Pages 403-409

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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4 Mar.
S. B.
1. For William Lord Dacre
Licence to leave London, provided he return before All Saints' Day next, notwithstanding a recognizance, dated 18 Oct. last, whereby he, by the name of Will. Dacre of Dacre, knight, is bound in 10,000 marks not to go beyond 10 miles from London. Del. Westm., 4 March 26 Hen. VIII.
17 May. 2. John Prior of St. Peter's, Markeby, Linc.
Licence to take to farm the manor of Westwykeham and other lands, &c. in Estwykeham and Westwykeham, Linc., and the moiety of the rectory of Westwykeham, with the tithes of corn and hay, for term of life or years, the premises not exceeding the annal value of 10l., notwithstanding the statute 21 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 17 May 27 Hen. VIII.—S. B. (fn. 1) Pat., p.2,m. 11.
(2.) P.S. for the above, same date.
8 July.
R. O.
3. Edmund Pekham to Wriothesley.
Of late I have troubled you for Mr. Secretary's letters to Mr. Mawncyl, chamberlain of West Chester, in favour of Robert Catton to be his deputy. This day I received a letter (enclosed) from Catton with Mr. Mauncyl's answer, and I beg you to move Mr. Secretary to speak to Mr. Mauncyl for his favour to Catton. Westm., 8 July.
P. 1. Add.: "Heartily beloved cousin."
R. O.
4. Sir Marcus Meyer.
Memorandum [to Cromwell] by Marcus Meyer's servant (fn. 2) in behalf of his master.
Has been here five weeks with 10 men and a small ship. Has spent 10l. stg., which was all his money, awaiting an answer what aid the King will give for the castle of Wartborch, &c.
Holstein dialect, pp. 2.
[5 Sept.]
Danish Archives.
5. Christian III. and England.
Articles [by Bonner?] setting forth the points to be urged [by Cavendish?] upon the duke of Holstein, viz., peace with Lubeck and restitution of some English ships unjustly seized.
[According to Mr. Macray's Report (seeReport xlv. of Dep. Keeper of Pub. Records, App. ii. 16), this paper is in the same handwriting as Nos. 285 and 286 of this Volume, which Wegener considers to be drafts by Suavenius, but Mr. Macray calls copies by one of the English envoys.]
1b. 2. Copy (by one of the English envoys, like the preceding,) of a statement on the part of the Danes of the causes of the war with Lubeck and the reasons of the treaty made with the Emperor.
8 Oct.
R. O.
6. Sir John Dudley to Lord Lisle.
The Master in Chancery that took your examination desires me to send it to you for you to sign. I have also sent a statute by which Sir Edw. Guldeforde was bound as security to the lord Broke against the executors of Edmund Dudley, my father. Also I send you a defeasance, by which you will understand the meaning of the said Sir E. Guldeforde; also a paper of the mode of payment. Hugh Poularde, serjeant-at-law, deceased, John Hales, baron of the Exchequer, and Ric. Faue, the younger, were present at the sealing of the indenture. Hopes he will soon be again in England.—London, 8 Oct.
Hopes he will sign these papers at once, as the former was so scribbled over it could not be read, and next week the writer's cause will be heard. There is no matter altered, except that I put in that you bare my father-inlaw partly a grudge for trying to disinherit me, being within age, "and also should marry his own daughter." This I have heard you often say.
Hol., pp. 2. Sealed. Add.: Deputy of Calais.
7 Dec.
Add. MS. 25,114, f.224.
B. M.
7. Henry VIII. to Gardiner and Wallop.
Has received their letters from Dijon of 28 Nov. and those of the same date written to Cromwell. Thanks them for their wisdom in answering the questions put to them. Signifies his pleasure in certain principal points by the repetition of which it shall appear whether the French intend earnestly to enter the war, as they probably do, or only to use the King to gain their own purposes with the Emperor. Perceives by their letters that though they had a gentle and familiar conference with Francis, in which he touched upon the overtures they pretend to have been made by the Emperor and the malicious proceedings of the bishop of Rome against England, that he referred them to his Council for an answer, so that they were obliged to disclose their commission to the Admiral and others, who not only assured them of the sincerity of Francis in his determination to adhere to Henry, but added that it was thought necessary to raise an army for his master's defence in case he should be invaded for it by the Emperor, which army he thought might afterwards be employed for the recovery of Milan and Genoa, and desired to know if Henry would contribute a moiety of the charges of raising it and a third part of the cost of employing it against the Emperor. The King having then made a friendly answer in general terms "did now send you to conclude thereupon and to reduce it into the form of a pact and treaty." As the French are very anxious to make it appear that the war is only on England's account, and show themselves cold in the prosecution of the overtures of the bailly of Troyes, proposing an aid to the duke of Guelders, offering to defend the King against all men, but refusing any express article against the bishop of Rome, they are to say,—first, that as the King has no quarrel with the Emperor, he does not wish his good brother to begin war on his account unless he is determined to do it for his own; nevertheless that he esteems his good brother's interests his own, and, if he thinks it expedient for Henry to aid the duke of Gueldres with a contingent of 500,000 cr., the King will take his part, like a friend, and not like a party, provided he can do so without violation of the Emperor's friendship, and provided the said Duke shall first send his ambassador to England and give a satisfactory explanation of his reasons for the commencement of the war; secondly, that the King marvels much at their scruples touching the bishop of Rome, that they will not do what they have done before. In the treaty passed by Pomeroy, they have spoken freely of the said bishop's censures, as also in many other writings, yet the Admiral would now lose his head, arms, and legs before he would consent to anything against the bishop of Rome, especially to that which no man desired of him, viz., that he should forsake him. When he talked with Henry on the subject in England, he used such execrable words against the said bishop that one would have thought he could not now have been so vehement the other way. If the bishop of Rome will aid them against the Emperor, Henry is content that they should take him for their great friend. If he pretend friendship only to revenge his own quarrel and prevent falling into the Emperor's hands, which he may do after all, let them consider whether it be more expedient for them to put in writing what they have offered to do, or to catch an eel by the tail, and give up a friend for nothing. When they were themselves interdicted, they did not treat the Pope's authority as jure Divino. The ambassadors made an invincible answer, when the French denied once having left the Pope themselves, and pretended that the realm of France was privileged against interdict. They may repeat it again, and say that if the bishop of Rome may by God's law interdict (thus showing himself the author, not of peace, but of dissension), then he could not, against God's law, exempt France from liability to interdiction, unless they pretend that he can dispense against the law of God, who hath promised His word shall remain untouched in æternum. No one cay say on this point more than Poyet, who has affirmed, under his own hand remaining in our custody, that the bishop of Rome can in no wise dispense with God's law. If the French say that, although they have more cause to enter the war than England, they would rather accept easy conditions from the Emperor, if Henry will not declare himself, they shall say, that as the Emperor has not injured Henry, Henry cannot with honor enter into war with him; that, to afford a pretext, it would be necessary that Francis should cause the Emperor's ambassador, in his presence before you and his Council, to confess that his master hath made "the two overtures," viz., first, that he might have Milan if he would permit him to be revenged on England; second, that if Francis would not interfere he would conquer England at his own cost and then give it to Francis. Wallop is to endeavor, according to the King's late letters, to get the said Emperor's ambassador to declare in his presence to the French king or his Council that he made no such proposals, "that between the one part and the other, we may come to the truth, whether they be indeed proposed or no." They are to tell the Admiral, the King much marvelled that he could propose without reciprocity a contribution from England of a moiety for defensive operations and a third for invasion, the French having 30,000 men for offensive and 40,000 for defensive war. Lastly, they are to say that considering the number of French cardinals at Rome, Henry is surprised they made no effort to prevent the Pope expressing his malice against him. Thinks they did not do their duty in not advertising Francis of it before the thing passed. God will doubtless turn their malice against themselves. The King can afford to let it pass, as a thing that he had looked for before. Warns Francis, however, to see that his subjects be not the ministers of other men's malice against England. These things they are to set forth with temperance, with a view to the preservation of amity and to proceed according to the haste or slowness of the French as they shall think expedient. Richmond, 7 Dec.
Pp. 13. Signed and sealed.
In Wriothesley's hand. Add.: To, &c. the bishop of Winchester and ... Sir John Wallop, knt., our ambassadors with our dearest brother and perpetual ally the French king. Endd.
7 Dec.
Add. MS. 25, 114, f. 232.
B. M.
8. Cromwell to Gardiner and Wallop.
Thanks them for their letters. They will receive at this time the King's answer to theirs of 28 Nov. The King is anxious that they shall find out the real inclination of the French king, and whether the French have any privy practices in hand, and what chance of success they have. Sends the treaty belli offensivi ratified at Amiens. The following are the moneys due to the King:—First, 50,000 cr. lent to the duke of Bavaria, for which the French king stands bound; second, 50,000 cr. lent to assist the duke of Wittenberg, which they promised to repay, if no good success came of its employment; third, the whole pension on salt money of last year ended at Nov. As the King has commanded Wallop to press the Emperor's ambassador to the denial of the overtures "for declaration of yourself," writes to tell him he must not consider anything further is meant thereby, "than to have you use that word to him to extort what ye can in that matter." Richmond, 7 Dec.
The King desires them to remember his command touching the delivery of the ships. Signed.
In Wriothesley's hand. Pp. 2. Add. Endd.
7 Dec.
Add. MS. 25, 114, f. 234.
B. M.
9. Cromwell to Gardiner.
Has not been able to dispatch by the bearer the treaty belli offensivi, which he wrote for, as stated in his other letters. Has had such business that he could [not] depart to London to cause the same to be copied. Thought it better to defer sending it than delay Gardiner's servant. Will send money for him by next messenger. The King desires him to labor for the delivery of the ships at Bordeaux. Richmond, 7 Dec. Signed.
P. 1. In Wriothesley's hand. Add. as before. Endd.
R. O. 10. The "Valor Ecclesiasticus."
Office copy of the "Valor" of the Abbey of Malling. (See Valor Eccl. I. 106.)
Attested by John Wyskard and Edward Bowland.
With mem. in another hand: Clear value, 196l. 7s. 9½d. Whereof I am charged to the King to pay:—debts of the house, 100l.; the old Abbess' pension of 20 marks; by leases abated, 20 marks; the Abbess incumbent, 40l.; and nine or ten nuns at 4l. each, 40l.
Money to be departed from me, 55l. Pensions durng life, 106l. 13s. 4d.
So remains clear to me 89l. 13s. 4d.
Mem.: Of this 50l. come from benefices, &c.
Pp. 3, large paper. Endd.: Concerning the monastery of Malling.
R. O. 11. Bishopric of Carlisle.
Valuation of the temporalities of the Bpric. of Carlisle from the records of the Court of First Fruits and Tenths. Total, 268l. 17s. 11½d.—See Valor Ecc., vol. v., p. 273.
Parchment roll.
R. O. 12. St. Paul's Cathedral.
[A valor of the reprises out of St. Paul's Cathedral (as in Valor Ecc. I., p. 361, the items and amounts being the same, but the names of persons in most cases different).]
London and Midd. 1. Rents: to John Smythe, prby. of Harleston; Wm. Grene, prby. of Holborn, &c. 2. Temporal fees: to Roland Phillippis, receiver general; John rents of the new fabric; Ric. Gates, receiver of the Chamberlain's office; John Stabranke, bailiff of Poulhouse and Bowes; John Smythe, overseer of new work; and Wm. Streate, steward of the courts. 3. Spiritual pensions: (Ric. Dudley is prebendary of Consumpta per Mare.) (fn. 3)
ii. Co. Hertf. 1. Temporal fees: Robt. Myreke, bailiff of Cadyngton and Kennysworthe; Leonard Hunnerston, bailiff of Yardeley. 2. Spiritual pensions.
iii. Essex. 1. Rents: to the King, abbot of Waltham, "Dno. vicec. Rutland," Wm. Whetenhall and the abbot and convent of St. John's, Colchester. 2. Fees: to John Vere, earl of Oxford, chief steward; Humph. Wynkefeld, of Chynkeford; John Balnet, bailiff of Chynkeford; Sir John Raynsford, bailiff of the soke of St. Paul's; John Grene, bailiff of Maynestoke; Ric. Fresshewater, bailiff of Haybrydge; and John Synewes, bailiff of the liberties. 3. Spiritual pensions.
Lat., pp. 5. Totals in a list on the first page.
R. O. 13. Hospital of St. Katharine next the Tower of London.
Yearly value of lands, as appears by a bill of parcels, 315l. 8s. 4d., whereof:—
Paid to three brethren, 8l. each; three sisters, 8l. each; 10 beadwomen "which do daily pray according to the foundation," 10½d. a week each; three other priests who daily serve in the choir, 8l. each; six clerks who daily serve in the choir, 6l. 13s. 4d. each; the master of the children, 8l.; for the keep of six children, 4l. each; steward, butler, cook, and under cook, 100s. each.
Repairs of "housings" and house, fees of collectors, auditors, &c., and other expenses (detailed). Total, 284l. 8s. 4d., and so remains 31l. Md. the house is charged to the King for tenths, 31l. 11s. 5d.
Pp. 2.
R. O. 14. Wriothesley.
Draft indenture of lease made the—day of—27 Hen. VIII. by Thomas Wriothesley of Tychefeld to Edmund Clerck of Micheldever, of the parsonage of Micheldever, which the said Thomas holds for term of years from the abbot and convent of Hide; for 5 years, at a rent of 24l. 6s. 8d. to the abbot and 20l. to Wriothesley; Clerck engaging to give 20d. a week in alms to the 10 poorest householders of Micheldever, and, amongst other things, that if Wriothesley send any of his children to the said parsonage he (Clerck) will keep them for 12d. a week.
Paper roll of 6 leaves.
R. O. 15. Calais And Guisnes. (fn. 4)
i. Estimate for repairing the Braye at Guisnes, which, with the Round Tower, is 520 ft. long, 12 ft. thick, and 20 ft. high, showing the amount of brick, chalk, lime, &c. required.
ii. Provisions required for victualling 700 men at Calais for half a year.
iii. Provisions required for 1,000 men at Guisnes for half a year.
iv. Stores required "for defence of assault with fire work."
Large paper, pp. 3.
R. O. 16. Calais.
A portion of a set of ordinances for Calais, forbidding aliens to hold offices contrary to the decrees made in the 15th year of the reign, &c.
Large paper, pp. 2.
R. O. 2. Account of the allowances of the retinue of Calais, and of the payments which each soldier and member of the Council yearly makes out of his wages to the King.
Large paper, pp. 4. Endd.: Th' ordonnance of Callais towching th' officers there.
R. O. 17. The Mayor of Calais.
A set of questions touching the privileges and jurisdiction of the mayor of Calais in matters between him and the lord deputy.
Large paper, pp. 2. well ?) to be good in these articles following which toucheth the privileges of the mayoralty of Calais.
R. O. 18. The Staple Inn, Calais.
Petition (fn. 5) to the King by the merchants of the Staple for discharge of their debts, amounting to about 16,000l., besides their bonds to the King (considering that they have lost during 12 years above 50,000l.); in return for which they offer him:—(1), their place called the Staple Inn, at Calais, with the chapel, garden, and edifices on the same newly by them built, reserving only their hall in the market place, where they keep their courts and their prison house, now in the tenure of John Hatefeld; the building of which place cost their predecessors 20,000 marks, and they "would be right sorry to sell it if they were in like prosperity or wealth as their predecessors before time have been"; (2) all their other lands in Calais and the Marches or the county of Guysnes, valued at 60l. Fl.; (3), a sum of 10,000l. stg. to be paid by instalments in five years; and (4), to forbear a claim for repayment of 10,000l. which they have disbursed (in Customs ?) more than they have shipped for.
On vellum.
R. O. 2. Offer by the merchants of the Staple to the King of their Staple place at Calais, &c. on the above conditions.
Corrected draft, p. 1. Large paper.
R. O. 3. Another petition similar to § 1, but differing in some of the terms.
On vellum.
R. O. 4. Fair copy of the same.
Large paper, p. 1.
R. O. 5. Heads of the merchants' petition to the King.
Two copies. Large paper, p. 1 each. Both mutilated.
R. O. 6. Another petition from the merchants, probably earlier in point of date, setting forth that since the answer received from the Council at Greenwich they have discovered the danger in which they stand by an "extreme act of reteignour" into which they had entered, and offering the King 10,000l. &c.
Large paper, pp. 3.
R. O. 7. "The rents and revenues of the staple lands within the town of Calais;" and also without the town. Total, 53l. 6s. ½d. gr.=32l. 16s. stg.
"Memorandum, that the Staple Inn and the Staple prison be no parcel of the lands above written."
Pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 19. The Staple of Calais.
"Demands to be demanded by the King's Majesty of the mayor and fellowship of the Staple of Calais:"—1. To demand payment of the money they owe the King at the days contained in their specialties, "I suppose will amount unto 16,000l. 2. Further, if they wish their fellowship to continue, that they shall pay for ever as custom on wools shipped, say 53s. 4d. a sack, and for every fell 3d., and also the dues of Calais, &c. On these two conditions the King is willing to take their house and land which they have offered him, and to license them to use .........
In Cromwell's hand, pp. 2. Endd.
R. O. 20. The wool Staple. (fn. 6)
Paper showing "the quantities of wools that go out of diverse places in England, and the prices of the same,"viz.:—
Lemster wool, 120 sacks, price 13l.10s.per sack; March wool, 650 sacks,9l.; Cotswold,1,000 sacks, 8l.; Berkshire, 800 sacks, 7l.; Young Cotswold, 150 sacks, 6l.6s.8d.; Clifte wool, 880 sacks, 5l.4s. Also 400,000 fells at 3l.6s.8d. the hundred.
P.1. Endd.: "A declaration concerning the staple for wools."
R. O. 2. Another paper containing similar information, and showing besides the profits made by the merchants in selling their wools at Calais.
Rough draft, large paper, pp. 3. Endd.
R.O. 3. Fair copy of the preceding.
R.O. 4. "The rate and prices of wools brought to the staple of Calais," showing the values of the growth of the different counties or districts.
Large paper, pp.2. Mutilated. Endd.
R. O. 5. Another copy of the same, engrossed in vellum.


  • 1. With corrections or alterations in a different hand.
  • 2. Doubtless the servant who brought letters from Meyer to the King and Cromwell in July 1535. See vol. viii., 1110. The date of this memorandum must therefore be about the end of August.
  • 3. Dead before 7 June 1536, when his successor was appointed.
  • 4. This document is probably a year or two earlier than the period of the present volume. See vol. vi., 1577 iii. But as the works were still going on in 1535, and are alluded to in No. 932, it may be inserted here.
  • 5. SeeNo. 716. This petition may be earlier, as the negociations had been going on for some years. See vol. vi., 423.
  • 6. The precise dates of these papers are quite uncertain.