Henry VIII: November 1535, 21-30

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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'Henry VIII: November 1535, 21-30', in Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535, (London, 1886) pp. 288-310. British History Online https://www.british-history.ac.uk/letters-papers-hen8/vol9/pp288-310 [accessed 29 February 2024]


November 1535, 21-30

21 Nov.
Vienna Archives.
861. Chapuys to Charles V.
Since I wrote that Cromwell had talked to me about sending a notable embassy to your Majesty there has been no appearance of any such intention, so that it seems they only wish to entertain people with words, and gain as much time as possible.
On Friday, the 12th, a procession was held here, the most solemn ever seen in this kingdom, at least within the memory of man. Three bishops and four mitred abbots in pontifical habit, and innumerable monks and priests in rich vestments, took part in it. As to the people, the crowd was enormous, and there were numbers of musical instruments; the Sacrament of the Altar was carried almost the whole length of the town by the bishop of London;—all to give thanks to God for the recovery of the king of France. Many expected that the French ambassador and some of the lords of that court ("et aucunes de ces (qu. ses) seigneurs de cour") would have assisted, but they did not. As I understand, the King, at the time when the said procession was proposed, and since also, showed himself very ill satisfied with the king of France: and, as to the procession itself, it was a very convenient opportunity to gratify the French, and at the same time give this people to understand that there was most fraternal love between the two Kings;—an impression which it is very necessary to convey to make the levying of the tax which the King has imposed more easy. And to make the people incline to their perverse and damnable errors they have spread reports that the said procession has been made to render thanks to God because He had been pleased to inspire the king of France to take the true way, and make himself head of the Gallican Church.
The personage who informed me of what I wrote to your Majesty on the 6th about the Queen and Princess, viz., that the King meant to have them dispatched at this next Parliament, came yesterday into this city in disguise to confirm what she had sent to me to say, and conjure me to warn your Majesty, and beg you most urgently to see to a remedy. She added that the King, seeing some of those to whom he used this language shed tears, said that tears and wry faces were of no avail, because even if he lost his crown he would not forbear to carry his purpose into effect. These are things too monstrous to be believed; but, considering what has passed and goes on daily,—the long continuance of these menaces—and moreover that the concubine, who long ago conspired the death of the said ladies and thinks of nothing but getting rid of them, is the person who governs everything, and whom the King is unable to contradict,—the matter is very dangerous. The King would fain, as I have already written, make his Parliament participators and even authors of such crimes, in order that, losing all hope of the clemency of your Majesty, the whole people should be the more determined to defend themselves when necessary.
Tomorrow Mr. Bryan leaves in post to visit the French king. I suspect under this pretext he will have charge to solicit the release of some English ships which have been arrested at Bordeaux by virtue of an edict made about a year and a half ago in opposition to one which was published against not only the French but all foreigners. Of the 12 English ships taken in Denmark by the king of Sweden, eight have arrived here without having sustained any material injury in their merchandize; only some artillery and other apparel was borrowed from them for the said King's army; the other ships being well adapted for war, are detained both for their own use, and to keep them out of the hands of the Lubeckers.
The merchandize of the men of Dantzic is still sequestrated here. Some of the owners tell me they don't care to solicit its release, feeling assured they will find means enough to repay themselves double both principal and interest. London, 21 Nov.
French, from a modern copy, pp. 3.
21 Nov.
Vienna Archives.
862. Chapuys to [Granvelle]. (fn. 1)
Received four days ago his letters of 26 Sept. Thanks him for certain hints about his personal enemies.
The King will become worse and worse till he is utterly ruined, from which the provision of harquebuses which he is making will not save him. Thinks he will get them from somewhere else than Flanders. His desire to procure them shows that he means to take some new step, wishing, on the one hand, to put his people in fear, and, on the other, to defend himself from invasion.
In answer to the question of M. Anthoine, the secretary, Cromwell is the son of a poor farrier, who lived in a little village a league and a half from here, and is buried in the parish graveyard. His uncle, father of the cousin whom he has already made rich, was cook (cousinier) of the late archbishop of Canterbury. Cromwell was illbehaved when young, and after an imprisonment was forced to leave the country. He went to Flanders, Rome, and elsewhere in Italy. When he returned he married the daughter of a shearman, and served in his house; he then became a solicitor. The cardinal of York, seeing his vigilance and diligence, his ability and promptitude, both in evil and good, took him into his service, and employed him principally in demolishing five or six good monasteries. At the Cardinal's fall no one behaved better to him than Cromwell. After the Cardinal's death Wallop attacked him with insults and threats, and for protection he procured an audience of the King, and promised to make him the richest king that ever was in England. The King immediately retained him on his Council but told no one for four months. Now he stands above every one but the Lady, and every one considers he has more credit with his master than Wolsey had— in whose time there were others who shared his credit, as Maistre Conton (Compton), the duke of Suffolk, and others, but now there is no one else who does anything. The Chancellor is only his minister. Cromwell would not accept the office hitherto, but it is thought that soon he will allow himself to be persuaded to take it. He speaks well in his own language, and tolerably in Latin, French, and Italian; is hospitable, liberal both with his property and with gracious words, magnificent in his household and in building.
Is surprised that Mons. de Praet has no acquaintance with him, for they were near neighbours in London.
Tuke (Brianturcq) lives 20 miles off in the country, and does not come to court. He is still treasurer, a servant acting for him. Understands that he would gladly be "hors berghe saulves."
Refers to his letter to the Emperor. London, xxxi. (sic.) Nov. 1535.
The person (fn. 2) before mentioned has sent to say that, four or five days ago, the King, talking about the Princess, said that he should provide that soon she would not want any company, and that she would be an example to show that no one ought to disobey the laws, and he meant to fulfil what had been foretold of him,—that is, that at the beginning of his reign he would be gentle as a lamb, and at the end worse than a lion. He said also that he would despatch those at the Tower and some who were not there. Chapuys' informant begged him not to dissemble any longer with the ladies, but to inform them, so that they might take counsel, and send some one to the Emperor.
Thanks him for his attention to his interest, of which he has heard from the secretary Perrenot.
Fr., from a modern copy, pp. 4.
21 Nov.
R. O.
863. — to Cromwell.
"My duty of recommendation [premised, these] shall be to ascertain your mast[ership that on the] 19th day of November I [received your letter] dated at Windsor the ............... and by the continue o[f the same perceive your] mastership believeth ........ the licence for the exer[cise] ........ which of truth I r ......... [Mathewe] Grefton, registre v[nto my lord of Londòn a] seven night before th .............. unto him again by t[he] ........... for his diligence. A[nd] ........... chester's named Willi[am] ............ the same Mr. Mathewe ................ the said licence and r ................ the registre would fain ........... thought him no conveni[ent] .......... he would work such m[arvels] ........ among the plain and u[nlearned people] as should have been to some ......... though that these and other ............. to have done in the premises, as ........ herted subject. Yet neverthel[ess] ........ your mastership for your good[ness] ..... at this time. By the which ............. remiss behaviour or neglige [nce] .......... mought yet, (having your ............. as you be) repair and ............. For the which your good ............. times before showed, y ......... during my life ............. preserve your good m[astership]. 21ti day of November ....."
                                                                       (Signature lost).
Add.: To the Right Honourable and his singular go[od] master, Master C[rom]wel, secretary unt[o the] King's Highness, be [this] delivered.
21 Nov.
R. O.
864. Sir Walter Stonore to Cromwell.
This present Sunday last past, the mayor of Wallingford has sent me the two constables, and his examination of John Perse, surgeon, for words spoken by him in the house of John Ivell, constable, in the presence of Sir John Mychell, priest, touching the King. I send you the examination and the priest, and Perse I have sent to the castle at Wallingford. The constables and others taken to record by the priest are honest poor men, and, before the mayor, have denied hearing the words with which the priest charged them. Stonore, Sunday, 21 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
21 Nov.
R. O.
865. John Sarysburie, Prior of St. Faith's, to Cromwell.
Your visitor has sequestrated the possessions and moveables of this house without any just cause. Being of your advancement, I should be sorry to use myself unbecomingly. The sinister report of my enemies has brought this about. I beseech you therefore to release the sequestration in discharge of my sureties, Sir Thos. Straunge, Thos. Godsalve, John Wotton, Augustyn Stewarde, and Will. Rogers. St. Faith's, 21 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
21 Nov.
R. O.
866. Sir Richard Bulkeley to Cromwell.
Received, but only on the 18th Nov., the King's commands and yours, dated the 28th Oct. touching the ship the "Katharine" of Bristow, the master, Thomas Carter, and John Yong, with other pirates. The ship was arrested by me, and in Sept. I received the King's commands (of which I send copy) to deliver it to Lord Leonard Grey and others appointed by him. I accordingly delivered it to his servant Matthew King. Carter and Yong will not confess what has become of the goods. Sends an inventory. Has had much trouble about them. Begs his favor to a poor religious man, John Godfrey, prior of Prestolme or Penmon, in diocese of Bangor, shut up in his house by Dr. Elys Price and Will. Glyn, the King's commissioners and yours. He was enjoined to show the foundation of his house to you or the said commissioners by Christmas next, with all the writings, which were in my possession, which I now send. For your goodness to the said prior you shall receive by the bearer from him 20 nobles, and at the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul 20 marks more, for which I will be surety, that the prior may have his liberty, and not be troubled by the commissioners. His house is of small living, and cannot dispend in temporalities above 14l., and in spiritualties more than 26l., by which he supports two canons, a priest, and 12 or 16 persons besides. Has no interest in speaking for him, except that he and his ancestors have been stewards to the house time out of mind and have a yearly fee of 40s. Beaumaris, 21 Nov.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: Secretary.
ii. The King's commandment above referred to, dated Winchester, 17 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
21 Nov.
Nero, B. vi. 20.
B. M.
867. Florentius Voluzenus to Starkey.
Informing him of his being appointed by Ja. Sadolet to a professorship (or tutorship?) at Carpentras, with 70 crowns per annum. Starkey had advised him last summer at London, while walking with him in the garden of Anth. Bonvisius, to choose Carpentras for his studies; which advice, though he had not followed when he visited Italy, occurred to him when he met Bonvisius at Lyons. The Emperor is believed to have reached Naples. Nothing is said of the Turk. The French king has recovered from a serious illness, and is believed to meditate an expedition to Milan, the Duke being lately dead. The talk of a General Council is almost at an end. Sends remembrances to Cromwell, the King's secretary, and to the bishop of Hereford, Edward Fox. Lyons, at the house of Bonvisius, xi. cal. Dec.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: "Eruditissimo viro et amico suo Jo. Starcheo, Londini, aut in Aula."
21 Nov.
Add. M.S. 8715, f. 148.
B. M.
868. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
Particulars about the illness and recovery of the French king. The Imperial ambassador came to see the Bishop, with some proposals for peace more efficacious than the former ones. He says the Pope ought to do and can do more in this matter than any other, especially now that the Emperor will be with him. The Emperor being thoroughly hostile to the king of England, might be induced to yield to the French about the duchy of Milan, to have better means of revenging himself. Expects a war, which will not finish without the ruin of either the Emperor or Francis. The French are enlisting infantry in Germany, and England will do all that the French wish to light the fire, thinking, if it begin in Italy and Flanders, they may escape the trouble which they might reasonably expect. The king of England is forced to help the French with money at least, so that he seeks nothing but to drive them to war.
Has been today with the Admiral. Expressed a great desire for peace, to which he thought the Imperialists were not so averse as they had been; but as the French are busy intriguing, awaiting infantry from Germany, and Winchester has come and been with the Council, added that the (Imperial) ambassador had expressed great confidence that the Pope could bring it about, as the Bishop has already told Francis. Wished to know whether the Admiral desired anything to be said to the Pope on the subject. He replied that the Emperor hoped to put the world to sleep, and have his way with the French king about Milan; but he was mistaken, for the French king did not think of having that state in the way they thought; the Emperor might be sure that the French would help the king of England, or anyone else he fought with, so as not to allow him to become more powerful; however, he thanked the Pope for his good will, by whom and none other they wished to arrive at peace. He said that Gardiner would soon be able to speak with the King, who would not permit the Emperor to attack England, although they never would defend it against the Pope and the Holy See, because the King and his predecessors have gained the title of Most Christian by shedding their blood in the service of the Church, and not by hindering it. He wished the Bishop to understand clearly that they would never desert the king of England in any composition with the Emperor, but if peace was made by means of the Pope, and he then excommunicated the king of England and deprived him of commerce, and assembled the princes against him, in that case Francis would be one of the first to show resentment against him in the service of the Church. He said that if the Pope showed resentment against Henry no one could condemn it, but it ought rather to be praised; and that he had said to Gardiner, who asked whether the Pope was proceeding against his King, that he did not know, but that he heard he intended to canonize Fisher (il Roffense), because if S. Thomas of Canterbury (Conturbiense) was canonized and venerated through all England for losing his life in defence of his own Church, Fisher, being willing to die in defence of the universal Church, ought to be placed in the same position and venerated by all the world. Thinks, therefore, if the Pope proceed boldly against that King, they will take care to make him comply with their wishes, so as to be all the stronger in case of war, or to have the better occasion in case of peace to abandon him and act against him. For, as to peace, the writer still holds as he did at first, that, supposing the matter of Milan can be adjusted (though they may assert the contrary a thousand times), his Holiness could not do them a greater pleasure than to enter into the practice (nella prattica). But here they profess that they mean quite otherwise, and will go with a leaden foot, as the Admiral says. * * * *
Ital., pp. 10. Copy. Headed: Al Signor Prot. Ambrogio, da Digiun, li 21 Novembre 1535.
22 Nov.
R. O. C.'s Letters, 317.
869. Cranmer to Cromwell.
My servant Kylligrewe told me that he wished me to send you one of my servants whom I trusted as myself. I have sent you my chaplain Champion, whom you may trust equally with myself. Ford, 22 Nov.
Add.: Secretary. Endd.
22 Nov.
R. O.
870. Wm. Lord Sandys to Cromwell.
This poor woman, the bearer, has an injunction to vacate a farm with 800 sheep, or appear before my Lord Chancellor. I beseech your favor for her as she is a widow, having been wedded to her husband by the assent and advice of me and my wife. Her husband had the farm by lease of one Weller for a term of years in survivorship. The husband died intestate, and the woman sued the administration of the ordinary, and hath ministered and paid her husband's debts. Excuse me to the King for this Christmas, as I am not very well. The Vine, 22 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.: Lord Sandes.
22 Nov.
R. O.
871. Philip Parys to Cromwell.
I have lately received letters from the King commanding me to pay George Warenar his fees, which are withheld by my Lord's (fn. 3) command, as you well know. Let me know what is best to be done in my Lord's absence. Would be sorry to serve anyone if the King is dissatisfied. Farnam, 22 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
22 Nov.
R. O.
872. Mary Oudall to Lady Lisle.
Asks lady Lisle to repay money which she had laid out for her ladyship and lord Lisle. Has great need of it, as she must buy brown cloth against Easter. 22 Nov. 1535.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
22 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 47.
B. M.
873. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Wrote on Sept. 1 and 8 and Oct. 24. The Ambassador in England wrote on the 14th Oct. that the Queen and Princess were well, and sent a servant of his here, who left on the 5th to go to the Emperor. He brought letters from the Queen, which she said she sent as her last testament, because, considering her present state and the orders made in the Parliament of this November, it appears likely that she and the Princess will be sentenced to martyrdom, which she was ready to receive in testimony of the Holy Faith, as the cardinal of Rochester and other holy martyrs had done. She only grieves that her life has not been as holy as theirs, and she is in great sorrow for the multitude of souls who are daily condemned.
The Princess with only three women is in the same house as the daughter of the Wench ("la Manceba"), under the charge of the Wench's aunt. Formerly the Ambassador was allowed to send to her two days a week, but now this leave has been taken away. When she asked to be allowed to live with her mother she was refused, because it would make her more obstinate in disobeying the statutes, which was not safe in consequence of the penalty imposed by them. The King told his mistress that while he lived (viniere, error for viviere?) the Princess should not marry. She has told the King several times that it is the Princess who causes war, and that it will be necessary to treat her as the cardinal of Rochester has been treated. She has often said of the Princess "She is my death and I am hers; so I will take care that she shall not laugh at me after my death." When the Ambassador asked for certain money due to the Queen from the time she held the lands "de sus arras," it was refused, and he was told that he should see if the Queen would consent to live at less expense, and that the King bore her expenses.
After the earl of Kildare had been hunting for a fortnight with the King, he was put into the Tower, where his father died, and whence no one comes out except to execution.
The French king has sent to England, in addition to the Ambassador now there, a relative of the Grand Master, called the bailiff of Troyes. He visited Anne Boleyn's daughter as if she were princess, and told the French ambassador afterwards that he did it to comply with her mother's request. The king of England has sent the bishop of "Excestre" (fn. 4) to France. Formerly he was counted among the good, who disapproved of the King's deeds, but now he is one of the worst.
They have taken the able persons out of some monasteries, and left the infirm (inhabiles) with so little to maintain them that they are constrained to leave their religion. They have taken all the nuns under twenty-five years from the monastery. One of the commissaries spoke improperly to the nuns, who rebuked him, saying that their Apostolic privileges were broken. The commissary replied that he had more power on behalf of the King than the whole Apostolic See. When the nuns referred their complaint to Cromwell, the King's secretary, by whom these ill deeds are done, he replied that this was only the prologue (que esto no era el introito). (fn. 5)
The sons of knights are made abbots, even though they are young, that they may collect the rents. The heads of the holy cardinal of Rochester, the holy Thomas More, and another holy Carthusian Martyr were set up at the gate of London. Rochester's head was always fresher, although the others were turning black. Seeing that the people noticed it, the heads have been thrown into the river.
The cardinals who are commissioned to attend to the English cause have published that they wish at once to declare the King deprived of his kingdom, and his subjects absolved from their oath of allegiance. However, the minute which they have drawn up is only monitory.
Asks the Empress to have continual prayer made for the Queen and Princess. Rome, 22 Nov. 1535.
Sp., pp. 7. Modern copy.
23 Nov.
Add. MS. 8715, f. 152 b.
B. M.
874. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
Hears that a dispatch was sent (essendosi spacciato) to England after the death of the duke of Milan, and that an answer is expected, so that it appears that Gardiner is not working as was supposed.
Ital., pp. 2. Modern copy. Headed: Al Sig. Mons. Amb. da Digiun, 23 Nov. 1535.
23 Nov.
R. O.
875. Sir Francis Bryan to Cromwell.
Arriving at Callys at nine this morning, "as syke a see man as ever passed see," I met the bearer, Gylbard, coming from his master. He tells me the duke of Myllan is departed, and that a brother of the duke of Wertynbarge is about to be dispatched from the French court to Germany for Almains to go to Milan, which the French king intends to have. You shall see more by Wallop's letters, which I would have opened, had I not thought I should speak with my lord of Winchester and Sir John Wallop, before seeing the French king. Callys, this "Thusday" (Tuesday), Sent Clementes day.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: "Secretary." Endd.
R. O. 876. Search for Plate.
Petition to the King and Council of John Walle, appointed in conjunction with Harry Atwyll to search for plate among the goldsmiths in counties Devon, Cornwall, and Somerset, seizing such as is under weight, with the privity of Sir Will. Courtney, (fn. 6) Sir Thos. Denyes, and Sir Jo. Fulford, to be tried in the Star Chamber. Had seized 580 oz., and been at the charge of 40 marks. Begs a moiety of the plate so seized according to the Act of Parliament.
P. 1. Endd.
[24 Nov.]
R. O.
877. William Lyte to Cromwell.
Master Courtyney has departed this life. He had Petherton park in Somersetshire, a profitable office, from the King. If you please to have it, you may, and you will find it profitable and worshipful. If so, I beg to have it under you. I desire your pardon because I did not do my duty to you when you were in the country, for I was not within 100 miles of my house.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary.
24 Nov.
R. O.
878. "Bills for transporting the King's Ambassadors."
1. For transporting the bishops of Winchester and Hereford from Dover to Calais, 40s. Their horses and baggage, to John Campes, 60s. To John Lame, for transporting Sir Francis Brian, 53s. 4d.
2. Bill, signed by Sir Francis Brian, acknowledging that 53s. 4d. is due to John Lame for transport, 24 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.
3. Similar bill for 60s., signed by the bishop of Winchester, to John Campes, for transport of baggage, 21 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII.
4. Similar bill for 40s., signed by the bishops of Winchester and Hereford, to Wm. Tailor, for transport, 21 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII.
A file of four bills.
25 Nov.
R. O.
879. The Monks of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell.
A "supplication" in reply to "the uncharitable, false, feigned, and unjust suggestions" made by the prior against his convent, taxing them with disobedience; whereas he himself disobeys the King's injunctions in regulating their diet, and used great dissimulation to Cromwell's surrogate, though he is backed up by the subprior and six or seven others, who would affirm the crow was white if he said so. Since the injunctions they meet, without grudging, four and four to a mess, in the convent hall, and give attendance to the reading of Scripture. A larger quantity of bread and meat is "erogate" to the prior in one week than formerly in seven. But in the Frater, "thorow the contynuall and ynportable borden ........ young men coartyng them to use prescrypt meates, nother savery nor holsom," there is continual murmuring and great hypocrisy in showing abstinence by the use of such a diet. In reply to the third article, it is not true that the worship of God is diminished; for since the visitation, both collation and compline have been attended by a greater company of the brethren, for the most part by 60, sometimes 40, or 30 at least, "more joyously, melodiously, and devoutly" than it ever was, or will be hereafter unless the said injunction take again effect, for now it is only maintained by 10 or 11 at most. 4. They desired the prior to make laws for the correction of evil-doers, and not hold them in suspicion; which he took very well at the time. He retains six persons under 24 years of age in the monastery against their will, &c. He is avaricious, and pretends to be poor; but of late, as God would, his treasure was disclosed besides that which was consumed by fire. 25 Nov.
Large paper, pp. 3. Endd.
25 Nov.
R. O.
880. John Dunston, Subprior of Christchurch, Canterbury, to Cromwell
I received last night from your mastership, by our servant Alyn Frognall, certain dispensations given me by your goodness, both touching the oversight of the hospital of St. Jacob's, and for keeping my chamber certain times at my meals. For this I thank you heartily, and we are all your beadmen. Canterbury, 25 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv.
124. B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 90.
881. Christopher Levyns to Cromwell.
On Sunday week delivered to his servant, Master Filoll, a bill of complaint against the prior of Christchurch, Canterbury, stating on the authority of divers brethren that the prior had taken a collette for the bishop of Rome by name of Pope, contrary to his oath and to a law made in that behalf. Gave him also a copy of an inventory of jewels and plate belonging to the monastery, with a remembrance of articles to the value of thousands of pounds, which were wilfully left out, contrary to an injunction of Dr. Leyghton, visitor there.
The prior is gone to his house. Thinks that the monks who opened this matter will never come forth after his coming home to depose further, but will be poisoned or murdered in prison, as it is reported that he has murdered others. It is not to be doubted that, knowing himself guilty, he will "eloyne" out of the house to his secret friends thousands of pounds, to the great hindrance of the King, who is justly entitled upon this offence to have the whole moveable goods of the house. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
26 Nov.
Harl. MS. 308, f. 89.
B. M.
882. Thomas and Gregory Cromwell.
Grant by John, abbot, and the convent of Bury St. Edmunds to Thos. Cromwell, chief secretary, and his son Gregory, of an annual pension of 10l. from the manor of Harlowe, in Essex. In the Chapter House, 26 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.
Lat., copy, p. 1.
26 Nov.
R. O.
883. Coventry.
Depositions taken before Robt. Kirvyne, mayor of Coventry, Roger Wigston, recorder, Wm. Smyth, Julyne Nethermyll, Richard Herryng, Thomas Dodd, Thomas Asteleyn, Roger Wales, Hugh Lawton, and Roger Palmer, aldermen of Coventry, 26 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.
George Wakefielde deposes to hearing from John Robynse how he and three others had pulled down certain Acts of Parliament and proclamations from the cross in the market-place on the night of St. Martin's Day. John Robynse, of Coventry, Wm. Apreston, of Wynsore, Henry Heynes, of Allesley, Warw., and Robt. Knottesforde, of Lutterworth, Leic., confess to having done so while drunk. They had been drinking at Roger's tavern, and went, by St John's, through Bishop's Street, to their inn, the Panyer. Signed by the mayor, recorder, and Nethermyll, Herryng, and Wylleys, aldermen.
P. 1. Large paper. Endd.: "Depositions taken at Coventry."
26 Nov.
R. O.
884. John Compton to Cromwell.
I thank you for your kindness at Winchester, when I required a letter to my lord Sturton. My son Thomas desires to be in your service; and when you were riding to Waltom (Bishop's Waltham) I desired you to take him, and offered to settle on him after my decease 20l. a year; at which time you begged him to resort to you in London. Evill (Ewell), 26 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
26 Nov.
R. O.
885. John Thompson, Master of the Maison Dieu, to Lady Lisle.
Reminds her of the bullocks he lately sent her. They stand him in eight marks for the first penny, beside all charges of keeping. Dover, 26 Nov.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: At Calais.
[26 Nov.]
Vesp. F. xiii. 141.
B. M.
886. Sir John Dudley to Lord Lisle.
Commendations to Lady Lisle. Asks Lord Lisle to buy him a horse, as he can get none here, and the King would have every man get him horse and harness. Would be loath to be behind, and therefore asks him to send the horse that he thinks would serve best for the tilt, by the next one of his servants coming hither. Friday after St. Katharine's Day. "Your assuryd son during his liffe."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
26 Nov.
Add. MS. 8,715, f. 153b.
B. M.
887. Bishop of Faenza to M. Ambrogio.
Negotiations are still going on here, and preparations are being made for war. Does not think, therefore, that they have come to any conclusion with Gardiner. The duke of Albany is starting today for Lyons. Hears that he has taken 56,000 francs. Does not know if he is going to be in a better place to serve the King in Italy if he unexpectedly gains some places in those parts. * * * Yesterday the English ambassadors were summoned to be with the King for a long time. Gardiner had not yet spoken with him since he came. Today also they were again summoned, and were busy for a long time.
Ital., pp. 4. Modern copy. Headed: Al Sig. M. Ambrogio da Digiun li 26 Nov. 1535.
27 Nov. 888. John Reskemer.
See Grants in November, No. 30.
27 Nov.
R. O.
889. Dr. Thomas Legh to Cromwell.
The bishop of Norwich has distributed to his servants the most part of his goods, and intends to make a letter of attorney to Mr. Rydman for the rest to be distributed as he will. I have sent you notice thereof, that if you wish to have any saying or interest there you may excogitate what you think convenient. Ipswich, 27 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
27 Nov.
R. O.
890. Sir Thomas Audeley, Lord Chancellor, to Lord Lisle.
Desires him to send a just declaration of the value of all his lands goods, plate, and jewels, with the view of being assessed for the same. As Lisle is desirous to have certain lands formerly belonging to lord Barnes, and purchased by the writer of Sir Gilbert Talbot, begs to know his pleasure in that behalf. Wishes to have his rent for the past year. Marvels not a little that Lisle objects to the King's writs being served by the Chancellor on two soldiers in his retinue, named William Burdon and Anthony Pikering. The matter for which they were subpænased was commenced in England; therefore equity requires that they should be tried here.
Many of the soldiers abide in England for the space of a quarter of a year. Requires that they shall appear in Chancery without further delay. If he refuses, will be compelled to move the King herein for maintenance of his prerogative. London, 27 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Sealed. Add. Endd.: 1535.
27 Nov.
R. O.
891. William Lelegrave to Cromwell.
Since the departure of the King's commissioners, a new tower, "with a vawte and splayed loopes in the vaunde mewre thereof," and a counter mure behind, leading towards Pryinceyn Bulwarke, has been made on the south side of the town. Also, by order of the Commissioners, the arches in the wall between Kyrbie tower and the Bollayne gate have been bricked up, and a new sluice made at Newenham Bridge. Cost of the above, more than 350l.
The main bank, ordered, from Dyckelonde towards Sandegate, will cost 40l.
The "banckes, juttyes, and wharffes" require repair, "for the see hathe ben so rigorous, by reason of grete intempestious wynddes." If the decay is allowed to go further it will cost double; at present it will cost 300l. at least.
The King's "tennantreys" by the Exchequer, and those belonging to the Staple Inne, require repair. As the payments for the above works have not yet been fully made, "to the greate domage and hurte of poore men that be artificers, labourers, and carters," asks for money to do this, and also to lay in provisions for the next year. Caleys, 27 Nov. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: "Secretary." Endd.
27 Nov.
R. O.
892. Geo. Rolle to Lady Lisle.
I have received your letters by your servant John Borough, by which I perceive that you would have been long since contented to have gone through with Lord Daubeney, but for fear that men should think your son's title the weaker, and because of the great sum to be given for the redemption of the whole inheritance. The title of your son will not be any weaker, but everything will be put out of doubt, and he that will win perpetual peace and possession of such an inheritance must take pain in his purse and his bodily study. Considering the unstableness of him who is in possession, I would advise you to take some pains and prepare some reasonable sum against next term, when Parliament will be held, that lord Daubeney may have 200l. in hand, and the rest according to agreement. I mean that you should have the whole possession of the lands and casualties, and pay him the rents of assize. Lord Lisle should write a gentle letter to Mr. Chomley, sergeant, to help you forward.
Concerning your weir at Umberleigh, as your Ladyship writes, many will repent it. The water is now so high that no man can pull it down without danger of life. I should advise you to write to the Queen, saying that your weir "doth not let the coming up of boats nor barges, nor yet the drowning of the country," and asking that it may stand, and that she will move the King, the Chancellor, or Mr. Secretary to have some indifferent commission appointed to view it. I doubt whether Mr. Courtenay be your friend or nay. I have sent your commendation to Mr. Hacche and Mr. Monke. I should be glad to see my Lord dwelling at Umberlegh. I think showing of the grant of your waters in king John's days, by John Davy to Mr. Courtenay, would have done little good. My wife desires to be recommended. London, 27 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: At Calais.
27 Nov.
Paris, Bibl. Nat. Fr. 5499, fo. 248.
893. Jean du Bellay to Montmorency.
"L'affaire du roy d'Angleterre est sur les rangs, et pense que au premier ou deuxieme consistoire nous en verrons voler les fouz (qu. feux?). J'en ay cydevant escript ma fantasie comme scavez et y fait tout cc que je puis et que je vois estre pour le mieux; toutte fois pour ce quil ne ma rien ete mande de la volunte du Roy sur ce, je y voys un peu plus retenu."
Fr. Copy by Mr. Friedmana.
28 Nov.
R. O.
894. John Baker to Lord Lisle.
Thanks him and my lady for the great cheer he had with them at Calais, and also for the hawk. Advises Lisle to call before him the bakers and brewers who threaten to leave their occupations because they may not provide their grain in the country. He is to take their examination, making them set their hands to the same, and then send them to the King. is surprised he writes nothing of this to Master Treasurer, (fn. 7) as he had already written to him respecting the proclamation. London, 28 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Endd.: Mr. Baker, attorney of the duchy.
28 Nov.
R. O.
895. Sir Reynold Carnaby to Stapleton and Whiterason.
Received by his cousin Chr. Wharton a letter from Whiterason, dated 22 Nov. Although he cannot bring my lord Mordaunt lower than 665l., considering the decay of his land, directs him to conclude the bargain. If Mr. Say desires to buy any of his lands in Kent he shall have the preference. There are no lands in these parts, except Beaumont's lands, that Carnaby would take in exchange. Whatever Mr. Say intends let me not forego the bargain of my lord Mordaunt and lord Borowe. Has heard so much of Mr. Wyat's lands of late that he doubts to meddle withal. Toplif, 28 Nov. 1535.
Large paper, p. 1. Add.: To my especial friends, Mr. Stapleton, my lord's attorney, and to Master Whiterason, and to every of them, at London.
29 Nov. 896. Henry Norris.
See Grants in November, No. 34.
29 Nov.
R. O.
897. John Husee to Lord Lisle.
Has received his letter by Wallop's servant, and with it the indictment of Adrian Skell, which is so made that all your learned counsel cannot draw a bill of the same to be signed; but Husee has done his best with the aid of the best practitioners in the Chancery. Begs some money, for the charges for this journey have beggared him. If the weir be not already down, doubts not it will stay for a time; for Sir Wm. Cortney, who was the only commissioner in Devonshire, died on Wednesday last at Powdram. " Some be sorry, and the most part make little moan." Can get little grace in this cause at Mr. Secretary's hands. Will not fail to solicit with Mr. Nores for the "vouscyns" (advowsons) of Calkwell and Nelle for Mr. James. Mr. Wyndsore refused to deliver me your money as he promised, saying your letter to me was no discharge to him. He is not content with me, because I complained of his slackness about Mr. Saymer. Mr. Wentford, knight-marshal, is anxious to know my lord Howard's mind about the comptrollership, as he would rather give large money to my Lord than be put beside it. Begs to know if Lisle would like any quarryers or torches from hence, for if this pardon were dispatched he would not tarry one hour. The King conies to Richmond on Wednesday, and says he will keep Christmas at Eltham. London, 29 Nov.
Mr. Graynfyld desires you to send my Lord Chancellor his half year's rent, and if you will not buy the house to get him a good purchaser.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
29 Nov.
R. O.
898. John Husee to Lady Lisle.
I have solicited concerning your weir, and so has Mr. Popley, but we get small comfort from Mr. Secretary. Still, if it be not down already, it is like now to be staid for a time, because Sir Will. Courtney, who was commissioner in Devonshire, is dead and buried. If it be down, one Jefford is the causer of it. The action against the hunters cannot be had till you send the feoffees' names in the indenture. My Lord's name will not do, as the lands are put in feoffment. You should send Mr. Basset 100s. at least. You owe the draper the contents of the enclosed bill, for he has delivered, since my last coming over, a coat for Bremelcom, and a cloak for Mr. Basset. I owe the pewterer money "for making and changing your vessel." Mr. Lock and the broiderer want money. The grocer is unpaid, "whereby I have lost a friend." I shall not forget your kirtle. I have given one of Mr. Brian Tywke's clerks a piece of money to search whether your sureties be in suit; and they are not. Please, therefore, to write him a letter of thanks, and send "some gentle pleasure besides." Smythe says the debt of your receipt is 88l.; which, if it had been delivered to me according to my Lord's letter, would have been with your ladyship long ago. London, 29 Nov.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
29 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 51.
B. M.
899.Hannaert to Charles V.
* * * The king of England has sent the bishop of Winchester here to strengthen his alliance with France, for fear of the Pope and the Emperor. * * * Dijon in Burgundy, 29 Nov. 1535.
Sp.,pp. 3. Modern copy.
30 Nov.
R. O.
900. Margaret Calywery (?) and John Lord Husey to Cromwell.
Requesting his favor for John Reignold, one of the Princess's footmen, who desires a farm of the priory of Bethekelert, co. Carnarvon, lately suppressed. The favor will be agreeable to her Grace. Knolle, 30 Nov. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: To our right loving friend Mr. Cromwell.
R. O. 901.Dover and Calais Passage.
Draft private Act of Parliament confirming to John Bartlet and Adrian Doggan, in survivorship, the grant made to them during pleasure by Patent 13 May, 25 Hen. VIII., (fn. 8) of the passage between Dover and Calais; which Edward III. granted to the town of Calais, but the Corporation have for a long time abused their privileges and allowed the harbour to be impaired.
Large paper, pp. 3.
30 Nov.
Lansdowne MS. 896, f. 141.
B. M.
902. Beverley.
Articles of an order taken in the Sterre Chamber, 30 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII., concerning the yearly election of the twelve governors of the town of Beverley, and for the quietness, good order, and peace within the said town.
Pp. 2. Modern copy.
30 Nov.
Vit. B. xiv. 154.
B. M.
903. Peter Paul Vergerius to [the Elector of Saxony]. (fn. 9)
"I will briefly write certa[in] ..................... I did presently speak of before [the princes of Germany] of the General Council. First I [told them how his Holiness] hath determined to keep a General Council [for the composing] of such dissensions as are in our Faith, and [averting the dangers that] are like to ensue of the same.
" I said also that he doth reckon the city of M[antua meet] for that purpose, and that he would shortly ........ to it of the same.
"And, further, I said that he would send no arti[cles to the] princes of Germany or any other princes, for [he thought] it better to entreat of those things which conc[ern the] accomplishment of the Council after that it wer[e] ...... gathered, and now the treatise only toucheth th[e indiction] or calling of the same.
"And besides this, I rehearsed that at the begynn[ing] ........... after that he was elected he sent ambassador[s to divers] Christian princes, and me to the most noble king [Ferdinand] of Hungary and Bohem, the electors and other [princes, to] show those things which I have now touched; [that is] to say, that he might command and order th[e Council by] his only authority as a thing which ever h[ath and] doth appertain to the Papacy, and yet that [he would act] like a father with all men, and specially with th[e princes of] Germany, which he loveth entirely and w[ith all his] heart. And if any would speak against th[e place] I should then declare the causes wherefore it [should be in no] other place than in Italy, and speci[ally the reasons why it] might not be in Germany ................................ and now it needeth not to be repeated.
" ...... this that I did take my journey with these commandments to the king of the Romans, the electors and other princes, and that his Majesty and the other princes with whom I have been would not fail to further this cause."
Of the Emperor I spoke more plainly that he was contented to have it at Mantua. And there is good cause why he is thus minded, especially for the pernicious sects of the Sacramentaries and Anabaptists, from whose rage and madness it would be very hard to defend the unarmed company of such good men as should assemble to convince their follies.
Said also that your Highness should do well to conform to his purpose, and that you could not well do otherwise, for when Clement VII. offered you certain articles you answered that you were very desirous to have a Council, but you would not have it with articles;—which answer of yours is now in every man's hand. Now that a sincere Council is offered you without any articles, it will be open to all the world that you refuse all judgment and order, if you would assent neither then nor now. "And in this place I said they were deceived [w]hich did look that the Pope, before any Council called [or] examination had, should send abroad any articles against himself th ............... time past had been e .............. they were more deceived wh .............. against the Pope's mind would call on ...... Germany.
"And, last of all, I said that the Council ....... quiet and also the more fruit shall ensue [of the] same if your Highness will come to Mant[ua. But if] you refuse to come, yet his Holiness, trusting [to the favor] of God, and of those men which he knoweth [agreeable] to this matter, will not relinquish this his g[ood purpose].
"These be the sums of those things which we[re said] of me; and because ye promised to send me [an answer, I] will tarry with the most noble king of the Ro[mans for] the same.
"And, finally, because your Highness asked me [what] security ye should have, and of whom, if [ye went] into Italy, and that ye would not require [that only], but also, perchance, pledges for your security [this was] my answer to the same:—If this Council be h[eld at] Mantua, which is feodall to the empire and all[most on the] borders of Germany, and the other cities nigh unt[o it are] the Emperor's or the Venetians', which are str[icken] with the Emperor, there shall then be no peril not[her need] of any security, and also that the Emperor's m[ind] is to give this security, if any man will ask [for it]. And touching the Pope he will not re[fuse to give such] security as should be necessary, and ........ by him. I pray God your noblen[ess] ............... nde as we trust you do for then this .......... dy at a point. And this matter of ............ ll stay it nothing." Prague, 30 Nov. 1535.
" Petrus Paulus Vergerius, ambassador to the most high bishop Paulus the Third."
English translation, pp. 4. Mutilated.
30 Nov.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 53. B. M.
904. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V
* * * * *
As to the help which the Pope asks for proceeding against the king of England, the Pope agreed with your Majesty's answer as to thedanger of executing the privation of the king of England without sufficient pledges from the French king for his assistance; and the reasons there are to think that Francis will offer help, for his own ends only, to make the Emperor declare himself, and not to bring the matter to pass. He said, however, that they might be sure of the king of France because of his ancient enmity with England, which would be renewed after this business, and moreover it would be more to his profit. He meant to prove that this was security enough without taking other pledges. Was obliged to answer that the future must be judged by the past, and that the French king had always shown more hankering after Italy than anything else, and that all his friendships, enmities, treaties, &c. had been directed to this end more than any other. This shows his passion for Italy, so that everything else seems small in comparison, and beside the purpose. Repeated what the Emperor said about the probable object of his offers of assistance. The Pope replied that the French said that the Emperor was treating with England. Denied this with more earnestness than on previous occasions, because then it seemed not inconvenient that there should be a little jealousy, but now it was well to draw him to do what the Emperor wishes, and take some pledges from the French king. His Holiness concluded by saying that he was certain of the Emperor's favor and help in this business, on account of what he had said, and because the matter touched the Holy See and the Queen and Princess; that it was necessary to take some security from the French king, and he would write to his Nuncio, and speak to the French ambassador to write to his master. Said that this writing and speaking must be done so that the king of England should not be irritated by knowing of the Emperor's offers to the Pope, lest harm might happen to the Queen and Princess. The French would be sure to make use of it for their own purposes, and to make the king of England angry with the Pope. He approved of this hint, and said that he would write as if on his own account. As to Pier Luis' general proposal for the Pope to act as mediator between the Emperor and French king, his Holiness was pleased with the Emperor's answer about preserving what had been already agreed to (conservar lo capitulado); about finding out the French king's inclination towards the marriage of his third son and the English princess; about the 50,000 ducats upon Milan; about the affairs of the Faith, the celebration of a Council, the Turk and the general peace. He would write on these points to his Nuncio, and speak to the French ambassadors * * * Rome, 30 Nov. 1535.
Sp., pp. 17. Modern copy.
R. O. 905. Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam to Wriothesley.
I return your letters, which I like right well. Please let Mr.Secretary see them or hear them read, and return them to me by bearer or else sent from him by Ralph Sadler at his next coming to Court to be signed. Windsor, (fn. 10) Thursday night. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Wrethesley, one of the clerks of the King's signet, Endd.: Mr. Treasurer of the King's house.
Cal. D. x. 295.
B. M.
906. French News.
* * * * *
The marginal notes are in a later hand. .... jours .............................. de ventre et un .................................. quel il a cuyde mou ................................ il dymynue de jour ............................. sa litiere maiz il ne tro ............................. place ou il puisse avoir ............................. qu'il a le plus ayme il ne ............................. ce sont les fames il dict q ............................ la teste.
.... sicknesse is......... est ..... [g]reate... of his servant......... and ..... Italie was ........ uc of ... [b]roken the ...... it to the ...... ered all ... have poisoned La cause de sa malladie cest .............................. de la Forest, lequel il avoit en ....................... le Turc renvoyoit son home a ......................... despaiche qu il avoit faict avec .................. a esté prins en Itallie du d .......................... et a esté congnu le tout et ma ......................... l'Empereur lequel a tout sceu et ........................... qu'il a faict movoir celluy qu ............................ ledit pacquet.
..... Germanes...... Wirtem...... d also Le Roy a les Suyees et sy a for .................. que luy baille le duc de Wyste[mberg] ....................... lesdits Suyces sont ja dedans g[eneve qui est la] ................. principalle ville de Scavoye ............................ [a]rmee du Roy la quelle ................................. rer pour commence[r] * * * * * .... par toutes les ................................ la subjection dudit ............................. faict preparer son armée par ..................... pour faire ledit voyage contre ........................ y tient Millenc et Gennes et l ........................ se ont tient pour verite que jamais ...................... veu une si belle armée passer ..................... ons ne sy bien munye et garnye ....................... zes le Roy a intention de deffaire .................. [l]Empereur s'il s'y treuve.
[L]e Roy est bien adverty que ledit Emper[eur a p]erdu les plus vaillans gens et cap[itaines d]e son armée tant par mer que par te[rre] ........ est ledit Empereur destruyt.
Le mariage du roy d'Escosse et la fille [du due de] Vendosme n'est point encore faict ou a ............ au Roy, que les Angloys ont rompu .......... a]ffaire et que la dite fille estoit bossue et c[ontrefaite] ... nt que le Roy a envoyé ung gentilhomme ....... [de sa]maison en Escosse le quel a ramené ............... ung des gentilzhommes dudit Roy d ................ ladite demoyselle et pour congnoistre.... loys ne estre veritables..... que sa fille * * * * *........ fust p ............................ ons roys de F[rance] ................ feu roy de France ............... eu de responce du Roy. Ilz .....
..... municated ........ deale Le pappe a privé le roy dengle[terre] .... et inhabille de tenir royaul[me] ....... et interdict la bulle en est en fo[rce contre]
[The Po]pe hath ....... Engl ....... princes ..... but tis not ceulx qui communicqueront avec [ledit Roy] sy ce ne'st par le congé dudit pappe ....... on dict que le pappe a donné s ........ à quelque ung des Allemaignes ma[is il n'y a] point encore de certificacion.
........ t an ....... c. es of ...... e Prince ....... cheefe ...... e would ... ng's daughter. Le Roy a envoyé ung ambassade[ur] ........... aulx Allemaignes vers le conte .................. et au duc de Saxonne. Celluy qu .................. chef et seigneur de ladite maison dep ............... vouldront bien avoir la fille ais[née] .............
........ ensie ...... s to see .... [re]adinesse .. had commanded .......ill he .... Madame de dame de Rey ........ oman .... the Queene. Le Roy avoit envoyé Mons. de Mo[ntmorency] Grant Maistre de France en le ........ à Marcellez pour veoir les gall[eres et les mettre] en ordre et toutes aultres chozes [pour la g]uerre maiz depuis l ........ ne retourne * * * ..... [I] adite Royne ................... yt et nul ne parle .................. sans le vouloir de'icelle ................. ames ont voulut scavoir ............... on les mettoit ainssy dehors .............. et que ce elles ne vuydent ............. a les causes en leurs grandes c ............. e pareillement ledit Grant Maistre .......... l viendroit scavoir au Roy la ca[use] ........ pour quoy il luy avoit mandé qu ............ retournast vers ledit Seigneur on a ....... mettre les parentes et parens dudit Gr[ant] Maistre hors de la maison dudit Roy [et] de la Royne.
La royne de Navarre a faict faire ....... ceste despaiche, la quelle gouverne [le Roy] son frere.
Les causes pour lesquelles ledit Grant [Maistre] et sa cognation sont jettes hors d[e la] maison du Roy, on en diet plusieurs .... ees que le feu Chancellier et luy d ...... au pappe cinquante mille d .................... Mons. d'Orleans a la ........................ et aussy le R * * * * ... avarice a deu .................. luy a faict demander ......... et mesines jusques au Roy la ......... que le dit Grant Maistre luy p ........ porte a parlé au Roy et s'en ....... contente avec cela que ledit G[rant Maistre] a solicité les Angloys en da ......... plus qu'il ne debvoit.
Il y a une aultre cause la [quelle] je ne oseroye mettre sans vost ........
Mons. je me recommande tres humble [ment à] vostre bonne grace, vous suppliant ..... seigneur me despaicher bien tost. Il .... de deulx moys que je ne fus a ........ et puis voecy le bon jour de Noel ...... ce fault retirer.
Mons. ce vous aves vouloir ....... vous serve il fauldroit aler .......... le Roy va sy tost qu'ill pourra .......... puis aler la et suyvir ............. nse car .... * * * *
R. O. 907. Nic. Wyse to [Cromwell].
At the first time of my coming to seek your mastership's service at Midsummer you spake very comfortable words to me and my friends, and, according to your commands, I resorted to you shortly after Mich., when you appointed me to wait further till All Hallowtide, which I have done, and am certified by my master your nephew and your steward that you would take no more servauts. I beg you will not now refuse me, for I have written to my friends that you had already accepted me, as you gave me licence to do. Need will compel me shortly to get me home again, having no other refuge, and this will be a great loss to me.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 908.Thomas Prior of Bodmyn to Cromwell.
Through your wisdom I am in quietness with my brethren, and trust they will be conformable. Roger Arundell continues in his rancor, having no ground for his displeasure against me and my poor house. He hath of late fetched one of my canons out of my house with violence, and is yet out in apostacy, as Dr. Tregonwell can inform you. He has issued a commission to pluck down a weir belonging to this house, and will do so unless we obtain a supersedeas from you. He maintains a number of disorderly persons, who boast in taverns "that it is not Cromwell that shall rule their master." I send you a judgment of the said weir by Mr. Doctor, by which you will perceive there is no need of reformation. From Bodmyn.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
— Nov.
R. O.
909. The Jewel House.
Gold plate delivered by Thos. Cromwell, the King's Chief Secretary, to the Jewel House, Nov. a° 27.
Two gold pots with a double rose, white and red, and the billets or garnets being antike faces, 121¾ oz. A gold standing bowl with a cover, having branches with blue flowers and red berries, 90 oz. A gold cup with a cover, with red and white roses and pomegranates, 51¾ oz. A gold cup, with gold rails about the cup and cover, 47½ oz. A gold cup, with a cover being a rose, garnished with white Margarets, enamelled, and H. and E. knit together between them; some letters wanting, 50 oz. ½ q. A gold collar of Esses, garnished with white and red roses enamelled, set with rubies, diamonds, and pearls, and a lion hanging at a great rose, 39 oz. 1½ q.
Pp. 2. Endd
— Nov.
Otho, C. ix. 108.
B. M.
910. Sir Clement West to Mablesteyn.
Reports the death of the Great Master, Pyryn de Pount, and the election, on the 22nd, of the prior of Toulouse, (fn. 11) in France, as Great Master. "[It] wantyd but a lytyll that I had byn pryor. Sir Jy ... ser Broke was off the 16, and I unworthy co'mo'dy .... the elexsyon and regent that tyme duryng." It is not known where the Turk is. Barbarossa has done much destruction at Mynorke, "and wa .... [Mar]seylles. After they went to a place callyd Dezsert [in] Barbary, and the Emperor sent thedyr 80 seyll, or they .... [h]e went towardes Lavant passyd be Trypoll.
"[Th]e Emperor from Myssyn ys to Naplys."
Begs his help in recovering his old debts in Wales.
Malta, .. Nov .....
Hol., p. 1. Add.: [To] the ryght worschypfull ..... ur Mablesteyn, subbe [prior] at S. John's Jerusallem [in In]glond."
— Nov.
Corpus Reform. ii. 976.
911. Melancthon to Conrad Heresbach.
The articles in circulation are mutilated extracts from the advice he wrote to Langeais, brother of the bishop of Paris, about composing these dissensions, at his request, when he said that the French king would treat with the Pope for peace. Did not wish to publish it. The French king has signified his approval of it, and has sent to Rome. He invited Melancthon to France, but the duke of Saxony would not let him go. Now the king of England (Anglus) invites him. Would wish to help those who are zealous for harmony in the Church. "Ex Tyrigetis mense Novembris."
Granvelle, Papiers d'Etats, 395.
912. Milan.
Memoir by Granvelle on the disposition of the state of Milan; made after the death of Francisco Maria Sforza.
Discusses the advantages of the Emperor keeping the duchy in his own possession, or handing it over to an Italian or to the children of the king of France.
If the last course be adopted, the French king and his children must ratify the treaties of Madrid and Cambray, agree to the Council; assist in obtaining justice for the Queen and Princess of England in the execution thereof, and in reducing the kingdom to obedience to the Roman Church, by treating, among other things, of some marriage which may be advantageous to the Queen and Princess and also to the kingdom and its neighbours. As the French king would wish to be secured from English quarrels, so Calais should be employed to the profit of the Emperor.
Many other conditions are enumerated,—among others, that the French king must engage never to trade with the Indies.
— Nov.
R. O.
913. Richard Gylham to Mr. Porter. (fn. 12)
I have buried four persons of pestilence since Saturday, and I have one more to bury today. Yesterday I was in the house where the plague is very sore, and therefore dare not come to Mr. Auditor. I send a copy of my patent from the prior and convent of Moche Malverne for him to see. Whatever way he takes with the lease I will stand to it.
The charges which the prior and convent should pay out of the vicarage of Moche Malverne are as follows:—To the vicar of Malverne, all manner of charges discharged to the King and the ordinary, 8l. To the archdeacon, for proxy at Easter, 9s. 5½d., and for synnage money, 12d. To the bishop of Worcester:—for the Communion at Easter, six gallons of wine 6s., bread 5d.; for the Communion through the whole year, 8s. 2d. These are all the charges which I as yet pay, except the archdeacon, for he is unpaid for five years.
Some years the vicarage is not worth 6l. 13s. 4d. The prior should pay me 8l. yearly, and discharge me of 16s. to the King for my tenths. "I was not very well since I was in the house where the plague was." Moch Malverne, this present day of November.
The whole sum that goeth out with the vicar's wages is 9l. 14s. 6d. There is 16s. more which the King should pay for the prior to me.
Hol., pp. 2.
Nov.—Grants. 914. Grants in November 1535.
1. Thos. Runcorn, clk. Licence to keep and enjoy such benefices as he now has or shall have, not exceeding in number four, and to be non-resident. Del. Westm., 4 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat.p. 1, m. 33.
2. Lincolnshire: Sir Will. Ascugh, John Bothe, Rob. Ustwayt, and Rob. Ayscugh. Commission to make inquisition on the lands and heir of John Beysby deceased. Westm., 6 Nov.— Pat. 27 Hen. VIII., p. 2, m. 18d.
3. Edw. lord Clynton and Say. Livery of lands as son and heir of Thos. Clynton, late lord Clynton and Say, and kinsman and heir of John, late lord Clynton and Saye, viz., son and heir of the said Thomas, son and heir of the said John; with reversions on the deaths of Anne Clynton, widow of the said John and Joan, now wife of Sir Rob. Wyngfeld, and late wife of the said Thomas, and mother of the said Edward. To apply to lands in England, Wales, Calais, Ireland, and the Marches thereof. Windsor, 7 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII. Del...... 9 Nov.—P.S.Pat.p. 1, m. 43 (undated).
4. Anth. Hawmond. Appointment as feodary of crown lands in the West Riding of Yorkshire; with power to take into the King's hands the persons of heirs under age, and deliver them to Sir Will. Poulet, warden or master of such heirs. Westm., 10 Nov.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 24.
5. Ric. Gresham, Will. Gresham, John Gresham, citizens of London, and Thos. Gresham, clk. Licence to alienate the manor of Towysland, Hunts, to John Gostwik, Gregory Crumwell, Ralph Sadler, Oliver Leder, Walter Crumwell, Will. Gostwyk, Hen. Polsted and John Hales, to the use of Ric. Crumwell. Westm., 12 Nov.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
6. Thos. Holcroft, clk. To have the pension which the next abbot of the monastery of Vale Roiall is bound to give to a clerk of the King's nomination. Windsor Castle, 7 July 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Nov.— P.S.
7. Michael Pukering, chaplain. Grant of the free chapel of St. George in the castle of Southampton, vice John Clerc, deceased, and the chaplainship of the same, with 10l. a year out of the customs of the port of Southampton. Bisshopps Wal[t]bam, 24 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Nov.— P.S.
8. John Cyvergaak and Isabella his wife. Grant, in survivorship, of a messuage and garden, late in the tenure of Jocosa Wever, in Hertstrete, St. Olave's, near the church of Cruched Friars, London, between the tenements belonging to the church of St. Olave's, in which Geo. Woldrop now dwells, on the east, and those of Thos. Burnell on the west, and abutting on the highway called Hertstrete on the south; which messuage and garden belonged to the late prior and monastery of Holy Trinity, London, commonly called Christchurche. Salisbury, 10 Oct. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 12 Nov.— P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.
9. Rob. Porter. Licence to import 100 tuns of Gascon wines in vessels of France, Flanders, Spain, or Britanny. Del. Westm., 12 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
10. John Harrys alias John Bowshe, mason, a native of St. Thomas in Flanders in the Emperor's dominions. Westm., 12 Nov. — Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 19.
11. James Kene, baker, a native of Lubryngham, in the lordship of Sandyngfeld, Picardy, in the dominions of the king of the French. Denization. Westm., 12 Nov.— Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 13.
12. Thos. Carter of Dorlaston, Staff. Pardon for having in self-defence assaulted and killed John Greffyn at Dorlaston, as appears by the records of Barnaby Clerke, one of the coroners, and of Hen. lord Stafford, Sir Will. Basset, Thos. Skrymsher, and Thos. Moreton, justices of the peace in said co.; the said Thomas having surrendered to the Marshalsea prison, as certified by Sir John Fitzjames, C. J. of King's Bench. Westm., 12 Nov.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII.p. 1, m. 19.
13. Walter Walsshe, a page of the Privy Chamber. To be sheriff of co. Worc., with the custody of the castle and county of Worcester, as enjoyed by Sir Will. Compton or Sir John Savage, deceased. Del. Westm., 13 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
14. John Holand, yeoman usher of the Chamber. Lease of a pasture called the meadow of the vill of Trefriwe, Carnarvon, the water-mill of the said vill with the weir, &c., thereto belonging, the fishery of Nancoy, and all lands escheated in the vill of Trebrith, Dynbegh, formerly of Eliz. Holand, and all the "Eschete londes" of Gledan, in the commote of Ughalet, and in the lordship of Dynbigh, N. Wales, and the farm of Llanrose, in the lordship of Dynbigh, in the earldom of March; for 40 years, at certain stated rents. Del. Westm.,13 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat.p. 1, m. 25.
15. Sir Rob. Constable. Wardship and marriage of Rob. Rudston, son and heir of Sir John Rudston, deceased. Del. Westm., 15 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.
16. Roger Radcliff, one of the gentlemen ushers of the Privy Chamber. Nest presenushers of the Privy Chamber. Next presentation to the parish church or rectory of Cottesmore, Rutland, Linc. dioc. Winchester, 25 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 16 Nov.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
17. Ric. Tyll of Postlynge, Kent, yeoman keeper of the park there. Licence to keep cross-bows for the defence of his house and to shoot in the said park. Del. Westm., 16 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
18. Martin Garrard of London, goldsmith, a native of Holland, and born subject of the Emperor. Denization. Westm., 18 Nov.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
19. Michael Lovet of London, tailor, a native of Rouen in Normandy. Denization. Westm., 19 Nov. — Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
20. Will. Saunder. Custody of the person and lands of Edw. More, an idiot, s. and h. of Eliz. More, from 26 Feb. 26 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 20 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 25.
21. Rob. Puttenham. Livery of lands as s. and h. of Sir Geo. Puttenham, deceased, and of Alice, late wife of the said Sir George, likewise deceased. Westm., 23 Jan. 26 Hen. VIII. Del. 20 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 38.
22. Sheriff roll.
Cumb.: *Sir Thos. Wharton, Sir John Lamplew, John Lee.
Northumb.: Hen. earl of Northumberland.
York: *Sir Geo. Darcy, Sir Chr. Hyllyard, Sir John Melton.
Notts and Derby: *Sir Ralph Langford, Sir John Wyllough by, Sir Will. Bassett.
Lincoln: John Halle, Sir John Thymbylby, *Edw. Dymmok.
Warw. and Leic.: Sir Walter Smyth, John Grevyle, *Will. Boghton.
Salop: Will. Gattagre, Thos. Newporte, *Rob. Nedam.
Staff.: Geo. Gresley, *Will. Chetwyn, Thos. Grey.
Heref.: *Will. Clynton, Thos. Bodenham, John Scudamore.
Worc.: *Walter Walssh.
Glouc.: *Sir John Walssh, Thos. Whyttyngton, Sir Nic. Poyntz.
Oxon and Berks.: *Sir Thos. Carter, Sir Anth. Hungerford, Sir Will. Essex.
Northt.: *Sir John Clerk, John Elmes, John Hasylwood.
Camb. and Hunts: *Sir Rob. Payton, Sir Laurence Taylar, Anth. Megges.
Beds and Bucks: Sir Will. Gascoign, Sir Michael Fyssher, *Roger Corbett.
Norf. and Suffolk: John Sprynge, Sir Will. Drury, *Walter Hubberd.
Essex and Herts: *Thos. Peryent, John Tyrrell, Sir John Raynesford.
Kent: Sir Hen. Isley, Sir Thos. Cheyne, *Sir Edw. Wotton.
Surrey and Sussex: Nic. Tufton, John Sakvyle, *Sir Will. Goryng.
Hants: Ric. Norton, Rob. Bulkley, *Sir Peter Phylpott.
Wilts: Will. Thornhyll, Thos. York, Edw. Mountpeson.
Somers. and Dorset: *Francis Dawtry, Sir Edw. Wylloughby, Sir Will. Courtney.
Devon: Andrew Illersdon, *IIugh Pollard, Sir Philip Champernon.
Cornw.: Thos. Seyntabyn, Sir Thos. Chamond, *John Resk [ymer].
Rutland: Thos. B....., — (blank) S ......, *Edw ......
Westmor.: Hen.......
Cheshire: Edw..... John Massy, Sir Will. S.., †Sir Piers Dotton.
Del...... 22 Nov. 27 [Hen. VIII.]—S. B.
Signed by the King at top and bottom.
The names marked with an asterisk were chosen sheriffs by the King.
Inserted by the King.
23. Thos. Gudolphyn alias Godolphyn or Godolghan, of London, alias of Briaca alias of Godolphyn, in the parish of St. Briaca, Cornwall, alias of Horseley, Surrey. Pardon. Del. Westm., 22 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 27.
24. Ric. Jervys, citizen and merccr, London. Custody for 20 years of a messuage in the parish of Clyfton-super-Tempde (Clifton-upon-Teame), Woc' Catterley, Worc., which was acquired by David Howell, born a Welshman by both parents, and lately belonged to Thos. Oldebury, at the annual rent of 2s. 4d., and 4d. of increase. Westm., 23 Nov.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 19.
25. Rob. Jenour. Lease of the manor of Bernes in Brencheley, and the advowson of the church or rectory of Bernes in Brencheley, with all tithes thereto belonging, for 31 years, at the annual rent of 14l. 13s. 4d. Del. Westm., 23 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 23, 3 Nov.
26. John Redyshe. Custody of the possessions of Ric. Redyshe, deceased, in Mottram in Longdendale, Cheshire, during the minority of John Redisshe, son and heir of the said Richard; with the wardship and marriage of the said John. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 28.
27. John Barton of Quenby, esquire of the Body. Annuity of 20 marks out of the issues of 1 messuage, 4 bovates of land, 5 a. of wood, 3 a. of pasture in Faysby, 1 bovate of land in Staynton, 1 messuage, 2 bovates of land in Yar', 1 messuage, 8 bovates of land, 20 a. of pasture in Pykton, 1 messuage, 2 bovates of land in Kylvyngton, 1 messuage, 1 cottage, 8 bovates, 30 a. of pasture in Stanesby, 1 cottage, 2 a. of land in Borough, York, the manor of Magna Wursell in the bishopric of Durham, which lately belonged to John Sayre, deceased, during the minority of John Sayre, son and heir of the said John; with the wardship and marriage of the said John. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 21.
28. John Denys. Presentation to the parish church of Rendecombe, Wore. dine., void by death and at the King's disposal by the attainder of Edward late duke of Buckingham. Del. Westm., 24 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 32.
29. Rob. Shether, bachelor in Theology. Licence to receive and hold, along with the perpetual vicarages of Hendon and Waltham Magna, London dioc., a third cure, and without them any three other incompatible benefices. Del.Westm., 25 Nov.27 Hen.VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 33. Rym. xiv. 558.
30. John Reskemer, esquire of the Body. Licence to import 30 tuns of French wine. Del. Westm., 27 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
31. Will. Yewan, of Colyton, Devon, groom. Pardon for filing and clipping coin. Wolfall, 7 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Nov.—P.S.
32. Rob. Fynder, one of the sewers pro ore. Licence to shoot with cross bows at all marks and game except herons, in all parts of the kingdom, except the King's forests, parks, and chases, notwithstanding the statute 25 Hen. VIII. Windsor Castle, 20 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 27 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1. m. 33.
33. Andrew Nowell. Appointment as feodary of Crown lands in co. Linc., with power to take into the King's hands the persons of heirs under age and deliver them to Sir Will. Poulet, warden or master of such heirs. Westm., 27 Nov.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2. m. 24.
34. Hen. Norres. To be constable of Walyngforde castle, and steward of the honor of Walyngforde and St. Walric, and of the four hundreds there, and the half hundred of Chiltern; with the usual fees and an annual rent of 50l. Del. Westm., 29 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 5.
35. Bedeford (Bideford) Bridge, Devon. License to the wardens and keepers to collect alms in any part of England, for the repair and maintenance' of the said "great and long bridge" of 24 arches. Del. Westm., 29 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
36. John Hanson alias Hensher alias Hensha of Gloucester alias of Campden, Glouc.,"sheryngman," alias laborer. Pardon. Windsor Castle, 15 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 29 Nov.—P.S. Pat., p. 2, m. 9.
37. Rob. Fyndern. Reversion of the offices of bailiff of the lordship or manor of Henley in Ardern, Warw., and keeper of the two parks there, now held by John Dyngley by virtue of patent 25 May 9 Hen. VIII. Windsor Castle, 19 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII Del. Westm., 29 Nov.—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
38. Middlesex. Francis Goodyere, and Thos. Hemmyng. Commission to make inquisition on the lands and heir of Edw. Norres. Westm., 29 Nov.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 18d.
39. Chr. Mytford. Appointment as feodary of Crown lands in co. Northumb.; with power to take into the King's hands the persons of heirs under age, and deliver them to Sir Will. Poulet, warden or master of such heirs. Westm., 29 Nov.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 2, m. 24.
40. John Fitzherbert, the King's chaplain. Licence to receive and hold, along with the parish churches of Waltham and Mapersall, Linc. dioc., which he now, as he asserts, lawfully holds, a third benefice, or, without them or one of them, two or three incompatible benefices. Del. Westm., 30 Nov. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 1, m. 20.


  • 1. Extracts from this letter are printed in translation by Froude in "the Pilgrim," p. 106, from a copy in the Brussels Archives.
  • 2. The Marchioness of Exeter.
  • 3. The bishop of Winchester
  • 4. This is an error for Winchester.
  • 5. No doubt there is an error in the copy. "Only the prologue" is evidently meant.
  • 6. It appears by the Inquisitions p. m. 28 Hen. VIII. that Sir William Courtenay died on the 23rd or 24th Nov. 1535. How much earlier this petition is, it is difficult to say.
  • 7. Fitzwilliam.
  • 8. See vol. vi. 478, though the Patent is not enrolled.
  • 9. See an abstract of this address in Sleidan, Bk. xi.
  • 10. The Court was at Windsor during November 1535, and no later date will suit this letter. It may, however, have been written in August 1534 or in June 1535.
  • 11. Didier de St. Jaille.
  • 12. There is no clear indication of the date of this document except that it was written in a plague year. From the reference to the bishop of Worcester, however, it was probably not during the time Ghinucci held that bishopric. Gylham was "curate" (i.e., vicar of Much Malvern,) in 1585. SeeValor Eccl. iii. 246.