Henry VIII: December 1531, 16-31

Pages 271-288

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 5, 1531-1532. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1880.

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December 1531, 16-31

16 Dec.
Titus, B. I. 153. B. M. Ellis, 3 Ser. II. 145.
584. Henry Sadleyer to Ralph Sadleyer, his Son.
Inquires if the master of the Savoy has come home. Trusts he will acknowledge that he owes the King only 4l. Can get only fair words from his Lord (fn. 1), and no money. His Lordship intends to put away many of his yeomen, to go to Court at Christmas, and keep a small house. Begs he will intercede and get some office for him in the Tower or near London, as he cannot live where he is. Tiltey, 16 Dec.
P.S.—Richard Crumwell is going to London, and will be at Tiltey before Christmas; so will Mr. Anthony.
Add. : To Raff Sadleyer, dwellynge with Master Crumwell.
16 Dec.
R. O.
585. S. Vaughan to Cromwell.
After I had closed my letter I enclosed another to Mr. Treasurer, when I received your friendly letters. I have no power to thank you. I cannot get your books at present. A book has been lately put forth by a Collener in Latin, entitled De Vanitate Scientiarum. It is made by a man of great learning. (fn. 2) I wish you would read it for your pastime. It is doubtless to be had in England. It is put forth under the Emperor's privilege, and if you can hear of our chaplain that left these parts, and will set my brother Will. Johnson to speak with him, he will give you one. Barrughe, 16 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful, beside the Friars Augustines, London.
17 Dec.
R. O. St. P. VII. 328.
586. Edward Karne to Benet.
Since your departure the Imperials have made most importunate suit. They wish either to have the disputation out of hand, or else the Rota to refer their opinion. They handled the Pope so that he durst not propose for the open disputation; but Karne has done so, and the first audience after Christmas is assigned for it. Told the Pope the time was not sufficient, for no man here dared dispute, and we should have to send for the most famous learned men in Italy. Could get no further delay. It will be a great expence. The bishop of Worcester has sent to Sienna for Decius and others, and to Perusio for Frisio, and was ready to pledge his office to pay them. Master Gregory has sent to Bologna for Parisio, to Padua for Corte and Sozino, and to Placentia for Burla, and intends to sell land for their expences. Asks him to inform the King that money must be provided; the cause is now "driven to an extreme." The Imperialists think Benet has gone for no good to them, and will speed the cause before he returns if they can. Cardinal Osmund exclaims in the Consistory, the Imperial Ambassadors cry out, and all that Carne does is "taken calumnious." Fears that it will be hard to stop them at the audience after Christmas; and if the sentence is once given, they will never retract it.
Has had to borrow 100 cr. from Mr. Burbryge, and pledge his own property to pay for this post. Asks him to get his diets paid, and money sent to him, and to send the clause of non-residence for Sir Edward's (Lee) brief.
Paul de Casalis is dead. For fault of a better courier, the Ambassadors have sent Benet's servant Thomas. Has written to the King. Rome, 17 Dec. 1531.
Hol. Add.
17 Dec.
Camusat, 179 b.
587. Bishop Of Auxerre to Montmorency.
King John of Hungary is sending an embassy to the King, the Emperor, and the king of England, to show them that if the king of Hungary, the archduke, does not surrender the kingdom during the truce, be will recover it by force, &c.
Fr. Headed : A Mons le Grand Maistre, du 17 Dec. 1531.
19 Dec.
R. O.
588. Sir John Gage to his son James Gage.
Since your departure I hear that men in the Court marvel much that I have not otherwise provided for Nekke, but allow him to go about masterless. Some think it is unkind in me; and others, that it is for his lewd behaviour. I desire you to ask Master Cromwell from me to take him into his service; if he will not, send him home to me with Master Cromwell's answer. I do not wish him to be at Court this Christmas without a master. The Charterhouse at Shene, 19 Dec.
Hol., p. 1.
20 Dec.
Fox, IV. 689. (Townsend's Ed.)
589. John Tewkesbury.
1. Examination of John Tewkesbury.
On Wednesday, 21 April 1529, at London, before Cuthbert bishop of London, Hen. bishop of St. Asaph, and John abbot of Westminster. Being asked his opinion concerning the book called The Wicked Mammon, he replied that he thought there was nothing in the book but what was true.
In the same month of April, Tewkesbury was again examined before the bishops of London, Ely, Lincoln, and Bath and Wells concerning The Wicked Mammon, which he had sold. Nineteen articles extracted from the book were put to him; to which he replied, "I pray you reform yourself, and if there be any error in the book, let it be reformed. I think it is good enough." He was appointed to answer again on the morrow, in presence of John Cox, vicar-general to the archbishop of Canterbury, Galfride Warton, Rowland Philips, Wm. Philow, and Robt. Ridley, professors of divinity.
On the 13th (fn. 3) day of April, Tewkesbury again appeared, and was examined on five articles out of The Wicked Mammon; and on May 8 was enjoined penance, to carry a faggot at St. Paul's Church on the Sunday following; and at other places on the Wednesday and Friday next, to wear faggots embroidered on his sleeve; on Whitsunday eve to enter the monastery of St. Bartholomew's, and there remain till released by the Bishop; and not to leave the city or diocese of London without the Bishop's leave.
Fox, IV. 693.
(Townsend's Ed.)
2. His relapse.
In consequence of an examination before Tunstall and More, in which Tewkesbury confessed that he had read The Obedience of a Christian Man and The Wicked Mammon since his abjuration; that he had suffered the two faggots to be taken from his sleeves; that faith only justifieth; that there is no purgatory, &c.;—sentence was pronounced against him by the bishop of London, in the house of Sir Thos. More at Chelsea, on 16 Dec. [1531], and he was burned at Smithfield on St. Thomas's Eve, Dec. 20; Ric. Gresham and Edw. Altam being sheriffs.
20 Dec.
R. O.
590. Anthony Cave to Cromwell.
Sends a bill of the particulars of such rents as he cannot receive of the manor of Tickfford, and desires to know what to do. Most of them are pensions of benefices or portions of tithes and chief rents, so that distresses cannot easily be taken. Begs Cromwell to continue his kindness to himself touching this house, as the lease he has is of small value without the residue of the tithes and profits. Tickford, 20 Dec. 1531.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his right worshipful Mr. Thomas Cromwell be this delivered in London.
20 Dec.
R. O.
591. John Bunolt, of Calkewell, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his goodness when he was last in London, and for the little hoby Cromwell gave him, which he reputes as much as if it were the best in England. Is unable to recompense him. Sends him a case of knives for a small remembrance. Calais, 20 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : [To t]he right worshipful and [my] singular good friend Mr. Cromwell, at London.
20 Dec.
Add. M. S. 28,584, f. 105. B. M.
592. Cardinal Of Ravenna to Charles V.
Has written to request the king of Scotland to send ambassadors to the Emperor, as he gave the Cardinal to understand he wished to do. Thinks they may have arrived already. Has given a copy of this to Mai. Will not fail to write when he hears from the King. Rome, 20 Dec. 1531.
Ital., pp. 2. Modern copy.
21 Dec.
Vienna Archives
593. Chapuys to Charles V.
Sends the Queen's letters. She thinks it would serve much to her interests if the spirits of those here were aroused by the means I proposed. The auditor of the Rota has arrived here from France, accompanied by Albany's secretary and a Scotch gentleman, for information of certain excesses committed here by ecclesiastics against the See Apostolic. He is not charged to hold any conversation with the King touching the divorce; but, should the King speak of it, he will say nothing prejudicial to the Queen. I will have him well informed how matters go here, that he may write of them to the Pope. The King here is not very well assured of the amity of the Scots, for since the return of the bp. of Durham and other deputies to settle the difficulties, he has sent a number of expert men to repair the old fortresses on the Borders. An English friar of the Order of St. Augustine, (fn. 4) who has long been with Luther and others, is come hither at the King's great solicitation. He adopts a secular habit, and is much with the Franciscan, who is one of the chief writers in favor of the King. Brian and Dr. Fox have returned from France, and Benet from Rome, and many suspect that the Pope will not do all that the King asks him.
News of the Swiss and the king of Denmark. Joachin has leave to return, and will be succeeded by La Pomeraye. He has been attempting to obtain leave to send a certain quantity of wheat to Bordeaux. Touching the taking of the two vessels. He does not think either of the two Kings will oppose the Turk. Is very much in want of money. London, 21 Dec. '31.
Hol., Fr., pp. 2. From a modern copy.
21 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 107. B. M.
594. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Wrote last that the majority of the Rota had determined that the excusator should not be heard, and that the English ambassador had left.
Since the conclusion of the Rota the English demanded a public dispute on what was already concluded, and it was granted to them. At a Consistory held on the 11th inst. delay was granted to them.
Is grieved to hear that queen Katharine is removed from the Court, and that the King's wench is there. It is said she has miscarried. Wishes the Queen and her daughter were out of the kingdom. If the case is not soon finished, advises the publication of the bp. of Rochester's work and his own. Rome, 21 Dec. 1531.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
21 Dec.
Calig. B. V. 216. B. M.
595. Scotland.
"Communications had between the earl of Northumberland and the carl of Bothwell at Dillston," 21st Dec. 1531.
1. That the king of Scots, paying no regard to the services of the Earl's grandfather and father, has kept him in nonage, giving away his lands to the Carres of Tevidale, and, precluding him from the benefit of the laws, kept him in prison for half a year for his rule in Liddisdale; and if he can get him and his colleagues he will put them to death, as the Earl will show the King more at length. James is in league with the Emperor, the king of France, Christopher (sic) king of Denmark, and Addonell of Ireland, contrary to his uncle. 2. If the King will make war upon Scotland, will serve him with 1,000 gentlemen and 6,000 commoners. 3. And, considering the injuries done by James in the banishment of Angus, the disinheriting of Crawforth, the imprisonment of Argyle, to say nothing of Murray, Maxwell, or Sir Jas. Hamilton, thinks Henry might be crowned at Edinburgh in a short time. 4. Will give pledges for this, if he has promise from the King as he has had from Northumberland. Signed by Bothwell.
Pp. 2.
22 Dec.
R. O.
596. The Prior Of Langley to Cromwell.
I desire to know your pleasure when you will come to Langley, that I may make provision for your lodging. I send you a poor Suffolk cheese and half-a-dozen coneys. I have to ride beyond Canterbury, and will so do it that I may wait on you at your coming. 22 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
22 Dec.
R. O.
597. James Layburn to Cromwell.
Has sent him a hind by the bearer, the best he can get, and 6l. 13s. 4d. which he promised him at London, with 40s. for a poor token. Begs he will speak to the King, when he sees his time this Christmas, for a pardon to the writer's brother, Robert Layburn, who is in sanctuary at Ripon through his own folly. There is no indictment against him, but his own confession of a murder done in self-defence, at Oxford, a year ago at Michaelmas. Cunswyke, 22 Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Thomas Crumwell, Esq.
22 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 110. B. M..
598. Mai to Charles V.
* Told him (the Pope) that he ought to require all the Christian princes to combine against the kings of France and England, and that he should excommunicate them, and deprive them of their kingdoms. * Rome, 22 Dec. 1531.
Sp., pp. 7. Modern copy.
Ib., f. 109. 2. Copy of a portion of the above.
[22 Dec.]
R. O. St. P. VII. 331.
599. Gardiner to Benet.
The duke of Norfolk and I have spoken to the King, of whom we know the effect of your charge. You shall return within four days. The King desires you to borrow a gown of some of your friends, and come to the Court tonight. Greenwich, Friday.
You may speak to Dr. Wolman for his lodging here.
Hol. Add.
22 Dec.
Close Roll 23 Hen. VIII. m. 13d. Rymer, XIV. 424.
600. St. Alban's.
Grant, by Robert the abbot and the convent of St. Alban's monastery, to Henry VIII., of the manors called le Moore, Asshelesse, Bacheworthe, Brightwell, and Estbury, in Herts, Bucks, and Midd. Dated 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., and acknowledged by the abbot and convent at Westminster, before Will. Candisshe, 22 Dec.
23 Dec.
Wilkins, III. 748.
601. Convocation Of York.
Writ of the King for the meeting of the above on the 7 Feb. [1532]. Dated 23 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.
23 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 114. B. M.
602. Mai to Charles V.
Gave the Pope the letter your Majesty ordered to be written to him about the English divorce case, and read to him the letter to myself. He promised to allow no more delay; but whilst the world is troubled, they will be glad here of any delay (mientras cl mundo estara turbio aca holgaran de todo entretenimiento). I keep a spy on the English ambassadors and lawyers. They wish to bring lawyers from the neighboring universities, and ask for delay, but I do not cease my solicitations.
Has asked for a Cardinal's hat for the bp. (señor) of Monaco.
The French ambassador told a courtier that his master ordered him to help the king of England as much as possible, and the English ambassadors have orders to do nothing without his advice. Rome, 13 (fn. 5) Dec.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern extract.
23 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 116. B. M.
603. Muxetula to Charles V.
(f. 122.) Will perform the Emperor's commands in the case of the queen of England. The Pope has granted to the other side time to say what they like in these challenges (calumnias) until Twelfth Day (dia de los Reyes); and both his Holiness and all the Cardinals in the Consistory look upon this as the final delay, and have promised to decide the case when these days are past.
They are resolved not to admit the excusator.
All diligence will be used in despatching the case. Rome, 23 Dec. 1531.
Sp., pp. 13. Modern copy.
23 Dec.
Simancas MS.
604. Cardinal Of Osma to Comendador Mayor.
In the English case, I told the Pope what the Emperor had written. He replied that he would do so, and would allow no delays; and that the Legate had written about the Emperor's offer of aid in executing the sentence, not only because it would be in his aunt's favor, but because it was an apostolic mandate. He accepted this offer, and said that if any other prince had made it, he would have been doubtful about it, but as it came from a mouth that never knew how to lie, he esteemed it as if it came from Heaven. He ordered me to write this to the Emperor, and that he would do justice in the case of England, without fear of the King's refusing obedience, now that he has so good an executioner.
Sp., p. 1. Modern copy. Headed : Copia de parrafo de carta autografa del cardenal de Osma al Comendador Mayor, fecha 23 Diciembre 1531 (segun la carpeta).
24 Dec.
R. O.
605. John Hastings to Cromwell.
Thanks him for getting him a room in King's College, Oxford, of which Mr. Bedell has informed him. Has written to the archbp. of York about it, and trusts that he will thank Cromwell for it, and speak to the King's grace. The bearer shall wait for an answer. Knole, 24 Dec. Asks him to deliver his letter to the Archbishop.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. : To the right worshipful master Crumwell be this delivered, at his house before the Augustine Friars in London.
24 Dec.
Close Roll 23 Hen. VIII. m. 13d. Rymer, XIV. 426.
606. Eton College.
Grant by Roger Lupton, the provost, and the College of St. Mary, Eton, near Windsor, to Henry VIII., of the hospital and lands of St. James's by Westminster, which they had by patent 30 Oct. 28 Hen. VI.; with reservation of Chalcotts and Wilds, in the parishes of Hendon, Finchley, and Hampstead, and a tenement called the White Bere, in the parishes of St. Mary Magdalene and All Saints, in Westcheap and Bread Street, London, now in the tenure of Agnes Cavendish, widow, and another messuage in Westminster, in which Thos. Brightman now dwells. Dated 1st Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., and acknowledged by the provost and college before Ric. Rawson, one of the clerks of Chancery, 24 Dec.

Remains, 322. From Fox.
607. Latimer to Sir Edw. Baynton.
I received your letters by Master Bonham, showing who are grieved with me, and what I am to do if I must needs come up. Master Chancellor showed us that the bp. of London had sent letters to him for me. I answered, he was mine ordinary, and could reform me as well as the Bishop if I needed reformation; and that I was loth, this deep winter being weak and troubled with my old disease, and also with the colic and the stone, to take such a journey. But if the Bishop would command me to go, I would obey him. He said he would certify the Bishop thereof, and showed me that the Bishop was displeased with me because I contemned his authority when last in London. I preached in Abb-church, not remembering whether it was in his diocese or not, at the request of certain merchants, whose names I do not know, and whether they were of the parish or not I cannot say. I refused them twice or thrice. At last they brought word that the parson and curate were not only content, but also desired me, although they were told that I had not the Bishop's seal, but only a licence from the University. When I mounted the pulpit the curate gave me the common benediction. I marvel greatly how my Lord can allege I showed him any contempt. He never inhibited me in my life, and if he inhibited the curate I knew not of it. But I rather suspected that it was a trap laid to catch me by some pertaining to him. I preached in Kent also, at the instant request of a curate, but hear not that his ordinary accuses me of contempt. I marvel that the bp. of London, having so large a diocese, can have leisure to trouble himself about me, who do not belong to his cure, as though he had nothing to do in his own. "If I would do as some men say my Lord doth, gather up my joyse, as we call it, warily and narrowly, and yet neither preach for it in mine own cure, nor yet otherwhere, peradventure he would nothing deny me."
I admonished judges and ordinaries to be charitable in their judgment, and to take men's words in their meaning, and not wrest them to a different sense. I referred to the saying of St. Paul, Non estis sub lege, saying what if the adversaries of St. Paul had accused him to the bp. of London, would it not have been a godly sight to have seen St. Paul with a fagot on his back at Paul's Cross, my Lord sitting under the cross? Explains St. Paul's words, and how they might be misrepresented. Describes the different classes of informers at the time. If the Bishop would preach in my little bishopric at West Kington I would thank him heartily, and should be rather glad that Christ was preached than otherwise. I am one of the twelve licensed to preach in the university of Cambridge by the King's consent. I am told that the Bishop has informed the King that I defend Bilney and his cause against his ordinaries and judges. I did nothing of the kind, unless it were in admonishing judges to act indifferently. I have known Bilney a long time much better than did my lord of London, for I have been his ghostly father many a time. I ever found him meek and charitable, and a simple good soul not fit for this world; but if he has done anything contrary to Christian obedience, I do not approve it. How he ordered or misordered himself in judgment I cannot tell; but I must wonder if a man living so charitably and patiently should die an evil death.
I have reproved the abuse of private devotion, and would the bp. of London would do the same. There be three creeds,—one in my mass, another in my matins, the third common to them that neither say mass nor matins, nor know what they say when they say the creed; and I believe all three, and all that God has left me in Holy Writ. Yet I am ignorant of things which I trust hereafter to know, as I now know things of which I have been ignorant heretofore. I once thought the Pope Christ's vicar and lord of all the world; so that if he deprived the King of his crown, or you of the lordship of Bromeham, it had been enough; for he could do no wrong. Now I might be hired to think otherwise. I once thought the Pope's dispensation of pluralities discharged consciences, and that he could spoil Purgatory at his pleasure, by a word of his mouth. Now I might be entreated to think otherwise. I have thought that if I had been a friar in a cowl I could not have been damned, nor afraid of death; and in my sickness I have been tempted to become a friar. I once thought that divers images of saints could have holpen me. It were too long to tell you in what blindness I have been, and how long it was before I could forsake my folly. Yea, men think that my Lord himself hath thought in times past that by God's law a man might marry his brother's wife; but now he dares think the contrary,— which in the days of pope Julius would have cost him either a fire or a fagot.
You advise me to consider my position substantially, and I trust God will help me; "which if I had not, the ocean sea, I think, should have divided my lord of London and me by this day. For it is a rare thing for a preacher to have favor at his hand which is no preacher himself, and yet ought to be."
I intend to make merry with my parishioners this Christmas for all the sorrow, lest perchance I never return to them.
26 Dec.
R. O.
608. John Rudde to Lord Mountjoy.
Has inquired in the country who it was that brought venison through Royston on Wednesday last. Learns that Thos. Gates, servant with Sir Hen. Parker and his hunt, carried some, and that Sir Henry was five days in Northamptonshire and Bedfordshire with 12 horse or more, before he returned home. Cheshunt, St. Stephen's Day. (fn. 6)
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
27 Dec.
R. O. St. P. IV. 597.
609. H. Earl Of Northumberland to Henry VIII.
In accordance with the King's commands, has hastened a meeting with the earl Bothwell. Could not bring it to pass before Thursday, 21 Dec., when Bothwell, accompanied by the Earl's espial and other three, viz., David Hebborn, Rob. Ellwold of the Armytage, and Nich. Rotherford, came to him in the night to Dillston, within two miles of Hexbam. Treated with them at length of every article in the King's letter. (1.) As to the first, inquired the grounds of Bothwell's displeasure to the king of Scots. He said, the giving his lands to the Carres of Tyvidale, and keeping him in prison half a year in Edinburgh castle, where he would have put him to death, had not his friends been bound "to entre the said Erle" when the King should command him. He is also informed by lords of the Council, who are his friends, that if the King could get him and his colleagues together in Edinburgh he would put them all to execution. (2.) As to what he would do in revenge, he is willing to become the King's subject, and serve against Scotland with 1,000 gentlemen and 6,000 commons. (3.) As to the likelihood of good effect coming thereof, considering the banishment of Angus, the wrongful disinheriting of the earl of Crawford, the imprisonment of Argyle, and the disregard shown to the earl of Murray, lord Maxwell, and Sir Jas. Hamylton, he doubts not with his own power and that of Angus shortly to crown the King at Edinburgh. (4.) As to pledges for his perseverance in the enterprise, if the King will assist him and begin the war, he will find such as will satisfy the King. Assures Henry he is "of personage, wit, learning, and manners, of his years as goodly a gentleman as ever I saw in my life." Thinks him very meet to serve his Highness.
He also mentioned that when Carlisle was last at Edinburgh there was a secret ambassador from the Emperor, a Scotchman born, who had a long conference with James in his privy chamber. At his departure, the Scotch king, coming out, found in his outer chamber the chancellor of Scotland and the said earl Bothwell conversing with David Wod, Willy Wod, and Henry Kemp, the three to whom he had given the earl of Crawford's lands (having disinherited him because he entered his lands, on attaining full age, without the consent of the King his father), and said, "My lords, how much are we bounden unto the Emperor that in the matter concerning our style, which so long he hath set about for our honor, that shall be by him discussed on Easter Day, and that we may lawfully write ourself prince of England and duke of York." The Chancellor replied, "I pray God I may see the day that the Pope confirm the same;" to which the King of Scots made answer, "Let the Emperor alone for our purposes hardly."
Learns also from Bothwell and his spy that two Flemish ships of Christopher (sic) king of Denmark, now in his going to Norway where he is landed, were driven unto Aberdeen. The master landed and went to Edinburgh, where he was well entertained by James, who would have entertained them for his wars, but they refused, and at their departure he gave them 300 crowns. James is keeping Christmas at Edinburgh with all his lords, and means to send ambassadors to the Emperor, the bishop of Roos, and the secretary, and to the French king, the abbot of Driburgh, and Adam Otterburn, at Candlemas.
The Scots minister no justice at days of truce, but delay from day to day. Commends Humphrey Lysle for the apprehension of Hob Elwold, who was put to execution when the writer was at Dillston, which is a great quietness to the King's subjects on the Tyne. Desires credence for his servant Thos. Wharton. Newcastle, 27 Dec. Signed.
Pp. 4. Add. Endd. by lord Burleigh.
28 Dec.
Theiner, p. 599. Pocock, II. 148.
610. Henry VIII. to Clement VII.
Has read his brief, brought by Wm. Benet, who returns on his embassy. Is much surprised that when both of them are anxious for justice, they cannot agree. Books and doctors are unanimous in determining that the King should not plead his cause in Rome either personally or by proctor. This decision is confirmed by the great universities, which the King has consulted. Condemns the judges of the Rota for clinging to their own authority, and neglecting the opinions of others, and insists that they ought to be influenced by the laws, and the interpretation put upon them by learned men. On the mere assertion of the Queen that England is a suspected place, Henry is cited where the Emperor's influence is all powerful. In all England (horrible to think) there is no one worthy to act as judge. Appeals to the Pope's conscience to do his office, and not be influenced by others, as truth and right reason demand. It was never heard that a king of England was cited to Rome. Had it been to Avignon the matter would have been different. Further arguments to induce the Pope to be moderate in the exercise of his jurisdiction. Would be very unwilling to proceed further, but if he must he will have the satisfaction of a good conscience in knowing that the fault is not his. Refers him further to Benet. Greenwich, 28 Dec. 1531.
Add. MS. 5,114, f. 56. B. M. Pocock, II. 144.
611. Henry VIII. to Benet.
"The said Master [Benet], repairing to Rome with all convenient diligence, shall, besides the special matter contained in these instructions, by all other ways and means that can be excogitate or devised, practise the putting over of the process there until such time as the Emperor be passed into Spain. And with the C. An. (fn. 7) the King's pleasure is, the said master shall show unto him how his Grace taketh it most kindly that the said [Card.] (fn. 8) is so well minded to do him gratuite in this matter." Will see him recompensed with the French king, and remember it with a princely reward. The King does this, not to corrupt but only to encourage him to prevent wrong being done to the King in his Grace's matter. Benet is to tell him that if he can manage to prevent the Court there from giving sentence until the Emperor is gone into Spain the King will consider it a great benefit; or if he can prevent the resolution of the Rota from being disclosed, and move that the judges repair to Avignon as a place indifferent, and a proper means of avoiding scandal. If he hesitate from fear of appearing to take the King's part, Benet shall devise with him to stop the sentence, on this ground, that though the King be contumax, they must remorari processum eorum, calling to mind the process made in England by two Cardinals on a legatine commission from Rome. The Cardinal shall say that they ought to send for the said process to see that their sentence agrees with the acts of it. By this means six months will be gained. Benet shall treat with the cardinals Farnese. Trivulci, and others of the French party, and he shall use with discretion the two papers sent him from the King authorising him to promise bishoprics and promotions.
Pp. 6, in Wriothesley's hand. Endd. : Instructions to Mr. Benet in Dec. 1531.
28 Dec.
R. O.
612. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.
Expresses his great obligations to Cromwell. Is sure, if he knew the secrets of his heart and how he stands, that he would help him. Has received the King's summons to Parliament, Wishes to be excused, (1) because he is troubled with palsy and dangerous illness arising from trouble of mind; (2) because he is nearly undone by corrupt creditors, though he hopes shortly to recover himself by the King's favor; and (3) because, by the craft of Laurence Bonevyis and his false brokers, he is entered into such a bargain with the King in his place that he must serve his Grace as a merchant, or lose 500 marks of the best inheritance of the lords of Audeley. Has never had above 200 marks salary clear to his finding, besides his wife's lands; for the charges of his restitution, and of his two first years, were so great that he could never recover himself, and the adulation and detraction of merchants have now brought him to extremity. If this favor be shown him, hopes to be with his Highness soon after Easter, and that it will be found he has applied his time to the King's service, as Sir Will. Davythe will explain shortly. Leaves it to the King to say whom he shall make his proxy. Wade, 28 Dec.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : To his singular beloved friend Mr. Cromwell.
29 Dec.
R. O.
613. Thomas Tamp ... to Mr. Gryffyth.
Received his letter on the vigil of our Lord's Nativity. Thinks the best wood, if sold "be greitt," would be worth 4 marks, but it is difficult to tell. No man buys wood for ready money except for profit, and the value by retail could not be easily estimated beforehand. Thinks Mr. Lyster might be commissioned to sell 10 or 12 acres for my Lady's profit. Many buyers of wood put small wood in their hedges, which rots in three or four years, when a hedge should stand "fenshable" for seven years. Divers pieces of wall have fallen down in Eston. Eston, "the feast of the glorious martyr, St. Thomas."
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To Mr. Gryffyth, servant to [the] Queen's grace. Endd.
29 Dec.
Vienna Archives.
614. Chapuys to Charles V.
La Pomeraye arrived here on Christmas Eve, and was with John Joachin feasted by the lady. With all their pastimes they were not idle, and have this day sent Winchester to France. Pomeraye is here for the process of the divorce to be decided in this kingdom, and he tells me that it is impossible to conceive how much this King has the said affair at heart, and that his master will refuse him nothing. Bayonne is going to Rome, and Benet will follow. The King has asked that Joachin may be left here ambassador with Pomeraye. He is the man for the time. Pomeraye is lodged in the palace of Bridewell. Considering the coldness and pusillanimity they show at Rome, we may expect that the interposition of the king of France in the divorce will have great effect. The auditor of the Rota is still here, and I must think that those here are anxious to trouble the Pope, or else that neither the place nor the matter for which he has come is agreeable to them. He has not been able to obtain an audience since the 20th, and, instead of receiving an answer to his memorials, he did nothing but quarrel and menace. On the 28th he returned to Court, and, wishing to speak to the King as he was going to mass, could not obtain either his ear or his eye. And as they walked to the chapel, the French ambassadors would not allow him to take precedence, saying that he was only Nuncio in Scotland, and not here; and though he affirmed that he was Nuncio wherever he passed or carried briefs, and had matters to communicate from the Pope, the King's council resolved that he should not have precedence. He has, therefore, declined to accompany the King, and has gone to the Cordeliers, and stayed away from dinner. After dinner he returned to Court to obtain his audience, but without effect; so the good man is in great perplexity, and does not know what to do.
Parliament has been prorogued, as they do not know exactly what to discuss. You have given them a good example by the Constitutions you have promulgated in Flanders, which have been translated into English. London, 24 Dec.
P.S.—I have received the following letter from the Queen, written to her by some one in authority.
ii. — to Katharine Of Arragon.
I have spoken with Dr. Benet, who is very friendly, and he told me how that in Rome they were using much pressure to put an end to your business; and an excusator has appeared on the part of the King, asking that the cause may be remitted to another place, seeing that the Emperor defends this cause for your Highness, and the king of France for the other, who together have the greatest part of Christendom. Nevertheless, they have determined at Rome that the matter is to be concluded there and nowhere else. The said doctor tells me that the proctor of your Highness asked sentence immediately, and that, at the suggestion of the King's ambassadors and other persons, the Pope one day went into the country, and another day pretended to be sick. He told me the cause of his coming was to give notice on the part of the Pope that he could wait no longer without doing justice; and when he told this to the King, the King said he cared nothing for that sentence; but the doctor gave him to understand that the sentence once given would do him irreparable injury. Let your Highness be assured that as law is wanting to the adversaries ("a los contrarios les (?ley) falta"), and they use the help of relations (parientes) and friends, now is the time, and if this thing be lost it will be late in being recovered. (Sp.)
Hol., Fr., pp. 3. From a modern copy.
30 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 123. B. M.
615. Ortiz to Charles V.
Wrote by the last post the state of the Queen's case. It is reported here as certain that the Queen is twenty miles distant from the Court by the King's orders. This is a manifest commencement of disobedience to the Holy See and of schism. As it required a speedy remedy, -asked the Pope to send a brief ordering the King on pain of excommunication to treat the Queen as before, and to dismiss the wench (manceba), who has miscarried. His Holiness approved of the advice. Spoke on the subject to the Cardinal of Ancona, who is the principal lawyer in the Consistory and of most authority. He said that the news was very bad, and the remedy I suggested very good. He had come to the same opinion while talking to the Pope, though he feared that disobedience, schism, and heresy would be the result, and then no remedy would be left except war, which would greatly hinder the necessary resistance to the Turk.
Replied that the ministers of God should not think to aid Divine providence by failing in their duty, but they ought to do that to which they are bound, and leave the rest to God. Communicated all this to the Ambassador, who does not think the Pope will do this, but he will urge it. If the Pope does not, he will commit a great sin, for he has no excuse. He said he did not think he could do it, as he did not know it from his Nuncio. But this excuse cannot be received, as he told me the news in reply to my question what he had heard from his Nuncio. There is no need to consult the Consistory, as the evil is manifest, and the remedy necessary, in the opinion of the cardinal of Ancona, with whom the Pope consults on important matters. Rome, 30 Dec. 1531. Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
Ib., f. 125. 2. Another copy.
30 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 129. B. M..
616. Muxetula to the Emperor.
"It is impossible to provide the whole pay of the army from the resources of Naples.
News sent by the patriarch of Aquileia about the great preparations for war made by the Great Turk. The Pope invited all ambassadors in Rome to a solemn audience, and informed them of the danger with which Christendom was threatened. He admonished the princes of Christendom to imitate the examples of their predecessors, and to unite in a common war against the Infidels, threatening those princes who would not do their duty with punishment, and especially the kings of France and of England with the loss of their crowns. There was no time, said the Pope, for long deliberations. He therefore offered his person, and all he possessed, expecting at least succour of money from those princes who refused to take personally part in the war. But, he concluded, he felt sure the Emperor and the king of the Romans would come in person.
The Imperial ambassador answered as it became him, viz., that the Emperor would do all in his power to preserve Christendom from all danger. The same said the ambassador of the king of the Romans. The French ambassador spoke some fine sentences, and expressed his hope that his master would do his duty.
The English ambassador spoke some very cold words, and even some phrases which were full of malice. He concluded that his master has always been ready to do what he can for the common cause of Christendom, but that it was necessary that all Christian princes kept peace with each other, and did not consider their private interests only.
The Milanese ambassador spoke of the poverty of that duchy.
The Venetian did not dare to speak at all, because he had no instructions. Speech of the dean of the college of cardinals. Quarrel between the ambassador of the king of the Romans and the ambassador of France about precedence, &c. &c.
The Pope has been informed that the king of France is much satisfied with two things he has achieved; viz., that he has reconciled the Swiss, and remains on terms of friendship with both parties; and, secondly, that he has made perfectly sure of the king of England, whom he has entirely won over. The Pope thinks he has committed an error in the divorce cause, and is very sorry for it, as, in his opinion, that error can do much harm to the general interests.
Superscribed : Muxetula, 23, 30 Dec. 1531. Endd. : Answered in Cologne, 28 Jan. 1532.
Spanish. Abstract made for the use of the Emperor. Pp. 8." Modern English abstract from MS. at Simancas.
Ib., f. 135. 2. Modern copy of a portion of the above letter.
Sp., pp. 5.
30 Dec.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 131. B. M.
617. Mai to Charles V.
An account of the conference held by the Pope with the ambassadors in Rome about the resistance to be offered to the Turk, narrated in Muxetula's letter of the same date. Rome, 30 Dec. 1531.
Sp., pp. 7. Modern copy.
30 Dec.
Galba, B. x. 24. B. M.
618. Stephen Vaughan to Cromwell.
I have only received one letter since I came from England, which causes me not to write as often as I would. I have lately been at the Emperor's court upon the merchants' affairs.
On my way thither from Barrughe I heard that the Hollanders had banished English cloths; to which I gave little credence. At Brussels, where the Court was, I told the King's ambassador, who said he had never heard of any such thing. On my return at Antwerp, I found the report common, and that it was done by the Emperor's orders; but I do not know whether it is true. However, you may tell the King that it rather seems to be true than otherwise. If I had had certain knowlege of it at Brussels, I would not have departed without knowing whether the Emperor had granted it or not. I will find out as soon as possible, for it touches the intercourse between the King and the Emperor, and may make a breach thereof. This is now commonly reported, and it is well to be armed against all storms. Things are shrewdly meant against us in these parts. God turn all to good.
I hear of divers men and women of the Lutheran sect, whose persons ne names I know not, nor will know, who are fled out of England for fear of punishment, bringing with them all that they can make. By this means it is likely that new Tyndales will grow, or worse than he. I am unwise thus to write, being so unkindly treated in England in examinations, so that my honor and life seem only to stand in the untrue report of any evildisposed person in England, who may perchance spit out any venom against me to escape himself. This unkind dealing will not move me to do anything either to help or ea ... these people; rather I will not intermeddle with them at all, but will give place to some other man, who will have better luck than I, whom they go about so unkindly to threaten. I marvel at their exceeding thrift to bring me into danger who never offended them. If their behaviour and meaning was as nearly examined as mine, think you they would be found innocents? Nay, nocents, and worse peradventure than he of whom they so greedily examine. I would they knew that I am no heretic, nor will be made one. I have not so corrupt a mind, evil a conscience, nor so little understanding, as it seems they would I had. Antwerp, 30 Dec. 1531.
The Emperor's departure is uncertain. Many think he will go shortly, but I think not for six weeks.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
30 Dec.
Close Roll Hen. VIII. m. 13d. Rym. XIV. 425.
619. Christ's College, Cambridge.
Grant by Henry Lokwood, the master, and the fellows of Christ's College, Cambridge, to Henry VIII., of their manor of Roydon, Essex and Herts, with reservation of a messuage and croft in the town. Dated 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., and acknowledged by the abbot and convent before Ralph Sadler at the said college, 30 Dec.
31 Dec.
R. O.
620. Christopher Hales to Cromwell.
I thank you for your pain in suit of the writ you sent me. Your neighbour Gerveys shall be assured of me, albeit he has not sent me entertainment by money. I send you a lean doe, and a small dish of wild fowl. My lord of Winchester commends him unto you. He would scant tarry here to drink or make himself warm whilst he changed horses, but rode post to Dover on St. Thomas's Day. I wish to know if you have done anything for Mr. Heron, for whom I wrote to you when I left London, and also whether the Parliament shall hold or be deferred. Canterbury, 31 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Cromwell, Austin Friars.
31 Dec.
R. O.
621. Sir Thomas Denys to Cromwell.
I sent you lately a bill by my servant, to be signed by the King, for discharge of my appearance in the Exchequer for the sheriffwick of Devon. (fn. 9) I have had no notice of it, and send you another. I am not able, without great pain, to ride, by reason of a sore leg; in which Mr. Balthezar made an issue, and kept it open so long that the humors have had their course downwards, and when I ride three miles my leg swells greatly. I fear I shall not be able to come up to the Parliament, nor ride again without danger to my body, except some cunning man find the sure remedy. 31 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
31 Dec.
Close Roll 23 Hen. VIII. m. 13d. Rym. XIV. 425.
622. Waltham Holy Cross.
Grant by Robert the abbot and the convent of Waltham Holy Cross, Essex, to Henry VIII., of the manor of Stansted Abbott, with the lands called Joyses and Isney Parke, Bour house, and other lands and tenements in Stansted, Herts, and Roydon, Essex. Dated 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., and acknowledged by the abbot and convent before Ralph Sadler at Westminster, 31 Dec.
31 Dec.
R. O.
623. John Longland, Bishop of Lincoln, to Cromwell.
Thanks him for sparing him the payment of money. Hears that Dr. Nicholas, (fn. 10) of Oxford, came last night to London to ask licence to go to Italy, his native country, for his health. Does not think it convenient that he should go thither now, the world being as it is, and he being so secret in the King's great matter as he has been. He is now in town, and, Longland thinks, lodged at the Grey Friars. Asks Cromwell to speak to him. Some think, by the disposing of his stuff at Oxford, that he will not tarry, but depart, and not return again. Some doubt whether he would tarry to ask licence, if opportunity serve him to depart. The Old Temple, last day of Dec.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my right worshipful friend Mr. Cromwell.

R. O.
624. Jo. Lo. [Longland,] Bishop of Lincoln, to Cromwell.
I thank you for writing in my behalf to Mr. Farmer. I am content to bestow my chantry on your clerk, Sir Thos. Shell, (fn. 11) as he has promised to resign his benefice in Essex, that he may keep the better household.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my right worshipful friend Master Cromwell.
31 Dec.
Titus, B. I. 366. B. M.
625. Sir W. Stourton to Cromwell.
Asks Cromwell to obtain the King's licence for lord [Stourton], his father, to be absent from the Parliament summoned for Jan. 15. He is so feeble by reason of his great age that he could not go alive half way to London. He has not been on horseback for four years and more. His mother is of great age, and has lost her sight. They think never to see each other alive again if he takes this journey. Asks that he also may be excused from Parliament, for it should be greatly for his profit. Asks him to favor Thomas Shirbourne, prior of Shurbourne, Dorsetshire, in the causes which the writer lately moved for him. Will see all sums truly paid which Cromwell promises for the furtherance thereof. Cromwell also shall think his labour well bestowed. His father sends him, by his brother, the bearer, 20 nobles to buy a tun of wine. Stourton, 31 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To, &c., Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's most, honorable Council.
31 Dec.
Simancas MS.
626. Katharine Of Aragon to Charles V.
Excuses for her frequent troubling him. Begs him not to allow this time to pass without urging the settlement of the case. Refers to the letters of the Ambassador in England. Mur (More), 31 Dec.
Sp., pp. 2. Modern copy.
Dec./Grants. 627. Grants in December 1531.
1. Kent : Sir Edward Guldeford, constable of Dovor Castle and warden of the Cinque Ports, John Hales, one of the barons of the Exchequer, Sir William Hawte, Christopher Hales, the attorney general, William Dempe, and Richard Deryng. Commission to make inquisition concerning the malefactors who, in violation of the friendship and treaties between the King and Francis king of the French, plundered a vessel of John Collaye, called "le Barbara," of Seyntbridgion in Britanny, laden with "fysshe of the New-founde Island," which was forced by stress of weather to the seacoast near Rammesgate, in the Isle of Thanet, Kent, on the 23 Oct. last, and to cause the said malefactors to be arrested. Chelsebith, 2 Dec.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 10d.
2. William Medowe, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Weymouth alias Weck or Woeck (Winchester dioc.), void by death, and at the King's disposal by the voidance of the bishopric of Winchester. Addressed to Laurence bishop of Salisbury, or his vicar-general. Hampton Court, 29 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 2 Dec. — P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
3. Archbishopric of York. Restitution of the temporalities to Edward Lee, the King's almoner, on his preferment by the Pope. Hampton Court, 30 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 3 Dec.—Pat. p. 2, m. 15. (Rymer, XIV. 428.)
4. Bertrand Glenart, servant of the earl of Wiltshire. Licence to depart out of this country upon certain affairs of his own, with one horse, ambling or trotting, and usual baggage and necessaries. Hampton Court, 28 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 4 Dec. —P.S.
5. William Gwyn, clk. Presentation to the hospital or free chapel of St. Nicholas, Nantwich (in vico Malbano), Cov. and Lich. dioc.; void by death. Hampton Court, 30 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 4 Dec. —P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 29.
6. Richard Egerton, son and heir of Sir Ralph Egerton, deceased. Special livery to himself and to Ric. Manwaryng of Ightfeld, George Bromeley, William Chorlton, Richard Snede, William Wilberham, Hugh Starky of Olton, Richard Leftwych, and William Wilberham, clk., as trustees for him and his heirs or the heirs male of his body, of possessions in cos. Chester and Surrey, the city of Chester and Flyntshire (N. Wales). Hampton Court, 4 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., ... —P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
7. George Warener, serjeant-at-arms. Grant of the office of keeper of "le gret parke" of Farnham, Surrey, with the herbage and pannage thereof, and the office of ranger and governor of the North Chase there, with the custody of the waters and ponds called the Flete pond, and fees of 4d. a day, which park and chase belong, as parcel of the castle, lordship, or manor of Fornham, to the bishopric of Winchester, forfeited by Thos. cardinal of York for offences against the statute 16 Ric. II., Westm., 5 Dec. — Vacated because in the 22nd year (p. 1, m. 11).—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 12.
8. Bishopric of Winchester. Restitution of temporalities on the nomination by the Pope of Stephen Gardiner, the King's chief secretary, to that see. Hampton Court, 29 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 5 Dec.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 21. (Rymer, XIV. 429.) ii. Bull for his appointment, dated Rome, 13 kal. Nov. 1531.
9. Sir John Wallop, lieutenant of the castle of Calais. Licence to export yearly, as long as he be lieutenant of the said castle, from the ports of Dovor, Sandwyche, and Hith, for the victualling of the soldiers of the said castle, 44 oxen and 250 sheep. Hampton Court, 6 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
10. Coventry : Commission to the mayor, Gelinus Nethermyll, alderman, and Thos. Spenser, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Sir Will. Compton. Westm., 7 Dec.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32 d.
11. Gaspar Zonello, servant of Mons. de Vaulx, ambassador of France. Licence to depart out of this country with 12 horses or geldings, ambling or trotting, and six servants. Hampton Court, 28 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 9 Nov.—P.S.
12. Ric. Hunton and John Haytour. Warrant to John Taillour, master of the Rolls, to correct a grant, dated 29 Jan. 22 Hen. VIII., in favor of the above parties, of the next advowson of the church of Kynton, Dorsetshire, which was described as being in Wilts. Hampton Court, 10 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B. On paper.
13. Owen Hawkyns, merchant, of London. Licence to export goods to Holland, Zealand, and other friendly countries. Del. Chelsea, 11 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
14. — Bromeley, Thomas Jonys, Morris ap Garrie, John Smyth, and William Brabazon. Commission to make inquisition, both in England and the principality of Wales, on all the possessions lately belonging to Res ap Griffiyth attainted, and to seize his goods and chattels to the King's use. Westm., 12 Dec. [In English.] — Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 10d.
15. Godfrey Coeben, native of Gelderland. Denization. Hampton Court, 16 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
16. Anthony Anthony, groom of the Chamber. Licence to export three score tuns of beer within 13 months from this date. Hampton Court, 13 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 16 Dec.—P.S.
17. Lord Sands, the King's chamberlain, lieutenant of the castle and county of Guysnes, marches of Calais. Licence to purchase 500 qrs. of malt, and convey the same by ships to be freighted at Dover or Sandwyche to the said castle and county of Guysnes. Hampton Court, 13 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Dec.—P.S.
18. Sir William Weston, prior, and the brethren of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England. Mortmain grant of the site of the late priory of St. Mary Magdalene, Stanesgate, Essex, and "the priori manour of Stanesgate," with all lands, &c. thereto belonging; a water-mill in Stanesgate, and all messuages, &c. in Stanesgate, Tillyngham, Totham Magna, Totham Parva, Steple, Ramesey, Wodeham Mortymer, Tiptre, Mesyng, Tolshunt Darcy, Tolshunt Maugeret, and Maldon, Essex, belonging to the said late priory; with advowsons of the churches of Stanesgate, Steple, and Raynham, Essex; 1 messuage, 2 cottages, and a wharf called "Broke Wharffe" alias "Bockyng Wharffe," in the parish of St. Michael at Quenehith, London; all which premises came to the King's hands by the forfeiture of Thomas cardinal archbishop of York, now deceased. This grant is in exchange for the following possessions granted by the said prior and brethren by their charter dated 5 June 23 Hen. VIII. to Sir William Paulett, Christopher Hales, the attorney general, Baldwin Malett, the King's solicitor, and Thomas Crumwell, to the King's use; viz., the manor of Hampton alias Hampton Court, Midd.; the advowson of the prebend of Blewbery, in Salisbury cathedral, and of the vicarage of Blewbery, Berks; those two messuages with a garden adjoining in Chauncery Lane, in the suburbs of London, lying between a certain messuage now in the tenure of the Six Clerks of Chancery on the north and Ballards Lane on the south, and abutting on the highway called Chauncery Lane on the east, and a field called Fikethefeld on the west; a messuage and 15 gardens thereto adjoining, in the parish of St. Bride in London, which messuages (sic, plural) and gardens are thrown down and enclosed in the King's great messuage or manor called Bridewell, in the said parish. (fn. 12) Del. Chelseheth, 19 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 28.
19. Thomas Grey, yeoman of the Guard, and John Bukby, one of the officers of the King's pantry. Grant of the office of bailiff of the lordship of Horseley, Derby; on surrender of patent 22 June 7 Hen. VIII., granting the same office to Robert Hopkyns, one of the yeomen of the Guard to the late King. Chelsehith, 21 Dec. — Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 31.
20. John Brereton, King's chaplain. Grant of the prebend in St. Stephen's chapel, Westminster, lately held by Edw. Lee, S.T.P., the King's councillor and chaplain, now promoted to the archbishopric of York. Hampton Court, 16 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 22 Dec.—P.S.
21. Derbyshire : Commission to Sir Ant. Fitzherbart, justice of the Common Pleas, Sir John Porte, justice of the King's Bench, Sir John Byron, Thos. Courson, of Crokeshall, German Pole, and Ric. Curson, to make inquisitions p.m. on the lands and heir of Rob. Legh and Anne his wife, and Roger Fulgeam. Westm., 22 Dec.—Pat. 23 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 32d.
22. John Joburn, prior of the Carthusian priory at Shene. Grant of the site, &c. of the late monastery of Bradwell, Bucks, with appurtenances in Bradwell, Wolverton, Padburie, Lowghton, Sh[en]ley, Thornborough, &c., Bucks, and in Bylling Magna, Northampton, and Wykyn; also the chantry lands of Bodyngton, lately belonging to Cardinal's college, Oxford; also ... Holt alias Rowholte, in Chelsham, Surrey; the manor of Gamlingay, Cambridge; and a marsh called Colherberde, in the parish of Alneley, &c. This grant is in exchange for the following possessions which the said Prior has agreed to give to the King by indenture dated 5 Sept. 23 Hen. VIII., viz., the manors of Lewesham and Estegrenwich, Kent, with reservation of three tenements in Estgrenewich, late of Master John Cole, sub-dean of the King's chapel. Del. Westm., 23 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Part of this document is illegible from dirt. (2.) Two corrected drafts of the patent in R.O.
23. John Islippe the abbot, and the prior and convent of St. Peter's, Westminster. Grant of the site of the late priory of St. Margaret, Powghley, Berks, and the advowsons of the rectory and vicarage of Chaddelworth, Berks, and of Kyngeston church; the manors of Beterton alias West Beterton, Pesemer, Bagnore, and Corrage, Berks; two watermills in Bagnour; and all other possessions in Powghley, Beterton alias West Beterton, Pesemer, Currage, Bagnour, Westhenred, Cheseley, Alderbury, Compton, Wardenham, Migham, Esthenred, Esthamy, Offyngton, Upletcombe, Sparsull, Argeston, Isbury, Bokyngton, Ly, Liverton, Maydencote, Abyngton, Brightwalton, Chaddelworth, Boxworth, Farington, Hampstede, Benham, Okeys, Isdan, Hampsted Norreys, Ore, and Lambourne, Berks; in Faccome, Fernandene, Leckhampsted, Colmere, and Colthorpe, Hants; and in Estrich, Kynghton, and Ramesbury, Wilts, or elsewhere; which John Devenyshe, the late prior, and the convent of the said monastery of Powghley, had in right of that monastery, and which came into the King's hands by the attainder of Thomas cardinal of York; with liberty to have views of frankpledge, court leets, &c. within the premises. This grant is in exchange for the following possessions granted by the said abbot and convent by their charter 5 Sept. 23 Hen. VIII., to Sir Robert Norwich, chief justice of the King's Bench, Sir Ric. Lister, chief baron of the Exchequer, Sir William Paulett, Thomas Audeley, serjeant-at-law, and Baldwin Malett, solicitor, to hold to the use of the King; viz., a great messuage or tenement commonly called "Pety Caleis," and all messuages, houses, &c., thereto belonging, in Westminster; all those messuages, &c. on the east side of "the Kynges Strete," extending from "Lambe Aley" alias "Lambe Lane," to the bars in the said highway near the manor called "York Place;" all those messuages, &c., late in the tenure of John Henburie, on the east side of the said highway leading from a croft or piece of land commonly called Scotland to the chapel of St. Mary, Rouncidevalle, near Charinge Crosse; all those messuages on the west side of "the Kinges Stret" aforesaid, extending from a great messuage or brewhouse commonly called "the Axe," along the said west side up to and beyond Charinge Crosse aforesaid; all those lands, &c. on the south side of the highway leading from Charinge Crosse to the hospital of St. James-in-the-Field; all those lands, &c. lying mixed among the lands of the said hospital on the south side of the said hospital, and extending from the said hospital on the south side of the highway westward to Ey Crosse, thence diverging to the south by the highway leading towards Westminster to the stone bridge called Ey Bridge, thence along the said highway leading to Westminster to the south side of the lands there called Rosamunds, and thence along the south side of the same lands eastwards to the lands late parcel of the said great messuage called Pety Cales, and thereto belonging, containing in all 80 acres; a close late in the tenure of John Powmfret, now deceased, containing 22 acres of land, in the parish of St. Margaret, Westminster; except the watercourse and water running to the said monastery in and under the land in the said messuages, &c. on the east side of "the Kynges Stret," and in all lands and wastes on the south side of the highway leading from Charinge Crosse to the said hospital, and in the said other lands and meadows being mixed as aforesaid, and in the said close late in the tenure of John Powmfrett. Del. Chelsea, 23 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 22.
24. Robert the abbot and convent of St. Alban's. Mortmain grant of the site, lands, &c. of the late priory of St. Mary De Pratis alias Pray (Herts); and the manors of De Pratis alias Pray, Playdell, and Beamond, Herts; and all other possessions in the town of St. Alban's, and without the bars thereof, and in the towns, parishes, fields of De Pratis alias Pray, Plaidell, Beamond, Hempstede, Berkhamsted, Westwike, Whethamsted, Redborne, Sarett, Watford, Childerwike, Lecheworth, Flaunden, Dagnale, Abbotts Walden, Hexton, and Codicote, Herts, or elsewhere, which Eleanor Barnard, prioress of the said late priory, or any of her predecessors, held in right of the same, except the manor of Wynge and the other possessions of the said late priory in Wynge and Swanburne (Bucks), lately granted to John Pen; also the manor of Chalkeforde (Oxon), and all other lands, &c. in Chalkeford belonging to the late priory of Holy Trinity, Wallyngford (Bucks); also the advowsons of the parish churches, villages, and rectories of Wynge (Bucks), and Chalkeford (Oxon); all which premises came to the King's hands by the suppression of the said monasteries of De Pratis and Wallyngford, and by the attainder of Thomas cardinal archbishop of York.—This patent is granted in accordance with an agreement made by indenture dated 5 Sept. 23 Hen. VIII. between the King and the said abbot and convent, and in consideration of a grant which the said abbot and convent made to the King by their charter, dated 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., inrolled in Chancery [Close Roll 23 Hen. VIII. No. 28], of the manors and lands called le More, Asshelesse, Bachworth, Brightwell, and Estbury, in cos. Herts, Bucks, and Midd. Del. Chelsea, 23 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 24 and 25.
(2.) Fair copy of the draft patent in R.O.
25. Abbey of St. Alban's. Draft confirmation of patent 23 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII., and of another patent, dated — 23 Hen. VIII., granting the abbot and convent the advowson of the vicarage of Aston Rowant and of the chapel of Stokyn church, Oxon. Large paper, pp. 18.
26. Richard Gresham. Grant of the wardship and marriage of Francis Kellingale, deceased, who held of Thomas cardinal bishop of Durham. Greenwich, 22 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 24 Dec.— P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 35.
27. Ric. Lee and Wm. Sakevyle. Grant of a messuage at Witton, and two messuages at Westbury, Shropsh., in the King's hands by the outlawry of John Lingen, late of Witton. Greenwich, 25 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. —P.S.
28. Roger Lupton the provost, and the college of St. Mary, Eton. Mortmain grant of the manor of Baudewyns, near the town of Dertford, Kent; the lands, meadows, and pastures called Broks, in the town and parish of Dertford, with the waters and fisheries thereto belonging; the marsh called Flache, in "Luddenham Marshe," Kent; the manor of Chatesham, Suff., and all lands, &c. thereto belonging in the town of Chatesham and elsewhere in co. Suff.; and the advowsons of the parish churches, vicarages, or rectories of Newington, Kent, and Chatesham, Suff., with licence to appropriate, annex, and unite the rectories of the said churches; all which premises came to the King's hands by the suppression of the late abbeys or priories of St. Thomas Liesnes, Kent, and St. Mary Wik, Essex, and by the attainder of Thomas cardinal of York, or by the dissolution of Cardinal College in Ipswich, or of cardinal Wolsey's College, Oxford.—This patent is granted according to the terms of an agreement made by indenture dated 5 Sept. 23 Hen. VIII., between the King on the one hand, and the said provost and college on the other; and in consideration of a grant which the said provost and college made to the King by their charter, dated 1 Nov. 23 Hen. VIII., inrolled in Chancery, of the site of the hospital called "Saynt James in the Feld," and certain lands, &c. belonging to the same, containing 185½ acres; of which there lie between the cross commonly called Charinge Crosse and Eye Hill, on the south side of the highway from Charinge Cross to Eye Hill, in arable lands, meadows, and pastures, 64 acres; in a field called the North Feld, on the north side of the same highway, and in arable lands, meadows, and pasture, 96 acres; at a bridge called Knyghts Bridge, in 12 closes there, 18 acres; in a meadow called Temys Mede 5 acres, in a meadow called Chelsey Mede ½ acre, and in a meadow at Fulham 2 acres, as particularly set forth in a schedule annexed to the said indenture; with reservation of all the other lands of the said college called Chalcotts Wilds, in the parish of Hampsted, Midd., lately belonging to the said hospital; and all the other lands of the said college in the city of London, the town of Westminster, and their suburbs. Del. Chelsea, 26 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 27.
29. Mathew Hanmer, page, and Wm. Hogeson, yeoman of the buttery. Grant of the corrody in the priory of Hurley, now held by the said Wm. Hogeson alone. [No date.]—S.B. Endd. : xxviii. die Dec. anno r. r. Henr. VIII. xxiii. per Wrioth.
30. Wm. Stacy and John Welshe, clks. Pardon, and order for their release from the custody of Laurence card, bp of Salisbury, and Dr. Ric. Hilley. his vicar-general. Hampton Court, 16 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 28 Dec.—P.S.
31. Salisbury co. Gaol. Warrant to Lawrence, card. bp. of Sarum, and Ric. Hilley, LL.D., King's chaplain and vicargenl. of the dioc., for the release of John Bryton, John Harryson, Tho. Warrall, Wm. Drewe, Rob. Cowper, John Cooke, and others convicted of light offences, the said gaol being "replete and well near pestered with convict persons which have been long there at the great charge of the ordinary." Greenwich, 22 Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. Del. Chelsea, 30 Dec.—P.S.


  • 1. The marquis of Dorset.
  • 2. Cornelius Agrippa.
  • 3. Sic.
  • 4. Dr. Robert Barnes. See Fox, v. 419.
  • 5. "xiij." The heading is xxiij which is probably correct.
  • 6. The date of this letter is quite uncertain.
  • 7. Card Ancona.
  • 8. Word omitted.
  • 9. He was sheriff of Devon in 1527-8.
  • 10. Friar Nicholas del Borgo.
  • 11. Thomas Sheele was vicar of Wanstead in Essex, but he only resigned, according to Newcourt, in 1546.
  • 12. It will be seen that the grant made by Sir William Weston is more full than the draft and fair copy noticed in No. 285. But, as recited here, it differs slightly even from the text in statute 23 Hen. VIII. c. 26.