Henry VIII: Miscellaneous, 1535

Pages 367-402

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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Miscellaneous, 1535

R. O. 1064. The Royal Supremacy.
A discourse on the Royal Supremacy, inculcating the "doctrine of obedience of Christian people to their King and High Power" under all circumstances whatever. In the course of the argument occurs the following passage:—"Therefore if any religious father say that he hath revelation now from God by his angel that it is leeful for subjects in case to move war against their King, God's high minister, resisting violently, it is the duty, I say, of ....... men to inquire of this new doctor whether the angel which appeared unto him left (?) subject to their liberty, or else commanded them as they wol[d p]lease God, enherit the joys of Heaven and avoid the ....," * * *
Pp. 25. Very mutilated, so that the true order of the leaves is uncertain.
R. O. 1065. Royal Supremacy.
Suggestions for bringing the clergy more completely under the authority of the King and Parliament. The writer proposes that out the tenths, first-fruits, and suppressed lands some notable charitable outward work should be done "to avoid the accusation of covetise," and that some houses of religion be converted to parish churehes. Thinks it dangerous that the bishops should still collect the tenths, as they count it in conscience the clergy's money, and might help to bring in the bishop of Rome again. Advises that whatever jurisdiction be left to the clergy it extend no further than to the end of the next Parliament.
Begins: "If such ceremonyes as shalbe thought necessarye to contynue were auctorysyd by parlyamente to contynue."
Ends: "That the collection for the helpynge of vacabounds and impotente persons end at certeyn yeres, and the boxes for almes of the people towarde the relyeff of pore men to contynue for ever."
Pp. 3.
R. O. 1066. The Royal Supremacy.
A paper entitled "The traytorowse communycacyon of Ric. Boorde, Doctor of Divynite, late abyding in Sowthesexe, and now frayeng (fearing) of lyklyhod attachement, ys departed his cowntre." Addressed to "Your Mastership" [Cromwell].
The writer accuses Dr. Boord of having said "he wuld rather be toren with wyeld horsses then to assent or consent to the dyminisshinge of any one iote of the bisshopp of Rome his aucthorite of old tyme and all wayes holden and kept in this realme;" and also of attempting to induce Dr. Senocke, a monk of Lewce abbey, to forsake his allegiance, and leave the realm, as he himself would do if any oath were required of him. He ends by saying, "Of piete your poor orator, now destitute of a levyng, humble desirythe of your hyghnesse to healpe hym to one or other. I dare saye he is not hathe more nede nor that wuld with more gladnesse do that shuld be your pleasure. And where the now beinge prior of Christischurche in Canterbury dispendynge five thousande marcks by yere hathe taken my poor stypende wrongfully from me, not findinge with the hugye above written summe one scolare at studye, defrawdynge me thereof for thonlie settinge asied of my masking wede an ypochryts vysarde and pharisaycall garment: most prudent councelar to our soverayen, juge this matter as your christen hert moveth you."
P. 1.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 127.
B. M.
1067. The Royal Supremacy.
Petition to the King, showing that the writer, in order to set forth the King's supremacy, made images of the bishop of Rome and his adherents in snow, to which about 4,000 people resorted. The priests being offended, threatened him, broke open his doors at night, and unjustly accused him to the Bishop. Gives an account of an altercation he had with the Bishop's chancellor, who accused him of heresy, and bade the mayor put him in prison.
P. 1. Imperfect.
Corpus Reform. xxxi. 333. 1068. Melancthon to Henry VIII.
Dedication of Loci Communes, in the course of which he commends Henry's love of philosophy, especially astronomy, his just rule, his zeal for religion, and toleration of good men seeking for a purer doctrine. Although fanatics ought to be coerced there is no worse parricide than to kill the members of Christ and lacerate the true Church. Anno 1535. (fn. 1)
Lat. Incip.: Cum in docendo magnopere prosit.
Cranmer, II. p. 778.
1069. Abolition of Papal Authority.
Draft royal letters abrogating all decrees and institutes resting on Papal authority, in place of which the King issues laws which he orders to be observed in courts of law and taught in the schools.
Lat. Headed: A letter prepared for the King to sign to ratify certain ecclesiastical laws.
R. O.
Valor Eccles. vi. vi.
1070. Valuation of Benefices.
Valor of the possessions of the monastery of St. Swithin's, Winchester, made by Henry Broke, prior, in accordance with the statute of 26 Hen. VIII.
Cleop. E. iv. 289.
B. M.
2. Valor of the bishopric of Winchester and monastery of St. Swithiu, viz. in the deaneries of Winchester, Andevor, Alresford, Alton, Basingstoke, Souborne, Fordingbridge, Southampton, Dorkyngisforde, and the I. of Wight. Total in Hampshire, 13,576l. 3s. 2¾d. The tenth, 1,357l. 12s. 3¾d.
Pp. 3. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv. 306.
B. M.
3. "Articles wherein the Commissioners have not showed such favor to the parties in their allowances as they pretended before them due by the Act of Parliament in that behalf," viz. that they had allowed no deduction for the priest of chapels attached to particular benefices, nor for chantries which brought the incumbent no profit. As the Act makes no mention of alms, allowance should be made for the finding of the children in the New College by Winchester. The Commissioners justify their own conduct in these things, but promise "to make relation of their suit, to be remedied by mercy if it shall be so thought convenient."
Pp. 2.
Cleop. E. iv. 309. 4. Omissions and errors in the returns of the Ecclesiastical Commission for the diocese of York.
1. The archdeacon of Richmond is left out. The Commissioners certified to "your Mastership," at the sending up of the books, that he, trusting to have release because he had lost so much by the Acts of Parliament, made answer by his official here that Master Archdeacon would put in the value of his archdeaconry to "your Mastership;" and so I suppose it was left out and omitted. 2. The prebends of Warthill and Gryndall in the church of York have portions out of the church of Axminster, Exeter diocese. The prebendaries did not appear, nor put in the values of the prebends. Warthill is entirely left out, and Gryndall is put in only for the portion in this diocese. 3. The prebend of Wetwang is left out. Rudby parsonage, which is appropriate to the King's new college at Oxford, is charged here; therefore it may, peradventure, be that the said prebend is charged neither with the college nor here. 4. The sub-chanter of the canons in the church of York is left out. 5. The archdeacon of Nottingham is twice charged. 6. Rothewell parsonage is appropriate to St. Oswald's monastery, and answered for with the said house, and so twice charged. 7. Rothewell vicarage is left out. 8. Guysley parsonage is left out. 9. A chantry at St. Michael's altar in the church of York is left out, and other chantries put in with wrong additions. 10. Names are put wrong, as Westrongton for Westottrington, and Byrtley for Byrtby. 11. There is no such vicarage as Thorneton in Pykeryng Lithe. 12. The parsonage of Thorneton is left out. 13. Sums are confounded one in another; for instance 17l. 2s. 10¼d., is put upon the church of Beverley, and no division made what the "provestre" and what the "commyn" should pay. 14. The sacristan or treasurer of Beverley is left out. 15. The seven parsons in the same church be put "Rectores ad altare S. N. in ecclesia Beverlac'," where they should be named parsons in the said church of Beverley. 16. There is no vicarage of St. Michael called Holme church in Beverley, but there is one of St. Nicholas. 17. There is no hospital of St. Michael in Beverley, but there is one of St. Nicholas. 18. The vicarage of Lekenfeld is left out. 19. The parsonage of Scorebrogh is left out. 20. There is no hospital of the Trinities besides Nunburneham, but there is one besides Hull of the same name which is left out. 21. The vicarage of Bishopburton is left out. 22. There is no parsonage of Levesbrogh, but there is of Londesbrogh. 23. One of the 16 vicars choral in Southwell is left out. 24. The church of Hortou in Craven is appropriate to the nuns of Clementhorpe beside York, and the parish priest is removeable at the pleasure of the prioress. 25. The hospital of St. Leonard beside Newark is left out. 26. The three prebendaries in the church of Osmunderley are left out. 27. The chantry in Malton castle is left out. 28. The chantry at Yarome is left out.
Pp. 3. Add.: To, &c., Master Thos. Cromwell, secretary. Endd.
R. MS. 7 C. xvi. 134.
B. M.
5. Account of the value of the lordship of Southwell, parcel of the archbishopric of York.
Temporal possessions, 156l. 16s. 6d. Spirtualties, 48l. 17s. 4d. Total 205l. 13s. 10d. This sum is parcel of the Bishop's own living. The woods in the lordship are worth 500l. There is a goodly mansion house of the Bishop's, of timber and stone, adjoining the collegiate church, in good repair. The Bishop has many liberties in Shirwod forest. Many great men of the country hold their lands of the lordship. Fallow deer in three parks; one five miles in compass, the others a mile and a half each. No part of the demesnes is let by lease, except one mill and one close. There belong to the collegiate church 16 prebends, in the Archbishop's gift, worth 333l. 4s. 5½d. a year; 16 vicars at the gift of the prebendaries, 115l. 13s. 4d.; 13 chantries of foundations and patronages, worth 80l. 11s. 7d.
The gift of the vicarage of Kennalton, worth 20l. The archdeaconry of Nottingham, belonging to the cathedral church [of York], of the gift of the said Archbishop, worth 61l. 10d.
Pp. 3.
R. O. 1071. Ecclesiastical Causes
"Memorandum with my Master."
1. To show him the commission, warning him not to deliver it at the instance of anyone but my lord of Canterbury himself. 2. If he would grant this commission to gratify Mr. Gwent, to show him that he might do so if he would license him to finish the causes now in my lord of Canterbury's courts in the King's name and as his commissioner. "And for all other causes ecclesiastical to make a commission in the King's name to the said Mr. Gwent and three or four other" to hear and discuss them by the King's authority, and to prove all testaments, especially of those who have goods above 500l. "For I cannot see how these money matters touching the probations of testaments and testamentary causes came to their handling but as they came by many other things, by encroaching and usurpation; for by the law, civil and imperial constitutions, the probation of testaments appertained to the prince. And as for the substitution of tithes the matter of itself is temporal that the strife is for; and I would also think ecclesiastical men to be most unmeet of all other to have the handling of that thing, for they cannot pronounce any sentence against an ecclesiastical person in that behalf but it shall somewhat redound to their own damage that giveth the sentence." As for causes of defamation and perjury "they be but brabling, and only stuff to get money for the advocates and proctors." Causes of matrimony and divorce (as these depend on Scripture), and probations of small testaments and institutions, to save expense to the King's subjects, should be committed to every bishop, "and not that but of the King's benevolence and grant during his pleasure only."
For the expedition of the matters that pass through my master's office, which are now very chargeable, I think he should "appoint by special allowance one large room about him wheresoever he goeth, for the King's books and register, where I and my servants may be writing and speeding of such things as should pass by the same office," and be continually at his call. It is also very necessary that there should be one man, learned in the civil law and experienced in making instruments, to keep the seal, and to determine whether the writings drawn by the register or his clerks be for the King's honor and should pass his seal.
Also as nothing should pass under the prince's seal, but "the beauty of the writing and majesty of the sentences should declare the same to proceed from a prince;" and also, to avoid forgeries, every writing should be first perused and signed by the register and afterwards by the doctor, and lastly (in matters of weight) by my master.
Hol., pp. 2.
Cleop. B. iv. 172.
B. M.
1072. Church Endowments.
A paper advocating the confiscation of the superfluous revenues of the Church by the King, to be employed in rebuilding towns and villages, making highways, and turning unprofitable parks to tillage. The writer anticipates the speedy conversion of the Mahometans, and wishes the Church to be reformed at once, lest, through the abuses among Christian men, they should be brought, after their conversion, to greater damnation than they should have been before. He refers to a little writing beginning thus, "Consurget furor contra simplicem," which, though not of authority, he supposes to be true. He interprets a passage therein,—"Filium inclitæ matris feliciter sublimabitur et in manibus ejus potestas et gloria. In utraque insula fiet pax diebus ipsius et orrea glebæ implebuntur,"—as referring to Henry VIII., his mother, and the islands of England and Ireland.
Pp. 3. The handwriting is like that of an aged man. Endd.: Quod verisimilis sit futura destructio Turcharum.
Titus, B. i. 480.
B. M.
1073. Cromwell's Business.
"A remembrance to Master Secretary."
1. It may please you at your convenient leisure to look upon the book of order and redress of the King's customs and subsidy, wherein he takes no little loss. 2. That "dyvydentts" and "residensars" in cathedral churches be charged with the first-fruits, as reason is. 3. That vicars and "annivelars" which be chaunters in cathedral churches be remembered for their first-fruits, whereof divers be dead, and they that do succeed sue not to pay their first-fruits. 4. That inquiry be made of all such benefices, "as well in possession of parson and vicars hands, as of all such as be impropered to any college, cathedral church, or monastery, which be let to farm for term of lives and years, both by writing and by mouth, which be of greater value than be certified," so that the full value of most of them does not appear by the King's books. 5. "That few chantries perpetual, and specially chantries for terms of years and of lives, be not certified in the King's books, whereby his Grace loses both the decimas and the first-fruits also."
P. 1. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv. 134.**
B. M.
1074. Visitation of a Monastery.
1st article.—That women of all conditions shall be prevented from entering this monastery. 2. That every day for an hour the Holy Scripture shall be read by a good man learned in theology. 3. That no one shall be allowed henceforth to profess regular observance or assume the dress of the religion unless he is 24 years of age.
Lat., p. 1.
R. O. 1075. Visitation of a Nunnery.
Petition to Cromwell, principal secretary, of Jane G[o]wryng, Frances Somer, Mary Pilbeam, Barbara Larke, and Bridget Stravye, whose ages are respectively 23½, 22, 21, and 15, the first three being professed and the last not, but all in secular apparel and out of their religion;—that they may either be revested and come into their religion, or else have licence to be in the Cloosse howse till they are 24 years of age, and then to be professed again if God shall call them. Desire also to know whether Margaret Fitzgared, 12 years of age, being dumb and deaf, and Julian Heron, 13 years, an idiot fool, shall depart or no.
P. 1. Mutilated. Add. at the head as Secretary.
Cleop. E. iv. 57. * * *
B. M.
1076. Legh's Visitation.
Appointment by Thos. Legh as visitor, of — Vincent (fn. 2) as prior of Abbotesbury. Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Add.: To my lord abbot of Abbotesbury, or, in his absence, to Dan Vincent there.
R. O. 1077. List of Names.
A draft list of nearly forty gentlemen (some of the names lost by mutilation) belonging to various parts of the country; including Sir George Throg[morton,] Robert Fyssher, the bishop of Rochester's brother, and Will. Roper of Chelchyth.
P. 1. In Cromwell's hand.
R. O. 1078. The Borders.
"Gilbert Swynnoo, of Cornehill upon Twed Banke, may dispend yearly 20 marks; he may serve the King with 20 horsemen, and is a sharp true gentleman, and keepeth a good house.
"Henry Collingwood is constable of Itall (Etall) for term of his life, and dwelleth there four miles from Scotland, and may dispend 20 marks a year during his life in fee and annuity, and may serve the King of such lands as he hath rule of, with 30 horsemen. He is a true, sharp borderer, and keepeth a good house.
"Robert Collingwood, of Benwieke, six mile from Scotland, may dispend in fees for term of life 5l. by year, and may serve the King under the prior of Tynmouth, by the office of bailiffship of the same, with 20 horsemen, and is a true sharp borderer.
"Jerard Selbye, of Pawston, two miles from Scotland, may dispend 10l. by year. He may serve the king with 8 horsemen. He hath builded a stone house, now lately on the Borders, and plenished the ground, which hath laid waste sith the Scottish field, and is a sharp borderer.
"Thomas Collyngwood, of Ryell, four miles from Scotland, may dispend 10 marks land during his life, he may serve the King of those lands with 16 horsemen, and is a true sharp borderer.
"Percyval Selbye, of Bittillston, three miles from Scotland, may dispend 50 marks land by year; he may serve the King with 30 horsemen, and is a true gentleman and a good borderer.
"Edward Gallande, of Trewghet, seven miles from Scotland and two miles from Ryddysdale, may dispend 20l. land; he may serve the King with 24 horsemen, and is a true sharp man.
"Robert Thorneton, of Witton, 12 miles from Scotland and two miles from Ryddisdale, may dispend in possession and reversion 100 marks by year; he may serve the King with 24 horsemen, and is a sharp, toward young man.
"John Fenwyke, of Staynton, son and heir to Sir Rauf Fenwyke, knight, (fn. 3) 13 miles from Scotland and seven miles from Ryddesdale; may dispend 40 marks by year in possession and reversion, and may serve the King with 20 horsemen, and is a true toward gentleman.
" Alexander Heron, of Melden, 12 miles from Scotland and three miles from Ryddesdale, may dispend 40 marks by year, and may serve the King with 20 horsemen, and is a true young gentleman.
"Cuthbert Shaftoo, of Babyngton, 10 miles from Scotland and two miles from Ryddesdale, may dispend 40 marks by year, and may serve the King with 20 horsemen, and is a true gentleman and a good borderer.
"Nicholas Ryddeley, of Wyllemunt Swike in South Tyndale, from Scotland ten miles, may dispend 100 marks by year; he may serve the King with 40 horsemen, and is a true sharp young man.
"Matthew Whytfeld, of Whitfeld, from Scotland 14 miles and two miles from Tyndale, may dispend 40l. lands, and serve the King with 20 horsemen, and is a good borderer.
"William Swynburne, of Capeheton, 15 miles from Scotland and six miles from Tyndal, may dispend 100 marks by year. He may serve the King with 20 horsemen, and is a true innocent man."
Pp. 2.
R. O. 1079. Embezzlement of Irish Records.
Copy of statute 10 Hen. VII. cap. xv. being "An Act touching the keeping of records of the earldoms of March, Connaught, Trym, and Ulster."
P. 1. Add.: To, &c. Master Cromwell, Secretary to our sovereign lord the King.
Lamb. M.S. 611, p. 33. 2. Another copy, with the misleading title, "Petition of the Commons of the Parliament in Ireland touching the embezzling of records of the King's lands. Anno 1535."
R. O. 1080. —— to ——.
"In primis, that you say how my trust is surely that he will be good master unto me in all these my reasonable suits and in all other."
Asks him to make intercession that the writer may have leave sometimes to be three or four days out of the monastery, lying only in houses belonging thereto, to see reparations and stay causes between his tenants and neighbours. That the sexton, celerer, chamerer, and barner, being officers of the monastery, may once a year ride to the manors to see the courts kept and repairs done. That those lacking 15 weeks of 24 years may continue in the habit if they will, and at the full age profess or no at their choice.
Whereas it is enjoined that once a fortnight the abbot or some other shall preach in the monastery; they use to preach in the churchyard or parish church, that the people may hear better than within the monastery, "bycause of the wolte of the said monasterye." Wish to know "his" (Cromwell's?) pleasure about this. That the brethern may once in six weeks go abroad in the fields near the monastery, not coming into the town.
P. 1. Endd.: A request of an abbot or prior.
R. O. 1081. —— to ——.
Reports that the grossest immoralities are practised at the house of Lanthony at Gloucester. The chancellor of Worcester, then Dr. Parker, was certified thereof, but for reward passed the matter over. A schoolmaster and a canon of the house remonstrated with the prior, but he put the former in the stocks for three days, and then expelled him the country, and imprisoned the canon. The latter wrote, without effect, to Dr. Parker, but when some of his letters came into the hands of a gentleman named Barowe, the prior, fearing that the King's council would hear of the matter, found means to recover them, by the abbot of Gloucester and the chancellor of Worcester. For proof you can send for the schoolmaster, who dwells near Ludlowe with Wm. Heynis, the King's servant. The canon also would give evidence, if he dares. It is said that one canon of the house has kept his father's wife for four years.
Pp. 3. Endd.: Informations against the prior of Lantony.
R. O. 1082. —— to ——.
" After hearty commendations to your good Lordship;" the King has granted to my Lord Chancellor the wardship and marriage of Elizabeth Heron, cousin and heir to Sir W. Heron, late of Ford. (fn. 4) The interest of her inheritance he hath sold to R. J., Esquire. Desiring your Lordship to help the said R. J. to the castles of S. and R., and the rest of this inheritance. From the King's palace of Westm., the vi. &c.
P. 1. Draft in Wriothesley's hand, with scribblings in the margin, among which are the names: Sir Thomas Audeley, knight, Thomas Pagnam, Johannes Kingston, Bellawey and Beverleye.
R. O. 1083. — to Cromwell, Chief Secretary.
At your request Mr. Gostwik and Mr. John Smyth, auditor, have examined every article in my supplication presented to you at Thornbury, showing that, for want of a sufficient auditor empowered to call paymasters and clerks of the King's buildings, ships, and artillery to account, many of the officers have made no account for seven or eight years, and many things for the King's advantage have been forgotten past examination. No mention has been made of stuff that remained at the breaking up of works, nor of arrears and prest money. The officers have juggled for their own profit. No search has been made by original books for raising of prices of stuff, wages, double allowance, &c. The King has been defrauded of 100l. in bricks, as I have proved to Mr. Gostwick and Mr. Smyth, to whose report I refer you; yet the surveyor in three weeks has purchased two benefices; and I, for my exertions in trying out the truth, am thrust out of wages for three years. He, for his diligence, " is now in election to be made a bishop;" and I, for my true service for 20 years, to be made a beggar. " So when the works break up he may go to his diocese with a cross and a mitre in pontificalibus a-preaching; and I into my country, with a staff and a wallet, ragged and jagged, in paupertatibus, a-begging." I shall be a warning to others to live at ease and keep counsel. I have followed the Court for this matter three years, without fee or allowance, and I now beg you to help that my bill may be signed for the said Mr. Smyth and me, as you promised.
P. 1. large paper. Endd.
R. O. 2. Another copy.
R. O. 1084. — to Cromwell.
Since sending Cromwell the book with the first information he gave him, has discovered that the prioress of Bungay, the prioress of Broiard, the master of Metyngham castle, (fn. 5) and the prior of Walsingham have also purchased lands. These lands, and those of others in like case in Suffolk and Norfolk, are worth 2,000 mks. Advises Cromwell to write to the escheator to sit for the King when the writer gives him knowledge. The escheator has been in the habit of taking money to defer the matter without further examination.
P. 1., large paper. Headed: Mr. Cromwell, chief Secretary. Endd.: Billa de terris perquisitis per religiosos.
R. O. 1085. — to the Deputy of Calais.
Requests him to cause Harry Smet to repay 1 cr. of the sun, which his son had taken over the price of a hackney which he sold to his comrade. It was four cr., and he made Wrait (?) de Meldemay pay five.
Hol. Fr., p. 1. In the hand of Jehan du Bies' clerk.
R. O. 1086. — to [Lord Lisle].
Your Lordship is misinformed that the Frenchman who has the keeping of my lady's son in Paris is stopped here. I enclose the passport which I gave him, a passport dormye, that he might not be letted for your Lordship's sake.
P. 1. mutilated. Address lost by mutilation.
R. O. 1087. The Abbot of Abbotsbury.
Information laid against the abbot of Abbotsbury by Wm. Grey, a monk of that abbey, for breaking the King's injunctions, and for nonobservance of the conditions on which the monastery has received land from benefactors; for wasting and wrongfully selling woods; for selling jewels and plate out of the treasury, of which they cannot tell the value. Also for keeping women,—not one, two, or three, but many; and other irregularities.
Hol., p. 1.
R. O. 1088. Friar Andrew, of Genoa, to Cromwell.
Is going to Spain. Asks leave to take with him 100 cr. of the sun, a cup, and 12 silver spoons, which he brought from France. Asks also for a passport.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Add.: III. Dno Secretario Regio.
R. O. 1089. Sir Anthony Babyngton to Cromwell.
Cromwell's "consuete goodness" encourages him to write in favor of the bearer, Ric. Bevercotes, that Cromwell may hear him in a matter on which he is to appear at Westminster on a certain day. Wonders at the complaint against him, having known him 20 years. Nothing was objected to him when he was clerk of the peace, or afterwards when he was justice of the peace. The justices of Nottinghamshire of old have been used to keep their sessions at Nottingham, Newark, and Retford, and the bearer has used himself discreetly at Newark and elsewhere. In the late commissions for the oath to the succession, for preparation of armour, and for ascertaining the value of spiritual persons, he has taken great pains. This Monday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1090. The Abbot of Barlings.
Money laid out by Thos. Cortteys for the abbot of Barlinges, 27 Hen. VIII.
Paid him in ready money, 50l. Three rings, a turquoise, a ruby, and a sapphire, 8l. An altar cloth, of broiderer's work, 14l. A horse, 3l. Holland cloth, 12d. to 2s. the ell. A kirtle cloth for his sister, 8s. A tun of claret wine, 4l. 13s. 4d. Sugar. 6d. a lb. A saddle, 16s.; and spices of various kinds. Paid for him and his servants since his last coming to London, 13l. 15s. 4d. Total, 116l. 18s. 7d. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv. 107.
B. M.
Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 77.
Burnet, vi. 131.
1091. Wm. Barlow, Prior of Haverfordwest, to Cromwell.
Since the Queen appointed him prior of Haverfordwest has endeavored himself against Antichrist and his confederate adherents sincerely to preach the Gospel of Christ. Those who ought to fortify him have maligned him, so that he has been forced to appeal to the King's Council, as appears by the untrue articles falsely contrived by the Black Freer of Haverfordwest, and maintained by the Bishop and his ungodly spiritual officers, as is evident by his reward to the friar at his departing, and his letters to the Dean of the Arches and Dr. Huys, to solicit that Barlow might be suppressed in his first matter. Lately sent a servant home, and the Bishop's officers cited him, ransacked his house, and forced him to deliver up an English Testament, the exposition of the 4th, 5th, and 6th chapters of Matthew, the Ten Commandments, and the epistle of St. John, with clamorous exclamations against heretics,—as if to have the Testament in English were horrible heresy. They charged the mayor of Tynby in the King's name to put him in ward, with his wife and a certain honest widow, but no accuser would appear against them. The people of the diocese of St. David's are miserably ordered under the clergy. There is none who sincerely preaches God's word, and scarce any who heartily favor it. No diocese is so corrupted by "the enormous vices, the fraudulent exactions, the misordered living, and heathen idolatry, shamefully supported under the clergy's jurisdiction." Will be ready to discover "their abused fashions" at Cromwell's commandment. Asks for license to depart, under his protection, without which he cannot without peril return home, nor continue in safety there among so odious adversaries of Christ's doctrine.
Hol., pp. 3. Headed: To, &c. Mr. Thos. Crumwell, chief secretary. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv. 134*.
B. M.
Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 59.
1092. John Bartelot to Cromwell.
Last Lent he with five others "found the prior of the Crossed Friars in London, at that time being in bed with his whore, both naked, about 11 of the clock in the forenoon upon a Friday." The prior kneeled upon his knees, and begged them not to disclose his acts, and gave them about 30l., of which Bartelot had about 7l. He promised 30l. more, which by the mediation of friends was released to 6l., which the prior bound himself to pay. Arrested him for non-payment, and he has in consequence so heinously informed the Lord Chancellor against Bartelot, that he considers the premises a heinous robbery, saying openly that Bartelot is worthy to be hanged, and will compel him to repay the 30l. Begs Cromwell that the premises may be examined according to equity, for this is the whole truth.
Hol., p. 1. Headed: To the right honorable Master Secretary.
R. O. 1093. Henry Broke, Prior of St. Swithin's, to Cromwell.
I desire to know whether my "curtear" shall ride my progress at this time, as he did at Hock's tide with my steward. The prior has always sent a brother of his on progress, and now we wait your pleasure. St. Swithin's, this present Monday.
Hol., p. 1. Add., Secretary. Sealed.
R. O. 1094. The Abbess and Convent of Brosiarde to Cromwell.
We, your oratrices and humble subjects, thank you for your worshipful letter, whereby you have comforted us desolate persons. We assure you we have not alienated the goods of our house, or listened to any but discreet counsel. We have not wasted our woods beyond the usage of our predecessors in time of necessity. We beg you to intercede for us with the King, our founder, that we may continue his bedewomen, and pray for him, the Queen and Princess.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1095. Sir John Bryges to Cromwell.
Desires his favor for the bearer, who is troubled by his neighbours, upon an old subject. Twelve months past a commission was directed to Sir Anthony Hongreford, Robert Whitney, Leonard Poole, and the writer. He and Sir Anthony made an award, as it was desired. Since then a complaint has been made to the Council of the Marches, who would have made an award, but the opposing party refused. Mr. Norris desires his recommendations.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
R. O. 1096. R. Bulkeley to Mrs. Margaret, daughter to Mr. Robert Bulkeley, of Wymyngam.
"Right well-beloved cousin, as unacquainted I have me heartily recommended unto you: and have been in pilgrimage at Chester, where I would gladly have seen you. And sorry I am to hear that ye be so entreated, the which I would [it] lay in my power to redress. And if [it] fortune you to be there as I may show you pleasure, I will show myself to my power as your poor kinsman, by the help of the Holy Trinity," &c.
Hol., (fn. 6) p. 1. Add.
R. O. 1097. William Bull to Cromwell.
Informs against Dr. Bucknam, who "passed the realm full undiscreetly, to the continuance of his mind and aid of the abused bishop of Rome." Since his departure he has sent letters to one Dr. Ellys, sometime prior of the Black Friars of Cambridge, and Will. Bedam, limiter of the house, who have shown them openly,— amongst others to the prior of Langley in his visitation. The prior acknowledged to the bishop of Rochester that he had it, though it was not sent to him. Thinks he knew of it, but favored Bucknam.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1098. Thomas Carter, Pirate.
List of "the names of them that bought certain salt and wine of one Thomas Carter, a pirate of the sea, thinking him to be a true man and the King's subject."
First occur the names of 15 persons or companies of persons; then "Jankyn John Wylyme and his two boats, with the names of them being therein that bought," and two other mariners with their boats' crews. Total of salt, 9 tons, "and was paid for unto the Brytons." Signed: "[Wi]llam Stradlyng." "By me, Thomas Lloyd."
Large paper, mutilated, p. 1. Add.: "To the right worshipful Master Secretary." Endd.: "The quantity of salt [and oth]er wares bought by m[en of] St. David's of Thomas [Carter]."
R. O. 1099. Jasper Coule to Cromwell.
On Saturday last John Coule, of Bocsted, Essex, being not yet recovered from his sickness, was taken as a heretic to prison by the earl of Oxford. Begs he may have leave to visit his brother.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
Halliwell's Letters, 1. 346. 1100. Henry VIII. to Mrs. Coward, widow, of Southampton.
At the request of Wm. Symonds, one of the servers (sewers ?) of his chamber, desires her to marry him.
R. O. 1101. Robert Cranwell, Gentleman, to Cromwell.
On the death of lord Berners, deputy of Calais, three years ago, was commanded to repair to Antwerp, to make provision of wine, &c. for his household, to the amount of 42l. 5s. 3d., for which the writer has become security, having never been repaid. Desires that Francis Hastings, his Lordship's executor, who refuses to pay the money on the ground that lord Berners' property is in the King's hands, may be called before Cromwell.
Pp. 1. Add. at the head: Secretary.
R. O. 1102. [Richard Cromwell to the Abbot of——]
I thank you for the lease of the farm you sent under your convent seal. As to the dismission of your office of abbacy, the King's pleasure is that you keep it, without disturbance, to your life's end; for although you have had back-friends in the matter, the King now knows the truth, and says that he who maketh against you is too young. Be assured, therefore, that if you continue the order of your house after a good fashion, the King will be as gracious to you as to any abbot in his realm. Also, my uncle will not fail to do his best for you. As for me I am sorry your Lordship has been so vexed in your old age, but I have no fear you will continue.
Draft, pp. 3.
ii. [Richard Cromwell] to Madame ——
I thank you for your manifold goodness, and beg you to grant me the lease of the farm called Sillson, which James Walbefe, your auditor, had in his lifetime.
Draft, p. 1.
R. O. 1103. Richard Dudley "and the Pore Scholars de Vause, near Sarum," to [Cromwell].
We have received your letter, with the complaints sinisterly made by Ric. More, vicar of Chittorn, that we detain from him 4 marks of yearly rent. We have assembled in our college of Vausse, near Sarum, and have examined books of account, but we can find no such allowance, nor hear of any, in his time or that of his predecessors. His vicarage is worth 10l. yearly free of all charge, which is a sufficient living.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: Dr. Dudley.
R. O. 1104. Priroess of Dratford.
Objections taken to an information filed against the prioress of Dartford for occupying in farm the manor of Dartford, by lease from the late bishop of Rochester for 40 months, in contravention of the statute 21 Hen. VIII.; claiming for her the benefit of the Act 7 Hen. VIII., requiring such information to be made within a year, and of statute 22 Hen. VIII. c. 14, pardoning all abbesses, prioresses, &c. for matters before 10 March 22 Hen. VIII.
Large paper, pp. 4.
R. O. 1105. The Maison Dieu, Dover.
The certificate of Sir John Tompson, priest, master of the Meason Dieu of Dover, of the yearly value of the lands, &c. of the house. Lands at Honychilde, Dudmanswyk, Eastbrigge, Gretepokton, Lytlepokton, Northmerssh, Ryver, Whytfeld, Colrede, Pysyng, Kyngysdoun. Total, 166l. 8s. 3¼d.
These lands are given to the master and brethren, "as sustentationem pauperum peregrinorum et egenorum ad dictum locum undique currentium, et præcipue de mare (sic) periclitantium." The charges by reason of the poor are yearly 40l.
The lands adjoining the said house at Charleton, lands at Long Reche in Burmershe, Rokyng, Newchurch, Dymcherche, Estlangdon, &c., mills at Ryvers and Colrede, parsonages of Sellyng and Our Lady of Dover, tenements in Dover, and woods in Colrede, Bensfeld, Kyngysdoun, Ryver, and Alkham, 231l. 16s. 7¼d.
ii. Rents.— To the King, for Honychild and other manors, and for blauncherent, castelward to Dover Castle, to the mayor and commonalty, the abbots of Battle and St. Austen's, Canterbury, the master of the commandry of Swinfield, and the priors of Christchurch, Canterbury, Dover, and Bylsyngton, 9l. 13s. 3d.
iii. Pensions and proxies.— To the prior of Dover, the archdeacon, and the commissary of the archbishop for the proxies of the Sanctuary church of Dover, 37s. 6d. Merssheland Scottes and Watering Scottes in Romney Marsh, 20l. Fees of auditors, stewards, and receivers, 8l. 10s. For the sustentation of the poor resorting to the house, 40l. (fn. 7) On St. Pancre's Day, for the soul of Hugh de Burgo, 1 qr. of wheat, 6s. 8d., and one ox if a flesh day, and two barrels herring if a fish day, 20s. At the Annunciation, like alms for the soul of Henry III. At St. Edmond's Day, for the soul of Henry III., 2 qrs. of wheat for bread, two oxen or four barrels of herring, 53s. 4d. St. Luke's Day, for the soul of Margaret, daughter of Hugh de Burgo, alms as for her father, 53s. 4d. The Nativity of Our Lady, for the founders generally, 2 qrs. wheat and two oxen or four barrels of herring, 53s. 4d. At each of the above days, as much drink as will sustain the recipients of the alms, 4l. The 5th ide of March, dinner to five poor people, 10d. Same day, dinner to 15 poor people, for the soul of John Mawlyng, 2s. 6d. 16 kal. April, for the soul of Beatrix Salkyn, dinner for 15 poor people, 2s. 6d. The master is bound to distribute daily two messes of bread, meat, and drink to two honest poor persons, which is 9l. 2s. 6d. yearly. To two women, to wash the poor people's clothes and make their beds and serve them, yearly 8l. (fn. 8) Two lamps in the church of Meason Dieu and one in St. Marten's, Dover, burning continually, 25s. 10d. = 24l. 17s. 6d. A priest serving Our Lady church in Dover, 6l. Certain rents in variance, and not paid for divers years, 18s. 9½d. Total deductions, 71l. 18s. 0½d. (fn. 9)
Remaining clear above all charges, 159l. 18s. 6¾d. (fn. 10) Tenth, 15l. 19s. 10¼d.
Pp. 8. A slip of paper is appended stating that the value of the rectory of Cheryton is 16l. 12s. 6d. Signed by Antony Walsh.
R. O. 1106. Sir Piers Dutton, Sheriff of Cheshire, to the King's Commissioners.
Went to London on business since Michaelmas last with his undersheriff Ralph Mannyng, and came not home till within Christmas, the undersheriff leaving John Newall, his clerk, in his place, who having delivered to him the King's "streates" of the amerciaments of the hundreds, under seal of the Exchequer, made out other "streates," even against persons not chargeable, so that there was paid to him 14l. 5s. 7d. in excess. Desires that he be examined and forced to make restitution.
Below is a list of nine names beginning with "Rauf Mannyng th'onger."
Copy, p. 1.
R. O. 1107. Walter Graver to [Cromwell].
Solicits some small gift which will enable him to prosecute literary pursuits at either university or in London. Has been nearly two years engaged in teaching youth at Croyland, where the climate is so unwholesome that he would rather die than pass a third summer there. Is too poor to live at the university otherwise, though he would battle with poverty if he were not married. Is 24 years old, his body before he came to Croyland sufficiently strong, and his thirst for learning insatiable. If this be asking too much, there are schools in Lincolnshire which require teachers, among others one at Kyrton, two miles from Boston. This school has been converted into a chantry by the avarice and laziness of its master, a brother of the prior of Peterborough. (fn. 11) If the pension be granted to him for a few years, will devote himself to teaching there. There is also a school at Boston, which, after long being without a master, has now got an unlearned one. There is also one at Stamford without a master, which he should prefer to all others for its healthy situation, and for being not very far from Cambridge. Hopes [Cromwell] will continue to advance learning by his authority.
Lat., pp. 4. Endd.
R. O. 1108. Thomas Hampton to [Cromwell].
Applies to him as the only refuge of the miserable. His praises have come everywhere in England since he has banished the errors of the Romish pontiff, and restored the country to liberty. For three years was a schoolmaster at Reading, but has not been able to obtain the common seal of the monks which they use in their grants, although the present abbot and the rest of the monks, with one exception, would willingly accomplish the thing. Has therefore recourse to Cromwell, begging he will either write to the abbot, who is Cromwell's most devoted, or take the writer into his service.
Hol., Lat., p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 1109. Hanedon, Grey Friar of Worcester.
Articles against "one Hanedon," one of the Friars Minors of Worcester, who calls himself doctor, not only abusing that name by his vicious life, but also to the evil example of all Christian people. He has always been a procurer of young women to vice. Describes his conduct with regard to one Fair Agnes, his laundress, and with a woman whom the Convent, contrary to their rule, had chosen as their cook; as known by the common fame of Worcester. Hanedon, with a friar named Ellow, was sitting in the parlour of the "Cardinal's Hat" in Worcester, "being both an inn and also a tavern," when he spied an honest maiden, sister of a farrier near there; and thereupon desired Anne, daughter of the good man of the tavern, to call her. Anne answered, "Master Doctor, ye shall pardon me, but I will do no such message," alleging the young woman to be "towards marriage." Then Hanedon desired Anne to give the smith's sister a ring, and desire her to come to him at the Friars, where "he would make her good cheer in his chamber." Anne answered, "What mean ye, ye that should give good example, to make such unlawful requests? considering ye be a religious man, and nother fear God, the shame of the world, ne the—"
* * * * *
P. 1, large paper. Endd.
R. O. 2. Another fragment also relating to charges against Hanedon. * * * * *
"vicarage. And so walking unto the vicarage the said Hanedon shewed unto her" he would not say where her husband was unless she would come to him (Hanedon) at the Friars at Worcester, which is more like a house of vicious and incontinent living than a religious place. She would not come to the Friars, but came to Worcester, where Hanedon's servant brought her to a bawd's house, and there Hanedon came and said he knew not where her husband was, but offered himself to be her lover and supporter. How this "most odious, inordinate, vile council and advertisement" took place I know not, but refer to Mr. Woode, of Twynyng, and Mr. Durrant, marshal to the prior of Worcester. Further, on St. Paul's even in January last, Hanedon and other friars lay in wait to have murdered one Thomas Twesell, who had threatened to report Hanedon's vicious living. The day after Hanedon told Nicholas Mokoke of the "Cardinal's Hat" in Worcester, they would have murdered Twesell with his own dagger if he had not been accompanied by his servant.
ii. On the back: Draft, in Cromwell's hand, of the commencement of a privy seal to the prior and convent of the Crossed Friars, London, who have lately commenced to re-edify part of their buildings.
iii. On the back: Part of a letter beginning, "Worshipful Master Doctor in the most hearty manner," &c. Ends.: "And whereas I see in your letters directed unto—."
Large paper, pp. 2. Endd.: "A copy of the Crossed Friars."
R. O. 1110. Raymond Harflete to Cromwell.
In the King's county of Kent is a village called Asshe, the benefice of which belongs to the canons of Wyngham, where I am. It has a parsonage and a vicarage, of which the parsonage is in the hands of the canons, but there has always been a vicar resident there to serve the cure, till for the last 22 years the said canons have usurped the vicarage to their own use, and let it to farm to temporal men, who have put in such curates as are unable to serve, but were obtained by the farmer best cheap for his money. Within a quarter of a year we have had seven curates, which has caused much strife, as we are 500 residents. By our complaint to the archbishop of Canterbury the canons were compelled to appoint us Sir Rob. El.. lo (?) who has been resident among us for a year; but the canons, pretending displeasure to the vicar, keep from him the tithes of wool and lamb, which his predecessors have always had; and without them he cannot maintain hospitality. So, with the consent of all the parish, I desire you to have compassion on us, and that the vicar may enjoy his rights. They hold their college of Wyngham by no confirmation or grant of the King, but only by the confirmation of the bishop of Rome, purchased by archbishop Pekham. (fn. 12)
Hol., pp.2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1111. Stephen Haschenperg to Cromwell.
Offers his services to the King "pro armamentario et architecto." Had wished to present his petition to the King in person. Gave it to the duke of Suffolk, and hopes that it was presented by him to Cromwell (Magnificentiœ vestrœ). Hopes that as he is the King's secretary and vicegerent, Cromwell will promote his suit.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
R. O. 1112.Christopher Heron to Thos. Cromwell.
Has been wrongfully imprisoned for 22 weeks by means of his unkind and unnatural brother Gyles Heron, who has betrayed him with unnatural false covenants. He withholds from him also the sum of 1000 mks. as follows. For the moiety of the manor of Fotyscraye, Kent, 200l.; the moiety of the manor of Norewoode Sheppare, Kent, 370l.; for copyhold lands in Hakney, Iseldon, and Newyngton, Middlesex, 140l.; for a legacy of Sir John Heron in plate, 66l. 13s. 8d.; for a legacy of Dame Margaret Heron, a lease of the manor of High Halle, Walkamstowe, Essex, 60l. Total, 836l. 13s. 8d. Signed.
P. 1. Headed: Principal Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1113.Giles Heron to [Cromwell].
Is willing that Ric. Johnson have all the farm and grounds he ought to have by force of any lease or grant of Heron's father or mother. If there is no such grant, is content, for the King's pleasure, to let him occupy the lands he keeps in his own hands, at such rent as the King or "yourself" shall name. The necessity of providing beef and mutton for his household compels him to take a certain pasture which Johnson has let to Higgens, a butcher, but which is not a quarter of the farm.
Hol., p. 1. Headed: Giles Heron, for Richard Johnson. Endd. by Wriothesley: Giles Heron's answer concerning Richard Johnson.
R. O. 1114. Giles Heron and Robert Dormer.
"To the verifying of my first article."—"The said Giles" [Heron] says that about 21 [Hen. VIII.] John Dynham took to farm the manor of Ethropp from Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, his father-in-law. About Nov. 23 [Hen. VIII.], he mortgaged it to Henry White, of London, and in July 24 [Hen. VIII.], with the manor of Cranwell, to Humfrey Monmothe, of London, draper, who paid the previous mortgage. About Feb. 24 [Hen. VIII.] he sold the manor to Ric. Sparre, of London, grocer, who offered Monmothe his money at his house in Berking, before Easter [24 Hen. VIII.], but he refused to take it, though he had previously expressed his willingness to do so, and Dynham had broken no covenants.
To the 2nd article.—Complaining of the assize granted to Robt. Dormer, as an order had been made in the Chancery that no man should have out any assize without due warning to the opposite party. Had already complained to the Lord Chancellor of the wrong done and likely to be done by Dormer, and declared the refusal of the money by Monmothe.
The verifying of the 3rd article—Complains that the verdict would have gone against them by the intimidation of Mr. Baldewyn, the craft of Mr. Bradshawe, their councillor, and by Dormer's "false packing" between him and Bradshawe and Sir Wm. Fitzwilliam, now deceased, (fn. 13) in taking a new lease when the old one ought to be valid. These considerations, and the great sum they would lose by treble damages, drove them for fear to flee from the assize.
To the 4th article.—Reasons for the reformation of the Order.
Pp. 6. Endd.: Gyles Heron.
R. O. 2. "A brief note of a declaration made by Gyles Heron of the right and interest of Robert Dormer to the manors of Ethrope and Cranwell, in the county of Bucks," to Mr. Cromwell, secretary to the King.
Asserting that Dormer has no right to the said manors.
P. 1.
R. O. 1115. Richard Jonson and his Wife, of Bucsted by Colchester, to [Cromwell?].
Complaining that about Shrovetide was twelvemonth they were brought to Fullam, imprisoned by the bishop of London till harvest, and compelled to abstain from flesh till Whitsuntide, besides being so scantily fed that they would sooner have died. Nothing could be proved against them, and the Bishop was commanded by the King to deliver them and others whom he had in prison, but he conveyed them to Colchester, and imprisoned them in the abbey of St. John's worse than before. Those who of their charity ministered to them were "so opprobriously said to that they durst come no more at us," and they continued in great misery till Michaelmas, when they escaped. Have kept close ever since, and dare not be seen openly for fear of the Bishop.
Hol., p. 1. Begins: Ombly compleyning unto yowr gudnes your poor bedman.
R. O. 1116. Richard Lane and others to Cromwell.
Richard and Thos. Lane and Rob. Wedyn, of Great Myssenden, Bucks, show that they are in great trouble, as Sir John Baldwin, chief judge of the Common Pleas, while sitting in the shire, heard their accusers. The trial lasted a whole year and nearly a quarter. They were thrown in gaol, but acquitted, as nothing could be found against them. Since then they have been taken afresh and committed to the Marshalsea. Desire to have their cause examined.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
Add. MS. 19,400, f. 17.
B. M.
1117. Latimer to Matthew Parker.
"Mine own good Master Parcare, salutem. And as yet I have devised nothing, nor yet will, till I have spoken with the King's grace, and have passed through the next Parliament; and then what I shall alter and change, found and confound, you shall not be ignorant thereof. Vale, and do as master Latymer shall move you to do. Ostende teipsum mundo, delitescere diutius nolito. Operare bonum dum tempus habes, veniet nox, quum nemo poterit operari. Notum est quid potes, fac non minus velis quam potes. Vale, tuus of Worcester, H. Latymer."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Parcare, chaplain to the Queen's grace.
Cleop. E. v. 363.
B. M.
Strype's Mem. I. i. 470.
Latimer's Rem. 373.
1118. Latimer to Cromwell.
As you have summoned Master Coottes, who preached at Halles, I send you his sermon, not as he spake it, if his hearers reported true, but as he has modified it since he heard that he would be examined for it. You will, perhaps, not judge it to be everywhere well pondered. He seems well studied in Master Moore's books, and to have formed him a conscience somewhat according to them. He seems to stick stiffly to unwritten verities. I would fain hear him tell who be those new fellows that would approve no sciences but grammar. Qui vos audit, &c., Obedite præpositis, &c., Qui ecclesiam non audierit, &c., serveth him gaily, for traditions and laws to laws to be made of the clergy authoritatatively, and to be there observed of the laity necessarily as equal with God's own word, as some saith that he both thinketh and saith. As far as I can learn, he is wilily witted, Dunsly learned, Moorly affected, bold not a little, zealous more than enough. Asks Cromwell to admonish and charm, and so reform him, or else inhibit him the diocese, and send another.
Hol.,p., 1. Add.: Master Cromwell, high secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1119. John Laurence, cook, to the Lords Of The Council.
Petition setting forth that he has been their cook for over 23 years at only 2s. 4d. a day, and deserving to have an annuity.
P. 1. Endd. with memoranda of a suit in Trin. 27 [Hen. VIII.] between Bele, plt., and Walter Kendall and others, def.
R. O. 1120. Thos. Knolles, Priest, (fn. 14) to Cromwell.
I have received your letters for the preferment of Dr. Hopton, prior of the Blackfriars, Oxford, for the Divinity Lectureship resigned by Dr. Nicholas. (fn. 15) It lies not in me only, but in the 13 seniors of the house, who wish a secular priest for the office, for which many of our college foundation are suitable. They are content to prefer Dr. Lorgan, fellow of Oriel College, reader of Divinity on the foundation of the King's grandmother, with the intent that Dr. Hopton shall have his office of like value or better, with which my lord of Rochester late elect, and the prior who moved you in this matter, are very well content. I have not forgotten the King's command to elect no reader of divinity without his consent. Dr. Lorgan is of good qualities, and has always used himself discreetly in all the King's causes, as you may learn from Drs. Curwen, Morgan, and others. Let me know when you will be at Oxford, as this is the time of my progress. Please licence me to keep my courts, or else it will be a great charge to send into divers shires and disappoint the Court days. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1121. Henry Lacy of Oye.
Petition of Wm. Sorrell, John Kelderman, and Margery Smith, widow, tenants of the King's lordship of Marke and Oye, in the Marches of Calais, to Cromwell as secretary and master of the Rolls, showing that in 19 Hen. VIII. a sentence was passed in the court of the said lordship by Thos. Prowde, the baily, and the freemen there, for certain lands within the lordship, conformably to former sentences passed in the same court with Maud Tupp, their aunt, in 20 Hen. VII., whereby the said Maud Tupp and her successors have peaceably enjoyed the same. Nevertheless, Henry Lacy of Oye, in right of Alice his late wife, d. of Ric. Knight, has always made suit against them, and obtained commissions to Sir John Wallop, Sir Edw. Ryngeley, and John Rokewode, who found nothing to support his allegations; yet after awhile he brought your suppliants hither, to have appeared before Sir John Daunce and others, and, not succeeding even then, got another commission directed to Lord Lisle, deputy of Calais, Sir Edw. Ryngeley, Sir Ric. Whetehill, and others, who made certificate thereof to the King and Council. Thus your petitioners were for a long time in doubt before whom to appear, till, by your mastership's assignment, Mr. Sylyard and Dr. Wollman took the matter in hand. Lacy then obtained a commission to Sir John Daunce, Chr. Hales, and Baron Hales, (fn. 16) by which the petitioners were brought hither, and, being aware that the commissioners meant to make a decree against them, obtained from the Lord Chancellor a subpœna to the freemen of the lordship to appear before him. On this the freemen wrote an excuse, and sent hither their upper serjeant and Wm. Marche. The Chancellor then granted a commission to the Lord Deputy and some of the Council at Calais to determine it, but nothing was done. Meanwhile Lacy remained in England, and obtained a decree from Sir John Daunce and a letter missive to Lord Lisle to put it in execution; which decree and process John Rokewode, high baily, Robt. Baynham, John Massingberd, and 16 others named, freemen and eschevins of the said lordship, have perused, and have informed your mastership of their mind therein. Beg that a learned man may be sent to the Council of Calais to redress the matter.
Large paper, p. 1.
R. O. 1122.Lord Lisle.
Blank page, docketed by Lord Lisle's secretary, "All my Lord's French letters of ao1533, 1534, 1535."
R. O. 1123. Henry Long to Cromwell.
One Hugh Holdecroft, late servant to John Newborow, my son-inlaw, dwelling in Barkeley, Some., has spoken against the Queen, and my lady her mother my lady of Wiltshire; on hearing of which my son-in-law had him arrested, intending to send him unto your mastership. Since then he has found sureties, and has been let to bail, and cannot now be heard of. My son-in-law is grieved to be thus used, as he was his grandfather's and father's and his servant. The rector of Edington desired me to write to you to have liberty to walk with his brother up the hills by his house. Since the visit of your officer he cannot out of the precinct of his monastery, and none of his brethren. He desires also that one of his brethren, who must account for the collection of the last disme, [may have the same liberty to go abroad?]. I am steward of the house. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1124. Little Malvern.
Valor of the lands of the priory of Malvern Minor.
Manor of Malvern Minor.—Temporalties, 21l. 1s.8d. Spiritualties, 4l. 13s. 4d. Reprises, 9l.11s. 8d. Clear value, 15l. 3s. 4d.
Rectory of Ellisfeld, with tithes of Hardwyke.—Temporalties,21s. 6½d. Spiritualties, 19l. 2s. 4d. Reprises, 5l. Clear value, 15l. 3s10½d.
The farmer of the parsonage has a stock of cattle and other necessaries worth 75s. 11d.
Large paper, pp. 2. Endd.: Petitio domino Regi Johannis Russell arm. de com. Wigorn.
R. O. 1125. Massingham Magna, Norf.
The English copy of the rental of Wm. Wingfeld, prior of Westacre, as it was renewed in Latin 27 Hen. VIII.; also the rental of the prioress of Dartford, anno eodem.
Translated out of Latin into English, a° 1592, 34 Eliz., May 11.
Pp. 52.
R. O. 1126. Henry VIII. to [the Prior of Montacute].
Understands that, in accordance with letters lately written to him by Thos. Cromwell, the King's principal secretary, he was content to have given a lease of the cell called Abbots Carswell (fn. 17) for 60 years, under the convent seal, to begin immediately after the death of his predecessor, who now holds it in lieu of a pension, (fn. 18) to the King's servant, Wm. Symons, as he declared to Dr. Tregonel.
Not knowing of this, the King wrote to ask for the same cell for—Avery, yeoman of the crossbows, but now desires it to be given to Symons, without increase of rent or fine
Draft., p. 1. Begins: Well-beloved in God. Endd.
R. O. 1127. [Cromwell] to [the Prior of Montacute?]
You write that a person of younger years has made suit for obtaining the lease after it has expired; and labor is indeed made to Mr. Norris and others, —not so vehement but it may well be staid. The King, trusting in your dexterity and wisdom, "must needs have regard and expectation in your letters." Thinks they will not recommend any to the King but such as shall be right meet to do that thing which shall be most for "their" own honesty and the King's profit.
Copy,in Wriothesley's hand, p. 1. The beginning of a warrant on the back: "Well-beloved, &c. And where the late prior of our monastery, de Monte Acuto, otherwise called Mountague, for certain causes."
R. O. 1128. Richard Myll to Cromwell.
Beseeches Cromwell, by his especial friend, my lord of Rochester, who desires, now that he is out of his habit, to have the writer a scholar in Oxford, considering the love he has to good learning. Jesu preserve, the King and his worthy Secretary, which have brought us from the darkness of Hell to the light of Christ!
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1129. Richard Myllys (fn. 19) to [Cromwell].
Complains of the injuries he has suffered from his master, the prior of Winchester, though Cromwell willed him to be good to the writer for an exhibition at Oxford. If he had not made suit to Cromwell he might have had 4l. early, and also a coverlet of the value of 4 marks, which he desired to sell. Begs Cromwell will procure him the exhibition. Has lost his lord's favor, because he spoke amongst his brothers against veneration of saints with candles, smoke or painted "cott;" against pilgrimages, fasting, the rule of Benet; denying that the monk's cowl is holier than courtier's coat, the broad crown and the short docking than the comely hair, the wide boots than the honest hosen. If he had not trusted more to the goodness of God than to plentiful fare, which he nothing regards with the monk's ceremonies, seeing they stand not with the Gospel of Christ, would never have forsaken that "cloked habit." Has not deserved my lord's displeasure but rather his favor, if he were not blinded in both eyes.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. in the text as Secretary.
R. O. 1130. Thos. Netter to Cromwell.
Complaining of the conduct of Sir Ralph Robinson, parson of Brede, in Sussex, who took from him a psalter book in English, printed cum privilegio regali, and peached him of heresy, whereupon he was put in the stocks by the King's constable for two days. When the priest said to him, in the presence of divers parishioners, "Doth it become thee to bear such a book?" he then replied that it was cum privilegio regali. On which Robinson said, in the presence of the neighbours, "that the King's grace did grant many such things, the which is little regarded, and less shall be."
Large paper, p. 1. Add. as Secretary.
R. O. 1131. Edward North to Mr. Rushe.
Asks him to tell Mr. Secretary that one Hugh Trotter, customer of Bridgewater, on his deathbed said that he would make none but Mr. Secretary his executor. He was worth 400l. at least. One Lyghte and others have entered into his house, and North thinks that, unless Mr. Secretary sends thither, his money and plate will be conveyed away. A neighbour of his, named Alexander, dwelling in Wodstrete, says he had money concealed behind a board in his study. Is too busv to wait upon Mr. Secretary himself.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.
Harl. MS. 358, f. 56.
B. M.
1132. Norwich Cathedral.
Registrum exhibitorum et aliorum monumentorum, praesertim fundationis, in visitatione regia executa A. D. 1535, 27 Hen. VIII.
A rough list of documents concerning Norwich cathedral.
Lat., pp. 8.
R. O. 1133. John Oswell to Cromwell.
Writes in consequence of Cromwell's charitable pity in delivering him from Ludgate prison. Has aided divers of his neighbours with money and wares, from brotherly pity, according to Christ's doctrine, trusting, if he had need, to have the same again. Now in his necessity has sent to them for help, but can find none, to his utter confusion, unless Cromwell will take him into his service. Desires neither stipend nor wages, but Cromwell's assistance in obtaining his said goods wrongfully witheld.
Hol., p. 1. Headed: Secretary and Master of the Rolls. Endd.
Clcop. E. vi. 261.
B. M.
1134. William Overbery to [Cromwell].
"Faithful, trusty, and dearly-beloved minister unto the high power of Almighty God, of the which you have ministration under our own sovereign lord the King, here in earth the only high and supreme head of this his Church of England, grace, peace, and mercy be evermore with you; laud and thanks be to God the Father Almighty for the true and unfeigned faith that you have in our sweet Saviour Jesu." Speaks of the necessity of faith in Christ and of evangelisation. "There be many perverse men which do dilaniate the flock of Christ, yea, and of them which seem to men to be the pillars or bearers up of the Church, which do rather minish the Faith than anything augment it. I have many things which I would fain declare to your goodness, but I consider your great and manifold cure and business, and my own impediments by the custom and trades of men ordained, that let me not only this time in this my rude scribbling to you, but also almost at all times from both study and exercise of the Holy Gospel, the true faith and doctrine of which I pray God augment to his honor."
Hol., p. 1.
R. O. 1135. Anne Owen, widow of Sir David Owen.
Her petition desiring to have the money her husband left at his decease, 4,800l., besides plate and jewels. Trusts the King will see that the executors make her no worse in money or goods than at her marriage, when he and the lord her brother (fn. 20) gave her 1,000l. in angelettes and royals, besides apparel; that she may have the custody of her son John, who was 10 years of age last Allhallowtide, with a reasonable sum yearly to educate him for the King's service; that the residue of his rents may be levied by the executors, and these sums, with all evidences, recoveries, obligations, writings concerning her jointure, with the inventory taken at her marriage, and all other "escrippes and scrowes," some of which were at Cowtherey and some here in London, may be put into the hands of some indifferent man for her son's profit. Her deceased son, Henry Owen, on his deathbed, made her a free gift of all goods, rents, &c. which his father bequeathed him. While he was in the King's service she spent 113l. 19s. 8d. on his apparel, &c. She asks also for all the timber, iron, lead, glass, &c. of the house of Cowtherey, which her husband gave to her in his lifetime to build her house at Bodyngton, and for one part of his will which was in his custody in a casket until his decease. Signed.
P. 1. Endd.: Supplication to my maister by Anne Oen.
R. O. 1136. Sir Henry Parker to Cromwell.
Whereas you wrote to me and other justices of the peace in Hertfordshire that John Gray, now imprisoned by Hugh Vaughan, commissary to the bishop of London, might be liberated on good security, as I abide near the place I was directed to see your pleasure executed in this behalf. I have taken bail, and find that his accusation is upon his confession made to the commissary, who has certified it to the Council. Men of the neighbourhood have, however, heard him speak ungodly words.
Hol.,p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1137. John Persons to Cromwell.
Your poor servant, John Persons, makes complaint against the abbot of Winchcomble for not letting me be in the town of Winchcombe to work for my living. His only cause of complaint against me is that I waited on one of his monks to London, who by your commandment brought you certain books.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1138. Harry Phyllypps to his Mother Emelyn Phyllypps. (fn. 21)
"Piteously" desires her forgiveness and intercession with his father. Being at London, attending Mr. Medlee for his father's de [li] verance, he chanced to fall unto play and lost 3l. or 4l. Fearing his father's rebuke, decreed to ride to the court to Mr. Seemer, and by the way lost his spending money, and then by fortune was driven he wist not whither. What one or two years could not obtain let three years purchase. God knows what anxiety he has suffered these three years, what poverty these two years, and what jeopardy he is now in. Has been sought for to be arrested for his offence against her and his father, at whose suit he does not know. Desires that his brother William or brother Seuard may come and speak with him; it is but eight days journey from London "by land to ride." Without assistance he must go to the wars or be a serving man. Has been 20 years a student. God forbid that he should not persevere ! Desires to have three years more study. Has written to the chancellor of Exeter and Dr. Underhyll. The bearer can show his brothers where he is.
Hol., pp. 3. Add.: [at] Charborowghe.
R. O. 1139. Harry Phyllypps to his Father Richard Phyllypps.
Calleth upon you for succour your miserable child Henry Phyllypps. Optimum patrem, indulgentissimam matrem, charissimos fratres, denique pietatem ipsam, laesam offensamque conscientia agnoscit. While the offence was recent I never called upon you for succour, but now after a long time quod omnia secum rapit I desire your blessing and help contra calumnian, which has followed me through Flanders, Allmaygne, Italy, and France. (fn. 22) I have offended you, but never my country as my adversaries falso asserunt. I desire that the error of my youth may not destroy the hope of your goodness. If you will depart with me as I have deserved I will search civitatem aliquant liberam et bene moratam to end this pilgrimage in. (fn. 22)
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Charborowghe in Dorsetshire.
R. O. 1140. Harry Phyllypps to Dr. Brerewod, Chancellor of Exeter.
Desires help in his extreme necessity. Seeks only to have his erring youth forgotten, and himself reconciled to his parents and to Brerewod. Thinks he has been accused to Brerewod, at which he is grieved. Though it is false, and the matter itself reproves the calumniators, yet meanwhile he is compelled to give up his country and his family. Cannot bear to be deprived of both country and literature at the same time, as he is like to be without Brerewod's aid. Brerewod can promise himself the fruit of the writer's labours in Flanders, Germany, Italy, and France. If there is any one at home whom Brerewod has educated in the arts and would send abroad, Phyllypps will be a servant to the same.
Latin (except the first sentence). Hol., pp. 2.Add.: Exeter.
R. O. 1141. Hary Phyllypps to Richard Seward.
Commend me to my sister your wife. I desire you in this my trouble to "perform some of that many fold promyses in time of need." None of my brethren can do more with my mother than you; and, thank God! you are able yourself. I beg you to come unto me; if I might come to you I would not "demand this unlawful desire." In times past you were minded to visit parts beyond sea: you shall never have a charitabler occasion. Speak to my father and mother for me. Treat the bearer gently; my friends in Brabant have sent him, "whose good report when he returneth shall not hurt me."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Brother, Charborowghe.
R. O. 1142. Harry Phyllypps to Thomas Phyllypps.
"Most wellbeloved brother Thomas," I trust my sister your wife, and your sweet children, be in health. I desire you, in this my adversity, to speak to my mother and father for me, whom I confess to have offended. No man of your family can do more with them (the heads of the same). Speak to Mr. Chancellor of Exeter for me, to whom I enclose a letter. I do not covet restitutionem in fraternum jus; I confess I have "dyvasted" more than my child's part. I desire to purchase, among all my friends, grace for other three years' study. I have desired of my mother that either my brother William or my brother Seuard might come to me: I am but 10 days journey from you by [L]oveyn; only they who gave the bearer these letters know where I am. Whoever is sent must be instructed by this bearer, where he got these."
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at Soke Tenys.
R. O. 1143. Harry Phyllypps to John Stoker.
"My singular good Mr. Stoker, and my especial good sister your wife," if ever I shall call upon you for help, it is now. You have often helped me; do not refuse me this last time. I have by folly offended you, and not worthy to be reckoned a branch of that tree whence your wife is sprung. My desire is that I might yet other three years be found "hardly unto my book," and then I shall be in learning confirmed, and then the displeasure of my father and mother shall be turned into joy. I beg you to speak to my father and mother.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: at Poolle.
R. O. 1144. Harry Phyllypps to his Brother William Phyllypps.
Commend me to my good sister your wife. I desire you to help me in my extreme necessity, and to procure me forgiveness of my father and mother. It is in your hand to save or spill me. I beg you to come hither and speak with me; you may be here within 10 days. This bearer can show you where to hear of me; it is in Brabant, at Lovayn, in the house of Lambert Croolys, who knows always where I am.
Hol., p. 1.Add.: [at] Charborowghe.
R. O. 1145. [Placet] to [Cromwell].
At the petition of Dr. Bell, the late abbot of this house (fn. 23) gave me the keeping of a certain chapel of St. James, called Grettun, annexed to this parish church, for the great pains I took with him 15 years, Dr. Bell then being ordinary, who licensed me thereto, although I renounce that authority, requesting your gracious favour and dispensation therein; for although it be a small thing, it is in the King's gift, as I know well, and few else do. I beg you also to dispense with me to instruct the poor people there, or in any other place belonging to this monastery, to love God and obey their Prince as Supreme Head. I was never sworn to the Abbot at his stallation, nor ever intended to be, though I will never be disobedient as far as God commandeth me. I beg also that I may succour my poor father and mother, and visit them in their sickness, although the rule be contrary. The people think more of unlawful ceremonies or breaking the Abbot's commandment, for which they require absolution of me, their ghostly father, than of true faith in the blood of Christ. Complains also of the heaping of Psalms, as 15 Psalms before matins, &c, and desires that no man be compelled to say mass, or take any hire, as trentals.
Hol., (fn. 24) p. 1.
R. O. 1146. Christopher Plankney to Cromwell.
The dispute between him and Wm. Bysley and John Rede, executors of John Bysley, and Sir Wm. Barentyne, concerning the carrying away of Margaret, the testator's daughter, and now the petitioner's wife, from the custody of Elizabeth Plankney, his mother, was referred to the award of Humfraye Browne and Sir Roger Cholmeley, sergeants-at-law. The award has been made and engrossed, but Cholmeley now refuses to sign it. Asks Cromwell to summon the executors and the arbitrator to explain this.
P. 1. Add. as Secretary.
R. O. 1147. Complaint against the Prior of Plympton.
The prior of Plympton and his proctors make 50l. a year out of the parish of Wenbery, but there is no priest nearer than Plympton, four miles off. Many people have died without shrift or housel or any other sacrament, as christening, burying, or "nayling."
The parish has no priest to say mass or other service, except on Sundays, and then the priest or a canon comes from Plympton, and says mass, matins, and evensong before noon, and goes back to the prior to dinner. The priest has often been sore sick and in great jeopardy of life from travelling through the rain, hail, or snow. Three priests, Sir John Parker, Sir Ric. Wellche, and Sir Thos. Molyng, have died from this cause. The prior will not send a priest to bury any one for less than 7d. He has 13s. 4d. from the parish to have the sacrament ministered unto them, which he calls his fee-farm, besides other oblations, and yet he is not contented. There are 500 people, 21 score and more being houseling people. The following persons have died without shrift, housel, or any sacrament:— Master Thos. Weffelle, John Weryn, John a Lowe, Wm. Fox, John Weryn, Bocfaste, Jone Peperell, Sysle Mechell, Master Weffelly's servant. John Weryn sent in great haste to have a child christened who was sick, and waited at the church for the priest from 8 a.m. till 4 p.m., but when he came the child was dead, and he buried it. On St. Thomas' Day Nic. Boger rode to the prior for a priest to christen his child, and the sub-prior promised that one should be sent; but none came, though the child was at the church from soon after 7 till 11 a.m., and all the parish had come to hear mass and matins, as the priest had promised them the Sunday before. Other similar cases of neglect are mentioned. The corpse of a child of Thos. Towars, which died on Tuesday before Christmas Day, was kept waiting at the church door from 8 a.m. till 6 p.m. for the priest. On Easter Monday, the prior sent no priest to say mass, matins, or evensong; and the wives of Wm. Spiser, Robt. Laye, and Robt. Foterell had come to make their purification. Half the parish are the prior's tenants. On Thursday before the Nativity of Our Lady, the steward's bailiff, when keeping his courts, told the people the prior heard that they went about to have the hire of his parish, or to find a priest uprising and down lying, and if they made any such labour they should forfeit their holdings. For this cause "we the other half of the parish" have made them nothing a counsel of this matter; and yet they know all this to be true, though they dare not speak. The parishioners hired a priest at their own cost, but the prior forbade his tenants to contribute. He served them for ten years, and the parish never knew any otherwise by him but good and honest; but because the prior commanded him out of service, he lost much of his wages. The parishes of Plymstocke, Bryxstone, and Schaffe are as ill served, and the least of them is worth yearly 30l. to the prior. The parishioners, therefore, desire "you, of your great goodness and for the love of God, " that these things may be amended. William Punyng, church warden, Nic. Rede, John Weryn, William Hogge, William Spicer, John Stephen, John Cavytt, and others, can testify to the truth of the complaints.
Pp. 2, large paper. Endd.
R. O. 1148. The Pope to Cromwell.
On receipt of your letter I visited the lord Vaux, intending to proceed with the sale of the manor of Pempoll in Cronwall. But he told me that his wife would be with you at court tomorrow, and would explain his wishes. I replied that your mastership had sent your counsel to me to devise writings for your assurance. Then my lady came to us, and said she trusted her lord would have no need to sell his land, and that you would not constrain him. I remarked you would not wish to have land of him or any other person by compulsion, but that I had made a bargain in your behalf for the manor for 16 years' purchase, and brought Duke, my lord's clerk, with me, who was present with Bowcher when his Lordship was content you should have it. I showed her also your letter in which you wish me to use indifferency, and to make an honest bargain for both. She said if my lord sold it you should have the preference. I then communicated the matter to Henry and Thos. Polsted, desiring their advice. They begged me to communicate with you. I have travailed as earnestly in this matter as if I got 1000l. by it. I doubt not you shall have the manor, for he must sell it. But now my lady's coming to town has dashed the matter; for he is of such constancy, that in the most earnest matter he might be turned in a minute. When she is away I intend to speak with him. Christchurch, this Wenesday.
Hol., pp. 2. Add. Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1149. "Godes Howsse of Porsmowth."
The poor people have not their bread baked and drink brewed as was wont to be done; but the present master has carried all the brewing and vessel to a farm a mile from the house, so that the poor people are in manner undone. The mayor ought to see the weight and goodness of the bread and ale. However high the price of corn, the bread and ale ought to be of the same goodness, but the master serves the people with very coarse bread and small drink. The house may spend yearly of temporal lands 80l., whereof six poor men and six poor women have 6d. apiece, and a priest has his wages. Every fortnight they have seven loaves of bread and five gallons of ale apiece. The present master may spend 800 or 900 marks a year, and keeps no hospitality, which is a great decay to the town.
P. 1. Headed as above Add.: To Mr. Forest. Endd.
R. O. 1150. Nich.Rawlyns to Cromwell.
I hear, without seeing or reading of them, that the King with his commonalty, both of the spiritualty and temporalty, learned in the laws, who have a conscience and soul to keep as well as I, have by Act of Parliament granted that the King is Supreme Head of the Church of England; which as our father prior of this house, with others of our religion, would not consent unto, they suffered death. I wish you to know my poor mind towards my Prince, and you shall order me as you think best, which should be to the profit both of my body and soul. If I were examined before my brethren here they would hate me, and wonder at me, as "a meny of crows or daws" at a tame hawk, for they suspect my affection for my Prince. I beg you will get me a dispensation out of this religion, wherein I was not lawfully professed, for I ought by our statutes to have had a year of probation, whereas I had less than half, and in that half was sick for nine weeks, and have never had my health a fortnight together. If I continue here I shall die; it is so hard, what with fasting and watching. There are not six whole monks in this cloister but they have one infirmity or other.
I was professed so soon because I was so sick at times that I would have entered the world again. The prior and others made me give away my goods before I entered religion, that I should have no occasion to go into the world again. They also made me give the house 8l., and if I could have had it again I would never have been professed, as I told the prior the same morning. He told me, if I would be professed I should have it, and if not I should never have a penny. My lord of London that now is was very hard to me, and sequestered the fruits of my benefice, and told my parishioners I should not be parson there, as he was the patron. As I thought it was evil striving with him I professed, but never intended it with good will. I wish to return to the state of a secular priest. Signed: Dan Nicholas Rawlyns, monk of the Order of the Carthusians in the House of the Salutation of Our Lady besides London.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary.
R. O. 1151. Isabel Rede to Cromwell.
I wish to know whether I shall continue your tenant in Brokelond and Otlond during the nonage of my son-in-law. If you put me out it will be a great undoing. Since Master Richard and other of your servants were with me I have had a great loss of my cattle.
Hol., p.1.Add.: Master Secretary.Endd.
R. O. 1152. Edw.Abbot of Rievaulx to Cromwell.
You have told me not to trouble you with my causes. I have made various efforts in vain to see you, and have therefore requested your relative Ric. Cromwell to bring my petition before you. A year ago, at the contemplation of your letters, it was agreed by the present abbot of Rievaulx that an annuity of 44l. should be vested in certain feoffees for my benefit. This he refuses to pay, alleging that by Act of Parliament a moiety ought to be subtracted. If there be such an Act, it cannot hold good in this matter. From the 8th Aug. last to the present day I have not received from the abbot a halfpenny. Please to look at my letter in the following page, which is a copy of your own.
Lat., p.1.Add. D. Regis consiliario ejusque Secretario.
ii. A letter commanding the present incumbent to pay the said annuity of 44l., otherwise the deposed abbot will be restored, as he has before written.
Copy, p.1.Add.: Secretario.
R. O. 1153. John Bishop of Rochester to Cromwell.
The King at my suit granted to my chancellor a benefice esteemed at 20l., but found in the King's books to be 15l. 18s.; at which my Lord Chancellor is discontented, claiming it as his gift, and has given it to my lord of Canterbury. The latter is satisfied that my chancellor should have it, but the Chancellor will not allow it, for the displeasure he has received therein. I fear he will be extreme against me for my priorship at the Blackfriars. Please to assist me in these two suits, or I am like to be overcome.
Hol., p. 1. Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1154. John [Hilsey], Bishop of Rochester, to Cromwell.
Had I not been far on my journey I would have gladly sued to you for the prior of Langley, whose convent has been much troubled this twelvemonth and more by Mr. Verney. They receive much hurt in their liberties and grounds, and he withholds money that is due to them. Please to appoint some one to hear and settle the dispute, and allow the prior to sue for his remedy, which he will not do without your leave. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary.
R. O. 1155. The Prior and certain Monks of St. Albans to Sir Francis Brian.
Their monastery is in much decay and misery. They directed a supplication to the abbot, asking him to devise some means for its utility and profit. This was taken in bad part, and they are suffering for it. Desire that the occasion of ruin mentioned in the annexed bills may be avoided, and matters now amiss be reformed, and that "the congregation to God's honor may live in quietness." These things may be effected by his procurement, and by the discretion of Master Secretary, their general visitor. Signed by Andreas Ramrigge, prior—John Wethamsted—D. John .. ryghtwyse—Radulfus Campion—D. Richard Stevynache—D. Henrycus Bestney—D. Thomas Curtys—D. Roger Mychael—D. Robt. Mortun—D. Thos. Bartylmewe—D. Ric. Benet—D. Edw. Sybley—Thos. Newman—Robt. Gylis—Ric. Wolston—Thos. Alban—Thos. Bynnar—D. Wm. Alyn.
The bill of petitions:—1. The abbot intends to appoint a general receiver of all the lands of the monastery, which office he will confer on D. Robt. Blakeney, than whom they know none more unfit for the office. In the last abbot's days, when Blakeney was officer, the house was in debt 4,000 mks. by his negligence. They want one who will be rather an edifier than a destroyer, of which they have had too many. 2. That the abbot may not waste or sell the woods belonging to the convent without their consent, and that the sales he has lately made may be stayed. 3. That he may declare the state of the house, how much more or less it is in debt than when he became ruler. 4. That they may not be compelled to use their convent seal against their conscience and the profit of their house, especially for borrowing "any mo thowsand pounds or other great sums "till the old debts are paid. 5. That those who made supplication to their abbot may not be "put to extreme hindrance" and expelled.
pp. 2. Mutilated.
R. O. 1156. Elizabeth Shylston.
"The charges and expenses laid out by Geo. Rolle for the wardship and buying of Elizabeth Shylston, the keeping of her, and redemption of divers other titles of wardships to her made, as rentcharges redeemed and other charges."
To my lady Shylston, for her wardship, 266l. 13s. 4d. To Roger Elford, for compassing the bargain for me, 100s. To Mr. Humfrey Wyngfeld, for drawing indentures between the said lady and me, 20s. To lady Anne Seyntleger, for redemption of her and her lands in Kymeworthy, 6l. 13s. 4d. To Water Wrey and Launcelot Prestlond, for redemption of their rights, by reason of a feoffment and will made by Robt. Shylston to their wives, 9l. Redemption of a rentcharge of 40s. granted to John Frankelyn by Robt. Shylston, 100s. Casting a hedge in the great close, 5s. Exhibition and finding of her three years, 30l. My costs in bringing her to Devonshire by Master Cromwell's commandment, 100s. Total, 328l. 11s. 8d.
Besides these charges the ward might have died, to Rolle's great damage.
The receipts of her lands by Rolle amount only to 133l. 5s. 8¼d.
Pp. 2. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv. 25.
B. M.
1157. Thos. Solmes, Canon of St. Osyth's, to Cromwell.
Asks licence to leave his religious order, which he joined in conse quence of the threats of his schoolmaster. Was examined by Dr. Thos. B. M. Legh, Cromwell's commissary, when he visited the monastery of St. Osyth, and advised by him to apply to Cromwell. Received the habit at 13 years of age, and was professed before he completed his 14th year. During the 12 years he has been here has never willingly borne the yoke of religion. Would rather die than live any longer such a miserable life.
"Vive, vale, præsul, Pylios feliciter annos
Et commendatum me tibi semper habe.
Vive Sibillinum robusto corpore tempus
Tandem cœlesti consociere choro."
Hol., Lat., pp. 2. Headed: Thomas Solmes, Osythiensis canonicus, viro præstantissimo, Thomæ Crunwell, primario invictissimi regis Heurici Octavi secretario, generalique vicario, et cunctorum religiosorum eximio visitatori, præpositoque vigilantissimo, domino suo plurimum colendo.
R. O. 1158. Edward Soole to Cromwell.
Complaint addressed to Cromwell as secretary, showing that Wm. Staverton, late of London, grocer, "like an untrue man, conveyed himself with his substance into the Sanctuary of Westminster, " and that after his death Katharine his wife exhibited an untrue inventory of his goods, and of money owed to him by Robt. Awsten, of London, grocer; that Ric. Osborne and Ric. Turke have assisted her in this; and that Turke offered on her behalf money to the Lord Chancellor for the redemption of lands laid in gage by Thos. Fuller to Nic. Statham.
P. 1. Large paper. Endd.
R. O. 1159. —— to Starkey.
Refers to some dispute which had arisen at the banquet given by Wittinton, at which apparently Starkey had lost his temper. After commenting upon the difficulty of discerning the characters of men, the writer points out the necessity of bearing with the weaknesses of brethren, and that nothing is more unworthy of a theologian than to use scurrilous jests. Exhorts Starkey to show contrition. "Quare, mi Starke, utraque manu, aut si mavis cum Hieronimo Lapide, pectus contundas et iterum ad sobrietatis, modestiæ, verecundiæ, taciturnitatis, exemplar mihi cæterisque amicis omnibus imitandum te convertas."
Lat., pp. 2. Not add.
R. O. 1160. Essay On Preaching, by Starkey.
Recommending that for the conservation of unity, in doubtful places of Scripture, preachers should not swerve from the common and of longtime received interpretation, made by the ancient doctors; and where they differ, the preachers should cleave to the consent and laudable custom of the Church of England, where it is not repugnant to the truth of God's Word, nor prejudicial to the princely power, nor to any law established thereby. Those who wilfully disregard this must be reputed as seditious persons and disturbers of common quietness and unity, and their bodies and goods to stand at the King's pleasure.
In Starkey's hand. Pp. 2.
R. O. 1161. Kathren Torner to Cromwell.
She and her late husband, Peter Torner, of Lostocke, Lane., have held land in Lostock of Mr. Andrew Barton and his ancestors for 56 years, but he has now taken away their cattle, prevented them from getting in their hay, &c., and has brought an action against her son Myles. Asks him to send a letter to Barton on her behalf.
P. 1. Large paper. Headed: Chief Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 1162. John Tovy to Cromwell
Requests that letters may be issued to the archbishop of York, commanding him to dispense with the petitioner's ordination vows, that he might live as a secular man. Was unworthily admitted to the priesthood by giving corrupt rewards.
Hol., p. 1. Headed: To, &c. Mr. Cromwell, Chief Secretary to the King, and General Visitor to the Clergy.
1163. Tyndall.
"The testament of Maister Wylliam Tracie, Esquier, expounded by Wylliam Tyndall; wherein thou shalt perceyve with what charite the chancellor of Worceter burned when he toke up the deade carcas and made ashes of it after it was buried." 1535.
This tract is printed at the end of the treatise called Wycklyffe's Wycket, printed at Nuremberg in 1546. Tracy's will is dated 10 Oct. 22 Hen. VIII., and he therein describes himself as William Tracy of Todyngton, Gloucestershire, Esquire.
R. O. 1164. John Vaughan to Cromwell.
Have elected Dame Joan Skydmore prioress of Acunbury. Waits for his approval to install her. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
Nero, B. vii. 21.
B. M.
1165. The Venetian Merchants.
Petition of the merchants of Venice to Thos. Cromwell, Chief Secretary to the King, and Master of the Rolls.
Beg him to move the King to grant them liberty of travelling in the realm, as he and his predecessors have from time to time granted. This will increase their traffic and consequently the King's customs. It is commonly said that when the Venetian galleys come here, foreign goods are cheap, and English dear, which is beneficial to the whole commonwealth.
The last licence they obtained for wools was to be renewed every five years without other suit to be made, except in Chancery for the seal. The five years expired last April, and they ask for a renewal, with the certainty of some favor to be had in the weight at the customing of the wools, as 16 nails is lost in every pocket in the weight of the canvas, &c. The larger the favor shown, the more the King has been advantaged.
Beg they may be "respected" (respited) for the custom of all their merchandize as in the time of Henry VII., without the customers requiring surety for the last galleys, as of late.
Pp. 2. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv. 55.
B. M.
Wright's Supression of the Monasteries, 55.
1166. Margaret Vernon to Cromwell.
Thanks him for the great cost made on her and her poor maiden at their last being with him. His visitors have been here, and discharged three of her sisters, —Dame Katheryn and the two young women who were last professed. It is not a little to her discomfort, but she must be content with the King's pleasure. Asks his advice, as none will be left here but herself and this poor maiden. If Cromwell will take this poor house (fn. 25) into his own hands either for himself or for "my nowne a .... yowre sonne," she would be glad with all her heart to give it, nothing doubting that he will provide for them so that they shall not be driven to beg or to fall to other inconvenience. Offers herself and all hers to his most high and prudent wisdom, as to him who is her only refuge and comfort in this world.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
Cleop. E. iv. 163.
B. M.
Wright's Supression of the Monasteries, 53.
1167. Abbey of Wardon.
"These be the causes following why that I, Henri abbot of Warden, have made labour to diverse of my friends to resign my office."
1. After the King's visitation was executed by his Commissioners, Dr. Leighe and Jo. ap Rece, and certain injunctions delivered to the convent, his brethren said he was the causer why they were enclosed in their monastery, so that he might do what he would, and they not know it. They have since vexed him with many uncharitable surmises and opprobrious words. 2. The injunctions command them to have daily lecture of Divinity, but they have none, and when it is read few or none of the monks come to it. 3. Assigned Dampne Thos. London to read the Divinity lecture, and he, undiscreetly, unknown to the abbot, read Eccius' Homilies, "which books be all carnal and of a brutal understanding, and entreat of many things clean against the determination of the Church of England." When the abbot knew of it, took away his book, and sent it to London to Dr. Leghe. Discharged London of the reading, and appointed his own brother, but then few or none of them would come. 4. Perceiving that ignorance was a great cause of their continual unquietness, caused books of grammar to be bought for each of them, and assigned his brother to instruct them, but none would come to him but Ric. Balldoke and Thos. Clement. 5. There are but 15 brethren, and only three know their rule or the statutes of their religion. 6. Sent forth Dampne Thos. Wardon in Lent on house business. He sat at Shefforde all night in the ale-house, and came home in the morning at matins. Would have administered correction, but he declared openly before the convent that the abbot had no authority to correct him, and stirred up the convent so that one Dampne Christopher threatened the abbot and his servants. Was in such fear that he commanded his servants to watch his chamber three nights after till their fury was somewhat assuaged. 7. Has often commanded the subprior and the custos ordinis that no secular boys should be conversant with any of the monks or lie in the dortor; but one Hewgh, who was a young monk here, lies in the dortor every night, but he does not know with whom. 8. On Aug. 5, John Paxton and Henry Gibbeson took the subprior in a hedge in the vineyard with a brothell woman, and he promised 8s. to Gibbeson to keep his councell. 9. Wm. Carington, Thos. Bukkleswoode, Thos. London, John Cliffton, and Chr. Wardon are common drunkards.
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 1168. John Watson, mercer, of London, to Cromwell.
The prior and convent of Crutched Friars, next the Tower of London, were debtors to me, and the last prior, Edmund Stretham, borrowed more money of me for the use of their house, amounting in all to 25l., and delivered me by writing a silver-gilt cross, weighing 6 oz., a vestment, and a "deconne" of green cloth of gold. Though I had this security, as some people be crafty, I made attachment in my own hands to obtain the cross, &c. by law, and gave notice to the new prior, Rob. Balle, of such things as I have in my hands, and showed him the bargain and sale. You will see that I intend no craft but only to recover my dues. I have forborne my money these 10 years and more. I beg you will protect my rights, and in so doing you will please my master, the duke of Suffolk.
Hol., p. 1. Headed: 1535. Add.: Secretary.
R. O. 1169. [Tho]Mas Webster to—.
Was asked by Master Covert to go with young Master Watson to his place, about which I desire to know your mastership's pleasure. Yet on my knees I implore you to be good master "unto my[n o]wlde master, Mr. Watson, his children; for if the young man be acc ..... is warde to the Kynges grace, thre of his sisters be utterly undoen." His land is [held] to the performance of Mr. Watson's will, by which each of the daughters should have 100l. and two of the sons 200l., besides other bequests. The child offers of his own motion to give himself, body, goods, and lands, to your goodness, and hopes you will accept him as your servant to go to the temporal law.
Complains that when in the country by your Mastership's commandment Mr. Swillington's servants, with their master's approbation, called him heretic, and spoke shameful words of him as if he had been a heathen and not your mastership's servant, and provoked him to fight with daggers and swords drawn in Swillington's own house. No one in the country loves him, not even his own servants; "h[owbeit] ..... d faceth so, by your mastershipp, contrary, I think your ........ be afrayd on hym, and be reporte your mastership p ............ Crumwell."
Hol., p. 1. Mutilated and injured by damp. Endd.
R. O. 1170. Winchcombe abbey.
Petition of the abbot and convent of Winchcombe to Master Secretary for modification of some of the injunctions imposed upon them, viz.:—
1. That no monk or brother may leave the monastery.—They desire licence for the abbot to take one or two of his brethren with him as chaplains, when he goes out of the monastery, and to give licence to any of the brethren to preach the Word of God abroad; that the cellarer may go abroad according to his duty; that the abbot may send his brethren to take orders; that the brethren may have their "feynys" again as long as they order themselves religiously.
2. That women be totally excluded.
They desire that the abbot may receive women of nobility and others of sad and good conversation, being friends, mothers or kinswomen to him or his brethren, to his hall at dinner or supper; and that women may come into church at divine service.
3. That there shall only be entry through one gate, &c.—Remind Cromwell that their monastery has two gates,—one opening on the town, where always is a porter, and the other into the fields. If this were shut, corn and hay would have to be carried half a mile about; and also the King's horses are ridden that way daily. Ask if the church doors may stand open at mass and evensong.
4. That the abbot shall daily expound part of the rule in English.—Ask for licence for him to do it by his sufficient deputy.
5. That no one may profess or take the habit of religion till he is 24 years.—Ask if persons may be admitted to prove themselves in the habit and religion until they are 24 years old, and then be at liberty to depart or tarry.
Pp. 2. Endd.
Strype's Cranmer, 709. 1171. Winchester Cathedral.
Inventory of the church goods of the cathedral church of St. Swithin, in Winchester, as it was given in by the prior and convent to Cromwell, Secretary of State and the King's Vicar-General.
R. O. 2. Complaint addressed to "your Mastership" (Cromwell) by Jas. Syllney, parson of Chillcombe, Winchester diocese, against the prior of St. Swithin's, Winchester, who vexes him about an annual pension of 26s. 8d., which he demands out of his benefice. Never refused to pay it if the prior could show title.
P. 1. Large paper.
R. O. 1172. Sir William Wodward.
"The articles of the misbehaviour of Sir William Wodward, chaplain, which will be duly proved," charging him with having kept several different mistresses, and with various acts of incontinence, some of which he does not deny. Places mentioned,—Poundstoke, Eggleskere, and Trebarfott, [in Cornwall.].
Pp. 2. Endd.
Harl. MS. 604, f. 122.
B. M.
1173. Visitation of the Province of York.
"Progressus domini suffraganei."
From York to Newbrow, regular canons of St. Austin, founded by lord Mowbrey, temp. Stephen, present founder duke of Norfolk, 12 miles from York. Thence to Byland, Cistercian, same founders; the "sepulture" of lord Mowbray and his wife is in the chapter-house window; 1 mile. To Mountgrace, Charterhouse, founders Yngylbyes, knts., temp. Hen. IV., 12 miles. To Gysborow, Austin Canons, founded by lord Robt. Brus, who is buried with his wife in the choir; lord Conyers (fn. 26) is now founder; 12 miles. To Wytbye, Benedictine, founder the first lord William Persey after the Conquest, who died and was buried beyond sea, but his heart is at Wytby; the King is now founder; 16 miles. To Wyekam, Cistercian Nuns, of the King's foundation, 17 miles. To Yedyngham, Benedictine Nuns, of the foundation of lord Latymer, 3 miles. To Kelldhollme, Cistercian Nuns, of the foundation of lord Westmoreland, 10 miles. To Ryvalles, Cistercian, first foundation of Water Espeke, now lord Rosse, 6 miles. To Kyrkham, Austin Canons, same foundation as Ryvalles, 10 miles. To Maltoune, canons of St. Gylbarte, lord Vessey founder, 4 miles. To Warther, Austin Canons, founder lord Water Treusbutt, now lord Rosse, 12 miles. To Brydlyngtoune, Austin Canons, founder lord Water Gawntt, whose body lies in the midst of the choir; behind the altar is shrined the body of St. John, sometime prior; 18 miles. To Wattonne, of the Order of St. Gylbart, founded by lord Vessey, 5 miles. To Beverlay, where rests the body of the Holy archbp. St. John the founder, and the bodies of Sts. Wynwalld, Brythewme, and Yolfryde, 5 miles. To Mewsse abbey, Cistercian, founder Le Grosse, sometime earl of Albymarle, 3 miles. To Hull town, and the Schaterhouse there, founder lord Wm. Delapole, temp. Edw. III., 4 miles. Hence we went to Holldarnes, almost to Ravynspor, but I intend to omit all villages, and reckon only religidous houses. In revertendo from Hull:—To Haltompryce, regular canons of St. Austin, founder lord Thos. Wake, 3 miles. To Ferybye brethren of the Jerosolomytane Order, founder lord Eustace Vessey, 3 miles. To Drax, Austin Canons, founder Master Pannell, knt., 16 miles. To Selbye, Benedictine, founder William the Conqueror, 3 miles. To St. Oswalldes, Austin Canons, founder Henry I., 12 miles. To Pontefract, Benedictine, founder lord Robert Lacye, 5 miles. To Hylley, Austin Canons, founder Sir John Dyebdeyn, knt., 10 miles. To Knaasbrow, of the Order of the Trinity, founder Ric. earl of Cornwall, 9 miles. To Chrystall abbey, Cistercian, founder Sir Patfylld Pictaviencis, 10 miles. To Ardyngton, Benedictine Nuns, founder Master Ardyngton, 4 miles. To Burtoune abbey, Benedictine, first founder Sir Adam Swaynsoune, now lord Mowntegle, 15 miles. Revertendo to Chrystalle, and thence to Bolltoune, Austin Canons, first founder lord Meschynes and lady Cysley Romiley his wife, A.D. 1120, 2 Hen. I., 2 Thrustini Episcopi, present founder lord Clifford, 12 miles. To Salley, Cistercian, founder lord Wm. Percy, the third after the Conquest, A.D. 1140, 14 miles.
ii. Lancashire.
To Walley, Cistercian, out of our diocese under the bishop of Chester, first founded in Stanlaw, Cheshire, by Sir John Lascy, A.D. 1172, and removed with the bodies of his ancestors, by Henry Lascy, third and last earl of Lincoln of that name, A.D. 1296, 5 miles. To Kockersand, Premonstratensian Canons, founded by a hermit named Hew Garthe, in king John's time, 24 miles. To Lanchaster, to the Friars Preachers, founded by Sir Hew Haryngtone, 5 miles. To Cartmelle, Austin Canons, founded by Wm. Marchall earl of Pembroke, A.D. 1202, before his death 17 years, 3 Johan., 10 miles. To Counghevysched, Austin Canons, founded by Sir Gamele Pennyngtoune A.D. 1067. It was in strife for some time, being built upon the land of lord Wm. Lanchaster, baron of Kyrkbykendall and Overstoune; 5 miles. To Furness, Cistercian, founded by Stephen earl of Boulogne, nine years before he was king of England, 26 Hen. I., "ut patet per hoc sequens—
Fournesium fundat hic Stephanus atque fecundat
Address contenta membris cum vita intents
Dat Lanchastrium piscem parvumque warinum (?)
Anno milleno terque noveno"—
4 miles. To Cawdre, Cistercian, founded by lord Raynalld Meschynne, lord of Copland, A.D. 1134, temp. Hen. I., 19 miles. To St. Bees, Benedictine, same founder, 5 miles.
iii. Northumbria.
To Hexamescheer and Hexam monastery upon Tyenne, Austin Canons, in the jurisdiction of the bishop of York, first founder St. Wyllfryd, by gift of Egffryed, king of Northumberland, and St. Ethelldred his wife, A.D. 674. Five succeeding bishop saints are buried there, viz., Acca, Alkhmundus, Eata, Frethbertus, and Tylbartus. The monastery was destroyed by Scots, and rebuilt by Thomas the younger in king Henry the First's time, when canons regular were brought from Landercost.
iv. Rychmondscheere.
To Egylstoune upon Tees Water, Premonstratensian, first founders Raffe Multon and Alis his wife, Gilbert Phylype and Matilda Delahaye, temp. Stephen; Lord Dacre is now founder. To St. Agathees, Premonstratensian Canons, on Swalle flewd, founded by lord Richmond A.D. 1152; lord Schroope, of Boltoune, is now founder; 8 miles from the last. To Gervalles, Cistercian, upon Your Floud; founded in Wensdale by lord Akar, and afterwards by lord Conanne, son of Alaune earl of Richmond, A.D. 1157; Lord Fytheus was afterwards their founder, and now Master Pare; 8 miles. To Coverham, or Corame, Premonstratensian, founded at Swaynsby by Elewysia de Glandwell, sometime wife of Robert, lord of Mydlam Chastell, with consent of Wallrane, his son; removed 14 Johan.; 2 miles. To Maryeke upon Swale, Benedictine Nuns, founded by Roger Aske in king John's time, 6 miles. To Fountens, Cistercian, founded by Thurstaune, bishop of York, A.D. 1132, 18 miles from York. To the College of Rypoune, founded by St. Wyllfryed in the time of king Oswy, 2 miles. To Wylbyforce, Benedictine Nuns; first founder Sir Kateryngtoune, knt., now the King, To Nonnemongtoune, Benedictine; first founder Sir Wm. Arche, now Sir Wm. Gasconne. To Roche Abbey, Cistercian, founded by lord Buelle and Turgott, (Ric. de Builli and Ric. Fitz Turgis) lord Clifford now founder.
In Yorkshire, certain more abbeys which we have been in,—Marteyn Abbey canons,—whose founders I know nothing of. Swyene, by Beverley, nuns.
Nonne Bournam:—To all the abbeys in York city, as St. Marye's, the Trinytes, St. Andrew's, St. Leonard's Canons, and Clement Thorpe.
"But, Sir, I pray you, if I miss other in true writing or else in the date or count of kings and years, blame my presydent and not me, for I have nothing of their founders nor of the years of their foundation but by other men's report."
v. In Comitatu Nottingamiæ.
To Wurksoppe, Austin Canons, founded by lord Lovetoffte (Will. de Luvetot) A.D. 1103, 3 Hen. I.; afterwards it came to the Furnivals, and now lord Talbott is the founder. To Welbyeke, Premonstratensian, founded by Sir Thos. Cuknaye, A.D. 1153, 19 Steph.; the bishop of Ely is now founder. To Newsted, Austin Canons, founded by Hen. II. To Bevevalld (Beauvale), Carthusian, first founder Sir Nic. de Cantyluppe, temp. Edw. III.; Edw. Bayloll, sometime king of Scotland, buried there. To Lentoune Abbey, Cluniac, founded by lord Wm. Peverell, earl of Nottingham, temp. Hen. I.; the King is now founder. To Schelford, Austin Canons, founded by Sir Raffe Anselyen (Hanselyn), temp. Hen. I.; Sir Hen. Noress is now founder by the King's gift. To Thurgarton, Austin Canons, founded by Sir Raffe Deyncorte about the latter end of the reign of Henry I.; Master Noress is now founder. To Southwell College, founded by St. Wyllffryd. To Rufford, Cistercian, founded by lord Gaffrey Gawnte, earl of Lincoln, A.D. 1148; Master Noress is now founder. To Materseye, Gilbertine, first founder Thos. Meercy, gent., now Master Thurland. To Blyethe, Cluniac, founded by Sir Roger Bolley, 1 Will. II.; the King is now founder. To Hampolle, Cistercian Nuns; first founder Master Crescey, now Clyfford and Markame are their founders.
"In all these we have been in, beside divers other mo, both in Durham bishopric and also Carlisle, with many good towns and villages, as well in my Lord's grace liberties as in others. And thus Jesu preserve your Mastership."
Below in a later hand is written:—"These notes belong unto me, Thos. Lovell, 1592."
Pp. 7.


  • 1. This dedication must have been published in the spring of the year. It was somewhat altered for another edition of the Loci Communes in 1536, and in its second form is printed in Book III., No. 6 of Melancthon's letters, beginning "Ut hic commentarius."
  • 2. This appointment does not seem to have taken effect. Thos. Bradford was prior when the monastery was surrendered 12 March 1539, and the signature of "John Vinsent" appears on the deed of surrender along with the other monks.
  • 3. Ob. 1535.
  • 4. Died 28 June (or July ?) 1535. See Inq. p. m., 28 Hen. VIII., No. 116.
  • 5. That is to say, of the college within Metingham castle Suffolk.
  • 6. The handwriting does not seem to be that of Sir Richard Bulkeley, though not altogether unlike.
  • 7. Crossed out.
  • 8. This entry is crossed out.
  • 9. Corrected from 119l. 18s. 0½d.
  • 10. Corrected from 111l. 10s. 7¾d.
  • 11. The prior's name was John Walpole. See Vol. VII., 1024 (27).
  • 12. This is inaccurate. The college had a confirmation from the King. See Patent Roll, 18 Edw. I., m. 26, and Reg. Epp. J. Peckham, III. 1080.
  • 13. Sir William Fitzwilliam the elder. See Vol. VII. 1120.
  • 14. President of Magdalen College, Oxford. According to Le Neve he resigned 3 Feb. 1535 (qu. 1535–36 ?).
  • 15. Nich. de Burgo.
  • 16. See vol. vii. 738.
  • 17. In Devonshire. It was a cell of the priory of Montacute.
  • 18. Thomas Chard, suffragan bishop of Solubriensis. See vol. vi. 504 note.
  • 19. The same writer as the preceding.
  • 20. Lord Ferrers.
  • 21. The following series of letters seems to have been written about the year 1535; the first possibly a little earlier, before the writer went abroad. It was this Harry Philips who arrested Tyndale in the Low Countries.
  • 22. Passage marked in margin.
  • 23. Winchcombe, which had a chapelry of Gretton attached to it within the parish.
  • 24. The handwriting has been identified with that of "Placet," the monk of Winchcombe, since this entrv was in type. See Nos. 134–5, &c.
  • 25. Priory of Little Marlow, Bucks.
  • 26. Orig. "Latymer," corrected by another hand.