Henry VIII: October 1535, 6-10

Pages 181-195

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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October 1535, 6-10

6 Oct.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 126.
B. M.
548. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
The Admiral, in conversation about the coming of the bishop of Winchester, spoke openly ill of him, saying that at first he was in the right about those opinions there, but now adhered to the King and the will of the new Queen, saying, in Italian, that he was "un gran poltrone." He has not yet come. The Admiral says that when the king of England heard that Francis was sending the bailly of Troyes to him, he mounted the high horse, and as it were bragged against France (che si stava su il grande, e quasi bramava (qu. bravava?) contro il Francia), thinking that Francis was not content that no other conclusion had been come to at Calais, and had sent the bailly to accommodate matters; but that when he heard that he was come to show the papal brief and make him see his error, he was quite troubled, and had no mind to brave the French (bravare Francesi). This suggests that Winchester's mission is based on the first opinion of the bailly's charge (essere per quello prima si pensano in Inghilterra, che fosse l'andata la del Bagli). Francis (questo Signore) is much displeased with the King, and says openly that he is going to ruin. He says also that from what little he has heard, they are not proceeding against the old Queen for treason, imputing to her that she has transgressed the decrees and determinations of the King, although it would certainly be one of the consequences of the rest of the error. He says that Melancthon is certainly coming, but is stopped by the plague at Nuremberg.
The Emperor has apparently been supplying the Landgrave with money, and it is thought he wishes to use the Germans against England. The Scotch ambassadors, who went to La Fara (La Fere), the duke of Vendome's place in Picardy, to see his daughter, are coming thence with her, and will be here in five days, when she will be betrothed.
Ital., pp. 4. Copy. Headed: Al Sig. M. Ambrogio da Digiun a 6 di detto, &c.
6 Oct.
R. O.
549. Ri. Gwent, of the Arches, to Cromwell.
This St. Faith's Day, Dr. Olyver, Mr. Carne, Mr. Hewys, and I came from Uxbrige, where we have tarried a good while on account of the sickness at London. If it be your pleasure we will come and report to you how far forward we are in these new laws; but we dare not till we hear from you. I beg you will dispense with me that I may keep the court of Arches this day, and I shall sue further for your licence under the great seal. Many have come from far countries for expedition of their causes, but I dare determine none without your licence, considering that your general visitation doth now depend. Let me know by bearer your pleasure for this one court. This Crastino Fidis is the first court done in the Arches and the Prerogative the morrow after. Doctors' Commons, St. Faith's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Sealed.
6 Oct.
Harl. MS. 604 f. 71.
B. M.
550. Thos., prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
Has received by Cromwell's servant John Antony, his letter stating that it is the King's pleasure that all religious shall keep within the precincts of their monastery. Has told this to the brethren, who are contented to do the King's pleasure. Whereas Cromwell wrote that the Warden of the Manors should not go on his progress, he had started four or five days before the letter arrived and was by that time in Essex or Suffolk.
Would have sent for him, but Antony said that Cromwell would be content for him to continue his journey till he came to London. Will give the said office to Antony as Cromwell wishes. Asks Cromwell to cause him to find surety for the payment of his receipts; in so doing he shall have it, and not otherwise. Canterbury, Wednesday, 6 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Master Thos. Cromwell, Secretary to the King's Grace. Endd.
6 Oct.
R. O.
551. Thomas Abbot of Abingdon to Cromwell.
The abbot's officers have taken here a priest, a suspect person with a book of conjurations for finding hidden treasures, consecrating rings with stones in them and for consecrating a crystal in which a child may see many things. There are also many figures in it, one of them a sword crossed over a sceptre. Sends the book. Desires to know whether to send the priest to Oxford castle or Wallingford castle or elsewhere. Abingdon, 6 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Crumwell, chief secretary and Master of the Rolls. Endd.
6 Oct.
R. O.
552. Wm. Lelegrave to Cromwell.
According to Cromwell's order, Master Vice-treasurer has received 1,000l. from the staplers. After cost of wages and provisions for two months, only 200l. of this remain to pay wages for the month ending 1 Nov., and make provision for the winter. Asks that the treasurer may have 1,000l., due from the staplers on Michaelmas last, for the said wages and provisions. Becham tower is finished and Develyn tower nearly so. Will send to Mr. Fouler the true rate of the works done this winter. Asks favour for Mr. Thomas Fowler "of whome I thynke Sir Richard Whethill, knight, will make complaynte without cause." Caleis, 6 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: "Secretary." Endd.
6 Oct.
R. O.
C's Letters, 361.
553. William Merynge to Cranmer.
My lord of Lincoln and his servant Foster, bailly of Newark, have delivered me a subpœna to appear in Chancery. I cannot move except with two crutches, and stir not beyond my house, chapel, and garden. No man suffers more than I do. Please represent my case to my lord Chancellor and Master Secretary. Without their good lordships the poor town of Newark will be destroyed. Merynge, 6 Oct.
Copy, p. 1. Add. (fn. 1)
6 Oct.
R. O.
554. John Wyse to Cromwell.
In favor of one whom Cromwell had agreed to take into his service. At Michaelmas last he was pleased to appoint the writer a longer day for delivering his promise. Sydynham, 6 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
6 Oct.
R. O.
555. John Bishop of Exeter to Sir Thomas Arundell.
Complains of having often written to Arundel's deputy, Weymont Carewe, for the "tithe tyne" (tin) of Cornwall, which has been unpaid for three years and amounts to 51l., and for which Carewe has allowance from the King's auditors. Has records to show that it has been continually allowed and paid since before king John's days. Shaftesbury, 6 Oct.
Thanks him for the venison, wine, and other gifts. Was with the King on Friday last. He, the Queen, and all other nobles of the Court were in good health and merry. Signed.
The P.S. in his own hand, p. 1. Add.
6 Oct.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 281.
556. Stephen Ap Parry to [Cromwell].
When his master (lord Leonard Gray) went to England with Thos. Fyghgarret, he ordered Ap Parry, being captain of 100 men, to attend on lord Jas. Butler. Went to Leklyn Bridge, Callayn, and Clonmel, and were guided over the mountains toward Dungarvyn by Sir Thos. Buteler, brotherin-law to lord James. Met Garret Makschane, another of his brothers-inlaw. He cannot speak English, but entertained them well, and has put in his pledges.
Lord James persuaded the constable of Dungarvon Castle to surrender it. Was desired by lord James to go with him to commune with a young gentleman who claims to be earl of Desmond, Cormak Oge, and others. Complains that the Deputy would not let them have a battering piece. Went by way of Dungarvyn and Cahermon to Cork, where lord James parleyed with Cormak Oge, and afterwards were well received by the mayor. Next day, Cormak Oge and the claimant to the earldom of Desmond came to lord James. The said claimant speaks good English, and is contented to abide by the King's judgment. Lord Barrow, a young man of 17 or 18 years of age, also came. Cormak Oge offered to swear to do good service to the King, but Macarte Ryagh, who came in upon a safe-conduct, refused, saying that what he had won with his sword, he would hold with his sword.
Went thence to Malaghe, Kylmalok, and Lemeryk, but could not enter well into O'Breyn's country for want of ordnance. Met O'Bren's son, lord James' brother-in-law, at a place of religion of the order of Greenwich, of which the lord of Kildare was founder. He complained he had had no reward for his services, and offered, with a little help, to take Carygoguyllyn Castle, and invade his father and uncle, who are the King's enemies.
Sir John à Desmond, an old man who can speak very good English, also came in and agreed to meet the other claimant to the earldom and Cormak Oge at Yowgholl in a fortnight.
Went thence to Kylmalok, Casschell, and Clonmell, where he left his company, and rode for Mr. Treasurer and the Chief Justice to meet the earl of Ossory and lord James.
The country they passed through from Dungarvyn has not been entered by English men of war in any man's memory. Much of the ground belonged to Englishmen, but had been waste many years. Praises lord James. Waterford, 6 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 6.
6 Oct.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 23.
B. M.
557. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Has received the Empress's letter of Aug. 26. Chapuis writes that the king of England gives bishoprics to heretics who conform to his will. He does not mention the liberty of the Queen, of which Thos. Petiplet, the King's chamberlain, spoke when he passed here on his way to the Emperor. Supposes it was fiction, as also was the rumor lately in Rome that a son of Thos. More had murdered (muerto) the king of England in revenge for his father's martyrdom. Sends a copy of the passion and martyrdom of Thos. More and a copy of the Pope's brief to the earl of Kildare, who has so nobly resisted the king of England and conquered the greater part of the land he holds in Ireland.
Hears, through France, that there is a plague in England, and that the King had absented himself in consequence.
Has received a letter from the ambassador, dated London, 25 Aug., stating that the Queen and Princess are well, and that a friar has been martyred in the archbishopric of York (Hiorc) in the same manner and for the same reason as the Carthusians. Rome, 6 Oct. 1535.
Sp., pp. 3. Modern copy.
7 Oct.
R. O.
558. John Whalley to Cromwell.
Wrote three days past what had been done since his last letter to Cromwell, when the King was at Bromeham. Cromwell may hear more at large from Mr. Treasurer, Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam. They are in want of victuals, especially wheat. Asks Cromwell to order Mr. Gostwyke to deliver him money, for he has none, and there are 200 workmen and other expenses. He himself should not come often to London, "as well for daunger of evyll company" as for the expense. Dover, 7 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "Chieffe Secretaury." Endd.
[7 Oct.]
Vatican Archives.
559. [The Nuncio in Portugal] to—
After my last of the 2nd ult., I went to Lisbon, where I await his Holiness' resolution. On the 1st inst. I received yours of the 3 August with news of the English atrocities (exorbitanze) and the copy of the brief to his Majesty. You desire me also to speak to the King, showing him that the dispensation of the King, his father, and the Queen, his mother, did not differ from that of England, except that the case was of two sisters instead of two brothers. I have, however, thought it best to remain here and await an answer. * * * *
Ital., from a modern copy, pp. 2. The original is an undated letter, of which, according to an endorsement, a duplicate was despatched by the Nuncio in Portugal on the 7 Oct. 1535.
8 Oct.
R. O.
560. Piracy.
Apud Salysbury, 8 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII.
Deposition of Wm. Stradlyng, clerk, and Thos. Lloyd, clerk, before the King's Council.
Last July Thos. Carter sold salt and wine out of his ship within the lordship of the bp. of St. David's, to divers persons who believed he was a true merchantman. After his departure Thos. Johans, deputy Admiral, came to St. Davyes with the Bretons, who complained of Carter having robbed them, and consulted the deponents. The Bretons were contented to take money for their goods, and have given a general acquittance to the headmen of the buyers, and made indentures that neither hereafter should trouble the other. Signed by Stradlyng and Lloyd.
ii. The answer of David Perkyns to the complaint of Barnard Trausy and Pers Tylly, Bretons, corroborating the above. Rode with Jenkyn John Williams to North Wales after Carter, but he and his fellows were taken the day before their arrival. The counterpane of the indenture is in the hands of Jenkyn, who "is forthe a merchant fare."
iii. Copy of the general acquittance given by the Bretons. 14 July 27 Hen. VIII.
Pp. 3. Endd.
8 Oct.
R. O.
Cranmer's Letters, 310
561. Cranmer to Cromwell.
There is no part of the King's dominions that more needs good instruction in the word of God than Calais, considering alike the ignorance of the heads now resident there and of the vulgar people, and the concourse of aliens who daily resort thither. I think, therefore, it would be well to have two learned men settled there by the King's authority, whose teaching shall extirpate all hypocrisy, false faith, and blindness of God, which is to the slander of the realm and the prejudice of the laudable Acts lately conceived by the King and Parliament. I beseech you, therefore, to obtain the parsonage of St. Peter's beside Calais, which I hear is soon to be void, for Mr. Garret or some other man as able, and not to bestow it on the curate of St. Mary's within Calais, who, I am told, means to make suit for it. I beg you to be good master to the bearer, Henry Turney, who is so severely dealt with he is like to lose his living. Otford, 8 Oct.
I have written to the Queen for the gift of the two first benefices in Calais.
Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
8 Oct.
R. O.
562. Robt. Stockfyshe to Cromwell.
When I was last at Winchester with you I informed you of the suit that was pending at Brussels between you, as executor to John Hacket, and Barnard de Pile, Lombard. Your advocate at Brussels told me you were like to lose the cause. You told me you would abide by the uttermost of the law. So, after my arrival at Antwerp, de Pile came to my house with an usher-ofarms, and the sentence under the great seal, demanding the money at once or he would take my goods and carry them to the market place and sell them to the amount of his obligation. I asked for time, but could not obtain it; but he was afterwards satisfied that I should send to you and forward a copy of the sentence. The account amounts to 97l. 14s. 5d. Fl., equal in English money to 74l. 0s. 10d. St. He has given me respite till Allhallowtide. If you will get my licence for butter and cheese renewed by the King, I will myself pay the said sum for you. You may command me in everything as your own household servant at all times. Antwerp, 8 Oct. 1535.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.
8 Oct.
R. O.
563. Edward [Fox] Bishop of Hereford to Lord Lisle.
He and the bp. of Winchester are appointed ambassadors beyond sea. Intend to start on Tuesday, and to be at Dover on Thursday. Begs he will send Tovye's ship with John Nele and Adrian Dogan for their transport. London, 8 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Sealed. Add. Endd.
8 Oct.
Paludan Muller's Aktstykker, I., 476.
564. Albert Duke of Mecklenburg to Wullenwever.
In reply to his letter [of 29 Sept.], and a secret message therein referred to, to be explained at their meeting. Wishes the English ambassadors were come and that more would follow. Has written on that account to Dr. Adam. It is believed that the Count, with Copenhagen and Elbagen, in this matter are at our disposal ("hirinn vns zu willen vnd beuelch gegeben"), and to them, as you know, it is all the same who comes first. Desires him therefore to use the utmost diligence in English affairs. Copenhagen, 8 Oct 1535.
8 Oct.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 25.
B. M.
565. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.
Wrote on the day of the Pope's departure for Perosa. He is now returned, and is well, and desirous of seeing the Emperor. Was told by the Pope that the cardinal of Paris had said that the French king had sent to the king of England the brief touching help to be given for his deprivation, that he might the better understand the Pope's wishes, and be persuaded to return to his obedience to the Apostolic See. The messenger had not returned, as there was plague in London, and the King had gone inland. His Holiness denied that the French king had done this with his knowledge, but he believed that it would do good. Thought this unlikely; but the king of France would make his profit out of the brief with the king of England. The Pope said that he had been told that the Emperor had also sent on to the king of England the Pope's brief to himself on the same matter, which is incredible. Said that even if it were here, his intentions were very different to those of the French king. He replied that he was sure of that, and that he was contented with the answers given to the Nuncio about the Council, Camarino, and the Emperor's visit to Rome. The Pope said also that the king of England was labouring with certain princes and estates in Germany to prevent the Council. He had men there, and was sending others.
Has carried out the Emperor's instructions about the executorials, and so they have been delayed for more than a year and a half without its being apparent that the delay was intentional. The Pope's hope of the submission of the king of England, through the intervention of France, has caused him not to consent to certain points which they wished to put in the executorials in prejudice of the Queen and Princess and the Emperor's preeminence. Now that this hope is frustrated by the disagreement between England and France, they have told Ortiz that they are surprised the executorials were not obtained. Had not told him that the Emperor wished for delay. Accordingly he and Anguiano obtained them during the Count's absence at Perosa. Could not prevent it without it appearing to be done by the Emperor's orders. Nothing is wanting but the seal. Has got possession of them on the plea of wishing to see them, and will keep them till he hears from the Emperor. Their despatch cannot be prevented without its being clearly the Emperor's orders. Courtiers and lawyers say that after they are despatched a year must pass before they are executed.
Hears from a courier lately come from France that the French king has released 150 subjects of the Emperor taken in the galleys of Marseilles. Has received the Emperor's letter of 28th ult. Rome, 8 Oct. 1535.
Sp., pp. 7. Modern copy.
Camusat, 21. 566. [The Bishop of Tarbes to the Bailly of Troyes.] (fn. 2)
He is to state to the King (Francis) that the Emperor's ambassador has sent word to the old Queen (Katharine) and her daughter that his master has commanded him to inform them that he will not re-enter his kingdom of Spain until he has restored them to their estates and rights. The people is so greatly devoted to them that in order to restore them it will join any prince who espouses their quarrel. This is common opinion among noblemen, the lower people, and the King's own servants. All the people is marvellously discontented; most of them, excepting the relations of the present Queen, because of the old Queen and her daughter, others because of the subversion of religion. Others fear war, and foresee that commercial intercourse will cease, both within the realm and without, in Flanders, Spain, Italy, and other countries where the cloths, kerseys, hides, tin, lead, and other merchandise of this kingdom have been sold, and that navigation will be so dangerous that there will be no English merchant who will dare to transport merchandise into foreign countries without many ships equipped for war. The strangers of the lands of the Emperor, and those who will be his friends and under the obedience of the Pope, will be unable to traffic to the said country, nor any others without great danger of encountering the Emperor's troops and other enemies of England. The weather has been so bad the whole of the summer that not half of the necessary corn has been reaped. The King (Francis) should consult whether he ought to prohibit the exportation in order to prove to them how necessary to them is his aid and friendship. The lower people, in consequence of these things, are greatly exasperated against the Queen, saying concerning her a thousand ill and improper things, and also against those who support her in her enterprises, charging upon them all the inconveniences which they foresee will arise from war. It is held to be quite certain that if war takes place the people will rebel against the governors, from fear of what has been said above and from the affection which they bear to the old Queen and her daughter, and especially to the Princess, who has such a hold on the hearts of the people that, notwithstanding the laws made at the last Parliament, they do not cease to regard her as Princess, saying that the laws of Parliament cannot do away her being the King's daughter, and born during the marriage, and that the King and everyone so regarded her until that Parliament. Lately, when she was removed from Greenwich, a great troop of citizens' wives and others, unknown to their husbands, presented themselves before her, weeping and crying that she was Princess, notwithstanding all that had been done. (fn. 3) Some of them, the chiefest, were placed in the Tower, constantly persisting in their opinion. These things are so well known, and the fear of war so great, that many of the greater merchants of London have recommended themselves to the Emperor's ambassador, and said that if the Emperor make war, the people will surrender themselves to him.
He is to say that on his arrival it was rumoured among the lower people that he was come to pronounce the excommunications against the King, and to demand the Princess for the Dauphin, with which the people were so very content, that they ceased not to pray for him. He also knows that the King's gentlemen gave him a good reception till they became aware that his charge did not concern anything of the sort.
"We" were told as soon as we arrived at London, that the people offered prayer for us, having understood that we were to visit the Princess, and that the marriage between the Dauphin and her was still going on. The people are quite sure that they cannot fail to have war unless this marriage take place; and that if it do they will have peace with the Emperor and all other princes. The turmoil and the desperation of the people have been so great that, although in time past they did not approve of the marriage because they wished to have a King who would stay in the country, they now desire nothing more, saying, that unless the Dauphin marry her she will remain disinherited, or it will be necessary that she have her right by war; and they desire it because they know she publicly asserts that the Dauphin is her husband, and that she has no hope but in him, as many have told you, and me before your coming, that they have heard her say with her own mouth.
You know that the Emperor's ambassador came to see you, inquired whether we had seen the Princess, and told us that he knew for certain that she greatly desired to speak to us, and that she expected to hear good news, thinking we should have had leave to see her. He also stated that after the departure from Calais she was very strictly guarded, because it was said the present Queen feared some intrigue with her, and lest the French should carry her off, knowing the good will which she bears to the Dauphin. A man has assured us that one of the ladies of the Princess related to him that she had many times heard the Princess say that the Dauphin was her husband, that she had no hope but in him, that the time would come when God would be satisfied with the pain and tribulation in which she now is, and when the Dauphin would have her, and demand her from the King, her father, who could not refuse, because the marriage has been made with the consent of the two Kings. The same lady also told him she had learnt from the Princess that when her governess and other ladies whom the present Queen has deputed to take charge of her, informed her the Dauphin had married the Emperor's daughter, she answered she did not believe it, seeing that he could not have two wives, and that he could not ignore her being his wife; and she said she well knew the rumour was circulated to take him from her, and thus make her give up her right.
You are aware of the quarrel which took place between her and her governess when we went to visit her little sister, and that we have been told how she was put almost by force into her chamber, in order that she should not speak to us, and how it was impossible to appease her and confine her to her chamber till the gentleman conducting us assured her that the King, her father, had commanded him to tell her not to show herself while we were there. You know also the conversations which the same gentleman had with you concerning her, and the charge which the Queen had given him: also that a person has endeavoured to cause her to send her will in writing. If the King (Francis) approved of the marriage it would be to unite two kingdoms, and the King would have the great honor of annexing "les deux Bretagnes" to the French crown. The King has good reason to take the matter up, for the marriage was made by consent of both parents, and half England desires it. If the Pope were advertised of the treaties which the king of England proposes to make with the King, he would suspect that he should lose the money of France, in the same way as he has lost the money of England, if war should take place; and therefore he would induce the Emperor to urge the King (Francis) to accomplish this marriage. I believe the Emperor would help it forward from the love which he bears to his niece. If the Emperor urge Francis the latter can then consult about informing the king of England of the Emperor's intention, and persuading him to consent to it in order to avoid war, seeing that the said Lord (Henry) does not deny that she is his daughter, and knows that the marriage is concluded. If the king of England do not approve because his wife persuades him to the contrary, he will fear to set Francis and the Emperor against himself solely through his affection for his wife, which is less than it has been, and diminishes day by day, because he has new amours. (fn. 4) Item, to advertise the King of the maladies which are in "la rasse;" and that the Swedes in the King's pay, whom the Lubeckers had drawn into the Danish quarrel, have taken fourteen English ships, among which the Minion of the English king, the mistress of England, (fn. 5) has been broken to pieces.
*** A translation of this letter is printed by Mr. Froude in his Appendix to "the Pilgrim" (p. 100) as a letter from Dinteville to M. de Tarbes, and dated in Oct. 1534.
Dupuy 547, f. 200 to 202. 567. French Memoranda.
* * * *
... "Maistresse d'Angleterre.
"Les propos que Cramuel a tenu de ce qui s'ensuivroit après la mort des Roys.
"Envoyer ung chiffre a Mgr. de Therbes, de parler a Mous. pour luy, et luy en faire responce.
"De parler pour les marchants.
"De la sorciere.
"Des propos a l'ambassadeur de l'Empereur.
"Pour la lettre de Mre. Caro.
"De la perte que le Roy a faicte contre Danemarcq.
"Ce que Mgr. de Norfort dit de Savoye."
Copy supplied by Mr. Friedmann from the Bibliotheque Nationale.
9 Oct.
R. O. St. P. I. 426.
568. Sir Wm. Poulet to Cromwell.
The King having considered the letter to Cromwell from lady Brian and other of the Princess's officers, has determined that she shall be weaned with all diligence, and that Langley shall be put in readiness. Sends letters to them, and one from the Queen to lady Brian. The King desires the commissions for the despatch of the ambassadors to be shortly sped, and Cromwell to return to him. Salisbury, 9 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
9 Oct.
Cleop. F. ii. 130.
B. M.
569. John [Longland], Bishop of Lincoln, to [Cromwell].
Thanks him for having procured licence for him to show his title for the benefice of Shirington this term. On Oct. 6, at p.m. received the King's inhibition concerning his Grace's visitation from the archbishop of Canterbury and the bishop of London, and has sent it to all his archdeacons and officers. Asks for licence to give orders, bless churches, chalices, and vestments, give institution and induction, confirm children, hear causes of instance, correction of sin, and prove testaments. Desires leave for the archdeacon of Lincoln to licence his officers to visit his archdeaconry, or he will lack money to serve the King where he is, for this is the chief time of his profits. Sends as a remembrance a dust box and a cast of counters, viz., 40 li., which is not of that value nor workmanship, nor are Cromwell's arms as well set forth on the box as the goldsmith had instructions. Wooborn, 9 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2.
9 Oct.
R. O.
570. William Button to Cromwell.
I have sent your letters, directed from Thuxton (Thruxton), to the warden of the Sanctuary of Knole, for the punishment of one Hyll, who, in confederacy with one of my servants, attempted to kill me and my mother, as I will show you at your coming to my Lord Chamberlain. Is informed that Hyll is in the gaol of Warwick, and hopes to escape by a special gaol delivery of my Lord Chancellor and your mastership, being appointed to go into Ireland with my lord Leonard. Through the bailiff he has bribed the sheriff of Warwickshire. I beg you will stop the gaol delivery. Hunsloo, St. Deonyses Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Sealed. Endd.
9 Oct.
R. O.
571. Sir Anthony Wyndesore to Lord Lisle.
By a letter in your own hand, written on Midsummer Day last, you desired me to see Sir Edw. Seymour paid 100l. at the feast of All Saints, according to the award of my Lord Chancellor and Master Secretary, and to take a statute of him. I never saw the award, and can get no knowledge how the money should be paid. I wrote to Leonard Smith what to do, but have had no answer from him yet. I beg to know your pleasure as soon as possible, for you wrote that you trusted Sir Edw. Seymour would allow the 60l. in part of the 100l. Your audit shall begin at Kingston Lisle on the 18th Oct. I have been obliged to attend the King since he came into Hampshire, and have had no leisure to write to you or my Lady. His Grace has been in Hampshire from about the 10th Sept., and intends to be till 19th Oct., except four days that he lieth in Salisbury, and returneth to Hampshire again. He will be at Windsor on Allhallows Eve. He was at Portsmouth and Porchester, but I was not there, for I was then commanded to cause the weirs to be plucked down upon the rivers through the whole shire. The King and Queen were very merry in Hampshire. I enclose a letter for the Purrege (Purbeck) stone sold by Gillot, and have taken account of him before Jas. Hauxhed, which I have written in the end of the letter. Est Meon, 9 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais. Endd.
9 Oct.
R. O.
572. Lord Lisle.
Blank obligation of Arthur viscount Lisle to Rob. Fouler, dated 9 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 280.
573. Henry VIII. to Sir Wm. Skeffyngton.
Thanks him for the apprehension of Thos. Fitzgerald, in the last journey against him and O'Chonour. Would have been better pleased if he had been apprehended after such sort as he deserved. Does not intend to remove him in consequence of his age and debility. Desires Parliament to be summoned with all convenient diligence.
Draft. Pp. 3.
Lamb. MS. 601, f. 28. 2. Copy of the above.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 403.
574. Henry VIII. to the House of Commons in Ireland.
Although the motion for a benevolence last session was not carried, considering his great charges in their defence, doubts not they will condescend to some augmentation of his revenues, to defend them from the violence of traitors and rebels, and enable the King to reduce the land to a perfect conformity.
Draft, pp. 4. Endd.
Lamb. MS. 611, f. 27. 2. Copy of the same, headed:—The King's letter to the Commons assembled there in Parliament, moving them to contribution towards his charges in suppressing the Geraldines in Ireland. Anno 1535.
P. 1.
10 Oct.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 320 n.
575. The Irish Parliament.
Receipt by John Alen, Master of the Rolls in Ireland, from Thos. Cromwell, Principal Secretary, of patents of creation of Thos. Ewstace and Sir Ric. Poer, as barons of Parliament in Ireland; and a commission for holding Parliament, with a schedule of Acts, viz., for the attainder of the earl of Kildare and others, for the first-fruits, for the subsidy, to make the King Supreme Head of the Church there, for the King's succession, for declaration of treasons, for taking away tributes and jurisdiction from the bishop of Rome, against appeals to Rome, a resumption, a repeal of Poynings' Act, and an Act of lord Ossory for repealing the Act of legitimation of his bastard brethren. 10 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII. Signed by Alen.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 576. Henry Lord Daubeney to Cromwell.
I could not be in quiet since my cousin Arundel spoke with you, who has showed me that you would not pass 200 marks. It would ruin me to give my wife so much besides her own lands. Everyone thinks that by my offer of 100l. a year, besides her own living, I buy my heart's ease very dearly, having no manner of commodity by her. I desire credence for my cousin Arundel. Signed: Henry Daubny.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
10 Oct.
R. O.
577. Katherine Dawbnaye to Cromwell.
I have heard of your great goodness to us by Mr. Courteney, who is much your friend. Also Sir Thomas More (fn. 6) has showed me the same. My heart has always been in hope of your good word. I have much need of help. I have none to do me help except the Queen, to whom I am much bound, and with whom much effort is made to draw her favor from me. My lord my husband has paid well to make friends against me, but I trust that the truth of what I suffer will be known, and desire you to be my friend, as you have been. One thing I did hear by Sir Thomas More which did comfort me much and I did perceive was like to be true, viz., how you had promised before to be good to me, as you did when I was a suitor to you and came to your house by the Friars in London. I know what Sir Thomas More told me from you was true, because none could have said what he did but you and I. I was surprised to find he was so much my friend, as I never did him any favor. I beg this letter be not seen, as it is all in my own hand and I am not in safety. I beg you will speak to the King for me when you think proper, for my enemies will say the worst. The bearer has been with me nine years. 10 Oct.
I desire you to be good to this bearer "wyche is a gentleman of the abbot of Glastonbury," and is to be married to a gentlewoman of a very good stock, who has been long in my service. If you could obtain his suit for my sake you will do me a very great pleasure. Intended to have sent a trusty servant of my own to you, but could not. I beg to have a letter from you by the bearer, who will deliver it safely. The abbot of Glastonbury is a good religious man.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary.
10 Oct.
R. O.
578. Sir Piers Edgecombe to Cromwell.
The day for my appearance in the Exchequer for the sheriffwick of Cornwall is "Mence Michaelis" to enter to account. Made no suit to have the office, but "beynge the Kynges pleaser so to apoynt me, am accordyng my boundyn deuty ryght glad to do hys grace ther in the best servyce I can, and have as hederto spent more off my aun pursse by xl. markes then I have receyvyd, or thyncke schall receyve." Also, unless you procure me a licence to appear by deputy without forfeiture of sureties, it will cost me 100 marks more and put me to great inconvenience, "for I have soche paynefull qualites and secret passyons that my easse ys not to ryde." The bearer will give you 20 nobles for your favor in this. Cuthayll, 10 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
10 Oct.
R. O.
579. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.
Cromwell is his only refuge, else he were better out of the world. Hopes the King and Queen were satisfied with their poor lodging in his house. Is anxious to know his pain or joy, his creditors are so cruel. Sarum, 10 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 580. John Lord Audeley to Cromwell.
Begs his compassion. Mr. Solicitor tells him the King wishes to have his lordship of Llandeuery, (fn. 7) worth 100l. a year clear, the woods and bondsmen reserved, and that Audeley should pay him 500 marks a year till his debts are extinguished "and to loyis erely (lose yearly) the said 100l. a ere." If he pay not the 500 marks he will also lose the lordship, which will give the King 650 marks a year and the manor of Wade for nothing, making 700 marks a year. Never had 500 marks a year clear for his own expenses, and has already 250 marks a year to pay the King. Implores aid of the King only for the discharge of Laur. Bonevyz's covenants. It is too hard that he and his poor wife should be without house or living.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: Good Mr. Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 2. "A way devised" by which the King may be paid the 10,000 marks due to him by Laurence Bonvixi without so much loss as by the present bargain, and 9,333l. 6s. 8d. "of the worst and totally desperate debts" owing to him.
1. To deliver obligations for 9,000l., which sum is owing to him by the city of Florence, and payable in yearly instalments of 450l. 2. To deliver the obligations of Bonvixi and lord Awdeley for 10,000 marks, and of the worst desperate debts due to the King for 933l. 6s. 8d., with good obligations for 4,000l. 3. To grant a licence for 300 sacks of wool beyond the Straits paying strangers' custom, which should bring 1,000l., total 30,000l.; for which the King will have 1,000l. a year for 30 years, the first payment beginning eight years hence 'and the city of Florence being bound for it. This will save the King 16,000l.
Large paper, p. 1. Endd.
10 Oct.
R. O.
581. Laurence Stauber to Cromwell.
Had intended to forward these letters to England from his house the day they were written, viz., 30 Sept., but before they were closed heard that duke Frederic on his return from his marriage festivities would spend some days at Nuremberg and waited that the messenger might take any other news. "Datum ubi supra," 10 Oct. 1535.
Signed: "Laurentius Stauberus, Eques Auratus ac Georgii Marchionis Brandenburgensis Consiliarius."
Hol. Lat., p. 1. Begins: "Constitueram mecum, Mag. D. Cranuuelle."
10 Oct.
R. O.
582. Will. Pool[e] to Lord Lisle.
As Mr. Treasurer, at his now being at Calais, has given away the room your Lordship gave to me, I have informed Mr. Secretary, who says that I shall have it notwithstanding, seeing that your Lordship's goodness both in that and in your willingness to have given the said party 2d. a day, reserving to me the said room of 8d., was shown out of regard to himself. I am compelled to tarry here by Jas. Roberts, mariner, who has my stuff in Ireland, though I paid him the whole freight before I left. But for his sloth I might have gone over with the King's treasurer. I beg you to command the "weytche" to expedite my stuff and I will try with him for my costs, hoping Mr. Secretary will not be displeased with my tarrying. I send my duty to my Lady. London, 10 Oct.
Hol., p. 1., mutilated. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
10 Oct.
R. O.
583. Antony Waite to Lady Lisle.
My lord of Chichester, my master, thanks you for your present. My cousin, Wm. Wayte, and his wife, desire to be recommended to you. My cousin Lynarde is dead. If it would please you to write to Mr. Cromwell for the release of part of the 20 nobles which he (Wm. Wayte) is bound to pay at All Holontide, he would be not a little bound to you. Mr. Saynt Albon, your nephew, is here with us in the Temple, a sad, wise, and discreet gentleman. I have as a servant a poor man named Ric. Buttler, who says he is inheritor to houses in Calais worth 10l. a year, from which he is wrongfully kept by his kinsman John Buttler, commissary of the town. If you would call him and others and examine them, he might gladly release his right for some small recompense. As to my Winchester matter, we work as yet by signs and tokens, which is a merry pastime, only it is to be feared lest some misspoken word may mar the whole play and turn the game into earnest. "Many preachers we have, but they come not from one Master, for, as it is reported, their messages be divers. Latomer many blameth and as many doth allow. I heard him preach on Friday last, and as my thought very godly and well."
My lord of Canterbury has sent for the vicar of Croydon, but he has made sickness his excuse because he would not appear before him. The Inner Temple, 10 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: At Calais. Endd.
R. O. 584. Wm. Waytte to Lady Lisle.
Recommendations to lord and lady Lisle from himself and his wife. William Ambrose thanks lady Lisle for his two shirt cloths and hose cloths and 20s. in money, which he has received from John Harrison. His weak body is not able to make her any recompense except by prayers. He thanks her for her loving motion to lord Howard, and lord Howard for his letter to Master Stanley, who had died before he received it. Gave John Waytte the 20s. he received from Water Chaundeller before Christmas, at three times, so that he should not spend all at once. If Chaundeller gives him the rest, will see John Waytte as well as he may. It will stand well with lord Lisle's honour to see somewhat to the "fole." Thanks lady Lisle for remembering him to Master Cromwell, as his cousin Antony Waytte wrote. Has not heard Cromwell's answer. Sends 12 oz. of saffron by her chaplain, Sir Thos. Gilberd. Is sorry he could not make a whole pound. Wm. Waytte says still that his cousin Leonard died in his debt, so that "she" may beg for him unless lord and lady Lisle are good to her. Asks how long ago it is since lady Lisle sent for the saffron, and who should have given him first warning. Wymeryng.
Heard lately that Master Basset was in good health. Desires to be recommended to Mistress Fraunces, and all her daughters and the whole company.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
R. O. 585. Wm. Wayte, of Tichfield, to Lord Lisle.
Is anxious to hear of the prosperity of his Lordship and his lady. Is unkindly handled by Mr. Wm. Wayte of Wymering, who accuses him falsely to obtain possession of his house, which he had of the late Mr. Leonard Wayte in Tichfield.
ii. Account of the expenses he has incurred for repairs.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: The most honourable lord Lisle, with my good Lady.
R. O. 586. Elyonor Wayte to [Lady Lisle].
Of all the goods that her brother Mr. Leonard left when he died, she has only 4l. from lady Lisle's servant, Wm. Wayte of Tychefeld, but Wm. Wayte of Wymryng has the goods and profits that Leonard left. Is fain to labour sore for her living but for the help of Wm. Wayte, her Ladyship's servant. Asks that she may have some of the goods that her brother left. Tichefeld.
Hol., p. 1.
10 Oct.
Vienna Archives.
587. Katharine of Arragon to Charles V.
Thanks God for his Majesty's great victory and that he has arrived in Italy in safety. Hopes now that he will be able to put an end to her troubles and devise some remedy with the Pope for the things attempted against the Church, which she does not particularise, because the Emperor knows them well; for if it be delayed, and God in his mercy do not help, they will do with her and her daughter what they have done with many holy martyrs. The Emperor must not think this feigned, because, as she writes to his Holiness, she has much comfort in the hope of following them in death whom she could not imitate in life, as their lives were ecclesiastical and hers mundane. And although she is informed her daughter is in greater danger, has nothing more to say than that she recommends herself to God and to his Majesty. Begs him to remember this kingdom, the King her lord, her daughter, and the souls that will be damned for want of remedy and the innocents who suffer. The Emperor is much bound to the ambassador here for the trouble he has taken about her and her daughter. Begs him to remember his services in such a way that he shall see the Queen is not ungrateful. For the rest refers to his letters. Kimbolton, 10 Oct.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 2. Add.
10 Oct.
Vienna Archives.
588. Katharine of Arragon to Paul III.
Has forborne to write to his Holiness as her letters are full of complaints, although not without scruple, as matters in this kingdom require greater diligence. For one thing, however, she gives thanks to Christ for having given Christendom such a vicar in a time of so great necessity. Begs him to have special consideration for this kingdom, for the King her husband, and her daughter; for, if a remedy be not applied with all speed, there will be no end to the loss of souls or to the making of martyrs. The good will be constant and suffer, the lukewarm perhaps fall away, and the rest stray like sheep without a shepherd. Writes to his Holiness plainly for discharge of her conscience as one who expects death along with her daughter. Has some comfort to think she will follow those holy men in their sufferings, though she grieves that she cannot imitate their lives. Kimbolton, 10 Oct. 1535.
Sp., modern copy, pp. 2. Endd.: "Les dernieres lettres que la feue bonne royne dangleterre escript aud. Pape."


  • 1. The body of the letter and the address are both in the hand of Cranmer's Secretary.
  • 2. Printed by Camusat immediately after the paper No. 1479 in Vol. VI., with the heading: "Autre memoire non datte lequel semble avoir este escript peu apres le precedent." It appears to be a paper of instructions given by the bp. of Tarbes to the Bailly of Troyes on his return to France in Oct. 1535.
  • 3. In the margin: "Millor de Rochesfort et millord de Guillaume."
  • 4. Margin: "Nota, qu'il ne sera pas paradventure fort malaisé à gaigner le Roy."
  • 5. "Entre lesquelles a este mise en pieces la Mignone du Roy d'Angletrerre, qui estoi la maistresse d'Angleterre."
  • 6. Of Dorsetshire.
  • 7. Llandovery, or Llandever, in co. Carmarthen. See Stat. 27 Hen. VIII. c. 31.