Henry VIII: October 1535, 11-20

Pages 195-218

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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October 1535, 11-20

11 Oct.
R. O.
589. Edward Fox, Bishop of Hereford.
Letter of credit in behalf of Edw. Fox, bp. of Hereford, the King's ambassador going into Germany, for 800 cr. of gold. Drawn by Antonio de Vivaldi and Co., and addressed "Dominis Gioan Carlo deli Afaitati et Comp." The Bishop will draw upon this sum from time to time, giving receipts stating that it is to the King's use at the request of Mr. Thomas Cromwell, Secretary. London, 11 Oct. 1535. Signed.
Ital., p. 1. Add.
11 Oct.
R. O.
590. Thomas Abbot of Ford to Cromwell.
Whereas I and my brethren have injunctions not to travel or come abroad out of our precincts, I beg to be discharged of them, and, as I am not able to travel far, nor meet for every cause, may license others to travel as need shall require. This is indispensable to the weal of our monastery; otherwise it would cause us great loss and hindrance. Forde, 11 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.. Secretary. Endd.
11 Oct.
Vit. B. xxii. 112*. B. M.
591. Hubert of Liege to Cromwell.
Cromwell no doubt saw from the last letters of the Count Palatine to the King, informing him of his contract of marriage with the daughter of the king of Denmark, that the Count maintains his goodwill towards his Majesty. He knows also how much the writer has desired a closer friendship between their masters, and he requests Cromwell to use means to obtain it. Suggests that the Count Palatine would be a suitable mediator between the King and Emperor. Ex Novo Foro (Neumarckt), 11 Oct. 1535. Signed: Hubertus Leodius, Co. Pala. a secretis.
Lat. Hol. p. 1. Add.
12 Oct.
R. O.
Cranmer's Letters, 311.
592. Cranmer to Cromwell.
I am surprised you think such lightness in me to complain of the bearer for his preaching. I know no fault in him. When I was at Court some complained to me of him, but as I had heard good reports of him before from honest men, I told them I could not tell to whom to give credence. Again, since I came to Kent I have had complaints of him from some who seem honest, but others say the contrary; but I rather think the latter are papistical, not friendly to the Gospel. I beg you not to withdraw favor from him on my account. Wingham, 12 Oct. Signed.
Add.: Master Secretary. Sealed. Endd.
12 Oct.
Corpus Reform., ii. 953.
593. Melancthon to Justus Jonas.
Hopes Christopher [Mont], the English messenger, pleased him. He is cultivated both by learning and travelling. Montags post Dionysii.
13 Oct.
Vienna Archives.
594. Chapuys to Charles V.
The King, on the news contained in your Majesty's letters of 16 Aug., has made answer to me by a letter from Cromwell (copy enclosed) [to the effect that he was very much pleased at your Majesty's victory]. Notwithstanding what Cromwell has written about visiting the Princess, he has given my man clearly to understand that there was no great hope of it, and still less of getting the Princess placed with her mother, because her mother was too papal, and would make the Princess still more obstinate in her opposition to the statutes of the realm, which she must obey, else it will go ill with her. This is certainly much to be feared, unless your Majesty prevent it, as the bearer will explain more particularly, whom I have been compelled to despatch by order of the Queen and Princess, and at the request of many good men, who have been fed with good words and hopes, but have taken for lawful excuses the very great and important occupations of your Majesty; and now that, happily, these occupations have ceased, while the necessity of remedying matters here increases daily, if they do not see very soon some appearance of the said remedy, they will all fall into despair, and then it will be impossible, or extremely difficult, to mend matters. This would be the best time, while the people is provoked by the great cruelties daily committed and the worse than tyrannical extortions practised on Churchmen, the expulsion of monks and nuns from their cloisters, and, most of all, the famine which threatens to prevail in consequence of the bad harvest, all which is imputed to the bad life and tyranny of the King; to which also they attribute the loss of the ships which the Swedes have lately captured from them, which may create great mischief, for the King, in revenge, six days ago, ordered all the ships and goods of the Easterlings to be arrested, who are in no wise to blame. The English will certainly repent this, were it only because they will get no provision of corn from this quarter, which was their principal hope.
The bailly of Troyes left about four days ago "et sen retoure tout bellement a sez journeez." The bp. of Winchester, whom this King is sending into France, is in no hurry to leave, so that it would seem there is no great warmth in their practises, of which I can discover nothing more than what I last wrote, although I have talked at considerable length with the said bailly and ambassador. The principal thing that they have said to me was to ask if your Majesty did not intend above all things to have a general Council held, which would be a more praiseworthy deed than the conquest of Tunis, and more necessary than the recovery of the lands of Christendom from the Turk; for this would tend to establish a pure faith among Christians and free their consciences from danger, even if they were somewhat harassed about their property; (fn. 1) and that all your Majesty had done or might do hereafter would be of little importance without the said Council. This language they repeated to me several times; and this, taken together with the fact that the baron de Gramont, brother of the said ambassador, has several times asked one of my servants, by way of jest, if the said Council was already assembled, makes me think that the king of France is intriguing to hinder the said Council; in which the English will do their best to help them, as it is the thing they fear most in the world. The said ambassador and bailly have been to see the little bastard. The said ambassador, as both have informed me, has been frequently requested to do so by the King's concubine, and has always delayed till the coming of the said bailly, who thought it best to go thither, thinking that somehow they would have an interview with the Princess, which was the thing they most desired, and without hope of which they would not have gone thither; but they had not been fortunate enough to see her, because not only, as they said, was she shut up in her chamber, but the windows were nailed up through which she might have been seen; which I do not believe, but rather that following the advice which I had written to her when she asked for my opinion, she kept herself quite voluntarily in her chamber, playing the virginals (espinette) to dissemble the annoyance of that visit and to show her filial obedience and not provoke her father; besides that it was right to do so, and that she did not wish in her modesty to place herself where she could be seen.
There arrived 10 or 12 days ago a German of very little stature, quality, or condition, who, as he says, is here on the part of the duke of Saxony, and dispatched by the said Duke's Council, and is only waiting for Dr. Foxe, who has been just made bishop, to return with him. It has been long determined to send him to the said duke of Saxony, yet he is still here getting ready; I know not for what, but I will endeavour to find out. The earl of Kildare having been some days in this Court at his liberty, has been at last sent prisoner to the Tower, and many doubt of his life, although lord Leonard, who promised him pardon on his surrender, says that he will not die. The said lord Leonard, as I hear, has pleaded hard for his promise to the said Kildare, but they have stopped his mouth, the King giving him a great rent and the concubine a fine chain with plenty of money. It is quite certain, as I wrote last, that the said Kildare, without being besieged or in danger from his enemies, stole away from his men to yield himself to lord Leonard; I know not from what motive,—inclination or despair.
A great personage has just come to tell me, among other things, that the bailly of Troyes had brought a brief, sent by the Pope to the king of France, against this King, to know what answer he should make to it; whereupon the King's Council were quite astonished without knowing where to begin until the bp. of Winchester came, who has prepared the said answer. The forementioned personage has also informed me that the King and his Council are afraid of some stir, and that he had heard it said yesterday about ("a" qu. "quant à"?) Cromwell that he had only come here from the Court to get a mayor of London elected to his wish, and that the citizens should accept the man he named whether they liked him or not, for matters being in such trouble it was of the utmost importance to have in the said office a well-disposed man, of influence and experience.
Cromwell having several times written to me that on his return from Court we should discuss matters of the Queen and Princess, I have waited two days since his return to see what show he would make of doing so, and finding none, I sent to him to ask at what hour I might speak with him. He excused himself for two days on account of business, and did so again yesterday, the third day, saying, however, to my messenger, that he would be here this morning; as he really was. After congratulation of the Emperor on his glorious victory and his arrival in Sicily, and thanking me on the part of the King and himself for the news I had sent them from time to time he replied about the Princess according to what he had written to me, which was to the effect that the King, his master, was good and wise, and that he would take good care, and better than any other, to treat his daughter well; that it was unnecessary to remind him of his duty, whether it were to change her gouvernante, to get her better companions, or to place her again with the Queen, her mother. As to the arrears due to the Queen, it was true he had several times promised to get her prompt payment, and if it was only a question of presenting her with the sum due he would do it at once very willingly; but he knew the disposition of the King, his master, was such that if he meddled with it he fell under suspicion of taking the Queen's part, which might cost him his head, and said the King might well give the Queen any sum she could demand, if she would undertake to maintain her own household; and on doing so, he would give her perfect liberty to keep what servants she pleased. This bargain, I think, she will never accept, as it would in some degree prejudice her position; moreover, I think Cromwell threw out the suggestion more by way of compliment than otherwise. After this, Cromwell mentioned that the King was informed from France, Italy, and elsewhere, that your Majesty intended to prepare an army against him and his countries in favour of the Pope, whom he sometimes called bishop of Rome and sometimes idol, but not without begging me to pardon him, and that to stir the fire, some bishop and legate had already come to Flanders; and that the King, his master, notwithstanding the said rumours, which might have been propagated by ill-disposed people, could not well believe that your Majesty, considering the great friendship and repeated alliances between you so solemnly ratified and sworn, would attempt any such thing, especially when there was no cause; for, as regards disobedience to the Pope, the King did not think he had said or done anything to any Christian prince inconsistent with the law of God, and he believed that the Christian religion was not better regulated and reformed in any country in the world than in this kingdom; and the King requested that I would add to the other good offices I had done by notifying this to your Majesty. Cromwell added that, perhaps the King might send you a very honorable embassy, provided he thought that you would give favorable audience to it, both to represent these and other matters, and to promote amities and confederations; on which subject the King wished to have my advice. I replied that I was not so rash as to put myself forward in giving counsel to such a Prince lest I should give him occasion justly to reproach me, as was done without occasion when the earl of Wiltshire was at Bologna with your Majesty; but I fully believed that if such an embassy were sent to your Majesty it would not only be kindly received and heard, but would obtain what it asked for, provided it were a thing that your Majesty could rightly grant according to reason and conscience; and otherwise I would neither advise nor dissuade its despatch, for the above reason. He made no reply to this, and I think, from the way he spoke of the said embassy, there has been no suggestion of it among them, and that he spoke only of himself. He then said I must be already informed that the bishop of Winchester was going to France, and the bishop of Atfort (Hereford), formerly the King's almoner, into Germany. He told me nothing more, and I asked if he, who was going into Germany, was to go further than Saxony? He said he did not know where he was going to; and he said the same to a merchant of whom he desired a letter of exchange of 1,000 crs. for the said Bishop, in case he should have need of them, which he did not expect, because he was taking plenty of money with him, and Cromwell wished the said letters to be general for the principal cities of Germany. Cromwell has confessed that the bailly of Troyes had made request for the marriage of the Princess with the Dauphin, and also that he brought the brief of which I before wrote.
I have learned this day from a man who heard the letter read in the chamber of this King, that the duke of Holstein and his confederates had said that the English ships they had taken were but the assay of the wine that they meant to have, and that, to save the English trouble (pour garder ceulxcy de pene), in spring they would come and drink of it at the place; the fear of which menaces might have been the cause of the arrest of the goods of the Easterlings. Not to make so many enemies, the King, being lately at Pourcemeuel (Portsmouth), ordered his great ship to be equipped, and some others also. There has lately been here a Genoese named Cosime Palavisin, formerly servant to the cardinal of York. He has remained three days in Court, and has been presented with 100 crs. by the King and has returned in haste. It is said he has brought a book against the Pope, composed by his brother, a monk, whom he has gone to bring hither.
I have received your letters of the 31st August reporting your arrival in Sicily, at which news good men here rejoice greatly, and for which not only your subjects but all good Christians are bound to be thankful, seeing that all your acts tend to the increase of the faith and the peace of Christendom; as appears by the confusion of those who wished otherwise. London, 13 Oct. 1535.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 6.
13 Oct.
Vienna Archives.
595. Chapuys to [Granvelle].
The English have given the French ambassadors to understand that the Emperor had written several times during his African expedition, showing his great confidence in the King. Some added that the Emperor had committed the defence of the Low Countries to him, without which he would not have dared to go. The ambassadors have also been told that the Emperor prayed the King to enter into closer friendship, making him advantageous offers. Though the ambassadors must see this is only a ruse to get a better bargain, Chapuys has taken measures to neutralise the effect of it.
It does not appear that the bailly of Troyes is going away very well content, as he has done nothing, either in his principal charge, the Princess's marriage, or in the accessories. Though he is very discreet, he forgot himself so far as to say the question discussed at Paris, whether a prince could be deprived for heresy and infidelity could apply to no one but the king of England, and he judged him deserving of deprivation according to the decision of the question.
Repeats what he has said before that if the Emperor wishes to give repose and union to Christendom, he must begin here. It would be easy, for every one is so irritated; and the King's treasure would pay for all, and besides help towards the enterprise against the Turk. It is time the King was paid out for his impious folly and dishonourable joy at the descent of Barbarossa on Naples and at Tunis.
Reminds him of his own affairs, and recommends Monteza for his services. London, 13 Oct. 1535.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 2.
Vienna Archives.
596. The Princess Mary to Granvelle.
Although she is assured that the Emperor will have regard to the great services Chapuys has continually done him, considers it one of her greatest misfortunes that she cannot properly acknowledge those which he has done to the Queen, her mother, and herself, and which it is more than ever necessary to continue, considering the miserable state of affairs, which are now going to total ruin if His Majesty do not, for the service of God, the peace of Christendom, the honour of her father, and compassion for poor afflicted souls, take brief order and apply a remedy, as she confidently trusts he will do, when he is fully informed of everything. Occupied as he is with his not less triumphant and holy than most necessary enterprise of Tunis, he cannot appreciate the weight, importance, and danger of affairs here, and the whole truth cannot be conveyed in letters. Begs Chapuys to despatch a messenger to him fully informed of everything, and to beseech him, on the part of her mother and herself, for the honor of God, and for other respects as well, to attend to their condition and make provision for them. In so doing he will perform a service most agreeable to Almighty God, nor will he acquire less fame and glory to himself than in the conquest of Tunis or the whole of Africa.
Fr., from a modern copy headed: Lettre originale de la Princesse d'Angleterre aà l'ambassadeur de l'empereur, Octobre, 1535.
13 Oct.
R. O.
597. The Charter House.
"The daily and weekly fare of the monks and of the lay brothers at the Charterhouse next to London," from Sunday, 10th, to Wednesday 13 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII.
Sunday at dinner: every monk had furmentye, a hot pie of lampreys, and three eggs; the lay brothers, salt fish and cheese. Monday: monks and lay brothers alike had pottage of herbs, plenty of Suffolk or Essex cheese, and three eggs. Tuesday: furmenty, oysters, and a piece of ling for each monk and lay brother. Wednesday: pottage of herbs, a great whiting, and two eggs; for the lay brothers, pottage, oysters, and a whiting to each man.
P. 1. Endd.
R. O. 2. "A remembrance for the catys to the profit of this place in fish."
"Father Proctor, ye must have some man of the town to be friends to you, though ye give him a reward once in the year," who is to search the ships of the Steelyard, Lombards, Spaniards, Genoese,&c., and all the wharves between London Bridge and the Tower, for victuals, viz.:—the Spaniards for salt lampreys, onions, oranges, lemons, pomegranates, vinegar, sardines, "schurdfyssch," "dowlfyns," and olive oil; with similar specifications of what may be found in the other vessels. (Very curious.)
P. 1. Endd.: "The profitable provision of dainty acates for the Charter House."
13 Oct.
R. O.
598. Sir J. Russell to Cromwell.
I beg your favor for my neighbour the prior of Langley, that he may have the provincialship held by the bishop of Rochester, which you told me that my Lord himself would keep. The prior of Langley has taken great pains in this office, and has spent as much as he is able. I understand it is given to the prior of Oxford. If so, I beseech you to give him the general's office, worth only 6l. a year, whereas the other is worth 50 marks. Cheynes, 13 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
13 Oct.
R. O.
599. Ralph Broke to Lord Lisle.
Has received a letter from lady Lisle, showing that the Commissioners have ordered every man of arms to be furnished with horses and harness, and to be resident by Candlemas Day next, or lose his post, notwithstanding the King's placard or bill signed. Has sent to his friend, Roger Walyow (?), "so that aponne the sytte of my lyttur" (sight of my letter ?) he shall provide me two able horses. By your licence, he and Thomas, my servant, will depart into Flanders for that intent, and I will be with your Lordship at Calais long before the day prefixed. Hopes the King's placard will avail him hereafter. Dondertoun, 13 Oct.
P.S.—Since writing, has heard that the dukes of Richmond and Norfolk intend to be at Holt in November, when he had meant to be in London. This will delay him a little, as he must wait on them.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
13 Oct.
Add.MS. 8,715, f. 127 b.
B. M.
600. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
Winchester is not yet come, but has crossed the sea, and with him others sent by the King to persuade the Princes and free states not to accept the Council, of which he shows wonderful fear.* * *
They say that the lord who is keeping Ireland in rebellion has been persuaded to come to England under a safe-conduct, but the King has put him in prison. "Da Digiun ut supra."
Ital., pp. 3. Copy headed: Al Sig. M. Ambrogio. Da Digiun, a di 13 Ottobre 1535.
13 Oct.
Add. MS. 8,588, f. 29.
B. M.
601. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.
Wrote last on the 8th. Could not see the Pope until to-day. After speaking to him in accordance with the Emperor's letters, he said that in the two chief points, viz., the Council and the deprivation of the king of England, he approved of what the Emperor said, and that as His Majesty would be in Naples so soon, these two matters could be settled then, with another which he thinks important, the enterprise against the Turks. He had heard that the Turk would soon come to Constantinople, and attempt something against the Christians, and it was necessary to arrange both for offence and defence. As to England, he said, it would be much to the purpose if the Emperor would stop all commerce between his dominions and that country, which would facilitate negotiations and the destruction of the King, for which he seems desirous. The French, he said, would do the same. As the Emperor's coming was so near, everything could be left until then. He would proceed to do justice in what concerned the Holy See and his dignity and office. He praised the Emperor's general offers, without going into detail. * * * Rome, 13 Oct. 1535.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
13 Oct.
R. O.
602. The Emperor's Expedition to Tunis.
In 1535, seeing that Barbarossa, called Kayredin Bassa, who had committed many ravages on Christendom, had invaded Barbary with the maritime forces of the Turk, about 300 vessels, of which he was captaingeneral, and there taken La Goulette de Thunes, the city of Tunis, and ports of Bona and Serta, and established his rule in Barbary; the Emperor sent orders to all his seaports to prepare a naval force to attack the infidel. He also sent to Genoa, to Andrea Doria, his captain-general on the sea, to get ready as many ships as possible.
The Emperor having made his last will and left the Empress, with Don Philip, his son, and the Infanta, his sister, at Madrid, set out from thence on the 2nd March, through Saragossa to Barcelona. On May 1, the prince of Melfi, Andrea Doria, arrived at Barcelona from Genoa with 22 galleys admirably equipped, especially the galley in which the Emperor was to pass, which was new made, with four oars in every tier (par banc). On his entry into the port of Barcelona all the galleys were hung with banners with the Imperial arms; and in the poop of the Emperor's galley were two great standards, the one with a crucifix, the other with a great eagle. They discharged artillery "faisant permenades (sic) et voltes sur la mer" with trumpets, clarions,&c., the Emperor looking on from a window of his palace at the seaside. Before the prince of Melfi arrived, there came to Barcelona the vessels sent by the king of Portugal to aid the Emperor, viz., 20 carvels and one galleon; also vessels fitted out at Malaga, bearing the Spanish infantry and most of the provisions.
All being prepared and ships provided for the ambassadors residing in the Court, viz., those of France, England, Savoy, Venice, Milan, Ferrara, and others; the horses were embarked, and on Sunday the penult of May, after hearing mass, the Emperor embarked in his galley "the Captain" along with his brother-in-law, the Infant of Portugal. At that instant the whole fleet discharged their artillery simultaneously with that of the city, and trumpets, clarions, hautboys,&c., struck up on all sides. The same day couriers were despatched to notify the embarkation.
The fleet did not sail till 8 p.m. on Monday for want of wind; on the Tuesday and Wednesday were light head winds. On Thursday morning, as they approached Maillorque, the viceroy of that island came to meet them in a brigantine, bringing fruit, bread,&c., with "confites," "eaues de multes," and other delicacies. He asked the Emperor to land. Several of the inhabitants had brought down horses and mules to the shore for the use of those who should land, "bien agnoissans quilz estoient fatiguez de la mer." The Emperor, with the prince of Portugal and several of his Court, landed for a short time at Alcodia, where he was received with transports of joy. Thence they rowed all night and came to Minorca, and on Saturday arrived at the little town of Mago; all the galleys entered the port, which is large enough to hold 500 or 600 vessels. The viceroy and many persons came down to the port to receive the Emperor, who landed, heard mass, and re-embarked. On Sunday evening, the rest of the fleet having come up, the galleys left the port, and the whole armada coasted along the shore with a light wind, the Emperor landing in uninhabited places to celebrate mass. Having, on Tuesday and Wednesday, crossed the Gulf, the Emperor commanded to drop anchor, and landed at the island of St. Pierre, about 20 miles from Sardinia, to wait for the sailing ships.
On Thursday next, 10 June, they entered the gulf of Cailler, chief city of Sardinia. Here was the marquis del Gasto, with his fleet from Genoa, and the German and Italian soldiers; he had waited nine days. Here were also the ships provided by Naples and Sicily with the veteran Spanish infantry, nine galleys of the Pope, four of the Religion of Rhodes, and nine under Anthoine Doria.
11 June, the collected fleet again set sail with great display; the vessels stopping to take in water, the Emperor went on alone to Cailler, where he arrived Saturday, 12 June, at 4 a.m. Here a bridge had been put up from the city wall extending 50 paces out into the water. On this the Emperor, with the prince of Portugal and others, walked ashore, and was received by the archbishop of Cailler, the viceroy, clergy,&c., and presented with the keys of the city. Sunday, 13 June, the Emperor went ashore to hear mass; returning on board immediately after, he sent notice to his ambassadors and agents in Spain, Italy, Germany, Flanders, Burgundy,&c. of his successful voyage so far.
Monday, 14 June, the whole fleet left for Tunis, and, with a fair wind, reached the Barbary coast next morning. They coasted along till 2 p.m. past many towers and castles built on mountains,&c., entered the port of Farina, 30 or 40 miles from La Goulette; and from Farina, when the whole fleet had come up, passed on to La Goulette. After reconnoitring, nothing more was done that day, except that some of the galleys bombarded a tower, called the Tower of the Salt, and caused it to be abandoned.
On Wednesday, 16 June, the infantry was disembarked, and the Tower of the Waters and other places were taken. Friday, 18th, a ship with spices, coming to La Goulette from Constantinople, was pursued by L' Aigle, in which was Mons. de Grantvelle, and other galleys, and taken by Ant. Doria. As La Goulette was too strong to be taken by storm, the army was engaged from Friday the 18th until the 23rd, the eve of St. John Baptist, in making trenches,&c. On the 23rd, the conte de Sarno, a Neapolitan colonel, was killed in defending a bastion against the enemy. On the 24th, the Emperor received an envoy from the king of Tunis, and on the 25th, a letter—translation given— the substance of the Emperor's communications also given.
On Saturday, about 1,000 Turks were defeated between Goulette and Tunis, and the marquis de Mondejar was wounded.
While they remained in this camp, many vessels came from the Emperor's dominions. There also came several great persons, amongst others the marquis Don Alarcon and the Seigneur Don Fernando de Gonzaga.
29 June, the king of Tunis, Muley Alhazen, came to the camp, and was received and conducted to the Emperor's tent by the duke of Alva, marquis of Alarcon, and count of Bonavente. He seated himself on the carpet with several "checques," his relations and allies. Afterwards he and his suit partook of refreshment in the tent of Mons. de Praet, second chamberlain; they took water and sweetmeats, for their law forbids meat and wine. The King's retinue and their equipment are then described.
From 30 June to 3 July the trenches were pushed on diligently. The army suffered from want of water. Sunday, 4 July, the infidels attacked the camp during a storm of thunder and wind, but were repulsed.
Saturday, 10 July, the Emperor was troubled with a pain in the foot. Monday the camp was again advanced nearer La Goulette; the wind being very high both on Monday and Tuesday, prevented the bombardment of La Goulette.
Wednesday, 14 July, the batteries were opened early in the morning, and about two hours after midday the place was taken by assault, and with it about 150 ships which were in the harbour, and much artillery and ammunition.
A council of war held next day decided to march at once against Tunis, and on Saturday this was commenced but countermanded. Sunday and Monday were spent in re-embarking the artillery.
(fn. 2) Tuesday, the 20th, the Emperor set out with the army, leaving the prince of Melphy in charge of the fleet,&c. at La Goulette. After about eight miles march they found Barbarossa in an entrenched camp, with over 100,000 men, and after an obstinate struggle drove him out and took possession for the night.
On Wednesday, the march was continued to Tunis, where they learnt, from certain escaped slaves, that the evening before Barbarossa had gone out, with baggage,&c., to a neighbouring mountain, and the Christian slaves, taking advantage of his absence, shut the gates of the castle against him and forced him to retreat with his generals, Judeo and Cassadiablo. The Emperor then entered the town, where were found about 20,000 Christian slaves, 71 of them French, servants of the Dauphin and duke of Orleans taken in the galleys of the late captain Portendo, and others captured before and since; these were given over to the Sr. de Vely, the French ambassador. The Spanish infantry afterwards entered and sacked the town, murdering some of the inhabitants and selling others into slavery. The Germans took only victuals and wine. The sack, which was made with the concurrence of the king of Tunis, was stopped next day by the Emperor.
The army remained in Tunis till Tuesday, 27 July, when it marched to Rada, a village two miles from La Goulette; from this it moved, Sunday, 1 August, to its old camp before La Goulette. On the 4th and 5th August, orders were given for those who had tents and merchandize at the camp to re-embark. Friday, 6 August, the king of Tunis came to the camp and concluded a treaty (fn. 3) with the Emperor. The formal oaths to the treaty described.
The Emperor gave up his idea of an expedition to Algiers, because a great part of the soldiers were suffering from dysentery, and the season was getting late. He determined to leave Don Bernardino de Mendoza, brother of the marquis of Mondejar, as captain of La Goulette, with 1,000 soldiers and 10 galleys under Ant. Doria. A garrison was also to be left for the fort of Bona, from which Barbarossa had been driven, and the town of which would remain to the king of Tunis on payment of 8,000 ducats a year.
The Emperor sent off the Infant of Portugal with his ships, and the marquis of Mondejar with part of the Spanish infantry and the horses. And, to protect the coast against Barbarossa, who, with his generals, had taken 15 galleys and other vessels with him to Argel, he left 25 galleys.
Tuesday, 10 Aug., the Emperor embarked, but did not sail till Tuesday, 17 Aug., when he went to Saffran, intending to go against Affrique, a city opposite to Sicily, where Barbarossa had left a garrison. At Saffran he waited for the fleet till Thursday, 19 Aug., when they sailed about 12 miles and cast anchor till Saturday, 21 Aug., when they again started and came to the castle Calibea, but could not stop, because of the violence of the wind; so they came to Trapana, in Sicily, Sunday, 22 Aug. Some vessels had kept on to the Bay of Affrique, but were recalled to Trapana.
On 31 August the Emperor, leaving the prince de Melphy and Fernande de Gonza to carry out his orders at Trapana, went inland to Ivichy (?), and from thence to Alcamo, and on Friday, 3 Sept., to Montreal, an archbishopric of 20,000 to 25,000 ducats rent, and very pleasantly situated, famous for its beautiful old church. Description of places given, especially of the salt lakes near Trapana.
The Emperor staid at Montreal till Sunday, 12 Sept., when he entered Palermo. There the parliament of Sicily assembled granted 250,000 ducats, payable in four months, as a gift to the Emperor. The Emperor left Palermo on Wednesday, 13 Oct., for Mecyna, intending to cross into Naples. On Tuesday, 12 Oct., he had created viceroy of [Sicily] the Seigneur Don Fernando de Gonzaga, [prince] de Melfitota, and count de Bassocamy.
14 Oct.
R. O.
603. Edward Archbishop of York to Cromwell.
Have received your inhibition under the King's seal ad causas ecclesiasticas, and already inhibited my brethren and suffragans. Will do the same, forthwith, to the archdeacons,&c. "having any jurisdiction peculiar within my diocese by reason whereof they may visit." Bysshops Thorpe, 14 Oct. 1535. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "Secretary."
14 Oct.
Wilkins, iii. 797.
604. Edward Bishop of Hereford.
Commission to the bishop of Hereford to exercise episcopal jurisdiction in his diocese, Thomas Cromwell, the King's vicar general, being unable, through press of business, to proceed with the King's visitation. 14 Oct. 1535 27 Hen. VIII.
14 Oct.
R. O.
605. Roland Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, and Sir T. Englefield to Cromwell
At our last being at Court with you, at our request you advanced the bearer into the King's service and obtained the King's letters to my lord of Arundel in his favour, which have not proved effectual, as my Lord alleges "divers enormious causes" which are not true. Of late he appointed Mr. Horwoode and others to inquire of his misbehaviours in the lordship of Clon, but nothing was proved, as Horwoode showed us. One John Clon, who makes all this business, is a naughty person and an ale bidder. As it is rumoured in Wales that we have caused this bearer to obtain his rooms for service done to this Commission, we pray you to consider the same, otherwise we shall be less regarded. Beaudeley, 14 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
14 Oct.
R. O.
606. Will. Abbot of York to Cromwell.
I thank you for your letters. Of the King's money I send 1,851l. 17s. 11d. remaining in my hands. I trusted to have received more from the collectors, or I would have sent it earlier. I beseech your favor to the bearer John Redman, who has a little tithe in Kendal granted him by my predecessor, of which you wrote to me by your servant Mr. Lampleughe; and though I told the latter that it was granted to another, he entered on the same tithe and took it away, saying it was by your commandment. As Redman released the right and title of the tithe of Rudstone at your request, please give him your further credence. York, 14 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
14 Oct.
R. O.
607. Adam Becansaw, priest, to Cromwell.
Has visited the diocese of St. Asaph. Dr. Elice Ap Robert, son of Sir Robert Ap Rice, is coming with a new commission, which I tear will be slanderous unto my visitation, as he rides about openly with his concubine, whom he took from her mother at Coventry. I would not take process against him till I heard from you. He showeth in taverns the King's commission to advance himself, which causeth the people to murmur. He does not regard my admonition to "leave such young touches." I should have sent to you at this time 60l. of the Bishop's goods more than I do, but Dr. Ellice gives them audacity to pay none. Gresforde, 14 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
14 Oct.
R. O.
608. John Vaughan to Cromwell.
According to your instructions we have "put to execution such enormities" as we found here, to the comfort of all good people, for since our coming many a score of them that kept concubines openly in their houses, being single men and single women, having betwixt them many children, are now married. The priests with their concubines are now reformed, and every man that was found guilty we punished openly in the face of the country, "the people, not only the good but also the bad, thanking God highly that ever such power should come among them to call them from their sinful living." The people diligently hear sermons and bewail their errors as much as any that ever I saw. At a sermon at Gresford on Sunday last by a B.D. there were near 1,000 people. He marvellously declared his mind according to Scripture, so that the people said in every place that they were deceived by the priests of the churches. If it had pleased you to let Dr. Becansaw and me have a commission alone, and not joined one (fn. 4) with us who, from his own enormities, has not frontem corrigendi, we should have brought Wales into "as good a trade" as any part of England. Gresford, 14 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
14 Oct.
R. O.
609. Roger Neckham, monk of Worcester, to Cromwell.
I received your letters 11 Oct. from Southampton, 3 Oct., stating that you should resort to Sir John Russell for the plate delivered to him by our prior. I delivered your letters to Sir John on the 11th, who considered them a sufficient discharge, and promised to deliver them on the 20th (?). (fn. 5) He made no feigned delay, as you suppose. Gives a list of the plate. I am compelled to certify that the letter you sent to our cellarer touching me was grievously taken. He said I had complained, and would write against me that he had set no reversions since I had authority. I know the contrary. I have many fair children, to their unquietness and likely trouble of our monastery, against conscience, as I think. I must needs say as I find. The cellarer is negligent, and provides for his friends. I am bound to attend to the tenor of your writings, and loth to cause displeasure to any one. I shall instruct Mr. Briant to inform you at your convenient leisure. Worcester, 14 Oct.
P. S.—I was preparing for the honorable dukes, as becomes our monastery.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.: Dr. Nekham.
14 Oct.
R. O.
610. Roger Neckham, monk of Worcester, to Sir Fras. Brian.
I beg you will continually solicit my causes to Mr. Secretary in divers things besides the contents of his letters. It was grievously taken by the cellarer that I should complain before I had authority, and where the house is full of goodly children, "he hath set against conscience reversions over their heads." He is very litigious, and says he has authority to continue cellarer, gathers for money and makes no reparations. A bruit is come to Worcestershire that you have the stroke touching the prior of Worcester, and are my friend. Further information I have sent to Master Water Rudyng. Worcester, 14 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
14 Oct.
Cleop., E. v. 94.
B. M.
611. Ric. Quiænus, Eucharistiæ Minister, to [Cromwell ?].
Preached at Stamford church on Aug. 22 concerning justification by faith. On leaving the pulpit, certain Dominicans attacked him so fiercely that unless Ric. Cicell had defended the cause of faith, the effect of his sermon would have been destroyed. The friars asserted justification by works. Asks his interference, for it is useless to build up one day what the enemy destroys the next. Remember that the King (nostri Cæsaris sacrosanctam Majestatem) has ordered the pure and sincere Gospel to be preached. On 19 Sept. the abbot of Tame, suffragan to the bishop of Lincoln, preached in St. Martin's church, near Stamford, accusing of hideous sin those young men who carried the New Testament in their hands or at their girdles, especially those who explained it in taverns. Thinks the Gospel should be set forth in every place, even in brothels. The Abbot also inveighed against those who try to overturn the order which has lasted for 1,500 years, and pull down the images of Saints, and who deny that the Virgin and Saints are mediators. Refutes the Abbot's assertions about the invocation of Saints. He stated also that the Lord's Prayer should not be said by heretics, infidels, or imperfect men. This is the sort of preacher we have in the north. Would not dare to write thus, on account of the power of the Bishop, unless many well-disposed persons had been witnesses of the sermon, among them being Thos. Webster, vicar of St. Martin's, Thos. Atkinson, Nicholas Wylliams, all Masters of Arts of Cambridge, and Gervase Tyndale, master of Grantham School. Stamford, 14 Oct.
Hol., Lat., pp. 5.
14 Oct.
R. O.
612. Lady Lisle to Mr. Culpeper.
I send you two bracelets of my colours, according to your desire. They are of no value, but that it was your gentle request to have them. They are the first that ever I sent to any man. I sent them long before, but they came again because you were not at the Court, nor your servant Vaghan, to have received them. I looked for your servant to come over, that I might have heard news of you, but I understand he shall not come. My Lord has sent to England that he shall not need to come. I pray you that I may hear from you. I thank you heartily for the ring you sent me by your servant. I was sorry I had no better to send you. Calais, 14 Oct. Signed.
P. 1.
14 Oct.
R. O.
St. P., ii. 287.
613. Conohwyr O'Bryen, Prince of Twomone, to Henry VIII.
Received by Edmond Sexten, now mayor of Limerick, his letters dated Langley, 20 Sept. 26 Hen. VIII. Was informed that they were counterfeit by Ossory, his son, and Sexten. Never received Thos. Fitzgerald, but could not for shame refuse him meat and drink. Never helped him. If he had, he would not have come in for a twelvemonth. Jas. Delahide's going to the Emperor was not by O'Bryen's will.
Has received the King's letter dated Westm., 10 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII. by Sexten, expressing displeasure. Would never have done anything prejudicial to the King if he had been counselled by Sexten, Dr. Nyellane, Thos. Young, and John Arthur FitzNicholas, aldermen of Limerick. Beseeches the King to take him to mercy. Asks the King to send the duke of Richmond to govern the country. Would receive him as foster son, and live and die in his service. Clone Rawde, 14 Oct.
Modern copy.
15 Oct.
R. O.
614. Shipping of Corn.
Permit, from the collectors of customs of Ipswich to Wm. Nalson, to ship, in a monger of St. Osys, John Wade, master, 6 qrs. wheat, 6 qrs. rye, and 16 weys chese; to be delivered in London. Colchester, 15 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII.
ii. Certificate of the delivery of same to Wm. Kelley in London on the 23rd Oct., written and signed by Sir John Champeneys, mayor of London.
P. 1. Small paper.
15 Oct.
Cooper's Annals of Cambridge, I. 373.
615. Cromwell to the Mayor and Bailiffs and Burgesses of Cambridge.
It has pleased the King, upon his election by the University as Chancellor, to condescend that he should accept it, that all matters depending between them might be settled by his means. Understands that the mayor, c. make slender appearance at the two leets a year held by the University, and deny them the use of the King's prison called the Tolbooth, to the detriment of the public weal of the town. Desires them to make due appearance at the said leets, to permit the University to have the correction of weights and measures, and the use of the said prison at their liberties, till the King shall take final order. Stepney, 15 Oct.
Cooper's Annals of Cambridge, I. 375. 2. Extract from Cromwell's injunctions to the University of Cambridge. (fn. 6)
1. The University is to swear to the succession by a writing under their common seal and signed with their hands, and to obey the laws made or to be made for the extirpation of papal usurpation, and for the assertion and confirmation of the King's jurisdiction. 2. That in King's Hall, King's, St. John's, and Christ's Colleges, Michael House, Peter House, Gonville, Trinity, and Pembroke Halls, Queen's, Jesus, and Buckingham Colleges, Clare Hall, and Benet College, there should be founded, at the expense of the houses, daily public lectures in Greek and Latin. 3. That no lectures should be read upon any of the doctors who had written upon the Master of the Sentences, but on the Old and New Testament. 4. That all students should be permitted to read the Scriptures privately, and to attend lectures on them. 5. No one shall publicly read Canon law, nor should any degrees in that case be conferred. 6. Ceremonies, constitutions, and observances which hinder polite learning should be abolished. 7. That students in arts should be instructed in logic, rhetoric, arithmetic, geography, music, and philosophy, and should read Aristotle, Rodulphus, Agricola, Melanchthon, Trapezuntius,&c. and not the frivolous questions and obscure glosses of Scotus, Burleus, Anthony Trombet, Bricot, Bruliferius,&c. 8. That all statutes of the University or any college,&c. repugnant to these articles should be void. 9. That all deans, presidents,&c. should on admission be sworn to these articles.
Cleop. E. vi.,
253 b.
B. M.
616. Cambridge.
"After the prefaces, this to be the first article for Cambridge."
"Et primum omnium vos omnes et singuli fideliter vereque et ex animo observabitis et ab aliis quantum in vobis fuerit, sic observari facietis, docebitis et procurabitis, omnia et singula contenta, tam in juramento successionis nostræ alias per vos præstito, quam in quadam professione sigillo vestro communi sigillata et manibus vestris subscripta; statutaque hujus regni pro extirpatione papatus et usurpatæ sive prætensæ potestatis Romani episcopi in hoc regno Angliæ, proque assertione sive confirmatione auctoritatis jurisdictionis et prærogativæ nostræ supremæ ecclesiasticæ ac successorum nostrorum quandocunque edita sive sancita, edendaque sive sancienda, modis omnibus quibus melius et efficacius poteritis adimplebitis et observabitis, ac juniores et alios vestræ curæ commissos sedulo docebitis et instruetis ipsos una vobiscum penitus esse absolutos ab omni obedientia episcopo Romano deberi prætensa, regiamque potestatem cæteris omnibus juxta divinum eloquium in terris præcellentiorem esse, et eidem præ aliis omnibus ex divino præcepto parendum et obediendum esse, nec Romani episcopi antehac usurpatam jurisdictionem sive auctoritatem quovismodo ex sacris literis fundatam esse, sed partim dolo et astutia ejusdem Romani episcopi, ipsiusque pravis et ambitiosis canonibus et decretalibus, ac partim tolerantia et permissione principum succrevisse, et ideo nunc jure optimo et æquissimo ex hoc nostro regno auctoritate publica sublatam esse."
The second article:—
"Et quia animadvertimus corruptelam præcipuam studiorum omnium fuisse,&c." And so forth with all the rest as is there. And at the end of all this to be added:—
"Has leges et injunctiones vobis, carissimi, jam tulimus ut proposuimus, reservantes nobis ac præfato nostro Thomæ Crumwell, visitatori nostro generali, sive ejus in ea parte surrogato cuicunque, potestatem quascunque alias injunctiones indicendi, cæteraque pro nostro sive ejus arbitrio faciendi, quæ nostræ ipsiusve prudentiæ et discretioni visum fuerit expedire. Quæ omnia et singula injunctiones ac mandata præscripta vos omnes et singulos respective inviolabilit[er] observare volumus, præcipimus et mandamus, sub pœna indignationis nostræ regiæ."
15 Oct.
R. O.
617. Sir George Lawson to Cromwell.
Begs him to remember his late letters requesting to have some office or authority in the religious houses in these parts. Begs him to speak to his servant William Blythman, who is now controller of customs at Newcastle, in behalf of Lawson's kinsman Thos. Hanson, that he may continue clerk in the controller's office there. York, 15 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To my Right Hon. Master Secretary to the King's Highness. Endd.
15 Oct.
R. O.
618. Tristram Teshe to Cromwell.
The archbishop of York is informed by James Rokeby, who has been with my Lord Chancellor and you for further information about the books of the view taken of possessions of the clergy of the diocese, that a writ of distringas is issued against the Archbishop and the other Commissioners for not certifying his Highness and the Council of the same. Reminds Cromwell that he delivered the books at his house at the Rolls, as doubtless Mr. Popeley, Cromwell's servant, knows, when my Lord Chancellor and Cromwell intended to have sent down a melius inquirendum. Has reported this to the bearer, Mr. Blythman, Cromwell's servant. York, 15 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: To Master Thos. Cromwell, secretary to the King. Endd.
16 Oct.
R. O.
619. Sir Will. Fitz William to Cromwell.
This evening I received a letter from Mr. Controller, stating that the King had changed his "giestes" for visiting Farnham, and will now proceed as follows:—Tuesday, from the Vine to Basing; Thursday, to Elvetham; Friday, Easthampstead; and Saturday, to Windsor. Cowdrey, Saturday night, 16 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
[16 Oct.]
R. O.
620. Sir William Paulet to Cromwell.
The King, for the death of (at) Shalford three-quarters of a mile from Guildford, and of four persons at Farnham, has changed his giests and will be at my poor house of Basing on Tuesday and Wednesday, and on Thursday night at Mr. Seymour's place at Elvetham; at Hertfordbridge on Friday; Saturday and Sunday at Easthampstede, and Monday to Windsor. Basing, Saturday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary.
16 Oct.
R. O.
621. Dr. Thomas Legh to Cromwell.
I received your letters this 16 Oct., and though I was discomforted I was more surprised who should incense you against me. I pray I may not live to that day when I shall give any cause for deceiving your expectation of me. I shall always act as if you were present, and proceed for the glory of God and the King's honor. As touching my triumphant and sumptuous usage and gay apparel, I used myself no otherwise than I did before, and wear no garments but such as I have worn in London these two years. And as by your means I had of the King an old gown of velvet which I thought I could not do better than wear in his service and yours, sycophants would be glad to bring me out of your favor, though I have used no rigor at any time or place. Though you licensed me to give liberty to the heads, I never used it, but gave them licence to sue to you for it. I wish that all who serve you intended reformation as heartily as I do. If you would send me word how you would have me apparel myself I would comply. Abbey of Warden, 16 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 3. Add.: Secretary. Endd. by Wriothesley.
16 Oct.
R. O.
622. John Ap Rice to Cromwell.
Whereas you are not content that I have not revealed Dr. Leghe's manner of proceeding, although I was minded at divers times to mention certain abuses and excesses committed by him, I was restrained, seeing how little the complaints of others, as the abbot of Brueton, where he behaved very insolently, succeeded at your hands. His demeanour at Bradstock, Stanley, and Edington, where he made no less ruffling with the heads than he did at Brueton, must probably have come to your knowledge, and yet nothing was said to him. And as you knew that he had depraved me heretofore for no just cause, you might think that all my reports of him proceeded from malice. I wished therefore that the information should come from others, and not from me. I called your servants, when in London, to come with me and see his manner of proceedings at Westminster and Paul's. Further, I was afraid to enterprise this thing without your command, lest he with bold excuse, in which he is very ready, should overcome me who have little audacity. Therefore, though I intended to reveal his conduct I waited for your command. Now it is come I dare boldly say what I think is amiss in him. 1. He is too insolent and pompous; but as this was in London I thought you knew it. 2. Wherever he comes he handles the fathers very roughly, many times for small causes, as for not meeting him at the door, where they had warning of his coming. More modesty, gravity, and affability would purchase him more reverence than his "satrapike countenance." He is young and of intolerable elation. He is also excessive in taking. At the election of the prior of Coventry, he took 15l.; at Bevall, the Charterhouse, 20l., besides 6l. costs; at Vale Royal, 15l., besides 6l. costs and a reward; at Tarrent, 20l., and 4l. costs; and as I knew there by one Fisher, solicitor in that matter, that you wished him to have no less for Tarrent, I thought he took the other according to your pleasure. At every election he demands 20l., which is more than ever was taken.
At his visitation he refuses his reward, though competent, because he thinks it too little, and he makes them send after him such rewards as please him. Religious men were never so much afraid of Dr. Alen as they are of him, he uses such rough fashion. He has twelve men waiting on him in livery, besides his own brother, all of whom must be rewarded. This is too great a train for visiting small houses. What he obtains for licences I do not know. He does not follow your instructions; for whereas you ordered that all of both sexes between 22 and 24 might go abroad, he only allows that liberty to religious men. He has inserted a clause in his injunctions that all of any age may go abroad. I hope you will not suffer me to be accused without giving me an opportunity to defend myself. Wardon Abbey, 16 Oct.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
16 Oct.
R. O.
623. Sir Thomas Palmer to Cromwell.
Mr. Treasurer of the King's house and Mr. Marshal of Calais have promised me that you be good master unto me. I wish you knew my good will and the great need I have of your help "uppon the candysyan that I went wollwa[r]de thys vii. yere." Whatsoever the King pleases to do for me I will not be behind hand in his service. Calais, 16 Oct.
My servant daily waits on you to know your pleasure. If not helped before Christmas, I shall be driven to sell my chain and clothes.
I assure you "the Fleymynges be knavys, and the Frenchmen be no better by theyr wordys."
Thanks him in behalf of Robart Apreynald "whych I do ensure yow dothe how yow hys harte and servez."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "Secretary." Endd.
16 Oct.
R. O.
624. Anthoine Brusset to Lord Lisle.
Before your prohibition against selling or transporting grain from your territory into Flanders, I had bought 50 rasiers of barley from a neighbour, your subject, who cannot deliver them without your licence. I beg, therefore, you will give a passport to George Squennis, your sergeant at Oye sluice, to let them pass. Gravelinges, 16 Oct. 1535.
The seller is named "Anthoine de Coc Stuchie," dwelling on the place of Thos. Touchet, adjoining Oye sluice. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
16 Oct.
R. O.
625. Wm. Popley to Lady Lisle.
Has received her letter complaining of a report made to his master (fn. 7) that she intermeddles much in lord Lisle's business concerning the King's causes. Knows of no such report, but his Master on some slender occasion of some insolent person touched the matter a little in his letter to lord Lisle. Assures her that neither he nor Hussey could do anything to try out the knowledge thereof. His Master favours lord Lisle as it becomes him to do, and is well pleased with everything that he does according to his honour. He is somewhat plain where he loves, and lord Lisle no doubt considers this. She will perceive this from Mr. Waterbaylly, (fn. 8) who is a friend of lord Lisle and her. She must take no discomfort from his master's letters. He means no ill towards her. London, 16 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
16 Oct.
R. O.
St. P. II. 288.
626. Skeffyngton to Henry VIII.
Gives an account of the surrender of Dungarvan Castle on the Monday before St. Matthew's Day, after some hours' battery. Delivered the castle to the earl of Ossory and the Lord Treasurer. It is of the greatest value of any lordship the King has in this land. Directed commissions to the Lord Treasurer and others of the county to execute the succession of the King and Queen. Has made Sir John Sayntlowe commissioner and chief of the "Corum" in those parts. Has appointed the Council to meet him for the same purpose in the four obedient shires. Maynooth, 16 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.
2. Abstract of the preceding, entitled:—
Lamb. MS.
607, f. 9.
"The effect of the letters addressed to the King's highness from his Grace's deputy in Ireland."
Pp. 2.
17 Oct.
R. O.
Cranmer's Letters, 312.
627. Cranmer to Cromwell.
Of his claim to a parcel of Okenfold wood, with certain land in Davyngton and Tenam, co. Kent, held of his see by the priory of Davyngton, now dissolved. Ford, 17 Oct. Signed.
Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
17 Oct.
R. O.
St. P. II. 290.
628. Lord Jas. Butler to Cromwell.
Wrote lately about his proceedings in the West, after the winning of Dongarvan. Complains of the deputy not sparing him a battery piece. Went through Youghall, Cork, and Limerick with his own men and Stephen A parry, and had reasonable offers from the young pretensed earl of Desmond. The deputy asked lord Butler and his father to sign a letter in his recommendation, which they did, partly out of courtesy and partly trusting he would with better will have lent a battery piece. Desires credence for Sir John Saintlau. Wishes him to return. Waterford, 17 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
17 Oct.
Corpus Reform., II. 954.
629. Melanchthon to Luther.
Since the Prince's departure there has been no news, and Christopher, the English messenger, has not returned.
Pontanus has spoken to the Prince about Luther's stipend. Asks him to send word if he has not received it, for the Prince's commands are wonderfully neglected. Pridie Lucæ.
17 Oct.
R. O.
630. John Ap Rice to Cromwell.
Whereas at your strict command I certified you of certain things touching Dr. Leghe; although they were all true, yet from haste I omitted that moderation which of my conscience I cannot now but inform you, knowing from my own experience how deadly it is for any man to incur your displeasure, which I would not wish for my greatest enemy. You cannot use any extremity against Dr. Lee, but you will occasion some to think you were too quick in choosing him, and they will think that you disapproved of his doings. It will, therefore, be better that you should admonish him gently to amend, and if after that he is guilty of any exorbitancy I will signify it unto you. He is only a young man, and by nature of a high courage, and if he were admonished might still do well. He has wit and audacity enough, and if he would show a little more modesty he would be fit for his trust. As he has for acquaintance many rufflers and serving men, if he knew this information came from me, it might do harm to me who have no great assistance. I beg, therefore, that I may not be reckoned the author of his displeasure. Royston, 17 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
[17] Oct.
R. O.
631. Degore Graynfyld to Lord Lisle.
Commendations to lady Lisle. His brother has prevented him from coming to Calais this summer. Hopes to see them before Easter. Thanks him for his letter. Has a little boy for him, if it is his pleasure to have him. He is a year younger than Necolles, and much like him. Thanks lord Lisle for his kindness to Necolles. Hears he gives him the most part that he wears. "Your balles (bailiffs ?) in your parts shall be with you with as much speed as it may be, for I have given them a great charge in your name that they shall so do." The audits are appointed. Hopes lord Lisle will come to dwell in Devonshire shortly. Cornwall, Sunday before St. Luke's Day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
R. O.
632. Richard Layton to Cromwell.
At Lewes I found corruption of both kinds, and, what is worse, treason, for the subprior has confessed to me treason in his preaching. I have caused him to subscribe his name to it, and submit himself to the King's mercy. I made him confess that the prior knew of it, and I have declared the prior to be perjured, per hæc verba, "Auctoritate Dci Patris Omnipotentis, et Regia Auctoritate, et auctoritate Magistri Thomæ Cromwel, cujus officio in hac parte fungor, te priorem,&c. pronuncio perjurum. " That done, I laid unto him concealment of treason, called him heinous traitor in the worst names I could devise, he all the time kneeling and making intercession unto me not to utter to you the premises for his undoing; whose words I smally regarded, and commanded him to appear before you at the Court on All Hallows' Day, wherever the King should happen to be, and bring with him his subprior. When I come to you I will declare this tragedy to you at large, so that it shall lie in your power to do with him what you list. At Battle I found the abbot and his convent, except two or three, guilty of unnatural crimes and traitors. I have also commanded him to be at the Court. He is the veriest "hayne betle and buserde" and the arrantest churl that ever I see. The black sort of devilish monks, I am sorry to know, are past amendment.
This day, at dinner, I received a letter from Stoke College in Essex that the master (fn. 9) is in articulo mortis. Among his promotions he has a benefice in the bpric. of Durham, which the bishop promised me at his great business that ye quit him of, whereas ye stuck unto him when all others had forsaken him. I beg you will write to him in my behalf. When he last left London I told him I would send him both the King's letters, by your procurement, for this benefice. Being now occupied in your business, I write to you for your speedy letters in the premises, to be delivered to the bearer, who will ride to Stoke College, and, as soon as the dean is dead, ride with it to Durham.
If Mr. Ralph, your servant, will stop the King from writing in behalf of any other of his chaplains, I shall be able to secure it. Signed: "Richard Layton, at Madestone."
I suppose Dr. Shorton, the dean, will die before this letter reaches you. If you write to the Bishop, I trust Master Richard will be my surety for the first-fruits till I am in London to discharge.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd.
18 Oct.
R. O.
633. Wm. Kempe to Cromwell.
I am informed that reformation will be had shortly of the monastery of Christ Church, Canterbury, and divers offices given to secular men, which will be at your discretion. I have a poor brother living at Canterbury named Andrew Kempe. I beg you will grant him some office in the said monastery. 18 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
18 Oct.
R. O.
634. Oudart du Bies to Lord Lisle. (fn. 10)
I understand that a small ship of 16 or 20 tons, belonging to the host of one of my mortepayes, named Pierre Brebant, has been wrecked on your coast of Calais. I beg that it may be restored to him. Boulogne, 18 Oct. Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
18 Oct.
R. O.
635. James V. to Henry VIII.
The letter under this date in State Papers, v. 33, is of the year 1528.
See Vol. IV., No. 4860.
18 Oct.
Royal MS. 18 B. vi. 46.
B. M.
636. [James V. to Paul III.]
Repeats the request made in a former letter, which accidentally was not sent, that the Pope would confirm his donation of the hospital of St. Laurence the Martyr, near Haddington, to the monastery of the Order of St. Catherine of Sienna, near Edinburgh. Falkland, 18 Oct. 1535.
Lat. Copy, p. 1.
Ib., f. 46b. 2. Another copy of the same letter.
[18 Oct.]
R. O.
637. Berwick-upon-Tweed.
Book of expenses of building up the walls of Berwick on the east and south of St. Mary Gate, at the Little Ward, made by Thomas Bonygton by command of Sir Thos. Clifford, captain of Berwick. Commencing Friday, 6 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.
John Shell and Robt. Shell, smiths, for "wyrkyn of 28 stone of yeron in mayson toylles and quarrell toolles," making wedges and sharpening tools. Carpenters making a new stone cart and "maikynge of all mayson toolles as bilongith to woodewark, at 6d. by the day," Will. Saddiller, John Herreson, Thos. Atkynson, Will. Smyth. The masons from Newcastle entering on work on Tuesday the 10 Aug. at 3s. 6d. a week "brokyn weike and hooll," Robt. Barker, Roland Clarke, Robt. Dodds, Dave Blith, Roland Sotheran, Robt. Esden. The masons of the town:—George Chamer, John Osbarn, John Smyth, Robt. Chamer. Labourers serving masons at the quarrell:—16 men at 4d. a day. John Rankyn for "lyme sayes" and "lyme colloks," 2s.; seven stone barrows at 2½d. each; Robt. Barwik and Ant. Pawporth, for iron, at 16d. a stone; John Stavert, for 40 chawder of lime, 6l. 16s. 8d., and Leonard Merton, for 20 chawder, 3l. 13s. 4d.
Workmen and labourers "wirkyn at the said brokyn wawlles" for a week beginning Monday, 16 Aug. The masons of the town; the masons of Newcastle; 15 labourers serving the masons; 10 labourers at the quarrell, carpenters making a stone cart and "shaftinge" mason tools. "The smyth's rakenying" for bolts, nails,&c. for the stone cart and for sharpening tools.
Workmen and labourers in the week beginning Monday, 23 Aug., and ending Sat., 28 Aug. The masons of the town and of Newcastle; 10 labourers serving the masons; six labourers in the quarrell; the smith's reckoning for two iron hawsers,&c., and for "blake sope and whiksilver to maik salve to the cart horse." To Rankyn the "cowper" for hooping the lime sayes, 3d.
Week beginning 30 Aug. The masons of the town and of Newcastle, to the latter 10s. in addition for their "conduyt money from Berwick home." Labourers serving tho masons and at the quarrell. "The smyth rakenyng" to Dave Kay for sharpening 15 doz. tools, 15d.; for a lyme ryddell, 2d.
Week beginning 6 Sept. The masons of the town, labourers serving the masons and in the quarrell, and the smith's reckoning.
Similar accounts for the weeks beginning 13th, 20th, and 27th Sept., and the 4th and 11th of Oct. In the last week is also the making of a dry wall for the "defence of cattall from the countermore."
Total amount, 32l. 16s. 3d.
Pp. 13. Endd.
19 Oct.
R. O.
638. The Royal Supremacy.
Acceptance by Dan Everarde Digby and Dan Thomas Johnson of the King as Supreme Head of the Church of England, according to the Statute. 19 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.
19 Oct.
639. Sir Francis Brian to Cromwell.
Sends a letter which he has received from Dr. Neckam, who has got the rule of the priory of Worcester. Neckam and his brethren are still troubled by the cellarer, notwithstanding Cromwell's letter, and Brian requests Cromwell to write again. The King's Grace is "mery;" he and the Queen remove from the Vyne to Mr. Comptroller's to-day, and on Thursday to Bramsell House, on Friday to Esthamsted, and on Tuesday to Windsor. From the Vyne, 19 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
19 Oct.
R. O.
640. Thomas Legh to Cromwell.
Since I wrote to you last I am certified that the dean of Stoke is dead. According to the promise he made me he has bequeathed you five pieces of arras. As to my "lordly countenance" I have little cause so to look, for I have been sick since I left you and very ill at ease. I besecch your favour to my servant the bearer. Walldon, 19 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
19 Oct.
R. O.
641. Northumberland to Cromwell.
Begs his favor for Sir John Heron of Chipchase, who as next heir ought to have the inheritance of Sir William Heron, who is just deceased, (fn. 11) in Northumberland. The bearer is John Heron, Sir John's son. Topclyf, 19 Oct. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Cromwell, secretary to the King's Majesty. Sealed.
19 Oct.
R. O.
642. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
On the King's departure from Salisbury I complained to Mr. Norres of the long suit I had had for the goods and lands of Leonard Mell. He brought me to the King, who was pleased that your Lordship should have it, but desired me first to learn of Mr Treasurer whether it was presented at Calais or no. Rode accordingly to Mr. Treasurer at Cowdre, late Sir Davy Owen's house. He promised that the presentments of inquests should be searched and that he would let me know at Court how it stood; but sure I am that it was presented. Will proceed towards the Court tomorrow and make an end of it ere he depart. If the matter had been of 1,000 marks the suit would have been no greater. "And where I said that your Lordship did it of charity for the poor woman and her childer, Mr. Norres saith the King giveth it to you thinking it will be beneficial unto you." Has acted as if his life depended on it. The King has been at Porchester, and the house shall be repaired and the saltpetre new bounden. Jas. Hawkysworthe is commanded to attend on Mr. Treasurer about it, as you will learn more fully on his coming to Calais. "Where your Lordship wrote to John Crosse for 3 ulrons and 2 poldavys, there are no poldavys to be had for money, but ulrons I trust I shall provide and poldavys in like manner if any come in season." Hopes to send the licence of victualling; as the bill is signed you can sustain no loss thereby. My bill for the search is signed and I will bring it with me. You had better write to Mr. Wyndsor about Mr. Saymer's 100l. Edw. Lovell is toward a rich marriage. Does not know if he will return to Calais. London, 19 Oct.
Hol., pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.
19 Oct.
R. O.
643. Sir Antony Wyndesore to Lady Lisle.
I thank you for your kindness towards me, on the complaint made against me to my Lord by Thomas Owedall for killing the buck in the forest. I assure you it was killed by Peter Nortton without my knowledge, although the lewd fellow Hosborne, that was my servant, was there by Nortton's procurement. I supposed he had gone to his wife, as I gave him leave to do. I wonder my lord gave so light credence to Mr. Owedall's writing, knowing what he does of him. I have written to my Lord to know his pleasure about the payment of the 100l. due to Sir Edw. Seymour. I can have no knowledge of the award, as you will see by my Lord's letter. I am glad his Lordship has gained so much honour in his office, as Mr. Wolste informed me. Estmen, 19 Oct.
Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.: The Were of Umberley.
19 Oct.
Add. MS. 8715, f. 128, b.
B. M.
644. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
Winchester is not yet come; the Scotch ambassadors are here, but Vendome and his daughter, who is to be queen of Scotland, as the great people of the Court say, have not arrived. Many. say there is some difficulty to be got over before the marriage. "Da Digiun." 19 Oct. 1535.
Ital., pp. 2. Copy headed: Al Sig. Mons. Ambrogio,&c.
20 Oct.
R. O.
645. Fr. Nicolaus Florentinus to [Henry VIII.]
By the King's permission, is at last in his fatherland. Thanks him for leave to come hither and for means to live here. Begs him not to allow any one to interfere with his gifts to "us." Is not much known here from his long absence, and has not ventured to show himself much for fear of calumny, according to the King's warning at Woodstock (Udestochium). Hopes the fellowship (locus collegii) at Oxford, and the benefice of 25l. a year, will remain to him. Many questions are asked about the King here, and the English are thought to be most fortunate. Repeats the saying to this effect of a nobleman at Modena, on hearing the writer's account of the King. 20 Oct. 1535. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: Seremo Re[gi] … Regum Splendori.
20 Oct.
R. O.
646. Rowland Morton to Cromwell.
I send you a list of those in this county who have taken the oath to the Act of Succession, although I never could get a sight of the Commission. You will see my diligence by the records presented to you, both now and at Tewkesbury. Of the 22 hundreds into which the county is divided, eight were left to me, not only by the Act of Succession but likewise in the county of Worcester, besides the taxation of the subsidy in both, the tenth of the spiritualty, the commission of musters,&c., to my great labor and charge. The acceptance of my services would be of great solace to me. "Now heartless without refuge, unless your mastership tender the same, I open my stomach as a poor man loaded and overcharged with worldly burdens." Therefore I beg you will dispense with my personal appearance at London this "soure" time of sickness. Twynnynge, 20 Oct. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary.
20 Oct.
Titus, B. iv. 108.
B. M.
647. [Cromwell] to Gostwyk.
Finds that Gostwyk is charged in the book of specialties made at his first entry into his office, with the sum of 16,032l. 16s. 8d. due to the King by divers persons for the conveyance of corn and other things out of the realm. Knows that a great part is irrecoverable by reason of the death and losses of the debtors, and does not mean to charge him with more than will come to his hands. Desires him to call together the parties, get what money he can, and take compositions with those who cannot pay now. 20 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII.
P. 1. Endd.: A minute of a letter to Mr. Gostwyke,&c.
20 Oct.
Nero, B. vi. 142.
B. M.
648. John Friar to Starkey.
Thanks him for writing so frequently. Has not read his last letter, as a friend sent it to Padua, thinking he was there. Rejoices that his (Friar's) patron is made a bishop. Asks where to send letters for him, and whether he has left London or still follows the Court. There is great contention among the medical doctors at Padua for the highest place, especially between Augubius and Faventius. Marcus Antonius has his old antagonist Madius of Brescia. Simoneta had resigned his lectureship, but on its being transferred to another Minorite, promised to continue on a slight addition to his salary. Asks him to forward enclosed letters, and give others to Chamberlen. Venice, 20 Oct.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: In London in the King's Court.
20 Oct.
R. O.
649. Jacques de Coucy [Sieur de Vervins] to the Deputy of Calais.
Has been informed that a ship has been taken near Calais, belonging to Augustin Wideneq, merchant, of Boulogne, which was going to the herring fishery under a safe conduct of the princes. Understands that a man-of-war from Nyeuport or Ostend, which made the capture, was at Calais on Sunday or Monday last. Asks the deputy to find out where she came from. Boulogne, 20 Oct. Signed.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. Add.


  • 1. "—faire celebrer ung Concille general, lequel estoit plus louable et a priser que la conqueste de Thunis, et plus neccessaire que le recouvrement des terres que le Turcq tenoit de la chrestiante, ou que entre les Chrestiens regne la pure foy sans contaminacion d'heresies et dangier de leurs consciences, ores quilz y soient quant a leurs biens ung peu angariez."
  • 2. From p. 22 to p. 26 of the manuscript agrees in substance and in general in wording with that of Granvelle Papers, voi. ii. No. 76.
  • 3. See Granv. Pap., vol. ii., No. 77.
  • 4. Dr. Elice Ap Robert. See last letter.
  • 5. 20th or 16th; uncertain.
  • 6. Compare the document printed in Strype's Memorials, I. ii. 218 as "some additions to the injunctions for the University of Cambridge prepared by the King's visitors."
  • 7. Cromwell.
  • 8. John Cokeson, water bailiff of Calais.
  • 9. Meaning the dean of Stoke by Clare, Suffolk. He was Robert Shorton, S.T.P., and master of St. John's College, Cambridge, and died on the 17th Oct. 1535. It was on this vacancy that Matthew Parker was made dean by Anne Boleyn's influence; but Le Neve gives the date of his preferment as 10 Sept. 1535. The month is certainly wrong. See Dr. Legh's letter of the 19th Oct.
  • 10. This letter may be of almost any year from 1533 to 1539; but from the character of the signature it is probably one of the earlier years.
  • 11. According to Inquisition post mortem 28 Hen. VIII., No. 116, Sir William Heron died on the 18th June (?) 27 Hen. VIII., and Elizabeth Heron, his granddaughter, was found to be his heir.