Henry VIII: October 1531, 1-15

Pages 217-225

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 5, 1531-1532. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1880.

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October 1531, 1-15

1 Oct.
R. O.
458. [Cromwell] to —.
The King's pleasure is that ye solicit the French king for the preferment of Thos. Beryer, now warden of the Grey Friars of Blois, to be warden of the Grey Friars of Paris. You are also to move the Great Master to the same effect. London, 1 Oct.
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, p. 1.
ii. [Cromwell] to Heron.
I advise you to allow the bearer, Ric. Johnson, to continue in his farm, parcel of the manor of Highe Hall, which he has by grant both of your father and of your mother, late deceased, considering that your interest in it comes from the King. London, 3 Oct.
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, pp. 2.
iii. [Cromwell] to [the Abbot Of —].
My Lord, I have received your letter, "and, being very sorry of molestation, do advise you not to suffer any of the King's courser men to lie with you; for your monastery, undoubtedly, is much too small to receive the King's coursers."
Draft, in Cromwell's hand, p. 1.
1 Oct.
R. O.
459. Charles V.
Instructions of the Emperor to his sister, the queen [of Hungary], concerning the government of the Low Countries.
The Council to consist of the Queen as Regent, Everard de la Marche, cardinal of Liege, John Carondelet, archbp. of Palermo, the marquis of Arschot, the count of Buren, lord Fiennes, the count of Gaures, lord Beures, the count of Hoochstrate, lord Sempy, lord Berghes, knts. of the Order, lords Wallain and Molenbais, and John Hannart, viscount of Liedekerke; with John Marnicx, lord of Marnicx and Thoulouze, as secretary. The Emperor's councillors, and the other knights of the Order, will also belong to the Council, when there. The archbp. of Palermo will propose matters to them, and report the resolution to the Queen. The Queen may summon others in addition. The Council is to meet whenever she thinks fit, and those absent from court must attend when summoned. This Council is only to treat of the principal affairs, touching the state and safety of the country, without meddling with matters of justice, law, &c., unless the Queen thinks them of sufficient importance to be treated by the Council of State. The opinions of members are to be taken, beginning at the highest or the lowest, as the Queen thinks best. The opinion of the majority is to be taken, unless the Queen thinks otherwise. The secretary shall keep a register of proceedings. All members must carry out unanimously the resolution of the Council, whatever their opinion. The secretary shall draw up despatches in accordance with the minutes of the Archbishop, and they shall be examined by the Council. When an answer has to be given concerning affairs concluded, the Council shall refer it to the Queen, or to whoever has to make the answer. The Councillors are to take an oath of secresy, and inform the Queen of breaches thereof. Members should retire when any matter concerning themselves is being discussed. Packets shall be sent and received by the secretary, and taken to the Queen unopened. He must also keep the ciphers. Brussels, 1 Oct. 1531.
Fr., copy, pp. 6. Endd. by a later hand.
1 Oct.
Vienna Archives.
460. Chapuys to Charles V.
Three days ago, having received your Majesty's letters of the 22nd ult., I informed the Queen of what concerned her. She will write to you in two days. In order to ascertain how this Court regards the interview of your Majesty and the king of France, as I had no instructions from you to inform the King of it, and also the documents (pieces) mentioned in the said letters had been forgotten, I sent yesterday a servant of mine to the duke of Norfolk on pretence of obtaining the release of the goods of some Spanish merchants. The Duke asked him if the report of the said interview was true. The man said it was, and that he thought I was only awaiting news of the report of Mons. de Balançon to go and inform the King of it. At this the Duke was appalled, and got one of the Court to entertain my man, and keep him waiting while he went into the King's chamber, where he remained nearly an hour. On his coming out there met with him the Chancellor and the earls of Wiltshire and Sussex (Succez), and after a long conference he called my man, and in presence of those lords bade him tell me that he had informed the King of the news of the said interview, and that the King said he was very desirous of the perfect unity of Christendom, and would not hinder it; nevertheless, it might perhaps not be effected, or it might be no great affair, and lead to nothing of consequence. And he smiled, as if in mockery, meaning it to be believed that his good brother was so firm a friend that there was no fear the one would do anything important without the other's knowledge, and that within three days I should see clear evidence of the said great amity;—although in the end, when he replied within three days, the Duke prolonged it to eight. He also told my man the King was very glad to hear of what had taken place in Barbary, and thanked me for having informed him. As to the merchants, he would do as I desired.
I thank you for remembering my necessity.
The bp. of Rochester has finished his answer to the book printed by the King, which I send with this. I beg you to send it to Rome, for it is of great importance. London, 1 Oct. '31.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. From a modern copy.

R. O.
461. Bishop Fisher.
His book on the Divorce, replying to the arguments of those who sought to prove the invalidity of the King's marriage.
Lat., pp. 198. (In the pencil foliation are two folios numbered 8, with a and b after the figure.)
2 Oct.
Heine's Letts. to Chas. V. 114.
462. Cardinal Of Osma to Charles V.
* The Pope said to him, among other things, that at the interview Francis would accuse him to the Emperor of being the cause of what had passed about the Council and in England; but he assured him this was not true, and he would have given much money if the King had not fallen into this madness, and now would give it if he would leave his madness; and the agents of both Kings have never heard anything else from him. As to the Council, he assured the Cardinal that Tarbes and others, thinking to please him, had often offered him that the Council should not be held, or that the French king should not come without insisting on terms which would make it impossible; but he always answered that he only desired the good of Christendom and the unanimity of princes, without which a Council would have no good result.
His Holiness thinks of making John Antony Mugetula a cardinal. Rome, 2 Oct.
Sp., pp. 3.
2 Oct.
Calig. B. VII. 169. B. M.
463. Scotland.
"The desires and offers therewith sent to the Commissioners of England by the Commissioners of Scotland for putting in effect of redress of attemptetes, and for the abridging and shortening of the time, the 2nd day of October, at Drumfreis," &c. Drawn up in consequence of the refusal of the English either to "file or clean" the bills for Canabe, holding it Debateable Ground.
Pp. 2.—Another copy at f. 180.
Calig. B. VII. 175 (179). B. M. 2. A remembrance offered on the behalf of the Commissioners of England to the Commissioners of Scotland at Dumfries, 2 Oct., for redress. Pp. 2.—Another copy at f. 198.
2 Oct.
R. O. St. P. VII. 323.
464. Henry VIII. to Ghinucci, Benet, and Cassalis.
Their letters dated Rome were delivered on the 24th Sept. Is sorry to hear the Pope is resolved to proceed after the holidays. Have written to the bp. of Ancona a letter which you shall present to him and to other cardinals. If all that we have done is fruitless, and they will proceed so precipitately, before sentence given, all are to leave Rome. We do not think that our ambassadors should attend the court of one who shows such hostility to us. As to your remark that Ancona imagines it would be very difficult for us to prove that Cæsar interferes with the case, we desire you to remember, whenever occasion offers, to urge that the Pope does nothing except at the instigation of the Emperor; and the Pope says that the Emperor will not have the cause submitted to an independent place; so that the Emperor is not a mere part, but the whole in this matter. The rumour of danger from the Turks is baseless, and we hear that he has already sustained great defeats from the Sophy, also that letters have been sent from the Great Master of Rhodes that the Turks have no intention against us. It is a mere ruse. It is ridiculous that the Pope and the Emperor, after he has collected such vast treasures from all parts of his dominions, and received a large sum from the French king, should ask aid of others. It is an attempt to terrify the rest of the world; and if the Pope wishes to be believed, let him settle the causes now in controversy, and ours among the number. The duke of Savoy can defend himself, and does not ask our aid. News has come from Flanders that the Emperor has publicly shown to the ambassadors certain pacta between himself and Francis to be debated on. The said King told Bryan and Foxe that he had no intention of the kind. If the Imperialists make any boasts, we wish you to tell the facts. Waltham, 2 Oct. Signed at the top. Lat. Add. Endd. : 1531. Del Sermo Re d'Inghilterra, di ij. Octobre.
3 Oct.
Calig. B. VII. 167. B. M.
465. Scotland.
1. "A brief replied by the Commissioners of England to the desires," &c. See No. 463.
Pp. 2. There is another copy at f. 197, endorsed, "Divers demands and answers to the same between the Commissioners of England and Scotland at Carlisle and Dromfrez, ao xxiijo H. VIII."
Calig. B. VII. 174. 2. "The answer of the Commissioners of Scotland to this last reply made by the Commissioners of England against the desires and answers made by the said Commissioners of Scotland, desiring their last articles and offers to be accepted or peremptorily refused by the Commissioners of Scotland."
Headed : "Apud Drumfreis, tertio Octobris, ao xxxjo."
P. 1.—Another copy in Calig. B. VIII. 43.
3 Oct.
Calig. B. VII. 165.
3. "A proclamation made at Dumfries by the Commissioners of Scotland," the 3rd October 1531, for redress according to the peace of the realms before the 20th Oct. Signed as No. 411. ii.
P. 1.—Another copy at f. 168.
R. O. 4. "Articles for Cannonby."
1. It is bounded on the east, west, and north by the Debateable Ground, and joins England on the south. It has always been used as a house of prayer, and neutral between both realms. 2. It is usually specified in truces between England and Scotland that the Debateable Ground is to be used as common between the two realms, to be occupied from sunrise to sunset, "with bit of mouth only," not providing specially for Cannonby. The Prior, therefore, and his servants, could have no sustenance, but that he pays yearly to the captain of Carlisle for the King 13s. 4d. for the enclosure and building which he occupies. The Scots allege that this sum is for custom of the inhabitants; which is not true. They pay no custom in England, but come freely to Carlisle market, as Englishmen. 4. As further proof that it is English, they pay yearly to the captain of Carlisle, for the waste they make in the woods, all the "tree vessale" that is used in the castle. 5. The Scotch allege also that redress was made to Scotland for goods taken from Cannonby. This is not true. The redress was made because the Englishmen drove the goods through Liddisdale, "which is mere Scotland," for which reason the goods were said to have been driven out of Scotland; but if they had driven them straight from Cannonby to England, the bill would not have been filed, nor redress made. 6. If they say it was filed for Cannonby only, they doubtless have matter of record why it ought to be done, and the composition of its exemption from the Debateable Ground, and in whose time and by whom it was done.
Pp. 2. Endd. : Articles concerning the monastery of Cannonby Holm, in the North Country.
5 Oct.
R. O.
466. Sir Jas. Worsley to Cromwell.
I desire your favor to the prior of Christchurch, Hampshire, who is put to trouble by Thos. Rysse for certain house and lands he has in the Isle of Wight. He has taken out a subpœna against the Prior very unjustly. He would lay a riot to the Prior, because he sent his steward and two with him to come into his house to keep his court, according to the old custom. Rysse took upon him to keep them out of their own house; was never farmer, and had nothing to do with it. I beg you will give evidence to the Prior, the bearer. He will tell you nothing but the truth. Isle of Wight, 5 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
6 Oct.
R. O.
467. Benet to Henry VIII.
Received on the 28th ult. the King's letters, dated Hamptyl, the 14th of the same. Went accordingly alone to the Pope on the 1st, and showed to him the two points in the King's letter to Benet apart, enlarging on them with such vehemence that he remained perplexed and sore troubled. Could get nothing from him then, but that "his mind was never to incuriate your Grace for nothing earthly, nother for no man's pleasure," and that the Emperor desired nothing of him but justice. I said, if I were of his Holiness' counsel I would advise him not to allege this; for to proceed in this cause, according to the Emperor's will, when he says the Emperor only desired justice, shows that the justice he desires is only his own pleasure. To confirm this "I brought in the Emperor's answer which his Holiness showed me concerning the commission of the cause in loco indifferenti, which, as I wrote, was that the Emperor [would never] consent that the cause should be committed out of this court." And because the Emperor wishes the cause to be tried here, and process to go forth "precipitously," I said his Holines would follow the same, "as it appeareth most clearly by that his Holiness (sic) that within so few audience they should come to sentence, and leave justice." So his Holiness will excuse the Emperor, and take all the blame upon himself. The Pope said I misinterpreted both the Emperor's answer and his own saying. Replied that it was not a question of words but facts, and referred further to the Pope's sayings to my lord of Worcester, Sir Gregory and himself jointly, and also to himself apart, showing that he regarded not the means alleged by us for stopping the process, but only to follow the Emperor's pleasure that process should be made precipitously. In the end the Pope was so perplexed he could not tell what to say. So, as cardinal Farnesius, to whom your Highness has written, will not be here till the latter end of the month, and cardinal Ravenna has no greater fear than that it should be known to the Cæsarians that your Highness has written to him in this matter, I thought good that we should show his Holiness what you had written to us there, in order to impress him more fully with the troubles and inconvenients mentioned in your letter, and to confirm what I had said to him about dangers inevitably to ensue. This was approved of by my lord of Worcester and Sir Gregory, and on the 3rd inst. we showed him the letter, advising him to avoid the dangers therein expressed as likely to ensue if the process should be made here against the King.
While reading the letter the Pope showed himself sore moved [when he heard that your Highness had written to the Cardinals, saying it seemed that your Highness would disn'ge (disengage?) him and the Cardinals (fn. 1) ], as you will see by the common letter. In the end, could get no resolution what he would do, for as yet he has no answer from those he consults on those matters. As far as I can perceive by Sir Gregory, his Holiness consults with cardinal Ancona, as I think you will find by his letter apart. I expect no good resolution by him, as he is very obstinate hitherto against the matter excusatory, but I shall make good diligence to remove him from his error.
I received by this courier, who arrived on the 29th ult., a letter from Mr. Brian, dated Paris the 20th, with two determinations of the College of the Canonists of Paris, and of both the colleges of Orleans. We look daily for the counsels of the doctors of Bonony and of Senensis. Thanks the King for remembering him with the deanery of Sarum. (fn. 2) Regrets that his Highness should think him remiss, or too light of credence. Assures him his suspicions are unfounded. On the 3rd a citation was read in the contradict (i.e. for contempt of court) against the King, and another on the 5th. The King will learn their tenor by Mr. Karne's letter, and will see what order has been taken by the advice of his counsel here in the matter. The cause shall be as well followed as if our lives depended on it. 6 Oct. 1531.
Draft, in Benet's hand, mutilated, pp. 6.
ii. A list of allegations [made by the Emperor in behalf of Katherine]; viz., 1, that Arthur was the eldest son of Henry VII. and prince of Wales; 2, that there were wars between Henry VII. and Ferdinand; 3, that to compose those wars the marriage was contracted between Arthur and Katherine; 4, that Arthur [died] without consummation of the marriage; 5, that after his death a dispute arose between the Kings as to the restitution of Katherine's dower; 6, that to settle this dispute Pope Julius was asked to dispense for the present King's marriage; 7, that Pope Julius did so for the preservation of peace; 8, that the king of England married her in facie Ecclesiæ per verba de præsenti; 9, that the King has often said he found her a virgin; 10, that he has issue by her now living; 11, that she is reputed Queen and wife of Henry.
Lat., in Benet's hand, p. 1, mutilated.

R. T. 145. No. 5. § 30. R. O.
468. The Divorce.
Henry, seeing that it was useless to argue upon the Pope's dispensing power, endeavoured to find flaws in the bull of Julius II., to furnish his successor with a plea for declaring the dispensation null and void. The Queen's proxy at Rome presented a document, in which all the facts, article by article, are attested on oath, to prove that the motives mentioned in the bull are real. The chief motive was the establishment of peace between the two kings, which was accomplished by the marriage. Arthur and Katharine both publicly protested that the marriage had not been consummated, owing to his ill health. On his death, 2 July 1502, in order to settle the question of restitution of the dowry, the second marriage was effected. The same reasons would now forbid its dissolution. The Emperor, the kings of Hungary and Portugal, nephews of the Queen, would take offence at the insult offered her, and war would be the consequence. Secondly, Arthur being prince of Wales, on his death that principality became the property of his widow; and, considering its importance, it was not likely that she would have been suffered to enjoy it peaceably, and it would have been necessary for her to implore the assistance of her family, which would certainly have broken the peace between the two countries. Thirdly, in addition to the principality of Wales, and the amount of her dowry, she would have been entitled to retain all the valuable presents called toralia, given her on the day of her marriage, none of which would have been willingly restored to her. In this document, the Pope's authority is asserted to be unlimited. Dispensing power is attributed to him, even in cases of the nearest relations, as brothers and sisters, especially when the suppliants are princes and kings.
Fr., pp. 5, from a catalogue of papers now lost, formerly at Brussels. (fn. 3)
6 Oct.
Cott. Appx. XXVIII. 1. B. M.
469. Ship's Inventory.
"Thys ys the inventory of the great barke, oyenwyd by youre humble servant, Christoffer Morres," 6 Oct. 23 Hen. VIII.
The ship with one overtop. A summer castle, and a close timber deck of "last" from the mast forwards. Above the summer castle a deck from the mainmast afterward. A new mainmast of spruce, 25 yds. from the "hounse" to the step, and 23 hands about the "patnas," with yards, sails, and tackle. A main mizen mast, a bonaventure mast, and a foremast. An oak bowsprit. 4 anchors. A pump, with 3 boxes and 3 pump staves. 3 compasses and a running glass. A great boat, and many other items.
Ordnance : Two brazenpieces called "kannon peyces," unstocked, weighing together 20 cwt. 28 lb.; two pair of shod wheels; 2 loading ladles. Starboard side : An iron port piece, with 2 chambers; a port piece of iron with one chamber; a Spanish sling with one chamber. Larboard side : Two port pieces. In the forecastle : A small sling with 2 chambers; another iron piece with 2 chambers; one broken.
Pp. 5.
8 Oct.
R. O.
470. The Parliament Chamber.
Warrant to lord Windsor to deliver to Christopher Rochestre, gentleman usher of the Parliament chamber, "for the dressing and trimming thereof," 5 pieces of red say of the large size, 4 of the middle size; three score ells of canvas; "and as much thread lire and gilt nail as shall suffice; and to pay for the workmanship of the same." Waltham, 8 Oct. 23 Hen. VIII. Signed at top.
9 Oct.
R. O.
471. John King Of Hungary to Paul Casale.
Wrote to him lately referring him to the letters of the bishop of Sirmisch concerning the restoration of certain towns and castles of Sirmisch. Yesterday Tranquillus Andronicus, the King's secretary, came with an answer from the Turk about the province of Transalpina or Walachia Major, which, on the expulsion of the Waywode, was in danger of being divided into prefectures or "zangyacatus." By his intercession delivered this province and Moldavia from this danger. Sends the Turk's answer concerning robberies committed last summer in Buda, and a copy of a letter of Ibraym Bassa. Desires him to inform the Pope of this. Whatever his adversaries say about him, and whatever the Holy See decides, he will never cease working for the safety of Christendom and the restoration of this miserable kingdom.
Sends his thanks to Gregory Casale for assistance in his affairs. If he prospers, will be grateful to both of them. Desires Casale to commend him to cardinal Salviati and the cardinal of Pisa, and others who favor him, and to exhort them to give him advice. Has wanted nothing but public safety, and peace with his adversary. The Emperor (of the Turks) has offered him assistance in person. From the house of the Hermit Friars at Alba Julia (Weissenburg), 9 Oct. 1531. Signed.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
9 Oct.
Vienna Archives.
472. Chapuys to Charles V.
Notwithstanding the king of France must have declared to your Ambassador that henceforth he would not permit any discussion concerning the divorce, nevertheless the canonists of the University of Paris have put out a determination,—of which I send you a copy. It has pleased the King in the matter of the excusator; but besides, by concluding that the Pope ought to commit the trial of the cause to some place not suspected, the King is by no means pleased. He pretends that his prelates, by their ordinary jurisdiction, and without any commission from the Pope, have a right to try it, and that it must be in his kingdom; and he alleges certain councils which are totally against him,—of which I have sent a copy to Mai. I think this is the reason that Dr. Fox has returned to France, and also to learn the news of his negotiations, as likewise what will happen at Rome before Parliament begins. To get these measures in order, Parliament has been prorogued for 25 days, viz., to Monday after the Feast of All Saints. The lady fears no one here more than the bishop of Rochester, for it is he who has always defended the Queen's cause, and she has therefore sent to persuade the Bishop to forbear coming to this Parliament, that he may not catch any sickness, as he did last year; but it is no use, for he is resolved to come and to speak more boldly than he has ever done, should he die 100,000 times.
The Court here is delighted at the rupture of your interview with the king of France. Joachin has persuaded them that Francis never intended to encourage the said meeting, considering what he had told the King, to whom he communicates not only all that happens, but his very thoughts. I have not thought fit to set him right, as it will be more opportune when the King talks with me, as he will do when he comes here. He is very sorry at the death of Madame the Regent. A Spanish friar has lately arrived from Paris, who brought the determination, who told me that a German scholar, named Master Gervays, had been sent twice in three months to Germany to practise for the king of France. If those who govern France were of the same opinion as the Ambassadors here such practices would be stirred up as well in Turkey as in Germany.
Lately, by command of the King, there has been a general description made of strangers, as was done by the Cardinal when war was declared against you at Burgos. Some think it betokens a commotion, others to get rid of some of them because of the scarcity and the famine. The King has allowed the Venetians licence to ship wool. The Nuncio has sent two briefs to the King for a league against the Turks and the Swiss Lutherans, who are troubling Savoy, London, 9 Oct. 1531.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. From a modern copy.
12 Oct.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 10. B. M.
473. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Has received her letters of 26 July and 26 Aug. The French king openly asks, by means of his ambassadors, for the cause to be delayed. The other side found their argument on a passage in Tertullian, which contains a heresy reproved by the Church, as he says, that second marriages are not lawful.
The Ambassador has been ill, but is now better. Now that the vacation is over, the other side has presented a letter from the king of England, ordering him who is here in the name of the kingdom to proceed with his excuses for not trying the cause here, for which they propose many exceptions. This letter has come sealed with the King's seal, but not signed with his name, as I was told yesterday. Rome, 12 Oct. 1531.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
14 Oct.
R. O.
474. Peter De Bardis to Cromwell.
Sends a translation of letters from Augustin, dated 7 Oct. 1531. He had previously written of the capture of the island of Modon in Greece, and sent letters from the doge of Venice to be shown to Cromwell. Today the Emperor assembled all the spiritual and temporal lords and burgomasters of these provinces in the palace. He and the queen Mary sat on the throne. First the bishop of Palermo read the ancient ordinances of the countries. Then the Emperor spoke for more than an hour, exhorting them during his absence in Germany to be good Catholics, and not to allow any heretical books or opinions. He spoke of the sacraments of the Church, and mentioned the German writers who were spreading false opinions, promising his favor if they heeded his warning, but otherwise his anger. He then spoke of the value of money, fixing a crown of the sun at 36 placks; and of certain sumptuary laws, which forbid the wearing of cloth of gold or silver by any one, and the wearing of silk except by nobles, and similar regulations about food. He concluded by exhorting them all to obey queen Mary, who, though inexperienced, would be assisted by a prudent council. He hesitated for a time at the word "experience," which he could not at first think of, and he nearly passed over one of the articles in his speech.
The Chancellor replied, that they were sorry for his departure, but they hoped that it would be beneficial to Christendom, and that he would return soon. The count of Nassau and others could not refrain from tears. The Queen then spoke for half an hour, but she was covered with blushes, and spoke so low that Augustin, who was near her, could understand nothing. The meeting lasted two hours in the afternoon. Lutheranism grows stronger, especially since the diet of Augsburg. The [bishops] of Mayence and Cologne will not go or send to the diet of Spires. Hears that after the Emperor leaves Germany, they wish to marry and make their bishoprics dukedoms. Joachim marquis of Brandenburg, the only Catholic among them, seems to have grown warm (intepuisse), and to be quite changed. Balanzon is expected every day. The coming of the Great Master and Admiral of France has been talked of for some days. The French queen and her sons are at Compiegne.
After count William's return, the Emperor tried to persuade his brother the count of Nassau to go to Germany to strengthen the Catholics, but he excused himself. It is thought De Praet will go, but he is no friend to the priests. Nothing is known of what the Emperor will do. When asked about his journey by one of the chief officers of his household, he replied that if his shirt knew his secret he would burn it, and bade him be ready as if he were to start in an hour.
The lord (bp.) of Liege will leave in six days, not pleased with the Emperor. Assures Cromwell of Augustin's readiness to serve him as well as the King. 14 Oct. 1531.
Lat., hol., pp. 3. Add.
15 Oct.
Hakluyt, II. 96.
475. Henry VIII. to John King Of Portugal.
In favor of the bearer, John Ratcliffe, agent of John Gresham, merchant of London.
He seeks the restitution of goods to the value of 12,000 ducats, which Wm. Heith, an agent of Gresham's, put on board the Santo Antonio, Diego Perez, master, in Candia, to be brought to England, but which Perez detains in a Portuguese haven. Waltham, 15 Oct. 1531.


  • 1. This passage is crossed out in the MS.
  • 2. Benet is not in the list of deans of Sarum.
  • 3. See No. 265, page 120, note †.