Henry VIII: August 1535, 26-31

Pages 57-81

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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August 1535, 26-31

26 Aug.
R. O.
183. Counterfeit Coin.
Evidence given in by Harry Broke, gentleman, 26 Aug. 27 [Hen. VIII.]
On the 19th Dec. 1533 he got two false crowns from John Wreygth, in presence of John Holle and Wm. Sanderson, Broke's servants. Wreygth, in afterwards changed them, and said he got them from the bailly of the Abbot of Norton.
On the 1st of December 1534 Broke came to Bredyn of the Hyll, Staff., on his way from London. He lodged at the house of Ric. Weston, where Sir James Pate, a canon of Norton, and Robert Jannons, bailly of Norton, were also lodging. Next morning the canon and bailly rose to leave early. The bailly, in presence of Rob. Egerton, Broke's servant, tried to change a false crown; Egerton immediately brought word to his master that he had seen the bailly with ten or twelve false crowns. The bailly and monk then made haste to leave, and Broke sent Egerton in haste to Sir Edward Haston, sheriff of Staffordshire, warning him to arrest the bailly and canon. Broke followed the bailly and canon to Stone, where he delayed them till the coming of the under-sheriff. The under-sheriff arrested the canon, but the bailly tried to escape and rode down a by lane, where he threw away all the crowns but one. They were sent to London to the Lord Chancellor.
Immediately after the arrest of John Wreygth for treason, John Heyxsam or Heysam, the abbot of Norton's smith, fled the country. Ralph Manyng, under-sheriff of Chester, told Broke that Thomas Berlow, smith and tenant of Norton, was asked by the Abbot whether one Thomas Howlfe, then living with Berlow, was a cunning workman. Berlow answered that he was, and that he had been in the Mint in the Tower before he came to Cheshire. The Abbot at once took Howlfe into his service. It was reported that Barlow had "a pere of quenyng irons to ley in the teth of the sayd abbot"; but Barlow denied it.
About the feast of St. John Baptist (24 June) last, Hugh Cornewall, calling himself a goldsmith, came to Broke's house and stayed to work some articles for Broke. On the 21st July, Sir Humphrey Feyrys and Jasper Howyn, son of Sir Dave Howyn, came to Broke's house and lay there that night. Next morning Howyn saw the goldsmith at work and advised Broke to watch him. Broke did so in person, and heard the goldsmith say he could make a crown; thereupon Broke sent him to Stafford Gaol.
Broke was lately reeve of Audeley. He got an injunction to pay the rent to Richard Beydull, receiver to Sir John Monde, and was on the way to pay it when Walter Aclond of Betteley, Staff., joined him. Aclond said he knew "a hole in the coate of the lord Audeley his master, that the said lord would not for a thousand pound that it should be told," but would not say what it was.
Pp. 16 (9 large and 7 small). Endd.: "Harry Broke, gentleman."
26 Aug.
R. O.
184. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
Has, this 25th day of August, delivered to Rothesey, the herald of Scotland, the King's and Queen's letters to the Queen of Scots.
In Gostwyk's own hand: Richard Gresham desires Cromwell's favour for John Fulwell, monk bailly of Westminster, to be prior of Worcester. Gresham will give Cromwell 100l. to buy a saddle, and Gostwyk will have 20l. for his procurement in the matter. London, 26 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
26 Aug.
R. O.
185. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
See Vol. VII. 1089, which, like No. 1090 in the same volume, written by Bedyll two days later from Otford, is probably of the year 1535.
26 Aug.
R. O.
186. Roland Lee, Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, to Cromwell.
I have received your letter concerning Golia, in which I am glad that the King accepts my service, as also concerning the matter of Worcester, in which either justice Englefield or justice Porte is to be one. Englefield is at his house in Reading; Porte I cannot tell where; so the matter cannot be done so shortly as you wish, that is, during the King's abode at Mr. Baynton's. It were well you should write to Englefield on your way to London, and suffer a little delay. Let me know your pleasure. I steal home to my poor house to see my sister, who has tarried for me there this five days. If I might remain a fortnight, it would do me much good. If you demur, on the return of this messenger I will come again; it is only 20 miles from Beaudeley. I trust you have received by my servant Lewis the book of hunters and the examination of the parson of Russelenge, with the answer of Sir John Russel touching the concealment of the same. Beaudeley is not yet sworn to the King's issue. Pray have a commission for that purpose. Beaudeley, 26 Aug.
None of the Council are here now "but myself, I am the block, &c."
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
26 Aug.
R. O.
187. Sir John Dudley to Cromwell.
Has received a warrant to deliver to Chr. Morres, master gunner, one of the King's harness complete, fit for the King's use three years past, for the use of Sir Marcus Maior. As the King has not appointed any certain harness, gilt or ungilt, is afraid he might deliver some contrary to his wish. Wishes, therefore, as Christopher expects to remain here yet for ten days, to know the King's pleasure, and has sent a list of the harness, and what is meetest for the purpose. Greenwich, 26 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary, at the Court. Endd.
26 Aug.
R. O.
188. Richard Abbot of Glastonbury to Cromwell.
I thank you for your goodness to this house. I have received your letters, and according to your pleasure send you the advowson of the parish church of Monketon, the first that has ever been granted out of this monastery. Glastonbury, 26 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
26 Aug.
R. O.
189. Wm. Shipman and others to Cromwell.
On certain articles exhibited to my Lord Chancellor concerning the misbehaviour of certain seditious preachers in Bristol, we received a commission from the King to inquire into the same. This we have done, and send you by Master Latimer, now the elect bishop of Worcester. We have heard nothing from you touching the correction of offenders, which encourages the preachers who are adversaries to God's Word. We thought we should have had your pleasure long before this, but durst not repair to Court to put you in mind of it, because of the King's command to the contrary. We have requested our loving friend, Sir Fras. Bigod, to put you in mind of it, as "he was a doer for us at London in the same behalf." Bristol, 26 Aug. Signed: Willm. Shipman—Clement Base—Davyd Hotton.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
26 Aug.
R. O.
190. The Justices of St. Malo to the Mayor of Pole.
They have this day heard the complaint of Briend Richomme and Jehan Hancelim, merchants of St. Malo. These merchants about three months past had sold their wares in Poulle and its neighbourhood, and received in exchange 136 "escuz sol," 12 "angelotz," 15 ducats, 6 double ducats, 4 "nobles Roze," and 29½ nobles in groats and half groats. This sum the merchants had drawn from Anthony Fleury, long resident in Christcheur (Christchurch), about 8 miles from Poulle, to take it to Guillaume Petit, of Christcheur. The merchants were robbed in the highway, two or three miles from Poulle, by a "se disant" searcher of Poulle. The justices have made inquest of this story by a sufficient number of witnesses who were in the parts of Poulle at the time.
They think that the king of England, if he knew of this, would punish the offenders and cause reparation to be made to the merchants. St. Malo, 26 Aug. 1535.
Signed by De Juiff, lieutenant and ordinary judge of the court of St. Malo, and De Berthemont, greffier.
Fr. Pp. 2. In Berthemont's hand. Add.: Endd.
27 Aug.
R. O.
191. [Chief Justice FitzJames to the Chapter of Exeter.]
Understands that in consequence of certain private statutes designed to exclude certain persons from residence, they have refused to pay his portion of the dividend to the prior of St. Nicholas of Exeter, suffragan of the bp. of Exeter, who has given him a prebend in the cathedral. Desires them to pay him his dues, as, if he makes suit therefor, the matter will be heard by the Council. Redlynche, 27 Aug.
P. 1. Corrected draft.
27 Aug.
Calig. E. ii. 105.
B. M.
Chron. of Calais, 130.
192. The Calais Commissioners to [Cromwell].
The reason we have not written to you since we came into these parts to inform the King of our doings is this:— We have found the town and marches far out of order, that it would grieve any true Englishman to see. We have had before us my lord deputy, the mayor, and all the council, and other of the King's true servants, and examined each apart why the old ordinances made by the King and his progenitors have not been executed. They answered that they would not "let" to show the causes, and were much bound to the King for having the town in remembrance, as there never was more need. We required them to make us books of the causes of the decays and the remedies, and of all extortions and oppressions done by any one within the town and marches; and have devised a charge, of which we enclose a breviate, which we yesterday delivered to inquests and juries by us charged and sworn,—viz., one inquest of spears, one of tipstaves, with the clerk of the Council, another of ......, and one of constables; all which persons receive the King's wages. Of [the town we have also a] quest of aldermen, one of burgesses, and one of commoners. We doubt not most of the articles will be presented, except that for treason, wherein we hear of none yet so ungracious as to offend. Except a very few, people rejoice greatly, saying, "How much are [we bound] unto our gracious sovereign lord that it pleaseth his Ma[jesty] to look upon us!" We are now going to try the musters of this town, Guisness, Ha[mmes], Newenhambridge, Risebank, &c. We thought to have mustered every man of the town and marches, but as we find such a great number of strangers, and so few Englishmen, we think * * * .. "not appear nor be known to strangers, [we shall] make books of them, and their names, and what number [there is] in every parish; so as the certainty thereof shall be as [well] known as though we mustered them." We cannot reform everything at present, as some things will require an Act of Parliament, and others the King must put his hand to; but we will do all that can be done conveniently before we leave; for the town and marches are so far out of order that no man should have the honor of making those laws perfect but the King, with [your] good advice and others of his Council.
As to your sundry letters to me, Fitzwilliam, I have not yet examined the matters therein contained, for we are all bound to look first to the surety of the town and marches. Calais, 27 Aug. Signed: Wyllam FitzWyllam—Thomas Walssh—John Baker—George Poulet—Antony Sentleger.
Calig. E. ii. 172.
B. M.
Chron. of Calais, 133.
2. The "Charge" referred to.
Ye shall inquire and present if any person have imagined or spoken treason;— if the deputy, the mayor, capt. of Guisnes, or any other officer of the town and marches, soldier, burgess, or inhabitant, have done their duty;—if the number of the retinue be kept up;—if they be able men;—if the officers, spears, and soldiers be resident, and furnished at all times with horse and harness;—if the watches and wards be duly kept;—if there be any aliens dwelling in the town and marches contrary to the custom;—if there be vessels of water at every man's door and within the houses in case of fire and for cleansing the streets;— if excess tolls be taken by anyone;—if there be any forestalling or regrating of grain or victuals;—if any inhabitant sell grain to persons outside;—if any soldier be baker, brewer, or other victualler, or ... * * * .... "be lands or tenements, goods, or ............ what cause they did so [exchange the said] forfeits, and to whose hands they did come."
Also what rents, services, and customs due to the King have been withdrawn; whether any of the King's tenants have married aliens without licence; and whether persons with spiritual benefices be resident. Also whereas this haven of Calais is a great treasure, comfort, and commodity both to the realm of England and to the town; and the King to improve it caused his ground called Dikeland to be cut up, whereby his Grace lost the profits of the same, and the haven was much improved, but begins now to decay, as it is said; ye shall inquire the occasion thereof, and how many acres each person has encroached; also of all things touching the profit of the town.
In Fitzwilliam's hand.
27 Aug.
R. O.
193. Sir John Dudley to Cromwell.
This day I have discharged Robinson. According to your letters to your servant, Henry Polsted, I have acknowledged a statute in which I stand bound to you for 2,000l., to be paid you at Christmas next; for which I return my hearty thanks. If the King will help me with this money, so that I might save the little land I have, I will bind all my land for the repayment at the rate of 200l. a year. I have received a letter by one of the King's armourers, who went with the Admiral's harness into France, from the Admiral to the King, which I send. Greenwich, Friday, 26 Aug. (fn. 1)
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
27 Aug.
R. O.
194. Walter Smythe to Cromwell.
Touching the matter of matrimony depending between my brother, your servant, and one Alycoke, servant to Sir Fras. Weston, before my lord of Chester, the ordinary, about my wife's daughter, it has pleased the King to write in favour of Alycoke, whereby I perceive his pleasure is that I should be against my brother. Pray move the King to license me to favor my brother in this his just cause, as he has nothing else to live upon but only your service. Sherford, 27 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.: S. 27 iour August. Mr. Skragges, Mr. Maye, Mr. Aylmer.
27 Aug.
R. O.
195. Sir Thomas Palmer to Cromwell.
At your request, by letter dated the Rolls, 10 July, have delivered the tower of Newnambryge to Master Seymer. Am bound to deliver it to no man but the King or his heirs, on pain of losing 500 marks, and if all the rest of the King's council had written in his favor, I would have sent him back for the King's letters patent. Beseeching you to remember my poor suit. Am not able to "furnish my room" to the King's honor, so if he will not help me I must ask him to give my post to another, and to pay my debts. "Master Walope was as fare be hynde the hande as I am whan the Kynge sent hym forthe, and now he ys well." If the King would send me to Flanders I would serve him truly, and my wages here might run to pay my debts. Calais, 27 Aug.
P. 1. Add.: Secretayre. Endd.
27 Aug.
R. O.
196. Sir Richard Tempest to Cromwell.
The men committed for riots remain in prison. Thinks some might be bound to appear before Cromwell next term. Assuredly, they have had strait punishment, are poor men, and if they remain in prison, their harvest ungotten, they will be unable to pay their farms. Bollyng, 27 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Cromwell, Secretary to the King's Majesty. Endd.
27 Aug.
R. O.
St. P. ii. 275.
197. Council of Ireland to Henry VIII.
An account of the surrender of Ochonour and Thos. Fitzgerald, whom lord Leonard will conduct to the King.
The Council has desired Jas. Butler to tarry here for defence of the land, till lord Leonard's return, and not to resort to the King. The Master of the Rolls will inform the King of the peace with Ochonour. Request the King to thank lord Leonard, to whom alone Fitzgerald would yield, and to send him hither again. From the camp, 27 Aug. Signed: James Butler—J. Rawson, P. of Kylmaynam—R. B. of Delvyn—R. Manxell—John Salysbury—John Seyntlow—Wm. Brabason—Gerald Aylmer, justice.
Lamb. MS. 601, f. 9. 2. Copy of the preceding.
[27 Aug.]
Vit. B. xiv. 142.
B. M.
198. [Richard Moryson to Cromwell.] (fn. 2)
"Cum sciam, in A[nglia neminem pene esse qui non modis omnibus] cupiat, se dignita[tis tuæ studiosum declarare, ornatissime Crumwel]le, ego neque a[nimo meo, qui certe non minus honoris tui] quam favoris ambition [e occupatus est, morem gererem, neque instituto] meo, qui jam pridem [istuc ago, ut et officiosi et benevoli] hominis laude, commendatus ap[ud te sim, satisfacerem, nisi occa]sionem nactus, aliquam meæ [in dignitatem tuam observantiæ] significationem exhiberem. Ego autem [undique omnia circumspec]tans, nihil usquam reperio, ubi sperem, me ma[gis tibi gratifi-] caturum, quam ut quis de te apud nationes exter[as sermo], quod de regni nostri statu, judicium eorum sit, di[ligenter per]scribam. Itali, genus hominum, cum ad flagitia p[ronum tum] mire propensum in superstitionem, qui nunquam nisi [irati, de] præsulibus, cardinalibus, pontificeque suo, ut illi volu[nt maximo], vera audent dicere,—Itali, inquam, Roffensis tr[ucidatione] gravissime commoventur, Mori morte sic offenduntu[r ut nul]lis convitiis pæne temperent. Prolixissime ad Vene[tos perscri]ptum est, quid Morus, pro capitis sui periculo [reus dixe]rit, quid objectum fuerit, quid regni cancella[rius, quid] tu, quid dux Norfolcensis, dixerit. Multa turp[iter excogi]tata, plura impudenter detorta, plurima ad se[renissimi Regis] invidiam malitiose conficta. Primum, quantus vir [Morus,] qua olim authoritate apud Brytannos, qua integ[ritate ma]gistratum gesserit, quanto populi Brytannici luc[tu homo] his honoribus defunctus, nunc tam macilentus, tam [squali]dus, causam in judicio diceret, judicem mærore [impeditum] verecundia turbatum, vix tandem, tristem illam s[ententiam] proferre potuisse. Hinc Margaritæ Roperi præcla[ra in pa]rentem pietas, officiosæ lachrymæ, in tanto l[uctu silentium] inde amplexus, patris Socratica constantia, [vultus im]motus, spiritus ingentes, nullæ lachrymæ, [facies perpe]tuo sui similis, mirificis laudibus efferuntur. [Aderam forte] fortuna, cum harum literarum exemplum ad Hispa[num quendam] a Venetiis huc mitteretur. Mihi crede [ita noverat affectus] concitare, quisquis illius epistolæ [author fuit, ut pauci] sint, qui [sine] lachrym[is Margaritæ lachrymas gemitusque sustineant. Hic cum vel privato o]dio vel literis hujus boni [historiographi concitatior esset Hispa]nus, cumque multa in re[gem, plurima in eos, quorum co]nsilio Rex uteretur, dicerit, pu[tabam non esse mei offici diuti]us tacere, 'Bona verba, inq[uam o bone, an nescii tem]erarii hominis esse, reum absentem [causa indefensa cond]emnare? Vide ne tu, dum alios crude[litatis insimulas ipse], quam quos insimulas crudelior sis? [Ego puto ma]jor[e]s nostros, non prudenter magis, quam pie judi[casse] sacrosanctam regum famam esse debere, neque temere [cui]quam licere regiam majestatem contumelia afficere. Moro tecum bonas literas largior, aut si id non licet, literas largior. Bonæ enim, quomodo dici possunt, quæ illi tum nocuerunt, quo reipublicæ nostræ tranquillitatem, brevi perturbaturæ fuerant? Magnam ejus olim in Anglia fuisse authoritatem fateor, nimirum Rex, literatissimus ipse, generis humilitatem, homini alioqui docto, obesse noluit. Immo hoc tanto in Morum beneficio, nos voluit admonitos esse, illo rege, non nobilitati, non gratiæ, non pretio, non precibus sed meritis, sed industriæ, sed virtuti honores delatum iri. Caste integreque versatum in magistratu, facile videri patior, quamquam non deerant qui existimabant illius crudelitatem, aut si hoc nimium acerbum vocabulum videatur, asperitatem non parva labe famam hominis commaculaturam, neque enim putabant licere, legum custodem ultra leges, ne in hæreseis crimine postulatos, sævire. Arboribus homines alligatos crudeliter verberibus officere solitus est, joco subinde dictitans, arborem illam lignum esse scientiæ boni et mali. Non desunt qui mercede et ampla conductum ab episcopis dicant, ut calamum stringeret in absentes, virgas in præentium terga [e]xpediret, inque omnes qui auderent ecclesiasticorum vitia [in]sectari, hoc est, vera dicere, fasces suos explicaret.
" '[Ver]um per me, inquam, sint omnia protinus alba, vixerit [honesti]ssime, et eruditionis laudem ne mortuus quidem [amittat]; sed modeste inter nos disceptemus, num homini [privato legem] publica authoritate, totius regni con[sensu confirmatam conve]llere [ph]as sit? Memoria tecum [repete] quanta severita[te Romani Græcique semper animadverterint] in homines non [dico aperte seditiosos, sed vel leviter reipublicæ] statum labefa[ctantes. Neque unquam anteactæ vitæ honestas] vel gloria, tantum [potuit ut seditio impune in posterum] pergrassaretur. M. M[anlius bello egregius] bonus civis, nonne solus [servavit capitolium? Nonne] arcem, quæ una Romanis [supererat, capta a Gallis] urbe, unus defendit? Sed quo [per superos immortales] non trahit mentes hominum, etiam confirmata[s, gloriæ pruri]tus? Immortalitatis falsa spes? Sperata post[eritatis commen]datio? hic patriæ pene parens, cum patria [jura seditiose] turbaret, cum invitis legibus, ære alieno dam[natos a] carcere, a creditoribus abduceret, cum in [tumultuosam] jam turbam acceptus, cicatrices, Veienti, Gallo, [aliisque] bellis acceptas, populo ostentaret, cum patrim[onium ven]deret, identidem ćlamitans, 'Quirites, bono [animo esto]te, me divite, vestrum nemo est qui ino[piæ mole]stias sentiet, valeant nummi, ego civium bene[volentiam] certissimas divitias judico'; exitum specta, a[nimum intro]spice, estne quisquam tam stulte clemens, ut [seditionis] authorem in republica alendum, imo ferendum putet? [Populus] Romanus, cujus profecto qui judicium non prob[et, næ] is suo multum detrahit, po. Ro. hunc acerb[issimo] supplicio dignum, dignum, qui de Saxo Tarpe[io dejec]tus, vitam finiret, judicavit. Atqui, si sed[itioni pa]trocinetur honos, authoritas, magistratus, cu[i licebit] unquam seditiose esse, si M. Manlio non licet? [Nonne] honestissimo loco natus maximus familiæ su[æ rebus] gestis ornatus, ad consulatum pervenit? Non[ne plus] putas consulem esse apud Romanos [orbis] pene totius tum dominos, quam cancellarium Bryt[anniæ insu]læ non ita magnæ, in difficillimis reipubliæ tem[poribus fuisse]? Sin præclare facta, peccandi deinceps im[punitatem præ]stant, quod majus beneficium esse potest [quam rempublicam, quam] imperium plane ereptum, pop. Rom[ano restituisse ?] Morus quid, [usquam cum hoc vel comparandum etiam gessit ? Qui diu impune improbus esse vult], diu plane probus sit oportet. [Sp. Cassius plebem in agros vocavit] ingentia pollicitus. Sp. [Melius fame oppressum populum su]is sumptibus liberavit, [neque tamen hoc beneficium populi] animos, ad res novas [sollicitanti prodesse poterat. Quid] non fecit Gracchus uterque [ut impune seditiosus esse] posset? Idem horum, qui Moro [exitus fuit.
" ' At] lex, ais, nova erat. Obsecro, quæ [unquam lex futura] est vetus si nunquam nova sit? At ais [non esse ju]stum quod lege constitutum est. Hic ambiguus ur]geor; a fronte video præcipitium, a tergo lupos. [A]pud Italos, non ausim dicere, papæ nihil negotii cum Anglis esse. Verum hoc in præsentiarum dictum volo, tantum illi authoritatis, apud nos esse, quantum sacræ literæ illi tribuant. Vel si aliud sentias, tibi dicentis partes tribuo, ego me tibi erudiendum tradam. De Matrimonio, si quid recte Morum sensisse putas, cave ne Parrhisienses, ne Tolossenses, ne Patavini, ne denique docti ferme omnes quos habet Europa, abs te contumelia afficiantur. Profecto non video, quæ feodior macula eorum nomini inuri possit, quam unum Morum aut Morum cum Roffense plus vidisse, quam tot orbis lumina?
" '[S]i pecuniis corruptos calumniere, eodem revolveris nisi quod crimine eos liberans, gravissimo flagitio, nepharioque scelere imbuis. Argumentis Rex ipse, ego conjecturis, causam cuivis, præsertim æquo, probaturus mihi videor. Certe regem omni calumnia liberatum puto, qui doctorum sententiam sequutus, suspecti judicis authoritatem, nihil moratus sit, quamquam si capi Troia decennio potuit, nonne decennium satis erat [h]uic disceptandæ causæ? Estne quisquam, qui temere [qu]icquam hic actum possit dicere? Cum rex nulla mora, [nu]lla judicii dilatione offensus, tantum spatii, adversa[riis] largiretur ? Sed redeamus ad Morum. Nonne memi[nisse] quid Rhisiasus ille Pellenensis statuerat olim in [filium] obstinatius lectorum virorum sententiam oppugnantem? [Achæi certaba]nt Philippine an Rhomauorum amicitiam [colere deberent. Biduo res jurgiis ac]ta est. Memnonem, (fn. 3) sic enim filius [vocabatur, Memnonem parens accersit; deinde] Ego te, inquit, [per Deos obtestor fili, per meum in te] amorem, ne tu [tua perennia pertinacia rempublicam diutius turbes;] accede mecum [in meliorem sententiam; quod si preces] apud te nihil po[ssunt, Deos testes voco, invitus faciam], sed certe manu me[a spiritus illos, animamque illam pertina]cem tibi eripiam, nisi [meliorem mentem induas. Pervicax] animus minis cessit, veter [emque Philippi amicitiam, data] Romanis fide repudiavit. At dices, [cum Memnone, non] cum Moro huic negotium erat; at ille mutat[æ sententiæ] fructum amplissimum tulit, hic pervicaciæ pretiu[m, cervices]securi præbuit. Atqui clementiæ laudem, si hu[ic vitam Rex] dedisset, rex non mediocrem fuisset consecutus. [Ambiit] quidem sedulo hanc gloriam Rex clementiæ [et homi]num saluti natus, sed hanc laudem Mori [pertinacia] Regi invidebat. Est nimirum suus lenitati e[t clementiæ] ocus, certe nemo sceleris pænam condonare so[let, nisi] iis, quos malefacti pænitudo satis punierit; [imo cle]mentia crudelitas est, quæ uni prosit, obsit [tot homi]num millibus. Campani cum interfecto populi [Romani præ]sidio, Annibalem accerserent,'" &c. [The rest contains a complaint of his poverty, and is a petition for relief, telling Cromwell that if the Cardinal had been living he would not have suffered him to remain in such mean circumstances.]
Holograph. Mutilated.
Add. M.S., 29, 547 f. 7.
B. M.
2. Modern copy, made before the fire, from which the passages in brackets have been supplied.
28 Aug.
R. O.
199. Christopher Mores to Cromwell.
I have delivered the warrant to Sir Thomas Spert, Gonston, Leonard Thorneton, and Serjeant Uxon, clerk of the Ordnance. Sir John Dudley, master of the armoury, will accomplish everything but one, which is that he would gladly know the King's pleasure which of the three harnesses Sir Marckes Mear should have, as I think he has written to you. We have reckoned the costs of the warrants, which amount to 400l. No other warrant is wanting but to Brian Tuke. London, 28 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
28 Aug.
R. O.
200. Thomas Bedyll to Cromwell.
SeeVol. VII., 1090, which appears to be of the year 1535, as there is no evidence that Cromwell was absent from London in August 1534, or that even the Carthusians had been enjoined to "preach the King's title" in that year. [The letters which follow, 1091—3, are of uncertain date; and the last two are probably in the right year, 1093 being apparently a little later than No. 1105. No. 1091 was probably written in April 1535.]
28 Aug.
R. O.
201. Edward Archbishop of York and Magnus to Cromwell.
In accordance with Cromwell's desire they have sent James Ruckesbie, auditor, whom, of all the auditors joined with them in their commission, they especially commend for skill and diligence. Bysshopps Thorpe, 28 Aug. 1535. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: "Mr. Secretarye." Endd.: "Thomas Magnus."
28 Aug.
R. O.
202. Sir Gregory Casale to Cromwell.
I have often asked you to get the King to intercede for my brother, the Prothonotary. The king of the Romans said he was well treated in prison, but I learn from the Nuncio with the said King and from count Guido [Rango]ne, now in Venice, that it was not so. The Nuncio has written that the Prothonotary is said to be dead of ill-treatment. It would have been sufficient if the King had written to the king of the Romans, or to his ambassadors with the Emperor or the queen of Hungary, governess of Flanders. My brother wished to serve the King, and hearing that peace was being negociated between king John and Ferdinand, he put himself into danger in order to go thither. Unless the King will aid us, I see no remedy, for we cannot hope either for aid or sympathy from the court of Rome. I will, without delay, send you news of what they are about. I have shut myself up here at Bologna because it does not seem opportune to go to Rome, nor to Venice or Hungary, without hearing from you. Ask the King to write if I may hope for my brother's release. They write from Rome that the Emperor has arrived in Sicily, and that the Pope will leave Rome in the beginning of— (fn. 4) to go and settle the affairs of Perusci[a]. Bologna, 28 Aug. 1535. Signed.
Ital., pp. 3. Add.: Secretary. Endd.: "In October." Mutilated.
R. O. 2. Modern copy of the preceding.
29 Aug.
R. O.
203. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
This Sunday, 29 Aug., the late elected bishops of Worcester and Rochester sent for me to the Blackfriars, and showed me that you had written me a letter, expressing your wish that I should compound with them for their first-fruits. No such letter has come to me. They beg you will be favorable unto them according to their suit unto you of late at Thornbury, and that they may pay their first-fruits as the bishop of Salisbury does, as they cannot otherwise find sufficient sureties. They have asked for their royal assents and their significavits, without which they cannot be consecrated. Sunday, 29 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
29 Aug.
R. O.
204. Dan William Fordam to Cromwell.
Hears that Cromwell has spoken good words of him, and offers to be wholly at his service. Will be glad so to minister that he may have the love and favor of God and his brethren, for they shall have all their necessaries in good fashion, the King his dues, and hospitality shall be kept. The writer's friends will consider Cromwell's kindness, as partly he has written already to Dr. Lyghe, the visitor. And whereas some of the brethren have applied to men of honor to speak for them, the writer will rely entirely upon Cromwell, whose administration redounds to the comfort of the King and the Queen and all their subjects. In this reign no man has suffered but he has said "I have deserved to suffer," and divers might have lived if they would. "His most merciful pardon was ready; it was but their own folly. All this realm may it well know." Is therefore the more bound to search out such words as dan Richard Clyve did speak unnaturally, "which I willed my kinsman, the abbot of Winchcumbe's servant, to deliver you, where it was great difficulty to come to the knowledge, my master Prior had so ordered dan John Musard; but after he showed me by mouth I caused him to write it." Examined three monks who did hear it and a secular man, as will be seen by the books of the last visitation. Worcester, the Decollation of St. John Baptist.
Hol., p. l. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
29 Aug.
Camusat, 12.
205. Francis I. to the Bailly of Troyes.
Besides the charge which Francis gave him lately at his departure to speak to the king of England concerning the contribution, desires him to propose to the King that, if the Emperor determine to make war on Francis but fail to do so, and if Francis then employ his army in recovering his state, the duchy of Milan, the signory of Genoa, and the comté of Ast, he shall contribute the third part of the expence; should the Emperor oppose that enterprise. The Bailly is to insist upon this. If the King ask what profit he will have from the contribution, the Bailly is to say that Francis sets the army on foot chiefly for Henry's defence and preservation. Esclarron, 29 Aug. 1535. Signed and countersigned.
Fr. Add.
29 Aug.
Otho, C. iv. 82.
B. M.
206. The Turk and the Sophy.
Extracts from letters commencing 27 Aug.
Marginal notes made before the fire, are as follows: ".... the 28 .... [1]9 dayes from ........ is camp at Tauris. [The] Great Turkes messinger ..... [s]ent with the Persian ..... had audience in open [coun]cell, which the King had called [beca]use he would not doe any[thing]e without their advyse .... presentlie when the hearde [the] Turkes demaundes, swore [that th]e would all die before [th]e would yeelde to such [condi]tions, whereuppon the [mes]singer was sent back [with] this aunswer, that he was ready with 10,000 men in the field, and that if he would come with 20,000 he would fight him, provyding they came without shotte or artillerye. If to eschewe the spilling of so much blood he would adventure himselfe body to body he was contente that he that should overcome the other in single combate should take possession of his croune and state." The Turk has sent 8,000 janissaries to pursue the Sophy, and the writer thinks the Sophy will not let himself be found, but will go towards Bagadel and winter in Amasia. The Turk has heard of the great Christian fleet, but does not make much account of it."
Letters "del Baylo a Constli" (Constantinople), of 28 and 29 August, state that a galiot from Barbary had brought news of the taking of Goletta and the galleys there, and that they had determined to build 400 galleys.
"A rumour continueth that [the] Grand Signior goes one to [fol] lowe the Persian with [the] 40,000 horse aforesaid, [au] d all the rest of his [ar]mie he sendeth bake, [som]e to Caramanie (fn. 5) and [som]e remayne in Tauris."
Ital. Mutilated, pp. 3.
30 Aug.
Wilkins, iii. 792.
207. Paul III.
Sentence of excommunication against Henry VIII. Rome, 3 cal. Sept. 1535.
R.O. 2. Transcript of the same from Vatican Archives.
Vit. B. xiv.55.
B. M.
3. [Executio Excommunicationis Papæ Clementis contra H. VIII. et A. Bulloniam.] (fn. 6)
* * * (About ten lines entirely lost.)
"agg ................................................................. sequ ......................................................................... aggra ........................................................................ vati re ...................................................................... onem mi ...................................................................... Pharaonis d .................................................................. oppida, castra, vil .......................................................... et alia qusæcunque let ................................................. reaggravatos interd [um] et e ................................................ morari contigent quamdiu ..................................................... fuerit id idem Clemens papa edicio (sic) suo ................................. cessari et ab aliis cessari facere volens .......... post denunciatorum et aggravatorum recess .......... observari demum si præfati denunciati aggrav[ati] et interdicti hujusmodi interdictum per alios dec ....... immediate sequentes mandatis et monitionibus ....... carissimum in Christo filium suum Carolum Ro[manorum imperatorem] semper augustum, gladii temporalis princip[em et] justitæ redditorem, cæterosque reges, duces, com[ites et alios] principes jurisdictionem temporalem excersen[tes] ..... quatenus pro parte Katherinæ requisitæ in juris s ......... præfatos denunciatos aggravatos reaggravatos ........ invacionem capcionem incarseracionem et dete[ntionem ipsorum] et bonorum eorundem insurgant, dans omnib[us] ....... [et] cuilibet eorum licentiam et plenarium (sic) potest[atem] ......... usque ad integram paricionem omnium et singulorum ......... contentorem (sic), eosdem astrigendi taliter donec e[os] ....... [ad] matris ecclesiæ gremium reddierint et bene[ficium absolutionis], a præfatis censuris et centesiis (sententiis) obtinuerint ......... in omnes præfat' imperatorem, exceptis qui in ....... eum effectu non pervenerint, ceterosque culpa[biles] ......... impartientes et dantes auxilium concilium [vel favorem aperte] vel occulte excommunicationis sentencii ....."
Copy. Mutilated.
30 Aug.
R. O.
208. John Crayforde, Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University, to Cromwell.
R. O. By the assent of both the houses of Regents and Non-Regents you are chosen to be Chancellor of our University for life; of which election the University has directed letters to you, which I myself should have delivered at this time, but we are compelled to defer them till after Stourbridge fair, as I dare not absent myself for fear of a riot of the townsmen in our absence. They vex us now more than ever. And whereas both the town and we lately received joint letters from my Lord Chancellor and your Mastership, that we should quietly use ourselves during this next fair; they, on Monday last, when I met with the heads of the University, to communicate on certain points, said they would not suffer the University's officers to meddle with anything but victuals to be eaten in the fair, they having a control of all other victuals and merchandise. We therefore desire your interference. They also deny to us the use of the Tolbooth, the King's prison, against our charters and their own composition. Cambridge, 30 Aug.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
30 Aug.
R. O.
209. John Graynfyld to Lord Lisle.
Encloses a commission and a letter with six proclamations to Master Treasurer, sent by my Lord Chancellor at Colchester. Received today a letter from Lisle. Thanks him and Mr. Porter for their kindness to his brother Sir Ric. Graynfyld. Desires to know his pleasure about the 20l. he should have of Golstonde for the ferme of Goddshill. Mr. Bonam is dead. His second son thought to avoid your lease of Sybberton, but I hope you will have "no business," for at my desire my Lord spoke for you. Great death in London. The King is certified that there died 157 persons last week, of whom 140 died of pestilence. Begs him to tell Mr. Treasurer that Mr. Walwayne, auditor of the duchy of Lancaster, is dead. London, 30 Aug.
Hol., p. 1. Add.
R.O. 210. Sir Richard Graynfild to Lord Lisle.
My brother John will write the news. Brian, Kingston, and others are glad to hear of you. Pray deliver the letter enclosed to my brother. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
31 Aug.
R. O.
211. Henry VIII. to Albert Cardinal of Mayence.
Credence for Edw. Foxe, bishop of Hereford, his almoner. Brumham, ult., (fn. 7) Sept. MD .... Signed.
Lat., p. 1. Mutilated. Add.
31 Aug.
Add. M.S. 11, 055, f. 3.
B. M.
212. Edw. [Foxe], Bishop Elect of Hereford, to John Skudamore.
Thanks him for his diligence used in his causes. According to his advice has sent a letter of thanks to the President and Chapter by this bearer, Mr. Edwardes, whom, at the instance of Master Secretary, he has appointed his commissary there. As he has to prepare himself with all diligence for his journey into Alemaigne, sends his other letters to the Dean and Chapter for the receipt of the money in their custody to Scudamore; and Mr. Warcombe wishes the said money to be paid to him at London before the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. Has sent for the archdeacon, Mr. Both, to come to London to treat with him concerning bequests and dilapidations. Has referred all the suits made to him to Scudamore. Asks him to consider whether it will be best to have the park of Prestburye to continue, or utterly to destroy it. Will determine all such matters after his consecration, which will be about the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. Has obtained from the King that Skudamore shall surcease from any meddling by reason of his commission in the Bishop's lands, and Foxe shall enter into the profits since Lady Day, as will appear by Mr. Secretary's letters sent to him. Commendations to Mr. Warcombe. Bromham, 31 Aug. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.
R. O. 213. Foxe's Instructions.
Instructions to the bp. of Hereford, the king's almoner, "whom his Majesty at this time sendeth unto the parties of Almaign."
The King considers the present state of Christendom to consist in such terms, that whereas he and some of the princes of Germany have studied to advance the glory of God and the truth of His Word, others have "wedded themselfes" to increasing their own glory, and are aspiring to the monarchy of Christendom. He has therefore determined to send a special embassy to the said Princes as old friends, both to declare his own proceedings and to consult with them.
The Bishop is to go first to the elector duke John Frederick of Saxe, and, after delivering the King's letters, express His Highness's sympathy with the zeal he has shown in setting forth the Gospel, which the King has also taken great pains to advance, trying to avoid extremes, in which the Anabaptists and Sacramentaries are faulty. His Highness therefore desires to know in what points the learned men there are so assuredly resolved, that they can be turned from them by no persuasion. In addition to which, the King has been advertised what instance they have made to have a General Council,—a matter in which the King thinks it important to foresee that nothing now maintained by those who justly oppose the Papistical faction should be rejected. For this two things ought to be foreseen:—first, that they should rather relent in conference before the Council as to what cannot be maintained, so as not to suffer a defeat in the Council, which would give their adversaries courage to pass over other articles, whether the King and Princes desired it or not; secondly, to see that the Council be held in a free and indifferent place, and not simply where the bishop of Rome and the Emperor will. He may add that he knows well that, on the Duke's sending ambassadors to the King to treat in that matter, he will find good conformity therein. After this general conference the Bishop shall propose one or two articles, as de libero arbitrio, de potestate ecclesiastica, or some other, and, "falling into some argument thereof, show it is taken that they relent, &c.," and thereupon say, "Let us, I pray you, a little compare and confer together in what articles you and we agree. First, you have condemned the authority of the bishop of Rome, and so have we"; and that they had been provoked thereto in such wise as would have provoked the King to have expelled him. The Bishop will then perceive whether they are desirous to hear more of the matter; and, if so, he shall declare particulars of the injuries done by the bishop of Rome. If they make no such sign, he may express his wonder at the craft of the bishop of Rome, in having, for the defence of his authority, given sentence for the Emperor's aunt against God's law, declaring the marriage lawful; and how he hopes, by the Emperor's friendship, to maintain the validity of that sentence. Nevertheless, the King has obtained opinions from all the learned men of Italy and France that such a marriage cannot be dispensed for. He may dwell on this as he finds them disposed, showing that the bishop of Rome will use this matter for his own purposes, and pointing out the arguments from Leviticus, &c. He shall also request them to be plain with him, and show what they mislike in anything he says, that they may the better come to an understanding. Thus the Bishop, not making the determination of the King's matter a principal cause of his coming, but only using it to illustrate the crafty handling of the bishop of Rome, shall, if he find them to savour it, note that as one article to be agreed upon, along with those concerning the Faith of the whole Church. He must, however, attempt no further than he finds may conduce to this purpose.
After concluding with the duke of Saxe, he shall take leave of him, and then repair to the —— (fn. 8), after him to the—— (fn. 8), next to the—— (fn. 8), and then to the —— (fn. 8), with every one of whom he shall treat in the same manner; endeavouring, if possible, to obtain from them the approbation of the King's cause by their seals and subscriptions, and finally to persuade them to send ambassadors to the King for agreement, concerning the place of the General Council, and other precautions relating thereto. If any of the Princes express displeasure at the King for not answering their suits in time past, or for aiding the Lubecks, he shall say the slackness only arose from the King and Francis being bound to proceed together by mutual consent; and, as to the Lubecks, the King has not aided them or treated with them any articles that were not first proposed by themselves. It is true that on perceiving they favored the Gospel he lent them certain sums of money, which have been repaid. If the Duke or any other wish the King to enter the Fædus Evangelicum, or receive the printed Confession of Germany, the Bishop shall say that when the King has perused the articles of the said League, and finds that it contains nothing but what is agreeable to the Gospel, he may venture to assure them the King will enter it; but there being in England so many learned men they should send personages thither to conclude. If the Bishop, during his stay in Germany, meet with De Langez, or any of the French king's agents, he is to treat them friendly; and, if they are disposed frankly to declare the substance of their charge, he may do the same, provided he find them sincere. If the Duke or any of the Princes express displeasure at the execution of the bishop of Rochester and Sir Thomas More, he shall say they were found traitors by due course of law, and may declare the cause, saying he suspected the King would think it unfriendly that they should believe ill reports of him. For their better satisfaction he may point out that they were of such traitorous hearts, as even when in prison, to plan an insurrection within the realm, as proved by a great number of honest men. He may also show, if necessary, the effect of an answer lately made by the bishop of Winchester, a copy of which is delivered to him.
Corrected draft. In Wriothesley's hand. Pp. 25. Slightly mutilated.
R. O. 2. "And whereas the King's highness no ..... Melancthon, willing him to signify the [coming] thither of the said bishop of Herforde [to] the [said] Duke, and to require him therefore that foras [much] as the charge that the said Bish [op] hath to declare to the said Duke on the King's highness behalf, is such as sha[ll be] pleasant and acceptable to all such estates as be confederates Fædere evangelico that the said Duke will therefore give knowledge thereof to all his confederates and procure the presence of them all by themself or their orators against the coming of the said Bishop, jointly to hear the declaration of his message." The Bishop, finding them all present on his coming to the duke of Saxony, may at once declare his commission, and ask for a conference; but if they are not all assembled he shall request the Duke to send for them with such persuasions as he can; but if the Duke refuse to send for them, or object to their coming to him, he shall forbear to go to any other prince of the Evangelical League until he receive instructions from the King.
Draft. In Wriothesley's hand. Pp. 3. Mutilated.
R. O. 3. "And as touching the Lubecks the said bishop of Herforde shall say for answer" that it is true the King aided them, for two reasons, — the one carnal, because they were old allies, — the other spiritual, because they professed the truth of the Gospel and desired help, at which the Princes being in one profession ought not to be discontent. Yet the King did nothing more than lend them money, and made no conditions with them except for repayment.
Finally, the Bishop must use every opportunity to dissuade them from a General Council, for this reason, that if in their own private diets they have been heretofore stayed by the greater number, and in some things suffered determinations against themselves, how much more ought they to fear a contrary sentence, when all Christendom meet together, and the power of the Emperor, the French king, and the bishop of Rome will be all against them.
He must persuade the Duke and Confederates not to accept the bishop of Rome as head of the whole Church; for, as they have already expelled his authority, they might thereby open the gates to let all in again, and he will then devise to build once more the fortresses that be now thrown down.
Draft. In Wriothesley's hand. Pp. 3.
R. O. 4. Memoranda [of Cromwell].
A memorandum for my lord of Hereford's despatch. My Lord's instructions signed by the King. The King's letter to such Princes as you shall think convenient. A general letter of commendation from the King to all the Princes under the Great Seal. My Lord's commission to the duke of Saxe. A passport for my Lord, his company and horses, under the Great Seal. Your commandment for my Lord's diet money to be paid at London; and likewise for Master Heeth, Master Croke, and Master Barnes. To know the King's pleasure whether Mr. Heeth shall be joined with my Lord in commission. Whether my Lord shall need no other commission to any of the residue of the Princes, but the letters of credence.
P. 1. Endd.
Titus, B. i. 452.
B. M.
5. A paper similar in the first part to the preceding, but with the following additions:—
The book made by my lord of Canterbury. The bishop of Winchester's book, De Obedientia, and his answer to the brief. Melancton's book, De locis communibus.
To speak with Mr. Brian or lord Rocheforde for his cook; with lord Rocheforde for my house, and with the duke of Norfolk for his mule. Your letters to Chr. Mount and Barnes to assist my Lord. The articles of the diets sent from Mr. Staber. The orations of D. Adams (Pacæus) and Epinus. A cipher.
P. 1. Endd.
31 Aug.
R. O.
214. Hugh Abbot of Reading to Lord Lisle.
The bearer, an honest neighbour of mine, has a daughter now in Calais, whose husband, Ric. Wynton, lately died. I beg you to favor them. Of late a servant of yours, named Kyng, came to me at Reading, saying he was robbed; and asking me to help him to a horse, I bought him one that cost me 10s., and lent him an angel noble, as he was upon your business. Reading, 31 Aug. Signed.
P. 1. Add. Endd.
R. O. 215. Will. Abbot of St. Austin's, [Bristol,] to Cromwell.
Have been lately visited by Dr. Leyton, who at his departing left them certain injunctions hard to be observed. Desires licence for his chamberer to ride within the lordship of the monastery to see good order and custom observed, and for himself to have licence to walk to his manor places near Bristol for the health of his body and saving expenses; thirdly, to have leave to walk within the circuit of the monastery "within the green and chanon marshe" adjacent to the precincts. He and his brethren also pray that they may have licence to walk three or four together, the juniors with the seniors about the hills and fields, to recreate their minds, and "to laxe their veynes," whereby they may be more apt for the service of God night and day, keeping away from the town. Further we desire "to have some poor honest woman to keep us, if any pestyfer plague or distress of sickness do fall amongst us," as has been usual.
Hol., p. 1. Add. At the beginning Cromwell is addressed as secretary and visitor.
R. O. 216. The Abbot and Convent of Whitby to Cromwell.
Whereas in times past, at the request of the archbishop of our diocese we were accustomed to give a person a yearly pension at the creation of every new abbot; and in my lord Cardinal's time, on one such occasion, we granted Peter Larke, his servant, certain pensions to the value of 10l. per annum for life: so it is that the said Larke is dead, and his son William has sued the King, and obtained his letters for a new grant to himself of half the sum as a corrody of the King's gift. Though we asked him to show us the King's writings, and told him that his father never had the 10l. as a corrody from the King, but only as the Bishop's pension, and required a respite till we knew the King's pleasure, he would not be agreeable, but after an extreme slanderous fashion threatened us with the King's displeasure. The bearer will explain the reasons why we owe no such corrody.
Whereas by your letters you desired that a final concord should be made between Sir Fras. Bigod and our tenants, we are likely to be in a worse case than ever; for, under the colour of such agreement, great inconveniences are likely to ensue. On St. Hylde Day (fn. 9) last past, being our head feast and fair day at Whitby, he, with his tenants, assisted by Jas. Conyers, our bailly, with others, indicted for a great riot against us, privily assembled, and made great "fayssinge" and quarrelling on Gregory Conyers and other of our servants when he walked the fair according to usage. They lay in wait for him at his return by night, and, but for other gentlemen, murder would have been committed. They beg you will write to Sir Francis to be in good agreement with the said Gregory and our servants, as he promised at the assizes of York. Signed.
Large paper, p. 1. Add.: Master of the Rolls and Secretary.
Titus, B. i. 442.
B. M.
217. Dockets of Warrants to be signed by the King.
One month's diet and post money for Dr. Heynes and Chr. Mount, 39l. 4s. Direck Holt, servant to Sir Markes Meare, 50 cr.=11l. 13s. 4d. The bishop of Hereford, five months diet, 373l. 6s. 8d. Dr. Heth, four months diets, 74l. 13s. 4d. Wm. Shurlande, four months diets, 26l. 2s. 8d. To the said Bishop, for Melancton, 300 cr.=70l. For Dr. Barons and Chr. Mount, 40l. The bishop of Winchester, for four months diets, 298l. 13s. 4d. The prior of Bisham, diets for 40 days, 40l. The queen of Scotland, by Thos. Holcroft, 200l. His diets for 50 days, 33l. 6s. 8d. Total, 1,207l.
Reward to lord Leonard Grey, for taking Thos. Fitzgarrarde, 200l. Charges of bringing him from Ireland to the Tower, 116l. To the said Lord, for coats and conduct of 202 soldiers to Ireland, 51l. 4s. To Thos. Agarde, to be conveyed to Ireland, 4,000l. To Fras. Herberte, for good service in Ireland, 26l. 13s. 4d. To Thos. Alen, Master of the Rolls, 20l. To two servants of Sir John Saintlowes, 4l. To Thos. Writhsley, clerk of the Signet, 20l. To Thos. Sullyman, a French secretary, 10l. To John Whalley, for Dover Haven, 533l. 6s. 8d. Total, 4,981l. 4s.
To Ric. Candisshe, for providing cables, ropes, and other tackling in Denmark, 400l. To Wm. Gonson, for making and rigging the King's ships, 600l. To Jas. Nedam, for the works in the Tower of London, 300l. To Benedict and John, gravers, working on the King's tomb for three months, 25l. 5s. 7d. To Sir Edm. Bedingfelde, for the Princess Dowager's Household, 533l. 6s. 8d. To Edw. Gostwik, riding to and from York for the subsidy, 53s. 4d. To the keepers of Waltham Forest and Envilde Chace, for killing a stag and six bucks for the Emperor's Ambassador. Reward to Ric. Lincoln, John York, and John Deane, of London, merchants, 20s. To the midwife and nurse at the christening of the son of the duke of Suffolk, 4l. To Robt. Trappes, goldsmith, for plate had of him, given to Mons. Eskyn, 109l. 10s. 11d. Total, 1,977l. 3s. 2d.
Pp. 3. Endd.
Titus, B. i. 423.
B. M.
218. Remembrances.
For sending one to Warbrough. To send for Wm. Roper. To send to lady More. To dispatch Holcroft and Barlow with three months' wages; my lords of Winchester and Hertheford, Mr. Hethe, and Wm. Shyrlande, with their diets. 200l. to be sent to the Scotch queen. 316l. to be paid to lord Leonard; 20l. to John Alen. To receive of Antony Denny cloth of gold and cloth of silver, to be sent to the Scotch queen; crimson and purple satin and black velvet, for the same purpose. To receive from the yeoman of the Queen's Wardrobe a piece of cloth of tissue for the same purpose. For the "impressing" (printing) of my lord of Winchester's oration, and perfecting his answer to the brief.
P. 1. Endd.
Titus, B. i. 424 b.
B. M.
219. Cromwell's Remembrances.
298l. 13s. 4d. to my lord of Winchester, and the same to my lord of Herefforde. 316l. to lord Leonard Graye. 112 cr. to Wm. Shyrlande. 74l. 13s. to Master Hethe.
More to be paid. To Barlow, 50l. To Holcroft, 40l. For the queen of Scots, 200l. For Melankton, 300 cr.; Thos. Wrythseley, 20l.; Thos. Solyman, 10l.
In Cromwell's hand, p. 1. Endd.
31 Aug.
220. [Cromwell's Remembrances.]
"Dispatched from Bromham, the last of August, a° xxvij."
Mr. Gresham.—Letters from the King to Mr. Wallop and another, and to the mayor of London.
Mr. Gostwike.—A letter to Henry Polstede, and two letters to the new elect sheriffs of London from my Master; to the recorder of London; to the constable of Stephenhethe, from my Master for the Emperor's ambassador; to Mr. Gostwyke, of my Master's own hand.
Chr. Morys' servant.—Letters from my Master to Wm. Gonston, touching ships; to Sir Brian Tuke and Chr. Morres.
Mr. Gostwike.—Letters from my Master to Stephen Vaughan, to Williamson, and to Mr. Tuke for payment of Stephen Vaughan's money.
All sent by Mr. Gresham's servant, except those three sent by Chr. Mores' servant.
P. 1.
31 Aug.
Bibl. Nat. Paris MSS. Fr. 19,577.
221. Jean le Breton to Cardinal du Bellay
The King (Francis) has despatched the bailly of Troyes to England upon the affair of the brief written to him by his Holiness touching the king of England. The Bailly has been well instructed what to say.
Fr., copy. From an extract by Mr. Friedmann.
31 Aug.
Corpus Reform., ii. 918.
222. Melancthon to Joachim Camerarics.
This year is fatal to our order. I hear that More has been put to death, and others. I too am in great danger. The hatred partly showed itself in the French business. Would willingly avoid the French meeting, and only promised to go with the Prince's (duke of Saxony's) permission, which he refuses. Believes the Prince has been set against him by enemies. Intends to reply to the Prince and clear himself, not veiling his opinions or wishes. Prid. cal. Sept.
Corpus Reform.,
ii. 921.
223. Melancthon to Henry VIII.
Has collected the principal passages explaining Christian doctrine, those most likely to increase piety and most suitable for sermons. Explains his method and object, and refers to previous works of the same nature. Insists on the advantage of having disputed articles determined, and a complete body of doctrine published by a council of learned men, in which not only bishops but princes ought to assist. Many important articles have long been covered by a thick mist, and when this began to be cleared by the work of learned and good men, unaccustomed severity was used, which extinguishes the study of Christian doctrine, and gives an opportunity for ignorant seditious fanatics to spread false opinions about religion and civil society. To these evils wise and good princes should find remedies, and seek to leave the Church settled and tranquil for their descendants. This can only be done by the explanation of doctrine, for violent counsels do not cure wavering minds, nor tend to durable quiet. For although those who spread or love impious doctrines, or stir up sedition, are to be severely punished, care must be taken that cruelty is not exercised alike upon the evil and the good. Speaks of the necessity of secular learning, and expresses his disapproval of the Auabaptists, who say that it is unnccessary.
Has dedicated the book to Henry as the most learned of kings, not only in theology, but also in other philosophy, and especially in the study of the movements of the heavens. Praises him for his justice, piety, and clemency. In his kingdom there is no cruelty exercised against good men who are zealous for purer doctrinc. Doubts not the King will endeavour to find remedies for this dissension. 1535.
Harl. M.S. 6989, f. 54.
B. M.
M. Epp. iii. 4. Corp. Ref., ii. 920
224. Melancthon to Henry VIII.
Has given a book to Alexander Alesius, the Scot, to be presented to the King, for whom he professes his regard. Aug. 1535.
Lat. Hol., pp.3. Add.
Melanc. Epp. iii. 40.
Corpus Reform., ii. 930.
225. Melancthon to Cranmer.
I have learned from my friend Alexander of your learning and piety. If the Church had many such bishops, pence might be restored and the Church be healed. I recommend to you Alex. Alesius, a Scotchman, who is now going to England, and will show you one of my writings. I submit it to your judgment and that of learned men, from whom, in the Church of Christ, I shall never dissent. If you approve of it, have it submitted to the King. Speaks highly in favor of Alesius. Aug. 1535.
R.O. 226. Jas. Nycolson, Glasier, to Cromwell.
Please to visit (look over) the copy of the epistle dedicatory for the Bible to the King. As you have put forth your foot for the preferment of God's Word, now help that the Holy Bible may come forth. As much of it as has come to England I send you by the bearer Geo. Constantine. Let it go forth under the King's privilege, and the whole realm will have reason to remember you more than Austin, who men say brought the Faith first into England. I send you Melancthon's Commonplaces newly overseen and dedicated to the King.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
Lamb. MS. 611, f. 26. 227. Henry VIII. to the Under Treasurer of Ireland. (fn. 10)
Does not wish him to adventure himself in person against the rebels, except in cases of necessity, as he cannot do his duty as Under Treasurer and Receiver General of the Revenues unless he sets all other business apart.
Copy, p. 1. Headed: Anno 1535.
R. O. Ellis, 1 Ser.
ii. 91.
228. John Clasey to Cromwell.
As I have occasion to go home, I beg you will send for Mr. Herytag, and tell him your pleasure in the following secret matter. My lord Cardinal caused me to put a young gentlewoman into the nunnery at Shaftesbury, there to be professed in my name, though she was his daughter. She is now commanded to depart by your visitation, and knows not whither.
I beseech you to write to the Abbess that she may continue there until her full age to be professed. She was born about Michaelmas, and is about 24 years old.
Hol. Add.: Master Cromwell, secretary.
R. O. 229. [Cromwell's Memoranda.]
"For Walter Cowley."
Letters to the Lord Chancellor, the earl of Wiltshire, Sir Wm. Skeffington, the earl of Ossory and lord Butler, Sir Richard Power, Thomas Eustace, and O'More. My master's letters to the Lord Chancellor, Ossory, and Butler.
"For Swyfte."
The King's and my Master's letters to Antony Deny and Stephen Vaughan. A letter to Mr. Gostwyke with the Scotch letters. A glove sealed with the keys.
"For Christopher Mores."
The King's letters to Markus Meyer, Coche, the sergeant of the trumpets, Sir Thos. Spert, Gonson, and Thorneton. My Master's letters to Gonson, Uxley, and the master mason. A placard to prest soldiers. Warrants for Uxley to deliver the ordnance, to Tuke for payment of the wages of Chr. Mores and 100 soldiers, and to Mr. Dudeley for a complete harness, and for 200 pair of harnesses.
"For Mr. Walloppe's servant."
The King's letters to Wallop, Heynes, and Christopher Mount; my Master's letters to Wallop and to Tuke for his post money.
In Wriothesley's hand, pp. 2.
Cleop. E. V. 365.
B. M.
230. New Theology.
William Broman says that he has learned from the teaching of Dr. Barret, sometime a White Friar of Ipswich, about three or four years past, that the Sacrament of the Altar is but a figure and remembrance of the Passion of Christ, and that the lifting up of the Host betokened only the sending down of the Son by the Father to suffer death for man; and the lifting up of the chalice signified that the Father of Heaven sent down his Son to shed his blood for man's salvation. That one Bale, a White Friar, sometime prior of Doncaster, taught him about four years ago that Christ would dwell in no church made of lime and stone by man's hands, but only in heaven above, and in man's heart in earth. That last Lent the parson of Hothfield taught the same doctrine, adding that no man ought to put trust in the Host when it was lifted up, but to remember and trust in the Passion of Christ. He had heard it reported by a dozen at least that the said parson preached that Our Lady was not Queen of Heaven, but the mother of Christ, and could do no more for us than another woman, likening her to a saffron bag: that when he preached thus the bailiff of Folstan (Folkestone) bade the vicar pull him out of the pulpit, which the vicar refused to do, having heard that the parson had a licence from the King to preach in all places. By his sermon he turned a hundred men's hearts to his opinion. That one Wyne, his servant, dwelling in Folston, said that Christ being received by a sick man, it was an unfit thing for Christ to be buried with him when he is dead.
Stephen Kempe saith that he heard the parson of Hanworth preach at Kingston in Lent, about a year ago, that whoever came to church to seek God would not find Him, unless he brought Him with him; and that men ought to put their trust in God's Word, and have better regard to good sermons and preaching than to the Sacrament of the Altar, mass, matins, or evensong. That he heard that the parson of Hothfeld preached at Folstan that the Sacrament of the Altar was not to be regarded, being but a similitude. That he has heard Latymer and Cromer preach that we should trust only in God's Word, and not honor any saints, nor trust in any ceremonies of the Church. He accuses Maxwell and Harydaunce of the same opinions. He has heard that Dr. Barnes is of the same sect.
Pp. 3.
Harl. MS. 283, f. 128.
B. M.
231. Hugh Latymer to Cromwell.
The bearer, Master Scrowpe, is yet unsworn to the King, not from malice or unreadiness, but from the cause which he will tell you. He is a very worshipful gentleman, quiet among his neighbours, and so upright toward his tenants that to have all the gentlemen in the realm such as he is, I would wear a shirt of hair next my skin while I lived. H. Latymer, Elect.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
R. O. 232. Despatch of Business.
" Warrants, letters, and bills assigned."
A placard signed for Chr. Mores to prest 100 soldiers. Warrants to Sir Brian Tuke for three months' wages for the above; to Sir John Dudley, for 200 pair of harness, and a complete harness for Sir Markes Mayer; and to Wm. Uxley, to deliver ordnance.
Letters to Mr. Haynes and Chr. Mount; to Antony Deny, to deliver money to Stephen Vaughan; to Stephen Vaughan; to Sir Thomas Spert, Wm. Gunson, and Leonard Thorneton; to the Lord Chancellor; Sir John Wallop; the earl of Wiltshire; lord Darcy for Mr. Wiat; the queen of Scots; Markes Meyr and O'More. Bills for Sir Arthur Darcy, Mr. Wiat, and a pardon for Wm. Yevan.
"Letters signed with the —."
Letters to Chr. Mount, Ric. Cochie, Sir Wm. Skeffyngton, and the Council in Ireland; the earl of Ossory, Thomas Eustace, Sir Richard Power, Richard Skydmore and Richard Warmecombe, and Sir Antony Fitzherbert.
P. 1.
Calig. B. iii.
B. M.
233. James V.
" Theffecte of the Scottish kinges [four] letters addressed to the Kinges highness."
1. That he has appointed the lord Erskine to be his attorney for installation in the Order of the Garter.
2. Sends the bp. of Aberdeen to France for a treaty of marriage.
3. The lord Erskine will declare his amicable intentions. The Scotch queen expects answers to her letter sent by Robt. Hart. The earl of Murray, the bishop of Aberdeen, Sir Thos. Erskine, secretary, are passing to France, and require safe-conduct.
4. Desiring a safe-conduct from the King for the above and lord Abernethy.
Pp. 2. In Wriothcsley's hand.
R. O. 234. William Body.
.................... in the ................ [t]he Juelhouse [whereof W]illiam Bodye had the custodie.
" ................... y [R]ouland Philippe .................................. that he shall not preche i .................... Canterbury."
Obligations:—Of Sir Wm. Percy, for payment of money received of the lands of lady Ugh[tred]; of Philip Yorke, for 100 marks to the King, from the prior of Taunton; of Roger and George Gifford, for 60l. to the King. Receipt by Thomas Adyngton, skinner, for 100l. An indenture between Sir Edward Seymer and the earl of Northumberland. Proxy by the abbot of St. Mary's, York, for coming to Parliament. Commission of Adam Pace and other Lubecks. Indenture between Henry VII. and William, earl marshal, concerning Barkeley. A deed of lands called Mores, Haynes and Cornett's crofts, alias Jopes, in the manors of Keldon and Ravenhale, Essex.
* * * * * *
Bills, seven in number, in which the names "Ewer," "Thomas Darby," "Thomas Le[gh]," and the "Bishop ......" appear, but a great part is lost by mutilation. Advowson of Bathewik, given by the [abbess] of Wherwell, and of the church of Stokport, Coventry and Lichfield dioc. Obligations by William Everard, squire, of Wisbech, in Cambridge, to Alex. Balam, gent., for 20 m.; obligation by Robert Knyght, draper, of London, and Robt, Warner, of Aldenham, Herts, either of them to stand to your award. "Your letter of attorney to Williamson, Cavendisshe, and Body, to receive all sums of money due to the King's highness in your name."
* * * * * *
".......... notes of dyvers obligations and ......... to the bisshop of Wynchester. Another of bylls and obligations paiable to William Pa ....." Of "specialties" received from Mr. Hennage, for the King's use, 15° Maii anno 25°. Register of specialties remaining in your hands, 15 May 25 Hen. VIII., received of John Hughes, registrar of my lord Cardinal's faculties. Register of specialties supposed to be forfeited for carriage of corn. Book of the specialties remaining, 15 May 25 Hen VIII. Book of money spent on your household in January 24 Hen. VIII. Three papers of rates for equipping men-of-war. Book of New Year's gifts to and by the King. The Goldsmith's warrant of plate received to make the same.
* * * * * *
* * Remembrance for * your custody, 15° May anno 25°. persones before the Kynges Councell. Petition for ............ Barkeley to be restored to the manor of * county of Somerset, and other lands, signed *. Acquittances made.. the bishop [of] .......... the 10th, granted anno 4° r. i. Certificate of ships returned from Iceland in the year '25, to Boston, Lynne, Welle... Blacknaye, Yarmouth, Laistoft, Walderswy ...., Orford, Orwell, and London. Bill of goods of Dr. Wythe ...; of the plate of the late bishop of Rochester; of money and plate received by Thomas Avereie from Body; receipt for 5,166l. 13s. 4d. conveyed by Beck and Agard into Ireland. Receipt from Roger Basynge for 600l., for wine and victualling of ships.
* * * * * *
Receipts from John Freman, John Mascall, William [G]onson, and lady Guldeford. Receipt for money payed for "stottes" in Plumstead Marsh. Receipts from Robert Fowler, for soldiers' wages in Calais, and from Wm. Huxley; and for an annuity out of the parsonage of Newenton, Kent. Indenture for 1,000l. received from Brian Tuke. Receipt from Sir John Seyntloo and from Walter Stayning.
* * * * * *
[Bills of payment to (?)] Thomas * *, Francis * *, Edmund Sey[mour] 10l., Thomas Soulemo[nt] 10l., Thomas Wriothesley 10l., Serjeant Willoughbye 10l. Acquittances for payment of fees of justices, serjeants, and the King's attorney. Receipt of 1,000l. for the Household. Bill of Mr. Pate for redelivering of certeyn.....that was Dr. Hawkyns; for 50l. to Richard Riche, King's solicitor, towards purchasing the manor of Dunton, &c.; from John Salisbury, for soldiers' wages, &c. Bills of payment of Thomas Pallet and Rastell, and of Adam Gaskyn, John Hopkyns, and Wiggyn, messengers. Indenture for receipt of 4,522l. 4s. 2d. from the abbot of York for the subsidy.
* * * * * *
Receipt from Gonson for victualling ships; from Edward....... for money for Sir John Gage. Bill of the charges of Mr. Gage's patent. Receipt from Sir Edward Darc[y] for the advowson of Kyrkby in Kendal. Receipt of 20l. for half a year's rent of Hudleston's lands, paid to Richard Long, and of 5l. received in advance for another half year. Receipt from Wm. Tresham and Wm. Beatts. Indenture of goods of the late monastery of Bromehill, sold to Roger Fowler. Bill of 26l. paid by your hands for Helene Cavelcar to the sub-dean of Cardinal's College, Oxford. Release to Mr. Wynter from "parson Boleyn" of all actions for the parsonage of Wyntwik. Obligation by Thomas Barton and other to Mr. Wynter in 1,000l
* * * * * *
Indentures of the lord Dacres and s * * goods. Declaration of the white plate in the ....... book of your fees. Names of those who were condemned ....... default of answer to the King for carriage of ....... Plate of the Bishop of Roff. Goods of parson Golde. Jewels of the late earl of ......delivered by George Medley to Body, and afterwards .... Thomas Avereie. Costs of the "triumph" on receiving the French ambasssadors at the Tower. Indenture of consignment of obligations to Henry Posier for 46l. 18s. 8d. due to him by my lord Cardinal. Indenture for making St. Thomas' Tower, in the Tower of London, by Nedeham.
" * * * * ght of a selt of poyses."
Pp. 9. Leaves numbered A5, A7, A9, &c. to A23. Top of each page gone.
R. O. 235. "Plate embezzled by Bodye."
"Superplusage." Item, of lord Dacre's gilt plate, a great salt with a cover and a forked spoon. "Beguiled Mr. Whalley by his own saying, at the weight of Dr. Whythers' plate," an ale pot, a goblet, a spoon and a pair of pouch rings. Of Dr. Powell's plate, a gilt chalice and patten, a parcelgilt pax, garnished with mother-of-pearl. The arms set with azure out of two great cups of lord Dacres. A standing cup with a cover from Mr. Whythers' plate, a gilt spoon of Mr. Plimers, a gold garter saved at the melting of lord Dacre's gold, a pearl coronet which his wife has taken, a vestment and amice of Mr. Withers "saved in gold that was parted, and rascald of silver that was coined, 1½ oz. Item, said to John Whythers that your mastership had the sapphire, the turquoise, the emerald, to your use."
P. 1. Endd.: Plate embezzled by Bodye.
Aug.—Grants. 236. Grants in August 1535.
1. Will. Vachan, jun., of Wondy, in the lordship of Carlyon, alias of Magor, marches of Wales. Pardon of all offences committed before 14 June last. Monastery of Gloucester, 1 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., "die et anno subscriptis."—P.S. Pat. p. 1, m. 29.
2. Hugh ap Griffith ap Moris Goz, of the lordship of Meleneth, marches of Wales, yeoman alias weaver. Pardon. Monastery of Gloucester, 1 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., "die et anno infrascriptis." Pat. p. 2, m. 10.
3. Calais. Commission to Sir Will. Fitzwilliam, treasurer of the Household, Thos. Welshe, one of the barons of the Exchequer, John Baker, attorney-general of the duchy of Lancaster, Geo. Poulett, and Anth. Seyntleger, of Ulcome, to reform all matters relating to the safe custody and defence of the town and marches of Calais, and of the castles of Guysnes, Hammes, Rysbank, Newingham Bridge, Mark, and Oye, the conduct and usage of the deputy, mayor, captains, and other officers, and of the soldiers. Del. Brittens, 2 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
4. The bishopric of Worcester. Congé d'élire to the prior and convent of the cathedral church of Worcester on the deprivation of the last bishop. Monastery of Gloucester, 3 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Dated underneath, 9 Aug.—S.B. (Addressed to Thos. earl of Wiltshire as Keeper of the Privy Seal.)
5. The bishopric of Rochester. Congé d'élire to the prior and convent of the cathedral church of Rochester, on the attainder of the last bishop. Monastery of Gloucester, 3 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Addressed to Thos. earl of Wiltshire, Privy Seal.)
[In the lower margin of this S.B. occurs the date 9 Aug., written in another hand, as if to indicate the date of execution. But it seems that Hilsey was actually elected on the 7th, and the intimation of his election to the King by the prior and chapter is dated 8 Aug. See Lewis's Life of Fisher, II. 413.]
6. The Cistercian monastery of St. Mary of Tarent. Congé d'élire to the prioress and convent, vice Edith, last abbess, deceased. Monastery of Gloucester, 3 Aug.27 Hen.VIII. Dated underneath, 9 Aug.—S.B. (Addressed to Thos. earl of Wiltshire,Privy Seal.)
7. Ric. Watkins, controller of the customs of tonnage and poundage in the port of Bristol. Licence to perform that office by deputy, notwithstanding the Act 4 Hen. IV. Del. Westm., 3 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
8. Sir Edw. Nevell and Jasper Culpeper. Next presentation to the parish church of Stone, Kent., Rochester dioc., now in the King's hands by the attainder of John late bp. of Rochester. Del. Westm., 4 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 9.
9. Barnard Tynbalke, goldsmith, born a subject of the duke of Cleves. Denization. Westm., 4 Aug.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
10. John Blosshome, a native of Normandy and born subject of the king of the French. Denization. Westm., 7 Aug.—Pat. 27 Hen. VIII. p. 1, m. 16.
11. Ric. Long, a gentleman usher of the Chamber and spear of Calais. Licence to import 200 tuns of Toulouse woad and Gascon wine. Monastery of Gloucester, 1 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Westm., 8 Aug.—P.S. writ. (Addressed to Thos. earl of Wiltshire and Ormond, and signed by Cromwell.)
12. The bishopric of Worcester. Assent to the election of Hugh Latomer, S. T. B., as bishop, in the room of the last bishop, deprived. Castle of Barkeley Herons, 11 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Addressed to Thos. earl of Wiltshire, Privy Seal.)
13. The bishopric of Rochester. Assent to the election of John Hilsey, S.T.P., as bishop, the last bishop having been attainted. Castle of Barkeley Herons, 12 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. (Addressed to the earl of Wiltshire, Privy Seal.)
14. Hugh Willoughby. To be one of the sergeants-at-arms, with wages of 12d. a day. Del. Westm., 14 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B.
15. The bishopric of Hereford. Corgé d'élire to the dean and president of the cathedral church of Hereford, for a new bishop. Thornebury, 16 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII. Del. Berechurch, 20 Aug.—S.B.
16. John Lawton, of Leomynstre, Heref., yeoman, alias surgeon. Pardon for having at Llantellie, marches of Wales, and elsewhere in hidden places in co. Heref., forged and uttered certain coins called "crownys of the rose," as appears by an indictment found against him before John Scudamore and the other justices in co. Heref. Del. Berechurch, 21 Aug. 27 Hen. VIII.—S.B. Pat. p. 2, m. 7.
R. O. 237. William abbot of W[estminster,] to Cromwell.
If it were the King's pleasure, I should be glad to give you 20l. at your return from Court, on condition of obtaining the King's favor for bestowing my bailiwick of Westminster through your solicitation at my own appointment. I should be glad, for my own ease and quietness, for you to accept the office. By so doing I should avoid slanders which might happen hereafter in the liberties of Middlesex. This Monday.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser., ii. 299.
238. Andrew Bord, priest, to Cromwell.
Since he wrote from Burdyuse by the servant of Sir John Arundell in Cornwall, has been in divers regions and universities for learning. The universities of Orleans, Poitiers, Toulouse, Montpellier, and the reverend father of the head Charter House, a famous clerk, hold with our King in his acts. At Toulouse, at the Visitation of Our Lady last, (fn. 11) the greatest articles that any could lay against the King were debated in the chief school called Petragorysensis, before the king and queen of Navarre, and defined to the King's honor. Was in Catalonia when the Emperor took shipping into Barbary; "the which Emperor with all other kings in the courts of whom I have been be our redoubted King's friends and lovers. Insipient persons doth speak after their learning and wit." Is sick after his labor, or he would have come to Cromwell and put himself under his ordinance. Will be at his commandment when he recovers.
Sends him seeds of rhubarb from Barbary. Instructions as to the sowing of them.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary and M. R.
R. O.
Ellis, 3 Ser., ii. 301.
239. Andrew Boord to Cromwell.
According to my letters from Bordeaux and also from London of this present month, (fn. 12) I have come to your mastership with letters from "by zend see" (beyond sea). I have evidence that the late prior of the Charter House gave me licence to leave religion; whereupon I crossed the sea to school, and returning by the Grande Chartreuse had a dispensation in prior Batmanson's days. I will hide nothing from you. Fifteen years ago I was dispensed with by the bulls of the bishop of Rome to be suffragan of Chichester. If you will have me return to religion I will do as well as I can.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Summo Secretario, magistroque rotularum (sic)


  • 1. The 26th August was not a Friday during Cromwell's secretaryship. Probably the writer should have said 27th.
  • 2. Modern margin note "September Pattavia, Ric. Morisson," "27 August" is written in the top margin.
  • 3. f. 139.
  • 4. Name of month torn out.
  • 5. "Caraemia" in the text.
  • 6. Modern marginal note and endorsement.
  • 7. The word ultimo has been inserted in a blank after the letter was written, apparently by mistake for pridie kalendas, which would mean the last day of August. The King was at Bromham from 26 Aug. to 2 Sept.
  • 8. Blank in MS.
  • 9. St. Hilda's Day, 25 August.
  • 10. Brabazon.
  • 11. July 2nd.
  • 12. Must be either August or September 1535. It appears, by a letter written in the following year, that he had visited Cromwell at Bishop's Waltham, which must have been between the 18th and the 24th Sept.