Henry VIII: September 1535, 1-5

Pages 81-96

Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII, Volume 9, August-December 1535. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1886.

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September 1535, 1-5

R. O.
St. P. vii. 633.
240. Cromwell to Sir Gregory Casale.
Has informed the King of the contents of his letters from Ferrara and Bologna. He approved of Casale's conversation with the bishop of Paris, and was surprised at the indignation of the Pope and the Court at the death of the bishop of Rochester and More. Though the King is not bound to render an account of his actions to anyone but God, Cromwell will explain the matter, to prevent calumny. After the King had ended his case, with the approbation of the most learned men, these persons, who had not expected it, turned their minds to other thoughts, and when the King endeavoured to provide for the quiet and weal of the kingdom, and correct men's morals, they endeavoured to oppose him. Though the King had proofs of their crime he took no notice of it, hoping they would return to soundness of mind. When Parliament was summoned they secretly endeavoured to find out what was going to be treated of, and criticised it with such an array of arguments as to impose upon the common people. Suspecting the King to be offended, and fearing they would not be able to accomplish their intentions, they picked out certain of these who were bold and of ready tongues, and vomited their venom over them, forgetful of their duty to their King and charity to their country.
That these men were the authors of the conspiracy was clear from writings which were sent hither and thither, and from their own confessions, and the King was obliged to send them to prison lest the contagion should spread. In prison they were treated more mildly than they deserved, being allowed the society of their friends, the use of their servants, and their usual diet; and such was their confidence in the King's mildness that they preferred to continue in their guilt than to try the King's mercy by penitence. When certain laws were passed by Parliament with no opposition as beneficial to the whole realm and in accordance with true religion, these men alone opposed them, pretending that they were entirely given up to the contemplation of divine things, and endeavoured to refute and evade these laws by fallacious arguments. In proof of this their letters in coal and chalk when ink was not to be had are extant. Finally, they were openly tried and convicted of high treason. Their punishment was much milder than the laws prescribe, and many have from their example returned to their loyalty. Anyone of sound judgment may see how precipitately the Pope and Roman court have taken offence at this. It does not concern the King if the Pope uses his just rights over his cardinals and bishops, or whether he or any other prince punishes rebels, and he is surprised that the Pope is indignant. He thinks this indignation will be laid aside when evil-disposed persons cease to suggest falsehoods, and the opportunity of lying is taken away from them; for they are endeavouring to hide their schemes by representing their offence at what has been done, as the cause of the Pope. Let not the Pope therefore be offended if the King acts in accordance with his own right and that of his kingdom. Casale must carefully repeat this to the Pope, and to all who are offended at the punishment of these rebels, for the King wishes the truth not to be concealed by the calumnies of enemies; which, however, if false reports have gained such ground that there is no room left for truth, he will bear, having his kingdom and his subjects so secure that he trusts to repel any injury that may be attempted against him. Brumham,— (fn. 1) Sept. 1535. Signed.
Lat., pp. 4. Add. Endd.
1 Sept.
R. O.
241. [Cromwell] to Nich. Oldisworthye.
Directs him to give up all possessions of the bishopric of Hereford to such as the Bishop elect shall appoint. Bromham, 1 Sept.
II. [Cromwell] to —.
I have received your letter of the 26th Aug., with the articles of the charge that you have given to the inquests there, which I have showed to the King. The King sends most hearty thanks, and wishes you to act according to your discretion.
Drafts, pp. 2.
[1 Sept. ?]
Vit. B. xxi. 155*.
B. M.
242. Edward Foxe to [Cromwell].
"............departure from you yesternight, I fortuned ............. r a minute of the King's instructions given [to Mr. Pa]chet, when he was sent into Germany, and finding ...... how the princes" once sent an express messenger to ask the King to aid their confederation, to which he has contributed with them 50,000 cr., and to send some one with commission to enter therein; and also promised Pachett to submit their variances touching causam religionis et fidei to his Highness, —I think it would not be amiss for the King to make some mention thereof in those instructions, taking it as an occasion of his sending to them now, or at least to send Pachett again thither with Master Haith or Master Lee, for there is no man fitter for the purpose than Pachett. This morning. Signed.
P. 1., mutilated.
1 Sept.
R. O.
243. John Whalley to Cromwell.
Received Cromwell's letter, by his fellow, John Anthony. There is a great lack of labourers because it is harvest time, and they steal away to work in the fields, where they get "5d. and 6d. a daye, mete and drynke." Trusts in 10 or 12 days to have enough to go on with the harbour. Every tide bullocks and horses are shipped for Calais. By Cromwell's advice some charges for terrage, &c. would now bring profit. If any Frenchmen come herring fishing in the Wyke this season, it would save money to get a last or two against Lent. If the King purposes to go on with the harbour next year, it would be best to lay a restraint on the export of grain from Kent. Already, owing to the demand, wheat is worth 11s. or 12s. a quarter in the barn, and malt 5s.; whereas when he came to Dover wheat was 6s. and a noble a quarter, and malt 2s. 8d. Wheat is likely, at this rate, to be 20s. a quarter next year, and if victuals are so dear the labourers getting 5d. or 6d. a day will be unable to live. There is one Hungerford, of Sandewyche, purveyor of grain to the King, who, under colour of his office, buys grain at his own price; he keeps a bakehouse in the town, "so that the fermors of the cuntrey ar at acompesicion with hym that they shall take theire profyttes." It would be well if the King commanded Hungerford to make a view of the grain left in the county, and forbid the export of it.
Hears that an excommunication has come into Flanders from "that Anthecryste of Rome" against the King and realm. Also "a grete obsequy" has been made at Paris, six days together, and at Rome a month, for the late bp. of Rochester and Sir Thos. More. Dover, 1 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: "Secretary." Endd.
1 Sept.
R. O.
244. Adam Becansaw, Priest, and [Dr.] John Vaughan, to Cromwell.
On 30 Aug., according to our commission, we received the resignation of the monastery of Conway by Geoff. Johns, late abbot, and proceeded to a new election, when dan Richard ap Rhes was unanimously chosen abbot, the monks saying that he was 24 years of age to their belief, which did stay us from confirming the election. There was then exhibited to us his dispensation. So that matter is sped, saving only we have stayed the installation till we hear from you. From the 22nd to the 26th August we visited the abbey of Valle Crucis, where many things require reformation. The abbot came in, was sworn and examined, and carried by Mr. Bruerton's servants to the castle of Holt, and one of his monks, whom we took, being apostata, where they await the King's pleasure. The monastery and the church are in great decay, and indebted to the King and others 300 marks. We intend to deprive the abbot on the 4th or 5th Sept., and wish to know your pleasure for a new election. There are six monks in the house, but none fit for abbot except the prior, a virtuous and well-disposed man who refuses to be abbot, as the house is so much in debt and in decay. The abbot of Kymmer, who is a good husband, would fain have it, and would give you 20l. towards your duty, but no more. On the 18th August we received the King's letter, directed to us from my Lord Chancellor, requiring us to institute and induct Sir Rob. ap Meredeth in the vicarage of St. Martin, now void, in the diocese of St. Asaph. We desire to know your mind and pleasure. Conway, 1 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
1 Sept.
R. O.
245. Richard Warmecumbe to the Bishop Elect of Hereford.
Congratulates the Bishop on his appointment. Although the revenues are not of the most value they will yield a competent living. Though the writer is his steward in fee, no man can do him better service than Mr. Sparcheford, archdeacon of Salop. He was a diligent officer to the late bishop. Desires his favor to the bearer, Ric. Lane, bailly of Hampton, Shellwike, and Topseley, who succeeded his father after 40 years' service. On the death of the late bishop, Thos. Lorymere, by means of one Knotisford, obtained the bailiwick of the King. He dwells away, and does the work by deputy. He is quarrelsome and full of words, and only cares for his own profit. Hereford, 1 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.
1 Sept.
R. O.
246. Roger Bowes, Purser of the "Maudlyn," to Thos. Stypkyn, Owner.
Arrived at Companhaven five days ago. Their victuals, ordnance, &c. have been taken away, and they are ordered to tarry until the coming of the King "wyche hys the hartye of holston" (Herzog of Holstein). He is now in Sweden, and will be here in five days, some say not before Michaelmas. As the king of England has maintained the Lubeckers, they count the English as good prize. May thank them of Dans for this trouble, for Hans Vanvardyn, borgrave of Danskes, detained them for seven weeks. The merchants here advise Stypkyn to arrest the ships of Danskes, two of which are going to Hull and three to London. Yesterday a man came from Mr. Candyshe, who is in the King's "Menynon" at Varbaro, to ask the admiral of Denmark for a passport to come into the Sound, but no answer has yet come. Gives a list of what they have taken out of his ship. This is the third letter of this tenor. Elsynor, 1 Sept. 1535.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: In St. Katherine's by London. Endd.
1 Sept.
R. O.
247. Pallavicinus to Henry VIII.
Has been in the most terrible imprisonment for a year from no fault of his own. His grief was increased by hearing that he had incurred Henry's displeasure by differing from him in the matter of the Eucharist. His innocence, now that he is restored to the light by the king of France, has been proved. Henry may learn more from the writer's brother, who is going to him. Kl. Septemb. 1535.
Lat. Hol., p. 1. Add. Endd.
1 Sept.
Cleop. E.v. (171).
B. M.
248. Pallavicinus Carmelita to [Norfolk].
I always remember you with respect in consequence of what you said to me before I was cast into prison. I know that many have slandered me to the King as abhorring Christian piety and the Eucharist. Their falsehood is proved by the testimony of king Francis, by whose order I live freely and honorably. I send my only brother to prove to the King that I have never deserted the mysteries of the Church, and I beg you to assist him. Kal. Sept. 1535.
Hol. Lat., p. 1. The person addressed is called "Princeps amplissime."
1 Sept. Add. MS. 28, 588, f. 12.
B. M.
249. Dr. Ortiz to the Empress.
Is glad to hear of the Emperor's safe arrival in Sicily. Yesterday, Aug. 31, a chamberlain of the king of England, named Thomas Petiple, left Rome to go to the Emperor with letters from the King and Chapuis. He said that before his departure he spoke to the Queen, and that she was very well at Bugden (en buden), (fn. 2) and that she had liberty and much service, for which the King paid, although she is only called princess of Wales (Cales), because, according to the King's statutes, everyone, though unwillingly, calls "la Ana" Queen. The latter is said to be very ugly. All the people are frightened because they do not know from what side God's judgment will fall upon them.
The Pope left this morning for Perosa. The count of Cifuentes advised Ortiz to stay here, because the Pope has committed the deprivation of the king of England and the adjudication of the kingdom to the Apostolic See, as a fief of the Church, to cardinals Campeggio, Simoneta, and Cesis. The delay in granting the executorials in the principal cause is wonderful. Although the deprivation of the King was spoken of with such heat in the Consistory, and they wrote about it to all the princes, they will only proceed with delay, and wish a monition to the King to be intimated in neighbouring places. This is unnecessary, as the notoriety of his schism, heresy, and other crimes is enough to declare him deprived without the delay of a monition. If it is pressed, it is to be feared it will be on the side of France, to release themselves from the pension to England, the claim of the English king, and for other advantages from the land which the King holds near France; also to show the king of England that the past delays were owing to the French king, and that now he is discontented matters are hurried on. It is a wonderful revenge which the king of France has taken on the king of England, to favor him until he has fallen into perfect schism and notorious heresy, and then to leave him in it, like deceiving a man as far as the gallows and leaving him hung.
The blood of the saints Henry has martyred calls to God for justice. The French king has left him, and allied himself with the king of Scotland, who has married the daughter of the duke of Vendome. Rome, 1 Sept. 1535.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
2 Sept. 250. Bishopric of Hereford.
See Grants in September, No. 1.
2 Sept.
R. O.
251. The Act of Succession.
Form of the oath of fealty according to the Act of Succession recognising queen Anne and her issue; with a memorandum that Geo. Cotes, S. T. B., was sworn according to it before Cromwell, 2 Sept. 27 Hen. VIII.
P. 1.
2 Sept.
R. O.
252. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
Sir Edmund Bedingfelde, steward of the Princess Dowager's household, has again sent to me for money to lay out in ling and cod at Sturbridge fair. Of the little that remained in my hands besides the 2,270l. 15s. 8d., I have spent almost all in the King's affairs, according to your command, as well for the Ambassador's reward as for Nedam and Whalley for the works at Dover. I shall not spend any of the 2,270l. 15s. 8d. till I hear from you. I desire to know your pleasure concerning the royal assents and significavits for the bishops of Rochester and Worcester, who are hot suitors for the same. I desire you will obtain for me the escape of Rob. Bewtye, which is 5l., the said Robert being prisoner in the Counter in Bredstrete, where my brother-in-law is keeper. This Robert escaped, in the absence of my brother, by the negligence of my sister his wife; and it is, therefore, to avoid inconvenience I am anxious to have it. London, Thursday, 2 Sept. Signed.
p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
2 Sept.
Cleop. E. iv. 39. B.M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 63.
253. Sir John FitJames to Cromwell.
Thanks for the great pains he has lately taken for him. I have spoken to the abbot of Glastonbury concerning the injunctions given to him and his convent by your deputy at the last visitation, of which four articles are enclosed. The first two extend to every monk in the house, except to those excepted in the second. If the chaplain, steward, cellarer, and one or two other officers who have always been attendant upon the abbot are bound to the first two articles, it will much disappoint the order of the house, which has long been honorable. It would be well to licence the abbot to dispense with them. I dare be surety that he will dispense with none unnecessarily. As to the third article, they have used to make their leases by one of the religious with secular men appointed to him, at a court, by copy of court roll. The convent was never made privy to the leases, and if they must let by consent of the majority, it would be very tedious both to them and their tenants. The Abbot would be much obliged to you if you would discharge that article. As to the 4th article, some of his brethren would be glad to go abroad and make untrue surmise, so the Abbot may pay for their costs. The Abbot wishes you to order that clause to be spared until he may wait on your mastership next term, or else to make it that the complainant shall only have his costs if he prove his complaint.
The other articles they think very strait, and will sue to you about them more at leisure. Meantime, I doubt not they will keep as good religion as any house of that order within the realm. Redliche, 2 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add at f. 42: Supreme Secretary. Endd.: My lord Chief Justice.
Cleop. E. iv. 39.*
B. M.
2. The four articles above referred to, viz.:—
1. That all brethren or monks of this monastery shall eat together on lesh days in the place called "the Mysericorde," and on other days in the refectory.
2. That all brethren, except the abbot, the sick, and those who are performing jubilee (jubileum peregerint), shall sleep together in the dormitory in separate beds.
3. That the abbot shall make no waste of goods belonging to the monastery, nor let farms or reversions without the consent of the greater part of the convent.
4. Each person shall declare to the King, the visitor-general or his surrogate, any violation of these injunctions by the abbot or brethren, and the abbot shall supply the informer with the necessaries for his journey.
Lat., p. 1.
2 Sept.
R. O.
254. Sir Richard Bulkeley to Cromwell.
Has received his letters directed to the bishops of Bangor and St. Asaph, for surveying the taxation of the clear yearly values of all the possessions of the clergy in their respective dioceses. Has certified the books, which are now in the possession of the Lord Chancellor. Beaumaris, 2 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary.
2 Sept.
R. O.
255. Sir Will Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
I and my colleagues go well forward, but it will be a fortnight or three weeks at the least before we can leave, we find so many things out of order in these parts. We trust, however, to arrange all before our journey. It will be right for Sir John Daunce to go through the accounts of my Lord Chamberlain for Guisnes at some future time. Notwithstanding the order made that the licence granted to Mr. Nevile for conveying wood out of England should be revoked, and that no person should lade wood from the seacoast out of England, no such order has yet been taken, and great quantity of wood is shipped by Nevile and others, paying him 2d. for every 1,000. The prohibition was not mentioned in the restraint of victuals at the Rye and Winchelsea, and a great quantity of wood has been shipped from the latter place for Flanders. Thinks that necessary order should be taken. Calais, 2 Sept. Signed.
Pp. 2. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
2 Sept.
R. O.
256. Ric. Phelypps to Cromwell.
Where your officials lately at the monastery of Cerne gave orders, among other injunctions, that neither the abbot nor the monks should pass the limits of the monastery, and its profits depend upon corn and cattle,—from which great detriment will ensue without proper supervision, and such as the black steward was wont to have,—may it please you to give the abbot his liberty, and to ride abroad about the affairs of his monastery, as you have allowed the abbot of Sherburn. The abbot sends you his fee of 5 marks sterling. Cerne, 2 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
2 Sept. R. O. 257. Anne Rouaud to Lady Lisle.
The bearer says that your son (fn. 3) has been in good health since coming to Paris, and your daughters are also well. Has been for 10 or 12 days with Madame de Ryou, who is very ill, and is not yet brought to bed. Your daughters (fn. 4) desire to be recommended to you. "La mienne" sends you a couple of purses, and asks you to send her some little pearls to place on her rings (? aneillettes) like her sister. I love her as much as if she were my own. I wish we could be often with you. Pont de Remy, 2 Sept.
Asks her not to forget "de ....... ple de lanyers." Signed.
Fr., p. 1. Add.
2 Sept.
Add. MS. 8715, f. 113.
B. M.
258. Bishop of Faenza to Mons. Ambrogio.
The gentleman sent to England after the French king received the brief has not returned. It is said that the king of England, since More's death, has put to death 12 or 14 other good men. The Scotch ambassadors have not yet arrived, nor will they come to the Court until it is at Langret, which will be in 10 days. They are going to espouse the daughter of Mons. di Vandamo in the King's name. When they arrive, will give them the brief. "Da Fontaine en Joinvilloy," 2 Sept. 1535.
Ital., pp. 5. Copy. Headed: Al Sig. Mons. Ambrogio, &c.
3 Sept.
R. O.
259. John Wylliamson to Cromwell.
On the 2nd inst. I received your letter of the 31st Aug. by Mr. Vaghan, and according to your commandment have paid him 42l. 15s. 8d. My mother with all your household are well. I fear your house at Hackney will not be ready in 18 days as I wrote, because of the alterations. You will have as pleasant a place as shall be a great way about London. For your place by Friars Austins, towards the street, the kitchen and scullery are raised, the gutters leaded, the roof is lathing and tiling. From the kitchen towards the Friars, the offices are rising as fast as may be. The brick work, with the windows of freestone in your hall, are ready to lay on the floor of the hall. On Saturday, the 4th inst., there will be a great pay at Hackney, Frere Austins, and at Ewhurst. Thos. Thacker says he has no money, and I dare not deliver any without knowing your pleasure, though I consider the scarcity of victuals, the poverty of the workmen, and that without your payment every 14 days they would have no food. I have delivered to Thacker, for buildings and emptions, and the charges of your household, 140l., taking his bill for the same. Richard Lee, Maxwell, and I, rest not from setting forth your works at Hackney and elsewhere. The plague rages in the city, but not so much as is spoken of. Friars' Austins, 3 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
3 Sept.
R. O.
260. Wm. Gonson to Cromwell.
Has received his letter dated Bromham, 1st inst. Has inquired what ships are in the Thames appointed for Bordeaux. Most are gone, and only the King's two ships and four which are not ready remain. Has therefore said nothing, but will have a "perfytt awaytt" upon them, and stay them if the King pleases. Chr. Morys will be dispatched out of our hands in 10 days. Asks for money for the King's causes, for he daily lays out as much as he has or can borrow. London, 3 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Master Secretary.
3 Sept.
R. O.
261. Christopher Mores to Cromwell.
See Vol. vii., 1131, which is more probably this year than 1534.
3 Sept.
R. O.
262. E. Earl of Derby to Cromwell.
Hears that the priory of Sepulchre's of Warwick is to be suppressed. Desires to be certified of the fact, and what are the best means to be used for staying the same. Colham, 3 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary.
3 Sept.
R. O.
263. Sir William Fitzwilliam to Cromwell.
Three merchants of London have arrived, who told me and my Lord Deputy strange news concerning the "mallysyhos" intent of the bishop of Rome, and the behaviour of a lewd friar "hoponly in thow poulpet at Handwarp." As these words are very slanderous, I ordered these men in the King's name to repair to you to report what they have heard, and to no one else. Our matters here go well forward. The King has been ill served in many ways. Calais, 3 Sept.
The men's names are Richard Lencolne, John Yorke, and John Dene.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
3 Sept.
R. O.
264. John Smyth to Cromwell.
I thank you for your letters. Touching the matter at Abingdon between the Abbot and Awdelett, we have laboured to discover the truth, and received the books of charges which the Abbot can bring against Awdelett, which the latter has answered. For the oath the Abbot should have taken, it was only that he should speak the truth, and answer such bill as Awdelett would have exhibited. We have not sworn him as yet, though we had a commission for the purpose. We shall fix a certain day for both parties before Michaelmas to make proof, and be ready with our report next term. As I have a sore foot I cannot come to you, and must be in Kent before Michaelmas to survey the Queen's lands. I beg to be excused till you come to London. Abingdon, 3 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Mr. Secretary. Endd.
3 Sept.
Cleop. E. iv. 54.
B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 65.
265. Thos. Legh to Cromwell.
Has received Cromwell's letters wishing him, at discretion, to license heads, for necessary business, to go forth of their monasteries in manner as no bruit may be made thereof.
Thinks, after their injunctions, their inferiors will think it injury to be bound and their head so loosed. Besides, they would have occasion to seek the King's favor herein, and it might advantage Cromwell to gratify them. Other causes shall appear by the "compertes" of this visitation.
Wherefore, will release none till he has spoken with Cromwell, or has strait commandment. Prays Cromwell to consider whom he sends to the Universities of Oxford and Cambridge, where will be found all goodness and virtue, or else the fountain of all vice and mischief. Willton, 3 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Cromwell, Secretary.
3 Sept.
R. O.
266. John [Draper], Prior of Christchurch, to Lord Lisle.
Thanks him for his storks, of which one was delivered by his servant Swyfte. The other was drowned by the way. Has received a couple by his servant Rob. Candeler, but one was dead, though the meat was good. Has nothing to send but an ox, which he has sent alive to Lisle's ship. Had provided last year salmons, both barrelled and baked, but could not send them because Swifte was in trouble. Christchurch, 3 Sept.
Hol:, p. 1. Add.: My lord Lysley yn Callys.
3 Sept.
Bucholz's Ferdinand I., ix. 16.
267. Ferdinand of Hungary to Paul III.
Commends the Pope's intention declared in his brief of 26 July (to deprive Henry of his kingdom). Will confer with the Emperor about it. Vienna, 3 Sept. 1535.
3 Sept.
v. 5499. Bibl. Nat. Paris.
268. Du Bellay to Francis I.
The affair of England has advanced no further than when I lately wrote that the deputies were ordered to prepare to make their report in Consistory, and I do not see that anything can be said until the return from Perugia. Many people here commend highly your conduct, saying that while you do not altogether refuse negociation, you have not put up with the inhumanities of the king of England and his disobedience to the Church, for which you have entered into enmity; and I am often asked if war has yet broken out between you. I have answered them in the spirit of their own questions (en la mesme charite quils le me demandent); and certainly the demonstration you made before pope Clement when you sent me hither says much in my justification; "et la faulte qui y fut faicte telle et si grande" that the Pope confessed you had made so much of it that he was satisfied henceforth that whatever the king of England did you would not trouble yourself for the Holy See against him, nor for him against the Holy See. This, I think, you have already said in another letter to me. The cardinals do not know what to say to this reply, especially when I add in general terms that in all reasonable matters you will be found a good son of the Church, and that the Holy See ought to beware of demanding of you things that would be to your prejudice. We will do what we can, unless otherwise ordered, to put the matter off, and hope, to manage in such wise that, unless they will proceed against the form of law, much time will elapse before anything of consequence is done, and we will also declare ourselves so far that it shall not be said, either that I, De [Mascon,] as your ambassador, or I, Du Bellay, as cardinal, have departed from our duties.
Fr. Fragment of a letter. From a modern copy, pp. 2, dated in the margin: "Rome, 3 Septembre 1535 (?)."
3 Sept.
MS. 5,499, f. 212.
Bibl. Nat., Paris.
269. Cardinal du Bellay to —.
Three cardinals are charged to examine the affair of England, and report to the Consistory, with a view to proceeding against the King. Will try to act so that he cannot have a rebuff from either side. The Pope has not yet importuned him much about it, "car j'ay tousjours jetté des pierres au devant." When he is compelled to discuss the matter further with the Holy Father, will take care to spoil nothing.
Fr. From a modern copy, p. 1.
*** This is part of a document described as "Depeche sur les choses de Rome et d' Angleterre quatre jours aprés l'arrivee de l'eveque de Paris," and dated Rome, 3 Sept. 1535.
3 Sept.
Add. MS. 28,588, f. 18.
B. M.
270. Count of Cifuentes to Charles V.
Wrote last on 31st Aug. by way of the viceroy of Naples. The Pope told him that the French king had answered, with good will, that he would do what was proper for the execution of the Pope's sentence against the king of England, but the matter concerned the Emperor most, and it was reasonable that he should act first; he would then do what the Pope wished. It is well known that he wishes to throw the burden on your Majesty. Hears from a trustworthy person that the French king said that the Emperor should begin to execute the sentence against the king of England, and then he would see about doing what he thought most advisable (el veria de hazer lo que le paresciese y mas conveniese). This kind of behaviour will not be new to the Emperor. "Yo estoy sobre el aviso por esto y por lo que V. M. me tiene mandado de lo dar furia a los executoriales ny tampoco que con arte se dexen de pedir."
The Pope said also, what Clement formerly said, that if the Emperor and French king joined against England his Holiness would have to bring them to an agreement (concertar). Replied that he had no commission about this. * * *. Rome, 3 Sept. 1535.
Sp., pp. 4. Modern copy.
Ibid. f. 15. 2. Contemporary abstract, with marginal notes.
Sp., pp. 5. Modern copy.
4 Sept.
R. O.
271. [Cromwell] to [the Abbess of Wilton].
Desiring her to be good lady to his friend William Nevell about the farm of Chalke, and the copyholds he should have of the manor of Semley, belonging to her monastery. Nevell is loth to sue her at the common law as he has good cause to do. Wolfall, 4 Sept.
Draft, with corrections in Cromwell's hand, p. 1.
4 Sept.
R. O. Latimer's Remains, 368.
272. H. Lat[imer], Elect of Worcester, to Cromwell.
I certify you that we have been here a fortnight without obtaining confirmation or restitution of the temporalities. My lord of Canterbury cannot proceed without the royal assent, and we hear nothing of it or of Mr. Gostwick. It had been better if we had staid with you at Court. This day I spoke with Polsted, who has no further instructions from you, except to receive our sureties for the first-fruits. Touching my part in that behalf, I trust you have not forgotten my last suit, with which I was minded to have gone to the King; but the Queen, remembering at what end my lord of Salisbury was, said it would be enough to leave it to you. Please give whatever instruction is required to the bearer. My brother of Rochester commends himself to you. 4 Sept.
Hol., pp. 2. Add.: Secretary.
4 Sept.
R. O.
273. Harry Polsted to Cromwell.
I received your letter on Wednesday last; also your letter to the sheriffs of London of the same date, on Thursday, on which day the election took place. I required them to stay the nomination of the under-sheriff of Middlesex, and so I went to the Guildhall on Thursday and spake to Mr. Munmoth, who was nominated by the Mayor, who told me that my Lord Chancellor had moved him therein more than a month before, and was sorry he could not oblige you. After the election was ended, I made like request to Mr. Cotes, who was elected by the Commons, who told me he would be glad to follow your mind, but that he had received a letter from my Lord Chancellor. He will do as Munmoth does. On Friday following I delivered your letters to Munmoth and Cotes, who promised they would proceed no further until they knew your mind. This day my lord elect of Worcester was with me for composition of his first-fruits, and said he could find no sureties, and hoped his own bond would be sufficient. He intends to speak with the King on the subject. The bp. elect of Rochester has not yet come. Mr. Broke has written to you of the state of the city. The Rolls, Saturday, 4 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Right worshipful.
4 Sept.
R. O.
274. Thomas Broke to Cromwell.
Your friends and family are in good health. Munmouth and Cootes are elected sheriffs of London for the coming year. Has seen the wines which Francis Towell desires a licence to transport beyond the sea. They are so slimy and ropy that they are not fit for sauce, much less wholesome to drink. Death and penury of wholesome bread are very prevalent in the city. No place is free. Sends a bill of the dead. Thinks he should defer his return till he hears the contrary. Never knew good bread so "geason" in London at this time of year; it is so musty and of so evil wheat that it is rather poisonous than nourishing. The bread baked out of the liberties of the city is meetly sweet, but of little quantity. What was sold for a halfpenny when you were here is now a penny. If redress be not had, bread will be as dear this year as ever it was. London, 4 Sept.
Be my vicar in saluting my friends of the Privy Chamber. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Master Secretary. Endd.
4 Sept.
R. O.
275. S. Vaughan to Cromwell.
This Saturday I received by Gresham your two letters devised for Tyndall. Corn groweth to a high price, and the people need your help against "ingraters" everywhere. News comes from Flanders that the Pope has sent out his fulminations against us, and presumeth to give us in prædam omni nationi. Antwerp has answered that they will not meddle before they see the Emperor's commandment. If the King were to execute some terrible punishment against anyone that was found an "ingrater," all would fear. Remember my wife's brother. London, 4 Sept.
We shall be ready by the 11th. It were good that the King had a man of reputation in Flanders.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
4 Sept.
R. O.
276. The Earl of Arundel to Cromwell.
Has received his letter advising him not to resist the King's pleasure, but admit John Ap Rice as constable of his castle of Clonne. Would be quite willing to comply if there were no lawful impediment, of which he has certified his Grace. Moreover, when Ap Rice was porter of his said castle, he let felons escape, who committed great robberies, for which the Earl discharged him. Downeley, 4 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Mr. Cromewell, Secretary to the King's Highness. Endd.
4 Sept.
Paludan Müller's Aktstykker, i. 457.
277. Jurgen Wullenwefer to Albert Duke of Mecklenburg.
Informing him of the state of affairs in Lubeck, &c. Dr. Adam has arrived here from England, and would be glad to visit you, but is unable. Marcus Meyer's brother has been in England, and has had a good despatch. The King is still willing to act under the conditions proposed to you by the doctor. He has sent two ships to Marcus, well equipped, and several envoys, who should come to a conclusion with you and the Count, Copenhagen and Elbagen; but I fear they will hardly find it possible now to come to you. I know for certain that if this conclusion could be obtained the King would do everything necessary. If the Count Palatine were to go on there would be no fear as regards England; for with the Count Palatine I suspect the matter will be long protracted. If, however, progress were made with the ships (this point you ought to press through your brother) Copenhagen could yet be relieved. He might then lie there for a time, but not longer than two months; and if he cannot obtain Landeszkrone, he should clear the Sound. Then victuals and necessaries could be sent thither. Moreover, if this expedition should go on, he would not even then lie long in the camp if you could hold out till Christmas. You would certainly find, if no reinforcements came, he would have to quit both by water and land; but now that reinforcements are at hand you may be sure it will not last so long.
Has got a servant from Marcus Meyer here. The ships had not then arrived from England. It is three weeks today since he left Warborch. They have been six weeks from England. You will receive a short answer about the expedition, &c. Lubeck, Saturday before the Nativity of the Virgin, '35.
Holstein dialect. (fn. 5)
5 Sept.
Cooper's Annals of Cambridge, i. 372.
278. Cromwell to the Mayor and Burgesses of Cambridge.
Hears that the University has chosen him to be their Chancellor, and that there is a question about the exposition of the decree made last year by the Council concerning Sturbridge Fair, which order they are commanded this year to keep; the town contending that "victual" only includes what is to be spent in the fair, and refusing to allow the University to appoint two persons for the search of merchandise. Desires to have all controversies cease until a final order is taken, in which he will with all celerity and indifference travail. Desires them to suffer the University for this year to use their privileges, and also the common prison of the Tolbooth as they have done. Whofall, 5 Sept.
5 Sept.
R. O.
279. John Gostwyk to Cromwell.
I received your letter by Ric. Gresham, allowing me to go home. It will be Saturday before I leave, as my horses are still at pasture and unshod. Am I to pay any of the money had from York to Mr. Bedingfelde? I send you the Lord Mayor's certificate. I beg your favor for an honest poor priest to have the chantry in the Charterhouse void by the death of John Hethe. This service was granted him at my desire by Sir Thos. Willoughby, serjeant-at-law, and Dr. Capon, executors to Sir Rob. Rede, late chief justice of Common Pleas, who was the founder. Please, therefore, write two or three lines to the convent to admit the said priest. I leave my clerks, Rob. Lorde and John Roke, to act in my absence. London, Sunday, 5 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Secretary. Endd.
5 Sept.
R. O.
280. Cecil Bodman, Abbess of Wilton, to Cromwell.
Dr. Legh, the King's visitor and your deputy, on visiting my house, has given injunctions that not only all my sisters but that I should keep continually within the precincts. For myself personally I am content; but as the house is in great debt, and is not likely to improve without good husbandry, which cannot be exercised so well by any other as by myself, J beg you will allow me, in company with two or three of the sad and discreet sisters of the house, to supervise such things abroad as shall be for its profit. I do not propose to lodge any night abroad, except by inevitable necessity I cannot return. I beg also, that whenever any father, mother, brother, sister, or nigh kinsfolk of my sisters come unto them, they may have licence to speak with them in the hall in my presence. Wilton, 5 Sept.
Hol., p. 1. Add.: Secretary and Visitor.
5 Sept.
R. O.
St. P. vii. 625.
281. Chr. Mont to Henry VIII.
Has seen Langey, and heard the following particulars from him. He has sent forward a kinsman of his to bring Melancthon to him with six other learned Lutherans, with money for their journey, and has warned Melancthon not to go to France until he has seen him. Langey is going to the Court for an answer from the Parisian theologians to the German articles. Afterwards he will go to the duke of Wirtemberg to settle disputes between him and the people of Ulm and the dukes of Bavaria. Francis has sent a safe-conduct to Melancthon, and is very desirous of his coming. The Emperor has sent ambassadors to the Lutheran princes and learned men, promising to allow many things which he would not hitherto, especially that he will help them in obtaining a General Council. Langey has dissuaded the Germans from agreeing to a Council; for most of the provinces would vote with the Emperor and the Pope; and in order to prevent them from making any treaty with the Emperor, he will endeavour to have a National Council celebrated in France, England, and Germany, which he hopes would be confirmed by the bishop of Rome. He thinks means may be taken with the Pope for this to be done in England, if the Lutherans will refuse to consent to anything unless the King's cause is approved of, and the Pope confesses he has ill-used the King. If what Langey says be true, supposes they are only trying to put off the time that the Lutheran princes may make no treaty with the Emperor.
Langey says that 30 [of] the more learned Lutherans have sent him articles, (fn. 6) from which he has selected certain points, and the King has given them to the faculty at Paris for their opinion, which Langey will take to Germany.
He had not a copy of the articles to give Mont, but would send to his brother at Paris for them. He added to the articles of the Germans one to the effect that the tyranny of the bishop of Rome must be restrained, so that he should not arrogate to himself the authority to transfer and determine about kingdoms, nor excommunicate princes; and this the Germans have signed.
Everything in France is full of the old leaven.
There was here in July a man from the dukes of Bavaria about the money lent to them, which they are ready to repay, but ask for delay as they are at present in danger. Langey is ready to do anything to serve the King, and says Francis will not attempt anything with the Germans, unless Henry consents. He hopes to return to France in three months. Schallun (Chalons), 1535, 5 Sept.
Lat. Hol., pp. 4. Add.
5 Sept.
R. O.
282. G. Earl of Shrewsbury to Cromwell.
Thanks him for his favor to his chaplain, Sir John Morton, when he was last with Cromwell. Asks him to be good master to his servant John Bekeley, the bearer, who is coming to show the King the misdemeanour of Sir Rauff Longforde in the King's ground in Staffordshire, where Bekeley is the Earl's deputy. Longforde has also misused himself in Derbyshire, where Shrewsbury is likewise the King's officer. Asks for a commission for the bishop of Chester, who is now at his own place in Staffordshire, (fn. 7) and to other justices of the peace, to inquire about Sir Rauff's misdemeanour. The King will thus know whether Sir Rauff's late complaint is true or not. Sheffield Castle, 5 Sept. Signed.
P. 1. Add.: Chief Secretary. Endd.
5 Sept.
Cleop. E. iv. 35.
B. M. Wright's Suppression of the Monasteries, 67.
283. Jasper Fyloll to Cromwell.
I send herewith a paper of the proportion of victuals, &c. which the lay brothers here tell me must be provided for them. This cannot be borne by the revenue of the house, which is 642l. 0s. 4½d., and this proportion amounts to 658l. 7s. 4d. Since this was made, wheat has risen 4s. 3d. a quarter, and malt 20d., and other victuals commonly rise with them. I hear among the lay brothers that formerly when all victual was at a convenient price, and their number was smaller, the proctor has accounted for 1,000l. a year, their rent of assize being as above, only 642l. 0s. 4½d.; which costly fare, building and other expenses, were borne by the charity of the city of London. Now they, disregarding the dearth, the increase of their superfluous number, and the decay of this charity, would have the same fare used, like plenty of bread, ale, and fish given to strangers in the buttery and at the buttery door, and as large livery of bread and ale to their servants and vagabonds at the gate; which cannot be. It seems necessary to diminish their number or dainty fare, and also the superfluous livery of bread and ale. These Charterhouse monks would be called solitary, but there are more than 24 keys of the cloister d[oor] in the hands of 24 persons and it is likely that m[any] letters, unprofitable tales and tidings, and sometimes perverse council, come and go by reason hereof. There are 12 keys to the buttery door in 12 m[en's] hands, which seems to be small husbandry. This is the time when provision is wont to be made of ling, haberdens, and other salt store, and also of winter vestures for their bodies and beds, and fuel to their cells; wherein I tarry till I know your pleasure. It would be well to remove the lay brethren from the buttery and kitchen, and put temporal persons there, as all the waste of the house is in those two offices. In the beginning of August, my lord of Canterbury sent for two monks here, Rochester and Rawlyns. Rochester he has sent home, but he keeps Rawlyns, who has changed his habit to secular priests' clothing, and eats flesh. Many here would be glad to be licensed to do the same. A lay brother apostate, late of the Isle of Axalme, was secretly received into the cloister, sick of the great sickness, and died in four days. One of the lay brothers who tended him is now sick of the same.
The chaplain of the chantry of 8l. founded by lord Rede, late chief justice for 30 years, died on Sept. 1, and there are yet 14 years to run. Master John Maydwell, commonly called the Scottish friar, has exhorted danne John Rochester, in the presence of Wm. Marshall and other, but they found no good towardness in him. Entreated Rochester and four or five other monks to hear him preach one day that week, which they were contented to do; but next day they sent word that they would not hear him, for they heard that he preached against the honoring of saints and images, and was a blasphemer of saints. Said that I marvelled much at them, for there can be no greater heresy in any man, specially in a religious man, than to say that he cannot preach the Word of God, neither will hear it preached.
They say they will read their doctors, and go no further. Told them that such doctors had made some of their company to be strong traitors, and traitorously to suffer death.
I dare do nothing till I know somewhat of your pleasure, for I hear from John Whalley that you wish me to break no old order of the house. When I know your commands I will follow them. The Charterhouse next to London, 5 Sept. Signed.
I have sewed to the bill of proportion a parchment with all the names of the household. Before every man's name who has confessed himself the King's true man is set "g." for good, and before the other "b." for bad. In the second line is set the letter that standeth upon his cell door. The third line is the number of the persons.
Pp. 3. Add.: To, &c. Master High Secretary to the King's highness.
R. O. 284. Jasper Fyloll to [Cromwell].
Dan Nic. Raulyns has his capacity sealed, but has borrowed his secular vesture of other priests of his acquaintance.
Dan Thos. Salter and dan John Darley would fain be out of the cloister by favour of your mastership. Dan John Darley is provided of a service at Salisbury.
The sexton has secretly conveyed 2 or 3 cwt. of wax out of the storehouse. I asked him what he meant, and he says the fathers of the cloister commanded it. I suppose they will sell it to buy their winter's clothing. I think it is expedient that I should know your pleasure in the articles I left with you. Wheat is 18s. 4d. a quarter, and malt 7s.; and 56 persons are fed in the house daily, besides strangers; and now, servants are looking for their wages and liveries.
Hol., p. 1. Endd.: Jasper Filoll's remembrances concerning the monks of the Charterhouse.
[Sept.] ?
Wegener Aarsberet-ninger, iv. 12.
285. Danish Captains to Henry VIII.
A few days ago certain English ships were returning from Dantzig while Christian was returning from his camp to Copenhagen, which he was blockading with his fleet. In consequence of the piracy of the Lubeckers, ordered them to stop until the King's arrival, sending on with these letters the ship which would be the least loss if taken.
Lat. Draft by Suavenius. Headed: Capitaneorum regiorum scriptum ad Anglum de navibus Anglorum detentis, qua de caussa detentio facta sit.
5 Sept.
Wegener Aarsberet-ninger, iv. 10.
286. Dr. Bonner and Richard Cavendish.
Safe-conduct for Bonner and Caundyssh, granted in the name of the king of Denmark, by Detlenus Brocktorp, chief captain of the army, and Eric Guldenstern, admiral of Denmark, dated Copenhagen, 5 Sept. 1535; with a letter to Bonner and Caundissh, stating that they have granted it in Christian's absence, and desiring the ambassadors to do nothing to assist the enemy, to come as soon as possible, and to show their safe-conduct to any ships they may meet. From the King's camp.
Lat. Draft by Suavenius.


  • 1. Blank in MS.
  • 2. Apparently a mistake of the writer, as Katharine certainly had been removed from Bugden to Kimbolton, u a house belonging to the heirs of Sir Richard Wingfield, "as early as May 1534. See Vol. VII., p. 254.
  • 3. James Basset.
  • 4. Anne and Mary Basset.
  • 5. The Editor has endeavoured to give the substance of the latter part of this letter after referring it to several competent scholars; but, partly from the obscurity of the language and partly from the imperfect information attainable as to the circumstances referred to, the sense in some places is doubtful.
  • 6. Se (struck out) amplius triginta [qu. "ex" omitted?] Lutheranis doctioribus ad se articulos scripsisse.
  • 7. Lichfield. The bishop, however, really appears to have been staying at this time at Bewdley, in Worcestershire.