Henry VIII: March 1534, 26-31

Pages 156-177

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 7, 1534. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1883.

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March 1534, 26–31

26 March. 375. Henry VIII. to the Earl of Essex.
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 37 b. B. M. Cranmer's Letters, 267 n. Order, by advice of the Council, to the earl of Essex to restore to Ric. Stansby certain lands which he and his ancestors had held from the earls of Essex, and of which he has been forcibly deprived. “Yeven under our signet,” Westm., 26 March.
Copy from Cranmer's letter book.
26 March. 376. The Convent of Croxton to Cromwell.
R. O. We have received your letters of the 24 March requiring us not to proceed to the election of an abbot without the licence of our founder, lord Barkley, and that you would send us a director for that purpose. It has never been seen that any house of our religion should obtain licence of the founder for election of an abbot, not even on the King's foundation. But according to our rules and statutes and the King's patents we can proceed without any director. As, however, we desire your favor, we will prorogue, as you request, the election to Monday next after the feast of St. Mark, begging that we may proceed on that day freely to our election. Beg credence for their brethren, Sir John Kybworth and Sir John Conseyt. Croxton, 26 March.
P. 1. Add.: Right worshipful. Endd.
26 March. 377. Thomas Crofte to Cromwell.
R. O. His father commands him to write to Cromwell advertising him that John Lawton, husband to the bearer, indicted for high treason “for carenadge,” and reprieved by Sir John Porte, justice of assize for co Hereford, of which my father is sheriff (fn. 1) this year, has broken prison with others in consequence of the oppression of the gaoler. As the said Lawton will advantage the King 500l. for 7 years, begs Cromwell will consider it. He is a tall man and has many good qualities. Dated at the head: “Wygmore, septimo kalendas Aprilis.”
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Of the King's Council.
26 March. 378. Sir John Russell to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I desire you to be good to the bearer, a countryman of mine, for certain money owed to him by Richard Long, a spear at Calais. I thank you for the goshawk you sent me, which has by chance broken out of the mew and escaped. Commend me to my lady. Thornhawe, 26 March. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd. Sealed.
[27 Mar.] 379. Christopher Plummer to Lord Lisle.
R. O. I beg you to inform my lady “that Waynam's wife when she knew my lady's greve (grief?) then she was not a little bashed therewith; and therefore she gat a horse and rode to Sir Anthony Windsor for to his wife (sic), as she said that little lady Bridget's bonnet was sent by a man that she knew not, but that he said he knew the said Sir Anthony and the lady his wife well, and so she sent the bonnet by him.” She says she sent the said lady 10l. that she owed her, which she fears is lost. The bonnet had not arrived when she came to lady Windsor, and search was made where the man was lodged. It was found with a woman. My lord's servant, Rob. Anmer, was present and promised to bring it to Winchester from Southwyk, which would have been no great journey if she had intended to visit St. Swithin's.
At the making of this letter, Friday before Palm Sunday, I sent your servant Brian Insell to London with this and to see if your wine were come. No news but a proud embassy from Scotland.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy in Calais.
27 March. 380. Elizabeth Lady Dacre to Lord Dacre.
Calig. B. VII. 201. B. M. Her uncle Sir Christopher Dacre met lord Maxwell at Loughtembane Stone, on Monday, March 16th, as she had written, and appointed an assize from the two realms (sends a copy) for the trial of Cannaby Holme. Next meeting to be held at Battinge Bushe, Thursday after Low Sunday. At the coming of the ambassadors of Scotland various persons under Sir Will. Musgrave committed injuries on the Scottish borders. Thomas Dacre has taken Rynyaue Taylear upon the sands. He is now prisoner at Naward. Jake Musgrave is much displeased at it. He has taken one Sprouxton dwelling under Jeffrey Storre, by the counsel of Ebbis Dane. Encloses a copy of a letter from Sir Christ. Dacre to Jake Musgrave, who has refused redress. He demands compensation for the slaying of John Routelege. Thinks it adviseable that if peace be concluded he should take means for securing the authority of the Warden. Nawerd, March 27. Signed: “Your loving bedf[ellow] Elyzabeth Dacre.”
Pp. 2. Add. at f. 203*. Endorsed by Wriothesley.
ii. The names of the Assyssers for partie of England: Thomas Dacre, Thomas Blenhashet, William Threlkeld, Lenerd Ledall, John Thomson, Lange Will Graame; for partie of Scotland, William Maxwell laird of Tynhall, lard Rooss, John Kyrkepatrike, lard Greteno, Wat Irven, John Maxveli of Cowehillis.”
P. 1.
iii. [Sir Chr. Dacre to Jack Musgrave.]
Knows not the cause why Thomas Dacre took Rynnyan Tailior, except that it was by my lord's command, who ordered that he should be placed in solitary confinement till his pleasure were known. “Your said master” has neglected frequent writings for the delivery of persons under his rule who were accused. At the assizee of England and Scotland appointed yesterday at Lochmaben Stane, to try whether the English or Scots provoked the business at Cannonby Holme, “your evidence and such under your rule” was so slender that it would have gone against England if the writer had not caused *** new day to be taken. Desires to meet Musgrave at Lanercost tomorrow, with all the witnesses he can bring against Scotland. Carlisle, 17 March 25 Hen. VIII.
Copy, p. 1.
27 March. 381. John Cooke to Cromwell.
R. O. In consequence of information received from Mich. Jamys of Hampton, that was desired to go to sea with one Swift, and one George, late my lord Lisle's servant, and John Bucke, late my lord Edmund Howard's servant, I have taken the two latter with two of Swift's mariners that were five days at sea, intending to gather men and commit robberies. I enclose Jamys's deposition and Bucke's confession in my letters to the duke of Norfolk, which he will doubtless show you. The latter is “a very tall man, both of his person and of his hands.” Your mastership will see what I have done since I left London. I have spared no pains to take those pirates, but they have gone westward in two balingers, Buckely in one and Adams in another, towards Ireland, where they victual themselves and sell their pillage. If I am to go to sea I should have 100 or fourscore men, whom I have got ready, but want money and victuals for, to keep the sea a month or six weeks. I know the haunts of the enemy. Buckley, the captain of these pirates, dwells in Dublin. I beg allowance may be made to me of money spent on the taking of these prisoners and their conveyance to Hampton, and the payment of the mariners for my passage into Wight and about Wight.
Some priests at my late being at Hampton spoke much for maintaining the Pope's power, which seduced many people; but I answered them before the mayor, which made them the more angry. Southampton, 27 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Of the Council.
R. O. 2. The Same to the Duke of Norfolk.
On the same subject, but more full. After taking Jamys's depositions at Southampton, went along the seacoast to Hammull, and so to Tichfield and Southwick, where he took the said John and George on Monday night, and on Tuesday morning the two mariners of Swift at Portsmouth, whom he brought to Southampton and lodged in the mayor's prison. Points out that the confessions of Buck and the mariners do not tally. Christopher, one of the mariners, first broke the matter to Jamys to induce Lim to come to sea with them. Swyft had gone westward to Exmouth before I came to prepare for Buck's coming, and the said Christopher to London, where, it is said, he will be found with one Sergeannte, his uncle, at Blackwall. The said Swift, Bucke and George had been lingering suspiciously on the seaside from the first Sunday in Lent, and the said Buck, George and others were five days at sea together in Swift's boat, of which Swift pretended to be owner of a third part, going from Portsmouth to Yarmouth in the Isle of Wight and Mede Hoole under Wight, probably looking for prey. While lying at anchor they were hailed by Adams and other pirates in a boat, and lent them the master John Peryn and a cockboat to go to Newport and sell a cloth called “polle davys.” When they came to Newport the said master and Will. Webbe belonging to Buckley and Adams were taken by the bailiff of Newport, and Webbe being examined by the captain of the isle confessed part of his piracy. I came to Newport on Tuesday, but the captain had sent up Webbe and Peryn the day before to the King's Council. I then scoured the coast about Wight, and was at sea on our Lady Eve all night, seeking for the said pirates. Learned that they had remained in sight three days after the taking of Webb under Wight, and no one offered to take them. On Passion Sunday at night, Adams and 17 of the pirates landed at Ride at midnight, where they forced their way into one Benet's beerhouse, and drank there against his will. Each of the pirates had a sword and buckler, and three of them were in velvet doublets and guarded hoses cut and with sarcenet under; all very tall men. From thence they went westward towards Ireland. Six drowned men, some with stones tied about their necks, have been found about Wight and Hammull, who were thrown overboard by these pirates. Has laid watches on the coasts. These pirates discharge their pillage at Dublin, Cork and Kinsale. Sends a little gold chain Bucke had, which he says belongs to lord Edmund Howard. Has caused Swift's boat to be arrested at Portsmouth.
Pray remember the King's letter which I left with your Grace to be sent to the captain of the Isle of Wight for conservation of the jurisdiction of the Admiralty. Southampton, 27 March.
Hol., pp. 3.
ii. The confession of John Bucke made before John Cooke, commissary of the Admiralty, 23 March 25 Hen. VIII., in the town of Southwick.
John Bucke, servant to my lord Edmund Howard at Calais, and of his retinue at 6d. a day, says that on Shrove Monday he and my lord Lisie's pursuivant came out of Calais in a ship of Tovys of Calais, landed at St. Katherine's in London, and lay that night in Hugh's house, serjeant of the Admiralty. Two nights after, he, Swift and George lay at Cross's in Southwark. On Saturday after he and George lay at the Lion in Guildford, and on Sunday night, the first Sunday in Lent, at John Phelipp's in Suthwikke; on Monday at Paris' house in Portsmouth, and on Tuesday at Colman's in Hampton, where they lay eight days. Four days after their arrival there Swift came thither to them, having come to Hampton to sell pease brought from Calais; and he asked them to go with him by his boat home to his wife to Exmouth to help fetch part of his stuff to Calais. After that he, Swift and George came from Hampton to Hammull, and all lay together at one Redford's house from Wednesday to Friday. As the weather was unfavorable for going by boat, Swift borrowed a horse of John Whyghte of Hammill to ride home by land, desiring them to come after him to his house, where he would make ready for them. He and George accordingly remained in Hammill till Sunday se'nnight, when they with Peryn master of the boat dwelling in Opsham, and others, took the boat to Yarmouth, where they waited Monday and Tuesday, and came back to Medehole and remained till Thursday morning, when, the wind turning to W.N.W., they came back to Portsmouth. While lying at anchor at Mede Hole they were hailed by a balinger of 50 tons, which asked for the loan of a boat, as theirs was lost in foul weather. They complied, and those in the balinger threw into the boat a piece of poll davys, saying they had no money to help them, and Peryn, the master of Swift's boat, went with their men to Newport to sell the said canvas and buy victuals.
Pp. 3.
iii. The confession of Will. Martyn and Harry Furnais, late mariners in Swyfte's boat, before John Cooke and the mayor at Portsmouth.
Will. Martyn, mariner, says he came from Calais in Swift's boat, laden with pease, on Shrove Sunday, John Peryn, master, and Chr. Serjeaunte, mariner, and. John Webb, carpenter, being with him. They had in the boat two bows and arrows and a crossbow.
Harry Furnays says that Buck, George and the mariners above left Hammull on Sunday se'nnight, and were at sea four days, meaning to go westward to Swift's house.
Mich. Jamys, son of Will. Jamys of Southampton, 26 years old, deposes to his meeting with Buck and the others, and the proposals made to him by Christopher Sergeant, that after visiting Swift at Exmouth, they should get a ship or two and keep the seas in two parties, visiting the Cape and the Isle of Surrey, where they hoped to obtain great booty, and then round England and Scotland to an island, where they should have a groat and 8d. a day a man, “saying that within few days there shall be no clean man be able to live within the realm of England, but that he shall be sought out and hanged up till there shall be a insurrection within the realm.” Listened to him to learn his intentions, and those of the company. Christopher desired him not to speak to Buck, who was a close fellow. Spoke to Buck afterwards asking what he meant to do; who said if he knew any good booty to be got at sea he would be glad to take it. Said there were two or three Bretons in Hampton Water, who would bring 300l. or 400l. Buck desired to have word when they would leave that he might attack them at Yarmouth under Wight, and George, late my lord Lisle's servant, and Christopher agreed to the scheme. Signed by Michael James and witnessed by Cooke.
Pp. 4. Add.: To the duke of Norfolk.
[28 Mar.] 382. [Fitzwilliam] to Cromwell.
Otho, C. x. 258. B. M. “Thys shalbe to advertes yow I send yow thys berar Chamlay (fn. 2) and also a bage of lene[n] clothe tyd with a poynt and selled with my se[le], and lykewyse a pors (a purse) of porpull wellwete. . . . . . of wryteng found by m Lord. . . . . .me and varay feve (few) of thaym to. . . . . .in my Lady Mares cofers of Chamlay ty. . . . . .beres, and for that Mr. Sach. . . . . t welbe here to neght. . . . . [t]how (fn. 3) confers tell is com[ing] (fn. 4). . . . . che hoder thenges as I . . . . . whylys, and he hous com, I shal . . . . . . g of thow rest, and t . . . . . . as we found my lade . . . . . . [lo]rd of Norfolke . . . . . housed here with assore w . . . . . . [d]evysed as I am seure h . . . . . . r was not alonly t . . . . . . e as myche as was . . . . . . [in]strochyons, bot as myche . . . . . . to be pla . . . ” * * *
Hol., mutilated. Add.: To, &c. Mr. Cromwell, one of the King's Privy Council.
On the top margin is written in a modern hand before the fire: “Saturday, Hatfeld. About the lady Mary the King's daughter. Her servants searched.” (fn. 5)
28 March. 383. [Cromwell] to the Sheriff of [Yorkshire].
R. O. Being informed of the death of Sir John Dunham, (fn. 6) who held lands of the King in capite in Yorkshire, to prevent the King's right being cloaked, it is considered by the Council that those persons should be impanelled to inquire for the King who dwell near the lands, the names of whom are enclosed. London, 28 March.
Draft, p. 1. Endd.
28 March. 384. John Graynfyld to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Sends him the acts of parliament passed to this day. It will not be prorogued till the 30 March, when the ambassadors of Scotland shall be present, and the lords shall wear their robes. Never saw a goodlier embassage from Scotland, the chief of whom is a bishop named Stuerd, high treasurer, accompanied by four knights, well trimmed, an abbot of the King's Council and 30 persons. On Thursday last they dined with the Council in the Star Chamber. Peace is likely to ensue. Gives an account of the escape of Wolf's wife from the Tower by counterfeit keys procured by one Bawde, the Lieutenant's servant, and of their recapture by the watch. Wolf and his wife will be hanged in chains upon Thames at low-water mark on Tuesday. Bawde is in Little Ease, and is to be racked and hanged. My old master, Sir Thomas More, is clearly discharged of his trouble. I trust my brother will prosper in his matters. 28 March.
Hol., pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd. Modern endorsement by Agarde: “Lettres to the lord Lysle, deputy of Caleys. Scrut. 21 Sept. 1612. Nil valent.”
[28 March.] 385. Sir Thos. Palmer to Lord Lisle.
R. O. Came to the Court on Friday, and incontinent the King came forth to hear the sermon. Gave him your letter. He asked heartily after you and how my lady could agree with that country, with as hearty cheer as ever I saw him. I told him the effect of your letter, “of that [his Grace] had commanded me to say to you, which he denied not, but it was p . . . by . . . that I should so say to you, and I showed him that you had never no commandment of his Grace so to do,” but that he had written a letter to Mr. Wyngfeld while he was deputy commanding him to put it down. I told him that if he would write as much to you it would not be long a putting down. He answered that he knew he had given orders to put it down. Did not show him the letter at that time for fear he would have lost it, but will read it to him the first time he comes abroad, if I may have him at leisure. I shall then know his pleasure, and you shall be advertised with all diligence. Master Norres was ridden to my lady Princess, so that I could not speak with him, but I will do so at his return. Your servant Worth is ridden into the country. I hear that Hastings has taken upon himself as executor to Lord Barners, wherewith the King is not content, and says he shall not meddle with his goods. I will speak to my lord of Canterbury for a licence for your friar. I think you cannot change for a better. I will show him that he was the best man I heard this year. I have not delivered my lady's tokens to Mr. Kyngston, as he was not at Court. I hear that my lord Chamberlain is sore sick of an ague at his house at Polles, and that the reversion of Guisnes is given to lord Leonard. I beseech you to keep that secret. London, Palm Sunday even.
I will desire your friar to pray for me this holy time, for surely I will pray to my lord of Canterbury for him.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.: Sir Thomas Pa[lmer, ca]pit[ain] of Newneham bridge.
386. [John Husee to Lord Lisle.]
R. O. Immediately on my arrival here I delivered your letters to Mr. Cromwell. He said he would act to you like a faithful friend, so that you need have no doubt about the matter between Mr. Semour and your lordship, or that you will still continue possession. I asked him for the King's pleasure touching the Hemps, for they of Graveling are daily expecting your answer. He said you should know at leisure, and I will go to him again after the holy days. As to the plate and stuff, Leonard Smyth has Mr. Norres' letters to you declaring the King's pleasure, which is that you must pay 100l. in hand. But Mr. Rockewood hopes to find an easier way when Mr. Treasurer comes home from burying his mother in the country. If you have any patent or bill signed for the castle of Porchester, &c., it must be found, for Rockewood wrote that the King would take away nothing from you that had been given by patent or bill. Otherwise you are in danger to lose the rooms. Write to me about it, for the matter requires speed. I have received your letter by Bryan, but Rockwood and I had previously consulted about the last proclamation. Though the King and the Council took the matter earnestly, and the greatest fume was at first, it is now in a manner forgotten, and it will not be well to show or deliver the proclamation unless required, or when the matter is new moved, and then with the advice of master Treasurer. There are some there who wait to take your lordship in a snare, and are very diligent in writing. I trust they will be known as well as some others here who bear you a fair face and a double dissembling heart. I send a packet of letters from Mr. Graynefyld, who says he has prepared cramprings. It is to be doubted whether Sir Ric. Graynefild will enjoy the bargain, for the King says if rooms may be sold he will have the advantage himself. Offices are daily sold on his behalf. I will see the wine delivered to the Lord Chancellor and Mr. Plummer, and the wild beast to Mr. Treasurer.
Sir Fras. Bryan has ridden to Buckinghamshire, and will not be back till Whitsuntide. Lord Borow and Mr. Baynton, the Queen's chamberlains, are dead. My lord Sandys is very sick, and men doubt of his recovery. Mr. Rockewood thinks your lordship might change your room for Guisnes if the lord Chamberlain die. Even if you gave the King 1,000 marks for the exchange it would be a good bargain. My lady Whettyll has made great suit for her son, and by the Queen's influence has obtained the King's bill for Highefill's room, so that Blunt and Cornwales are put beside the stool. Your lordship may see what stableness is in promise. Mr. Kingston is sick and keeps his chamber. I have told him your pleasure about the woods of Painswick, and he will promote your interests as his own. Today Mr. Smith, auditor, and I shall be with him. I fear Swift's matter is not clear, for Buck and Geo. Schaw, vintner, and two mariners of Swift's boat are in the Barre gate of Hampton, and one Coke, vice-admiral, is very cruel against them. Coke has reported your lordship to be a maintainer of thieves, with more ungoodly words than I will write. Mr. Thwaites has obtained his pardon for 1,000 marks, and loses none of his offices. It is said that the nun of Kent and her adherents will be put to execution today or tomorrow, also Wolff and his wife.
Mr. Palmer delivered your letter to the King's own hand, but had not leisure to inform his Grace of the letter sent to Mr. Wingfield, but before these holidays pass he will read it to the King himself. There is no fear but it will breed a scab. Mr. Graynefyld says the parson of St. Martin's is not dead, but if he die he will do what he can for your chaplain. I asked the abbot of St. Edmundsbury for an answer to the letter you sent him. He said he would send one by Mr. Winckefield of Sandwich, and that you should see what favor he would show your servant for your sake. Mr. Rockewood and his wife send commendations to your lordship and my lady. He has been sore sick and almost gone, but his heart is with your lordship. I beg you to keep this letter to yourself. The parliament is prorogued till Crastino Animarum. Since writing I have heard that Mr. Baynton is not yet dead, but is unlikely to recover.
Hol., pp. 4.
28 March. 387. [James V.] to the Primate of the Cistercian Order.
Royal MS. 18 B. VI. 37. B. M. * * * “nullam gentem invenire posset qui vel religionis cultu vel pietate, aut caudore illos anteiret. Quamobrem paternitateim vestram oratam facimus ut quod sine salutis dispendio et jactura veteres illi religiosi vestri ordinis antistites observarunt, isti quoque proinde illa majorum vestigia et instituta observare tollerentur, et quantum res feret novitates vitentur. Bene vale, pater reveren.” Stirling, 28 March 1534.
Add. Copy. Imperfect.
30 March. 388. Lope de Soria to Charles V.
Add. MS. 28,586, f. 202. B. M. * * * * * Has received letters from the count of Cifuentes, with news of the Pope's sentence in favor of the Queen, with which the Signory are well pleased as far as it concerns the Emperor, justice and Christianity. Yesterday the English ambassador told him that the King was not well satisfied with the French king, and that he was sure that the interview would not take place, because Henry thought Francis had not done him good service with the Pope at Marseilles. * * * Venice, 30 March 1534.
Sp., pp. 6. Modern copy.
30 March. 389. Cardinal of Jahen to the Comendador Mayor.
Add. MS. 28,586, f. 200. B. M. Since the giving of the sentence a courier has come from France with offers and compliments. His letters say that the French king has done many good offices with the king of England, and hoped he would be reclaimed. Supposes this was done to try and delay the sentence. It was a good thing that it had already been given. Every day the Pope seems more contented with what he has done. There will always be time for the King to correct his error, if he wishes to do so.
Asks to be freed from a pension (passion) paid out of his church of Jahen to the cardinal of Santiago. Advises the Emperor to write and thank all the cardinals. 30 March 1534.
Has just been informed that a congregation will be held tomorrow morning to consider what has come from France. It was a mistake not to have had the sentence in writing at the time, but they make the excuse that they were short of money.
The congregation has now been held, but nothing of importance occurred, though attempts were made to upset what has been done.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
390. Queen Anne and Katharine of Aragon.
Arch. XXV. 119. Pocock, II. 502. Proclamation concerning the King's divorce from the lady Katharine, princess Dowager, late wife to prince Arthur, and his marriage with princess lady Aune, who has been crowned; which have taken place with the assent of Parliament and Convocation. (fn. 7) Any person doing anything to the hindrance or derogation of the proceedings, &c. in the said divorce and marriage will incur the penalties of the statute of provision and præmunire made 16 Ric. II. The said divorce being completed, it is evident that the said lady Katharine should not use the name and dignity of queen of England, and that she should not be called so, but the princess Dowager, as she was married to prince Arthur; and any of her officers, servants, &c. obeying her by any warrant to them by the name of queen will incur the above penalties; and the King wills that she shall be well used and obeyed, according to her honor and noble parentage, by the name, &c. of the princess Dowager.
“God save the Kynge.—Tho. (fn. 8) Berthelet, Regius impressor, excudebat. Cum privilegio.”
Add. MS. 28,586, f. 91. B. M. 2. A Latin version of the preceding.
Pp. 5.
*** This proclamation was printed in the Archæsologia from an original in the possession of the corporation of Norwich. There is another original in the British Museum, press mark C.18.e.2/56.
30 March. 391. Parliament.
Add. MS. 4,622, f. 298. B. M. List of lords present at Parliament, Monday, 30 March 25 Hen. VIII., the 75th day of Parliament.
Archbishop of Canterbury, bishops of London, (fn. 9) Winchester, Lincoln (fn. 9), Bath and Wells.
Abbots of Westminster, St. Albans, St. Augustine's Canterbury, Bury St. Edmund's, Reading, Hyde, St. Bennet's Hulme, Battle, Winchcombe, Colchester, Shrewsbury, (fn. 9) Waltham.
Dukes of Richmond, Norfolk and Suffolk; marquis of Exeter; earls of Arundel, Oxford, Northumberland, Westmoreland, Shrewsbury, Derby, Worcester, (fn. 9) Rutland, Cumberland, Wiltshire, (fn. 9) Sussex, Huntingdon.
Prior of St. John of Jerusalem. Lords Bourgavenny, Zouch, Barkeley, Mountague, Rochford, Morley, Dacres de Gillesland, Cobham, Mautraverse, Talbot, Ferrers, Scrop, Latimer, Powes, Mountjoie, Gray de Wilton, Fitzwarren, Lumley, Daubcney, Coniers, (fn. 9) Vaulx, Windsour, Mordaunt.
On this day the Lords assembled at the appointed time, the King sitting on his throne. The Commons of the Lower House were present, and their speaker Sir Humfrey Wingfield made a speech. The House was then prorogued by Sir Thos. Audley, Chancellor, to Nov. 3. The Chancellor, the archbishop of Canterbury and the dukis of Norfolk and Suffolk were commissioned to take the oaths of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal to the Act of Succession.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
30 March. 392. The Act of Succession.
Add. MS. 4,622, f. 297. B. M. Commission to Thos. archbishop of Canterbury, Sir Thos. Audeley, chancellor, Thos. duke of Norfolk, treasurer, and Chas. duke of Suffolk, to receive the oaths of the King's subjects in accordance with the Act of Succession passed in the present Parliament. Westm., 30 March, 25 Hen. VIII.
A copy of the oath is appended.
Modern copy, pp. 2.
30 March. 393. Chapuys to Charles V.
Vienna Archives. Since the arrival of the new Scotch ambassador the King has had the succession in case of his death discussed in Parliament. It is decided to exclude the Princess, and the succession to go to the King's issue by Anne Boleyn, and in default to the nearest of kin, the naming of whom is suspended so as to give the Scotch ambassadors more heart to conclude peace, so that their king may be named, in accordance with what the king of England has previously said. Parliament has concluded that if the King dies before his lady, she shall be regent and absolute governor of her children and the kingdom, and that applying the title of queen or princess to anyone except the said Anne or her daughter shall be considered high treason. Confiscation of body and goods is also threatened to all who conceal this crime or murmur against the acts of this parliament, even those in favor of the second marriage and against the papal authority, which is strange and tyrannical. For greater security the King wishes to appoint commissioners to take oaths from the people.
Last Thursday the Princess, who refused to accompany the Bastard on her removal to another house, was put by force by certain gentlemen into a litter with the aunt of the King's mistress, and thus compelled to make court to the said Bastard. She made a public protest of the compulsion used, and that her act should not prejudice her right and title.
I should not have advised the Princess to have gone to this extreme, for fear of irritating her father, and consequently suffering worse treatment and some bad turn at the desire of his mistress, who is continually plotting the worst she can against the Princess. Filial obedience and the threats used were sufficient to make her conduct no prejudice to her, but the Queen and some others have lately thought it better to show the King their teeth a little. I am afraid this will do harm. I have written lately to the Queen that if she thinks good I will soften the past rigor for the honor and profit of the Princess.
On Wednesday, Ladyday, the new Scotch ambassador came to pay his respects to the King and the Lady, but nothing was said about business. On Thursday the said Ambassador, with the previous one, was feasted by the duke of Norfolk and others of the Council, not at Court, but at Westminster (Unasmaystre). After dinner they talked till four o'clock, but did not open the whole of their charge. On Friday the new Ambassador sent word by the man I sent to welcome him that he wished to talk with me and be friendly, as our masters were. The old Ambassador accompanied my man down stairs to know when we could meet, and to tell him that they had fresh news that the Scotch king had a sure hope of marrying the daughter of France, who had been promised to him. He declared no further, expecting to talk with me soon. I think he wished to imply that his master was on this account at liberty to ask for the Princess or any other match, which they had not dared to do for fear of displeasing the French.
I forgot to mention that the King has got parliament to pass an act that henceforth no bishop or other clergyman shall act as judge in a case of heresy, but only those who shall be deputed on his part,—a thing not only against the common law, but against even the constitutions of the kingdom. There was some opposition, but it was overruled.
Forbears to mention his necessity, trusting his majesty has already done something for him. London, 30 March 1534.
Fr., pp. 3, from a modern copy.
31 March. 394. John Coke to Cromwell.
R. O. In Holland there is great mutiny among the people, who are of sundry sects, principally of the same sect as the inhabitants of Mynstre, who are besieged by their bishop and his friends. Many villages are now deserted, the inhabitants having left their cattle and goods and fled. Fourteen ships full of women and children, lately baptised again, have gone towards Mynstre. Two ships with similar cargoes have also left Amsterdam, and four more would have departed but the borowmasters and skepyns prevented them with certain ships of war and detain them. On 24 March the borowmasters sent to them doctors and learned men to exhort them to return to their houses, which they consented to do if they might have their own preachers, “and that none other should preach unto them fables or idolatry.” The doctors said they supposed the people to be innocents. The curate of Amsterdam prays in his sermons for them, and a Gray Friar persuades the Commons to kill them, saying he will do the execution himself. On March 26, about noon, men with naked swords in their hands ran through the town crying, “You people of Amsterdam, amend your lives; the ire of God cometh upon you.” They were taken and sent to the Emperor's Council at the Hague. On the 28th a man in Dordrecht cried in like manner and was taken, &c. The gates of Amsterdam, Legh (Leyden?), and Harlam are kept shut, to prevent many of the rich burgesses who are of the same sect from departing. These people number more than 20,000. They offer themselves to suffer death in their sect and for Christ's sake. It is said at Antwerp that the English ambassadors have taken so many angelots and the French so many crowns to Lubeck that they will not have peace with Holland. Watch is kept here that no munitions of war shall go to England. Mr. Kytson's servant, having certain copper, was obliged to swear before the tollener that he did not buy it to make ordnance. Mr. Lyse has bought a gun which they will not suffer to pass; and harness bought by other people has been stopped.
Has rudely and at adventure imagined a book for the supportation and continual maintenance of the haven and castles of Dover and Queenborough, which he sends.
Wishes to buy for a reasonable sum the office of the recognisances, which he now holds under Master Riche. When he had it from the merchants in remuneration of his long service, it was worth 100 marks a year. Has now only 8d. of every recognisance, which is not worth more than 14l. or 15l., with the making of such defesantes as are brought to the office, and all other profits, and yet he keeps two clerks. Antwerp, 31 March 1534.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Councillor. Endd.
31 March. 395. Nicholas Heyth to Cromwell.
Vit. B. XXI. 93. B. M. Wrote from Colen an account of his journey. Went thence to Munyken and Bavier to join Christover Mountaboryne, as the King desired. Heard, however, from De Langye, who resides at Munyken, that he had left two days before, with letters from the King to the lantzgrave of Hesse. Has therefore attempted to execute his commission alone with the dukes of Bavier and duke Frederick the Palzgrave, and in the cities of August and Norunberg. Did not think it right to spend the King's money in waiting for Christover, as he was not likely to return within a month. Has written to the King what answers he could get, which are not as good as he would have wished.
The Fœoedus Suevicum was broken at a great diet held at August, and a new confederacy, including the French king but excluding the Emperor and Ferdinand, is agreed upon. Nothing is wanted but the subscription of the princes, for which time is granted until Whitsuntide. A diet of all the free cities was commenced on March 22 at Holmys. Germany is now “very trubylleus and full of roore,” partly because everyone who has suffered from the Suabian league is now ready to be avenged thereon, and partly because of the projected restitution of the duke of Wyrtenberg. Nuremberg, 31 March.
Hol. Pp. 2. Begins: Right honorable Mr. Cromwell.
31 March. 396. John da Casale to Cromwell.
R. O. St. P. VII. 551. Sends news which came to the Signory many days ago. The Turk has gone to Syria against the Sophy, though peace is hoped for and the Sophy's ambassadors have gone to Abraym Basa. If the peace is concluded, the Turk will invade Christendom, and will not desist from his equipment of a fleet to attack Coron and the Italian coast nearest to it. Julian Cesarini, nephew of card. Cesarini, has severely wounded the governor of Rome. Napoleon Orsini, commonly called the abbot of Farfa, has been assassinated by his brother, the son of “Domina Fœlix.” Venice, 31 March 1534. Signed.
Lat., p. 1, Add.
31 March. 397. Hackett to Cromwell.
R. O. St. P. VII. 548. Wrote last on the 12th. Has since received Cromwell's letter, dated the 8th, saying that the King has granted him the rest of his old arrearages. Can now say that he has served the King for eight years at his Grace's costs. The Emperor's ambassadors in Hamburg have written to the Queen regent that they would have agreed with the people of Lubeck if the English ambassadors had not comforted them to the contrary; that the duke of Holst said that the King had knighted a captain of the Lubeck ships, and given him a pension of 200 angels a year, and that the King's ambassadors had given the people of Lubeck 30 or 40,000 angels to make war on the Emperor, and that the King was allied with the Lutheran princes and the Lubeckers against the Emperor. The letters have been sent on to the Emperor in Spain. Does not know how he will like the tidings, but if he knew in what danger the Low Countries were from this new sect of rebaptising and free liberty to make all goods common, and not to obey prince or prelate, he would like that tidings much worse. More than 60,000 are assembled in Monster, Frisland and Westfalle. The princes know not whom to trust, for men will not take wages to fight against those who intend to set the world at liberty. My lord of Bure, the governor of Friesland and my lord of Hoghestrat are now gone to Holland, Friesland and Owyr Issyll to resist them. The Lansgrave van Essen, the duke of Julias and other princes send assistance to the bishop of Monster, who is besieging Monster, in which there are 1,200 fighting men of this new sect. The Queen regent has sent 10,000 gold guldyns of the Emperor's money to the Bishop. A gentleman of don Fernando has gone towards the Emperor, and also a secretary of the French queen. The cardinal of Luke has written to the Queen regent that the duke of Sassen has written to the duke of Julias warning him to take heed that the new sect increase not in his countries. The Cardinal says that the time that was wont to be occupied in church is now spent in the taverns disputing of the natural power of princes and prelates.
The states of Brabant have granted to the Queen regent 40,000 guldyns for six years. The Queen regent is keeping her court at my lord of Narrow's house in Brussels, and seems to amend in health. Encloses the copy of a supplication by divers Scots and burgesses of Antwerp and Camfer for letters of reprisal against the town of Harwich, which the Queen would not grant till the King was advertised.
My lord of Bewyrs required him to write to the King for restitution of the goods of his burgesses. Suggests that the answer may be sent to Hacket with instructions to be shown to the Queen regent by mouth. Brussels, 31 March 1533.
Hol., pp. 7. Add.: Of the Privy Council and master of the Jewel-house. Endd.
398. The King's Marriage and Divorce.
R. O. Speech addressed to the [French] ambassador by [ ], in the name of the lords (istorum clarissimorum dominorum), to explain why they desired his presence here (in Parliament ?) today. They acknowledge with what fidelity and prudence he has discharged his mission, and what anxiety he has shown to augment the friendship between our princes. Could have desired nothing more of him. They hope the ambassador will report what was done in the last Parliament about the King's marriage and divorce, and vindicate his conduct against his adversaries, seeing that in these wicked times men of the highest integrity have the worst interpretation put upon their conduct. The lords urged upon the King, seeing that his marriage with Katharine was dissolved with universal approval by the judgment of the Church, that he should apply himself to establishing the succession.
Corrected draft, pp. 2.
March. 399. Parliament.
Harl. MS. 2,252, f. 34 b. B. M. List of the acts of parliament passed in February and March 25 Hen. VIII. 1534, in the following order:—Cap. VI.—An act for and against the Pope (Cap. XX. ?).—An act for graziers and butchers, for beef, veal and pork at ½d. ½ q. a lb., and mutton at ¾d.—An act for fishers of the sea that no man shall buy no fish over the sea (Cap. IV.).—An act for butter and cheese, butter to be 1d. the lb. and cheese ½d. the lb. (Cap. II. ?)—Cap. XXVIII.—Cap. XXI.—Cap. VII.—On March 5, the Common House went before the King in his palace, and the Speaker in the name of all his subjects desired reformation of the acts made by the Spiritualty in Convocation against the King and his subjects in calling them to courts ex officio and not knowing their accusers, causing them to abjure, or else to burn them for pure malice, taking tithes and offerings contrary to justice, and being judges and parties in their own causes. It was ordained that eight of each house and 16 bishops with other of the clergy should discuss the matter, and the King to be umpire.—Cap. XXIII.—Cap. XV.—Cap. XXVII.—“An act of the repealing of the act made before this time in this present Parliament, and the Pope thereof advertised, hath made none answer, wherefore he is dismissed of the same.” 8 March, Cap. XII.—Cap. XXIX.—Cap. III.—An act forbidding tanners to buy sheepskins, or “whyte tawyars” to buy ox, cow and steer hides.—An act for Rumney Marsh, that the curates who took the seventh of all tithable [things], and 4d. of every acre, shall take a tenth of tithable things and nothing else.—An act that the liberty given to the Church in the days of Ric. II., Hen. IV. and Hen. V. be repealed.—Cap. XVII.—Cap. XXXIII.—Cap. XXII.—An act that if any commissioner of sewers do not his duty and make true certificate, he shall never after be trusted nor put in commission, be fined at the King's pleasure and proclaimed in every city and town corporate.—Cap. XIX.—An act that no bishop's chancellor, archdeacon, official nor other, cite any man for heresy, but he must be lawfully accused by two laymen and then cited, and have a libel of his accusers. The ordinary must examine the accused openly, and if there be cause to convict, [send him] to the next gaol. The examination is to be sent to the sheriff and mayor, and the accused to find surety to appear at the next quarter sessions. If 12 men find him guilty, and he will not abjure in 12 days, he shall be burned. If he is acquitted, he may have an action of conspiracy against 1 is accuser. There is no heresy but to deny any of the 12 articles of the faith, and to deny any of the seven sacraments or any points of the councils of Nysy or Constantyne.—Cap. XI.
Pp. 4.
400. The Pope's Sentence.
R. O. An argument against the validity of the Pope's sentence against the King, suggesting that it was partly given to revenge himself for a law passed against his interest, and for the complaint published by Henry in accordance with general councils, partly in order by this disagreement of Christian princes to draw the Emperor from protecting Spain, and from making war on Greece.
Lat., pp. 2.
2. Draft of the preceding, with notes at the end of points favoring the King's cause, referring to the chapters or sections of some treatise.
In Croke's hand, pp. 3.
401. Germany, France, and England.
Add. MS. 28,856, f. 144. B. M. Letters of January from Germany state that the French king is secretly engaging German captains.
It has been heard from a secret source in Rome that the bishop of Paris has only gone thither at the request of the king of England to support his cause. The French king is engaging German captains for the king of England. The latter has published to his people that the Pope has pronounced an unjust sentence against him, which he will not obey but defend himself, and he asked their aid if the Emperor tried to enforce it. They have agreed to help him.
Letters of Feb. 15 from Tyrol state that many lanceknights are passing towards Italy.
Ital., pp. 3. Modern copy from the Archives of Simancas.
402. [News from Rome.]
Add. MS. 28,586, f. 221. B. M. “Relacion de una espia.”
Last Saturday two couriers came, and on Palm Sunday (fn. 10) at the hour of high mass one courier with a budget of letters for the Pope. They said afterwards that he came from England and carried the King's powers, which the French ambassadors with him sent. * * *
Sp. pp. 3. Modern copy from the Archives of Simancas.
403. Ro[wland], Elect of Coventry and Lichfield, to Cromwell.
R. O. Whereas it has pleased the King to make Doctor Goodryche bishop of Ely, I beg you to help this bearer in his suit for the prebend of Beverley. I understand he is of the kindred of your sister's children.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Most entirely beloved friend. Endd.
404. George Browne, Prior of the Austin Friars, London, to Cromwell.
R. O. Our father and Mr. Provincial have written to me by this bearer to bring “this mayster and frend on to yowr speche and to instand your good maystershepe to be good on to the universyte,” as your goodness is known to every man. The whole university, out of love for your mastership, have, without solicitation, given me “my incorporation of doctor simpliciter” without costs or charges. I beg you to thank the bearer for his [trouble] for your sake.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To the right worshipful master Thomas Cromwell, this be delivered with reverence, from London. Endd.
405. John Gwynne, Vicar of St. Hilary in Cardigan, to Cromwell.
R. O. When the petitioner was coming to London on certain business, the parishioners of St. John Baptist came to him with an old transumpt, and because it was dark “and nozth wryttyn,” they desired him to take it with him and have it renewed. This he brought to one John Turner of Paternoster Row, desiring him to write it word by word. And whereas by the last Parliament old pardons and privileges were saved, not presuming to sue out any new faculty, Turner advertised the petitioner to ask Cromwell's counsel whether it might be done, and so he retained the old transumpt and the copy until the question was determined. Desires Cromwell's favor.
Hol., p. 1. Add. at the head: Of the Council. Endd.
406. Henry Fasted to Cromwell.
R. O. On the 8 March last had certain books of the King's print now of late put forth among the King's subjects, which the holy fathers of the Spiritualty cannot abide to read, hear, nor see, nor yet suffer the King's subjects to read them. John Wayne, parson of St. James's parish, Colchester, and official to the bishop of London, openly preaches against these new books, and says he will prove them to be naught, charging his parishioners not to meddle with them. Brought certain of the said books to him before certain worshipful men of Colchester, and bade him look on them, as perhaps he had not read them. He replied, “Hence, hence, away with them; they be naught, I say. My masters, I pray you take these books and keep them, that they may be forthcoming.” Fasted would not allow them to take the books, but they wrote down the names. On the first Sunday in Lent Dr. Thystell preached at the Greyfriars in Colchester, bidding men beware of these books, for they were naught, likening them to the fig tree which Christ cursed. He prayed God to send him good counsel, for when the head is bad all the body is the worse. Asks that the King's subjects may have some redress therein.
Hol., p. 1. Headed: Mr. Cromwell, councillor. Endd.
407. Eliz. Nevill to Cromwell.
R. O. I beg your favor for my cousin Cusack (fn. 11) for the office of which he and I spoke to you. You shall be sure of my promise in that behalf, and of such service as shall lie in Mr. Nevill and me to do. Two are making labor for it, one to be chief justice, the other to be second, and disappoint my cousin. I had rather spend 100 marks than that it should be so. We would have spoken to you yesternight, but only came to town at 6 and left at 7.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Right worshipful. Endd.
408. Ric. Sampson to Cromwell.
R. O. Understands that he wishes Sandon and Sutton Court to be in the taxation of the deanery of St. Paul's. Begs him to be good master in that matter, so that future deans may have cause to pray for him. Has paid the King's money for Sandon for two years, but never received a penny. “At my poor house by the Stronde, this Friday in the morning.”
Hol., p. 1. Add. as Councillor. Endd.
409. Walter Staynynges to Cromwell.
R. O. I beg you to take remorse upon my imprisonment. If I have the power I would rather give 100l. than continue one fortnight where I am. The King's attorney and Mr. Solicitor offered jointly to be bound to Mr. Arundel to pay him his money next term. He answered he would not forbeat one week longer. Unless you prevent him he will vex my poor tenants, as he did at his last being in the country. I have lost 10l. this last winter by what his servants did upon my lands. I have bound myself in a statute to you in 1,000l., and delivered it to Bodie, beseeching you to be so good unto me as to let me have 86l. on that statute to discharge me out of prison. The sum for which I was attached is 84l.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Rt. honorable.
410. Walter Staynynges to Cromwell.
R. O. I thank you for the pains you have taken in my matter, and desire you to be good to me and not to regard my adversary, master Arundel. His purpose is to have my lands. He will sell the best lands he has to buy mine, for he has none such, but he shall never buy them of me. They are not expressed in his indenture. He sent me word he would ride home on this day, and then he will go to my house in Somersetshire and take all my goods and evidences by force of “Walwen statute, of the which statute I never received money nor goods.” If I were at home to make money of the profits of my land, &c., I could pay more than I owe him. If your mastership bind not Mr. Arundel by an injunction he will take away my goods. Mr. Brown has been with Mr. White, and they have agreed that the King may have assurance of my lands. Enters into further particulars.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Right honorable.
411. Walter Staynynges to Cromwell.
B. M. As the King has considered my adversity, and the matter was left to you, I desire you not to seem to keep me in durance, without open air, in a place meeter to shorten life than to preserve it. The fare is hard for the money I pay, and ill meat is provided by the wife for the company. If you think the King cannot be sure for the money granted to me, I assure you I may have double the money if I could part with my lands. I beg to be removed to the King's Bench or the Marshalsea, if I am to continue any longer in prison, that I may go about my business myself. I had better have given 100l. than thus to have remained in durance. I might have been out at Christmas if your mastership had not certified me that I should have been discharged long before this. I have spent the 40l. I had in my custody.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Right honorable. Endd.
412. Walter Staynynges to Cromwell.
R. O. I beg you to remember my long imprisonment. If I be kept any longer in this close house I shall not live. As the King has granted me this money to help me out of durance, and my matter is left to you, I let you know that since 15 November it has cost me 40l. in expenses. I beg to be removed to the Marshalsea, for there I may go at “burrow bale” until I am discharged. I would rather have given 100l. than continued thus long in close imprisonment, as the goods of my house and grounds are embezzled. Of my children, the eldest is not six years old. If Mr. Arundell should enter my house, he may take away certain evidences which I cannot call to my remembrance hereafter. I beg you to send to my lord Chancellor to have an injunction against Mr. Arundel.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Right honorable master Cromwell.
413. Walter Staynynges to [Cromwell].
R. O. I beg your favor, considering my adversity and long imprisonment. The King has remitted the case to your discretion. As to the lands that you and I communed of at my last being before you, I will be bound by any bond to uphold and “habille” these same lands in Somersetshire to the yearly value of 83l. 7s. 8d.
Hol., p. 1.
414. Walter Staynynges to [Cromwell].
R. O. Begs Cromwell, whom the King has commissioned to make an end in his matter, to consider how long he has lain *** prison. Can make the King assurance for the goods that his Grace has granted him, “besides the londs bown to master Arundell.” Before his imprisonment several gentlemen of Somersetshire would have given him 2,000l. for his lands. Begs Cromwell not to believe his adversary, master Arrundell of Terysse, more than himself about the value of his lands; for if he could contrive to procure his death he would, in order to obtain them. He would sell the best lands he has to buy such as mine. Be good master, therefore, to me and my wife, for if I continue in prison Mr. Arundel will value my lands at his pleasure and compel me to take but a quarter of their value. He says they are worth but 50l., but I can prove them worth 93l. a year, and “as fynable londs” as any in Somersetshire or Devonshire. My mother-in-law has a jointure in them of 24l. for life, and if I break my days of payment with the King I am content to take 12 years' purchase for that in reversion, and 20 years' purchase for what I possess myself. Will bring witnesses that he never received money upon Walwen's statute, &c.
Hol., p. 1.
ii. On the back of the preceding are the following memoranda in Cromwell's hand:—
“Fyrst, for the congye de lyre for Tewxberye.
“For the signyng of the bylles for my lorde elect of Chester and his kynsman.
“Item, for Pexsalle's pardon to be assignyd.
“Item, for the escape of vij. prysoners from the shereffe of Hereforde.
“Item, to cause my lorde of Sussex is warraunttes to be wryttyn up for Wryttyll.
“Item, for the elleccyon of the pryour of Thurgarton.
“Item, to send my lord of Kyldare the copye of the artycles.”
415. George Grene of Beverley to Cromwell.
R. O. Begs him to expedite his bill for exporting butter and cheese, as agreed with my lord the Queen's chamberlain, in pursuance of the recompence granted to him by her Grace.
P. 1. Headed: To the right hon. and singular good master Cromwell. Endd.
416. Ralph Sadler.
R. O. Draft grant by John Oliver, LL.D., dean of Henry VIII.'s College, Oxford, and the canons thereof, to Ralph Sadler, of an annuity of 6l. 13s. 4d.
This grant is corrected from a copy of a grant by Thos. Thornton of York, merchant, master or warden of the guild of St. Christopher and St. George the Martyr, York, dated 20 Feb. 25 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, p. 1.
R. O. 2. Grant by Rowland bishop of Coventry and Lichfield to Raffe Sadleyer, at the request of Thos. Cromwell, one of the King's counsellors, of the office of keeper of Brewcde Park, Staff., and bailiff of the manor.
Large paper, p. 1.
417. [Cranmer's Secretary to his Chancellor.]
Harl. MS. 6,148, f. 76. B. M. “Master Chancellor.” Writes by my lord's express commandment, that if he has not admitted the resignation of Mr. Biggs of Salisbury concerning the benefice of Multon, he shall return the resignation to Mr. Biggs or cancel it, for he is minded that the suit made therein shall take none effect.
From Cranmer's letter book.
418. Alice Tankerfelde.
R. O. The confession of Alice Tankerfeide concerning the breach of the Tower.
1. Was in the prison of Colherberd, enclosed within two wards. The inner door was hasped by a bone put through the staple, which fell out when she shook the door. The outer door she opened with a key received from John Bawde. 2. Does not know whether any one procured Bawde to help her to break the prison. 3. Wore no irons after the act of parliament (fn. 12) was passed against her, through the intercession of the Lieutenant's daughter. 4. The Lieutenant told her that the lords of Parliament had passed the act against her, and bade her take it well, and thank God for it.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 2. “William Denys. The confession of John Bawde concerning the breach of the Tower by Alice Tankerfeld.”
Wm. Denys, late servant to the Lieutenant, often resorted to the said Alice, and was discharged by the Lieutenant for doing so. Was told by her that Denys showed her a secret way out of the Tower, so when she heard there was no remedy with her but death, she desired Bawde for the honor and passion of Christ to help to convey her away, which Denys would have done if he had not been put away. Promised to do so, and on Wednesday last bought two hair ropes for 13d. at cue Sampson's house at the Rode, and gave them to her at the prison grate at night. The next morning he came to her again, and appointed to come to her again at night, when he received from her the rope again, and gave her a key which he had caused to be filed to open the lock of the outer prison door. About 10 o'clock at night she came to him on the leads of St. Thomas' tower, and be cast the rope over an iron hook, and they slid down to the wharf, and went into a lighter, and afterwards into a boat at Vaughan's stair, which he conducted without the precinct of the Tower gates to the watering place there. Going up Tower Hill they met the watch, one of whom named Gore recognised the woman, and apprehended them. Was taken to the Counter. Does not know what was done with the woman. Had two geldings at St. Katheryne's to carry them away at the house of Jeffrey Haryson, a tenant of lord Edm. Howard, whose rent-gatherer the deponent is.
ii. Interrogatories ministered to John Bawde.
No one within the Tower or without but the said Alice knew of his being there on the Thursday night. When her husband Wolf was prisoner in the Tower a year ago she often came to see him, and Bawde then became acquainted with her. When her husband had his liberty, and went to Ireland, he asked Bawde to be friendly to her. Was able to see her so often in the Tower as he was trusted and beloved by the Lieutenant. Was once blamed by the Lieutenant for speaking to her, and told him he had news from one Coo that she should be restored to sanctuary. Moved Coo to be suitor to the Scotch ambassador for her pardon. Does not know how she got out, but she said the door of the inner ward was only pinn*** and hasped, so that she could put her arm under the door, and with a stick put the pin out of the staple. Supposes that she unlocked the door of the outer ward with the key he had given her, but she told him she could not unlock the door with that key. She wore no irons. Was moved to do this only by the love and affection he bare to her.
Pp. 5. Endd.: The confessions of John Bawdy, Elizabeth Berton and Ales Wolf.
419. Grants in March 1534.
March. Grants. 1. Sir Rob. Norwiche. chief justice of the Common Pleas, and Ric. Ryche, the King's solicitor. Next presentation to the parish church of Wetheryngset, Suff., Norwich dioc. Del. Westm., 2 March 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 10.
2. Monastery of Thurgarton, York dioc. Conge d'élire to the sub-prior and convent, on the death of John Auger or Aunger, last prior. Westm., 24 Feb. 25 Hen.VIII. Del. 3 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
ii. Petition of John Berwyke, sub-prior for the above, dated 17 Feb. 1533.
3. The men of the town of Acleye. Inspeximus and confirmation of charter 5 May 3 Edw. IV., inspecting and confirming patent 17 Nov. 6 Hen. VI., inspecting and confirming, with the assent of parliament, 1 Hen.VI., patent 20 May 3 Hen. IV., inspecting and confirming charter 20 July 11 Ric. II., inspecting and confirming charter 6 June 38 Edw. III., inspecting and confirming—
i. Charter 5 April 34 Edw. I., inspecting and confirming—
(1.) A charter of Hen. II., dated “apud Sanctum Gadium,” being a grant of liberties to the men of the said town.
(2.) Another charter of Hen. II., dated at Norwich, granting carl Hugh's men of Acley exemption from toll.
ii. A charter of Roger Bygot earl of Norfolk, granting the men of Acleye turbary in his park of Acley. Westm., 4 March.
Pat. 25 Hen. VIII., p. 1, m. 39.
4. Arab. Gurney, present tenant, of the undermentioned lands in the vills of Bernham, Bekerston and Corston. Inspeximus and confirmation of the following documents, viz.:
i. Charter 8 Jan. 34 Hen. III., being a grant to Berca de Wauncy and the heirs of the lands which she holds in dower of the gift of Walter de Waaney, her late husband, of free warren in her demesne lands in the manor of Westbarsham, and a yearly fair there.
ii. Pat. 7 July 7 Hen. IV., inspecting and confirming to Constantine de Mortao Mari charter 1 May 12 Edw. III., being a grant of free warren to the said Constantine in his demesne lands of Attelburgh, Besthorp, Sculton, ***, Elyngham, Rokelound Toftes, Catteston, Gommeston, Cotyngton, Straneford parva, Bokenham, Barnham, Bekerston and Corston, Norf.; Kyngeston and Foxton, Camb.; and Berleston, Linc. Westm., 4 March.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 39.
5. Sir Geo. Lawson. Lease of the manor of Stamforbrig, in the lordship of Sherefhoton, parcel of the lands, in co. York, assigned for the payment of the garrison of Berwick; with reservations; for the term of 21 years, at the rent of 12l. 18s. 11d. and 3s. of increase. Del. Westm., 5 March 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. b. Signed by John Daunce and John Hales. Pat. p. 1, m. 38.
6. Wm. Brereton, a groom of the Privy Chamber. Grant, in tail, of the ground, land, site, &c. of the late abbey of St. Thomas the Martyr, Lyesnes, Kent, and the manor of Lyesnes, with reservations; and all lands, &c. in the fields called Higham Feldys, Fawists Gardyn, Ledyn Inwyneyard, Erith Hookes. Walstowe, Saltlands, Reysseld, John Hill and Manfeld, in the lordship and parish of Eryth; with freedom of fishing and haw king on the waters and marches; which premises lately belonged to Thos. card. of York; with the issues from Mich. 22 Hen. VIII. Westm., 19 Feb. 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 5 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 38.
7. Simon Mountfort, next kinsman of Sir Simon Mountfort, deceased, viz., son of Thos. Mountfort, son of the said Sir Simon. Reversal, in favor of the said Simon, of the act of attainder passed against the said Sir Simon Mountfort of Collshill 11 Hen. VII., and also of the act of attainder 14 & 15 Hen. VIII. Also grant to the said Simon of the manor of Kyngshurst, Warw., and all possessions which should belong to the said Simon by descent, remainder or reversion, and pardon of all entries on the premises, &c. [ (fn. 13). . .] vicesimo quinto. Del. Westm., 5 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
8. Monastery of Ely. Congé d'élire to the prior and convent, on the death of Nic. West, late bp. of Ely. Del. Westm., 6 Mar. 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 15. Rym. XIV. 485.
9. John Norton, and Alice his wife, daughter and heir of Edw. Cobbes, son and heir of Wm. Cobbes, sen., and Alice his wife. Livery of the lands of the said Edward, William and Alice; with licence of entry to John Hales, sen., John Culpeper, Nich. Tufton, James Hales, John Honywood, jun., Edw. Felypp, Rob. Sasteygh, Tho. Austen and Peter Heyman, as trustees. Westm., 22; Feb. 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 8 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.
10. John bp. of Lincoln. Pardon, as keeper of the gaol or castle of Banbury, Oxon., for the escape of Tho. Audeley, John Sexten, Wm. Emery, Francis Bene, John Hyet, Ralph Walker, Geo. Barnes, John Colson, Baldwin Sadler or Saidler, Ric. Litelpage, Tho. Knovter, John Dexson and John Thomas. Westm., 20 Feb. 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 10 Mar. — P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
11. Will. Tyldesley or Tyldysley. Reversion of the office of keeper of the King's library in the manor of Richmond or elsewhere, whenever it shall happen to be vacant, with an annual rent of 10l. out of the customs of the port of Bristol; which office and annual rent were granted to Giles Duwes by patent 2 Feb. 7 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 11 March 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
12. Henry Hutroft. To be overseer of the customs and subsidies in the port of Southampton. Del. Westm., 11 Mar. 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 31.
13. Francis Tanfelde. Livery of lands, as son and heir of Wm. Tanfelde, deceased; with licence of entry to Wm. Atkynson, elk., John Burgoyn, Tho. Fitzhugh, Tho. Burgoyn, Walter Wolriche or Worlyche, John Tyndale, Rob. Gostewyke, elk., Tho. Gardiner, clk., Rob. Rede, chaplain, and Edw. Tetworth, as trustees. Westm., vicesimo..Feb. 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 11 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 32.
14. Prioress and convent of the Benedictine monastery of Wilton. Congé d'élire, on the death of Isabella Jordayn, last abbess. Westm., 12 March.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 15.
15. John Audeloy alias Audeleigh. Livery of lands as son and heir of Sir James Audeley and Joan L's wife, daughter of Fulk Bouchier, late lord Fitzwaren. Westm., 21 Feb. 25 Hen. VIII. Del. 14 Mar.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
16. Ric. Layton, clk., LL.D. Grant of the free chapel of St. Peter, in the Tower of London, vice Miles Wellen, clk., resigned. Del. Westm., 15 Mar. 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6; also enrolled on m. 7, without date.
17. Miles Wellen, elk. Presentation to the vicarage of Stebenheth, London dioc., void by the resignation of Ric. Sampson, LL.D., and in the King's gift hac vice by the grant of Ric. Leyton, the patron. Del. Westm., 15 Mar. 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
18. Alex. Rakes, of Bellesyse, E.R. York, husbandman. Pardon, for having, 25 Jan. 23 Hen. VIII., assaulted and mortally wounded Edw. Awkland of Yokeflete, husbandman. Westm., 11 March 25 Hen. VIII. Del. . . . . . . (fn. 14) —P.S. Pat. 16 March, p. 2, m. 4.
19. Edw. Capell. Licence to alienate one messuage and 10 shops in the parish of St. Sepulchre, without the bars of London, which are held of the King at the rent of 10d. a year, to Mary Evans, widow, who will grant the same to John Plomsted, Ant. Ponynges, Robt. Mellys and Simon Fitz, to hold to her use and that of her heirs. Westm., 16 March.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 28.
20. Tho. Fowler, receiver of the lordships of Marke and Oye, marches of Calais, and Rob. Arneway, a sewer of the Chamber Lease of “le Hethe of Marke,” now in tenure of the said Robert, abutting in the east upon the town of Marke, on the south on [a tenement?]‡ of Sir Ric. Whetehill, on the north on the land of Wm. Mattres, and on the west on the land and common of St. Peter; for a term of 30 years, at the annual rent of 6l. 13s. 4d. and 6s. 8d. increase, of money current in Calais, payable to the receiver of Marke and Oye. Del. Westm., 18 March 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 36.
21. Bishopric of Coventry and Lichfield. Assent to the election, by Tho. Weford the prior and the convent of Coventry, and Ric. Sampson dean and the chapter of Lichfield cathedral, of master Roland Lee, LL.D., a canon and prebendary of Lichfield, as bishop of Coventry and Lichfield. Del. Westm., 19 March 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6. Rym. XIV. 485.
22. Edw. Bower or Bowyer, of Bradford, York, yeoman. Pardon for the death of John Warde. Del. . ., 19 March . . . .—S.B. (badly mutilated.) Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 4. (Enrolled also on m. 7, without date.)
23. Prior and convent of St. Mary, Tewkesbury, Worc. dioc. Congé d'élire on the death of Henry Beeley, last abbot. Addressed to Tho. earl of Wiltshire and Ormond. Westm., 16 March 25 Hen.VIII. Del. 19 March.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 15.
24. John Bruce, Bruse or Brewse. Livery of lands, as s. and h. of Thomas Bruse, s. and h. of Rob. Bruse, deceased. Westm., 17 March . . . . (fn. 15) Del. . . . . (fn. 15) —P.S. Pat. 21 March 25 Hen.VIII. p. 2, m. 34.
25. For Anne the queen Consort. Grant of certain lands and rents, the same as enjoyed by the princess Katharine, late wife of Arthur prince of Wales, the King's brother. (See Grant of 10 June 1509, Vol. I., No. 155.) Del. Westm., 21 March anno vicesimo [quinto]. — P.S. Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 1.
26. For Anne queen of England. Grant of the goods and chattels of felons and fugitives in all the possessions granted to her by patent 21 March 25 Ilen.VIII., and in a patent under the seal of the duchy of Lancaster, dated at London 21 March 25 Hen.VIII., with a number of other liberties. Del. Westm., 22 March 25 Hen.VIII.—S.B. (mutilated.) Pat. p. 2, m. 3.
27. John More. Licence to alienate the manor of Chalers, with appurtenances in Whadden, Camb., to Sir Tho. Audeley, the Chancellor, Sir Henry Parker, Sir Giles Strangwayes, Sir John Mordaunt, jan., son and heir apparent of Sir John lord Mordaunt, Sir Wm. Gascoygn, Sir Tho. Barnardiston, Edm. Fetyplace, Roger More, John Elmys, Wm. More, clk., John Gostwyke, Rob. More, second son of the said John More, Tho. Spilman, Rob. Latymer, Nich. Hardyng, Ric. Downhall, The. Nethercote, and Geo. Coldewell. Westm., 22 March.—Pat. 25 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 40.
28. Sir Tho. Audele, the Chancellor. Grant in fee of a messuage, a dovecote and garden in the parish of St. Botolph without Aldgate, London, viz., between a street or lane called Hog Lane on the one side and divers messuages near the highway called Hownsdych on the other; also a great gate with buildings thereon adjoining, and a street or lane extending from Hownsdych to the messuage and dovecote aforesaid; which premises lately belonged to the prior and convent of the monastery of Holy Trinity, London, commonly called Christeschurch, and came to the King's hands by the authority of Parliament, and by the gift Nich. Hancock, the late prior, and the convent. Del. Westm., 23 March 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 37. Very much stained with galls and very illegible.
29. Geo. Carewe, clk. Licence to absent himself from all his benefices and reside beyond the sea. Del. Westm., 24 March 25 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
30. John Dyx, “gromettus in officio lavatorum pro ore præcarissimæ consortis nostræ.” Annuity of 5l. for life, lately held by Evans ap Rice, deceased, out of the issues of the lordship of Denbighland, N. Wales. Westm., 27 Feb. 25 Hen. VIII. [Del. (fn. 16) . . .]—P.S. Pat. 24 March, p. 2, m. 6.
31. Master John Cheswryght, S.T.B. Presentation to the parish church of Melborne, Camb., Ely dioc., void by death and at the King's disposal by a grant made 14 Oct. 1532 of the next presentation, by John Bowlys of Walyngton, Herts, who held the same by grant of Robert the prior and convent of Ely cathedral. Westm., 24 March 25 Hen.VIII. Del. 26 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 35.
32. Walter Mone, serjeant-at-arms. To be keeper of the house and manor of Compton Wynnyattes, Warw., late of Sir Wm. Compton, deceased, and of the game in the parks; during the minority of Peter Compton, son and heir of the said William. Westm., 26 March 25 Hen.VIII. Del. 28 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 6.
33. John Dowce, of Brymycham, Warw., yeoman or capper. Pardon for the murder of Thos. Dykkyns, of Penkryche, Staff., granted in consideration that in Oct. 24 Hen.VIII., when the king of France was at Calais, divers felons had their punishments remitted. Westm., 4 Feb. 25 Hen.VIII. Del. 28 March.—P.S. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
420. Cromwell's Remembrances.
Titus, B. I. 463 B. M. Who shall be sent to the French king, and what instructions he shall have. To cause the statutes touching the Pope's authority and the King's succession to be abridged, that the effect of them may be declared to the French king. To appoint the most assured and substantial gentlemen in every shire to be sworn of the King's Council, with orders to apprehend all who speak or preach in favor of the Pope's authority. To have substantial persons in every good town to discover all who speak or preach thus. To have the act of the succession openly proclaimed, that the people may not make themselves ignorant thereof; whoever shall offend to be ordered according to the said statute. The beacons throughout the realm to be repaired. Letters to be written to persons having fortresses near the coast, to see them ordered and the artillery and munitions put in readiness and cleansed. The master of the Ordnance to be warned to see all the ordnance and munitions put in order. To call upon Wm. Gonston, Spert and others having charge of the King's ships to have them repaired. To send for my lord Chancellor tomorrow and for my lord of Wiltshire. To appoint preachers throughout the realm to preach the Gospel and true word of God. To send for my lord of Canterbury. To see the King's chequer roll of his chamber and household for the appointing of assured gentlemen and yeomen in every shire and good town as aforesaid. To send the copy of the act of the King's succession to the princess Dowager and the lady Mary, with special commandment that it may be read in their presence and their answer taken. A deputy to be sent into Ireland with all speed to set a stay there. Letters to be sent to the officers in Wales to have regard to those parts, and gentlemen and yeomen to be appointed to apprehend any Papists who preach, &c. to the advancement of the authority of the bishop of Rome. The Scotch ambassadors to be put off till Tuesday. General musters to be made through the realm, if it is the King's pleasure.
Pp. 4. In Cromwell's hand.


  • 1. Sir Edward Crofte was sheriff of Herefordshire in 1529–30, and again in 1533–34.
  • 2. Wm. Cholmeley, cofferer of the princess Mary's household.
  • 3. “thow” for “the.”
  • 4. i.e., till his coming.
  • 5. This letter probably refers to a search made at Hatfield after the princess Mary's removal. See No. 393.
  • 6. According to inquisitions taken in 26 Hen. VIII. (Nos. 37, 44, 67 and 95), he died on the 9 Dec. 25 Hen. VIII. (1533).
  • 7. Statute 25. Hen. VIII. c. 22.
  • 8. No “W.,” as printed in the Archæologia and by Pocock.
  • 9. To all the names except those marked “†” p' is appended.
  • 10. In 1534 March 29.
  • 11. Thomas Cusack.
  • 12. 23 Hen. VIII. c. 34.
  • 13. Illegible. Omission in the text.
  • 14. Date and place of delivery illegible.
  • 15. Dates illegible.
  • 16. Date and place of delivery quite illegible.