Henry VIII: January 1533, 1-10

Pages 2-16

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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January 1533, 1-10

1 Jan.
R. O.
5. Tower of London.
Abstract of work done by carpenters, masons, and other workmen.
i. Carpenters. (fn. 1) —In the tower in the King's garden next the wardrobe of robes, a roof of timber and board made complete with a somer and joists with joll pieces and platts ; also two turrets made with a roof and joists to the same tower, one of them with an altar. The second floor to the same tower was boarded ; the nether floor new joisted and new boarded. A roof made with a cross somer and joists in the tower at the east end of the King's long gallery in the garden ; second and nether floor new boarded, &c. Four types made on the top of the White Tower "with their ordinances about them," i.e., joyll pieces and bolls to the top of them, and a floor, level with the platts joisted and boarded. Trymers made round the same types to keep the water off the walls. "And thus the carpentry work of the said types being finished was a chargeable work to do." A pair of gates, grated, which hang next St. Thomas's Tower, and a pair of stairs going down to the water from the said gate ; and piles driven that the stairs stand upon. In the King's great chamber, laying in of platts and joyll pieces under the old roof, all the length of the said chamber ; work done by two men for six days stopping the "rystes" (rifts ?) in the roof "for colors laying, and more the said roof set ashore unto such time as the said roof was done and made." A halpas made before the chimney in the same chamber. In the round tower in the north-west end of the King's garden, a roof made to the turret with a round corb, &c. Great gutters made, being bridged and boarded, on the ends and sides of the Queen's great chamber. A great gutter made along one side of the King's watching chamber.
A false floor made over the King's closet and over the chamber where his Grace doth make him ready. A floor made in Henry VII.'s Council Chamber with somers and joists. A floor made in the chamber sometime called Henry VII.'s bed-chamber. Made anew in the Queen's dining chamber a great carrall window on the west side, with new leaning places, and a halpace underfoot, new made. Two new leaning places in the window on the east side of the same chamber. A great piece of timber laid over the carrall window to bear the roof, with joists, &c., and a halpace before the chimney. Three great planks laid over a window next the Queen's dining chamber to bear the roof, &c. A new clerestory made in the west end of the great chamber in the entry next to the closet, the breadth of the house, with a penthouse over it for the weather. A partition made between the said entry and chamber, with a clerestory in the upper end and a door to it. "A paper wall set up new in the same chamber at the east end, with a door to the same to lay in fuel." A leaning place new made in the window, &c. A jakes made in the inner chamber within the said great chamber, &c. A leaning board laid in the chamber window, and 12 puncheons set between the gutter and the chamber.
A false roof made to the King's closet above head, "to batten upon." Another, to the chamber where the King makes him ready. A halpas made in the King's bedchamber before the chimney. A new door made going into the King's watching chamber ward ; and a new board made to the leaning place of the bay window within the same door ; with 8 puncheons set up over the door to enclose the gutter and the roof. 23 steps with 2 halpaces in the King's garden set about the new bridge. A new bridge made without the Tower, next St. Katherine's, which comes into the Queen's garden, with 6 posts embowed. Piles driven that the said bridge standeth on, which was chargeable ; and 6 fanes set on the bridge. A partition made with a great door and a bar going down into the King's cellar ; and a window at the end of it. Another partition next to the same, which is a little chamber on the right with a door. Another chamber on the left ; door frame set in a stone wall for a jakes, and door made for it, with stool to jakes. These two chambers stand beneath the little yard next the King's cellar. In the King's cellar two square stairs with 8 steps. Dressing boards laid round about the King's privy kitchen. Gutters on the back of the houses of office, being 7 chambers next the great kitchen behind the chimneys. Four partitions, otherwise called paper walls, under the said 7 chambers, to divide the houses of office, with a door new made in each, and in one partition a stool made to a jakes. A partition made to the forebreast of the same jakes, with a clerestory therein to give light to the same jakes. A new door under the stairs to give light to the houses of office. Planks new laid over the top of the window last made in the new wardrobe. Two new bay windows in the little chamber under the gallery going into the Queen's garden. New floor to the said chamber, with jakes, roof, and other alterations, specified. Frames made under the arches where Gyllard's wine lies, with iron bars, &c. Plating and shoring the wardrobe next the King's garden, where the robes do lie. A window made in the Tower at the east end of the Queen's garden to set in the stone work. A halpas made in the Council Chamber next the King's gallery. A man's work, two days, making a seat within the Tower gate. Blocks cut by the carpenters for laying into the walls to nail the joyll pieces unto. Making a frame for a bell in the White Tower to call workmen to and from work. A false floor made in the chamber in which Henry VII. lay, for the battens to be framed unto overhead. Two lyntons made for the two windows in the same chamber, &c. A false floor made in the chamber underneath the Council Chamber in the King's garden,&c. A dresser made in the King's privy kitchen. A door made through the wall into the pantry with 5 steps to it. A larder house under the houses of office. In the Lords' kitchen 4 racks and 4 posts made. Seven halpas, one in the chamber underneath the Council Chamber in the King's garden, and 3 in the old lodgings of the Queen's side, one in the chamber that Henry VII. lay in, and 2 in the great chamber next the privy closet. Two trymer pieces set up under the 2 windows in the chamber in the King's garden going into the Queen's garden, and a door made for a partition in the same chamber. A jakes made at the north end of the Queen's dining chamber. A great beam fetched from Stratford-Bowe to set in the White Tower ; 3 carpenters felling and hewing it two days. A door made for a jakes under the great chamber next the privy closet. A door and frame made in the Tower where Gyllard lyeth, in the garden. A new frame at St. Thomas' tower. A long gallery with 7 chambers on the north side next to the kitchen, 118 ft. by 21 ft. "A new frame now made a wardrobe for the King," 101 ft. by 24 ft. A frame now appointed for the Queen's great chamber, 59 ft. by 26 ft. Two frames appointed for 2 chambers next the King's closet, one chamber being 52 ft. long by 18½ ft. broad, the other within the same 23 ft. long by 16 ft., and the little entry 23 ft. long by 11½ft. Scaffolds made out of the long gallery for the tilers, plasterers, and painters to work upon about the gallery and Council Chamber. Two little frames of boards "to close in the great fanes that came from Elysys the painter, for hurting of the gilding." A floor made and ready framed for the Round Tower on the White Tower, which is not yet set up. Seven sawpits made by the carpenters for the sawyers.
ii. Bricklayers.—Heightening the four types on the White Tower, each a yard high. The battlements to the White Tower with brick "for the masons to coppe upon," and rough casting the types. A little house made within Colharbarow going up into the seven houses of office, and various alterations specified about these houses. A new oven, 10 ft. broad, made in the house next the great kitchen. Ranges and hearths in the Lords' kitchen and the old kitchen. The jewel house rough cast round about, and the making of both sides of the stairs going up to it with brick. The underpinning of the new made wardrobe. "Item, in the same frame at the gable end on the north side, the bringing up with ragstone and brick." Underpinning the wardrobe with robes. Pargetting and mending 3 chimneys and their halpaces in the Queen's three old chambers. Various repairs specified in the Queen's dining chamber, the King's watching chamber, the King's dining chamber, the great chamber next the closet ; in the Council Chamber of the Round Tower where the King's lodging is ; in the chamber new made under the Council Chamber in the King's garden ; in Julius Cæsar's Tower, and the tower north of it ; in the tower north of the Queen's lodging ; in the payhouse and Robyn the Devil's Tower.
iii. Tiling of the long gallery, &c.
iv. Lime for these works, estimated at 25,000 loads besides sand.
v. Plasterers.—Work in the long gallery, the King's privy chamber next the water side, the entry east of the same chamber, two chambers next the privy closet, "in Sherys frame called the houses of office," the Lord's kitchen, the King's privy kitchen, the four types on the White Tower and the wardrobe. Four gable euds plastered, the one in King's frame, 2 in the new wardrobe, and the other in the Norres' chamber. Roof of the chamber where Henry VII. lay, the King's dining chamber, the Council Chamber in the Round Tower, the Queen's dining chamber and four chambers north of it ; and the chamber in the King's garden going into the Queen's.
vi. Plumbers.—Taking down the four types on the great White Tower, aud casting and chasing the same. Two cisterns on the White Tower, west side. Taking up and laying the roof of the new wardrobe. Covering the heads of four turrets, "the wyndelesses, that is to say, in Bowyar's Tower and Burbegge Tower, next unto it, and one small roof unto Bowyar's Tower." Repairs on the tower at the north-east end of the King's garden, at the gallery end east, in the Cradle Tower within the Queen's garden, on the Round Tower of the Council Chamber, roof of the King's closet, Walker's frame, the Queen's lodging, Hall and Kyng's frame, the chamber underneath the Council Chamber in the King's garden, Sherys new frame, St. Thomas's Tower and Robyn the Devil's Tower.
vii. Freemasons. — In the water-gate on either side the long arch two pillars to strengthen it, "at both ends in compass bowte either of the pillars 17 foot apiece, and in height 13 foot, and not yet all finished." The wall new made on the west side of the water-gate with hard ashler of Kent, 140 ft. ; "and more from the buttress next the bridge 20 ft., and in hard ashler of Kent 110 ft. ; and more the wall south and east the grate unto the pillar, in hard ashler of Kent 300 ft. ; and more upon the long arch new repaired for the frame to be set upon with ashler of Caen," 60 ft. A buttress made with ashler of Kent, 50 ft., "and in Caen ashler a skew, 6 foot ;" the height of the buttress being 15 ft. ; a new wall north of the same wall, in rag 2 tons, the foundation with hard stone of Kent, 7 ft. high, in length 48 ft. "and in hayth 10 foot" (sic) ; and in the same wall 3 loppys made with Caen ashler 2 ft. broad, and in height 4 ft., and the compass of the same wall with Cane askew and crested, being 144 foot Cunestone." A stair within Colharbarow going up to the 7 new chambers, "whereas the houses of office be under," made with hard ashler of Kent, 16 steps, each 4½ ft., total 80 ft. (sic), with coping of the wall and setting 7 "parells" in 7 chimneys of the said chambers of Rygate stone, each "parell" 5ft. wide. In the high White Tower the coping of 48 "coppys" on the west side, and so to the south side, with spaces between 6 ft. and some 7 ft. long, and 6 ft high, and on the east side with spaces 7 ft. and 7½ ft. between, "every space 23 fote quynys of Cane ashler," and on the west and south side 54 ft. "quynys" Cane ashler, and on the east side 60 ft., and on the north 40 ft. ;" and further particulars.
Repairs specified in like manner at the Jewel-house door, the New Wardrobe, the tower on the N.E. of the Queen's lodging, the wall on the Queen's lodging to the long gallery on the east side. In the King's dining chamber 3 windows, "2 of them with 4 lights new made from the transam upward in height 6 foot, and in brede the 2 windows 4½ ft., and the middle window 7 ft. The stone amounteth unto the same windows unto 110 ft., and the chimney new parreled 12 ft. wide." Also the two. windows on the side underneath the watch-chamber to give light to the cellar, being in height 3 ft. and in breadth 13 inches Also in the same cellar and the battlement over the King's privy chamber, in the Council Chamber in the Round Tower, in the chamber where Henry VII. lay, the chamber where the King maketh him ready, the closet and the great chamber next the closet ; the chamber underneath the inner chamber next the privy closet ; the King's privy kitchen ; the payhouse ; the Queen's dining chamber ; the two chambers north of the Queen's lodging ; the new bridge in the King's garden ; the tower at the east end of the long gallery, and the tower where Gyllard lieth. The measurements and construction of the windows made are all specified.
viii. Joiners.—In the King's dining chamber a mantle of wainscot with antyk set over the chimney ; new wainscot on ceiling, &c. In the King's closet an altar wrought round about the edges with antique, and a coffer with tills thereto for the priest to say mass on ; new wainscot panel on the east and south sides, &c. Panels and crests of wainscots in various other chambers, which have been already mentioned.
ix. "The remains of certain provisions and stuff within the King's Tower of London, le first day of January ao R.R. H.VIII. xxiiij., estimated by the workmen," viz., poles for scaffolding, lath, plaster, tiles, lime, and stone.
Pp. 21.
1 Jan.
R. O.
6. Anne Boleyn.
Warrant under the King's sign manual to Cromwell, master of the Jewels, to deliver to the lady of Pembroke these parcels of gilt plate, late of Sir Henry Guldeford, controller of the Household :—2 gilt pots with round knobs behind the lids, which came to Sir Henry as executor to Sir William Compton, weighing 133 oz. ; a pair of gilt flagons with the arms of France, 147 oz. ; 6 gilt bowls without a cover, 200½oz. ; 3 gilt salts with a cover of Parres touch," which belonged to Sir Will. Compton, 77 oz. ; 12 gilt spoons with demi-knops at the end, 18 oz. ; a pair of parcel-gilt pots, 99½ oz. ; another, 97¾ oz. ; another, 71 oz. ; 6 parcel-gilt bowls without cover, 199¼ oz. ; the cover of the same, 19¾ oz. ; a basin and ewer, parcel-gilt, 77 oz. ; another basin and ewer, parcel-gilt, 64 oz. ; 11 white spoons with roses at the ends, 20¼ oz. ; 4 candles, white, with high sockets, 86½ oz. ; "a round bason of silver for a chamber, and a silver pot to the same, weighing together 138½ oz." ; and a chafing dish, parcel-gilt, 39¾ oz. "And that ye make entry of the foresaid parcels of plate into our book of Extra for the rather noticing the same hereafter." Greenwich, 1 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
1 Jan.
R. O.
7. Sir Edw. Guldeford to Cromwell.
I thank you for your manifold kindness. As you wrote to my cousin Darell for such fowl as could be had, I have caused search to be made ; but the moon is so light, and the weather so ill, that there is very little to be got. I send, however, 6 curlews, 6 partridges, and 6 teals, though I am ashamed to send so little. Alen Ryse has written to me several times to send you a doe, but there is none in these parts I would send to any friend. I thank you also for my neighbours, John Andrew, and Nic. Whyte, to whom I pray you be good master ; and, if possible, let Whyte come home on surety, for he has great reckonings of account for marsh work in these parts, and has lost 7l. or 8l. a year by salt water by the "bracke" at Rye. Halden, New Year's Day. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd.
1 Jan.
R. O. St. P. IV. 631.
8. Gardiner to Sir Thos. Audeley.
He is to make a commission under the Great Seal for the earl of Northumberland, warden of the East and Middle Marches, against Scotland, to levy as many of the King's subjects as he shall think proper for defence or annoyance of the Scots during the King's pleasure. Greenwich, New Year's Day.
Add. : Sir Thos. Audeley, Knight, lord keeper of the King's Great Seal.
Hol. Add. Endd.
1 Jan.
R. O.
9. Sir Will. Parre to Cromwell.
My nephew Will. Parre has bought of the King Norton Woods, in the forest of Whittilwod, for 250l., to be paid at sundry times, and for that purpose has begun to make a sale within the said wood. But as the King is minded to make another sale there, it will be prejudicial to both. The said sale is procured by one Mallory, lieutenant of the forest, who pretends he shall have the said sale because the King owes him 40l., whereas the contrary is the case. Horton, 1 Jan. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the King's Council.

R. O.
10. Sir John Nevill to Cromwell.
Whereas I wrote to you concerning the searching of ships at certain creeks called Turnbrege, Knottingley, and Beall, "as they lie to Humber, and from Usebridge to Humber," where the King is wholly defrauded of his customs, I have since learned it is true. If you will give me authority to search the said creeks, I shall bring the King before Midsummer 300 marks ; and what I shall get you shall have part of all the days of my life. I have nothing to send you but a steel dagger. From the Cheyt.
Concerning the King's New Year's gift, which I and my wife have every year, viz., a pot of the King's, till of late that Mr. Amadas was master of the Jewel house, my wife desires me to write to you.
Hol., p. 1. Add. :. Right worshipful. Endd.
2 Jan.
Raynald, XIII. 282. Pocock, II.365.
11. Clement VII. to Henry VIII.
As the Emperor found it impossible at the diet of Augsburg to repress the Lutheran heresy, the Pope had resolved, upon the advice of his Cardinals, to hold a General Council in Italy, a remedy desired by the Lutherans themselves ; but his proceedings were interrupted by the preparations of the Turks. Now, after a conference with the Emperor at Bologna, who says this matter has been further urged upon him by the diet at Ratisbon, thinks it right to summon a Council for the extirpation of error, and begs the King to join in the proceedings. Bologna, 2 Jan. 1533.
2 Jan.
Camusat, 29.
12. Clement VII. to Francis I.
To the same effect as the preceding. Hopes, therefore, that Francis— "qui primus ab ipso Cœsare serenissimoque fratre ejus affinibus tuis jam in hoc unanimiter concordibus"—will consent to the convocation of the Council, and be present at it, if possible, in order that the Pope may proceed to the indiction thereof, according to the unanimous desire of the Emperor, Francis, the King of the Romans, and others to whom the Pope is writing, and none of whom, he believes, will be absent if Francis be present. The papal ambassador in France will explain more fully. Bologna, 2 Jan. 1533.

R. O.
13. The Proposed General Council.
After much deliberation with the College of Cardinals and with other learned men respecting a remedy for the evils prevalent in Germany, and in the whole Church, the Pope at length decided that a General Council would be the best ; and therefore having written, three years ago and recently, to the king of England, (fn. 2) and others, and given them notice of the Council, he has now decreed its convocation, especially because the Emperor, in his own name and that of his brother the king of the Romans, at the earnest desire of the Germans, has often urged him to do so, formerly by letters, and now at this congress at Bologna. He has therefore arranged that the Council shall be indicted six months after he receives answers from Henry and other kings respecting the under-written articles, and that it shall commence within a year after the end of the said six months. He has also sent nuncios to Henry and others. Without the following articles the Council cannot be hoped for :—That the Council shall be free, and of the usual character : that those who take part in it shall promise to obey its decrees : that those who cannot take part in it shall send procurators : that the Germans may innovate nothing, and their controversy shall rest, till the decision of the Council : that all shall be agreed as to the place in Italy where the Council is to be held : that the Pope may hold it, although some princes should refuse to be present : that if any presume to impede it, not to obey its decrees, to desert the Pope, or to oppose him, the rest shall assist the Pope to the utmost of their power.
Lat., pp. 3.
2 Jan.
R. O.
14. Thomas Bagarde to Cromwell.
I am afraid you are displeased that I have not written a long time. As soon as I had heard that you had returned from beyond sea, I wrote to you by Dr. Bell, and afterwards again ; but now for this month I sent no letter, because my friend, Dr. Bonner's servant, who usually despatches my business, is out of London for his master's affairs. I thank you for your goodness, especially for my last promotion to the office I now hold through your favor, and I trust to satisfy your expectations in it. The people of this country resort to me for justice. Worcester, 2 Jan. Signed.
P.S. in his own hand, on a separate slip : Will send Cromwell the horse he promised him, or else the price of the same.
Pp. 2. Add : One of the King's Council. Endd. : Sir Thomas Bagard, chancellor. Endd.
2 Jan.
S. B.
15. For Henry Earl of Northumberland.
Power to array the lieges in the East and North Ridings of Yorkshire, and to lead them, when necessary, against the Scots. Houxston, 2 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
2 Jan.
R. O.
16. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Is anxious to know the King's pleasure on the subject of his late letters to Cromwell. Master Vice-Chamberlain (fn. 3) can inform you of the King's affairs in these parts, and of the great need of money, "as the garrisons shall continue." Will do his utmost for provision of corn, as the King may command him. The King should send a strait letter to my Lord Warden and the Council here to muster all the garrisons and every man's retinue from time to time, and see that none are absent, and that each captain of the said garrisons of 2,500 men take as few Northumberland men into wages as possible. Some they must have for scourers and guides, but the northern men in their "rodes" spoil and keep no order. Sir Thos. Wharton, who is comptroller with my lord of Northumberland, does the King great service with his wise counsel and experience. Advises that the King should send him a letter of thanks. Newcastle, 2 Jan. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell.
2 Jan.
R. O.
17. Sir Thos. Wharton to Cromwell.
Cromwell does not require to learn the news from him, as they are always fully reported by my lord his master (Northumberland) and the Council here. The coming of the Vice-Chamberlain into these parts has been much to the King's honour, as showing the friendship between the two noblemen here, and the King's "most gracious tender zeal" in these troublous affairs. Newcastle, 2 Jan. Signed : "Thomas Whartton."
P. 1. Add. : "Master Cromwell, one of the King's most honourable Council." Endd.
3 Jan.
R. O.
18. Roger Wigston to Cromwell.
I am informed that there are certain busy people, to the number of five or six, in Coventry, who have confederated themselves against the monastery there, the mayor and others. They have sent up a bill of complaint to the King, pretending the common weal. The "vaunt parlar" is one Reynolds, who laboured to get himself into the King's service, to be exempted from civic offices. Another is Foster, serjeant of the City. A similar confederacy was formed very lately by such persons, who did much mischief. If it comes before you, give it no credence till you have heard the truth. Coventry, 3 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor. Endd.
3 Jan.
Vienna Archives.
19. Chapuys to Charles V.
Received, three days ago, the Emperor's letters of 7 Nov., with postscripts of 16th Nov. and 6th Dec. Informed the Queen of the good news therein, which was the most agreeable New Year's present she could have. She will write herself at the first opportunity.
Has not been able to find out more about what was done at the interview between the two Kings.
The Scotch ambassador, (fn. 4) who is of his master's council and chamber, and a man of sense and virtue, discovered that the intention of the English was merely to amuse them with a show of peace, and thus gain time for preparations, and therefore returned home eight days ago. He is very ill pleased, not so much at his failure to conclude peace, and obtain the reparation for which he asked, as because, notwithstanding the King's promise that the English should not invade Scotland, the earl of Northumberland, the earl of Douglas (Angus), and his brother, all made raids on the same day, burning and killing, and carrying off many cattle and prisoners. When the Ambassador complained of it they said the raid had occurred before the captain had received the orders. The Ambassador was not contented with this excuse, and would not stop longer. At his departure the King made use of harsh language and threats ; to which the Ambassador replied, coldly and discreetly, that he had not come to bandy words ; that it was clear it was not right, but the confidence given by the new alliance with France and the earl of Douglas, which caused the King to leave the straight road of friendship. The Scotch were not rich in goods, but they were rich in courage, and had not given France an occasion to break so good and sincere a friendship for one which was patched up and new ; even if it were so he trusted that they would defend themselves well. Every one considers these words a declaration of war. Hears on good authority that the King is determined on war if the French will not interfere. His pretext is to replace the earl of Douglas, so that he may cause discord among the Scotch, and prevent their injuring him now that he is going to complete the folly of his new marriage.
Did not dare to send his men to visit the Ambassador, and therefore sent to him by a Scotch physician to say that he was sorry there was no opportunity of their seeing and entertaining each other, considering the friendship between their masters and the new brotherhood by reason of the order. He took this well, and offered to visit Chapuys, but he would not receive his visit. The Doctor said that the Ambassador did not think that the French would help them, but he did not care much for that, as generally the aid of the French did more harm than good.
The English on the borders who made the last raid are 15,000 in number. The expense must be great. Hears from a man who saw the money prepared, that the King, soon after his return from Calais, sent them 100,000 cr., and eight days afterwards 40,000.
The King sends a doctor of low quality to the king of Denmark and Hamburgh, but only on the affair mentioned in his last letter.
The Queen has been informed that the King repents having sent her away so far, and thinks God has inspired him to acknowledge his error. But she is quite wrong, for the repentance is only caused by the infamy and the murmurs of the people, and principally by the expense of keeping so many houses. He continually complains of this, and has already begun to diminish the expense of his retinue. Perhaps also the repentance is caused by fear that when the Pope is at Bologna with the Emperor he will give sentence against him, or at least decree a brief ordering him to take back the Queen. He fears having an adverse sentence shortly, and thinks of having another passed by his estates, or at least of appealing to a Council, which will never be held. He despairs of his case at Rome, and shows this by not wishing to give audience to the Nuncio. Though he said he would send for him, he has not done so.
At this feast the Queen's chaplain, (fn. 5) who was imprisoned for writing and preaching in her favor, has been liberated on condition that he neither writes nor preaches till a fortnight after Easter. The jewels which the Queen lent the King have not been returned. Asks the Emperor to consider his private affairs, of which Grandvelle will inform him. London, 3 Jan. 153[3].
Pp. 4. Fr. From a modern copy.
4 Jan.
Faustina, C. VII. 203. B. M.
20. The Town and University of Oxford to Fitzwilliam and Cromwell.
We have received from you instructions concerning surrenders to be made to the King of our liberties, privileges, &c., and that we should soon after this feast repair to the King that he may put an end to the controversies which depend upon them, and which have for a long time been a great hindrance to both parties. Some of our friends have advised us to have an amicable communication, and open our minds friendly to each other before we go to the King. We desire to know whether this will please the King, and, if so, to have licence therefor. Oxford, 4 Jan. Signed : William Tresham, commissary ther—John Pye, mayre ther (fn. 6) —Thos. Knolles, president of Magdalen college (fn. 7) —John London, warden of the New College—Joannes Claimondos, Eucharistiæ servus (fn. 8) — John Austen — Myghell Hethe — Wyllyam Flemyng—Wyllm. Freur.
P. 1. Add. : To the worshipful master, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliams, knight of the King's most honorable Order, and to Master Thos. Cromwell, one of the King's most honorable Council.
5 Jan.
R. O.
21. The Mayor of Oxford and others to Cromwell.
We have been advertised to have communication with the University of the matters in variance between us. We have spoken with the Commissary and divers heads of the University, and have agreed to commune, if we can obtain the King's licence. The University and we have written to Mr. Treasurer and you to know the King's pleasure. Oxford, 5 Jan. Signed : John Pye, mayor — John Austen — Myhell Hethe — Wylliam Flemyng, "and Wylliam Freur."
P. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council. Endd.
[5 Jan.]
Vit.B.XIII.144. Pocock, II. 367.
22. Augustine to [Cromwell].
Wrote on the 12th and 17th Oct. and—of the last month.
Complains of his poverty. Was unwilling to leave, although it is now six months since he heard of the state of his affairs. Can obtain nothing from Frescobald or Pommeraye. All the world is against him. Will pass through France to England at the commencement of the spring. Will not write again, as he is not sure how Cromwell will receive his letters, and because he cannot fail to have heard of him by Bonner. Signed : A. A.
Hol., Lat. Mutilated. Dated in margin in a modern hand before the Fire : Bononia, 5 Jan. 1532.
5 Jan.
R. T. 145.No. 5, § 33.
23. Charles V. to his Ambassador in England.
Informs him of the expedient proposed by Henry to the Pope, viz., that the affair should be judged at some secure place, as Cambray, out of Italy. To which the Pope consents. Does not altogether oppose it, but puts forward these three conditions :—First, that this change should not be made without the approval of the Queen : second, that the bull ordering matters to be restored to their original state till a definite sentence be given should be punctually executed in England : third, that Henry, together with Francis, should solemnly promise to do nothing prejudicial to the authority of the Holy See. Bologna, 5 Jan. 1532.
P. 1. From a French catalogue of papers at Brussels, now lost
6 Jan.
Vit.B.xiv.83. B. M.
24. Fr. Paulus [Parmensis], General of the Minorites, to —.
"In Crist... minorum... minister... cum ex... jure astri... sui spiritus su... tuæ justæ petic[ionis]... quod valeas in com... situato per moram de... transferri per inf[eri]orem... specialem sibi concessero facultatem... senectus majoribus, ratione dictante, v... et gratiis maxime qui morum gravitate præditi ... prædecessoris mei adhærere vestigiis ex speciali [gratia] et favore, tibi concedo quod possis vigore præsentiuin...ex nostro ordine fratrem qui vices meas gerens poss[it in] omnibus casibus mihi reservatis te absolvere et pe[nitentiam] salutarem injungere. Volo insuper pro majore præf[ati tui] conventus consolatione ut gratia singularis tibi conc[essa] qua possis sacros calices attrectare, confirmetur, [et] in suo vigore permaneat, eaque possis uti li[benter.] Et ne subreptitie hæc videatur obtenta, aut fur[tim], declaro hanc diligentius visitasse et præfatas omnes ... et singulas tibi liberaliter concessisse, nolens ut aliq[uis ho]mo inferior de hujusmodi gratiis audeat imminuer[e vel] detrahere, quia volo quod talibus gaudeas, donec per [meam] revocationem in scriptis habitam de opposite constet. [Vale] in Christo Jesu, et ora pro me. Datum in nostro con[ventu] Pontizaræ, (fn. 9) A.D. 1533, mensis Januarii s[exto]." (fn. 10)
Signed : "Fr. Paulus [Parmensis] ... Minorum generalis ... [ma]nu pro[pria] ...
Seal at f. 86 b.
6 Jan.
R. O.
25. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Received at York on the 5th, Cromwell's letter, dated London, 28 Dec. Has received of Richard Cromwell 2,034l. 13s. 4d. by indenture. The payment of next month's wages of the first 1,000 men will expire on 5 Feb. Will pay the other garrison of 1,500 men from the day of their last payment, by advice of my Lord Warden, as far as the money will extend. More money must be sent in time, if the King wish the garrisons to remain. Next time he sends money, begs that Cromwell will write to him beforehand to Berwick or Newcastle what day his servant is to be at York, for this hasty riding in post will kill Lawson.
Hopes the Vice-chamberlain has reported about everything in these parts. Repeats his suggestion that the King should write to my Lord Warden and the Council here for the muster of the garrisons. Has little money if further provision of corn be required. If the war continue, the brewhouses, &c. at Berwick and the Holy Island must be repaired. The implements, viz., "fattes, cowlebakkes, conduites," &c, are very rotten. Sent his account of monies to the King and Cromwell ten days ago. Understands that Thos. Barton is gone up with Master Wynter's money, for not a penny has come to his hands ; and if it had, it would have been sent to Cromwell ere this. As for money to be sent to my son, I paid Master Wynter before his departure, and since to his servants, money to the full amount of his charges for this year, and at my coming to London I shall prepare money for him for that purpose. York, at my departure northwards, this Twelfth Day. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Master Cromwell, Esquire, and of the King's most honorable Council.
7 Jan.
Camusat, 117 b. B. M.
26. Bishop of Auxerre to Montmorency.
The cardinals of Tournon and Grammont arrived on the 3rd. The next day, Saturday, the Pope held a Consistory expressly to receive them, and the day after they visited the Emperor. Both received them graciously, but the Pope more so than the Emperor.
The Venetians refuse to enter the League because Doria has made war on the Turks, their ally, and the Pope gave the Emperor to understand that, as the Venetians refused, it would be difficult for him to enter. Wrote on the 2nd that the Pope had found a way to delay the cause of the king of England without prejudice to appeals. The English ambassadors consequently send the bearer, an English doctor, to their King. The Cardinals have spoken about his affairs to the Pope, and will write to him. Doria ought to have been at Rome by the 4th inst., and is travelling in a litter. The Emperor is said to have written to the Empress to be at Barcelona by the end of February. The Doge of Venice is dangerously ill. Cardinal Trivolce is still ill. Bologna, 7 Jan. 1533.
7 Jan.
Camusat, 118 b.
27. Francis I. to the Bishop of Auxerre.
Has received his letter of the 13th ult., with news of the arrival of the Emperor at Bologna, and further letters about what was done there, the Pope's apparent desire to wait for the arrival of the cardinals of Tournon and Grammont, who will probably be in plenty of time, as they wrote from Vauguieres on the 17th ult. ; the Bishop's proposal to the Pope touching the powers which his Holiness desired the kings of England and France to send to their ambassadors there ; and his Holiness's reply. * 7 Jan. 1532.
8 Jan.
R. O.
28. [Hacket] to [Norfolk].
Wrote last from Mons in Hynnegow, 13 Dec.
By letters from Italy, the Emperor arrived at Bollogne la Grace on the 14th, where the Pope received him with great honor. The Emperor with great humility kissed the Pope's foot, "happy hit was not in no nother place ;" and the Pope took him up in his arms, and kissed him on the cheek, at their first meeting. The Emperor had there tidings that Andrea Doria and his galleys had arrived at Naples. Here they say he has done much harm in the Turk's countries and the frontiers of Greece ; but I am informed he keeps possession of no place but the haven of Coron, which he left furnished with victuals, artillery, and 3,000 Spaniards only for eight months. How long he can keep it without new succours I am not sure.
The Queen here has received letters from the Emperor ordering that the retinue of his bastard daughter, whom they called the duchess of Xen (?)and of Florence, in going to Italy shall be increased to 120 or 130 horse. It is expected she will leave before the end of the month, accompanied by the bishop of Tournay, the earl of Fawkemberghe, and others. The Three Estates of Brussels have been declared by the Emperor to deserve severe punishment for suffering the late commotion, and he has left it to his sister, the Regent, to correct them, who, after taking away one of their principal privileges, has admitted them to pardon.
Wind and water have created more havoc in the Low Countries this winter than the Turk has done in Hungary. Evidently a Superior Power suffers the visible Turk to make war on the one brother, and the invisible wind on the other. As to the Emperor's departure towards Spain, we have not heard for certain whether he will embark at Genoa or at Naples. Some say he does not mean to depart before the middle of March, and means to see Naples ; others, that the Pope does not desire his coming to Rome.
The Queen Regent lately sent the French king a terzelet and a fair white girfalk, with which he was much pleased ; and he has now sent her by a gentleman named Mons. de — six fair sacris and one sacret ; of which she was very glad, for if she be four days without hunting or hawking she thinks herself unwell. I have been with her in the fields both hunting and hawking in Hynnegow, and he must be well horsed "and hartyth" that will follow her day by day. She shows me great honor for the King's sake, inviting me to dinner and supper with her. So I frequently have the duke of Sor, marquis of Arskot, Mons. de Sampy, Berghes, Molombaix, and Palermo to dinner or supper with me, and for lack of silver I serve them with pewter vessels.
Letters from Italy state that when the Emperor leaves for Spain, Mons. le Grand Maitre, De Prate and Norcarme, will come to reside in the Low Countries, and after their arrival Nassau will follow the Emperor into Spain. Brussels, 8 Jan. 1532.
Nassau has not been in Court since he came from Germany, having been troubled with gout ; but he hopes to be here in five or six days.
As to the late diet at Calais between us and the Imperialists, I think neither the Queen nor her Council desire "to letige with us" thereupon ; and unless moved by the Grand Master and De Praet when they come, it is like to sleep a long while ; and I trust if they move it they will gain as little honor as last time, either making no conclusion or one to the King's advantage.
Pp. 4. Headed in Hacket's hand : [C]hopie.
9 Jan.
R. O.
29. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Came to Warkworth to my Lord Warden on the 8th with the money sent by Cromwell. Makes payment accordingly upon the musters of the garrisons. Sent accounts of all the money in his hands before the receipt of this last. The first garrison of 1,000 men being paid to the 5th of February next, and the supplement of 1,500 men to the 14th inst., there will remain in his hands 106l. Begs him to send more in time, as the wages of the 1,500 men will soon expire. There is great grudge about the money for their coats, and they imagine that it is in Lawson's hands. There will also be expenditure when roads shall be made in Scotland, for horses to convey artillery and labourers. My Lord Warden charges himself with the carriage of his own ordnance at his roads making. Master Vice-chamberlain has a bill of remembrances to be showed to the King about affairs in these parts. Warkworth, 9 Jan.
P.S. in his own hand :—Remember the King's letters about mustering the King's garrisons often, and having as few northern men in wages as may be. My Lord Warden is writing to the King of the coming in of the Scots near Warkworth, who have done little harm. In their going home 16 were taken, and four or five slain. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Master Cromwell, Esquire, of the King's most honorable Council.
9 Jan.
R. O.
30. John Bunolt to Cromwell.
Thanks him for the trouble he has taken in "ordering of your benefice of Olderkerke to my profit." Cromwell knows that the plaintiff" has no just claim, as he has written to Clarencieux. Your table candles came today. Sorry they have been so long. Clarencieux will present them to you with a case of carving knives. Calais, 11 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. [Cr]umwell, councillor to the King's highness and master of his Jewels' House. Endd.
9 Jan.
R. O.
31. — to Cromwell.
Since I received the letters from you and my Lord Great Seal, to make friends in the country here to serve the King at this Parliament, I and my friends have essayed such as I stood in doubt of. They all replied that their promise to that effect had been given long before. Many even of my own friends had made like promise to Mr. Hall of Huntingdon, who, I understand, applied to all the friends he could. 1 am sorry to be thus prevented, but if the King and his Council will command Mr. Hall to forbear further labor in the matter, and give me the votes he has procured, no one will be more glad to serve the King. Ayelton, 9 Jan.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To the right worshipful Master Cromewell, one of the King's most honorable Council.
10 Jan.
R. O.
32. The King's New Year's Gifts.
Account of plate received of the following goldsmiths, and given away in New Year's gifts, 1 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. :—
Of John Freman.—In gilt cups, &c. to Master Norres, lady Sandes, Sir Nich. Caroo, the bp. of Bath, the bp. of Lincoln, the abbot of Ramsey, the earl of Sussex, the bp. of Ezeter, Sir John Aleyn, Ric. Gresham, the King's Almoner, the lady of Salisbury, the bp. of Durham, the bp. of York, the Lord Steward, the bp. of Carlisle, the earl of Northumberland, the Princess, Master Sydnour, the earl of Westmoreland, Master Comptroller, the abbot of St. M. Abbey, the earl of Worcester, Sir James Bulleyn, lord Darcy, the duke of Norfolk, the Lord Chamberlain, Sir Ric. Paige, Sir Will. Kyngeston, Sir John Gaige, Sir John Russell, Sir Geo. Lawson, Sir Thos. Nevile, lord Curson, lord Mountague, lord Zouche, lord Stafford, lord Powes, the old duchess of Norfolk, the Princess, the "lady marques" of Exeter, the countess of Worcester, Sir Edw. Seymer, Sir John Nevile, lady Fitzwilliam, lady Russell, wife of Sir John Russell, Dr. Lupton, lord Dawbenney, the old lady Guildford, the countess of Huntingdon, the "lady marques" of Dorset, Master Crumwell, lady Outhrede, Becket the King's master cook, lady Lucy, the earl of Northumberland, the countess of Westmoreland, lady Stanneope, the bp. of Exeter, the Lord Chamberlain, lord Awdeley, lady Nevile, wife* of Sir Thos. Nevile, lady Kyngeston, lady Calthrop, lady Russell of Worcestershire, Geo. Lupkyn,—Lee, gent, usher, lady Verney, the countess of Derby, Borrein Myllyner, the earl of Huntingdon, lord Morley, lady Mountegill, Master Treasurer, — Parker, of the Robes and his wife, — Hubbert of St. Katherine's, Luke Liark, gunner, Mayon Sagbut, Christopher Myllyner. Total, 1,550 oz. at 5s. 2d. the ounce, = 400l. 8s. 4d.
Of Corneles.—To the earl of Wiltshire, Thos. Hennage, the bp. of Ely, Sir John Daunce, Sir Francis Brian, — Heywood, lord Dacris of the South, the earl of Oxford, the bp. of London, the bp. of Rochester, — Layland a priest, Dr. Buttes, the bp. of Llandaff, lord Mountjoye, lord Hussey, the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, Sir Edw. Nevile, Sir Ric. Weston, Fraunces Weston, Sir Edw. Baynton, John Sowle, of Smithfield, Thos. Warde, the marquis of Exeter, Master Tuke, Thos. Alverd, Master Crumwell, Roger Radclif, the earl of Essex, the earl of Wiltshire, Master Crumwell, Dr. Rawson, lady Wingfeld, Jenyns Jueller, the dean of St. Stephen's, Sir Edw. Guldeford, lady Broune, Anth. Cassidony, lady Powes, old lady Brian, Anne Joscelyn, Anth. Toote, graver, — Vincent, clockmaker, Vincent Wolf, painter, — Rawlyns of Calais, — Blaknall of the Crown, — Skydmor, gent, usher, the abbot of St. Albans, Master Hennaige, Sir Anth. Broune, the French queen, the duke of Suffolk, the earl of Derby, the abbot of Abingdon, lord Mountegill, Peter Vaune, secretary, the abbot of Peterborough, the abbess of Reading, the duke of Suffolk, the bp. of Hereford, Sir Thos. Palmer, Sir Brian Tuke, the young duchess of Norfolk, the earl of Rutland, lord Windessore, the dean of the Chapel, Master Sullyerd, the French queen, the lord of St. John's, the countess of Rutland, Geo. Ardison, the countess of Kent, Anne Savaige, Mistress Margery, lady Shelston, Thos. Alverd, Richard the King's "pullicer" of stones, the abbey of Westminster, Anth. Antonyes. Total, 1,5603/8 ozs. at 5s. 2d. the ounce, = 403l. 1s. 11¼d.
Of Morgam Wolf parcels. (fn. 11)
To the Jewel-house, Sir Hen. Wiat, Master Norres, lord Lisle, lord Rochford, — Hasilwood of the Receipt, the young lady Guldeford, Sir Arthur Darcy, Gorron Bertinus Italian, to the christening of Sir Will. Pounder's son in May. Total, 3483/8 ozs. at 5s. 2d the ounce, = 89l. 7s. 0¼d. Of Will. Davy.—Parcels to Will. Lokke, Basterd Fawconbrige, John Cavalcant. 76½ oz. at 5s. 2d. the ounce, = 19l. 15s. 3d.
Parcels of plate new made and amended between the last day of Dec. 23 Hen. VIII. and the 1st of Jan. 24 Hen. VIII. by the King's goldsmiths, viz., (1). By John Freman, received out of the scullery, the pitcher-house ; of Sir Francis Brian, the King's vessel that the arms of the said Sir Francis may be taken out, and the striking the same vessel with the arms of Master Wallop, who was deputed ambassador to the French king in April last ; of the ewery, the cellar, the "chaundry," the jewel-house ; for taking the Cardinal's arms out of plate and striking the King's arms in the same ; for burnishing, &c. of plate given to the lady marques of Pembroke, received of Hen. Collyer, clerk of the Jewel-house. Received by the said Henry, for the Princess, of the said John Freman, a gilt cruse with a cover. Due to the said John Freman for a cruse silver and gilt, given by the King's command to Anthony, one of his minstrels, and not entered in the warrant of the New Year's gifts. Total of the same John Freman's parcels of mending stuff, 27l. 16s. 8½d.
(2). By Cornelis, received out of the pantry of the groom porter, out of the ewery, the "chaundry," the pitcher-house, for making a new sword of gold to the George of Diamantes belonging to the King's collar of gold, and garters for the same ; received of Hen. Collyer, clerk of the Jewel-house ; of the said Henry at the same time a pair of silver snuffers of the Princess ; out of the Jewel-house in the Tower, for taking the Cardinal's arms out of various pieces of plate, of which curious descriptions are given, and striking the same with the King's arms ; received at the Jewel-house at Calais, for making other plate with the King's arms, for striking the arms of the lady marques of Pembroke on various articles of plate, burnishing, &c. Delivered by the said Cornelis 40 amels of fine silver graven with my lady marques of Pembroke's arms, and set in several parcels of plate, making and burnishing of the same ammelles, &c. Total of Cornelys' parcels of mending stuff, 52l. 14s. 2½d.
Sum total of all the parcels in money, 993l. 3s. 5½d. ; which sum Sir Brian Tuke is commanded to pay to the persons before written upon sight of warrant dated Greenwich, 10 Jan. 24 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, formerly a roll consisting of ten leaves written on one side only.
[10 Jan. (fn. 12) ]
Vit.B.XIV.84. B. M.
33. Matthew Kyng to Cromwell.
"Right worshipful ... commend me unto ... daily prosperity ... Moreover, plesi[th it] ... as you were ... Calis, then I was ... which I owght unto ... my whole estate and p ... through the good h[el]p ... would give me more for it, nor so much as ... Being in such case and without friendship I was then to avoid the danger of imprisonment I sought for ship[ping in] Fitzwilliam's ship, and a ship of Master Castelyn's ready [to sail] to these parties, and I come with them, having nothing, [so God] judge my soul, but v. pieces of kerseys, which Mr. Gr[esham gave me] for to help myself withal ; in so much that w ... in Myssyna on St. Andrew's Day last past both ... safety, thanks be to God. Then immediately after our [arrival, as] my duty was, I certified your mastership by my letter written un[to you of such] news as I found here in these parties, which were as thu[s] ... that Andrew Dorie was in Murria, (fn. 13) being chief admira[l] ... of all the Emperor's armado by the sea, and won a ... and another called Pytrasse, with divers other smal[l] ... Then and at such time as he had news from Hunga[ry that] the Emperor was come back from Hungary into Italy th[e said Dorie] returned from Morria with all his navy, leaving the ... appointed and the castle manned with xvc Span[iards] ... amounted in Poillia, and went to his principe which the Emperor ... he went to Bolonya for to meet with the Emp[eror] ... also the Pope and the Emperor be b ... saying is here ... themp[eror] * faith of a surety how ... tyd great Turk and to ... we stood here in great ... we have better news ... gle thitherward within ... ayes of all such news ... of the truth as nigh as ... [A] t this present time I have ... pray Jesu save your life in health ... Written ut supra."
Is much grieved at having been unable to perform his promise to Mr. Alyn Kyng. Will pay him with the first money he gets, and desires Cromwell to tell him so.
f. 85. [P.S.] (fn. 14) —"Wher as I w [rote] ... for here is ... truth he is ... Dumfarnando ... purpose no n ... that it is for ...
Hol. Mutilated. Add. : "A Molto Magco d ... Tomaso Crommell ... in Londres."


  • 1. Apparently the document is imperfect at the beginning, as there is no heading to this as to the other sections.
  • 2. A similar paper, addressed to Francis I. in the same terms, is printed in Camusat 30.
  • 3. Sir John Gage, who was sent into the North on the 28 Dec. See Vol. V. p. 761.
  • 4. Thomas Scot of Pitgorno, See Vol. V. 1558, 1633.
  • 5. Thomas Abel.
  • 6. According to the list of mayors given in Peshall's "Antient and Present State of Oxford," he filled the office from 1532 to 1534.
  • 7. President of Magdalen College from 1527 to 1533.
  • 8. Does this mean president of Corpus Christi, which office he held, 1517-37 ?
  • 9. Pontoise.
  • 10. Supplied from modern marginal note.
  • 11. Some leaves apparently are missing here.
  • 12. Modern marginal note" 10 Jan. 1532, at Messina." The letter seems to have been dated by the writer at the top, but the date is lost.
  • 13. The Morea.
  • 14. Marginal note, 17 Januarii 1532.