Folios ccxxx - ccxlii: Feb 1387-8 -

Pages 331-344

Calendar of Letter-Books of the City of London: H, 1375-1399. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1907.

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Folios ccxxx-ccxxxiii b.

Statute made at Westminster by the Parliament which commenced to sit on the 3rd February, 11 Richard II. [A.D. 1387-8]. (fn. 1)

Folio ccxxxiii b.

Eleccio Vice comitum.

Monday the Feast of St. Matthew [21 Sept.], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], in the presence of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, John Hadle, Nicholas Twyford, Knt., William Venour and Hugh Fastolf, the Sheriffs, William More, John Chircheman, John Fraunceys, John Loveye, John Shadworth, William Sheryngham, William Wottone, John Walcote, and Thomas Austyn, Aldermen, and the Commonalty assembled in the Guildhall for the election of Sheriffs, the aforesaid Mayor elected Adam Karlille and the Commonalty elected Thomas Austyn to be Sheriffs for the year ensuing.

Eleccio auditor' compoti Cam'ar'.

And John Walcote and John Loveye, Aldermen, Geoffrey Cremelford and John Forster, goldsmith, John Donyngtone, draper, and William Parker, mercer, Commoners, were elected auditors of the accounts of the Chamberlain and Wardens of London Bridge.

Co'e consilium pro civib' London' ad parliamentum Cantebrig' profectur' et pro eorum ex pensis.

Precept for the Commons to attend before the Mayor and Aldermen at the Guildhall on Monday next at 8 o'clock, under penalty of 20s., to consult on certain matters touching the coming Parliament and the City itself. Pursuant to which precept, the following came to the Chamber of the Common Council at the Guildhall on the 31st Aug., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], viz.:—

Farndone (13): John Hylle, John Cantoys, Elys Westone, Leonard Northamptone, Robert Boxford, Thomas Polle, Roger Haukewelle, Robert Lynne, Simon atte Nax, George Cressy, Thomas Duke, Thomas Pantone, Thomas Boner.

Castelbaynard (6): John Asshurst, Thomas Freke, John Asshe, Michael Chirt, Richard Burnham, John John [sic] Reynold.

Bredestret (12?): Thomas Rolf, John Ragenhulle; William Stapultee, Michael Cornwaylle, John Manyngtone, John Bryklesworth, John Scorfey, Robert Yvyngo, William Pountfreyt, Thomas Miton, Michael Cornwaille [sic], Ralph Rede.

Queenhithe (7): John Trigg, Robert Parys, John Waryner, John Graveney, Henry Grenecobbe, Richard Abel, John Mayner.

Cordwanerstret (12): Fulk Horwode, Robert Lyndesey, Richard Loseye, Henry Stacy, Thomas atte Mulle, John Shallyngford, Robert Haryngey, Richard Hatfeld, Robert Louthe, Roger Martyn, Robert Dane, Roger Peyntour.

Aldrichesgate (9): John Somerville, John Bokkynge, John Dancastre, John Pynchebeke, John Lutone, John Bathe, William Haper, Philip atte Vyne, John Lesnes.

Crepulgate (15): Robert Asshcombe, William Evote, John Wodecok, Gibbon Prynce, William Thomer, John Oxewyk, Thomas Twyford, John Hore, John Corant, John Furneux, Thomas Baret, John Wakele, William Larke, Matthew Assby, John Mordone.

Bassieshawe (3): Peter Wottone, John Bokelsmyth, Thomas Woubourne.

Colmanstret (2): Thomas Chapman, Robert Hanelok (Havelok ?).

Chepe (19): Geoffrey Cremulford, John Frankleyn, Thomas Vyvent, Robert Gupheye, William Hyde, William Waddesworth, John Cosyn, Robert Cursoun, John Boxtone, Thomas Pope, John Sevesterre, William Potenham, Richard Brendwode, John Clerk, "pulter," Henry Permestede, Walter Andeby, John Lane, Roger Dalby, John Reve.

Folio ccxxxiv.

Bisshopesgate (9): Henry Herbury, John Sibile, Peter Torold, Adam Ratteseye, Thomas atte Swan, Bartholomew Mildenhale, Roger Astone, Godfrey Cost, Adam Fermer.

Bradestret (6): William Wodehous, John Clenhand, "Benet" Cornwaylle, Robert Lyndewyk, Esmond Hoddesdone, John Clee.

Lymstret (3): John Clapshethe, Richard Gregorie, Richard Fancer.

Portsokne (3): William Burford, William Wodeward, William Dawe.

Algate (4): Richard Morell, John Devenyshe, Thomas Clayman, Hankyn Goldbeter.

Tower (13): John Norwiche, Thomas Ally, Richard Wyllesdone, John Cheverelle, William Tonge, Hugh Sprot, Hugh Boys, William Duntone, Thomas Evesham, John Welde, Nicholas Pays, Thomas Garnet, William Permay.

Bridge (14): Richard Blounvile, John Pountfreyt, Thomas Palmere, John Sandhurst, Henry Petipas, William Bys, John Mokkynge, William atte Seel, Peter Whytyngdone, William Attelee, Thomas Mallynge, Richard Radwelle, Thomas Pottesgrave, William Radwelle.

Langbourne (7): Thomas Noket, William Fitz Hugh, Thomas Bonauntre, John Dyke, Lawrence Joynour, Robert Honyford, Richard Toky.

Cornhulle (16): John Brykhulle, John Langhorn, John Gofayre, Thomas Leuesham, Thomas Irland, Aleyn Rokesby, Thomas Birche, Richard Manhale, John Yve, John Claydiche, John Mustour, John Olyver, John Derlynge, Richard Wade, Andrew Smythe, Walter Pykenham.

Candelwykstrete (7): John Lucas, Roger Crisp, John Brounesbury, William Yvory, John Jurdon, John Pope, John Olneye.

Walbroke (13): John Sely, John Basse, William Sudbury, John Parker, Elys Bokkynge, Thomas Strode, Roger Abbot, Robert Stavertone, William Knyght, William Fremyngham, Geoffrey Bircham, Nicholas Vylers, John Tyderle.

Vintry (3): William Sharpyng, John Tilney, William Boyvile.

Douegate (5): William Wyght, John Wiltshyre, Ralph Lobenham, Nicholas Snypston, John Bisshope.

Billingesgate (9): William Ancroft, John Wade, John Beaufront, Thomas Lyncoln, William Reynwelle, "Gibon" Maunfeld, John Claverynge, William Gorynge, John Claydone.

And the Mayor and Aldermen elected Adam Bamme and Henry Vanner, Aldermen, and the Commons elected William Tonge and John Clenhande, to represent the City at the Parliament to be held at Cantebrige on the morrow of the Nativity B. M. [8 Sept.] next ensuing. (fn. 2) And whereas Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, had nothing in hand to pay their expenses, (fn. 3) it was agreed that the same should be defrayed out of the revenue coming to the Guildhall after Michaelmas next, the Mayor and those elected receiving equal sums until satisfied, saving always the fees payable to the City's officers and repairs of the rents of the Chamber.

L'ra de privato sigillo pro Maiore eligendo.

Letter of Privy Seal to the Mayor, Sheriffs, Aldermen, good folks, and all the Commonalty to take steps to secure the peaceable election of a trusty and loyal Mayor for the year ensuing. Dated at Cantebrigge, 10 Oct., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].

Folio ccxxxiv b.

Br'e pro elec cione Maioris faciend' sine rumoribus et contumeliis.

Writ to the same to similar effect, and warning the Sheriffs that they would be held responsible for any danger that might arise from a disturbance of the peace at the coming election. Witness the King at Cantebrigge, 11 Oct., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].

Eleccio Nich'i Twyford milit' in Maiorem London'.

Tuesday the Feast of Translation of St. Edward [13 Oct.], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], in the Chamber of the Guildhall, in the presence of Nicholas Extone, the Mayor, John Hadle, Nicholas Twyford, Knt., William Cheyne, the Recorder, John Chircheman, John Fresshe, William More, William Venour, Hugh Fastolf, John Shadworth, William Sheryngham, John Loveye, John Rote, John Fraunceys, John Walcote, Thomas Austyn, Thomas Wilford, and Adam de St. Ive, Aldermen, and the aforesaid Thomas Austyn and Adam Karlille, the Sheriffs, and an immense Commonalty assembled there for the election of a Mayor, the aforesaid Nicholas Twyford (fn. 4) was elected Mayor for the year ensuing. Afterwards, viz., on the Feast of SS. Simon and Jude [28 Oct.], he was sworn in the Guildhall, and on the morrow was presented, admitted and sworn before the Barons of the Exchequer.

Exon'acio Joh'is Norffolk ab assisis.

26 Nov., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], John Northfolk, "taillour," discharged by Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing age.

Folio ccxxxv.

Breve progaola de Neugate deliberanda.

Letters patent appointing Walter Cloptone, Robert Cherltone, Nicholas Twyford, the Mayor, William Thernynge, Thomas Pynchebek, William Cheyne, William Rikhulle, and William Gascoigne, or any seven, six, five, four, three, or two (the Mayor being one), to be Justices for gaol-delivery of Neugate. Witness the King at Westminster, 6 Nov., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].

Br'e q'd quel't mistera London' deferat l'ras patentes Regis suas misteras tangentes in Cancellar' Regis.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs enjoining them, for certain reasons laid before the King and his Council at the last Parliament held at Cambridge, to make proclamation for all Masters, Wardens, and Surveyors of misteries and crafts in the City and suburbs who have in their possession any charters or letters patent from the King or his progenitors touching the said misteries and crafts, to bring into the King's Chancery such charters and letters patent before the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.] next, under penalty of forfeiture of all privileges, &c., contained therein, and to await the judgment of the King and his Council, with the authority of Parliament, on the same The said Mayor and Sheriffs are, further, to inform the King and his Council of the days and places when and where this proclamation is made by the octave of St. Hillary. Witness the King at Westminster, 1 Nov., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].

Br'e ad p'sent and' in Cancellar' gildas et fraternitates London' et eor' possessiones.

Another writ to the same to make proclamation for all Masters and Wardens of guilds and fraternities in the City and suburb to certify the King and his Council in Chancery in writing, before the Feast of the Purification [2 Feb.], of all particulars touching their foundation, government, property, &c., under similar penalty. Date as above. (fn. 5)

Folio ccxxxv b.

Masters of Misteries sworn.

Tapicers: John Ede, Peter Colcok, Roger Michel, John Silkstone, sworn the 6th Oct., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], to govern the mistery and to present defects to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Chamberlain, &c.

Cordwainers: Robert Pottone, Simon Goderiche, John atte Hille, Simon atte Welle, sworn the 9th Oct., the same year.

Girdlers: William Sewale, John Nasynge, William Picot, sworn the 29th Oct., the same year.

Barbers: John Haydone, Henry Cook, sworn the 10th Sept., the same year.

Fullers: William Elys, John Crokesley, John Mordon, John Swift, sworn the 14th Nov., the same year.

Foreign Weavers: Reginald Ralus of Brabant, William Millere of Flanders, sworn the 19th Nov., the same year.

"Diers" :Henry Grenecobbe, John Market, sworn the 23rd Nov., the same year.

Weavers: William Belton, Thomas Pynnok, sworn the 19th Nov., the same year.

Pynners: John Byltone, John Stanes, John Rede, Laurence Gornefen (Gornefeu?), sworn the 27th Nov., the same year.

Vintners: Richard Litlyngtone, Richard Pattesle, John Mokkynge, John Wakele. [No date].

Hatteres: Richard Lyncoln, William atte Gate, sworn the 3rd Dec., the same year.

Folio ccxxxvi.

Declaracio' cujusdam statuti de vendicione victu alium etc.

Letters patent reciting the statutes of 9 and 25 Edward III., confirmed in the Parliament of Feb., 1388, (fn. 6) touching the right of free trade allowed to all merchants whatsoever, and explaining that the order forbidding civic authorities to interfere with merchants at Fairs and elsewhere was not intended to preclude them from the right of survey and assize of victuals exposed for sale and of punishment of offenders. Dated at Westminster, 10 Nov., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].

Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuil't Aldermanno pro Wardemot' et aliis necessariis.

4 Dec. [1388], precept to the Aldermen, under the Mayoralty seal, that they hold a Wardmote according to ancient custom; that they see that two or four loaves of bread are sold for 1d., and that the bread be made of good paste and of just weight; that brewers sell their ale at a certain price and by measure, and not by "hanaps," (fn. 7) and not sell it to hucksters to be sold again; that they see that proper watch be kept in their Wards at Christmas; and that they cause half of the fifteenth granted in the last Parliament to be collected, and the money brought into the Guildhall by Candlemas next.

Folio ccxxxvi b.


Writ pluries to the Sheriffs to induct Robert Lyncoln into the office of Keeper of the house or hospital of St. Mary de "Bethdelem" without Bisshopsgate, or to certify the cause why they have not done so. Witness the King at Westminster, 11 Jan., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388-9].

Returnum inde.

Return made to the above, to the effect that the said house or hospital was full, John Gardiner, clerk, having been appointed Keeper by William Walworth, late Mayor, inasmuch as the patronage thereof appertained to the Mayor and citizens, and therefore they were unable to induct Robert Lyncoln.

L'ra patens pro una quinta decima.

Letters patent appointing Adam de St. Yve, John Hende, Thomas Noket, and Thomas Vyvent commissioners to levy in the City half of the fifteenth granted by the Parliament at Cantebrigge, and to have the money ready by the Feast of the Annunciation [25 March], the other half remaining until the Feast of Nativity of St. John Bapt. [24 June]. Witness the King at Westminster, 16 Nov., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388].

Letter under the seals of the Mayoralty and of the City's Chamber from Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and Richard Odiham, the Chamberlain, to the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's to admit John Neuton, Rector of the church of Halstede, (fn. 8) in the diocese of Canterbury, to the chantry of Henry de Guldeford, called "le Marechal," in St. Paul's Church in place of Thomas Bailly, the chaplain of the same, the said persons having agreed to exchange benefices. Dated in the Chamber of the Guildhall, 12 Feb., A. D. 1388[-9].

Folio ccxxxvii.

Proclamacio generalis.

A general proclamation forbidding night-walking after curfew; regulating taverns, hostels, and breweries; forbidding "pastelers" to buy "garbage" of capons, guinea-fowls, or geese from cooks of Bredestrete or from the houses of lords for the purpose of making pasties for sale, under penalty prescribed; also against making beef pasties to represent venison; against forestalling victuals; against bringing corn elsewhere than to the markets accustomed; and prescribing limits to fishing in the Thames, the sale of fish and poultry, &c. (fn. 9)

Folio ccxxxvii b.

Inquisicio de vero valore terr' et ten' Hans Strawysburgh.

Tuesday after the Feast of St. Lucia [13 Dec.], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388], a jury appointed, viz., Edward Bromle, John Goudgrom, Geoffrey Baret, John Page, Thomas Ingram, John Yonge, John Kent, William Harewe, John Heyward, John Haverhulle, John Devenisshe, and Thomas Clayman, to inquire as to the age of Alice, daughter of Hans Strawesburgh, "brodurer," and particulars of lands and tenements without Algate which she had inherited.

Folio ccxxxviii.

Wednesday before the Feast of St. Valentine [14 Feb.], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388-9], Edmund Noreys, Warden, and the Chaplains of the Guildhall Chapel present a petition before Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and the Aldermen, praying that the sum of £200 in the hands of the Chamberlain, devised to the said chaplains by Peter Fanilour and Adam Fraunceys, may be delivered to them, inasmuch as their tenements required repairs (fn. 10) and their rents were diminished. Their prayer granted, and the money paid over by Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain of the Guildhall.

Consuetudo recitata de presbiteris secularib' et religiosis ac conjugat' in adulterio deprehensis.

20 Jan., 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388-9], Sir William Stofford, a chaplain, and Alice Hoo taken in adultery and carried to the Tun (dolium) on Cornhull by Thomas Ford, the Beadle of Tower Ward. On the following day they were brought before Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and the Aldermen, and proclamation being made to the effect that if any one wished to prosecute them right should be done, and no one offering to prosecute, orders were given by the Mayor to the Sheriffs to carry them to the Consistory of the Bishop of London, according to the ancient custom in dealing with priests, secular or religious, and married persons when taken in adultery in the City. (fn. 11)

Consimiles bille misse fuerunt cuil't Aldr'o pro Aldr'is eligendis.

3 March [A.D. 1388-9], precept for the election of Aldermen, whether they are or have been already Aldermen or otherwise, and to return their names to the Guildhall by Wednesday before the Feast of St. Gregory [12 March].

Allocacio salvi conductus.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation forbidding any molestation of certain Flemish merchants who had received a safe conduct at the hands of W[illiam de Wykeham], Bishop of Winchester, William de Beauchamp, captain of the town of Calais, Master Richard "Ronhale," (fn. 12) Doctor of Laws, and Roger Waldene, Treasurer of Calais (the King's ambassadors to treat with Flanders), allowing them to bring their merchandise to Calais, and thence to depart to "Donkirk" within a prescribed time. Witness the King at Westminster, 5 May, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1389].

28 July, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], Thomas Bartone, goldsmith, discharged by Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and the Aldermen from serving on juries, &c., owing to increasing old age.

Folios ccxxxviii b-ccxxxix b.

Statute of Cambridge, anno 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1388]. (fn. 13)

Folio ccxl.

De pueris Nich'i Walle.

Monday the Feast of St. Petronilla [31 May], 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], came John Garnet, "taillour," executor of Nicholas de Walle, "taillour," before Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, and paid to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, a sum of money left by the said Nicholas de Walle to Andrew and Marion his children.

Afterwards, viz., on the 29th Aug., 16 Richard II. [A.D. 1392], the above Marion was put apprentice to John Penreth, tailor, and Emmota his wife, to whom her share of patrimony was delivered by permission of Baldewin Radyngtone, her guardian, and the Aldermen Sureties, viz., John Edmond, Sheriff's clerk, and William Larke, "peyntour."

Afterwards, viz., 16 July, 23 Richard II. [A.D. 1399], John Irland, grocer, fined 20s. for having married the above Marion without the consent of the Mayor and Aldermen. The fine remitted, and Marion's money delivered to him by Stephen Speleman, the Chamberlain.

Afterwards, viz., on the 4th Sept., 1 Henry IV. [A.D. 1400], came the above Andrew, now of full age, and appointed John Irland his attorney to receive his patrimony.

15 April, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1389] Richard Savage, "cordewaner," paid to Richard Odyham, the Chamberlain, by the hands of Robert Malteby, "bladsmythe," the sum of £4 due to Thomas and John, sons of Alice, late wife of William Morice.

Election of Aldermen.

Aldrichesgate: Nicholas Twyford, Knt., Mayor.

Lymstret: John Hadle.

Billinggesgate: Nicholas Extone.

Bisshopesgate: John Chircheman.

Algate: William Staundone.

Tower: William Venour.

Bridge: Hugh Fastolf.

Candelwykstrete: John Heende.

Douegate: William Wottone.

Queen Hithe: Thomas Wilford.

Vintry: William More.

Cordewanerstrete: John Fresshe.

Farndone: John Fraunceys.

Chepe: Adam Bamme.

Crepulgate: John Loveye.

Bredestrete: William Sheryngham.

Bassieshawe: John Shadworth.

Langbourne: Thomas Austyn.

Walbroke: John Walcote.

Colmanstrete: Henry Bamme.

Bradestrete: Adam de St. Yve.

Cornhulle: John Rote.

Castle Baynard: [Name omitted].

Folio ccxl b.

Imprisonamentum Joh'is Basse et Joh'is Creek et eciam finis pro transgr' et contempt'.

26 June, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], John Basse, draper, and John Creek, draper, charged before Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, the Sheriffs, Recorder, and Aldermen with having attacked a procession of parishioners of St. Nicholas Acon who desired to pass through the house of the said John Basse, according to custom, on the Feast of Corpus Christi. They confessed their guilt and were committed to prison. The punishment afterwards commuted for a fine. (fn. 14)

Folios ccxl b-ccxlii.

Treuge inter Angl' et Franc'.

Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs to make proclamation of a truce concluded with France according to the form enclosed, which form is to be returned by them into the Chancery by Thursday next. Witness the King at Westminster, 4 July, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389]. (fn. 15)

Folio ccxlii.

Concessio q'd Ric'us Odyham h'eat omnes redditus Cam'e Gihalde London' in manib' suis donec plenar' h'eat de eisdem £ccc sibi resolut' de bonis Joh'is Biernes.

Wednesday after the Feast of St. Margaret [20 July], 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389], in the presence of Nicholas Twyford, Knt., the Mayor, John Hadle, William Cheyne, the Recorder, William More, John Fresshe, Thomas Austyn, Adam Bamme, John Shadeworth, Hugh Fastolf, William Sheryngham, John Hende, Thomas Welford, John Loveye, John Fraunceys, and Henry Bamme, Aldermen, Adam Karlille, one of the Sheriffs, and many Commoners, summoned as a Common Council in the Chamber of the Guildhall, the question arose as to the repayment of the sum of £300 which Richard Odyham, executor of John Biernes, late mercer, had borrowed for the City's necessities, with the assent of the Common Council, during the Mayoralty of Nicholas Brembre, and for the repayment of which fifty persons had given bond. (fn. 16) The money still remained unpaid. It was therefore agreed that the said Richard Odyham should retain in his own hands all rents appertaining to the Commonalty until he was fully satisfied of the said sum of £300.

Q'd vetus crux in Chepa pro sternatur.

Also it was agreed that the said Chamberlain should remove the old broken Cross (fn. 17) (veterem crucem fractam) near the church of St. Michael "atte Corn," as he purposed (out of the profits of the Chamber) to make a conduit with new pipes as far as the said Cross, and there to lay certain pipes to serve the Commonalty. (fn. 18)

Q'd servientes Cam'e distringant in ten't' Hospitalis de Bethleem pro xls Cam'e debit'.

Also it was agreed that the Chamberlain should distrain by the Serjeant of the Chamber the tenements of the Hospital of Bethleem without Bisshopesgate for the sum of 40s., payable yearly to the Chamber, and now in arrear.

Exon'acio Rob'ti Yvyngho et Gilb'ti Rothynge supervisor' leprosor' de somonicionib' districtionib' et amerciamentis in civitate etc.

Letters under the Mayoralty seal discharging Robert Yvyngho and Gilbert Rothynge from serving on inquests, &c., so long as they remained in office as Wardens and Surveyors of lepers at St. Giles' Hospital, "les lokes," and at Hakeneye. Dated 13 Aug., 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389]. (fn. 19)

20 Dec., a similar discharge was granted by William Venour, the Mayor. Afterwards, on the decease of Robert Yvyngho, a similar discharge was granted by Adam Bamme, the Mayor, to the above Gilbert and to John Lechelade, who had taken the place of the deceased, dated 8 Nov., 14 Richard II. [A.D. 1390].

Folio ccxlii b.

Br'e de errore corrigendo.

Writ of error to the Mayor, Aldermen, and Sheriffs to bring up the record of proceedings between John Reymes and John Botelesham of Bury in the matter of a trespass, and also between John Payn, goldsmith, Johanna his wife, and the aforesaid John Botelesham, and, further, to release from prison Robert Lytle, fishmonger, Thomas Neel, "vynter," Thomas Prentys, "fleccher," Stephen Seder, "fleccher," Walter Lynot, taverner, William Poulle, "botelmaker," John Blake, goldsmith, and Simon Rous, fishmonger, the sureties of the said John Botelesham. The proceedings in error to be heard at St. Martin le Grand before Walter Cloptone, Robert Charltone, William Thirnynge, and John Markham, or any three or two of them, Commissioners appointed for the purpose. Witness the King at Westminster, 13 April, 12 Richard II. [A.D. 1389].

Preceptum Justic' inde.

Precept issued by the above Walter Cloptone and his fellowjustices to the Mayor and Aldermen to appear before them at St. Martin le Grand on the matter aforesaid on Tuesday after the octave of St. Michael [29 Sept.]. Dated at Westminster, 25 June, 13 Richard II. [A.D. 1389].

Similar writ and precept sent on behalf of John Horlee for correcting error.


  • 1. 'Statutes at Large' (ed. 1758), i. 385-93. Apart from its vindictive provisions against the King's favourites, this statute, as already seen (supra, p. 325n.), again deprived the citizens of London of the exclusive powers of trading they sought to exercise to the prejudice of non-freemen.
  • 2. Sat from 9 Sept. to 17 Oct., 1388.
  • 3. Particulars of their expenses, amounting to £112 7s., are set out infra, fo. ccxlv. See 'Memorials,' pp. 511-12.
  • 4. A goldsmith and supporter of Northampton's party against victuallers He had been Sheriff in 1377-8, and was for a time deprived of office for contumacy towards Brembre, the Mayor Supra, p. 99. In 1384 he contested the Mayoralty with Brembre, but failed to be elected owing to the Guildhall being packed with an armed force to support Brembre's re election Higden, ix. 50-51; 'Rot. Parl.,' iii. 226. Cf. supra, p. 251n.
  • 5. A translation of these writs is set out in Toulmin Smith's 'English Gilds' (pp. 127-31), together with endorsement of particulars as to their proclamation, from original documents in the Public Record Office. No original returns to the writ touching the misteries and crafts in the City appear to be extant, and only a few returns of City guilds and fraternities; but a copy of a return made by the Barbers of London is among the archives of that Company. See Sidney Young's 'An nals of the Barber Surgeons,' pp. 30-4.
  • 6. Stat ii. Ric II. cap vii Cf. supra, p. 325.
  • 7. Drinking cups, which the taverner was bound to supply for his customers for pouring their ale into from the sealed measure in which it was sold. Cf. infra, fo. cclxv b. The cups were often of considerable value, and were taken and given as surety in the case of taverners having broken regulations. See 'Liber Albus,' i. 276.
  • 8. Co. Kent (?).
  • 9. A portion of the proclamation regulating the sale of fish and the use of nets in the Thames, &c., is set out in 'Memorials,' pp. 508-9.
  • 10. These tenements are probably identical with "a certain old messuage" occupied by the chantry priests, and pulled down to make room for a new Guildhall Chapel by the King's licence granted in 1430. See Price's 'Historical Account of the Guildhall,' pp. 258-9. Cf. supra, pp. 178-9, and 'Cal. Letter-Book G,' p. 67.
  • 11. The record further states that the names of those so taken in adultery were customarily inscribed on a tablet in the Guildhall Chamber, that others might be forewarned against them.
  • 12. "Rouhale," Walsingham, 'Hist. Anglic.,' ii. 182.
  • 13. 'Statutes at Large' (ed. 1758), i. 397-8. The statute "forbids the sale of offices; confirms the previous legislation on labourers, artificers and beggars, forbids children who have been kept at the plough till twelve to learn any craft or mistery; fixes six as the number of justices of the peace in each county, who are to hold their sessions quarterly; orders the slanderers of great men to be punished by the King's Council, and puts provisors of benefices out of the King's protection." Stubbs, 'Const. Hist.,' ii. 482n.
  • 14. 'Memorials,' pp. 509-10.
  • 15. The truce was concluded at "Leulyngham" (situate between Calais and Boulogne), and was to last until 16 Aug., 1392, when it was extended for a year. (Infra, fo. cclxix b.) In 1396—after further renewals—a truce was arranged for twenty five years (the King of France having given his daughter in marriage to Richard II.), and thus an end was put to a war that had lasted more than half a century. See Stubbs, 'Const. Hist.,' ii. 483.
  • 16. Vide supra, p. 287.
  • 17. Vide supra, p. 131n.
  • 18. Cf. infra, fo. cclii b.
  • 19. 'Memorials,' pp. 510-11.