Henry VIII: March 1533, 21-25

Pages 115-121

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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March 1533, 21-25

21 March.
R. O.
256. Robert Hogan to Cromwell.
I beg your favor to Mrs. Pers, widow, the bearer, touching a forfeiture for carrying over corn. There is no honester woman in Yarmouth. Estbrodeham, 21 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : King's councillor.
21 March.
R. O.
257. Robert Webbe, Yeoman of the King's Studs, to Cromwell.
Since he was with Cromwell at London about the keeper of Warwick castle, a priest of Guy's Cliff, "which is of the foundation of the Warwick lands," came to him of his own mind, and told him that Nevell, who is now in hold, was twice with him, desiring to see pedigrees and chronicles. These the priest copied into a book, which the writer has now in custody, and lent Nevell another book. Took possession of the former book upon the priest's confession, with the key of the library, "where all their books be, which every gentleman is desirous to see ; and that makes some of them to reign in folly, for the priests be glad to show every gentleman pleasure." Has also made him write his own mind with his own hand. Has bound him to be forthcoming at the King's pleasure and Cromwell's, to whom he is not unknown. Thanks Cromwell for his goodness to himself and his brother. Warwick, 21 March.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To, &c., Master Cromwell, one of the King's Council. Endd.

R. O.
258. Petition of Sir Edw. Legh, late chaplain unto Wm. Nevell, to the [King's Council?]
Reminds their Lordships of the service he did to the King, with jeopardy to himself, in "appetching" Wm. Nevell in his own house, before the constable and the whole town, charging them that he should not escape. When I called him traitor, he cast down his head, and made no answer, but went back into his chamber. Seeing that no man durst lay hands on him, I pressed toward him myself to have taken him. Three of his servants took part with me, as I had told them before what he was, but he made fast the door. Then his privy messenger, John Lambe, came to a poor man three times, and Wm. Nevell himself commanded him to ask the peace on me. While he made ready to go away, the constable was commanded to watch at night, and we in the day, if he should come or go, or move any goods, till we heard from the King's council. At the sessions, when I should have discharged my sureties, the justices durst not discharge me, but made me find sureties to appear before the Council to justify my writing against Nevell. "[More]over, I have lien 5(?) weeks and more, at my cost and charge, until the time ... ys wife manysyd to fire the house where I lay then by the counsel of the justices of the shire," seeing that the parties went to appear before the Council, because I could keep myself no longer. He owes me 16s. 8d. for wages. I have never had a penny from him, and have pledged a gown, which cost five nobles, for a noble, to pay for bringing him up. Unless I pay it within 14 days I shall lose my gown. Asks them to let him have his wages, and he will show them the circumstances of Nevell's mind at that time, with something more behind.
Hol., pp. 2. Endd. : "His bill that peched Willm. Nevell."
22 March.
Camusat, 81.
259. J. Du Bellay, Bishop of Paris, to the Bailly Of Troyes.
The French king is much concerned at this war with Scotland, and is very anxious to bring about an agreement. Fears that if the Scotch king has such large forces collected, he will wish to employ them at once, not being able to bear the expense for long. It would be a good plan for the king of England to send a large force against him, but not risk a battle. Desires him to suggest this to Norfolk and the King. This will give time for interposition. Beauvais will be sent tomorrow. The matter is of very great importance. He will receive instructions how to speak in the comparison of the two Kings. All the French king's communications with Scotland for the last two years have been in favor of Henry, as James is a wilful young man, whose enmity can only cause trouble to England, and no profit, for there is nothing to gain. Norfolk and the bishop of Winchester know what Du Bellay said to them about it at Calais, and that the King foretold what has happened. Wishes him to speak plainly, without offending them. Beauvais will take to Scotland what ought to content them, considering the marriage they are demanding, though it is not what they asked, for the King of England would never agree to it. As to the new imposition of which he writes, he must tell Norfolk and others that the merchants complain daily. The like is not done here, and indirectly it is contrary to the treaties. He can say that the King and Council take it very ill, and if it were not for disinclination to press the King in his present circumstances, they would say more about it. Will not forget what the Bailly says about René de Pelletier. Desires him to write to the King daily. The Pope and Emperor have left Bologna. The latter is going by Lorette. The card. of Grammont has stayed behind on account of his illness. Ribemont, 22 March.
22 March.
R. O. St. P. IV. 638.
260. Sir George Lawson to [Cromwell].
My Lord Warden and the Council assembled the country at Hedgleye Moor, intending to have invaded Scotland on Thursday last, but were restrained by the King's letters, directing that no invasion should be made while the Scotch king remained on the Borders. He is staying at Meuros Abbey, and riding about to Jedworth, Kelso, &c. It is said he comes for the laird of Huntley's fair daughter, and to visit Mark Carr's concubine. Another saying is, he is waiting to hear from the French king of an abstinence of war, in order to have peace with England. He has no great power with him. My Lord Warden is always on the watch, and has good espials. Has paid this month's wages, &c.
Begs him to remember the letter about taking musters. If the King does not wish to repair Cawe Mills, it should be cast down, and the stones thrown into the Whittotter. Begs him to remember Rykbee's heir, and the respite of the money he owes the King. Alnwick, 22 March.
Reminds him about the reward for the poor soldiers of Berwick.
Hol., pp. 3.
22 March.
Vit. B. XIV. 108. B. M.
261. [Augustine De Augustinis] to Cromwell.
A very mutilated letter, the sense of which would have been for the most part unintelligible but for the contemporary translation which follows.
Hol., Lat., pp. 3. Add.
R. O. 2. English translation of the preceding.
I wrote to your Mastership on the 15th, on my way from Milan. Coming to Alexandria along with the French ambassador, Mons. de Velly, we passed through Pavia to be out of the press, and also to see the places where the French king was taken ; which places are so devastated "that they do represent rather war and battle at this time present than at any time past." Arrived at Alexandria on the 17th, intending, when the French ambassador had taken leave of the Emperor, to go together into France, but the Emperor did not arrive until the 21st. He tarried at Viglevone, 30 miles hence, hunting and frequenting his baths ; the water for which was brought from Montferrat, not far hence. It is of the same virtue as the waters of Ratisbon that he has used in Germany, and good for the scurf and itching in his legs. He will remain here till Lady Day, and then proceed to Genoa. Meanwhile they expect Andrew Auria to come and confer with him about the preparation of his navy. The marquis of Areschot came hither with him from Viglevone, having conducted the Emperor's daughter from Flanders to Mantua, who, as the Emperor defers his journey, is expected to see her father after Easter, and will afterwards go to Naples to be put under the charge of the widow of Charles Lannoy. The Emperor's councillors have not yet come. They remained at Milan four days after he had left, taking account of the revenues of the Duke and his servants, "the cause whereof your Mastership may lightly conjecture. It is evident and known to all men that the duke of Milan doth rather play the part of a husbandman than of a duke or a lord ; and yet, for all that, being kept in the same state, he doth provide well enough for his own profit." His subjects, however, make great complaint of it, and the noise not only reaches the Emperor, but goes through all the world. The Duke is urged to take in marriage the Emperor's niece, the eldest daughter of Christiern king of Denmark ; for whom last year Mons. de Rosynbowe was sent out of Flanders into Scotland, to contract her to the king of Scots, when the project was defeated by the hope held out to the latter of "your noble Princess." Her dower, I suppose, will be nothing, or it will be the 50,000 gildrens which the Duke is bound to pay yearly to the Emperor by the peace made at Bologna. Another marriage is projected by the Emperor between the marquis Montferrat and Julian, daughter of Frederick late king of Naples, who died in France, and sister of the duke of Calabria in Spain. This Marquis, before the death of the Marquis his nephew three years ago, was a prothonotary and an abbot ; "and now is in his later years, and as some men think, of a cold nature and sterile ; but by the provocation of his people is coact and compelled to procure this thing, lest that his state shall fall unto the duke of Mantua, who married the only sister of the Marquis deceased, of the which sister the duke of Mantua had a son this last week." The Emperor will give the bride 20,000 gildres. Hears that John Frederick duke of Saxony has offered to come to the Emperor before he leaves Genoa, if he will give him the investiture or right of electing the Emperor on his confirming the election of the king of the Romans. Can scarcely believe this, although the Duke's coming is expected, for he might do that by his ambassadors, unless he be impelled by the great grudge he and all the princes of Germany bear against Ferdinand. Letters have certainly been sent to the duke of Saxony from Milan, to which the Emperor expects an answer before he leaves Italy.
In coming out of Milan, I accompanied the king of Portugal's ambassador. Talked with him about the navigation of the Portuguese in India, and praised the enterprise of the King's father, Emanuel. He said some great princes envied it ; on which I asked who. He said the kings of France and England had furnished their merchants with ships at their own charges, which made no small navy, and used their King's names for their protection, while interrupting the navigation of the Portuguese, who were not only the first discoverers, but had possession of the places granted to them by Pope Alexander VI. Nevertheless, from love of peace the king of Portugal had offered the French king 300,000 ducats not to molest his navigation. I said such an offer ought not to be refused ; but if Francis did so, it could only be owing to the complaints of his people, who would get no profit by the bargain, but would have to buy spices at an enhanced price, unless a clause was added to regulate it. I mention this, because ye are of the King's council. "Moreover, I do remember that many times my late master the lord Cardinal, when we did common of this matter, had sundry communications for the device and making of a new navigation to Roane through France, to the great detriment of the Spaniards and Portugals, and to the great profit of England and France ; and that he did treat of this matter with the ambassadors of France, the bishop of Tarbensis, now cardinal, and with the viscount of Turone, now deceased, five years ago ; and there was none other let but for the payment of the stipend of the soldiers of Calais, for the preserving and defence of the same ; which the said ambassadors [qu. lord Cardinal?] would have out of that place where most profit should arise of the said navigation, i.e., out of Roan ; but other suspicions did happen." Alexandria, 22 March 1532.
Mons. de Velly told me he heard the Emperor say he would in any case take shipping before Easter, even if he kept his Easter at sea.
In Wriothesley's hand. Pp. 8. Endd. : Minute of a letter.
Nero, B. XI. 308. B. M. 3. Modern copy of § 2.
22 March.
R. O.
262. John Robyns to Cromwell.
I thank you much for your treatment of me when I was last in London, when you wrote letters in my favor to the abbot of Abingdon. Although the application has not been successful, and I was told by the Abbot that the next vacancy of the living had been granted seven years ago to a priest named Parcroyst, who was architriclinus to the late archbishop of Canterbury, I am no less obliged to you. I promised you before Christmas a little work on the cheapness and dearness of provisions, which I would have finished long since, had I not been hindered by preaching in this time of Lent. After Easter I will bring you the book, with a little treatise on the emerald. King's College, Oxford, postridie divi Benedicti.
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Add. : A Secretis Conciliis.
22 March.
R. O.
263. Canonbury.
Money delivered to Will. Fraunceys and John Merying, "for the setting up of the pale at Canbury, and for the provision of the timber and stuff for the same," from 5 Jan. to 22 March 24 Hen. VIII. Total 58l.
Large paper, p. 1.
22 March.
S. B.
264. Monastery Of Athelney, Bath and Wells dioc.
Congé d'élire on the death of John Major, last abbot. Del. Westm., 22 March 24 Hen. VIII.
Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
ii. Petition for the above by Ric. Wellys, prior, and the convent. The bearers are Cuthbert Harvey and John Athelwyn. Dated 24 Feb. 1532, 24 Hen. VIII.
23 March.
S. B.
265. For Thomas Stuard, a Scotchman, servant of the French king.
Passport for his return from Scotland to France, with two servants, three horses, and two hundred pounds in gold and silver, coined or uncoined. Del. Westm., 23 March 24 Hen. VIII. "T. R. apud Westm., xxiijo, ao supradicto."
23 March.
R. O.
266. John Bishop Of Lincoln to Cromwell.
I would have come to you but for my business of study, to beseech your favor in the University of Oxford's old suit, and to let us have the commission granted to us by the King in your presence, to use our old privileges till his Grace has taken a full order between us and the town. While this is in suspense, learning goes not forward, and order is not kept, and many depart the University, neither can we punish unthrifts. Mid Lent Sunday.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council. Endd. : John Lincles, prist. (A misreading of the signature.)
24 March 267. Viscount Lisle, Deputy Of Calais.
See Grants in March, No. 21.
24 March.
R. O.
268. William Walsingham, deceased.
Receipt by Robert Dacres from John Walsingham, executor of Wm. Walsingham, Esq., of a basin and ewer, spoons, and other plate, which late belonged to Thos. Denny, 24 March 24 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1. On the dorse is a list of the plate of Joyce Walsingham remaining with Mr. Whytt. Endd.
24 March.
R. O.
269. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
The King will know the news by the last letter from the Lord Warden and the Council. Since then has heard that the king of Scots departed toward Edinburgh on Thursday or Friday last. Murray still remains at Jedworth, with the earls of Huntley, Argyle, and the Earl Marshall, and 1,500 inland men and Irishmen, besides the country. They intend some enterprise on Thursday next. A new band of inland Scots are coming this next light of the moon, and they expect by that time to have news from the French king of peace, or abstinence of war. Reminds him that wages begin on the 3rd of April. In addition to the 4,000l. last sent, 1,000l. will be required to meet this. Begs him to remember the King's letters to Clyfford, Evers, Sir Rauf Ellercar, and himself, for taking of continual and sure musters. Has provided amply against any scarcity of victuals and horse-meat. The corn in the markets at Berwick, Alnwick, and Morpeth is cheaper by 12d. a quarter than the King's corn ; yet, if God save the ships that he has provided, there will be more plenty than will be bought for a long season. Remember the ships of war to be sent hither. Begs to know whether he has commanded John Raven to make such provision as he wrote for, and what is to be done about the brew-houses. The repair of Wark Castle must be put in hand, and some order should be taken about Cawe Mylles. Begs him to remember the reward for the poor soldiers of Berwick. Berwick, 24 March.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : Of the Council. Endd.
24 March.
Vesp. F. XIII. 153. B. M.
270. Sir Thos. Arundell to Cromwell.
Sends his servant for Hodder's bill, as Cromwell told him, when he was last in London, that it had been signed and forgotten, and left at the court. Trusts to hear some certainty of the coming of my lord of Northumberland, or else he is perplexed, as Cromwell knows. Westminster, the Eve of Our Lady.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell, of the King's most honorable Council.
25 March.
R. O.
271. Sir Roger Chomley to Lady Salven. (fn. 1)
Your man, Chr. Wylliamson, brought me a letter from Mr. Cromwell, directed to Sir Ralph Everre, Sir Edw. Gower, and myself, to make inquiry, along with other justices, of all such persons as riotously pulled you out of your house, and what goods they took away. Cannot meet as yet, but if Cromwell's letter had not gone to Stokesley, where Mr. Bowes appointed a sessions, great displeasure would have been done to you and your sons and servants ; "for the quest was taken, part of them, 34 miles from Stoksley, and partially chosen, albeit there is many of them gentlemen of fair lands." The indictments were rightly made, and evidence given at the inquest, but they would find nothing for the King. Proposes to call the quest before Cromwell and the Council. Rousby, Our Lady Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
25 March.
R. O.
272. Sir E. Nevill to Cromwell.
I thank you for your favor for the parsonage of Pettonberie (Pepinbury), and I desire you will help me to the vicarage of the same, as Sir Robert, the vicar there, is now dead. I am told the King has made you a knight. Southfrith, Lady Day. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
25 March.
Cal. B. VII. 184. B. M.
273. Dunfermline Abbey.
Notarial copy of a deed by which Geo. Dury, commendatory of Dunfermlyn, revokes his proxy given to Thos. Crag and John Lammykin to resign the abbey in Dunfermlyn, and appoints David Meffen and John Ferne to appear in the Court of Rome for that purpose. St. Andrew's, 25 March 1533.
Present : Thos. Wemys, James Schoriswode, and others.
Attested by Master Patrick Scot, priest, of the dioc. of S. Andrew's, public notary.
P. 1, broad sheet.


  • 1. See Vol. v., Nos. 1717, 1718. The latter, though undated, is clearly of the same date as this letter.