Henry VIII: February 1526, 1-15

Pages 879-892

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 4, 1524-1530. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1875.

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February 1526

Vit. B. XXI. 2. B. M.
Letters from Lyons, of Jan. 30, state that Memoransi had arrived there with certain news of the treaty between the Emperor and the French king, who will marry the lady Ranea with 300,000 (terc[entis] milibus) gold pieces for dowry, which the King will increase to 800,000. Autun, Dijon, and two other towns in Burgundy will be restored to the Emperor. The duchy of Milan will be thus divided: to Ferdinand, Milan, Pavia, La[udi], and, some say, Como; to Bourbon, the county of Aste, Alexandria, &c.; and to the duke of Milan, Cremona and Glarea Addæ. This news was received with much applause at Lyons. The prince of Orange and other adherents of Bourbon have been liberated. The King's mother was about to start for Bayonne with the King's two sons, as hostages for the King's fulfilment of the treaty, which he promises in six weeks after his liberation.
These are the news they have at present, but they give them the less credence because the Pope has heard nothing certain from the Legate. Will know whether they are true shortly, and will inform [Wolsey].
Hol., Lat., p. 1.
1 Feb.
R. O.
Begs him to refer his articles against Coton, and Parr's misreports against himself, to the duke of Richmond's council here, that they may report on his behaviour, and examine the clerks of the Duke's kitchen and the yeomen and grooms of every office as to what wine, beer, and other stuffs they have known the two Cotons to spend in two years by entertaining friends and servants above their allowance, and in finding Sir Wm. Parr's house, of which the fifth part does not appear in the books by the fraud of Coton, clerk comptroller. Since Croke came, Par has been absent 66 weeks, and when present has seldom given attendance, but spent his time in hawking and hunting. Scheryfhutton, 1 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: Dr. Croke's letter of the 5th of February.
R. O. Ellis, 3 Ser. I. 333. 1948. RICHARD CROKE, Schoolmaster to the duke of Richmond, to WOLSEY.
Begs he will send directions to the Duke's council:—1. As to the time the Duke shall be occupied in learning. 2. That the Duke be exempted from writing to abbots and mean persons after dinner, "to the dulling of his wits, spirits, and memory, and no little hurt of his head, stomach, and body;" that he writes nothing except in Latin to the King or the Cardinal; and that no man force him to write, except Croke be there to direct and form his hand and style. 3. That the gentlemen about him be at Croke's command, to apply their learning at such times as he shall think convenient. 4. That his time of learning be not interrupted by strangers. 5. That no craft be permitted to alienate him from learning.
To my lord Legate's good grace.
1 Feb.
R. O.
Thanks him for the goodness he has shown him at all times, and especially now, concerning the wastes attributed to his father and himself, which he never did nor was privy to, nor his father, as far as he knows. Asks Wolsey to prevent any further process, for he will not "try" with the King. Wishes him to appoint judges to find out the truth, and he will abide by their decision. Hears from his auditor, John Wren, that Wolsey wants half a score of oaks from Hatteswode for the roof of his chapel, which he will be glad to let him have. Downeley, 1 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my lord Cardinal's good grace.
3 Feb.
Bradford, I. 98.
De Bossu will carry the news. The cession of Burgundy is not liked. The Italians pretend to be distressed at the peace. The prince of Orange is set at liberty. The Regent is pleased at the deliverance of her son, and his marriage with Eleanora. She will be glad if the lady might be sent to Bayonne, and the marriage consummated immediately. She stated that all persons are highly displeased at the cession of Burgundy, and she will be glad if the Viceroy might conduct her son to Bayonne. I send you an account of my replies to her demands. Tomorrow she leaves for Blois, and will immediately proceed to Bayonne with the Dauphin and the duke of Orleans, Lyons, 31 Jan.
P.S.—Further account of his conversations with Madame and with Galeazzo Visconti. 3 Feb.
4 Feb.
R. O.
Thanks him for his goodness. Asks him to speak in his favor to Mr. Jarmyn, who has not been so friendly since he heard of the trouble Tedlow put him to. Intends to go on a voyage this March, but requires help from Jarmyn and others. Has lost his "occupying" this two years through the cruelty of some of his creditors. Harwich, 4 Feb. 1525.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell, London.
4 Feb.
R. O.
Four receipts by John Horseman, overseer of the King's works at Tunbridge and Penshurst, of money from Sir J. Daunce, to be used by lord Rocheford on the repairs of the castle and stone bridge at Tunbridge, &c. The dates and amounts are as follows:—1 July 17 Hen. VIII., 20l. 22 July, 20l. 13 Aug., 40l. 23 Sept., 24l. Total received, 170l. 13s. 4d. Signed and sealed.
Receipt by lord Rocheford for 29l. 15s. 9¼d. in full payment of the said repairs. 4 Feb. 17 Hen. VIII. Signed.
5 Feb.
R. O.
Account of reparations and wages taken by Thomas Fowler and Edward Blont, deputies to Richard Sydenor, the King's surveyor; beginning Monday 5 Feb. 17 Hen. VIII., in Tykenhall in Bewdeley:—for a master carpenter, 8d., others 6d. a day; tilers, 6d. and 5d.; bricklayers, 6d. and 4d.; laborers, ditto; limeburners, &c., 5d. and 4d.; glaziers, 8d. and 6d.; others by piecework.
II. Cancelled account, as found in another book of Mr. Tamworth, auditor, commencing Monday, 16 Aug.
Pp. 195.
6 Feb.
R. O.
Parr cannot obtain letters from the Prince's councillors in Coton's favor, and has consequently threatened to destroy Croke's credit with the King and Wolsey. Is quite willing that Parr's complaints, and his own of Coton, should be examined by all the Council, or by any three of them, except by Parr and Tate. Wolsey will then see that what he stated is correct, and that the great expenditure of the duke of Richmond is owing to Parr's negligence. (fn. 1) An immense quantity of victuals have been wasted by Cotton in the last two years, in entertaining friends and providing for Parr's family, of which not a fifth is stated in the Prince's accounts; and this, they say, is by a fraud of Ric. Cotton, notary of the Duke's kitchen. Since Croke's arrival, Parr has been absent 66 weeks at intervals, is now absent, and will not return before Easter. He is seldom at home, never attending to his duty, but always hawking and hunting. He sent for my Lord in my presence, and ordered him, while Cotton was absent, "ne in diem tradita a cœna mihi reddat," as had been usual; never to be alone with me, or listen to me, except when reading,—adding that the King did not wish him ever to play, even with my leave. He also appointed his young nephew to say matins and vespers with the Duke. He has thus got the Prince to pay no attention to the requests or threats either of Ambrose, the usher, the nurse or Croke. Fears his disposition will be spoiled by such masters, who care only for their own pleasure and profit. Sheriffhutton, 8 id. Feb.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add.: To my lord Legate. Endd. twice.
7 Feb.
Vit. B. VIII. 12. B. M.
"Illme a[c Rme], &c. Per alias licteras scribo a[d D.] v. R. ad plenum super rebus Ungaricis. Per has autem solum mihi occurrit ei sig[nificandum] quod jam apparent hic aliqua signa effectus illius qui a concordia inter Cæsarem et Regem Gallorum, ut asseritur, facta expectari posse videtur. Pridie, dum omnes oratores pro dictis rebus Ungaricis a S.D.N. vocati expectarent audientiam a Sanctitate sua, quæ una cum certis Cardinalibus res illas examinabat, dixit Romam non esse locum amplius legibus per Papam et Cardinales indicendis, sed necesse erat ut imposterum eas reciperent, et quod congregationes non erant hic fiendæ sed per Cæsarem et Regem Gallorum; licet postea ex intervallo, dum adverteret nos et oratorem Portugalliæ ibi præsentes esse, addiderit Cæsri et Ri Galliæ, R. Angliæ et R. Portugalliæ.
"Deus ignoscat Pontifici, qui ut video noluit facere id quod sibi suaseram, statim ut audi[vi] eum concordasse cum Cæsare. Præsagus enim quodammodo eventus, qui successit, ei prædixi quod concordia illa nullum effectum penitus pareret, nisi quod Cæsar cum articulis in ea contentis inniteret (fn. 2) metum Regi Gallorum, ipseque Rex Gallorum videns se frustra sperare in Papa et reliquis Italiæ Principibus, præcipitam aliquam concordiam cum Cæsare iniret; et propterea Sti suæ suaseram ut de gestis per eum et finem ad quem ea fecisse asserebat, præmoneret Regem Galliæ, ne Cæsar eum non præmonitum reperiendo in sententiam suam ipsum tra[h]eret. Utinam Papa credidisset et sibi ac ... isset, non enim frustra nuncium pœniteret.
"Dum superioribus diebus Pontifex iterum incidisset in sermonem de Duce Urbini et Duce Ferrariensi, (fn. 3) connumeratis Regibus Angliæ et Franciæ inter confœderatos quasi contra tenorem capitulorum, visum est mihi tanquam ex mea opinione dicere Papæ quod non debebat hoc esse molestum Sanctitati suæ, quia putabam reges non intendere per illa capitula protegere illos adversus Papam sed adversus alios." Rome, 7 Feb. 1526.
Hol., Lat., mutilated, pp. 4. Modern decipher interlined.
7 Feb.
Vit. B. VIII. 18. B. M.
"Ill. ac Rme, &c. Fuimus cum S. D. N. et ei expo[suimus] ea quæ D. v. R. per suas licteras datas xviiij. Januarii nobis mandat. [Et] Stas sua respondit non dedisse causam quare Rex noster et D. v. R. tantum alterare[n]tur, proutipsæ licteræ demonstrant eos alteratos, cum Stas sua processerit tantum ante cum Cæsare quantum ipsæ licteræ præsupponunt, et omnia fecerit ad bonum finem, ut per mandatum D. v. R. script[um] est, et quod exitus rerum clarius id ostendet. Et, si vera sit concordia seu pax quæ inter Cæsarem et Regem Gallorum facta dicitur, dilucidius apparebit Pontificem non tantum errasse quantum præsupponi videtur. Et ex eo quod Cæsar non adprobabit tractatum inter eum et Stem suam hic factum, prout tenet Stas sua pro certo quod non adprobabit, apparebit tractatum illum justa sui tenorem fuisse utilem Italiæ, et consequent[er] toti reipublicæ Christianæ, et magis ad publicum quam Cæsaris commodum. In quantum vero fuit per nos Sti suæ persuasum ut, non obstantibus tractatibus cum Cæsare factis, ad effectum produceret unionem Italiæ principum, et Stas sua dixit putare quod frustra de hoc tractetur, ad præsens, si verum sit quod Cæsar et Rex Gallorum concordasse[nt], prout Stas sua credit, nisi forte Rex Gallorum prudenti et sano consilio usus, voluerit quomodocumque sea carceribus liberari, eo animo et intentione ut cum liber fuerit, non obstantibus quibuscumque promissionibus, id faciat quod regno suo et reipublicæ Christianæ ac bono publico expediat, cogitetque ex omnibus inter Cæsarem et eum tractatis id solum effectum habiturum quod ante ejus liberationem fiet, ut puta consignatio suorum filiorum, reliqua autem post ejus liberationem executioni demandanda et ad illud tempus reservata, ut puta matrimonium cum sorore Cæsaris et consignatio certæ partis Burgundiæ, et similia, non fiant; sicque omnis effectus concordiæ in hoc se reduca[t] ut Cæsar loco patris duos habeat filios, quod attencto statu rerum non multum esset curandum, cum plus possit pater facere pro liberatione filiorum quam filii potuissent pro liberatione patris. Quod si Rex Gallorum decreverit, Papa, nullis parcendo laboribus, periculis aut expensis, omnes suos conatus faciet ut res ad debitum finem perducatur, ostendetque omnibus viis se ad bonum publicum quietemque et tranquillitatem Italiæ et totius reipublicæ Christianæ tendere, et eo efficacius et diligentius id faciet quo viderit, (fn. 4) prout nunc videt, Regem Angliæ ad idem tendere, quem imitando et [suæ Maj]estatis consilia sequendo se tutiorem et decentiorem viam amplecti certus erit. Hoc autem omnino effectum habituru[m] se sperare dicit, cum putet quo[d] per Regem Gallorum cum Cæsare factum est, non solum comunicato consilio cum Rege Angliæ et D. v. R., sed ex eorum ordinatione factum esse audivit, quippe qui ex eorum prudentia et rerum experientia et ad publicum bonum inclina[tio]ne videntes, quanti momenti et quam necessaria persona illius regis esset, ad res Christianas ad aliquem honestum et æquum statum reducendas, illi suaserint ut melioribus conditionibus quibus posset liberationem suæ personæ curaret, ipsas conditio[nes] postea juxta honestatem et comunis boni exigentiam limitaturus et moderaturus. Hæc sunt quæ in substantia a Ste sua habuimus." Rome, 7 Feb. 1526. Signed.
Hol., Lat., pp. 3, cipher, with modern decipher interlined. Mutilated. Add. Endd. The two leaves of this document are misplaced, and separated from each other.
7 Feb.
Vit. B. VIII. 13. B. M.
"Duplicata. Sub die vij. Februarii."
There are the following proofs of peace having been made between the Emperor and Francis. Letters of Jan. 28, from Lyons, say that it was publicly talked of there, and that Momorensi was daily expected with the terms. Letters of Jan. 29 say that he had arrived with them. It is said that the duke of Savoy writes that he had heard from his agents at the Imperial court that peace had been made, but he does not give details. The duke of Suessa says he has letters from Genoa, saying that letters had come from Barcelona with news of the peace. Other letters from Lyons, of Jan. 29, say that the prince of Orange has been set free by a commission from Francis. The duke of Ferrara writes that he hears from his agent in France that peace has been made. Recent letters from Venice say that letters had come from Lyons with an account of the publication of the peace by bonfires. The French King's mother showed herself very joyous. Know nothing certain about the terms. It is said the King will give two of his younger sons as hostages; that he will contract marriage with Madame Leonora six weeks after he is free; restore to the Emperor part of Burgundy, including Dijon and Oction (Autun), and two other places of importance, besides other places which will be remitted as the dowry of Madame Leonora, and pay certain sums of money;—that the Emperor has divided the state of Milan into three parts; given Milan, Como, and Pavia to his brother; Novarra, Terdona, and Alexandria to Bourbon; and Cremona, with Chieradata, to the Duke, if he has not injured the Emperor.
The Pope hears from his ambassador in Hungary that a councillor of the Turk, being persecuted by another of the council, has fled with his family to Hungary. He reports that it is intended to attack Buda, and great preparations of rafts for crossing the Danube are going on at Belgrade. He concludes by saying that the Hungarians cannot defend themselves without help. The Pope has called together some of the cardinals and all the ambassadors, exhorting them not to desert Hungary, which intends to submit if not helped; even if other princes do nothing, he will do all he can. The ambassador writes also that there are many other nobles with the Turk, who would desert if they saw preparations for resisting him. The Pope desired them to urge this. Rome, 7 Feb. 1526. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2.
Titus, B. I. 336. B. M. 2. A duplicate, headed "Duplicata. Sub die vij. Februarii." Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
Has worked all day, and done nothing. The Diet will be held at Buda. Does not know what good to hope for. All the officials of the Marches are desperate. Sends him a letter from the bishop of Olmutz to read and return, and, if he chose, to show the Pope. The Faith is in danger; the kingdom is perishing. Would gladly give up his life, if it would do any good.
Lat., p. 1. Endd.: Copia cedulæ archiepi. Strigonien. ad baronem Burgii, Nuntium Apostolicum in Ungaria.
8 Feb.
R. O.
There are letters and rumors from France that peace has been made between the Emperor and the French king, the terms of which are not very different from what he has written already, but which have not yet been notified to the Pope, and he therefore does not speak of it as certain. The Nuntio in Hungary writes to the Pope that the Turk has an immense force of horse and foot in arms, and a large provision of stores and artillery. The Pope, in alarm, called together six of the older cardinals, including Campeggio, who has been in those parts. The letters were read, and the dangerous state of affairs discussed; the ambassadors of the Kings and Princes were admitted, to whom copies of the letters were given, and the decree of the congregation read. Does not give all particulars, as they have been narrated to the ambassador.
The Pope will do all he can for Hungary, and hopes that the King will also promise help, that the other Christian princes may know that he is truly called the Defender of the Faith. Wolsey must use his advice and authority. Rome, 8 Feb. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
8 Feb.
R. O.
In commendation of his councillor, George Menckevitz, eques auratus, who wishes to enter Henry's service, hearing that he was about to prepare an army. Lyræ, 8 Feb. 1525. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add. Endd.
8 Feb.
R. O.
Letters patent, granting to Wolsey the lands of certain suppressed monasteries. (See No. 1913, § 1.) Westminster, 8 Feb. 17 Hen. VIII.
Lat., vellum. Seal gone.
R. O. 2. Similar letters patent for possessions of other monasteries. Same date. (See No. 1913, § 2.)
Lat., vellum. Great seal attached.
1. Articles [addressed to the Hanse merchants suspected of here sy].
1. Concerning the jurisdiction of the Legate. 2. Concerning the parish where he lives, and how long he has been in England. 3. Whether he can read Latin. 4. Whether he ever read or possessed any books of Martin Luther, and what were their names and contents; at what time he read or had them, how long he kept them, and where they are now. 5. Whether he knows or has heard of the condemnation of Luther and his books, and when he first had notice of it. 6. Whether he was pleased at the reading of these books, or with any opinion of Luther's, and which? 7. Whether he believes that they are excommunicated, or have incurred the pains of heresy, who have favored Luther since his condemnation, or praised or defended any of his writings. 8. Whether he believes the Pope to be the head of the Church, and to have more power than other bishops, or that they are equal. 9. Whether he has eaten flesh on prohibited days. 10. Why the mass of the body of Christ, which the Fellows of the Steelyard used to celebrate every _ (fn. 5) in the parish church of All Hallows the Great, London, has been discontinued.
Lat., p. 1.
R. O. 2. Hans Ellerdorpe confesses the Legate's jurisdiction. Is of the parish of All Hallows the Great, London, where he has been for a year and a quarter. Cannot speak or understand Latin. Found a treatise of Luther's in a chamber of one of his master's agents, on whose death he took possession of all his master's goods. Did not read a whole page of it. Being asked why he did not burn it, knowing it to be Luther's, replies because it was not his own.
Re-examined on 8 Feb. before the bishop of Bath and Wells, the abbot of Westminster, &c. In margin: "Clayton—Smyth—W. Mane, prior—Johannes Fulwell, archidiaconus—Thomas Jaye, monachus."
Lat., p. 1.
R. O. 3. Helbert Bellendorpe confesses the Legate's jurisdiction. Belongs to the parish of All Hallows the Great. Came first to England in 1511. Has been in England continually for the last six years, except three times for ten or eleven weeks each time. About a year ago had with him some books of Luther in German, viz., De Captivitate Babylonica, De Castitate, &c. Read a few pages of the former, and a third part of the letter, and burned the books shortly after Christmas last. Understands little Latin. About Whitsuntide last, when he returned from Germany, he brought with him three German books, two of them Luther's and one of Carolus Stadius; also a New Testament in German, knows not whose translation, and the five Books of Moses, which he says are Luther's. He lent some dialogues and a book of Luther's against Stadius to Hans Reussel. He also lent another book of Stadius to George Van Telight, who is now gone away. Has heard of the condemnation of Luther's books, and was in London when they were burnt in St. Paul's churchyard. Heard then that no one was allowed to meddle with any of Luther's books, but knew nothing of the excommunication against those who contravened this order. Has always believed that in the sacrament of the altar there is only the form, not the substance, of bread and wine. Thinks that a priest in mortal sin cannot make (non conficit) the sacrament of the altar; but if this do not agree with the precepts of the Church, he is willing to be reformed. Has eaten flesh on three prohibited days, viz., on one vigil, and on two Saturdays;—first, in Gregory's house, when Gerard Catts and Gerard Bull were present; secondly, in the chamber of Gysbard in the Steelyard; and, thirdly, with sailors in the Steelyard. Was led to do so from others eating, and thought it lawful, though he knew it was against the statute of the Church, because the kingdom of God consists not in meat and drink; and he himself said sometimes to his companions that such fasts were not instituted by Christ, but by the Church.
Present at his re-examination, the bishops of Bath and Wells and St. Asaph's, Masters Wolman, Dowman, Showrton, Stephen Gardiner, Bell, Qwarton, Allen, and the abbot of Westminster, 8 February. In margin: "Clayton, Smyth, notarii; Will'mus Mane, prior claustralis, Johannes Fulwell, archidiaconus, Thomas Jaye, monachus Westm., testes presentes."
R. O. 4. Answers of Hans Reusell. To the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, he confesses the jurisdiction of the Cardinal. Is a parishioner of All Hallows the Great, London. To the 4th, that he has been in England fourteen months, and before that time was six months in Estlande, where he was born. Was formerly in England one and a half years. Does not understand Latin, but can read and write German. When last in Estland read some books and sermons of Martin Luther. Remembers the name only of one, De Libertate Christianitatis. Had seen, even then, Luther's book against the king of England, in German, but had read nothing in it, except the letter at the beginning. About half. a year ago, one Helbert Bellonder informed him that he had news from beyond sea; which, on desiring to hear, he lent him a book that Luther had written against Carolus Stadius, in German, which he kept with him for a month, and read through. When Hermann Van Holt was apprehended and committed to the Tower of London, deponent burnt this book. Says the book declares that in the sacrament of the altar is the true body and blood of Christ. During the fourteen months that he has been in England this last time, he has had the Five Books of Moses and the New Testament in Luther's German translation; that he has read them frequently, but not all through. Identifies certain books produced as his own. Had a treatise on the Lord's Prayer, the Articles of Faith, and the Ten Commandments, composed by Luther in German.
Heard three years ago, for the first time, that Luther's books had been burnt in London, and that no one was allowed to keep or read them on pain of excommunication. Did not think a translation of Luther's was prohibited. Heard that Luther's books were condemned at Rome, and a bull against them published. Read the book he had from Helbert since he knew this. Has read the other books of Luther found in his chamber. Acknowledges he was pleased with them. Believes he has incurred excommunication for this. Says further, that he thinks the Pope is on a level with other bishops, and has no more power than they. Heard this stated in sermons in his own country, and also in general conversation. Now, however, he believes as the Church believes, and acknowledges the Pope, with all Christians, to be the Church.
(fn. 6) Further confesses that he, only once, ate flesh on Friday at Gregory's house, because he found meat set down there, and others eating. Thinks he did ill in this.
Examined before the bishops of Bath and St. Asaph, the abbot of Westminster, archdeacons Dowman, Shorton, and Gardiner, the officials Bell and Qwarton, Dr. Duke, and Benet, &c.
W. Cleyton and A. Smyth, notaries. 8 Feb., in the Chapter House, Westminster.
Lat., pp. 3.
R. O. 5. Henry Pryknes confesses, in presence of the lord Legate, that he is of the parish of All Hallows the Great, London, and has been in England upward of two years and a half. Cannot speak or understand Latin. About Michaelmas last the purser of a ship dropped in his chamber a little book in German, which he identified in court, entitled Opera quædam Martini Lutheri, in which he read a treatise upon the Lord's Prayer. Had not heard of the burning or condemnation of Luther's books until the feast of All Saints last, when he heard say that all Luther's adherents, and those who possessed his books, were excommunicated. Submits himself to correction.
On the 8th February Pryknes was re-examined before the bp. of Bath and Wells, the abbot of Westminster, Master Stephynis, archdeacon of Taunton, Masters Bell and Qwarton, officials of Worcester and London, and Duke and Benett, professors of theology and law. In margin, "Notarii, Clayton, Smyth. Testes, W. Mane, prior, Johannes Fulwel, archidaconus, T. Jaye, monachus."
Lat., p. 1.
9 Feb.
Galba, B. IX. 3. B. M.
Wrote last on the 5th that the rumor of the peace had not been confirmed. On the vi .. inst. a post came from Lyons from De Prate, and yesterday my Lady told him that De Prate wrote to say that he had received a letter from the Emperor, ordering him to visit and congratulate the lady Regent, in his name, on the peace between him and her son (1), and that he had sent an esquire with letters to my Lady. De Prate had also inclosed the articles of the peace (2), which she read to Wingfield, but refused to allow him to have them, promising him a copy, of which he has not yet heard (3). Gives the contents as near as he can remember.
1st. That on Jan. 14 the [peace] was agreed to between the French king at Madrid, the Viceroy, one Hwge, who was admiral when the Emperor was in these parts, and John Lalemand, the secretary; that the peace was signed by the French k[ing]; that on the 16th it was concluded between the Emperor and the French ambassadors, to continue for ever between the two houses, as friends to friends and enemies to enemies. 2nd. Francis shall deliver up Burgundy, and quit the resort of the crown of France thereto, for ever. 3rd. He renounces his claims to Naples, Milan, Genoa, and the county of Aste. 4th. He shall restore the castle of Hesdynge, and renounce his title to Tournay, Lyle, Bettwne, and Dowaye, and the resort of Flanders and Artoys. 5th. He shall restore to lady Margaret the county of Charloys, and give her 25,000 cr. in recompense. 6th. He shall provide the Emperor with 500 men-at-arms and 6,000 footmen for 12 months for his coronation at Rome. 7th. He shall save the Emperor "indempne" against the king of England. 8th. He will restore to Bourbon his lands and property, and the same to his adherents. 9th. There shall be given as hostages, on his liberation, the Dauphin and duke of Orleans, or, instead of the latter, the duke of Vendôme, the count of St. Pol, Mons. de Guise, and other lords to the number of twelve. De Prate has heard that the Regent has already set forward to Bayonne to meet her son. 10th. The French king will do his best to cause the king of Navarre to renounce his title to Navarre, and, if he will not, to take the Emperor's part against him. 11th. The Emperor shall give in marriage with his sister, the queen of Portugal, three towns in Burgundy, Auxsone, Ausaroys, and another on the Soone, (fn. 7) "which I cannot na[me];" and if she have sons, the eldest shall be duke of Alençon, and the others share alike with his previous children. 12th. The Dauphin shall marry the queen of Portugal's daughter, and the duke of Orleans be brought up with the Emperor (4).
When my Lady had read this, my lord of Hoowstrate said that she was much more liberal in showing these articles than Wolsey had been in showing either the Emperor or her what had been concluded between England and France; for when the ambassadors in England asked him, he said he had sent them to Wingfield, and to the bp. of London in Spain to declare to the Emperor, which had not been done, as he had heard from Spain, and Wingfield had said nothing but in gross; and that the Emperor, my Lady, and the Archduke were comprehended, for which comprehension the Emperor is quit, for he is comprised first after the Pope in both parts. Having answered what he thought meet, took his leave, as it was supper time. Antwerp, 9 Feb. 1525.
Hol., pp. 4, mutilated.
Marginal notes to the above, by Wolsey, in Tuke's hand:—(1) "A congratulation for conditions, which, if it be as affirmed, should and ought to be nothing pleasant to the lady Regent.
(2) "[It i]s marvel that Prate [sh]ould inform my lady Margaret of the particularities, seeing that the Emperor sendeth one of his escurie unto her with the specialities of the peace concluded.
(3) "It is to be supposed by [the] delay of giving the copy, that all thing is not true that is affirmed.
(4) "It is to be thought that the said peace is not concluded with such articles as is here rehearsed; for diverse of them concerning alienation of the rights of his crown be not in his power to perform, and the other which be in his power be so great, that, being once at liberty, it is not like that he intendeth to perform them; and specially in actual delivery of the duchy of Bourgoyne, seeing that he reserveth the principal strengths thereof in his own hand, nor also in delivery of the Dolphyn, whereunto it shall be hard to bring the states of France to agree, seeing there is no provision made for his sure re-delivery into France, the conditions performed by the French king ... the Dolphyn ... Elyanores .. It bindeth ... part forasmuch ... be not at ... [y]eres of consent. [Tou]ching the [renun]ciation of [Mil]lain to be made [by t]he French [king], it is of [none] effect, forasmuch [as t]he right is in [his] son the Dolphyn ... Madame ... ate as heirs [of q]uene Anne ... the duke of Bourbon ... exempt from [the] duty of allegiance .. within the [realm]e of France ... that wol ... wise men ... facilly ... ne and judge. [As for] the county of Ast, [the Em]peror hath given it to the Viceroy; how long he shall keep it, is easily to be judged.
"Finally, if all be true as is in this letter rehearsed, I cannot persuade to myself that the [Franc]he king is determined, after his restitution unto liberty, to perform the same; and on[less there] be other qualifications than be spoken of, there is none appearance that the said [arti]cles be true, or that they accord with reason. How be it, I suppose because the ... e of Shrovetide was nigh, my Lady last Easter ... custumable manner to dally."
10 Feb.
R. O.
Grant by Wolsey to John Higden, dean of Cardinal's College, Oxford, of the site, &c. of the late monasteries of St. Thomas the Martyr, Lyesnes, Tonbridge, Begham, and Causay; with various manors and revenues belonging thereto. Thos. Crumwell and John Smyth are appointed Wolsey's attorneys, to take possession of the premises, and deliver them to the grantee. Westm., 10 Feb. 17 Hen. VIII.
R. O. 2. Similar grant of Canwell, Daventre, Littlemore, &c. Same date.
Lat., vellum. The Cardinal's seal attached, in an iron case; very fine impression.
R. O. 3. Similar grant of Bolles, Shipton, Cuddeslow, &c. Same date.
Lat., vellum. No seal.
R. O. 4. Similar grant of Thobie, Blakamore, Stanesgate, Typtre, &c. Same date.
Lat., vellum. Seal in iron case.
R. O. 1965. LESNES.
Leases granted out of the late monastery of Leze[nes].
Parsonage and lands in Raynham, Essex, to George Ardyson, for 30 years at .. vjli. Lands in Lezenes and Heryth to Wm. Abell of Heryth, for 30 years, at 33l. 13s. 4d. Uplands and marshlands yielding yearly 40 qrs. of malt and 12s. rent, to Thos. Draper, for 16 years, at 10l. 12s. Marshlands, &c. to Wm. Draper, for 30 years, at 43s. 4d. Half the parsonage of Waltamstede to Sir Peter of Northorpe, of Waltamstede alias Bodyston, for life, at 53s. 4d. Certain marshlands to Thos. Ainsbye, for 23 years, at 20l. The parsonage of Elmeden and lands, to Thos. Serle, for 10 years, at 14l. 6s. 8d. The parsonage of Alveley to [Thom]as Rawson, for 44 years, at 10l. Three pieces of land to Sir Ric. Walden, for 80 years, at 6s. 8d. Lands in Plomstede to Thos. Spencere, for 21 years, at 6l. 13s. 4d. Parcels of land to Sir Ric. Walden, for 80 years, at 1l. 10s. Houses in Crepulgate to Thos. Chamberleyn, of London, pewterer, for 31 years, at 31s.
Pp. 2. mutilated. Cromwell's hand?
10 Feb.
R. O.
Has read his letters, and heard Gregory Casale's charge. Although Wolsey's counsels are prudent, and conducive to the public benefit and to the dignity of the Holy See, has been compelled to act as he has done, by necessity, and does not think any harm will come of it. Wishes he was nearer Wolsey. Doubts not he would approve of his plans, and assist him by his advice. The change in circumstances makes his opinion alter, but his intention is the same. Desires credence for Casale's letters. Rome, 10 Feb. 1526, 3 pont.
Lat., vellum. Add. Endd.: 10 Jan. 1526.
Vit. B. VIII. 15. B. M.
1967. _ to _
"Ex literi[s] ... Febr. datis."
He writes that he has received letters in which Wolsey complains of him and the Pope; which letters, as he was ordered, he read to his Holiness, who answered that Wolsey was under a misunderstanding, and that the King and Wolsey had more to do with the treaty than he had; that past actions should not be blamed, but rather the future corrected, which can be easily done, as the French king will not be far from Henry when he has concluded with the Emperor, and will fulfil the conditions as justice and reason demand, and as it seems good to Henry and the Pope, about which he thought negotiations should be commenced with the French, especially about the defensive league, which his Holiness thinks just, honorable, and necessary, and the easier now because the reasons which prevented his Holiness are removed. Care must be taken that Francis is informed of the whole matter as soon as he is with his mother, and if he agrees to it a conclusion will follow immediately; otherwise, it need be no more talked of.
Lat., p. 1, mutilated.
11 Feb.
Cal. B. VII. 38. B. M.
1. "Copy of a letter sent from T. Magnus to the Queen's grace of Scotland."
The King his master will make no treaty with Scotland without comprising her in it, and providing for her feoffment, as she may perceive by a copy of the article in Latin. He will take care that she shall enjoy it without impeachment from Angus, from whom she has sufficient reason to be divorced. If she will not consent to receive him to favor he must be ordered by the Council in everything that she may live at peace as he has promised to do. Since the conclusion of the peace at Berwick, Magnus has waited where he now is, hearing that she was coming from the far North to Edinburgh. Desires her welfare, and trusts everything will come to good effect. Thinks that some things are kept from her by those who study their own interests. Others will not disclose them for fear of her displeasure.
"So it is, report in your absence from the King's person hath been that when your Grace was continually in his presence, oft and many times his Grace was commoved and stirred to displeasure, declared by his many times weeping and withdrawing his pleasant and most comfortable countenance from his lords and good subjects, which, as is said, hath not been at any time sithen your departing from his Grace." Thinks whenever she repairs to his presence she should every day first give to him her most loving blessing, and counsel him to serve God and love his subjects. Begs she will take this advice in good part. Berwick, 11 Feb.
Pp. 3. The heading by Magnus himself.
Cal. B. VII. 46. B. M. 2. "Copy of a letter sent from T. Magnus to the chancellor of Scotland, the effect whereof is particularly written to the bishop of Aberdeen, the earls of Argyle and Lennox, and to Mr. Adam Otterburn."
The wardens met at Ridon Borne on Monday last, when redress was demanded by Westmoreland and Sir Will. Evres, and refused by Angus, notwithstanding his promise made at Berwick. Begs them to consider the long letter he has sent, and that there will be no prisoners delivered. Angus would only be ruled by Mark Carr and the lord of Boclough. Begs the truce may be kept as it was before the wardenship of Angus, since whose time many a poor man has been ruined. Berwick, 11 Feb.
Has written a letter to the Queen, of which Patrick Sinclair will show him a copy.
ii. "Copy of an article specially written to Mr. Adam Otterborne."
If redress cannot be made by reason of poverty, thinks some of them should be delivered, who are "fawters" for every bill. The English will be satisfied.
Pp. 2. The headings are in Magnus's own hand.
Cal. B. VII. 48. B. M. iii. "Copy of a letter from T. Magnus to the lords of the Privy Council of Scotland."
On Monday the 5th, when Westmoreland and others had met at Ridon Borne, Angus refused redress on the ground that the offenders were Liddisdale men; so no good was done. He refused to meet them the next day either at Spyelawe or Cornell. Not to waste time, Magus and Sir Will. Evres met him at Coldstream; but on the third day, Angus broke his appointment, and sent Geo. Douglas, his brother, and Mark Carr to the lord of Westmoreland. Sees no redress likely. Urges that they should fulfil their promise, as it was openly said by Scotchmen of Teviotdale that no redress should be made. Cannot discover who are the lieutenants or wardens of the East and Middle Marches of Scotland. Regrets the disputes between Angus, lord Home and the Carres should be the only obstacle to the peace of the realms. Berwick, 11 Feb.
Pp. 4. The heading in Magnus's own hand.
11 Feb.
Galba, B. IX. 5. B. M.
Wrote last on the 8th (9th (fn. 8) ). Might have waited long enough for the copy of the articles promised him; for on Saturday last, a gentleman of the Viceroy's came from Spain with letters from the Emperor and copy of the articles concluded. (fn. 9) The day following, the town bells were rung, and about 11 o'clock the peace was publicly proclaimed in the market-place. Yesterday a torchlight procession was made, and Wingfield accompanied my Lady to the great Church, which when the procession had entered, she followed the Sacrament, which was borne to her traves near the high altar. High mass and Te Deum were then sung. On her return, told her she had not kept faith about the copy of the articles, which she then promised to send, set out in more ample form than those which she had read to him.
About six in the evening Mr. Lawrence Bleew (Du Blioul), the audiencer, came with her excuses for not sending the articles, saying that although she had received a letter from the Emperor, promising to send the perfect instrument of the peace concluded, (the articles sent were not signed by him or corroborated,) and she would not give away a copy of them lest they should not accord in all points; "which answer I was glad to take, because I could reach no better." There were the same night fires and other demonstrations of joy, in which the English merchants took their part. They desired Wingfield's advice about it, and he asked them if they had not triumphed at the taking of the French king. They said they had, with a more costly show than they could make now, as the warning was so short. (fn. 10) Told them an honest triumph might be made, that "shrews" should have no occasion to say that the English were not as joyful as others. They therefore made a right honest triumph of fires and torchlight, with liberality of wine to all who chose to drink, which were not a few, as it lasted from 8 p.m. to 2 a.m. All the time this house, which is a thoroughfare, lacked no drinkers.
Has obtained from usual friends a copy of the publication of the peace, the articles that were delivered to the governors of this town, and the Emperor's letter to my Lady, which he encloses. They have been hastily written, and will be difficult to read. Has been obliged to write the Emperor's letter himself, though he is not likely to be a good Frenchman this year. Hears that a letter from the Emperor to the King has been sent hence. Antwerp, 11 Feb. 1525.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. Endd.
11 Feb.
Vit. B. VIII. 16. B. M.
Repeat the Hungarian news in their letter of the 7th, and the Pope's desire that that country should be assisted. Rome, 11 Feb. 1526. Signed.
Lat., p. 1.
12 Feb.
Rym. XIV. 122.
1971. JAMES V.
Ratification of the peace with, England, made by Archibald earl of Angus, George abbot of Holy Rood, and Adam Otterburn, for Scotland; and Ralph earl of Westmoreland, Brian Higdon and Thomas Magnus, for England. Edinburgh, 12 Feb. 1525.
13 Feb.
R. O. St. P. VI. 523.
1972. LEE to HENRY VIII.
On the 12th, the Emperor left for Madrid to deliver the French king towards his journey into France, intending to pass three or four days with him, and then leave for Seville to meet the Empress, who is at Badajos. It is thought he will then go to Italy. Bourbon has left for Barcelona, to take ship to Italy. The French queen (Eleanor) will leave for Burgos, and on the coming of the pledges will take her journey into France. The Great Master will leave Madrid to take possession of Burgundy. Nothing is sure of the articles of the treaty, except Burgundy. I am told by the ambassador of Savoy that Francis has renounced all claims on Italy, &c., and the superiority of Flanders. I asked the bishop of Tarbes (Grammont) whether they had entered any article to discharge the Emperor for the indemnity. He said the French king had taken this obligation on himself. Your Highness is advertised by the knight of Rhodes of such answer as was made us touching your debts. I moved the Emperor that as the archbishop of Bari was now in good health, and was expected by you touching the debts, he would despatch him. The Emperor replied that he was not in good health, and as soon as he is he shall have ample commission. On Friday, the 16th of February, I leave for Seville. Toledo, 13 Feb.
13 Feb.
R. O.
1973. LEE to WOLSEY.
Everything of importance is included in his letters to the King. Does not, therefore, write to Wolsey, especially because of the short warning he has had of this post going to Lyons. Will do all he can about Wolsey's debts when he sends him the commission. Meantime will call upon John Almayne. Toledo, 13 Feb.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To my lord Legate's grace. Endd.
13 Feb.
Calig. B. III. 136. B. M.
"Copy of a letter sent from Robert Loggen to T. Magnus."
Came this Fasting's even to Coldstream, hearing that he would still be at Berwick. My lord Chancellor had written to the Pope, desiring to be cardinal and legate, as he had caused justice to be kept in the late and present King's reigns, and got his petition subscribed by the King. It has been stopped by Angus and Lennox, who this Monday beheaded two servants of the earl of Murray for slaying a man. The Queen sent to Angus "for a new assurance for her own person that she be not handled."
P. 1.
14 Feb.
Vit. B. VIII. 16*. B. M.
Hearing that the King has named him as his adherent in the League newly made with the French king, writes to express his obligation to him and Wolsey, who, as he hears from the prothonotary Casale, keeps in remembrance the services of his ancestors and himself to the Crown. Verona, 14 Feb. 1526. Signed.
Ital., p. 1.
14 Feb.
Bradford, 204.
The Emperor arrived here yesterday. The king of France met him outside the city. After supper they remained together two hours. The King was allowed to see the Queen. I am to attend Francis, and receive the Princes and the other hostages. It is a great and weighty charge. Perrenot will inform you of the state of affairs. Madrid, Ash Wednesday, 1526.
15 Feb.
Calig. B. VII. 36. B. M.
On the same subject as the letters following. Proffer their services, Edinburgh, 15 Feb. Signed.
P. 1. Add.


  • 1. "Et facile viderit æquitas tua, nec me vanum esse, ut isti prædicant, et pertinacem; horum invicem defensionem, neque sinceram esse, et rei ducalis maximo dispendio Parrhianæque negligentiæ totam inniti."
  • 2. Sic; qu. incuteret?
  • 3. Z6.
  • 4. f. 14.
  • 5. Blank in MS.
  • 6. What follows is on a different paper found apart, which is presumed to be the inner leaf of Reusell's deposition.
  • 7. "Shallon" inserted by Wolsey.
  • 8. Apparently Wingfield was a day out of his reckoning, and should have dated this letter the 12th. The 11 Feb. 1526 was Sunday, so that "Saturday last" and "yesterday" must have been the same day; and "the day following" the day the letter is dated.
  • 9. The words "also brought the copy of such articles" are underlined by Wolsey, and the passage following is marked in the margin.
  • 10. This passage is marked by Wolsey in the margin.