuller, Robt. Rychmount, John Alyn, John Stephen. At 4½d. a day:—Simond Gyldar, gospeller, Ric. Greene, verger. At 3d. a day:—John Singer, epistoler, Ralph Tapping, yeoman, * * *
Pp. 2, mutilated and incomplete.
Royal MS. 7 C. XVI. f. 123. B. M. 11. The names of the gentlemen pensioners.
Sir Humfrey Ratclif, Edw. Hastyngs, Hen. Strangways, John Wyngfeld, Edm. Bridges John Chamborn, _ Long, Geo. Morgan, Wm. Herbert, Ric. Breame, _ Banester, John Wynkfeld, Blounte the younger, Fras. Knolls, Hen. Jarnyngham, Gawen Carewe, John Zouche, Peter Carewe, Geo. Zouche, Edw. Skipwith, Palmer of Gloucester's son, Ric. Freeston, Sir Osborn Hytchyngham, _ Mantel, John Candishe, Thos. Asheley, Wm. Stafford, John Drauer, _ Horne, _ Pelham, Giles Poole, Hen. Markeham, Andrew Flammocke, John Gressham, Wm. Calawaye, Sir John Nevel, _ Sakvile, _ Fremyngham, Edw. Grymston, Wm. Skipwith, Edw. Vaughan, Edw. Bellyngham, _ Bolles, Thos. Palmer, Raffe Vane, Wm. Ellerker, John Portynarye, Chr. Lydcote Nic. Arnold, Edm. Harvie.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 12. Almoners.
* * *
Edm. Lyvesay, yeoman, 4l. 11s. 3d. Ric. Mathew, groom, for his wages, 40s.
Almoners.—The King's almoner, for his aprons, 12s. Wm. Turges, under almoner, wages, 4½d. a day, 6l. 16s. 10½d.; his aprons, 8s. Vycars, the King's surgeon, his fee, 20l.
A fragment.
R. O. 13. A rate of the entertainment of such as shall be discharged out of the King's court.
A gentleman, 10l. a year for life. A yeoman, 6l. A groom, 4l. A page, 53s. 4d.
R. O. 14. "A provysyon for suche as shu[ld] ... of the Kynges p ..."
"Sir William Compton to be undirtresourer of ...
"Sir Ric. Weston to be treasurer of Calais.
"Sir William Kynston, stuard of the duchy of Lancashire, and captain of the Kynges garde Hy ...
"Gromes:—Wellysborne to be one of the esqueyers du[ring pleasure].
"Weste to be ge[ntlem]an [uss]her.
"John Parker to be yeoman of the wardrop of the robes.
"... to be ... the Sterrechambre.
"Yong Bolleyn to [have] xxli yeerly above the ... the hath gottyn to hy[m a]nd hys wyfe to lyve therapon: and also to admyt [h]ym to be one of the kupberers when Kyng dynyth [o]wt."
In Wolsey's hand.
Lansdowne MS. 29, f. 23. B. M. 15. "The appointment of harbigage to be ordinarie for all noble estates and others, as well for stablinge for their horses as for lodginge and bedes for their servants, accordinge to a booke made in the xviith yeare of kinge Henrye the Eight, and signed with his owne hand, as foloweth":—
An archbishop or duke, lodged in the court; stabling for 24 horses, 9 beds for servants. A marquis, and a duchess dowager; 20 horses, 8 beds. The lord Steward, lord Chamberlain, and an earl; 18 horses, 7 beds. A viscount, bishop, and a marquis's widow; 16 horses, 6 beds. A baron and a countess whose husband is out of the court; 14 horses, 5 beds. The Treasurer and Comptroller; 12 horses, 5 beds. A baroness whose husband is out of the court or dead; 10 horses, 3 beds. The Vice-chamberlain, knights, and others of the Council, the secretaries, marchionesses, countesses, or baronesses, whose husbands are in the court, and a knight's wife whose husband is out of the court; 8 horses, 3 beds, The Queen's gentlewomen being lords' daughters or widows, knights, gentlemen of the Privy Chamber, and the Cofferer; 6 horses, 2 beds. The Queen's maids, among them all 6 horses, 3 beds. Esquires for the Body, lords' daughters whose husbands are in the court, and the master of the Jewelhouse, 5 horses, 2 beds. Sewers for the Queen, gentlemen ushers of the Privy Chamber, knights' wives whose husbands are in the court, the physicians, clerks of the Green Cloth and comptroller, and the chief clerks of the Kitchen and Spicery; 4 horses, 1 bed. Chaplains, gentlemen ushers, daily waiters, sewers of the chamber, the surgeons, clerks of the signet, apothecaries, gentlemen ushers, quarter waiters, serjeants-at-arms, gentlemen waiters, secondary clerks, and gentlemen and officers receiving 7d. a day; 3 horses, 2 beds. Grooms of the Privy Chamber, clerk of the marqueet, and clerks and gentlemen officers of the household; 2 horses, 2 beds. Grooms and pages of the chamber, yeomen for the Mouth, and other yeomen officers; 2 horses, 1 bed. The guard; 120 horses, 60 beds. The allowances of the trumpeters, sackbuts, other musicians, the leash, the hunts, and the fawkners are not mentioned.
Pp. 3. In a hand of Queen Elizabeth's time.
Sydney Papers, I. 4. 1940. PRINCESS MARY.
1. "Remembrance of principal matters in the instructions sent down with princess Mary, for proofs of the causes and limits assigned to the Council in the Marches of Wales. An. 17 Hen. VIII."
Mention is made in this document, that on the arrival of the Princess at Thornbury, and after the settling of her house there, they shall proceed to execute the commission of Oyer and Terminer. The regulations for the commission then follow.
Vit. C. I. 23. B. M. 2. Form of the oath to be taken by the members of the Princess's council.
ii. Instructions to the bishop of Exeter, president of the above Council, lords Dudley and Ferrers, Sir Jo. Port, justice, Jo. Denton, clk. chancellor, Mr. Ric. Gidnor [Sidnor], clk. surveyor, Mr. Peter Burnell, clk. almoner, Sir Ralph Egerton, treasurer, Sir Giles Grevile, controller, Sir Edw. Crofte, Sir Will. Morgan, vice-chamberlain, Jo. Salter and Geo. Bromley, learned in the law, Jo. Russell, Peter Lacy, and others.
Modern copy, pp. 23. Marked in the margin: "17 Hen. VIII." (fn. 19)
* * * Sir Ph. Brereton, 26l. 10s. Sir Rauf Egerton, forester of Snowedon and keeper of Wiggemore park, and Thos. Grymesdiche, 74l. 14s. 2½d. John Norton, constable of Flint Castle, 20l. Hen. Parker and Ric. Hawkins, auditors of Chester, Flint, and North Wales, 80l. The comptroller of Cheshire, 12l. 3s. 4d. John Tatton, clerk of the exchequer of the county palatine of Lancashire, 9l. 2s. 6d. John Grymesdiche, porter of Flint Castle and bailiff of roads in Cheshire, 9l. 2s. 6d. Olyver Bolton, master carpenter in Cheshire and Flint, 9l. 2s. 6d. Annuities to Edw. Pennant, 10l.; to Robt. Wood, 13l. 6s. 8d.; Ric. Parker, 10l.; Wm. Pole, 9l. 2s. 6d.; and Arthur Darcy, 12l. 3s. 4d. Sir Wm. Parre, seneschal, chancellor, and receiver of Pembroke, 26l. 13s. 4d. Maurice Butler, customer of Tenby and Westhaverford, and constable of Pembroke Castle, 9l. John Thomas ap Philip, sheriff of Pembroke, 5l. The same, and Jankin Lloid, seneschal and receiver of Llanstephan, 5l. Maurice ap Henry, constable of Tenby Castle, and Henry Cadern, clerk of the court of Westhaverford, 42l. 13s. 4d. Thos. Roberts and John Perient, auditors of Westhaverford, Glamorgan and Morgannok, Uske and Caerlyon, and Carmarthen, &c., 100l. 17s. 4d. Wm. Vaughan, seneschal and receiver of Kylgaran, constable and forester of Kevyndrym, 10l. 1s. 4d. John Stephens, porter and constable of Westhaverford, 9l. 14s. Charles earl of Worcester, sheriff of Glamorgan and Morgannock, constable of Cardiff and Neth Castles, seneschal of Frencloid, Montgomery, Kerry, Kedwer, Dynas, Elwell and Ewyas Lacy, &c., 243l. 8s. 8d. Sir Matthew Cradock, receiver of Glamorgan and Morgannock, 20l. Nic. Williams, clerk of the exchequer at Cardiff, &c., 15l. Sir Robt. Jones, porter of Cardiff Castle, constable of Llantrussan Castle, &c., 31l. 6s. 6d. Edm. Turner, recorder of Frencloid and Ruthyn, &c., 9l. 11s. Chas. duke of Suffolk, seneschal and receiver of Bromefeld, Yale and Chirk, and chief justice of North Wales, 81l. 13s. 4d. Lancelot Lother, constable of Caerleon, 10l. Wm. Edwarde, constable of Chirk Castle, 10l. John and Thos. Wrenne, auditors of Bromefeld and Yale, Chirk and Frencloyd cum Ruthyn, 19l. John Wrenne, keeper of the Towneparke at Ruthyn, 40s. John Wrenne and John Turner, auditors of Denbigh, Elvell, Buelth, Radnor and Mollenyth, and Wiggemore, 28l. 6s. 8d. Wm. Edwards, constable of Chirk Castle and keeper of Blakeparke, 13l. 0s. 8d. Sir Ric. Cornewall and Ralf Hakeluyt, seneschals of Clifford, Glasebury and Wynfreton, and constables of Clifford Castle, 4l. 11s. Sir R. Cornwall, seneschal of Hereford, and an annuity, 17l. 3s. 2d. Robt. ap Griffith, receiver of Frencloyd cum Ruthyn, 13l. 6s. 8d. Sir Ric. Harbert, porter of Montgomery Castle, keeper of the forest of Vaynoll Llamybrand, and receiver of Montgomery, Kerry, and Kedwen, 17l. 0s. 8d. Edw. Atcliff, annuity, 13l. 6s. 8d. John Pillesdon, receiver of Denbigh, &c., 93l. 6s. 8d. Sir Roger Salisbury, seneschal and constable of Denbigh Castle, 50l. John Salisbury, master of the hunt at Denbigh, keeper of Garsnodioke Park, and constable of Conway Castle, 58l. 0s. 8d. Peter Mutton and Thos. ap Grome, clerks of the works at Denbigh, keepers of the Chekergate, escheators, &c., 13l. 3s. 8d. P. Multon, keeper of the park below the castle, 60s. 8d. Annuities:—Robt. Penne, gentleman of the Chapel Royal, Hen. Page, groom of the hobbies, John Dingley, John ap Ellys, Thos. Bromeley, John Patte, John Parker, and John Averey, groom of the Mouth, 63l. 6s. 8d.; Thos. ap Rice, lieutenant of Montgomery, Kerry, and Kedwen, 13l. 6s. 8d. Annuities:—John Dudley and Thos. Starkey, 26l. 13s. 4d. Sir Fras. Brian, constable of Hardlegh Castle, 50l. Griffin Llews, porter of Caernarvon (?), 6l. 1s. 8d. Sir Rowland Vileville, constable of Beawmares Castle, 200l. Wm. Griffith, the King's chamberlain in North Wales, 20l. John Lawton, comptroller, 12l. 3s. 4d. Roger Bekett, supervisor, 10l. Annuities to Hugh Llewes, Ric. Williams, and Jevan Gittyns, 23l. 6s. 8d. Sir Wm. Morgan, seneschal and supervisor of Uske and Caerleon, and constable of Uske Castle, 26l. 13s. 4d. Thos. Palmer, bedell and coroner of Uske and Trillek, constable of Caerleon Castle, &c., 17l. David ap Llewellyn ap Jevan, itinerant bailiff of Cantre, 6l. 13s. 4d. David Lloid and David ap Rees, escheators in Kermerden and Cardigan, 10l. Sir Wm. Tyler, 10l. Wm. John Voya, itinerant bailiff of Llampadern, 6l. 13s. 4d. Ric. Lloid, King's attorney in South Wales, 12l. 13s. 4d. Geo. earl of Shrewsbury, constable and seneschal of Radnor and Wiggemore, 59l. 13s. 3d. Sir Edw. Crofte, receiver of Wiggemore, Clifford, Glasebury, Wynfreton, Ewyas Lacy, Herefordsh., Shropshire, and the Marches, and parker of Gateley, 75l. 5s. 10d. Maurice Clonne, serjeant of Radnor's land, and clerk of the court, 8l. 13s. 4d. John and Thos. Amyas, keepers of Moktre chace, 6l. 1s. 4d. John Amyas, serjeant-at-arms, 12d. a day. Walter Devereux lord Ferrers, keeper of Nethwood park, Heref., 6l. 1s. 4d. John Blount, parker of Cleobury, &c., 16l. 1s. 4d. Sir Wm. Compton, keeper of Beawdelay and Ernewood parks, 7l. 11s. 8d. Edw. Sherman, supervisor of the March, 13l. 6s. 8d. David ap Howell, from the customs of Radnor, 13l. 6s. 8d. Walter Badham, from the customs of Knighton, 13l. 6s. 8d. Jas. Vaughan, from the issues of Wynfreton, 9l. John Walaston, from the manor of Cleobury Baynes, 10l. Sir Rese ap Thomas, lately dead, chamberlain and justiciary in South Wales, and seneschal, &c. in Westhaverford and Buelth, 235l. 9s. Sir Wm. Uvedale, lately dead, keeper of Bringewood chase, &c., 8l. 9s. 8d. Sir Ric. Jarningham, lately dead, parker of Molewike, 4l. 11s. Sir Wm. Thomas, sheriff of Caermarthen, &c., 57l. 14s. 8d.
A paper roll. The commencement lost.
1. Account of the property of Master Dalby, archdeacon of Richmond, at his death.
He left a casket full of money with Sir Thos. Marser, subchanter and vicar choral of the cathedral of York, in the common treasure house, and Marser conveyed it to his own chamber, between six and seven, on the morning Dalby died. Marser also had in his hands a year's receipts of eight deans, 600 or 700 mks. Sir Ant. Appulby, receiver of the provostry of Beverley, has not given account for a year and a half. Master Thos. Barton, Dalby's steward, went off immediately after his death with all the money and stuff he found at the prebend house of Stillyngton, within the close of York. Mr. Donyngton, priest, found 150l. in gold in a little chest at York. Ric. Dalby of Dalton owed him 100l. For firstfruits of benefices, 37l., or more, is owing. Donyngton has received 6l. 13s. 4d from the farmer at Byram. 50l., besides jewels and rings, was found in his purse and casket by Dr. Tait. The fines on testaments for a year and a half are owing; half yr.'s rent for his lands in Estreke, Poklyngton, and Scarborough, the farm of Welwik, held by John Styrley, gent., the parsonage of Burnbrowghton, Linc. dioc. Vincent Appully, of Copmanthropp, owed him for tithes of Myddelton on the Wold and Copmanthropp. "Devydent" and oblations were due to him in the churches of York and Beverley. Dr. Tait owed him 8l. He was used to have money lying in deposits with Sir Robt. Skelton, vicar of St. Stephen's. Dalby was executor to Robt. Marshall of Byram, and at Dalby's death Marser had the oversight of the goods. Sir John Garthene, late dean of Burwike, Richemount, and Catherik, has to account to Dalby for the revenues of benefices which Dalby should have had in time of vacation. The mortuaries of divers beneficed men are due to him from their executors, viz., a horse, a short gown, and other raiment in which they used to ride. His prebends at York and Beverley were to be accounted with certain benefices impropriate to them.
ii. Dalby's goods in his house at York.
In the hall, green say hanging and a long table. In the great parlour, hangings of divers colored say, and a long table with a carpet. In the little parlour, green say hangings. In the great chamber, hangings of oversea work, one part silk, the other fine imagery work, 10 or 12 pieces, worth 4l. a piece; a long table with a Turkey carpet; carpets for the windows; forms and chairs. In the bed chamber, hangings of beyond-sea work, a table, Turkey carpets, forms and chairs. In the same room, the study and wardrobe, 10 or 12 chests. Three pr. of andirons for the two chambers and the great parlour. 20 down and feather beds, praised at 6s. 8d. apiece, of which the worst was worth 13s. 4d. The chapel was hanged with tawny satin; the altar was adorned with satin vestments; two or three satin cushions. In his study, pieces of camlet and silk; 18 long gowns, velvet, satin, scarlet camlet, &c., and some lined with damask. Two silver basins for shaving. In the pantry, much goodly diaper.
Pp. 8. Endd.
R. O. 2. Duplicate of the first portion of the preceding, with slight variations.
Pp. 5. Endd.
R. O. 3. Household implements belonging to Mr. Thos. Dalby, late archdeacon of Richmond.
At York.
Four Arras hangings:—Both sides of the hall hanged with green say, a long table and 3 trestles, a cupboard at the hall side, 2 long forms for the table.
In the great parlor:—Hangings of blue and yellow say. A great table with trestles, and a Turkey carpet for it. 2 qwortaynys for the windows. A cupboard and 4 forms, 3 or 4 chairs and stools. A pair of great "landeyronys" with "stomer" and tongs.
In the little parlor:—A trussing bed, hanged with "dorneckys," hangings of green say. A little pair of "landeyrynys."
In the great chamber:—8 hangings of fine silk for the west, and the rest fine "baywoll" of imagery work of beyond sea, worth 4l. or 5l. apiece. A long table and 3 trestles, with a tapestry-work carpet and 4 forms. 2 chairs. 2 carpets for the windows of Turkey work. A pair of great andirons.
In the bed chamber:—A trussing bed with sarcenet curtains, and covering, paned of divers colors. Arras hangings. A table with a Turkey carpet and 2 forms. 2 folding chairs, covered with leather, fringed with silk. 5 stools, a stomer, tongs, and andirons. 2 chests and a cupboard.
In the study:—A table, 2 chests, 2 trestles. A cupboard full of little lockers for writings. A coffer made like a "letterone."
In a little privy chamber:—A bed hanged with "dorneckys," hangings of say.
In the chapel:—Arras hangings, with a picture of our Lord and Mary Mawdland. 2 down cushions, covered with satin. An altar "anowryde" with satin and curtains of the same. 3 altar cloths.
In the wardrobe:—A velvet gown lined with sarsnet or damask. A gown or two of black satin, lined with "fewnys." 2 damask gowns lined, one with velvet, the other with sarcenet. 3 camlet gowns, furred with coney and lined with silks. 10 gowns of scarlet, crimson and murrey velvet and fine pink, lined with silk or furred. 2 short scarlet and 2 short camlet gowns. 2 camlet and 1 scarlet frocks. A velvet and a sarsnet jacket. A chest with broken old-fashioned plate and jewels, "which I have heard my master say he would cause to be copied." 2 gray "awmesses." 2 surplices. A black habit and hood lined with silk. 13 yds. of fine linen cloth, at 4s. 4d., for a surplice. 2 velvet tippets lined with satin. 2 velvet hoods with "taychys." A sarsnet tippet. 7 feather beds, 12 mattrasses, 12 pr. of blankets, 18 pr. of sheets, 6 arras coverings, 20 coverlets with bolsters and pillows. 2 great chests, and the sumpter cloth with my master's arms, and in them pieces of damask, &c.
In the steward's chamber:—Hangings of white and green painted cloth. A folding table. 2 chests. A standing bed hanged with curtains of "dornekys." A trundle bed.
In the pantry and buttery.—For the high table in the hall: 3 diaper tablecloths. A coverpane of fine reynys fringed with white silk. 4 doz. diaper napkins. 3 doz. of plain cloth. A diaper drawing towel, 14 yds. One of plain cloth, 12 yds. 4 cloths for the side tables in the hall, 7 yds. 5 towels to wash before dinner. 2 great silver spoons gilt with hind heads in the knops. 3 gilt spoons with angels in the top. 6 gilt spoons without knops. 2 doz. silver parcel-gilt spoons with wheat sheaves. 2 great salts with a cover, whole gilt. 2 other great salts, parcel gilt. 3 little parcel-gilt salts, 2 of them the King's gift. 3 parcel-gilt basins and ewers, with my master's arms. A silver shaving basin. 2 great silver flagons with chains. 6 silver wine pots with my master's arms, gallons, pottles, and quarts. A silver chafing dish, half a garnish of silver vessel. 3 cases of carving knives and 3 chipping knives. 2 neck towels. 5 or 6 little silver cups with covers. 6 silver candlesticks. 18 gilt standing cups, of the King's new year's gift. Refers to Thos. Barton's inventory for the rest of the plate.
In the kitchen:—Divers garnish of pewter vessel, great pots for beeves, pans, spits, &c.
Household stuff at Stelyngton.—In the hall:—Green say hangings throughout. A cupboard and two forms.
In the parlor toward the garden:—Hangings of green say, painted. A counter. A cupboard. 2 forms. A say carpet for the window. 2 chairs. A pair of andirons.
In the parlor where my master died:—A standing bed with a sparver of "dorneckys." A cupboard, a table, a carpet, 2 forms.
In the little parlor next the hall:—A standing bed and green say hangings.
In the great chamber:—Hangings of painted damask work. A carpet for the windows, with divers books. A table, a carpet, two forms, and a clock worth 4l.
In the chamber where my master lay:—Blue and red buckram hangings. A standing bed and a sparver like a tent. A chair, a form, and a coffer checkered with bone.
In the chamber toward the garden:—Hangings of red, blue, and yellow say, paned. A trussing bed hanged with green and white sarcenet, and a silk cover. A carpet for the window.
In the chapel chamber:—Hangings of green say. A standing bed. A sparver of dorneckys. A chest and a long settle.
In the closet:—Hangings of blue, yellow, and red say, divers images, books, and a carpet.
In the chapel:—3 altar cloths. A mass book, vestment, chalice, 2 cruets of silver, parcel gilt, and a corporax.
In the kitchen:—7 garnish of pewter vessel, 5 spits, a pair of racks and gallows with iron hooks, pots and pans.
In the stable:—16 saddle horses. 6 stags and great store of beeves aud mutton at Corneburgh, as appears by John Wyeghall's inventory. Grain and hay off the demesne land and tithe of Steylyngton and Raskell, which prebends Mr. Dalby held.
Household instruments at Beverley.—In the hall:—Hangings of green say and a cupboard.
In the great parlor:—Hangings of blue and yellow say. A great table, a counter, a cupboard, 3 trestles, 2 forms and a carpet.
In the great chamber:—Hangings of painted cloth of damask work. A standing bed hanged with dorneckys. A counter, a form, and a chair.
In the chapel:—Hangings with the story of St. Katherine. 2 altar cloths. A carpet. 2 silk cushions.
In the bedchamber:—Hangings of painted cloth of damask work. A table with a carpet, 2 trestles, 2 chairs, 2 chests, a cupboard, a pair of andirons, a bed hung with red, blue, and yellow.
In the steward's chamber:—Hangings of green say.
In the wardrobe:—A bed, a presser, 2 chests, a table, 6 feather beds, 10 mattrasses, 18 pr. of sheets, 15 pr. of blankets, 19 coverlets, 5 arras coverings.
In the pantry:—3 doz. diaper napkins and 2 doz. plain. 3 diaper tablecloths and one plain, for the great table. 4 cloths for the sideboards in the hall, with chipping-knives.
In the kitchen:—Pots, pans, spits, pewter vessels, &c., as by Sir George Lynsay's inventory. 40 couple of great lobbe lings.
Dalton.—In my master's second chamber:—Green say hangings. A table and a carpet with 2 trestles. 2 forms.
In my master's bedchamber:—A bed hung with red and blue sarsenet. The chamber hung with green say. A table with trestles, 2 chairs, 7 feather beds, 9 mattresses, with sheets, blankets, and coverlets.
In the chapel:—Altar cloths, a chalice, a corporax, vestments, crewets, and a clock.
At Chery Burton:—10 cart horses and 2 carts.
Advises [Wolsey] to cause the inventory made by Robt. Hodgeson, 6 months before Dalby's death, to be sent to him, as there was another made, not so complete by a 100l. or so.
Pp. 9. Endd.: Dalby.
R. O. 4. Inventory of Dalby's goods.
Also 4 or 5 parcel gilt basins and ewers. Much plate at York and elsewhere, as appears by the inventories. The kitchen furnished with vessels; the scullery with platters, dishes, &c. Certain hogsheads of claret, which came from Hull to York after he died. 2 gray amices. 2 or 3 fine surplices. 3 trussing beds, with coverings, and curtains of sarsenet of divers colors. Divers great silver pots of a gallon apiece. Divers silver flagons. 4 or 5 dozen silver spoons, a dozen of them gilt.
At Beverley:—Green say hangings in the hall. Divers colored hangings in the great parlor. A long table or two with "yoned" forms, and a carpet or two. Damask hangings, painted, in the bedchamber. A great chamber hanged; feather beds and mattrasses. Kitchen vessels.
At Dalton:—A hundred wethers. Hangings and a long table in the great chamber. In the bed chamber:—A trussing bed, with sarsenet curtains; 4 or 5 feather beds. In the chapel:—Ornaments, a chalice, vestments, and a cloak worth 40s.
At Barton:—10 horses, appraised at 10s. apiece, some worth 20s. A cart, a wain, and other cattle.
At Styllington:—In the hall: green say hangings. In the great parlor: hangings of divers colors, a table, a carpet, trestles, and joined forms. In the great chamber: hangings, a long table, carpets, joined forms, chairs; a cloak worth 4 marks; 2 chambers hanged with green say. The bed chambers hanged. In the chapel: vestments, chalice, silver cruets, &c. A great barn, with grain, from the prebend at Styllington and other tithes. 30 loads of hay and much wood. 16 or more saddle horses, of which he thinks only a few came to my Lord's grace; some of 5l. or 6l. apiece are not in the inventory. Great store of beeves and muttons. A kitchen furnished with vessels, &c. Ponds full of great pike, tench, and other fish; 20 marks would not store them as they were. 2 short scarlet gowns, and one or two of fine black cloth. 2 tippets of velvet and 2 of sarsnet, with other raiment, as divers frocks of scarlet sarsnet and fine stamell. Stillytories of various sorts.
Pp. 4. Imperfect at the commencement.
Add. MS. 15,091, f. 30. B. M. 1943. VAGABONDS.
"A new order" for the Knight Marshal to see to the exclusion from the court of "boys and vile persons, and punishment of vagabonds and mighty beggars," also of unthrifts and common women. The lord Steward to keep the court. (fn. 20)
R. O. 1944. For THO. ALVERD.
To be receiver of all lands of the duchy of Lancaster, in Norf., Suff., and Cambridgeshire; on surrender of patent 25 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII., granted under the seal of the duchy of Lancaster to Edw. Peyton, gent. usher of the chamber.
Draft, in Wriothesley's hand, pp. 3.
Jan./GRANTS. 1945. GRANTS in JANUARY 1526.
2. John Cripse and Margaret his wife. Licence to alienate the manors of Eton and Colnorton, Bucks, to Henry Cripse, Wm. Scotte, Reginald Scotte, Tho. Hardye, Tho. Moile, Wm. Cripse, Wm. Diggis, Edw. Petitte, Tho. Hendle and Geo. Hyllis and their heirs. Westm., 2 Jan.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25.
6. Commission of Gaol Delivery.
Newgate Gaol: John Aleyn, mayor of London, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir John Fitzjames, Sir Humph. Conyngesby, Sir John More, Sir John Porte, Sir Lewis Pollard, Sir Ric. Broke, Sir Anth. Fitzherbert, Wm. Shelley, serj.-at-law. Westm., 6 Jan.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26d.
8. John Drewe, merchant, of Bristol. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Eltham, 8 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII. Date of delivery unintelligible.—P.S.
8. Edw. Redyng, sherman, alias cheese-monger, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Eltham, 8 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
8. Edm. Scott, mercer, of Antwerp, alias of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Eltham, 8 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
11. Commission of Gaol Delivery.
East Dereham Gaol: Sir Roger Townesend, Wm. Wotton, Wm. Elys, John Spilman, Francis Moundeford, John Hynd, John Sturgeis and Rob. Townesend. Westm., 11 Jan.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26d.
22. Sir James Worsley, captain of the Isle of Wight. Annuity of 40 marks; and to have three men at 6d. a day, in his office as captain of the Isle of Wight; in consideration of his surrendering the office of yeoman of the Wardrobe of Robes. Westm., 22 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
23. Maurice à Parry. Grant of two tenements in Fanchurch Street and Distaflane, London, lately held by Wm. Meryman. Del. Westm., 23 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
23. Petro le Provost, sieur la Mote. Annuity of 20l. out of the issues of the lp. of Mark and Oye. Del. Westm., 23 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
23. Miles Willen. Grant of the canonry and prebend in the collegiate church of St. George's, Windsor Castle, void by the death of Rob. Bekensall. Del. Westm., 23 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
24. Francis Pointz, squire for the Body. Custody of the manor of Holborne, in the suburbs of London, and of all other lands, &c. in the parish of St. Andrew, Holborn, and in Fletestrete, during the minority of Edward earl of Derby, vice Thomas Stanley, deceased. Eltham, 3 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 Jan.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 33.
26. Miles ap David. Wardship of John, s. and h. of Richard ap Madok. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 17.
26. Rob. Blaggrave, barber, of London. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Croydon, 26 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—P.S.
26. Sir John Gage. Annuity of 100 marks. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
26. Rob. Norton, clothier, of Romsey, Hants. Protection; going in the retinue of lord Berners. Westm., 26 Jan. ao 17.—P.S.
26. Bartholomew Petyrs, surgeon, of Zealand. Denization. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
26. Sir Ric. Weston, knight for the Body. Custody of the possessions of Anne Conyngesby, deceased, wife of Sir Humphrey Conyngesby, in cos. Westmor., Cumb. and York, during the minority of Anne, d. of Chris. Pykeryng, son of the said Anne Conyngesby. Del. Westm., 26 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 19.
26. Wm. Wodwarde, laborer, of Assheborne, Derby. Pardon for having murdered Henry Flacket at Stensop, Staff., 20 Sept. 7 Hen. VIII. Eltham, 17 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 Jan.—P.S.
27. Sir Wm. Huse. To be comptroller of Calais from 6 April 17 Hen. VIII. for life, with the same privileges as John Gage or Rob. Wotton, and 80l. per annum. Del. Westm., 27 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Fr., 17 and 18 Hen. VIII. m. 2.—Modern copy in R. O.
28. Commission of Gaol Delivery.
Cambridge (Town) Gaol: Ric. Rolf, mayor, Sir Rob. Brudenell, Sir Ric. Broke, Philip Parys, Tho. Hutton, John Hynde, Ric. Clerke, Rob. Smyth, jun., Geo. Foyster, Tho. Brakyn. Westm., 29 Jan.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 26d.
29. Wm. Copley and Dorothy his wife. Pardon for alienations without licence; viz. (1.) A fine between Rob. Strey, chaplain, and the said Wm. and Dorothy, concerning the manors of Emly and Hadylsey, ultimately granted to Wm. and Dorothy, with remainder to Christ. lord Conyers, Sir Ninian Markynfeld, Brian Hastynges and Tho. Strey. (2.) A fine between Hastynges and Strey and Copley and wife touching the manors of Sprotburgh and Daryngton, Yorks., and Plumtre, Crumwell and Basforth, Notts. Westm., 29 Jan.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 18.
29. Henry Harman, of Brideport, Dorset, shoemaker, native of Utrecht. Denization. Westm., 29 Jan.—Pat. 17 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25.
29. Walter Pateshale. To be auditor of the castles and lands, &c. late of Wm. viscount Beaumont, lord of Bardolff and Folkingham, in England, vice John Josselyn. Monastery of Reading, 8 Nov. 17 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Jan.—P.S.
30. Chris. Johnson. To be warden of the college of Plecy, London dioc., at the King's disposal by the attainder of Edward duke of Buckingham, vice Wm. Stracche, deceased; the president and chapter having, in accordance with the statutes of the college, nominated the said Christopher and John Chalys chaplains of the said college, and transmitted their names to the King as patron. Del. Westm., 30 Jan. 17 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 23.


  • 1. i.e. 1524–5. According to the Inquisitions post mortem he died on the 27th April 17 Hen. VIII. (1525.)
  • 2. f. 146.
  • 3. "Martello" has been subsequently written over "Magno."
  • 4. Capbreton?
  • 5. Printed by the Society of Antiquaries in "A Collection of Ordinances and Regulations for the Government of the Royal Household," 4o, Lond. 1790. The order of the chapters, however, is different, and the additions made to the ordinances in 31 Hen. VIII. are in the printed copy collected at the end. Other copies of these ordinances, in modern handwriting, will be found in Harl. MSS. 610 and 642. The printed copy professes to follow the latter, but does not.
  • 6. This preamble is not in the R. O. transcript.
  • 7. Blank in orig.
  • 8. This paragraph is crossed out in the MS., and the word "Obsolete" added in the margin.
  • 9. Sic in MS.; "Hyrcan" in printed copy.
  • 10. "Pennye" in printed copy.
  • 11. These regulations are crossed out.
  • 12. This is crossed out.
  • 13. The whole of this paragraph is omitted in the R.O. copy, with the memorandum:—"Here wants pa. 172, &c. Establishment of a Council."
  • 14. This part is not contained in the MS. in R. O.
  • 15. This part, if not the whole of §2, must be as late as 1544.
  • 16. Names thus marked have been inserted by Wolsey.
  • 17. All the names marked with an asterisk before have been ticked by Wolsey; those in italics, and marked with an asterisk after, have been struck out by him.
  • 18. Struck out, and added by Wolsey, "to be lodged with them."
  • 19. See also 20 July 1526.
  • 20. The MS. from which the above is taken was formerly the property of lord Robert Dudley, afterwards earl of Northumberland, whose signature "R. Duddley" appears on the first page. It is a handsome vellum volume in old binding, consisting of (1) an English version of the Modus tenendi Parliamentum; and (2) the usages of the office of marshal of England under Gilbert de Strogill, temp. Hen. II., and Thos. Brotherton. The date of the above order is given in the table of contents as 17 Hen. VIII.