Henry VIII: July 1535, 11-20

Pages 402-423

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 8, January-July 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1885.

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July 1535, 11-20

11 July.
Vienna Archives.
1018. Chapuys to Charles V.
Having received three days ago letters from the king of the Romans, in which no mention was made of the detention of prothonotary Casale, I sent to tell Cromwell that what he had notified to me must either be a fiction or a thing done without the said King's knowledge. Cromwell replied that whether the said Prothonotary was detained or not, in consequence of what I had said he attached no importance to it, and even if the said King had hanged him he would not care a button; and it would be a good thing for the King his master, who would save the money which he was spending uselessly in the maintenance of the said Prothonotary. After saying this Cromwell made long representations to my messenger of the great advantage that would come of perfect friendship between your Majesty and the King his master, and urged him to exhort me to promote it in every possible way. I know not if these English are temporising, awaiting the success of your Majesty's army. I think also they have some hope of gaining the French to their minds, although they do not make any great show of attempting it, seeing the cool reception they gave to the bishop of Therbes when he was at Court the other day. The Bishop expected to remain at Bridewell, where the French ambassadors have resided for five years, but he was respectfully informed that he must remove. Cromwell had twice appointed an hour to the said Bishop and Morette, but when the hour came he was not at home; which is sufficient indication that affairs do not go smoothly between them. Moreover, Morette told the grand prior of St. John's, when he came to take leave of him, that, considering the time it cost, he had better not visit the said Bishop, or have great communication with him. The King, I am told, will despatch, a few days hence, his Treasurer [and] Controller to examine and fortify Calais and Guisnes for fear of the French; yet the King does not seem to be very much afraid either of Frenchmen or others, for he is more given to matters of dancing and of ladies than he ever was. Some say the said two persons will pass into France; nevertheless, I believe "que lung et lautre voage seront a limpur(?)." There will leave within two days a doctor and a gentleman whom this King has dispatched to Lubeck. Some tell me it is for the purpose of settling the disputes of the said city. I suspect it is an intrigue to prevent the Count Palatine aspiring to the kingdom of Denmark.
The good old lord of whom I have written sent to me the other day his cousin, when he was about to go home, and begged me, for his own part and that of many others, to solicit of your Majesty to obtain executorials, and cause them to be executed in your Majesty's countries. Even if no other means were taken, he thought this would do good, provided the said executorials were not delayed, otherwise the new preachers and prelates will subvert the whole people. He says, moreover, that churchmen will make a beginning, and, meanwhile, they might find means to get hold of the great treasure the King keeps at his house in this town. London, 11 July 1535.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2.
11 July.
Vienna Archives.
1019. Chapuys to [Granvelle].
The courtesy of the Emperor and Granvelle to the English ambassador at the time of the embarkation was not thrown away, for Cromwell has spoken of it. His motive may have been to show the people that the Emperor was pleased at the execution of Thos. More, which was on the 5th inst. The Princess is in great fear and perplexity, and is importuning him for her removal. There are urgent reasons on both sides. Will send to the queen of Hungary for advice, as it would be too long a delay to wait to know the Emperor's will. Morette, in taking leave, desired to be recommended to Granvelle. He had a present of 1,000 ducats, and more than ten times as many remonstrances and prayers to persuade the French king and his Council to abjure the authority of the Pope, and rule Church matters as here, showing him especially the resulting gain.
A week ago a young Spanish captain, named Pedro de Gusman, came hither from the French court, having left the Emperor's court, as he said, in consequence of a quarrel in Italy with Don Pedro Velez. He has offered his services to the King, who replied that he could not accept them till the captain had made "uno cumplimiento" to Chapuys for his justification. Wishes the King were as ceremonious and modest about more important matters. Thinks some notice should be taken of it to the English ambassador, and likewise of his honorable conduct in letting Chapuys know of the man who wished to be a spy on him.
The earl of Kildare has sent his wife back hither, because he will have nothing to do with English blood. To add to her misfortunes, on arriving here, though in ill health, she was made prisoner.
Kildare has retaken one of the places he had lost. Several English were killed there, and more in a skirmish.
Many wild Scots have gone to help him. The King yesterday sent against him Mons. Leonnar (Grey), brother of the late old Marquis. His going has been talked of for some time. Thinks the delay was because he demanded a large force. He has orders only to raise 500.
The bishop of London, who never preached in his life on account of his stammering and bad speaking, preached this morning in the cathedral by the King's order. Cromwell was present. The whole of the sermon was to invalidate the King's first marriage, and to decry the authority of the Pope and those who favoured it, — even those who suffered death in its defence. The other bishops must do the same, or it will cost them their benefices and their lives. London, 11 July 1535.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2.
11 July.
R. O.
1020. Sir John Constable and others to Cromwell.
On Midsummer Day Sir Chr. Michell, parish priest of Wynested, Yorksh., openly in church desired his parishioners to pay their brotherhood to St. Robert of Knaresbrught, and pray for the spirituality and for himself, "for he had made his testament and was bowne to such a journey that he trowed never to see them again. And it is said there is no Pope, but I say there was one Pope," and so returned to the altar. Sends a bill of remembrance of these words, signed by the priest and themselves. Called Sir Christopher before them on Sunday, 4 July, and as he did not deny the words, sent him to the Archbishop's prison, the place where he was attached being within the liberties of Beverley. Examined his mass-book in the church. He had not erased the bishop of Rome's name, but had covered it with bits of paper fixed with wax, so that any man could take them off. Informed the Archbishop, who certified them of his mind by the letters enclosed. Desire to know Cromwell's pleasure. Rysby, 11 July.
Signed: John Constable—Raff Eures—Xpofer Hylyard—Rauff Ellerkar, younger, k.
P. 1. Add.: Master Secretary unto the King's Highness. Endd.
11 July.
R. O.
1021. John Lord Fetzwareyn to Cromwell.
I received your letter for the resignation and gift of the benefice of Whyttington. Concerning that or a better thing it caunot stick between you and me; otherwise I would not have been entreated for 100l. Send me the old presentation by your lover, John Price, clk., and I will give him a new one. Stowey, 11 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
11 July.
R. O.
1022. Katharine Audelett to Cromwell.
Desires her lame husband may have a good end, whilst the abbot is now at London. Has sent Mr. Androys a token for Cromwell for a remembrance of their matters. Prays for him as she would for her father and mother. Barton, 11 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
12 July.
R. O. Letters, 309.
1023. Cranmer to Cromwell.
Sends Mr. Newman, whom Cromwell has consented to take into his service. Lambeth, 12 July. Signed.
Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
12 July.
R. O.
1024. Christopher Lord Conyers and Sir John Bulmer to Cromwell.
On Sunday, 11 July, at Gysburn in Yorkshire, when the parish priest was declaring the articles directed by the King to the archbishop of York, one John Atkynson alias Brotton "came violently and took book furth of "the priest's hands, and pulled it in pieces, and privily conveyed himself forth "of the church." Immediately after mass the priest spoke to the writers, who caused search to be made, but can yet hear no word of the man. Desire to know what to do with him if he can be found. Gisburn, 12 July. Signed.
P. 1 (long sheet). Add.: Secretary.
12 July.
R. O.
1025. Sir Francis Bigode to Cromwell.
Was lately at Jervase abbey, near Mydlam, with this bearer, Master Garrarde, who preached there the true Word of God before the Abbot and his brethren. While he was declaring the authority of every bishop and priest to remit sin, Dan George Laysinbye, one of the monks, interrupted him, and said the bishop of Rome had the authority over all other bishops. Called the monk before him after the sermon, and in presence of the Abbot and all the audience asked the cause of his foolishness. His answer was heretical and highly traitorous, as you will perceive by the articles administered to him by me and signed by him. Caused the constable of Mydlam Castle to take him into custody till the King's pleasure be known. The Abbot and his brethren behaved like honest men. By the Abbot's advice, exhibited the articles to them, and they all made answer like true subjects. Jervase, 12 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 2. Denunciation of George Lasynby, monk of Jervaux, for interrupting Thomas Garrad, B.D., in his sermon on Sunday, 11th July 27 Hen. VIII., and for maintaining the Pope to be Head of the Church. Signed by Adam abbot of Jervaux, Sir Francis Bigod, Thomas Fulthrope, Edward Forest, Thomas Garrard, and George Lasynby, monk of Jervaux.
P. 1. Endd.: "Concerning the misdemeanour" of George Lasynby.
12 July.
Titus, B. i. 65.
B. M.
1026. The Silk Meter of London.
Sign manual to Sir Thos. Audeley, Chancellor, and Thos. Cromwell, principal secretary, commanding them to decide the variance between the King and the mayor and commonalty of London, touching the title of the gift of the common meter of silk and linen cloth, or to issue writs of injunction until they disprove the King's title. At the monastery of Reading, 12 July.
P. 1. Endd. by Wriothesley: "The Kynges highness to my Lord Chanceler and my master concerning the office of silk meter of London."
12 July.
R. O.
1027. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Wrote by Geo. Kyng what had been done about the wools. There is no remedy to be had unless it can be proved that they were packed by Crispe's executors. Hopes to bring with him the bill of Leonard Mell's goods if Mr. Norres gets better. Has good hope of the searchership of Oye Sluice. Sir Ric. Graynefild is come, and hopes to see you shortly. He bade me privately mention that he means to prove himself in the right, and Mr. Rindgeley false, or it shall cost him 500l. Reminds him about having a purser in his ship who is a good gunner. It is now hoped lord Montague will do well. Mr. Treasurer and the King's attorney, and some say Mr. Secretary, are going to Calais for redress of certain causes. The Serjeant of the Cellar begs you to send him a hawk. Hopes shortly to be at Calais. London, 12 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
12 July.
R. O.
1028. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I have written to my lord by Geo. King about the forfeit. No profit can accrue to my lord unless the wools have been new packed since Crispe's death, by consent of the executors. If Mr. Norres had not been sick the bill of Leonard Mell's goods would have been signed long ago, but I hope to bring it with me. I wrote that my lord Montague was sick or dead. For two days it was reported all over London that he was dead; and in truth he was shriven, houselled, and annealed; but now he is expected to recover. Mr. Basset is merry, and has delivered the quails with your compliments to Mr. Suyllyard and Mr. Danastre. He desires two new shirts and a new cloak, and Bremelkom wants a new livery coat. I think Mr. Bassett will be all this vacation at Mr. Danastre's, for they die about Lincoln's Inn. Very few of the Inns of Court keep vacation here this summer. You will receive by Goodall the velvet and gold with wire delivered to me by Mr. Lovell; and the kersay that Nores sent, with the spices and "vessel," shall come by the King's ship of Calais. I trust, as I wrote your Ladyship, to obtain by means of friends the searchership of Oye Sluice. I delivered your tokens to my lord William and lady Boleyn, and the latter sends you the enclosed token, which is worth a blue point. Mrs. Margery and my lady Dowglasse have promised me tokens at my next coming to Court. There is no doubt you shall have one of the best kirtles the Queen has. London, 12 July
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
R. O. 1029. — to William Strete.
"On Saturday last, Mr. Morley and other my Lord's servants went into Grissyngham Park for to hunt at a roo buk that was commyd theder." The game crossed the Loyne into Miretwate, where Tunstall, who was watching, killed it with his dogs and trussed it behind one of his servants. Mr. Morley rode and met him at Loynes Bridge, and caused him to wait that the hounds might be rewarded, but "he wold no way but have it away with him." Pyncok came up, and after a struggle took the roe from Tunstall. During the struggle Antony Laton "began to brasell to his dagger towardes Pyncok, and John Grene steppyd to hym with an axe and bad hym stande or he shulde gif hym on the face." Mr. Morley pacified them, and said Tunstall should keep the game. Tunstall took half, and having got on horseback with his servants, Laton and one Wrightyngton, "crakked" Mr. Morley and threatened him. Then followed some words between John Turnour, Tunstall, Laton, and Pyncok, and the matter ended.
Also, on Saturday last, Tunstall's cook, who was at the "betynge" of Wm. Sclater, did "sore bete and stryke" one Ric. Burton, burgess of Lancaster. "And thus Tunstall and his servants over-rynnyth all the countre."
"Mr. Curwen and Tunstall ar fallen owte."
Shall deliver the nag to Ric. Cowpland as you desired.
Pp. 2. Add.: "Servant to my lord Mountegle." Sealed.
13 July.
R. O.
1030. Westmoreland to Cromwell.
Has been in Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmoreland, and has charged the justices and sheriffs to inform him of all riots. Sends copy of his letter to the King. Received this day Cromwell's loving letter by Geo. Stafford. Is glad the King does not wish him to travel far without urgent occasion. Took with him Rob. Bowes and Sir Rob. Malery, whose experience has been of great service to him. Burgh, in Westmoreland, 13 July. Signed.
R. O.
St. P. vi. 25.
2. "The copy of a letter sent to the King's Highness from my lord of Westmoreland."
Has passed through Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmoreland, making inquiry about the late riots. Went first to Hexham, and was informed by the prior, Sir Cuthbert Ratcliff, and others, of a variance between Sir John Fenwyk and the sons of Sir Ralph Fenwyke, deceased, about the title of certain lands, which has led to unlawful assemblies. Committed John Fenwyk, Sir John's son and heir apparent, and John Fenwyk, Sir Ralph's son and heir, to the ward of the sheriff. Did the same to Cuthbert Shaftoo and Ralph Wythryngton. Took bonds of the peace at Hawtetwisill, of Alex. Fetherstonhaugh and the Ridleys, who are at feud for the murder two year's ago of Fetherstonhaugh's son, of which there is an appeal in the King's Bench.
At Carlisle gave injunctions to the mayor and the captain of the castle to prevent further disturbances between the town and garrison. Has committed four of Dacre's tenants of Lasinby to ward on account of a riotous assembly to aid the driving away of certain flocks of sheep which were bought by the earl of Cumberland and his brother Sir Thomas Clifford, when Dacre and his brother Sir Christopher were in trouble, but which have since been claimed by the Dacres. Took sureties of Sir John Lowther, and his son and heir Hugh, to satisfy one John Mires; also of John Briskowe and Chr. Whartoun against each other.
At Burgh, caused Sir Edw. Musgrave and Chr. Wharton, brother of Sir Thos., to be bound to keep the peace, and charged the coroner to inquire into the late murder of a servant of Sir Edward's in a deer-hunting dispute.
Was met at Burgh by lord Monteagle, who had similar commands to repress riots, and who informed him of an assembly between his own people and Sir Marmaduke Tunstall. Took sureties of both, but proceeded no further, as both had like letters from the King for the examination of such offences. Lord Monteagle undertook to examine other disturbances in the south parts of Westmoreland.
Would have proceeded to Lancashire and Craven, but that others have executed the King's commands there. Has charged all justices to notify disturbances immediately to him. Burgh, in Westmoreland, 13 July.
Add.: To Master Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 3. Examinations.
Edward prior of Hexham says there have been two riots, one among the Fenwikes, the other between Cuthbert Shaftoo and Ralph Widrington; but, being a religious man, he goes little about, and has been unable to ride for six weeks from a fall from his horse. 2. Sir Cuthbert Ratclyff says there is a traverse between Sir John Fenwike, of Wallington, and John Fenwike, son and heir of Sir Ralph, about a question of inheritance in Harterton and Ashinden, and, though charged in the King's name to forbear, Sir John Fenwyk mustered his friends to enter Harterton Hall, and John Fenwyk to resist him. 3. Sir John Widrington received news of an assembly at Ashinden on Friday before Midsummer Day. Rode thither, and found Sir John Fenwyk's son with others attempting to enter Ashinden, but prevailed on both sides to keep the peace, and let him have possession of the manor for eight days. Hears that at the end of that time Sir Ralph Fenwyk's sons made another attempt. 4. Wm. Carnaby, sheriff of Northumberland, confirms Ratcliff's statement. 5, 6. Statements of the two John Fenwiks. 7. Of Ralph Widrington accusing Cuthbert Shaftoo of pulling down a "sheell" he had caused to be built at a place called Kell Quarter or Carry Coyttes, of setting men to lie in wait for him, and of coming with 40 persons to the fair at Stagshawe to pick a quarrel with him. Also divers friends came in force to Colwell to a marriage, and broke the chapel windows. 8. Of Cuthbert Shafto in reply.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 4. Originals of § 2 and 3; the former addressed and endorsed.
13 July.
R. O.
1031. T. Earl of Wiltshire to Cromwell.
I have received a bill of complaint made by Leonard Spencer of Norwich against me and my brother, Sir Jas. Boleyn. I shall be glad if you will hear it next term, and you will see that he cannot justify it, as I have shown this bearer, his son. For your kindness in sending me such bills of complaint you will bind me as long as I live. Hever, 13 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
13 July.
R. O.
1032. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
I send enclosed a letter you wished me to draw. Reform it as you think expedient. Mr. Fynche (fn. 1) will be with you this morning, and bring with him the resignation of the prebend of St. Stephen's. The thing I mentioned to you is ready. I promised to come with him this morning, but am prevented, as those you appointed to business yesterday must meet about 8 a.m. Aldrichegate Strete, 13 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
13 July.
R. O.
1033. Sir Francis Bigod to Cromwell.
Had received at my departure the King's letters to the archbishop of York, with a command to certify to you how the contents of them were executed, and thanks for my small labor therein. The meaning of the letters is not handled as it should be, and I send this bearer to let you know how the matter stands. I trust that the Archbishop "doth his duty thus and so, and else very few or none." I perceive by this monk of Jervase "that he is boldened by another man in this his treason," on whose learning he more relies than on his own. I suspect he is of Mowntegrace. I wish to know your will, and desire credence for the bearer. Mydlam Castle, 13 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
13 July.
R. O.
1034. Wm. Lord Sandys to Cromwell.
Please to remember that whereas I have advertised you of the state of myself and my wife during the last week, I have been attacked anew with the sweat. I am grieved I cannot wait upon the King to execute his office. I beg therefore you will excuse me. As the King will shortly repair to East Hampstead, I dare not come near him unless I am signified of his pleasure. My son's wife is also very sick, on whose account I have sent this bearer, Master Augustine, to whom, as I hear, you have been special good master. And whereas he should have waited upon you on Sunday last, he is prevented by the above-mentioned reason. I trust you will not be displeased at his absence. He is worthy to serve the King. The Vine, 13 July.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
Add. MS. 28,584, f. 146.
B. M.
1035. [Charles V. to the Empress.]
The Pope has sent an auditor of the Rota to him on hearing of the loss sustained by the Turk, offering to give aid and induce other Christian princes to do the same, for an attack on Constantinople. In reply, showed the auditor the difficulties of such an undertaking. Intends to go to Naples.
Does not expect war in Christendom this year. What is most to be feared is intelligence between the Pope and king of France, and the reconciliation, real or pretended, of His Holiness with the king of England, in consequence of his indignation against the dukes of Urbino, father and son, and duchesses of Camarino, mother and daughter. States what the Pope has said on the subject as mentioned in the letters of the count of Cifuentes.
Does not fear war from the French king this year, though his intentions are bad. He will not be able to raise many men in Germany.
As to the king of England, it is not likely he can be reconciled to the Pope, being made obstinate in his errors by his usurpation of the property and rights of the Church. There will also be a likelihood of suspicion arising between him and the king of France, if the latter will not promise to defend him in his errors. This he cannot do if he wishes to remain on good terms with the Pope, unless both forget their duties as Christians and sovereigns. In any case the king of England will hesitate to declare open war against the Emperor, and will fear an insurrection of his subjects, being already hampered by the rebellion of the earl of Kildare (Conde de Xildrah) and others in Ireland.
Gives an account of his arrangements to provide against attack from any quarter, and gives instructions what is to be done in case of a sudden attack upon Spain by the French.
Sp., pp. 8, modern copy.
14 July.
Cooper's Annals of Cambridge, i. 371.
1036. Audley, Lord Chancellor, and Cromwell, to the Corporation of Cambridge.
Have not had leisure to determine the variance between the vicechancellor and scholars, and the mayor and commonalty. As it is likely that there may be some breach of the King's peace at the approaching Sturbridge Fair, the King desires them to act upon the order taken last year at Lambeth before the archbishop of Canterbury and other of the Council. Have written to the vice-chancellor and scholars to the same effect. Keeping the said order shall not prejudice their lawful liberties. London, 14 July.
14 July.
Harl. MS. 99, f. 149.
B. M.
1037. Cobham College.
Receipt by John Gostwyk of 100s. part payment of an obligation due to the King from John Bayly, master, and the fellows of Cobham College, 14 July 27 Hen. VIII. Signed.
P. 1.
14 July. R. O. 1038. H. Earl of Northumberland to Henry VIII.
On his journey into Northumberland to do justice on offenders, received information at Darneton, both from justices of the peace and from the prior of Mountgrace's servants, of the going into Scotland of Dane Richard Marshal, priest, and Jas. Neweye, lay brother of that house, because they would not be sworn to such articles as they were bound to by the King's laws. Sent for the prior, who informed him that on the 12th inst. one Anthony Heron, born in Northumberland, was confessed to him, and desired licence to convey some of his brethren to Scotland; which he refused, saying he could not grant it without committing treason. On this the said two persons ran away, but have been brought back and sent to prison. Has laid watch for Heron's apprehension, and will send him up if taken. Hears that he has gone to St. Alban's to pay rents for tithes to the abbot. Finds the prior and the rest of the monks quite conformable to the things passed in Parliament. The prior wishes one of his own religion may visit them. Darneton, 14 July. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Copy of the preceding. Signed: H. N. Not addressed.
14 July.
R. O.
1039. H. Earl of Northumberland to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his continual kindness. On the Earl's going into Northumberland, was informed at Darneton of two professed brethren of the Charterhouse at Mountgrace having gone away towards Scotland, enticed, it is said, by one Anthony Heron. Hopes to do justice in those parts to the King's satisfaction. Would have been there by this time but for the sickness he has been so long troubled with. Darneton, 14 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c. Master Secretary. Endd.
14 July.
R. O.
1040. Jane Basset (fn. 2) to Lady Lisle.
I thank you for my gown. Mr. Doctor sent me his man and his horse according to his promise, but as his man would not carry my male nor suffer his horse to carry it, I left it at Soberton, and when I came to Womberlegh I was fain to send John Badcomb for it. I left in it your box and the great book. "My male was new torned and the box also. Your jointure is come to my hands, but the great book is left behind, for what purpose I have great marvel, seeing that he was fast in my male." Begs she will send to Seller for sure keeping of the same, as the writer cannot be merry till she hears of it. Understands by Badcomb that Seller has the book. Thank Mr. Dr. Cuffold, Wayte of Wembryng, and, Benet of Porchester for their kindness. They who promised me horses to ride deceived me. Womberlegh, 14 July.
My sister Thomasine will not stop at Wynscott, and is in treaty with my cousin Eliz. Paslew. My cousin Anne Barry would fain have her.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
15 July.
R. O.
1041. Lord Dacre and the Earl of Cumberland.
Award made by Thos. Cromwell, chief secretary, between Henry earl of Cumberland and Sir Thos. Clyfford, of the one party, and Wm. lord Dacre and Sir Chr. Dacre, of the other party.
1. The Earl, while he is warden of the West Marches, shall have the stewardships of all the manors and lordships of the bishop of Carlisle, the prior of Carlisle, and the prior of Wetherall, which lord Dacre had in Cumberland or Westmoreland, and the stewardship of Holme Abbey.
2. He shall hold the leases of parsonages and tithes held by Dacre; (3) paying him therefor the rents reserved. 4. He shall discharge Dacre of all rents and profits against the lessors of the said parsonages. 5. He shall pay Dacre 10 marks yearly while warden. 6. The Earl and Clifford shall deliver the sheep and cattle with their wool, which belonged to lord Dacre and Sir Christopher, and were sold to them by John Appryse and Wm. Brabson, if Dacre repays them the price. 7. The Earl and Sir Thos. shall allow Dacre and Sir Chr. for sheep and cattle which they have sold, killed, or spent. 8. They shall return the lead delivered to them by Appryse and Brabston. 9. The Earl shall pay Dacre the sums due to him for the stewardship and as captain of Carlisle Castle from Michaelmas 25 Hen. VIII. to the following Michaelmas.
ii. Draft of an indenture by which the above parties agree to accept the arbitration of Cromwell, dated 15 July 27 Hen. VIII., with the commencement of a letter to the dean and prebendaries of Salisbury in favor of Roger Basyng, sewer of the King's chamber.
Draft, pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 2. Two other drafts of the above award.
P. 1. Pp. 3.
15 July.
Titus, B. i. 311.
B. M.
1042. [Cromwell] to [Norfolk].
Has received his letters intimating the King's surprise that [Cromwell] has not advertized [Norfolk] of the order taken by the Council touching the conveyance of coin out of the realm. "Sir, according to your gracious commandment," on Tuesday last Mr. Attorney and I intimated the King's pleasure to my Lord Chancellor, who immediately sent for the two chief justices, the chief baron, and Mr. Fitzherberd, and debated the matter in the presence of Mr. Attorney, Mr. Solicitor, and me. It was finally resolved that, if any accident should happen, "whereby there might be any occasion that the money should be conveyed out of the realm, proclamation should be made, grounded upon the said statute, adding thereunto politicly certain things for the putting the King's subjects and other in more terror." Search was made, and a statute of 5 Richard II. was found, of which I send a copy. But I insisted with the Lord Chancellor and the judges that the King, with the advice of his Council, even if there were no statute, might, to withstand so great a danger as your Grace alleged at my being with you, make proclamations which should be as effective as any statute; "which opinion, I assure your Grace, I was very glad to hear." A form of proclamation was accordingly drawn up, which I now send. London, 15 July.
Rough draft in Cromwell's hand, pp. 3.
15 July.
R. O.
1043. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
I delivered the King's letters to my lord of London, who was very glad the King was pleased with his sermon to the people on Sunday last, and thanked you for your favourable report of it. When he came to the place where he was required to print his sermon he said he was unable to write it as he had delivered it, as he had so much to say that he could not remember what he declared and what he left unspoken; and if he publishes an inaccurate report it will give rise to malicious comments that he had added or left out things on purpose. He offers to preach every fortnight or three weeks to the Parliament next coming on the same matters. As to Mr. Symon's sermon, he would have sent it ere this, but had to provide a sermon against tomorrow to be preached at Paul's Cross. "I have now some better hope of the obstinates of the Charter House, which, lacking wit and reason, hitherto have been more like madmen than other." If you send the money you liberally granted by my servant I will cause it to be conveyed according to your pleasure. Aldrichegate Street, 15 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
16 July.
Add. MS. 28,587, f. 345.
B. M.
1044. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.
* * * * * *
The Emperor says that he has heard that there is a disagreement among those who are negotiating the marriage between the bastard daughter of the king of England and the duke of Angoulême, because the English demand that the Duke should remain in England, and that the French king should join with the king of England in his disobedience to the Church. Concerning this, the Pope told Cifuentes that the bishop of Paris was coming with the French king's reply about the Council, and what was done at the interviews between the ambassadors of the two Kings; and that the English ambassador with the Emperor went in haste to England, and would return to the Emperor.
Hears from France also of the disagreement between the kings of England and France. The ambassador in England wrote on the 16th ult. that the duke of Norfolk (Nofol) had returned to England, and the French admiral to France, but in consequence of their necessities the Kings must come to some agreement. Asks whether the executorials shall he solicited, as the Pope is urged to make some new settlement with the King to the prejudice of the Queen and Church, and it will be pressed still further at the coming of the bishop of Paris. Thinks it advisable to have the executorials drawn out, for so many things have to be done before they take effect, and the princes are bound to execute the sentence, that a whole year will be necessary. Will write more particularly by another courier about the proposal to the Pope for the return of the king of England to the Church.
Rome, 16 July 1535.
Sp., pp. 18, modern copy.
16 July.
R. O.
1045. Will. Abbot of York to Cromwell.
I certify you that I have sent you by the bearer all the money remaining in my hands belonging to the King, and extending to 3,200l. I know not what remains in the collectors' hands, for my lord Archbishop and his officers "make them their books," which I am not privy to. York, 16 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
16 July.
R. O.
1046. T. Lord Monteagle to Henry VIII.
On the 3rd July I received your letter dated Windsor, 21 June, to take proceedings against certain rioters in Northumberland, Westmoreland, Cumberland, Lancashire, and Craven, and signify to you with all speed what was done in the matter, in order that you might provide for the total suppression of the same. The same day I went towards Craven, where there have been riots for a long time; but before my arrival your commissioners, Sir Ric. Tempest, Rob. Challoner, and others, had committed the ringleaders to prison. After this I went to Westmoreland, intending to go to Cumberland; but being at Burgh the 12th inst. I met with my lord of Westmoreland, from whom I learned that he had been in Northumberland and Cumberland, and sent the principal malefactors to prison. And whereas a murder had been committed by one of Sir Thos. Wharton's servants upon one of Sir Edw. Musgrave's, between whom there is a great feud: my lord has bound them over to keep the peace, and with them Christopher Wharton. Among those implicated are Edmund Bradley, Geo. Mesande, Rob. Gibson, and 18 persons on the one side, and Lawrence Bowman, Oliver Thompson, Stephen Bewsher on the other, tenants to Lord Dacres in Martyndale in same county. On the 13th and 14th July last, I was at Shappe, and had the rioters before me, and committed some of them to the castle of Appleby. I have also committed to the same prison Launcelet Lancastre of Stokbrede, servant to lord Dacre, and steward of Orton, and John Sharpe, for assembling lord Dacre's tenants, and destroying certain improvements belonging to John Warcoppe of Smardale, and Jas. Pekerryng of Crosby; whereupon Launcelot Pekeryng, son of the said Jas., and John Thwaites, bailiff, raised 24 persons, and cut down the improvements of John Sharpe; whom I have also committed to prison with others. I have appointed a sessions on the 21st for their indictment. Hornbie, 16 July. Signed.
Pp. 3, large paper. Add. Endd. (The leaves found separate.)
16 July.
R. O.
1047. Victualling of London.
Permit, from the collectors of customs in the port of Ipswich, to John Kyng of Althorne, to lade, in Maldon Water and Borneham Water, in his ship the Clement, of Althorne, 40 weyes of cheese, to be discharged in London. Colchester, 16 July 27 Hen. VIII. Seal gone.
ii. Certificate, added by Sir John Champeneis, of the delivery of the above to Thomas Mavby and Thomas Moptid, 25 Aug. 1535.
P. 1. Small slip on the back: "Per me Johannem Champeneis militem, maiorem London."
16 July.
R. O.
1048. Illegal Hunting.
The confessions of John Williams, late servant and prentice unto William Meyrycke, of King's Wood, weaver, taken before Sir Edward Wadham and Sir John Welshe, knts., and Nic. Wekes, esq., 23 June 27 Hen. VIII., and before Mr. Matson and others, 17 April 26 Hen. VIII., concerning poaching at Little Shodbury (Sir John Welshe's park), and the theft of saddles belonging to the archbishop of Canterbury at Kingswood, with a copy of a letter from Sir John Welshe to [Cromwell], accompanying the said confessions, dated Sunday.
ii. Warrant of the Council [of Wales], signed T. Englefild, for the apprehension of Thos. Baret, Edm. Hughes, Wm. Meyryk, John Weare, John Gardyner, Thos. Mayo and his boy, Thos. Wollary, Wm. Parker of Cromall, Holyday of Cromall, and Wm. Cogoll.
iii. Examinations of Wm. Meyrike of Kingswood, Gloucester, 8 July 27 Hen. VIII., and Thos. Baret of Kingswood, 4 July, concerning hunting in the parks of Estwode, Yeat, Hawe, Aleston, Shodbury, Thornbury new park, and Marlewod, and the theft of the saddles.
iv. The names of the hunters about Thornbury, and an order signed by bishop Roland Lee and Englefield, for letters to be sent for them to appear before the Council.
v. The names of such persons as by common report are hunters:—Sir Thos. Kelsall, late parish priest of Tedrington, — Grafton, of Aleston park, keeper, Thos. Holder, keeper of Estwode park, and 22 others.
vi. The names of the new hunters, 16 names.
vii. Examinations of Edm. Hughes, of Kingswood, taken at Gloucester, 4 July 27 Hen. VIII.; John Were of Kingswood, weaver, taken 7 July; John Garnar, 6 July; John Garnard, 4 July; Thos. Holyday of Cromall, 4 July 27 Hen. VIII.; Thos. Mayo of Wotton under Hedge, 4 July; and John Williams, at Worcester,—about hunting at the parks of Hawe, Estwod, Yeat, Thornbury new, Alleston, Mytkell wood, Stoke, Syston, Whitlief, and Morley wood; in one of which affairs the cellarer of Kyngswood abbey took part and was severely beaten by the keepers.
viii. Indictments of many of the above poachers.
ix. Confessions of Jas. Browne of Wikwore, Glouc., weaver at Worcester, 12 July 27 Hen. VIII.; Thos. Orchard of Thornbury, Worcester, 13 July; Robt. Riche, Worcester, 13 July; Wm. Parker of Cromall, Worcester, 13 July; John Pullen, keeper of Sir Wm. Berkeley's park at Tokynton, Worcester, 16 July; Wm. Roode of Alaston, 16 July,—concerning hunting in the parks of Hawe, Estwod, Yeat, Thornbury, Alleston, Kingswood, and Morlewood.
Pp. 54. Endd.: The booke of the hunters.
16 July.
R. O.
1049. Thomas Hensley to Lord Lisle.
Has received his and her Ladyship's letters. Is grateful for their expression of thanks for what he has done to them. James Hawkesworth has told him that he has been commanded by Lisle to pay the writer 7l. a year out of the fee of the castle of Porchester. He said, however, that such charges had been done there that no payment could be made this year. Would like to have 10l. at Michaelmas next, and so yearly 10l. until it is paid. Is old, and never had so many charges as now. Est Burhaunt, 16 July.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add.: Lord Lisle, high deputy unto the King's grace at Calais.
16 July.
R. O.
1050. Thomas Hensley to Lady Lisle.
Thanks for her letters. Has written to lord Lisle, offering to take 10l. a year till the whole is paid. Has long forborne, to his own hindrance, and hopes she will cause lord Lisle to perform this. Est Burhaunt, 16 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
16 July.
R. O.
1051. John Cheryton to [Lord Lisle].
Commendations to "your good Lordship and my good Lady." Left England May 3, and came to Galesia 17 May. Has been ever since in Portingall and Andolasia to seek passage for Levant, but could get none, as the Emperor takes all ships that come.
Has today agreed with a caravel to go some distance, and will then go by land. Hopes he will have some passage for the ordnance. (fn. 3) On June 14 there came to Cadix an Irishman named Sir Jas. Delahyde, with letters to the Emperor from Thos. Fegarit, asking for men and ordnance, and saying that the Scotch king has helped him. The Emperor will give them as much aid as he can by next March.
Asks him to let the King know this. The letters say that if Fegarit has 10,000 men from Spain, he doubts not to have Ireland and England. Trusts to hear of his hanging first. The Emperor has left Bassalon for Turkey with more than 800 great ships, beside his own and Andrea Doria's galleys and galleons. The Emperor is in Andrea Doria's great galley, and the king of Portugal's son, Don Luis. Letters have come today that the Emperor is landed at Tunis, and that Barbarossa has sent him messengers that he will deliver the city if he may go away with six galleys. More than 200 letters were received from merchants, and the justice of Cadiz has the Emperor's letters under his seal. Cadiz, 16 July 1535. Signed.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
16 July.
R. O.
St. P. vii. 616.
1052. [Sir G. da Casale to Cromwell.]
Lately the Pope complained to him about certain things he had heard from the Imperialists and the Venetians, and from Italians in the French Court, viz., that the French admiral had left England without coming to any agreement; that Francis had shown signs of disfavour to the English ambassador; and that the affair of the duke of Angoulême (dominus de Anglem) was altogether thrown aside, because of Henry's indignation at Francis' refusal to renounce his obedience to the Pope.
The Imperialists report that they heard from England that the whole country rejoiced at the promotion of the bishop of Rochester, and commended the Pope's goodness; that the King sent to ask the Bishop if he had procured this himself; and when he was found to know nothing of it, a day was fixed for his execution unless he recanted what he had previously asserted. Laughed at all this, saying he would not answer such things unless he saw the letters from England or France, and he knew that his informants were not accustomed to speak the truth, for the public joy at Rochester's creation was quite false. In fact, neither the French ambassador nor any other Frenchman had had any such letters. The story about the bishop of Rochester was invented by the archbishop of Capua, who told the Pope he would do an act worthy of eternal fame if he named him and Contareni to be cardinals. The Archbishop thus served his own ends, for he obtained the dignity with the rest. Thinks the Pope now sees his folly.
On account of these things, and also for his health, has decided to leave Rome for some days. If the cardinal of Paris, who is shortly expected, wishes to see him, he will return. If he is not wanted, will remain away for some time, and Cromwell can send him word whether he wishes him to return hither or go to Venice. The archbishop of Colocz sent one of his servants with news that king John's affairs were prosperous, and the Turk had written twice to him, accepting his excuses about the death of Lewis Gritti, and saying that he had ordered his officers near Hungary to be ready to defend him. The Archbishop, with the bishop of Sirmisch and the Great Chancellor, are at Vienna, to treat of peace with the Turkish ambassador. King John is moving but slowly, as he wishes to know what was brought by the prothonotary Casale, who is now in prison at Neustadt (? Neostothia). Colocz wished to see him, but the king of the Romans would not allow it. The Papal nuncio also interceded ineffectually for his liberation. Though Ferdinand has often said that he wished to treat him well, he will allow no one to speak with him, and will not set him free till peace is made between him and John. It appears to everyone unusual arrogance for Ferdinand to detain the ambassador of such a prince merely because he crossed his lands. The Imperialist and French ambassadors say that the Emperor will persuade Ferdinand to let him go. Rome, 16 July 1535.
Lat., pp. 4, mutilated.
16 July.
R. O.
1053. Sir Gregory da Casale to Cromwell.
After the Emperor's departure from Caiar on the 14th June, nothing was heard of him till the 11th inst., when the Imperial ambassador here received letters from him. The Ambassador tried to keep it secret at first, but afterwards told the Pope. The Emperor crossed to Carthage in 24 hours, and landed the Germans and Spaniards from Italy on the 15th. Next day the rest of the fleet came up. Some ships sent to explore were fired on from Goleta, a fort at the mouth of the harbour. Fearing to leave Goleta in their rear, they raised a mound to besiege it. The garrison, in a sortie, killed the Italian count Sarnia, and four other captains, with about 40 men. An assault was afterwards made, and Goleta captured. By letters, dated 29 June and 2 July, they have hopes of easily capturing Barbarossa's fleet, and Tunis itself. The Spaniard Alarcon had arrived from Naples, and the king of Tunis was in the camp. I scarcely believe all this. They are suffering from scarcity of water and provisions. Two prisoners taken by the Imperialists say there are 20,000 soldiers in Tunis. The Emperor in a letter says there are 4,000 in Goleta and 8,000 in Tunis. If they stay there till the month of August many will die of disease. The camp is near a certain tower of wells, where there is abundance of water. Rome, 16 July 1535. Signed.
17 July.
R. O.
1054. John [Stokesley] Bishop of London to Cromwell.
I thank you for your friendly report to the King of my rude collation. Although, in writing, a man has better occasion, by reason of deliberation, to remember than in sudden speaking, every man feels that in long communication of divers matters many things come to his mind that he did not think of before; and when he has insisted long on such incidental arguments, many pass out of his own remembrance and that of his hearers, especially when he speaks without premeditation. The circumstances, with the emphasis, which have no small weight in such causes, are impossible for any man to remember of one hour's communication; more impossible for me, who have never had that gift of sure memory, and at the time of my collation was so feeble and sickly. Make, therefore, my excuse to the King; for if I should die for it, I cannot do what he requires. I have affirmed the principal conclusions, and published them to all parishes in my diocese, and therefore it is not for this reason that I dare not undertake to write my sermon. I never wrote a word of it, except such things in gross as I had read before, but what, when I woke in the morning, seemed so undigested that I was uncertain where to begin, and what would follow. Much of what I said is in the King's book that Mr. "Ampner" (Fox), Dr. Nicolas, and I made before my going over sea in embassy, and was afterwards translated into English, with additions and changes, by my lord of Canterbury, that is for more sufficient to prove the invalidity of the first marriage than 20 sermons, and it would therefore be superfluous to print mine. If, however, the King desires that I should collect the pith of my sermon, and set more to it better digested at this next parliament, and preach every second Sunday during the same, I shall willingly accomplish his pleasure. If I were to write my sermons I could not deliver them as they are written, for much would come to me without premeditation much better than what was premeditated. Therefore excuse me of this impossible charge, and let those write my sermons who have singular memories. On your message to me by Mr. Bedill last week I trusted that you and the King would have been contented with this.
Because I had perfect knowledge four days ago that this provincial of the Friars (fn. 4) was appointed to preach and rail this Sunday, not only in reproach of me and my order, but also to maintain his indiscreet fashion of remembrance of the souls departed, I appointed Mr. Symons to preach, and sent for the Friar, requiring him to conform himself in praying for the souls departed as Mr. Latamer, Croome, and others did, or else to forbear this day. He made no answer. I beg, therefore, that Mr. Symons may preach, and when I am departed I shall suffer the Friar to rail at the Cross at his pleasure. He will set forth more fervently some pernicious doctrine unless he do all things very weakly; for he has neither authority nor argument in these matters. If he preach tomorrow it will be with such contumely to me (such is his rashness) that I shall think all my services in this matter little regarded if in my presence he be maintained to excite sedition against me in my own church. Let him take his pleasure at home, and give public warning. If, after my departure, he contaminate my church, it shall less offend me. 17 July.
My chaplain has just showed me that your pleasure was for an order "which, though I suspect that he shall utter this prior's ware," yet, for your sake, I am content to suffer him this Sunday; but do not be displeased with me if his sermon be hereafter replied unto if he speak intolerably, as I hope, being warned by you beforehand, he will not.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Secretary. Endd. by Wriothesley.
17 July.
R. O.
1055. Calais and Gravelines.
Copy of a letter from the mayor and eschevins of Gravelinges to the deputy, mayor and eschevins of Calais. Defend their action (which, as they are informed by Anthoine Chocquart, receiver of the Great Tonlieu of the Emperor, has occasioned displeasure,) in arresting the herdsman of Hanse van Calis, subject of Calais, for pasturing his beasts on "Les Hems de St. Poll," which they hold from the town of St. Omer at a rent of over 100 livres a year. The farm of these lands by Hans van Calis and George Squevin has expired. Dated Gravelinges, 16 July.
ii. Copy of the answer to the above. The deputy, mayor and eschevins of Calais can give no direct reply till they know the King's pleasure, which they are afraid will not be so soon as they could wish, as they hear he is now taking his summer pastime far from London. Dated Calais, 17 July.
Fr., pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Another copy of § 1, ii. Signed by Lord Lisle.
Fr., p. 1.
18 July.
Add. MS. 19,398, f. 48.
B. M.
1056. Anne Boleyn to Cromwell.
As you have heretofore been good to Robt. Powre whom we put to you in service, and have granted him the nomination and preferment of an abbacy for his friend, we request you now to help his said friend to the preferment of the abbey of Wallryall, in Lincolnshire (Cheshire), of which the abbot is lately deceased. (fn. 5) At my Lord's manor of Langley, 18 July 27 Hen. VIII.
Signed at the head: Anne the Quene.
P. 1. Add.: To, &c. the Secretary to my Lord's Grace.
Add. MS. 19,398, f. 49.
B. M.
1057. Anne Boleyn to Cromwell.
"Mastar Seretery, I pray you despache with spede this matter, for myn honneur lys mouche on ytt, and wat should the Kynges attornne do with Poyns hoblygassion, sens I have the chyld be the Kynges grace gyfte, but wonlly to trobe[1] hym her haffter, wyche be no mens I woll soffer, and thus far you as well as I wold ye dyd. Your lovyng mestres Anne the Quene."
Hol. Add.: To, &c. the Secretary to my Lord's Grace.
18 July.
R. O.
1058. Roland Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and Sir T. Englefild, to Cromwell.
We have been at Gloucester five weeks for the reformation of those parts. We are now at Worcester, where we shall stop till the 26th July, thence to Beaudeley, and in a short time to Shrewsbury, to be nearer Wales; for though they are well reformed for the time, they will be sure to return to their unhappy demeanor except for fear. We hear that the King will be at Winchcombe on 24 July. We wish to know whether we shall attend upon him. Worcester, 18 July. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
18 July.
R. O.
1059. Prebend of Catlyns Court.
Indenture, dated 18 July 27 Hen. VIII., by which Ric. Layton, prebendary of Catlyns Court in St. Paul's Cathedral, grants a 50 years' lease of the lands, &c. of his prebend, to John Rede, keeper of the wardrobe at Westminster, and Johanna his wife.
Pp. 5.
18 July.
Add. MS. 8715, f. 94 b.
B. M.
1060. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
* * * Repeats some very strong expressions of cardinal Tournon, as to the desirability of the Pope procuring aid from Christian princes to avenge the injuries inflicted by the king of England on the Church. Showed him Ambrogio's last letters, bidding the Bishop to try and procure Fisher's liberation, and expressing the Pope's grief at his death, and spoke of the good-will of the French king, who need not make much account of the king of England, as there was no fear of his agreeing with the Emperor; for, besides private enmity, no Christian prince could consider him as anything but an enemy. Neither Tournon nor Lorraine wish to be mentioned in connection with this. The duke of Albany shows great willingness to serve the Pope, and to take the lead of any force which Francis might provide. Thinks if there is any occasion for sending the Duke to Rome, it will not be passed over. He says the king of England is equipping a great fleet, and that all Ireland is against him. "Da Choussy alli 18 di Luglio del 1535."
Ital., pp. 8, modern copy. Headed: A Mons. Ambrogio alli 18 di Juglio, ut supra, de Chousty, &c.
Titus, B. I. 475.
B. M.
1061. Cromwell's Remembrances.
To declare Sir John Wallop's and Gregory de Cassale's letters. To speak for Carter and Fetiplace. My lord of Suffolk's servants to be sworn. The book sent from Epyng, and Mr. Almoner's opinion. My lord Richard. The despatch of Mr. Pate's man. Blythman for the office of Comptroller of Newcastle. Dr. Adam for his despatch. Sir Hen. Parker. Lord Morley's son. To declare to the King the answer of the Emperor's ambassador. (fn. 6) What I shall give to Dr. Barnes at his going for Melancton. (fn. 7) How I have spoken with Dr. Barnes, and that he is ready to go, and doubts not to bring with him the persons he shall go for, and of his opinion touching the League Swevyke. To speak with my lord of Suffolk about his end. The presents that Chr. Mores hath brought me from Markes Maior, and his opinion of his truth.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
[19 July.]
Cleop. E. vi. 324.
B. M.
Strype. Eccl., Mem. i. ii.
243. Burnet, vi. 142.
1062. Duke of Norfolk and Lord Rochford to [Cromwell].
Having shown the letters sent to you by Wallop to the King, his pleasure was that we should write to you as follows: (1.) That you should immediately despatch Barnes, with Deryk in his company, to Germany, that he may, if possible, meet Melancthon before his arrival in Franch; and, if so, not only dissuade his going thither, declaring how the French king persecutes those who oppose the bishop of Rome's jurisdiction, and how shameful it would be in him to vary from his true opinion, but also to urge him to come to England, considering the conformity of his doctrines here, and the good reception he will meet with. If he fail to meet him before his arrival in France, Barnes shall proceed towards the princes of Germany, but send Deryk back in post to inform the King. He shall persuade the princes to persist in their denial of the bishop of Rome's authority, as a thing which concerns their own honor, and that they may the better maintain their opinion by the King's support; which he may confirm by showing them a book made by the dean of the chapel, "and as many of the Bishop's sermons as you have." Ye [he?] may show them also as much of Wallop's letter (returned herewith) as you will see marked in the margin, and urge them in anywise to beware of trusting their affairs to the French king.
Cromwell is also to despatch Mr. Heynes and Chr. Mount secretly to Sir John Wallop in France, "as coming like his friend to visit him, and not as sent by the King." If they find that Melancthon has arrived there, they are to resort to him, in such sort as they be not much noted, and use such arguments as above to dissuade his continuance there, and allure him to England. Heynes and Mont are also to receive copies of the Dean's book, and the Bishop's sermons to be shown to Melancthon.
Further you are to write to Sir John Wallop, and send him like copies; desiring him, if his news be true that the French king has sent into Germany to support the bishop of Rome's pretended supremacy, that he will repair with the said copies to the French king, and urge, with such reasons as he can devise, how much it will be against his honor to subject himself to the said Bishop; also that the King thinks it not a little strange that he should move the Germans to go both against their own opinions and against him.
Cromwell is also to write to the bishop of Aberdeen, complaining that James should, without his uncle's advice, embrace the marriage with the duke of Vendôme's daughter, which he would not listen to at his Grace's overture.
Finally, Barnes and Heynes are not to stay for any further instruction from the bishop of Canterbury or any other, as his Grace will send the same by Mr. Almoner and Heath. Langley, this Monday, 4 p.m.
R. O. 1063. Thomas Patmer.
"Commissioners to be appointed for examination, hearing, and determining of the matter of Thomas Patmer, clerk. (fn. 8)
"My Lord Chancellor, my lord of Canterbury, Mr. Secretary, Doctor Skipp, the Queen's almoner, Doctor Thyrleby and Doctor Townsende, lawyers, Doctor Barnes, Doctor Hyllsee, provincial of the Black Friars, Mr. Lattymer the King's chaplain; or five, four, or three of them, the one of the which always to be my lord of Canterbury, Mr. Secretary, or Doctor Barnes."
The following memoranda are added in Cromwell's hand:
"To send forth Doctor Barnys.
"To send forth Candysshe and Master Boner.
"To send for William Gonston for the rigging forth of the Mynyon." Endd.
19 July.
R. O.
1064. Somersetshire.
Copies of two indictments, John Castelman, jun., of Hunspyll, Somers., for words against the King's peace, 19 July 27 Hen. VIII., and for stealing a bull from Thomas Borde, of South Brent, Somers., 30 May 27 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Endd.: Inquisitio pro Joh'e Castelman.
20 July.
Waitz, iii. 469.
1065. Henry VIII.
Commission to Edmund Bonner, LL.D., Ric. Caundiss (Cavendish), and Adam Parcus (Pacæus), giving full power to treat with the king of Sweden, the dukes of Holstein and Mecklenburg, count Oldenbrough, and the city of Lubeck, and moreover with all persons of what dignity soever in Denmark, Sweden, Holstein, Lubeck, and other places, for alliance and peace with England and among themselves. Westm., 20 July 27 Hen. VIII.
20 July.
Faustins, C. iii. 468.
B. M.
1066. Vice-Chancellor and University of Cambridge to Henry VIII.
Beg him to remit the payment of tenths and first-fruits on account of the poverty of the persons who will have to pay these dues and of the colleges. Cambridge, 20 July.
Lat., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
20 July
R. O.
1067. The Same to Queen Anne Boleyn.
To the same effect, in English. Cambridge, 20 July.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
[20 July ?]
R. O.
1068. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
I have this day been with the abbess of the Minories for the 20 marks of the late bishop of St. Asaph, which she will repay to my hands this afternoon. I have also spoken with Anth. Cassydony for the King's money, who says you have given two years' day of payment for 200l. thereof. As you were gone this morning before my coming to Stepneth, I send you my warrants with the dockets of the same by the bearer. London, Tuesday. Signed.
P.1. Add.: Secretary. Endd. Sealed.
20 July.
R. O.
1069. Sir Francis Bigode to Cromwell.
Shortly after Mr. Garrarde left me with letters for you, I again examined the monk of Jervasie, "who, I assure you, handled himself in defending yonder same idol and blood supper of Rome so boldly and stiffly as I never in all my days saw the like." But learning he has none. He would blind simple folks, and establish his treason with revelations, as he calls them. Encloses one of bis visions written with his own hand. "He told me divers other, and especially one of Our Lady of the Mowntegrace, how he was there in her chapel, and she appearing to him said 'George! George! be of good cheer, for I may yet not spare thee;' with such other madness." He also said he was sure the Spirit of God was with him, and was glad to die in so good a quarrel as the defence of the Church, "of which the Pope, saith he, is only the head by God's law." I wrote to you that some of the Mownte were of his council, and so he has confessed; but the prior prayed me not to vex any of his brethren, as he had sent you his mind both about himself and them. I see from the Prior that most of his brethren are traitors. He also said that a gentleman of Northumberland, named Heron, was lately at the Mownte, and desired licence of the Prior to convey two of the monks who are traitors into Scotland. I long to speak with your mastership, and will come as soon as I know your pleasure about this monk. Send me word if the King or you have given leave to the earl of Northumberland to keep with him daily two of the obstinate friars. "There lieth a great matter on knowledge of that, as I shall tell your mastership at my coming." Mydlam, 20 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
ii. The monk's vision.
"Dan George Laysyngby, monk of Jorovaxe, lyhyng in is bedde shleppyng, thouht that it was in the chyrche, and he thouht women lyke Egygepetces appered to hym, among whome one greeter then the eoder, the whych appered with one of hyr papkes rede, and the wyssayge of howre Lady aponne hyr breste; the whyche wyssayge comforted hym myche; the whych he toke for Sanct Anne, for a grett ymmayge of Sanct Anne doht stande in the closyd there as he sayde masse, and as he thought they inquiride for th'abbott. The whych wyssyon a good fader of relygion sayde it was a tokyng that puere Jesus dyde vysted is servauntes."
20 July.
R. O.
1070. Thomas Jhons and Roger Barlo to Cromwell.
According to your commandment I have set appraisers on the balinger named the Mary Poldavy, and send you the bill of specifications. Haroldiston, 20 July 1535. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 2. Bill enclosed, dated 9 July 27 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
20 July.
Galba, B. x. 58.
B. M.
1071. William Lok to [Henry VIII.]
Antwerp, 20 July 1535. The sale of cloth at the mart here is very evil, because of the wars in Turkey, as we think, but we trust it will amend. Sure news has come from Mekelyn, where the lady Regent lies, that within three weeks she and the French queen will meet at Camericke for friendship of kindred. Letters from Venice state that the Turk has sent thither by post a blank paper with his sign and seal. He will grant anything they write upon the paper if they will help him in his great need against the Emperor and the Soffya. The Venetians will make no answer, for it is thought the T[urk] is likely to be destroyed if the Emperor go forward. Fourteen days ago there was great talking that the Emperor had taken Tunis, and put Barbarossa to flight. It is now thought to be untrue, for no sure report has yet come of his landing. There is no speaking of the bishop of Rome in any man's mouth. They use his pardons in this manner: In every church where his bulls used to stand upon a great cross in the body of the church and a chest under it, there is set upon the cross a great table painted with Our Lord sitting upon the rainbow in judgment, and under him the halt and the lame, the sick, prisoners, and poor folks, of all degrees and estates .... all the works of mercy in picture, and written under them all these works of mercy, both in Dutch and French, that every man may read that these be all the pardons that shall bring all your souls to the right hand of the Father of Heaven at the dreadful Day of Judgment, as all Scripture showeth it truly to you. As far as they dare they use themselves in this manner in every place.
Hol., pp. 2.
20 July.
R. O.
1072. William Lok, mercer, to Cromwell.
To the same effect. Dated at the top, Andwarpe, 20 July 1535.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
20 July.
R. O.
1073. John Abbot of Wigmore to Cromwell.
The bishop of St. Asaph is lately deceased, and if I were a man of sufficient qualities I trust you would help me to succeed him. St. James's, Wigmoresland, 20 July.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
20 July.
R. O.
1074. Degory Graynfyld to Lord Lisle.
Thanks him and my lady for their great kindness when he was with them. Wishes he were able to see them oftener. Sends remembrances to Master Porter and Master Scryvyn. "My lord off Montygu ys walkyn and y ynformyd hem how you and my lady tooke by hem and what was reportytt you how he was dede." He was very glad to hear of you and my lady, and so are Master Rynsle and my brother; "and he ys payd off every penye and small kynnys or lyberallyte yn hem, and ther was moch bessynes a pon ther wrettyn before they chode be att a ponte." My brother will be in Calais a month before Michaelmas. "Also mayst[er] Specke ys servantes be comyn to you with a cast off lovnders and lesses off mastyffes and a horse for my ladye." My cousin Basset is well, and begs my lady to send him his shirts, that he may ride into the country; "for y ynsure you ther ys grett dedet (?) (death) in London as ever was." London, St. Margaret's Day.
"My lord, y thanke for Mayster Rannysforde, wych was very syck att sey as Mayster London and Cantell wych bare hem compayn." He tarries to kill a buck in Kent for you, and bring him with him. Has done Jack's messages to my brother John.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
20 July.
Add. MS. 28, 587, f. 354.
B. M.
1075. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Has received her letter of 1 July. Eustacio Chapuis wrote on June 20 that three other Carthusians had been martyred for the same cause as those previously executed. On the 17th the card. of Rochester was sentenced. He was told that he did not appear to dispute, but to hear his sentence of death for transgressing maliciously the statutes of the kingdom, by which the King was Supreme Head of the English Church. He replied that he had not contradicted those statutes maliciously, but with truth and holy intention, as they were opposed to the Scriptures and to our Faith. He was then sentenced to the same death as the Carthusians; on which he said that he was prepared to die, and hoped God would give him constancy. On his return to the Tower he was followed by a crowd of men and women in great grief, who demanded his blessing when he crossed the water to enter the Tower. He had not been executed on 20 June, but it was expected that he would suffer the next week.
A proclamation has been issued forbidding persons, on pain of death, to deny that the King is Supreme Head of the English Church, at dinner, supper, or in taverns. Rome, 20 July 1535.
Sp., pp. 4, modern opy.
20 July.
Add. MS. 8715, f. 98 b.
B. M.
1076. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
The English king is sending to Germany to persuade Melancthon and other doctors who are coming here to be careful lest the King (Francis) burns them; but it is said the Lutherans hold him in abomination. "Da la Parosse d'Auchy le Casteau." 20 July.
A man of the card. Ridolfi is here about the pension of card. Bourbon, and also that which Peter Vannes owes him for the collectorship of England.
Ital., pp. 3, modern copy. Headed: Al Signor Mons. Ambrogio. A di 20 Luglio ut supra.
R. O. 1077. [Cromwell's] Remembrances.
To despatch Dr. Barnys with his letters (fn. 9) and other writings; John Alleyn and baron Aylmer with the despatch for Ireland. To despatch Candyshe and Dr. Bonner in to Estlande. To cause the Mynyon to be rigged, and not to pass Marques Meior. To cause Mr. Gostwyke to pay to these men following these sums:—Candyshe and Dr. Boner at 13s. 4d. a day, for—days. Dr. Barnys, diets for—days, at 6s. 8d. Jobn Alleyn, in reward, 20l. Barne Aylmer, in reward, 20l. To Calais, for the buildings, 1,000l. To John Whalleye, for the haven of Dover, 500l.
Hol., p. 1. Add.


  • 1. Edward Fynche, M.D. See vol. iii., 2690. Probably the same who was archdeacon of Wiltshire.
  • 2. Lady Lisle's stepdaughter.
  • 3. An extract from this letter beginning here is printed in State Papers II., 247, note.
  • 4. George Browne, D.D.
  • 5. See Vol. VII., No. 868, which appears to be of this year.
  • 6. This item is corrected from "to know the King's pleasure whether I shall speak with the French ambassador before his coming, or not."
  • 7. This item is struck out.
  • 8. See Foxe, v. 37. (Townseud's edition).
  • 9. Barnes' letters of credence are preserved in the Weimar archives, and are dated Windsor, 8 July 1535. See Corpus Reformatorum, ii. 939 note.