Henry VIII: April 1533, 26-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1882.

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'Henry VIII: April 1533, 26-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 6, 1533, (London, 1882) pp. 177-193. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol6/pp177-193 [accessed 23 April 2024]


April 1533, 26-30

26 April.
R. O.
387. Albert Margrave Of Brandenburg to [Henry VIII.]
Has sent Frederick Nosdorfer, master of his buildings, to view the manner and diversity of buildings in divers countries, and requests the King to allow him to examine and draw such buildings in England as he may think fit. Kuynyngisberg in Monte Regio. 26 April 1533.
English translation, p. 1. Endd.
26 April.
R. O.
388. Thomas Hall to Cromwell.
One Henry Lorde, late of Leighton, in Huntingdonshire, had, whilst he lived, lands and tenements there, to the annual value of 4l. He died on the 22nd (fn. 1) inst., without heirs, and his land descended to Thos. Lorde, his brother, who is one of the three prisoners in the Castle of Lincoln, for a robbery committed in Boston last summer, and is like to be attainted. I beg you will make some reasonable and lawful stay in any suit for the lands until I see you. They are within five or six miles of Huntingdon, and would be much to my comfort if I had them by the King's gift. Huntingdon, 26 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Of the King's Council.
26 April.
R. O.
389. Ric. Strete to Cromwell.
On the sight of your letters by John Curson, for keeping the two "eyrers" of goshawks, I charged Mr. Aston with them for the King's behalf. I send by the bearer the valor of the temporalities and spiritualities of the see of Lichfield, of which I hope there will be some increase at the audit. The spiritualities are valued after my lord of Canterbury's book delivered to Dr. Poole and me. The two churches of Webunbury and Densford appropriated to the Bishop's table are somewhat better than they are found there. I have let the latter to Mordaunt, surveyor of the King's woods, for 18l. ; the other I shall keep myself, as I lack corn. In these two there is nothing but glebe land and tithe corn. Whether those named in my lord of Canterbury's book be spiritual or temporal, I leave to you. I think his visitation will be near 100l. For testaments, it was formerly above 40l., and now is worth nothing. I send you the letters I have received from the baily of Webunbery and Tervyn. As the rents are not so gathered sede vacante, please get a discharge of Will. Brereton and his officers there. Divers patents were granted by the late Bishop, as the stewardship of his lands to my lord of Rutland, 10l. ; the baily of the liberties, 5l. ; the constable of Eccleshall, 5l., &c. You know whether the King will allow of them.
It is said the Master of the Rolls (fn. 2) will be made a bishop. He is archdeacon of Derby. If he is promoted, I should like to change my archdeaconry of Salop for that of Derby, which is better by 20l. Lichfield, 26 April.
The priory of Calwich, now void, rests in the King's pleasure.
Hol., pp. 3. Add. : Of the King's Council.
27 April.
R. O.
390. Aluerd Prior Of St. Oswald's to Cromwell.
I have received your letters dated London, 12 March, in favor of "my cousin John Coupland's wife deceased." My said kinsman had certain lands of one John Fleming in this country, by reason of a statute staple, and desired that my servant the bearer should receive the rents, and send them yearly to London, which he has done. I have sent him to you that he may ascertain you of the whole truth, begging you will favor me concerning a subpna served upon me from the King's Court of Chancery, at the suit of the prior of Gisburgh, in Yorkshire, against whom by the laws I have recovered an annuity of 24l., of which I and my predecessors have been long seised. Monastery of St. Oswald's, 27 April. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. : Of the Privy Council. Endd.
27 April.
Vienna Archives.
391. Chapuys to Charles V.
This feast of Easter the prior of the Augustines (fn. 3) in his sermon recommended the people expressly to pray for queen Anne ; at which they were astonished and scandalized, and almost every one took his departure with great murmuring and ill looks, without waiting for the rest of the sermon. The King was greatly displeased, and sent word to the Mayor that on dread of his displeasure he should take order that nothing of the kind happened again, and that no one should be so bold as to murmur at his marriage. The Mayor hereupon assembled the trades and their officers of the several halls, and commanded them, on pain of the King's indignation, not to murmur at his marriage, and to prevent their apprentices from so doing, and, what is worse and more difficult, their wives. The King in vain forbids and makes prohibitions, as it only makes the people speak more against it in private, and these prohibitions only serve to envenom the heart of the people. Four days ago the King sent to the Queen to forbid her and her servants from using the title of Queen ; and, not content with this harshness, he has forbidden the Princess either to write or send any message to the Queen ; and though the Princess begged of him to depute an express messenger who might testify that she sent no message to the Queen except of how she did, or who might first show the King all the letters that passed between them, she could not obtain this. This prohibition was sent to her the same day that the King sent to her to inform her of his new marriage ; at which she was a little sad, and then, like a wise woman as she is, she dissembled the matter, showing herself glad ; and without saying a single word of the marriage, suddenly after she had dined, without communicating her intentions to any one, she sat down to write a letter to the King ; and when those who brought the news were urgent for a verbal answer, according to their commission, she would not say a single word to them, referring them to her letter ; at which I hear the King is well satisfied, and praises highly her prudence. Notwithstanding the execution of this project, the King resolved to go on with the process, and the Queen has been cited to appear before the archbishop of Canterbury on the first of next month, at an abbey 30 miles from here. This being a solitary place has been chosen for secrecy, as they fear that if the affair were managed here, the people would not refrain from speaking of it, and perhaps from rioting. The citation at first threw the Queen into great perplexity, not knowing what to do ; but after I had given her my advice she did not care for it. There is no danger for the Queen in anything they can do, if she does not renounce her appeal, expressly or tacitly, and by some indirect means, which the King and his ministers are attempting by various methods. To remedy this I have drawn up certain protestations, whereby I hope that the Queen will not fall into the net of their calumnies and malice.
If it had pleased the Pope, since he was not willing to give sentence, to insert in the bulls of the said Archbishop that he was not to have meddled in this affair, it would have removed many inconveniences ; but he prefers to allow the English to assert, as they have long done, that his Holiness would at the last deceive you. The principal remedy is to obtain sentence, &c., in which, conformably with justice and his promise, he should find no difficulty. The Queen is afraid, and likewise many others, that, with his accustomed artifice, and to please the French and the English, and yet still keep hold of you, he [the Pope] will delay the definitive sentence (for if it comes to that, it will be in her favor, even if she had not half so strong a case) ;at least, if it be true, as many say, that his Holiness only tries to keep the Princes in dissension, knowing that even if he gave sentence in favor of the King, your Majesty would acquiesce in it, and there would be no question of war. The English, as I have already written, will spare no pains to gain the Pope, so as at least, if they can do no better, to make him delay and dissemble the affair ; so your Majesty must use extreme diligence and urgency.
I have formerly written to your Majesty that when the sentence is obtained, it would be well to send it here by some honest person, to soften the matter (adoulcir les affaires), and that it might not seem that it was intended to direct the King by blows of the stick ; and although such a means be now fruitless "a offert de persuader," still by using such courtesy we shall be doing our best, and shall be better justified before God and the world ; and the other provisions would not be delayed by it if your Majesty would give heed to it.
Seeing the bad disposition of affairs here, I have attempted to learn the Queen's intention, in order to find some remedy, since kindness and justice have no place. But she is so scrupulous, and has such great respect for the King, that she would consider herself damned without remission if she took any way tending to war. A little before I wrote to you, that, however much she desired some other remedy, nevertheless she left it to me, but I have not yet been able to come to particulars(?) ("qu'elle s'en rappointoit moy, et aux particularit ne ouverture ay encoires peu avoir d'icelles.")
Has been asked by English merchants about sending goods into Flanders, and I told them that they need not fear, considering your great benevolence. The Spanish merchants live under the halter and are ready to dislodge ; of which being advertised by an Italian, Norfolk was very sorry. The herald sent into France was for the purpose of carrying the Garter to the Grand Master and the Admiral.
The duke of Norfolk is preparing to go in embassy to France, and will take with him the bishop of London, the abbot of "Uvaircaistre" (bp.of Winchester?), the controller of the King's household, Mr. Brian, Mr. Broun, and others. They will be in number upwards of 100 horse. It is generally reported, but I cannot yet ascertain if it is true, that part of them will go on to Rome, and the others to your Majesty. Some suspect that the Pope and the French king are to have an interview at Avignon or Nice, and that this great embassy is got up to take part in it. This I look upon as a fable ; but as the Duke was so urgent to hasten the last courier they sent to Rome, of which I informed you in my last, and promised him an increase of his wages by 40 ducats if he went and returned in 20 days, because he could not leave this until his return, it must be supposed either that the Pope "ayt de marcher ou envoyer quelqu'ung" to the said court of France, to treat with the English, or perhaps that the English will have required the Pope and the king of France to allow them certain personages who shall with them intercede with your Majesty to allow the affair to be decided here.
Preparations are making for the coronation of the Lady, which will exceed in sumptuousness all previous ones. It is said that it will take place on Ascension Day. The said Lady will be bravely crowned, seeing she has all the Queen's jewels, with which she adorns herself every day ; and it seems a very strange thing to every one, and very cruel, that the King should allow the Queen to be so despoiled of her jewels, and give them to another ; which will certainly increase confusion. London, 27 April 1533.
Hol., Fr., pp. 6. From a modern copy.
28 April.
Harl. 6148, f. 22. B.M. Cranmer's Letters, 240.
392. Cranmer to the Abbot Of St. Augustine's, Canterbury.
Brother Abbot, I pray you give credence to the bearer, my servant, in the suits he will make to you in my behalf, and ponder the same with effect. Mortlake, 28 April.
Copy from Cranmer's Letter Book. Add.
28 April.
R. O.
393. Nicholas West, Bishop Of Ely.
Will. of Nicholas West, bishop of Ely. Dated Downham, 28 April 1533. Mutilated at the beginning.
Bequests to "my sister Megges," to Thos. Megges and to Agnes his wife, to Nicholas Megges my godson, to Rob. Megges and his daughter Eliz., Alice Tooke, and Nich. Tooke my godson, and others.
A roll of paper consisting of 13 sheets.
28 April.
R. O.
394. James Horswell to Richard Crumwell.
Asks him to remind his uncle about his (Horswell's) bill of the customership.
Delivered Crumwell's token to Sir Wm. Courtenay, who thanks him. Desires him to ask his uncle to write to the captain of Berwick in favor of the bearer, who is going to ransom his brother, prisoner in Scotland.
Desires to be commended to Stephen Vaughan, Saddeler, and his companions. Encloses a letter from an honest schoolmaster in Cornwall. "There be knave friars here that play their parts." Advises the summoning of Predyaux, a servant to the prior of Bodmin, and friar Arthur, who move sedition in all their communication. Plymouth, 28 April 1533.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
28 April.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 96. B. M. Ellis, 1 Ser. II. 32.
395. Henry VIII. to Lady Cobham.
Has appointed her to attend on horseback at the coronation of "the lady Anne our Queen," on the feast of Pentecost, at Westminster.
Desires her to be at Greenwich on the previous Friday, to accompany the Queen to the Tower ; on the next day to ride through London to Westminster ; and on Whitsunday to attend at the coronation in the monastery. She must provide white or white grey palfreys or geldings for herself and her women. The apparel for her own horse will be furnished by the Queen's master of the Horse, except the bit and bosses. Her robes and liveries shall be delivered by the keeper of the Great Wardrobe. Greenwich, 28 April. Stamped.
P. 1. Add.

Egerton MS. 985, f. 57 b. B. M. Add. MS. 6,113, f. 33 b. B. M.
396. Queen Anne Boleyn.
"For the Quenes coronacion."
[To appoint the day for the coronation, and to prepare all things for the same.] Letters from the King to be sent to the nobles, lords, knights, ladies, and others to attend ; and to those who will be created knights of the Bath, [whose names Garter is to have]. Commissions to be made for the Great Steward and Constable. The day when the Steward shall sit in the White Hall. All noble men who hold land by service royal to bring in their claims. The mayor, aldermen, commoners, and crafts of London are to meet the Queen before she comes to the Tower. The King will meet her at the Tower. A kirtle and mantle of cloth of gold furred with ermines. A lace of silk and gold with tassels for the mantle. A circlet of gold garnished with precious stones. A litter of timber covered with cloth of gold. Down pillows covered with cloth of gold, for the litter. A lady [appointed by name] to bear her train. The mayor, aldermen, and crafts of London are to do their service accustomed, and the streets between the Tower and Westminster are to be garnished with tapestry, arras, silk, &c., [and the banners, standard, and pennons of crafts to be ready to garnish the barges and stand where the wardens be of each occupation.]
Memorandum.The Lords, the High Steward, Constable of England, Garter, the Mayor of London, and the two squires of honor to be in crimson velvet and "beket" (fn. 4) hats. The tipstaves of the marshals in their liveries, to avoid the press of people. A canopy of gold with valance to be borne by 16 knights. [Two esquires of honor to be appointed to represent the dukes of Normandy and Aquitaine.] A horse of estate, saddled, [to be led by the Master of the Queen's horse]. Six henchmen on palfreys harnessed with cloth of gold. Two chairs covered with cloth of gold, and ladies of the highest estate to sit in them, clothed in crimson velvet. Six ladies on palfreys with saddles and harness like those of the henchmen. Two other chairs richly garnished for the Queen's ladies. A great number of ladies and gentlewomen on palfreys dressed according to their estates. A void to be prepared for the Queen at Westminster. A kirtle and mantle of purple velvet furred with ermines, with a lace, &c., for the day of the coronation. A circlet. A cloth of estate in Westminster Hall. The procession. A ray cloth [to go from the Hall to Westminster]. A canopy borne by the barons of the Cinque Ports. Two bishops to go every side of the Queen. The verge of ivory [to be borne]. The sceptre. A rich crown of gold. Liveries to be given according to the precedents of the Wardrobe. The archbishop of Canterbury to do as appertaineth. The seat royal or pulpit to be dressed with cloth of gold and cushions. The Queen to be howseled, and after to have a secret refection [of such meat as she likes best]. A stage to be made, latticed and covered with rich cloths, for the King and others to see the solemnity. [The mayor, aldermen, and commoners of London, with their crafts, to meet the Queen before she comes to the Tower. The King to meet her, and welcome her at the Tower.] The service to the Queen at dinner, and the ordering of the hall, to be committed to those who have authority. A stage in Westminster Hall for minstrels and trumpets. The kings of arms, heralds, [and pursuivants] to keep their accustomed stage at the right end of the table, [and to have a cloth on the table with proper service.] The Treasurer and Comptroller to go on foot, and the three high estates [Constable, Marshal, and Steward], on horseback, [their horses trapped.] A stage on the left side of the Hall latticed and garnished for the King. The surnap, and who shall draw it ; [the marshal to be named.] The void after. [The Mayor to bear the cup of gold.] Jousts and tourneys. [To appoint the number of challengers and defenders for the jousts, to go before the Queen from the Tower to Westminster Hall on their steryng horses, garnished with bells and devices.] The Lord Steward, Treasurer, and Comptroller must give warning overnight to those who shall do any service.
Two copies ; pp. 3 each.
Harl. MS. 41, f. 13. 2. Memoranda for the Queen's coronation, from which the passages in brackets have been supplied.
Vellum, pp. 4.
28 April.
Vesp. C. XIII. 246. B. M.
397. Charles V.
News from Barcelona, of the 28th April.
Account of the Emperor's voyage. He embarked on the 8th, touching at Savona, the Isle of St. Honoree, where he spent Good Friday, and Marseilles, arriving at Barcelona on Tuesday, the 22nd, having landed on Monday at Rose, 16 leagues from Barcelona. He was received by the Empress. Andrea Doria took the fleet to Palanirs (Palamos), and then to Barcelona. The Cortes are proclaimed for May 20, at Monson.
Fr., pp. 2. Extract from a letter written by some one with the Emperor. Endd. by Hacket : Chopie.
29 April.
R. O.
398. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
Yesternight I came to York, and delivered your letters to Mr. Treasurer, (fn. 5) who was fully prepared to have ridden to London ; but after he had seen the King's letters and yours, and I had informed him of the importance of the matter, he resolved to give over his journey for this time, and to tarry the end. He will do the King the best service he can, and deserves no little thanks. Yesternight I delivered my letters to my lord Dean, eight miles from York, who will not much stick at the conclusion in the law ; but in the other it does not appertain to him. "I shall follow as in the convocation of Canterbury." I have had great rain by the way. I tarry this day at York to deliver the money. The Abbot is not here. Tomorrow I will ride to my lord of Durham. God send us good speed. York, 29 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my most entirely beloved friend, Mr. Thomas Crumewell. Endd.
29 April.
R. O.
399. Rowland Lee to Cromwell.
This 29 April, after my letter specifying the towardness of the treasurer of York, I have learned that the archbishop of York has given the prebend of Wytwang, lately impropriated to the deanery of the King's College in Oxford, to Dr. Chamber, (fn. 6) and has sent his mandate to the chapter for that purpose. As this affects the King's purpose, and is the whole living of the deanery given by the King to Mr. Oliver, if it were withdrawn it would deface the foundation of the whole college. Let the Archbishop know the King's pleasure. I have written to Dr. Oliver to attend upon you. Die quo supra.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To my most entirely beloved friend, Mr. Thomas Cromwell. Endd.
29 April.
R. O.
400. Rowland Lee to Dr. [John] Olyver.
I recommend me to you and Mr. Tragunnell (Tregonwell). It will be necessary for you to repair to Mr. Cromwell for assurance of the prebend lately united to your deanery of Oxford. I wish you had the mandatum a Rege capitulo to put you in possession, and it will not be denied whilst I am here. It may come all in time, "citra xiiij. Medii," with a letter to me of credence, when I shall do as for myself. York, 29 April.
Remember my house, and give warning, and I shall not forget you.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
29 April.
R. O.
401. Sir J. Russell to Cromwell.
I have written divers times to you of the paling of More park. This day I received a letter from Mr. Nevill that the King had showed him I had money in my hand from the revenues of the More. You know I never received a penny, as I beg you will inform the King. I send my wife on business to London, and I desire you will take some pains with such things as she shall show you. If the King will give no money for the paling no deer will be left. Charleywood, 29 April. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : Right worshipful. Endd.
29 April.
R. O.
402. George Joye to Mr. L[atimer].
Sir Wm. Tindal received a letter from John Frith, who was offended that I wrote secretly to one that asked me a question why I translated the prayer of Esaie not all alike in the Hortulus and the prophet, wherein I show by the diversity of translations what profit may come thereof, sc. that souls departed sleep not nor lie idle till Doomsday, as Martin Luther and the Anabaptists say, and as Frith and Tindal would. I desire you to see this letter, for it is so painful to me to write that I could not leave any copy with me. Ye shall have it among the brethren. I cannot tell his name that asked me the question and unto whom I sent the letter by Wm. Hill, Mr. Cusen's servant. Get it, read it, and send me your judgment, for Frith thinks it will breed dissensions. I doubt not that souls departed live, as will be seen by Mark 12, 2 Cor. 5, Phil. 1, John 23. The bearer, Henry Smith, will get it for you. I do not forget your good mind towards me, and was sorry when I heard of that fire that ye suffered, of which Paul speaks, 1 Cor. 3, to see your work burned before your face. Be of good cheer, Mr. Latimer. Paul suffered as much when he saw his dull Galathans bewitched. God can bring them again. This is the fate of those who lead Christ's unruly flocks. Write to my lord of Canterbury and animate him in his office. He is in a perilous place. 29 April.
II. John Coke (fn. 7) to "Brother William" [Tyndale?].
I was dissatisfied with your breaking so suddenly away and not taking letters as you promised me. I sent a letter concerning the answer to him that would know why the prayer of Esaie is varied in the primer and the prophet, and left myself no copy, about which it is thought dissensions may arise among the wise brethren. Admonish him to whom the letter is delivered of his folly, and bid him send me the letter or a copy of it. Bid him take heed how they expound so plain a matter, and also to send Mr. Latimer a copy. Remember my wood and my cheese. 29 April.
Both in the same hand, probably Joye's, p. 1.

Tyndale's Works, 435 (Daye's Ed.)
403. Tyndale to Frith. (fn. 8)
Dearly beloved brother Jacob, arm yourself with patience, be cold and circumspect, avoiding high questions, but expound the law truly. Sacraments without signification refuse. "Of the presence of Christ's body in the Sacrament meddle as little as you can, that there appear no division among us. Barnes will be hot against you. The Saxons be sore on the affirmative, whether constant or obstinate, I remit it to God. Philip Melancthon is said to be with the French king." Some in Antwerp say they saw him come to Paris with 150 horses. "If the Frenchmen receive the Word of God he will plant the affirmative in them. George Joye would have put forth a treatise of the matter, but I have stopped him as yet. What he will do if he get money I wot not." I would have the right use preached and the Presence to be an indifferent thing till the matter can be discussed at leisure. I guessed long ago that the spiritualty would be caught in their own subtilty, and I think I smell a council to be taken, little for their profits. Let us agitate for the use of the Scripture in the mother tongue, and for learning to be set up at the Universities. I warn you strongly not to engage in doubtful matters, and insist that the text requires this or that meaning. I never altered a syllable of God's Word myself, nor would, against my conscience. If you need aid, my soul is not faint though my body be weary. If you be asked concerning purgatory, you may say that if you err the spiritualty have so led you by the texts they quoted from God's Word, that you now find the texts mean no such things, but that you are ready to believe if they prove it. My lord of London has a servant called John Tisen with a red beard and a black-reddish head, who was once my scholar ; he was seen in Antwerp, but came not among the Englishmen. Whither he is gone I wot not.
30 April.
R. O.
404. Thomas Baschurche to Cromwell.
Is sore sick and likely to die. Begs Cromwell to be good master to him and his executors that they may have the 28l. due to him for the year's farm of his late benefice of Olderkyrke which he resigned to Bennolte for Cromwell's sake. It would have been paid by this time to his farmers if he had kept the indenture and obligation which "of special trust" he delivered to Cromwell. It would be too great an injury to withhold it. The wrongs he has already suffered have brought him in this danger of his life. Prays God to amend those that caused it. In case the duty be refused, requests Cromwell to cause his specialties and writing to be delivered to his executors by which they may claim it of the farmers. Men have no conscience now-a-days to take away another man's living. It is not reasonable that Mr. Benolte should have the fruits of his own benefice resigned to Mr. Stubbes and of Baschurche's also. Is very poor and greatly indebted, and implores Cromwell for charity to see the said duty paid. 30 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Mr. Thomas Cromwel, of the King's grace's most honorable Council.
30 April.
R. O.
405. George Hampton to Cromwell.
My servant showed Mr. Florens that you desired him to buy books for you for 10 or 12 cr., which he has done ; but as he has no such treasure in his coffers, I took him 12. I suppose he comes into England with the books, for he tells me he has a benefice in Kent, which he says will be taken wrongfully from him. I beg your favor for him. I beg you will have my poor son in remembrance. Paris, 30 April.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : Councillor.
30 April.
R. O.
406. The King's Woods.
Certificate of Leonard Reade to Sir Will. Pollett and Thos. Cromwell, general surveyors of the King's woods, made 30 April 25 Hen. VIII., touching the condition and extent of the woods in the forest of Barnwoodde (bailliwicks of the Frythe, Pawnsell, Ixsill and Kingswood), Schotover and Stowe wood. Signed Leonard Reed, and with six other signatures.
Pp. 11. Endd.
30 April.
R. T. 137.
407. Henry VIII.
Commission to Thomas earl of Wiltshire and Ormond, keeper of the Privy Seal, and Master Edw. Foxe, the King's almoner, to conclude a stricter league and amity with Francis I. Westminster, 30 April 25 Hen. VIII.
Modern copy from the French Archives, pp. 2.
30 April.
Camusat, 125.
408. Francis I. to the Bailly Of Troyes.
Since last writing the Scotch ambassador has told him that the Scotch king was not the author of the present war with England. In reply said that he desired to see their differences amicably settled, especially as the Scotch king was not so strong as his uncle ; and he had therefore again sent the sieur de Beauvais to Scotland, to propose a truce for a year, during which some honorable end might be found. The Ambassador said that he had no charge of this kind, and only came to assure Francis that the war was not begun by his master ; but he would report what Francis had said to his master, whom he thought to be desirous of peace. Told him also of Beauvais' charge to offer to the king of Scotland in marriage one of the French king's near relations. Desires the Bailly to tell all this to the king of England, and to request him to grant the truce. The Scotch ambassador will remain here, expecting news, which shall be transmitted to England. Aubigny, 30 April 1533.
Calig. B. VII. 260. B. M.
409. [Northumberland to Henry VIII.]
Gives an account of the raids on Blakeburn and Mereburn, mentioned in Northumberland's letter of April 23. On Saturday night, the 19th of this month of April, Mons. de Beawys arrived here at Alnwick, telling me that he was coming to Scotland with your consent. He left here my fellow, Butler, your servant, to convey letters to your Majesty. He was surprised that I had no letters from you for abstinence with Scotland. On Sunday night he went to Coldstream, and wrote a letter to the earl of Murray, who issued proclamations at Jedworth forbidding invasions of England. Beawys sent me word by his guide that he was surprised that the English invaded Scotland on the night of his coming to Coldstream, "for pondering he was come to make a peace." He then went on to the Scotch king at Edinburgh. (fn. 9) The Scots have done no harm since my last invasion, but keep together, though they are daily annoyed by your subjects. Will himself annoy them as soon as the light will serve to ride into Scotland. (fn. 9)
On Saturday morning, 26th April inst., after the day star was up, Launce Carr, with 200 Scots, invaded England at Coukedaill and burnt Prenwik (Prendick) and Alneham, of which they had burned a great piece before the wars began, but returned without taking prisoners or goods. To this fray rose Robert Bowes and the inhabitants near, and the said fray came to me "by beakyn and scrye." Sent Sir Rauf Ellercar, Sir Thos. Wharton, and my brethren "as a fleyng scaile unto theym," while Robt. Bowes, John Horsley, and George Fenwike went to foray in Scotland. Followed in person with the rest of your subjects, and burned and harried much between the waters. Took many prisoners and cattle without loss. On Friday night the garrison of Berwick burned a tower in the marsh called Etherington and took cattle and prisoners. I hear from my "espialles" that the French ambassador is very highly taken in Scotland, and much more made of than he was before.
Draft, pp. 4. Add. : To my singler good freind Maister Almoner.

R. O.
410. Northumberland.
A statement of certain irregularities in the returns of the sheriffs and escheators of Northumberland by which the King suffers loss, with a list of the amerciaments imposed by the barons of the Exchequer on the different sheriffs for various defaults from 7 to 24 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 5.

R. O.
411. Dr. Baggard to Cromwell.
Is afraid that some displeasure has been occasioned by an inhibition which he allowed to go forth against Latimer at Bristol. Thinks he was right in allowing it, in consequence of the rumor and sedition. Had Cromwell's counsel before he took any steps. Begs he will remember the writer's diligence and foresight beforehand, and his own consent. At his last preaching at Bristol in the Rogation week Latimer preached very well, with the approbation of his hearers. Gave Wilson licence to preach, as he was a common preacher, and if he had refused it would have created a murmur, as the people are much devoted to him. He promised not to have been so hasty in his preaching ; therefore this may be an opportunity of revoking his licence. Writes to him secretly as his loving master. This day Huberden came, desiring a licence to preach ; but I shall give him none so long as it shall please God, the King, and yourself. Notwithstanding his importunity I shall shake him off well enough.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : One of the King's Council. Endd. : Dr.Bagarde, chancellor of Worcester.

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412. William Hyberden, Priest, to Cromwell.
I beg you to consider the intent of those "makers" that so grievously accused me to you and the Council. I beg you will conceive no prejudice against me, but be indifferent between the Friar and me till you are certified of the truth by most part of the commonalty of Bristol, both of my preaching and of the dissension and trouble that Latimer with his friar and two other priests have made in Bristol. If you will let me have a copy of the letters and sayings of my accusers, I trust to answer them, and by the testimonial of the chief of Bristol, that I never preached any such words as are laid to my charge.
Hol., p. 1. Add. : To his honorable master Cromwell.

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413. John Norbroke.
Account of a number of felonies and outrages committed by John Norbroke of Exeter, from 16 to 24 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, pp. 7.

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414. [Starkey to Henry VIII.]
Although many learned men have given their opinions in the King's cause, cannot refrain from stating his own opinion, as in duty bound. Thinks it superfluous to point out the equity of his demands after so many volumes have been written and so many universities have pronounced judgment upon the subject. All impartial men who have considered the matter are agreed that the marriage is against the law of nature and of God. Yet measures ought to be adopted to remove the scandal arising from the wrong opinions of the vulgar, who are much impressed with the belief, first, that the King's father, being a prince of great prudence, would never have procured this marriage if it had been against laws either divine or human ; and, secondly, that the Pope, to whom they attribute a power almost equal to God's, can do nothing wrong. Argues at some length that Henry should refer his cause to a General Council for decision, and that to decide it elsewhere would be a blot upon his reputation.
Hol., Lat., pp. 10.
ii. Conclusion of some discourse on the liberty of speaking and writing. Ends : "Sed de severitate et clementia in rep. que cui sit preferenda longo major est difficuitas, et in summa prudentis viri est observari et tempus et rationes omnes negocio adjectas, et ita ex collatione facilius inveniet quid sit factu optimum et reip. salutarissimum."
Below is written the memorandum : "Primi fructus distribuendi pauperibus ecclesi cujuslibet, ut inequalitas illa olim qu fuit quitate temperetur."
Lat., p. 1. In Starkey's hand.
iii. [Starkey to Pole?] "show how after long study in divers kind of letters, and after some experience had in strange countries de moribus concepisti hoc institutum scribendi, observing the rudeness here in our country, and how far distant it was from true policy ; and that this ut videbitur dilata, cum non dabatur occasio .
In Starkey's hand, p. 1. All the above are from a commonplace book.
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415. [Cromwell to Suffolk.]
The King hears that [Suffolk] is content to surrender his patent of Earl Marshal, and has accordingly granted it to the duke of Norfolk, (fn. 10) whose ancestors long held it, in place of which he shall have the justiceship of the Forests on this side of the Trent for life. The King is pleased with him for so kindly parting with the office, and that he has more zeal to nourish kindness and love between Norfolk and himself than to that or any other office. Advises him to come to Court, as Norfolk is shortly going "towards his great journey in ambassade." London, April.
Draft, pp. 4. Partly in Cromwell's hand.

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416. The Royal Supremacy.
A religious and political rhapsody in defence of the King's authority, on the text Ecclus. XV. :Si volueris mandata conservare, conservabunt te. In the course of his argument the writer asserts that it was the Pope who endeavoured to set England against the Emperor, offering Henry VIII. a dispensation to "marry with France" and dissolve his previous marriage, which would have created war in Christendom ; but God favored the King and his realm, so that "by my lady Anne chancing to enter and fulfil that place so opened" war was avoided. Thus the Popes have been makers of marriages between Kings and Queens only to set one against another, and prevent them meeting in a General Council. Thus the Pope maintains his lordship over all. If a council of Kings were held, the knowledge of Christ might be put into Kings' heads by God's teaching. To teach the King to know his office, "is made an ordinary head seal of the King's head office, wherein is figured the very form of God's law, like as in Heaven to be ministered, likewise in England." Discusses a multitude of figures contained in this head seal, and urges the necessity of a reformation, as the King has given away his lordship to the spiritualty.
Begins : "The wily deep-witted men taught, by the artificial crafts of men's wisdom so deeply sought, how their deep reason might rise so high in this world to overcome all other men's reason which are taught by their scolez (schools) ; as when unlettered and unlearned men by their scolez show such reason as God put into them (be it never so veylable), if lettered men do not love and favor it by their school teaching, are ever arguing to confound it, willing that no men's reason should be allowed, but only theirs of their sort which would confound all other sorts."
Ends : "And yt subject can hold no land by no riztwisnes of God under the sonne, but it be measured and met by the King's standard rizt of God's law above the sone. The King knoweth not his own rizt of his head office ; he hath given his head rizt to his subjects, which by his own lauz hath robbed his kingly image by his sufferance at their wills ; hath given it away from him to the spirituality, holden contrary to God's lauz. Here I make an end, for lack of paper."
Pp. 61. In the handwriting of Clement Armestrong.
April./Grants. 417. Grants in April 1533, 24 Hen. VIII.
1. John Dymbleton of Grimsby, Lincoln, sailor. Pardon for piracy. Del. Westm., 1 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B.
2. Wm. Buckle, clk. Presentation to the parish church of Petynbery, Rochester dioc., vice Rob. Joyse, chaplain, deceased. Westm., 16 March 24 Hen. VIII. Del. 1 April.P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.
3. John David, servant of the landgrave of Hasse in Almayn. Passport to leave the realm with one horse, and 30 crowns of the sun, or the value thereof in other money. York Place, 1 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B.
4. Mons. Declyff Rotlowe, ambassador of the king of Denmark. Passport for his return to Denmark, with three servants, 400 crowns, baggage, &c. Westm., 2 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B.
5. Hants and Wilts : Commission to John Abarowe, jun., Thos. Aprice, and Ric. Mathew, to make inquisition concerning the woods of Claryngton, Groveley, Melshett, and Bently Woods. Westm., 4 April. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
6. York : Commission to Rob. Chaloner, Thos. Gryce, and Gilbert Scott, to make inquisition concerning all wastes, sales, and destructions in the King's woods of Wakefeld since 23 April 10 Hen. VIII. Westm., 5 April.
Similar commission to Sir James Metcalf, Matthew Wytham, and (fn. 1) Sygyswyke, for the woods of Medylham. Westm., 5 April.
Similar commission to John Evers, John Barton, and Anth. Hamond, for the woods of Shirefhotton in Gawtres forest. Westm., 5 April.
Similar commission to Brian Hastyngs, Will. Copley, and Thos. Elys, for the woods of Hatfeld and Cunsborough. Westm., 5 April.
Similar commission to John Metcalf, Hen. Eliers, James Rokeby, and Ric. Belyses, for the woods of Bernecastell. Westm., 5 April. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3d.
7. Ralph Rowlet and Martin Bowes. Grant, in survivorship, of the office of master and worker of the King's monies, and keeper of the change in the Tower of London, the kingdom of England, and the town of Calais, with all houses, &c. in the said tower, formerly occupied by the Master of the Mint or his deputy ; on surrender of patent 4 July 1 Hen. VIII., granting the same office to Sir Wm. Blounte, lord Mountjoye. Westm., 1 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 5 April. P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 28.
8. Anth. Brykks and Thos. Derbye, one of the clerks of the King's signet. Grant in survivorship of the office of clerk of the King's council in the town of Calais, with the usual fees for themselves and for a number of men under them, as Adrian Dier or the said Thos. Derbye and John Alman enjoyed the same ; on surrender by the said Thomas of patent 16 Dec. 19 Hen. VIII. granting the same office to him and the said John Alman, now deceased. Westm., 20 Feb. 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 April. P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 30.
9. Sir John Hesdyng. Licence to pass out of the realm to Flanders, with five horses, seven servants, baggage, &c. Westm., 6 April 24 Hen. VIII. Teste 7 April. S.B.
10. Thos. Kaleile, alias Karlyle, alias Karlele, alias Karlowe, alias Karley, of Carlisle, Cumb. Pardon for the murder and homicide of Thos. Jakson. Westm., 28 March 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 April.P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 30.
11. Isabella Burgys, late wife of David Burgys of Lynton, Devon, spinster. Pardon for having, on Tuesday after Michaelmas 22 Hen. VIII., broken, entered, and burnt the house of John Bury at Lynton. Westm., 27 March 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hoggeston, 7 April.P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 30.
12. John Bartelott, one of the King's soldiers in Calais. Licence at all times to pass into England and return to Calais with all kinds of merchandize for the provision of the said town. Westm., 7 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B.
13. Leonard Thoreton, clk. of the King's ships. Licence to take oaken timber and elm, for the rigging and trimming of the King's ships, in any place within the realm Hunsdon, 14 July 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 7 April.S.B.
14. Yorkshire : Commission to John Barton, Ralph Bukton, Rob. Lacy, and Thos. Wentworth, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Wm. Thwaytys. jun. Westm., 8 April.Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
15. Richard Fermer, citizen of London, and merchant of the staple of Calais, Wm. Fermer, brother of the said Richard, Rob. Wyllesforde, citizen and merchant of London, and Anth. Husse, of London. Grant of the next presentation to the rectory or parish church of Bradnynch, alias Bradnyshe, Devon, in the King's patronage, as belonging to the earldom of Cornwall. Del. Westm., 9 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.
16. Priory of St. James, Staffordell, alias Staverdale, Somers. Mortmain licence to Wm. Grendon, the prior, to alienate the site, circuit, &c. of the said priory or church, and all churches, chapels, manors, lordships, &c. which they now have in right of the said priory, to Wm. Yorke, the prior, and the convent of SS. Peter and Paul, Taunton. Del. Westm., 9 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.
17. Sir Thos. West, lord La Warr. Charter granting a market on Wednesday at his manor of Warre, Wyk, Glouc., and two fairs there yearly, viz., one on the day of the Annunciation, and the other on the day of the Visitation of St. Mary. Del. Westm. 11 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.
18. Monastery of St. Mary Bruton. Grant to William the abbot, and the convent, of two yearly fairs of three days' duration ; viz., on the eve, day, and morrow of the Feast of St. George the Martyr, and on the eve, day, and morrow of the Feast of the Nativity of St. Mary the Virgin, with a court of piepowder at the said fairs, before the steward of the said abbot and convent ; with the same tolls and customs as those belonging to the fair of the prior and convent of St. Bartholomew, in West Smithfeld, in the suburbs of London, commonly called "Bartilmew feire." Westm., 11 April.Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 1.
19. Andrew Kotvicz, Geo. de Nebleben, John Bock, and Symon de Venet. Licence to pass beyond the sea with 400 crowns, three geldings, and baggage. Greenwich, 11 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B.
20. Monastery of Burton-upon-Trent. Cong, d'lire on the resignation of Wm. Boston, last abbot, which has been notified to the King by the cloister prior, through Wm. Burton and John Bronston.S.B. [No date.]
21. St. Peter's, Westminster. Restitution of temporalities on the election of William Boston, S.T.P., as abbot. Del. Westm., 11 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 21.
ii. Petition for the above by the prior and convent. Robert Davers, Thomas Elfrede, and John Fullwell are named as the bearers. Dated 10 April 1533, 24 Hen. VIII. 22. Thos. Crumwell. To be chancellor of the Exchequer, with the fees, robes, and vesture belonging to the office, from the death of Sir John Bourghchier lord Berners, who lately held it. Del. Westm., 12 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 26. Rym. XIV. 436.
23. Thos. Herytage, chaplain. Presentation to the parish church of Hanbery, Worc. dioc., void by death. Del. Westm., 14 April 24 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 30.
24. Thos. Smyth and Joan his wife, one of the kinswomen and heirs of Cecilia Josselyn, deceased, formerly wife of Hen. Fitzherbert, and late wife of John Josselyn, deceased, viz., daughter of Eustace son of the said Cecilia ; and Edw. Smyth, and Elizabeth his wife, another of the kinswomen and heirs of the said Cecilia, viz., daughter of the said Eustace, &c. Livery of lands of the said Cecilia and Eustace. Greenwich, 15 April ... Del. Westm., 17 April. P.S. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 22.
25. For the priory of St. Bartholomew, Westsmythfeld, in the suburbs of London. Cong d'lire to Thos. Gybbons, the subprior, and the convent, vice Will. Bolton, last prior, deceased. Westm., 19 April.Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 3.
26. Ric. Strete. To be archdeacon of Derby, Cov. and Lich. dioc. ; in the King's gift owing to the temporalities of the bishopric being in the King's hand. Greenwich, 12 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Hoggeston, 19 April.P.S.
27. For the archbishopric of Canterbury. Restitution of the temporalities on the appointment by the Pope of Thos. Cranmer, vice William late Archbishop, deceased. Westm., 9 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. 19 April. P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.Rym. XIV. 456.
ii. Bull of Clement attached, promoting Cranmer to the archbishopric. Dated Bologna, ix. kal. Mart. 1532, 10 Clement VII.
28. Thos. Hall, of Calais, clk., alias chaplain. Pardon for the murder of Thos. Patye, in the town of Calais or elsewhere. "T. xxi. die Aprilis."S.B. Westm. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 29.
418. Undated Grants, 24 Hen. VIII.
1. Hen. earl of Northumberland and Sir Ralph Ellerker, jun. Grant of the office of steward of the manor of Holdernes, York, and of all other possessions in Holdernes, York, lately belonging to Edw. duke of Buckingham, attainted of high treason, with an annuity of 20l. out of the issues of the said manor, &c. ; on surrender of patent 18 June 19 Hen. VIII., granting the same to the said Earl alone. Westm., . Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 11.
2. Hen. Parker, clk., gentleman usher of the Chamber. To have the pension which the next archbishop of Canterbury is bound, by reason of his new creation, to give to a clerk of the King's nomination, until promoted to a benefice by the archbishop. S.B.
3. St. Mary, Snape. Indenture, between the King and Thos. duke of Norfolk, lord Treasurer, of sale of the ground, site, &c. of the late monastery of St. Mary, Snape, and of the manors of Snape, Scotts, Taseards, and Aldeburghe or Alderburgh, Suff., with appurtenances in the towns, fields, &c. of Snape, Skottes, Tastardes, Aslewood, Freston, Aldeburgh or Alderbnrgh, Buckeslowe, Pesenhale, Sternefeld, Bedyngfeld, Orford, Stradbroke, Hacheston, Glemham, Blakesale, Rendham, Saxmondham, and Benhale ; which came into the King's hands by the attainder of card. Wolsey. In consideration of which sale the said Duke has bound himself in 12 recognizances acknowledged by him before Sir Rob. Norwich, C. J. of C. P. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 20.
4. Sir William Blount, lord Mountjoye. Licence to alienate the manors of Alaxton, Leic., Wotton under Wever, Staff., and Waddenhoo, Cotherstoke, and Clapthorne, and 2 messuages, 2 virgates of land, and 8 acres of meadow in Yarwell, Northt., and the advowsons of the churches of Alaxton and Waddenhoo, except 1 rood of land in the manor of Alaxton, to Sir Wm. Powlet, Sir Giles Strangways, Sir Thos. Trenchard, Sir John Chamond, John Rowe, serjeant-at-law. Baldwin Malet, John Pawlet, Wm. Portman, Nic. Willoughby, Rob. Rawson, and Walter Seymer.Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 24.
5. John Baptist Semyn, a native of Italy. Denization. 24 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
6. Jankyn Lloyd alias Jankyn Ap David Ap R., of New Kaermerdin, S. Wales, alias Jankyn Lloyd, jun. Pardon.S.B. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 25.
7. Cuthbert Ogle, clk., the King's chaplain. Annuity of 40l. out of the issues of co. Northumb., vacated on personal surrender, 5 Feb. 25 Hen. VIII. S.B. Pat. 24 Hen VIII. p. 1, m. 28.
8. Rouland Lee, clk. Grant of a house in the town of Lychefeld, late of Thos. Fitzherbert, late prebendary of Bysshops Ichyngton, and chaunter of the church of the said town.S.B. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 30.
9. James Nedeham. To be clerk and overseer of the King's works in England ; on surrender by Thos. Flowre of pat. 14 May 20 Hen. VIII., granting the same offices to Hen. Smyth, now deceased, and the said Thomas.S.B. Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 31.
10. Leicestershire : Commission to Wm. Assheby, Edw. Sapcotes, and Thos. Sharrotes, to make inquisition p. m. on the lands and heir of Wm. Berkeley. Westm., . Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 2d.
11. Thos. Capull, of Dymnoke, Glouc., and Will. Lou, of Hanley Childe, Glouc., labourer. Reversal of outlawry sued in the Common Pleas by Ric. Acton and John Calowhill, for trespass ; the said Thomas and William having surrendered to the Flete prison, as certified by Sir Rob. Norwiche, C. J. Westm., . Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2. m. 4.
12. Anth. Seyntleger, of Ulcombe, Kent. Exemption from being made escheator or sheriff of the county of Kent or Midd., or serving on juries, &c. Westm., .Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 8.The P.S. is dated Dover Castle, 16 Nov.
13. Ric. Riche. To be Attorney General in Wales and the marches thereof, and in the county palatine of Chester and Flint, with the fees enjoyed in that office by Wm. Ruddall or John Baldewyn, out of the issues of the duchy of Cornwall ; on surrender of pat. 13 April 21 Hen. VIII., granting the same office to the said John Baldewyn. Westm.,.Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
Vacated on surrender 28 June 4 & 5 Philip and Mary, by the said Richard, then lord Riche.
14. Wm. Antram, of Charleton Camfyld, Somers., smith. Pardon for having on the 2nd Dec. 21 Hen. VIII. broken and entered the house of John Frike, at Corton, Somers., and stolen 20l. in money belonging to the said John.S.B. 24 Hen. VIII. Pat. p. 2, m. 24.
15. Ric. Lee and Will. Sakevyle. Grant of a messuage, with certain lands thereto belonging, in the vill of Witton, Salop, and two messuages, with lands thereto belonging, in the vill of Westbury, Salop, which lately belonged to John Lyngen, of Witton, who was outlawed for felony and murder committed on the 24th Jan. 17 Hen. VIII., and which came into the King's hands by reason of an inquisition taken at Wyllington, Salop, 3 Nov. 22 Hen. VIII., before Wm. Chorleton, escheator.Pat. 24 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 25.
16. John Latton. Lease of the manor of Browton, Wilts, late belonging to the earl of Warwick, for 21 years from Mich. A.D. 1540, on the expiration of a lease to Rob. Wingfield, at an annual rent of 10l. 13s. 4d., and (fn. 12) of increase.S.B.
17. Rochester Bridge. Authority to John Warner and John Otterbury to take timber and other necessaries for the repair of the said bridge.S.B. 24 Hen. VIII.
18. John Johnson, merchant of Canterbury. Licence to ship to Calais 100 oxen, 400 qrs. of malt, 100 qrs. of oats, and 20 tuns of beer.S.B.
19. John Catcot, one of the yeomen of the Guard, and John Sandford, one of the yeomen ushers of the Chamber. Grant of the corrody in the monastery of Athelney, Somerset, hitherto held by the said John Sandford alone.S.B.
20. Sir Thos. Audeley, keeper of the Great Seal. Licence to import 5 tuns of wine for the store of his household. Undated. S.B.
419. Grants in April 1533, 25 Hen. VIII.
1. John Halle, of Mirfeld, York, miller. Reversal of outlawry, sued for trespass by Ralph Sonyar, in the Common Pleas ; the said John having surrendered to the Flete prison, as certified by Sir Rob. Norwiche, C. J. of C. P. Westm., 23 April.Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 43.
2. Thos. Vowell, gentleman usher of the Chamber. Reversion of the office of harbour master (havenator) in the duchy of Cornwall, on the death of John Thomas, or on surrender of pat. 22 July 9 Hen. VIII. Greenwich, 24 April 25 Hen. VIII.P.S. writ. Signed : "Ste. Winton."
3. Sir Thos. lord Burgh, and Thos. Burgh, son and heir apparent of the said Sir Thomas. Grant in survivorship of the office of steward of the manor of the sock of Kyrton in Lyndesey, Linc., and of all lands and tenements in the said sock, with the usual fees as enjoyed by Sir Rob. Sheffeld, or any other such officer ; on surrender of pat. 19 Dec. 22 Hen. VIII., granting the same to the said lord Burgh and Edw. Burgh, now deceased, then son and heir apparent of the said lord. Greenwich, 22 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 24 April 25 Hen. VIII.P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 35.
4. Wm. Smyth alias Chalfunt, of London, yeoman. Pardon for felony and assault committed on the night of the 6th March 18 Hen. VIII. on Ric. Snatte, in his house at Huntington, Kent. Del. Westm. 26 April 25 Hen. VIII.S.B.
5. Rob. Crathorn, of London, porter. Pardon for a burglary committed in the house of Will. Fermer at Mugwell Street, in the parish of St. Olave's, in the ward of Farringdon, London, and for stealing therefrom a quantity of plate and other goods, the property of the said William. Greenwich, 22 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 26 April 25 Hen. VIII.P.S.
6. Thos. Adington, of London, leather dresser. To be the King's leather dresser, alias serjeant of the "Pelletria," vice Nich. Jenyns, deceased. Greenwich, 23 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April. P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 8.
7. Edw. Hopkynson. Pardon for a felony and robbery committed upon the person and goods of one Ric. Bataylle. Greenwich, 23 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 28 April.P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 35, and p. 2, m. 30.
8. Sir Geo. Bulleyn, lord Rocheford. Wardship and marriage of Edm. Sheffeld, son and heir of Sir Rob. Sheffelde, during the minority of the said Edmund. Greenwich, 28 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 April.P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 9.
9. Thos. Caulonde, clk. Presentation to the parish church of West Tilbury, London dioc. Greenwich, 30 April 25 Hen. VIII. P.S.
10. Wm. Grene, of Lychefeld, Staff., yeoman alias vicar choral, alias master chorister of Lychefeld cathedral, alias Wm. Grene of London, yeoman. Pardon of all offences committed before 1 May 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 April 25 Hen. VIII.S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 41.
11. Will. Moyes, one of the yeomen of the Guard. Grant of the office of bailiff of the hundred of Powdrum, Cornw., vice Stephen Tukker, deceased. Greenwich, 27 April 25 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 April.P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 4.
12. Chr. Vessy, prebendary of St. Patrick's cathedral, Dublin, alias vicar of the parish church of Swerds, Ireland, alias vicar of Laracor and Deamor, Meath, Ireland. Pardon of all offences committed against the statute of provisors 16 Ric. II., or any other statute of provisors and prmunire, before 1 April 24 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 30 April [25 Hen. VIII.] S.B. Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 41.

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420. Henry Norris to Cromwell.
The King commands that you shall apparel all his minstrels in red chamlet, with H. and K. embroidered after the old sort. Signed.
P. 1. Add. : To my most assured good friend, Mr. Cromwell. Endd.

R. O.
421. Sir R. Page to Cromwell.
I have sent my nephew Sondes to you. He is in the list to be made knight, but his lands are not great, and he is bound in heavy charges by his father's will for the marriage of five of his sisters yet unmarried, and three of his brethren, who have each 10l. a year for life. I beg your favor in his behalf.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add. : Of the Council.

R. O.
422. [Cromwell's] "Remembraunces."
George Aleyn, for my lord of Develynges matters concerning Alen, alderman, and concerning Thos. Alen, of Rayley. John Cavalcanti for his matter. Gregory Cassaile. Ric. Singiltun. Nic. Rusticus saith a post departeth toward his master tonight, who also is here. Master Alen desireth the remembrance of the vicar of Tane's pardon. Edm. More for answer for the Scott and his reward for the King's letters. Mr. Barton for the answer of his letter. Mr. Drewis for his bill signed and bill of suit. My lord abbot of Revers for a letter to my lord of Rutland. Serjeant Rookwood for his bill. Wm. Sommester of Plymouth. Jas. Horswell for a letter to Mr. Hegecum (Edgcombe?) for the frere who is departing here. Nicolas Fascheon for his licence. John Fagon and Calverlay.
P. 1. Endd.

R. O.
423. The Staple Of Calais.
"Demands to be made of the King's behalf of the merchants of the Staple."
1. That they shall pay the King the sums due this day upon all obligations according to the days of payment. 2. That they shall pay d. more on each woolfell that they shall load hereafter to Calais, and 13s. 4d. more on every sack. 3. That they shall bring in bullion for every sack according to law, and not henceforth make any exchanges without licence.
On these conditions the King is willing to take their house and lands in Calais and the Marches, and to accept the other offers made in their supplication, and to grant them liberty to ship and to continue their company, and to pay for no more wools and fells than they shall ship.
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1.
ii. Memoranda on the back of the preceding :
"For to remember the judgment to be prepared for in the King's great matter.
Item, for the despatch of my lord of Norfolk.
Item, the bill for the succession, and to rest upon the same.
Item, for to devise for the coronation, and to see presendementtes for the same.
Item, to devise for lands for the Queen.
Item, for the establishment of the Dowager."
In Cromwell's hand.


  • 1. By the inquisition p.m., 25 Hen. VIII., No. 74, it was found that he died on the 19th April. The lands went, in accordance with the will of the deceased, to his wife and to a son of his sister.
  • 2. John Taylor. He was made archdeacon of Derby in 1515, and it appears by Le Neve that Strete actually did hold the archdeaconry after him. But Le Neve is of course wrong in saying that Strete held it in 1528.
  • 3. George Browne, D.D.
  • 4. "Beked" in Egerton MS.
  • 5. Lancelot Colyns, treasurer of York cathedral.
  • 6. It appears that the gift never took effect.
  • 7. Secretary to the Merchants Adventurers in the Low Countries.
  • 8. This letter is probably a little earlier. The editor of Tyndale says it was written in January ; and it is referred to by Frith himself, to whom it was addressed, as having been written after Christmas (1532). See Frith's answer to Sir Thomas More (p. 118 of his works in Daye's edition), where he quotes a passage in this letter verbatim.
  • 9. This passage is crossed out, and part of it repeated at the end of the letter.
  • 10. See Grants in May, No. 50.
  • 11. Blank in orig.
  • 12. Blank in MS.