Henry VIII: January 1533, 11-20

Pages 16-23

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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January 1533, 11-20

13 Jan.
R. O.
34. Thomas, Prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
Reminds him that this Convocation is prorogued to the 6th Feb. at St. Paul's, at which the Prior should be president, the see of Canterbury being void ; but as he feels incompetent to keep that superior place among such reverend fathers, he desires to be absent, and commission some bishop agreeable to the King to act in his place. Canterbury, Monday, 13 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
13 Jan.
R. O.
35. Thomas, Abbot of Crokesden, to Cromwell.
Has received his letter desiring him to "fett in to ferme" the grange of Musden to Francis Meverell. Begs to be excused, as, without the grange, neither God's service nor hospitality can be maintained. It has not been set to farm for 40 years. Crokesden, 13 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
13 Jan. 36. Fr. Paulus Parmensis to Henry VIII.
The letter noticed in Vol. v., No. 715, is evidently of this year and in favor of John [de la Hay]. See No. 1471 of last volume.
14 Jan.
R. O.
37. Sir Thomas Clyfford to Henry VIII.
Has often informed the King of the ruinous state of Berwick. Sir Christopher Mores, Master Candish, and others whom the King sent down to view it, will report in what case they found the town and castle. When Clyfford was with the King he delivered articles in writing on the subject. Since then the decays have greatly increased. The time of year is favorable to having them immediately repaired. Otherwise no defence can be made against an enemy, except upon "the high of the walls, for the bulwarks are clearly decayed, and the towers and murderers in such case as, for danger of falling of the same to the ground, there can none ordnance be occupied by the gunners within the most part of them." Berwick, 14 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
14 Jan.
R. O. St. P. VII. 407.
38. Benet to Henry VIII.
Cardinals Tournon and Grammont have arranged with the Pope that he and Francis shall meet after the Emperor has left Italy ; and the Pope has written to the latter that he will consent, hoping that Francis will direct the King's cause to some good end. For this purpose he desires you to send some honorable personages. These Cardinals think that the Pope should not enter into a league for the defence of Genoa, which the Emperor presses. They have also written to Francis to the same effect. The Emperor's army will leave Italy, with the exception of 3,000 men to remain at Naples. This will leave the Pope at liberty, which will be conducive to a good resolution in your cause, and therefore the Pope's entry into the League will be of little importance. This interview must be kept secret from the Emperor. They think it advisable in this state of things not to use threats but pleasant words to the Pope. Bologna, 14 Jan. 1533.
Hol. In cipher. Add.
R. O. 2. Decipher in Tuke's hand.
Pp. 3. Endd.
14 Jan.
R. O.
39. The City of Waterford to Henry VIII.
Desire his favor in consideration of their constant true service, for which the King, his father, confirmed their charter and enlarged their liberties. Hear that the earl of Kildare, the King's deputy, has labored for authority to keep a Parliament in Ireland. Desire letters of privy seal to the deputy and lords of the Parliament not to attempt anything against their charter ; and also to the mayor and bailiffs to keep their revenues and grants. Waterford, 14 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
15 Jan.
R. O.
40. Richard Tracy to —.
You know the great trouble I have had about my father's (fn. 1) testament, and "the great and abominable worldly shame done unto his kindred in burning his rotten bones," which was dishonorable also to the gentlemen of the shire, as he had been high sheriff, and had held commissions from the late and the present kings. Hears the principal actor will be punished for it, but there were other accomplices. If they are found guilty, the King will profit 1,000l. by revoking grants to them ; and it will be a great benefit to Gloucestershire, as he can show Master Crumwell, to whom, as he hears, the King has committed the matter. Will not write about it, but will come to London within four days of Candlemas, and show the matter to Cromwell. Asks his correspondent, if he has such acquaintance with Cromwell, to stay the matter till then. Ex ædibus nostris, 15 Jan.
Hol., pp : 2. Endd.

R. O.
41. Theological.
A short treatise, tracing all the sins and confusions of the age to the neglect of the Scriptures and the indolence of the bishops in their ministry of the Word. The writer maintains that the King should endeavour to choose fit preachers of the Gospel, and that lawyers ought not to be made bishops.
Begins : Cum protervam impietatem ac enormitatem mundanam studioso animo complecterer.
Lat., pp. 7. Endd. : Richard Tracy's letter.
15 Jan. 42. Monsieur de Montpesat.
See Grants in January, No. 12.
16 Jan.
R. O.
43. Harry Lord Scrope to Cromwell.
I received your letter dated 6 Dec., by which I perceive that you received from my servants, George Sulby and John Chaysye, the value of my manor of Pisshoo. You have been laboring to obtain an answer from the King what lands I shall receive in exchange. Let me know when the matter is decided. Such words as my servant said secretly unto you shall be remembered. Langley, 16 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Councillor.
16 Jan.
R. O.
44. Sir Thomas Cheyne to Cromwell.
Two Flemings and an Englishman, mariners, have broken up the gate of the King's castle of Quynborow. They were taken and brought to the writer, who sent them to the mayor to keep till the King's pleasure were known, but they escaped next night to an Englishman's crayer, from which the mayor and his brethren recovered them after resistance by the master. Has, therefore, ordered the master also into custody, and his ship to be taken till further orders. At my poor house, 16 Jan.
The poor men suffer greatly from cold in prison, till he hear from Cromwell.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the Council.
16 Jan.
R. O.
45. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his gentle answer to his servant Will. Sembarbe. Is glad Cromwell approves the contents of his letter, and regrets he cannot reward him, except by thanks, till better times come. Relies entirely on Cromwell in his calamities. Thinks he may venture his life, honor, goods, and lands on this enterprise with only the King's favor and Cromwell's assistance ; but it must be kept secret till it can be brought to perfection, when he has no doubt to do the King service, and justify the words in his other letters. The bearer, Sir Will. Davy, will explain more. Wade, 16 Jan.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : To the right worshipful and his most entire[ly] beloved friend, Mr. Croumwell.
16 Jan.
R. O.
46. [Sir] Thomas Arundell to Cromwell.
Encloses 10l. from Hodder, whose prayer and service Cromwell shall always have, as he owes him both life and goods. It is not a little displeasure to those who were wont to have all he could get to see how good Master Cromwell is to him. I hope you have made an end with Watkyns, my father's suit lies so heavy on my shoulders ; so if the bill cannot be obtained of the King, I pray you use some other means for the contenting of my poor father's mind, who will be as pleased as if you had given him an office of 100 marks a year. Symondsebrough, 16 Jan.
Begs him to continue his good mind to lady Zouche of Willtun. "Your instrument, Mr. Benett, can perform that ye will have done."
P. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Mr. Cromwell of the King's most hon. Council. Endd.
16 Jan.
R. O.
47. Christiana Gold.
Receipt by Cristyane Golde, widow of Mr. John Golde, of 44s. 5d. for a half-year's rent of her dowry from John Hyntley, of Weltone, by order of Ric. Catesby, Esq. 16 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
17 Jan.
R. O.
48. Sir Will. Fitzwilliam to the Bishop of London.
The King is informed that the abbot of Walden, being now very aged and unwieldy, intends to resign. The King is patron by reason of the duchy of Lancaster, and has commanded me, as Chancellor of the duchy, to desire your Lordship immediately to send down officers to take his resignation. He intends to prefer a person of learning, virtue, and wisdom as abbot. Greenwich, 17 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd. : Lettres ao xxiiijo et xxvo R.H. VIII.
17 Jan. 49. Thomas and Gregory Cromwell.
See Grants in January, No. 13.
17 Jan.
R. O.
50. John Bunolt to Cromwell. (fn. 2)
Sends a letter from Hacket, which he desired should be conveyed to Cromwell by a sure man. Desires him to certify Hacket of its receipt. Calais, 17 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Sir Thomas Crumwell, Knight, Councillor to the King's Highness and Master of his Jewels. Endd.
18 Jan.
R. O.
51. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Received at Berwick, on Thursday the 16th, Cromwell's letter, dated London, the 10th. Came this night to Newcastle, and shall proceed with all diligence to York to receive of Thos. Barton the 500l. contained in Cromwell's letter for provision of victuals. A ship of Master Captain's has arrived at Berwick with beans and malt. Hopes to hear of more shortly. It is not true that there is such an extreme dearth of corn in these parts as the King has been informed. There is a marvellous sight of stacks of corn everywhere in Northumberland, unthrashed, which the people keep in fear of a dearth, and to make the price rise. As yet wheat is cheaper here than in the South, and malt at a reasonable price. The dearest corn here is oats, which are 3s. 4d. a quarter "of your measure ;" which is not high, considering how long the garrisons have continued here with their horses. Hay is scanty both here and elsewhere, yet there come daily from Scotland plenty of horse-trusses of hay, straw, and oats. Has suggested to my Lord Warden that proclamations should be made throughout the country to thrash out their corn, and there should be enough for both the garrisons and the country. As to the report that Lawson has 500l. to provide corn for the frontiers, it is true there was delivered to him and Clifford at Easter last, when corn was scanty, 500 marks to provide for Berwick, which they were bound to repay at Christmas, as appears by obligations in Master Tuke's hands. The corn was provided and came to Berwick, no orders being given at that time for laying a garrison on these borders. If it had been kept till now, there would have been a great loss by the fall of prices ; nevertheless, has received but 200l. thereof in money, great part of which he has spent in corn now come to Berwick. The rest is delivered to soldiers upon their next half-year's wages, and part of the same corn remains at Berwick unsold.
Has often written about the sure mustering of the garrisons and the taking in of Northern men. Cromwell, in his letter, refers the matter entirely to himself. Has done the utmost in his power, but wishes Cromwell would move the King to address letters to Sir William Evers and Sir Ralph Ellercar to that effect. The captains now think it necessary to have more men in wages. Has paid the first garrison to the 5th Feb., and the supplement to the 14th inst. ; so that there remains in his hands, besides this 500l. sent for provision of victuals, only 106l. The said supplement daily cry for wages, being as needy folks as ever I saw. A month's wages for all the 2,500 men will amount to over 2,500l. Will not depart from York till he hears from Cromwell, unless otherwise ordered. Begs him to move the King about the payment for the coats of the 1,500 men, for want of which there is great exclamation. Understands that Sir Ralph Ellercar is to remain here as one of the King's Council, having good experience on the Borders. Cromwell knows he is a younger brother during his father's life, and his lying here without some retinue will be costly to him. Suggests that a few of his men be allowed wages with the captains of the garrison. Begs him to remember Sir Thos. Wharton, in whose favor he wrote before.
Trusts that my Lord Warden, and others of the Council here, have written to the King of all the news. The earl of Murray came to Mewres (Melrose) Abbey, in Tevedale, on Friday night, the 10th, with 2,000 men, not 5,000 as the King is informed. On the Saturday following, Dand Carre, of Farnhyrst, with the sheriff of Ayr, and part of Murray's men, to the number of 300 or 400, came into England, and burnt in Brankstone, Learmouthe, Cornell, New Etall, and Heton, not all the towns or corn, but some houses and stacks in each place. On Sunday night, the 12th, my Lord Warden, with the garrisons, the earl of Angus, his uncle and brother, were minded to have made a great "rode" on the west march of Scotland, because the waters were up, and they could not conveniently ride in Tevedale ; but hearing that Murray had come to the Borders, deferred that "rode." On Wednesday last Murray was at Home Castle with 800 men besides the country. A "rode" was appointed by Master Clifford, Mr. Darcy, Mr. Tempest, Mr. Evers, and George Douglas, on Thursday night last. God and St. George be their guides ! For the convenience of the Council, my Lord Warden has left Warkworth, and gone to Alnwick. Thinks it would be better the King should command him to lie at Berwick or Holy Island for a season. Surely he is of a good courage, and has the best will to do the King service. Thinks that although great "rodes" cannot be made except in the full light of the moon, a privy "rode" might be made here and there, once a week or oftener, to burn some grange or homestead, so as to keep the Scots in fear, and weary them, and waste their victuals if they lay garrisons. It would also keep them from sowing their oats and barley this next seed time. Thinks a great part inwards of the Borders will be waste if "rodes" be made continually, especially if a great "rode" be made in Tevidale shortly. The earl of Angus and George Douglas say they have shown their minds to Master Gage in all such matters. Is grieved that the King should be charged to the sum of 7,868l., besides this last 500l. for provisions and so little "rodes" made for it. Has urged my Lord Warden and the Council to invade as often as possible.
Desires two commissions by next post ; the one for himself, and the other for his deputies, to provide grain, and take ships and mariners, with all other necessaries, at the King's prices. Advises that a ship of war be sent to this coast to protect the ships with corn. My lord of Northumberland intends to set one to sea at his own expense. Has just heard from a servant who was in Lincolnshire that one ship laden with beans has passed northwards. Hopes by this time it is at Berwick, and that more ships are lading to come forward. Newcastle, 18 Jan., at my going forward to York.
It would be folly for him to return from York to the Borders unless Cromwell send him money for further payment of the garrisons. Advises that the King should make a staple at York or at Newcastle of money to be had for these payments.
Cromwell can understand what pain and cost it is to ride so often from Berwick to York on short warning. Signed.
Pp. 6. Add. : Master Cromwell, esquire, one of the King's most honorable Council.
19 Jan.
R. O.
52. Bishopric Of Coventry And Lichfield.
Account of Richard Strete, receiver-general of the bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield, of revenues due to the King by the vacancy of the see, for one year from 19 Jan. 23 to 19 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, pp. 4.
19 Jan.
Add MS. 28,585, f. 215. B. M.
53. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Has received her letter of 5 Jan. Sent by the last post a copy of the declaratory brief which was sent to Flanders to be published and printed. If the King do not obey it the Pope will deprive him of his kingdom, absolve his subjects from their oath of allegiance, and commit the execution to the Emperor. In this way the brief will be as good as a sentence.
Has begged the Emperor and his Council that the relation of the Rota may be referred, and the sentence given immediately, por contradictas.
As there is no one to reply for the other side, the sentence cannot be refused, nor can it be said that it is given by favor, as it should have been given long ago. However, past delays make him fear there will be more delay, especially after the Emperor's departure. The Queen has written to urge him to obtain the sentence, but it does not depend on him. Thanks the Empress for her kindness. Supposes the schedule of his provision ought to come with the letters of the secretary, his brother, but he has not yet received it. Bolonia, 19 Jan. 1533.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
19 Jan.
R. O.
54. Paulus Parmensis, General of the Minorites, to Katharine Of Arragon.
Granting her the suffrages of the Order. Paris, 19 Jan. 1533.
Lat., on vellum.
R. O. 2. Modern copy of the preceding.
20 Jan.
R. O.
55. [Sir] Thomas Arundell to Cromwell.
Begs the continuance of his favor to these poor men of Lyme, in Dorsetshire, who have suffered so much from the late winter weather. Without the King's help the sea will eat and overwhelm the whole town, and the King will lose his customs. The men will see Cromwell's pains well bestowed. Symondisbrough, 20 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right hon. Mr. Cromwell, of the King's most hon. Council.
20 Jan.
R. O.
56. Sir Will. Percy to Cromwell.
I have endured much trouble touching the wardship of my brother Josselyn's son, (fn. 3) and might have enjoyed him but for the labor of Sir Ric. Tempest and Thos. Waterton against me. My late brother was poisoned by three of his servants, Humph Snawdell, Will. West, and a maidservant of their counsel. After his death they went to Thos. Waterton, and took with them my brother's goods. By consent of the sheriff they impannelled an inquest at York of their own friends, and for all the labor I took in that matter I was only awarded 40l., of which 201. is unpaid, which award was for the custody of the child. It has cost me 100 marks and much sorrow. Lately Thos. Waterton has purchased a privy seal against me to appear in London touching the lands. If any labor be made to you in the matter, I trust to your favor. Bishop Burton, 20 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful.
20 Jan.
R. O.
57. Thomas Barton to Cromwell.
On Monday, the 13th inst., your servant and I came to York, and immediately sent forth your letters to Mr. Lawson, who came not to York till the Sunday after. I have paid him 500l. in gold. I thank you for committing such a high trust to me. York, Monday, 20 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's most hon. Council at London.
20 Jan.
R. O.
58. Ric. Long, Spear of Calais, to Cromwell.
Excuses himself for not having taken leave of Comwell before going to Calais. Was taken with a sudden fever, and hastened thither to recover his health. Begs Cromwell to help that his bill be signed, and to deliver it to Mr. Norres, or to my cousin Longe. Is well amended since coming to Calais. Calais, 20 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
20 Jan.
R. O.
59. Sir Ralph Fenwykk to Cromwell.
I beg you will remember my matter to the King for my "patten" of Hexham, and to help me to the forfeiture of Ansle's lands, called Schafto, to the value of 10 marks per ann. I will give you 5 marks yearly for the same. I beg also you will be my good friend in other matters the bearer will show you. Hexham, 20 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd.
20 Jan.
R. O.
60. Lady Lisle to Cromwell.
My lord and I thank you for your letters, which rejoice us more than I can express. We hope before Lent to remember you with such pleasures as may be got in this country. Be good master to this poor gentlewoman, the bearer, who is very ungently handled by your servant Laurence Courtney. Her late husband made her a jointure, but since his decease Courtney purchased a subpœna against her while she lay in childbed, and afterwards an injunction out of Chancery, to turn her out of her land, notwithstanding that the jointure was made by Courtney's father. She is also wrongfully vexed in the Exchequer by a writ of intrusion, for Courtney has taken all the profits since her husband's death. Porchester, 20 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.
20 Jan.
R. O.
61. Katharine Blount to Cromwell.
Desires a continuance of his good offices. After Cromwell had made an end between her and Mr. Kytson for 1,400 marks, the duke of Norfolk, who had her son in ward, indented with her to see Kytson paid at Lady Day in Lent, saying Kytson would be content to wait till then. "And so I bought my son of my lord, and must give him 100l., to the intent that I would marry my son to his comfort." Has accordingly bargained with Sir John Talbott for her son, and has provided that the 400 marks shall be forthcoming at Lady Day, and the 100l. besides to my Lord. Has no penny of profit by her son's wardship, and now the Duke says Kytson will have his money at Candlemas or enter into the land. Kynlett, 20 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Of the Council.


  • 1. William Tracy. See Vol. v., 928.
  • 2. This letter may be of the year 1534. It is the first letter in our arrangement addressed to Cromwell as Knight, a dignity which apparently was never really conferred upon him, as he is distinctly called Esquire in all official documents till after his appointment as Lord Privy Seal in 1536.
  • 3. See Vol. v., No. 1327.